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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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assigned risk
Insurance. a risk that, under state law, is assigned to an insurer from a pool of insurers who would not otherwise accept it. [1945-50] * * *
as·signed risk (ə-sīndʹ) n. A poor risk that an insurance company is compelled to cover under state laws. * * *
/euh suy nee", as'euh nee"/, n. Law. a person to whom some right or interest is transferred, either for his or her own enjoyment or in trust. [1275-1325; ME assigne < MF, n. use ...
See assignability. * * *
/euh suyn"meuhnt/, n. 1. something assigned, as a particular task or duty: She completed the assignment and went on to other jobs. 2. a position of responsibility, post of duty, ...
as·sign·or (ə-sī'nôrʹ, ə-sīʹnər, ăs'ə-nôrʹ) n. Law One that makes an assignment. * * *
See assimilable. * * *
—assimilability, n. /euh sim"euh leuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being assimilated. [1640-50; < ML assimilabilis, equiv. to L assimila(re) (see ASSIMILATE) + -bilis -BLE] * * *
—assimilator, n. v. /euh sim"euh layt'/; n. /euh sim"euh lit, -layt'/, v., assimilated, assimilating, n. v.t. 1. to take in and incorporate as one's own; absorb: He assimilated ...
/euh sim'euh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of assimilating; state or condition of being assimilated. 2. Physiol. the conversion of absorbed food into the substance of the ...
—assimilationist, n., adj. /euh sim'euh lay"sheuh niz'euhm/, n. the practice or policy of assimilating or encouraging the assimilation of people from all races and cultures: ...
See assimilationism. * * *
—assimilativeness, n. /euh sim"euh lay'tiv, -leuh tiv/, adj. characterized by assimilation; assimilating. Also, assimilatory /euh sim"euh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/. [1520-30; < ...
See assimilate. * * *
Early region, western Canada. Named for the Assiniboin Indians, it was an area with indefinite boundaries, controlled by the Hudson's Bay Co. с 1811–70. It included ...
/euh sin"euh boyn'/, n., pl. Assiniboins, (esp. collectively) Assiniboin. 1. a member of a Siouan people of northeastern Montana and adjacent parts of Canada. 2. the dialect of ...
/euh sin"euh boyn'/, n. a river in S Canada, flowing S and E from SE Saskatchewan into the Red River in S Manitoba. 450 mi. (725 km) long. * * *
Assiniboine River
River, southern Canada. Rising in Saskatchewan, it flows southeast across Manitoba into the Red River of the North at Winnipeg. It is about 590 mi (950 km) long and has two ...
Assiniboine, Mount A mountain, 3,620.4 m (11,870 ft) high, in the Canadian Rocky Mountains on the Alberta-British Columbia border near Banff. * * *
/euh see"zee/; It. /ahs see"zee/, n. a town in E Umbria, in central Italy: birthplace of St. Francis of Assisi. 24,002. * * * ▪ Italy       town, Perugia province, ...
—assister; Chiefly Law, assistor, n. —assistive, adj. /euh sist"/, v.t. 1. to give support or aid to; help: Please assist him in moving the furniture. 2. to be associated ...
/euh sis"teuhns/, n. the act of assisting; help; aid; support. [1375-1425; late ME assistence < ML assistentia. See ASSIST, -ENCE, -ANCE] * * *
assistance, writ of
General search warrant used by the British in the American colonies. The warrants authorized customhouse officers, with the assistance of a sheriff, to search any house or ship ...
/euh sis"teuhnt/, n. 1. a person who assists or gives aid and support; helper. 2. a person who is subordinate to another in rank, function, etc.; one holding a secondary rank in ...
Assistant District Attorney
➡ legal system * * *
assistant professor
—assistant professorship. a teacher in a college or university who ranks above an instructor and below an associate professor. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
assistant professors
➡ higher education * * *
assistant professor n. A college or university teacher who ranks above an instructor and below an associate professor. * * *
/euh sis"teuhnt ship'/, n. a form of financial aid awarded to a student studying for a graduate degree at a college or university in which the student assists a professor, ...
assisted area
n (in Britain) a part of the country in which there are many unemployed people, and the government tries to encourage business and industry to employ more people, e.g. by lending ...
assisted living
housing or living arrangements for the elderly, infirm, or disabled, in which housekeeping, meals, medical care, and other assistance is available to residents as needed. * * *
assisted suicide
suicide aided by a person, esp. a physician, who organizes the logistics of the suicide, as by providing the necessary quantities of a poison. [1985-90] * * *
as·sist·ed living (ə-sĭsʹtĭd) n. A living arrangment in which people with special needs, especially seniors with disabilities, reside in a facility that provides help with ...
