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Biblia Pauperum
/bib"lee ah pow"pe room', bib"lee euh paw"peuhr euhm/ any of the picture books illustrating Biblical events and usually containing a short text, used chiefly in the Middle Ages ...
Biblical
—Biblically, biblically, adv. /bib"li keuhl/, adj. 1. of or in the Bible: a Biblical name. 2. in accord with the Bible. 3. evocative of or suggesting the Bible or Biblical ...
Biblical Aramaic
a Semitic language that was the vernacular in Palestine in the time of Christ and in which a few sections of the Old Testament are written. * * *
biblical criticism
      discipline that studies textual, compositional, and historical questions surrounding the Old and New Testaments. Biblical criticism lays the groundwork for ...
Biblical Hebrew
the Hebrew language used in the Old Testament. Abbr.: BiblHeb * * *
Biblical Latin
the form of Latin used in the translation of the Bible and that became current in western Europe at the beginning of the Middle Ages. * * *
biblical literature
Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; ...
biblical source
Any of the original oral or written materials compiled as the Bible. While authorship of many biblical books is anonymous or pseudonymous, scholars have used internal evidence ...
biblical translation
Art and practice of translating the Bible. The Old Testament was originally written in Hebrew, with scattered passages of Aramaic. It was first translated in its entirety into ...
Biblically
See biblical. * * *
Biblicism
/bib"leuh siz'euhm/, n. literal interpretation of the Bible. [1850-55; BIBLIC(AL) + -ISM] * * *
Biblicist
—Biblicistic, adj. /bib"leuh sist/, n. 1. a person who interprets the Bible literally. 2. a Biblical scholar. [1830-40; < ML biblic(us) (see BIBLICAL) + -IST] * * *
biblio-
a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek (bibliography); on this model, used in the formation of compound words with the meaning "book" (bibliophile), and sometimes ...
biblioclast
—biblioclasm, n. /bib"lee euh klast'/, n. a person who mutilates or destroys books. [1875-80; BIBLIO- + (ICONO)CLAST] * * *
bibliofilm
/bib"lee euh film'/, n. a microfilm used esp. in libraries to photograph the pages of valuable or much-used books. [BIBLIO- + FILM] * * *
bibliog
bibliog abbrev. 1. bibliographic 2. bibliography * * *
bibliog.
1. bibliographer. 2. bibliography. * * *
bibliogony
/bib'lee og"euh nee/, n. the art of producing and publishing books. Also called bibliogenesis /bib'lee oh jen"euh sis/. [1835-45; BIBLIO- + -GONY] * * *
bibliograph
/bib"lee euh graf', -grahf'/, v.t. 1. to put in a bibliography. 2. to make a bibliography of. 3. to provide with a bibliography. [1805-15; back formation from BIBLIOGRAPHY] * * *
bibliographer
/bib'lee og"reuh feuhr/, n. 1. an expert in bibliography. 2. a person who compiles bibliographies. [1650-60; < Gk bibliográph(os) book-writer (see BIBLIO-, -GRAPH) + -ER1] * * *
bibliographic
See bibliographical. * * *
bibliographic control
Library Science. the identification, description, analysis, and classification of books and other materials of communication so that they may be effectively organized, stored, ...
bibliographic utility
Library Science. an organization that maintains computerized bibliographic records and offers to its members or customers various products and services related to these ...
bibliographical
See bibliography. * * *
bibliographically
See bibliographical. * * *
bibliography
—bibliographic /bib'lee euh graf"ik/, bibliographical, adj. —bibliographically, adv. /bib'lee og"reuh fee/, n., pl. bibliographies. 1. a complete or selective list of works ...
biblioklept
/bib"lee euh klept'/, n. a person who steals books. [1880-85; BIBLIO- + Gk kléptes thief; see KLEPTOMANIA] * * *
bibliolater
See bibliolatry. * * *
bibliolatrous
See bibliolater. * * *
bibliolatry
—bibliolater, bibliolatrist, n. —bibliolatrous, adj. /bib'lee ol"euh tree/, n. 1. excessive reverence for the Bible as literally interpreted. 2. extravagant devotion to or ...
bibliology
—bibliological /bib'lee euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —bibliologist, n. /bib'lee ol"euh jee/, n., pl. bibliologies. bibliography (def. 3). [1800-10; BIBLIO- + -LOGY] * * *
bibliomancy
/bib"lee oh man'see/, n. divination by means of a book, esp. the Bible, opened at random to some verse or passage, which is then interpreted. [1745-55; BIBLIO- + -MANCY] * * *
bibliomania
—bibliomaniac /bib'lee oh may"nee ak'/, n. —bibliomaniacal /bib'lee oh meuh nuy"euh keuhl/, adj. /bib'lee oh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. excessive fondness for acquiring and ...
bibliomaniac
See bibliomania. * * *
bibliomaniacal
See bibliomaniac. * * *
bibliopegy
—bibliopegic /bib'lee euh pej"ik, -pee"jik/, adj. —bibliopegist, n. —bibliopegistic, bibliopegistical, adj. /bib'lee op"euh jee/, n. the art of binding books. [1825-35; ...
bibliophage
—bibliophagous /bib'lee of"euh geuhs/, bibliophagic /bib'lee euh faj"ik, -fay"jik/, adj. /bib"lee euh fayj'/, n. an ardent reader; a bookworm. [BIBLIO- + -PHAGE] * * *
bibliophile
—bibliophilism, bibliophily, n. —bibliophilistic, bibliophilic /bib'lee oh fil"ik/, adj. /bib"lee euh fuyl', -fil/, n. a person who loves or collects books, esp. as examples ...
