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bionomic
See bionomics. * * *
bionomical
See bionomic. * * *
bionomically
See bionomic. * * *
bionomics
—bionomic, bionomical, adj. —bionomically, adv. —bionomist /buy on"euh mist/, n. /buy'euh nom"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) ecology (def. 1). [1885-90; BIO- + -nomics, ...
bionomy
/buy on"euh mee/, n. 1. physiology. 2. ecology. [BIO- + -NOMY] * * *
bioorganic
/buy'oh awr gan"ik/, adj. Biochem. pertaining to the composition and biological activity of carbon-based compounds, esp. those of laboratory rather than biogenic origin ...
biophilia
bi·o·phil·i·a (bi'ō-fĭlʹē-ə, -fēlʹyə) n. An appreciation of life and the living world. * * *
biophysical
See biophysics. * * *
biophysically
See biophysical. * * *
biophysicist
See biophysical. * * *
biophysics
—biophysical /buy'oh fiz"i keuhl/, adj. —biophysically, adv. —biophysicist /buy'oh fiz"euh sist/, n. /buy'oh fiz"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of biology that ...
biopic
/buy"oh pik'/, n. a biographical motion picture. [1950-55; b. BIO(GRAPHY) + (MOTION) PIC(TURE)] * * *
biopiracy
bi·o·pi·ra·cy (bī'ō-pīʹrə-sē) n. The commercial development of naturally occurring biological materials, such as plant substances or genetic cell lines, by a ...
biopirate
See biopiracy. * * *
bioplasm
bioplasm [bī′ō plaz΄əm] n. living matter; protoplasm * * *
bioplastic
/buy'oh plas"tik/, n. plastic suitable for use as a biomaterial. [1980-85; BIO- + PLASTIC] * * *       moldable plastic material made up of chemical compounds that are ...
biopoiesis
▪ biological process       a process by which living organisms are thought to develop from nonliving matter, and the basis of a theory on the origin of life on Earth. ...
biopolymer
/buy'oh pol"euh meuhr/, n. Biotech. 1. any polymeric chemical manufactured by a living organism, as proteins and polysaccharides. 2. such a chemical prepared by laboratory ...
bioprocess
/buy'oh pros"es/ or, esp. Brit., /-proh"ses/, Biotech. n. 1. a method or operation of preparing a biological material, esp. a product of genetic engineering, for commercial ...
biopsic
See biopsy. * * *
biopsy
/buy"op see/, n., pl. biopsies, v., biopsied, biopsying. Med. n. 1. the removal for diagnostic study of a piece of tissue from a living body. 2. a specimen obtained from a ...
biopsychic
/buy'oh suy"kik/, adj. Psychol. of, pertaining to, or comprising psychological and biological phenomena. Also, biopsychical. [BIO- + PSYCHIC] * * *
biopsychology
—biopsychologist, n. /buy'oh suy kol"euh jee/, n. a field of psychology that deals with the effects of biological factors on behavior. [BIO- + PSYCHOLOGY] * * *
bioptic
See biopsic. * * *
bioreactor
/buy'oh ree ak"teuhr/, n. Biotech. a fermentation vat for the production of living organisms, as bacteria or yeast, used in industrial processes such as waste recycling or in the ...
bioregion
—bioregional, adj. /buy"oh ree'jeuhn/, n. a place, locale, or area that constitutes a natural ecological community. [1980-85; BIO- + REGION] * * *
bioregional
See bioregion. * * *
bioregionalism
bi·o·re·gion·al·ism (bī'ō-rēʹjə-nə-lĭz'əm) n. The belief that social organization and environmental policies should be based on the bioregion rather than on a ...
bioregionalist
See bioregionalism. * * *
bioremediation
bi·o·re·me·di·a·tion (bī'ō-rĭ-mē'dē-āʹshən) n. The use of biological agents, such as bacteria or plants, to remove or neutralize contaminants, as in polluted soil ...
bioresearch
/buy'oh ri serrch", -ree"serrch/, n. 1. the investigation of the nature of living organisms; biological research. 2. biotechnology. [BIO- + RESEARCH] * * *
bioreserve
bi·o·re·serve (bī'ō-rĭ-zûrvʹ) n. An area containing a wildlife preserve bordered by a buffer zone in which more frequent use is permitted to the public, established as a ...
biorhythm
—biorhythmic, adj. —biorhythmicity /buy'oh ridh mis"i tee/, n. —biorhythmist, biorhythmicist, n. /buy"oh ridh'euhm/, n. Physiol. an innate periodicity in an organism's ...
biorhythmic
See biorhythm. * * *
biorhythmics
/buy'oh ridh"miks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of biorhythms. [see BIORHYTHMIC, -ICS] * * *
BIOS
/buy"ohs/, n. computer firmware that directs many basic functions of the operating system, as booting and keyboard control. [B(asic) I(nput)/O(utput) S(ystem)] * * * in full ...
biosafety
/buy'oh sayf"tee/, n. the maintenance of safe conditions in biological research to prevent harm to workers, nonlaboratory organisms, or the environment. [1975-80; BIO- + ...
