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Bentine, Michael
▪ 1997       British comedian who was a founding member of "The Goon Show" on BBC radio and went on to such television programs as the children's shows "The Bumblies" ...
Bentivoglio Family
▪ Italian family       Italian family that controlled Bologna during the second half of the 15th century.       Long prominent in Bolognese affairs, the ...
Bentivoglio, Guido
▪ Italian historian born Oct. 4, 1579, Ferrara [Italy] died Sept. 7, 1644, Rome       Italian churchman, diplomat, and historian, whose writings give precise accounts ...
Bentley
/bent"lee/, n. 1. Eric (Russell), born 1916, U.S. critic, editor, and translator; born in England. 2. Phyllis, born 1894, English novelist. 3. Richard, 1662-1742, English scholar ...
Bentley and Craig
a famous British legal case. In 1952 two young men, Derek Bentley and Christopher Craig, were caught on a roof in south London by the police, who believed they were involved in a ...
Bentley College
▪ college, Waltham, Massachusetts, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher education in Waltham, Massachusetts, U.S. Although the college ...
Bentley, Arthur F
▪ American political scientist born Oct. 16, 1870, Freeport, Ill., U.S. died May 21, 1957, Paoli, Ind.       American political scientist and philosopher known for his ...
Bentley, E C
▪ British author born July 10, 1875, London, Eng. died March 30, 1956, London       British journalist and man of letters who is remembered as the inventor of the ...
Bentley, Eric
▪ American critic, translator, and stage director in full  Eric Russell Bentley  born Sept. 14, 1916, Bolton, Lancashire, Eng.       British-born American critic, ...
Bentley, Eric (Russell)
born Sept. 14, 1916, Bolton, Lancashire, Eng. British-born U.S. drama critic and translator. He was a stage director in several European cities (1948–51); in Munich, after ...
Bentley, Richard
born Jan. 27, 1662, Oulton, Yorkshire, Eng. died July 14, 1742, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire English clergyman and classical scholar. He was appointed Boyle lecturer at Oxford in ...
bento
/ben"toh/; Japn. /ben"taw/, n., pl. bentos; Japn. bento. Japanese Cookery. a meal, usually served in a lacquered or elaborately decorated box that is divided into sections for ...
Bento Gonçalves
▪ Brazil       city, northeastern Rio Grande do Sul estado (state), southern Brazil. Situated in the hills overlooking the Jaguari River valley, Bento Gonçalves is a ...
Bentol
▪ Liberia       city, northwestern Liberia. Bentol is a marketing and commercial centre for the surrounding agricultural area. Prior to the outbreak of civil war in the ...
Benton
/ben"tn/, n. 1. Thomas Hart ("Old Bullion"), 1782-1858, U.S. political leader. 2. his grandnephew Thomas Hart, 1889-1975, U.S. painter and lithographer. 3. a city in central ...
Benton Harbor
a city in SW Michigan, on Lake Michigan. 14,707. * * * ▪ Michigan, United States  city, Berrien county, southwestern Michigan, U.S. It lies on Lake Michigan (Michigan, ...
Benton, Stephen Anthony
▪ 2004       American inventor (b. Dec. 1, 1941, San Francisco, Calif.—d. Nov. 9, 2003, Boston, Mass.), became fascinated with holograms the first time he saw one and ...
Benton, Thomas Hart
I born April 15, 1889, Neosho, Mo., U.S. died Jan. 19, 1975, Kansas City, Mo. U.S. painter and muralist. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and at the Académie Julian ...
Benton, William
▪ United States senator and publisher in full  William Burnett Benton   born April 1, 1900, Minneapolis, Minn., U.S. died March 18, 1973, New York, ...
Benton, William (Burnett)
born April 1, 1900, Minneapolis, Minn., U.S. died March 18, 1973, New York, N.Y. U.S. publisher, advertising executive, and government official. A descendant of missionaries ...
Benton,Thomas Hart
I. Ben·ton1 (bĕnʹtən), Thomas Hart. Called “Old Bullion.” 1782-1858. American legislator. A U.S. senator (1821-1851) and representative (1853-1855) from Missouri, he ...
Bentong
▪ Malaysia       town, West Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia). It lies on the Bentong River, northeast of Kuala Lumpur, across the Main Range. It is a commercial centre ...
bentonite
—bentonitic /ben'tn it"ik/, adj. /ben"tn uyt'/, n. Mineral. a clay formed by the decomposition of volcanic ash, having the ability to absorb large quantities of water and to ...
bentonitic
See bentonite. * * *
bentrovato
ben tro·va·to (bĕn trō-väʹtō) adj. Appropriate even if untrue; happily invented: a story that is ben trovato.   [Italian, from the saying se è non vero, è ben trovato, ...
Bentsen, Lloyd Millard, Jr.
▪ 2007       American politician (b. Feb. 11, 1921, Mission, Texas—d. May 23, 2006, Houston, Texas), was a longtime Democratic senator from Texas (1971–93) who in ...
bentwood
/bent"wood'/, n. 1. wood steamed and bent for use in furniture. 2. an article of furniture made of bentwood. adj. 3. of or pertaining to furniture made principally of pieces of ...
bentwood furniture
Type of furniture made of wooden rods bent into shape after being heated with steam. The method was used on the 18th-century Windsor chair, but its principal exponent was ...
Benu
/ben"ooh/, n. the sacred bird of ancient Egypt, corresponding to the phoenix. Also, Bennu. [vocalization of Egyptian bnw heron] * * *
Benue
/bay"nway/, n. a river in W Africa, flowing Wfrom Cameroon to the Niger River in Nigeria. 870 mi. (1400 km). * * * ▪ Nigeria       state, east-central Nigeria. A ...
Benue River
or Bénoué River River, western Africa. Rising in northern Cameroon (as the Bénoué), the river flows west across east-central Nigeria (as the Benue). About 870 mi (1,400 km) ...