bibliophilism
See bibliophile. * * *
bibliophilistic
See bibliophilism. * * *
bibliophobe
—bibliophobia, n. /bib"lee euh fohb'/, n. a person who hates, fears, or distrusts books. [BIBLIO- + -PHOBE] * * *
bibliopole
—bibliopolic /bib'lee euh pol"ik/, bibliopolical, bibliopolar, adj. —bibliopolically, adv. —bibliopolism /bib'lee op"euh liz'euhm/, bibliopoly, n. —bibliopolistic, ...
bibliopolic
See bibliopole. * * *
bibliopolical
See bibliopolic. * * *
bibliotaph
—bibliotaphic /bib'lee euh taf"ik/, adj. /bib"lee euh taf', -tahf'/, n. a person who caches or hoards books. Also, bibliotaphe. [1815-25; BIBLIO- + Gk táphos burial; see ...
biblioteca
/bee'vlyaw te"kah/, n., pl. bibliotecas /-kahs/. Spanish. a library. * * *
bibliotheca
—bibliothecal, adj. /bib'lee euh thee"keuh/, n., pl. bibliothecas, bibliothecae /-kee/. 1. a collection of books; a library. 2. a list of books, esp. a bookseller's catalog. 3. ...
Bibliotheca Alexandrina
▪ 2002       In a sense, all libraries serve a totemic function. They symbolize man's efforts to preserve knowledge, culture, and wisdom and transmit it to future ...
bibliothecal
See bibliotheca. * * *
bibliothèque
/bee blee aw tek"/; Eng. /bib"lee euh tek'/, n., pl. bibliothèques /-tek"/; Eng. /-teks'/. French. a library. * * *
Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Most important library in France and one of the oldest in the world. The nation's first royal library, the Bibliothèque du Roi ("King's Library"), was established under Charles ...
bibliotherapy
—bibliotherapeutic /bib'lee oh ther'euh pyooh"tik/, adj. —bibliotherapist, n. /bib'lee oh ther"euh pee/, n. Psychiatry. the use of reading as an ameliorative adjunct to ...
bibliotics
—bibliotic, adj. —bibliotist /bib"lee euh tist/, n. /bib'lee ot"iks/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) the analysis of handwriting and documents, esp. for authentication of ...
Biblist
—Biblism, n. /bib"list, buy"blist/, n. 1. a person who regards the Bible as the only rule of faith. 2. Biblicist. [1555-65; BIBLE + -IST] * * *
Bibó, István
▪ Hungarian political scientist and sociologist born Aug. 7, 1911, Budapest, Hung. died May 10, 1979, Budapest       Hungarian political scientist, sociologist, and ...
Bibracte
▪ France       ancient Gallic town (modern Mont Beuvray, in Saône-et-Loire, France), capital of the Aedui in the time of Julius Caesar and the site of his defeat of ...
bibulous
—bibulously, adv. —bibulousness, bibulosity /bib'yeuh los"i tee/, n. /bib"yeuh leuhs/, adj. 1. fond of or addicted to drink. 2. absorbent; spongy. [1665-75; < L bibulus ...
bibulously
See bibulous. * * *
bibulousness
See bibulously. * * *
Bibulus, Marcus Calpurnius
▪ Roman consul born 102 died 48 BC       Roman politician who, as consul with Julius Caesar in 59 BC, worked with the senatorial conservatives against Caesar's ...
bicameral
—bicameralism, n. —bicameralist, n. /buy kam"euhr euhl/, adj. Govt. having two branches, chambers, or houses, as a legislative body. [1825-35; BI-1 + L camer(a) CHAMBER + ...
bicameral system
System of government in which the legislature comprises two houses. It originated in Britain (see Parliament), where eventually it served to represent the interests of both the ...
bicameralism
See bicameral. * * *
bicapsular
/buy kap"seuh leuhr/, adj. Bot. 1. divided into two capsules. 2. having a divided or two-part capsule. [BI-1 + CAPSULAR] * * *
bicarb
/buy kahrb"/, n. Informal. See sodium bicarbonate. [1920-25; by shortening] * * *
bicarb.
1. bicarbonate. 2. bicarbonate of soda. * * *
bicarbonate
/buy kahr"beuh nit, -nayt'/, n. Chem. a salt of carbonic acid, containing the HCO3-1 group; an acid carbonate, as sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO3. [1810-20; BI-1 + CARBONATE] * * *
bicarbonate of soda
Chem. See sodium bicarbonate. [1865-70] * * * or sodium bicarbonate or baking soda Inorganic compound, white, crystalline salt of sodium, chemical formula NaHCO3. It is a weak ...
bicarbonateof soda
bicarbonate of soda n. See baking soda. * * *
bicaudal
bi·cau·dal (bī-kôdʹl) adj. Zoology Having two tails. * * *
bicaudate
/buy kaw"dayt/, adj. Zool. having two tails or taillike appendages. Also, bicaudal /buy kawd"l/. [BI-1 + CAUDATE] * * *
Bicaz
▪ Romania       town, Neamţ judeţ (county), northeastern Romania. It lies at the confluence of the Bicaz and Bistriţa rivers. The town is situated at the southern ...
