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Beta Orionis
Beta Orionis [ō rī′ə nis] n. Astron. RIGEL * * *
beta particle
Physics. an electron or positron emitted from an atomic nucleus in a certain type of radioactive decay. [1900-05] * * * ▪ physics       electron (unit negative charge) ...
Beta Pictoris
▪ star  fourth-magnitude star located 60 light-years from Earth in the southern constellation Pictor, notable for an encircling disk of debris that might contain planets. ...
beta ray
Physics. a stream of beta particles. [1900-05] * * *
beta receptor
Biochem., Physiol. a site on a cell, as of the heart, that, upon interaction with epinephrine or norepinephrine, controls heartbeat and heart contractability, vasodilation, ...
beta rhythm
a pattern of high-frequency brain waves (beta waves) observed in normal persons upon sensory stimulation, esp. with light, or when they are engaging in purposeful mental ...
beta test
1. Psychol. a set of mental tests designed to measure the general intelligence of individuals unable to read and write adequately or at all, used by the U.S. Army in World War I. ...
beta wave
beta wave n. any of the electrical waves from the parietal-frontal regions of the brain, having frequencies from 13 to 30 hertz: a sign of mental activity and alertness: also ...
beta waves.
See under beta rhythm. [1930-35] * * *
beta-adrenergic
/bay"teuh ad'reuh nerr"jik/ or, esp. Brit., /bee"-/, adj. of or pertaining to a beta receptor. [1965-70] * * *
beta-adrenergic receptor
Biochem., Physiol. See beta receptor. * * *
beta-adrenergicblocking agent
beta-adrenergic blocking agent n. See beta-blocker. * * *
beta-adrenergicreceptor
beta-adrenergic receptor n. See beta-receptor. * * *
beta-agonist
be·ta-ag·o·nist (bā'tə-ăgʹə-nĭst, bē'-) n. An agent, such as albuterol, that stimulates beta-receptors in the autonomic nervous system. * * *
beta-aminoisobutyric acid excretion
also called  BAIB excretion        a metabolic process under simple genetic control in human beings and the higher primates, the significance of which is not currently ...
beta-blocker
be·ta-block·er (bāʹtə-blŏk'ər, bēʹ-) n. A drug, such as propanolol, that opposes the excitatory effects of norepinephrine released from sympathetic nerve endings at ...
beta-endorphin
/bay'teuh en dawr"fin/ or, esp. Brit., /bee'-/, n. a potent endorphin released by the anterior pituitary gland in response to pain, trauma, exercise, or other forms of ...
beta-indoleacetic acid
/bay"teuh in'dohl euh see"tik, -euh set"ik/ or, esp. Brit., /bee"-/, Biochem. See indoleacetic acid. * * *
beta-interferon
be·ta-in·ter·feron (bā'tə-ĭn'tər-fîrʹŏn', bē'-) n. A family of glycoproteins that are produced by fibroblasts, have antiviral properties, and are used in the ...
beta-lactamase
be·ta-lac·ta·mase (bā'tə-lăkʹtə-mās', -māz', bē'-) n. See penicillinase.   [beta-lactam, cyclic amide occurring in penicillins (beta + lactone + amide) + -ase.] * * *
beta-naphthol
/bay'teuh naf"thawl, -thol, -nap"-/ or, esp. Brit., /bee'-/, n. Chem. naphthol (def. 1). [BETA + NAPHTHOL] * * *
beta-naphthyl group
/bay"teuh naf"thil, -nap"-/ or, esp. Brit., /bee"-/, Chem. See under naphthyl. Also called beta-naphthyl radical. * * *
beta-naphthylamine
/bay"teuh naf"theuh leuh meen', -nap"-/ or, esp. Brit., /bee"-/, n. Chem. a white to reddish, crystalline, water-soluble, extremely toxic solid, C10H9N, used chiefly in the ...
beta-oxidation
/bay"teuh ok'si day"sheuhn/ or, esp. Brit., /bee"-/, n. Biochem. a process by which fatty acids are degraded, involving oxidation of the beta carbons and removal of successive ...
beta-receptor
be·ta-re·cep·tor (bā'tə-rĭ-sĕpʹtər, bē'-) n. A site in the autonomic nervous system in which inhibitory responses occur when adrenergic agents, such as norepinephrine ...
beta-test
/bay"teuh test'/, v.t. Computers. to subject (software or hardware) to a beta test. * * *
betacarotene
be·ta car·o·tene also be·ta-car·o·tene (bā'tə-kărʹə-tēn', bē'-) n. The isomeric form of carotene that is widely distributed in nature and most efficiently converted ...
betacell
beta cell n. 1. Any of the insulin-producing cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. 2. Any of the basophilic chromophil cells located in the anterior lobe of the ...
betadecay
beta decay n. The radioactive decay of an atomic nucleus accompanied by emission of a beta particle. * * *
Betadine
/bay"teuh duyn'/ or, esp. Brit., /bee"-/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand name for povidone-iodine. * * *
betagalactosidase
/bay'teuh geuh lak'teuh suy"days, -dayz/ or, esp. Brit., /bee'-/, n. Biochem. any of a family of enzymes capable of liberating galactose from carbohydrates. [BETA + galactoside a ...
betaglobulin
beta globulin n. A type of globulin in blood plasma that in electrically charged solutions exhibits colloidal mobility between that of the alpha and gamma globulins. * * *
betaine
/bee"teuh een', -in; bi tay"een, -in/, n. Chem., Pharm. a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble, sweet-tasting alkaloid, C5H11NO2, usually obtained from sugar beets or ...
