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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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astride
/euh struyd"/, prep. 1. with a leg on each side of; straddling: She sat astride the horse. 2. on both sides of: Budapest lies astride the river. 3. in a dominant position within: ...
astringe
/euh strinj"/, v.t., astringed, astringing. to compress; bind together; constrict. [1515-25; < L astringere to draw together, equiv. to a- A-5 + stringere to draw; see ...
astringency
See astringent. * * *
astringent
—astringency, n. —astringently, adv. /euh strin"jeuhnt/, adj. 1. Med. contracting; constrictive; styptic. 2. harshly biting; caustic: his astringent criticism. 3. stern or ...
astringently
See astringency. * * *
astringer
/as"trin jeuhr/, n. Falconry. a person who trains and flies short-winged hawks, as the goshawk. Also, austringer, ostringer. [1425-75; late ME ostringer, alter., with intrusive ...
astrionics
/as'tree on"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Rocketry. the science dealing with the application of electronics to astronautics. [ASTR(O)- + -I- + (ELECTR)ONICS] * * *
astro-
a combining form with the meaning "pertaining to stars or celestial bodies, or to activities, as spaceflight, taking place outside the earth's atmosphere," used in the formation ...
astro-inertial guidance
/as"troh i nerr"sheuhl/. See celestial guidance. * * *
astroarchaeology
/as'troh ahr'kee ol"euh jee/, n. archaeoastronomy. Also, astroarcheology. [1970-75; ASTRO- + ARCHAEOLOGY] * * *
astrobiological
See astrobiology. * * *
astrobiologist
See astrobiological. * * *
astrobiology
—astrobiological /as'troh bi'euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. /as'troh buy ol"euh jee/, n. (not in technical use) exobiology. [1950-55; ASTRO- + BIOLOGY] * * * ▪ science also called ...
astrobleme
/as"treuh bleem'/, n. Geol. an erosional scar on the earth's surface, produced by the impact of a cosmic body, as a meteorite or asteroid. Cf. crater (def. 2). [1965-70; < ASTRO- ...
astrochemist
See astrochemistry. * * *
astrochemistry
—astrochemical /as'troh kem"i keuhl/, adj. —astrochemically, adv. /as'troh kem"euh stree/, n. a branch of astronomy and chemistry dealing with the chemical composition and ...
astrocompass
astrocompass [as′trō kum΄pəs, as′trəkum΄pəs] n. an instrument for determining the direction of an aircraft by sighting upon a celestial body * * *
astrocyte
—astrocytic /as'treuh sit"ik/, adj. /as"treuh suyt'/, n. Cell Biol. a star-shaped neuroglial cell of ectodermal origin. [1895-1900; ASTRO- + -CYTE] * * *
astrocytic
See astrocyte. * * *
astrocytoma
as·tro·cy·to·ma (ăs'trō-sī-tōʹmə) n. pl. as·tro·cy·to·mas or as·tro·cy·to·ma·ta (-mə-tə) A malignant tumor of nervous tissue composed of astrocytes. * * *
astrodome
/as"treuh dohm'/, n. a transparent dome on top of the fuselage of an aircraft, through which observations are made for celestial navigation. Also called astro hatch ...
astrodynamic
See astrodynamics. * * *
astrodynamics
/as'troh duy nam"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science dealing with the paths of space vehicles. [1950-55; ASTRO- + DYNAMICS] * * *
astrogate
—astrogation, n. —astrogator, n. /as"treuh gayt'/, v.i., v.t., astrogated, astrogating. to navigate in outer space. [ASTRO- + (NAVI)GATE] * * *
astrogation
See astrogate. * * *
astrogator
See astrogation. * * *
astrogeologic
See astrogeological. * * *
astrogeological
See astrogeology. * * *
astrogeologically
See astrogeological. * * *
astrogeologist
See astrogeological. * * *
astrogeology
—astrogeologic /as'troh jee'euh loj"ik/, adj. /as'troh jee ol"euh jee/, n. the science dealing with the structure and composition of planets and other bodies in the solar ...
astrograph
—astrographic /as'treuh graf"ik/, adj. —astrography /euh strog"reuh fee/, n. /as"treuh graf', -grahf'/, n. a navigational device for projecting altitude curves of the stars ...
astroid
/as"troyd/, n. Geom. a hypocycloid with four cusps. [ASTR(O)- + -OID] * * *
astrol
astrol abbrev. astrology * * *
astrol.