biceblue
bice blue (bīs) n. A moderate blue.   [Middle English bis, blue-gray (sense uncertain), from Old French bis, dark (in azur bis, dark blue,, and vert bis, dark green).] * * *
bicegreen
bice green n. A moderate yellow green.   [bice blue + green.] * * *
bicellular
bi·cel·lu·lar (bī-sĕlʹyə-lər) adj. Having two cells. * * *
bicentenary
/buy' sen ten"euh ree, buy sen"tn er'ee/; esp. Brit. /buy'sen tee"neuh ree/, adj., n., pl. bicentenaries. Chiefly Brit. bicentennial. [1860-65; BI-1 + CENTENARY] * * *
bicentennial
—bicentennially, adv. /buy'sen ten"ee euhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to or in honor of a 200th anniversary: bicentennial celebration; a bicentennial exposition. 2. consisting of or ...
bicentric
—bicentrically, adv. /buy sen"trik/, adj. Biol. 1. (of a taxon) having two centers of evolution. 2. (of a plant or animal) having two centers of distribution. [1955-60; BI-1 + ...
bicentricity
See bicentric. * * *
bicep
/buy"sep/, n. a biceps muscle, esp. the one at the front of the upper arm. [1955-60; back formation fr. biceps] * * *
bicephalous
/buy sef"euh leuhs/, adj. Bot., Zool. having two heads. [1795-1805; BI-1 + -CEPHALOUS] * * *
biceps
/buy"seps/, n., pl. bicepses /-sep siz/, biceps. Anat. either of two flexor muscles, one (biceps brachii) located in the front of the upper arm and assisting in bending the arm, ...
biceps brachii
/bray"kee uy', -kee ee', brak"ee uy', -ee ee'/. See under biceps. [1855-60: < NL: lit., biceps of (the) arm] * * *
biceps femoris
/fem"euhr is/. See under biceps. [1855-60; < NL: lit., biceps of (the) femur] * * *
biceps muscle
▪ anatomy  any muscle with two heads, or points of origin (from Latin bis, “two,” and caput, “head”). In human beings, there are the biceps brachii and biceps ...
bicepsbrachii
biceps bra·chi·i (brāʹkē-ī', -kē-ē', brăkʹē-ī', -ē-ē') n. See biceps.   [New Latin biceps brāchiī: biceps, biceps + Latin brāchiī, genitive of brācchium, ...
bicepsfemoris
biceps fem·o·ris (fĕmʹər-ĭs) n. See biceps.   [New Latin : biceps, biceps + Latin femoris, genitive of femur, thigh.] * * *
Bicester
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Cherwell district, administrative and historic county of Oxfordshire, England. It lies in farming country on the ...
Bichat
/bee shann"/, n. Marie François Xavier /mann rddee" frddahonn swann" gzann vyay"/, 1771-1802, French physician. * * *
Bichat, (Marie-François-) Xavier
born Nov. 11/14, 1771, Thoirette, Fra. died July 22, 1802, Lyon French anatomist and physiologist. In addition to bedside observations of patients, he conducted autopsies to ...
Bichat, Marie-François-Xavier
▪ French anatomist and physiologist born Nov. 11/14, 1771, Thoirette, France died July 22, 1802, Lyon  French anatomist and physiologist whose systematic study of human ...
bichir
/bich"euhr/, n. any of several primitive freshwater African fishes of the genus Polypterus having functional lungs as well as gills. [‡1965-70; < F < dial. Ar abu shir] * * ...
Bichitr
▪ Indian painter flourished 17th century, India       Mughal (Mughal painting) court painter active during the reigns of the emperors Jahāngīr, Shah Jahān (Jahān ...
bichloride
/buy klawr"uyd, -id, -klohr"-/, n. Chem. dichloride. [1800-10; BI-1 + CHLORIDE] * * *
bichloride of mercury
Chem. See mercuric chloride. [1800-10] * * *       mercury(II) chloride, an odourless, colourless, water-soluble compound of mercury (q.v.). * * *
Bichon Frise
/bee"shon freez", fri zay"/; Fr. /bee shawonn frddee zay"/ one of a French-Belgian breed of small dog having a silky, loosely curled, thick white coat, a topknot, dropped ears ...
bichromate
/buy kroh"mayt/, n. Chem. dichromate. [1850-55; BI-1 + CHROMATE] * * *
bichromate process
any of several methods of photography in which the light-sensitive medium is alkaline bichromate associated with a colloid such as gum, albumen, or gelatin. * * *
bichrome
/buy"krohm'/, adj. bicolor. [1920-25; BI-1 + -CHROME] * * *
Bichsel, Peter
▪ Swiss author born March 24, 1935, Lucerne, Switz.       Swiss short-story writer, journalist, and novelist known for his simple, self-conscious writing style and his ...
bicipital
/buy sip"i tl/, adj. 1. having two heads; two-headed. 2. Anat. pertaining to the biceps. [1640-50; < L bicipit- (s. of biceps) BICEPS + -AL1] * * *
bick-iron
/bik"uy'euhrn, bik"euhrn/, n. the tapered end of an anvil. [1660-70; alter. (by assoc. with IRON) of earlier bickern for bycorne two-horned anvil < L bicornis two-horned (see ...
bicker
bicker1 —bickerer, n. /bik"euhr/, v.i. 1. to engage in petulant or peevish argument; wrangle: The two were always bickering. 2. to run rapidly; move quickly; rush; hurry: a ...