betake
/bi tayk"/, v.t., betook, betaken, betaking. 1. to cause to go (usually used reflexively): She betook herself to town. 2. Archaic. to resort or have recourse to. [1175-1225; ME ...
betamethasone
/bay'teuh meth"euh sohn'/ or, esp. Brit., /bee'-/, n. Pharm. a synthetic analogue of a glucocorticoid, C22H29FO5, used in various forms in the treatment of inflammation, ...
betamethyl acrolein
/bay"teuh meth"euhl, bay'-/ or, esp. Brit., /bee"teuh-, bee'-/ crotonaldehyde. * * *
betanaphthol
betanaphthol [bāt΄ə naf′thôl΄, bāt΄ə nafthōl] n. a colorless, crystalline isomer of naphthol, C10H8O, used as an antiseptic and parasiticide * * *
Betancourt
/bet"n koor', -kawr'/; Sp. /be'tahng kawrddt"/, n. Rómulo /rom"yeuh loh'/; Sp. /rddaw"mooh law'/, 1908-81, Venezuelan journalist and political leader: president of Venezuela ...
Betancourt, Ingrid
▪ 2009 born Dec. 25, 1961, Bogotá, Colom.       More than six years after she was kidnapped by Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrillas, Ingrid ...
Betancourt, Rómulo
born Feb. 22, 1908, Guatiré, Miranda, Venez. died Sept. 28, 1981, New York, N.Y., U.S. President of Venezuela (1945–48, 1959–64). As a youth he was active against the ...
betaparticle
beta particle n. A high-speed electron or positron, especially one emitted in radioactive decay. * * *
betaray
beta ray n. A stream of beta particles, especially of electrons. * * *
betarhythm
beta rhythm n. See beta wave. * * *
betastructure
beta structure n. A type of secondary structure of proteins in which several parallel polypeptide chains are cross-linked by intermolecular hydrogen bonds, resulting in a ...
betatest
beta test n. The final stage in the testing of new software before its commercial release, conducted by testers other than its developers.   beʹta-test' (bāʹtə-tĕst', ...
betatron
/bay"teuh tron'/ or, esp. Brit., /bee"-/, n. Physics. an accelerator in which electrons are accelerated to high energies by an electric field produced by a changing magnetic ...
betaversion
beta version n. The version of a software product used in a beta test. * * *
betawave
beta wave n. The second most common waveform occurring in electroencephalograms of the adult brain, characteristically having a frequency from 13 to 30 cycles per second. It is ...
betazole
/bay"teuh zohl'/, n. Pharm. a substance, C5H9N3, used in medicine to stimulate gastric secretion. [prob. BETA + (PYRA)ZOLE components of the chemical name] * * *
bête noire
/bayt' nwahr"/; Fr. /bet nwannrdd"/, pl. bêtes noires /bayt' nwahrz"/; Fr. /bet nwannrdd"/. a person or thing especially disliked or dreaded; bane; bugbear. [1835-45; < F: lit., ...
betel
/beet"l/, n. an East Indian pepper plant, Piper betle, the leaves of which are chewed with other ingredients. Also, betel pepper. [1545-55; < Pg bétele, bétere < Malayalam ...
betel nut
the astringent kernel of the seed of the betel palm, chewed in many tropical regions in combination with slaked lime and the leaves of the betel plant. Also called areca ...
betel palm
a tropical Asian palm, Areca catechu, cultivated in the Old World tropics for its seeds, the kernels of which are chewed in combination with other ingredients. [1870-75] * * *
betel pepper
betel pepper [bēt′'l] n. 〚Port < Malayalam veṭṭilai〛 a tropical Asiatic climbing plant (Piper betle) of the pepper family * * *
Betelgeuse
/beet"l joohz', bet"l juez'/, n. Astron. a first-magnitude red supergiant in the constellation Orion. Also, Betelgeux. [1790-1800; < F < Ar bit al jauza' shoulder of the giant ...
betelnut
betel nut also be·tel·nut (bētʹl-nŭt') n. The seed of the betel palm, chewed with betel leaves, lime, and flavorings as a mild stimulant. Also called areca nut. * * *
betelpalm
betel palm n. A tropical Asian feather-leaved palm (Areca catechu) cultivated for its seeds. Also called catechu. * * *
bêtenoire
bête noire (bĕt nwärʹ) n. One that is particularly disliked or that is to be avoided: “Tax shelters had long been the bête noire of reformers” (Irwin Ross).   [French ...
beth
/bays, bayt/; Seph. Heb. /bet/, n. 1. the second letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 2. either of the consonant sounds represented by this letter. Also, bet, bes. [1905-10; < Heb beth ...
Beth
/beth/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
Beth Din
Seph. Heb. /bet" deen"/ a Jewish court of law. [ < Heb beth din, lit., house of law] * * *
Beth Hillel
Seph. /bet" hee lel"/, Hebrew. the school of Jewish legal thought and hermeneutics founded in Jerusalem in the 1st century B.C. by the Jewish spiritual leader Hillel and ...
Beth Midrash
Seph. /bet" mee drddahsh"/, Hebrew. a place where Jews gather to study the Talmud and other religious writings; a small synagogue. [beth midhrash lit., house of study] * * *
Beth Shammai
Seph. /bet" shah muy"/, Hebrew. the school of Jewish legal thought and hermeneutics founded in Jerusalem in the 1st century B.C. by the Jewish teacher Shammai and characterized ...