biosatellite
☆ biosatellite [bī΄ō sat′'l īt΄ ] n. a recoverable spacecraft designed for the study of the effects of cosmic radiation, weightlessness, etc. on terrestrial forms of ...
bioscience
—bioscientific /buy'oh suy'euhn tif"ik/, adj. —bioscientist, n. /buy"oh suy'euhns/, n. any science that deals with the biological aspects of living organisms. [1960-65; BIO- ...
bioscientific
See bioscience. * * *
bioscientist
See bioscientific. * * *
bioscope
/buy"euh skohp'/, n. an early form of motion-picture projector, used about 1900. [1895-1900; BIO- + -SCOPE] * * *
bioscopy
—bioscopic /buy'euh skop"ik/, adj. /buy os"keuh pee/, n., pl. bioscopies. Med. examination of a body to discover whether or not it is alive. [BIO- + -SCOPY] * * *
biosensor
/buy'oh sen"seuhr, -sawr, buy"oh sen'-/, n. a device that senses and transmits information about a biological process, as blood pressure, of an individual under ...
BioShock
▪ electronic game       computer and console electronic game created by game developer 2k Boston/2k Australia and released in 2007. BioShock impressed critics with its ...
biosocial
—biosocially, adv. /buy'oh soh"sheuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or entailing the interaction or combination of social and biological factors. 2. Sociol. of, pertaining to, ...
biosocially
See biosocial. * * *
biosociology
/buy'oh soh'see ol"euh jee, -shee-/, n. the study of the evolution of social forms and the development of social behavior in terms analogous to or correlated with biological ...
biosolids
bi·o·sol·ids (bīʹō-sŏl'ĭdz) pl.n. Solid or semisolid material obtained from treated wastewater, often used as fertilizer. * * * Sewage sludge, the residues remaining ...
biospeleology
—biospeleological /buy'oh spee'lee euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —biospeleologist, n. /buy'oh spee'lee ol"euh jee/, n. the study of organisms that live in caves. [1945-50; BIO- + ...
biosphere
—biospheric /buy'euh sfer"ik/, adj. /buy"euh sfear'/, n. 1. the part of the earth's crust, waters, and atmosphere that supports life. 2. the ecosystem comprising the entire ...
biospheric
See biosphere. * * *
biostatics
—biostatic, biostatical, adj. /buy'oh stat"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms in relation to their functions (opposed ...
biostatistics
—biostatistician /buy'oh stat'euh stish"euhn/, n. /buy'oh steuh tis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the application of statistics to biological and medical data. [1945-50; ...
biostratigraphy
—biostratigraphic /buy'oh strat'i graf"ik/, adj. /buy'oh streuh tig"reuh fee/, n. a branch of geology dealing with the differentiation of sedimentary rock units on the basis of ...
biostrome
—biostromal, adj. /buy"euh strohm'/, n. Geol. a bedded, blanketlike sedimentary deposit of organic origin built by marine organisms and including shell beds, flat reefs, and ...
biosynthesis
/buy'oh sin"theuh sis/, n. Biochem. 1. the formation of chemical compounds by a living organism. 2. the laboratory preparation of biological molecules by the use of reagents or ...
biosynthetic
/buy'oh sin thet"ik/, adj. Biochem. 1. of or pertaining to biosynthesis. 2. of or pertaining to a substance produced by a biosynthetic process. [1945-50; BIO- + SYNTHETIC] * * *
biosynthetically
See biosynthetic. * * *
biosystematic
See biosystematics. * * *
biosystematics
biosystematics [bī΄ōsis΄tə mat′iks] n. the study of morphological and other problems of taxonomic systems biosystematic adj. * * * bi·o·sys·tem·at·ics ...
Biot, Jean-Baptiste
▪ French physicist born April 21, 1774, Paris, France died Feb. 3, 1862, Paris  French physicist who helped formulate the Biot-Savart law, which concerns magnetic fields, ...
Biot-Savart law
/bee"oh seuh vahr", byoh"-/, Physics. the law that the magnetic induction near a long, straight conductor, as wire, varies inversely as the distance from the conductor and ...
biota
/buy oh"teuh/, n. Ecol. the animals, plants, fungi, etc., of a region or period. [1900-05; < NL < Gk bioté life] * * *
biotech
/buy'oh tek"/, n. Informal. biotechnology. [by shortening] * * *
biotech.
biotechnology. * * *
biotechnical
See biotechnology. * * *
biotechnological
See biotechnical. * * *
biotechnology
—biotechnical /buy'oh tek"ni keuhl/, biotechnological /buy'oh tek'nl oj"i keuhl/, adj. —biotechnologically, adv. —biotechnologist, n. /buy'oh tek nol"euh jee/, n. the use ...
biotelemetry
—biotelemeter, n. —biotelemetric /buy'oh tel'euh me"trik/, adj. —biotelemetrically, adv. /buy'oh teuh lem"i tree/, n. the tracking of a free-ranging animal, or the ...
