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Black Hundreds
▪ Russian history Russian  Chernosotentsy,         reactionary, antirevolutionary, and anti-Semitic groups formed in Russia during and after the Russian Revolution of ...
black ice
1. a thin sheet of ice, as on a road surface, usually caused by freezing mist and creating hazardous driving conditions. 2. Oceanog. sea ice that is clear enough to show the ...
Black Iris, The
a painting (1926) by Georgia O'Keeffe. * * *
black kite
an Old World kite, Milvus migrans, having dark brown plumage and a forked tail, and feeding chiefly on carrion. * * *
black knot
Plant Pathol. a disease of plants, esp. of plums and cherries, characterized by black knotlike overgrowths on the branches, twigs, etc., caused by a fungus, Dibotryon ...
black land
a black, clayey soil. Also, blackland /blak"land', -leuhnd/. Cf. vertisol. [1795-1805] * * *
black lead
/led/, Mineral. graphite; plumbago. [1575-85] * * *        graphite (q.v.), though the term is a misnomer, since graphite does not contain any lead. * * *
Black Legend
Stories from the Spanish colonies in the Americas that led to the general belief, eagerly endorsed by such rivals as Britain and Holland, that Spain exceeded other nations in ...
black letter
—black-letter, adj. Print. a heavy-faced type in a style like that of early European hand lettering and the earliest printed books. Also called text. [1630-40] * * * or Gothic ...
black light
invisible infrared or ultraviolet light. [1925-30] * * *
black liquor
(in making wood pulp for paper) the liquor that remains after digestion. Cf. white liquor. * * *
black locust
1. Also called false acacia, yellow locust. a North American tree, Robinia pseudoacacia, of the legume family, having pinnate leaves and clusters of fragrant white flowers. 2. ...
black lung
pneumoconiosis of coal miners, caused by coal dust; anthracosis. [1905-10] * * * ▪ disease also called  Black-lung Disease, or Coal-workers' Pneumoconiosis, ...
black lung (disease)
black lung (disease) or black lung n. a disease of the lungs caused by the inhalation of coal dust; anthracosis * * *
black magic
magic used for evil purposes; witchcraft; sorcery. * * *
Black Magic{™}
n [U] a popular British make of dark chocolates, sold in a black box: Get her some Black Magic. * * *
black maple
a tree, Acer saccharum nigrum, of eastern and central North America, having furrowed, blackish bark and yellow-green flowers. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
black margate
/mahr"git/, Ichthyol. a grayish grunt, Anisotremus surinamensis, of the Atlantic Ocean from Florida to Brazil. Also called pompon. * * *
Black Maria
/meuh ruy"euh/. See patrol wagon. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
black mark
an indication of failure or censure: His chronic lateness is a black mark against him. [1835-45] * * *
black market
1. the illicit buying and selling of goods in violation of legal price controls, rationing, etc. 2. a place where such activity is carried on. [1930-35] * * * Trading in ...
Black Mass
1. a blasphemous ceremony mocking the Christian Mass, esp. one by an alleged worshiper of Satan. 2. a Requiem Mass. Also, black mass. [1890-95] * * * ▪ rite       in ...
black measles
Pathol. a severe form of measles characterized by dark, hemorrhagic eruptions. Also called hemorrhagic measles. * * *
black medic
black medic n. a widespread weedy annual plant (Medicago lupulina) of the pea family, with small yellow flowers and black seed pods, sometimes grown for forage * * *
black mercuric sulfide
Chem. See under mercuric sulfide. * * *
black mold.
See bread mold. * * *
black molly
a jet-black molly, a color form esp. of Poecilia latipinna or P. sphenops, popular as an aquarium fish. * * *
Black Monday
Monday 19 October 1987, when prices on stock exchanges all over the world suddenly began to fall. Over the next four days, for example, the Financial Times Index in London fell ...
black money
income earned surreptitiously or illegally, usually in cash, and not reported to the government so as to avoid paying taxes on it. [1965-70] * * *
Black Monk
a Benedictine monk (so called from the black habit worn by the order). Also, black monk. [1250-1300; ME] * * *
Black Mountain poet
▪ American literature       any of a loosely associated group of poets that formed an important part of the avant-garde of American poetry in the 1950s, publishing ...
Black Mountains
a mountain range in W North Carolina, part of the Appalachian Mountains. Highest peak, Mount Mitchell, 6684 ft. (2035 m). * * * ▪ mountain range, North Carolina, United ...
black mulberry.
See under mulberry (def. 2). [1695-1705] * * *
Black Muslim
a member of the Nation of Islam. [1955-60, Amer.] * * *
black mustard.
