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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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Blok, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
▪ Russian poet and dramatist born Nov. 28 [Nov. 16, Old Style], 1880, St. Petersburg, Russia died Aug. 7, 1921, Petrograd [now St. Petersburg]  poet and dramatist, the ...
bloke
/blohk/, n. Chiefly Brit. Informal. man; fellow; guy. [1850-55; orig. uncert.] * * *
Blom, Frans Ferdinand
▪ Danish archaeologist born August 9, 1893, Copenhagen died June 23, 1963, San Cristóbal, Mexico       Danish archaeologist who was an authority on Mayan culture. He ...
Blomberg, Werner von
▪ German general and minister of war born September 2, 1878, Stargard, Germany died March 22, 1946, Nürnberg       German general and minister of war (1933–38) in ...
blond
—blondness, n. —blondish, adj. /blond/, adj., blonder, blondest, n. adj. 1. (of hair, skin, etc.) light-colored: the child's soft blond curls. 2. (of a person) having ...
blonde
—blondeness, n. /blond/, adj. 1. (of a woman or girl) having fair hair and usually fair skin and light eyes. n. 2. a woman or girl having this coloration. [see BLOND] Usage. ...
blonde lace
      originally, bobbin lace made in France in the 18th century from unbleached pale beige Chinese silk. Subsequently, the term blonde was extended to cover lace made of ...
Blondel
/blawonn del"/, n. François /frddahonn swann"/, (Sieur des Croisettes), 1618-86, French architect. * * *
Blondel de Nesle
▪ French trouvère flourished 12th century       early lyric poet-musician, or trouvère, of northern France.       Nothing is known about Blondel outside of ...
Blondel, André-Eugène
▪ French physicist born Aug. 28, 1863, Chaumont, France died Nov. 15, 1938, Paris       French physicist known for his invention of the oscillograph and for his ...
Blondel, Georges
▪ French historian born March 8, 1856, Dijon, Fr. died July 31, 1948, Paris       historian and juridical scholar, the leading French authority on Germany and Austria ...
Blondel, Jacques-François
▪ French architect born Jan. 8, 1705, Rouen, France died Jan. 9, 1774, Paris  architect best known for his teaching and writing, which contributed greatly to architectural ...
Blondel, Maurice
▪ French philosopher born Nov. 2, 1861, Dijon, Fr. died June 4, 1949, Aix-en-Provence       French dialectical philosopher who formulated a “philosophy of action” ...
blondie
/blon"dee/, n. 1. Informal. a blond person: All the children were blondies. 2. a dessert confection resembling a brownie but made with butterscotch flavoring in place of ...
Blondin
orig. Jean-François Gravelet born Feb. 28, 1824 , Hesdin, Fr. died Feb. 22, 1897, Little Ealing, near London, Eng. French tightrope walker. After training as an acrobat, he ...
blondine
☆ blondine [blän dēn′ ] n. a preparation used to bleach hair blond vt. blondined, blondining to bleach (hair) with blondine * * *
blonding
/blon"ding/, n. the act or method of dyeing or tinting hair blond: true-to-life blondings that defy detection. [1960-65; BLOND + -ING1] * * *
blondish
See blond. * * *
blondness
See blondish. * * *
blood
—bloodlike, adj. /blud/, n. 1. the fluid that circulates in the principal vascular system of human beings and other vertebrates, in humans consisting of plasma in which the red ...
Blood alcohol concentration per number of drinks in one hour
▪ Table Blood alcohol concentration per number of drinks in one hour (for men and women according to body weight) number of drinks in 1 hour body weight in pounds ...
blood analysis
Laboratory examination of the physical and chemical properties and components of a sample of blood. Analysis includes number of red and white blood cells (erythrocytes and ...
blood and thunder
sensationalism, violence, or exaggerated melodrama: a movie full of blood and thunder. [1855-60] * * *
blood bank
1. a place where blood or blood plasma is collected, processed, stored, and distributed. 2. such a supply of blood or blood plasma. [1935-40] * * * Organization that collects, ...
blood bath
blood bath n. a killing of many people; massacre * * *
blood boosting
Sports Med. See blood doping. * * *
blood brother
—blood brotherhood. 1. a person's brother by birth. 2. a male person bound to another by ties of great friendship. 3. something usually associated with or thought to exist ...
blood brotherhood
      one of several kinds of alliances or ties that bind persons together in a fashion analogous to, but distinct from, kinship ties. Other forms of fictive kinship ...
blood cell
any of the cellular elements of the blood, as white blood cells or red blood cells. Also called blood corpuscle. [1840-50] * * *
blood cell formation
▪ biochemistry also called  Hematopoiesis, or Hemopoiesis,    continuous process by which the cellular constituents of blood are replenished as needed. Blood cells are ...
blood count
the count of the number of red and white blood cells and platelets in a specific volume of blood. [1895-1900] * * *       laboratory test that determines the number of ...
blood disease
Introduction       any disease of the blood, involving the red blood cells (erythrocytes (erythrocyte)), white blood cells (leukocytes (leukocyte)), or platelets ...
blood doping
Sports Med. a procedure in which an athlete is injected with his or her own blood or the blood of a family member prior to competition, purportedly increasing the blood's ...
blood feud
feud1 (def. 1). [1855-60] * * *
blood fluke
a schistosome. [1870-75] * * *       any of certain parasitic flatworms that live in the veins of the host organism. See fluke. * * *
blood group
Med. any of various classes into which human blood can be divided according to immunological compatibility, based on the presence or absence of specific antigens on red blood ...
blood grouping.