Bickerdyke, Mary Ann
▪ American medical worker née  Mary Ann Ball   born July 19, 1817, Knox county, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 8, 1901, Bunker Hill, Kan.  organizer and chief of nursing, hospital, ...
bickerer
See bicker. * * *
Bickerstaffe, Isaac
▪ Irish dramatist born c. 1735, , Ireland died c. 1812       Irish playwright whose farces and comic operas were popular in the late 18th century. There is no apparent ...
bicoastal
—bicoastalism, n. /buy kohs"tl/, adj. occurring or existing on two coasts, or on both the east and west coasts of the U.S.: a bicoastal firm with offices in San Francisco and ...
Bicol
/bee kohl"/, n., pl. Bicols, (esp. collectively) Bicol. Bikol. * * * ▪ people also spelled  Bikol,  Spanish  Bicolano,         fifth largest cultural-linguistic ...
Bicol Peninsula
Peninsula, southeastern Luzon, Philippines. It has a lengthy coastline with large subpeninsulas. Its area is about 4,660 sq mi (12,070 sq km). It includes the Bicol Plain, a ...
bicollateral
—bicollaterality, n. /buy'keuh lat"euhr euhl/, adj. Bot. (of a bundle) having the xylem lined with phloem on both its inner and outer faces. [1880-85; BI-1 + COLLATERAL] * * *
bicolor
/buy"kul'euhr/, adj. 1. Also, bicolored; esp. Brit., bicoloured. having two colors: a bicolor flower. n. 2. a flag divided into two major areas of color. Also, esp. Brit., ...
bicompact
/buy'keuhm pakt"/, adj. Math. compact1 (def. 7). [BI-1 + COMPACT1] * * *
biconcave
—biconcavity /buy'keuhn kav"i tee/, n. /buy kon"kayv, buy'kon kayv"/, adj. concave on both sides, as a lens. See diag. under lens. [1825-35; BI-1 + CONCAVE] * * *
biconcavity
See biconcave. * * *
biconditional
/buy'keuhn dish"euh nl/, adj. Logic. (of a proposition) asserting that the existence or occurrence of one thing or event depends on, and is dependent on, the existence or ...
bicone
—biconical /buy kon"i keuhl/, adj. —biconically, adv. /buy"kohn'/, n. an object shaped like two cones with their bases together. [1925-30; BI-1 + CONE] * * *
bicontinental
/buy'kon tn en"tl/, adj. of, on, or involving two continents: a bicontinental survey. * * *
biconvex
—biconvexity, n. /buy kon"veks, buy'kon veks"/, adj. convex on both sides, as a lens. See diag. under lens. [1840-50; BI-1 + CONVEX] * * *
biconvexity
See biconvex. * * *
bicorn
/buy"kawrn/, adj. Also, bicornate /buy kawr"nit, -nayt/, bicornuate /buy kawr"nyooh it, -ayt'/, bicornuous. 1. Bot., Zool. having two horns or hornlike parts. 2. shaped like a ...
Bicorn
/buy"kawrn/, n. (in early French and English literature) a mythical animal, usually depicted as a grotesquely fat beast, that existed solely by devouring virtuous husbands. Cf. ...
bicorne
/buy"kawrn/, n. 1. a two-cornered cocked hat worn esp. in the 18th and early 19th centuries. 2. a two-horned animal. Also, bicorn. [ < F, MF; see BICORN, BICORN] * * *
bicornuate
bi·cor·nu·ate (bī-kôrʹnyo͞o-ĭt, -āt') also bi·corn (bīʹkôrn') adj. 1. Having two horns or horn-shaped parts. 2. Shaped like a crescent.   [From bi-1 + Latin ...
bicorporal
/buy kawr"peuhr euhl/, adj. having two bodies, main divisions, symbols, etc. Also, bicorporeal /buy'kawr pawr"ee euhl, -pohr"-/. [1680-90; < L bicorpor (bi- BI-1 + corpor-, s. of ...
bicultural
/buy kul"cheuhr euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or combining two cultures. 2. of or pertaining to biculturalism. [1935-40; BI-1 + CULTURAL] * * *
biculturalism
/buy kul"cheuhr euh liz'euhm/, n. the presence of two different cultures in the same country or region: a commission on bilingualism and biculturalism in Canada. [1950-55; ...
bicuspid
/buy kus"pid/, adj. 1. Also, bicuspidate. having or terminating in two cusps or points, as certain teeth. n. 2. premolar (def. 4). [1830-40; BI-1 + CUSPID] * * *
bicuspid valve
bicuspid valve n. MITRAL VALVE * * *
bicuspid valve.
See mitral valve. [1895-1900] * * *
bicuspidvalve
bicuspid valve n. See mitral valve. * * *
bicycle
—bicyclist, bicycler, n. /buy"si keuhl, -sik'euhl, -suy'keuhl/, n., v., bicycled, bicycling. n. 1. a vehicle with two wheels in tandem, usually propelled by pedals connected to ...
bicycle kick
1. an exercise performed by lying on one's back with the hips and legs in the air, supported by the hands, and moving the legs as if pedaling a bicycle. 2. Soccer. a dramatic ...
bicycle moto-cross
➡ BMX * * *
bicycle path
a path, as one alongside a roadway, for the use of bicyclists. Also called bike path. [1970-75] * * *
bicycle race
Sports. cycling (def. 2). Also, bicycle racing. [1865-70] * * *
bicyclekick
bicycle kick n. 1. A cardiovascular exercise performed by lying on one's back, extending the feet and hips upward, and moving them in a motion similar to the pedaling of a ...
