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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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—Bithynian, adj., n. /bi thin"ee euh/, n. an ancient state in NW Asia Minor. * * * Ancient country, northwestern Anatolia. Bounded by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus, and ...
See Bithynia. * * *
—bitingly, adv. —bitingness, n. /buy"ting/, adj. 1. nipping; smarting; keen: biting cold; a biting sensation on the tongue. 2. cutting; sarcastic: a biting ...
biting housefly.
See stable fly. * * *
biting louse.
See under louse (def. 2). [1895-1900] * * *
biting midge
punkie. [1940-45] * * * ▪ insect  any member of a family of small, bloodsucking insects in the fly order, Diptera, that are often serious pests along seashores, rivers, and ...
biting fly n. A dipteran fly, such as a mosquito, midge, or horsefly, with mouthparts that are adapted to biting and piercing humans and other invertebrates. * * *
biting louse n. Any of several small, wingless, biting insects of the order Mallophaga that are external parasites on birds. Also called bird louse. * * *
See biting. * * *
biting mania n. A 15th-century epidemic of mass psychogenic illness in which the compulsive urge to bite people spread among groups throughout Germany, Holland, and Italy. * * *
biting midge n. See punkie. * * *
biting stage n. In psychoanalysis, the second stage of the oral phase of psychosexual development, from approximately 8 to 18 months of age, during which a child may express ...
▪ snake genus       snake genus belonging to the venomous viper family Viperidae, including the puff adders (e.g., Bitis arietans; see adder), the Gaboon viper (q.v.; ...
▪ Turkey       city, southeastern Turkey, southwest of Lake Van (Van, Lake) at 4,600 feet (1,400 metres) above sea level. Strategically situated in the narrow valley of ...
bitmap [bit′map΄] n. Comput. a representation of a graphic image, as a letter or number, as a sequence of bits that generates a corresponding pattern of pixels on a video ...
bitmapped [bit′mapt΄] adj. composed of or formed by a pattern of pixels to make a bitmap * * *
/bee"toh'lah/, n. a city in S Macedonia. 137,636. Serbo-Croatian, Bitolj /bee"tohl'yeu/. Turkish, Monastir. * * * ▪ Macedonia Serbo-Croatian  Bitolj , Turkish  Monastir ...
/buy tohn"l/, adj. Music. marked by or using bitonality. [BI-1 + TONAL] * * *
/buy'toh nal"i tee/, n., pl. bitonalities. Music. the simultaneous occurrence of two tonalities in a composition. [1925-30; BI-1 + TONALITY] * * *
▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, Puglia (Apulia) region, southeastern Italy, just west-southwest of Bari. Many coins have been found at Bitonto dating from the 6th ...
bit part n. A small or insignificant role, as in a play or movie, usually having a few spoken lines. * * *
/bit"seuhr/, n. Australian Informal. a mongrel dog. [1905-10; perh. BIT2 + -S3 + -ER1] * * *
/bit"stok'/, n. Mach., Carpentry. brace (def. 3). [1880-85; BIT1 + STOCK] * * *
bit stream or bit·stream (bĭtʹstrēm') n. Computer Science The transmission of binary digits as a simple, unstructured sequence of bits. * * *
/bit"see/, adj., bitsier, bitsiest. Informal. tiny; itty-bitty. [1900-05; BIT + -SY] * * *
/bit/, Naut. n. 1. Also called bollard. a strong post of wood or iron projecting, usually in pairs, above the deck of a ship, used for securing cables, lines for towing, ...
/bit"n/, v. a pp. of bite. * * *
—bitterish, adj. —bitterly, adv. —bitterness, n. /bit"euhr/, adj., bitterer, bitterest, n., v., adv. adj. 1. having a harsh, disagreeably acrid taste, like that of aspirin, ...
bitter almond
bitter almond n. a variety of almond whose bitter seeds yield hydrocyanic acid upon hydrolysis * * *
bitter almond oil
Chem. See almond oil (def. 2). * * *
bitter almond.
See under almond (def. 1). * * *
bitter apple
colocynth (defs. 1, 2). [1860-65] * * *
bitter cassava
bitter cassava n. a species of cassava (Manihot esculenta) whose poisonous roots when processed yield tapioca starch * * *
bitter cassava.
See under cassava (def. 1). * * *
bitter cress
any plant belonging to the genus Cardamine, of the mustard family, having usually pinnate leaves and clusters of white, pink, or purple flowers. [1885-90] * * *
bitter dock.