See blood typing. [1915-20] * * *
blood heat
the normal temperature of human blood, being about 98.6°F (37°C). [1805-15] * * *
blood knot
Angling. See barrel knot. [1900-05] * * *
blood level
the amount of a substance, as cholesterol, alcohol, or triglycerides, circulating in the bloodstream: often expressed as a percent or in milligrams or micrograms per deciliter of ...
blood lily
any of various bulbous plants of the genus Haemanthus, native to Africa, having clusters of red or white flowers. * * *
blood meal
the dried blood of animals used as a fertilizer, diet supplement for livestock, or deer repellent. [1885-90] * * *
blood money
1. a fee paid to a hired murderer. 2. compensation paid to the next of kin of a slain person. 3. money obtained ruthlessly and at a cost of suffering to others. 4. money paid to ...
blood orange
any of various sweet oranges having a dark-red pulp. [1850-55] * * *
blood packing
Sports Med. See blood doping. * * *
blood plasma
the plasma or liquid portion of human blood. [1905-10] * * *
blood platelet
any of numerous, minute, protoplasmic bodies in mammalian blood that aid in coagulation. [1895-1900] * * *
blood poisoning
Pathol. invasion of the blood by toxic matter or microorganisms, characterized by chills, sweating, fever, and prostration; toxemia; septicemia; pyemia. [1860-65] * * *
blood pressure
Physiol. the pressure of the blood against the inner walls of the blood vessels, varying in different parts of the body during different phases of contraction of the heart and ...
blood pudding
blood pudding n. a large sausage made of blood, esp. pig's blood, and suet, enclosed in a casing * * *
blood pudding.
South Midland and Southern U.S. See blood sausage. [1575-85] * * *
blood purge
the mass execution, esp. by a government, of persons considered guilty of treason or sedition. [1930-35] * * *
blood relation
one related by birth. Also, blood relative. [1700-10] * * *
Blood River, Battle of
▪ South African history       (Dec. 16, 1838), South African battle between the Zulu and the Voortrekkers (the Boers who made the Great Trek from Cape Colony to ...
blood royal
all persons related by birth to a hereditary monarch, taken collectively; the royal kin: a prince of the blood royal. [1595-1605] * * *
blood sausage
a dark sausage with a high content of blood, esp. one made with diced pork fat, pork blood, chopped onion, etc., usually stuffed in casings and cooked by broiling, frying, or ...
blood serum
serum (def. 1). [1905-10] * * *
blood spavin
Vet. Pathol. See under spavin (def. 1). * * *
blood sport
any sport involving killing or the shedding of blood, as bullfighting, cockfighting, or hunting. [1890-95] * * *
blood sports
➡ field sports * * *
blood sugar
1. glucose in the blood. 2. the quantity or percentage of glucose in the blood. [1925-30] * * *
blood test
a test of a sample of blood to determine blood group, presence of infection or other pathological condition, parentage, etc. [1910-15] * * *
blood transfusion
the injection of blood from one person or animal into the bloodstream of another. [1875-80] * * * Transfer of blood taken from one person into the circulation of another to ...
blood type
☆ blood type n. any of the divisions in a classification of blood based on the individual agglutinogens of a given blood group that are present on a person's red blood cells: ...
blood type.
See blood group. [1930-35] * * *
blood typing
Physiol. the process of classifying blood into blood groups, based on laboratory tests to reveal the presence or absence of particular antigens on the surface of red blood cells. ...
blood vessel
any of the vessels, as arteries, veins, or capillaries, through which the blood circulates. [1685-95] * * * ▪ anatomy       a vessel in the human or animal body in ...
blood-and-guts
/blud"n guts"/, adj. 1. dealing with or depicting war or violence, esp. in a lurid manner: a blood-and-guts movie. 2. concerned with fundamental needs, problems, values, etc.: ...
blood-brain barrier
/blud"brayn"/, Physiol. a layer of tightly packed cells that make up the walls of brain capillaries and prevent substances in the blood from diffusing freely into the brain: ...
blood-brainbarrier
blood-brain barrier (blŭdʹbrān') n. A physiological mechanism that alters the permeability of brain capillaries, so that some substances, such as certain drugs, are prevented ...
blood-red
/blud"red"/, adj. 1. of the deep-red color of blood: a fiery, blood-red sunset. 2. red with blood: The blood-red banner symbolized the army's defeat. [1250-1300; ME] * * *
bloodagar
blood agar n. A nutrient culture medium that is enriched with whole blood and used for the growth of certain strains of bacteria. * * *
bloodalcohol concentration
blood alcohol concentration n. Abbr. BAC The concentration of alcohol in the blood, expressed as the weight of alcohol in a fixed volume of blood and used as a measure of the ...