Benue-Congo
/bay"nway kong"goh/, n. a branch of Niger-Congo that comprises a large number of languages, as Efik, Tiv, and the Bantu languages, spoken in central and southern Africa. * * *
Benue-Congo languages
Largest branch of the Niger-Congo language family, both in numbers of languages (900) and speakers (at least 500 million). Its major divisions are Defoid, including Yoruba, with ...
benumb
—benumbedness /bi numd"nis, -num"id-/, n. —benumbingly, adv. —benumbment, n. /bi num"/, v.t. 1. to make numb; deprive of sensation: benumbed by cold. 2. to render inactive; ...
benumbment
See benumb. * * *
Benveniste, Jacques
▪ 2005       French immunologist (b. March 12, 1935, Paris, France—d. Oct. 4, 2004, Paris), was responsible for numerous advances in allergy medicine and immunology, ...
Benvenuti, Nino
▪ Italian boxer byname of  Giovanni Benvenuti  born April 26, 1938, Trieste, Italy       Italian professional boxer, Olympic welterweight and world middleweight ...
Benxi
/buen"shee"/, n. Pinyin. a city in E Liaoning province, in NE China. 750,000. Also, Penchi, Penhsi, Penki. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Pen-hsi , also spelled ...
Benz
/bents/; Eng. /benz/, n. Karl, 1844-1929, German automotive engineer and manufacturer. * * *
Benz
/bents/; Eng. /benz/, n. Karl, 1844-1929, German automotive engineer and manufacturer. * * *
Benz, Karl
▪ German engineer in full  Karl Friedrich Benz  born Nov. 25, 1844, Karlsruhe, Baden [Germany] died April 4, 1929, Ladenburg, near Mannheim, Ger.  German mechanical ...
Benz, Karl (Friedrich)
born Nov. 25, 1844, Karlsruhe, Baden died April 4, 1929, Ladenburg, Ger. German mechanical engineer who designed and built the first practical automobile powered by an ...
Benz,Karl Friedrich
Benz (bĕnts), Karl Friedrich. 1844-1929. German automobile pioneer credited with manufacturing the first vehicle powered with an internal-combustion engine, patented in 1886. * ...
benz-
var. of benzo- before a vowel: benzaldehyde. * * *
benzal
/ben"zal/, Chem. adj. 1. containing the benzal group. n. 2. the benzal group. Also, benzylidene. [BENZ- + -AL3] * * *
benzal chloride
Chem. a colorless, oily liquid, C7H6Cl2, used chiefly in the synthesis of benzaldehyde, and in the manufacture of dyes. Also called benzyl dichloride, benzylidene ...
benzal group
Chem. the bivalent group C7H6-, derived from benzaldehyde. Also called benzal radical. * * *
benzalacetone
/ben'zal as"i tohn'/, n. Chem. See benzylidene acetone. [BENZAL + ACETONE] * * *
benzaldehyde
/ben zal"deuh huyd'/, n. Chem. a colorless or yellowish, water-soluble, volatile oil, C7H6O, having a bitter, almondlike odor, used chiefly in the organic synthesis of dyes, ...
benzalkonium chloride
/ben'zal koh"nee euhm/, Chem. a white or yellowish-white, water-soluble mixture of ammonium chloride derivatives having the structure C8H10NRCl, where R is a mixture of radicals ...
benzalkoniumchloride
ben·zal·ko·ni·um chloride (bĕn'zăl-kōʹnē-əm) n. A yellow-white powder prepared in an aqueous solution and used as a detergent, fungicide, bactericide, and ...
benzamine
/ben"zeuh meen'/, n. Pharm. eucaine. [BENZ- + AMINE] * * *
benzanthracene
/ben zan"threuh seen'/, n. Chem. a carcinogenic aromatic hydrocarbon, C18H12, consisting of four fused benzene rings, produced by incomplete combustion of organic ...
Benzedrine
/ben"zi dreen', -drin/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of amphetamine. * * *
Benzedrine{™}
n [U] (also infml benny [U, C]) a make of amphetamine (= a drug that makes people feel lively and excited) that is sometimes taken illegally. It was very popular with the beat ...
benzene
/ben"zeen, ben zeen"/, n. Chem. a colorless, volatile, flammable, toxic, slightly water-soluble, liquid, aromatic compound, C6H6, obtained chiefly from coal tar: used in the ...
benzene hexachloride
Chem. See BHC. [1880-85] * * * ▪ chemical compound       any of several stereoisomers of 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane formed by the light-induced addition of ...
benzene ring
Chem. the graphic representation of the structure of benzene as a hexagon with a carbon atom at each of its points. Each carbon atom is united with an atom of hydrogen, one or ...
benzene series
Chem. a series of aromatic hydrocarbons derived from benzene by replacing one or more of the hydrogen atoms with one or more methyl groups. The first three members are benzene, ...
benzeneazobenzene
/ben'zeen az'oh ben"zeen, ben zeen'az oh ben zeen"/, n. Chem. azobenzene. [BENZENE + AZOBENZENE] * * *
benzenecarboxylic acid
/ben"zeen kahr'bok sil"ik, ben zeen"kahr-/, Chem., Pharm. See benzoic acid. [BENZENE + CARBOXYLIC ACID] * * *
benzenehexachloride
benzene hexachloride n. Abbr. BHC A musty-smelling crystalline substance, C6H6Cl6, prepared by the chlorination of benzene, occurring in several isomeric forms, and used as a ...
benzenering
benzene ring Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. A hexagonal ring arrangement found in benzene and other aromatic compounds, consisting of six carbon atoms with alternating single and ...
benzenesulfonic acid
/ben"zeen sul fon"ik, ben zeen"-/, Chem. a fine, needlelike substance, C6H6SO3, used chiefly as a catalyst and in the synthesis of phenol, resorcinol, and other organic ...
benzenoid
/ben"zeuh noyd'/, Chem. adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or similar to benzene, esp. with respect to structure. n. 2. any benzene compound. [1885-90; BENZENE + -OID] * * *
Benzer, Seymour
born Oct. 15, 1921, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. molecular biologist. He received his Ph.D. from Purdue University. He developed a method for determining the detailed structure of ...
benzethonium chloride
/ben'zeuh thoh"nee euhm/, Chem. a colorless, water-soluble, crystalline solid, ammonium chloride derivative, (C27H42O2N)Cl·H2O, used chiefly as an antiseptic. [BENZ(YL) + ...
