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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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Bernstein,Leonard
Bern·stein (bûrnʹstīn', -stēn'), Leonard. 1918-1990. American conductor and composer who wrote numerous choral and symphonic works, including Kaddish (1963), and musicals, ...
Bernstorff
/berddn"shtawrddf/, n. Count Johann-Heinrich /yoh"hahn huyn"rddikh/, 1862-1939, German diplomat. * * *
Bernstorff, Albrecht, Count von
▪ Prussian statesman born March 22, 1809, Dreilützow, Mecklenburg [Germany] died March 26, 1873, London, Eng.       Prussian statesman known for his charm and ...
Bernstorff, Andreas Peter, Greve (count) von
▪ Danish foreign minister born Aug. 28, 1735, Hannover, Hanover [Germany] died June 21, 1797, Copenhagen, Den.       statesman who maintained the neutrality of Denmark ...
Bernstorff, Christian Günther, Graf von
▪ Danish diplomat Danish Greve af Bernstorff born April 3, 1769, Copenhagen, Denmark died March 28, 1835, Berlin, Prussia [now Germany]       Danish diplomat who was ...
Bernstorff, J.H.E., Count von
▪ Danish statesman in full  Johann Hartwig Ernst, Count von Bernstorff  born May 13, 1712, Hannover, Hanover [Germany] died Feb. 18, 1772, Holstein       Danish ...
Bernstorff, Johann-Heinrich, count von
born Nov. 14, 1862, London, Eng. died Oct. 6, 1939, Geneva, Switz. German diplomat. After entering the diplomatic service (1899), he represented Germany in London and Cairo ...
Berosus
▪ Chaldean priest and author also spelled  Berossus,  Berossos , or  Berosos , Akkadian  Belreʿušu  flourished c. 290 BC       Chaldean priest of Bel in ...
Berque, Jacques Augustin
▪ 1996       French sociologist, Orientalist, author of many books on the Arab world, and translator of the Qur`an into French (b. June 4, 1910—d. June 27, 1995). * * ...
Berr, Henri
▪ French historian and philosopher born Jan. 31, 1863, Lunéville, Fr. died Nov. 19, 1954, Paris       French historian and philosopher who founded a series of Parisian ...
Berra, Yogi
orig. Lawrence Peter Berra born May 12, 1925, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. U.S. baseball player, manager, and coach. Berra joined the New York Yankees in 1946 and served as the team's ...
Berra,Lawrence Peter
Ber·ra (bĕrʹə), Lawrence Peter. Known as “Yogi.” Born 1925. American baseball player and manager. Considered among the best catchers in baseball history, he played for ...
berretta
/beuh ret"euh/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. biretta. * * *
Berriasian Stage
▪ geology       first of six main divisions (in ascending order) of the Lower Cretaceous Series, representing rocks deposited worldwide during the Berriasian Age, which ...
berried
/ber"eed/, adj. 1. covered with or yielding berries. 2. of or like a berry; baccate. 3. (of lobsters, crayfish, etc.) having eggs. [1785-95; BERRY + -ED3] * * *
Berrigan
/ber"i geuhn/, n. Thomas, born 1924, U.S. poet and religious leader. * * *
Berrigan, Daniel
▪ American priest and poet born May 9, 1921, Virginia, Minn., U.S.       American writer and Roman Catholic priest whose poems and essays reflect his deep commitment to ...
Berrigan, Daniel (Joseph) and Philip (Francis)
born May 9, 1921, Virginia, Minn., U.S.(born Oct. 5, 1923, Two Harbors, Minn., U.S. died Dec. 6, 2002, Baltimore, Md.) U.S. priests and political activists. After joining the ...
Berrigan, Philip Francis
▪ 2003       American peace activist and former Roman Catholic priest (b. Oct. 5, 1923, Two Harbors, Minn.—d. Dec. 6, 2002, Baltimore, Md.), saw combat duty during ...
Berruguete, Alonso
born с 1488, Paredes de Nava, Castile died 1561, Toledo, Castile Spanish sculptor and painter. His father, Pedro Berruguete, was a great Renaissance painter. Alonso worked in ...
Berruguete, Pedro
or Pedro Español or Pietro Spagnuolo born с 1450, Paredes de Nava, Castile died Jan. 6, 1504, Avila, Castile Spanish painter. After a sojourn in Italy, he returned to Spain, ...
berry
—berryless, adj. —berrylike, adj. /ber"ee/, n., pl. berries, v., berried, berrying. n. 1. any small, usually stoneless, juicy fruit, irrespective of botanical structure, as ...
Berry
/ber"ee/; for 2 also Fr. /be rddee"/, n. 1. Charles Edward Anderson ("Chuck"), born 1926, U.S. rock-'n'-roll singer, musician, and composer. 2. Also, Berri. a former province in ...
berry spoon
a small spoon, esp. of the late 18th century, having a perforated bowl. Also called berry ladle, sugar sifter. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
Berry, Charles-Ferdinand de Bourbon, duc de
▪ French prince born Jan. 24, 1778, Versailles, Fr. died Feb. 14, 1820, Paris  French prince whose murder by the fanatic Louvel marked a turning point in the history of the ...
Berry, Chuck
orig. Charles Edward Anderson Berry born Oct. 18, 1926, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. U.S. singer-songwriter. Though first interested in country music, in the early 1950s Berry led a ...
Berry, Halle
▪ 2003       American actress Halle Berry made Hollywood history in 2002, becoming the first black woman to win an Academy Award for best actress. Upon accepting the ...
