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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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Bing Xin
/bing" shin"/, (Xie Wanying) born 1900, Chinese writer. * * *
Bing, Ilse
▪ 1999       German-born avant-garde photographer whose images featured an inventive use of oblique angles and patterns; she was dubbed "queen of the Leica" for her use ...
Bing, Sir Rudolf
born Jan. 9, 1902, Vienna, Austria-Hungary died Sept. 2, 1997, New York, N.Y., U.S. Austrian-born British opera impresario. After holding positions in German opera houses, he ...
Bing, Sir Rudolf Franz Joseph
▪ 1998       British operatic impresario (b. Jan. 9, 1902, Vienna, Austria—d. Sept. 2, 1997, New York, N.Y.), directed the Metropolitan Opera through one of its most ...
Bing, Sir Rudolph
▪ British opera director born , January 9, 1902, Vienna died September 2, 1997, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S.       British operatic impresario who oversaw the Metropolitan Opera ...
Bing,Sir Rudolf
Bing (bĭng), Sir Rudolf. 1902-1997. Austrian-born British impresario who managed (1950-1972) the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. * * *
Bingcherry
Bing cherry n. A variety of cherry with juicy, sweet, deep red to nearly black fruit.   [Perhaps after an employee of the cherry's originator.] * * *
binge
—binger, n. /binj/, n., v., binged, binging. Informal. n. 1. a period or bout, usually brief, of excessive indulgence, as in eating, drinking alcoholic beverages, etc.; ...
binge-purge syndrome
/binj"perrj"/ bulimia. * * *
bingeeating
binge eating n. Consumption of large amounts of food in a short period of time, especially as a symptom of bulimia. * * *
Bingen
/bing"euhn/, n. a town in W Germany, on the Rhine River: whirlpool; tourist center. 24,500. * * * ▪ Germany in full  Bingen am Rhein        city, ...
Bingen,Hildegard von
Bing·en (bĭngʹən), Hildegard von. See Hildegard von Bingen. * * *
binger
See binge. * * *
Bingham
/bing"euhm/, n. George Caleb, 1811-79, U.S. painter. * * *
Bingham, Amelia
▪ American actress née  Amelia Swilley  born March 20, 1869, Hicksville, Ohio, U.S. died September 1, 1927, New York, New York       American actress who not only ...
Bingham, Barry, Jr.
▪ 2007       American editor and publisher (b. Sept. 23, 1933, Louisville, Ky.—d. April 3, 2006, Glenview, Ky.), succeeded his father as editor-publisher of the ...
Bingham, Caleb
▪ American educator born April 15, 1757, Salisbury, Conn. [U.S.] died April 6, 1817, Boston, Mass., U.S.       American educator, textbook author, and bookseller during ...
Bingham, George Caleb
born March 20, 1811, Augusta county, Va., U.S. died July 7, 1879, Kansas City, Mo. U.S. painter and frontier politician. He studied briefly at the Pennsylvania Academy of the ...
Bingham, Hiram
▪ American archaeologist and United States senator born , Nov. 19, 1875, Honolulu, Hawaii died June 6, 1956, Washington, D.C., U.S.  American archaeologist and politician who ...
Bingham,George Caleb
Bing·ham (bĭngʹəm), George Caleb. 1811-1879. American painter noted for his portraits and genre paintings of the American frontier. * * *
Binghamton
/bing"euhm teuhn/, n. a city in S New York, on the Susquehanna River. 55,860. * * * ▪ New York, United States       city, seat (1806) of Broome county, south-central ...
binghi
/bing"uy/, n., pl. binghis. (sometimes cap.) Australian Slang. an Aborigine. [1930-35; < Dyangadi (Australian Aboriginal language of Macleay River valley, E New South Wales) ...
bingle
bingle1 /bing"geuhl/, n. Baseball Slang. See base hit. [1900-05, Amer.; perh. B(AT)1 + (S)INGLE] bingle2 /bing"geuhl/, n. Australian Informal. a collision, esp. an automobile ...
bingo
/bing"goh/, n. (sometimes cap.) 1. a form of lotto in which balls or slips, each with a number and one of the letters B, I, N, G, or O, are drawn at random and players cover the ...
bingo card
a prepaid postcard inserted in a magazine by its publisher to enable a reader to order free information about advertised products. [1985-90; so called from the series of coded ...
bingo halls
➡ bingo * * *
Bingöl
▪ Turkey formerly  Çapakçur        city in eastern Turkey, lying along the Göniksuyu, a tributary of the Murat River. It is a market for grain, livestock, and ...