Benzi Box
/ben"zee/, Trademark. a brand of antitheft system for car radios that allows the radio to be removed easily from the car by the driver. * * *
benzidine
/ben"zi deen', -din/, n. Chem. a grayish, crystalline, slightly water-soluble, basic compound, C12H12N2, usually derived from nitrobenzene: used chiefly in the synthesis of ...
benzimidazole
/ben'zim i daz"ohl, ben'zeuh mid"euh zohl'/, n. Chem. a colorless crystalline compound, C7H6N2, used in organic synthesis. Also called benzoglyoxaline. [1925-30; BENZ- + ...
benzine
/ben"zeen, ben zeen"/, n. a colorless, volatile, flammable, liquid mixture of various hydrocarbons, obtained in the distillation of petroleum, and used in cleaning, dyeing, ...
benzo-
a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which benzene, benzoic acid, or one or more of the phenyl groups is present: benzocaine. Also, esp. before a vowel, ...
benzoate
/ben"zoh ayt', -it/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of benzoic acid. [1800-10; BENZO- + -ATE2] * * *
benzoate of soda
Chem. See sodium benzoate. * * *
benzoateof soda
benzoate of soda n. See sodium benzoate. * * *
benzocaine
/ben"zoh kayn'/, n. Pharm. ethyl aminobenzoate; a white, crystalline powder, C9H11NO2, used as a local anesthetic, usually in ointment form. [1920-25; BENZO- + (CO)CAINE] * * *
benzodiazepine
/ben'zoh duy az"euh peen', -ay"zeuh-/, n. Pharm. any of a family of minor tranquilizers that act against anxiety and convulsions and produce sedation and muscle ...
benzodiazepines
➡ drugs * * *
benzofuran
/ben'zoh fyoor"an, -fyeuh ran"/, n. Chem. coumarone. [1945-50; BENZO- + FURAN] * * *
benzoglyoxaline
/ben'zoh gluy ok"seuh leen', -lin/, n. Chem. benzimidazole. [BENZO- + GLYOXALINE] * * *
benzoic
/ben zoh"ik/, adj. Chem. of or derived from benzoin or benzoic acid. [1785-95; BENZO(IN)1 + -IC] * * *
benzoic acid
Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C7H6O2, usually derived from benzoin or other balsams, or synthesized from phthalic acid or toluene: used ...
benzoic aldehyde
Chem. benzaldehyde. * * *
benzoicacid
ben·zo·ic acid (bĕn-zōʹĭk) n. An aromatic white crystalline acid, C6H5COOH, used to season tobacco and in perfumes, dentifrices, and germicides.   [From benzoin.] * * *
benzoin
benzoin1 /ben"zoh in, -zoyn, ben zoh"in/, n. 1. Also called gum benjamin, gum benzoin. a reddish-brown, aromatic balsamic resin occurring in almondlike fragments and having a ...
benzol
/ben"zawl, -zol/, n. Chem. (no longer in technical use) benzene. [BENZ- + -OL1] * * *
benzonatate
/ben zon"euh tayt'/, n. Pharm. a nonnarcotic substance, C30H53NO11, used as a cough suppressant. [perh. BENZO(IC ACID) + (no)na(ethylene) + -t- ( < ?) + -ATE3] * * *
benzonitrile
/ben zon"i tril, ben'zoh nuy"-/, n. Chem. a clear, colorless, viscous, poisonous liquid, C7H5N, used chiefly as an intermediate in organic synthesis. [BENZO- + NITRILE] * * *
benzophenone
/ben'zoh fi nohn", -fee"nohn/, n. Chem. a crystalline, water-insoluble ketone, C13H10O, used in organic synthesis. Also called diphenyl ketone. [1880-85; BENZO- + PHEN- + -ONE] * ...
benzopyrene
/ben'zoh puy"reen, -puy reen"/, n. Chem. a yellow, crystalline aromatic carcinogenic hydrocarbon, C20H12, consisting of five fused benzene rings, produced by incomplete ...
benzoquinone
      simplest member of the quinone family of organic compounds; see quinone. * * *
benzosulfimide
/ben'zoh sul"feuh muyd'/, n. Chem. saccharin. [BENZO- + SULF- + IMIDE] * * *
benzotrichloride
/ben'zoh truy klawr"uyd, -id, -klohr"-/, n. Chem. a colorless or yellowish liquid, C7H5Cl3, used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes. Also called toluene trichloride. [BENZO- + ...
benzotrifluoride
/ben'zoh truy floor"uyd, -flawr"-, -flohr"-/, n. Chem. a colorless, flammable liquid, C7H5F3, used chiefly as an intermediate in the manufacture of dyes and pharmaceuticals, and ...
benzoxy-
a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which the benzoyl group is present: benzoxyacetanilide. [BENZ- + OXY-2] * * *
benzoyl
/ben"zoh il/, Chem. adj. 1. containing the benzoyl group. n. 2. the benzoyl group. [1850-55; BENZO- + -YL] * * *
benzoyl group
Chem. the univalent group C7H5O-, derived from benzoic acid. Also called benzoyl radical. * * *
benzoyl peroxide
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble, explosive solid, C7H5O4, used chiefly as a bleaching agent for flour, fats, oils, and waxes, and as a catalyst in polymerization ...
benzoylate
—benzoylation, n. /ben"zoh euh layt', ben zoh"-/, v.t., benzoylated, benzoylating. Chem. to introduce the benzoyl group into (an organic compound). [BENZOYL + -ATE2] * * *
benzoylperoxide
benzoyl peroxide n. A flammable white granular solid, (C6H5CO)2O2, used as a bleaching agent for flour, fats, waxes, and oils, as a polymerization catalyst, and in ...
benzpyrene
/benz puy"reen, benz'puy reen"/, n. Chem. benzopyrene. * * *
benztropine mesylate
/benz troh"peen mez"euh layt', mes"-, mee"zeuh-, mee"seuh-/, n. Pharm. a synthetic anticholinergic, C21H25NO·CH4O3S, used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. [benztropine ...
