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▪ Scandinavian traders Finnish  Pirkkalaiset,         group of Swedish and Finnish traders and trappers who, for approximately 300 years, explored, colonized, and ...
Birkbeck, George
▪ British physician and educator born Jan. 10, 1776, Settle, Yorkshire [now in North Yorkshire], Eng. died Dec. 1, 1841, London  British physician who pioneered classes for ...
/berr"keuhn/; Scot. /birdd"keuhn/, adj. Scot. and North Eng. birchen; birch. [1250-1300; ME; see BIRK, -EN2] * * *
/berr"keuhn hed'/, n. a seaport in Merseyside metropolitan county, in W England, on the Mersey River opposite Liverpool. 135,750. * * * ▪ England, United ...
Birkenhead, Frederick Edwin Smith, 1st earl of
born July 12, 1872, Birkenhead, Cheshire, Eng. died Sept. 30, 1930, London British politician. Elected to the House of Commons in 1906, he became noted as an orator and soon ...
Birkenhead, Frederick Edwin Smith, 1st Earl of, Viscount Furneaux Of Charlton, Viscount Birkenhead Of Birkenhead, Baron Birkenhead Of Birkenhead
▪ British statesman byname  (until 1919) F.e. Smith   born July 12, 1872, Birkenhead, Cheshire, Eng. died Sept. 30, 1930, London  British statesman, lawyer, and noted ...
▪ paleontology       genus of extinct early fishlike vertebrates found in Late Silurian and Early Devonian rocks in Europe (from about 421 to 387 million years ago). ...
/berr"keuhn stok'/ Trademark. a brand of sandals. * * *
Birket Karun
/bir"kit keuh roohn"/ a lake in N Egypt. 25 mi. (40 km) long; ab. 5 mi. (8 km) wide; 90 sq. mi. (233 sq. km). Also, Birket Qârun. * * *
Birkhoff, George David
▪ American mathematician born March 21, 1884, Overisel, Michigan, U.S. died November 12, 1944, Cambridge, Massachusetts       foremost American mathematician of the ...
/berr"kee/; Scot. /birdd"kee/, n. Scot. an aggressive, independent man. [1715-25; of uncert. orig.] * * *
—birler, n. /berrl/, v.t. 1. Chiefly Northern U.S. Lumbering. to cause (a floating log) to rotate rapidly by treading upon it. 2. Brit. to spin or cause to rotate. v.i. 3. ...
Birla, Aditya Vikram
▪ 1996       Indian industrialist who headed the Birla Group, an international business empire that included interests in aluminum, textiles, petrochemicals, and ...
Birla, K(rishna) K(umar)
▪ 2009       Indian industrialist and philanthropist born Nov. 12, 1918, Pilani, Rajasthan state, British India died Aug. 30, 2008, Kolkata [Calcutta], India guided ...
/berrl/; Scot. /birddl/, v., birled, birling. Chiefly Scot. v.t. 1. to pour (a drink) or pour a drink for. v.i. 2. to drink deeply; carouse. [bef. 1000; ME birlen, OE byrelian, ...
See birl. * * *
/berr"ling/, n. Chiefly Northern U.S. a game played by lumberjacks, in which each tries to balance longest on a floating log while rotating the log with the feet. [BIRL + ...
Birman [bʉr′mən] n. 〚var. of BURMAN〛 any of a breed of long-haired domestic cat, originating in Burma, with round blue eyes, white paws, and a light-colored coat shaded ...
/berr"ming euhm/ for1; /berr"ming ham'/ for 2, 3, n. 1. a city in West Midlands, in central England. 1,084,600. 2. a city in central Alabama. 284,413. 3. a city in SE Michigan, ...
Birmingham enamelware
▪ art       enameled objects made in Birmingham, Eng., an important centre for the production of 18th-century European enamelware. The most prominent Birmingham enameler ...
Birmingham Post
an English daily newspaper for the Birmingham area, first published in 1857. It is the main newspaper of the Midlands. * * *
Birmingham Six
six Irishmen who were sent to prison for life in England for putting IRA bombs in two pubs in Birmingham, England, in 1974. The bombs had killed 21 people, but the six men ...
Birmingham Small Arms
➡ BSA (I) * * *
Birnam Wood
a wood in central Scotland. In Shakespeare’s play Macbeth, the witches tell Macbeth that he will not be defeated until Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane. Later, Macduff’s army ...
/bir"neuh/, n. boule1 (def. 1). [ < G: lit., pear] * * *
Birney, (Alfred) Earle
born May 13, 1904, Calgary, Alta., Northwest Territories [Canada] died Sept. 3, 1995, Toronto, Ont. Canadian poet and educator. Birney received a Ph.D. from the University of ...
Birney, Earle
▪ 1996       Canadian poet and writer (b. May 13, 1904, Calgary, Alta.—d. Sept. 3, 1995, Toronto, Ont.), was one of the most highly esteemed poets in Canada. He was ...
Birney, James G(illespie)
born Feb. 4, 1792, Danville, Ky., U.S. died Nov. 25, 1857, Eagleswood, N.J. U.S. politician and antislavery leader. He practiced law in Danville, Ky., before moving to Alabama, ...