Bingxin
▪ Chinese author Chinese“Pure in Heart” also spelled  Bing Xin , Wade-Giles romanization  Ping-hsin , original name  Xie Wanying  born October 5, 1900, Minhou, ...
bingy
/bing"ee/, n., pl. bingies. Australian. belly. [1850-55; < Dharuk bi-ndí] * * *
Binh Dinh
/bin" din"/ former home of An Nhon. Also, Binhdinh. * * *
Bini
Bini [bē′nē] n. pl. Binis or Bini EDO * * *
Binkis, Kazys
▪ Lithuanian author born Nov. 4, 1893, Gudeliai, Russian Lithuania died April 27, 1942, Kaunas, Lithuanian S.S.R.       poet who led the “Four Winds” literary ...
binnacle
binnacle1 /bin"euh keuhl/, n. Naut. a stand or enclosure of wood or nonmagnetic metal for supporting and housing a compass. [1615-25; BIN + (bitt)acle (late ME bitakille) < Pg ...
Binney, Horace
▪ American lawyer and politician born Jan. 4, 1780, Philadelphia Pa., U.S. died Aug. 12, 1875, Philadelphia       American lawyer and politician who established the ...
Binney, Thomas
▪ English Congregationalist minister born 1798, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, Eng. died Feb. 24, 1874, London       English Congregational minister who actively ...
Binnig, Gerd
▪ German physicist born July 20, 1947, Frankfurt am Main, W.Ger.       German-born physicist who shared with Heinrich Rohrer (q.v.) half of the 1986 Nobel Prize for ...
Binnya Dala
▪ king of Pegu died 1774       last king (reigned 1747–57) of Pegu in southern Myanmar (Burma), whose independence from the northern Burmans was revived briefly ...
Binoche, Juliette
▪ 1998       The French actress Juliette Binoche had a face that was mesmerizing, not only because of its obvious beauty—dark hair and eyes, pale complexion, and pink ...
binocle
binocle1 /bin"euh keuhl/, n. binocular (def. 1). [1690-1700; < F < L bin(i) BIN- + oculus eye] binocle2 /buy"nuk euhl/, n. a card game of the bezique family that is played by two ...
binocs
binocs [bī′näks΄] pl.n. Informal binoculars * * *
binocular
—binocularity, n. —binocularly, adv. /beuh nok"yeuh leuhr, buy-/, n. 1. Usually, binoculars. Also called pair of binoculars, prism binoculars. an optical device, providing ...
binocular fusion
Ophthalm. fusion (def. 5a). * * *
binocularity
See binocular. * * *
binocularly
See binocularity. * * *
binoculars
Optical instrument for providing a magnified view of distant objects, consisting of two similar telescopes, one for each eye, mounted on a single frame. In most binoculars, each ...
binomial
—binomialism, n. —binomially, adv. /buy noh"mee euhl/, n. 1. Algebra. an expression that is a sum or difference of two terms, as 3x + 2y and x2 - 4x. 2. Zool., Bot. a ...
binomial coefficient
Math. any one of the coefficients of the variables in an expanded binomial series. Cf. binomial theorem. [1885-90] * * *
binomial distribution
Statistics. a distribution giving the probability of obtaining a specified number of successes in a finite set of independent trials in which the probability of a success remains ...
binomial law
Genetics. See Hardy-Weinberg law. * * *
binomial nomenclature
Zool., Bot. a system of nomenclature in which each species is given a unique name that consists of a generic and a specific term. [1875-80] * * * System of naming organisms in ...
binomial series
Math. an infinite series obtained by expanding a binomial raised to a power that is not a positive integer. Cf. binomial theorem. [1965-70] * * *
binomial theorem
Math. the theorem giving the expansion of a binomial raised to any power. [1865-70] * * * In algebra, a formula for expansion of the binomial (x + y) raised to any positive ...
binomialdistribution
binomial distribution n. The frequency distribution of the probability of a specified number of successes in an arbitrary number of repeated independent Bernoulli trials. Also ...
binomially
See binomial. * * *
binomialnomenclature
binomial nomenclature n. The scientific naming of species whereby each species receives a Latin or Latinized name of two parts, the first indicating the genus and the second ...
binomialtheorem
binomial theorem n. Mathematics The theorem that specifies the expansion of any power (a + b)m of a binomial (a + b) as a certain sum of products aibj, such as (a + b)2 = a2 + ...
binormal
/buy"nawr'meuhl, buy nawr"-/, n. Geom. the normal to a curve, lying perpendicular to the osculating plane at a given point on the curve. [1840-50; BI-1 + NORMAL] * * *
binoxalate
/buy nok"seuh layt', -lit/, n. Chem. an acid containing the group HC2O4-, as ammonium binoxalate, C2H5NO4·H2O. [1800-10; BIN- + OXALATE] * * *
Binswanger, Ludwig
▪ Swiss psychiatrist and writer born April 13, 1881, Kreuzlingen, Switz. died Feb. 5, 1966, Kreuzlingen       Swiss psychiatrist and writer who applied the principles ...
bint
/bint/, n. Brit. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a woman or girl. [1850-55; < Ar: girl, daughter] * * *
binturong
/bin toor"awng, -ong/, n. an arboreal civet, Arctictis binturong, of Asia, having a long, prehensile tail. Also called bearcat. [ < Malay binturung, binturun, benturung] * * ...
binuclear
bi·nu·cle·ar (bī-no͞oʹklē-ər, -nyo͞oʹ-) adj. Variant of binucleate. * * *
binuclearfamily
binuclear family n. The extended family, usually consisting of two separate households, formed by the children and subsequent spouses of the partners in a divorce. * * *
binucleate
/buy nooh"klee it, -ayt', -nyooh"-/, adj. Cell Biol. having two nuclei. Also, binuclear, binucleated. [1880-85; BI-1 + NUCLEATE] * * *
Binxian
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Pin-shien , formerly  Binzhou        county town, southern Heilongjiang (Heilungkiang) sheng (province), northeastern China. It is ...