assisted reproduction n. The use of medical techniques, such as drug therapy, artificial insemination, or in vitro fertilization, to enhance fertility. * * *
assisted suicide n. Suicide accomplished with the aid of another person, especially a physician. * * *
See assist. * * *
as·sis·tive (ə-sĭsʹtĭv) adj. Designed for use by disabled people: an assistive communications device; assistive technology. * * *
/ah syooht"/, n. Asyut. * * *
/euh suyz"/, n. 1. Usually, assizes. a trial session, civil or criminal, held periodically in specific locations in England, usually by a judge of a superior court. 2. an edict, ...
assn abbrev. association * * *
association. Also, Assn. * * *
assoc abbrev. 1. associate(s) 2. association * * *
1. associate. 2. associated. 3. association. * * *
See associable. * * *
—associability, associableness, n. /euh soh"shee euh beuhl, -see-, -sheuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being associated. 2. (of a nation or state) belonging to an economic ...
See associability. * * *
—associateship, n. v. /euh soh"shee ayt', -see-/; n., adj., /euh soh"shee it, -ayt', -see-/, v., associated, associating, n., adj. v.t. 1. to connect or bring into relation, as ...
Associate of Arts
a degree granted esp. by junior colleges after completion of two years of study. Abbr.: A.A. Also called associate's degree. * * *
associate professor
—associate professorship. a teacher in a college or university who ranks above an assistant professor and below a professor. [1815-25] * * *
associate professors
➡ higher education * * *
as·so·ci·ate's degree (ə-sōʹshē-ĭts', -āts' -sē-) n. An academic degree conferred by a two-year college after the prescribed course of study has been successfully ...
Associated Press
(abbr AP) the oldest and largest US news service, with offices all over the world. Its members include newspapers and television and radio stations. They collect the news and AP ...
Associated Press (AP)
Cooperative news agency, the oldest and largest in the U.S. and long the largest in the world. Its beginnings trace to 1848, when six New York City newspapers pooled their ...
associated state
a nation with limited sovereignty, esp. a former colony that now assumes responsibility for domestic affairs but continues to depend on the colonial ruler for defense and foreign ...
Associated Universities, Inc.
▪ educational association       group of U.S. universities that administers the operation of two federally funded research facilities, one in nuclear physics and the ...
associate professor n. A college or university professor who ranks above an assistant professor and below a professor. * * *
associate’s degree
➡ higher education * * *
—associational, adj. /euh soh'see ay"sheuhn, -shee-/, n. 1. an organization of people with a common purpose and having a formal structure. 2. the act of associating or state of ...
association area
any of the regions of the cerebral cortex of the brain connected by numerous nerve fibers to all parts of both cerebral hemispheres and coordinating such higher activities as ...
association croquet
also called  British Croquet, or English Croquet,        lawn game in which players use wooden mallets to hit balls through a series of wire hoops, or wickets, with a ...
association fiber
Anat. any of several nerve fibers connecting different areas of the cerebral cortex in the same hemisphere. [1875-80] * * *
association football
Brit. soccer. [1860-65] * * *
Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians
▪ American organization       (AACM), cooperative organization of musicians, including several major figures of free jazz. The musical innovations of the AACM members ...
Association Internationale Africaine
▪ African organization English  African International Association        a society of explorers, geographers, and philanthropists formed in September 1876 at the ...
Association Internationale du Congo
▪ Belgian organization English  International Association of the Congo,  original name  Comité d'Études du Haut Congo,  English  Committee for Studies of the Upper ...
Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
Trading bloc composed of 25 countries of the Caribbean basin. Responding to a proposal by Pres. Bill Clinton for a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), existing ...
association of stars.
Astron. See stellar association. * * *
Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy
▪ American association       consortium of U.S. universities that directs the operations of federally funded astronomical research centres. AURA was incorporated in 1957 ...
association test
▪ psychology       test used in psychology to study the organization of mental life, with special reference to the cognitive connections that underlie perception and ...
See association. * * *
association area n. An area of the cerebral cortex where motor and sensory functions are integrated. * * *
association football n. Chiefly British Soccer. * * *
—associationist, adj., n. —associationistic, adj. /euh soh'see ay"sheuh niz'euhm, -shee ay"-/, n. Psychol. any of several theories that explain complex psychological ...