Berry, Jan
▪ 2005       American singer and songwriter (b. April 3, 1941, Los Angeles, Calif.—d. March 26, 2004, Los Angeles), composed songs that reflected the free-spirited ...
Berry, Jean de France, duc de
▪ French prince (duke of) born Nov. 30, 1340, Vincennes, Fr. died June 15, 1416, Paris       third son of King John II the Good of France and a leading patron of the ...
Berry, Jean de France, duke de
I born Nov. 30, 1340, Vincennes, France died June 15, 1416, Paris French nobleman and patron of the arts. He was the son of King John II. As duke de Berry and Auvergne, he ...
Berry, John
▪ 2000 “Jack”        American film director who worked as a child actor and as an actor and director for Orson Welles's Mercury Theatre before embarking in 1943 on a ...
Berry, Marie-Caroline de Bourbon-Sicile, duchesse de
▪ French-Italian noble born Nov. 5, 1798, Caserta, Italy died April 16, 1870, Brunnsee, Austria  daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies, who in 1832 staged a brief ...
Berry, Martha McChesney
▪ American educator born Oct. 7, 1866, near Rome, Ga., U.S. died Feb. 27, 1942, Atlanta, Ga.  American educator whose personal efforts made education and work-study available ...
Berry, Richard
▪ 1998       American musician who wrote "Louie Louie," a simple rock song that reached the number two spot on American charts, became the second most recorded pop song ...
Berry, Walter
▪ 2001       Austrian opera and concert singer (b. April 8, 1929, Vienna, Austria—d. Oct. 27, 2000, Vienna), was a world-renowned bass baritone whose interpretations ...
Berry, Wendell
▪ American author in full  Wendell Erdman Berry   born Aug. 5, 1934, Port Royal, Ky., U.S.       American author whose nature poetry, novels of America's rural past, ...
Berry,Charles Edward Anderson
Ber·ry (bĕrʹē), Charles Edward Anderson. Known as “Chuck.” Born 1926. American guitarist, singer, and songwriter considered among the earliest and most influential rock ...
Berryer, Pierre-Antoine
▪ French lawyer and politician born Jan. 4, 1790, Paris, France died Nov. 29, 1868, Augerville       French lawyer and politician, defender of the freedom of the press ...
Berryman
/ber"ee meuhn/, n. John, 1914-72, U.S. poet and critic. * * *
Berryman, John
born Oct. 25, 1914, McAlester, Okla., U.S. died Jan. 7, 1972, Minneapolis, Minn. U.S. poet. Berryman attended Columbia University and the University of Cambridge and later ...
Berryman,John
Ber·ry·man (bĕrʹē-mən), John. 1914-1972. American poet whose dramatic, personal, and complex works include Homage to Mistress Bradstreet (1956) and the collection 77 Dream ...
bersagliere
/ber'seuhl yair"ee/; It. /berdd'sah lye"rdde/, n., pl. bersaglieri /-seuhl yair"ee/; It. /-sah lye"rddee/. one of a class of riflemen or sharpshooters in the Italian ...
berseem
/beuhr seem"/, n. a clover, Trifolium alexandrinum, of Egypt and Syria, grown for forage in the southwestern U.S. Also called Egyptian clover. [1900-05; < dial. Ar barsim < ...
berserk
—berserkly, adv. —berserkness, n. /beuhr serrk", -zerrk"/, adj. 1. violently or destructively frenzied; wild; crazed; deranged: He suddenly went berserk. n. 2. (sometimes ...
Berserk for Beanie Babies
▪ 1998       "Do you have Peace the bear?" To the uninitiated that inquiry might sound peculiar, but to the ever-increasing number of collectors of Beanie Babies—small ...
berserker
berserker [bərsʉr′kər, bərzʉr′kər] n. 〚ON berserkr, warrior clothed in bearskin < bera, BEAR2 + serkr, coat〛 1. one of a group of early Norse warriors known for ...
berserkly
See berserk. * * *
Bert
/berrt/, n. a male given name, form of Albert, Bertram, Herbert, Hubert, etc. * * *
Bert, Paul
born Oct. 17, 1833, Auxerre, Yonne, France died Nov. 11, 1886, Hanoi French physiologist, founder of modern aerospace medicine. He taught for many years at the Sorbonne and ...
Berta languages
      group of languages that form a part of the Nilo-Saharan language (Nilo-Saharan languages) family. Some 125,000 Berta speakers live in Ethiopia; approximately 22,000 ...
Bertani, Agostino
▪ Italian physician and politician born Oct. 19, 1812, Milan died April 10, 1886, Rome       physician who collaborated with Mazzini (Mazzini, Giuseppe) and Garibaldi ...
Bertaut, Jean de Caen
▪ French poet born 1552, Donnay?, France died June 8, 1611, Séez, Normandy       French poet notable as a writer of polished light verse.       As a young man ...
Bertelsmann AG
German media company. Beginning as a religious printer and publisher in 1835, the company grew steadily over the next century. Though virtually destroyed by Allied bombing in ...
Bertelsmann—the German Giant
▪ 1999       The announcement on March 23, 1998, that German media giant Bertelsmann AG would acquire venerable American publisher Random House sent shock waves—and ...
berth
/berrth/, n. 1. a shelflike sleeping space, as on a ship, airplane, or railroad car. 2. Naut. a. the space allotted to a vessel at anchor or at a wharf. b. the distance ...
bertha
/berr"theuh/, n. a collar or trimming, as of lace, worn about the shoulders by women, as over a low-necked waist or dress. [1835-45; named after Bertha (d. A.D. 783), wife of ...