benzyl
—benzylic, adj. /ben"zil, -zeel/, Chem. adj. 1. containing the benzyl group. n. 2. the benzyl group. [1865-70; BENZ- + -YL] * * *
benzyl acetate
Chem. a colorless liquid, C9H10O2, having a flowerlike odor: used chiefly for flavoring tobacco and in soaps and cosmetics. * * *
benzyl alcohol
Chem. a colorless, faintly aromatic, slightly water-soluble liquid, C7H8O, used chiefly as a solvent in the manufacture of perfumes and flavorings, and as an intermediate in the ...
benzyl benzoate
Chem., Pharm. a colorless, faintly aromatic liquid, C14H12O2, used chiefly as a fixative and solvent in the manufacture of flavorings and perfume and in medicine in the treatment ...
benzyl butyrate
Chem. a liquid, C11H14O2, having a fruitlike odor, used as a plasticizer and in flavoring. * * *
benzyl chloride
Chem. a colorless, corrosive liquid, C7H7Cl, used chiefly as an intermediate in the synthesis of benzyl compounds. * * *
benzyl dichloride
Chem. See benzal chloride. * * *
benzyl fluoride
Chem. a colorless liquid, C7H7F, used in organic synthesis. * * *
benzyl group
Chem. the univalent group C7H7-, derived from toluene. Also called benzyl radical. * * *
benzyl isoamyl ether
Chem. See isoamyl benzyl ether. * * *
benzyl thiocyanate
Chem. a colorless, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, C8H7NS, used as an insecticide. * * *
benzylidene
/ben zil"i deen'/, adj., n. Chem. benzal. [BENZYL + -ID3 + -ENE] * * *
benzylidene acetone
Chem. a colorless, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, C10H10O, having a vanillalike odor, used chiefly as a scent in the manufacture of perfume. Also called benzalacetone, ...
benzylidene chloride
Chem. See benzal chloride. * * *
benzyloxy-
a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which the benzyl group is present: benzyloxyamine. [BENZYL + OXY-2] * * *
benzylpenicillin
ben·zyl·pen·i·cil·lin (bĕn'zĭl-pĕn'ĭ-sĭlʹĭn) n. See penicillin G. * * *
Beograd
/be"aw grddahd/, n. Serbo-Croatian name of Belgrade. * * *
Beorhtric
▪ king of Wessex died 802       king of the West Saxons, or Wessex (from 786), succeeding Cynewulf.       Beorhtric was a descendant of Cerdic, founder of ...
Beothuk
▪ people       North American Indian tribe of hunters and gatherers that resided on the island of Newfoundland; their language, Beothukan, may be related to Algonquian, ...
Beowulf
/bay"euh woolf'/, n. 1. (italics) an English alliterative epic poem, probably written in the early 8th century A.D. 2. the hero of this poem. * * * Heroic poem considered the ...
bepaint
/bi paynt"/, v.t. 1. to cover or smear with paint. 2. to color or tint: a face bepainted with excessive makeup. [1545-55; BE- + PAINT] * * *
Beppu
▪ Japan  city, Ōita ken (prefecture), Kyushu, Japan, facing Beppu-wan (Beppu Bay). Located at the base of a steep symmetrical fan of coarse volcanic detritus, it has been a ...
bequeath
—bequeathable, adj. —bequeathal, bequeathment, n. —bequeather, n. /bi kweedh", -kweeth"/, v.t. 1. to dispose of (personal property, esp. money) by last will: She bequeathed ...
bequeathal
See bequeath. * * *
bequeather
See bequeathal. * * *
bequeathment
See bequeathal. * * *
bequest
/bi kwest"/, n. 1. a disposition in a will. 2. a legacy: A small bequest allowed her to live independently. [1250-1300; ME biqueste, biquyste, equiv. to bi- BE- + quiste will, ...
Ber. Is.
Bermuda Islands. * * *
berachah
Seph. /brddah khah"/; Ashk. /brddaw"kheuh/, n., pl. berachoth, berachot Seph. /-khawt"/, berachos Ashk. /-kheuhz/. Hebrew. berakhah. * * *
Berain, Jean, the Elder
born Oct. 28, 1637, Saint-Mihiel, Fr. died Jan. 24, 1711, Paris French decorator and designer. Trained under Charles Le Brun, he was appointed chief designer to the court of ...
berakah
Seph. /brddah khah"/; Ashk. /brddaw"kheuh/, n., pl. berakoth, berakot Seph. /-khawt"/, berakos Ashk. /-kheuhz/. Hebrew. berakhah. * * * ▪ Judaism also spelled  Berakha, or ...
berakhah
Seph. /brddah khah"/; Ashk. /brddaw"kheuh/, n., pl. berakhoth, berakhot Seph. /-khawt"/, berakhos Ashk. /-kheuhz/. Hebrew. a blessing or benediction, usually recited according to ...
Beran, Josef
▪ archbishop of Prague born Dec. 29, 1888, Plzen, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary died May 17, 1969, Rome, Italy       Roman Catholic archbishop of Prague (1946), made a ...
Béranger
/bay rddahonn zhay"/, n. Pierre Jean de /pyerdd zhahonn deuh/, 1780-1857, French poet. * * *
Béranger, Pierre-Jean de
▪ French author born Aug. 19, 1780, Paris, France died July 16, 1857, Paris  French poet and writer of popular songs, celebrated for his liberal and humanitarian views during ...
Berar
/bay rahr", ba-/, n. a former division of the Central Provinces and Berar, in central India: now part of Maharashtra state. * * * Historical region, central India. Located ...
berascal
/bi ras"keuhl/, v.t. to call (someone) a rascal. [1735-45; BE- + RASCAL] * * *
Berat
/be raht", ber"aht/, n. a city in S central Albania. 26,000. * * * ▪ Albania       city, southern Albania. It lies along the Osum River, just west of Tomorr Peak ...
berate
/bi rayt"/, v.t., berated, berating. to scold; rebuke: He berated them in public. [1540-50; BE- + RATE2] Syn. abuse, vilify, vituperate, objurgate. * * *
Berazategui
▪ county, Buenos Aires, Argentina       partido (county) at the southeastern limits of Gran (Greater) Buenos Aires, eastern Argentina, in Buenos Aires provincia ...
