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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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Bergman, (Ernst) Ingmar
born July 14, 1918, Uppsala, Swed. Swedish film writer-director. The rebellious son of a Lutheran pastor, he worked in the theatre before directing his first film, Crisis ...
Bergman, Bo
▪ Swedish poet in full  Bo Hjalmar Bergman  born Oct. 6, 1869, Stockholm, Swed. died Nov. 17, 1967, Stockholm       Swedish lyrical poet whose early pessimistic and ...
Bergman, Hjalmar Fredrik Elgérus
▪ Swedish author born Nov. 19, 1883, Örebro, Swed. died Jan. 1, 1931, Berlin       Swedish dramatist, novelist, and short-story writer, who was notable for his intense ...
Bergman, Ingmar
▪ Swedish film director Introduction in full  Ernst Ingmar Bergman  born July 14, 1918, Uppsala, Swed. died July 30, 2007, Fårö, Swed.  Swedish film writer-director, who ...
Bergman, Ingrid
born Aug. 29, 1915, Stockholm, Swed. died Aug. 29, 1982, London, Eng. Swedish film and stage actress. After appearing in Intermezzo in Sweden, she went to the U.S. to act in ...
Bergman, Torbern Olof
▪ Swedish chemist and naturalist born March 20, 1735, Katrineberg, Swed. died July 8, 1784, Medevi  Swedish chemist and naturalist who introduced many improvements in ...
Bergman,Ingmar
Berg·man (bûrgʹmən), Ingmar. Born 1918. Swedish director whose critically acclaimed films, such as The Silence (1963) and Fanny and Alexander (1983), are characterized by ...
Bergman,Ingrid
Bergman, Ingrid. 1915-1982. Swedish actress who won an Academy Award in 1944 for Gaslight, in 1956 for Anastasia, and in 1974 for Murder on the Orient Express. * * *
Bergmann's Rule
▪ zoology       in zoology, principle correlating external temperature and the ratio of body surface to weight in warm-blooded animals. Birds and mammals in cold regions ...
Bergmann'srule
Berg·mann's rule (bûrgʹmənz) n. The principle holding that in a warm-blooded, polytypic, wide-ranging animal species, the body size of the members of each geographic group ...
Bergmann, Ernst von
▪ German surgeon born December 16, 1836, Riga, Latvia died March 25, 1907, Wiesbaden, Germany       German surgeon and author of a classic work on cranial surgery, Die ...
Bergner, Elisabeth
▪ Austrian actress born Aug. 22, 1900, Vienna died May 12, 1986, London  Austrian actress who was noted for her stage and motion-picture performances as well as for her ...
bergschrund
/berk"shroont/, n. a crevasse, or series of crevasses, at the upper end of a mountain glacier. [1835-45; < G (Berg mountain + Schrunde crevice)] * * * ▪ ...
Bergslagen
▪ region, Sweden       major ore-producing region in central Sweden, lying northwest of Stockholm and extending from Lake Vänern (Väner, Lake) (Sweden's largest lake) ...
Bergsma
/berrgz"meuh/, n. William, born 1921, U.S. composer. * * *
Bergson
—Bergsonian /berrg soh"nee euhn, berg-/, adj., n. /berrg"seuhn, berg"-/; Fr. /berddg sawonn"/, n. Henri /ahonn rddee"/, 1859-1941, French philosopher and writer: Nobel prize ...
Bergson, Henri
▪ French philosopher Introduction in full  Henri-Louis Bergson  born Oct. 18, 1859, Paris, France died Jan. 4, 1941, Paris  French philosopher, the first to elaborate what ...
Bergson, Henri (-Louis)
born Oct. 15, 1859, Paris, France died Jan. 4, 1941, Paris French philosopher. In Creative Evolution (1907), he argued that evolution, which he accepted as scientific fact, is ...
Bergson,Henri Louis
Berg·son (bĕrgʹsən, bĕrg-sôɴʹ), Henri Louis. 1859-1941. French philosopher and writer whose popular and accessible works, including Creative Evolution (1907) and The ...
Bergsonian
See Bergsonism. * * *
Bergsonism
/berrg"seuh niz'euhm, berg"-/, n. the philosophy of Bergson, emphasizing duration as the central fact of experience and asserting the existence of the élan vital as an original ...
Bergström, Sune K.
▪ Swedish biochemist born January 10, 1916, Stockholm, Sweden died August 15, 2004, Stockholm       Swedish biochemist, corecipient with fellow Swede Bengt Ingemar ...
Bergstrom, Sune Karl
▪ 2005       Swedish biochemist (b. Jan. 10, 1916, Stockholm, Swed.—d. Aug. 15, 2004, Stockholm), laid the groundwork for chemical research on prostaglandins, an ...
bergy bit
/berr"gee/ a small iceberg, somewhat larger than a growler. [1930-35; BERG + -Y2] * * *
berhyme
/bi ruym"/, v.t., berhymed, berhyming. to celebrate in verse. Also, berime. [1580-90; BE- + RHYME] * * *
Beria
/ber"ee euh/; Russ. /bye"ryi yeuh/, n. Lavrenti Pavlovich /leuhv ren"tee pav loh"vich/; Russ. /lu vrddyen"tyee pu vlaw"vyich/, 1899-1953, Soviet secret-police chief: executed for ...
Beria, Lavrenty (Pavlovich)
born March 29, 1899, Merkheuli, Russia died Dec. 23, 1953, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet politician and director of the Soviet secret police. He worked in intelligence and ...
Beria, Lavrenty Pavlovich
▪ Soviet government official Beria also spelled Beriya born March 29 [March 17, old style], 1899, Merkheuli, Russia died Dec. 23, 1953, Moscow  director of the Soviet secret ...
