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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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bastard file
a file of the commercial grade of coarseness between coarse and second-cut. * * *
bastard indigo
a bushy shrub, Amorpha fruticosa, of the legume family, native to North America, having elongated clusters of dull purplish or bluish flowers. * * *
bastard mahogany
an Australian tree, Eucalyptus botryoides, of the myrtle family, having lance-shaped leaves and furrowed bark. Also called bangalay. * * *
bastard pointing
Masonry. an imitation of tuck pointing, having a fillet made from the mortar of the joint. * * *
bastard ridley
ridley (def. 1). * * *
bastard title.
Print. See half title (def. 1). * * *
bastard toadflax
any of several low-growing, often parasitic plants of the genus Comandra, having alternate leaves and clusters of small whitish flowers. * * * ▪ plant       any of ...
bastard turtle
ridley (def. 1). * * *
bastard wing
Ornith. alula (def. 1). [1765-75] * * *
/bas"teuhrd saw"/, v.t., bastard-sawed, bastard-sawed or bastard-sawn, bastard-sawing. plain-saw. [BASTARD + SAW1] * * *
See bastardize. * * *
—bastardization, n. /bas"teuhr duyz'/, v., bastardized, izing. v.t. 1. to lower in condition or worth; debase: hybrid works that neither preserve nor bastardize existing art ...
/bas"teuhrd lee/, adj. 1. of no value; worthless. 2. spurious; counterfeit: a bastardly version of a text. 3. bastard; baseborn. 4. vicious or despicable. [1545-55; BASTARD + ...
/bas"teuhr dree/, n. Australia and New Zealand. unpleasant, often aggressive behavior. [1635-45, for earlier sense; BASTARD + -RY] * * *
bastard toadflax n. Any of various hemiparasitic plants of the genus Comandra, having clusters of small, whitish or greenish flowers. * * *
bastard wing n. See alula. * * *
/bas"teuhr dee/, n. 1. the state or condition of being a bastard; illegitimacy. 2. the act of begetting a bastard. [1400-50; late ME < AF, OF bastardie. See BASTARD, -Y3] * * *
▪ people       in Hellenistic and Roman times, large tribe settled in Europe east of the Carpathian Mountains from the upper valley of the Dniester River to the Danube ...
baste1 /bayst/, v.t., basted, basting. to sew with long, loose stitches, as in temporarily tacking together pieces of a garment while it is being made. [1400-50; late ME basten < ...
bastel house
/bas"tl/ (on the Anglo-Scottish border) a partly fortified house, usually with a vaulted ground floor. Also, bastille house, bastle house. [1535-45; see BASTILLE] * * *
baster1 /bay"steuhr/, n. Sewing. a person or thing that bastes. [1880-85; BASTE1 + -ER1] baster2 /bay"steuhr/, n. 1. a person who bastes meat or other food. 2. a large glass, ...
Bas·tet (bäʹstĕt) n. Mythology An ancient Egyptian goddess, daughter of Ra and agent of his vengeance, often depicted as a lioness or cat. * * * or Bast or Ubasti In ...
bast fiber n. Any of various durable fibers found in the phloem of certain plants, especially flax, hemp, and jute, used in making rope and baskets. * * *
▪ India       city, southeastern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies east of Faizabad on the Kuwana River. Located on a national highway and a major rail ...
/bah stee"euh/; Fr. /bann styann"/, n. a seaport on the NE coast of Corsica: the former capital of Corsica. 52,000. * * * ▪ France       city, capital of Haute-Corse ...
/bahs"tee ahn'/, n. Adolf /ah"dawlf/, 1826-1905, German anthropologist. * * *
Bastian, Adolf
▪ German ethnologist born June 26, 1826, Bremen, Ger. died Feb. 2, 1905, Port of Spain, Trinidad  ethnologist who theorized that there is a general psychic unity of humankind ...
Bastiat, Frédéric
▪ French economist in full  Claude-Frédéric Bastiat  born June 29, 1801, Mugron, near Bayonne, France died December 24, 1850, Rome, Papal States [Italy]  French ...
/ba steed"/, n. 1. a medieval fortified town, planned as a whole and built at one time, esp. in southern France, for strategic or commercial purposes. 2. a small country house in ...
Bastien-Lepage, Jules
▪ French painter born Nov. 18, 1848, Damvillers, France died Dec. 10, 1884, Paris       French painter of rustic outdoor genre scenes widely imitated in France and ...
/ba steel"/; Fr. /banns tee"yeu/, n., pl. bastilles /ba steelz"/; Fr. /banns tee"yeu/. 1. (cap.) a fortress in Paris, used as a prison, built in the 14th century and destroyed ...
Bastille Day
July 14, a national holiday of the French republic, commemorating the fall of the Bastille in 1789. * * * ▪ French holiday   in France and its overseas départements and ...
bastille house.
See bastel house. * * *
Bas·tille Day (bă-stēlʹ) n. July 14, observed in France in commemoration of the storming of the Paris Bastille in 1789, a citizens' victory at the outset of the French ...
