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Benedict Arnold
➡ Arnold (I) * * *
Benedict Biscop, Saint
▪ English abbot also called  Benet Biscop, or Biscop Baducing   born c. 628, , Northumbria, Eng. died Jan. 12, 689/690, Wearmouth, Northumbria; feast day January 12; for ...
Benedict I
died A.D. 579, pope 575-79. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome [Italy] died July 30, 579, Rome       pope from 575 to 579.       Little is known about his life. He was ...
Benedict II
Saint, died A.D. 685, pope 684-85. * * *
Benedict II, Saint
▪ pope born , Rome died May 8, 685, Rome; feast day May 8       pope from 684 to 685.       He was engaged in church government under popes SS. Agatho (Agatho, ...
Benedict III
died A.D. 858, pope 855-58. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died April 17, 858, Rome       pope from 855 to 858, who was chosen as successor to Leo IV in July 855. The ...
Benedict IV
died A.D. 903, pope 900-03. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died July 903, Rome       pope from 900 to 903. Benedict reigned during one of the darkest periods of papal ...
Benedict IX
died 1056?, pope 1032-44; 1045; 1047-48. * * * ▪ pope original name  Teofilatto,  Latin  Theophylactus  died 1055/56, Grottaferrata, Papal States ...
Benedict of Nursia, Saint
born с 480, Nursia, Kingdom of the Lombards died с 547 Founder of the Benedictine monastery at Monte Cassino, Italy, and father of Western monasticism. Born into a prominent ...
Benedict of Nursia,Saint
Benedict of Nur·si·a (nûrʹshē-ə, -shə), Saint. A.D. 480?-547?. Italian monk who as founder of the Benedictine order (c. 529) is considered the patriarch of Western ...
Benedict V
died A.D. 966, pope 964. * * * ▪ pope or antipope byname  Benedict The Grammarian,  Latin  Benedictus Grammaticus  died July 4, 966, Hamburg       pope, or ...
Benedict VI
died A.D. 974, pope 973-74. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died July 974, Rome       pope from Jan. 19, 973, to July 974.       He was a cardinal deacon when elected ...
Benedict VII
died A.D. 983, pope 974-83. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died July 10, 983, Rome       pope from 974 to 983. He furthered the cause of monasticism and acted against ...
Benedict VIII
died 1024, pope 1012-24. * * * ▪ pope original name  Teofilatto,  Latin  Theophylactus  born , probably County of Tusculum [Italy] died April 9, 1024       pope ...
Benedict XI
(Niccolò Boccasini) 1240-1304, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1303-04. * * *
Benedict XI, Blessed
▪ pope original name  Niccolò Boccasini   born 1240, Treviso, March of Trevigiana died July 7, 1304, Perugia, Umbria; beatified April 24, 1736; feast day July ...
Benedict XII
(Jacques Fournier) died 1342, French ecclesiastic: pope 1334-42. * * * orig. Jacques Fournier born , Saverdun, near Toulouse, France died April 25, 1342, Avignon, ...
Benedict XIII
(Pietro Francesco Orsini) 1649-1730, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1724-30. * * * orig. Pedro de Luna born с 1328, Illueca, Kingdom of Aragon died 1423, Peñíscola, in ...
Benedict XIV
(Prospero Lambertini) 1675-1758, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1740-58; scholar and patron of the arts. * * * orig. Prospero Lambertini born March 31, 1675, Bologna, Papal ...
Benedict XV
(Giacomo della Chiesa) 1854-1922, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1914-22. * * * orig. Giacomo Della Chiesa born Nov. 21, 1854, Pegli, Kingdom of Sardinia died Jan. 22, 1922, Rome, ...
Benedict XVI
▪ pope Introduction original name  Joseph Alois Ratzinger  born April 16, 1927, Marktl am Inn, Ger.       the bishop of Rome and the head of the Roman Catholic Church ...
Benedict XVI, Pope
▪ 2006  Joseph Ratzinger, a German cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and longtime prefect (director) of the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, was ...
Benedict's solution
Pharm. a reagent solution containing cupric sulfate, sodium citrate, and sodium carbonate and used to detect glucose in the urine. [named after S. R. BENEDICT] * * *
Benedict'ssolution
Ben·e·dict's solution (bĕnʹĭ-dĭkts) n. A solution of sodium citrate, sodium carbonate, and copper sulfate that changes from blue to yellow or red in the presence of ...
Benedict'stest
Benedict's test n. A laboratory test using Benedict's solution to detect sugar in a sample. * * *
Benedict, Ruth
orig. Ruth Fulton born June 5, 1887, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 17, 1948, New York City U.S. anthropologist. She received a Ph.D. under Franz Boas at Columbia University ...
Benedict,Ruth Fulton
Benedict, Ruth Fulton. 1887-1948. American anthropologist noted for her study of Native American and Japanese cultures. * * *
Benedictine
/ben'i dik"tin, -teen, -tuyn/ for 1, 3; /ben'i dik"teen/ for 2, n. 1. Rom. Cath. Ch. a. a member of an order of monks founded at Monte Cassino by St. Benedict about A.D. 530. b. ...
benediction
/ben'i dik"sheuhn/, n. 1. an utterance of good wishes. 2. the form of blessing pronounced by an officiating minister, as at the close of divine service. 3. a ceremony by which ...
benedictional
/ben'i dik"sheuh nl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to benediction. n. 2. Also, benedictionale /ben'i dik'sheuh nay"lee/. a book of benedictions. [1835-45; BENEDICTION + -AL1] * * *
benedictive
See benediction. * * *
benedictory
/ben'i dik"teuh ree/, adj. of, giving, or expressing benediction. [1700-10; < ML benedictorius] * * *
Benedictsson, Victoria
▪ Swedish author pseudonym  Ernst Ahlgren   born March 6, 1850, Skåne, Swed. died July 21, 1888, Copenhagen       writer noted for her natural and unpretentious ...