See under dock4 (def. 1). * * *
bitter end
/bit"euhr end"/ for 1; /bit"euhr end'/ for 2 1. the conclusion of a difficult or unpleasant situation; the last or furthest extremity: Despite the unpleasant scenes in the movie, ...
bitter herb
1. an Old World herb, Centaurium erythraea, used dried in medicine as a tonic. 2. the turtlehead, Chelone glabra, used in medicine as a tonic, cathartic, and anthelmintic. 3. ...
bitter lake
a salt lake containing in solution a high concentration of sulfates, carbonates, and chlorides. [1880-85] * * *
Bitter Lakes
two lakes in NE Egypt, forming part of the Suez Canal. [1835-45] * * *
bitter orange.
See under orange (def. 2). [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
bitter pill
a distressing experience or result that is hard to accept (often in the expression a bitter pill to swallow): Being passed over for promotion was a bitter pill to swallow. * * *
bitter principle
Chem. any of several hundred natural compounds, usually of vegetable origin, having a bitter taste, and not admitting of any chemical classification. [1930-35] * * *
bitter rot
Plant Pathol. a disease of apples, grapes, and other fruit, characterized by cankers on the branches or twigs and bitter, rotted fruit, caused by any of several fungi. [1860-65, ...
Bitter Springs microfossils
▪ paleontology       assemblage of microscopic fossil structures uncovered in the Bitter Springs Formation, a rock layer about 800,000,000 years old exposed in central ...
☆ bitter-ender [bit′əren′dər ] n. Informal a person who persists in a hopeless cause; one who will not give in * * *
bitter almond n. A variety of almond (Prunus dulcis var. amara) having kernels that yield an oil consisting mostly of benzaldehyde and some hydrocyanic acid. The detoxified oil ...
bitter aloes pl.n. (used with a sing. verb) See aloe. * * *
bitter apple n. See colocynth. * * *
bit·ter·brush (bĭtʹər-brŭsh') n. An evergreen shrub of the genus Purshia, especially P. tridentata of western North America, having bitter-tasting leaves with fuzzy ...
bitter cress n. Any of several herbs of the genus Cardamine in the mustard family, having racemes of white, pink, or purplish flowers, usually divided leaves, and pods that ...
bitter end n. 1. A final, painful, or disastrous extremity. 2. Nautical. The inboard end of a chain, rope, or cable, especially the end of a rope or cable that is wound around a ...
/bit"euhr en"deuhr/, n. a person who persists until the bitter end without compromising or yielding; diehard. [1840-50, Amer.; BITTER END + -ER1] * * *
bitter gourd n. See balsam pear. * * *
/bit"euhr ling/, n. a cyprinid fish, Rhodeus sericeus, found in central and eastern Europe, the female of which has a long, bright yellow or red ovipositor to deposit eggs in the ...
See bitter. * * *
bitter melon n. See balsam pear. * * *
bittern1 /bit"euhrn/, n. 1. any of several tawny brown herons that inhabit reedy marshes, as Botaurus lentiginosus (American bittern), of North America, and B. stellaris, of ...
See bitterly. * * *
/bit"euhr nut'/, n. a hickory, Carya cordiformis, of the eastern and southern U.S., bearing a smooth, gray, bitter seed. [1800-10, Amer.; BITTER + NUT] * * *
bitter orange n. See sour orange. * * *
/bit"euhr rooht', -root'/, n. a plant, Lewisia rediviva, of the purslane family, having pink flowers and fleshy roots that are edible when young: the state flower of ...
Bitterroot Range
a mountain range on the boundary between Idaho and Montana, a part of the Rocky Mountains: highest peak, ab. 10,000 ft. (3050 m). Also, Bitter Root Range. * * * Segment of the ...
Bit·ter·root Range (bĭtʹər-ro͞ot', -ro͝ot') A rugged chain of the Rocky Mountains along the Idaho-Montana border. It rises to 3,474.9 m (11,393 ft) at Scott Peak. * * *
Bitterroot River A river rising in southwest Montana and flowing about 193 km (120 mi) northward to the Clark Fork River near Missoula. * * *
/bit"euhrz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. a liquid, often an alcoholic liquor, in which bitter herbs or roots have steeped, used as a flavoring, esp. in mixed drinks, or as a ...
—bittersweetly, adv. —bittersweetness, n. adj. /bit'euhr sweet", bit"euhr sweet'/; n. /bit"euhr sweet'/, adj. 1. both bitter and sweet to the taste: bittersweet chocolate. 2. ...
bittersweet nightshade n. A poisonous climbing or trailing plant (Solanum dulcamara) native to Eurasia and a widespread weed in North America, having violet flowers with recurved ...