Birney, James Gillespie
▪ American politician born February 4, 1792, Danville, Kentucky, U.S. died November 25, 1857, Eagleswood, New Jersey  prominent opponent of slavery in the United States who ...
Birnin Kebbi
▪ Nigeria       town and capital of Kebbi state, northwestern Nigeria. It lies along the Sokoto (Kebbi) River at the intersection of roads from Argungu, Jega, and ...
Birnin Kudu
▪ Nigeria       town, Jigawa state, northern Nigeria. It lies at the intersection of roads from Kano city, Gwaram, and Ningi. It is best known as the site of Dutsen ...
biro [bī′rō, bir′ō] n. pl. biros 〚< Biro, a trademark for a kind of ballpoint pen〛 [Brit. Informal] a ballpoint pen * * *
Bíró, László József
▪ Hungarian inventor also called  Biró Ladislao  born Sept. 29, 1899, Budapest, Hung. died Oct. 24, 1985, Buenos Aires, Arg.       Hungarian inventor of the ...
/bir'oh bi jahn"/, n. the capital of the Jewish Autonomous Region, in E Siberia, in the SE Russian Federation in Asia, W of Khabarovsk. 82,000. Also, Birobijan. * * * ▪ ...
Biron, Armand de Gontaut, Baron de
▪ French military leader born c. 1524 died July 26, 1592, Épernay, France       soldier and marshal of France during the 16th-century Wars of Religion.       As ...
Biron, Armand-Louis de Gontaut, duc de
▪ French military commander also called  Duc De Lauzun   born April 15, 1747, Paris, Fr. died Dec. 31, 1793, Paris       military commander with the French forces in ...
Biron, Charles de Gontaut, Baron and Duke de
▪ French baron and duke born 1562 died July 31, 1602, Paris, France       son of Armand who won the favour of King Henry IV by his courage and enterprise at Arques and ...
Biron, Ernst Johann, Reichsgraf von
▪ duke of Courland (Imperial count of), Biron also spelled  Bühren   born Nov. 23 [Nov. 13, Old Style], 1690, Kalnciems, Courland [now in Latvia] died Dec. 29 [Dec. 18], ...
/bi rot"euh/, n. Rom. Antiq. a two-wheeled cart, usually drawn by three mules, used for transporting commercial goods and one or two passengers. [ < L, n.use of fem. of birotus ...
birr1 /berr/, n. 1. force; energy; vigor. 2. emphasis in statement, speech, etc. 3. a whirring sound. v.i. 4. to move with or make a whirring sound. [1275-1325; ME bire, bur, OE ...
Birrell, Augustine
▪ British politician born Jan. 19, 1850, Wavertree, Lancashire, Eng. died Nov. 20, 1933, London  politician and man of letters whose policies, as British chief secretary for ...
/beuh ret"euh/, n. biretta. * * *
/bir"euhs/, n., pl. birri /bir"uy/. a hooded cloak of coarse wool, a common article of apparel in the later Roman Empire. Also, byrrus. [ < LL, perh. < Celtic *birros short ( > ...
/berrs/; Scot. /birdds/, n. Scot. 1. a short hair of the beard or body; a bristle. 2. anger; rage. [bef. 900; OE byrst; c. OHG borst, burst, ON burst. See BRISTLE] * * *
Birt, John
▪ 1994       In January 1993 the British Broadcasting Corporation acquired a controversial new director general whose task was to secure the BBC's future at a time of ...
/berrth/, n. 1. an act or instance of being born: the day of his birth. 2. the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring; childbirth; parturition: a difficult ...
birth canal
the passage through which the young of mammals pass during birth, formed by the cervix, vagina, and vulva. * * *
birth certificate
an official form recording the birth of a baby and containing pertinent data, as name, sex, date, place, and parents. [1895-1900] * * *
birth control
regulation of the number of children born through the deliberate control or prevention of conception. Cf. family planning (def. 1). [1914, Amer.] * * * Voluntary limiting of ...
birth defect
Pathol. any physical, mental, or biochemical abnormality present at birth. Also called congenital defect. * * * Genetic or trauma-induced abnormality present at birth. A more ...
birth mother
birth mother a person's mother related biologically rather than by adoption: also birthmother n. * * *
birth name
the surname given a person at birth. * * *
Birth of a Nation
a US silent film (1915) by D W Griffith. It tells the story of the American Civil War and the period of Reconstruction after it. Although it was a great success and influenced ...
Birth of a Nation, The
an American film (1915), directed by D. W. Griffith. * * *
birth pangs
1. pains associated with the process of childbirth. 2. Informal. the hardships and difficulties accompanying a major innovation, change, or new venture. [1885-90] * * *
birth parent.