bloodbank
blood bank n. 1. A place where whole blood or plasma is typed, processed, and stored for future use in transfusion. 2. Blood or plasma stored in such a place. * * *
bloodbath
/blud"bath', -bahth'/, n., pl. bloodbaths /-badhz', -bahdhz', -baths', -bahths'/. 1. a ruthless slaughter of a great number of people; massacre. 2. Informal. a period of ...
bloodboosting
blood boost·ing or blood-boost·ing (blŭdʹbo͞o'stĭng) n. See blood doping. * * *
bloodbrother
blood brother n. 1. A brother by birth. 2. One of two individuals who vow mutual fidelity and trust by a ceremony involving the mingling of each other's blood.   blood ...
bloodbrotherhood
See blood brother. * * *
bloodcell
blood cell n. Any of the cells contained in blood; an erythrocyte or leukocyte; a blood corpuscle. * * *
bloodclot
blood clot n. A semisolid gelatinous mass of coagulated blood that consists of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets entrapped in a fibrin network. * * *
bloodcount
blood count n. 1. The number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in a definite volume of blood. 2. The determination of such a count. 3. Complete blood count. * ...
bloodcurdler
/blud"kerr'dleuhr/, n. something causing great fright or horror: a bloodcurdler of a mystery novel. [1885-90; BLOOD + CURDLE + -ER1] * * *
bloodcurdling
—bloodcurdlingly, adv. /blud"kerrd'ling, -kerr'dl ing/, adj. arousing terror; horrifying: a bloodcurdling scream. [1930-35; BLOOD + CURDLE + -ING2] * * *
bloodcurdlingly
See bloodcurdling. * * *
blooddoping
blood doping n. The process of increasing the number of circulating red blood cells, either by transfusing an individual with blood that has been previously removed or by ...
blooded
/blud"id/, adj. 1. having blood of a specified kind (used in combination): warm-blooded animals. 2. (of horses, cattle, etc.) derived from ancestors of good blood; having a good ...
bloodfeud
blood feud n. A feud involving the members of a family or clan. * * *
bloodfin
/blud"fin'/, n. a South American characin fish, Aphyocharax rubropinnis, having a silvery body and bright red fins: popular in home aquariums. [BLOOD + FIN] * * ...
bloodflower
/blud"flow'euhr/, n. a showy milkweed, Asclepias curassavica, of tropical America, having brilliant orange-red flowers and smooth fruit. [BLOOD + FLOWER] * * *
bloodfluke
blood fluke n. See schistosome. * * *
bloodgas
blood gas n. 1. An analysis of the dissolved gases in blood plasma, including oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide. 2. Any of the gases that become dissolved in blood plasma. * * ...
bloodgroup
blood group n. Any of several immunologically distinct, genetically determined classes of human blood that are based on the presence or absence of certain antigens and are ...
bloodguilt
bloodguilt or bloodguiltiness [blud′gilt΄] n. the state or fact of being guilty of murder or bloodshed * * * blood·guilt (blŭdʹgĭlt') n. The fact or state of being ...
bloodguilty
—bloodguilt, bloodguiltiness, n. /blud"gil'tee/, adj. guilty of murder or bloodshed. [1590-1600; BLOOD(SHED) + GUILTY] * * *
bloodheat
blood heat n. The normal temperature (about 37.0°C or 98.6°F) of human blood. * * *
bloodhound
/blud"hownd'/, n. 1. one of a breed of medium- to large-sized dogs, usually having a black-and-tan coat, very long ears, loose skin, and an acute sense of smell: used chiefly for ...
bloodily
bloodily [blud′'l ē] adv. 1. in a bloody manner 2. cruelly; savagely * * * See bloody. * * *
bloodiness
bloodiness [blud′ē nis] n. the state of being bloody * * * See bloodily. * * *
blooding
/blud"ing/, n. Chiefly Brit. (in fox hunting) an informal initiation ceremony in which the face of a novice is smeared with the blood of the first fox that person has seen ...
bloodless
—bloodlessly, adv. —bloodlessness, n. /blud"lis/, adj. 1. without blood: bloodless surgery. 2. very pale: a bloodless face. 3. free from bloodshed; accomplished without ...
Bloodless Revolution
the events in Britain in 1688 when the Roman Catholic James II was removed as king and replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband William III (William of Orange). So many of ...
Bloodless Revolution.