1. astrologer. 2. astrological. 3. astrology. * * *
astrolabe
—astrolabical /as'treuh lab"i keuhl, -lay"bi-/, adj. /as"treuh layb'/, n. an astronomical instrument for taking the altitude of the sun or stars and for the solution of other ...
astrologer
See astrology. * * *
astrologic
See astrologer. * * *
astrological
See astrologer. * * *
astrologically
See astrologer. * * *
astrology
—astrologer, astrologist, n. —astrological /a'streuh loj"i keuhl/, astrologic, astrologous /euh strol"euh geuhs/, adj. —astrologically, adv. /euh strol"euh jee/, n. 1. the ...
astromancy
—astromancer, n. —astromantic, adj. /as"treuh man'see/, n. divination by means of the stars. [1645-55; < ML astromantia < Gk astromanteía. See ASTRO-, -MANCY] * * *
astrometeorology
—astrometeorological /as'troh mee'tee euhr euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —astrometeorologist, n. /as'troh mee'tee euh rol"euh jee/, n. the study of the theoretical effects of ...
astrometric
See astrometry. * * *
astrometric binary
Astron. a binary star that can be recognized as such because of its undulating proper motion. [1975-80] * * *
astrometrical
See astrometric. * * *
astrometry
—astrometric /as'troh me"trik/, astrometrical, adj. /euh strom"i tree/, n. the branch of astronomy that deals with the measurement of the positions and motions of the celestial ...
astron
astron abbrev. 1. astronomer 2. astronomy * * *
astron.
1. astronomer. 2. astronomical. 3. astronomy. * * *
astronaut
/as"treuh nawt', -not'/, n. a person engaged in or trained for spaceflight. [1925-30; ASTRO- + (AERO)NAUT, prob. via F astronaute; see ASTRONAUTICAL] * * * Person trained to ...
astronautic
See astronautics. * * *
astronautical
—astronautically, adv. /as'treuh naw"ti keuhl, -not"i-/, adj. of or pertaining to astronautics or astronauts. Also, astronautic. [astronautic ( < F astronautique, equiv. to ...
astronautical engineering.
—astronautical engineer. See under aerospace engineering. * * *
astronautically
See astronautic. * * *
astronautics
/as'treuh naw"tiks, -not"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science of or technology involved in travel beyond the earth's atmosphere, including interplanetary and interstellar ...
astronavigation
—astronavigator, n. /as'troh nav'i gay"sheuhn/, n. See celestial navigation. [1940-45; ASTRO- + NAVIGATION] * * *
astronavigator
See astronavigation. * * *
astronomer
/euh stron"euh meuhr/, n. an expert in astronomy; a scientific observer of the celestial bodies. [1325-75; ME; see ASTRONOMY, -ER1] * * *
Astronomer Royal
1. the chief astronomer of England, appointed by the British Crown. 2. the chief astronomer of Scotland, director of the Royal Edinburgh Observatory. [1895-1900] * * *
Astronomers Reclassify Pluto as a Dwarf Planet
▪ 2007  “What's in a name? That which we call a rose by any other word would smell as sweet.” These lines, spoken about Romeo by Shakespeare's Juliet, encapsulated the ...
astronomical
—astronomically, adv. /as'treuh nom"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or connected with astronomy. 2. extremely large; exceedingly great; enormous: It takes an astronomical ...
astronomical clock
1. a clock indicating or representing the movements of the sun or planets, the phases of the moon, or the sky visible at a given time, used as a means of establishing time or for ...
astronomical frame of reference
Physics. a frame of reference in which the sun or center of mass of the universe is fixed and which does not rotate with respect to the fixed stars. * * *
astronomical latitude
astronomical latitude n. the angle between the direction of gravity at the observer's position and the plane of the celestial equator * * *
astronomical map
Introduction       any cartographic representation of the stars, galaxies, or surfaces of the planets and the Moon. Modern maps of this kind are based on a coordinate ...
astronomical observatory
      any structure containing telescopes and auxiliary instruments with which to observe celestial objects. Observatories can be classified on the basis of the part of ...
astronomical refraction
Astron. refraction (def. 3). * * *
astronomical telescope
a telescope having an objective with a long focal length and an eyepiece with a short focal length, usually used for observing celestial bodies. Also called Kepler ...
astronomical triangle
the spherical triangle formed by the great circles connecting a celestial object, the zenith, and the celestial pole. [1915-20] * * *
astronomical twilight
either of two periods of partial darkness, after sunset or before sunrise, when the center of the sun is more than 6° but less than 18° below the horizon. * * *
astronomical unit
Astron. a unit of length, equal to the mean distance of the earth from the sun: approximately 93 million miles (150 million km). Abbr.: AU [1900-05] * * * ▪ unit of ...
astronomical unit (AU)
Length of the semimajor axis of Earth's orbit around the Sun, 92,955,808 mi (149,597,870 km), often defined simply as the average distance from Earth to the Sun. Direct ...
astronomical year
year (def. 4b). [1855-60] * * *
astronomicaldistance
astronomical distance n. The distance from one celestial body to another, measured in light-years, parsecs, or astronomical units. * * *
astronomically
See astronomical. * * *
astronomicalunit
astronomical unit n. Abbr. AU A unit of length used in measuring astronomical distances within the solar system equal to the mean distance from Earth to the sun, approximately ...
astronomicalyear
astronomical year n. See solar year. * * *
astronomy
/euh stron"euh mee/, n. the science that deals with the material universe beyond the earth's atmosphere. [1175-1225; ME astronomie ( < AF) < L astronomia < Gk. See ASTRO-, ...