Beth Yerah
▪ ancient site, Palestine also spelled  Bet Yeraḥ , Arabic  Khirbet Kerak        ancient fortified settlement located at the southern tip of the Sea of Galilee. ...
bethanechol
/be than"i kawl', -kol'/, n. Pharm. a substance, C7H17ClN2O2, used to treat urinary retention, esp. postoperatively. [perh. beth- (b. BETA and METHYL) + -ANE + CHOL(INE); the ...
Bethanie
▪ Namibia also spelled  Bethanien         village, southern Namibia. Bethanie is situated at the site of a spring in an arid region; the region edges into the ...
Bethany
/beth"euh nee/, n. 1. a village in W Jordan, near Jerusalem, at the foot of the Mount of Olives; occupied by Israel since 1967: home of Lazarus and his sisters, Martha and Mary. ...
Bethe
/bay"teuh/, n. Hans Albrecht /hanz awl"brekt, hahns/; Ger. /hahns ahl"brddekht/, born 1906, U.S. physicist, born in Alsace: Nobel prize 1967. * * *
Bethe, Hans
▪ American physicist Introduction in full  Hans Albrecht Bethe  born July 2, 1906, Strassburg, Ger. [now Strasbourg, France] died March 6, 2005, Ithaca, N.Y., ...
Bethe, Hans (Albrecht)
born July 2, 1906, Strassburg, Ger. German-born U.S. theoretical physicist. He fled Germany in 1933 and taught at Cornell University (1937–75). He showed how the electric ...
Bethe, Hans Albrecht
▪ 2006       German American theoretical physicist (b. July 2, 1906, Strassburg, Ger. [now Strasbourg, France]—d. March 6, 2005, Ithaca, N.Y.), was the head of the ...
Bethe,Hans Albrecht
Be·the (bāʹtə), Hans Albrecht. Born 1906. German-born American physicist. He won a 1967 Nobel Prize for research on the energy production of stars. * * *
bethel
/beth"euhl/, n. 1. a sacred area or sanctuary. Gen. 28:19. 2. a church or hostel for sailors. [1610-20; < Heb beth 'el house of God] * * * City, ancient Palestine. It is ...
Bethel
/beth"euhl/; for 1 also /beth"el, beth'el"/, n. 1. a village in W Jordan, near Jerusalem; occupied by Israel since 1967: dream of Jacob. Gen. 28:19. 2. a town in SW Connecticut. ...
Bethel Park
a city in SW Pennsylvania. 34,755. * * *
BethelPark
Bethel Park A borough of southwest Pennsylvania, an industrial suburb of Pittsburgh. Population: 33,823. * * *
Béthencourt, Jean de
▪ French explorer born c. 1360 died 1422, Grainville, Fr.       Norman-French explorer, known as the conqueror of the Canary Islands.       Béthencourt set out ...
Bethesda
/beuh thez"deuh/, n. 1. a pool in Biblical Jerusalem, believed to have healing powers. John 5:2-4. 2. a city in central Maryland; residential suburb of Washington, D.C. ...
Bethesda–Chevy Chase
▪ district, Maryland, United States       northwestern suburban area of Washington, D.C. (Washington), in Montgomery county, Maryland, U.S. It is not an incorporated ...
bethink
/bi thingk"/, v., bethought, bethinking. v.t. 1. to think; consider (used reflexively): He bethought himself a moment. 2. to remind (oneself): to bethink oneself of family ...
Bethlehem
/beth"li hem', -lee euhm/, n. 1. a town in NW Jordan, near Jerusalem; occupied by Israel since 1967: birthplace of Jesus and David. 15,000. 2. a city in E Pennsylvania. 70,419. * ...
Bethlehem sage
a plant, Pulmonaria saccharata, of the borage family, native to Europe, having mottled, white leaves and white or reddish-purple flowers in clusters. * * *
Bethlehem Steel Corp.
U.S. corporation created in 1904 to consolidate Bethlehem Steel Co., the Union Iron Works, and a few smaller companies. Its principal founder was Charles M. Schwab. In its early ...
Bethlehem Steel Corporation
▪ American company       American corporation first incorporated on Dec. 10, 1904, for the purpose of consolidating Bethlehem Steel Company (of Pennsylvania), the Union ...
Bethlehem, Star of
▪ celestial phenomenon       celestial phenomenon mentioned in the Gospel According to Matthew as leading “wise men from the East” to the birthplace of Jesus ...
Bethlen, Gábor
▪ king of Hungary in full Gábor Iktári Bethlen, German Gabriel Bethlen Von Iktár born 1580 died Nov. 15, 1629, Gyulafehérvár, Transylvania [now Alba Iulia, ...
Bethlen, István, Count
▪ prime minister of Hungary (Gróf) born Oct. 8, 1874, Gernyeszeg, Transylvania, Austria-Hungary [now Gornești, Rom.] died Oct. 5, 1946, Moscow?       statesman and ...
Bethmann Hollweg, Theobald von
born Nov. 29, 1856, Hohenfinow, Prussia died Jan. 1, 1921, Hohenfinow, Germany German politician and chancellor (1909–17). A member of the civil service, he was appointed ...