Binyon, Laurence
▪ English scholar and poet born April 10, 1869, Lancaster, Lancashire, Eng. died March 10, 1943, Reading, Berkshire       English poet, dramatist, and art historian, a ...
bio
/buy"oh/, n., pl. bios, adj. Informal. n. 1. biography. 2. biology. adj. 3. biographical. 4. biological: a bio control service using praying mantises to reduce the population of ...
bio-
a combining form meaning "life" occurring in loanwords from Greek (biography); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (bioluminescence). Also, esp. before a ...
bio-bibliography
bi·o-bib·li·og·ra·phy or bi·o·bib·li·og·ra·phy (bī'ō-bĭb'lē-ŏgʹrə-fē) n. pl. bi·o-bib·li·og·ra·phies A book or article combining an account of a person's ...
Bío-Bío
/bee"aw bee"aw/, n. a river in central Chile, flowing NW from the Andes to the Pacific at Concepción. ab. 240 mi. (384 km) long. * * * ▪ region, Chile       región, ...
Bío-Bío River
River, south-central Chile. Rising in the Andes Mountains, it flows northwestward 240 mi (380 km) to enter the Pacific Ocean near Concepción. Though it is one of Chile's ...
bioaccumulation
—bioaccumulative, adj. /buy'oh euh kyooh'myeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. See biological accumulation. * * *
bioaccumulative
See bioaccumulation. * * *
bioacoustics
—bioacoustical, adj. /buy'oh euh kooh"stiks/ or, esp. Brit., /-euh kow"-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science of sounds produced by or affecting living organisms, as for ...
bioactive
bioactive [bī΄ōak′tiv] adj. having a capacity to interact with a living tissue or system bioactivity [bī΄ōak tiv′ə tē] n. * * * bi·o·ac·tive ...
bioactivity
—bioactive, adj. /buy'oh ak tiv"i tee/, n. any effect on, interaction with, or response from living tissue. [1970-75; BIO- + ACTIVITY] * * *
bioassay
n. /buy'oh euh say", -as"ay/; v. /buy'oh euh say"/, n., v., bioassayed, bioassaying. n. 1. determination of the biological activity or potency of a substance, as a vitamin or ...
bioastronautical
See bioastronautics. * * *
bioastronautics
—bioastronautic, bioastronautical, adj. /buy'oh as'treuh naw"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science dealing with the effects of space travel on life. [1955-60; BIO- + ...
bioautography
—bioautograph /buy'oh aw"teuh graf', -grahf'/, n. —bioautographic, adj. /buy'oh aw tog"reuh fee/, n. Biochem. an analytical technique in which organic compounds are separated ...
bioavailability
—bioavailable, adj. /buy'oh euh vay'leuh bil"i tee/, n. Biochem. the extent to which a nutrient or medication can be used by the body. [1965-70; BIO- + AVAILABILITY] * * *
bioavailable
See bioavailability. * * *
biobehavioral
/buy'oh bi hayv"yeuhr euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the application of biological methods and ideas to the study of behavior in an attempt to understand emotions and reactions ...
biobehavioral science
any of the various branches of the life sciences, as neurobiology, neurochemistry, or neuroendocrinology, that deal with biological aspects of behavior. [1980-85] * * *
biobibliography
—biobibliographer, n. —biobibliographic /buy'oh bib'lee euh graf"ik/, biobibliographical, adj. /buy'oh bib'lee og"reuh fee/, n., pl. biobibliographies. a bibliography ...
biocatalyst
/buy'oh kat"l ist/, n. Biochem. enzyme. [1930-35; BIO- + CATALYST] * * *
biocatalytic
See biocatalyst. * * *
biocellate
/buy os"euh layt', buy'oh sel"it/, adj. Zool., Bot. marked with two ocelli or eyelike parts. [1840-50; BI-1 + OCELLATE] * * *
biocenology
/buy'oh si nol"euh jee/, n. the branch of biology dealing with the study of biological communities and the interactions among their members. Also, biocoenology. [1930-35; ...
biocenosis
/buy'oh si noh"sis/, n., pl. biocenoses /-seez/. Ecol. a self-sufficient community of naturally occurring organisms occupying and interacting within a specific biotope. Also, ...
biocentric
/buy'oh sen"trik/, adj. centered in life; having life as its principal fact. [1885-90; BIO- + -CENTRIC] * * *
bioceramics
Introduction       ceramic products or components employed in medical and dental applications, mainly as implants and replacements. This article briefly describes the ...