Beria,Lavrenti Pavlovich
Ber·i·a (bĕrʹē-ə), Lavrenti Pavlovich. 1899-1953. Soviet secret police chief (1938-1953) during the regime of Joseph Stalin. In the power struggle following Stalin's ...
beribboned
/bi rib"euhnd/, adj. adorned with ribbons. [1825-35; beribbon (BE- + RIBBON) + -ED2] * * *
beriberi
—beriberic, adj. /ber"ee ber"ee/, n. Pathol. a disease of the peripheral nerves caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1, characterized by pain in and paralysis of the extremities, ...
berimbau
be·rim·bau (bə-rēɴmʹbou) n. A musical instrument with a gourd resonator and a single steel wire stretched across a long pole or stick.   [Portuguese, from Kimbundu ...
berime
/bi ruym"/, v.t., berimed, beriming. berhyme. [BE- + RIME1] * * *
Bering
/bear"ing, ber"-, bair"-/; Dan. /bay"rdding/, n. Vitus /vee"toos/, 1680-1741, Danish navigator: explorer of the N Pacific. Also, Behring. * * * (as used in expressions) Bering ...
Bering Canyon
▪ submarine canyon, Bering Sea       submarine canyon in the Bering Sea, 250 miles (400 km) long, and possibly the longest such feature in the world. The canyon head is ...
Bering Sea
a part of the N Pacific, N of the Aleutian Islands. 878,000 sq. mi. (2,274,000 sq. km). * * * Body of water, northern Pacific Ocean. Enclosed by Alaska, the Aleutian Islands, ...
Bering Sea and Strait
▪ sea, Pacific Ocean Introduction Russian  Beringovo More  and  Proliv Beringa,    northernmost part of the Pacific Ocean, separating the continents of Asia and North ...
Bering Sea Dispute
Dispute between the U.S. and Britain (and Canada) over the international status of the Bering Sea. In an attempt to control seal hunting off the Alaskan coast, the U.S. in 1881 ...
Bering Strait
a strait between Alaska and the Russian Federation in Asia, connecting the Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean. 36 mi. (58 km) wide. * * * ▪ strait, Pacific Ocean Russian ...
Bering time.
See under standard time. Also called Bering Standard Time. * * *
Bering, Vitus
▪ Danish explorer born 1681, Horsens, Den. died Dec. 19, 1741, Bering Island, near the Kamchatka Peninsula       navigator whose exploration of the Bering Strait and ...
Bering, Vitus (Jonassen)
born 1681, Horsens, Den. died Dec. 19, 1741, Bering Island, near the Kamchatka Peninsula Danish-born Russian navigator. He joined the fleet of the Russian tsar Peter I and in ...
Bering,Vitus
Ber·ing (bîrʹĭng, bârʹ-, bărʹ- bāʹrĭng), Vitus. 1681-1741. Danish navigator and explorer who in 1728 sailed through the Bering Strait, proving (though he did not ...
BeringSea
Bering Sea A northward extension of the Pacific Ocean between Siberia and Alaska, lying north of the Aleutian Islands and connected with the Arctic Ocean by the Bering Strait. ...
BeringStandard Time
Bering Standard Time n. Standard time in the 11th time zone west of Greenwich, England, reckoned at 165° west and used, for example, in the Midway Islands. Also called Bering ...
BeringStrait
Bering Strait A narrow stretch of water separating Alaska from Siberia and connecting the Arctic Ocean with the Bering Sea. It is believed that during prehistoric times the ...
BeringTime
Bering Time n. See Bering Standard Time. * * *
Berio, Luciano
born Oct. 24, 1925, Oneglia, Italy died May 27, 2003, Rome Italian composer. He was an important innovator in electronic music, the combining of live and taped music, aleatory ...
Beriosova, Svetlana
▪ 1999       Lithuanian-born British ballerina (b. Sept. 24, 1932, Kaunas, Lithuania—d. Nov. 10, 1998, London, Eng.), was one of the Royal Ballet of England's major ...
Bériot, Charles-Auguste de
▪ Belgian violinist born Feb. 20, 1802, Leuven, Belg. died April 8, 1870, Brussels       Belgian violinist and composer known for establishing a particular performance ...
Berith
Seph. /breet/; Ashk. /brddis/; Eng. /bris, brit/, n. Hebrew. Brith. [barith lit., covenant] * * *
berk
berk [bʉrk] n. [Brit. Slang] a stupid person; fool * * *
Berke
▪ Mongol ruler also called  Barakah   died 1267       Mongol ruler of the Golden Horde (1257–67), great-grandson of Genghis Khan.       The first Mongol ...
Berkeleian
—Berkeleianism, n. /berrk"lee euhn, berrk lee"-/; esp. Brit. /bahrk"lee euhn, bahrk lee"-/, adj. 1. pertaining or relating to George Berkeley or his philosophy. n. 2. an ...
Berkeleianism
Berkeleianism [bärk′lēiz΄əm, bʉrk′lēiz΄əm] n. the philosophy of George Berkeley, which holds that what are called physical objects exist only as ideas in God's mind ...
Berkeley
/berrk"lee/; for 2, 3, 6 also Brit. /bahrk"lee/, n. 1. Busby /buz"bee/, (William Berkeley Enos), 1895-1976, U.S. choreographer and musical-film director. 2. George, 1685?-1753, ...
Berkeley Square
a square in west central London that still has several of its original 18th–century buildings. It is mentioned in the song A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square, written in ...
Berkeley, Busby
orig. William Berkeley Enos born Nov. 29, 1895, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. died March 14, 1976, Palm Springs, Calif. U.S. film director and choreographer. The son of itinerant ...
Berkeley, George
known as Bishop Berkeley born March 12, 1685, near Dysert Castle, near Thomastown?, County Kilkenny, Ire. died Jan. 14, 1753, Oxford, Eng. Irish bishop, philosopher, and social ...
Berkeley, Sir Lennox
▪ British composer in full  Lennox Randall Francis Berkeley   born May 12, 1903, Boars Hill, near Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Dec. 26, 1989, London  British composer ...
Berkeley, Sir William
born 1606, Somerset, Eng. died July 9, 1677, Twickenham, Middlesex British colonial governor of Virginia. Appointed governor in 1641, he introduced crop diversification, ...
Berkeley,Busby
Berkeley, Busby. 1895-1976. American choreographer and film director noted for lavish, synchronized dance routines in films such as 42nd Street (1933). * * *
Berkeley,George
Berke·ley (bärkʹlē, bûrkʹ-), George. 1685-1753. Irish prelate and philosopher whose idealist philosophy, directed against the materialism of Thomas Hobbes, is based on the ...