See English Revolution. * * *
bloodlessly
See bloodless. * * *
bloodlessness
See bloodlessly. * * *
bloodletter
See bloodletting. * * *
bloodletting
—bloodletter, n. /blud"let'ing/, n. 1. the act or practice of letting blood by opening a vein; phlebotomy. 2. bloodshed or slaughter. 3. bloodbath. 4. Informal. severe cutbacks ...
bloodlily
blood lily n. Any of several African bulbous plants of the genus Haemanthus grown for their dense clusters of red, white, or pink flowers with protruding stamens. * * *
bloodline
/blud"luyn'/, n. (usually of animals) the line of descent; pedigree; strain. [1905-10; BLOOD + LINE1] * * *
bloodmeal
blood meal n. The dried and powdered blood of animals, used in animal feeds and as a nitrogen-rich fertilizer for plants. * * *
bloodmobile
/blud"meuh beel'/, n. a small truck with medical equipment for receiving blood donations. [1945-50; BLOOD + -MOBILE] * * *
bloodmoney
blood money n. 1. Money paid by a killer as compensation to the next of kin of a murder victim. 2. Money gained at the cost of another's life or livelihood. * * *
bloodnoun
/blud"nown'/, n. South Atlantic States (chiefly South Carolina). a bullfrog, esp. Rana catesbeiana. Also, bloody noun. [1910-15; of uncert. orig.] * * *
bloodorange
blood orange n. A sweet orange having pulp that is red or streaked with red. * * *
bloodpacking
blood pack·ing or blood-pack·ing (blŭdʹ păk'ĭng) n. See blood doping. * * *
bloodplasma
blood plasma n. The pale yellow or gray-yellow, protein-containing fluid portion of the blood in which the blood cells and platelets are normally suspended. * * *
bloodplatelet
blood platelet n. See platelet. * * *
bloodpoisoning
blood poisoning n. 1. See septicemia. 2. See toxemia. * * *
bloodpressure
blood pressure n. Abbr. BP The pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels, especially the arteries. It varies with the strength of the heartbeat, the ...
bloodprofile
blood profile n. See complete blood count. * * *
bloodpudding
blood pudding n. See blood sausage. * * *
bloodred
blood red n. A moderate to vivid red.   bloodʹ-redʹ (blŭdʹrĕdʹ) adj. * * *
bloodrelation
blood relation n. A person who is related to another by birth rather than by marriage.   blood relationship n. * * *
bloodrelationship
See blood relation. * * *
bloodroot
/blud"rooht', -root'/, n. a North American plant, Sanguinaria canadensis, of the poppy family, having a red root and root sap and a solitary white flower. [1570-80; BLOOD + ...
bloodsausage
blood sausage n. A link sausage made of pig's blood, diced pork fat, and other ingredients such as onions and breadcrumbs. Also called blood pudding. * * *
bloodserum
blood serum n. See serum. * * *
bloodshed
/blud"shed'/, n. 1. destruction of life, as in war or murder; slaughter. 2. the shedding of blood by injury, wound, etc. Also, bloodshedding. [BLOOD + SHED2] * * *
bloodshot
/blud"shot'/, adj. (of the eyes) red because of dilated blood vessels. [1545-55; apocopated var. of BLOOD-SHOTTEN. See BLOOD, SHOTTEN] * * *
bloodsport
blood sport n. A sport involving bloodshed, such as cockfighting. * * *
bloodstain
/blud"stayn'/, n. a spot or stain made by blood. [1810-20; back formation from BLOODSTAINED] * * *
bloodstained
/blud"staynd'/, adj. 1. stained with blood: a bloodstained knife. 2. guilty of murder, slaughter, or bloodshed. [1590-1600; BLOOD + stained; see STAIN, -ED2] * * *
bloodstock
/blud"stok'/, n. racehorses of Thoroughbred breeding, taken as a whole. [1820-30; BLOOD + STOCK] * * *
bloodstone
/blud"stohn'/, n. a greenish variety of chalcedony with small bloodlike spots of red jasper scattered through it. Also called heliotrope. [1545-55; BLOOD + STONE] * * * ▪ ...
bloodstream
/blud"streem'/, n. the blood flowing through a circulatory system. [1870-75; BLOOD + STREAM] * * *
bloodsucker
—bloodsucking, adj. /blud"suk'euhr/, n. 1. any animal that sucks blood, esp. a leech. 2. an extortioner or usurer. 3. sponger (def. 2). [1350-1400; ME; see BLOOD, SUCKER] * * *
bloodsucking
See bloodsucker. * * *
bloodsugar
blood sugar n. 1. Sugar in the form of glucose in the blood. 2. The concentration of glucose in the blood, measured in milligrams of glucose per 100 milliliters of blood. * * *
bloodtest
blood test n. 1. An examination of a sample of blood to determine its chemical, physical, or serologic characteristics. 2. A serologic test for certain diseases, such as syphilis ...
bloodthirstily
See bloodthirsty. * * *
bloodthirstiness
See bloodthirstily. * * *
bloodthirsty
—bloodthirstily, adv. —bloodthirstiness, n. /blud"therr'stee/, adj. 1. eager to shed blood; murderous: to capture a bloodthirsty criminal. 2. enjoying or encouraging ...
bloodtype
blood type n. See blood group. * * *
bloodtyping
blood typ·ing or blood-typ·ing (blŭdʹtī'pĭng) n. The process of identifying an individual's blood group by serologic testing of a sample of blood. * * *
bloodvessel
blood vessel n. An elastic tubular channel, such as an artery, a vein, or a capillary, through which the blood circulates. * * *
bloodwood
/blud"wood'/, n. 1. any of several Australian trees of the genus Eucalyptus, as E. gummifera or E. ptychocarpa, having rough, scaly bark. 2. an African tree, Pterocarpus ...
bloodworm
/blud"werrm'/, n. 1. any of several red or red-blooded annelid worms, esp. various earthworms. 2. the freshwater larva of midges. [1735-45; BLOOD + WORM] * * * ▪ ...
bloodwort
/blud"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. 1. the redroot, Lachnanthes caroliana. 2. any of various plants having red roots, markings, juices, etc. 3. bloodroot. [1200-50; ME blodwurt. See ...
bloody
—bloodily, adv. —bloodiness, n. /blud"ee/, adj., bloodier, bloodiest, v., bloodied, bloodying, adv. adj. 1. stained or covered with blood: a bloody handkerchief. 2. bleeding: ...