Berber
/berr"beuhr/, n. 1. a member of a group of North African tribes living in Barbary and the Sahara. 2. a subfamily of Afro-Asiatic, consisting of the languages of the Berbers, ...
Berbera
/berr"beuhr euh/, n. a seaport in Somalia, on the Gulf of Aden: former capital of British Somaliland. 65,000. * * * ▪ Somalia       port, northwestern Somalia, on the ...
Berberian, Ara
▪ 2006       American opera singer (b. May 14, 1930, Detroit, Mich.—d. Feb. 21, 2005, Boynton Beach, Fla.), performed at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City for ...
Berberidaceae
▪ plant       the barberry family of the buttercup order (Ranunculales), comprising 14 genera and 701 species of perennial herbs and shrubs. Its members occur in most ...
berberidaceous
/berr'beuhr i day"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Berberidaceae, the barberry family of plants. Cf. barberry family. [1850-55; < NL Berberidace(ae) (Berberid-, s. of Berberis a ...
Berberidopsidales
▪ plant order       small order of woody evergreen dicotyledonous (cotyledon) plants, made up of two families (Berberidopsidaceae and Aextoxicaceae) containing a total ...
berberine
/berr"beuh reen'/, n. Pharm. a white or yellow, crystalline, water-soluble alkaloid, C20H19NO5, derived from barberry or goldenseal, used as an antipyrotic, antibacterial, and ...
Berberova, Nina
▪ Russian-American writer in full  Nina Nikolayevna Berberova  born Aug. 8, 1901, St. Petersburg, Russia died Sept. 26, 1993, Philadelphia, Pa., ...
Berberova, Nina Nikolayevna
▪ 1994       Russian-born writer (b. Aug. 8, 1901, St. Petersburg, Russia—d. Sept. 26, 1993, Philadelphia, Pa.), was an important figure in Russian-émigré literary ...
Berbice
/berr bees"/, n. a river in E Guyana, flowing NE to the Atlantic Ocean. ab. 370 mi. (595 km) long. * * *
Berbice River
River, eastern Guyana. Rising in Guyana's highlands, it flows northward 370 mi (595 km) through dense forests to the Atlantic Ocean. Its basin is restricted by the proximity of ...
Berbick, Trevor
▪ 2007       Jamaican-born Canadian boxer (b. Aug. 1, 1954, Port Antonio, Jam.—d. Oct. 28, 2006, Norwich, Jam.), defeated Muhammad Ali on Dec. 12, 1981, in a unanimous ...
Berceo, Gonzalo de
▪ Spanish author born c. 1198, , Berceo, Spain died c. 1264       the first author of verse in Castilian Spanish whose name is known.       Berceo was a secular ...
berceuse
Fr. /berdd suez"/, n., pl. berceuses Fr. /-suez"/. Music. 1. a cradlesong; lullaby. 2. a composition for instrument or voice, having a soothing, reflective character. [1875-80; < ...
Berchem, Nicolaes Pietersz
▪ Dutch artist also called  Claes Pietersz. Berchem, Berchem  also spelled  Berghem, or Berrighen  born Oct. 1, 1620, Haarlem, Neth. died Feb. 18, 1683, Amsterdam  Dutch ...
Berchta
Ger. /berddkh"tah/, n. Perchta. * * *
Berchtesgaden
/berddkh"teuhs gahd'n/, n. a town in the SE extremity of Bavaria, in SE Germany: site of the fortified mountain chalet of Adolf Hitler. 39,800. * * * Town (pop., 1992 est.: ...
Berchtold, Leopold, count von
born April 18, 1863, Vienna, Austria died Nov. 21, 1942, near Csepreg, Hung. Austro-Hungarian politician. One of the richest men in Austria-Hungary, he entered the diplomatic ...
Bercsényi, Miklós, Gróf (count)
▪ Hungarian count born September 1665, Temetvény, Hung. [now Hrádok, Slovakia] died Nov. 6, 1725, Tekirdağ, Turkey       chief general in the Kuruc (anti-Habsburg) ...
Bercy
/bair see"/; Fr. /berdd see"/ n. French Cookery. a white sauce flavored with white wine, shallots, fish stock, and parsley: usually served with fish. Also called Bercy ...
berdache
/beuhr dash"/, n. (in some American Indian tribes) a man who adopts the dress and social roles traditionally assigned to women. [1800-10; < North American F; F bardache passive ...
berdachism
See berdache. * * *
Berdichev
/beuhr dee"chef, -chev/; Russ. /byirdd dyee"chyif/, n. a city in W central Ukraine, SW of Kiev. 82,000. * * *
Berdichevsky, Micah Joseph
▪ Russian author pseudonym  Micah Joseph Bin Gorion   born Aug. 19, 1865, Medzhibozh, Podolia, Russian Empire [now Medzhybizh, Ukraine] died Nov. 18, 1921, Berlin, ...
Berdsk
▪ Russia       city, Novosibirsk oblast (province), central Russia. It lies along the Novosibirsk Reservoir just south of Novosibirsk city. Founded at the beginning of ...
Berdyaev
/beuhr dyah"yef, -yev/; Russ. /byirdd dyah"yif/, n. Nikolai Aleksandrovich /nik"euh luy' al'ig zan"dreuh vich, -zahn"-/; Russ. /nyi ku luy" u lyi ksahn"drddeuh vyich/, 1874-1948, ...
Berdyansk
/beuhr dyansk"/; Russ. /byirdd dyahnsk"/, n. a city in S Ukraine, on the Sea of Azov. 122,000. Formerly, Osipenko. * * * ▪ Ukraine also spelled  Berdiansk,  formerly ...
Berdyayev, Nikolay Aleksandrovich
▪ Russian philosopher Berdyayev also spelled  Berdiaev   born March 6, 1874, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died March 23, 1948, Clamart, France       religious ...