bioterrorism
bioterrorism [bī΄ō ter′ər iz΄əm] n. terrorism using deadly microorganisms, toxins, etc. bioterrorist n., adj. * * * bi·o·ter·ror·ism ...
bioterrorist
See bioterrorism. * * *
biotherapy
biotherapy [bī΄ō ther′ə pē] n. the treatment of disease by means of substances, as serums, vaccines, penicillin, etc., secreted by or derived from living organisms * * ...
biotic
/buy ot"ik/, adj. pertaining to life. Also, biotical. [1590-1600; < Gk biotikós of, pertaining to life, equiv. to bio-, verbid s. of bioûn to live + -tikos -TIC] * * *
biotic potential
the capacity of a population of organisms to increase in numbers under optimum environmental conditions. [1930-35] * * * ▪ biology       the maximum reproductive ...
bioticpotential
biotic potential n. An estimate of the maximum capacity of living things to survive and reproduce under optimal environmental conditions. * * *
biotin
/buy"euh tin/, n. Biochem. a crystalline, water-soluble vitamin, C10H16O3N2S, of the vitamin B complex, that is present in all living cells and functions as a growth factor and ...
biotite
—biotitic /buy'euh tit"ik/, adj. /buy"euh tuyt'/, n. a very common mineral of the mica group, occurring in black, dark-brown, or dark-green sheets and flakes: an important ...
biotitic
See biotite. * * *
biotope
/buy"euh tohp'/, n. Ecol. a portion of a habitat characterized by uniformity in climate and distribution of biotic and abiotic components, as a tidal pool or a forest ...
biotoxin
biotoxin [bī΄ō täks′in] n. a poisonous substance made by a plant or animal * * *
biotransformation
/buy'oh trans'feuhr may"sheuhn/, n. the series of chemical changes occurring in a compound, esp. a drug, as a result of enzymatic or other activity by a living ...
biotron
/buy"euh tron'/, n. Biol. a controlled laboratory environment designed to provide uniform experimental conditions with the aim of producing uniform organisms for use in ...
biotype
—biotypic /buy'euh tip"ik/, adj. /buy"euh tuyp'/, n. Genetics. 1. a group of organisms having the same genotype. 2. a distinguishing feature of the genotype. [1905-10; BIO- + ...
biotypic
See biotype. * * *
biovar
/buy"euh vahr'/, n. Bacteriol. a group of microorganisms, usually bacteria, that have identical genetic but different biochemical or physiological characters. [BIO- + VAR(IANT); ...
biowarfare
/buy'oh wawr"fair'/, n. See biological warfare. [1965-70; BIO- + WARFARE] * * *
Bioy Casares, Adolfo
born Sept. 15, 1914, Buenos Aires, Arg. died March 8, 1999, Buenos Aires Argentine writer and editor. He is known for his use of magic realism both in his own works and in ...
biozone
▪ geology       stratigraphic unit consisting of all the strata containing a particular fossil and, hence, deposited during its existence. The extent of the unit in a ...
bipack
/buy"pak'/, n. Photog. two separate films, each having an emulsion layer sensitive to a different color, held together with their emulsion layers facing for simultaneous exposure ...
biparental
—biparentally, adv. /buy'peuh ren"tl/, adj. pertaining to or having traits or characteristics that stem from both parents. [1895-1900; BI-1 + PARENTAL] * * *
biparietal
/buy'peuh ruy"i tl/, adj. Craniom. of or pertaining to both parietal bones, esp. in their being determinants in measurements of the breadth of the skull. [1855-60; BI-1 + ...
biparous
/bip"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. Zool. bringing forth offspring in pairs. 2. Bot. bearing two branches or axes. [1725-35; BI-1 + -PAROUS] * * *
bipartisan
—bipartisanism, n. —bipartisanship, n. /buy pahr"teuh zeuhn/, adj. representing, characterized by, or including members from two parties or factions: Government leaders hope ...
bipartisanism
See bipartisan. * * *
bipartisanship
See bipartisanism. * * *
bipartite
—bipartitely, adv. —bipartition /buy'pahr tish"euhn/, n. /buy pahr"tuyt/, adj. 1. divided into or consisting of two parts. 2. Law. being in two corresponding parts: a ...
bipartitely
See bipartite. * * *
bipartition
See bipartitely. * * *
biparty
/buy"pahr'tee/, adj. representing two distinct parties: a biparty investigating committee. [1895-1900; BI-1 + PARTY] * * *
bipectinate
/buy pek"teuh nayt'/, adj. Zool., Bot. having both margins toothed like a comb, as the antennae of certain moths. Also, bipectinated. [1830-40; BI-1 + PECTINATE] * * *
biped
/buy"ped/, Zool. n. 1. a two-footed animal. adj. 2. having two feet. [1640-50; < L biped- (s. of bipes) two-footed. See BI-1, -PED] * * *
bipedal
—bipedally, adv. /buy"ped'l, -pi dl, buy ped"l/, adj. biped. [1600-10; BI-1 + PEDAL (adj.)] * * *
bipedalism
/buy ped"l iz'euhm/, n. the condition of being two-footed or of using two feet for standing and walking. Also, bipedality /buy'pi dal"i tee/. [1905-10; BIPEDAL + -ISM] * * *
bipetalous
/buy pet"l euhs/, adj. Bot. having two petals. [BI-1 + PETALOUS] * * *
biphasic
/buy fay"zik/, adj. 1. having two phases. 2. Bot. having a gametophytic and a sporophytic phase. [1905-10; BI- + PHASE + -IC] * * *
biphasicpill
biphasic pill n. A drug, such as an oral contraceptive, in which the dosage level changes during the number of days it is taken. * * *
biphenyl
/buy fen"l, -feen"l/, n. Chem. a water-insoluble, pleasant-smelling, colorless powder or white scales, C12H10, composed of two phenyl groups, from which benzidine dyes are ...