Benedictus
/ben'i dik"teuhs/, n. Eccles. 1. the short canticle or hymn beginning in Latin Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini, and in English "Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the ...
BenedictXIV
Ben·e·dict XIV (bĕnʹĭ-dĭkt'), Originally Prospero Lambertini. 1675-1758. Pope (1740-1758) who founded scientific academies, was a patron of the arts, and was tolerant of ...
BenedictXV
Benedict XV, Originally Giacomo della Chiesa. 1854-1922. Pope (1914-1922) who sponsored World War I relief efforts and sought to mediate peace. * * *
Benediktsson, Einar
▪ Icelandic poet born October 31, 1864, Ellidavatn, Iceland died January 12, 1940, Herdísarvík       Neoromantic poet called by some the greatest Icelandic poet of ...
benef.
beneficiary. * * *
benefaction
/ben"euh fak'sheuhn, ben'euh fak"-/, n. 1. an act of conferring a benefit; the doing of good; a good deed: He is known throughout the region for his many benefactions. 2. the ...
benefactive
/ben'euh fak"tiv/, Ling. adj. 1. of or pertaining to a linguistic form, case, or semantic role that denotes the person or persons for whom an action is performed, as for his son ...
benefactor
/ben"euh fak'teuhr, ben'euh fak"-/, n. 1. a person who confers a benefit; kindly helper. 2. a person who makes a bequest or endowment, as to an institution. [1425-75; late ME ...
benefactress
/ben"euh fak'tris, ben'euh fak"-/, n. a woman who confers a benefit, bequest, endowment, or the like. Also, benefactrix. [1425-75; late ME benefactrice; see BENEFACTOR, ...
benefactrix
/ben"euh fak'triks, ben'euh fak"-/, n., pl. benefactrixes /ben"euh fak'trik siz, ben'euh fak"-/, benefactrices /ben'euh fak"treuh seez', -fak ...
benefic
/beuh nef"ik/, adj. doing or promoting some good; beneficent: a benefic truce; a benefic confluence of planets. [1590-1600; < L beneficus. See BENE-, -FIC] * * *
benefice
/ben"euh fis/, n., v., beneficed, beneficing. n. 1. a position or post granted to an ecclesiastic that guarantees a fixed amount of property or income. 2. the revenue itself. 3. ...
beneficence
/beuh nef"euh seuhns/, n. 1. the doing of good; active goodness or kindness; charity. 2. a beneficent act or gift; benefaction. [1425-75; late ME < L beneficentia; see BENEFIC, ...
beneficent
—beneficently, adv. /beuh nef"euh seuhnt/, adj. doing good or causing good to be done; conferring benefits; kindly in action or purpose. [1610-20; BENEFIC(ENCE) + -ENT] * * *
beneficently
See beneficent. * * *
beneficial
—beneficially, adv. —beneficialness, n. /ben'euh fish"euhl/, adj. 1. conferring benefit; advantageous; helpful: the beneficial effect of sunshine. 2. Law. a. helpful in the ...
beneficially
See beneficial. * * *
beneficialness
See beneficially. * * *
beneficiary
/ben'euh fish"ee er'ee, -fish"euh ree/, n., pl. beneficiaries. 1. a person or group that receives benefits, profits, or advantages. 2. a person designated as the recipient of ...
beneficiate
—beneficiation, n. /ben'euh fish"ee ayt'/, v.t., beneficiated, beneficiating. Metall. to treat (ore) to make more suitable for smelting. [1870-75, Amer.; < Sp benefici(ar) to ...
beneficiation
Treatment of raw material (such as pulverized ore) to improve physical or chemical properties in preparation for further processing. Beneficiation techniques include washing, ...
benefit
—benefiter, n. /ben"euh fit/, n., v., benefited, benefiting. n. 1. something that is advantageous or good; an advantage: He explained the benefits of public ownership of the ...
benefit of clergy
1. the rites or sanctions of a church. 2. formal marriage: living together without benefit of clergy. 3. the privilege claimed by church authorities to try and punish, by an ...
benefit of the doubt
a favorable opinion or judgment adopted despite uncertainty. [1840-50] * * *
benefit performance
▪ theatre       in theatre, originally a supplemental performance by an actor or actress, who kept all or part of the proceeds to compensate for insufficient salary. In ...
benefit society
an association of persons to create a fund, either by dues or assessments, for the assistance of members and their families in case of sickness, death, etc. Also called benefit ...
benefitof clergy
benefit of clergy n. 1. The authorized sanction of a religious rite: cohabiting without benefit of clergy. 2. Exemption from trial or punishment in a civil court, given to the ...
Beneke, Friedrich Eduard
▪ Prussian philosopher and psychologist born Feb. 17, 1798, Berlin, Prussia [now in Germany] died March 1, 1854, Berlin       German philosopher and psychologist who ...
Beneke, Tex
▪ 2001 Gordon Beneke        American musician and band leader (b. Feb. 12, 1914, Fort Worth, Texas—d. May 30, 2000, Costa Mesa, Calif.), played tenor saxophone solos ...
Benelux
/ben"l uks'/, n. 1. a customs union comprising Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, begun January 1, 1948. 2. Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg considered together. * ...
Benelux Countries
      (Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg): see Low Countries. * * *
Benelux Economic Union
Economic union of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. The three countries formed a customs union in 1948, and in 1958 they signed the Treaty of the Benelux Economic Union, ...
Benemid
/ben"euh mid/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand name for probenecid. * * *
benempt
/bi nempt"/, v. a pp. of bename. Also, benempted. * * *
Benenson, Peter James Henry Solomon
▪ 2006  British attorney and human rights activist (b. July 31, 1921, London, Eng.—d. Feb. 25, 2005, Oxford, Eng.), founded Amnesty International (AI) in 1961 after reading ...