Bertha
/berr"theuh/, n. a female given name: from a Germanic word meaning "bright." * * *
berthage
/berr"thij/, n. Naut. 1. a place assigned to a vessel for anchoring or tying up. 2. a charge made for the occupancy of such a place. [1880-85; BERTH + -AGE] * * *
Berthelier, Philibert
▪ Swiss politician born c. 1465, , Virieu-le-Grand, Burgundy died Aug. 23, 1519, Geneva       political martyr and leader of the Genevese anti-Savoyard faction ...
Berthelot, (Pierre-Eugène-) Marcellin
born Oct. 27, 1827, Paris, France died March 18, 1907, Paris French chemist. The first professor of organic chemistry at the Collège de France (from 1865), he later also held ...
Berthelot, Philippe (-Joseph-Louis)
▪ French diplomat born Oct. 9, 1866, Sèvres, Fr. died Nov. 22, 1934, Paris  French diplomat who in his long career in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs played an influential ...
Berthelot, Pierre EugèneMarselin
Ber·the·lot (bĕr-tə-lōʹ), Pierre Eugène Marselin. 1827-1907. French chemist and public official who was a founder of thermochemistry, studied explosives, and was the ...
Berthelot, Pierre-Eugène-Marcellin
▪ French chemist Introduction born Oct. 27, 1827, Paris, France died March 18, 1907, Paris  French organic and physical chemist, science historian, and government official. ...
Berthier, Louis-Alexandre, prince de Wagram
▪ marshal of France born Nov. 20, 1753, Versailles, Fr. died June 1, 1815, Bamberg, Bavaria  French soldier and the first of Napoleon's (Napoleon I) marshals. Though Berthier ...
Berthold Der Schwarze
▪ German monk and alchemist also called  Berthold Schwarz   flourished 14th century       German monk and alchemist who, probably among others, discovered gunpowder ...
Berthold Von Henneberg
▪ German archbishop also called  Berthold Von Mainz   born 1442, Germany died Dec. 21, 1504, Germany       archbishop-elector of Mainz, imperial chancellor and ...
Bertholet, Alfred
▪ Swiss scholar born Nov. 9, 1868, Basel, Switz. died Aug. 24, 1951, Münsterlingen       Protestant Old Testament scholar, who also wrote on the phenomenology of ...
Berthollet, Claude-Louis
▪ French chemist Introduction born Dec. 9, 1748, Talloires, Savoy, France died Nov. 6, 1822, Arcueil       central French figure in the emergence of chemistry as a ...
Berthoud, Ferdinand
born March 19, 1727, Plancemont, Switz. died June 20, 1807, Groslay, France Swiss-French clockmaker and writer on timekeeping. Working in Paris from 1748, his inventiveness and ...
Bertie
/berr"tee/, n. a male or female given name. * * *
Bertie Wooster
➡ Wooster * * *
Bertil, Prince
▪ 1998       , third son of King Gustaf VI Adolph of Sweden and uncle of King Carl XVI Gustav, was heir presumptive to the Swedish throne from 1973 until 1979, when a ...
Bertillon
/berr"tl on'/; Fr. /berdd tee yawonn"/, n. Alphonse /al"fons, -fonz/; Fr. /annl fawonns"/, 1853-1914, French anthropologist: devised Bertillon system. * * *
Bertillon system
a system of identifying persons, esp. criminals, by a record of individual physical measurements and peculiarities. [1895-1900; named after A. BERTILLON] * * *
Bertillon, Alphonse
▪ French official born April 23, 1853, Paris died Feb. 13, 1914, Münsterlingen, Switz.  chief of criminal identification for the Paris police (from 1880) who developed an ...
Bertillon, Jacques
▪ French statistician born November 11, 1851, Paris, France died July 7, 1922, Valmondois       French statistician and demographer whose application of quantitative ...
Bertillon,Alphonse
Ber·til·lon (bûrʹtl-ŏn', bĕr-tē-yôɴʹ), Alphonse. 1853-1914. French anthropologist and criminologist who devised the Bertillon system (1880). * * *
Bertillonsystem
Bertillon system n. A system formerly used for identifying persons by means of a detailed record of body measurements, physical description, and photographs. The Bertillon system ...
Bertinoro, Obadiah of
▪ Italian rabbi and author born c. 1450, , Bertinoro, Papal States died before 1516       Italian rabbinic author whose commentary on the Mishnah (Mishna) (the ...
Bertoia, Harry
born March 10, 1915, San Lorenzo, Italy died Nov. 6, 1978, Barto, Pa., U.S. Italian-born U.S. sculptor and designer. He attended the Cranbrook Academy of Art and later taught ...
Bertoldo di Giovanni
▪ Italian sculptor born 1420 died 1491, Poggio a Caiano, republic of Florence       Italian Renaissance sculptor and medalist who was a student of Donatello and a ...
Bertolucci, Attilio
▪ 2001       Italian poet, critic, and translator (b. Nov. 18, 1911, San Lazzaro di Parma, Italy—d. June 14, 2000, Rome, Italy), created lyrical verse that was often ...
Bertolucci, Bernardo
born March 16, 1940, Parma, Italy Italian film director. After writing poetry and an award-winning book, he entered filmmaking as an assistant to Pier Paolo Pasolini in 1961. ...
Berton, Pierre
▪ 2005       Canadian print and broadcast journalist (b. July 12, 1920, Whitehorse, Yukon Territory—Nov. 30, 2004, Toronto, Ont.), wrote popular works on national ...
Bertone, Giuseppe
▪ 1998       , Italian car-body designer and head of the influential family-owned automobile-design company that produced models for such notable manufacturers as Fiat, ...
