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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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Boffrand, Germain
▪ French architect born May 7, 1667, Nantes, Fr. died March 18, 1754, Paris       French architect noted for the great variety, quantity, and quality of his ...
Bofors gun
/boh"fawrz, -fawrs/ 1. a 40-millimeter automatic gun used chiefly as an antiaircraft weapon. 2. two such guns mounted and fired together as one unit. [1935-40; named after ...
Boforsgun
Bo·fors gun (bōʹfôrz', bo͞oʹ-) n. An automatic antiaircraft gun based on a Swedish design and having a caliber of 37 or 44 millimeters.   [After Bofors, a city of ...
bog
bog1 —boggish, adj. /bog, bawg/, n., v., bogged, bogging. n. 1. wet, spongy ground with soil composed mainly of decayed vegetable matter. 2. an area or stretch of such ...
bog asphodel
any of several plants of the genus Narthecium, of the lily family, having yellowish flowers and growing in boggy places. [1880-85] * * *
bog body
Any of an informal collection of some 700 variously preserved human remains found over the past 200 years in natural peat bogs, mostly in western Europe. The bodies, including ...
bog hole
Phys. Geog. a land-surface depression occupied by waterlogged soil and spongy vegetative material that cannot bear the weight of large animals. [1780-90] * * *
bog iron ore
Iron ore consisting of hydrated iron oxide minerals such as limonite and goethite formed by precipitation of groundwater flowing into wetlands. Bacterial action contributes to ...
bog moss.
See peat moss. [1775-85] * * *
bog myrtle.
See sweet gale. [1880-85] * * *
bog oak
oak or other wood preserved in peat bogs. Also called bogwood. [1855-60] * * *
bog rosemary
either of two low-growing shrubs, Andromeda glaucophylla or A. polifolia, of the heath family, having narrow evergreen leaves and clusters of pink or white flowers. * * * ▪ ...
bog spavin
Vet. Pathol. See under spavin (def. 1). [1625-35] * * *
bog turtle
a small turtle, Clemmys muhlenbergi, inhabiting swamps and slow, muddy-bottomed streams in scattered areas from New York to North Carolina. * * *
bog-iron ore
/bog"uy'euhrn, bawg"-/, Mineral. a deposit of impure limonite formed in low, wet areas. Also called bog ore. [1780-90] * * *
Bogalusa
/boh'geuh looh"seuh/, n. a city in SE Louisiana. 16,976. * * * ▪ Louisiana, United States       city, Washington parish, southeastern Louisiana, U.S., at the northern ...
bogan
/boh"geuhn/, n. Northern Maine and Canadian (chiefly Maritimes and Northern New Brunswick). 1. a backwater, usually narrow and tranquil. 2. any narrow stretch of ...
Bogan
/boh gan", boh"geuhn/, n. Louise, 1897-1970, U.S. poet. * * *
Bogan, Louise
▪ American poet and literary critic born August 11, 1897, Livermore Falls, Maine, U.S. died February 4, 1970, New York, New York       American poet and literary critic ...
Bogan,Louise
Bo·gan (bōʹgən), Louise. 1897-1970. American poet whose subtle, spare works are metaphysical in tone. * * *
Boganda, Barthélemy
▪ Central African politician born April 4, 1910, Bobangui, Moyen-Congo, French Equatorial Africa [now in Central African Republic] died March 29, 1959, near ...
Bogarde
(1920–99) an English actor. He first became well known in the 1950s in a series of British comedy films about medical students, and later worked in more serious films, many of ...
Bogarde, Sir Dirk
orig. Derek Niven van den Bogaerde born March 28, 1921, London, Eng. died May 8, 1999, London British actor. The son of a Dutch-born art critic, he made his stage debut in ...
Bogardus, James
▪ American inventor born March 14, 1800, Catskill, N.Y., U.S. died April 13, 1874, New York City       inventor and builder who popularized cast- (cast iron) iron ...
Bogart
/boh"gahrt/, n. Humphrey (DeForest) ("Bogey"), 1900-57, U.S. motion-picture actor. * * *
Bogart, Humphrey
▪ American actor in full  Humphrey DeForest Bogart  born Dec. 25, 1899, New York, New York, U.S. died Jan. 14, 1957, Hollywood, California  American actor who became a ...
Bogart, Humphrey (DeForest)
born Dec. 25, 1899, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 14, 1957, Hollywood, Calif. U.S. actor. He had minor roles on the stage and in Hollywood before winning success on Broadway ...