bicyclemotocross
bicycle motocross n. A cross-country bicycle race, especially one involving young people riding bicycles designed for rough terrain. * * *
bicycler
See bicycle. * * *
bicyclic
/buy suy"klik, -sik"lik/, adj. 1. consisting of or having two cycles or circles. 2. Bot. in two whorls, as the stamens of a flower. 3. pertaining to or resembling a ...
bicyclic terpene
Chem. See under terpene (def. 2). * * *
bicyclist
See bicycler. * * *
bid
bid1 —bidder, n. /bid/, v., bade or (Archaic) bad for 1, 2, 5, 6, 8 or bid for 3, 4, 7, 9, 10; bidden or bid for 1, 2, 5, 6, 8 or bid for 3, 4, 7, 9; bidding; n. v.t. 1. to ...
bid price
Stock Exchange. bid1 (def. 15). * * *
bid-up
/bid"up'/, n. 1. the act or an instance of increasing the price of something by forcing the bidding upward. 2. the amount of such increase: a bid-up of 100 percent in the last ...
Bida
▪ Nigeria       town and traditional emirate, Niger state, west-central Nigeria. The town is on the Bako River, a minor tributary of the Niger, and lies at the ...
Bidar
▪ India  city, northeastern Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southern India. It is situated 2,300 feet (700 metres) above sea level and 68 miles (109 km) northwest of ...
bidarka
/buy dahr"keuh/, n. a sealskin boat used by Aleuts and southern Alaskan Eskimos. Also, bidara /buy dahr"euh/, bidarkee /buy dahr"kee/, baidarka. [1825-35; < Russ baidárka, ...
Bidart, Frank
▪ American poet born 1939, California       American poet whose introspective verse, notably dramatic monologues by troubled characters, deal with personal guilt, ...
Bidault
/bee doh"/, n. Georges /zhawrddzh/, 1899-1983, French statesman. * * *
Bidault, Georges
▪ prime minister of France in full  Georges-Augustin Bidault  born Oct. 5, 1899, Moulins, France died Jan. 27, 1983, Cambo-les-Bains, near Bayonne       French ...
Bidault, Georges (-Augustin)
born Oct. 5, 1899, Moulins, France died Jan. 27, 1983, Cambo-les-Bains, near Bayonne French statesman and Resistance leader in World War II. After being imprisoned in Germany ...
biddable
—biddability, biddableness, n. —biddably, adv. /bid"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. Cards. adequate to bid upon: a biddable suit. 2. willing to do what is asked; obedient; tractable; ...
Biddeford
/bid"euh feuhrd/, n. a city in SW Maine. 19,638. * * * ▪ Maine, United States       city, York county, southwestern Maine, U.S., at the falls of the Saco River, ...
bidden
/bid"n/, v. 1. a pp. of bid. adj. 2. invited. * * *
bidder
See bid. * * *
bidding
/bid"ing/, n. 1. command; summons; invitation: I went there at his bidding. 2. bids collectively, or a period during which bids are made or received: The bidding began ...
bidding prayer
1. the formal petitionary prayer, said esp. in the Anglican Church immediately before the sermon. 2. an intercessory prayer for persons living and dead, said in English churches ...
Biddle
/bid"l/, n. 1. Francis, 1886-1968, U.S. attorney general 1941-45. 2. John, 1615-62, English theologian: founder of English Unitarianism. 3. Nicholas, 1786-1844, U.S. financier. * ...
Biddle, James
born Feb. 18, 1783, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Oct. 1, 1848, Philadelphia U.S. naval officer. He entered the navy in 1800. During the War of 1812, he served on the USS Wasp ...
Biddle, John
born 1615, Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Sept. 22, 1662, London Father of English Unitarianism. He studied at the University of Oxford and became master of a ...
Biddle, Nicholas
born Jan. 8, 1786, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 27, 1844, Philadelphia U.S. author, financier, and lawyer. He served as secretary to Pres. James Monroe (1806–07), then ...
Biddle,John
Bid·dle (bĭdʹl), John. 1615-1662. English theologian and founder of English Unitarianism who was several times imprisoned for his rejection of Trinitarian doctrine. * * *
biddy
biddy1 /bid"ee/, n., pl. biddies. Chiefly New England, South Midland, and Southern U.S. 1. a chicken. 2. a newly hatched chick. [1595-1605; cf. Brit. dial. biddy ( < ?) with same ...
bide
—bider, n. /buyd/, v., bided or bode; bided or (Archaic) bid; biding. v.t. 1. Archaic. to endure; bear. 2. Obs. to encounter. v.i. 3. to dwell; abide; wait; remain. 4. bide ...
Bideford
▪ England, United Kingdom       small port, Torridge district, administrative and historic county of Devon, England, located at the lowest bridging point of the River ...
Biden, Joe
▪ 2009 born Nov. 20, 1942, Scranton, Pa.       On Aug. 23, 2008, U.S. presidential candidate Barack Obama (q.v.) officially announced his selection of Joe Biden, a ...