astronomy Table
▪ Table Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 1995 Jan. 4 Perihelion, 147,100,000 km (91,403,900 mi) from the Sun July 4 Aphelion, 152,102,400 km ...
astronomy Table 1
▪ Table Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 1996 Jan. 4 Perihelion, 147,088,000 km (91,396,000 mi) from the Sun July 5 Aphelion, 152,099,000 ...
astrophotographer
See astrophotography. * * *
astrophotographic
See astrophotographer. * * *
astrophotography
—astrophotographer, n. —astrophotographic /as'troh foh'teuh graf"ik/, adj. /as'troh feuh tog"reuh fee/, n. the photography of stars and other celestial objects. [1855-60; ...
astrophotometry
—astrophotometric /as'troh foh'teuh me"trik/, astrophotometrical, adj. —astrophotometrically, adv. /as'troh foh tom"i tree/, n. the measurement of the intensity of light of ...
astrophysical
See astrophysics. * * *
astrophysicist
See astrophysical. * * *
astrophysics
—astrophysical, adj. —astrophysicist /as'troh fiz"euh sist/, n. /as'troh fiz"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of astronomy that deals with the physical properties ...
astrosphere
/as"treuh sfear'/, n. Biol. 1. the central portion of an aster, in which the centrosome lies. 2. the whole aster exclusive of the centrosome. [1895-1900; ASTRO- + SPHERE] * * *
Astroturf
/as"treuh terrf'/, Trademark. a brand of carpetlike covering made of vinyl and nylon to resemble turf, used for athletic fields, patios, etc. * * *
Astroturf{™}
n [U] a make of artificial grass used as a surface on which sports are played: We can play football all year round now they’ve installed an Astroturf pitch. * * *
Astruc of Lunel
orig. Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph born 1250?, Lunel, near Montpellier, France died after 1306 French Jewish scholar. He revered Maimonides but argued that Maimonides' ...
Asturian
/a stoor"ee euhn, a styoor"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Asturias, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Asturias. 3. the dialect of Spanish spoken in ...
Asturias
/a stoor"ee euhs, a styoor"-/; Sp. /ahs tooh"rddyahs/, n. 1. Miguel Ángel /mee gel" ahng"hel/, 1899-1974, Guatemalan novelist, poet, and short-story writer: Nobel prize 1967. 2. ...
Asturias, Miguel Ángel
Asturias, Miguel Ángel. 1899-1974. Guatemalan writer whose El Señor Presidente (1946) is often considered his greatest novel. He won the 1966 Nobel Prize for literature. * * ...
astute
—astutely, adv. —astuteness, n. /euh stooht", euh styooht"/, adj. 1. of keen penetration or discernment; sagacious: an astute analysis. 2. clever; cunning; ingenious; shrewd: ...
astutely
See astute. * * *
astuteness
See astutely. * * *
Astyages
▪ king of Media Akkadian  Ishtumegu  flourished 6th century BC    the last king of the Median empire (reigned 585–550 BC). According to Herodotus, the Achaemenian Cyrus ...
Astyanax
Astyanax [as tī′ə naks΄] n. 〚L < Gr〛 Gr. Myth. the young son of Hector and Andromache: he is killed at Troy by the Greek conquerors * * * As·ty·a·nax ...
astylar
/ay stuy"leuhr/, adj. Archit. without columns. [1835-45; < Gk ástyl(os) without columns (a- A-6 + styl(os) pillar + -os adj. suffix) + -AR1] * * *
ASU
American Students Union. * * *
Asuka period
▪ Japanese history in Japanese  history and art, era from Ad   552 to 645 that began with the introduction of Buddhism from Korea and culminated in the adoption of a ...
Asunción
/ah'soohn syawn", -thyawn"/, n. a city in and the capital of Paraguay, in the S part. 400,000. * * * in full Nuestra Señora de la Asunción City (pop., 2002 prelim.: 513,339), ...
Asunción, La
▪ Venezuela       city, capital of Nueva Esparta estado (state), northeastern Venezuela. It is located on Margarita Island in the Caribbean Sea, 12 mi (19 km) off the ...
asunder
/euh sun"deuhr/, adv., adj. 1. into separate parts; in or into pieces: Lightning split the old oak tree asunder. 2. apart or widely separated: as wide asunder as the polar ...
Asur
/as"euhr, ah"soor/, n. Assur. * * *
Asura
/us"oo reuh/, n. 1. (in Indian mythology) a god or demon. 2. Zoroastrianism. Ahura. [ < Skt: mighty Lord; later (by reanalysis as a- + -sura) taken to mean "demon," as opposed to ...
ASV
ASV abbrev. American Standard Version (of the Bible) * * * ASV abbr. Bible American Standard Version. * * * ➡ American Standard Version. * * *
Asvaghosa
born AD 80?, Ayodhya, India died 150?, Peshawar Indian philosopher and poet considered the father of Sanskrit drama. Born a Brahman, he opposed Buddhism until a debate with a ...