Biphetamine
/buy fet"euh meen', -min/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand name for a preparation containing a mixture of two isomers of amphetamine. * * *
bipinnaria
/buy'pi nair"ee euh/, n., pl. bipinnariae /-nair"ee ee'/, bipinnarias. the free-swimming, bilaterally symmetrical larva of certain starfishes. [ < NL; see BI-1, PINNA, -ARIA] * * ...
bipinnate
—bipinnately, adv. /buy pin"ayt/, adj. Bot. pinnate, as a leaf, with the divisions also pinnate. [1785-95; < NL bipinnatus. See BI-1, PINNATE] * * *
bipinnately
See bipinnate. * * *
biplane
/buy"playn'/, n. an airplane with two sets of wings, one above and usually slightly forward of the other. [1870-75; BI-1 + (AIR)PLANE] * * * ▪ aircraft  airplane with two ...
bipod
/buy"pod/, n. a two-legged support, as for an automatic rifle. [1935-40; BI-1 + -POD] * * *
bipolar
—bipolarity, n. —bipolarization, n. /buy poh"leuhr/, adj. 1. having two poles, as the earth. 2. of, pertaining to, or found at both polar regions. 3. characterized by ...
bipolar (affective) disorder
bipolar (affective) disorder n. a psychotic disorder characterized by alternating periods of mania and mental depression; manic-depressive illness: now the preferred term in ...
bipolar disorder
Psychiatry. an affective disorder characterized by periods of mania alternating with periods of depression, usually interspersed with relatively long intervals of normal mood. ...
bipolardisorder
bipolar disorder n. A psychiatric disorder marked by alternating episodes of mania and depression. Also called bipolar illness, manic-depressive illness. * * *
bipolarity
See bipolar. * * *
bipotentiality
bi·po·ten·ti·al·i·ty (bī'pə-tĕn'shē-ălʹĭ-tē) n. 1. a. The capacity to act, function, or develop in either of two possible ways. b. The capacity to function either ...
bippy
/bip"ee/, n., pl. bippies. Slang. an unspecified part of the anatomy (usually used in the phrase You bet your (sweet) bippy). [nonce word of uncert. orig.] * * *
biprism
/buy"priz'euhm/, n. Optics. a triangular prism with an apex angle slightly less than 180°: when illuminated by a point source of light it produces two overlapping beams that ...
bipropellant
/buy'preuh pel"euhnt/, n. Rocketry. a missile or rocket propellant, composed of fuel and oxidizer, the components of which are kept in separate compartments prior to ...
bipyramid
—bipyramidal /buy'pi ram"i dl/, adj. /buy pir"euh mid/, n. Crystall. a form symmetrical about a plane dividing it into two pyramids. Also called dipyramid. [BI-1 + PYRAMID] * * ...
Biqā{ʽ} Valley, Al-
or Al-Bekaa ancient Coele-Syria Broad valley of central Lebanon. Located between the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon mountain ranges, it is about 80 mi (130 km) long and 10 mi (15 km) ...
Biqāʿ, Al-
▪ valley, Lebanon also spelled  Bekaa , or  Beqaa , classical  Coele Syria        broad valley of central Lebanon, extending in a northeast-southwest direction ...
biquadrate
/buy kwod"rayt, -rit/, n. Math. the fourth power. Also, biquadratic. [1700-10; BI-1 + QUADRATE] * * *
biquadratic
/buy'kwo drat"ik/, Math. adj. 1. involving the fourth, but no higher, power of the unknown or variable. n. 2. quartic (def. 2). 3. biquadrate. [1655-65; BI-1 + QUADRATIC] * * *
biquarterly
/buy kwawr"teuhr lee/, adj. occurring twice in each quarter of a year. [1880-85; BI-1 + QUARTERLY] * * *
biracial
—biracialism, n. /buy ray"sheuhl/, adj. consisting of, representing, or combining members of two separate races: a biracial committee on neighborhood problems. [1920-25; BI-1 + ...
biracialism
See biracial. * * *
biradial
/buy ray"dee euhl/, adj. Biol. having both bilateral and radial symmetry, as ctenophores. [1905-10; BI-1 + RADIAL] * * *
biradical
/buy rad"i keuhl/, n. Chem. diradical. [BI-1 + RADICAL] * * *
Bīrah, Al-
      town in the West Bank that is associated with the town of Ramallah. * * *
Birāk
▪ oasis, Libya also spelled  Brach, or Brak,         oasis, western Libya, on the southeastern edge of Al-Ḥamrāʾ Hammada, a stony plateau. One of the string of ...