See under mustard (def. 2). [1775-85] * * *
black nationalism
—black nationalist. (often caps.) a social and political movement advocating the separation of blacks and whites and self-government for black people. [1965-70] * * * U.S. ...
black nickel oxide
Chem. See nickelic oxide. * * *
black nightshade
a common weed, Solanum nigrum, of the nightshade family, having poisonous leaves, white flowers, and black edible berries. [1810-20] * * *
black oak
1. any of several oak trees, as Quercus velutina, characterized by a blackish bark. 2. the hard, durable wood of such a tree, used for making furniture, floors, etc. [1625-35, ...
Black Obelisk
▪ Assyrian monument  Assyrian monument of King Shalmaneser III (reigned 858–824 BC). The most complete Assyrian obelisk yet discovered, it is decorated with cuneiform ...
black olive
a tropical American tree, Bucida buceras, having leathery leaves and greenish-yellow flowers. * * *
black opal
Mineral. a dark variety of opal having the characteristic opaline play of color. * * *
Black Panther
a member of a militant black American organization Black Panther party active in the 1960s and early 1970s, formed to work for the advancement of the rights of blacks, often by ...
Black Panther Party
▪ American organization original name  Black Panther Party For Self-defense,   American black revolutionary party founded in 1966 in Oakland, Calif., by Huey Newton ...
Black Panther Party (for Self-Defense)
U.S. African American revolutionary party founded in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale (b. 1936) in Oakland, Calif. Its original purpose was to protect African Americans from ...
black pepper
a hot, sharp condiment prepared from the dried berries of a tropical vine, Piper nigrum. * * * or pepper Perennial, woody climbing vine (Piper nigrum) of the family Piperaceae, ...
black perch
a livebearing surfperch, Embiotoca jacksoni, occurring in abundance along the coast of California, having brownish-black scales often tinged with blue or yellow and a thick, ...
black pewter
Metall. pewter composed of 60 percent tin and 40 percent lead. * * *
black pit
Plant Pathol. a disease of lemons, characterized by dark brown, sunken spots on the skin of the fruit, caused by a bacterium, Xanthomonas syringae. * * *
Black Plague.
See Great Plague. * * *
Black Pope
Archaic. the head of the Jesuit order (so called from the power he once possessed and from the black habit worn by the order). [1875-80] * * *
black poplar
1. a poplar, Populus nigra, characterized by spreading branches, triangular leaves, and a gray bark. 2. the light, soft wood of this tree, used for making doors, window frames, ...
black powder
an explosive powder consisting of saltpeter, sulfur, and charcoal, used chiefly in old guns fired for sport, in fireworks, and for spotting charges in practice bombs; black ...
black power
(often caps.) the political and economic power of black Americans as a group, esp. such power used for achieving racial equality. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
black power salute
➡ black power * * *
Black Prince
Black Prince name for EDWARD2 (Prince of Wales) * * * (1330–76) the name by which Prince Edward, the eldest son of King Edward III of England, is usually known, though the ...
Black Prince's ruby
▪ gem       large red gem set in the Maltese cross in the front of the imperial state crown of England. It is not a ruby but is one of the world's largest gem-quality ...
Black Prince.
See Edward (def. 1). * * *
black pudding
1. Brit. and Southern U.S. See blood sausage. 2. a dark dessert pudding made with flour, baking soda, eggs, and molasses. [1560-70] * * *
black quarter
Vet. Pathol. blackleg (def. 1). [1825-35] * * *
black racer
blacksnake (def. 1). [1840-50] * * *
Black Range
▪ mountains, United States       mountain range extending 100 miles (160 km) north to south, through Catron and Sierra counties, southwestern New Mexico, U.S. The range ...
black raspberry
1. the edible fruit of a prickly North American clambering shrub, Rubus occidentalis, resembling a raspberry in form and a blackberry in color. 2. the plant itself. Also called ...
black rat
an Old World rat, Rattus rattus, now common in the southern U.S., having a black or brown body with grayish or white underparts. [1765-75] * * *
Black Renaissance.
See Harlem Renaissance. * * *
black ring
Plant Pathol. a disease of grasses, characterized by black rings surrounding the stems and blighted seeds, caused by a fungus, Balansia strangulans. * * *
Black River
▪ river, Arkansas and Missouri, United States       river in southeastern Missouri and eastern Arkansas, U.S., rising in the Ozark Mountains in Reynolds county, Mo. It ...
Black Rock Desert
▪ region, Nevada, United States       arid region of lava beds and alkali flats composing part of the Basin and Range Province and lying in Humboldt and Pershing ...