Bloody Assizes
a series of assizes (= courts of law) in the west of England in 1685 at which Judge Jeffreys condemned 300 people to death, and 1 000 to be sent as slaves to America, for ...
bloody butchers.
See red trillium. * * *
Bloody Caesar
a Bloody Mary made with a combination of clam juice and tomato juice. * * *
bloody flux
dysentery. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
Bloody Mary
1. a mixed drink made principally with vodka and tomato juice. 2. See Mary I. [1955-60] * * *
bloody noun
South Atlantic states (chiefly South Carolina). bloodnoun. * * *
bloody shirt
1. a bloodstained shirt used to incite a mob to vengeance. 2. any symbol used for this purpose. [1870-75] * * * ▪ United States history       in U.S. history, the ...
Bloody Sunday
the day (30 January 1972) when British soldiers shot and killed 13 people taking part in a march in Londonderry(1), Northern Ireland, to protest against the government putting ...
Bloody Tower
the name given to one of the towers of the Tower of London, built in the 14th century. It is called this because it is the place where the Princes in the Tower were kept prisoner ...
bloody-minded
—bloody-mindedness, n. /blud"ee muyn"did/, adj. 1. disposed to violence or bloodshed; bloodthirsty; sanguinary: bloody-minded anarchists. 2. Chiefly Brit. unreasonably stubborn ...
bloody-mindedness
See bloody-minded. * * *
bloodymary
bloody mary also Blood·y Mary (blŭdʹē) n. pl. bloody marys A cocktail usually made of vodka, tomato juice, and seasonings.   [After Mary I.] * * *
blooey
/blooh"ee/, adj. Slang. 1. out of order; faulty. 2. go blooey, to go totally out of commission; break down completely: If the generator fails, the whole system will go ...
bloom
bloom1 —bloomless, adj. /bloohm/, n. 1. the flower of a plant. 2. flowers collectively: the bloom of the cherry tree. 3. state of having the buds opened: The gardens are all in ...
Bloom, Allan
▪ American philosopher and author in full  Allan David Bloom  born Sept. 14, 1930, Indianapolis, Ind., U.S. died Oct. 7, 1992, Chicago, Ill.       American ...
Bloom, Claire
▪ British actress original name  Claire Blume   born February 15, 1931, London       English dramatic actress noted for her moving portrayals of Shakespearean ...
Bloom, Harold
born July 11, 1930, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. literary critic. Bloom studied at Cornell and Yale universities and taught at Yale from 1955. In The Anxiety of Influence (1973) ...
Bloom,Harold
Bloom (blo͞om), Harold. Born 1930. American literary theorist and scholar whose works include The Anxiety of Influence (1972). * * *
Bloomberg, Michael
▪ 2002       In 2001, after 20 successful years of leading the financial information firm he founded, Michael Bloomberg was ready to lead something new. For his next ...
bloomer
bloomer1 /blooh"meuhr/, n. 1. a costume for women, advocated about 1850 by Amelia Jenks Bloomer, consisting of a short skirt, loose trousers gathered and buttoned at the ankle, ...
Bloomer
/blooh"meuhr/, n. Amelia Jenks /jengks/, 1818-94, U.S. social reformer and women's-rights leader. * * *
Bloomer, Amelia
orig. Amelia Jenks born May 27, 1818, Homer, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 30, 1894, Council Bluffs, Iowa U.S. reformer. In 1840 she married Dexter Bloomer, a Quaker newspaper editor. ...
Bloomer, Amelia Jenks
▪ American social reformer née  Amelia Jenks  born May 27, 1818, Homer, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 30, 1894, Council Bluffs, Iowa  American reformer who campaigned for ...
Bloomer,Amelia Jenks
Bloom·er (blo͞oʹmər), Amelia Jenks. 1818-1894. American social reformer who founded and edited the feminist newspaper Lily (1849-1855), wrote about unjust marriage laws and ...
bloomers
▪ clothing  lower part of a “rational dress” for women advocated by Amelia Jenks Bloomer (Bloomer, Amelia Jenks) (q.v.) in 1850. The entire costume consisted of a short ...
bloomery
/blooh"meuh ree/, n., pl. bloomeries. Metalworking. a hearth for smelting iron in blooms of pasty consistency by means of charcoal. [1575-85; BLOOM2 + -ERY] * * *
bloomery process
Process for iron smelting. In ancient times, smelting involved creating a bed of red-hot charcoal in a furnace to which iron ore mixed with more charcoal was added. The ore was ...