See biological parent. Also, birthparent. * * *
birth rate
      frequency of live births in a given population, conventionally calculated as the annual number of live births per 1,000 inhabitants. See vital rates. * * *
birth trauma
Psychoanal. an emotional shock caused by being born. [1925-30] * * *
birth-control pill
/berrth"keuhn trohl'/ an oral contraceptive for women, containing the hormones estrogen and progesterone or progesterone alone, that inhibits ovulation, fertilization, or ...
birth canal n. The passageway through which the fetus is expelled during parturition, leading from the uterus through the cervix, vagina, and vulva. * * *
birth certificate n. An official record of the date and place of a person's birth, usually including the names of the parents. * * *
birth control n. 1. Voluntary limitation or control of the number of children conceived, especially by planned use of contraceptive techniques. 2. A contraceptive technique. * * *
birthcontrol pill
birth control pill n. See oral contraceptive. * * *
/berrth"day'/, n. 1. the anniversary of a birth. 2. the day of a person's birth. 3. a day marking or commemorating the origin, founding, or beginning of something. 4. the ...
birthday boy
➡ birthdays * * *
birthday cake
➡ birthdays * * *
birthday cards
➡ birthdays * * *
birthday girl
➡ birthdays * * *
Birthday Honours
(in Britain) the honorary titles and other awards given to people by the queen on her Official Birthday each year: She got an OBE in the Birthday Honours List Compare New Year ...
birthday party
➡ birthdays * * *
birthday presents
➡ birthdays * * *
birthday suit
bare skin; nakedness: They were sunbathing in their birthday suits. [1745-55] * * *
Birthdays are especially important to the very young and the very old. On their birthday, people receive birthday cards and birthday presents from their family and friends. ...
birthday suit n. The state of being nude; nakedness. * * *
birth defect n. A physiological or structural abnormality that develops at or before birth and is present at the time of birth, especially as a result of faulty development, ...
birth family n. A family consisting of parents and their biological offspring. * * *
birth father also birth·fa·ther (bûrthʹfä'thər) n. One's biological father. * * *
/berr"thing/, n. an act or instance of giving birth, esp. by natural childbirth. [1925-30; BIRTH + -ING1] * * *
birthing room
a section of a hospital or an outpatient facility set aside and equipped for childbirth and usually simulating a home environment in which family members or friends may be ...
birthing center n. A medical facility, often associated with a hospital, that is designed to provide a comfortable, homelike setting during childbirth and that is generally less ...
birthing room n. An area of a hospital or outpatient medical facility equipped for labor, delivery, and recovery and designed as a natural, homelike environment. See Regional ...
/berrth"mahrk'/, n. a minor disfigurement or blemish on a person's skin at birth; nevus. [1570-80; BIRTH + MARK1] * * * Unusual mark or blemish on the skin at birth. Most ...
birth mother also birth·moth·er (bûrthʹmŭth'ər) n. One's biological mother. * * *
birth name also birth·name (bûrthʹnām') n. 1. The name given to a person at birth, especially that of an adoptee before he or she is renamed. 2. See maiden name. * * *
/berrth"nuyt'/, n. 1. the night of a person's birth, esp. a birthday celebration for royalty. 2. the anniversary of such a date. 3. the celebration of a royal birthday. [1620-30; ...
birth pang n. 1. One of the repetitive pains occurring in childbirth. Often used in the plural. 2. birth pangs Difficulty or turmoil associated with a development or ...
birthparent [bʉrth′per΄ənt] n. a person's parent related biologically rather than by adoption: also birth parent * * * birth parent also birth·par·ent (bûrthʹpâr'ənt, ...
/berrth"plays'/, n. place of birth or origin. [1600-10; BIRTH + PLACE] * * *
/berrth"rayt'/, n. the proportion of births to the total population in a place in a given time, usually expressed as a quantity per 1000 of population. [1855-60; BIRTH + RATE1] * ...
/berrth"ruyt'/, n. any right or privilege to which a person is entitled by birth: Democracy maintains that freedom is a birthright. [1525-35; BIRTH + RIGHT] * * *
/berrth"rooht', -root'/, n. 1. Also called birthwort, purple trillium. a trillium, Trillium erectum, the roots of which were formerly used in medicine as an astringent. 2. any of ...
/berrth"stohn'/, n. a precious or semiprecious stone traditionally associated with a particular month or sign of the zodiac and believed to attract good fortune. [1905-10; BIRTH ...
▪ Table Birthstones month traditional gemstone 20th-century expansion synthetic supplement: trade name material of synthetic stone January garnet garnet dark red ...
/berrth"stoohl'/, n. a specially shaped seat formerly used in childbirth. [1620-30; BIRTH + STOOL] * * *
birth trauma n. 1. A physical injury sustained by an infant during birth. 2. The psychological shock said to be experienced by an infant during birth. * * *
/berrth"wayt'/, n. the weight of an infant at birth. [BIRTH + WEIGHT] * * *
/berrth"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. 1. any of various plants of the genus Aristolochia, esp. A. clematitis, an Old World species reputed to facilitate childbirth. Cf. birthwort ...
birthwort family
the plant family Aristolochiaceae, typified by mostly tropical woody vines and herbaceous plants, having alternate, heart-shaped leaves and flowers lacking true petals but having ...
/berrt"hwis'euhl, -wis'-/, n. Harrison, born 1934, English composer. * * *
(1934–) an English composer who has written classical music for large and small orchestras, and is well known for his music for the theatre and opera. He has been responsible ...
Birtwistle, Sir Harrison (Paul)
born July 15, 1934, Accrington, Lancashire, Eng. British composer. He began as a clarinetist, shifting to composition in his 20s. He cofounded the Pierrot Players with Peter ...