Berdychiv
▪ Ukraine Russian  Berdichev        city, northwestern Ukraine. Founded in 1482 as a Lithuanian fortress, Berdychiv was Polish from 1569 until 1793. The 16th-century ...
Berdymukhammedov, Gurbanguly
▪ 2008 Gurbanguly Myliktulievich Berdymukhammedov  born June 29, 1957, Babarab, Turkmenistan  On Feb. 11, 2007, Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov was elected president of ...
Berea
—Berean, n. /beuh ree"euh/, n. a city in NE Ohio, near Cleveland. 19,567. * * * ▪ Kentucky, United States       city, Madison county, central Kentucky, U.S., near ...
bereave
—bereavement, n. —bereaver, n. /bi reev"/, v.t., bereaved or bereft, bereaving. 1. to deprive and make desolate, esp. by death (usually fol. by of): Illness bereaved them of ...
bereaved
/bi reevd"/, adj. 1. (of a person) greatly saddened at being deprived by death of a loved one. n. 2. a bereaved person or persons (usually prec. by the): to extend condolences to ...
bereavement
See bereave. * * *
bereaver
See bereavement. * * *
Berecyntia
/ber'euh sin"tee euh/, n. Cybele. * * *
bereft
/bi reft"/, v. 1. a pt. and pp. of bereave. adj. 2. deprived: They are bereft of their senses. He is bereft of all happiness. [1525-35; BE- + REFT] * * *
Bérégovoy, Pierre
▪ French prime minister in full  Pierre Eugène Bérégovoy   born Dec. 23, 1925, Déville-les-Rouen, France died May 1, 1993, Nevers       French politician, prime ...
Beregovoy, Pierre Eugene
▪ 1994       French politician (b. Dec. 23, 1925, Déville-les-Rouen, France—d. May 1, 1993, near Nevers, France), was a leader in the moderate wing of the French ...
Bereguardo Canal
▪ canal, Italy Italian  Naviglio di Bereguardo        historic canal (canals and inland waterways) in Lombardy, Italy, the first canal in Europe to use a series of ...
Berengar
▪ king and emperor of Italy also called  Berengario, duke and margrave (duca e marchese) del Friuli  died April 7, 924       son of Eberhard, Frankish margrave of ...
Berengar II
▪ king of Italy also called  Berengario, marchese d'Ivrea  born c. 900 died Aug. 6, 966       grandson of Berengar I and king of Italy from 950 to ...
Berengar of Tours
born с 999, Tours, Touraine died Jan. 10, 1088, priory of Saint-Cosme, near Tours French theologian. He became canon of Tours Cathedral and archdeacon of Angers (с 1040). He ...
Berengario da Carpi, Giacomo
▪ Italian physician born c. 1460, Carpi [Italy] died c. 1530, Ferrara       Italian physician and anatomist who was the first to describe the heart valves. He also was ...
Bérenger, Alphonse-Marie
▪ French jurist in full  Alphonse-marie-marcellin-thomas Bérenger   born May 31, 1785, Valence, France died March 9, 1866, Paris       French magistrate and ...
Berenguer, Dámaso, conde de Xauen
▪ Spanish statesman in full  Dámaso Berenguer y Fusté, conde de Xauen  born August 4, 1873, Cuba died May 19, 1953, Madrid, Spain       Spanish general who served ...
Berenice
/ber'euh nuy"see/, n. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning "bringer of victory." * * * ▪ Roman aristocrat born AD 28       lover of the Roman emperor Titus ...
Berenice I
▪ queen of Egypt flourished c. 317–c. 275 BCE       queen of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient), wife of Ptolemy I Soter, and mother of Arsinoe II and Ptolemy II ...
Berenice II
▪ queen of Egypt born c. 269 died 221 BC  daughter of Magas, king of Cyrene (in modern Libya), whose marriage to Ptolemy III Euergetes reunited her country with ...
Berenice III
▪ queen of Egypt died 80 BC       queen of Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy IX, the most strong-willed member of the royal family. She ruled during a period of violent civil ...
Berenice IV
▪ Egyptian ruler died 55 BC       eldest daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes of Egypt, sister of the great Cleopatra VII, and ruler of Egypt during her father's absence in ...
Berenice's Hair
Astron. the constellation Coma Berenices. [1595-1605] * * *
Berenice'sHair
Ber·e·ni·ce's Hair (bĕr'ə-nīʹsēz) n. See Coma Berenices. * * *
Berenson
/ber"euhn seuhn/, n. Bernard or Bernhard /berr"nahrd, berrn"hahrd/, 1865-1959, U.S. art critic, born in Lithuania. * * *
Berenson, Bernard
born June 26, 1865, Vilnius, Lithuania, Russian Empire died Oct. 6, 1959, Settignano, Italy Lithuanian-born U.S. art historian, critic, and connoisseur. He grew up in Boston ...
Berenson, Senda
▪ American educator original name  Senda Valvrojenski   born March 19, 1868, Butryrmantsy, Russian Empire [near present-day Vilnius, Lithuania] died Feb. 16, 1954, Santa ...
Berenson,Bernard
Ber·en·son (bĕrʹĭn-sən), Bernard also Bernhard 1865-1959. Lithuanian-born American art critic and historian particularly noted for his writings on the Italian Renaissance, ...
Berenstain, Stan
▪ 2006 Stanley Melvin Berenstain        American children's writer (b. Sept. 29, 1923, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Nov. 26, 2005, Doylestown, Pa.), was the coauthor with his ...
Berent, Wacław
▪ Polish novelist born September 28, 1873, Warsaw, Poland, Russian Empire [now in Poland] died November 22, 1940, Warsaw       novelist and essayist whose fiction is ...
Beresford, Charles William de la Poer Beresford, 1st Baron
▪ British admiral and politician born Feb. 10, 1846, Philipstown, King's County [now Daingean, County Offaly], Ire. died Sept. 6, 1919, Langwell, Caithness, ...
Beresford, Jack
▪ British athlete original name  Jack Beresford Wiszniewski   born Jan. 1, 1899, London, Eng. died Dec. 3, 1977, Shiplake, Oxfordshire  English sculler and oarsman who ...