/bas'teuh nayd", -nahd"/, n., v.t., bastinaded, bastinading. bastinado. * * *
/bas'teuh nay"doh, -nah"doh/, n., pl. bastinadoes, v., bastinadoed, bastinadoing. n. 1. a mode of punishment consisting of blows with a stick on the soles of the feet or on the ...
basting1 /bay"sting/, n. 1. sewing with long, loose stitches to hold material in place until the final sewing. 2. bastings, the stitches taken or the threads used. [1515-25; ...
—bastionary /bas"cheuh ner'ee/, adj. —bastioned, adj. /bas"cheuhn, -tee euhn/, n. 1. Fort. a projecting portion of a rampart or fortification that forms an irregular pentagon ...
See bastion. * * *
bastle house
/bas"tl/. See bastel house. * * *
/bast"neuh suyt'/, n. a rare-earth mineral, fluorocarbonate of lanthanum and cerium, with a waxy-yellow to reddish-brown color, commonly associated with zinc ores. Also, ...
/ba stohn"/; Fr. /bann stawn"yeu/, n. a town in SE Belgium: in World War II U.S. forces besieged here during German counteroffensive in 1944. 6816. * * *
/bas"treuhp/, n. a city in N Louisiana. 15,527. * * * ▪ Louisiana, United States       city, Morehouse parish, northeastern Louisiana, U.S., 24 miles (38 km) northeast ...
Bastwick, John
▪ English religious zealot born 1593, Writtle, Essex, Eng. died , September/October 1654       English religious zealot who, in the reign of Charles I, opposed the ...
/beuh sooh"tooh, -toh/, n., pl. Basutos, (esp. collectively) Basuto. Sotho (def. 3). * * *
/beuh sooh"tooh land', -toh-/, n. former name of Lesotho. * * *
bat1 /bat/, n., v., batted, batting. n. 1. Sports. a. the wooden club used in certain games, as baseball and cricket, to strike the ball. b. a racket, esp. one used in badminton ...
bat boy
Baseball. a boy or young man who takes care of the bats and sometimes other equipment of a team. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
bat bug
▪ insect       any of about 20 species of bloodsucking insects (order Heteroptera) that are external parasites found mainly in the fur of tropical bats. The adult ...
bat fly
▪ insect       any insect belonging to the two families Nycteribiidae and Streblidae (order Diptera). Members of the family Nycteribiidae are wingless, spiderlike ...
bat girl
Baseball. a girl or young woman who takes care of the bats and sometimes other equipment of a team. * * *
BAT Industries
➡ BAT * * *
bat mitzvah
/baht mits"veuh, bahs/; Seph. Heb. /baht" meets vah"/; Ashk. Heb. /bahs mits"veuh/, (often caps.) Judaism. 1. a solemn ceremony, chiefly among Reform and Conservative Jews, that ...
bat printing
ornamenting of ceramics by means of an adhesive substance, as linseed oil, transferred onto the ceramic surface from a sheet of glue or gelatin, dusted with color, and fired. * * ...
bat ray
batfish (def. 2). Also called bat stingray. * * *
bat turn
Air Force Slang. a sharp and sudden change in an aircraft's heading. * * *
Bat Yam
/baht" yahm"/ a city on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in W central Israel, S of Tel Aviv. 132,100. * * * ▪ Israel  city, west-central Israel, on the Plain of Sharon and ...
/bat"eard'/, adj. (of a dog or other canid) having large, erect ears rounded at the top, resembling those of a bat. [1900-05] * * *
bat-eared fox
Species (Otocyon megalotis) of large-eared fox found in open, arid areas of eastern and southern Africa. It has 48 teeth (six more than any other canine) and, except for its ...
bat-eared fox.
See Cape fox. * * *
Bat-Yam [bät′yäm′] city in W Israel, on the Mediterranean, near Tel Aviv: pop. 142,000 * * *
1. battalion. 2. battery. * * *
▪ Equatorial Guinea       port, northwestern Equatorial Guinea, West Africa, lying on the Gulf of Guinea 18 miles (29 km) north of the Río Mbini. One of the deepest ...
Bata, Thomas John
▪ 2009       Czech-born shoe manufacturer born Sept. 17, 1914, Prague, Czech. died Sept. 1, 2008, Toronto, Ont. presided over the shoe company that was founded in 1894 ...
/beuh tan", -tahn"/; locally /bah'tah ahn"/, n. a peninsula on W Luzon, in the Philippines: U.S. troops surrendered to Japanese April 9, 1942. Also, Bataán. * * *
Bataan Death March
(April 1942) Forced march of 70,000 U.S. and Filipino prisoners of war (World War II) captured by the Japanese in the Philippines. From the southern end of the Bataan Peninsula, ...
Bataan Peninsula
▪ peninsula, Philippines       peninsula in central Luzon, Philippines, sheltering Manila Bay (east) from the South China Sea. It is about 30 miles (50 km) long and ...
Batabanó, Gulf of
▪ gulf, Cuba Spanish  Golfo de Batabanó        inlet of the Caribbean Sea, indenting southwestern Cuba. The gulf stretches from the shore of eastern Pinar del Río ...
Bataille, Georges
born Sept. 10, 1897, Billom, France died July 9, 1962, Paris French librarian and writer. He trained as an archivist and worked at the Bibliothèque Nationale and at the ...
Bataille, Henry
▪ French dramatist born April 4, 1872, Nîmes, Fr. died March 2, 1922, Rueil-Malmaison       French dramatist whose luxuriant plays of passionate love and stifling ...