See associationism. * * *
See associationist. * * *
—associatively /euh soh"shee ay'tiv lee, -euh tiv-, -see-/, adv. —associativity /euh soh'shee euh tiv"i tee, -see-, -sheuh tiv"-/, associativeness, n. /euh soh"shee ay'tiv, ...
associative law
Two closely related laws of number operations. In symbols, they are stated: a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c, and a(bc) = (ab)c. Stated in words: The terms or factors may be associated ...
associative learning
      in animal behaviour, any learning process in which a new response becomes associated with a particular stimulus. In its broadest sense, the term has been used to ...
associative learning n. A type of learning principle based on the assumption that ideas and experiences reinforce one another and can be linked to enhance the learning process. * ...
See associative. * * *
associative neuron n. A nerve cell found within the central nervous system that links sensory and motor neurons. * * *
See associatively. * * *
—assoilment, n. /euh soyl"/, v.t. Archaic. 1. to absolve; acquit; pardon. 2. to atone for. [1250-1300; ME asoilen < AF asoiler, OF asoilier, var. of asoldre < L absolvere to ...
See assoil. * * *
/as'euh looh"teuh/; It. /ahs'saw looh"tah/, adj. absolute; supreme: a prima ballerina assoluta. [ < It, fem. of assoluto < L absolutus ABSOLUTE] * * *
—assonant, adj., n. —assonantal /as'euh nan"tl/, assonantic, adj. /as"euh neuhns/, n. 1. resemblance of sounds. 2. Also called vowel rhyme. Pros. rhyme in which the same ...
See assonance. * * *
See assonant. * * *
—assortative, assortive, adj. —assortatively, adv. —assorter, n. /euh sawrt"/, v.t. 1. to distribute, place, or arrange according to kind or class; classify; sort. 2. to ...
See assort. * * *
assortative mating
Animal Behav., Psychol. the reproductive pairing of individuals that have more traits in common than would likely be the case if mating were random (contrasted with ...
/euh sawr"tid/, adj. 1. consisting of different or various kinds; miscellaneous: assorted flavors; assorted sizes. 2. consisting of selected kinds; arranged in sorts or ...
See assortative. * * *
/euh sawrt"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of assorting; distribution; classification. 2. a collection of various kinds of things; a mixed collection. [1605-15; ASSORT + -MENT] * * *
Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Also, A.S.S.R. * * *
asst abbrev. assistant * * *
assistant. * * *
—assuagement, n. —assuager, n. /euh swayj", euh swayzh"/, v.t., assuaged, assuaging. 1. to make milder or less severe; relieve; ease; mitigate: to assuage one's grief; to ...
See assuage. * * *
/as"wahn/; Arab. /ahs wahn"/, n. Aswan. Also, Assouan. * * *
/euh sway"siv/, adj. soothing; alleviative. [1700-10; AS- + (PER)SUASIVE] * * *
/as'ooh er"euhs, -ear"-/, n. Douay Bible. Ahasuerus. * * *
See assume. * * *
—assumability, n. —assumably, adv. /euh sooh"meuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being assumed, as an office or an obligation: Assumable mortgages are hard to find these ...
See assumability. * * *
—assumer, n. /euh soohm"/, v.t., assumed, assuming. 1. to take for granted or without proof; suppose; postulate; posit: to assume that everyone wants peace. 2. to take upon ...
—assumedly /euh sooh"mid lee/, adv. /euh soohmd"/, adj. 1. adopted in order to deceive; fictitious; pretended; feigned: an assumed name; an assumed air of humility. 2. taken ...
assumed bond
a bond issued by one corporation and assumed as an obligation by another. * * *
See assumed. * * *
See assumability. * * *
—assumingly, adv. /euh sooh"ming/, adj. taking too much for granted; presumptuous. [1595-1605; ASSUME + -ING2] * * *
See assuming. * * *
/euh sump"sit/, n. Law. 1. a legal action for a breach of contract or promise not under seal. 2. an actionable promise. [1605-15; < L: he has taken upon himself, he has ...
/euh sump"sheuhn/, n. 1. something taken for granted; a supposition: a correct assumption. 2. the act of taking for granted or supposing. 3. the act of taking to or upon ...
/euh sump"sheuh nist/, n. See Augustinian of the Assumption. [ASSUMPTION + -IST] * * *
—assumptively, adv. /euh sump"tiv/, adj. 1. taken for granted. 2. characterized by assumption: an assumptive statement. 3. presumptuous. [1605-15; < L assumptivus, equiv. to ...