Bethmann-Hollweg
/bayt"mahn hawl"vayk/, n. Theobald von /tay"oh bahlt' feuhn/, 1856-1921, German statesman: chancellor 1909-17. * * *
Bethnal Green
/beth"nl/ a former borough of London, England, N of the Thames. * * *
bethought
/bi thawt"/, v. pt. and pp. of bethink. * * *
Bethpage
/beth payj"/, n. a city on S Long Island, in SE New York. 16,840. * * *
Bethsabee
/beth say"bee ee'/, n. Douay Bible. Bathsheba. * * *
Bethsaida
/beth say"i deuh/, n. an ancient town in N Israel, near the N shore of the Sea of Galilee. * * *
Bethune
/beuh thyoohn", -thoohn"/, n. Mary McLeod /meuh klowd"/, 1875-1955, U.S. educator and civil-rights leader. * * * (as used in expressions) Bethune Louise Blanchard Bethune Mary ...
Bethune, (Henry) Norman
born March 3, 1890, Gravenhurst, Ont., Can. died Nov. 12, 1939, Huang Shikou, Hebei, China Canadian surgeon and political activist. He began his medical career in 1917, serving ...
Bethune, Louise Blanchard
orig. Jennie Louise Blanchard born July 21, 1856, Waterloo, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 18, 1913, Buffalo, N.Y. First professional woman architect in the U.S. She opened an ...
Bethune, Mary (Jane) McLeod
orig. Mary Jane McLeod born July 10, 1875, Mayesville, S.C., U.S. died May 18, 1955, Daytona Beach, Fla. U.S. educator. Born to former slaves, she made her way through college ...
Bethune, Mary McLeod
▪ American educator born July 10, 1875, Mayesville, S.C., U.S. died May 18, 1955, Daytona Beach, Fla.   American educator who was active nationally in African American ...
Bethune,Mary McLeod
Be·thune (bə-tho͞onʹ, -thyo͞onʹ), Mary McLeod. 1875-1955. American educator who sought improved racial relations and educational opportunities for Black Americans. She was ...
Beti, Mongo
▪ 2002 Alexandre Biyidi        Cameroonian novelist and political writer (b. June 30, 1932, Mbalmayo, Cameroon—d. Oct. 8, 2001, Douala, Cameroon), was a critic of ...
betide
/bi tuyd"/, v., betided, betiding. v.t. 1. to happen to; come to; befall: Woe betide the villain! v.i. 2. to happen; come to pass: Whatever betides, maintain your ...
betimes
/bi tuymz"/, adv. 1. early; in good time: He was up betimes doing his lessons. 2. occasionally; at times. 3. Archaic. within a short time; soon. [1275-1325; ME bitimes, equiv. to ...
bêtise
/be teez"/, n. 1. lack of understanding, perception, or the like; stupidity. 2. a stupid or foolish act or remark. 3. something inconsequential or without merit; absurdity; ...
Betjeman
/bech"euh meuhn/, n. Sir John, 1906-84, English poet: poet laureate 1972-84. * * *
Betjeman, Sir John
born Aug. 28, 1906, London, Eng. died May 19, 1984, Trebetherick, Cornwall English poet. His poetry volumes include Mount Zion (1933), High and Low (1966), and A Nip in the Air ...
Betjeman,Sir John
Bet·je·man (bĕchʹə-mən), Sir John. 1906-1984. British poet and poet laureate (1972-1984) whose often nostalgic works, in collections such as A Few Late Chrysanthemums ...
betoken
/bi toh"keuhn/, v.t. 1. to give evidence of; indicate: to betoken one's fidelity with a vow; a kiss that betokens one's affection. 2. to be or give a token or sign of; portend: a ...
betony
/bet"n ee/, n., pl. betonies. 1. a plant, Stachys (formerly Betonica) officinalis, of the mint family, having hairy leaves and dense spikes of purple flowers, formerly used in ...
betook
/bi took"/, v. pt. of betake. * * *
Betpaqdala
▪ desert, Kazakstan also spelled  Betpak-dala,  also called  Severnaya Golodnaya Steppe,         desert in eastern Kazakhstan, situated west of Lake Balqash. It has ...
betray
—betrayal, n. —betrayer, n. /bi tray"/, v.t. 1. to deliver or expose to an enemy by treachery or disloyalty: Benedict Arnold betrayed his country. 2. to be unfaithful in ...
betrayal
See betray. * * *
betrayer
See betrayal. * * *
betroth
/bi trohdh", -trawth"/, v.t. 1. to arrange for the marriage of; affiance (usually used in passive constructions): The couple was betrothed with the approval of both families. 2. ...
betrothal
/bi troh"dheuhl, -traw"theuhl/, n. the act or state of being betrothed; engagement. Also, betrothment. [1835-45; BETROTH + -AL2] * * * ▪ marriage custom       promise ...
betrothed
/bi trohdhd", -trawtht"/, adj. 1. engaged to be married: She is betrothed to that young lieutenant. n. 2. the person to whom one is engaged: He introduced us to his ...
Betsiamites
Bet·si·a·mi·tes (bĕt'sē-ə-mēʹtēz) A river rising in the highlands of eastern Quebec, Canada, and flowing about 386 km (240 mi) generally southeast to the St. Lawrence ...
Betsiboka
/bet'see boh"keuh, -booh"-/, n. a river in central Madagascar, flowing NW to the Mozambique Channel. ab. 200 mi. (320 km) long. * * *
Betsileo
▪ people       a Malagasy people living in the central highlands of south-central Madagascar. They speak a dialect of Malagasy, the West Austronesian language that is ...
Betsimisaraka
▪ people       a Malagasy people living along the east-central and northeastern coast of Madagascar. The Betsimisaraka speak a dialect of Malagasy, the West Austronesian ...