/bu tuysk"/, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Europe, S of Rostov, on the Don River. 103,000. * * *
/beuh tahk", bah-/, n., pl. Bataks, (esp. collectively) Batak for 1, 2. 1. a member of a group of people chiefly inhabiting north-central Sumatra. 2. a member of a group of ...
Batak Protestant Christian Church
▪ church, Indonesia also called  Huria Kristen Batak Protestant (HKBP)        church in northern Sumatra, Indon., organized as an independent church in 1930 and ...
▪ India       city, northwestern Punjab state, northwestern India. Located northeast of Amritsar, Batala is an agricultural marketplace and industrial centre. Cotton ...
▪ Portugal       town, west-central Portugal, just south of Leiria city. The town is dominated by the great Dominican abbey of Santa Maria da Vitória, also known ...
Batan Islands
/beuh tahn", bah-/ a group of islands in the N Philippines. 12,091; 76 sq. mi. (197 sq. km). Also called Batanes /bah tah"nes/. * * * ▪ islands, Philippines also called ...
/bah tahng"gahs/, n. a seaport on SW Luzon, in the N central Philippines. 143,570. * * * ▪ Philippines       city, southern Luzon, Philippines. It lies in a small ...
Ba·tan Islands (bə-tänʹ) The northernmost island group of the Philippines, separated from southern Taiwan by a narrow channel. * * *
ba·ta·ta (bə-täʹtə) n. A type of sweet potato having somewhat dry, bland, yellowish to white flesh, used as a staple food in many tropical countries. Also called boniato, ...
▪ people       ancient Germanic tribe from whom Batavia, a poetic name for The Netherlands, is derived. The Batavi inhabited what is now the Betuwe district of The ...
/beuh tay"vee euh/, n. 1. a city in NW New York. 16,703. 2. a town in NE Illinois. 12,574. 3. former name of Jakarta. * * * ▪ New York, United States       city, seat ...
Batavian Republic
Republic of the Netherlands after it was conquered by France in 1795. Its government, set up in 1798, was bound to France by alliance. In 1805 Napoleon renamed it the Batavian ...
▪ Russia also spelled  Batajsk, or Bataisk,         city, Rostov oblast (province), southwestern Russia, just south of Rostov-na-Donu. It is a transport centre in ...
batboy [bat′boi′] n. Baseball a boy or young man who serves as a general assistant during practice and around the clubhouse and retrieves bats as they are used during a ...
batch1 /bach/, n. 1. a quantity or number coming at one time or taken together: a batch of prisoners. 2. the quantity of material prepared or required for one operation: mixing a ...
batch plant
a manufacturing plant where concrete is mixed before being transported to a construction site ready to be poured. Also, batching plant. [1940-45] * * *
batch processing
Computers. a form of data processing in which a number of input jobs are grouped for processing during the same machine run. [1970-75] * * *
▪ Cambodia also spelled  Battambang,         town, western Cambodia. It is the second largest urban area in Cambodia and lies along the Sângkê River northwest of ...
bate1 /bayt/, v., bated, bating. v.t. 1. to moderate or restrain: unable to bate our enthusiasm. 2. to lessen or diminish; abate: setbacks that bated his hopes. v.i. 3. to ...
Bate, W. Jackson
▪ American biographer in full  Walter Jackson Bate  born May 23, 1918, Mankato, Minn., U.S. died July 26, 1999, Boston, Mass.       American author and literary ...
/ba toh"/; Fr. /bann toh"/, n., pl. bateaux /-tohz"/; Fr. /-toh"/. 1. Also, batteau. Naut. a. Chiefly Canadian and Southern U.S. a small, flat-bottomed rowboat used on rivers. b. ...
bateau neck.
See boat neck. Also called bateau neckline. [1920-25] * * *
bateau bridge n. See pontoon bridge. * * *
/bat'l err", bat"l err'/, n. a common African eagle, Terathopius ecaudatus, having a very short tail. [1860-65; < F: mountebank, juggler; OF bastelleur] * * * ▪ ...
(Henry Mayo Bateman 1887–1970) a British cartoonist, born in Australia. His cartoons often show an embarrassed person who has just shocked everyone by accidentally breaking a ...
Bateman, H L
▪ American actor born Dec. 6, 1812, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died March 22, 1875, London, Eng.       actor and theatrical manager who made a great success touring the ...
Bateman, H M
▪ Australian cartoonist born Feb. 15, 1887, Sutton Forest, N.S.W., Australia died Feb. 13, 1970, Malta       cartoonist known for narrative cartoons and cartoons of ...
Bateman, Hester
orig. Hester Needham born 1709, London, Eng. died 1794, London British silversmith. In 1760, after the death of her husband, John Bateman, she took over the family business. ...
Batemans Bay
▪ New South Wales, Australia       coastal town and inlet of the Tasman Sea, southeastern New South Wales, Australia. The inlet, an estuary of the Clyde River, measures ...
batement light
/bayt"meuhnt/ a compartment of a window with tracery, the bottom of which is formed by the arched head of a compartment or compartments below. [1400-50; late ME; short for ...
/bayts/, n. Katherine Lee, 1859-1929, U.S. educator and author. * * *
Bates College
▪ college, Lewiston, Maine, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Lewiston, Maine, U.S. It is a liberal arts college that offers ...