Āśvalāyana
▪ Vedic teacher flourished 400 BC?       author of the Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra, Vedic manual of sacrificial ceremonies composed for the use of the class of ...
asvamedha
Rite of the Vedic religion in ancient India, performed by a king to celebrate his supremacy. A stallion was selected and allowed to roam freely for a year under the protection ...
Aswan
/as"wahn/; Arab. /ahs wahn"/, n. 1. Ancient, Syene. a city in SE Egypt, on the Nile. 246,000. 2. a dam near this city, extending across the Nile. 6400 ft. (1950 m) long. Also, ...
Aswan High Dam
Dam across the Nile River, north of Aswan, Egypt. Built 4 mi (6 km) upstream from the earlier Aswan Dam (1902), it is 364 ft (111 m) high and 12,562 ft (3,830 m) long. ...
aswarm
/euh swawrm"/, adj. filled, as by objects, organisms, etc., esp. in motion; teeming (usually used predicatively): The garden was aswarm with bees; a night sky aswarm with ...
aswell as
as well as conj. And in addition: courageous as well as strong. prep. In addition to: “The rhetoric [of the Justices], as well as the reasoning, is appreciated” (Benno C. ...
aswirl
/euh swerrl"/, adj., adv. moving in a swirling pattern or motion: dancers aswirl to the waltz music. [1875-80; A-1 + SWIRL] * * *
aswoon
/euh swoohn"/, adj., adv. being in a swoon: the duchess aswoon on the couch in despair. [1300-50; ME aswowe(n), aswowne, alter. (with initial vowel taken as A-1) of i swone(n), ...
asyllabic
/ay'si lab"ik/, adj. not syllabic. [1745-55; A-6 + SYLLABIC] * * *
asylum
/euh suy"leuhm/, n. 1. (esp. formerly) an institution for the maintenance and care of the mentally ill, orphans, or other persons requiring specialized assistance. 2. an ...
asymmetric
—asymmetrically, adv. /ay'seuh me"trik, as'euh-/, adj. 1. not identical on both sides of a central line; unsymmetrical; lacking symmetry: Most faces are asymmetric. 2. (of a ...
asymmetric synthesis
Chemical reaction by which unequal amounts of two product isomers are formed. It is normally not possible to synthesize from materials that do not have optical activity (i.e., ...
asymmetrical bars
asymmetrical bars n. a set of parallel bars, having one bar fixed at 230 cm (7 ft, 6 in) and the other at 150 cm (4 ft, 11 in), used by women gymnasts * * *
asymmetrically
See asymmetric. * * *
asymmetry
/ay sim"i tree/, n. the quality or state of being asymmetric. [1645-55; < Gk asymmetría lack of proportion. See A-6, SYMMETRY] * * *
asymptomatic
—asymptomatically, adv. /ay simp'teuh mat"ik, ay'simp-/, adj. showing no evidence of disease. [1930-35; A-6 + SYMPTOMATIC] * * *
asymptomatically
See asymptomatic. * * *
asymptote
/as"im toht'/, n. Math. a straight line approached by a given curve as one of the variables in the equation of the curve approaches infinity. [1650-60; < Gk asýmptotos, equiv. ...
asymptotic
—asymptotically, adv. /as'im tot"ik/, adj. Math. 1. of or pertaining to an asymptote. 2. (of a function) approaching a given value as an expression containing a variable tends ...
asymptotic freedom
Physics. a property of the force between quarks, according to quantum chromodynamics, such that they behave almost like free particles when they are close together within a ...
asymptotical
See asymptotic. * * *
asymptotically
See asymptotic. * * *
asynapsis
/ay'si nap"sis/, n., pl. asynapses /-seez/. Genetics. failure of the pairing of homologous chromosomes during meiosis. [1925-30; A-6 + SYNAPSIS] * * *
asynchronism
/ay sing"kreuh niz'euhm/, n. a lack of synchronism or coincidence in time. Also, asynchrony. [1870-75; A-6 + SYNCHRONISM] * * *
asynchronous
—asynchronously, adv. /ay sing"kreuh neuhs/, adj. 1. not occurring at the same time. 2. (of a computer or other electrical machine) having each operation started only after the ...
asynchronous transfer mode
asynchronous transfer mode n. a set of rules for transferring data, sound, and images in small, fixed groups at very high rates of speed over computer networks * * *
asynchronous transmission
electronic communication between digital devices, as two separate computers that run at different speeds, that requires start and stop bits for each character transmitted. * * *
asynchronously
See asynchronous. * * *
asyndetic
See asyndeton. * * *
asyndetically
See asyndetic. * * *
asyndeton
—asyndetic /as"in det"ik/, adj. —asyndetically, adv. /euh sin"di ton', -teuhn/, n. 1. Rhet. the omission of conjunctions, as in "He has provided the poor with jobs, with ...
asynergy
/ay sin"euhr jee/, n. Med. defective coordination between parts, as muscles or limbs, that normally act in unison. Also, asynergia /ay'si nerr"jeuh, -jee euh/. [1855-60; A-6 + ...