See assumptive. * * *
/as"euhr/, n. the god of war and supreme national god of Assyria. Also, Ashur, Asshur, Asur. * * *
See assure. * * *
/euh shoor"euhns, -sherr"-/, n. 1. a positive declaration intended to give confidence: He received assurances of support for the project. 2. promise or pledge; guaranty; surety: ...
/ah'soor bah"nee pahl'/, n. Ashurbanipal. * * *
—assurer, assuror, n. /euh shoor", euh sherr"/, v.t., assured, assuring. 1. to declare earnestly to; inform or tell positively; state with confidence to: She assured us that ...
—assuredly /euh shoor"id lee, euh sherr"-/, adv. —assuredness, n. /euh shoord", euh sherrd"/, adj. 1. guaranteed; sure; certain; secure: an assured income. 2. bold; ...
See assured. * * *
See assuredly. * * *
assurer [ə shoor′ər] n. 1. a person or thing that gives assurance 2. Brit. an insurance underwriter * * * See assurable. * * *
See assurgent. * * *
—assurgency, n. /euh serr"jeuhnt/, adj. Bot. curving upward, as leaves; ascendant. [1570-80; < L assurgent- (s. of assurgens rising up, prp. of assurgere). See AS-, SURGENT] * ...
Assurnasirpal II
/ah'soor nah"zir pahl'/. See Ashurnasirpal II. * * *
See assurable. * * *
or Assos Ancient city, southern Troas (now northwestern Turkey). It was founded с 900 BC on the Gulf of Edremit, opposite Lesbos. It was long an important city and port. ...
Assyr abbrev. Assyrian * * *
Assyrian. * * *
/euh sear"ee euh/, n. an ancient empire in SW Asia: greatest extent from ab. 750 to 612 B.C. Cap.: Nineveh. * * * Ancient empire, southwestern Asia. It grew from a small region ...
/euh sear"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Assyria, its inhabitants, or their language. n. 2. a native or an inhabitant of Assyria. 3. the dialect of Akkadian spoken in ...
See Assyriology. * * *
—Assyriological /euh sear'ee euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —Assyriologist, n. /euh sear'ee ol"euh jee/, n. the study of the history, language, etc., of the ancient ...
/euh sear"oh bab'euh loh"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Assyria and Babylonia. n. 2. the language of Assyria and Babylonia; Akkadian. [1825-35; ASSYR(IA) + -O- + ...
Atlantic Standard Time. See under standard time. Also, A.S.T., a.s.t. * * *
Astafyev, Viktor Petrovich
▪ 2002       Soviet-Russian novelist (b. May 1, 1924, Ovsyanka, Krasnoyarsk kray, Russia—d. Nov. 29, 2001, Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarsk kray), drew on his experiences ...
/euh stair"/, n. Fred, born 1899, U.S. dancer and actor. * * *
Astaire, Fred
orig. Frederick Austerlitz born May 10, 1899, Omaha, Neb., U.S. died June 22, 1987, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. dancer and singer of stage and movies. At age seven he began his ...
A·staire (ə-stârʹ), Fred. 1899-1987. American dancer and actor noted for his elegant style and his partnership with Ginger Rogers in several motion pictures, including Top ...
▪ Jaina symbols  eight auspicious symbols frequently represented on Jaina ritual objects. Aṣṭamaṅgalas are common to both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara sects and are ...
Astana [ä stä nä′] capital of Kazakhstan, in the N part: pop. 245,000 * * * A·sta·na (ə-stäʹnə) Formerly Aq·mo·la (äk'mō-läʹ) and Tse·lin·o·grad ...
/euh stahr"beuhrd/, adv. Naut. toward or on the starboard side. [1620-30; A-1 + STARBOARD] * * *
/a stahr"tee/, n. 1. an ancient Semitic deity, goddess of fertility and reproduction worshiped by the Phoenicians and Canaanites. 2. (l.c.) Also called chestnut clam. any of ...
/euh stay"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. Med. inability to stand due to a limitation or absence of muscular coordination. Cf. abasia. [1885-90; < Gk astasía instability, equiv. ...
—astatically, adv. —astaticism /ay stat"euh siz'euhm/, n. /ay stat"ik/, adj. 1. unstable; unsteady. 2. Physics. having no tendency to take a definite position or ...
astatic galvanometer
Elect. a galvanometer that is unaffected by the earth's magnetic field and is used for measuring small currents. [1865-70] * * *
See astatic. * * *
See astatically. * * *
/as"teuh teen' -tin/, n. Chem. a rare element of the halogen family. Symbol: At; at. no.: 85. [1945-50; < Gk ástat(os) not steadfast, unstable (see ASTATIC) + -INE2] * * * ▪ ...
