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Beyoncé
(Beyoncé Knowles 1981– ) a US pop singer and actor. Beyoncé was a singer and songwriter with the pop group Destiny’s Child before becoming a solo singer. She won five ...
Beyoncé Knowles
➡ Beyoncé * * *
beyond
—beyondness, n. /bee ond", bi yond"/, prep. 1. on, at, or to the farther side of: Beyond those trees you'll find his house. 2. farther on than; more distant than: beyond the ...
Beyond the Fringe
a British satirical comedy show, written and performed by Alan Bennett, Peter Cook, Jonathan Miller and Dudley Moore. It was first performed at the Edinburgh Festival in 1960, ...
Beyrouth
/bay"rooht, bay rooht"/, n. Beirut. * * *
bez antler
/bez, bayz/. See bay antler. [1590-1600] * * *
Beza, Theodore
▪ French theologian French  Théodore de Bèze   born June 24, 1519, Vézelay, France died October 13, 1605, Geneva, Switzerland  author, translator, educator, and ...
Bezaleel
—Bezaleelian /bi zal'ee el"ee euhn, bez'euh lee"lee-/, adj. /bi zal"ee euhl/, n. the chief architect of the tabernacle. Ex. 31:1-11. * * *
bezant
/bez"euhnt, bi zant"/, n. 1. Also, bezzant. the gold solidus of the Byzantine Empire, widely circulated in the Middle Ages. 2. Also, byzant. (in Romanesque architecture) any of a ...
bezazz
☆ bezazz [bi zaz′ ] n. var. of PIZAZZ * * *
Bezborodko, Aleksandr Andreyevich, Knyaz
▪ Russian diplomat (Prince) born March 25 [March 14, Old Style], 1747, Glukhovo, Ukraine, Russian Empire died April 17 [April 6], 1799, St. Petersburg, Russia  Russian ...
bezel
/bez"euhl/, n. 1. Also, basil. the diagonal face at the end of the blade of a chisel, or the like, leading to the edge. 2. Jewelry. a. that part of a ring, bracelet, etc., to ...
Béziers
/bay zyay"/, n. a city in S France, SW of Montpellier. 85,677. * * * ▪ France  city, Hérault département, Languedoc-Roussillon région, southern France, 9 miles (14 km) ...
bezique
/beuh zeek"/, n. Cards. a game resembling pinochle, originally played with 64 cards and now more commonly with 128 cards and, sometimes, 192 or 256 cards. [1860-65; < F bésigue, ...
bezoar
/bee"zawr, -zohr/, n. 1. a calculus or concretion found in the stomach or intestines of certain animals, esp. ruminants, formerly reputed to be an effective remedy for poison. 2. ...
bezonian
/bi zoh"nee euhn/, n. Archaic. an indigent rascal; scoundrel. [1585-95; obs. besoni(o) raw recruit ( < It bisogno need, needy soldier < ?) + -AN] * * *
Bezos, Jeff
▪ American entrepreneur byname of  Jeffrey Preston Bezos  born January 12, 1964, Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.       American entrepreneur who played a key role in ...
Bezos, Jeff(rey P.)
born Jan. 12, 1964, Albuquerque, N.M., U.S. U.S. Internet entrepreneur. Educated at Princeton University, he worked in banking and investment at Bankers Trust and D.E. Shaw & ...
Bezos, Jeffrey P.
▪ 2000       With a click of the mouse, American entrepreneur Jeff Bezos revolutionized the world of retailing. As the founder and CEO of Amazon.com, an on-line ...
Bezruč, Petr
▪ Czech poet pseudonym of  Vladimír Vašek   born Sept. 15, 1867, Opava, Silesia, Austrian Empire [now in Czech Republic] died Feb. 17, 1958, Olomouc, ...
Bezwada
/bez wah"deuh/, n. former name of Vijayawada. * * *
bezzant
/bez"euhnt, bi zant"/, n. bezant (def. 1). * * *
Bełchatów
▪ Poland       city, Łódzkie województwo (province), south-central Poland, forming part of the industrial triangle of Bełchatów, Szczerców, and Kamieńsk. ...
BF
black female. * * *
Bf 109
▪ aircraft in full  Bayerische Flugzeugwerke 109,  also called  Me 109   Nazi Germany's most important fighter aircraft, both in operational importance and in numbers ...
bf.
Law. brief. * * *
BFA
BFA or B.F.A. abbrev. Bachelor of Fine Arts * * * BFA abbr. Bachelor of Fine Arts. * * *
BFI
(in full the British Film Institute) an organization established in 1933 to encourage people to make films in Britain. It has a large collection of films, film scripts and books ...
BFT
biofeedback training. * * *
BG
bg abbrev. bag * * * BG abbr. brigadier general. * * *
bg.
1. background. 2. bag. * * *
BGen
BGen abbr. brigadier general. * * *
bGH
Biochem., Agric. See bovine growth hormone. * * *
Bglr.
bugler. * * *
bġy
To seek. baggage from Arabic baġīy, prostitute, from baġā, to seek, to oppress, to act corruptly, to fornicate. * * *
Bh
Bh Chem. symbol bohrium (element 107) * * * Bh The symbol for the element bohrium. * * *
BHA
Chem., Pharm. butylated hydroxyanisole: the synthetic antioxidant C11H16O2, used to retard rancidity in foods, pharmaceuticals, and other products containing fat or ...
bhā-
I. bhā-1 To shine. Oldest form *bheə₂-, colored to *bhaə₂-, contracted to *bhā-. Derivatives include beacon, berry, banner, fantasy, and phase. 1. Suffixed zero-grade ...
bha-bhā-
Broad bean. 1. fava bean, favela, from Latin faba, broad bean. 2. Variant form *bha-un-. bean, from Old English bēan, broad bean, bean of any kind, from Germanic *baunō. 3. ...