Berkeley,Sir William
Berke·ley (bûrkʹlē, bärkʹ-), Sir William. 1606-1677. English colonial governor of Virginia (1641-1649 and 1660-1677) whose policies led to Bacon's Rebellion (1676). * * *
Berkeleyism
/berrk"lee iz'euhm/; Brit. /bahrk"lee iz'euhm/, n. any philosophical system or doctrine derived from the views of Bishop Berkeley. [1860-65; George BERKELEY + -ISM] * * *
berkelium
/beuhr kee"lee euhm/, n. Chem. a transuranic element. Symbol: Bk; at. no.: 97; at. wt.: 249 (?). [1945-50; named after BERKELEY, California, where it was discovered; see -IUM] * ...
Berkhamsted
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Dacorum borough, administrative and historic county of Hertfordshire, England, 28 miles (45 km) northwest of London on an ...
Berkley
/berrk"lee/, n. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 18,637. * * *
Berkner Island
/berrk"neuhr/ an island in Antarctica, in the S Weddell Sea, between the Ronne Ice Shelf and the Filchner Ice Shelf. * * *
Berkner, Lloyd Viel
▪ American physicist and engineer born Feb. 1, 1905, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S. died June 4, 1967, Washington, D.C.       American physicist and engineer who first measured ...
Berkowitz, David
▪ American serial killer byname  Son of Sam , original name  David Falco  born June 1, 1953, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.       American serial killer who murdered six ...
Berks
▪ county, Pennsylvania, United States       county, southeastern Pennsylvania, U.S., bounded to the north by Blue Mountain. It consists mostly of mountainous terrain in ...
Berkshire
/berrk"shear, -sheuhr/; Brit. /bahrk"shear, -sheuhr/, n. 1. Also called Berks /berrks/; Brit. /bahrks/. a county in S England. 658,300; 485 sq. mi. (1255 sq. km). 2. one of an ...
Berkshire Hills
/berrk"shear, -sheuhr/ a range of low mountains in W Massachusetts: resort region. Highest peak, Mt. Greylock, 3505 ft. (1070 m). Also called Berkshires. * * * Segment of the ...
BerkshireHills
Berkshire Hills also Berk·shires (bûrkʹshîrz', -shərz) A region of wooded hills in western Massachusetts rising to 1,064.8 m (3,491 ft). There are numerous resorts, state ...
Berkshires
(also the Berkshire Hills) a range of hills in the western part of the US state of Massachusetts. It is an area of beautiful woods that are popular with tourists. * * *
Berlage, Hendrik Petrus
born Feb. 21, 1856, Amsterdam, Neth. died Aug. 12, 1934, The Hague Dutch architect. After studies in Zürich, he began his practice in Amsterdam (1889). His best-known work is ...
Berle
/berrl/, n. Milton, born 1908, U.S. comedian. * * *
Berle, Milton
orig. Milton Berlinger born July 12, 1908, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 27, 2002, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. comedian. He appeared in vaudeville from age 10 and later acted ...
Berle,Milton
Berle (bûrl), Milton. Originally Milton Berlinger. Born 1908. American entertainer and comedian. His television series Texaco Star Theater (1948-1956) earned him the name ...
berley
/berr"lee/, n. Australian. chum2 (defs. 1, 2). [1870-75; of obscure orig.] * * *
Berlichingen, Götz von
▪ German knight Götz also rendered  Gottfried , byname  Götz with the Iron Hand , German  Götz mit der Eisernen Hand  born 1480, Jagsthausen Castle, Württemberg ...
berlin
/beuhr lin", berr"lin/, n. 1. a large, four-wheeled, closed carriage hung between two perches and having two interior seats. 2. Auto. berline. 3. (sometimes cap.) See Berlin ...
Berlin
/beuhr lin"/ for 1, 2; /berr"lin/ for 3, 4; for 2 also Ger. /berdd leen"/, n. 1. Irving, born 1888, U.S. songwriter. 2. the capital of Germany, in the NE part: constitutes a ...
Berlin blockade and airlift
(1948–49) International crises that arose from an attempt by the Soviet Union to force the Allied powers (U.S., Britain, and France) to abandon their postwar jurisdictions in ...
Berlin Painter
flourished 500–460 BC, Athens, Greece Greek vase painter, the outstanding vase painter of the late Archaic period. He is best known as the decorator of an amphora now in ...
Berlin Wall
a guarded concrete wall, 28 mi. (45 km), with minefields and controlled checkpoints, erected across Berlin by East Germany in 1961 and dismantled in 1989. * * * Barrier ...
Berlin ware
▪ pottery  faience and porcelain pottery made in Berlin after 1678, when the first faience manufactory there was founded by Pieter van der Lee. Others were opened in 1699 by ...
Berlin West Africa Conference
(1884–85) Series of negotiations at Berlin in which the major European nations met to determine the future of Central Africa. The participants declared the Congo River basin ...
Berlin wool
a soft woolen yarn for embroidery or knitting. Also called berlin. [1840-50; after BERLIN, Germany, where such wools were orig. dyed] * * *
Berlin woolwork
▪ art       19th-century amateur embroidery developed in Germany and based upon hand-painted charts from which cross-stitch patterns could be worked in a very soft ...
Berlin Zoo
▪ zoo, Berlin, Germany German  Tierpark Berlin,         zoological park in Berlin, known for its extensive collection. It was opened in 1955 by the municipal ...
Berlin Zoological Garden and Aquarium
▪ zoo, Berlin, Germany German  Zoologischer Garten Und Aquarium Berlin        , zoo and aquarium in Berlin, containing one of the world's largest and most ...
Berlin, Congress of
(June 13–July 13, 1878) Diplomatic meeting of the major European powers at which the Treaty of Berlin replaced the Treaty of San Stefano. Dominated by Otto von Bismarck, the ...
Berlin, Free University of
▪ university, Berlin, Germany German  Freie Universität Berlin,         autonomous, state-financed German university. It was founded in West Berlin in 1948, after ...
Berlin, Irving
orig. Israel Baline born May 11, 1888, Mogilyov, Russia died Sept. 22, 1989, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. songwriter. The son of a Russian Jewish cantor, he and his family ...
Berlin, Isaiah ben Judah Loeb
▪ Hungarian scholar also called  Isaiah Pick   born October 1725, Eisenstadt, Hungary [now in Austria] died May 13, 1799, Breslau, Silesia, Prussia [now Wrocław, ...