Beresford, John
▪ British politician born March 14, 1738, Dublin, Ire. died Nov. 5, 1805, near Londonderry [now in Northern Ireland]  political leader in the struggle to preserve the ...
Beresford, William Carr Beresford, Viscount, Baron Beresford Of Albuera And Dungarvan, Duke De Elvas
▪ British general born Oct. 2, 1768 died Jan. 8, 1854, Bedgebury, Kent, Eng.       British general and Portuguese marshal prominent in the (Iberian) Peninsular War of ...
Beresteczko, Battle of
▪ Poland [1651]       (June 28–30, 1651), military engagement in which the king of Poland, John Casimir (reigned 1648–68), inflicted a severe defeat upon the rebel ...
beret
/beuh ray"/, n. a soft, visorless cap with a close-fitting headband and a wide, round top often with a tab at its center. [1820-30; < F < Gascon berret, OPr. ber(r)et. See ...
beretta
/beuh ret"euh/, n. biretta. * * *
Beretta SpA
▪ Italian company in full  Fabbrica D'armi Pietro Beretta SpA (Italian: “Pietro Beretta Arms Works Limited”)        Italian-based manufacturer of sporting, ...
Berezina
Pol. /be'rdde zee"nah/; Russ. /byi rddyi zyi nah"/, n. a river in central Byelorussia (Belarus), flowing SE into the Dnieper River: costly crossing by Napoleon 1812. 350 mi. (565 ...
Berezina River
River, Belarus. It is 365 mi (587 km) long and flows southeast into the Dnieper River. During Napoleon's retreat from Moscow in 1812, a bitter engagement was fought on the ...
Berezniki
/beuh rez"ni kee/; Russ. /byi rddyawz"nyi kyee/, n. a city in the Russian Federation, on the Kama River, near the Ural Mountains. 200,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, ...
Berezovsky, Boris
▪ 2001       When Russian Pres. Boris Yeltsin resigned, Russian tycoon Boris Berezovsky lost his status as a Kremlin insider and one of Russia's most powerful men. ...
berg
/berrg/, n. Oceanog. iceberg. [1815-25; by shortening] * * * Former duchy, Holy Roman Empire. Located on the Rhine River, the area now lies in the districts of Düsseldorf and ...
Berg
/berg/; for 1 also Ger. /berddk/, n. 1. Alban /ahl bahn", ahl"bahn/, 1885-1935, Austrian composer. 2. Patricia Jane (Patty), born 1918, U.S. golfer. * * * Former duchy, Holy ...
berg wind
/wind/ a foehn blowing coastward from the interior plateau of South Africa. [1900-05] * * *
Berg, Alban
▪ Austrian composer in full  Alban Maria Johannes Berg  born Feb. 9, 1885, Vienna, Austria died Dec. 24, 1935, Vienna  Austrian composer who wrote atonal (atonality) and ...
Berg, Alban (Maria Johannes)
born Feb. 9, 1885, Vienna, Austria-Hungary died Dec. 24, 1935, Vienna, Austria Austrian composer. He was largely self-taught musically until he met Arnold Schoenberg at age 19. ...
Berg, David
▪ 2003       American cartoonist and writer (b. June 12, 1920, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. May 16, 2002, Marina del Rey, Calif.), began contributing to Mad magazine in 1956 and ...
Berg, Gertrude
▪ American actress, producer, and screenwriter née  Gertrude Edelstein   born Oct. 3, 1899, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 14, 1966, New York City       American ...
Berg, Lev Simonovich
▪ Russian zoologist born March 14 [March 2, Old Style], 1876, Bendery, Bessarabia, Russia [now in Moldova] died Dec. 24, 1950, Leningrad [St. Petersburg], ...
Berg, Max
▪ German architect born 1870, Stettin, Pomerania, now Szczecin, Pol. died 1947, Baden-Baden, now in West Germany       architect of the “German Expressionist ...
Berg, Patty
▪ 2007 Patricia Jane Berg  American golfer (b. Feb. 13, 1918, Minneapolis, Minn.—d. Sept. 10, 2006, Fort Myers, Fla.), won more than 80 tournaments, including a record 15 ...
Berg, Paul
born June 30, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. biochemist. He received his Ph.D. from Western Reserve University. While studying the actions of isolated genes, he devised ...
Berg,Alban
Berg (bĕrg, bĕrk), Alban. 1885-1935. Austrian composer. A pupil of Arnold Schönberg, he applied an atonal manner to classical forms in works such as the opera Wozzeck (1925) ...
Berg,Patricia Jane
Berg (bûrg), Patricia Jane. Known as “Patty.” Born 1918. American golfer who won 57 professional tournament titles, including 15 major championship titles, during her ...
Berg,Paul
Berg, Paul. Born 1926. American chemist. He shared a 1980 Nobel Prize for developing methods for mapping the structure and function of DNA. * * *
bergall
/berr"gawl/, n. cunner. [1805-15, Amer.; < Norw berggalt a labrid fish, equiv. to berg (see ICEBERG) + galt boar] * * *
Bergama
/beuhr gah"meuh, berr"geuh meuh/, n. 1. a town in W Turkey in Asia. 24,121. Ancient, Pergamum. 2. Bergamo. * * * ▪ Turkey  town, İzmir vilāyet (province), western Turkey, ...
Bergama carpet
 any of several types of village floor coverings handwoven in the vicinity of Bergama, western Turkey, or brought there for market from the interior of the country. Although ...
bergamasca
It. /berdd'gah mahs"kah/, n., pl. bergamasche /-ke/. 1. a fast dance similar to the tarantella. 2. the music for this dance. [1580-90; < It, n. use of fem. of Bergamasco of ...
Bergamo
/berr"geuh moh'/, n., pl. Bergamos. a Turkish rug characterized by a long pile, floral or geometric patterns, and red-orange hues. Also, Bergama, Bergamee /berr"geuh mee'/, ...
bergamot
/berr"geuh mot', -meuht/, n. 1. a small citrus tree, Citrus aurantium bergamia, having fruit with a rind that yields a fragrant essential oil. 2. Also called essence of bergamot. ...
bergamot mint
an aromatic herb, Mentha piperita citrata, having a lemonlike odor when crushed. [1855-60] * * *
Berganza, Teresa
▪ Spanish opera singer born March 16, 1935, Madrid, Spain    Spanish mezzo-soprano, known for her performance of coloratura roles in the operas of Gioacchino Rossini and ...