Black Rod
1. (in England) an official of the Order of the Garter and chief ceremonial usher of the House of Lords: so called from the rod carried as the symbol of office. 2. a similar ...
black root rot
Plant Pathol. 1. any of several diseases of plants characterized by black or brown lesions on the root. 2. a common disease of the apple caused by the fungus Xylaria mali. 3. a ...
black rot
Plant Pathol. any of several diseases of fruits and vegetables, characterized by black discoloration and decay of affected parts, caused by fungi, as Guignardia bidwellii, or ...
black rudderfish
barrelfish. * * *
black ruff
a large, blackish, pelagic fish, Centrolophus niger, of the Atlantic Ocean, chiefly along the coast of Europe. * * *
Black Russian
a drink made from one part coffee liqueur and two parts vodka, served over ice. * * *
black rust
Plant Pathol. any of several diseases of plants caused by rusts and characterized by black discoloration resulting from the fungal teliospores. [1780-90, Amer.] * * *
Black Sabbath
▪ British rock group       British band whose bludgeoning brand of rock defined the term heavy metal in the 1970s. The principal members were Ozzy Osbourne (Osbourne, ...
black sage
a shrubby Californian plant, Salvia mellifera, of the mint family, having an interrupted spike of lavender-blue or white flowers. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
black sand
Accumulation of fragments of durable, usually dark, heavy minerals (those with a density greater than that of quartz). These accumulations are found in streambeds or on beaches ...
black scoter
a scoter of Eurasia and North America, Melanitta nigra, the adult male of which is black. * * *
Black Sea
a sea between Europe and Asia, bordered by Turkey, Rumania, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Georgia, and the Russian Federation. 164,000 sq. mi. (424,760 sq. km). Also called Euxine Sea. ...
black sea bass
/bas/ a bluish, black-striped sea bass, Centropristes striata, abundant off the coast of eastern North America: a valuable food fish. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
black selenium
Chem. an allotropic form of selenium occurring as a black, amorphous, water-insoluble, light-sensitive powder: used chiefly in photoelectric cells. * * *
black shale
▪ rock also called  Carboniferous Shale,         variety of shale that contains abundant organic matter, pyrite, and sometimes carbonate nodules or layers and, in ...
black shank
Plant Pathol. a disease of tobacco, characterized by wilting and by decayed, blackened roots and stems, caused by a fungus, Phytophthora parasitica nicotianae. * * *
black shark
      either of two Asian species of river fishes. See labeo. * * *
black sheep
1. a sheep with black fleece. 2. a person who causes shame or embarrassment because of deviation from the accepted standards of his or her group. [1785-95] * * *
Black Shirt
a member of a fascist organization, esp. the Italian Fascist militia, wearing a black shirt as part of the uniform. [1920-25] * * *
black skimmer
a black and white New World skimmer, Rynchops nigra, having a bill with a reddish-orange base. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
black snake
Any of several species of all-black or nearly all-black snakes. Australian black snakes are in the elapid genus Pseudeschis. The black snake of Australian wetlands (P. ...
black snakeroot
a tall bugbane, Cimicifuga racemosa, of the buttercup family, of eastern North America, having thin, tapering, toothed or deeply cut leaflets and branched clusters of small, ...
Black Sox scandal
U.S. baseball scandal, centring on the charge that eight members of the Chicago White Sox had been bribed to lose the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds. Five of those ...
black spot
/blak" spot"/ for 1; /blak" spot'/ for 2 1. Plant Pathol. a disease of plants, characterized by black spots on the fruit and foliage, twig lesions, defoliation, and rotting, ...
black spruce
1. a spruce, Picea mariana, of North America, having bluish-green leaves and grayish-brown bark. 2. the light, soft wood of this tree. [1755-65, Amer.] * * *
black squirrel
a fox squirrel or gray squirrel in that color phase in which the fur is black. [1595-1605, Amer.] * * *
black stem
Plant Pathol. a disease of plants, characterized by blackened stems and defoliation, caused by any of several fungi, as Ascochyta imperfecta or Mycosphaerella lethalis. * * *
Black Stone of Mecca
Muslim object of veneration, built into the eastern wall of the Kaaba and probably predating Islam. It consists of three large pieces of stone and some fragments, surrounded by ...
Black Stream.
See Japan Current. * * *
black studies
a program of studies in black history and culture offered by a school or college, often including Afro-American history and black literature. Also called Afro-American ...
Black Stump
Australian. an imaginary spot marking the supposed limits of civilization: beyond the Black Stump. [1925-30] * * *
black sucker
a hog sucker, Hypentelium nigricans, of eastern U.S. streams. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
black swallowtail.
See under swallowtail (def. 2). * * *
black swallowwort.
See under swallowwort (def. 2). * * *
black tea
a tea that has been allowed to wither and ferment under controlled conditions before being subjected to a heating process that stops fermentation and turns the leaves black. Cf. ...
black theatre
In the U.S., a dramatic movement encompassing plays written by, for, and about blacks. The first known play by an American black was James Brown's King Shotaway (1823). After ...
black tie
1. a black bow tie, worn with a dinner jacket. 2. semiformal evening wear for men (distinguished from white tie). [1855-60] * * *
black tie/tuxedo
➡ formal and informal dress * * *
black titi.