Bīrūnī, al-
born September 973, Khwārezm, Khorāsān died Dec. 13, 1048, Ghazna, Ghaznavid Afg. Persian scientist and scholar. Sometime after 1017, he went to India, a land of which he ...
bi·ry·a·ni also bi·ri·a·ni (bĭ'rē-äʹnē) n. pl. bi·ry·a·nis An Indian dish containing meat, fish, or vegetables and rice flavored with saffron or ...
▪ Malta also spelled  Birzebbugia,         village, southeastern Malta, on Marsaxlokk Bay, southeast of Valletta. The present village originated as a fishing ...
bis1 /bis/, adv. 1. twice. 2. again (used interjectionally as an enthusiastic call for the repetition of a musical performance). [1810-20; < It < L; OL duis TWICE] bis2 /bis/, ...
bis- [bis] prefix BI-1: used before c or s * * *
▪ people also spelled  Bisayah         indigenous people of northwestern Borneo, in Malaysia, concentrated above the Padas River and below Beaufort in Sabah state, ...
/bi suy"euhn/, n., pl. Bisayans, (esp. collectively) Bisayan. Visayan. * * *
/bee sah"yahs/, n.pl. Spanish name of the Visayan Islands. * * *
▪ Arizona, United States       city, seat (1929) of Cochise county, southeastern Arizona, U.S., 8 miles (13 km) north of the Mexican border. It is built on steep canyon ...
/bis"kay, -kee/, n. Bay of, a bay of the Atlantic between W France and N Spain. * * *
biscay green
/bis"kay, -kee/ a yellowish green. [1955-60] * * *
Biscay, Bay of
or Gulf of Gascony French Golfe de Gascogne Spanish Golfo de Vizcaya Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, bounded by southwestern France and northwestern Spain. It has an area of about ...
Biscay,Bay of
Bis·cay (bĭsʹkā), Bay of An arm of the Atlantic Ocean indenting the western coast of Europe from Brittany in northwest France southward to northwest Spain. * * *
Biscayne Bay
/bis"kayn, bis kayn"/ an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, on the SE coast of Florida, separating the cities of Miami and Miami Beach. * * * Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, southeastern ...
Biscayne National Park
Preserve, southeastern Florida, U.S. Located 20 mi (32 km) south of Miami, with an area of 172,925 acres (70,035 hectares), it consists mostly of coral reef and water containing ...
Bis·cayne Bay (bĭs-kānʹ, bĭsʹkān') A narrow inlet of the Atlantic Ocean in southeast Florida. Miami and Miami Beach are on the northern shore. * * *
▪ Italy ancient (Latin)  Vigiliae        town and episcopal see, Puglia (Apulia) regione, southeastern Italy. It lies along the Adriatic Sea and is about 120 miles ...
Bischof, Werner
born April 26, 1916, Zürich, Switz. found dead May 16, 1954, Peruvian Andes Swiss photojournalist. He studied at the Zürich Arts and Crafts School (1932–36). In 1942 he ...
biscotti [bi skät′ē; ] It [ bē skō̂t′tē] pl.n. sing. biscotto [bi skät′ō] biscotti 〚It, pl. of biscotto < OIt: see BISCUIT〛 hard, plain, bar-shaped cookies ...
/bee skawt"taw/; Eng. /bi skot"oh/, n., pl. biscotti /bee skawt"tee/; Eng. /bi skot"ee/. Italian. a cookie or cracker. * * *
—biscuitlike, adj. /bis"kit/, n. 1. a kind of bread in small, soft cakes, raised with baking powder or soda, or sometimes with yeast. 2. Chiefly Brit. a. a dry and crisp or ...
biscuit bread
Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. biscuits or a biscuit: I like biscuit bread more than corn bread for supper. [1400-50; late ME] * * *
biscuit tortoni
/bis"kit, bis"kwee/ an individual portion of tortoni, frozen and served in a small cup, often topped with ground almonds. * * *
biscuit ware
bisque3 (def. 2). * * *
/bis"kit fuyeurd'/, adj. (of a ceramic object) fired to harden the body. * * *
bise [bēz] n. 〚ME < OFr < Frank * bisa or OHG bisa < Gmc base * bis-, to storm about vigorously〛 a cold north or northeast wind blowing down from the Swiss Alps * * * bise ...
—bisection, n. —bisectional, adj. —bisectionally, adv. v. /buy sekt", buy"sekt/; n. /buy"sekt/, v.t. 1. to cut or divide into two equal or nearly equal parts. 2. Geom. to ...
See bisect. * * *
See bisection. * * *
See bisection. * * *
/buy sek"teuhr, buy"sek-/, n. Geom. a line or plane that bisects an angle or line segment. [1860-65; BISECT + -OR2] * * *
/buy sek"triks/, n., pl. bisectrices /buy'sek truy"seez/. 1. Crystall. an imaginary line bisecting either the acute angle (acute bisectrix) or the obtuse angle (obtuse bisectrix) ...