/bit"euhr weed'/, n. 1. any of various plants containing a bitter principle, as those of the genus Picris. 2. a sneezeweed, Helenium amarum. [1810-20, Amer.; BITTER + WEED1] * * *
/bit"euhr wood'/, n. 1. any of various chiefly tropical trees having wood with a bitter taste, as Vatairea lundelii or Simarouba glauca. 2. quassia. [BITTER + WOOD1] * * *
/bit"euhr werrt', -wawrt'/, n. See yellow gentian. [1590-1600; BITTER + WORT2] * * *
See bitty. * * *
/bit"ing/, n. one of the indentations on the bit of a key. [BIT1 + -ING1] * * *
/bit"euhk/, n. Chiefly Scot. a little bit. [1795-1805; BIT2 + -OCK] * * *
—bittiness, n. /bit"ee/, adj., bittier, bittiest. 1. Informal. tiny; itty-bitty: a little bitty town. 2. Chiefly Brit. containing or consisting of small bits or pieces; ...
—bituminoid /buy tooh"meuh noyd', -tyooh"-, bi-/, adj. /buy tooh"meuhn, -tyooh"-, bi-, bich"oo-/, n. 1. any of various natural substances, as asphalt, maltha, or gilsonite, ...
▪ Table Bitumens liquid petroleum paraffin base mixed base asphaltic base native mineral waxes ozocerite (called ceresine when refined) montan wax (extracted from ...
See bituminize. * * *
—bituminization, n. /buy tooh"meuh nuyz', -tyooh"-, bi-/, v.t., bituminized, bituminizing. to convert into or treat with bitumen. Also, esp. Brit., bituminise. [1745-55; < L ...
See bitumen. * * *
/buy tooh"meuh neuhs, -tyooh"-, bi-/, adj. resembling or containing bitumen: bituminous shale. [1610-20; < L bituminosus, equiv. to bitumin- (s. of bitumen) BITUMEN + -osus ...
bituminous coal
a mineral coal that contains volatile hydrocarbons and tarry matter and burns with a yellow, smoky flame; soft coal. [1875-80] * * * or soft coal Most abundant form of ...
bituminous coal n. A mineral coal with a high percentage of volatile matter that burns with a smoky yellow flame. Also called soft coal. * * *
▪ ancient Celtic people       Celtic tribe that in about 600 BC was the most powerful in Gaul. By about 500 BC the tribe was divided into two groups: the Cubi, with a ...
Bitzer, Billy
▪ American cinematographer byname of  Gottfried Wilhelm Bitzer   born April 21, 1874, Boston died April 29, 1944, Hollywood       U.S. motion-picture cameraman who, ...
Bitzer,George William
Bit·zer (bĭtʹzər), George William. Originally Johann Gottlob Wilhelm Bitzer. Known as “Billy.” 1872-1944. American cinematographer best known for his camera work in the ...
▪ Nigeria       town, historic kingdom, and traditional emirate, Borno State, northeastern Nigeria. The town lies on the Biu Plateau and has road connections to ...
Biu Plateau
▪ plateau, Nigeria       highlands in northeastern Nigeria, covering an area of approximately 2,000 square miles (5,200 square km) with an average elevation of 2,300 ...
—biuniquely, adv. /buy'yooh neek"/, adj. Math., Ling. one-to-one. [1945-50; BI-1 + UNIQUE] * * *
/buy'yooh neek"nis/, n. Ling. a principle providing for a one-to-one correspondence between the phonemic and phonetic levels of analysis. [1970-75; BIUNIQUE + -NESS] * * *
/buy'yeuh ret", buy"yeuh ret'/, n. Chem. a white crystalline substance, C2H5O2N3·H2O, soluble in water and alcohol, used for the identification of urea, from which it is formed ...
bivalence [bī vā′lən sē, biv′ələn sēbī vā′ləns, bī′vā΄ləns] n. the quality or state of being bivalent: also bivalency [bī vā′lən sē, biv′ələn ...
See bivalence. * * *
—bivalence /buy vay"leuhns, biv"euh leuhns/, bivalency, n. /buy vay"leuhnt, biv"euh-/, adj. 1. Chem. a. having a valence of two. b. having two valences, as aluminum with ...
—bivalvular /buy val"vyeuh leuhr/, adj. /buy"valv'/, n. 1. Also called lamellibranch. Zool. any mollusk, as the oyster, clam, scallop, or mussel, of the class Bivalvia, having ...