Asynjur
/ah"sin yoor'/, n.pl., sing. Asynja /-yah'/, Asynje /-yay'/. (often l.c.) Scand. Myth. the goddesses of the Aesir, led by Frigg. * * *
asyntactic
/ay'sin tak"tik/, adj. Gram. (of compounds) consisting of morphemes that are combined differently from their mode of combination as separate words in a phrase, as bookstore, ...
Asyut
/ah syooht"/, n. a city in central Egypt, on the Nile. 284,000. Also, Asyût, Assiut. * * * ▪ Egypt also spelled  Asiut, or Assiout,         capital of Asyūṭ ...
at
at1 /at/; unstressed /euht, it/, prep. 1. (used to indicate a point or place occupied in space); in, on, or near: to stand at the door; at the bottom of the barrel. 2. (used to ...
AT
1. achievement test. 2. antitank. * * *
At
ampere-turn. Symbol, Chem. astatine. * * *
at half staff
➡ Stars and Stripes * * *
at home
➡ football – British style * * *
At the weekend
➡ weekends * * *
at vol
at vol abbrev. atomic volume * * *
at wt
at wt abbrev. atomic weight * * *
AT&T Corp.
formerly American Telephone and Telegraph Co. U.S. telecommunications corporation. It was established as a subsidiary of Bell Telephone Co. (founded by Alexander Graham Bell in ...
AT&T Corporation
formerly (1899–1994)  American Telephone and Telegraph Company        American corporation that provides long-distance telephone and other telecommunications services. ...
AT&T{™}
(in full American Telephone and Telegraph) the largest telephone and communications company in the US, providing many international services. It began in 1885 by running a ...
at-
var. of ad- before t: attend. * * *
at-bat
☆ at-bat [at΄bat′ ] n. Baseball 1. an official turn as a batter: a turn as a batter is not recognized as being official if the batter walks, sacrifices, or is hit by a pitch ...
at-home
/at hohm"/, n. 1. Also, at home. a reception of visitors at certain hours at one's home. adj. 2. done or used in the home; intended for one's home: a new line of at-home ...
at-risk
at-risk (ătʹrĭskʹ) adj. Being endangered, as from exposure to disease or from a lack of parental or familial guidance and proper health care: efforts to make the vaccine ...
at.
1. atmosphere. 2. atomic. 3. attorney. * * *
at. m.
See atomic mass. * * *
at. no.
atomic number. * * *
at. vol.
See atomic volume. * * *
at. wt.
See atomic weight. * * *
at.no.
at. no. abbr. atomic number. * * *
at.wt.
at. wt. abbr. atomic weight. * * *
At/m
ampere-turns per meter. * * *
Atabalipa
/ah'tah bah"lee pah'/, n. Atahualpa. * * *
Atabrine
/at"euh brin, -breen'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of quinacrine. * * *
Atacama
▪ people also called  Atacameño, or Cunza,         extinct South American Indian culture of the Andean desert oases of northern Chile and northwestern Argentina. The ...
Atacama Desert
/at"euh kam"euh, at'-, ah"teuh kah"meuh, ah'teuh-/; Sp. /ah'tah kah"mah/ an arid region in N Chile: rich nitrate deposits. ab. 600 mi. (960 km) long; ab. 70,000 sq. mi. (181,300 ...
Atacama Plateau
▪ plateau, South America Spanish  Puna De Atacama,         cold, desolate Andean tableland in northwestern Argentina and adjacent regions of Chile. It is about 200 ...
AtacamaDesert
At·a·ca·ma Desert (ăt'ə-kămʹə, ä'tä-käʹmä) An arid region of northwest Chile. One of the driest areas in the world, it has yielded great nitrate and copper ...
atacamite
/at'euh kam"uyt, euh tak"euh muyt'/, n. a mineral, hydrated chloride of copper, Cu2Cl(OH)3, occurring in a green, granular form: a minor ore of copper. [1830-40; named after ...
atactic
/ay tak"tik/, adj. Chem. (of a polymer) not stereospecific; lacking tacticity. [1955-60; A-6 + -tactic, back formation from TACTICITY] * * *
Atafu
▪ atoll, Tokelau, New Zealand       coral atoll of Tokelau, a territory of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. It comprises 19 islets that rise to 15 feet (5 ...
ataghan
/at"euh gan', -geuhn/, n. yataghan. * * *
Atahuallpa
born с 1502 died Aug. 29, 1533, Cajamarca, Inca empire Last free-reigning emperor of the Incas. He became ruler after defeating his half brother in what may have been the ...
Atahualpa
/ah'tah wahl"pah/, n. c1500-33, last Incan king of Peru (son of Huayna Capac). Also, Atabalipa. * * *
Atakapa
/euh tak"euh peuh, -pah', -paw'/, n., pl. Atakapas, (esp. collectively) Atakapa. 1. a member of an American Indian people living along the coast of Louisiana. 2. the language of ...
Atakpamé
▪ Togo       town, south-central Togo. It lies along the railroad running north from Lomé, the capital, to Blitta. Atakpamé dates from the 19th century and was first ...