Berlin, Naphtali Zevi Judah
▪ Jewish scholar also called  (by acronym) Ha-neziv   born 1817, Mir, Russia died Aug. 10, 1893, Warsaw, Pol.       Jewish scholar who developed the yeshiva (a school ...
Berlin, Sir Isaiah
born June 9, 1909, Riga, Latvia died Nov. 5, 1997, Oxford, Eng. Latvian-born British political philosopher and historian of ideas. His family immigrated to Britain in 1920. ...
Berlin, University of
or Humboldt University of Berlin Public university in Berlin, Germany. It was founded (as Friedrich Wilhelm University) in 1809–10 by Wilhelm, baron von Humboldt. By the mid ...
Berlin,Irving
Berlin, Irving. Originally Israel Baline. 1888-1989. Russian-born American songwriter who wrote more than 1,500 songs, including “Alexander's Ragtime Band” (1911), and ...
Berlin,Isaiah
Berlin, Isaiah. 1909-1997. Russian-born British political philosopher and historian best known for his distinction between positive and negative liberty and for his view that ...
Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden and Botanical Museum
▪ museum, Berlin, Germany German  in full Botanischer Garten Und Botanisches Museum Berlin-dahlem,         oldest botanical garden in Germany. Founded in the 17th ...
berline
/beuhr lin", berr"lin/, n. an automobile with the front and rear compartments separated by a glass partition, as some limousines. Also, berlin. [ < F; see BERLIN] * * *
Berliner
/berr"leuh neuhr/, n. Emile, 1851-1929, U.S. inventor, born in Germany. /berr lin"euhr/, n. a native or resident of Berlin, Germany. [1855-60; BERLIN + -ER1] * * *
Berliner Ensemble
▪ German theatrical company       theatrical company founded in 1949 by the German playwright and poet Bertolt Brecht (Brecht, Bertolt) in East Berlin. The Berliner ...
Berliner, Emil
▪ American inventor Emil also spelled  Emile   born May 20, 1851, Hannover, Hanover [Germany] died Aug. 3, 1929, Washington, D.C., U.S.  German-born American inventor who ...
Berliner,Emile
Ber·lin·er (bûrʹlə-nər), Emile. 1851-1929. German-born American inventor who greatly improved the telephone and invented the gramophone (1887). * * *
Berlinghieri, Bonaventura
▪ Italian artist flourished 1235–44       Italian painter from Lucca, Italy, known for his poignant and detailed scenes from the life of St. Francis on the predella ...
Berlingske Tidende
▪ Danish newspaper       (Danish: “Berling's Times”), morning daily newspaper published in Copenhagen, generally regarded as Denmark's (Denmark) leading ...
Berlinguer, Enrico
born May 25, 1922, Sassari, Sardinia, Italy died June 11, 1984, Padua Italian politician. Born into a middle-class Sardinian family, he joined the Communist Party in 1943 and ...
Berlinwool
Berlin wool n. A light wool yarn used in making clothing, especially gloves. * * *
Berlioz
/ber"lee ohz'/; Fr. /berdd lyawz"/, n. Louis Hector /lwee ek tawrdd"/, 1803-69, French composer. * * *
Berlioz, (Louis)Hector
Ber·li·oz (bĕrʹlē-ōz', -ōs'), (Louis) Hector. 1803-1869. French composer and leading representative of romanticism in French music. His works include Symphonie ...
Berlioz, (Louis-) Hector
born Dec. 11, 1803, La Côte-Saint-André, France died March 8, 1869, Paris French composer. He studied guitar in his early years and later studied music at the Paris ...
Berlioz, Hector
▪ French composer Introduction in full  Louis-Hector Berlioz  born December 11, 1803, La Côte-Saint-André, France died March 8, 1869, Paris  French composer, critic, and ...
Berlusconi, Silvio
born Sept. 29, 1936, Milan, Italy Italian media tycoon and prime minister in 1994 and again from 2001. After graduating from the University of Milan, he became a real estate ...
berm
/berrm/, n. 1. Also, berme. Fort. a horizontal surface between the exterior slope of a rampart and the moat. 2. Also called bench. any level strip of ground at the summit or ...
Berman, Harold Joseph
▪ 2008       American scholar born Feb. 13, 1918, Hartford, Conn. died Nov. 13, 2007, Brooklyn, N.Y. worked tirelessly to open staid perceptions about Western law to ...
Berman, Lazar Naumovich
▪ 2006       Russian-born Italian concert pianist (b. Feb. 26, 1930, Leningrad, U.S.S.R. [now St. Petersburg, Russia]—d. Feb. 6, 2005, Florence, Italy), was a child ...
Berman, Pandro Samuel
▪ 1997       U.S. motion picture producer whose memorable works included seven of the Fred Astaire-Ginger Rogers musicals, The Blackboard Jungle, and such Elizabeth ...
Bermejo
/berdd me"haw/, n. a river in N Argentina, flowing SE to the Paraguay River. 1000 mi. (1600 km) long. * * * (as used in expressions) Arévalo Bermejo Juan José Bermejo ...
Bermejo Pass
▪ mountain pass, South America Spanish  Paso De Bermejo,  also called  Paso Del Bermejo,         mountain pass at 12,917 feet (3,937 metres) in the southern Andes ...
Bermejo River
River, northern Argentina. Rising on the Bolivian frontier, it flows southeast 650 mi (1,045 km) into the Paraguay River on the border of Paraguay and Argentina. The abundant ...
Bermejo, Bartolomé
or Bartolomé de Cárdenas born с 1440, Córdoba, Spain died 1495, Barcelona Spanish painter. He was active in Valencia (1468), Aragon (1474–85), and Barcelona (from 1486). ...
Bermondsey
a traditionally working-class area of south-east London, on the south bank of the Thames near Tower Bridge, where formerly many people worked in the docks, loading and unloading ...
Bermuda
—Bermudan, Bermudian /beuhr myooh"dee euhn/, adj., n. /beuhr myooh"deuh/, n. a group of islands in the Atlantic, 580 mi. (935 km) E of North Carolina: a British colony; resort. ...