Bhabha
/bah"bah/, n. Homi J(ehangir) /hoh"mee jeuh hahn gear"/, 1909-1966, Indian physicist and government official. * * *
bhad-
Good. 1. better, from Old English betera, better, from Germanic (comparative) *batizō. 2. best, from Old English bet(e)st, best, from Germanic (superlative) *batistaz. 3. boot2, ...
Bhadgaon
/bud"gown/, n. a former name of Bhaktapur. * * *
Bhadrabahu I
▪ Jaina philosopher died 298 BCE, India       leader, monk, and philosopher of the Indian religion Jainism and the recognized founder of one of Jainism's two principal ...
Bhadracarya-pranidhana
Mahayana Buddhist text that is also important to Tibetan Buddhism. It is related to the Avatamsaka-sutra and is considered by some to be its final section. It presents ten vows ...
Bhadravati
▪ India       city, central Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southern India. It lies along the Bhadra River, near the Baba Budan Range. The proximity of iron, manganese, ...
bhag-
To share out, apportion, also to get a share. 1. -phage, -phagia, phago-, -phagous; esophagus, from Greek phagein, to eat (< “to have a share of food”). 2. porgy, from Greek ...
Bhagalpur
Bha·gal·pur (bäʹgəl-po͝or') A city of northeast India on the Ganges River north-northwest of Calcutta. It has remains of Buddhist monasteries. Population: 253,225. * * ...
Bhagavad-Gita
/bug"euh veuhd gee"tah/, n. Hinduism. a portion of the Mahabharata, having the form of a dialogue between the hero Arjuna and his charioteer, the avatar Krishna, in which a ...
Bhagavadgita
(Sanskrit: "Song of God") One of the greatest of the Hindu scriptures, constituting part of the Mahabharata. It is written in the form of a dialogue between the warrior Prince ...
Bhagavata
Member of the earliest recorded Hindu sect, representing the beginnings of theistic, devotional worship and modern Vaishnavism. The Bhagavata sect originated in the Mathura ...
Bhāgavata-Purāṇa
▪ Hindu literature       (Sanskrit: “Ancient Stories of the Lord”), the most celebrated text of a variety of Hindu sacred literature in Sanskrit that is known as the ...
bhāghu-
Arm. Oldest form *bhāg̑hu-, becoming *bhāghu- in centum languages. bough, from Old English bōg, bōh, bough, from Germanic *bōguz.   [Pokorny bhāghú-s (misprint for ...
Bhagirathi River
▪ river, India       river in West Bengal state, northeastern India, forming the western boundary of the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta. A distributary of the Ganges (Ganga) ...
bhāgo-
Beech tree. 1. a. book, from Old English bōc, written document, composition; b. buckwheat, from Middle Dutch boek, beech; c. Bokmål>>, from Norwegian bok, book. a-c all from ...
bhāīband
▪ Indian and Pakistani government (Hindi), Urdu-Persian  Berādarī        (“brotherhood”), important instrument of caste self-government in India; the ...
Bhaiṣajya-guru
▪ Buddhism (Sanskrit), Tibetan  Sman-bla-rgyal-po , Chinese  Yao-shih-fo , Japanese  Yakushi Nyorai        the healing Buddha, widely worshiped in Tibet, China, ...
bhajan
/buj"euhn/, n. Hinduism. a religious song of praise. [1910-15; < Skt] * * *
bhakta
/buk"teuh/, n. one who practices bhakti. [1820-30; < Skt: devoted; akin to BHAKTI] * * *
Bhaktapur
/buk"teuh poor'/, n. a city in E central Nepal, near Katmandu. 104,703. Formerly, Bhadgaon, Bhatgaon. * * * ▪ Nepal also called  Bhatgaon , or ...
bhakti
/buk"tee/, n. Hinduism. 1. selfless devotion as a means of reaching Brahman. Cf. jnana, karma (def. 1). 2. (cap.) a popular religious movement centered around the personal ...
bhakti-marga
/buk"ti mahr"geuh/, n. Hinduism. See under marga. [1935-40] * * *
Bhaktivedanta, A(bhay) C(haranaravinda)
▪ Indian religious leader and author also called  Swami Prabhupāda   born Sept. 1, 1896, Calcutta died Nov. 14, 1977, Vrindāvan, Uttar Pradesh, India       Indian ...
Bhamo
▪ Myanmar       town, northeastern Myanmar (Burma), on the Irrawaddy River at the head of navigation. The town stretches along the river's east bank in a series of ...
bhanavara
▪ Buddhist literature Sanskrit and Pali“recitation section”       any of the units, usually 8,000 syllables in length, into which Pali Buddhist texts were divided ...
Bhandara
▪ India       town, northeastern Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India. It lies on the Wainganga River east of Nagpur. As a fording place across the river, ...