See under titi2. * * *
Black Tuesday
(in the US) the name given to 29 October 1929, the day on which the New York Stock Exchange lost $9 billion. It was the beginning of the Great Depression. When another large loss ...
black varnish
▪ varnish also called  Japan,         any of a class of oil varnishes in which bitumen (a mixture of asphaltlike hydrocarbons) replaces the natural gums or resins ...
black velvet
a cocktail made with stout and champagne. [1925-30] * * *
Black Volta
a river in W Africa, in Ghana: the upper branch of the Volta River. ab. 500 mi. (800 km) long. * * *
Black Volta River
▪ river, Africa French  Volta Noire,  also called  (in Burkina Faso) Mouhoun,         river in Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta), Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory ...
black vomit
black vomit n. 1. vomit characteristic of yellow fever, dark because of the blood in it 2. yellow fever * * *
black vulture
1. Also called carrion crow. an American vulture, Coragyps atratus, having a black, bald head and black plumage. 2. any of several Old World vultures, esp. Aegypius monachus, of ...
black walnut
1. a tree, Juglans nigra, of North America, having pinnate leaves and dark-brown bark and bearing an edible nut covered by a thick green or brown husk. 2. the nut of this ...
Black War
▪ Australian history       (1804–30), term applied to hostilities between Aborigines (Tasmanian) and white European soldiers and settlers on the Australian (Australian ...
Black Warrior River
Navigable river, western Alabama, U.S. Formed by the confluence of the Locust and Mulberry forks in Jefferson county, it flows southwest through coalfields to join the Tombigbee ...
Black Watch
1. a regiment of Scottish infantry in the British army (so called from the dark colors in their tartan). 2. the plaid pattern of their tartan. * * *
black water
wastewater from toilets, garbage disposal, and industrial processes. Cf. gray water. * * *
black wattle
a tree, Acacia mearnsii, native to Australia and Tasmania, having bark used in tanning. * * *
Black Wednesday
Wednesday 14 September 1992, when the British Chancellor of the Exchequer raised interest rates by 5% in one day in an unsuccessful attempt to improve the value of the British ...
black whale
a black, dolphinlike whale, Globicephala melaena, of the North Atlantic. Also called blackfish. * * *
black widow
a venomous spider, Latrodectus mactans, widely distributed in the U.S., the female of which is jet-black with an hourglass-shaped red mark on the underside of its ...
black witch.
See under witch moth. * * *
black work
1. work for which a person is paid in cash, with the transaction not recorded or reported, so as to avoid paying income tax on the amount earned. 2. blackwork. * * *
Black, Charles Lund, Jr.
▪ 2002       American legal scholar and educator (b. Sept. 22, 1915, Austin, Texas—d. May 5, 2001, New York, N.Y.), was a renowned authority on constitutional law; his ...
Black, Conrad
▪ 1995       In 1994 financier Conrad Black, whose inherited wealth and acquisitive nature helped establish him as an international press baron, expanded his already ...
Black, Davidson
▪ Canadian anthropologist born July 25, 1884, Toronto, Ontario, Canada died March 15, 1934, Beijing, China       Canadian physician and physical anthropologist who ...
Black, Eugene Robert
▪ American financier born May 1, 1898, Atlanta, Ga., U.S. died Feb. 20, 1992, Southampton, N.Y.       American financier who, as the third president of the ...
Black, George
▪ British theatrical manager born April 20, 1890, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng. died March 4, 1945, London       British manager and producer of entertainments. Black ...
Black, Harold Stephen
▪ American electrical engineer born April 14, 1898, Leominster, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 11, 1983, Summit, N.J.       American electrical engineer who discovered and ...
Black, Hugo
▪ American jurist in full  Hugo La Fayette Black  born Feb. 27, 1886, Harlan, Clay county, Ala., U.S. died Sept. 25, 1971, Bethesda, Md.  lawyer, politician, and associate ...
Black, Hugo (La Fayette)
born Feb. 27, 1886, Clay county, Ala., U.S. died Sept. 25, 1971, Bethesda, Md. U.S. Supreme Court justice (1937–71). After practicing law in Alabama from 1906, he served in ...
Black, Jeremiah Sullivan
▪ United States attorney general born Jan. 10, 1810, Stony Creek, Pa., U.S. died Aug. 19, 1883, Brockie, Pa.  U.S. attorney general during President James Buchanan's ...
Black, Joseph
▪ British scientist Introduction born April 16, 1728, Bordeaux, France died Nov. 10, 1799, Edinburgh, Scot.  British chemist and physicist best known for the rediscovery of ...