Beneš
/be"nesh/, n. Eduard /e"doo ahrddt'/ 1884-1948, Czech patriot and statesman: president of Czechoslovakia 1935-38 and 1945-48. * * *
Benes, Eduard
Be·neš (bĕnʹĕsh'), Eduard. 1884-1948. Czechoslovakian politician who was foreign minister (1918-1935) and president (1935-1938) until the German occupation forced him to ...
Beneš, Edvard
born May 28, 1884, Kozlany, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary died Sept. 3, 1948, Sezimovo Ústí, Czech. Czechoslovakian statesman. A disciple of Tomáš Masaryk, Beneš was a founder ...
Beneš,Eduard
Be·neš (bĕnʹĕsh'), Eduard. 1884-1948. Czechoslovakian politician who was foreign minister (1918-1935) and president (1935-1938) until the German occupation forced him to ...
Benét
/bi nay"/, n. 1. Stephen Vincent, 1898-1943, U.S. poet and novelist. 2. his brother William Rose, 1886-1950, U.S. poet and critic. * * *
Benet Goita, Juan
▪ 1994       Spanish novelist (b. Oct. 7, 1927, Madrid, Spain—d. Jan. 5, 1993, Madrid), wrote intricate, highly allusive novels and short stories, many of them set in ...
Benet Goitia, Juan
▪ Spanish writer Goitia also spelled  Goita  born Oct. 7, 1927, Madrid, Spain died Jan. 5, 1993, Madrid       Spanish writer noted for his intricate novels and ...
Benét, Stephen Vincent
born July 22, 1898, Bethlehem, Pa., U.S. died March 13, 1943, New York, N.Y. U.S. poet, novelist, and short-story writer. Benét is best known for John Brown's Body (1928, ...
Benét,William Rose
Be·nét (bĭ-nāʹ), William Rose. 1886-1950. American writer and editor whose works include poetry, novels, and The Reader's Encyclopedia (1948). His brother Stephen Vincent ...
Benetton, Luciano
▪ 1996       A duck drenched with crude oil, a man's naked derriere stamped "HIV Positive," the blood-soaked uniform of a soldier killed in Bosnia and Herzegovina: these ...
Beneventan script
▪ calligraphy       in calligraphy, southern Italian hand, cultivated in the mother house of the Benedictine order at Montecassino. It has a peculiar jerky rhythm and ...
Benevento
/ben'euh ven"toh/; It. /be'ne ven"taw/, n. a city in N Campania, in S Italy: monumental arch erected by Trajan. 62,131. * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Beneventum,         city ...
benevolence
/beuh nev"euh leuhns/, n. 1. desire to do good to others; goodwill; charitableness: to be filled with benevolence toward one's fellow creatures. 2. an act of kindness; a ...
benevolent
—benevolently, adv. —benevolentness, n. /beuh nev"euh leuhnt/, adj. 1. characterized by or expressing goodwill or kindly feelings: a benevolent attitude; her benevolent ...
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.
See under elk (def. 4). * * *
benevolently
See benevolent. * * *
Benezet, Anthony
▪ American educator born January 31, 1713, Saint-Quentin, France died May 3, 1784, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.       eminent teacher, abolitionist, and social ...
Bénézet, Saint
▪ French bridge builder Latin  Benedictus   born c. 1165 died c. 1184, ; feast day April 14       builder who instigated and directed the building of the Pont ...
Benfey, Theodor
▪ German scholar born Jan. 28, 1809, Nörten, near Göttingen, Hanover [Germany] died June 26, 1881, Göttingen, Ger.       German scholar of Sanskrit (Sanskrit ...
Benfleet
Ben·fleet (bĕnʹflēt') An urban district of southeast England on an inlet of the Thames estuary east of London. Population: 86,000. * * *
BEng
BEng abbr. Bachelor of Engineering. * * *
Beng.
1. Bengal. 2. Bengali. * * *
Bengal
/ben gawl", -gahl", beng-; ben"geuhl, beng"-/, n. 1. a former province in NE India, now divided between India and Bangladesh. Cf. East Bengal, West Bengal. 2. Bay of, a part of ...
Bengal catechu
catechu. * * *
Bengal light
Bengal light [beŋ′gəl, ben′gəl] n. a firework or flare with a steady blue light, used, esp. formerly, as a signal, etc. * * *
Bengal quince
bael. [1865-70] * * *
Bengal rose.
See China rose (def. 1). * * *
Bengal, Bay of
Part of the Indian Ocean. Occupying about 839,000 sq mi (2,172,000 sq km), it is bordered by Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and the northern Malay Peninsula. It is about ...
Bengal, Partition of
(1905) Division of Bengal carried out by Lord Curzon, the British viceroy in India. The British province of Bengal, which also included Bihar and Orissa, had by the beginning of ...
Bengal,Bay of
Bengal, Bay of An arm of the Indian Ocean bordered by Sri Lanka and India on the west, Bangladesh on the north, and Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand on the east. * * *
Bengalee
/ben gaw"lee, -gah"-, beng-/, n. a native or inhabitant of Bangladesh. Also, Bengali. * * *
Bengalese
/ben'geuh leez", -lees", beng'-/, adj., n., pl. Bengalese. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Bengal. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Bengal. [1770-80; BENGAL + -ESE] * * *
Bengali
/ben gaw"lee, -gah"-, beng-/, n. 1. a native or an inhabitant of Bengal. 2. an Indic language spoken in E India and Bangladesh. 3. Bengalee. adj. 4. of or pertaining to Bengal, ...
Bengali language
Indo-Aryan language spoken principally in Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal. Bengali has more speakers some 190 million than all but a handful of other languages of ...
Bengali literature
      the body of writings in the Bengali language of the Indian subcontinent. Its earliest extant work is a pre-12th-century collection of lyrics that reflect the beliefs ...
bengaline
/beng"geuh leen', beng'geuh leen"/, n. a poplin-like fabric having a crosswise corded effect, woven with coarse yarn in the filling direction. [1880-85; < F; see BENGAL, -INE2] * ...