Bertoua
▪ town, Cameroon also spelled  Bertua        town located in southeastern Cameroon in the transition zone between the southern forest and the northern savanna. It ...
Bertram
/berr"treuhm/, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "bright" and "raven." * * *
Bertram Mills
a popular British circus which regularly travelled round the country between 1920 and 1966. One of its most famous attractions was Coco the clown. * * *
Bertran De Born
▪ French soldier and troubadour born c. 1140, , Viscounty of Limoges, Fr. died 1212, –15, Abbey of Dalon       French soldier and celebrated medieval ...
Bertrand
/berr"treuhnd/; Fr. /berdd trddahonn"/, n. a male given name, French form of Bertram. * * * (as used in expressions) Aristide Jean Bertrand Beauvoir Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie ...
Bertrand Russell
➡ Russell (I) * * *
Bertrand, Aloysius
▪ French author also called  Louis Bertrand , in full  Louis-Jacques-Napoléon Bertrand  born April 20, 1807, Ceva, Piedmont [Italy] died April 29, 1841, Paris, ...
Bertrand, Henri-Gratien, Comte
▪ French engineer (Count) born March 28, 1773, Châteauroux, Fr. died Jan. 31, 1844, Châteauroux  French military engineer and general, friend of Napoleon I and his ...
Bertrand, Joseph
▪ French mathematician and educator in full  Joseph-Louis-François Bertrand  born March 11, 1822, Paris, France died April 5, 1900, Paris       French mathematician ...
Bertrand, Marcel-Alexandre
▪ French geologist born July 2, 1847, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 13, 1907, Paris       French geologist who introduced the theory that certain mountains, in particular the ...
bertrandite
/berr"treuhn duyt'/, n. a mineral, hydrous beryllium silicate, Be4Si2O7(OH)2, colorless or pale yellow, with a vitreous luster, occurring as tabular or prismatic crystals in ...
Bérulle, Pierre de
▪ French cardinal and statesman born Feb. 4, 1575, Sérilly, near Troyes, Fr. died Oct. 2, 1629, Paris  cardinal and statesman who founded the French Congregation of the ...
Berw.
Berwick (def. 1). * * *
Berwald, Franz
▪ Swedish composer in full  Franz Adolf Berwald  born July 23, 1796, Stockholm, Swed. died April 3, 1868, Stockholm       the most important Swedish composer of the ...
Berwick
/ber"ik/ for 1, 2; /berr"wik/ for 3, n. 1. Also called Berwickshire /ber"ik shear', -sheuhr/, a historic county in SE Scotland. 2. Berwick-upon-Tweed. 3. a city in E central ...
Berwick-upon-Tweed
/ber"ik euh pon'tweed"/, n. a town in N Northumberland, in N England, on the North Sea at the mouth of the Tweed. 25,700. Also called Berwick. * * * ▪ England, United ...
Berwick-upon-Tweed, James Fitzjames, duke of, earl of Tinmouth, baron of Bosworth, duc de Fitz-James
▪ English noble and marshal of France born August 21, 1670, Moulins, France died June 12, 1734, Philippsburg, Württemberg [Germany]  English nobleman and marshal of France ...
Berwickshire
▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Berwick        historic county, southeastern Scotland, on the North Sea. Berwickshire lies entirely within the ...
Berwiński, Ryszard Wincenty
▪ Polish author born February 28, 1819, Polwica, Poznań, Prussia [now in Poland] died November 9, 1879, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, ...
Berwyn
/berr"win/, n. a city in NE Illinois, near Chicago. 46,849. * * *
beryl
—beryline /ber"euh lin, -luyn'/, adj. /ber"euhl/, n. a mineral, beryllium aluminum silicate, Be3Al2Si6O18, usually green, but also blue, rose, white, and golden, and both ...
Beryl
/ber"il/, n. a female given name. * * * Mineral composed of beryllium aluminum silicate, Be3Al2(SiO3)6, a commercial source of beryllium. Several varieties are valued as ...
Beryl Bainbridge
➡ Bainbridge * * *
beryl blue
a light greenish blue. [1880-85] * * *
Beryl Cook
➡ Cook (I) * * *
beryl green
a light bluish green. * * *
Beryl the Peril
a character in a British children’s comic, The Dandy. She often gets into trouble. * * *
berylline
See beryl. * * *
berylliosis
/beuh ril'ee oh"sis/, n. Pathol. beryllium poisoning, characterized by the formation of granulomas, primarily affecting the lungs and causing a cough, chest pain, and shortness ...
beryllium
/beuh ril"ee euhm/, n. Chem. a steel-gray, bivalent, hard, light, metallic element, the salts of which are sweet: used chiefly in copper alloys for better fatigue endurance, in ...
beryllium copper
a copper alloy containing a small amount of beryllium and often some nickel or cobalt, having high strength, hardness, and electrical conductivity. * * *
beryllonite
/beuh ril"euh nuyt'/, n. a mineral, sodium beryllium phosphate, NaBePO4, occurring in colorless or light-yellow crystals, sometimes used as a gemstone. [1885-90; < Gk ...
Berzelius
/beuhr zee"lee euhs/; Swed. /berdd say"lee oos'/, n. Jöns Jakob /yuens yah"kawp/, Baron, 1779-1848, Swedish chemist. * * *
Berzelius, Baron JönsJakob
Ber·ze·li·us (bər-zēʹlē-əs, bĕr-sāʹlē-o͝os'), Baron Jöns Jakob. 1779-1848. Swedish chemist who published a table of atomic weights (1828); contributed to ...