Black, Max
▪ American philosopher born , Feb. 24, 1909, Baku, Russian Empire [now in Azerbaijan] died Aug. 27, 1988, Ithaca, N.Y., U.S.       American Analytical philosopher who ...
Black, Sir James
▪ British pharmacologist in full  Sir James Whyte Black   born June 14, 1924, Uddingston, Scot.       British pharmacologist who (along with George H. Hitchings and ...
Black, Sir James (Whyte)
born June 14, 1924, Uddingston, Scot. Scottish pharmacologist. Through studying interactions between receptors on cells and chemicals in the bloodstream that attach to them, ...
Black, Winifred Sweet
▪ American journalist née  Winifred Sweet  born Oct. 14, 1863, Chilton, Wis., U.S. died May 25, 1936, San Francisco, Calif.  American reporter whose sensationalist ...
Black,Hugo La Fayette
Black (blăk), Hugo La Fayette. 1886-1971. American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1937-1971). He was noted for his ardent support of civil ...
Black, Joseph. 1728-1799. British chemist who rediscovered carbon dioxide (1756) and formulated the concepts of latent heat and specific heat. * * *
Black,Shirley Temple
Black, Shirley Temple. Born 1928. American actress and public official. As Shirley Temple she was an immensely popular child actress of the 1930s, starring in films such as ...
Black,Sir James Whyte
Black, Sir James Whyte. Born 1924. British pharmacologist. He shared a 1988 Nobel Prize for developing drugs to treat heart disease and stomach and duodenal ulcers. * * *
/blak"euh vuyst', -vuyzd'/, adj. dark-complexioned. Also, black-a-viced /blak"euh vuyst'/. [1750-60; Scots blackaviced, equiv. to black a vice (one) black of face (BLACK + A3 + ...
/blak"euhn blooh"/, adj. discolored, as by bruising; exhibiting ecchymosis: a black-and-blue mark on my knee. [1300-50; ME] * * *
/blak"euhn tan"/, adj. 1. (of a dog) of a black color with tan markings above the eyes and on the muzzle, chest, legs, feet, and breech. 2. Informal. composed of or frequented by ...
black-and-tan terrier
☆ black-and-tan terrier [blak′ən tan′ ] n. MANCHESTER TERRIER * * *
black-and-tan coonhound n. Any of an American breed of large, strong coonhounds that have pendulous ears and a short black coat with tan markings above the eyes and on the chest, ...
black-and-tan terrier n. See Manchester terrier. * * *
/blak"euhn hwuyt", -wuyt"/, adj. 1. displaying only black and white tones; without color, as a picture or chart: a black-and-white photograph. 2. partly black and partly white; ...
black-backed gull
/blak"bakt'/ any of several white gulls, as Larus marinus (great black-backed gull), having a black back and wings. [1770-80] * * *
/blak"bag"/, adj. Informal. of, pertaining to, or distributing money for expenses that has been diverted from the regular budget: Black-bag funds have paid for much overseas ...
black-bag job
Informal. surreptitious or illegal entry or activity by government agents seeking incriminating evidence. [1970-75, Amer.] * * *
black-bellied plover
/blak"bel'eed/ a large plover, Pluvialis squatarola, of both the New and Old Worlds, having black underparts when in nuptial plumage. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
black-billed cuckoo
/blak"bild'/ a black-billed North American cuckoo, Coccyzus erythropthalmus, that, unlike most cuckoos, constructs its own nest and rears its own young. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
black-billed magpie.
See under magpie (def. 1). [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
black-capped chickadee
/blak"kapt'/. See under chickadee. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
black-crowned night heron
/blak"krownd'/. See under night heron. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
black-eyed bean
➡ black-eyed pea * * *
black-eyed pea
/blak"uyd'/ cowpea. [1720-30] * * *
black-eyed Susan
any of a number of composite plants having daisylike flowers with a dark center disk and usually yellow ray flowers, esp. Rudbeckia hirta: the state flower of Maryland. [1890-95, ...
black-eyed pea (blăkʹīd') n. See cowpea. * * *
black-eyed Su·san (so͞oʹzən) n. 1. Any of several North American herbs of the genus Rudbeckia in the composite family, especially R. hirta, having hairy stems and leaves and ...