Atalanta
/at'l an"teuh/, n. Class Myth. a virgin huntress who promised to marry the man who could win a foot race against her but lost to Hippomenes when she stopped to retrieve three ...
ataman
/at"euh meuhn/, n., pl. atamans. the elected chief of a Cossack village or military force. [1825-35; < Russ atamán, ORuss vatamanu, prob. alter. of a Turkic word with the ...
atamasco lily
/at"euh mas"koh, at'-/ a plant, Zephyranthes atamasco, of the amaryllis family, of the southeastern U.S., bearing a single white lilylike flower sometimes tinged with purple. ...
atamascolily
at·a·mas·co lily (ăt'ə-măsʹkō) n. A bulbous plant (Zephyranthes atamasco) of the southeast United States, having a showy, solitary, white to pinkish flower on a long ...
Atami
▪ Japan  city, Shizuoka ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies on the northeastern coast of the Izu Peninsula, facing Sagami Gulf of the Pacific Ocean. The city occupies ...
Atanasoff, John V(incent)
born Oct. 4, 1903, Hamilton, N.Y., U.S. died June 15, 1995, Frederick, Md. U.S. physicist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin. With Clifford Berry, he ...
Atanasoff, John Vincent
▪ 1996       U.S. physicist (b. Oct. 4, 1903, Hamilton, N.Y.—d. June 15, 1995, Frederick, Md.), was belatedly credited (1973) with developing the first electronic ...
Atanasoff-Berry Computer
 an early digital computer. It was generally believed that the first electronic digital computers were the Colossus, built in England in 1943, and the ENIAC, built in the ...
atap
atap [at′ap΄] n. 〚Malay, roof, thatch〛 1. thatch for native huts in Malaya, made of leaves of the nipa palm 2. NIPA * * *
Atapuerca
▪ anthropological and archaeological site, Spain       site of several limestone caves near Burgos in northern Spain, known for the abundant human (genus Homo) remains ...
atar
/at"euhr, -ahr/, n. attar (def. 1). * * * ▪ Mauritania       town, west-central Mauritania. It is an oasis and a caravan stopping point and lies on a road leading ...
ataractic
ataractic [at΄ərak′sikat΄ə rak′tik] n. 〚< Gr ataraktos, calm, undisturbed < ataraxia: see ATARAXIA〛 a tranquilizing drug adj. of or having to do with tranquilizing ...
Atarax
/at"euh raks'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of hydroxyzine. * * *
ataraxia
—ataractic /at'euh rak"tik/, ataraxic, adj., n. /at'euh rak"see euh/, n. a state of freedom from emotional disturbance and anxiety; tranquillity. Also, ataraxy /at"euh ...
Atargatis
Goddess of northern Syria who was worshiped at Hierapolis, northeast of Aleppo, along with her consort, Hadad. Primarily a goddess of fertility, she was also mistress of the ...
Atari console
▪ video game console       video game console released in 1977 by the North American game manufacturer Atari, Inc. Using a cartridge-based system that allowed users to ...
Atascadero
/euh tas'keuh dair"oh/, n. a town in SW California. 15,930. * * *
Atāsī, Hāshim al-ʿ
▪ president of Syria born 1875, Ḥimṣ, Syria died Dec. 5, 1960, Ḥimṣ       nationalist politician and three-time president of Syria.       An official in ...
Atatürk
/at"euh terrk', ah tah terrk"/, n. See Kemal Atatürk. * * *
Ataturk Dam
▪ dam, Turkey  dam on the Euphrates River in southeastern Turkey, the centrepiece of the Southeastern Anatolia Project. The Ataturk Dam is the largest in a series of 22 dams ...
Atatürk, Kemal
▪ president of Turkey Introduction Turkish“Kemal, Father of Turks”, original name  Mustafa Kemal,  also called  Mustafa Kemal Paṣa  born 1881, Salonika [now ...
Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal
orig. Mustafa Kemal born 1881, Salonika, Greece, Ottoman Empire died Nov. 10, 1938, Istanbul, Tur. Founder of modern Turkey. Dedicated by his father to military service, he ...
Atatürk,Kemal
At·a·türk (ătʹə-tûrk', ä-tä-tûrkʹ), Kemal. See Kemal Atatürk. * * *
Ataulphus
▪ king of Visigoths also spelled  Atawulf, or Ataulf   died 415, Barcelona [Spain]       chieftain of the Visigoths (Visigoth) from 410 to 415 and the successor of ...
atavic
/euh tav"ik/, adj. atavistic. [1865-70; ATAV(ISM) + IC, modeled on F atavique] * * *
atavism
—atavist, n. /at"euh viz'euhm/, n. 1. Biol. a. the reappearance in an individual of characteristics of some remote ancestor that have been absent in intervening generations. b. ...
atavist
See atavism. * * *
atavistic
—atavistically, adv. /at'euh vis"tik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characterized by atavism; reverting to or suggesting the characteristics of a remote ancestor or primitive ...
atavistically
See atavist. * * *
ataxia
—ataxic, adj. /euh tak"see euh/, n. Pathol. loss of coordination of the muscles, esp. of the extremities. Also, ataxy /euh tak"see, a tak"-/. Cf. tabes dorsalis. [1605-15; < NL ...
ataxic
See ataxia. * * *
ataxite
▪ meteorite       any iron meteorite containing less than about 6 percent nickel (nickel-poor ataxites) or more than about 11 percent nickel (nickel-rich ataxites). ...