Berzelius, Jöns Jacob
▪ Swedish chemist Introduction born August 20, 1779, near Linköping, Sweden died August 7, 1848, Stockholm  one of the founders of modern chemistry. He is especially noted ...
Berzelius, Jöns Jacob, Baron
born Aug. 20, 1779, near Linköping, Swed. died Aug. 7, 1848, Stockholm Swedish chemist. As a professor in Stockholm (1807–32) he achieved an immensely important series of ...
Berzsenyi, Dániel
▪ Hungarian poet born May 7, 1776, Egyházashetye, Hung. died Feb. 24, 1836, Nikla  poet who first successfully introduced classical metres and themes in Hungarian ...
bes
/bays/, n. beth. * * * Minor Egyptian god with a grotesque appearance. His figure was intended to inspire joy or drive away pain and sorrow, and his ugliness was probably ...
Bes
/bes/, n. Egyptian Religion. the patron deity of music, dancing, and children, represented as a hairy dwarf having a tail and wearing a lion's skin. * * * Minor Egyptian god ...
bes antler
/bes, bays/. See bay antler. [1590-1600] * * *
besague
/bes"euh gyooh'/, n. Armor. a plate protecting an open area, as at the elbow or armpit. Also called moton. [ < MF] * * *
Besançon
/beuh zahonn sawonn"/, n. a city in and the capital of Doubs, in E France: Roman ruins. 126,187. * * * ▪ France       city, capital of Doubs département, ...
besant
/bez"euhnt, beuh zant"/, n. bezant. * * *
Besant
/bez"euhnt/ for 1; /beuh zant"/, older /bez"euhnt/ for 2, n. 1. Annie (Wood), 1847-1933, English theosophist. 2. Sir Walter, 1836-1901, English novelist. * * *
Besant, Annie
orig. Annie Wood born Oct. 1, 1847, London, Eng. died Sept. 20, 1933, Adyar, Madras British social reformer. She was a prominent Fabian socialist in the 1880s before becoming ...
Besant, Sir Walter
▪ British author born August 14, 1836, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England died June 9, 1901, London  English novelist and philanthropist, whose best work describing social evils ...
Besant,Annie Wood
Bes·ant (bĕzʹənt), Annie Wood. 1847-1933. English theosophist, philosopher, and political figure who advocated home rule and educational reforms in India. * * *
bescreen
/bi skreen"/, v.t. screen (def. 17). [1585-95; BE- + SCREEN] * * *
bescribble
/bi skrib"euhl/, v.t., bescribbled, bescribbling. to scribble all over (something). [1575-85; BE- + SCRIBBLE1] * * *
beseech
—beseecher, n. —beseechingly, adv. —beseechingness, n. /bi seech"/, v., besought or beseeched, beseeching. v.t. 1. to implore urgently: They besought him to go at once. 2. ...
beseecher
See beseech. * * *
beseem
/bi seem"/, Archaic. v.t. 1. to be fit for or worthy of; become: conduct that beseems a gentleman. v.i. 2. to be suitable or fitting. [1175-1225; ME bisemen. See BE-, SEEM] * * *
Beseleel
/bi sel"ee euhl/, n. Douay Bible. Bezaleel. * * *
beset
—besetment, n. —besetter, n. /bi set"/, v.t., beset, besetting. 1. to attack on all sides; assail; harass: to be beset by enemies; beset by difficulties. 2. to surround; hem ...
besetment
See beset. * * *
besetting
/bi set"ing/, adj. constantly assailing or obsessing, as with temptation: a besetting sin. [1540-50; BESET + -ING2] * * *
beshow
/bi shoh"/, n. a sablefish. [1880-85, Amer.; < Makah, c. Nootka mi·ša·wi·h] * * *
beshrew
/bi shrooh"/, v.t. Archaic. to curse; invoke evil upon. [1275-1325; ME beshrewen. See BE-, SHREW1] * * *
Besht
/besht/, n. See Baal Shem-Tov. * * *
beside
/bi suyd"/, prep. 1. by or at the side of; near: Sit down beside me. 2. compared with: Beside him other writers seem amateurish. 3. apart from; not connected with: beside the ...
besides
/bi suydz"/, adv. 1. moreover; furthermore; also: Besides, I promised her we would come. 2. in addition: There are three elm trees and two maples besides. 3. otherwise; else: ...
besiege
—besiegement, n. —besieger, n. —besiegingly, adv. /bi seej"/, v.t., besieged, besieging. 1. to lay siege to. 2. to crowd around; crowd in upon; surround: Vacationers ...
besiegement
See besiege. * * *
besieger
See besiegement. * * *
Beskid Mountains
▪ mountains, Eastern Europe Czech  Beskydy , Polish  Beskidy        discontinuous series of forested mountain ranges lying in the eastern Czech Republic, ...
Beskids
Bes·kids (bĕsʹkĭdz', bĕs-kēdzʹ) A mountain range of the western Carpathians extending about 322 km (200 mi) along the Polish-Slovak border and rising to 1,726 m (5,659 ...
beslobber
/bi slob"euhr/, v.t. to slobber all over (something): The child beslobbered his bib. [1350-1400; ME; see BE-, SLOBBER] * * *
besmear
—besmearer, n. /bi smear"/, v.t. 1. to smear all over; bedaub. 2. to sully; defile; soil: to besmear someone's reputation. [bef. 1050; ME bismeren, OE besmerian. See BE-, ...
besmirch
—besmircher, n. /bi smerrch"/, v.t. 1. to soil; tarnish; discolor. 2. to detract from the honor or luster of: to besmirch someone's good name. [1590-1600; BE- + SMIRCH] Syn. 2. ...