Astbury ware
▪ pottery  English earthenware produced by John Astbury (Astbury, John) and his son Thomas from about 1725; later a term for fine 18th-century Staffordshire earthenware until ...
Astbury, John
▪ English potter byname  Astbury Of Shelton   born 1688, England died 1743, Shelton, Staffordshire       pioneer of English potting technology and earliest of the ...
Astbury-Whieldon ware
▪ pottery  English pottery, principally earthenware, with applied decoration, produced from about 1730 to 1745 by two Staffordshire potters, John Astbury (Astbury, John) and ...
▪ Hindi poets       (Sanskrit: Eight Seals), group of 16th-century Hindi poets, four of whom were disciples of the Vaishnava leader Vallabha, and four of his son and ...
/as"teuhr/, n. 1. any composite plant of the genus Aster, having rays varying from white or pink to blue around a yellow disk. 2. a plant of some allied genus, as the China ...
aster daisy.
See Arctic daisy. * * *
aster yellows
Plant Pathol. a dwarfing and yellowing of asters and various other plants, caused by a mycoplasma transmitted by a leafhopper. [1920-25] * * * ▪ disease       plant ...
▪ plant family also called  Compositae        the aster, daisy, or composite family of the flowering-plant order Asterales, with more than 1,600 genera and almost ...
/as'teuh ray"sheuhs/, adj. Bot. belonging to the Asterasceae, an alternative name for the plant family Compositae. Cf. composite family. [1875-80; ASTER + -ACEOUS] * * *
▪ plant order Introduction   daisy order of flowering plants, containing 11 families and some 26,000 species. The major families are Asteraceae and Campanulaceae (including ...
/euh ster'ee og noh"sis, ay ster'-, euh stear'-, ay stear'-/, n. Pathol. the inability to determine the shape of an object by touching or feeling it. [1895-1900; A-6 + STEREO- + ...
/a stear"ee ay'tid/, adj. Mineral. exhibiting asterism. [1810-20; < Gk astéri(os) starry (deriv. of astér ASTER) + -ATE1 + -ED2] * * *
/as"teuh risk/, n. 1. a small starlike symbol (*), used in writing and printing as a reference mark or to indicate omission, doubtful matter, etc. 2. Ling. the figure of a star ...
—asterismal, adj. /as"teuh riz'euhm/, n. 1. Astron. a. a group of stars. b. a constellation. 2. Mineral. a property of some crystallized minerals of showing a starlike luminous ...
See asterism. * * *
▪ cartoon character French  Astérix        French cartoon character, a small-statured, cunning Gallic warrior who, with the help of a magical strength potion, ...
/euh sterrn"/, adv. 1. in a position behind a specified vessel or aircraft: The cutter was following close astern. 2. in a backward direction: The steamer went astern at half ...
/ay sterr"nl/, adj. Anat., Zool. not reaching to or connected with the sternum. [1840-50; A-6 + STERNAL] * * *
—asteroidal, adj. /as"teuh royd'/, n. 1. Also called minor planet. Astron. any of the thousands of small bodies of from 480 miles (775 km) to less than one mile (1.6 km) in ...
asteroid belt
Astron. the region of space between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter in which most asteroids are located. * * *
Asteroid taxonomic classes
▪ Table Asteroid taxonomic classes class mean albedo spectral reflectivity (at wavelengths of 0.3–1.1 micrometres [μm]) C 0.05 neutral, slight absorption at wavelengths ...
asteroid belt n. The region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, where most of the asteroids are found. * * *
/as'teuh roy"dee euh/, n. the class comprising the starfishes. [ < NL, equiv. to Aster(ias) a starfish genus ( < Gk asterías starry, deriv. of astér STAR) + -oidea -OIDEA] * * *
/as'teuh roy"dee euhn/, n. 1. an echinoderm of the class Asteroidea, comprising the starfishes. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the Asteroidea. [ASTEROIDE(A) + -AN] * * *
/as'teuh roh pee"euhs/, n. (in the Iliad) a Trojan ally slain by Achilles. * * *
As·ter·o·pe (ă-stĕrʹə-pē') n. Variant of Sterope. * * *
aster yellows pl.n. (used with a sing. verb) A widespread disease of plants caused by a mycoplasma, usually resulting in stunted growth and yellowing of infected individuals. * ...