Bhander Plateau
▪ plateau, India       plateau in the south-central highlands of Madhya Pradesh state, north-central India. Having an area of about 4,000 square miles (10,000 square ...
bhang
/bang/, n. 1. a mild preparation of marijuana made from young leaves and stems of the Indian hemp plant, Cannabis sativa, drunk with milk or water as a fermented brew or smoked ...
bhangi
/bung"gee/, n., pl. bhangis. Anglo-Indian. a Hindu scavenger who belongs to one of the untouchable castes. Also, bhungi. [ < Hindi bhangi lit., user of BHANG] * * *
bhangra
bhan·gra (bŭngʹgrä') n. 1. A Punjabi dance music traditionally performed during harvest festivals and weddings, characterized by the beating of a large, two-headed drum. 2. ...
bharal
/berr"euhl/, n. a wild sheep, Pseudois nahoor, of Tibet and adjacent mountainous regions, having goatlike horns that curve backward. Also, burrhel. Also called blue ...
Bharat
/bu"rddut/, n. Hindi name of the republic of India. * * *
Bharata Natya
/berr"euh teuh naht"yeuh/ a traditional south Indian dance style, formerly performed only by devadasis. * * * Principal classical dance style of India, indigenous to Tamil Nadu ...
bharata natyam
▪ Indian dance Sanskrit“Bharata's dancing”  the principal of the main classical dance styles of India, the others being kuchipudi, kathak, kathakali, manipuri, and ...
Bharati, Subrahmanya C.
▪ Indian writer also spelled  Subramania C. Bharati  born Dec. 11, 1882, Ettaiyapuram, Madras Presidency, India died Sept. 12, 1921, Madras       outstanding Indian ...
Bharatiya Janata Party
▪ political party, India English  Indian People's Party        pro-Hindu political party of postindependence India.       The BJP traces its roots to the ...
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
English Indian People's Party Pro-Hindu political party of India. The BJP traces its roots to the the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (founded in 1951), which advocated the rebuilding of ...
Bharatpur
or Bhurtpore City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 204,456), Rajasthan state, northwestern India. Located west of Agra, it was founded с 1733 and was the capital of the princely state of ...
Bharavi
▪ Indian poet flourished 6th century AD       Sanskrit poet who was the author of Kiratarjuniya (“Arjuna and the Mountain Man”), one of the classical Sanskrit epics ...
bhardh-ā-
Beard. 1. beard, from Old English beard, beard, from Germanic *bardaz. 2. halberd, from Old High German barta, beard, ax, from Germanic *bardō, beard, also hatchet, broadax. 3. ...
bhares-
Also bhars-. Barley. 1. a. barn, from Old English bere, barley, from Germanic *bariz-; b. barley, from Old English bærlic, barley-like, barley, from Germanic *barz-. 2. farina, ...
Bharhut
▪ India also called  Bardavati,  Bardadoh , or  Bhaironpur   village, 120 miles (190 km) southwest of Allahabad, in northeastern Madhya Pradesh state, India. It is ...
Bharhut sculpture
Indian sculpture from the mid 2nd century BC that decorated the great stupa, or relic mound, of Bharhut, in Madhya Pradesh, India. It is now mostly destroyed; the railings and ...
bhars-
See bhares-. * * *
Bhartrhari
born 570?, Ujjain, Malwa, India died 651?, Ujjain Indian Hindu philosopher, poet, and grammarian. He was of noble birth; according to legend, he made seven attempts to renounce ...
Bhartrihari
/bur'tri hur"ee/, n. A.D. 570?-650?, Indian grammarian and poet. * * *
Bharuch
▪ India also called  Broach , historically  Bharukaccha  or  Bhrgukaccha        city, southeastern Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India. It lies along ...
Bhasa
born 3rd century AD Indian dramatist. The earliest known dramatist in Sanskrit, he was known only by the allusions of other Sanskrit dramatists until the texts of 13 of his ...
Bhaskara I
flourished с 629, possibly Valabhi, India Indian astronomer and mathematician. His fame rests on three treatises he composed on the works of Aryabhata I (b. 476). Two of ...
Bhaskara II
born 1114, Biddur, India died с 1185, probably Ujjain The leading mathematician of the 12th century. He was the lineal successor of Brahmagupta as head of an astronomical ...
bhāṣya
▪ Indian philosophy       (Sanskrit: “that which has to be discussed”), in Indian philosophy, a long commentary on a basic text of a system or school, (shorter ...
Bhatgaon
/bud"gown/, n. a former name of Bhaktapur. * * *
Bhatia, Prem
▪ 1996       Indian journalist, newspaper editor, political commentator, and diplomat (b. Aug. 11, 1911—d. May 8, 1995). * * *
Bhatinda
▪ India also spelled  Bathinda        city, south-central Punjab state, northwestern India. The city is a major rail hub, with lines converging on it from other ...
Bhatpara
/baht"pahr euh/, n. a city in SW West Bengal, in E India, N of Calcutta. 204,750. * * * ▪ India       city, southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India, just ...
Bhatti
▪ Indian poet flourished 6th or 7th century AD       Sanskrit poet and grammarian, author of the influential Bhattikavya, which is a mahakavya (“great poem”), or ...
bhau-
To strike. Oldest form *bheə₂u-, colored to *bhaə₂u-, contracted to *bhau-. Derivatives include beat, buttock, halibut, button, and refute. 1. beat, from Old English ...
Bhaunagar
/bow nug"euhr/, n. a seaport in S Gujarat, in W India. 226,072. Also, Bhavnagar /bahv nug"euhr/. * * *
bhava
      (Sanskrit), in the Buddhist chain of dependent origination, the “becoming” that immediately precedes birth. See pratītya-samutpāda. * * *
bhava-cakra
▪ Buddhism (from Sanskrit: “wheel [cakra] of becoming [bhava]”),also called  Wheel Of Life,         in Buddhism, a representation of the endless cycle of rebirths ...