besmircher
See besmirch. * * *
besmirchment
See besmircher. * * *
besom
/bee"zeuhm/, n. 1. a broom, esp. one of brush or twigs. 2. broom (def. 2). [bef. 1000; ME besem, OE bes(e)ma; c. D bezem, G Besen] * * *
besom pocket
an interior pocket with edging or stitching around the opening. * * *
besompocket
besom pocket n. A flapless pocket trimmed with welting or reinforced stitching.   [besom, reinforcement around pocket opening.] * * *
besot
—besottedly, adv. —besottedness, n. —besottingly, adv. /bi sot"/, v.t., besotted, besotting. 1. to intoxicate or stupefy with drink. 2. to make stupid or foolish: a mind ...
besought
/bi sawt"/, v. a pt. and pp. of beseech. * * *
bespake
/bi spayk"/, v. Archaic. pt. of bespeak. * * *
bespangle
/bi spang"geuhl/, v.t., bespangled, bespangling. to cover or adorn with or as if with spangles; make sparkle brilliantly: grass bespangled with dewdrops; poetry bespangled with ...
bespatter
/bi spat"euhr/, v.t. 1. to soil by spattering; splash with water, dirt, etc. 2. to slander or libel: a reputation bespattered by malicious gossip. [1635-45; BE- + SPATTER] * * *
bespeak
/bi speek"/, v.t., bespoke or (Archaic) bespake; bespoken or bespoke; bespeaking. 1. to ask for in advance: to bespeak the reader's patience. 2. to reserve beforehand; engage in ...
bespeckle
/bi spek"euhl/, v.t., bespeckled, bespeckling. to speckle. * * *
bespectacled
/bi spek"teuh keuhld/, adj. wearing eyeglasses. [1735-45; BE- + SPECTACLED] * * *
bespoke
/bi spohk"/, v. 1. a pt. and pp. of bespeak. adj. 2. Brit. a. (of clothes) made to individual order; custom-made: a bespoke jacket. b. making or selling such clothes: a bespoke ...
bespoken
/bi spohkeuhn/, v. 1. a pp. of bespeak. adj. 2. bespoke. [1600-10 for def. 2] * * *
bespread
/bi spred"/, v.t., bespread, bespreading. to spread over (a surface); cover (usually fol. by with): a table bespread with fine linens. [1350-1400; ME bespreden. See BE-, ...
besprent
/bi sprent"/, adj. Archaic. besprinkled; bestrewn. [1325-75; ME bespre(y)nt, ptp. of besprengen, OE besprengan, equiv. to be- BE- + sprengan to sprinkle, akin to SPRING] * * *
besprinkle
/bi spring"keuhl/, v.t., besprinkled, besprinkling. to sprinkle (something) all over, as with water or a powder. [1400-50; late ME; see BE-, SPRINKLE] * * *
Bess
/bes/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
bess beetle
▪ insect also called  Bess-bug, Betsy Bug, or Horned Passalus Beetle,   any of approximately 500 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) mostly found in the tropics, ...
Bessa Luís, Maria Agustina
▪ Portuguese writer born Oct. 15, 1922, Vila Meã, Port.       novelist and short-story writer whose fiction diverged from the predominantly neorealistic regionalism of ...
Bessarabia
—Bessarabian, adj., n. /bes'euh ray"bee euh/, n. a region in Moldavia (Moldova), on the W shore of the Black Sea: formerly in Rumania. * * * Region, eastern Europe. It is ...
Bessarabian
See Bessarabia. * * *
Bessarion
▪ Byzantine theologian also called  John Bessarion,   baptismal name  John,  or  Basil,  Latin  Johannes,  or  Basilius  born Jan. 2, 1403, Trebizond, Trebizond ...
Bessel
/bes"euhl/, n. Friedrich Wilhelm /free"drik wil"helm/; Ger. /frddee"drddikh vil"helm/, 1784-1846, German astronomer. * * *
Bessel function
Math. one of several transcendental functions, usually represented as power series, that are solutions to a group of related differential equations. [1870-75; named after F. W. ...
Bessel method
a method of ascertaining position by the use of a map showing prominent features of the terrain and enabling one to sight through them to obtain a fix. [1935-40; named after F. ...
Bessel, Friedrich Wilhelm
born July 22, 1784, Minden, Brandenburg died March 17, 1846, Königsberg, Prussia German astronomer. He was the first to measure (by means of parallax) the distance to a star ...
Bessel,Friedrich Wilhelm
Bes·sel (bĕsʹəl), Friedrich Wilhelm. 1784-1846. Prussian astronomer who recalculated the orbit of Halley's comet (1804), verified by parallax the distance from Earth to the ...
Bessemer
/bes"euh meuhr/, n. 1. Sir Henry, 1813-98, English engineer: inventor of the Bessemer process. 2. a city in central Alabama. 31,729. * * * (as used in expressions) basic ...
Bessemer converter
the refractory-lined metal container in which steel is produced by the Bessemer process. [1925-30] * * *
Bessemer process
Metall. a process of producing steel, in which impurities are removed by forcing a blast of air through molten iron. [1855-60; after H. BESSEMER] * * * Technique for converting ...
Bessemer steel
steel made by the Bessemer process. [1870-75] * * *
Bessemer, Sir Henry
born Jan. 19, 1813, Charlton, Hertfordshire, Eng. died March 15, 1898, London British inventor and engineer. Son of a metallurgist, he set up his own casting business at 17. At ...