Birāk, Tall
▪ ancient site, Syria also spelled  Tell Brak        ancient site located in the fertile Nahr al-Khābūr basin in Al-Ḥasakah governorate, Syria; it was inhabited ...
biramous
/buy ray"meuhs/, adj. Biol. consisting of or divided into two branches: a biramous appendage. Also, biramose /buy ray"mohs, buy'reuh mohs"/. [1875-80; BI-1 + RAMOUS] * * *
Biratnagar
/bi raht"nug euhr/, n. a city in SE Nepal. 44,938. * * * ▪ Nepal       town, southeastern Nepal, in the Terai, a low, fertile plain, north of Jogbani, India. The town ...
Birbhum
▪ district, India       district, West Bengal state, northeastern India. It comprises two distinct regions. To the west lies an undulating, generally barren upland, ...
birch
/berrch/, n. 1. any tree or shrub of the genus Betula, comprising species with a smooth, laminated outer bark and close-grained wood. Cf. birch family. 2. the wood itself. 3. a ...
birch beer
a carbonated or fermented drink containing an extract from the bark of the birch tree. Cf. root beer. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
birch family
the plant family Betulaceae, characterized by deciduous trees having simple serrate leaves, male flowers in drooping catkins, female flowers in short clusters, and one-seeded ...
birch mouse
▪ rodent       any of 13 species of small, long-tailed mouselike rodents (rodent). Birch mice live in the northern forests, thickets, and subalpine meadows and steppes ...
birch partridge
birch partridge n. Cdn. RUFFED GROUSE * * *
birchbeer
birch beer n. A carbonated soft drink flavored with herb extracts, traditionally of birch tree bark. * * *
birchen
/berr"cheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to birch. 2. made or consisting of birch: birchen furniture. [1400-50; late ME; see BIRCH, -EN2] * * *
Bircher
/berr"cheuhr/, n. a member, advocate, or follower of the John Birch Society and its principles. Also, Birchite. Also called John Bircher. [1960-65, Amer.; (JOHN) BIRCH (SOCIETY) ...
Birchism
See Bircher. * * *
Birchist
See Birchism. * * *
Birchite
See Birchism. * * *
birchpartridge
birch partridge n. See ruffed grouse. * * *
bird
—birdless, adj. /berrd/, n. 1. any warm-blooded vertebrate of the class Aves, having a body covered with feathers, forelimbs modified into wings, scaly legs, a beak, and no ...
Bird
/berrd/, n. Larry, born 1956, U.S. basketball player. * * * I Any of the warm-blooded, beaked vertebrates of the class Aves, including more than 9,600 living species. A ...
bird band
—bird bander. —bird banding. a band put on a bird's leg to identify it for observations about its range, behavior, longevity, migration patterns, etc. Also called, Brit., ...
bird call
1. a sound made by a bird. 2. a sound imitating that of a bird. 3. a device used to imitate the sound of a bird. Also, birdcall. [1615-25] * * *
bird cherry
1. any of several species of cherry, esp. Prunus padus (European bird cherry), of Europe and Asia, and P. pensylvanica (pin cherry), of the U.S. 2. the fruit of any such tree, ...
bird colonel
U.S. Mil. Slang. See chicken colonel. [1945-50] * * *
bird dismount
Hecht (def. 1). * * *
bird dog
1. one of any of various breeds of dogs trained to hunt or retrieve birds. 2. Informal. a person hired to locate special items or people, esp. a talent scout who seeks out ...
bird farm
Slang. an aircraft carrier. [1955-60] * * *
bird flu
▪ disease also called  avian influenza   a viral respiratory disease (see respiratory disease: Viral infections (respiratory disease)) mainly of poultry and certain other ...
Bird Flu-The Next Human Pandemic?
▪ 2006       In 2005 an epidemic of a viral respiratory disease called bird flu (avian influenza) continued to devastate poultry farms in many countries. The epidemic, ...
bird grass
1. a grass, Poa trivialis, grown in temperate regions of North America largely for lawns and turf. 2. the knotgrass, Polygonum aviculare. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
Bird hunting
➡ field sports * * *
Bird Island
▪ islet, Caribbean Sea also called  Aves Island , Spanish  Isla Aves , or  Islote Aves        coral-covered sandbank only 15 feet (4.5 metres) high at low tide, ...
bird louse
bird louse n. any of an order (Mallophaga) of small, wingless insects with biting mouthparts, that live as external parasites on birds * * * ▪ insect       any of two ...
bird louse.