Bhavabhuti
/buv'euh booh"tee/, n. fl. 8th century, Indian dramatist. * * * ▪ Indian writer flourished AD 700       Indian dramatist and poet, whose dramas, written in Sanskrit ...
Bhave
/bah"vay/, n. Vinoba /vee noh"beuh/, 1895-1982, Indian religious leader and mystic. * * *
Bhave, Vinoba
▪ Indian social reformer byname of  Vinayak Narahari Bhave  born Sept. 11, 1895, Gagode, Gujarat, India died Nov. 15, 1982, Wardha, Maharashtra       one of India's ...
Bhavnagar
Bhavnagar [bou nug′ər] seaport in Gujarat state, W India, on the Arabian Sea: pop. 402,000: sometimes sp. Bhaunagar * * * Bhav·na·gar (bou-nŭgʹər, bäv-) A city of ...
BHC
Chem. benzene hexachloride: the white to yellowish, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous solid C6H6Cl6, used chiefly as an insecticide. * * *
bhd.
bulkhead. * * *
bhedābheda
▪ Hindu philosophy       (Sanskrit: “identity and difference”), an important branch of Vedānta, an orthodox system of Hindu philosophy. Its principal author was ...
bheesty
/bee"stee/, n., pl. bheesties. (in India) a water carrier. Also, bheestie. [1775-85; < Urdu bhisti < Pers bihishti pertaining to paradise, i.e., beautiful, as poetic convention ...
bhegʷ-
To run. 1. beck2, from Old Norse bekkr, a stream, from Germanic *bakjaz, a stream. 2. -phobe, -phobia, from Greek phobos, panic, flight, fear, from phebesthai, to flee in ...
bhei-
A bee. bee1, from Old English bēo, a bee, from Germanic suffixed form *bīōn-.   [Pokorny bhei- 116.] * * *
bheid-
To split; with Germanic derivatives referring to biting (hence also to eating and to hunting) and woodworking. Derivatives include bite, bitter, and fission. 1. a. beetle1, bite, ...
bheidh-
To trust, confide, persuade. Derivatives include bide, fiancé, and infidel. 1. Probably Germanic *bīdan, to await (< “to await trustingly, expect, trust”). abide, abode, ...
bhel-
I. bhel-1 To shine, flash, burn; shining white and various bright colors. Derivatives include blue, bleach, blind, blond, blanket, black, flagrant, and flame. I. Suffixed ...
bhelgh-
To swell. Extension of bhel-2. Oldest form *bhelg̑h-, becoming *bhelgh- in centum languages. 1. O-grade form *bholgh-. bellows, belly, from Old English bel(i)g, bælig, bag, ...
Bhêly-Quénum, Olympe
▪ African writer born Sept. 26, 1928, Donukpa, Dahomey [now Benin]       African French-language novelist, journalist, and short-story ...
bhendh-
To bind. Derivatives include bind, bandanna, and bundle. 1. a. bind; woodbine, from Old English bindan, to bind; b. bindlestiff, from Old High German binten, to bind. Both a and ...
bher-
I. bher-1 To carry; also to bear children. Derivatives include birth, fertile, suffer, furtive, and metaphor. 1. a. (i) bear1, from Old English beran, to carry; (ii) forbear1, ...
bhergh-
I. bhergh-1 To hide, protect. Oldest form *bherg̑h-, becoming *bhergh- in centum languages. 1. a. Germanic compound *h(w)als-berg- (see kʷel-1); b. Germanic compound ...
bherəg-
To shine; bright, white. Oldest form *bherəg̑-, becoming *bherəg- in centum languages. 1. bright, from Old English beorht, bright, from Germanic *berhtaz, bright. 2. “The ...
bhes-
To breathe. Probably imitative. Zero-grade form *bhs-. psyche1, psychic, psycho-; metempsychosis, from Greek psūkhē, spirit, soul, from psūkhein (< *bhs-ū-kh-), to ...
bheu-
See bheuə-. * * *
bheudh-
To be aware, to make aware. Derivatives include bid, forbid, and Buddha2. 1. a. bid, from Old English bēodan, to proclaim; b. forbid, from Old English forbēodan, to forbid; c. ...
bheug-
To bend; with derivatives referring to bent, pliable, or curved objects. Derivatives include bagel, buxom, and bog. I. Variant form *bheugh- in Germanic *beug-. 1. a. bee2, from ...
bheuə-
Also bheu-. To be, exist, grow. Derivatives include be, husband, imp, physics, future, neighbor, and beam. I. Extended forms *bhwiy(o)-, *bhwī-. 1. be; forebear, from Old ...
bhikku
▪ Buddhist monasticism (Pāli), feminine  bhikkunī , Sanskrit  bhikṣu , or (feminine)  bhikṣuṇī        in Buddhism, one who has renounced worldly life ...
bhikshu
/bik"shooh/, n. Buddhism. 1. a monk. 2. any of the first disciples of Buddha. Also, bhikku /bik"ooh/. [1805-15; < Skt bhiksú ( > Pali bhikkhu)] * * *
bhikshuni
/bik"shooh nee/, n. Buddhism. a female bhikshu; nun. Also, bhikkuni /bik"ooh nee/. [ < Skt bhiksuni ( > Pali bhikkhuni)] * * *
bhiksu
Pali bhikku In Buddhism, a member of the sangha, the ordained order of men established by the Buddha. (Female orders exist in some Mahayana Buddhist traditions). Originally ...
Bhil
/beel/, n., pl. Bhils, (esp. collectively) Bhil. a people inhabiting the hills of west central India. [1815-25] * * * ▪ people       ethnic group of nearly 2.5 million ...