biochemical
See biochemistry. * * *
biochemical oxygen demand
the oxygen required by aerobic organisms, as those in sewage, for metabolism. Abbr.: BOD Also called biological oxygen demand. [1925-30] * * * ▪ biology       the ...
biochemically
See biochemical. * * *
biochemicaloxygen demand
biochemical oxygen demand n. The amount of oxygen required by aerobic microorganisms to decompose the organic matter in a sample of water, such as that polluted by sewage. It is ...
biochemist
See biochemical. * * *
biochemistry
—biochemical /buy'oh kem"i keuhl/, adj., n. —biochemic, adj. —biochemically, adv. —biochemist, n. /buy'oh kem"euh stree/, n. 1. the science dealing with the chemistry of ...
biochip
/buy"oh chip'/, n. an experimental integrated circuit composed of biochemical substances or organic molecules. [1980-85] * * * Small-scale device, analogous to an integrated ...
biocidal
biocidal [bī΄ō sīd′'l] adj. destructive of living organisms * * * See biocide. * * *
biocide
—biocidal, adj. /buy"euh suyd'/, n. any chemical that destroys life by poisoning, esp. a pesticide, herbicide, or fungicide. [1945-50; BIO- + -CIDE] * * *
bioclean
/buy"oh kleen'/, adj. free or almost free from harmful microorganisms. [BIO- + CLEAN] * * *
bioclimatic
/buy'oh kluy mat"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to the effects of climate on living organisms. [1915-20; BIO- + CLIMATIC] * * *
bioclimatology
—bioclimatological /buy'oh kluy'meuh tl oj"i keuhl/, adj. —bioclimatologically, adv. —bioclimatologist, n. /buy'oh kluy'meuh tol"euh jee/, n. the study of the effects of ...
biocoenosis
bi·o·coe·no·sis (bī'ō-sĭ-nōʹsĭs) n. Variant of biocenosis. * * *
biocompatibility
—biocompatible, adj. /buy'oh keuhm pat'euh bil"i tee/, n. the capability of coexistence with living tissues or organisms without causing harm: Artificial joint adhesives must ...
biocompatible
biocompatible [bī΄ōkəm pat′ə bəl] adj. compatible with living tissue, as a prosthetic material or device that is not rejected or does not cause ...
biocontainment
/buy'oh keuhn tayn"meuhnt/, n. the confinement, as by sealed-off chambers, of materials that are harmful or potentially harmful to life. [BIO- + CONTAINMENT] * * *
biocontrol
/buy'oh keuhn trohl"/, n. See biological control. [BIO- + CONTROL] * * *
bioconversion
/buy'oh keuhn verr"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, n. the conversion of biomass to usable energy, as by burning solid fuel for heat, by fermenting plant matter to produce liquid fuel, as ...
biocorrosion
/buy'oh keuh roh"zheuhn/, n. corrosion caused by or enhanced by bacteria or other microorganisms; biologically induced corrosion. [BIO- + CORROSION] * * *
biocybernetics
—biocybernetic, adj. —biocyberneticist, biocybernetician /buy'oh suy'beuhr ni tish"euhn/, n. /buy'oh suy'beuhr net"iks/, n. Biol. (used with a sing. v.) the application of ...
biodegradability
See biodegradable. * * * Capacity of a material to decompose by biological action. The term usually refers to the environmental breakdown of waste by microorganisms. Generally, ...
biodegradable
—biodegradability, n. /buy'oh di gray"deuh beuhl/, adj. capable of decaying through the action of living organisms: biodegradable paper; biodegradable detergent. [1960-65; BIO- ...
biodegradation
See biodegradability. * * *
biodegrade
—biodegradation /buy'oh deg'reuh day"sheuhn/, n. /buy'oh di grayd"/, v.i., biodegraded, biodegrading. to decay and become absorbed by the environment: toys that will biodegrade ...
biodeterioration
/buy'oh di tear'ee euh ray"sheuhn/, n. biodegradation. [1960-65; BIO- + DETERIORATION] * * *
biodiesel
▪ fuel       a fuel made primarily from oily plants (such as the soybean or oil palm) and to a lesser extent from other oily sources (such as waste cooking fat from ...
biodiversification
bi·o·di·ver·si·fi·ca·tion (bī'ō-dĭ-vûr'sə-fĭ-kāʹshən, -dī-) n. The process by which biodiversity develops or is increased within a region or a group of ...
biodiversified
See biodiversification. * * *
biodiversity
/buy'oh di verr"si tee, -duy-/, n. diversity of plant and animal species in an environment. [1985-90, Amer.] * * * Quantity of plant and animal species found in a given ...
biodrama
/buy"oh drah'meuh, -dram'euh/, n. Television. a drama based on the life of an actual person or persons. [BIO- (in sense "biographical") + DRAMA] * * *
biodynamic
bi·o·dy·nam·ic (bī'ō-dī-nămʹĭk, -dĭ-) adj. 1. Of or relating to the study of the effects of dynamic processes, such as motion or acceleration, on living organisms. 2. ...