/blak"fig'yeuhr/, adj. pertaining to or designating a style of vase painting developed in Greece in the 7th and 6th centuries B.C., chiefly characterized by silhouetted figures ...
black-figure pottery
Type of Greek pottery that originated in Corinth с 700 BC. The figures were painted in black pigment on the natural red clay ground. Finishing details were then incised into ...
black-flag (blăkʹflăg') tr.v. Sports black-·flagged, black-·flag·ging, black-·flags To signal (the driver of a racing car) to proceed immediately to the pits. * * *
black-footed ferret
/blak"foot'id/ a weasellike polecat, Mustela nigripes, of prairie regions of the U.S., having a yellowish-brown body with the tip of the tail and legs black: an endangered ...
black-foot·ed albatross (blăkʹfo͝ot'ĭd) n. An albatross (Diomedea nigripes) of the Pacific coastal islands that is blackish and dusky with black feet and legs and a whitish ...
black-footed ferret n. A North American weasel (Mustela nigripes) that is yellowish above, mixed with brown on the head and neck, and has a blackish mask and feet. It is related ...
black-headed fireworm
/blak"hed'id/. See under fireworm (def. 1). * * *
black-headed gull
any of several gulls having a dusky or black head, as Larus ribidundus of northern Europe and Asia. [1865-70] * * *
—black-heartedly, adv. —black-heartedness, n. /blak"hahr"tid/, adj. disposed to doing or wishing evil; malevolent; malicious. [1840-50] * * *
black-letter day
/blak"let'euhr/ an unlucky or tragic day. [1750-60] * * *
black-light trap
/blak"luyt"/ a trap for insects that uses ultraviolet light as an attractant. * * *
/blak"mahr"kit/, v.i. 1. to black-marketeer. v.t. 2. to sell (something) in the black market. [1930-35; v. use of BLACK MARKET] * * *
—black marketeer, black marketer. /blak"mahr'ki tear"/, v.i. to sell articles in the black market. [1940-45; BLACK MARKET + -EER] * * *
See black-marketer. * * *
See black market. * * *
black-tailed deer
/blak"tayld'/ a variety of mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus, of the western slope of the Rocky Mountains, having a tail that is black above. Also, blacktail deer ...
black-tailed deer (blăkʹtāld') also black·tail deer (-tāl') n. See mule deer. * * *
/blak"tuy"/, adj. requiring that guests wear semiformal attire, esp. that men wear black bow ties with tuxedos or dinner jackets: a black-tie dance. Cf. white-tie. [1930-35] * * *
/blak"ay'keuhr/, n. (often cap.) an arbitrary name for a piece of land used for purposes of supposition in legal argument or the like (often distinguished from ...
the main character, played by Rowan Atkinson, in several BBC comedy television series. Each series was set in a different historical period, the last one being during World War ...
black alder n. 1. A deciduous shrub or small tree (Ilex verticillata), the most widespread of North American hollies, growing in many variable forms from Minnesota to Texas and ...
/blak"euh moor'/, n. Now Usually Offensive. 1. a black person. 2. any dark-skinned person. [1540-50; unexplained var. of phrase black Moor] * * *
Blackand Tan
Black and Tan n. pl. Black and Tans A member of a paramilitary force recruited in Britain and sent to Ireland as part of the Royal Irish Constabulary to suppress the Sinn Fein ...
blackand white
black and white n. 1. Writing or print: saw their words in black and white. 2. A visual medium, as in photography or printmaking, employing only black and white or black, white, ...
Black Ang·us (ăngʹgəs) n. See Aberdeen Angus. * * *
black art n. Black magic; witchcraft. * * *
blackback flounder
/blak"bak'/. See under lemon sole. * * *
black bag n. 1. A bag in which physicians traditionally carry instruments and a stock of drugs, as on a house call. 2. A physician's stock of drugs. * * *
blackbag job
black bag job n. Slang An act of entry, search, and sometimes removal or photographing of property, conducted by federal investigators without a warrant. * * *
—blackballer, n. /blak"bawl'/, v.t. 1. to vote against (a candidate, applicant, etc.). 2. to exclude socially; ostracize: The whole town blackballed them. 3. to reject (a ...
See blackball. * * *
➡ gentlemen’s clubs * * *
black bass (băs) n. Any of several North American freshwater game fishes of the genus Micropterus, such as the largemouth and smallmouth bass. * * *
/blak"beed'/, n. cat's-claw (def. 1). [BLACK + BEAD] * * *
black bean n. Any of various black-colored beans, especially: a. A small black bean having cream-colored flesh and a sweet flavor, used in southern and Latin-American cuisine. ...
black bear n. 1. The common North American bear (Euarctos or Ursus americanus) that lives in forests, is omnivorous, and has a glossy black or dark brown coat. 2. Any of several ...
/blak"beard'/, n. pseudonym of Edward Teach. * * * orig. Edward Teach born , Bristol?, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1718, Ocracoke Island, North Carolina English pirate. He was ...
/blak"beet'l/, n. See oriental cockroach. [BLACK + BEETLE1] * * *
blackbelly rosefish
/blak"bel'ee/ a reddish scorpionfish, Helicolenus dactylopterus, inhabiting the deep waters of the western Atlantic Ocean. [BLACK + BELLY] * * *
black belt n. 1. a. The rank of expert in a martial art such as judo or karate. b. The black sash that symbolizes this rank of proficiency. c. A person who has attained this ...