See bivalve. * * *
/buy"vayn'/, n. a sensitive vane that measures both the horizontal and vertical components of wind direction. [BI-1 + VANE] * * *
/buy vair"ee it, -ayt'/, adj. Statistics. of, relating to, or having two variates. [1915-20; BI-1 + VARIATE] * * *
/buy vuyn"l/, n. Chem. butadiene. [BI-1 + VINYL] * * *
/buy vohl"teen, -tn/, adj. Entomol. producing two broods in one year, as certain silkworm moths. [ < F bivoltin. See BI-1, VOLTA, -INE1] * * *
/biv"ooh ak', biv"wak/, n., v., bivouacked, bivouacking. n. 1. a military encampment made with tents or improvised shelters, usually without shelter or protection from enemy ...
/bee"wah/, n. Lake, the largest lake in Japan, on Honshu, near Kyoto. 260 sq. mi. (673 sq. km). Also called Omi. * * * ▪ musical instrument  Japanese short-necked lute, ...
Biwa, Lake
Lake, central Honshu, Japan. It is Japan's largest lake, measuring 40 mi (64 km) long and 12 mi (19 km) wide, with an area of 260 sq mi (673 sq km). Its name refers to the ...
/buy week"lee/, adj., n., pl. biweeklies, adv. adj. 1. occurring every two weeks. 2. occurring twice a week; semiweekly. n. 3. a periodical issued every other week. adv. 4. every ...
Bixby, Bill
▪ 1994       U.S. actor (b. Jan. 22, 1934, San Francisco, Calif.—d. Nov. 21, 1993, Los Angeles, Calif.), was best remembered for three starring television roles: as ...
/buy year"lee/, adj. 1. biennial (defs. 1, 2). adv. 2. biennially; biannually. 3. twice yearly. [1875-80; BI-1 + YEARLY] Usage. See bi-1. * * *
/byeesk/, n. Bisk. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled  Bijsk, or Biisk,         city, Altay kray (region), central Russia. The city is situated on the right bank of the ...
/biz/, n. Informal. business: How's the used car biz these days? Her brother's in show biz. [1855-60, Amer.; by shortening and resp.] * * *
—bizarrely, adv. —bizarreness, n. /bi zahr"/, adj. markedly unusual in appearance, style, or general character and often involving incongruous or unexpected elements; ...
See bizarre. * * *
See bizarrely. * * *
bizarrerie [bə zär΄ə rē′] n. 〚Fr〛 1. something bizarre 2. a bizarre quality * * *
☆ bizarro [bi zär′ō ] adj. 〚suggested by a character in Superman comic book, c. 1950s〛 Informal outlandishly bizarre n. Slang a bizarre or weird person or thing * * *
Bizen ware
▪ pottery also called  Imbe Ware,         pottery manufactured at and near Imbe, Okayama ken (prefecture), on the Inland Sea of Japan, from at least the 6th century ...
/bi zerr"teuh/; Fr. /bee zerddt"/, n. a seaport in N Tunisia. 62,000. Also, Bizerta /bi zerr"teuh/; Sp. /bee therdd"tah, -serdd"-/. Ancient, Hippo Zarytus. * * * ▪ ...
/bee zay"/, n. Georges /zhawrddzh/, (Alexandre César Léopold), 1838-75, French composer, esp. of opera. * * *
Bizet, Alexandre César Léopold
Bi·zet (bē-zāʹ), Alexandre César Léopold. Known as “Georges.” 1838-1875. French composer known especially for his opera Carmen (1875). * * *
Bizet, Georges
orig. Alexandre-César-Léopold Bizet born Oct. 25, 1838, Paris, France died June 3, 1875, Bougival French composer. Son of a music teacher, he gained admission to the Paris ...
/bis nah"geuh/, n. bisnaga. * * *
/buy zohn"l/, adj. of or pertaining to two zones in an area: a bizonal territory. [1945-50; see BI-1, ZONE, -AL1; in political use, from the post-World War II occupation zones in ...
/buy"zohn'/, n. two combined zones. [prob. back formation from BIZONAL] * * *
/biz"theuh/, n. one of the seven eunuchs who served in the court of King Ahasuerus. Esther 1:10. * * *
Bizzozero, Giulio
▪ Italian pathologist born March 20, 1846, Varese, Piedmont, Italy died April 8, 1901, Turin       Italian pathologist who, as professor of general pathology at the ...
BJ or B.J. abbrev. Bachelor of Journalism * * * BJ abbr. Bachelor of Journalism. * * *
Bjelke-Peterson, Sir Joh
▪ 2006       Australian politician (b. Jan. 13, 1911, Dannevirke, N.Z.—d. April 23, 2005, Kingaroy, Queen., Australia), was the idiosyncratic right-wing premier of ...