Bogart,Humphrey DeForest
Bo·gart (bōʹgärt), Humphrey DeForest. 1899-1957. American actor who played reticent, tough, but ultimately kind-hearted heroes in films such as Casablanca (1942) and The ...
bogasphodel
bog asphodel or bog-as·pho·del (bôgʹăsʹfə-dĕl', bŏgʹ-) n. Any of several perennial herbs of the genus Narthecium in the lily family, native to boggy areas in northern ...
bogatyr
▪ literature       one of a group of heroes of the Russian folk epics known as byliny (bylina). The duty of the bogatyrs was to protect the Russian land against foreign ...
Boğazköy
or Boğazkale Village, north-central Turkey. Located about 90 mi (145 km) east of Ankara, it is on the ruins of the ancient Hittite capital of Hattushash. The site contains ...
bogbean
/bog"been', bawg"-/, n. See buck bean. [1785-95; BOG1 + BEAN] * * *
Bogd Gegeen Khan
flourished 1911–24, Urga [Ulaanbaatar] "Living Buddha" of the Yellow Hat (Dge-lugs-pa) sect. In 1911 he proclaimed Mongolia independent of China, though true independence was ...
Bogdanovich, Peter
▪ American film director born July 30, 1939, Kingston, New York, U.S.       U.S. film director noted for his attempts to revitalize film genres of the 1930s and ...
bogey
bogey1 /boh"gee/; for 2 also /boog"ee, booh"gee/, n., pl. bogeys, v., bogeyed, bogeying. n. 1. Golf. a. a score of one stroke over par on a hole. b. par (def. 4). 2. bogy1 (defs. ...
bogey-hole
/boh"gee hohl'/, n. Australian. a swimming hole. * * *
bogeyman
/boog"ee man', boh"gee-, booh"-/, n., pl. bogeymen. an imaginary evil character of supernatural powers, esp. a mythical hobgoblin supposed to carry off naughty children. Also, ...
bogginess
See bog. * * *
boggle
boggle1 —bogglingly, adv. /bog"euhl/, v., boggled, boggling, n. v.t. 1. to overwhelm or bewilder, as with the magnitude, complexity, or abnormality of: The speed of light ...
boggler
/bog"leuhr/, n. something, as an amazing fact, puzzle, or riddle, that astounds or defeats: The puzzle was a real boggler. [1600-10; BOGGLE1 + -ER1] * * *
Boggs, Phil
▪ American athlete born Dec. 29, 1949, Akron, Ohio, U.S. died July 4, 1990, Miami, Fla.       American diver who won a gold medal in springboard diving at the 1976 ...
boggy
—bogginess, n. /bog"ee, baw"gee/, adj., boggier, boggiest. 1. containing or full of bogs: It was difficult walking through the boggy terrain. 2. wet and spongy: The ground is ...
Boghazköy
/boh'gahz kue"ee, -koy", boh'ahz-/, n. a village in N central Turkey: site of the ancient Hittite city of Hattusas. Also, Bogazköy, Boghazkeui /boh'gahz kue"ee/. * * *
boghead coal
/bog"hed'/ compact bituminous coal that burns brightly and yields large quantities of tar and oil upon distillation. [1935-40; named after Boghead, Scotland] * * *
boghole
bog hole n. A hole containing soft mud or quicksand. * * *
bogie
bogie1 /boh"gee/, n. 1. Auto. (on a truck) a rear-wheel assembly composed of four wheels on two axles, either or both driving axles, so mounted as to support the rear of the ...
bogle
/boh"geuhl, bog"euhl/, n. a bogy; specter. Also, boggle. [1495-1505; bog (var. of BUG bugbear) + -LE] * * *
Bognor Regis
▪ England, United Kingdom       parish, Arun district, administrative county of West Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England, on the English Channel ...
Bogomil
—Bogomilian, adj. —Bogomilism, n. /bog"euh mil/, n. a member of a dualistic sect, flourishing chiefly in Bulgaria in the Middle Ages, that rejected most of the Old Testament ...
bogong
/boh"gawng, -gong/, n. a dark-colored Australian moth, Agrostis infusa, used by Aborigines as food. [1830-35; earlier bugong, perh. < Ngayawung (Austral Aboriginal language of ...
Bogong, Mount
▪ mountain, Victoria, Australia       highest peak (6,516 feet [1,986 m]) of Victoria, Australia. It is in the Australian Alps, 150 miles (240 km) northeast of ...
Bogor
/boh"gawr/, n. a city on W Java, in Indonesia. 195,882. Former Dutch name, Buitenzorg. * * * ▪ Indonesia formerly  Buitenzorg   kotamadya (municipality), West Java (Jawa ...
Bogoraz, Vladimir Germanovich
▪ Soviet anthropologist pseudonym  N.A. Tan, or V.G. Tan   born April 27 [April 15, Old Style], 1865, Ovruch, Russia died May 10, 1936, on the way to ...