Bengallight
Bengal light n. 1. A colored flare or light. 2. A blue light, formerly used for signaling. * * *
Bengaltiger
Bengal tiger n. A tiger (Panthera tigris subsp. tigris) of India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. * * *
Bengasi
Ben·ga·si (bĕn-gäʹzē, bĕng-) See Benghazi. * * *
BenGay{™}
n [U] a US make of ointment put on the body to help relieve pain in the muscles and joints. It can be bought without a doctor’s permission and is produced by Pfizer Inc. * * *
Bengbu
/bueng"byuu"/, n. Pinyin. a city in N Anhui province, in E China. 400,000. Also, Pangfou, Pengpu. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Peng-pu , also spelled ...
Bengel, J A
▪ German theologian born June 24, 1687, Winnenden, near Stuttgart, Württemberg [Germany] died Nov. 2, 1752, Stuttgart       German Lutheran theologian and biblical ...
Benghazi
/ben gah"zee, beng-/, n. a seaport in N Libya: former capital. 325,000. Also, Bengasi. * * *
Bengkalis Island
▪ island, Indonesia Indonesian  Pulau Bengkalis        island in the Strait of Malacca, off the eastern coast of Sumatra, Riau provinsi (“province”), Indonesia. ...
Bengkulu
▪ Indonesia also spelled  Bencoolen , or  Benkoelen        city and capital of Bengkulu provinsi (province), southwestern Sumatra, Indonesia. It is a port on the ...
BEngr
BEngr abbr. Bachelor of Engineering. * * *
BEngSci
BEngSci abbr. Bachelor of Engineering Science. * * *
Bengtsson, Frans Gunnar
▪ Swedish author born Oct. 4, 1894, Tossjö, Swed. died Dec. 19, 1954, Stockholm       poet, biographer, novelist, and writer of numerous informal essays, a genre that ...
Benguela
/ben gel"euh, -gay"leuh, beng-/, n. a seaport in SW Angola. 50,000. * * * ▪ Angola also spelled  Benguella,  formerly  São Filipe de Benguela         city, ...
Benguela Current
a cold ocean current flowing N along the W coast of southern Africa. * * * ▪ ocean current       oceanic current that is a branch of the West Wind Drift (Antarctic ...
Benhadugah, 'Abd al-Hamid
▪ 1997       Algerian writer who was considered the father of modern Arabic literature in Algeria; among the concerns he addressed in such novels as Rih al-janub (1971; ...
Beni
/be"nee/, n. a river flowing NE from W Bolivia to the Madeira River. ab. 600 mi. (965 km) long. * * *
Beni Abbès
▪ Algeria       oasis town, west-central Algeria. It lies on the western edge of the Grand Erg (sand dunes) Occidental. The Wadi Saoura divides the stony desert and the ...
Beni Hasan
/ben"ee hah"sahn/ a village in central Egypt, on the Nile, N of Asyut: ancient cliff tombs. * * * ▪ archaeological site, Egypt also spelled  Banī ...
Beni Isguene
▪ Algeria also spelled  Beni Isguen,         town, one of five in the oasis of Mʾzab (q.v.), central Algeria, in the Sahara. The name is derived from Berber words ...
Beni Mellal
/ben"ee me lahl"/ a city in central Morocco. 130,000. * * * ▪ Morocco       town, central Morocco. It is situated among the foothills of the Middle Atlas (Moyen ...
Beni River
River, Bolivia. Rising in the eastern cordillera of the Andes Mountains, it flows north and unites with the Mamoré River to form the Madeira River at Villa Bella. Near its ...
Beni Saf
▪ Algeria       port, town, northwestern Algeria. It lies midway between Cape Falcon and Cape l'Eau. With the discovery of iron deposits in the surrounding hills, an ...
Beni Suef
Beni Suef [ben΄ē soo āf′] city in NE Egypt, on the Nile: pop. 152,000 * * *
beni-e
▪ Japanese art       Japanese wood-block prints hand-coloured with a saffron-derived pinkish rose red and a few subsidiary colours. This technique was first used by ...
Beni-Suef
/ben'ee swayf"/, n. a city in NW Egypt on the Nile River. 107,100. * * *
Benicia
/beuh nee"sheuh/, n. a town in W California. 15,376. * * *
benighted
—benightedly, adv. —benightedness, n. /bi nuy"tid/, adj. 1. intellectually or morally ignorant; unenlightened: benighted ages of barbarism and superstition. 2. overtaken by ...
benightedly
See benighted. * * *
benightedness
See benightedly. * * *
benign
—benignly, adv. /bi nuyn"/, adj. 1. having a kindly disposition; gracious: a benign king. 2. showing or expressive of gentleness or kindness: a benign smile. 3. favorable; ...
benignancy
be·nig·nan·cy (bĭ-nĭgʹnən-sē) n. pl. be·nig·nan·cies Benignity. * * *
benignant
—benignancy /bi nig"neuhn see/, n. —benignantly, adv. /bi nig"neuhnt/, adj. 1. kind, esp. to inferiors; gracious: a benignant sovereign. 2. exerting a good influence; ...
benignantly
See benignant. * * *
Benigni, Roberto
▪ 2000       At the 1999 Academy Awards ceremony, Italian actor and film director Roberto Benigni displayed the charm and gift for frenetic comedy that had endeared him ...
benignity
/bi nig"ni tee/, n., pl. benignities. 1. the quality of being benign; kindness. 2. Archaic. a good deed or favor; an instance of kindness: benignities born of selfless ...
benignly
See benign. * * *
benignneglect
benign neglect n. A policy or attitude of ignoring a situation instead of assuming responsibility for managing or improving it. * * *
benignprostatic hyperplasia
benign prostatic hyperplasia n. A nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate gland commonly occurring in men after the age of 50, and sometimes leading to compression of the ...