—blackberrylike, adj. /blak"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. blackberries. 1. the fruit, black or very dark purple when ripe, of certain species of the genus Rubus. 2. the plant ...
blackberry lily
a perennial iris, Belamcanda chinensis, having globose seeds resembling blackberries and orange, lilylike flowers with red spots. * * * ▪ plant also called  leopard lily ...
blackberry lily n. A medicinal Chinese perennial herb (Belamcanda chinensis) having sword-shaped leaves, usually orange showy flowers with red spots, and dehiscent fruits with ...
black bile n. One of the four humors of ancient and medieval physiology, supposed to cause melancholy when present in excess. * * *
black bindweed or black-bind·weed (blăkʹbīndʹwēd') n. A twining annual vine (Polygonum convolvulus) native to Eurasia but widespread as a weed and having heart-shaped ...
black birch n. 1. See sweet birch. 2. See river birch. * * *
/blak"berrd'/, n. 1. a common European thrush, Turdus merula, the male of which is black with a yellow bill. 2. any of several American birds of the family Icteridae, having ...
/blak"berr'deuhr/, n. (formerly) a person or ship illegally engaged in the slave trade, esp. in the Pacific. [1880-85; BLACKBIRD + -ER1] * * *
/blak"berr'ding/, n. (formerly) the act or practice of kidnapping persons, esp. Kanakas, and selling them abroad as slaves. [1870-75; BLACKBIRD + -ING1] * * * ▪ slavery ...
/blak"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. a sheet of smooth, hard material, esp. dark slate, used in schools, lecture rooms, etc., for writing or drawing on with chalk. Also called chalkboard. ...
blackboard jungle
Informal. a school or school system characterized by lack of discipline and by juvenile delinquency. [1950-55; on the model of ASPHALT JUNGLE; popularized by the novel of the ...
/blak"bod"ee/, n., pl. blackbodies. Physics. a hypothetical body that absorbs without reflection all of the electromagnetic radiation incident on its surface. Also called perfect ...
black book n. A book containing names of people or organizations to blacklist. * * *
black box n. 1. a. A device or theoretical construct with known or specified performance characteristics but unknown or unspecified constituents and means of operation. b. ...
black bryony n. A poisonous, perennial twining herb (Tamus communis) native to Eurasia and sometimes grown as an ornamental for its red berries. * * *
/blak"buk"/, n. a blackish-brown antelope, Antilope cervicapra, of India. Also, black buck. [1885-90] * * * ▪ mammal       an antelope (family Bovidae (bovid)) ...
/blak"beuhrn/, n. 1. a city in central Lancashire, in NW England. 142,200. 2. Mount, a mountain in SE Alaska, in the Wrangel Mountains. 16,140 ft. (4920 m). * * *
Blackburn with Darwen
▪ unitary authority, England, United Kingdom       unitary authority, geographic and historic county of Lancashire, England, 23 miles (37 km) northwest of ...
Blackburn, Gideon
▪ American minister born Aug. 27, 1772, Augusta County, Va. died Aug. 23, 1838, near Carlinville, Ill., U.S.       Presbyterian clergyman, educator, and missionary to ...
Blackburn, Helen
▪ British suffragist born May 25, 1842, Valentia Island, Ire. died Jan. 11, 1903, London       early leader of the British movement for the emancipation of ...
Blackburn, Joseph
▪ American painter also called  Jonathan B. Blackburn  born c. 1730, England died c. 1778       itinerant portrait painter who, working in Bermuda (c. 1752–53) and ...
Blackburn, Thomas
▪ British poet born Feb. 10, 1916, Hensingham, Cumberland, Eng. died Aug. 13, 1977, Wales       English poet, novelist, and critic whose verse is notable for haunted ...
Blackburn, Mount A peak, 5,039.5 m (16,523 ft) high, of the Wrangell Mountains in southern Alaska. * * *
Blackburnian warbler
/blak berr"nee euhn/ a black-and-white North American wood warbler, Dendroica fusca, having an orange throat and an orange and black head. [1775-85, Amer.; named after Mrs. Hugh ...
/blak"kap'/, n. 1. any of several birds having the top of the head black, as the chickadee and certain warblers, esp. the Old World blackcap, Sylvia atricapilla. 2. the black ...
black cherry n. 1. a. A deciduous North American tree (Prunus serotina) having drooping elongate clusters of white flowers and blackish, somewhat poisonous fruits. b. The ...
/blak"kok'/, n. the male of the black grouse. [1400-50; late ME; see BLACK, COCK1] * * *
/blak"kod'/, n., pl. blackcods, (esp. collectively) blackcod. sablefish. [BLACK + COD1] * * *
black cohosh n. An eastern North American perennial herb (Cimicifuga racemosa) having large, pinnately compound leaves and racemes of small white flowers. Also called black ...