Bates, Clayton
▪ 1999       American tap dancer who, despite having lost a leg in an accident when he was 12 years old, enjoyed a performing career that lasted some seven decades and ...
Bates, Daisy Gatson
▪ American civil rights leader née  Daisy Lee Gatson  born 1914?, Huttig, Ark., U.S. died Nov. 4, 1999, Little Rock, Ark.  American journalist and civil rights activist ...
Bates, Daisy Lee Gatson
▪ 2000       American civil rights leader (b. Nov. 10, 1914, Huttig, Ark.—d. Nov. 4, 1999, Little Rock, Ark.), was instrumental in bringing about one of the first ...
Bates, Edward
▪ American politician born Sept. 4, 1793, Goochland County, Va., U.S. died March 25, 1869, St. Louis, Mo.  lawyer and Whig politician who joined the Republican Party before ...
Bates, H.E.
▪ British author in full  Herbert Ernest Bates  born May 16, 1905, Rushden, Northamptonshire, Eng. died Jan. 29, 1974, Canterbury, Kent       novelist and short-story ...
Bates, H.W.
▪ British naturalist and explorer in full  Henry Walter Bates  born Feb. 8, 1825, Leicester, Leicestershire, Eng. died Feb. 16, 1892, London  naturalist and explorer whose ...
Bates, Katharine Lee
▪ American author born Aug. 12, 1859, Falmouth, Mass., U.S. died March 28, 1929, Wellesley, Mass.       author and educator who wrote the text of the national hymn ...
Bates, Kathy
▪ American actress in full  Kathleen Doyle Bates  born June 28, 1948, Memphis, Tenn., U.S.       American actress of stage, screen, and television, especially known ...
Bates, Marston
▪ American zoologist born July 23, 1906, Grand Rapids, Mich., U.S. died April 3, 1974, Ann Arbor, Mich.       American zoologist whose studies of mosquitoes in the ...
Bates, Sir Alan Arthur
▪ 2004       British actor (b. Feb. 17, 1934, Allestree, Derbyshire, Eng.—d. Dec. 27, 2003, London, Eng.), was considered among the finest and most versatile ...
Bates, Sir Percy Elly, 4th Baronet
▪ British shipowner born May 12, 1879, Liverpool, Eng. died Oct. 16, 1946, Neston, Cheshire       British shipowner who was responsible for outlining the policy that ...
Bates,Katherine Lee
Bates (bāts), Katherine Lee. 1859-1929. American educator and writer best known for her poem “America the Beautiful,” written in 1893 and revised in 1904 and 1911. * * *
Batesian mimicry
/bayt"see euhn/, Ecol. the protective resemblance in appearance of a palatable or harmless species, as the viceroy butterfly, to an unpalatable or dangerous species, as the ...
Bates·i·an mimicry (bātʹsē-ən) n. A form of protective mimicry in which an unprotected species, especially of an insect, closely resembles an unpalatable or harmful ...
Bateson, Gregory
born May 9, 1904, Grantchester, Eng. died July 4, 1980, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. British-born U.S. anthropologist. Son of British biologist William Bateson, he studied ...
Bateson, William
born Aug. 8, 1861, Whitby, Yorkshire, Eng. died Feb. 8, 1926, London British biologist. In 1900, while studying inheritance of traits, he was drawn to the research of Gregor ...
Bate·son (bātʹsən), William. 1861-1926. British biologist who was one of the founders of the science of genetics. He experimentally proved Gregor Mendel's theories on ...
▪ Arkansas, United States       city, seat (1821) of Independence county, north-central Arkansas, U.S., about 90 miles (145 km) northeast of Little Rock. It lies in ...
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms. * * *
/bat"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) batfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) batfishes. 1. any of the flat-bodied, marine fishes of the family ...
—batfowler, n. /bat"fowl'/, v.i. to catch birds at night by dazzling them with a light and then capturing them in a net. [1400-50; late ME batfowlyn. See BAT2, FOWL (v.)] * * *
batgirl [bat′gʉrl΄] n. Baseball a girl or young woman who serves as a general assistant during practice and around the clubhouse and retrieves bats as they are used during a ...
bath1 —bathless, adj. /bath, bahth/, n., pl. baths /badhz, bahdhz, baths, bahths/, v. n. 1. a washing or immersion of something, esp. the body, in water, steam, etc., as for ...
/bath, bahth/, n. 1. a city in Avon, in SW England: mineral springs. 84,300. 2. a seaport in SW Maine. 10,246. * * * City (pop., 1995 est.: 84,000), southwestern ...
Bath and North East Somerset
▪ unitary authority, England, United Kingdom       unitary authority, geographic and historic county of Somerset, southwestern England. It lies southeast of the city of ...
Bath brick
Bath brick n. 〚after BATH, where first made〛 a brick-shaped piece of calcareous earth, used for cleaning polished metal * * *
Bath bun
a round, sweet bun, usually containing raisins, citron, etc. [1795-1805] * * *
Bath chair
1. a wheeled and hooded chair, used esp. by invalids. 2. any wheelchair. Also, bath chair. [1815-25] * * * ▪ furniture  chair on wheels intended for use by ladies and ...