Bidens
▪ plant genus  genus of weedy herbs in the family Asteraceae, consisting of about 230 species, variously known as bur-marigold, sticktights, beggar-ticks, and ...
bidentate
/buy den"tayt/, adj. Biol. having two teeth or toothlike parts or processes. [1750-60; < L bident- (s. of bidens, equiv. to bi- BI-1 + dens tooth) + -ATE1] * * *
bidenticulate
/buy'den tik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. Zool., Bot. having two small teeth or toothlike processes. [BI-1 + DENTICULATE] * * *
bidet
/bee day", bi det"/, n. 1. a low, basinlike bathroom fixture, usually with spigots, used for bathing the genital and perineal areas. 2. a small saddle horse. [1620-30; < MF: ...
bidi
/bee"dee/, n., pl. bidis. (in India) an inexpensive cigarette, locally produced usually from cut tobacco rolled in leaf. Also, beedi, biri. [ < Hindi bidi < Skt vitika a ...
bidialectal
—bidialectalism, bidialectism, n. —bidialectalist, n. —bidialectally, adv. /buy'duy euh lek"teuhl/, adj. proficient in or using two dialects of the same language. [1965-70; ...
bidialectalism
See bidialectal. * * *
bidialectalist
See bidialectalism. * * *
bidirectional
—bidirectionality, n. —bidirectionally, adv. /buy'di rek"sheuh nl, -duy-/, adj. capable of reacting or functioning in two, usually opposite, directions. [1940-45; BI-1 + ...
bidirectionality
See bidirectional. * * *
bidirectionally
See bidirectionality. * * *
Bidlack Treaty
▪ South America [1846] also called  New Granada Treaty        (Dec. 12, 1846), pact signed by New Granada (now Colombia and Panama) and the United States, which ...
bidonville
Fr. /bee dawonn veel"/, n., pl. bidonvilles Fr. /-veel"/. (esp. in France and North Africa) an impoverished shantytown on the outskirts of a city. [1950-55; < F, equiv. to bidon ...
Bidpai, The Fables of
      European title for the collection of Indian animal fables known in Sanskrit as Pañca-tantra (Panchatantra) (q.v.). * * *
Bīdrī ware
▪ Indian craft       metal decorative objects ornamented with a type of Indian inlay work. The ware derives its name from the town of Bīdar, in Karnātaka, though it is ...
Bidwell, John
born Aug. 5, 1819, Chautauqua county, N.Y., U.S. died April 4, 1900, near Sacramento, Calif. U.S. political leader. He was a member of the first group to travel by wagon train ...
bidʿah
▪ Islam       in Islām, any innovation that has no roots in the traditional practice (sunna) of the Muslim community. The most fundamentalist legal school in Islām, ...
Biedermeier
/bee"deuhr muy'euhr/, adj. noting or pertaining to a style of furnishings common in German-speaking areas in the early to middle 19th century, generally existing as a ...
Biedermeier style
Style of German and Austrian art, furniture, and decoration that developed с 1815 to 1848. Gottlieb ("Papa") Biedermeier was a fictional cartoon character, the comic symbol of ...
Biel
/beel/, n. Lake. See Bienne, Lake of. * * * ▪ Switzerland (German), French  Bienne,         town, Bern canton, northwestern Switzerland. It lies at the ...
Biel, Gabriel
born с 1420, Speyer [Germany] died Dec. 7, 1495, Tübingen, Württemberg German philosopher, economist, and Scholastic theologian. He became professor at the University of ...
Biela's Comet
▪ astronomy       short-period comet discovered (1826) by and named for the Austrian astronomer Wilhelm, Baron von Biela (Biela, Wilhelm, Freiherr von) (1782–1856). It ...
Biela, Wilhelm, Freiherr von
▪ Austrian astronomer born March 19, 1782, Rossla, Stolberg am Harz, Saxony died Feb. 18, 1856, Venice       Austrian astronomer who is noted for his discovery (1826) ...
bield
/beeld/, n. Scot. a shelter; refuge. [1400-50; late ME (Scots) beld(e), beild, appar. to be identified with ME beild courage, power, aid, OE bieldo boldness; akin to Goth balthei ...
Bielefeld
/bee"leuh felt'/, n. a city in NW Germany. 315,000. * * * City (pop., 2002 est: city, 323,400; metro. area, 579,000), northwestern Germany. Founded in 1214, the town arose from ...
Bielersee
/bee"leuhrdd zay'/, n. German name of Lake of Bienne. * * *
Biella
▪ Italy       city, Piemonte ( Piedmont) regione, northwestern Italy. It lies at the foot of the Alps, on the Cervo River, northeast of Turin. A Gallic and Roman centre, ...
Bielsko-Biala
/byel"skaw byah"lah, -byah"wah/, n. a city in S Poland. 116,100. German, Bielitz /bee"lits/. * * *
Bielsko-Biała
Bielsko-Biała [bē el΄skô bē äl′ə] city in S Poland, at the foot of the Carpathian Mountains: pop. 184,000 * * * ▪ Poland       city, Śląskie województwo ...
bien entendu
/bya nahonn tahonn dyuu"/, French. naturally; of course. [lit., well understood] * * *
Bien Hoa
▪ Vietnam       city, southern Vietnam. Bien Hoa is located 19 miles (30 km) northeast of Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon), on the left bank of the Dong Nai River, ...
bien-pensant
bien-pensant [byan pän sän′] adj. 〚Fr < bien, well + prp. of penser, to think〛 right-minded; accepting or based on ideas regarded as sound or correct; orthodox, ...
Biencourt, Charles de
▪ French colonial administrator and trader in full  Charles de Biencourt, baron de Saint-Just  born 1591/92, Champagne, Fr. died 1623/24, Port-Royal, Acadia, New France [now ...