Black Country A highly industrialized region of west-central England centered on Birmingham. It was named for the grime accumulated from factory smoke and other industrial ...
black cow n. 1. Chocolate milk. 2. Chicago. A float made with root beer and vanilla ice cream.   [black + cow1(from the ice cream used in making it).] * * *
black crappie n. An edible North American sunfish (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) having dark mottled coloring. Also called calico bass, strawberry bass. * * *
black cumin n. An annual Eurasian herb (Nigella sativa) having bluish-white flowers and pungent black seeds used as a seasoning in Asian cuisines. * * *
/blak"damp'/, n. Mining. chokedamp. [1830-40; BLACK + DAMP] * * *
Black Death n. An outbreak of bubonic plague that was pandemic throughout Europe and much of Asia in the 14th century.   [From the dark splotches it causes on its victims.] * * *
black diamond n. 1. See carbonado2. 2. black diamonds Coal. * * *
black diet n. Deprivation of all food and water as a form of prison punishment and torture, usually resulting in death. * * *
black duck n. A common duck (Anas rubripes) of the northeast United States and Canada, characterized by black or dusky brown plumage and often found in saltwater marshes. * * *
blackdwarf star
black dwarf star n. The remains of a white dwarf star after it has expended all of its energy and is no longer emitting detectable radiation. * * *
black economy n. A sizable hidden segment of a country's economy that operates on numerous unreported private cash transactions. * * *
—blackener, n. /blak"euhn/, v.t. 1. to make black; darken. 2. to speak evil of; defame: to blacken a person's reputation. v.i. 3. to grow or become black. [1250-1300; ME; see ...
/blak"euhnd/, adj. (esp. of fish) coated with spices and sautéed quickly over high heat so that the outside chars. * * *
See blacken. * * *
Black English n. 1. See African American Vernacular English. 2. Any of the nonstandard varieties of English spoken by Black people throughout the world.   Usage Note: In the ...
BlackEnglish Vernacular
Black English Vernacular n. Abbr. BEV See African American Vernacular English. * * *
/blak"it/, n. Patrick Maynard Stuart, 1897-1974, English physicist: Nobel prize 1948. * * *
Blackett (of Chelsea), Patrick M(aynard) S(tuart), Baron
born Nov. 18, 1897, London, Eng. died July 13, 1974, London British physicist. He graduated from the University of Cambridge in 1921 and spent 10 years at the Cavendish ...
Blackett, Patrick M.S., Baron Blackett of Chelsea
▪ British physicist in full  Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett   born Nov. 18, 1897, London, Eng. died July 13, 1974, London       winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics ...
black eye n. 1. A bruised discoloration of the flesh surrounding the eye, often resulting from a blow. 2. A dishonored reputation; a bad name. * * *
/blak"fays'/, n. 1. Theat. a. an entertainer, esp. one in a minstrel show, made up in the role of a black. b. the makeup, as burnt cork, used in this role: They performed in ...
/blak"fel'oh/, n. Usually Offensive. an Aborigine of Australia. [1730-40; BLACK + FELLOW] * * *
blackfellow's bread
the edible portion of a species of pore fungus, Polyporus mylittae, that occurs in Australia. [1920-25] * * *
/blak"fin'/, n. a cisco, Coregonus nigripinnis, found in the Great Lakes. Also called blackfin cisco. [1870-75, Amer.; BLACK + FIN] * * *
/blak"fuyeur'/, n. Plant Pathol. a disease of tobacco, characterized by angular, dark lesions on the leaves, caused by a bacterium, Pseudomonas angulata. [BLACK + FIRE] * * *
/blak"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) blackfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) blackfishes. 1. any of various dark-colored fishes, as the tautog, Tautoga ...
black flag n. A Jolly Roger. * * *
black fly n. Any of various small, dark-colored biting flies of the family Simuliidae, the larvae of which attach to rocks in running streams. Also called buffalo gnat. * * ...
/blak"foot'/, n., pl. Blackfeet, (esp. collectively) Blackfoot, adj. n. 1. a member of a North American tribe of Indians of Algonquian stock. 2. the Algonquian language of the ...
Blackfoot River
▪ river, Idaho, United States       watercourse, southeastern Idaho, U.S., formed by the confluence of Slug and Lanes creeks, near the Caribou-Targhee National Forest ...
Blackfoot Sioux n. pl. Blackfoot Sioux See Sihasapa. * * *
Black Forest A mountainous region of southwest Germany between the Rhine and Neckar rivers. It is a year-round resort area that is famous for its clock and toy industries. * * *
▪ neighbourhood, London, United Kingdom       small district in the City of London (London, City of). It is located on the bank of the River Thames (Thames, River), east ...

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