Bjerknes, Jacob
▪ Norwegian-American meteorologist born November 2, 1897, Stockholm, Swed. died July 7, 1975, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.       Norwegian American meteorologist whose ...
Bjerknes, Vilhelm
▪ Norwegian meteorologist born March 14, 1862, Christiania, Norway died April 9, 1951, Oslo       Norwegian meteorologist and physicist, one of the founders of the ...
/byuerdd"ling/, n. Jussi /yoos"ee/, 1911-60, Swedish tenor. Also, Björling. * * *
▪ 1996       Already unique among pop stars because of her unlikely origins, Björk went a step farther in 1995 and created for herself a distinct musical identity that ...
Björketorp Stone
▪ monument, Blekinge, Sweden       well-preserved 7th-century monument in Blekinge, Swed. More than 12 ft (3 1/2 m) high, it bears a runic inscription, the exact ...
Björling, Jussi
orig. Johan Jonaton Björling born Feb. 2, 1911, Stora Tuna, Swed. died Sept. 9, 1960, Siarö Swedish tenor. He began to sing in public as a child and toured Europe and the ...
Björ·ling (byœrʹlĭng), Jussi. 1911-1960. Swedish tenor. Noted for his lyric and dramatic abilities, he is best known for his performances in operas by Verdi and Puccini. * ...
Bjorndalen, Ole Einar
▪ 2003       At the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, Utah, Norwegian biathlete Ole Einar Bjørndalen became only the third Olympian to win four gold medals ...
/byerrn"seuhn/; Norw. /byuerddn"soon/, n. Björnstjerne /byuerddn"styerdd'neuh/ 1832-1910, Norwegian poet, novelist, and playwright: Nobel prize 1903. * * *
Björnson, Björnstjerne
Björn·son (byûrnʹsən), Björnstjerne. 1832-1910. Norwegian writer who sought to revive the literary language and character of Norway. His works include the novel The Fisher ...
Bjornson, Maria
▪ 2003 Maria Elena Proden        British costume and set designer (b. Feb. 16, 1949, Paris, France—d. Dec. 13, 2002, London, Eng.), created imaginative and innovative ...
Björnsson, Sveinn
▪ president of Iceland born Feb. 27, 1881, Reykjavík, Ice. died Jan. 25, 1952, Reykjavík       statesman and diplomat who from 1944 to 1952 served as the first ...
Björnstrand, Gunnar
▪ Swedish actor born November 13, 1909, Stockholm, Sweden died May 24, 1986, Stockholm       motion-picture actor.       Though born to an acting family, ...
Bjørneboe, Jens
▪ Norwegian author in full  Jens Ingvald Bjørneboe  born October 9, 1920, Kristiansand, Norway died May 9, 1976, Veierland       Norwegian novelist, dramatist, ...
Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne (Martinius)
born Dec. 8, 1832, Kvikne, Nor. died April 26, 1910, Paris, France Norwegian writer, editor, and theatre director. He worked to stimulate national pride by linking Norwegian ...
Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne Martinius
▪ Norwegian author born Dec. 8, 1832, Kvikne, Nor. died April 26, 1910, Paris, France       poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, editor, public speaker, theatre ...
Symbol, Chem. berkelium. * * *
Baseball. balk. * * *
1. bank. 2. book. * * *
▪ Buddhist literature (Tibetan: “Translation of the Buddha-Word”),also spelled  Bkaḥ-ḥgyur,  Kagyur,  Kan-gyur,  or  Kanjur,         the collection of ...
▪ Buddhist sect Tibetan“Transmitted Word”, also spelled  Kagyupa        Buddhist sect in Tibet. Its members are followers of the 11th-century teacher Mar-pa, who ...
bookbinder. * * *
Law. bankruptcy. * * *
bkg abbrev. banking * * *
1. banking. 2. bookkeeping. 3. breakage. * * *
background. * * *
Printing. black letter. * * *
bookkeeping. * * *
bookkeeper. * * *
bankrupt. * * *
Common Semitic *bukur-, *bikr-, *bak(u)r-, first-born. albacore, from Arabic al-bakūra, the albacore, akin to bikr, first-born, and bakr, young camel. * * *
bks abbrev. 1. barracks 2. books * * *
1. banks. 2. barracks. 3. books. * * *
bkt abbrev. 1. basket(s) 2. bracket * * *
1. basket. 2. bracket. * * *
bl abbrev. 1. bale(s) 2. barrel(s) 3. black 4. blue * * * BL abbr. 1. Bachelor of Laws. 2. Bachelor of Letters. 3. Bachelor of Literature. * * *
1. bale; bales. 2. barrel; barrels. 3. black. 4. block. 5. blue. * * *
BLA abbr. Bachelor of Liberal Arts. * * *
/blab/, v., blabbed, blabbing, n. Informal. v.t. 1. to reveal indiscreetly and thoughtlessly: They blabbed my confidences to everyone. v.i. 2. to talk or chatter indiscreetly or ...