Benin
/be neen'/, n. 1. Formerly, Dahomey. a republic in W Africa: formerly part of French West Africa; gained independence in 1960. 3,197,000; 44,290 sq. mi. (114,711 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Benin City
a city in S Nigeria. 127,000. * * * ▪ Nigeria also called  Edo   capital and largest city of Edo state, southern Nigeria. Benin City is situated on a branch of the Benin ...
Benin, Bight of
Bay, northern section of Gulf of Guinea. It extends along the West African coast about 400 mi (640 km) from Cape St. Paul, Ghana, past Togo and Benin to an outlet of the Niger ...
Benin, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag with horizontal stripes of yellow and red and, at the hoist, a vertical green stripe. It has a width-to-length ratio of 2 to ...
Benin, kingdom of
One of the principal historic kingdoms (12th–19th century) of the western African forest region. Founded by the Edo people, the kingdom was centred on present-day Benin City ...
Benin,Bight of
Benin, Bight of A wide indentation of the Gulf of Guinea in western Africa. * * *
Beninese
/beuh neen"eez, -ees, ben'euh neez", -nees"/, adj., n., pl. Beninese. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the republic of Benin. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Benin. [BENIN + -ESE] * * ...
Benioff zone
/ben"ee awf', -of'/, Geol., Oceanog. a planar seismic zone in oceanic crust along which subduction of lithospheric plates gives rise to frequent earthquakes: marked by oceanic ...
benison
/ben"euh zeuhn, -seuhn/, n. benediction. [1250-1300; ME < AF beneiçon, MF beneison < L benediction- BENEDICTION] * * *
Benita
/beuh nee"teuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Benítez Rojo, Antonio
▪ Cuban writer born March 14, 1931, Havana, Cuba died Jan. 5, 2005, Northampton, Mass., U.S.       short-story writer, novelist, and essayist who was one of the most ...
Benito
(as used in expressions) Juárez Benito Pablo Mussolini Benito Amilcare Andrea Pérez Galdós Benito * * *
benitoite
/beuh nee"toh uyt'/, n. a rare mineral, barium titanium silicate, BaTiSi3O9, occurring in blue hexagonal crystals exhibiting dichroism. [1905-10; named after San Benito County, ...
Benivieni, Girolamo
▪ Italian poet born 1453, Florence [Italy] died 1542, Florence       poet who was an intimate of several great men of Renaissance Florence. He is important for his ...
benjamin
/ben"jeuh meuhn/, n. benzoin1 (def. 2). [1570-80; alter. (by assoc. with the proper name) of benjoin, early form of BENZOIN1] * * * (as used in expressions) Banneker ...
Benjamin
/ben"jeuh meuhn/, n. 1. the youngest son of Jacob and Rachel, and the brother of Joseph. Gen. 35:18. 2. one of the 12 tribes of ancient Israel traditionally descended from ...
Benjamin Banneker: Reflections of a Free Black Man (1792)
▪ Primary Source       Benjamin Banneker was one of the most accomplished black men in the early life of the nation. Through self-education he became adept in the fields ...
Benjamin Britten
➡ Britten * * *
Benjamin Disraeli
➡ Disraeli * * *
Benjamin Franklin
➡ Franklin (II) * * *
Benjamin Harrison and Grover Cleveland: Controversy Over Hawaii
▪ Primary Source       President Benjamin Harrison's policy of overseas expansion in search of foreign markets coincided with the desire of the white businessmen of ...
Benjamin Harrison: Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Monday, March 4, 1889       There is no constitutional or legal requirement that the President shall take the oath of office in the ...
Benjamin of Tudela
▪ Spanish rabbi born 12th century, Navarre [France]       rabbi who was the first known European traveler to approach the frontiers of China and whose account of his ...
Benjamin Spock
➡ Spock (I) * * *
Benjamin Zephaniah
➡ Zephaniah * * *
Benjamin, Asher
▪ American architect born June 15, 1773, Greenfield, Mass. [U.S.] died July 26, 1845, Springfield, Mass.       American architect who was an early follower of Charles ...
Benjamin, Judah P
▪ American politician born Aug. 6, 1811, St. Croix, Virgin Islands died May 6, 1884, Paris, Fr.  prominent lawyer in the United States before the American Civil War ...
Benjamin, Judah P(hilip)
born Aug. 6, 1811, St. Croix, Virgin Islands died May 6, 1884, Paris, France Prominent lawyer in the U.S. and Britain and member of the Confederate cabinet. He moved with his ...
Benjamin, Walter
born July 15, 1892, Berlin, Ger. died Sept. 26, 1940, near Port-Bou, Spain German literary critic. Born into a prosperous Jewish family, Benjamin studied philosophy and worked ...
Benjamin,Asher
Benjamin, Asher. 1773-1845. American architect particularly noted for his books, such as The American Builder's Companion (1806), which popularized late colonial and Greek ...
Benjamin,Judah Philip
Benjamin, Judah Philip. 1811-1884. British-born American politician who served as Confederate secretary of war (1861-1862) and secretary of state (1862-1865). * * *
benjamin-bush
/ben"jeuh meuhn boosh'/, n. spicebush. [1755-65] * * *
Benjamin-Constant
/baonn zhann maonn"kawonn stahonn"/, n. Jean Joseph /zhahonn zhaw zef"/. See Constant, Jean Joseph Benjamin. * * *
Benjaminite
/ben"jeuh meuh nuyt'/, n. a member of the tribe of Benjamin. Also, Benjamite /ben"jeuh muyt'/. [1605-15; BENJAMIN + -ITE1] * * *
Benkei
▪ Japanese warrior died 1189, Japan       warrior-monk whose legendary superhuman exploits in the service of his master, the famous warrior Minamoto Yoshitsune, made ...