Bessemer,Sir Henry
Bessemer, Sir Henry. 1813-1898. British inventor and metallurgist who received more than 100 patents, most notably for the Bessemer process. * * *
Bessemerconverter
Bessemer converter n. A large pear-shaped container in which molten iron is converted to steel by the Bessemer process. * * *
Bessemerprocess
Bessemer process n. A method for making steel by blasting compressed air through molten iron to burn out excess carbon and impurities.   [After Bessemer, Sir Henry.] * * *
Besserungsstück
▪ literature German“improvement play”       a genre of play popular in Vienna in the early 19th century. A form of Volksstück, a play written in local dialect for ...
Bessey, Charles E(dwin)
born May 21, 1845, near Milton, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 25, 1915, Lincoln, Neb. U.S. botanist. He taught at Iowa State Agricultural College (1870–84) before joining the faculty ...
Bessey, Charles E.
▪ American botanist in full  Charles Edwin Bessey   born May 21, 1845, near Milton, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 25, 1915, Lincoln, Neb.  botanist who introduced to the United ...
Bessie
/bes"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. Also, Bessy. * * * (as used in expressions) Head Bessie Bessie Amelia Emery Smith Bessie * * *
Bessie Smith
➡ Smith (III) * * *
Bessières, Jean-Baptiste, duke d'Istrie
▪ French soldier born Aug. 6, 1768, Prayssac, Fr. died May 1, 1813, Rippach, Saxony [Germany]  French soldier and, as one of Napoleon's (Napoleon I) marshals, commander of ...
Bessmertnova, Natalya Igoryevna
▪ 2009       Russian ballerina born July 19, 1941, Moscow, U.S.S.R. died Feb. 19, 2008, Moscow, Russia brought elegance, technical expertise, and a deeply romantic ...
Besson, Jacques
born 1540, Grenoble, France died 1576, Orléans French engineer. His improvements in the lathe were of great importance in the development of the machine-tool industry and of ...
Bessus
▪ Persian satrap died c. 329 BC       Achaemenid satrap (governor) of Bactria and Sogdiana under King Darius III of Persia. In 330, after Alexander the Great had ...
best
/best/, adj., superl. of good with better as compar. 1. of the highest quality, excellence, or standing: the best work; the best students. 2. most advantageous, suitable, or ...
Best
/best/, n. Charles Herbert, 1899-1978, Canadian physiologist, born in the U.S.: one of the discoverers of insulin. * * *
best boy
Motion Picture and Television Slang. the first assistant to the head electrician. * * *
Best Friend of Charleston
▪ locomotive       first steam locomotive built in the United States for regular railway service. A vertical boiler mounted on a four-wheel carriage, the Best Friend was ...
best in show
1. an award to the dog, cat, or other animal judged best of all breeds in a competition. 2. the animal that wins such an award. * * *
best man
the chief attendant of the bridegroom at a wedding. [1775-85] * * *
best of all possible worlds
▪ philosophy       in the philosophy of the 17th- and 18th-century philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm), the present world of monads ...
Best, Charles H(erbert)
born Feb. 27, 1899, West Pembroke, Maine, U.S. died March 31, 1978, Toronto, Ont., Can. U.S.-born Canadian physiologist. He was a professor and administrator at the University ...
Best, Charles H.
▪ American physiologist in full  Charles Herbert Best   born Feb. 27, 1899, West Pembroke, Maine, U.S. died March 31, 1978, Toronto, Ont., Can.  physiologist who, with Sir ...
Best, George
▪ 2006  British association football (soccer) player (b. May 22, 1946, Belfast, N.Ire.—d. Nov. 25, 2005, London, Eng.), electrified English soccer fans with his thrilling ...
Best,Charles Herbert
Best (bĕst), Charles Herbert. 1899-1978. American-born Canadian physiologist noted for his work on the discovery and application of insulin. * * *
best-ball
best-ball [best′bôl′] adj. Golf designating a type of team competition for partners in which the lower score of either partner is recorded as the team score on each hole: ...
best-ball foursome
/best"bawl"/, Golf. a match, scored by holes, between two pairs of players, in which the score of the lower scoring member of each pair is taken as their score for the hole. * * *
best-ball match
Golf. a match, scored by holes, in which one player competing against two or more others must score lower than the lowest scoring opponent to win a hole. [1905-10] * * *
best-case
/best"kays'/, adj. being the best result that could be expected under the circumstances: The best-case scenario shows her winning the nomination easily. Cf. ...
best-efforts selling
/best"ef"euhrts/ a method of underwriting a security whereby a syndicate takes a new issue without any guarantees of sale to the issuer. * * *
best-seller
      book that, for a time, leads all others of its kind in sales, a designation that serves as an index of popular literary taste and judgment. Bookman, an American ...
best-selling
See bestsellerdom. * * *
bestboy
best boy n. The chief assistant to the gaffer on a movie or television set. * * *
bestead
bestead1 /bi sted"/, v.t., besteaded, besteaded or bestead, besteading. to help; assist; serve; avail. [1575-85; BE- + STEAD] bestead2 /bi sted"/, adj. Archaic. placed or ...