blabber [blab′ər] vt., vi. 〚ME blabberen, freq. of blabben, like ON blabbra, echoic〛 [Informal or Dial.] to blab or babble n. 〚
/blab"euhr mowth'/, n., pl. blabbermouths /-mowdhz', -mowths'/. a person who talks too much, esp. indiscreetly. [1935-40, Amer.; BLABBER + MOUTH] Syn. gossip, gossipmonger, ...
See blab. * * *
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, county of Leicestershire, south-central England. It covers the southern and western suburbs of the city of ...
Blacher, Boris
▪ German composer born Jan. 19 [Jan. 6, Old Style], 1903, Niu-ch'ang, China died Jan. 30, 1975, West Berlin, W.Ger.       German composer who was best known for his ...
—blackish, adj. —blackishly, adv. —blackishness, n. /blak/, adj., blacker, blackest, n., v., adv. adj. 1. lacking hue and brightness; absorbing light without reflecting any ...
/blak/, n. 1. Hugo Lafayette, 1886-1971, U.S. political official: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1937-71. 2. Joseph, 1728-99, Scottish physician and chemist. 3. ...
black acacia
a tall Australian tree, Acacia melanoxylon, of the legume family, having cream-yellow flowers and yielding a very light wood. * * *
Black Aesthetic movement
or Black Arts movement Period of artistic and literary development among black Americans in the 1960s and early '70s. Based on the cultural politics of black nationalism, the ...
black alder
1. Also called winterberry. a holly, Ilex verticillata, of eastern and midwestern North America, bearing red fruit that remains through early winter. 2. a European alder, Alnus ...
Black and Tan
1. Usually, Black and Tans. an armed force of about 6000 soldiers sent by the British government to Ireland in June, 1920, to suppress revolutionary activity: so called from the ...
black and tan coonhound
one of an American breed of large, powerful hound dogs having a short, dense, black coat with tan markings above the eyes and on the muzzle, chest, legs, feet, and breech, and ...
Black and Tans
(disapprov) a popular name for the extra police force sent from England to Ireland in 1920, during the Troubles, to help the police there against Sinn Fein. As there were not ...
black and white
black (def. 28). * * *
Black and White Minstrels
a British group of men and women who sang and danced on the stage and in a popular BBC television show (1958–78). The men had black make-up on their faces. This type of ...
Black Angus
Black Angus n. ABERDEEN ANGUS * * *
Black Angus.
See Aberdeen Angus. * * *
black arm
Plant Pathol. a type or phase of bacterial blight of cotton, characterized by black, elongated lesions on the stem and branches, caused by a bacterium, Xanthomonas ...
black art
witchcraft; magic. [1580-90] * * *
black balsam.
See Peru balsam. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
Black Bart
▪ American robber byname of  Charles E. Boles, or Bolton   born c. 1820, , New York state, U.S. died 1917?, New York?       California hooded robber believed to have ...
black basaltes
/beuh sawl"teez/ basaltware. * * *
black bass
/bas/ any freshwater American game fish of the genus Micropterus. Cf. largemouth bass, smallmouth bass. [1805-15] * * * Any of about six species (genus Micropterus) of slender ...
black bean
any of various black-colored beans or legumes. [1790-95] * * *
black bear
a medium-sized North American bear, Ursus (Euarctos) americanus, relatively common in uninhabited mountainous areas, ranging from light brown to black with a straight brown ...
black beauty
Slang. a Biphetamine capsule. * * *
black belt
—black-belt, adj. /blak" belt'/ for 1, 2; /blak" belt", belt'/ for 3, 4 1. (caps.) a narrow belt of dark-colored, calcareous soils in central Alabama and Mississippi highly ...
black bile
one of the four elemental bodily humors of medieval physiology, regarded as causing gloominess. [1790-1800] * * *
black bindweed
1. a weedy twining vine, Polygonum convolvulus, native to Europe and widely naturalized in North America. 2. See black bryony. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
black birch.