See under louse (def. 2). [1820-30] * * *
bird of ill omen
a person who brings bad news. * * *
bird of paradise
any of several passerine birds of the family Paradisaeidae, of New Guinea and adjacent islands, the males of which have ornate, colorful plumage. [1600-10] * * *
Bird of Paradise
Astron. the constellation Apus. [1650-60] * * *
bird of passage
1. a bird that migrates seasonally. 2. a transient or migratory person. [1785-95] * * *
bird of peace
a dove. * * *
bird of prey
any of numerous predacious, flesh-eating birds, as the eagles, hawks, kites, vultures, falcons, and owls, having a sharp, downwardly curved beak, talons, and, usually, soaring ...
bird pepper
a variety of pepper, Capsicum anuum glabriusculum, with small, elongated berries. [1780-90] * * *
bird plague.
See avian influenza. * * *
bird ring
—bird ringer. —bird ringing. Brit. See bird band. * * *
bird rug
▪ carpet       floor covering woven in western Turkey, carrying on an ivory ground a repeating pattern in which leaflike figures, erroneously described as birds, cluster ...
bird shot
small-sized shot used for shooting birds. [1620-30] * * *
bird stone
Abstract stone carving by the prehistoric cultures of North America. They resemble birds and are about 6 in. (15 cm) long. Many were carved from black, brown, or dark green ...
bird walk
an excursion, usually undertaken as a group with an expert leader, for observing and studying birds in their natural habitat. * * *
bird watcher
a person who identifies and observes birds in their natural habitat as a recreation. [1900-05] * * *
bird's beak
Archit. beak (def. 9). [1860-65] * * *
bird's mouth
Carpentry. a right-angled notch cut in the underside of a rafter for fitting over a longitudinal member, as a wall plate. [1815-25] * * *
bird's nest
1. nest (def. 1). 2. Angling. backlash (def. 4). [1590-1600] * * *
bird's-eye
/berrdz"uy'/, adj., n., pl. bird's-eyes. adj. 1. seen from above, as by a bird in flight; panoramic: a bird's-eye view of the city. 2. omitting many details; hasty; superficial; ...
bird's-eye maple
a cut of sugar maple wood used esp. for veneers, having a wavy grain with many dark, circular markings. [1785-95] * * *
bird's-eye primrose
a hardy primrose, Primula farinosa, of alpine regions of Europe and Asia, having small, lilac-colored flowers with yellow throat and eye. [1810-20] * * *
bird's-eye view
bird's-eye view n. 1. a view or perspective from above or at a distance 2. an overall, but cursory, view * * *
bird's-eyemaple
bird's-eye maple n. A form of wood, chiefly of the sugar maple, that is patterned with small rounded figures and is especially popular for making musical instruments. * * *
bird's-foot
bird's-foot [bʉrdz′foot΄] n. pl. bird's-foots any of various plants whose leaves or flowers resemble a bird's foot, as the bird's-foot trefoil * * *
bird's-foot trefoil
/berrdz"foot'/ 1. a plant, Lotus corniculatus, of the legume family, the pods of which spread like a crow's foot, grown for forage. 2. any similar plant of the same ...
bird's-foot violet
a violet, Viola pedata, of the eastern and midwestern U.S., having single flowers with a yellow center, two purple upper petals, and three lavender lower petals: the state flower ...
bird's-foottrefoil
bird's-foot trefoil (bûrdzʹfo͝ot') n. A perennial Old World herb (Lotus corniculata) in the pea family, having golden-yellow flowers and clusters of pods arranged like the ...
bird's-footviolet
bird's-foot violet also bird-foot violet (bûrdʹfo͝ot') n. An eastern North American violet (Viola pedata) having large blue or purple flowers and palmately divided leaves that ...
bird's-nest fern
/berrdz"nest'/ a tropical fern, Asplenium nidus, having fronds arranged in clumps resembling a bird's nest. [1855-60] * * *
bird's-nest fungus
any fungus of the order Nidulariales, having fruiting bodies that resemble a bird's nest containing eggs. * * *
bird's-nest orchid
▪ plant       (Neottia nidus-avis), European plant of the family Orchidaceae that lacks chlorophyll and obtains its food from decaying organic material with the help of ...
bird's-nest soup
a Chinese soup made from the mucilaginous lining of the nests of the Asiatic swift. [1870-75] * * *
bird's-nestfern
bird's-nest fern (bûrdzʹnĕst') n. An Old World tropical fern (Asplenium nidus) having undivided leaves arranged in a clump resembling a bird's nest and popular as a ...
bird's-nestfungus
bird's-nest fungus n. Any of various fungi having a cuplike body containing several round, egglike stuctures that enclose the spores. * * *
Bird, Florence Bayard
▪ 1999       American-born Canadian broadcaster, journalist, politician, and author who, as chairman of the Royal Commission on the Status of Women, helped launch ...
Bird, Kenneth
▪ British cartoonist pseudonym  Fougasse   born Dec. 17, 1887, London died June 11, 1965, London       British cartoonist who, particularly in Punch, created ...
Bird, Larry
▪ American athlete in full  Larry Joe Bird  born Dec. 7, 1956, West Baden, Ind., U.S.       American basketball player who led the Boston Celtics to three National ...
Bird, Larry (Joe)
born Dec. 7, 1956, West Baden, Ind., U.S. U.S. basketball player. Bird spent most of his collegiate career at Indiana State University, before being drafted by the Boston ...