/as thee"nee euh/, n. lack or loss of strength; weakness. [1795-1805; < NL < Gk asthéneia weakness, equiv. to asthene-, s. of asthenés (a- A-6 + sthene-, var. s. of sthénos ...
/as then"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characterized by asthenia; weak. 2. (of a physical type) having a slight build or slender body structure. Cf. athletic (def. 5), ...
—asthenopic /as'theuh nop"ik/, adj. /as'theuh noh"pee euh/, n. Ophthalm. a fatigue or tiring of the eyes, usually characterized by discomfort, dimness of vision, and headache, ...
See asthenopia. * * *
/as then"euh sfear'/, n. Geol. the region below the lithosphere, variously estimated as being from fifty to several hundred miles (eighty-five to several hundred kilometers) ...
/az"meuh, as"-/, n. Pathol. a paroxysmal, often allergic disorder of respiration, characterized by bronchospasm, wheezing, and difficulty in expiration, often accompanied by ...
—asthmatically, adv. /az mat"ik, as-/, adj. Also, asthmatical. 1. suffering from asthma. 2. pertaining to asthma: an asthmatic wheeze. n. 3. a person suffering from ...
See asthmatic. * * *
as though conj. As if: looked as though they had been quarreling. * * *
/ah"stee/; Eng. /as"tee/, n. a city in the Piedmont region of Italy, S of Turin: center of wine-producing region. 76,950. * * * ▪ Italy       city, Piemonte ( Piedmont) ...
Asti spumante
a sweet, sparkling Italian white wine with a muscat flavor. Also, Asti Spumante. [ < It: lit., effervescent Asti; see ASTI, SPUME, -ANT] * * *
—astigmatically, adv. /as'tig mat"ik/, Ophthalm. adj. 1. pertaining to, exhibiting, or correcting astigmatism. n. 2. a person who has astigmatism. [1840-50; A-6 + STIGMATIC] * ...
See astigmatic. * * *
/euh stig"meuh tiz'euhm/, n. 1. Also called astigmia /euh stig"mee euh/. Ophthalm. a refractive error of the eye in which parallel rays of light from an external source do not ...
/euh stig"meuh tuy'zeuhr/, n. Optics. a cylindrical lens used in a rangefinder to draw out the point image of a point source into a line. [A-6 + STIGMATIZER] * * *
/as'tig mat"euh skohp'/, n. Ophthalm. an instrument for determining the presence and severity of astigmatism. [ASTIGMAT(ISM) + -O- + -SCOPE] * * *
/euh stig'meuh tos"keuh pee/, n., pl. astigmatoscopies. Ophthalm. examination by means of an astigmatoscope. [ASTIGMAT(ISM) + -O- + -SCOPY] * * *
—astigmometry, astigmatometry, n. /as'tig mom"i teuhr/, n. Ophthalm. an apparatus for measuring the degree of astigmatism. Also, astigmatometer /euh stig'meuh tom"i ...
/euh stig"meuh skohp'/, n. Ophthalm. astigmatoscope. * * *
▪ Hindu philosophy       in Indian philosophy, any orthodox school of thought, defined as one that accepts the authority of the Vedas (sacred scriptures of ancient ...
/euh stil"bee/, n. any plant of the genus Astilbe, of the saxifrage family, having spirelike clusters of small white, pink, or reddish flowers. [1825; < NL, equiv. to a- A-6 + Gk ...
▪ island, Greece       island, westernmost of the Greek Dodecanese islands, Aegean Sea, between Amorgós (Amorgós Island) and Cos (Kos). It comprises two mountain ...
/euh sterr"/, adj. 1. moving or stirring, esp. with much activity or excitement: The field was astir with small animals, birds, and insects. 2. up and about; out of bed. [bef. ...
Astley, Philip
▪ British circus manager born Jan. 8, 1742, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, Eng. died 1814, Paris       English trick rider and theatrical manager who in 1770, in ...
Astley, Thea
▪ Australian author in full  Thea Beatrice May Astley  born August 25, 1925, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia died August 17, 2004, New South Wales       Australian ...
Astley, Thea Beatrice May
▪ 2005       Australian writer and teacher (b. Aug. 25, 1925, Brisbane, Queen., Australia—d. Aug. 17, 2004, New South Wales, Australia), used satire to examine the ...