Bath Festival
➡ Bath * * *
bath mat
/bath, bahth/ a mat or washable rug used to stand on when entering or leaving a bath. [1890-95] * * *
bath mitzvah
/baht mits"veuh, bahs/; Seph. Heb. /baht" meets vah"/; Ashk. Heb. /bahs mits"veuh/, (often caps.) Judaism. See bat mitzvah. * * *
Bath Oliver{™}
n a type of thin hard biscuit that is made without sugar and is eaten especially with cheese. It was invented in Bath by Dr William Oliver (1695–1764), who wanted his patients ...
bath salts
/bath, bahth/ a preparation used to soften or give a pleasant scent to a bath, as colored, sweet-smelling flakes, crystals, etc. [1905-10] * * *
bath sheet
/bath, bahth/ an extra-large bath towel, esp. one at least 3 ft. (1 m) wide and 5 ft. (1.5 m) long. [1895-1900] * * *
bath sponge
any of various common sponges, of the family Spongiidae, that have a skeletal network composed of fibers of spongin: collected in the Gulf of Mexico, the Mediterranean, and the ...
bath towel
/bath, bahth/ a large towel used to dry the body after bathing or showering, usually made of heavy, absorbent material. [1860-65] * * *
Bath, Henry Frederick Thynne, 6th Marquess Of
▪ British nobleman born Jan. 26, 1905, Longleat House, Wiltshire, Eng. died June 30, 1992, Longleat House       British nobleman who in 1949 turned Longleat House, his ...
Bath, The Most Honourable Order of the
▪ British knighthood       order of British knighthood (knight) established by King George I in 1725, conferred as a reward either for military service or for exemplary ...
Bath, Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of, Viscount Weymouth, Baron Thynne Of Warmister
▪ British politician born Sept. 13, 1734 died Nov. 19, 1796, London, Eng.       politician who, as 3rd Viscount Weymouth, held important office in the British ...
Bath, William Pulteney, 1st Earl of, Viscount Pulteney Of Wrington, Baron Of Hedon
▪ British politician born March 22, 1684, London, England died July 7, 1764, London       English Whig politician who became prominent in the opposition to Sir Robert ...
Bath chair (băth, bäth) n. A hooded wheelchair used especially for invalids, typically at a spa.   [After Bath.] * * *
/baydh/, v., bathed, bathing, n. v.t. 1. to immerse (all or part of the body) in water or some other liquid, for cleansing, refreshment, etc. 2. to wet; wash. 3. to moisten or ...
/bay"dheuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that bathes. 2. bathers, (used with a pl. v.) Australian Informal. a bathing suit. [1630-40; BATHE + -ER1; cf. -S3] * * *
—bathetically, adv. /beuh thet"ik/, adj. displaying or characterized by bathos: the bathetic emotionalism of soap operas. [1825-35; BATH(OS) + -ETIC, on the model of ...
See bathetic. * * *
/bath"hows', bahth"-/, n., pl. bathhouses /-how'ziz/. 1. a structure, as at the seaside, containing dressing rooms for bathers. 2. a building for bathing, sometimes equipped with ...
/bath'euh net", bah'theuh-/, Trademark. a folding bathtub for babies, usually of rubberized cloth. * * *
➡ seaside and beach * * *
bathing beauty
/bay"dhing/ an attractive woman in a bathing suit, esp. an entrant in a beauty contest. [1915-20] * * *
bathing cap
/bay"dhing/ a tight-fitting elastic cap, usually of rubber, worn to keep the hair dry while swimming and bathing. [1865-70] * * *
bathing costumes
➡ seaside and beach * * *
bathing machine
n a beach hut on wheels, used in the 18th and 19th centuries. People changed their clothes privately inside it and it was then pulled into the sea so that they could bathe from ...
bathing suit
/bay"dhing/ a garment worn for swimming. Also called swimsuit. [1870-75] * * *
bathing suits
➡ seaside and beach * * *
/bay"dhing meuh sheen'/, n. a small bathhouse on wheels formerly used as a dressing room and in which bathers could also be transported from the beach to the water. [1765-75] * * ...
bath·ing cap (bāʹthĭng) n. A snug elastic cap worn in the water especially to keep the hair dry. * * *
bathing suit n. A swimsuit. * * *
bathmat [bath′mat΄] n. a mat used in or next to a bathtub, as to prevent slipping * * * bath·mat (băthʹmăt', bäthʹ-) n. A mat used in front of a bathtub or shower, as ...
a combining form meaning "depth," used in the formation of compound words: bathometer. Also, bathy-. [comb. form of Gk báthos; bathy-, s. of bathýs deep] * * *
—batholithic, adj. /bath"euh lith/, n. Geol. a large body of intrusive igneous rock believed to have crystallized at a considerable depth below the earth's surface; ...
See batholith. * * *
/beuh thom"i teuhr/, n. Oceanog. a device for ascertaining the depth of water. [1870-75; BATHO- + -METER] * * *
Bathonian Stage
▪ geology       third of the four divisions of the Middle Jurassic Series, representing all rocks formed worldwide during the Bathonian Age, which occurred between 167.7 ...