ATB
all-terrain bike. * * *
Atbara
/aht"beuh reuh, at"-/, n. 1. a river in NE Africa, flowing NW from NW Ethiopia to the Nile in E Sudan. ab. 500 mi. (800 km) long. 2. a city in NE Sudan. 62,407. * * *
Atbara River
River, North Africa. Rising in the Ethiopian highlands, it flows about 500 mi (800 km) northwest through eastern Sudan to join the Nile River at Atbara in The Sudan. It is the ...
Aṭbarahʿ
▪ The Sudan also spelled  Atbara        town, northeastern Sudan (Sudan, The). It lies on the right (east) bank of the Nile River at the mouth of the seasonal Atbara ...
Atbasar
▪ Kazakstan       city, north-central Kazakhstan, on the Zhabay River. Founded as a Cossack settlement in 1846, it became known for its annual fair. Atbasar is now a ...
atbat
at bat or at-bat (ăt-bătʹ) n. Baseball A player's official turn to bat, counted in figuring a batting average unless the catcher interferes or unless the player is hit by the ...
ATC
1. Air Traffic Control. 2. Air Transport Command. * * *
Atchafalaya
A·tchaf·a·lay·a (ə-chăf'ə-līʹə) A river of south-central Louisiana flowing about 362 km (225 mi) into Atchafalaya Bay, an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico. * * *
Atchafalaya Bay
Inlet of the Gulf of Mexico on the Louisiana coast, U.S. Together with Four League Bay, it extends about 21 mi (34 km). The Atchafalaya River links the bay with Morgan City on ...
Atchafalaya River
River, southern Louisiana, U.S. Rising in central Louisiana, it flows south 225 mi (362 km) into Atchafalaya Bay. It is an additional outlet for the Red and Mississippi rivers ...
Atchison
/ach"euh seuhn/, n. a city in NE Kansas, on the Missouri River. 11,407. * * * ▪ Kansas, United States       city, seat (1855) of Atchison county, northeastern Kansas, ...
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Co.
Former railway. Chartered in Kansas in 1860 by Cyrus K. Holliday, the founder of Topeka, as the Atchison and Topeka Railroad Co., it was built along the Santa Fe Trail and ...
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company, The
▪ American railway byname  Santa Fe Railway,        former railway that was one of the largest in the United States. Chartered in Kansas as the Atchison and Topeka ...
ate
/ayt/; Brit. /et/, v. pt. of eat. * * * ▪ Greek mythology       Greek mythological figure who induced rash and ruinous actions by both gods and men. She made Zeus—on ...
Ate
/ay"tee, ah"tee/, n. an ancient Greek goddess personifying the fatal blindness or recklessness that produces crime and the divine punishment that follows it. [ < Gk, special use ...
ATE
equipment that makes a series of tests automatically. [a(utomatic) t(est) e(quipment)] * * * ▪ Greek mythology       Greek mythological figure who induced rash and ...
Atef, Muhammad
▪ 2002 Sobhi Abu Sitta        Egyptian-born Islamist militant (b. 1944?, Egypt—d. Nov. 14/15, 2001, near Kabul, Afg.), was believed to have been a close associate of ...
atef-crown
/ah"tef krown'/, n. a symbolic headdress of certain Egyptian gods, as Osiris, and of Egyptian kings, consisting of a tall conical cap flanked by two plumes and bearing ...
atelectasis
—atelectatic /at'l ek tat"ik/, adj. /at'l ek"teuh sis/, n. Pathol. 1. incomplete expansion of the lungs at birth, as from lack of breathing force. 2. collapse of the lungs, as ...
ateleiosis
/euh tee'lee oh"sis/, n. Pathol. ateliosis. * * *
atelic
atelic [ā tē′lik, ātel′ik] adj. Linguis. IMPERFECTIVE: opposed to TELIC (sense 2) * * *
atelier
/at"l yay', at'l yay"/; Fr. /annteu lyay"/, n., pl. ateliers /at"l yayz', at'l yayz"/; Fr. /annteu lyay"/. a workshop or studio, esp. of an artist, artisan, or ...
ateliosis
—ateliotic /euh tel'ee ot"ik/, adj. /euh tee'lee oh"sis, euh tel'ee-/, n. Pathol. a form of infantilism caused by pituitary malfunction, characterized by a childish face and ...
atemoya
a·te·moy·a (ä'tə-moiʹə, ăt'ə-) n. 1. A conical or heart-shaped green fruit with edible sweet white flesh. 2. The tree producing this fruit, a hybrid between the ...
atempo
a tem·po (ä tĕmʹpō) adv. & adj. Music In the tempo originally designated; resuming the initial tempo of a section or movement after a specified deviation from it. Used ...
atemporal
/ay tem"peuhr euhl, ay tem"preuhl/, adj. free from limitations of time. [1865-70; A-6 + TEMPORAL1] * * *
Aten
/aht"n/, n. Aton. * * *
Aten asteroid
Astron. one of a small group of asteroids whose orbits cross that of the earth and whose semimajor axes are smaller than that of the earth. Cf. Apollo asteroid. * * *
atenolol
/euh ten"euh lawl', -lol'/, n. Pharm. a synthetic beta blocker, C14H22N2O3, used in the management of hypertension, angina pectoris, and cardiac arrhythmias and, topically, in ...