Betsy
/bet"see/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. Also, Betsey, Betsi. * * *
Betsy Ross
➡ Ross (I) * * *
betta
/bet"euh/, n. See fighting fish. [1925-30; < NL < ?] * * *
Bette
/bet"ee, bet/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
Bette Davis
➡ Davis (I) * * *
Bette Midler
➡ Midler * * *
betted
/bet"id/, v. a pt. and pp. of bet. * * *
Bettelheim
/bet"l huym'/, n. Bruno, 1903-90, U.S. psychologist, educator, and writer, born in Austria. * * *
Bettelheim, Bruno
born Aug. 28, 1903, Vienna, Austria died March 13, 1990, Silver Spring, Md., U.S. Austrian-U.S. psychologist. Trained in Vienna, he was arrested by the Nazis and interned in ...
Bettelheim,Bruno
Bet·tel·heim (bĕtʹl-hīm'), Bruno. 1903-1990. Austrian-born American psychologist noted for his studies of children and education. His works include Love Is Not Enough ...
Bettendorf
/bet"n dawrf'/, n. a city in E Iowa. 27,381. * * *
better
better1 /bet"euhr/, adj., compar. of good with best as superl. 1. of superior quality or excellence: a better coat; a better speech. 2. morally superior; more virtuous: They are ...
Better Business Bureau
any of a nationwide system of local organizations, supported by business, whose function is to receive and investigate customer complaints of dishonest business practices. Abbr.: ...
better half
1. a person's wife. 2. a person's husband. [1830-40] * * *
Better Homes and Gardens
a US magazine that gives advice on how to decorate homes and create beautiful gardens. It also includes articles about food, health and other information for families. * * *
better-off
/bet"euhr awf", -of"/, adj. being in better circumstances, esp. economically: Only the better-off nations can afford to send probes into space. [1860-65] * * *
betterhalf
better half n. Informal One's spouse.   [From my better half, the larger part of me, that is, a close friend.] * * *
betterment
/bet"euhr meuhnt/, n. 1. the act or process of bettering; improvement. 2. an improvement of property other than by mere repairs. [1590-1600; BETTER1 + -MENT] * * *
betterment tax
a tax on real property, for use by a government for the improvement of public property. [1885-90] * * *
Betterton
/bet"euhr teuhn/, n. Thomas, 1635?-1710, English actor and dramatist. * * *
Betterton, Thomas
▪ English actor and author born c. 1635, London, Eng. died April 28, 1710, London       leading English actor of the Restoration period and author of several popular ...
Betterton-Kroll process
▪ metallurgy       method widely used for removing bismuth from lead by adding calcium and magnesium to a molten lead-bismuth bath. Compounds are formed with bismuth ...
Betti
/bet"tee/, n. Ugo /ooh"gaw/, 1892-1953, Italian poet and dramatist. * * *
Betti, Enrico
▪ Italian mathematician born October 21, 1823, Pistoia, Tuscany [Italy] died August 11, 1892, Pisa, Kingdom of Italy       mathematician who wrote a pioneering memoir ...
Betti, Ugo
born Feb. 4, 1892, Camerino, Italy died June 9, 1953, Rome Italian playwright. He pursued a legal career, serving as a judge and as librarian of the Ministry of Justice in ...
Bettiah
▪ India       city, northwestern Bihar state, northeastern India. An agricultural trade centre, it also manufactures brass, metalware, and leather goods. The ...
Betting
➡ racing * * *
betting shop
Brit. a licensed bookmaking establishment that takes off-track bets on horse races. [1850-55] * * *
Bettinus
/bet"n euhs/, n. a crater in the third quadrant of the face of the moon: about 60 miles (96 km) in diameter. * * *
Bettmann, Otto L.
▪ 1999       German-born American photograph archivist who fled from Germany in the 1930s with two trunks full of photographs and went on to found the Bettmann Archive ...
bettong
/beuh tawng", -tong"/, n. any of several marsupials of the genus Bettongia, of Australia and nearby regions, comprising the short-nosed rat-kangaroos, characterized by short, ...
bettor
/bet"euhr/, n. a person who bets. Also, better. [1600-10; BET + -OR2] * * *
betty
/bet"ee/, n., pl. betties. See brown betty. [1915-20, Amer.; by shortening] * * * (as used in expressions) Betty Joan Perske Comden Betty Friedan Betty Betty Naomi ...
Betty
/bet"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * * (as used in expressions) Betty Joan Perske Comden Betty Friedan Betty Betty Naomi Goldstein Grable Betty * * *
Betty Boop
▪ cartoon character       flirtatious, seductive cartoon character of 1930s animated short films produced by Max Fleischer and directed by his brother Dave. Modeled on ...
Betty Boop{™}
a popular US cartoon character created by Max Fleischer. She was often shown wearing a very short skirt. The cartoon began in 1915 and was based on Helen Kane, who was called the ...
Betty Boothroyd
➡ Boothroyd * * *
Betty Crocker{™}
the name of an imaginary woman used since 1922 for popular US books on cooking. Betty Crocker’s Cookie Book was published in 2003. Several Betty Crocker food products are also ...
Betty Friedan
➡ Friedan * * *
Betty lamp
an Early American lamp, consisting of a shallow, covered basin filled with oil, tallow, etc., providing fuel for a wick housed in a teapotlike spout, and often hung by a hook or ...
Betty, William Henry West
▪ British actor byname  The Young Roscius,  also called  Master Betty  born Sept. 13, 1791, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng. died Aug. 24, 1874, London  English actor who won ...