Bhilai
/bi luy"/, n. a city in S Madhya Pradesh, in central India. 174,370. * * * ▪ India also called  Bhilai Nagar        city and major industrial centre, central ...
Bhilainagar
Bhi·lai·na·gar (bĭ-līʹnə-gər) or Bhi·lai (bĭ-līʹ) A city of east-central India east of Nagpur. It is the site of a large state-owned steel industry built in the ...
Bhili
/bee"lee/, n. an Indic language of west central India, the language of the Bhil. * * *
Bhilwara
▪ India       city, south-central Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. It is a rail and road communications hub as well as a market centre. Bhilwara's ...
Bhima River
River, southern India. Rising in Maharashtra state in the Western Ghats east of Mumbai (Bombay), it flows southeast 400 miles (645 km) through southern Maharashtra, northern ...
Bhind
▪ India also called  Bhind-Bhanwara        city, north-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. The city is connected by road and rail with Gwalior. It is an ...
Bhir
▪ India also spelled  Bir        city, central Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India, on a tributary of the Krishna River near a gap in a range of low ...
Bhiwani
▪ India also called  Bhawani        city, southwestern Haryana (Haryāna) state, northwestern India. The city is located on a tributary of the Ganges (Ganga) River, ...
bhlē-
To blow. Contracted from *bhleə₁-, or possibly lengthened grade *bhlēə₂- from alternative root *bhleə₂-. Possibly identical to bhel-3 II *bhlē- above. Derivatives ...
bhleu-
To swell, well up, overflow. Extension of bhel-2. 1. Possibly Germanic *blaut-. bloat, from Old Norse blautr, soft, wet. 2. Extended form *bhleugʷ-. fluctuate, fluent, fluid, ...
bhm
West Semitic, to be dumb. behemoth, from Hebrew bəhēmôt, plural of bəhēmâ, animal, beast. * * *
Bhn
See Brinell hardness number. * * *
Bhojpur
▪ historical village, India       historic village, central Madhya Pradesh state, central India, situated just east of the Betwa River. The village includes the ...
BholanPass
Bho·lan Pass (bō-länʹ) See Bolan Pass. * * *
Bhonsle dynasty
▪ Indian dynasty Bhonsle also spelled  Bhonsla        Indian dynasty of the family of the great Maratha king Shivaji (Śivājī). Raghuji Bhonsle of Berar founded the ...
Bhoodan
/booh dahn"/, n. (in India) a socioagricultural movement, started by Vinoba Bhave in 1951, in which village landowners are persuaded to give land to the landless. Also, Bhudan. * ...
Bhopal
/boh pahl"/, n. 1. a former state in central India: now part of Madhya Pradesh state. 2. a city in and the capital of Madhya Pradesh state, in central India. 392,077. * * ...
Bhopal disaster
▪ industrial accident  chemical leak in 1984 in the city of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh state, India. At the time it was called the worst industrial accident in ...
Bhorizon
B horizon n. In ABC soil, the second or subsurface zone of soil made of clay and oxidized materials and organic matter obtained from the A horizon by leaching; subsoil. Also ...
bhoso-
Naked. a. bare1, from Old English bær, bare; b. ballast, from Old Swedish and Old Danish bar, bare. Both a and b from Germanic *bazaz.   [Pokorny bhoso-s 163.] * * *
bhp
See brake horsepower. Also, BHP, B.H.P., b.hp., b.h.p. * * *
BHP Billiton
▪ Australian company       international natural resources company, formed in 2001 by the merger of BHP Ltd. and Billiton PLC. One of the world's largest mining ...
bḥr
Common Semitic noun *baḥr-, sea, coast. Bahrain, from Arabic baḥrayn, two seas, dual of baḥr, sea. * * *
bhrāter-
Brother, male agnate. 1. a. brother, from Old English brōthor, brother; b. bully1, from Middle Dutch broeder, brother. Both a and b from Germanic *brōthar-. 2. Fra, fraternal, ...
bhreg-
To break. Derivatives include breach, fraction, frail1, infringe, and suffrage. 1. a. break, from Old English brecan, to break; b. breach, from Old English brēc, a breaking; c. ...
bhreu-
Also bhreuə-, bhreəu-. To boil, bubble, effervesce, burn; with derivatives referring to cooking and brewing. Oldest form *bhreuə₁-. Derivatives include brew, bread, broth, ...
bhreuə-
See bhreu-. * * *
bhreəu-
See bhreu-. * * *
bhrū-
Eyebrow. Contracted from *bhruə-. 1. brow, from Old English brū-, eyebrow, eyelid, eyelash, from Germanic *brūs. 2. Possibly in the sense of a beam of wood, and perhaps a log ...
Bhs
any of a group of shops in Britain selling clothes and goods for the home, such as lights, curtains, etc. The name was changed from British Home Stores in 1986. * * *
BHT
Chem., Pharm. butylated hydroxytoluene: the antioxidant C15H24O, used to retard rancidity in foods, pharmaceuticals, and other products containing fat or oil. [1960-65] * * *
Bhu.
Bhu. abbr. Bhutan. * * *
Bhubaneshwar
City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 647,302), capital of Orissa, eastern India. Its history from the 3rd century BC is represented in nearby archaeological remains. From the 5th to the ...
Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar [bo͞o΄bə nesh′wər] city in E India, noted for its Hindu shrines: pop. 412,000 * * * Bhu·ba·nes·war (bo͞o'bə-nĕshʹwər) A city of east-central India ...