See sweet birch. [1665-75, Amer.] * * *
black blizzard
Chiefly Oklahoma and Texas. a dust storm. * * *
black book
1. a book of names of people liable to censure or punishment. 2. in someone's black books, in disfavor with someone. [1470-80] * * *
black bottom
an American dance, popular in the late 1920s, marked by emphatic, sinuous movements of the hips. [1910-15, Amer.] * * *
black bottom pie
a rich pie with a rum- or whiskey-flavored chocolate filling, often with a crust of crushed gingersnaps, and topped with whipped cream. * * *
black box
1. any unit that forms part of an electronic circuit and that has its function, but not its components, specified. 2. any comparatively small, usually black, box containing a ...
black bread
a coarse-grained dark bread, often sour and made from whole-grain rye flour. * * *
black bryony
a twining Old World vine, Tamus communis, having heart-shaped leaves, small greenish flowers, and scarlet berries. Also called black bindweed. * * *
black buffalo
a buffalofish, Ictiobus niger, of the Great Lakes and Mississippi River drainage systems south to Mexico. Also called rooter. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
black bullhead
a common freshwater catfish, Ictalurus melas, of North America, considered by some to be a food delicacy. * * *
black buran
karaburan. * * *
black butter.
See beurre noir. [1800-10] * * *
Black Canyon
a canyon of the Colorado River between Arizona and Nevada: site of Boulder Dam. * * *
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Monument
Park, western Colorado, U.S. Comprising a narrow, deep gorge of the Gunnison River, the preserve, established in 1933, occupies an area of 32 sq mi (83 sq km). The canyon ...
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park
▪ national park, Colorado, United States       natural area in western Colorado, U.S., encompassing a deep, narrow gorge 15 miles (24 km) east of Montrose. It was ...
black carpenter ant
a large, black ant, Camponotus pennsylvanicus, that lives in damp wood in nature or in houses, where it can cause considerable damage by boring or tunneling. * * *
black carpet beetle.
See under carpet beetle. * * *
black chaff
Plant Pathol. a disease of wheat, characterized by dark, elongated stripes on the chaff, caused by a bacterium, Xanthomonas translucens undulosum. * * *
black cherry
1. a North American cherry, Prunus serotina, having drooping clusters of fragrant white flowers and bearing a black, sour, edible fruit. 2. the fruit itself. 3. the hard, ...
black chokeberry.
See under chokeberry (def. 1). * * *
Black Code
U.S. Hist. (in the ex-Confederate states) any code of law that defined and esp. limited the rights of former slaves after the Civil War. Cf. Jim Crow Law. * * * ▪ United ...
black codes
Laws, enacted in the former Confederate states after the American Civil War, that restricted the freedom of former slaves and were designed to assure white supremacy. They ...
black cohosh
1. See under cohosh. 2. See black snakeroot. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
black comedy
comedy that employs morbid, gloomy, grotesque, or calamitous situations in its plot. [1965-70] * * *
black copper
Metall. a regulus of 95-percent-pure copper, produced in a blast furnace by smelting oxidized copper ores. * * *
black cosmos
a garden plant, Cosmos diversifolius, of Mexico, having small, dahlialike tubers and solitary flower heads with red disk flowers and velvety, dark-red or purplish ray flowers. * ...
Black Country
a district in the English Midlands, around Birmingham: so called from the soot and grime produced by the many local industries. * * * ▪ industrial area, England, United ...
black crappie
☆ black crappie n. a dark, spotted crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) * * *
black crappie.
See under crappie. [1925-30] * * *
black currant
1. the small, round, blackish, edible fruit of a widely cultivated shrub, Ribes nigrum, of the saxifrage family. 2. the shrub itself. * * *
Black Death
a form of bubonic plague that spread over Europe in the 14th century and killed an estimated quarter of the population. [1815-25] * * * Fierce and widespread outbreak of plague, ...
black diamond
1. carbonado1. 2. black diamonds, coal. [1910-15] * * *
black disease
Vet. Pathol. an acute, usually fatal disease of sheep caused by general intoxication from Clostridium novyi, an anaerobic organism that multiplies in parts of the liver damaged ...
black dog
Informal. melancholy; despondency; the blues: The black dog is over him. [1700-10] * * *
black duck
any of several ducks having dusky or black plumage, as Anas rubripes, of the northeastern U.S. and Canada. [1630-40] * * * ▪ bird       (Anas rubripes), highly prized ...
black dwarf
Astron. See under white dwarf. * * *
Black English
1. Also called Afro-American English. a dialect of American English characterized by pronunciations, syntactic structures, and vocabulary associated with and used by some North ...