Betul
▪ India       town, south-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It is a major road and agricultural trade centre; sawmilling, oilseed milling, essential-oil ...
betula oil
/bech"euh leuh/, Chem. See methyl salicylate. * * *
Betulaceae
▪ plant family       birch family of flowering plants, usually placed in the order Fagales; some authorities, however, have placed the family in the order Betulales. The ...
betulaceous
/bech'oo lay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Betulaceae, the birch family of plants. Cf. birch family. [ < L betul(a) birch + -ACEOUS] * * *
Betwa River
River, northern India. Rising in western Madhya Pradesh, it flows northeast 360 mi (579 km) through Uttar Pradesh into the Yamuna River near Hamirpur. Nearly half its course is ...
between
—betweenness, n. /bi tween"/, prep. 1. in the space separating (two points, objects, etc.): between New York and Chicago. 2. intermediate to, in time, quantity, or degree: ...
between-deck
/bi tween"dek'/, n. Naut. See 'tween deck. [1715-25] * * *
between-the-lens shutter
/bi tween"dheuh lenz"/, Photog. See iris shutter. [1905-10] * * *
betweenbrain
/bi tween"brayn'/, n. the diencephalon. [1930-35; BETWEEN + BRAIN] * * *
betweenness
See between. * * *
betweentimes
/bi tween"tuymz'/, adv. between periods of work, activity, etc.: a part-time teacher who studied law betweentimes. [1905-10; BETWEEN + TIME + -S1] * * *
betweenwhiles
/bi tween"hwuylz', -wuylz'/, adv. betweentimes. [1760-70; BETWEEN + WHILES] * * *
betwixt
/bi twikst"/, prep., adv. 1. Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. between. 2. betwixt and between, neither the one nor the other; in a middle or unresolved position: Not ...
betyár
▪ Hungarian highwayman plural  betyárok        a highwayman in 19th-century Hungary. The word is Iranian in origin and entered the Hungarian language via Turkish and ...
Betz
/bets/, n. Pauline (Pauline Betz Addie), born 1919, U.S. tennis player. * * *
Beulah
/byooh"leuh/, n. 1. a name applied to the land of Israel or Jerusalem, possibly as denoting their future prosperity. Isa. 62:4. Cf. Hephzibah (def. 2). 2. See Land of Beulah. 3. ...
beurre blanc
/berr" blahngk"/; Fr. /buerdd blahonn"/, French Cookery. a reduction sauce of wine vinegar and shallots, cooked with butter and beaten until thick and foamy. [1930-35; < F: lit., ...
beurre fondu
/berr" fon dooh"/; Fr. /buerdd fawonn dyuu"/, French Cookery. melted butter. [ < F] * * *
beurre manié
/berr" mahn yay"/; Fr. /buerdd mann nyay"/, French Cookery. butterpaste. [1935-40; < F: lit., kneaded butter] * * *
beurre noir
/berr" nwahr"/; Fr. /buerdd nwannrdd"/, French Cookery. a sauce of darkly browned butter, sometimes flavored with herbs, vinegar, etc. [1855-60; < F: lit., black butter] * * *
beurre noisette
/berr" nwah zet"/; Fr. /buerdd nwann zet"/, French Cookery. a sauce of butter cooked until golden or nut brown, sometimes flavored with capers, vinegar, herbs, etc. [ < F: lit., ...
beurreblanc
beurre blanc (bûrʹ blängkʹ, bœr bläɴʹ) n. A sauce made with butter, shallots, and vinegar, white wine, or lemon juice.   [French : beurre, butter + blanc, white, not ...
beurrenoir
beurre noir n. Butter cooked over low heat until it has turned dark brown.   [French : beurre, butter + noir, black.] * * *
Beust, Friedrich Ferdinand, count von
born Jan. 13, 1809, Dresden, Saxony died Oct. 24, 1886, Schloss Altenberg, near Vienna, Austria-Hungary German statesman. A career diplomat in Saxony from 1830, he served as ...
Beust, Friedrich Ferdinand, Graf (count) von
▪ prime minister of Austria also called (until 1868)  Freiherr (baron) von Beust  born Jan. 13, 1809, Dresden, Saxony [Germany] died Oct. 24, 1886, Schloss Altenberg, near ...
Beuthen
/boyt"n/, n. German name of Bytom. * * *
Beuve-Méry, Hubert
▪ French publisher and editor born Jan. 5, 1902, Paris died Aug. 6, 1989, Fontainebleau, near Paris       French publisher and editor who directed Le Monde (Monde, Le) ...
Beuys, Joseph
born May 12, 1921, Krefeld, Ger. died Jan. 23, 1986, Düsseldorf, W.Ger. German avant-garde sculptor and performance artist. He served in the German air force in World War II ...
Beuys,Joseph
Beuys (boiz, bois), Joseph. 1921-1986. German artist who attempted to convey his highly politicized views through sculpture, drawings, and performance art. * * *
BeV
/bev/, Physics. billion electron-volts. Also, Bev, bev. * * *
Bevan
/bev"euhn/, n. 1. Aneurin /euh nuy"reuhn/, 1897-1960, British political leader: minister of health 1945-50. 2. a male given name. * * *
Bevan, Aneurin
born Nov. 15, 1897, Tredegar, Monmouthshire, Eng. died July 6, 1960, Chesham, Buckinghamshire British politician. As a young man, he entered Labour Party politics and was ...