Bermuda buttercup
a bulbous plant, Oxalis pescaprae, native to southern Africa, having nodding, yellow flowers. * * *
Bermuda collar
Bermuda collar n. a narrow, pointed collar on a woman's dress or blouse * * *
Bermuda cutter
Naut. a marconi-rigged cutter. * * *
Bermuda grass
a creeping grass, Cynodon dactylon, of southern Europe, grown in the southern U.S. and Bermuda for lawns and pastures. Also called Bahama grass, scutch grass. [1800-10, Amer.] * ...
Bermuda high
Meteorol. a subtropical high centered near Bermuda. * * *
Bermuda lily
a lily, Lilium longiflorum eximium, having white, funnel-shaped flowers, cultivated esp. as an Easter lily. [1895-1900] * * *
Bermuda onion
any of several mild, flat varieties of onion, grown in Texas and, to some extent, in other parts of the southern U.S. and in Bermuda. [1940-45] * * *
Bermuda palmetto
a palm, Sabal bermudana, of Bermuda, having small, roundish, black fruit and leaves that are checkered beneath. * * *
Bermuda petrel
cahow. * * *
Bermuda Race
▪ yachting competition       one of the world's major ocean races for sailing yachts. Originating in 1906, it has been held biennially since 1924 (except during World ...
Bermuda rig.
See Marconi rig. Also, Bermudan rig, Bermudian rig. [1850-55] * * *
Bermuda shorts
shorts extending almost to the knee, worn for informal warm-weather dress. [1950-55] * * *
Bermuda Triangle
the triangular area in the Atlantic Ocean bounded by Bermuda, Puerto Rico, and a point near Melbourne, Florida, in which a number of ships and aircraft are purported to have ...
Bermuda, flag of
▪ Flag History       British overseas territorial flag consisting of a red field (background) with the Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the) in the upper hoist ...
Bermudabag
Bermuda bag © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. An oval handbag with wooden handles and decorative removable covers. * * *
Bermudabuttercup
Bermuda buttercup n. A southern African herb (Oxalis pes-caprae) having umbels of bright yellow flowers and compound leaves with three leaflets. * * *
Bermudagrass
Bermuda grass n. A mat-forming perennial grass (Cynodon dactylon) widespread in warm regions and important as a lawn and pasturage grass in the southern United States. It is also ...
Bermudalily
Bermuda lily n. See Easter lily. * * *
Bermudan
See Bermudian. * * *
Bermudaonion
Bermuda onion n. Any of several varieties of mild-flavored onions shaped like a flattened sphere. * * *
Bermudapetrel
Bermuda petrel n. See cahow. * * *
Bermudarig
Bermuda rig n. Nautical A fore-and-aft rig distinguished by a tall triangular mainsail and a sharply raked mast, widely used on cruising and racing vessels. Also called Marconi ...
Bermudas
/beuhr myooh"deuhz/, n. 1. the Bermudas. Bermuda. 2. (used with a pl. v.) Informal. See Bermuda shorts. * * *
Bermudashorts
Bermuda shorts pl.n. Short pants that end slightly above the knee. * * *
BermudaTriangle
Bermuda Triangle A triangular area of the Atlantic Ocean bounded by Bermuda, Puerto Rico, and a point near Melbourne, Florida, in which numerous watercraft and aircraft are said ...
Bermudez, Cundo
▪ 2009       Cuban painter and muralist born Sept. 3, 1914, Havana, Cuba died Oct. 30, 2008, Miami, Fla. created works in the Modernist style that celebrated the ...
Bermudian
See Bermuda. * * * ➡ Bermuda * * *
Bern
/berrn/; Ger. /berddn/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of Switzerland, in the W part: capital of Bern canton. 149,800. 2. a canton in W Switzerland. 992,000; 2658 sq. mi. (6885 ...
Bern Convention
officially International Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works International agreement adopted in Bern, Switz. , in 1886 to protect copyrights on an ...
Bernadette
/berr'neuh det"/; Fr. /berdd nann det"/, n. 1. Saint. Also called Bernadette of Lourdes. (Marie Bernarde Soubirous or Soubiroux), 1844-79, French nun. 2. a female given name: ...
Bernadette McAliskey
➡ McAliskey * * *
Bernadette of Lourdes, Saint
orig. Marie-Bernarde Soubirous born Jan. 7, 1844, Lourdes, France died April 16, 1879, Nevers; canonized Dec. 8, 1933; feast day April 16, but sometimes February 18 in ...
Bernadette of Lourdes,Saint
Ber·na·dette of Lourdes (bûr'nə-dĕtʹ; lo͝ord, lo͝ordz), Saint Originally Marie Bernarde Soubirous. 1844-1879. French peasant girl whose visions of the Virgin Mary led to ...
Bernadotte
/berr"neuh dot'/; Fr. /berdd nann dawt"/, n. Jean Baptiste Jules /zhahonn bann teest" zhyuul/, 1764-1844, French marshal under Napoleon; as Charles XIV, king of Sweden and Norway ...
Bernadotte (af Wisborg), Folke, Count
born Jan. 2, 1895, Stockholm, Swed. died Sept. 17, 1948, Jerusalem Swedish soldier, humanitarian, and diplomat. A nephew of King Gustav V, Bernadotte headed the Swedish Red ...
Bernadotte (af Wisborg), Folke, Greve (count)
▪ Swedish diplomat born Jan. 2, 1895, Stockholm, Swed. died Sept. 17, 1948, Jerusalem       Swedish soldier, humanitarian, and diplomat who was assassinated while ...
Bernadotte, House of
▪ Swedish dynasty       royal dynasty of Sweden, from 1818. The name derives from a family of old lineage of Béarn, France, whose earliest known member (17th century) ...
Bernadotte,Count Folke
Ber·na·dotte (bûrʹnə-dŏt'), Count Folke. 1895-1948. Swedish diplomat who as a leader of the Swedish Red Cross (1943-1948) helped save thousands of people from Nazi ...
Bernal, Gael Garcia
▪ 2008 born Oct. 30, 1978, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mex.       In 2007 Mexican heartthrob movie star Gael García Bernal moved behind the camera to direct his first ...
Bernal, John Desmond
▪ British physicist born May 10, 1901, Nenagh, County Tipperary, Ire. died Sept. 15, 1971, London, Eng.       physicist known for his studies of the atomic structure of ...