Bloomfield
/bloohm"feeld'/, n. 1. Leonard, 1887-1949, U.S. linguist and educator. 2. a city in NE New Jersey. 47,792. 3. a town in N Connecticut. 18,608. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United ...
Bloomfield Hills
▪ Michigan, United States       city, Oakland county, southeastern Michigan, U.S. It lies just southeast of Pontiac and northwest of Detroit. The site was settled in ...
Bloomfield, Leonard
born April 1, 1887, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died April 18, 1949, New Haven, Conn. U.S. linguist. He began his career as a philologist trained in Indo-European, especially Germanic ...
Bloomfield, Robert
▪ English poet born Dec. 3, 1766, Honington, Suffolk, Eng. died Aug. 19, 1823, Shefford, Bedfordshire  shoemaker-poet who achieved brief fame with poems describing the ...
Bloomfield,Leonard
Bloomfield, Leonard. 1887-1949. American linguist who introduced a behavioristic approach to linguistics in his text Language (1933). * * *
Bloomfieldian
/bloohm feel"dee euhn/, adj. 1. Ling. influenced by, resembling, or deriving from the linguistic theory and the methods of linguistic analysis advocated by Leonard Bloomfield, ...
Bloomgarden, Kermit
▪ American producer born Dec. 15, 1904, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 20, 1976, New York City       American producer of dramatic and musical plays that were ...
blooming
—bloomingly, adv. —bloomingness, n. /blooh"ming/, adj. 1. in bloom; flowering; blossoming. 2. glowing, as with youthful vigor and freshness: blooming cheeks. 3. flourishing; ...
blooming mill
Metalworking. a mill for rolling ingots into blooms. * * *
blooming oil
an oil used as a lubricant in fine sandpapering. * * *
Bloomingdale
/blooh"ming dayl'/, n. a town in NE Illinois. 12,659. * * *
Bloomingdale’s
a large, expensive department store in New York City. It began in 1872 and is known for selling excellent clothes and furniture. Bloomingdale’s also has stores in many other ...
Bloomington
/blooh"ming teuhn/, n. 1. a city in SE Minnesota. 81,831. 2. a city in S Indiana. 51,646. 3. a city in central Illinois. 44,189. * * * ▪ Illinois, United ...
Bloomsburg
/bloohmz"berrg/, n. a city in E central Pennsylvania. 11,717. * * * ▪ Pennsylvania, United States       town, seat (1846) of Columbia county, east-central ...
Bloomsbury
/bloohmz"beuh ree, -bree/, n. 1. a residential and academic district in London, N of the Thames and Charing Cross. Artists, writers, and students living there have given it a ...
Bloomsbury Group
a group of artists and writers who met regularly as friends in Bloomsbury, London, in the early 20th century. They rejected Victorian(2) attitudes and believed in art, friendship ...
bloomy
/blooh"mee/, adj., bloomier, bloomiest. 1. covered with blossoms; in full flower. 2. Bot. having a bloom, as fruit. [1585-95; BLOOM1 + -Y1] * * *
bloop
/bloohp/, Informal. v.t. 1. to ruin; botch: to bloop an easy catch. 2. to hit a blooper in baseball. n. 3. a clumsy mistake. 4. blooper (def. 3). [1925-30; earlier, a ...
blooper
/blooh"peuhr/, n. 1. Informal. an embarrassing mistake, as one spoken over the radio or TV. 2. Radio. a receiving set that generates from its antenna radio-frequency signals that ...
Bloor, Ella Reeve
▪ American political organizer and writer original name  Ella Reeve,  byname  Mother Bloor   born July 8, 1862, near Mariners Harbor, Staten Island, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. ...
Bloor,Ella Reeve
Bloor (blo͝or), Ella Reeve. Known as “Mother Bloor.” 1862-1951. American labor organizer and political radical who was a founder (1919) and central committee member of the ...
Blos, Peter
▪ 1998       German-born American child psychoanalyst who was known as "Mr. Adolescence" as a result of his research into the problems of teenagers and his theories ...
Blosius, Franciscus Ludovicus
▪ French monk (Latin),French  François-louis De Blois   born 1506, Don-Étienne, Neth. died 1566, Liessies, Fr.       Benedictine monastic reformer and mystical ...
blossom
—blossomless, adj. —blossomy, adj. /blos"euhm/, n. Bot. 1. the flower of a plant, esp. of one producing an edible fruit. 2. the state of flowering: The apple tree is in ...
Blossom
/blos"euhm/, n. a female given name. * * *
blossom-end rot
/blos"euhm end'/, Plant Pathol. a disease of tomato and pepper caused by a deficiency of calcium, characterized by decay at the blossom end of the fruit. * * *
blossom-endrot
blos·som-end rot (blŏsʹəm-ĕnd') n. A disease, especially of tomato, pepper, squash, or melon, caused by a deficiency of calcium and characterized by brown or black decay at ...