Black English Vernacular
➡ Black English * * *
Black Entertainment Television
▪ American company  American cable television network and multimedia group providing news, entertainment, and other programming developed primarily for African American ...
black eye
1. discoloration of the skin around the eye, resulting from a blow, bruise, etc. 2. a mark of shame, dishonor, etc.: These slums are a black eye to our town. 3. damaged ...
black flag
1. a pirate flag, usually of black cloth with a white skull and crossbones on it; Jolly Roger. 2. a flag having two yellow and two black squares, signifying the letter L in the ...
black flux
Metall. a reducing flux consisting of finely divided carbon and potassium carbonate. * * *
black fly
any of the minute, black gnats of the dipterous family Simuliidae, having aquatic larvae. Also called buffalo gnat. [1600-10] * * * ▪ insect also called  buffalo gnat , or ...
black fog
(in Cape Cod, Mass.) a dense fog. * * *
Black Forest
a wooded mountain region in SW Germany. Highest peak, Feldberg, 4905 ft. (1495 m). German, Schwarzwald. * * * German Schwarzwald Mountain region, Baden-Württemberg, ...
Black Forest cake
German Cookery. a rich chocolate cake, sometimes kirsch-flavored, with a cream filling, containing and often decorated with candied or sour cherries. * * *
Black Forest gateau
n [U, C] (pl gateaux) a rich chocolate cake with cherries and cream in the middle of it. In Britain it often used to be eaten in restaurants as the sweet course of a meal. * * *
black fox
a red fox in a color phase in which its fur is mostly black. [1595-1605, Amer.] * * *
Black Friar
a Dominican friar: so called from the distinctive black mantle worn by the order. [1400-50; late ME] * * *
Black Friday
Day (Sept. 24, 1869) when plunging gold prices precipitated a U.S. stock-market panic. An attempt by Jay Gould and James Fisk to corner the market in gold and drive up its price ...
black frost
intense cold without hoarfrost, causing vegetation to turn black. Cf. frost (def. 2). [1700-10] * * *
black gang
the crew working in a stokehold of a ship. [1915-20] * * *
black gnat
Angling. a type of artificial fly, used chiefly for trout and salmon. * * *
black gold
petroleum. [1905-10] * * *
black gram.
See under gram2. * * *
black grouse
a large grouse, Lyrurus tetrix, of Europe and western Asia, the male of which is black, the female mottled gray and brown. [1820-30] * * *
black guillemot
black guillemot n. a guillemot (Cepphus grylle) that is mostly black in summer and mostly white in winter * * *
black guillemot.
See under guillemot (def. 1). [1760-70] * * *
black gum
☆ black gum n. a tall, deciduous tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) with sour purple fruits and leaves that turn scarlet in the fall, found in moist forests of the E U.S. * * * or sour ...
black gum.
See sour gum. * * *
Black Hand
—Blackhander, n. 1. Italian, La Mano Nera. any of various secret criminal groups organized in Italy and operating in the U.S. in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, ...
black hat
Informal. 1. a villain, as in a cowboy movie; bad guy. Cf. white hat. 2. wear or put on a black hat, to behave villainously. * * *
black haw
sheepberry. [1700-10, Amer.] * * *
Black Hawk
1767-1838, American Indian chief of the Sauk tribe: leader of Sauk and Fox Indians in the Black Hawk War. * * * born 1767, Sauk Sautenuk, Va. died Oct. 3, 1838, village on the ...
Black Hawk War
a war fought in northern Illinois and present-day southern Wisconsin, 1831-32, in which U.S. regulars and militia with Indian allies defeated the Sauk and Fox Indians, led by ...
Black Hills
a group of mountains in W South Dakota and NE Wyoming. Highest peak, Harney Peak, 7242 ft. (2205 m). * * * Group of mountains in western South Dakota and northeastern Wyoming, ...
black hole
Astron. a theoretical massive object, formed at the beginning of the universe or by the gravitational collapse of a star exploding as a supernova, whose gravitational field is so ...
Black Hole
1. Also called Black Hole of Calcutta. a small prison cell in Fort William, Calcutta, in which, in 1756, Indians are said to have imprisoned 146 Europeans, only 23 of whom were ...
Black Hole of Calcutta
the name later given to the tiny room in Calcutta, India, in which 146 British prisoners, including one woman, were put by the Indian leader who captured them on 20 June 1756. ...
black huckleberry
a low eastern North American shrub, Gaylussacia baccata, of the heath family, having yellowish-green leaves with resinous dots on the underside, clustered orange-red flowers, and ...
black humor
a form of humor that regards human suffering as absurd rather than pitiable, or that considers human existence as ironic and pointless but somehow comic. [1965-70] * * *
black humour
Humour marked by the use of morbid, ironic, or grotesquely comic episodes that ridicule human folly. The term came into common use in the 1960s to describe the work of novelists ...

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