Bester, Alfred
▪ American author born Dec. 18, 1913, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 20?, 1987, Doylestown, Pa.       innovative American writer of science fiction whose output, though ...
bestial
—bestially, adv. /bes"cheuhl, bees"-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or having the form of a beast: the belief that a person could assume bestial form after death; the bestial ...
bestiality
/bes'chee al"i tee, bees'-/, n., pl. bestialities. 1. brutish or beastly character or behavior; beastliness. 2. indulgence in beastlike appetites, instincts, impulses, etc. 3. an ...
bestialization
See bestialize. * * *
bestialize
/bes"cheuh luyz', bees"-/, v.t., bestialized, bestializing. to make bestial or beastlike: War bestializes its participants. Also, esp. Brit., bestialise. [1675-85; BESTIAL + ...
bestially
See bestial. * * *
bestiary
—bestiarist /bes"chee euhr ist, -cheuhr-, bees"-/, n. /bes"chee er'ee, bees"-/, n., pl. bestiaries. a collection of moralized fables, esp. as written in the Middle Ages, about ...
bestir
/bi sterr"/, v.t., bestirred, bestirring. to stir up; rouse to action (often used reflexively): She bestirred herself at the first light of morning. [bef. 900; ME bistiren, OE ...
bestman
best man n. The bridegroom's chief attendant at a wedding. * * *
bestow
—bestowal, bestowment, n. /bi stoh"/, v.t. 1. to present as a gift; give; confer (usually fol. by on or upon): The trophy was bestowed upon the winner. 2. to put to some use; ...
bestowable
See bestow. * * *
bestowal
See bestowable. * * *
bestowment
See bestowable. * * *
bestraddle
/bi strad"l/, v.t., bestraddled, bestraddling. to bestride. [1800-10; BE- + STRADDLE] * * *
bestrew
/bi strooh"/, v.t., bestrewed, bestrewed or bestrewn, bestrewing. 1. to strew or cover (a surface). 2. to strew or scatter about. 3. to lie scattered over. [bef. 1000; ME ...
bestride
/bi struyd"/, v.t., bestrode or bestrid, bestridden or bestrid, bestriding. 1. to get or be astride of; have or place the legs on both sides of. 2. to step over or across with ...
bestrow
/bi stroh"/, v.t., bestrowed, bestrown or bestrowed, bestrowing. Archaic. bestrew. * * *
bestseller
—bestsellerdom, n. —best-selling, adj. /best"sel"euhr/, n. 1. a book that is among those having the largest sales during a given period. 2. any product that among those of ...
bestsellerdom
See bestseller. * * *
bestud
/bi stud"/, v.t., bestudded, bestudding. to set with or as if with studs; dot: an evening sky bestudded with stars. [1595-1605; BE- + STUD] * * *
Bestuzhev-Ryumin, Aleksey Petrovich, Count
▪ Russian statesman (Graf) born June 1 [May 22, Old Style], 1693, Moscow, Russia died April 21 [April 10], 1766, Russia       diplomat and statesman who controlled ...
bet
bet1 /bet/, v., bet or betted, betting, n. v.t. 1. to wager with (something or someone). v.i. 2. to make a wager: Do you want to bet? 3. you bet! Informal. of course! surely!: ...
BET
Trademark. Black Entertainment Television (a cable television channel). * * *
Bet Alfa
▪ archaeological site, Israel also spelled  Beit Alpha  or  Beit Alfa        ancient site in northeastern Israel, noted for the remains of a synagogue (founded 6th ...
bet din
▪ Judaism also spelled  beth din (Hebrew: “house of judgment”) , plural  batte din        Jewish tribunal empowered to adjudicate cases involving criminal, ...
Bet Sheʾan
▪ Israel also spelled  Beth-shan , Arabic  Baysān , or  Beisān,         town, northeastern Israel, principal settlement in the low ʿEmeq Bet Sheʾan (ʿemeq, ...
Bet Sheʿarim
▪ Israel       agricultural cooperative settlement (moshav) and archaeological site in northern Israel, near the western end of the Plain of Esdraelon. Ancient Bet ...
bet.
between. * * *
beta
/bay"teuh/ or, esp. Brit., /bee"-/, n. 1. the second letter of the Greek alphabet (B). 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. 3. (cap.) Astron. a star that is usually ...
beta -blocker
in full beta-adrenergic blocking agent Any of a class of synthetic drugs used to treat a wide range of diseases and conditions of the sympathetic nervous system (see autonomic ...
beta blocker
—beta-blocking, adj. Pharm. any of various substances that interfere with the action of the beta receptors: used primarily to reduce the heart rate or force in the prevention, ...
beta brass
an alloy consisting of nearly equal proportions of copper and zinc. [1910-15] * * *
beta carotene
n. Biochem. the most abundant of various isomers of carotene, C40H56, that can be converted by the body to vitamin A. * * *
beta cell.
See B cell (def. 2). [1925-30] * * *
beta coefficient
Stock Exchange. beta (def. 6). * * *
Beta Crucis
a star of the first magnitude in the constellation Southern Cross. [ < NL: Beta of the Cross] * * *
beta decay
Physics. a radioactive process in which a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus of an atom, raising the atomic number of the atom by one if the particle is negatively ...
beta emitter
beta emitter n. a radioactive element, either natural or artificial, which changes into another element by emitting a beta particle * * *
Beta fiber
Beta fiber n. 〚after Beta, a trademark〛 a nonflammable glass fiber made into fabrics, insulation, etc. * * *
beta function
Math. a function of two variables, usually expressed as an improper integral and equal to the quotient of the product of the values of the gamma function at each variable divided ...
Beta Geminorum
Beta Geminorum [jem΄ə nôr′əm] n. Astron. POLLUX * * *
beta globulin
a blood plasma protein that is separable from other globulins by electrophoresis. [1945-50] * * *
beta iron
Metall. an allotrope of iron, stable between 768°C and 910°C, similar to alpha iron but nonmagnetic. [1890-95] * * *
beta line
Stock Exchange. beta (def. 6). * * *
Beta Lyrae
▪ star       eclipsing binary star, the two component stars of which are so close together that they are greatly distorted by their mutual attraction; they exchange ...


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