Blossoming Cut-Flower Industry
▪ 1998       In 1997 less-developed countries (LDCs) profited from the lucrative annual $5 billion global cut-flower industry, but importers in Western Europe were ...
blossomy
See blossom. * * *
blot
blot1 —blotless, adj. —blottingly, adv. —blotty, adj. /blot/, n., v., blotted, blotting. n. 1. a spot or stain, esp. of ink on paper. 2. a blemish on a person's character ...
blot drawing
 technique in the visual arts of using accidental blots or other aleatory stains on paper as the basis for a drawing. Leonardo da Vinci was one of the first to expound the ...
blotch
/bloch/, n. 1. a large, irregular spot or blot. 2. Plant Pathol. a. a diseased, discolored spot or area on a plant. b. a disease so characterized, usually accompanied by cankers ...
blotch printing
a fabric-printing method in which the ground color is transferred from the cylinder and the motif retains the original hue of the cloth. * * *
blotchily
See blotch. * * *
blotchiness
See blotchily. * * *
blotchy
—blotchily, adv. /bloch"ee/, adj., blotchier, blotchiest. 1. having blotches: a blotchy complexion. 2. resembling a blotch. [1815-25; BLOTCH + -Y1] * * *
blotter
/blot"euhr/, n. 1. a piece of blotting paper used to absorb excess ink, to protect a desk top, etc. 2. a book in which transactions or events, as sales or arrests, are recorded ...
blotting paper
a soft, absorbent, unsized paper, used esp. to dry the ink on a piece of writing. [1510-20] * * *
blottingpaper
blot·ting paper (blŏtʹĭng) n. Absorbent paper used to blot a surface by soaking up excess ink. * * *
blotto
/blot"oh/, adj. Slang. very drunk; so drunk as to be unconscious or not know what one is doing. [1915-20; BLOT1 (v.) + -O] * * *
Blount, Edward
▪ English publisher Blount also spelled  Blunt   born c. 1565 died after 1632       publisher and translator who, with Isaac and William Jaggard, printed the First ...
Blount, William
born March 26, 1749, Bertie county, N.C. died March 21, 1800, Knoxville, Tenn., U.S. U.S. politician. He served in the American Revolution before being elected to six terms in ...
blouse
—blouselike, adj. /blows, blowz/, n., v., bloused, blousing. n. 1. a usually lightweight, loose-fitting garment for women and children, covering the body from the neck or ...
blouson
/blow"son, -zon, blooh zohn", blooh"zon/, n. 1. a woman's outer garment having a drawstring, belt, or similar closing, at or below the waist, which causes it to blouse. adj. 2. ...
blousy
—blousily, adv. /blow"zee/, adj., blousier, blousiest. blowzy. * * *
bloviate
/bloh"vee ayt'/, v.i., bloviated, bloviating. to speak pompously. [Amer.; pseudo-L alter. of BLOW to boast; pop. by W. G. HARDING] * * *
bloviation
See bloviate. * * *
blow
blow1 /bloh/, n. 1. a sudden, hard stroke with a hand, fist, or weapon: a blow to the head. 2. a sudden shock, calamity, reversal, etc.: His wife's death was a terrible blow to ...
blow fly
any of numerous dipterous insects of the family Calliphoridae that deposit their eggs or larvae on carrion, excrement, etc., or in wounds of living animals. Also, ...
blow job
Slang (vulgar). an act or instance of fellatio. * * *
blow mold
a hinged mold for shaping molten glass during blowing. * * *
blow molding
blowing (def. 3). * * *       in glass production, method of forming an article of glass by blowing molten glass into a mold. This operation is performed with the aid of ...
Blow, Isabella
▪ 2008 Isabella Delves Broughton  British fashion editor born Nov. 19, 1958, London, Eng. died May 7, 2007 , Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng. discovered and promoted ...
Blow, John
(baptized Feb. 23, 1649, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died Oct. 1, 1708, Westminster, London) British composer, organist, and teacher. He was appointed organist at ...
Blow, Susan Elizabeth
▪ American educator born June 7, 1843, Carondelet [now part of St. Louis], Mo., U.S. died March 27, 1916, New York, N.Y.       American education reformer who was an ...
blow-by
/bloh"buy'/, n., pl. blow-bies. Auto. 1. leakage of the air-fuel mixture or of combustion gases between a piston and the cylinder wall into the crankcase of an automobile. 2. a ...
blow-by-blow
/bloh"buy'bloh"/, adj. 1. precisely detailed; describing every minute detail and step: a blow-by-blow account of the tennis match; a blow-by-blow report on the wedding ...
blow-comb
/bloh"kohm'/, n. a small, usually hand-held electrical appliance combining a comb and blow-dryer, permitting one to style the hair while drying it. Also, blow comb. * * *
blow-dry
/bloh"druy'/, v., blow-dried, blow-drying, n., pl. blow-drys. v.t. 1. to dry or style (shampooed or wet hair) with a blow-dryer or blow-comb. n. 2. an act or instance of ...
blow-dryer
/bloh"druy'euhr/, n. a small, usually hand-held electrical appliance that dries hair by emitting a stream of warm air. Cf. blow-comb. [1965-70; perh. b. DRYER and v. phrase blow ...