American Society for Testing Materials. Also, A.S.T.M. * * *
as to prep. 1. With regard to: We are puzzled as to how it happened. 2. According to: candidates who were chosen as to ability. * * *
/as"tl at', -aht'/, n. a place in the Arthurian romances, possibly in Surrey, England. * * *
/ay stom"euh teuhs, ay stoh"meuh-/, adj. Zool., Bot. having no mouth, stoma, or stomata. [1850-55; A-6 + STOMATOUS] * * *
▪ protozoan       any uniformly ciliated protozoan of the order Astomatida, commonly found in annelid worms and other invertebrates. As the name implies, this parasite ...
/as"teuhn/, n. Francis William, 1877-1945, English physicist and chemist: Nobel prize for chemistry 1922. * * *
Aston dark space
Physics. the dark region between the cathode and the cathode glow in a vacuum tube, occurring when the pressure is low. [named after F. W. ASTON] * * *
Aston Martin{™}
an expensive and fashionable British make of sports car. It is the make driven by James Bond in several films. * * *
Aston University
a university in Birmingham, England, formed in 1966. * * *
Aston Villa
a football club in Birmingham, England, having its ground at Villa Park in the Aston area of the city. The club was very successful at the end of the 19th century, and in the ...
Aston, Francis William
▪ British physicist and chemist born Sept. 1, 1877, Harborne, Birmingham, Eng. died Nov. 20, 1945, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire  British physicist who won the Nobel Prize for ...
Aston, Kenneth George
▪ 2002       British association football (soccer) referee (b. Sept. 1, 1915, Colchester, Essex, Eng.—d. Oct. 23, 2001, Ilford, Essex), invented the yellow (caution) ...
/euh ston"eed/, adj. Archaic. dazed; bewildered; filled with consternation. [1300-50; ME, ptp. of astonyen to ASTONISH; see -ED2] * * *
—astonishedly, adv. —astonisher, n. /euh ston"ish/, v.t. to fill with sudden and overpowering surprise or wonder; amaze: Her easy humor and keen intellect astonished ...
—astonishingly, adv. —astonishingness, n. /euh ston"i shing/, adj. causing astonishment or surprise; amazing: an astonishing victory; an astonishing remark. [1520-30; ...
See astonish. * * *
/euh ston"ish meuhnt/, n. 1. overpowering wonder or surprise; amazement: He looked with astonishment at his friends. 2. an object or cause of amazement. [1570-80; ASTONISH + ...
/as"teuhr/, n. 1. John Jacob, 1763-1848, U.S. capitalist and fur merchant. 2. Nancy (Langhorne) /lang"hawrn', -euhrn/, Viscountess, 1879-1964, first woman member of Parliament in ...
Astor Family
▪ American family       wealthy American family whose fortune, rooted in the fur trade, came to be centred on real estate investments in New York City.       John ...
Astor, Brooke Russell
▪ 2008 Roberta Brooke Russell  American socialite, philanthropist, and writer born March 30, 1902, Portsmouth, N.H. died Aug. 13, 2007, Briarcliff Manor, N.Y. employed her ...
Astor, Caroline Webster Schermerhorn
▪ American socialite née  Caroline Webster Schermerhorn   born Sept. 22, 1830, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 30, 1908, New York City       the doyenne of American ...
Astor, Francis David Langhorne
▪ 2002       British newspaper editor (b. March 5, 1912, London, Eng.—d. Dec. 7, 2001, London), as editor of The Observer from 1948 to 1975, was largely responsible ...
Astor, John Jacob
orig. Johann Jakob Astor born July 17, 1763, Waldorf, Ger. died March 29, 1848, New York, N.Y., U.S. German-born U.S. fur magnate and financier. After emigrating from Germany ...
Astor, John Jacob Astor, 1st Baron
▪ British journalist [1886-1971] born May 20, 1886, New York, New York, U.S. died July 19, 1971, Cannes, France  British journalist and great-great-grandson of the U.S. fur ...
Astor, Mary
▪ American actress original name  Lucille Vasconcellos Langhanke  born May 3, 1906, Quincy, Ill., U.S. died September 25, 1987, Woodland Hills, Calif.   American ...
Astor, Nancy Witcher Astor, Viscountess
▪ British politician in full  Nancy Witcher Astor, Viscountess Astor of Hever Castle , née  Langhorne   born May 19, 1879, Danville, Virginia, U.S. died May 2, 1964, ...
Astor, Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount, Baron Astor Of Hever Castle
▪ British politician born May 19, 1879, New York City died September 30, 1952, Cliveden, Buckinghamshire, England       member of Parliament (1910–19) and ...