Bird, Robert Montgomery
▪ American author born Feb. 5, 1806, New Castle, Del., U.S. died Jan. 23, 1854, Philadelphia       novelist and dramatist whose work epitomizes the nascent U.S. ...
Bird, Vere Cornwall
▪ 2000       Antiguan politician who overcame childhood poverty and a lack of formal education to lead his country to independence from Great Britain; he first attained ...
Bird,Larry Joe
Bird (bûrd), Larry Joe. Born 1956. American basketball player and coach. As a forward for the Boston Celtics (1979-1992), he helped lead the team to three world championships ...
bird-dog
/berrd"dawg', -dog'/, v., bird-dogged, bird-dogging. v.t. Informal. 1. to follow, watch carefully, or investigate. 2. to seek out. v.i. 3. Informal. to follow or watch ...
bird-footed dinosaur
/berrd"foot'id/ theropod. * * *
bird-footviolet
bird-foot violet (bûrdʹfo͝ot') n. Variant of bird's-foot violet. * * *
bird-of-paradise
/berrd"euhv par"euh duys', -duyz'/, n., pl. birds-of-paradise. 1. Also called bird-of-paradise flower. any of several plants of the genus Strelitzia, native to southern Africa, ...
bird-of-paradise flower
▪ plant also called  crane flower (Strelitzia reginae)   ornamental plant of the family Strelitziaceae. There are five species of the genus Strelitzia, all native to ...
bird-voiced tree frog
/berrd"voyst'/ a frog, Hyla avivoca, of the southern U.S., having a birdlike, whistling call. * * *
bird-watch
/berrd"woch'/, v.i. to identify wild birds and observe their actions and habits in their natural habitat as a recreation. Also, birdwatch. [1945-50; back formation from BIRD ...
bird-watching
bird-watching [bʉrd′wäch′iŋ, bʉrd′wôch′iŋ] n. the observation of wild birds in their habitat, esp. such observation when engaged in as a hobby: also ...
birdbath
/berrd"bath', -bahth'/, n., pl. birdbaths /-badhz', -bahdhz', -baths', -bahths'/. a basin or tublike garden ornament for birds to drink from or bathe in. [1890-95; BIRD + ...
birdbrain
—birdbrained, bird-brained, adj. /berrd"brayn'/, n. Slang. a stupid, foolish, or scatterbrained person. [1920-25; BIRD + BRAIN] * * *
birdbrained
See birdbrain. * * *
birdcage
/berrd"kayj'/, n. 1. a cage for confining birds. 2. something that resembles a birdcage in form. 3. Slang. the airspace over an airport, together with the airplanes in ...
birdcage clock.
See lantern clock. [1950-55] * * *
birdcall
birdcall [bʉrdkôl΄] n. 1. the sound or song of a bird 2. an imitation of this 3. a device for imitating bird sounds * * * bird·call (bûrdʹkôl') n. 1. The song or cry of ...
birdcherry
bird cherry n. Any of several cherry trees, especially the Eurasian Prunus padus, having clusters of white flowers and small black fruits. * * *
birdcolonel
bird colonel n. Slang A full colonel.   [From the eagle of the insignia.] * * *
birddog
bird dog n. 1. A dog used to hunt game birds; a gun dog. 2. Informal. One that bird-dogs. 3. A scout, especially in baseball. * * *
birder
/berr"deuhr/, n. 1. a person who raises birds. 2. See bird watcher. [1475-85 for earlier sense "bird-catcher"; 1820-30 for def. 1; BIRD + -ER1] * * *
birdfeed
bird feed or bird·feed (bûrdʹfēd') n. Food given to birds, especially dried food of mixed seeds. * * *
birdfeeder
bird feeder also bird·feed·er (bûrdʹfē'dər) n. An outdoor container for bird feed, used to attract wild birds. * * *
birdhouse
/berrd"hows'/, n., pl. birdhouses /-how'ziz/. 1. a box, usually fashioned to resemble a house, for birds to live in. 2. an aviary. [1865-70, Amer.; BIRD + HOUSE] * * *
birdie
/berr"dee/, n., v., birdied, birdieing. n. 1. a small bird. 2. Golf. a score of one stroke under par on a hole. 3. a shuttlecock. v.t. 4. Golf. to make a birdie on (a ...
birding
/berr"ding/, n. the identification and observation of wild birds in their natural habitat as a recreation; bird-watching. [1560-70 for earlier sense "hunting birds"; BIRD + ...