Bhuj
▪ India       town, northwestern Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India, situated in the lowlands between the Rann (Kachchh, Rann of) (marsh) and the Gulf of ...
Bhuj earthquake of 2001
▪ Pakistani history       massive earthquake that occurred on Jan. 26, 2001, in the Indian state of Gujarat (Gujarāt), on the Pakistani border.       The ...
bhūmi
▪ Mahāyāna Buddhism       in Mahāyāna Buddhism, the stages of spiritual progress of the bodhisattva, or one who, though capable of enlightenment, delays his ...
Bhumibol Adulyadej
/pooh"mee pawn" ah doohn"yah det"/. See Rama IX. * * * or Phumiphon Adunlayadet or Rama IX born Dec. 5, 1927, Cambridge, Mass., U.S. Ninth king of the Chakri dynasty and ...
bhungi
/bung"gee/, n., pl. bhungis. bhangi. * * *
Bhusawal
▪ India       city, northern Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India. It lies along the Tapti River between the Satpura Range and the Ajanta Hills of the ...
bhut
/booht/, n. (in Indian mythology) a spirit or demon. Also, bhoot /booht/. [1775-85; < Hindi bhut < Skt bhuta] * * * ▪ Hinduism Hindi  bhūt        in Hindu ...
Bhutan
/booh tahn"/, n. Bhutanese, adj. a kingdom in the Himalayas, NE of India: foreign affairs under Indian jurisdiction. 1,865,191; ab. 19,300 sq. mi. (50,000 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Bhutan, flag of
▪ Flag History       diagonally divided (yellow-orange over orange-red) national flag featuring a white dragon in its centre. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to ...
Bhutanese
/booht'n eez", -ees"/, n., pl. Bhutanese, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Bhutan. 2. the Tibetan language as spoken in Bhutan. adj. 3. of, pertaining to, or characteristic ...
Bhutatathata
/booh'teuh teuh teuh tah"/, n. Buddhism. Tathata. [ < Skt; see BHUT, TATHATA] * * *
Bhutia
▪ people also spelled  Bhotia, or Bhote,  also called  Bhutanese,         Himalayan people who are believed to have emigrated southward from Tibet in the 9th ...
Bhutto
/booh"toh/, n. Benazir /ben'euh zear"/, born 1953, prime minister of Pakistan 1988-90 and 1993-96. * * *
Bhutto, Benazir
born June 21, 1953, Karachi, Pak. Pakistani politician, the first woman leader of a Muslim nation in modern history. After receiving an education at Harvard and Oxford, she led ...
Bhutto, Murtaza
▪ 1997       Pakistani political activist who was the rival of his sister, Benazir Bhutto, for the mantle of their father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who was deposed as prime ...
Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali
born Jan. 5, 1928, near Larkana, Sindh, India died April 4, 1979, Rawalpindi, Pak. President (1971–73) and prime minister (1973–77) of Pakistan. Son of a prominent ...
Bhutto,Benazir
Bhut·to (bo͞oʹtō), Benazir. Born 1953. Pakistani politician who served as prime minister (1988-1990 and 1993-1996). * * *
Bhutto,Zulfikar Ali
Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali. 1928-1979. Pakistani politician who formed the Pakistan People's Party (1967) and became president (1971) and prime minister (1973). In 1977 he was deposed ...
bhw
Central Semitic, to be(come) empty, deserted. a. Bahaullah, from Arabic bahāʾu llāh, splendor of God, bahāʾu, splendor, bound form of bahāʾ, from bahā, to be(come) empty, ...
bi
/buy/, adj., n., pl. bis, bi's. Slang. bisexual. [by shortening] * * * ▪ Chinese art Wade-Giles romanization  pi        in art, Chinese jade carved in the form of a ...
BI
pl. BI's. built-in. * * * ▪ Chinese art Wade-Giles romanization  pi        in art, Chinese jade carved in the form of a flat disk with a hole in the centre. The ...
Bi
Symbol, Chem. bismuth. * * * ▪ Chinese art Wade-Giles romanization  pi        in art, Chinese jade carved in the form of a flat disk with a hole in the centre. The ...
bi-
bi-1 a combining form meaning "twice," "two," used in the formation of compound words: bifacial; bifarious. Cf. bin-. [ < L, comb. form of bis; see TWICE] Usage. All words except ...
bi-bivalent
/buy'buy vay"leuhnt, buy biv"euh-/, adj. Chem. noting an electrolytic compound which splits into two ions, each with a valence of two. [BI-1 + BIVALENT] * * *
bi-level
/buy lev"euhl/, adj. 1. having two levels of space, as a railroad passenger car with two tiers of seats. 2. (esp. of a house) split-level. n. 3. a bi-level house, vehicle, etc.: ...
bi-swing
/buy"swing'/, adj. 1. (of a garment) made with a deep pleat starting at the back waistline or belt and extending up to the shoulder on each side, to avoid constriction when the ...
Bia
/buy"euh/, n. the ancient Greek personification of force: daughter of Pallas and Styx and sister of Cratus, Nike, and Zelos. * * *
BIA
See Bureau of Indian Affairs. * * *
Bia River
▪ river, Africa       river in western Africa, rising 25 miles (40 km) west of Sunyani in western Ghana. After entering Côte d'Ivoire, the Bia River flows in a ...
biacetyl
/buy'euh seet"l, -set"l, buy as"i tl/, n. Chem. a yellow, water-soluble liquid, C4H6O2, occurring in butter and in certain essential oils, as bay, and also synthesized: used ...