See bathophobia. * * *
bath·o·pho·bi·a (băth'ə-fōʹbē-ə) n. An abnormal fear of depths.   bathʹo·phobe' n. bath'o·phoʹbic adj. * * *
See bathophobe. * * *
Báthory, Sigismund
▪ prince of Transylvania Hungarian  Zsigmond Báthory   born 1572 died 1613, Prague, Bohemia, Austrian Habsburg domain [now in Czech Republic]       prince of ...
/bay"thos, -thaws, -thohs/, n. 1. a ludicrous descent from the exalted or lofty to the commonplace; anticlimax. 2. insincere pathos; sentimentality; mawkishness. 3. triteness or ...
/bath"rohb', bahth"-/, n. a long, loose, coat-like garment, often tied with a belt of the same material, worn before and after a bath, over sleepwear, or as leisure wear at ...
/bath"roohm', -room', bahth"-/, n. 1. a room equipped for taking a bath or shower. 2. toilet (def. 2). 3. go to or use the bathroom, to use the toilet; urinate or ...
bathroom tissue.
See toilet paper. * * *
bath salts (băth, bäth) pl.n. A perfumed crystalline substance for softening bathwater. * * *
/bath shee"beuh, bath"sheuh-/, n. 1. the wife of Uriah and afterward of David: mother of Solomon. II Sam. 11, 12. 2. a female given name: from a Hebrew phrase meaning "daughter ...
/bath"tub', bahth"-/, n. a tub to bathe in, esp. one that is a permanent fixture in a bathroom. [1825-35; BATH1 + TUB] * * *
bathtub gin
Informal. homemade gin, esp. gin made illegally during Prohibition. [1920-25] * * *
bathtub gin n. Homemade gin. * * *
/bath"euhrst/, n. 1. former name of Banjul. 2. a town in E New South Wales, in SE Australia. 19,640. 3. a port on the Gulf of St. Lawrence in NE New Brunswick, in SE Canada: ...
Bathurst Island
Island, Nunavut, Can. Located in the Arctic Ocean between Cornwallis and Melville islands, it is 160 mi (260 km) long and 50–100 mi (80–160 km) wide. The coastline is ...
Bathurst, Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl, Baron Bathurst Of Battlesden
▪ British statesman born November 16, 1684, Westminster, London, Eng. died September 16, 1775, Cirencester, Gloucestershire       British statesman and Tory ...
Bathurst, Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl, Baron Bathurst of Battlesden, Lord Apsley, Baron of Apsley
▪ British statesman born May 20, 1714, Westminster, London, Eng. died August 6, 1794, Oakley Grove, near Cirencester, Gloucestershire, Eng.       statesman, eldest ...
Bathurst, Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl, Baron Bathurst Of Battlesden, Lord Apsley, Baron Of Apsley
▪ British statesman born May 22, 1762 died July 27, 1834, London, England       British statesman, elder son of the 2nd Earl Bathurst, who was a prominent Tory in the ...
Bathurst Island An island of northern Nunavut, Canada, in the Parry Islands northwest of Baffin Island. * * *
/bath"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr, bahth"-/, n. 1. water for bathing: He ran the bathwater while he shaved. 2. throw out the baby with the bathwater, to eliminate or reject the good ...
var. of batho-: bathysphere. * * *
/bath"ee euhl/, adj. Oceanog. of or pertaining to the biogeographic region of the ocean bottom between the sublittoral and abyssal zones: from depths of approximately 660 to ...
bathyal zone
▪ oceanography       marine ecologic realm extending down from the edge of the continental shelf to the depth at which the water temperature is 4° C (39° F). Both of ...
▪ Greek sculptor flourished 6th century BC, Magnesia, Ionia [now in Turkey]       ancient Greek sculptor whose only known work was a marble altar built around an ...
See bathymetry. * * *
See bathymetric. * * *
See bathymetric. * * *
—bathymeter, n. —bathymetric /bath'euh me"trik/, bathymetrical, adj. —bathymetrically, adv. /beuh thim"i tree/, n. 1. the measurement of the depths of oceans, seas, or ...
/bath'euh peuh laj"ik/, adj. Oceanog. pertaining to or living in the bathyal region of an ocean. [1905-10; BATHY- + PELAGIC] * * *
bathypelagic zone
Worldwide zone of deep ocean waters, about 3,000–13,000 ft (1,000–4,000 m) below the surface. It is inhabited by a wide variety of marine forms, including eels, fishes, ...
bathyscaph [bath′əskaf΄, bath′əskāf΄bath′ə skaf΄] n. 〚< Fr, coined by PICCARD Auguste < Gr bathys, deep + skaphē, boat〛 a deep-sea diving apparatus for reaching ...
/bath"euh skayf', -skaf'/, n. Oceanog. a navigable, submersible vessel for exploring the depths of the ocean, having a separate, overhead chamber filled with gasoline for ...
/bath"euh sfear'/, n. Oceanog. a spherical diving apparatus from which to study deep-sea life, lowered into the ocean depths by a cable. [1925-30; BATHY- + -SPHERE] * * * ▪ ...
/bath'euh therr"meuh gram'/, n. a record made by a bathythermograph. [1955-60; BATHY- + THERMO- + -GRAM1] * * *
/bath'euh therr"meuh graf', -grahf'/, n. Oceanog. an instrument that makes a record of the temperature at various depths in the ocean. [1935-40; BATHY- + THERMOGRAPH] * * * ▪ ...