biodynamics
—biodynamic, biodynamical, adj. /buy'oh duy nam"iks, -di-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of biology dealing with energy or the activity of living organisms (opposed to ...
bioecology
—bioecologic /buy'oh ek'euh loj"ik, -ee'keuh-/, bioecological, adj. —bioecologically, adv. —bioecologist, n. /buy'oh i kol"euh jee/, n. the study of the interrelations ...
bioelectric
—bioelectricity /buy'oh i lek tris"i tee, -ee'lek-/, n. /buy'oh i lek"trik/, adj. of or pertaining to electric phenomena occurring in living organisms. Also, ...
bioelectricity
bi·o·e·lec·tric·i·ty (bī'ō-ĭ-lĕk-trĭsʹĭ-tē, -ē'lĕk-) n. An electric current that is generated by living tissue, such as nerve and muscle. * * * ▪ ...
bioelectrogenesis
—bioelectrogenetic /buy'oh i lek'troh jeuh net"ik/, adj. —bioelectrogenetically, adv. /buy'oh i lek'troh jen"euh sis/, n. the production of electricity by organisms. [BIO- + ...
bioelectronic
See bioelectronics. * * *
bioelectronics
—bioelectronic, adj. /buy'oh i lek tron"iks, -ee'lek-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Biol. the study of electron transfer reactions as they occur in biological systems. 2. Med. ...
bioenergetic
See bioenergetics. * * *
bioenergetics
/buy'oh en'euhr jet"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Biochem. the study of energy transformation in living systems. 2. Psychol. a school of therapy that seeks to relieve stress ...
bioenergy
/buy'oh en"euhr jee/, n. energy derived from biofuel. [1975-80; BIO- + ENERGY] * * *
bioengineer
See bioengineering. * * *
bioengineering
—bioengineer, n. /buy'oh en'jeuh near"ing/, n. 1. Also called biomedical engineering. the application of engineering principles and techniques to problems in medicine and ...
bioenvironmental
/buy'oh en vuy'reuhn men"tl, -vuy'euhrn-/, adj. Ecol. pertaining to the environment of living organisms: Bioenvironmental engineers seek to reduce air and water ...
bioequivalence
—bioequivalent, adj. /buy'oh i kwiv"euh leuhns/, n. Pharm. the condition in which different formulations of the same drug or chemical are equally absorbed when taken into the ...
bioequivalent
bi·o·e·quiv·a·lent (bī'ō-ĭ-kwĭvʹə-lənt) adj. Acting on the body with the same strength and similar bioavailability as the same dosage of a sample of a given ...
bioethical
See bioethics. * * *
bioethicist
See bioethical. * * *
bioethics
—bioethical, adj. —bioethicist /buy'oh eth"euh sist/, n. /buy'oh eth"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) a field of study concerned with the ethics and philosophical implications ...
biofeedback
/buy'oh feed"bak'/, n. 1. a method of learning to control one's bodily functions by monitoring one's own brain waves, blood pressure, degree of muscle tension, etc. 2. the ...
biofilm
▪ biology       aggregate of bacteria held together by a mucuslike matrix of carbohydrate that adheres to a surface. Biofilms can form on the surfaces of liquids, ...
bioflavonoid
/buy'oh flay"veuh noyd'/, n. Biochem. any of a group of water-soluble yellow compounds, present in citrus fruits, rose hips, and other plants, that in mammals maintain the ...
biofog
/buy"oh fog', -fawg'/, n. Meteorol. a fog, resembling steam fog, produced by the contact of very cold air with the warmth and moisture issuing from animal or human bodies. [BIO- ...
biofouler
See biofouling. * * *
biofouling
bi·o·foul·ing (bīʹō-fou'lĭng) n. The impairment or degradation of something, such as a ship's hull or mechanical equipment, as a result of the growth or activity of ...
biofuel
/buy"oh fyooh'euhl/, n. fuel, as wood or ethanol, derived from biomass. [1970-75; BIO- + FUEL] * * * Introduction  any fuel that is derived from biomass—that is, plant ...
Biofuels-The Next Great Source of Energy?
▪ 2008 by Clarence Lehman  A boom in the production of biofuel was under way in 2007, especially in the United States, where in January about 75 refineries for producing the ...
biog
/buy"og/, n. Informal. biography. Also, bio. [1940-45; by shortening] * * *
biog.