Bienerth, Richard, Freiherr von
▪ prime minister of Austria also called (after 1915)  Graf (count) von Bienerth-Schmerling  born March 2, 1863, Verona, Venezia, Austrian Empire [now in Italy] died June 3, ...
biennale
biennale [bē΄ə nä′lē] n. 〚It〛 a biennial show; esp., an art show held every two years * * *
Bienne
/byen/, n. Lake of, a lake in NW Switzerland: traces of prehistoric lake dwellings. 16 sq. mi. (41 sq. km). Also called Lake Biel. German, Bielersee. * * *
biennia
bi·en·ni·a (bī-ĕnʹē-ə) n. A plural of biennium. * * *
biennial
—biennially, adv. /buy en"ee euhl/, adj. 1. happening every two years: biennial games. 2. lasting or enduring for two years: a biennial life cycle. 3. Bot. completing its ...
biennially
See biennial. * * *
biennium
/buy en"ee euhm/, n., pl. bienniums, biennia /-en"ee euh/. a period of two years. [1895-1900; < L, equiv. to bi- BI-1 + -enn- (comb. form of annus year) + -ium -IUM] * * *
bienvenu
/byaonn veuh nyuu"/, adj. French. welcome. [lit., well arrived] * * *
bienvenue
/byaonn veuh nyuu"/, French. adj. 1. welcome (used when addressing or referring to a woman). n. 2. a welcome; kindly greeting or reception. * * *
Bienville
/byaonn veel"/, n. Jean Baptiste Le Moyne /zhahonn bann teest" leuh mwannn"/, Sieur de /syuerdd deuh/, 1680-1768, French governor of Louisiana. * * *
Bienville, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de
(baptized Feb. 23, 1680, Montreal, New France died March 7, 1767, Paris, France) French explorer, colonial governor of Louisiana, and founder of New Orleans. He served with the ...
Bienville,Sieur Jean Baptiste Lemoyne de
Bien·ville (byĕnʹvĭl', byăɴ-vēlʹ), Sieur Jean Baptiste Lemoyne de. 1680-1768. French colonial administrator who as governor of Louisiana founded New Orleans (1718). * * *
bier
/bear/, n. 1. a frame or stand on which a corpse or the coffin containing it is laid before burial. 2. such a stand together with the corpse or coffin. [bef. 900; ME bere, OE ...
Bierce
/bears/, n. Ambrose (Gwinnett) /gwi net"/, 1842-1914?, U.S. journalist and short-story writer. * * *
Bierce, Ambrose
▪ American author in full  Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce  born June 24, 1842, Meigs county, Ohio, U.S. died 1914, Mexico?  American newspaperman, wit, satirist, and author of ...
Bierce, Ambrose (Gwinnett)
born June 24, 1842, Meigs county, Ohio, U.S. died 1914, Mexico? U.S. newspaperman, satirist, and short-story writer. Not long after serving in the Civil War, he became a ...
Bierce,Ambrose Gwinett
Bierce (bîrs), Ambrose Gwinett. 1842-1914?. American writer whose works, including In the Midst of Life (1891-1892) and The Devil's Dictionary (1906), are marked by caustic wit ...
bieri
▪ African art       wooden mortuary figure of the Fang tribe of Gabon, Africa, that traditionally guarded the skulls of deceased ancestors. These figures were somewhat ...
bierkäse
/bear"kay'zeuh/, n. a semisoft, strong white cow's-milk cheese that originated in Germany, and is eaten esp. with beer. Also, Bierkäse. [ < G, equiv. to Bier BEER + Käse ...
Bierstadt
/bear"stat/; Ger. /beerdd"shtaht/, n. Albert /al"beuhrt/; Ger. /ahl"berddt/, 1830-1902, U.S. painter, born in Germany. * * *
Bierstadt, Albert
born Jan. 7, 1830, near Düsseldorf, Westphalia died Feb. 19, 1902, New York, N.Y., U.S. German-born U.S. painter of the Hudson River school. His parents immigrated to the U.S. ...
Bierstadt,Albert
Bier·stadt (bîrʹstăt', -shtät'), Albert. 1830-1902. German-born American landscape painter whose romanticized works include Domes of the Yosemite (1864). * * *
Bierstadt,Mount
Bierstadt, Mount A peak, 4,288.3 m (14,000 ft) high, of north-central Colorado in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. * * *
bierstube
/bear"shtooh beuh/, n., pl. bierstubes, bierstuben /-beuhn/. a tavern or café offering German or German-style atmosphere, décor, food, beer, etc. [1905-10; < G, equiv. to Bier ...
Bierut, Bolesław
▪ Polish statesman born April 18, 1892, Rury Jezuickie, near Lublin, Poland died March 12, 1956, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       statesman and Communist Party official ...
biestings
/bee"stingz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) beestings. * * *
biface
bi·face (bīʹfās') n. Archaeology A bifacial stone tool. * * *
bifacial
—bifacially, adv. /buy fay"sheuhl/, adj. 1. having two faces or fronts. 2. Archaeol. having the opposite surfaces alike, as some tools. [1880-85; BI-1 + FACIAL] * * *
bifacially
See bifacial. * * *
bifarious
—bifariously, adv. /buy fair"ee euhs/, adj. Bot. in two vertical rows. [1650-60; < LL bifarius twofold, double, deriv. (see -IOUS) of L bifariam (adv.) in two parts or places, ...