▪ trilobite genus       genus of trilobites (extinct arthropods) that provide a useful index fossil for the Middle Cambrian epoch of North America (520 to 512 million ...
/beuh teek", bat"ik/, n. 1. a technique of hand-dyeing fabrics by using wax as a dye repellent to cover parts of a design, dyeing the uncovered fabric with a color or colors, and ...
Bāṭinah, Al-
▪ coastal plain, Oman       narrow, well-populated coastal plain, northeastern Oman, fronting the Gulf of Oman for about 150 miles (240 km) and extending from Oman's ...
/bay"ting/, prep. Scots. with the exception of; excluding. [1560-70; aph. var. of abating. See ABATE] * * *
/bat"n iz'euhm/, n. Islam. a secret movement in Islam, often associated with Isma'ili Shi'ism. [partial trans. of Ar batiniyyah, equiv. to batin inner, hidden + -iyyah abstract ...
▪ Islamic sects       Muslim sects—the Ismailis (Arabic: Ismāʿīlīyah), in particular—that interpreted religious texts exclusively on the basis of their hidden, ...
School of Islamic thought that interpreted religious texts exclusively on the basis of hidden rather than literal meanings. Such interpretation gained currency around the 8th ...
/beuh tee"steuh/; Sp. /bah tees"tah/, n. Fulgencio /foohl hen"syaw/, (Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar),1901-73, Cuban military leader: dictator of Cuba 1934-40; president 1940-44, ...
Batista (y Zaldívar), Fulgencio
born Jan. 16, 1901, Banes, Cuba died Aug. 6, 1973, Guadalmina, near Marbella, Spain Soldier, president, and dictator who twice ruled Cuba (1933–44, 1952–59). Batista worked ...
Batista y Zaldívar,Fulgencio
Ba·tis·ta y Zal·dí·var (bə-tēsʹtə ēzäl-dēʹvär', bä-tēʹstä), Fulgencio. 1901-1973. Cuban dictator (1933-1940) and president (1940-1944 and 1954-1958). His ...
Batista, Fulgencio
▪ Cuban dictator in full  Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar  born January 16, 1901, Banes, Cuba died August 6, 1973, Marbella, Spain  soldier and dictator who twice ruled ...
/beuh teest", ba-/, n. a fine, often sheer fabric, constructed in either a plain or figured weave and made of any of various natural or synthetic fibers. [1690-1700; < F; MF ...
Batlle Berres, Luis
▪ president of Uruguay born November 26, 1897, Montevideo, Uruguay died July 15, 1964, Montevideo       Uruguayan journalist who became active in politics and served as ...
Batlle y Ordóñez
/baht"ye ee awrdd dhaw"nyes/, José /haw se"/ 1856-1929, Uruguayan statesman: president of Uruguay 1903-07, 1911-15. * * *
Batlle y Ordóñez, José
born May 21, 1856, Montevideo, Uru. died Oct. 20, 1929, Montevideo President of Uruguay (1903–07, 1911–15). The son of a former president of Uruguay, he was involved in ...
/bat"meuhn/, n., pl. batmen. (in the British army) a soldier assigned to an officer as a servant. [1745-55; short for bat-horse man, equiv. to bat < F bât packsaddle ( < VL ...
bat mitz·vah or bat miz·vah (bät mĭtsʹvə) or bas mitz·vah or bas miz·vah (bäs) n. 1. In Conservative and Reform Judaism, a Jewish girl of 12 to 14 years of age, ...
➡ Batman * * *
/bat"neuh, -na/, n. a city in NE Algeria. 85,000. * * * ▪ Algeria       city, northeastern Algeria. It lies along the Wadi Tilatou and is situated on a well-watered ...
▪ Saskatchewan, Canada       unincorporated place, central Saskatchewan, Canada. It lies on the east bank of the South Saskatchewan River, 40 miles (64 km) southwest of ...
/beuh ton", ba-, bat"n/, n. 1. Music. a wand used by a conductor. 2. a rod of lightweight metal fitted with a weighted bulb at each end and carried and twirled by a drum major or ...
bâton de commandement
Fr. /bah tawonn deuh kaw mahonn deuh mahonn"/ an Upper Paleolithic instrument possibly used as a shaft straightener, often made from the main beam of an antler and having one or ...
Baton Rouge
/bat"n roohzh"/ the capital of Louisiana, in the SE part: a river port on the Mississippi. 219,486. * * * City (pop., 2000: 227,818), capital of Louisiana, U.S. Located on the ...
baton twirler
—baton twirling. a person who twirls a baton in a parade, exhibition, or competition. * * *
Batoni, Pompeo Girolamo
▪ Italian painter Batoni also spelled  Battoni   born Jan. 25, 1708, Lucca, Tuscany [Italy] died Feb. 4, 1787, Rome  Italian painter, who in his own time was ranked with ...
Bat·on Rouge (băt'n ro͞ozhʹ) The capital of Louisiana, in the southeast-central part of the state on a bluff above the Mississippi River. Founded in 1719 as a French fort, ...
See batophobia. * * *
bat·o·pho·bi·a (băt'ə-fōʹbē-ə) n. An abnormal fear of being near an object of great height, such as a skyscraper or mountain.   [Greek batos, passable (from bainein, ...