/buy sel"ee euhm/, n., pl. bisellia /-sel"ee euh/. an ancient Roman seat of honor for two persons. [ < L, equiv. to bi- BI-1 + sell(a) seat (c. SETTLE2) + -ium -IUM] * * *
—biserially, adv. /buy sear"ee euhl/, adj. Statistics. of or pertaining to the correlation between two sets of measurements, one set of which is limited to one of two ...
bi·se·ri·ate (bī-sērʹē-ĭt, -āt') adj. Arranged in two rows or in two cycles: a biseriate perianth composed of both a calyx and a corolla. * * *
/buy ser"ayt, -it/, adj. Bot. notched like a saw, with the teeth also notched; doubly serrate. [1825-35; BI-1 + SERRATE] * * *
—bisexuality, bisexualism n. —bisexually, adv. /buy sek"shooh euhl/, adj. 1. Biol. a. of both sexes. b. combining male and female organs in one individual; hermaphroditic. 2. ...
See bisexual. * * * ▪ biology       in biology, the condition of an organism capable of producing both male and female gametes (sex cells). In plants and ...
See bisexuality. * * *
▪ Japanese god also called  Bishamonten        in Japanese mythology, one of the Shichi-fuku-jin (“Seven Gods of Luck”). He is identified with the Buddhist ...
▪ Indian painter flourished 17th century, India       one of the most skilled portrait painters of the 17th-century Jahāngīr school of Mughal painting. Almost nothing ...
/bish kek"/, n. the capital of Kirghizia (Kyrgyzstan), in the N part. 616,000. Formerly, Pishpek (until 1926), Frunze (1926-91). * * * or Pishpek formerly (1926–91) ...
▪ India also spelled  Vishnupur        historic town, central West Bengal state, northeastern India. It lies just south of the Dhaleshwari (Dhalkisor) River. ...
/bee"shoh/, n. a town in and the capital of Ciskei, SE Africa. * * *
—bishopless, adj. —bishoplike, adj. /bish"euhp/, n., v., bishoped, bishoping. n. 1. a person who supervises a number of local churches or a diocese, being in the Greek, Roman ...
/bish"euhp/, n. 1. Elizabeth, 1911-79, U.S. poet. 2. Hazel (Gladys), born 1906, U.S. chemist and businesswoman. 3. John Peale, 1892-1944, U.S. poet and essayist. 4. Morris ...
Bishop Hill State Historic Site
▪ historical site, Illinois, United States       historic site, Henry county, northwestern Illinois, U.S. It lies about 45 miles (70 km) northwest of Peoria. The ...
Bishop Museum
▪ museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States in full  Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum        research centre and museum for the study of Hawaiian and Polynesian ...
Bishop Rock Lighthouse
▪ lighthouse, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom       19th-century lighthouse, Scilly Islands, Cornwall. The 19th-century civil-engineering landmark takes perhaps the ...
bishop violet
—bishop-violet, adj. a reddish purple. * * *
bishop's cap cactus
▪ plant       (Astrophytum myriostigma), species of cactus, family Cactaceae, native to Texas and central Mexico, with four or five distinct ribs that increase to eight ...
Bishop's Hatfield
Hatfield. * * *
Bishop's ring
Meteorol. a reddish-brown corona occasionally seen around the sun, caused by volcanic dust in the atmosphere. [after Sereno E. Bishop (1827-1909), U.S. missionary in Hawaii, who ...
Bishop's Stortford
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), East Hertfordshire district, administrative and historic county of Hertfordshire, England. It lies along the River Stort ...
Bishop's University
Privately endowed university in Lennoxville, Quebec, Canada, founded in 1843. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, ...
/bish"euhps kap'/, n. miterwort (def. 1). [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
/bish"euhps weed'/, n. goutweed. [1605-15] * * *
bish·op's cap (bĭshʹəps) n. See miterwort. * * *
bishop's weed n. 1. See goutweed. 2. A chiefly Mediterranean annual plant (Ammi magus) in the parsley family, grown as a source of psoralens used in medicine and as an ornamental ...
Bishop, Bronwyn Kathleen
▪ 1994       Bronwyn Bishop, a Liberal Party senator for the state of New South Wales, was by 1993 the choice of many Australian conservatives as their most popular ...
Bishop, Elizabeth
born Feb. 8, 1911, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 6, 1979, Boston, Mass. U.S. poet. Bishop was reared by relatives in Nova Scotia, Can., after her father died and her mother ...
Bishop, Hazel
▪ American chemist and businesswoman in full  Hazel Gladys Bishop  born Aug. 17, 1906, Hoboken, N.J., U.S. died Dec. 5, 1998, Rye, N.Y.       American chemist and ...
Bishop, Isabel
▪ American artist born March 3, 1902, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died February 19, 1988, New York, New York       American painter, draughtsman, and etcher who worked in an ...
Bishop, J(ohn) Michael
born Feb. 22, 1936, York, Pa., U.S. U.S. virologist. He graduated from Harvard Medical School. In 1970 he and Harold Varmus tested the theory that healthy body cells contain ...
Bishop, J. Michael
▪ American scientist in full  John Michael Bishop  born Feb. 22, 1936, York, Pa., U.S.       American virologist and co-winner (with Harold Varmus (Varmus, Harold)) ...
Bishop, Joey
▪ 2008 Joseph Abraham Gottlieb        American comedian born Feb. 3, 1918 , New York, N.Y. died Oct. 17, 2007, Newport Beach, Calif. was the last surviving member of ...
Bishop, John Peale
▪ American poet and critic born May 21, 1892, Charles Town, W.Va., U.S. died April 4, 1944, Hyannis, Mass.       American poet, novelist, and critic, a member of the ...