Bergbom, Kaarlo
▪ Finnish theatre owner born Oct. 2, 1843, Vyborg, Russia died Jan. 17, 1906, Helsinki, Fin.       activist in the struggle to enhance Finnish-language institutions, ...
Bergdama
▪ people also called  Damara         a seminomadic people of mountainous central Namibia. They speak a Khoisan (Khoisan languages) (click) language, but culturally ...
Bergen
/berr"geuhn/; for 1 also Nor. /berdd"geuhn/, n. 1. Edgar, 1903-78, U.S. ventriloquist. 2. a city in SW Norway, on the Atlantic Ocean. 213,594. 3. a male given name. * * * City ...
Bergen op Zoom
▪ The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), southwestern Netherlands, on the small Zoom River, near its canal junction with the East Scheldt (Oosterschelde) ...
Bergen, Edgar
orig. Edgar John Bergren born Feb. 16, 1903, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 30, 1978, Las Vegas, Nev. U.S. comedian and ventriloquist. As a boy he developed the skill in ...
Bergen-Belsen
Ger. /berdd"geuhn bel"zeuhn/; Eng. /berr"geuhn bel"seuhn/, n. Belsen. * * * or Belsen Nazi concentration camp near Bergen and Belsen, villages in what was then Prussian ...
Bergenfield
/berr"geuhn feeld'/, n. a city in NE New Jersey. 25,568. * * *
Berger
/berr"geuhr/, n. Thomas, born 1924, U.S. novelist. * * *
Berger, David
▪ 2008       American lawyer born Sept. 6, 1912 , Archbald, Pa. died Feb. 22, 2007 , West Palm Beach, Fla. won large settlements in several high-profile class-action ...
Berger, Frank Milan
▪ 2009       American medical researcher born June 25, 1913, Pilsen, West Bohemia [now Czech Rep.] died March 16, 2008, New York, N.Y. developed the tranquilizer ...
Berger, Thomas
▪ American author in full  Thomas Louis Berger  born July 20, 1924, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.       American novelist whose darkly comic fiction probes and satirizes the ...
Berger, Victor
▪ American political leader born Feb. 28, 1860, Nieder-Rehbach, Austria-Hungary died Aug. 7, 1929, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S.       a founder of the U.S. Socialist Party, ...
Berger, Victor (Louis)
born Feb. 28, 1860, Nieder-Rehbach, Austria-Hungary died Aug. 7, 1929, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S. Cofounder of the U.S. Socialist Party. He immigrated to the U.S. from ...
Bergerac
/berr"zheuh rak'/; Fr. /berdd zheuh rddannk"/, n. Savinien Cyrano de /sav'in yen" sir"euh noh' deuh/; Fr. /sann vee nyaonn" see rddann naw" deuh/, 1619-55, French soldier, ...
BergeracCyrano de
BergeracCyrano de see CYRANO DE BERGERAC Savinien de * * *
bergère
/beuhr zhair"/; Fr. /berdd zherdd"/, n., pl. bergères /-zhairz"/; Fr. /-zherdd"/. a chair of the 18th century, having arms with closed spaces between them and the ...
bergerie
/berdd zheuh rddee"/, n., pl. bergeries /-rddee"/. Canadian French. a farm, country estate, or other rural retreat maintained by a wealthy owner as a facility for rest and ...
Bergeron, Tor Harold Percival
▪ Scandinavian meteorologist born Aug. 15, 1891, Godstone, near London, Eng. died June 13, 1977, Stockholm, Swed.       Swedish meteorologist best known for his work on ...
Bergey, David Hendricks
born Dec. 27, 1860, Skippack, Pa., U.S. died Sept. 5, 1937, Philadelphia, Pa. U.S. bacteriologist. He taught school before attending the University of Pennsylvania, where he ...
Berggruen, Heinz
▪ 2008       German-born art collector born Jan. 5, 1914 , Berlin, Ger. died Feb. 23, 2007, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France amassed a collection of 20th-century art, the ...
Bergh
/berrg/, n. Henry, 1811-88, U.S. social reformer: founder of A.S.P.C.A. * * *
Bergh,Henry
Bergh (bûrg), Henry. 1811-1888. American reformer who founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (1866). * * *
Berghaus, Ruth
▪ 1997       German director and choreographer (b. July 2, 1927, Dresden, Ger.—d. Jan. 25, 1996, Zeuthen, Ger.), developed techniques of body language and movement ...
Bergisch Gladbach
Bergisch Gladbach [ber΄gish glät′bäk΄] city in W Germany, in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia: pop. 105,000 * * * ▪ Germany       city, North ...
Bergisch-Gladbach
Ber·gisch-Glad·bach (bĕr'gĭsh-glätʹbäk', -bäKH') A town of western Germany near Cologne. Chartered in 1856, it is an industrial center. Population: 104,991. * * *
Bergisches Land
▪ region, Germany       region, North Rhine-Westphalia (North Rhine–Westphalia) Land (state), western Germany, along the east bank of the Rhine River, between the Sieg ...
Bergius
/ber"gee euhs/; Ger. /berdd"gee oos'/, n. Friedrich /free"drik/; Ger. /frddee"drddikh/, 1884-1949, German chemist: Nobel prize 1931. * * *
Bergius process
Chem. a method of hydrogenation formerly used with coal to produce an oil similar to petroleum. [after Friedrich BERGIUS] * * *
Bergius, Friedrich
▪ German chemist born Oct. 11, 1884, Goldschmieden, near Breslau, Ger. [now Wrocław, Pol.] died March 30, 1949, Buenos Aires, Arg.       German chemist and ...
Bergman
/berrg"meuhn/, n. 1. Ingmar /ing"mahr/, born 1918, Swedish motion-picture director and writer. 2. Ingrid, 1915-82, Swedish film actress. * * *


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