BenLomond
Ben Lo·mond (lōʹmənd) A mountain, 973.6 m (3,192 ft) high, of south-central Scotland on the eastern shore of Loch Lomond. * * *
Benlowes, Edward
▪ English poet born July 12, 1602, Finchingfield, Essex, Eng. died Dec. 18, 1676, Oxford, Oxfordshire  English poet of the metaphysical school and a patron of the ...
Benn
(Anthony Wedgwood Benn 1925–) a British Labour politician, famous for his left-wing views, who has had important positions in two Labour governments. He was a Member of ...
Benn, Gottfried
born May 2, 1886, Mansfeld, Ger. died July 7, 1956, Berlin German poet and essayist. He received military medical training and was made medical supervisor of jail inmates and ...
Benn, Sir Ernest John Pickstone, 2nd Baronet
▪ British publisher born June 25, 1875, Hackney, Middlesex, Eng. died Jan. 17, 1954, Oxted, Surrey       British publisher whose Sixpenny Library and Sixpenny Poets ...
Benn, Tony
▪ British politician original name  Anthony Neil Wedgwood Benn,  also called  (1960–63) 2nd Viscount Stansgate of Stansgate   born April 3, 1925, London, ...
benne
/ben"ee/, n. Southern U.S., esp. South Carolina, and Bahamian English. the sesame plant or its seeds. Also, benny. [1760-70, Amer.; < Wolof, Malinke bene] * * *
bennet
/ben"it/, n. See herb bennet. [1225-75; ME (herbe) beneit < OF (herbe) beneite, trans. of L (herba) benedicta blessed (herb) ( > OE benedicte, OHG benedicta, MD ...
Bennet, John
▪ English composer born c. 1575, fl. 1599–1614       English composer known chiefly for his madrigals (madrigal), which ranged from light and festive in character to ...
Bennett
/ben"it/, n. 1. (Enoch) Arnold, 1867-1931, English novelist. 2. Floyd, 1890-1928, U.S. aviator. 3. James Gordon, 1795-1872, U.S. journalist. 4. Richard Bedford, 1870-1947, ...
Bennett (of Mickleham and of Calgary and Hopewell), Richard Bedford Bennett, Viscount
born July 3, 1870, Hopewell, N.B., Can. died June 27, 1947, Mickleham, Surrey, Eng. Canadian prime minister (1930–35). Bennett was admitted to the bar in 1893 and practiced ...
Bennett, (Enoch) Arnold
born May 27, 1867, Hanley, Staffordshire, Eng. died March 27, 1931, London English novelist, playwright, critic, and essayist. His major works, inspired by Gustave Flaubert and ...
Bennett, (Enoch)Arnold
Ben·nett (bĕnʹĭt), (Enoch) Arnold. 1867-1931. British writer whose plays and novels, such as The Old Wives' Tale (1908), were influenced by the French realists and depict ...
Bennett, Alan
born May 9, 1934, Leeds, Yorkshire, Eng. British dramatist, screenwriter, and actor. He first gained success with the brilliant satirical revue Beyond the Fringe (1960), which ...
Bennett, Arnold
▪ British author born May 27, 1867, Hanley, Staffordshire, Eng. died March 27, 1931, London  British novelist, playwright, critic, and essayist whose major works form an ...
Bennett, Belle Harris
▪ American church worker in full  Isabel Harris Bennett   born Dec. 3, 1852, Whitehall, near Richmond, Ky., U.S. died July 20, 1922, Richmond       American church ...
Bennett, Floyd
▪ American aviator born Oct. 25, 1890, Warrensburg, N.Y., U.S. died April 25, 1928, Quebec, Can.  American pioneer aviator who piloted the explorer Richard E. Byrd (Byrd, ...
Bennett, Gwendolyn
▪ American writer born July 8, 1902, Giddings, Texas, U.S. died May 30, 1981, Reading, Pa.       African-American poet, essayist, short-story writer, and artist who was ...
Bennett, James Gordon
born Sept. 1, 1795, Newmill, Banffshire, Scot. died June 1, 1872, New York, N.Y., U.S. Scottish-born U.S. editor. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1819 and was employed on various ...
Bennett, Jill
▪ British actress , in full  Nora Noel Jill Bennett   born Dec. 24, 1931, Penang, Straits Settlements [now Malaysia] died Oct. 4, 1990, London, Eng.       British ...
Bennett, Joan
▪ American actress born Feb. 27, 1910, Palisades, N.J., U.S. died Dec. 7, 1990, Scarsdale, N.Y.       versatile American film actress.       The daughter of ...
Bennett, Michael
orig. Michael Bennett Difiglia born April 8, 1943, Buffalo, N.Y., U.S. died July 2, 1987, Tucson, Ariz. U.S. dancer, choreographer, and stage musical director. He began ...
Bennett, Richard Bedford
▪ prime minister of Canada in full  Richard Bedford Bennett, viscount of Mickleham and of Calgary and Hopewell  born July 3, 1870, Hopewell, New Brunswick, Canada died June ...
Bennett, Richard Rodney
▪ British composer born March 29, 1936, Broadstairs, Kent, Eng.       prolific British composer and pianist known for his 12-tone (12-tone music) and serialist ...
Bennett, Sir William Sterndale
▪ British conductor born April 13, 1816, Sheffield, Yorkshire, Eng. died Feb. 1, 1875, London  British pianist, composer, and conductor, a notable figure in the musical life ...
Bennett, Tony
orig. Anthony (Dominick) Benedetto born Aug. 3, 1926, Astoria, Queens, N.Y., U.S. U.S. popular singer. His first job was as a singing waiter, and he later sang under the name ...
Bennett, Willard Harrison
▪ American physicist born June 13, 1903, Findlay, Ohio, U.S. died September 28, 1987       American physicist who discovered (1934) the pinch effect, an ...
Bennett,Floyd
Bennett, Floyd. 1890-1928. American aviator and Arctic explorer who won fame for making the first flight over the North Pole with Richard E. Byrd (1926). Evidence brought to ...