BirdLife International
▪ conservation group       worldwide alliance of nongovernmental organizations that promotes the conservation of birds and their habitats. The group was established in ...
birdlike
/berrd"luyk'/, adj. having the appearance or characteristics of a bird, as quickness, lightness, fragility, etc.: birdlike gestures. [1580-90; BIRD + -LIKE] * * *
birdlime
/berrd"luym'/, n., v., birdlimed, birdliming. n. 1. a sticky material prepared from holly, mistletoe, or other plants, and smeared on twigs to catch small birds that light on ...
birdlouse
bird louse n. See biting louse. * * *
birdman
/berrd"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. birdmen /-men', -meuhn/. 1. an ornithologist. 2. a bird watcher. 3. a person who keeps or tends birds. 4. a person who hunts birds for food or ...
birdof paradise
bird of paradise bird of paradise flower PhotoDisc, Inc. n. pl. birds of paradise 1. Any of various birds of the family Paradisaeidae, native to New Guinea and adjacent islands, ...
birdof passage
bird of passage n. pl. birds of passage 1. A migratory bird. 2. A person who moves from place to place frequently. * * *
birdof prey
bird of prey n. pl. birds of prey Any of various predatory carnivorous birds such as the eagle or hawk. * * *
birdpepper
bird pepper n. 1. A variety of pepper (Capsicum annum var. glabriusculum) that includes the wild forms native to the southern United States and Mexico south to Colombia. 2. The ...
Birds Eye{™}
a US make of frozen food sold in many countries. It is named after Clarence Birdseye (1886–1956) who in the 1920s developed a method of freezing fresh fish quickly to preserve ...
Birds, The
a comedy (414 B.C.) by Aristophanes. * * *
birdseed
/berrd"seed'/, n. 1. any seed or mixture of seeds used for feeding birds. 2. the seed of a grass, Phalaris canariensis, used as food for birds. [1830-40; BIRD + SEED] * * *
Birdseye
/berrdz"uy'/, n. Clarence, 1886-1956, U.S. inventor and businessman: developer of food-freezing process. * * *
Birdseye, Clarence
born Dec. 9, 1886, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 7, 1956, New York U.S. businessman and inventor. He developed a highly efficient process for freezing foods in small packages ...
Birdseye,Clarence
Birds·eye (bûrdʹzī'), Clarence. 1886-1956. American inventor who received over 300 patents, most notably for methods of quick-freezing food. * * *
birdshot
birdshot [bʉrd′shät΄] n. small shot, for shooting birds * * * bird·shot (bûrdʹshŏt') n. A small lead shot for shotgun shells. * * *
birdsong
/berrd"sawng', -song'/, n. the singing or calling of birds, esp. songbirds. [BIRD + SONG] * * * Certain vocalizations of birds, characteristic of males during the breeding ...
birdwatcher
bird watcher or bird·watch·er also bird-watch·er (bûrdʹwŏch'ər) n. A person who observes and identifies birds in their natural surroundings.   bird watching n. * * *
birdwatching
See bird watcher. * * *
birectangular
/buy'rek tang"gyeuh leuhr/, adj. Geom. having two right angles. [BI-1 + RECTANGULAR] * * *
birefringence
—birefringent, adj. /buy'ri frin"jeuhns/, n. Optics. See double refraction. [1885-90; BI-1 + REFRINGENCE] * * *
birefringent
See birefringence. * * *
bireme
/buy"reem/, n. Naut. a galley having two banks or tiers of oars. [1590-1600; < L biremis two-oared, having two banks of oars (bi- BI-1 + rem(us) oar + -is adj. suffix)] * * *
Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
▪ 2002       Nepalese royal (b. Dec. 28, 1945, Kathmandu, Nepal—d. June 1, 2001, Kathmandu), was king of Nepal for 29 years. Educated at St. Joseph's School, ...
biretta
/beuh ret"euh/, n. a stiff square cap with three or four upright projecting pieces extending from the center of the top to the edge, worn by ecclesiastics. Also, berretta, ...
Bīrganj
▪ Nepal       town, southern Nepal, in the Terai, a low, fertile plain, near the Indian border. Southwest of Kāthmāndu (Kathmandu), it is an important marketing centre ...
Birger Jarl
▪ ruler of Sweden died Oct. 1, 1266, Västergötland, Swed.       the virtual ruler of Sweden from 1248 until his death.       Before 1238 Birger married ...
Birger Magnusson
▪ king of Sweden born 1280 died May 31, 1321       king of Sweden (1290–1318), son of Magnus I. He was nominally king under a regency during 1290–1302. He was ...
biri
/bear"ee/, n., pl. biris. bidi. * * *
biriani
bi·ri·a·ni (bĭ'rē-äʹnē) n. Variant of biryani. * * *
Biringuccio, Vannoccio
born Oct. 20, 1480, Siena died August 1537, Rome Italian metallurgist and armaments maker. He is chiefly known for the first clear, comprehensive work on metallurgy, De la ...
biritch
▪ card game also called  Khedive,         card game similar to bridge whist and a forerunner of auction (auction bridge) and contract bridge. Apparently developed ...
Bīrjand
▪ Iran       town, eastern Iran, built on low hills in a barren valley 4,774 feet (1,455 metres) above sea level. The town, divided by the Khūsf River (usually dry), ...
birk
/berrk/; Scot. /birddk/, n., adj., v.t. Scot. and North Eng. birch. [bef. 900; ME byrk, OE birc, by-form of birce BIRCH] * * *
Birka
▪ medieval city, Sweden       medieval city in southeastern Sweden, on the Lake Mälaren island of Björkö. It was Sweden's first major urban centre and served as a ...


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