blow-hard
/bloh"hahrd'/, n. Slang. an exceptionally boastful and talkative person. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
blow-in
adj. (of a piece of advertising) inserted in but not attached to a magazine or newspaper: blow-in cards. * * *
blowback
blowback [blō′bak΄] n. 〚 BLOW1 + BACK1 (adv. ): in older sense of an explosion, expulsion of gas, etc., as from a damaged gun or backfiring engine〛 the unforeseen ...
blowball
/bloh"bawl'/, n. the downy head or pappus of the dandelion, salsify, etc. [1660-70; BLOW2 + BALL1] * * *
blowby
☆ blowby [blō′bī΄ ] n. in an internal-combustion engine, the escape of unburned gases past the piston rings into the crankcase adj. designating or of a device designed to ...
blowdown
/bloh"down'/, n. 1. Auto. a procedure for measuring the compression within an engine to identify certain mechanical defects, such as worn piston rings. 2. a tree or stand of ...
blowdryer
See blow-dry. * * *
blowed
/blohd/, v. Nonstandard. a pt. and pp. of blow2. * * *
blower
/bloh"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that blows. 2. a machine for supplying air at a moderate pressure, as to supply forced drafts or supercharge and scavenge diesel engines. 3. ...
blowfish
/bloh"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) blowfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) blowfishes. puffer (def. 2). [1890-95; BLOW2 + FISH] * * *
blowfly
blowfly [blō′flī΄] n. pl. blowflies 〚 BLOW1 (vi. 9) + FLY2〛 any of a family (Calliphoridae) of dipterous flies that deposit eggs or maggots in carrion or meat, or in ...
blowgun
/bloh"gun'/, n. a pipe or tube through which darts or other missiles are blown by the breath. Also called blowtube. [1800-10, Amer.; BLOW2 + GUN1] * * * Long, narrow pipe ...
blowhard
☆ blowhard [blō′härd΄ ] n. Slang a loudly boastful person * * * blow·hard (blōʹhärd') n. Informal A boaster or braggart. * * *
blowhole
/bloh"hohl'/, n. 1. an air or gas vent, esp. one to carry off fumes from a tunnel, underground passage, etc. 2. either of two nostrils or spiracles, or a single one, at the top ...
blowing
/bloh"ing/, n. 1. the sound of any vapor or gas issuing from a vent under pressure. 2. Metall. a disturbance caused by gas or steam blowing through molten metal. 3. Also called ...
blowing engine
Machine for pumping air into a furnace. Bellows driven by a waterwheel were the earliest form of blowing engine, later replaced by reciprocating pumps driven by steam or gas ...
blowiron
/bloh"uy'euhrn/, n. blowpipe (def. 2). [BLOW2 + IRON] * * *
blowjob
blow·job (blōʹjŏb') n. Vulgar Slang The act or an instance of fellatio. * * *
blown
blown1 /blohn/, adj. 1. inflated; swollen; expanded: a blown stomach. 2. destroyed, melted, inoperative, misshapen, ruined, or spoiled: to replace a blown fuse; to dispose of ...
blown-molded
/blohn"mohl"did/, adj. (of plastic hollowware) made by blowing and shaping in a mold; mold-blown. Also, blow-molded, blown-mold. Cf. free-blown. * * *
blown-up
/blohn"up"/, adj. 1. (of a picture, photograph, image, etc.) enlarged. 2. damaged or destroyed by demolition, explosion, etc.: blown-up bridges. 3. (of a ball, balloon, etc.) ...
blowoff
/bloh"awf', -of'/, n. 1. a current of escaping surplus steam, water, etc.: The safety valve released a violent blowoff from the furnace. 2. a device that permits and channels ...
blowout
/bloh"owt'/, n. 1. a sudden bursting or rupture of an automobile tire. 2. a sudden or violent escape of air, steam, or the like. 3. a hollow formed in a region of shifting sands ...
blowpipe
/bloh"puyp'/, n. 1. a tube through which a stream of air or gas is forced into a flame to concentrate and increase its heating action. 2. Also called blow-iron, blowtube. Glass ...
blowpipe analysis
blowpipe analysis n. a type of chemical analysis in which the intensely hot flame of a blowpipe vaporizes a mineral or other substance with a characteristically colored flame and ...
blowsy
—blowsily, adv. /blow"zee/, adj., blowsier, blowsiest. blowzy. * * *
blowtorch
/bloh"tawrch'/, n. 1. a small portable apparatus that gives an extremely hot gasoline flame intensified by a blast, used esp. in metalworking. v.t. 2. to weld, burn, or ignite ...
blowtube
/bloh"toohb', -tyoohb'/, n. 1. blowgun. 2. blowpipe (def. 2). [1870-75; BLOW2 + TUBE] * * *
blowup
/bloh"up'/, n. 1. an explosion. 2. a violent argument, outburst of temper, or the like, esp. one resulting in estrangement. 3. Also, blow-up. an enlargement of a ...
blowy
—blowiness, n. /bloh"ee/, adj., blowier, blowiest. 1. windy: a chill, blowy day. 2. easily blown about: flimsy, blowy curtain material. [1820-30; BLOW2 + -Y1] * * *


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