Bishop, Sir Henry Rowley
▪ English composer and conductor born Nov. 18, 1786, London, Eng. died April 30, 1855, London  English composer and conductor remembered for his songs “Home, Sweet Home” ...
Bishop, William Avery
known as Billy Bishop born Feb. 8, 1894, Owen Sound, Ont., Can. died Sept. 11, 1956, West Palm Beach, Fla., U.S. Canadian World War I fighter ace. Educated at the Royal ...
Bish·op (bĭshʹəp), Elizabeth. 1911-1979. American poet noted for her spare, largely descriptive works, such as “Filling Station” (1965). * * *
/bish"euhp rik/, n. the see, diocese, or office of a bishop. [bef. 900; ME bisshoprike, OE biscoprice, equiv. to biscop BISHOP + rice realm; see RICH] * * *
Bishops' Bible
an English translation of the Bible made under the direction of Matthew Parker and published in 1568: the recognized translation of the Bible in England until the Authorized ...
Bishops' Wars
▪ British history       (1639, 1640), in British history, two brief campaigns that were fought between Charles I and the Scots. The wars were the result of Charles's ...
Bishops, Synod of
▪ Roman Catholic ecclesiastical body       in the Roman Catholic Church, the institution of periodic meetings of bishops established in 1965 by Pope Paul VI. According ...
/bee'si toohn"/, n. Behistun. * * * ancient Behestūn Town and historic site, western Iran. On a limestone cliff above the present village is a bas-relief and series of ...
bisj pole
Carved wooden pole used in the religious rites of the South Pacific islands. The poles, 12–26 ft (4–8 m) tall, resemble an upended canoe with an exaggerated prow; they ...
/bisk/, n. bisque1. * * *
/byeesk/, n. a city in the S Russian Federation in Asia, near the Ob River, SE of Barnaul. 231,000. Also, Biisk, Biysk. * * *
/bis"krah/, n. a town and oasis in NE Algeria, in the Sahara. 59,000. * * * ▪ Algeria also called  (after 1981) Beskra,         town, northeastern Algeria, on the ...
Bis·la·ma (bĭs-läʹmə) n. A lingua franca based on Malay and English, spoken in the southwest Pacific, especially in the Papua New Guinea area. Also called Beach-la-Mar, ...
/bis"meuh nawl', -nol'/, n. Metall. a highly ferromagnetic alloy of bismuth and manganese, having a high degree of magnetic force. [BIS(MUTH) + MAN(GANESE) + -OL1] * * *
/biz"mahrk/; for 1 also Ger. /bis"mahrddk/, n. 1. Otto von /ot"oh von/; Ger. /aw"toh feuhn/, 1815-98, German statesman: first chancellor of modern German Empire 1871-90. 2. a ...
Bismarck Archipelago
a group of islands in Papua New Guinea, in the W central Pacific Ocean, including the Admiralty Islands, New Britain, New Ireland, and adjacent islands. ab. 23,000 sq. mi. ...
Bismarck herring
salted fillet and roe of herring, pickled in vinegar, white wine, and spices, served cold, often as an hors d'oeuvre. [1930-35] * * *
Bismarck Range
▪ mountains, Papua New Guinea       northeastern segment of the central highlands of Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. Visited in 1886 by the German ...
Bismarck Sea
▪ sea, Pacific Ocean       section of the southwestern Pacific Ocean, bounded to the southwest by the northeast coast of New Guinea and to the northwest through to the ...
Bismarck, Otto (Eduard Leopold), prince von
born April 1, 1815, Schönhausen, Altmark, Prussia died July 30, 1898, Friedrichsruh, near Hamburg Prussian statesman who founded the German Empire in 1871 and served as its ...
Bismarck, Otto von
▪ German chancellor and prime minister Introduction in full  Otto Eduard Leopold, Fürst (prince) von Bismarck, Graf (count) von Bismarck-Schönhausen, Herzog (duke) von ...
Bismarck,Prince Otto Eduard Leopold von
Bismarck, Prince Otto Eduard Leopold von. Called “the Iron Chancellor.” 1815-1898. Creator and first chancellor of the German Empire (1871-1890). Instrumental in victory over ...
Bismarck Archipelago A group of volcanic islands and islets of Papua New Guinea in the southwest Pacific Ocean. The islands were discovered by Dutch explorers in the early ...
—Bismarckianism, n. /biz mahr"kee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling Otto von Bismarck, esp. in respect to his aggressiveness in politics and diplomacy. [1865-70; ...
Bismarck Sea A section of the southwest Pacific Ocean northeast of New Guinea and northwest of New Britain. During World War II it was the site of a major naval battle (March ...
/bis mil"euh/, interj. Arabic. in the name of Allah. * * *
—bismuthal, adj. /biz"meuhth/, n. Chem. a brittle, grayish-white, red-tinged, metallic element used in the manufacture of fusible alloys and in medicine. Symbol: Bi; at. wt.: ...
bismuth chromate
Chem. an orange-red, amorphous, water-insoluble powder, Bi2O3·2CrO3, used chiefly as a pigment in paints. Also called basic dichromate. * * *
bismuth oxychloride
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble powder, BiOCl, used chiefly in the manufacture of pigments, face powders, and artificial pearls. * * *
See bismuth. * * *
/biz myooh"thik, -muth"ik, biz"meuh thik/, adj. Chem. of or containing bismuth, esp. in the pentavalent state. [1790-1800; BISMUTH + -IC] * * *
/biz"meuh theen', -thin/, n. Chem. 1. an unstable hydride of bismuth, BiH3, analogous to arsine and stibine. 2. any derivative of this compound in which the hydrogen atoms are ...