Biafra
—Biafran, adj., n. /bee ah"freuh/, n. 1. a former secessionist state (1967-70) in SE Nigeria, in W Africa. Cap.: Enugu. 2. Bight of, a wide bay in the E part of the Gulf of ...
Biafra, Bight of
Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, West Africa. The innermost bay of the Gulf of Guinea, it is bounded by Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon, and receives portions of the ...
Biafran
See Biafra. * * *
Biak
/bee yahk"/, n. an island N of Irian Barat, in Indonesia. 948 sq. mi. (2455 sq. km). Also, Wiak. * * *
Biak Island
▪ island, Indonesia also spelled  Wiak Island , Indonesian  Pulau Biak        largest of the Schouten Islands (q.v.), off the northern coast of Irian Jaya (the ...
Bialik
/byah"lik/, n. Chaim Nachman /khuy eem" nahkh mahn"/; Eng. /khuy"im nahkh"meuhn/, 1873-1934, Hebrew poet, born in Russia. * * *
Bialik, Haim Naḥman
▪ Russian-Jewish writer born January 9, 1873, Radi, Volhynia, Ukraine, Russian Empire died July 4, 1934, Vienna, Austria       a leading Hebrew poet, esteemed for ...
bialy
/bee ah"lee, byah"-/, n., pl. bialies. a round, flat, leavened, onion-flavored roll made of white flour, having a depression at the center and a crusty bottom. [1960-65; after ...
Bialystok
/byah wi"stawk/, n. a city in E Poland. 196,000. Russian, Belostok, Byelostok. * * *
Bian Canal
▪ canal, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Bian He  or  Bian Shui  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Pien Ho  or  Pien Shui        historic canal running ...
Bian Zhilin
▪ Chinese poet and translator Wade-Giles romanization  Pien Chih-lin  born Dec. 8, 1910, Haimen, Kiangsu province, China died Dec. 2, 2000, Beijing       Chinese poet ...
Bianca
/byahng"kah, bee ahng"keuh/, n. a female given name: from an Italian word meaning "white." * * *
Bianciardi, Luciano
▪ Italian author born Dec. 14, 1922, Grosseto, Italy died 1971, Milan       Italian writer whose works are a skeptical examination of post-World War II ...
Bianco
/byahng"kaw/, n. Monte /mawn"te/, Italian name of Mont Blanc. * * *
bianco sopra bianco
▪ pottery decoration       (Italian: “white on white”), mode of decoration originally practiced on 16th-century Urbino and Faenza majolica, or tin-glazed ...
Bianco, José
▪ Argentine writer and editor born November 21, 1908, Buenos Aires, Argentina died April 24, 1986, Buenos Aires       novelist and editor for 23 years of the ...
biangular
/buy ang"gyeuh leuhr/, adj. having two angles or corners. [BI-1 + ANGULAR] * * *
biannual
—biannually, adv. /buy an"yooh euhl/, adj. 1. occurring twice a year; semiannual. 2. occurring every two years; biennial. [1875-80; BI-1 + ANNUAL] Usage. See bi-1. * * *
biannually
See biannual. * * *
biannulate
/buy an"yoo lit, -layt'/, adj. Zool. having two ringlike bands, as of color. [BI-1 + ANNULATE] * * *
Biarritz
/bee"euh rits'/; Fr. /byann rddeets"/, n. a city in SW France, on the Bay of Biscay: resort. 27,653. * * * Town (pop., 1999: 30,005), southwestern France. It lies on the Gulf ...
biarticulate
/buy'ahr tik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. Zool. having two joints, as the antennae of certain insects. Also, biarticulated. [1810-20; BI-1 + ARTICULATE] * * *
bias
/buy"euhs/, n., adj., adv., v., biased, biasing or (esp. Brit.) biassed, biassing. n. 1. an oblique or diagonal line of direction, esp. across a woven fabric. 2. a particular ...
Bias
/buy"euhs/, n. fl. 570 B.C., Greek philosopher, born in Ionia. * * *
bias (ply) tire
bias (ply) tire or bias tire n. a motor vehicle tire having a foundation of plies of rubberized cords in a crisscross pattern of lines diagonal to the center line of the tread: ...
bias-belted tire
/buy"euhs bel'tid/. See belted-bias tire. * * *
bias-ply tire
/buy"euhs pluy'/ a vehicle tire in which the main plies or cords run across the bead. Also called cross-ply tire. See illus. under tire. [1970-75] * * *
bias-plytire
bi·as-ply tire (bīʹəs-plī') Precision Graphics n. A pneumatic tire having crossed layers of ply cord running diagonally to the tread. * * *
biascrime
bias crime n. A hate crime. * * *
biased
—biasedly; esp. Brit., biassedly, adv. /buy"euhst/, adj. having or showing bias or prejudice: They gave us a biased report on immigration trends. Also, esp. Brit., ...
biathlete
/buy ath"leet/, n. a competitor in a biathlon. [1970-75; b. BIATHLON and ATHLETE] * * *
biathlon
/buy ath"lon/, n. 1. a contest in which cross-country skiers, carrying rifles, shoot at targets at four stops along a 12.5-mi. (20 km) course. 2. an athletic contest comprising ...
biauricular
/buy'aw rik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. Anat. 1. having two auricles. 2. pertaining to both ears. [1825-35; BI-1 + AURICULAR] * * *
biauriculate
/buy'aw rik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. Biol. having two auricles or earlike parts. [1825-35; BI-1 + AURICULATE] * * *
biaxial
—biaxiality, n. —biaxially, adv. /buy ak"see euhl/, adj. 1. having two axes. 2. Crystall. having two optical axes along which double refraction does not occur. [1850-55; BI-1 ...
biaxiality
See biaxial. * * *
biaxially
See biaxiality. * * *
Biała Podlaska
▪ Poland       city, Lubelskie województwo (province), eastern Poland. It lies near the Belarusian border and along the Krzna River on the railroad linking Warsaw and ...