Bernanke, Ben
▪ 2006  On Oct. 24, 2005, the day that Ben Bernanke was named to replace Alan Greenspan as chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve Board (Fed) after Greenspan's term ended in ...
Bernanos
/berdd nann naws"/, n. Georges /zhawrddzh/, 1888-1948, French novelist and pamphleteer. * * *
Bernanos, Georges
born Feb. 20, 1888, Paris, France died July 5, 1948, Neuilly-sur-Seine French novelist and polemical writer. One of the most original and independent Roman Catholic writers of ...
Bernard
/berdd nannrdd"/ for 1; /berr"neuhrd, berr nahrd"/ for 2, n. 1. Claude /klohd/, 1813-78, French physiologist. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "bear" and ...
Bernard De Chartres
▪ French philosopher born 11th century, , Brittany died c. 1130, , possibly Paris       Humanist and philosopher, head of the celebrated school of Chartres, in France, ...
Bernard de Clairvaux, Saint
born 1090, probably Fontaine-les-Dijons, near Dijon, Burgundy died Aug. 20, 1153, Clairvaux, Champagne; canonized 1174; feast day August 20 French Cistercian monk, mystic, and ...
Bernard De Cluny
▪ French monk also called Bernard De Morlaix flourished 12th century       monk, poet, and Neoplatonic moralist whose writings condemned humanity's search for earthly ...
Bernard de Menthon, Saint
▪ Italian vicar also called  Bernard Of Aosta, or Bernard Of Montjoux,  Italian  San Bernardino De Mentone  died 1081?, ; feast day May 28       vicar general of ...
Bernard de Ventadour
▪ French troubadour also called  Bernart de Ventadorn   born before 1152, Limousin province, Aquitaine [now in France] died 1195?, Dalon       Provençal troubadour ...
Bernard Goetz
➡ Goetz * * *
Bernard Law Montgomery
➡ Montgomery (II) * * *
Bernard Lovell
➡ Lovell * * *
Bernard Malamud
➡ Malamud * * *
Bernard of Clairvaux
/berr nahrd" euhv klair voh"/ Saint ("the Mellifluous Doctor"), 1090-1153, French monk, preacher, and mystical writer. * * *
Bernard of Clairvaux,Saint
Ber·nard of Clair·vaux (bər-närdʹ, bĕr-närʹ; klâr-vōʹ), Saint. 1090-1153. French monastic reformer and political figure. Widely known for his piety and mysticism, he ...
Bernard of Menthon
Bernard of Menthon [män tōn′] Saint (11th cent.); Fr. monk who founded hospices in the Swiss Alps: his day is May 28 * * *
Bernard, Claude
born July 12, 1813, Saint-Julien, France died Feb. 10, 1878, Paris French physiologist. He taught at several major French institutions and was named a senator in 1869. He ...
Bernard, Émile
▪ French painter born 1868 died April 16, 1941, Paris, France       French painter who is sometimes credited with founding Cloisonnism (Synthetism) (see Pont-Aven ...
Bernard, Jean-Jacques
▪ French dramatist born July 30, 1888, Enghien-les-Bains, France died Sept. 12, 1972, Paris  French playwright and chief representative of what became known as l'école du ...
Bernard, Jeffrey Joseph
▪ 1998       British journalist whose life as a heavy-drinking habitué of London's Soho hangouts was reflected in his weekly "Low Life" column in The Spectator ...
Bernard, Jessie
▪ American sociologist née Jessie Shirley Ravitch born June 8, 1903, Minneapolis, Minn., U.S. died Oct. 6, 1996, Washington, D.C.       American sociologist who ...
Bernard, Jessie Shirley
▪ 1997       U.S. sociologist (b. June 8, 1903, Minneapolis, Minn.—d. Oct. 6, 1996, Washington, D.C.), conducted meticulous research and wrote numerous books that ...
Bernard, Samuel, Comte De Coubert
▪ French financier born Oct. 29, 1651, Sancerre, France died Jan. 18, 1739, Paris       French financier who became a symbol of Protestant banking. He had the same name ...
Bernard, Tristan
▪ French author pseudonym of  Paul Bernard   born Sept. 7, 1866, Besançon, France died Dec. 7, 1947, Paris       French playwright, novelist, journalist, and lawyer ...
Bernard,Claude
Ber·nard (bĕr-närʹ), Claude. 1813-1878. French physiologist noted for his study of the digestive and nervous systems. * * *
Bernardin de Saint-Pierre
Bernardin de Saint-Pierre [ber nȧr dan′ də san pyer′] Jacques Henri [zhäk än rē′] 1737-1814; Fr. writer * * *
Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Jacques-Henri
▪ French writer born Jan. 19, 1737, Le Havre, France died Jan. 21, 1814, Éragny       French writer who is best remembered for Paul et Virginie, a short novel about ...
Bernardin, Joseph Louis Cardinal
▪ 1997       U.S. Roman Catholic prelate (b. April 2, 1928, Columbia, S.C.—d. Nov. 14, 1996, Chicago, Ill.), was the highest-ranking figure in the Roman Catholic ...
Bernardine
/berr"neuhr din, -deen'/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to St. Bernard of Clairvaux. 2. of or pertaining to the Cistercians. n. 3. a Cistercian. 4. Also, Bernadine /berr"neuh deen'/. ...
Bernardine of Siena, Saint
born Sept. 8, 1380, Massa Marittima, Siena died May 20, 1444, L'Aquila, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies; canonized 1450; feast day May 20 Franciscan priest and theologian. Born ...
Bernardino
(as used in expressions) Bernardino di Betto di Biago Luini Bernardino Rivadavia Bernardino San Bernardino San Bernardino Pass * * *
Bernardino, Minerva
▪ 1999       Dominican feminist and public servant who in 1945 was one of only four women signers of the UN Charter and went on to be the driving force behind the ...
Bernardo
(as used in expressions) Bellotto Bernardo Bertolucci Bernardo Daddi Bernardo O'Higgins Bernardo Rossellino Bernardo * * *
Bernays, Edward L.
born Nov. 22, 1891, Vienna, Austria died March 9, 1995, Cambridge, Mass., U.S. U.S. publicist, the "father of public relations. " A nephew of Sigmund Freud, he was born in ...