/biz muth"euh nuyt', biz"meuh theuh-/, n. a mineral, bismuth sulfide, Bi2S3, occurring in lead-gray masses: an ore of bismuth. Also called bismuth glance. [BISMUTHINE + -ITE1] * ...
/biz"meuh theuhs/, adj. Chem. containing trivalent bismuth. [1880-85; BISMUTH + -OUS] * * *
/biz"meuh thil/, n. Chem. the univalent group BiO+, occurring in certain bismuth salts, as bismuth oxychloride, BiOCl. [BISMUTH + -YL] * * *
/biz"meuh tuyt'/, n. a mineral, bismuth carbonate, resulting from the alteration of bismuth minerals: a minor source of bismuth. [ < G Bismutit, equiv. to Bismut BISMUTH + -it ...
/bis nah"geuh/, n. any of several thorny cactuses of the genera Echinocactus, Ferocactus, and Astrophytum of the southwestern U.S. Also, biznaga. [1835-45, Amer.; < MexSp ...
—bisontine /buy"seuhn tuyn', -zeuhn-/, adj. /buy"seuhn, -zeuhn/, n., pl. bison. 1. Also called American bison, American buffalo. a North American, oxlike ruminant, Bison bison, ...
/buy sfee"noyd/, n. Crystall. a tetrahedral form, each edge of which is bisected by the perpendicular bisecting the edge that does not intersect it. Also called disphenoid. [BI-1 ...
bisque1 /bisk/, n. 1. a thick cream soup, esp. of puréed shellfish or vegetables. 2. ice cream made with powdered macaroons or nuts. Also, bisk. [1640-50; < F, of uncert. ...
n [U] a US make of biscuit mixture with which it is possible to cook biscuits quickly. It is made by General Mills. * * *
/bi sow"/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Guinea-Bissau, in the W part. 75,000. Also, Bissão /bee sowonn"/. * * * Seaport (pop., 1999 est.: 274,000), capital of ...
Bissell, Melville Reuben
▪ American inventor born Sept. 25, 1843, Hartwick, N.Y., U.S. died March 15, 1889, Grand Rapids, Mich.       U.S. inventor of the carpet sweeper.       After ...
Bissell, Richard
▪ American writer born June 27, 1913, Dubuque, Iowa, U.S. died May 4, 1977, Dubuque       U.S. novelist and playwright whose works provide fresh and witty images of ...
/buy seks"til, -tuyl, bi-/, adj. 1. containing or noting the extra day of leap year: The years 1980 and 1984 were both bissextile. n. 2. See leap year. [1585-95; < LL ...
/buy seks"teuhs, bi-/, n. February 29th: the extra day added to the Julian calendar every fourth year (except those evenly divisible by 400) to compensate for the approximately ...
/bis"oh/, n. bis2. * * *
/bis'euh nah"teuh, -nay"-/, n. a coarse woolen cloth constructed in plain weave and dyed black or brown, used in the manufacture of clerical vestments. [of uncert. orig.] * * *
▪ Guinea-Bissau       town located in northwestern Guinea-Bissau. It lies on a tributary of the Cacheu River and is surrounded by the Casamance woodland, which provides ...
/buy stay"beuhl/, adj. (of an electric or electronic circuit) having two stable states. [1945-50; BI-1 + STABLE2] * * *
/buy"stayt'/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or involving two states, esp. of the U.S.: a bistate water commission. 2. of, pertaining to, or involving the area where two states ...
—bistered, adj. /bis"teuhr/, n. bistre. * * *
See bister. * * *
Bisto kids
➡ Bisto * * *
/bis"tawrt/, n. 1. Also called snakeweed. a European plant, Polygonum bistorta, of the buckwheat family, having a twisted root, which is sometimes used as an astringent. 2. any ...
/bis"teuh ree/, n., pl. bistouries. a long, narrow surgical knife. [1745-50; < F bistouri, MF bistorin < Upper It bistorino, for It pistorino pertaining to PISTOIA, a city famous ...
n [U] a British make of gravy powder which has been sold since 1910. Bisto is well known for the advertisement in which two children, called the Bisto kids, are seen enjoying the ...
—bistred, adj. /bis"teuhr/, n. 1. a brown pigment extracted from the soot of wood, often used in pen and wash drawings. 2. a yellowish to dark-brown color. Also, ...
▪ Romania       town, capital of Bistrița-Năsăud județ (county), northern Romania. Settled in the 12th century by immigrant Germans, it acquired free-city status ...
▪ county, Romania       județ (county), northern Romania, occupying an area of 2,048 square miles (5,305 square km). The forested Eastern Carpathian Mountains, ...