Bennett,James Gordon
Bennett, James Gordon. 1795-1872. American journalist and publisher who founded and edited (1835-1867) the New York Herald. His son James Gordon Bennett (1841-1918) succeeded him ...
Bennett,Richard Bedford
Bennett, Richard Bedford. Viscount Bennett. 1870-1947. Canadian prime minister (1930-1935) who convened the 1932 economic conference in Ottawa. * * *
Bennett-Coverly, Louise
▪ 2007 “Miss Lou”        Jamaican folklorist, poet, and radio and television personality (b. Sept. 7, 1919, Kingston, Jam.—d. July 26, 2006, Toronto, Ont.), was ...
BenNevis
Ben Ne·vis (nēʹvĭs, nĕvʹĭs) The highest mountain of Great Britain, rising to 1,343.8 m (4,406 ft) in the Grampian Mountains of western Scotland. * * *
Bennigsen, Leonty Leontyevich, Graf von
▪ Russian general original name  Levin August Gottlieb (Theophil) von Bennigsen  born Feb. 10, 1745, Brunswick, Duchy of Brunswick [Germany] died Oct. 3, 1826, Banteln, near ...
Bennigsen, Rudolf von
▪ German politician in full  Karl Wilhelm Rudolf von Bennigsen  born July 10, 1824, Lüneburg, Hanover [Germany] died August 7, 1902, Bennigsen, ...
Bennington
/ben"ing teuhn/, n. a town in SW Vermont: defeat of British by the Green Mountain Boys 1777. 15,815. * * * ▪ Vermont, United States       town (township), one of the ...
Bennington College
▪ college, Bennington, Vermont, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Bennington, Vt., U.S. Bennington is a liberal arts college ...
Bennington, Battle of
▪ United States history       (August 16, 1777), in the American Revolution, victory by American militiamen defending colonial military stores in Bennington, Vermont, ...
Benno, Saint
▪ German bishop born c. 1010, , Hildesheim?, Saxony died c. 1106, , Meissen, March of Thuringia; canonized 1523; feast day June 16       bishop of ...
Bennu
/ben"ooh/, n. Benu. * * *
benny
benny1 /ben"ee/, n., pl. bennies. Slang. 1. Benzedrine, esp. in tablet form. 2. any amphetamine tablet. [1950-55, Amer.; by alter. and shortening of BENZEDRINE; see ...
Benny
/ben"ee/, n. 1. Jack (Benjamin Kubelsky), 1894-1974, U.S. comedian. 2. a male given name, form of Benjamin. * * * (as used in expressions) Benny Jack Carter Benny Goodman ...
Benny Goodman
➡ Goodman * * *
Benny Hill
➡ Hill (I) * * *
Benny, Jack
orig. Benjamin Kubelsky born Feb. 14, 1894, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Dec. 27, 1974, Beverly Hills, Calif. U.S. comedian. He took up the violin as a boy and played it in ...
Benny,Jack
Ben·ny (bĕnʹē), Jack. Originally Benjamin Kubelsky. 1894-1974. American comedian known for his delayed comic delivery and for his shows on radio (1932-1955) and television ...
Benois, Alexandre
▪ Russian artist Russian  in full Aleksandr Nikolayevich Benois   born May 4 [April 21, old style], 1870, St. Petersburg, Russia died Feb. 9, 1960, ...
Benois, Alexandre (Nikolayevich)
born May 4, 1870, St. Petersburg, Russia died Feb. 9, 1960, Paris, Fr. Russian theatre art director, painter, and influential ballet set designer. With Sergey Diaghilev he ...
Benoît
/beuh nwann"/, n. Pierre /pyerdd/ (or Peter) Léonard Léopold /lay aw nannrdd" lay aw pawld"/ 1834-1901, Belgian composer. * * *
Benoît de Sainte-Maure
/beuh nwanndeu saonnt mawrdd"/ fl. 12th century, French trouvère. * * * ▪ French poet Sainte-Maure also spelled  Sainte-More   flourished 12th century, Sainte-Maure?, ...
Benoit Samuelson,Joan
Be·noit Sam·u·el·son (bə-noitʹ sămʹyo͞o-əl-sən, -yo͝ol-sən), Joan. Born 1957. American distance runner who won two Boston marathons (1979 and 1983) and the first ...
Benoit, Peter
▪ Belgian composer in full  Peter Léonard Léopold Benoit   born Aug. 17, 1834, Harelbeke, Belg. died March 8, 1901, Antwerp       Belgian composer and teacher who ...
Benoîtde Sainte-Maure
Be·noît de Sainte-Maure (bən-wäʹ də săɴt-môrʹ), fl. 12thcentury. French trouvère whose Roman de Troie was a source for later works set during the Trojan War, such as ...
benomyl
/ben"euh mil/, n. Chem. a toxic compound, C14H18N4O3, derived from carbamate and benzimidizole, used as a fungicide and miticide. [1965-70; BEN(Z)O- + M(ETH)YL] * * *
Benoni
/beuh noh"nuy, -nee/, n. a city in the NE of the Republic of South Africa, near Johannesburg: gold mines. 167,000. * * * ▪ South Africa       town, Gauteng province, ...
Bensalem
Bensalem [ben sā′ləm] 〚orig., Salem; renamed ( c. 1700) < ? Ben, son of (see BEN1) + Salem〛 urban township in SE Pa., near Philadelphia: pop. 58,000 * * *
Bensenville
/ben"seuhn vil'/, n. a town in NE Illinois. 16,124. * * *
Benserade, Isaac de
▪ French author born 1612 or 1613, Normandy or Paris, France died Oct. 20, 1691, Paris  minor French poet of the courts of Louis XIII and Louis XIV.       Benserade ...
Benson, E.F.
▪ British writer in full  Edward Frederic Benson   born July 24, 1867, Wellington College, Berkshire, Eng. died Feb. 29, 1940, London       writer of fiction, ...