See batophobe. * * *
/beuh tray"kee euhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Batrachia, a former group comprising the amphibians, and sometimes restricted to the salientians. n. 2. an amphibian, ...
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis
also called  amphibian chytrid  or  Bd        fungus isolated as the cause of amphibian chytridiomycosis. * * *
▪ biology       genus of freshwater red algae ranging in colour from violet to blue-green. The long, branched, threadlike filaments bear dense whorls of branchlets, ...
/beuh trak'euh tok"sin, ba'treuh koh-/, n. Pharm. a venom, C31H42N2O6, obtained from skin secretions of Colombian frogs of the genus Pyllobates and used experimentally in ...
/bats/, adj. Slang. insane; crazy: He's gone bats. [1915-20; see BAT2, -S3] * * *
Batsányi, János
▪ Hungarian poet born May 9, 1763, Tapolca, Hung. died May 12, 1845, Linz, Austria       Hungary's leading political poet during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic ...
—batsmanship, n. /bats"meuhn/, n., pl. batsmen. a batter, esp. in cricket. [1750-60; BAT1 + 'S1 + MAN1] * * *
batsman out
➡ cricket * * *
Bat·swa·na (bŏt-swäʹnə) n. pl. Batswana or Bat·swa·nas See Tswana.   [Tswana : ba-, pl. n. pref. + -tswana, Tswana.] * * *
/bat/, n. a sheet of matted cotton, wool, or synthetic fibers. Also, bat. [1830-40; special use of BAT1] * * *
1. battalion. 2. battery. * * *
/bat"l euhs/, adj. Archaic. ready for battle; warlike. [1350-1400; ME batailous < MF bataillos. See BATTLE1, -OUS] * * *
/beuh tayl"yeuh, -tahl"-/, n. Obs. 1. order of battle. 2. an armed or arrayed body of troops. [1585-95; < It battaglia body of troops, BATTLE1] * * *
/beuh tal"yeuhn/, n. 1. Mil. a ground force unit composed of a headquarters and two or more companies or similar units. 2. an army in battle array. 3. Often, battalions. a large ...
/beuh tah"nee/, n. Al- /al/, c850-929, Arab astronomer. Also called Albategnius. * * *
Battānī, al-
▪ Arab astronomer and mathematician in full  Abū ʿabd Allāh Muḥammad Ibn Jābir Ibn Sinān Al-battānī Al-ḥarrānī As-ṣābiʾ,  Latin  Albatenius, Albategnus, or ...
Bat·ta·ni (bə-täʹnē), al-. 858?-929. Arab astronomer and mathematician. Considered the greatest astronomer of his time, he proved the possibility of annular eclipses and ...
/ba toh"/; Fr. /bann toh"/, n., pl. batteaux /-tohz"/; Fr. /-toh"/. Naut. bateau (def. 1). * * *
—batteler, n. /bat"l/, n., v., batteled, batteling. Brit. n. 1. an account with or terminal bill from a college of Oxford University for board, kitchen, and buttery ...
/bat"meuhnt/; Fr. /bannteu mahonn"/, n., pl. battements /-meuhnts/; Fr. /-mahonn"/. Ballet. a movement in which the dancer lifts one leg to the front, side, or back, and returns ...
batten1 /bat"n/, v.i. 1. to thrive by feeding; grow fat. 2. to feed gluttonously or greedily; glut oneself. 3. to thrive, prosper, or live in luxury, esp. at the expense of ...
batten plate
an iron or steel plate uniting the angles or flanges of a composite girder, column, or strut. * * *
Batten, Jean
▪ New Zealander aviator byname of  Jane Gardner Batten   born , l909, Rotorua, N.Z. died Nov. 22, 1982, Majorca, Spain       aviator who made record-breaking flights ...
Bat·ten (bătʹn), Jean. 1909-1982. New Zealand aviator who was the first woman to fly a solo round trip between England and Australia (1935). * * *
(also Battenberg cake) n [C, U] (BrE) a cake with a long square shape, covered with marzipan (= a soft mixture of almonds, sugar and eggs). When cut, each slice shows four ...
Battenberg cake
➡ Battenberg * * *
Battenberg family
or Mountbatten family Family that rose to international prominence in the 19th–20th centuries. The first Battenbergs were a family of German counts that died out с 1314; the ...
batter1 /bat"euhr/, v.t. 1. to beat persistently or hard; pound repeatedly. 2. to damage by beating or hard usage: Rough roads had battered the car. High winds were battering the ...
batter board
(at a building site) one of a number of boards set horizontally to support strings for outlining the foundation plan of a building. * * *
batter brace
Building Trades. a diagonal brace reinforcing one end of a truss. * * *
batter bread
Chiefly Eastern Virginia. See spoon bread. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
batter pile
Building Trades. a pile driven at an angle to the vertical. * * *
batter's box
Baseball. box (def. 16a). * * *
/bat"euhr fruy'/, v.t., batter-fried, batter-frying. to coat with batter and fry in deep fat. * * *
batter bread n. Virginia See johnnycake. See Regional Note at johnnycake. * * *
/bat"euhr kayk'/, n. South Midland and Southern U.S. pancake (def. 1). [1820-30; BATTER2 + CAKE] Regional Variation. See pancake. * * *

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