1. biographer. 2. biographical. 3. biography. * * *
biogas
/buy"oh gas'/, n. any gas fuel derived from the decay of organic matter, as the mixture of methane and carbon dioxide produced by the bacterial decomposition of sewage, manure, ...
biogasification
/buy'oh gas'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. the conversion of organic matter into biogas. [1970-75; BIO- + GASIFICATION] * * *
biogen
/buy"euh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. Biochem. a hypothetical protein molecule, large and unstable, once assumed to be basic to fundamental biological processes. [1895-1900; BIO- + -GEN] * ...
biogenesis
—biogenetic /buy'oh jeuh net"ik/, biogenetical, biogenous, adj. —biogenetically, adv. /buy'oh jen"euh sis/, n. the production of living organisms from other living ...
biogenetic
See biogenesis. * * *
biogenetic law
▪ biology also called  Recapitulation Theory,         postulation, by Ernst Haeckel (Haeckel, Ernst) in 1866, that ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny—i.e., the ...
biogenetical
See biogenetic. * * *
biogenetically
See biogenetic. * * *
biogeneticlaw
biogenetic law n. The theory that the stages in an organism's embryonic development and differentiation correspond to the stages of evolutionary development characteristic of the ...
biogenetics
—biogenetic, adj. —biogeneticist, n. /buy'oh jeuh net"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) See genetic engineering. [BIO- + GENETICS] * * *
biogenic
/buy'oh jen"ik/, adj. 1. resulting from the activity of living organisms, as fermentation. 2. necessary for the life process, as food and water. [1875-80; BIO- + -GENIC] * * *
biogenic landform
▪ geology       any topographic feature that can be attributed to the activity of organisms. Such features are diverse in both kind and scale. Organisms contribute to ...
biogenicamine
biogenic amine n. Any of a group of naturally occurring, biologically active amines, such as norepinephrine, histamine, and serotonin, that act primarily as neurotransmitters and ...
biogenous
bi·og·e·nous (bī-ŏjʹə-nəs) adj. 1. Originating from living things. 2. Producing life. * * *
biogeny
bi·og·e·ny (bī-ŏjʹə-nē) n. Variant of biogenesis. * * *
biogeochemical
See biogeochemistry. * * *
biogeochemical cycle
biogeochemical cycle [bī΄ō jē΄ō kem′i kəl] n. the cycle in which nitrogen, carbon, and other inorganic elements of the soil, atmosphere, etc. of a region are converted ...
biogeochemistry
—biogeochemical /buy'oh jee'oh kem"i keuhl/, adj. /buy'oh jee'oh kem"euh stree/, n. the science dealing with the relationship between the geochemistry of a given region and its ...
biogeographer
See biogeography. * * *
biogeographic
See biogeographer. * * *
biogeographic region
Introduction       area of animal and plant distribution having similar or shared characteristics throughout.       It is a matter of general experience that the ...
biogeographical
See biogeographer. * * *
biogeographically
See biogeographer. * * *
biogeography
—biogeographer, n. —biogeographic /buy'oh jee'euh graf"ik/, biogeographical, adj. —biogeographically, adv. /buy'oh jee og"reuh fee/, n. Ecol. the study of the geographical ...
Biograph Company
▪ American movie studio in full  American Mutoscope and Biograph Company        one of the major American motion-picture studios in the early days of filmmaking. Its ...
biographee
/buy og'reuh fee", bee-/, n. the subject of a biography; the person whose life is described in a biography. [1835-45; BIOGRAPH(Y) + -EE] * * *
biographer
/buy og"reuh feuhr, bee-/, n. a writer of someone's biography. [1705-15; BIOGRAPH(Y) + -ER1] * * *
biographical
—biographically, adv. /buy'euh graf"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a person's life: He's gathering biographical data for his book on Milton. 2. pertaining to or ...
biographically
See biographical. * * *
biography
/buy og"reuh fee, bee-/, n., pl. biographies. 1. a written account of another person's life: the biography of Byron by Marchand. 2. an account in biographical form of an ...
biohazard
—biohazardous, adj. /buy"oh haz'euhrd/, n. 1. a pathogen, esp. one used in or produced by biological research. 2. the health risk posed by the possible release of such a ...
bioherm
—biohermal, adj. /buy"oh herrm'/, n. Geol. a carbonate rock formation, in the form of an ancient reef or hummock, consisting of the fossilized remains of corals, algae, ...
bioinorganic
/buy'oh in'awr gan"ik/, adj. Biochem. pertaining to the biological activity of metal complexes and nonmetal compounds based on elements other than carbon (contrasted with ...
bioinstrumentation
/buy'oh in'streuh men tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the use of sensors and other instruments to record and transmit physiological data from persons or other living things, as in space ...
biokinetics
/buy'oh ki net"iks, -kuy-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Biol., Med. the study of movements of or within organisms. [BIO- + KINETICS] * * *
Bioko
/bee oh"koh/, n. an island in the Bight of Biafra, near the W coast of Africa: a province of Equatorial Guinea. 80,000; ab. 800 sq. mi. (2072 sq. km). Formerly, Fernando Po, ...
biol
biol abbrev. 1. biological 2. biologist 3. biology * * *
biol.