āter-
Fire. 1. Suffixed zero-grade form *ātr-o-. atrabilious, from Latin āter (feminine ātra), black (< “blackened by fire”). 2. Suffixed zero-grade form *ātr-yo-. atrium, from ...
Aterian
/euh tear"ee euhn/, adj. Archaeol. of or indicating a Middle Paleolithic industry of northwestern Africa and the Sahara, characterized by the production of tanged points and ...
Aterian industry
▪ archaeology       stone tool tradition of the Middle and Late Paleolithic, found widespread in the late Pleistocene throughout northern Africa. The Aterian people were ...
Ateste
/euh tes"tee/, n. ancient name of Este. * * * ▪ ancient site, Italy       an ancient town of northern Italy, and the predecessor of the modern-day town of Este. In ...
ATF
ATF abbrev. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms * * * ➡ Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. * * *
Atget, (Jean-) Eugène (-Auguste)
born Feb. 12, 1857, Libourne, near Bordeaux, France died Aug. 4, 1927, Paris French photographer. He began his adult life as an itinerant actor. Around age 30 he settled in ...
Atget, Eugène
▪ French photographer Introduction in full  Jean-Eugène-Auguste Atget  born February 12, 1857, Libourne, near Bordeaux, France died August 4, 1927, ...
Atget, Jean Eugène
At·get (ät-zhāʹ), Jean Eugène. 1856-1927. French photographer noted for his documentary photographs of Paris and its inhabitants. * * *
Athabasca
Athabasca [ath΄ə bas′kə] 〚Cree dial. ahthapaskaaw, name of lake, lit., there are reeds here and there < ahthap-, net(like) + -ask-, vegetation + formative suffixes〛 1. ...
Athabasca River
River, western central Canada. A tributary of the Mackenzie River in Alberta, it rises in the Rocky Mountains in Jasper National Park, and flows northeast and north 765 mi ...
Athabasca, Lake
Lake, western central Canada. It extends 208 mi (335 km), crossing the Alberta-Saskatchewan boundary. On the southwest it receives the Athabasca River, and on the northwest it ...
Athabaska
/ath'euh bas"keuh/, n. 1. Lake, a lake in W Canada, in NW Saskatchewan and NE Alberta. ab. 200 mi. (320 km) long; ab. 3000 sq. mi. (7800 sq. km). 2. a river in W Canada flowing ...
Athabaska, District of
▪ historical region, Canada       part of the original Northwest Territories in Canada. The district was created in 1882 and enlarged by an eastward extension in 1895. ...
Athabaskan
/ath'euh bas"keuhn/, n. 1. a family of languages spoken by American Indians in most of inland northwest Canada and Alaska, in coastal Oregon and California, and in Arizona and ...
Athabaskan language family
Athabaskan also spelled  Athabascan , or (in Canada)  Athapaskan , or  Athapascan        one of the largest North American Indian language (North American Indian ...
Athabaskan languages
or Athapaskan languages Family of North American Indian languages. There are perhaps 200,000 speakers of Athabaskan. Northern Athabaskan includes more than 20 languages ...
Athaliah
/ath'euh luy"euh/, n. a daughter of Ahab and Jezebel and usurper of the throne of Judah, reigned 842-837 B.C. II Kings 11:1-3. Also, Douay Bible, Athalia. * * * ▪ queen of ...
Athamas
▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, king of the prehistoric Minyans in the ancient Boeotian city of Orchomenus. His first wife was Nephele, a cloud goddess. But ...
Athanaric
▪ Visigoth chieftain died Jan. 21, 381       Visigothic chieftain from 364 to 376 who fiercely persecuted the Christians in Dacia (approximately modern Romania). The ...
athanasia
/ath'euh nay"zheuh/, n. deathlessness; immortality. Also, athanasy /euh than"euh see/. [1820-30; < Gk athanasía, equiv. to athánat(os) deathless (a- A-6 + thánatos death) + ...
Athanasian
/ath'euh nay"zheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Athanasius or to the doctrines ascribed to him. n. 2. Theol. a follower of Athanasius or a believer in the Athanasian ...
Athanasian Creed
a creed or formulary of Christian faith, of unknown authorship, formerly ascribed to Athanasius. [1580-90] * * * ▪ Christianity also called  Quicumque Vult (from the opening ...
AthanasianCreed
Athanasian Creed n. A Christian creed of the early fifth century, originally attributed to Athanasius but now considered to be of unknown origin. * * *

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