Bernays, Paul Isaak
▪ Swiss logician and mathematician born October 17, 1888, London, England died September 18, 1977, Zürich, Switzerland       Swiss mathematician whose work in proof ...
Bernbach, William
▪ American advertising executive born Aug. 13, 1911, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 2, 1982, New York City       American advertising executive and copywriter, a ...
Bernburg
▪ Germany       city, Saxony-Anhalt Land (state), central Germany, on the Saale River at the mouth of the Wipper River, south of Magdeburg. First mentioned in 961, it ...
Berne
/berrn/; Fr. /berddn/, n. Bern. * * *
Berne Convention
▪ copyright law Berne also spelled  Bern , formally  International Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works        international copyright ...
Berners, Dame Juliana
▪ English prioress flourished 1460       English prioress and author of A Treatyse of Fysshynge wyth an Angle (1496), the earliest known volume on sport fishing. ...
Berners, John Bourchier, 2nd Baron
▪ English statesman and author born c. 1467, Tharfield, Hertfordshire, Eng. died March 16, 1532/33, Calais?, France       English writer and statesman, best known for ...
Berners-Lee, Sir Tim
▪ British scientist born June 8, 1955, London, England       British computer scientist, generally credited as the inventor of the World Wide Web. In 2004 he was ...
Berners-Lee, Tim
born June 8, 1955, London, Eng. British physicist. The son of computer scientists, he graduated from Oxford University and in 1980 accepted a fellowship at CERN in Geneva. In ...
Bernese
/berr"neez, -nees, berr neez", -nees"/, adj., n., pl. Bernese. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Bern or its inhabitants. n. 2. an inhabitant or native of Bern. [1800-10; BERN + ...
Bernese Alps
a mountain range in SW Switzerland, part of the Alps: highest peak, 14,026 ft. (4275 m). * * * German Berner Oberland Segment of the Alps, Switzerland. It lies north of the ...
Bernese mountain dog
one of a Swiss breed of large, long-haired dogs having a black coat with white and russet-brown or deep-tan markings. [1930-35] * * * Breed of Swiss working dog brought to ...
BerneseAlps
Ber·nese Alps (bûrʹnēz, -nēs, bûr-nēzʹ, -nēsʹ) A range of the Alps in south-central Switzerland rising to 4,276.7 m (14,022 ft). * * *
Bernesemountain dog
Bernese mountain dog n. Any of a Swiss breed of large, muscular dogs having a soft, silky black coat with russet or tan markings on the forelegs, over each eye, and on both sides ...
Bernhard
I born June 29, 1911, Jena, Ger. died Dec. 1, 2004, Utrecht, Neth. Prince of The Netherlands. The son of Prince Bernhard Casimir of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Bernhard married the ...
Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar
▪ duke of Saxe-Weimar born Aug. 16, 1604, Weimar, SaxeWeimar died July 18, 1639, Neuenburg, Breisgau       duke of Saxe-Weimar (Sachsen-Weimar), a politically ambitious ...
Bernhard, Prince
▪ 2005 Bernhard Leopold Frederik Everhard Julius Coert Karel Godfried Pieter, prince of The Netherlands, prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld        German-born Dutch royal (b. ...
Bernhard, prince of The Netherlands, prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld
▪ prince of The Netherlands Dutch in full  Bernhard Leopold Frederik Everhard Julius Coert Karel Godfried Pieter, prins der Nederlanden, prins van Lippe-Biesterfeld   born ...
Bernhard, Ruth
▪ 2007       American photographer (b. Oct. 14, 1905, Berlin, Ger.—d. Dec. 18, 2006, San Francisco, Calif.), celebrated the female form with her light-infused ...
Bernhard, Thomas
▪ Austrian writer born Feb. 9/10, 1931, Cloister Heerland, Neth. died Feb. 12, 1989, Gmunden, Austria       Austrian writer who explored death, social injustice, and ...
Bernhardi
/berddn hahrdd"dee/, n. Friedrich A. J. von /frddee"drddikh feuhn/, 1849-1930, German general. * * *
Bernhardi, Friedrich von
born 1849, Estonia, Russian Empire died 1930 German soldier and military writer. He fought in the Franco-Prussian War and became commander of the Seventh Army corps in 1909. In ...
Bernhardt
/berrn"hahrt/; Fr. /berdd nannrdd"/, n. Sarah /sair"euh, sar"euh/; Fr. /sann rddann"/, (Rosine Bernard), 1845-1923, French actress. * * *
Bernhardt, Sarah
orig. Henriette-Rosine Bernard born Oct. 22/23, 1844, Paris, France died March 26, 1923, Paris French actress. The illegitimate child of a courtesan, she was encouraged to ...
Bernhardt,Sarah
Bern·hardt (bûrnʹhärt', bĕr-närʹ), Sarah. Originally Henrietta Rosine Bernard. Known as “the Divine Sarah.” 1844-1923. Library of Congress French actress. Considered ...
Berni, Francesco
▪ Italian poet and translator born 1497/98, Lamporecchio, Tuscany [Italy] died May 26, 1535, Florence  poet and translator important for his Tuscan version of Matteo ...
Bernice
/berr nees", berr"nis/, n. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning "bringer of victory." * * *
Bernicia
Ber·ni·ci·a (bər-nĭshʹē-ə, -nĭshʹə, bĕr-) A sixth-century A.D. Anglian kingdom in present-day northeast England and southeast Scotland. It was later part of the ...
bernicle goose
bernicle goose [bʉr′ni kəl] n. BARNACLE GOOSE * * *
Bernie
/berr"nee/, n. a male given name, form of Bernard. * * *
Bernina
/beuhr nee"neuh/; It. /berdd nee"nah/, n. a mountain in SE Switzerland, in the Rhaetian Alps. 13,295 ft. (4050 m). * * *
Bernina Alps
▪ mountains, Switzerland  part of the Rhaetian Alps in eastern Switzerland along the Italian border, lying southeast of the Engadin (valley of the Upper Inn River). The ...