1. biological. 2. biologist. 3. biology. * * *
biolinguistics
/buy'oh ling gwis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Ling. the study of language functions as they relate to or derive from the biological characteristics of an organism. [BIO- + ...
biolith
▪ geology       any sediment formed from the remains of living organisms or through the physiological activities of organisms. Bioliths are sometimes identifiable as ...
biological
—biologically, adv. /buy'euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to biology. 2. of or pertaining to the products and operations of applied biology: a biological test. n. 3. Pharm. ...
biological accumulation
the accumulation within living organisms of toxic substances occurring in the environment. Also called bioaccumulation. Cf. biological magnification. * * *
biological child
any child conceived rather than adopted by a specified parent, and therefore carrying genes from the parent. * * *
biological clock
Physiol. an innate mechanism of the body that regulates its rhythmic and periodic cycles, as that of sleeping and waking. [1950-55] * * *
biological control
the control of pests by interference with their ecological status, as by introducing a natural enemy or a pathogen into the environment. Also called biocontrol. [1920-25] * * ...
biological development
Introduction       the progressive changes in size, shape, and function during the life of an organism by which its genetic potentials (genotype) are translated into ...
biological engineering
bioengineering. [1965-70] * * *
biological magnification
the increasing concentration of toxic substances within each successive link in the food chain. Also called biomagnification. Cf. biological accumulation. * * *
biological oxygen demand
biological oxygen demand n. BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND * * *
biological oxygen demand.
See biochemical oxygen demand. [1940-45] * * *
biological parent
a parent who has conceived (biological mother) or sired (biological father) rather than adopted a child and whose genes are therefore transmitted to the child. Also called birth ...
biological psychiatry
—biological psychiatrist. a school of psychiatric thought concerned with the medical treatment of mental disorders, esp. through medication, and emphasizing the relationship ...
biological psychology
also called  physiological psychology  or  behavioral neuroscience        the study of the physiological bases of behaviour. Biological psychology is concerned ...
biological rhythm
Physiol. biorhythm. * * * Periodic biological fluctuation in an organism corresponding to and in response to periodic environmental change, such as day and night or high and low ...
biological therapy
biological therapy n. BIOTHERAPY * * *
biological value
the nutritional effectiveness of the protein in a given food, expressed as the percentage used by the body of either the total protein consumed or the digestible protein ...
biological warfare
warfare that makes use of bacteria, viruses, toxins, etc., to disable or destroy people, domestic animals, and food crops. Abbr.: B.W. Also called biowarfare, germ ...
biological weapon
Introduction also called  germ weapon        any of a number of disease-producing agents—such as bacteria, viruses (virus), rickettsiae (rickettsia), fungi (fungus), ...
Biological Weapons Convention
▪ international agreement formally,  Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on ...
biologicalclock
biological clock n. 1. An internal mechanism in organisms that controls the periodicity of various functions or activities, such as metabolic changes, sleep cycles, or ...
biologicalcontrol
biological control n. Control of pests by disrupting their ecological status, as through the use of organisms that are natural predators, parasites, or pathogens. Also called ...
biologicalhalf-life
biological half-life n. See half-life. * * *
biologically
See biological. * * *
biologicaloxygen demand
biological oxygen demand n. See biochemical oxygen demand. * * *
biologicalresponse modifier
biological response modifier n. A substance, such as interferon, that is produced naturally or manufactured as a drug designed to strengthen, direct, or restore the body's immune ...
biologicalwarfare
biological warfare n. Abbr. BW The use of disease-producing microorganisms, toxic biological products, or organic biocides to cause death or injury to humans, animals, or ...
biologics
/buy'euh loj"iks/, n. (used with a pl. v.) commercial products derived from biotechnology. * * *
biologism
/buy ol"euh jiz'euhm/, n. the use or emphasis of biological principles or methods in explaining human, esp. social, behavior. [1850-55; BIOLOG(Y) + -ISM] * * *
biologist
/buy ol"euh jist/, n. a specialist in biology. [1805-15; BIOLOG(Y) + -IST] * * *
biology
/buy ol"euh jee/, n. 1. the science of life or living matter in all its forms and phenomena, esp. with reference to origin, growth, reproduction, structure, and behavior. 2. the ...
bioluminescence
—bioluminescent, adj. /buy'oh looh'meuh nes"euhns/, n. the production of light by living organisms. [1915-20; BIO- + LUMINESCENCE] * * * Emission of light by an organism or ...
bioluminescent
See bioluminescence. * * *
biolysis
/buy ol"euh sis/, n. Biol. disintegration of organic matter through the biochemical action of living organisms, as bacteria. [1895-1900; < NL; see BIO-, -LYSIS] * * *
biolytic
/buy'euh lit"ik/, adj. able to destroy life. [BIO(LYSIS) + -LYTIC] * * *
biomagnetics
biomagnetics [bī΄ō mag net′iks] n. a branch of magnetics that deals with how magnetism is related to living organisms biomagnetic adj. * * *
biomagnetism
—biomagnetic /buy'oh mag net"ik/, adj. /buy'oh mag"ni tiz'euhm/, n. See animal magnetism. [BIO- + MAGNETISM] * * *
biomagnification
/buy'oh mag'neuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. See biological magnification. [1970-75; BIO- + MAGNIFICATION] * * *
biomagnify
/buy'oh mag"neuh fuy'/, v.i., biomagnified, biomagnifying. to undergo biological magnification. [1970-75; back formation from BIOMAGNIFICATION; see -FY] * * *
biomarker
bi·o·mark·er (bīʹō-mär'kər) n. Medicine 1. See marker. 2. A specific physical trait used to measure or indicate the effects or progress of a disease or ...