Astor,John Jacob
As·tor (ăsʹtər), John Jacob. 1763-1848. German-born American fur trader and capitalist who became the wealthiest man of his time in the United States. * * *
Astor,Nancy Witcher Langhorne
Astor, Nancy Witcher Langhorne. Viscountess Astor. 1879-1964. American-born British politician. In 1919 she became the first woman to sit in the House of Commons, serving there ...
▪ Spain       city, León provincia (province), in the Castile-León comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northwestern Spain, on the left bank of the Tuerto ...
Astorga, Emanuele d'
▪ Italian composer in full  Emanuele Gioacchino Cesare Rincón, Baron (barone) d'Astorga  born March 20, 1680, Augusta, Sicily, Kingdom of Naples [Italy] died 1757?, Madrid, ...
As·to·ri·a (ă-stôrʹē-ə, -stōrʹ-) A city of northwest Oregon near the mouth of the Columbia River. Fort Astoria, a fur-trading post established in 1811 by John Jacob ...
Astoria Canyon
▪ submarine canyon, Pacific Ocean       submarine canyon and fan-valley system of the Pacific continental margin, off the coast of Oregon, U.S. The canyon's head is in ...
—astoundment, n. /euh stownd"/, v.t. 1. to overwhelm with amazement; astonish greatly; shock with wonder or surprise. adj. 2. Archaic. astonished; astounded. [1275-1325; ME ...
—astoundingly, adv. /euh stown"ding/, adj. capable of overwhelming with amazement; stunningly surprising. [1580-90; ASTOUND + -ING2] * * *
See astound. * * *
astr- pref. Variant of astro-. * * *
1. astronomer. 2. astronomical. 3. astronomy. * * *
/as"treuh keuhn, -kan'/, n. 1. astrakhan. 2. (cap.) Hort. a tart, usually red or yellow variety of apple. * * *
/euh strad"l/, adv., adj., prep. astride with one leg on each side of; astride: sitting astraddle a fence. [1695-1705; A-1 + STRADDLE] * * *
Astraea [as trē′ə] n. 〚L < Gr Astraia < astraios, starry < astron, STAR〛 Gr. Myth. a goddess of justice, later also of innocence and purity: she is the last deity to ...
/as"treuh geuhl/, n. Archit., Furniture. 1. a small convex molding cut into the form of a string of beads. Cf. bead and reel. 2. a plain convex molding; bead. 3. a molding ...
See astragalus. * * *
—astragalar, adj. /a strag"euh leuhs/, n., pl. astragali /-luy'/. Zool. (in higher vertebrates) one of the proximal bones of the tarsus; talus. [1535-45; < NL; see ASTRAGAL] * ...
/as"treuh keuhn, -kan'/, n. 1. a fur of young lambs, with lustrous, closely curled wool, from Astrakhan. 2. Also called astrakhan cloth. a fabric with curled pile resembling ...
/as"treuh kan'/; Russ. /u strddu khahn"/, n. a city in the S Russian Federation in Europe, at the mouth of the Volga. 461,000. * * * City (pop., 2001 est.: 479,700), ...
—astrally, adv. /as"treuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to or proceeding from the stars; stellar; star-shaped. 2. Biol. pertaining to, consisting of, or resembling an aster; having a ...
astral body
1. Astron. a star, planet, comet, or other heavenly body. 2. Theosophy. See under astral (def. 3). [1685-95] * * *
See astral. * * *
/euh strayn"jee euh/, n. a genus of corals forming small, encrusting colonies, found in shallow waters off both coasts of the U.S. [1848; < NL < Gk ástr(on) STAR + angeî(on) ...
See astraphobia. * * *
/as'treuh foh"bee euh/, n. Psychiatry. an abnormal fear of thunder and lightning. Also, astrapophobia /as'treuh peuh foh"bee euh/. [ < Gk astra(pé) lightning + -PHOBIA] * * *
See astraphobe. * * *
/euh stray"/, adv., adj. 1. out of the right way; off the correct or known road, path, or route: Despite specific instructions, they went astray and got lost. 2. away from that ...
—astriction, n. /euh strikt"/, v.t. 1. to bind fast; constrain. 2. to bind morally or legally. [1505-15; < L astrictus drawn together, bound, tightened (ptp. of astringere), ...
/as"trid/; Norw. /ahs"trddee/, n. a female given name: from Scandinavian, meaning "divine strength." * * *

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