biff
biff1 /bif/, Slang. n. 1. a blow; punch. v.t. 2. to hit; punch. [1840-50, Amer.; perh. imit.] biff2 /bif/, n. biffy. * * *
biffin
/bif"in/, n. a deep-red cooking apple native to Britain. [1785-95; var. of beefing (so called from color of beef); see -ING3] * * *
biffy
/bif"ee/, n., pl. biffies. Chiefly Upper Midwest and Canadian Slang. a toilet or privy. Also, biff. [orig. obscure] * * *
bifid
—bifidity, n. —bifidly, adv. /buy"fid/, adj. separated or cleft into two equal parts or lobes. [1655-65; < L bifidus, equiv. to bi- BI-1 + fid- (var. s. of findere to split; ...
bifidity
See bifid. * * *
bifidly
See bifidity. * * *
bifilar
—bifilarly, adv. /buy fuy"leuhr/, adj. furnished or fitted with two filaments or threads. [1830-40; BI-1 + L fil(um) (see FILE1) + -AR1] * * *
bifilarly
See bifilar. * * *
biflagellate
/buy flaj"euh layt', -lit/, adj. Zool. having two flagella. [1855-60; BI-1 + FLAGELLATE] * * *
biflex
/buy"fleks/, adj. bent at two places. [BI-1 + -flex < L flexus; see FLEX] * * *
bifluoride
/buy floor"uyd, -flawr"-, -flohr"-/, n. Chem. an acid salt of hydrofluoric acid containing the group HF2-, as ammonium bifluoride, NH4HF2. [BI-1 + FLUORIDE] * * *
bifocal
/buy foh"keuhl, buy"foh'-/, adj. 1. Chiefly Optics. having two foci. 2. (of an eyeglass or contact lens) having two portions, one for near and one for far vision. n. 3. bifocals, ...
bifocaled
bi·fo·caled (bī-fōʹkəld) adj. Wearing bifocals: “the thin, bifocaled woman” (Los Angeles Times). * * *
bifocalism
See bifocal. * * *
bifocals
☆ bifocals [bī′fō΄kəlz ] pl.n. eyeglasses with bifocal lenses * * *
bifold
/buy"fohld'/, adj. capable of being folded into two parts, as with leaves that are hinged together: a bifold door; bifold shutters. Also, bifolding. [BI-1 + -FOLD] * * *
bifoliate
/buy foh"lee it, -ayt'/, adj. having two leaves. [1830-40; BI-1 + FOLIATE] * * *
bifoliolate
/buy foh"lee euh layt', -lit/, adj. Bot. having two leaflets. [1825-35; BI-1 + FOLIOLATE] * * *
biforate
/buy fawr"ayt, -fohr"-, buy"feuh rayt', bif"euh-/, adj. Biol. having two pores or perforations. [1835-45; BI-1 + L foratus perforated, ptp. of forare to bore] * * *
biforked
/buy"fawrkt'/, adj. bifurcate (def. 2). [1570-80; BI-1 + FORKED] * * *
biform
—biformity, n. /buy"fawrm'/, adj. having or combining two forms, as a centaur or mermaid. Also, biformed. [1810-20; < L biformis, equiv. to bi- BI-1 + form(a) FORM + -is adj. ...
Bifrost
/biv"rost/, n. Scand. Myth. the rainbow bridge of the gods from Asgard to earth. [ < ON Bifrost, equiv. to bif- (root of bifa, c. OE bifian to shake) + rost, c. OHG rasta stretch ...
bifteck
bifteck [bēf tek′] n. 〚Fr〛 beefsteak: also biftek * * *
bifunctional
/buy fungk"sheuh nl/, adj. 1. having or serving two functions. 2. Chem. having or involving two functional groups. [1935-40; BI-1 + FUNCTIONAL] * * *
bifurcate
—bifurcately /buy'feuhr kayt"lee; buy ferr"kayt lee, -kit-/, adv. —bifurcation, n. v., adj. /buy"feuhr kayt', buy ferr"kayt/; adj. also /buy"feuhr kit, buy ferr"-/, v., ...
bifurcately
See bifurcate. * * *
bifurcation
bifurcation [bī΄fər kā′shən] n. 1. the act or fact of bifurcating 2. the place where this occurs * * * See bifurcately. * * *
big
big1 —biggish, adj. —bigly, adv. /big/, adj., bigger, biggest, adv., n. adj. 1. large, as in size, height, width, or amount: a big house; a big quantity. 2. of major concern, ...
Big 12 Conference
▪ American athletic conference originally  Big 6 Conference         American collegiate athletic organization, composed of the Universities of Kansas (Kansas, ...
Big Apple
☆ Big Apple the 〚orig., jazzmen's slang for the BIG TIME < ?〛 name for NEW YORK (City) * * * (AmE infml) a popular name for New York City. The name was first used by jazz ...
Big Apple, the
Informal. New York City. [1925-30; promulgated as a tourist slogan during the 1970s; perh. reuse of earlier "the Apple" (New York City in jazz musicians' argot) with Big as in ...
Big Bad Wolf
a frightening wolf that appears in several children’s stories, e.g. Little Red Riding Hood. In the story of the Three Little Pigs the pigs sing the popular children’s song ...
big band
a jazz or dance band that is the size of an orchestra. Cf. combo. [1925-30] * * *
big band era
➡ jazz * * *
Big Band music
swing2 (def. 1). * * *
big band sound
➡ big band * * *


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