Białystok
Białystok [byä′lis tôk΄] city in NE Poland: pop. 273,000 * * * City (pop., 2000 est: 285,500), northeastern Poland. Founded in the 14th century, it was annexed to Prussia ...
bib
—bibless, adj. —biblike, adj. /bib/, n., v., bibbed, bibbing. n. 1. a piece of cloth, plastic, or paper that covers the chest and is often tied under the chin of a child to ...
bib and tucker
clothes: to dress in one's best bib and tucker. [1740-50] * * *
bib overalls
Chiefly Northern and North Midland U.S. overalls (def. 3a). * * *
Bib.
1. Bible. 2. Biblical. * * *
bib.
(in prescriptions) drink. [ < L bibe] * * *
Bibai
▪ Japan       city, Hokkaido, Japan. It is located between the cities of Asahikawa to the northeast and Sapporo to the southwest. It was settled in 1891 by Japanese ...
biband tucker
bib and tucker n. Informal Clothing: put on my best bib and tucker for the reception. * * *
bibasic
/buy bay"sik/, adj. Chem. (formerly) dibasic. [1840-50; BI-1 + BASIC] * * *
Bibaud, Michel
▪ French-Canadian author born Jan. 19, 1782, Côte des Neiges, near Montreal [Quebec, Can.] died Aug. 3, 1857, Montreal  author of French Canada's first volume of poetry and ...
bibb
/bib/, n. 1. Naut. any of several brackets or timbers bolted to the hounds of a mast to give additional support to the trestletrees. 2. Plumbing. bibcock. [1770-80; resp. of ...
Bibb lettuce
/bib/ a variety of lettuce having a small, somewhat tapering head and tender, light-green leaves. [1960-65; allegedly after a 19th century U.S. grower, though the variety was ...
bibbed
bibbed (bĭbd) adj. Having a bib: bibbed overalls. * * *
bibber
/bib"euhr/, n. a steady drinker; tippler (usually used in combination): winebibber. [1530-40; BIB + -ER1] * * *
Bibblettuce
Bibb lettuce (bĭb) n. A kind of lettuce forming a small, loose head and having tender, dark green leaves.   [After Jack Bibb, 19th-century American vegetable grower.] * * *
Bibby, Geoffrey
▪ 2002       British archaeologist (b. Oct. 14, 1917, Heversham, Cumbria, Eng.—d. Feb. 6, 2001, Odder, near Århus, Den.), unearthed, with his Danish colleague Peter ...
bibcock
/bib"kok'/, n. Plumbing. a faucet having a nozzle bent downward. Also, bib, bibb. [1790-1800; BIB + COCK1] * * *
bibelot
/bib"loh/; Fr. /beebeu loh"/, n., pl. bibelots /-lohz/; Fr. /-loh"/. a small object of curiosity, beauty, or rarity. [1870-75; < F, equiv. to bibel- (expressive formation akin to ...
Biber, Heinrich
▪ Bohemian composer in full  Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber   baptized Aug. 12, 1644, Wartenberg, Bohemia, Austrian Habsburg domain [now Stráž pod Ralskem, Cz.Rep.] died ...
Bibiena, Galli da, family
▪ Italian family Bibiena also spelled  Bibbiena        a family of Italian scenic artists of the 17th and 18th centuries.       The family took its name from ...
Bibl
Biblical. Also, Bibl. * * *
bibl.
1. biblical. 2. bibliographical. 3. bibliography. * * *
Bible
/buy"beuhl/, n. 1. the collection of sacred writings of the Christian religion, comprising the Old and New Testaments. 2. Also called Hebrew Scriptures. the collection of sacred ...
Bible Belt
an area of the U.S., chiefly in the South and Midwest, noted for its religious fundamentalism. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
Bible class
a class or course of study devoted to the Bible or Biblical subjects, as in a Sunday School. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
Bible paper
a very thin, strong, opaque rag paper often used for Bibles, prayer books, dictionaries, and the like. Also called India paper. [1925-30] * * *
Bible school
a school or organized study program primarily devoted to Biblical or religious teaching, as a Sunday school, church study group, etc. [1900-05] * * *
Bible Society
a Christian organization devoted to the printing and distribution of the Bible. * * *
Bible-thumper
—Bible-thumping, adj. /buy"beuhl thum'peuhr/, n. Informal. an evangelist or other person who quotes the Bible frequently, esp. as a means of exhortation or rebuke. [1920-25] * ...
Biblebanger
Bible banger n. Offensive A Bible thumper. * * *
Biblebelt
Bible belt n. Those sections of the United States, especially in the South and Middle West, where Protestant fundamentalism is widely practiced.   Bible beltʹer n. * * *
Biblebelter
See Bible belt. * * *
Biblepaper
Bible paper n. A thin, strong, opaque printing paper used for Bibles and reference books. Also called India paper. * * *
Biblethumper
Bible thumper n. Offensive Used as a disparaging term for a Christian, especially a fundamentalist or evangelical Christian, considered to be overly zealous in haranguing or ...
BiblHeb
Biblical Hebrew. * * *


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