Benson, Edward White
▪ archbishop of Canterbury born July 14, 1829, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng. died October 11, 1896, Hawarden, Cheshire       archbishop of Canterbury (1883–96), ...
Benson, Ezra Taft
▪ 1995       U.S. agronomist and religious leader (b. Aug. 4, 1899, Whitney, Idaho—d. May 30, 1994, Salt Lake City, Utah), as president (1985-94) of the Church of ...
Benson, Mary
▪ 2001       South African writer and antiapartheid activist (b. Dec. 8, 1919, Pretoria, S.Af.—d. June 20, 2000, London, Eng.), rejected her privileged upbringing as a ...
Benson, Mildred Augustine Wirt
▪ 2003       American writer (b. July 10, 1905, Ladora, Iowa—d. May 28, 2002, Toledo, Ohio), as the original author of the Nancy Drew mysteries, abandoned the ...
Benson, Obie
▪ 2006 Renaldo Benson        American singer and songwriter (b. June 14, 1936, Detroit, Mich.—d. July 1, 2005, Detroit,), lent his powerful bass vocals to the ...
Benson, Sir Frank
▪ British actor in full  Sir Frank Robert Benson   born Nov. 4, 1858, Alresford, Hampshire, Eng. died Dec. 31, 1939, London       British actor-manager whose touring ...
bensulide
/ben"seuh luyd'/, n. a selective preemergence herbicide, C14H24O4NPS3, used primarily to control crabgrass and broadleaf weeds. [BEN(ZENE) + SUL(FONAM)IDE] * * *
bent
bent1 /bent/, adj. 1. curved; crooked: a bent bow; a bent stick. 2. determined; set; resolved (usually fol. by on): to be bent on buying a new car. 3. Chiefly Brit. Slang. a. ...
bent grass
any grass of the genus Agrostis, esp. the redtop. [1770-80] * * * Any of the annual or perennial grasses that make up the genus Agrostis, in the family Poaceae (or Gramineae), ...
Bent, Charles
▪ American pioneer born Nov. 11, 1799, Charleston, Va. [now in West Virginia], U.S. died Jan. 19, 1847, Taos [New Mexico]       fur-trading pioneer who became civil ...
Bent, James Theodore
▪ British archaeologist born March 30, 1852, Leeds, Yorkshire, Eng. died May 5, 1897, London  British explorer and archaeologist who excavated the ruined Zimbabwe (dzimbahwe; ...
Benten
▪ Japanese mythology also called  Benzaiten   (Japanese: Divinity of the Reasoning Faculty), in Japanese mythology, one of the Shichi-fuku-jin (Seven Gods of Luck); the ...
bentgrass
bent grass also bent·grass (bĕntʹgrăs') n. Any of various usually weedy grasses of the genus Agrostis native to chiefly temperate regions. Some are grown for pasture, turf, ...
Bentham
/ben"theuhm, -teuhm/, n. Jeremy, 1748-1832, English jurist and philosopher. * * *
Bentham, George
▪ British botanist born Sept. 22, 1800, Stoke, Devon, Eng. died Sept. 10, 1884, London  British botanist whose classification of seed plants (Spermatophyta), based on an ...
Bentham, Jeremy
born Feb. 15, 1748, London, Eng. died June 6, 1832, London British moral philosopher and legal theorist, the earliest expounder of utilitarianism. A precocious student, he ...
Bentham, Sir Samuel
born Jan. 11, 1757, England died May 31, 1831, London British engineer, naval architect, and navy official. He was the brother of Jeremy Bentham and father of the botanist ...
Bentham,Jeremy
Ben·tham (bĕnʹthəm), Jeremy. 1748-1832. British writer, reformer, and philosopher whose systematic analysis of law and legislation laid the foundations of utilitarianism. * ...
Benthamism
—Benthamic /ben tham"ik, -tam"-/, adj. —Benthamite /ben"theuh muyt', -teuh-/, n. /ben"theuh miz'euhm, -teuh-/, n. the utilitarian philosophy of Jeremy Bentham. [1820-30; ...
Benthamite
See Benthamism. * * * ➡ Bentham * * *
benthic
/ben"thik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a benthos. 2. of or pertaining to a benthon. Also, benthal, benthonic /ben thon"ik/. [BENTH(OS) + -IC] * * *
benthon
/ben"thon/, n. the aggregate of organisms that live on or in the benthos. [BENTH(OS) + -on, extracted from PLANKTON] * * *
benthonic
See benthic. * * *
benthos
/ben"thos/, n. the biogeographic region that includes the bottom of a lake, sea, or ocean, and the littoral and supralittoral zones of the shore. Also called benthic division, ...
Benti
▪ Guinea also spelled  Benty,         town and seaport, western Guinea, western Africa. It lies at the head of the estuary of the Mélikhouré (Melacorée) River, 10 ...
Bentinck
/ben"tingk/, n. William Henry Cavendish, Duke of Portland, 1738-1809, British statesman: prime minister 1783; 1807-09. * * *
Bentinck, Lord George
▪ British politician in full  William George Frederick Cavendish-scott-bentinck, Lord Bentinck   born Feb. 27, 1802, Welbeck, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died Sept. 21, 1848, ...
Bentinck, Lord William
▪ British government official Introduction in full  William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck  born September 14, 1774, Bulstrode, Buckinghamshire, England died June 17, 1839, Paris, ...
Bentinck, William (Henry Cavendish), Lord
born Sept. 14, 1774, Bulstrode, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died June 17, 1839, Paris, France British colonial administrator. Born to wealth and rank, he was appointed governor of ...
Bentinck,William Henry Cavendish
Ben·tinck (bĕnʹtĭngk), William Henry Cavendish. Third Duke of Portland. 1738-1809. British politician who served as prime minister (1783 and 1807-1809) and home secretary ...


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