biomass
/buy"oh mas'/, n. 1. Ecol. the amount of living matter in a given habitat, expressed either as the weight of organisms per unit area or as the volume of organisms per unit volume ...
biomaterial
/buy'oh meuh tear"ee euhl, buy"oh meuh tear'-/, n. a synthetic material, usually a plastic, suitable for implanting in a living body to repair damaged or diseased ...
biomathematical
See biomathematics. * * *
biomathematician
See biomathematical. * * *
biomathematics
—biomathematical, adj. —biomathematician /buy'oh math'euh meuh tish"euhn/, n. /buy'oh math'euh mat"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Biol. the application of mathematical ...
Biombo
▪ region, Guinea-Bissau       region located in western Guinea-Bissau. Biombo region surrounds (but does not administratively include) Bissau, the national capital. ...
biome
/buy"ohm/, n. Ecol. a complex biotic community characterized by distinctive plant and animal species and maintained under the climatic conditions of the region, esp. such a ...
biomechanical
See biomechanics. * * *
biomechanically
See biomechanical. * * *
biomechanics
—biomechanical, adj. —biomechanically, adv. /buy'oh mi kan"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Med. a. the study of the action of external and internal forces on the living ...
biomedical
See biomedicine. * * *
biomedical engineering
bioengineering (def. 1). [1965-70] * * *
biomedicalengineering
biomedical engineering n. See bioengineering. * * *
biomedicine
—biomedical, adj. /buy'oh med"euh sin/, n. 1. the application of the natural sciences, esp. the biological and physiological sciences, to clinical medicine. 2. the science ...
biometeorology
—biometeorological /buy'oh mee'tee euhr euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —biometeorologist, n. /buy'oh mee'tee euh rol"euh jee/, n. the scientific study of the effects of natural or ...
biometer
/buy om"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring the amount of carbon dioxide given off by an organism, tissue, etc. [1860-65; BIO- + -METER] * * *
biometric
See biometrics. * * *
biometrical
See biometric. * * *
biometrically
See biometric. * * *
biometrician
/buy'oh mi trish"euhn, buy om'i-/, n. a person skilled in biometrics. Also, biometricist /buy'oh me"treuh sist/. [1900-05; BIOMETRIC(S) + -IAN] * * *
biometrics
—biometric, biometrical, adj. —biometrically, adv. /buy'euh me"triks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Biol., Statistics. biostatistics. 2. biometry (def. 1). [1900-05; ...
biometry
/buy om"i tree/, n. 1. the calculation of the probable duration of human life. 2. biometrics (def. 1). [1825-35; BIO- + -METRY] * * *
biomodeling
/buy"oh mod'l ing/, n. the mathematical modeling of biological reactions. [BIO- + MODELING] * * *
biomolecule
biomolecule [bī΄ō mäl′ə kyool΄] n. an organic compound made in a living system * * *
biomorph
—biomorphic, adj. —biomorphism, n. /buy"oh mawrf'/, n. a painted, drawn, or sculptured free form or design suggestive in shape of a living organism, esp. an ameba or ...
biomorphic
biomorphic [bī΄ō môr′fik] adj. resembling the curving, irregular form of living organisms [a biomorphic sculpture] * * * See biomorph. * * *
biomorphism
See biomorphic. * * *
Bion
/buy"on/, n. fl. c100 B.C., Greek pastoral poet. * * * ▪ Greek poet flourished 100 BC, b. Smyrna, Lydia, Asia Minor [now İzmir, Turkey]       minor Greek bucolic ...
Bion of Borysthenes
▪ Greek writer born 325? BC died 255? BC       Greek philosophical writer and preacher. He was a freed slave and the son of a courtesan and has been credited with ...
Biondi, Matt
born Oct. 15, 1965, Palo Alto, Calif., U.S. U.S. swimmer. Biondi, 6 ft 7 in. (2 m) tall, won 11 medals, including eight gold medals, in three consecutive Olympic Games (1984, ...
Biondi,Matthew
Bi·on·di (bē-ŏnʹdē), Matthew. Known as “Matt.” Born 1965. American swimmer who won 11 medals in 3 Olympic Games, tying Mark Spitz's record for the most medals won by ...
Biondo, Flavio
▪ Italian historian Latin  Flavius Blondus   born 1392, Forlì, Romagna [Italy] died June 4, 1463, Rome       humanist historian of the Renaissance and author of the ...
bionic
—bionically, adv. /buy on"ik/, adj. 1. utilizing electronic devices and mechanical parts to assist humans in performing difficult, dangerous, or intricate tasks, as by ...
Bionic Woman, The
▪ American television show       American television show, a spin-off of science-fiction thriller The Six Million Dollar Man, about a bionically enhanced secret agent. ...
bionics
/buy on"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of how humans and animals perform certain tasks and solve certain problems, and of the application of the findings to the design ...


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