Bernina Pass
a pass traversing Bernina Mountain, between SE Switzerland and N Italy. 7640 ft. (2330 m) high. * * *
BerninaAlps
Ber·ni·na Alps (bər-nēʹnə, bĕr-) A mountain group of southeast Switzerland in the Rhaetian Alps on the Swiss-Italian border. The highest elevation is Piz Bernina, rising ...
Bernini
—Berninesque /berr'ni nesk", ber'-/, adj. /beuhr nee"nee/; It. /berdd nee"nee/, n. Giovanni /jee'euh vah"nee/; It. /jaw vahn"nee/ or Gian /jahn/ Lorenzo /leuh ren"zoh/; It. ...
Bernini, Gian Lorenzo
born Dec. 7, 1598, Naples, Kingdom of Naples died Nov. 28, 1680, Rome, Papal States Italian architect and artist credited with creating the Baroque style of sculpture. He began ...
Bernini, Pietro
▪ Italian sculptor born 1562, Tuscany [Italy] died 1629, Rome       Italian late Mannerist sculptor who was invited to Rome in 1605/06 to work for Pope Paul V ...
Bernini,Giovanni Lorenzo
Ber·ni·ni (bər-nēʹnē, bĕr-), Giovanni Lorenzo or Gianlorenzo 1598-1680. Italian sculptor, painter, and architect. An outstanding exponent of the Italian baroque, he is ...
Bernis, François-Joachim de Pierre de
▪ French statesman and cardinal born May 22, 1717, Saint-Marcel d'Ardèche, France died Nov. 3, 1794, Rome, Papal States [Italy]       French statesman and cardinal who ...
Bernoulli
—Bernoullian, adj. /beuhr nooh"lee/; Ger. /berdd nooh"lee/; Fr. /berdd nooh yee"/, n. 1. Daniel /dan"yeuhl/; Ger. /dah"nee el'/; Fr. /dann nyel"/, 1700-82, Swiss physicist and ...
Bernoulli distribution
Statistics. See binomial distribution. [named after Jakob BERNOULLI] * * *
Bernoulli effect
Hydraulics. the decrease in pressure as the velocity of a fluid increases. [named after Jakob BERNOULLI] * * *
Bernoulli equation
1. Hydrodynamics. See Bernoulli's theorem (def. 2). 2. Also called Bernoulli's differential equation. Math. a differential equation of the form dy + f(x)y = g(x)yn, where n is ...
Bernoulli family
Two generations of distinguished Swiss mathematicians. Jakob (1655–1705) and Johann (1667–1748) were the sons of a pharmacist who wanted one boy to study theology and the ...
Bernoulli trials
Math. repeated independent experiments having two possible outcomes for each experiment with the probability for each outcome remaining constant throughout the experiments, as ...
Bernoulli's lemniscate
Analyt. Geom. lemniscate. [named after Jakob BERNOULLI] * * *
Bernoulli's principle
Bernoulli's principle n. 〚after BERNOULLI Daniel〛 the statement that an increase in the speed of a fluid produces a decrease in pressure and a decrease in the speed produces ...
Bernoulli's theorem
1. Statistics. See law of averages (def. 1). 2. Hydrodynamics. an expression of the conservation of energy in streamline flow, stating that the sum of the ratio of the pressure ...
Bernoulli'slaw
Ber·noul·li's law (bər-no͞oʹlēz) n. See law of large numbers.   [After Bernoulli, Jakob.] * * *
Bernoulli, Daniel
▪ Swiss mathematician born Feb. 8 [Jan. 29, Old Style], 1700, Groningen, Neth. died March 17, 1782, Basel, Switz.       the most distinguished of the second generation ...
Bernoulli, Jakob
▪ Swiss mathematician born January 6, 1655 [December 27, 1654, Old Style], Basel, Switzerland died August 16, 1705, Basel  first of the Bernoulli family of Swiss ...
Bernoulli, Johann
▪ Swiss mathematician born Aug. 6 [July 27, old style], 1667, Basel, Switz. died Jan. 1, 1748, Basel  major member of the Bernoulli family of Swiss mathematicians. He ...
Bernoullidistribution
Bernoulli distribution n. See binomial distribution.   [After Bernoulli, Jakob.] * * *
Bernoullieffect
Bernoulli effect n. The phenomenon of internal pressure reduction with increased stream velocity in a fluid.   [After Bernoulli, Daniel.] * * *
Bernoullitrial
Bernoulli trial n. Statistics An experiment having only two possible outcomes, usually denoted success and failure, with the properties that the probability of occurrence of each ...
Bernstein
/berrn"stuyn, -steen/, n. Leonard, 1918-90, U.S. conductor, composer, and pianist. * * * (as used in expressions) Bernstein Eduard Bernstein Leonard Morris Louis Bernstein * * *
Bernstein of Leigh, Sidney Lewis Bernstein
▪ 1994       BARON, British business executive (b. Jan. 30, 1899, Ilford, Essex, England—d. Feb. 5, 1993, London, England), built a small chain of music halls into ...
Bernstein, Aline Frankau
▪ American theatrical designer and writer née  Hazel Frankau   born Dec. 22, 1882, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 7, 1955, New York City       theatrical designer ...
Bernstein, Eduard
born Jan. 6, 1850, Berlin, Prussia died Dec. 18, 1932, Berlin, Germany German politician and writer. He joined the German Social Democratic Party in 1872, then spent years in ...
Bernstein, Edward Morris
▪ 1997       U.S. economist who, at the Bretton Woods Conference (1944), where a global post-World War II financial strategy was drafted, played an influential role in ...
Bernstein, Elmer
▪ 2005       American film composer (b. April 4, 1922, New York, N.Y.—d. Aug. 18, 2004, Ojai, Calif.), created the scores for more than 200 motion pictures during a ...
Bernstein, Henry
▪ French dramatist born Jan. 20, 1876, Paris, Fr. died Nov. 27, 1953, Paris       French playwright, initially popular for a series of sensational melodramas, who later ...
Bernstein, Jeremy
▪ American physicist born Dec. 31, 1929, Rochester, N.Y., U.S.       American physicist, educator, and writer widely known for the clarity of his writing for the lay ...
Bernstein, Leonard
born Aug. 25, 1918, Lawrence, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 14, 1990, New York, N.Y. U.S. conductor, composer, and writer. He resolved on a music career only after graduating from ...


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