Bevan,Aneurin
Bev·an (bĕvʹən), Aneurin. 1897-1960. Welsh-born British politician who as minister of health (1945-1951) was the chief architect of the National Health Service. * * *
bevatron
/bev"euh tron'/, n. Physics. an accelerator in which protons are raised to energies of several billion electron-volts by modulating the frequency of the accelerating ...
bevel
—beveler; esp. Brit., beveller, n. /bev"euhl/, n., v., beveled, beveling or (esp. Brit.) bevelled, bevelling, adj. n. 1. the inclination that one line or surface makes with ...
bevel gear
Mach. a gear having teeth cut into a conical surface, usually meshing with a similar gear set at right angles. Cf. hypoid gear. [1825-35] * * *
bevel joint
Carpentry. a miter joint, esp. one in which two pieces meet at other than a right angle. [1815-25] * * *
bevel siding
Carpentry. siding composed of tapered pieces, as clapboards, laid with the thicker lower edge of any piece overlapping the thinner upper edge of the piece below it. * * *
bevel square
an adjustable tool used by woodworkers for laying out angles and for testing the accuracy of surfaces worked to a slope. [1605-15] * * *
Bevel, the Rev. James Luther
▪ 2009       American civil rights leader born Oct. 19, 1936, Itta Bena, Miss. died Dec. 19, 2008, Springfield, Va. was a pivotal and passionate figure during the ...
bevel-faced hammer
/bev"euhl fayst'/ a riveting hammer having an oblique face. * * *
bevelgear
bevel gear Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. Either of a pair of gears with teeth surfaces cut so that they can connect unparallel gear shafts. * * *
bevelsquare
bevel square n. See bevel. * * *
beverage
/bev"euhr ij, bev"rij/, n. any potable liquid, esp. one other than water, as tea, coffee, beer, or milk: The price of the meal includes a beverage. [1250-1300; ME < AF beverage, ...
beverage room
Canadian. a tavern or bar selling only malt liquors. [1935-40] * * *
Beveridge
/bev"euhr ij, bev"rij/, n. 1. Albert Jeremiah, 1862-1927, U.S. senator and historian. 2. Sir William Henry, 1879-1963, English economist. * * *
Beveridge (of Tuggal), William Henry, 1st Baron
born March 5, 1879, Rangpur, India died March 16, 1963, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. British economist. He took a lifelong interest in the problem of unemployment and served as ...
Beveridge plan
the plan for comprehensive social insurance, proposed by Sir William Beveridge in Great Britain in 1941. * * *
Beveridge Report
a report about social conditions in Britain produced in 1942 by a committee led by the economist William Beveridge (1879–1963). It led to the post-war development of the ...
Beveridge, Albert J(eremiah)
born Oct. 6, 1862, Highland county, Ohio, U.S. died April 27, 1927, Indianapolis, Ind. U.S. senator and historian. He was admitted to the Indiana bar in 1887 and began the ...
Beveridge, Albert J.
▪ United States senator and historian in full  Albert Jeremiah Beveridge   born Oct. 6, 1862, Highland County, Ohio, U.S. died April 27, 1927, Indianapolis, Ind.  orator, ...
Beveridge, William Henry Beveridge, 1st Baron
▪ British economist born March 5, 1879, Rangpur, India died March 16, 1963, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England  economist who helped shape Britain's post-World War II welfare state ...
Beverley
▪ England, United Kingdom       town, unitary authority of East Riding of Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, England, just north of Kingston upon Hull. The town ...
Beverly
/bev"euhr lee/, n. 1. a city in NE Massachusetts. 37,655. 2. Also, Beverley. a female or male given name: from an Old English word meaning "dweller at the beaver meadow." * * ...
Beverly Hillbillies
a successful US comedy television programme in the 1960s. It was about a poor family that become rich and go to live in fashionable Beverly Hills. The characters were Jed ...
Beverly Hillbillies, The
▪ American television show       American television show that was one of the most popular situation comedies of the 1960s. The Beverly Hillbillies debuted in 1962 on ...
Beverly Hills
1. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 32,367. 2. a town in SE Michigan. 11,598. * * * City (pop., 2000: 33,784), southwestern California, U.S. It is surrounded by the ...
Beverly Sills
➡ Sills * * *
BeverlyHills
Beverly Hills A city of southern California surrounded by Los Angeles. It adjoins Hollywood and is famous as a fashionable residential area for show business personalities. ...
Bevin
/bev"in/, n. Ernest, 1881-1951, British labor leader: foreign minister 1941-51. * * *
Bevin boys
n [pl] (infml) the young British men who were sent to work in coal mines instead of joining the armed forces during World War II, when Ernest Bevin was minister of labour and ...
Bevin, Ernest
born March 9, 1881, Winsford, Somerset, Eng. died April 14, 1951, London British labour leader and statesman. Active in labour organizations from 1905, he became head of the ...
Bevin,Ernest
Bev·in (bĕvʹĭn), Ernest. 1884-1951. British labor leader and politician who served as minister of labor (1940-1945) and foreign minister (1945-1951) and was instrumental in ...
bevy
/bev"ee/, n., pl. bevies. 1. a group of birds, as larks or quail, or animals, as roebuck, in close association. 2. a large group or collection: a bevy of boisterous ...
BEW
Board of Economic Warfare. * * *
bewail
—bewailingly, adv. —bewailment, n. /bi wayl"/, v.t. 1. to express deep sorrow for; lament: a little child bewailing the loss of her dog. v.i. 2. to express grief. [1250-1300; ...
bewailer
See bewail. * * *
bewailment
See bewailer. * * *
beware
/bi wair"/, v.t. 1. to be wary, cautious, or careful of (usually used imperatively): Beware such inconsistency. Beware his waspish wit. v.i. 2. to be cautious or careful: Beware ...