/bis"troh/; Fr. /bee strddoh"/, n., pl. bistros /bis"trohz/; Fr. /bee strddoh"/. 1. a small, modest, European-style restaurant or café. 2. a small nightclub or ...
/buy sul"kayt/, adj. 1. with two grooves. 2. cloven-hoofed. [1825-35; < L bisulc(us) two-furrowed, cloven (see BI-1, SULCUS) + -ATE1] * * *
/buy sul"fayt/, n. Chem. a salt of sulfuric acid, containing the HSO4- group; an acid sulfate; a hydrogen sulfate, as sodium bisulfate, NaHSO4. Also, bisulphate. [1860-65; BI-1 + ...
/buy sul"fuyd, -fid/, n. Chem. a disulfide. Also, bisulphide. [1860-65; BI-1 + SULFIDE] * * *
/buy sul"fuyt/, n. Chem. a salt of sulfurous acid, containing the HSO3- group; an acid sulfite; a hydrogen sulfite, as sodium bisulfite, NaHSO3. Also, bisulphite. [1885-90; BI-1 ...
/bee'seuh toohn"/, n. Behistun. * * *
Biswas, Anil
▪ 2004       Indian composer and singer (b. July 7, 1914, Barisal, East Bengal, India [now in Bangladesh]—d. May 31, 2003, New Delhi, India), introduced orchestral ...
bit1 —bitless, adj. /bit/, n., v., bitted, bitting. n. 1. Mach. a. a removable drilling or boring tool for use in a brace, drill press, or the like. b. a removable boring head ...
bit gauge
Carpentry. a device for stopping a bit when it has reached a desired depth. Also called bit stop. * * *
bit key
a key having a wing bit for moving a leverlike tumbler of a lock. * * *
bit map
—bit-mapped, adj. a piece of text, a drawing, etc., represented, as on a computer display, by the activation of certain dots in a rectangular matrix of dots. * * *
bit part
bit2 (def. 6). [1925-30] * * *
bit player
an actor having a very small speaking part in a play, motion picture, etc. [1935-40] * * *
bit stop
Carpentry. See bit gauge. * * *
▪ ancient kingdom, Middle East       ancient Aramaean kingdom in Mesopotamia, located on both sides of the middle Euphrates River south of Carchemish. Probably founded ...
Method by which a display space (such as a graphics image file) is defined, including the colour of each of its pixels (or bits). In effect, a bit-map is an array of binary data ...
bit-mapped or bit·mapped (bĭtʹmăpt') adj. Of or relating to the representation of graphic images as bit maps. * * *
bit-mapped font n. A computer font in which each character to be displayed or printed is formed as a series of points on a grid. Also called raster font. * * *
bit-mapped image n. A computer image that is stored and displayed as a set of colored points in a rectangular grid. Also called raster graphic. * * *
See bite. * * *
/buy tahr"trayt/, n. Chem. a tartrate in which only one of the two acidic hydrogen atoms of tartaric acid is replaced by a metal or positive group; an acid tartrate; a hydrogen ...
/bit"brays'/, n. Mach., Carpentry. brace (def. 3). [BIT1 + BRACE] * * *
/bich/, n. 1. a female dog. 2. a female of canines generally. 3. Slang. a. a malicious, unpleasant, selfish person, esp. a woman. b. a lewd woman. 4. Slang. a. a complaint. b. ...
bitch goddess
worldly or material success personified as a goddess, esp. one requiring sacrifice and being essentially destructive: He went to New York to worship the bitch ...
/bich"euhn/, adj. Slang. marvelous; wonderful. Also, bitchin'. [BITCH + -en, -in' informal or dial. var. of -ING2 (here forming nonparticipial adj.)] * * *
/bich"euh ree/, n. behavior characteristic of a bitch. [1525-35; BITCH + -ERY] * * *
See bitchy. * * *
bitch·in' or bitch·en (bĭchʹən) adj. Slang Excellent; first-rate.   [Alteration of bitching, from son of a bitch.] * * *
See bitchily. * * *
—bitchily, adv. —bitchiness, n. /bich"ee/, adj., bitchier, bitchiest. Slang. characteristic of a bitch; spiteful; malicious. [1925-30; BITCH + -Y1] Syn. hateful, mean, ...
—bitable, biteable, adj. /buyt/, v., bit, bitten or bit, biting, n. v.t. 1. to cut, wound, or tear with the teeth: She bit the apple greedily. The lion bit his trainer. 2. to ...
/buyt"suyz'/, adj. 1. small enough to fit in the mouth or be consumed in one or two bites: bite-size candies. 2. very small. 3. quickly or easily comprehended, resolved, etc.: ...
See bitable. * * *
/buyt"playt'/, n. Orthodontics. a removable appliance worn in the mouth to separate the jaws so that some of the teeth will gradually shift upward or downward. Also, bite ...
/buy"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or animal that bites, esp. habitually or viciously: That dog is a biter. 2. Chiefly Chesapeake Bay. the larger claw of a crab. 3. Obs. a cheat; ...
/buyt"wing'/, n. Dentistry. a holder for x-ray film with a projecting fin that is held between the teeth so as to show the crowns of the upper and lower teeth in one ...
▪ India       town, south-central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India, northwest of Kanpur, on the Ganges (Ganga) River (Ganges River). Baji Rao, peshwa of the ...

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