Bewcastle Cross
▪ monument, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom       runic monument in Cumbria, Eng., dating from the late 7th or early 8th century. Although the top of the cross has been ...
beweep
/bi weep"/, v.t., bewept, beweeping. Archaic. to weep over (something): to beweep one's foolish mistakes. [bef. 1000; ME bewepen, OE bewepan. See BE-, WEEP1] * * *
bewhiskered
/bi hwis"keuhrd, -wis"-/, adj. 1. having whiskers; bearded. 2. ancient, as a witticism, expression, etc.; passé; hoary: a bewhiskered catchword of a bygone era. [1755-65; BE- + ...
Bewick
/byooh"ik/, n. Thomas, 1753-1828, English wood engraver. * * *
Bewick's swan
a tundra swan subspecies, Cygnus columbianus bewickii, of Eurasia, having white plumage, black legs, and a yellow patch on a black bill. [1820-30; after T. BEWICK] * * *
Bewick, Thomas
born Aug. 12, 1753, Cherryburn, Eng. died Nov. 8, 1828, Gateshead British wood engraver. At age 14 he was apprenticed to a metal engraver, with whom he later went into ...
bewigged
/bi wigd"/, adj. wearing a wig. [1765-75; BE- + WIG + -ED2] * * *
bewilder
/bi wil"deuhr/, v.t. to confuse or puzzle completely; perplex: These shifting attitudes bewilder me. [1675-85; BE- + WILDER (v.)] Syn. mystify, nonplus, confuse, daze, confound, ...
bewildered
—bewilderedly, adv. —bewilderedness, n. /bi wil"deuhrd/, adj. completely puzzled or confused; perplexed. [1675-85; BEWILDER + -ED2] * * *
bewilderedly
See bewilder. * * *
bewilderedness
See bewilderedly. * * *
bewildering
—bewilderingly, adv. /bi wil"deuhr ing/, adj. extremely confusing: a bewildering schedule of events. [1785-95; BEWILDER + -ING2] * * *
bewilderingly
See bewilderedly. * * *
bewilderment
/bi wil"deuhr meuhnt/, n. 1. bewildered state. 2. a confusing maze or tangle, as of objects or conditions: a bewilderment of smoke, noise, and pushing people. [1810-20; BEWILDER ...
bewitch
—bewitcher, n. —bewitchery, n. —bewitchingness, n. —bewitchment, n. /bi wich"/, v.t. 1. to affect by witchcraft or magic; cast a spell over. 2. to enchant; charm; ...
Bewitched
▪ American television show       American television situation comedy that aired on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) network from 1964 to 1972, frequently ...
bewitcher
See bewitch. * * *
bewitchery
See bewitcher. * * *
bewitching
—bewitchingly, adv. /bi wich"ing/, adj. enchanting; charming; fascinating. [1555-65; BEWITCH + -ING2] * * *
bewitchingly
See bewitcher. * * *
bewitchment
bewitchment [bi wich′ər ē] n. pl. bewitcheries [bi wich′mənt] n. 1. power to bewitch 2. a bewitching or being bewitched 3. a spell that bewitches: Also bewitchery [bi ...
bewray
—bewrayer, n. /bi ray"/, v.t. Archaic. 1. to reveal or expose. 2. to betray. [1250-1300; ME bewraien, equiv. to be- BE- + wraien, OE wregan to accuse, c. OHG ruogen (G rügen), ...
Bexhill
▪ England, United Kingdom also called  Bexhill-on-Sea,         town, Rother district, administrative county of East Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England, ...
Bexley
/beks"lee/, n. 1. a borough of Greater London, England. 216,900. 2. a city in central Ohio. 13,405. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       outer borough of ...
bey
/bay/, n., pl. beys. 1. a provincial governor in the Ottoman Empire. 2. (formerly) a title of respect for Turkish dignitaries. 3. (formerly) the title of the native ruler of ...
Beyer, Absalon Pederssøn
▪ Norwegian scholar and author born 1528, Søgn, Norway died 1575       Lutheran humanist scholar, one of the most advanced thinkers in Norway in his ...
Beyer, Jinny
▪ American decorative artist in full  Geraldine Elizabeth Kahle Beyer  born July 27, 1941, Denver, Colorado, U.S.       American quilt designer, the first to create a ...
Beyer-Garratt
▪ locomotive       type of steam locomotive characterized by tremendous hauling capacity and light axle loads. This British-built locomotive had two articulated pivoting ...
Beyers, C.F.
▪ South African politician in full  Christiaan Frederik Beyers   born Sept. 23, 1869, near Stellenbosch, Cape Colony [now in Western Cape province, S.Af.] died Dec. 7, 1914, ...
Beyla
▪ Guinea       town, southeastern Guinea, western Africa, in the Guinea Highlands. The town was founded by Dyula traders in the early 13th century as a collecting point ...
Beyle
/bayl/, n. Marie Henri /mann rddee" ahonn rddee"/, real name of Stendhal. * * *
beylic
/bay"lik/, n. the power or jurisdiction of a bey. Also, beylik. [1725-35; < Turk beylik, equiv. to bey BEY + -lik n. suffix of appurtenance] * * *
Beyoglu
/bay"euh looh'/; Turk. /bay'oh looh"/, n. a modern section of Istanbul, Turkey, N of the Golden Horn: commercial and residential area. Formerly, Pera. * * *


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