Bogorodsk
/bog'euh rotsk"/; Russ. /beuh gu rddawtsk"/, n. former name of Noginsk. * * *
Bogotá
/boh'geuh tah", boh"geuh tah'/; Sp. /baw'gaw tah"/, n. a city in and the capital of Colombia, in the central part. 2,855,065. * * * in full Capital District of Santafé de ...
Bogra
▪ Bangladesh formerly  Bagura   city, northwestern Bangladesh. It lies on the west bank of the Karatoya River, which is a tributary of the Jamuna River (the name of the ...
bogrosemary
bog rosemary n. Any of several evergreen shrubs of the genus Andromeda, having pink or white urn-shaped flowers grouped in nodding umbels. * * *
Bogside
an area of Londonderry(1), Northern Ireland, where mainly Roman Catholic people live. There have been many violent incidents between the two religious communities there during ...
bogspavin
bog spavin n. A condition in horses in which lymph collects in the hock joint, causing a puffy swelling. * * *
bogtrotter
/bog"trot'euhr, bawg"-/, n. 1. a person who lives among bogs. 2. Disparaging. a rural native or inhabitant of Ireland. [1675-85; BOG1 + TROTTER] * * *
bogue
bogue1 /bohg/, n. Gulf States. a bayou, stream, or waterway. [1805-15; ( < LaF) < Choctaw bok creek, stream, river] bogue2 /bohg/, v.i., bogued, boguing. Naut. (of a sailing ...
bogus
/boh"geuhs/, adj. 1. not genuine; counterfeit; spurious; sham. n. 2. Print., Journalism. matter set, by union requirement, by a compositor and later discarded, duplicating the ...
Bogusławski, Wojciech
born April 9, 1757, Glinna, Pol. died July 23, 1829, Warsaw Polish actor, director, and playwright. He joined the Polish National Theatre in Warsaw as an actor in 1778 and ...
bogwood
/bog"wood', bawg"-/, n. See bog oak. [1820-30; BOG1 + WOOD1] * * *
bogy
bogy1 /boh"gee/; for 1, 2 also /boog"ee, booh"gee/, n., pl. bogies. 1. a hobgoblin; evil spirit. 2. anything that haunts, frightens, annoys, or harasses. 3. something that ...
bogyman
/boog"ee man', boh"gee-, booh"-/, n., pl. bogymen. bogeyman. [1885-90; BOGY1 + MAN1] * * *
Bohai
/baw"huy"/, n. Pinyin. an arm of the Yellow Sea in NE China. Also, Pohai. Formerly, Gulf of Chihli. * * *
Bohea
/boh hee"/, n. an inferior grade of black tea. [1695-1705; < dial. Chin (Fujian) Bu-i, mountains on the border of Fujian and Jiangxi provinces, where the tea is grown] * * *
Bohemia
/boh hee"mee euh/, n. 1. Czech, Cechy. a region in the W Czech Republic: formerly a kingdom in central Europe; under Hapsburg rule 1526-1918. 10,291,927; 20,101 sq. mi. (52,060 ...
Bohemia-Moravia
/boh hee"mee euh maw ray"vee euh, -moh-, -meuh-/, n. a former German protectorate including Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-45. * * *
Bohemian
—Bohemianism, n. /boh hee"mee euhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Bohemia. 2. (usually l.c.) a person, as an artist or writer, who lives and acts free of regard for ...
Bohemian Brethren
a Christian denomination formed in Bohemia in 1467 from various Hussite groups, reorganized in 1722 as the Moravian Church. * * *
Bohemian Confession
▪ doctrinal statement Latin  Confessio Bohemica,         Protestant doctrinal statement formulated in Bohemia by the Czech Utraquists (moderate Hussites) in 1575 and ...
Bohemian Forest
a wooded mountain range in central Europe, on the boundary between the SW Czech Republic and SE Germany. Highest peak, Arber, 4780 ft. (1455 m). German, Böhmerwald. * * ...
Bohemian glass
Decorative glass made in Bohemia from the 13th century. In the early 17th century, Caspar Lehmann, gem cutter to Rudolf II in Prague, perfected the technique of gem engraving on ...
Bohemian Massif
▪ region, Europe       dissected quadrangular plateau, with an area of about 60,000 square miles (about 158,000 square km), occupying Bohemia, Czech Republic. Centring ...
Bohemian school
School of visual arts that flourished in and around Prague in the later 14th century. Charles IV attracted artists and scholars to Prague from all over Europe. French and ...
Bohemian waxwing.
See under waxwing. [1835-45] * * *
Bohemian-Moravian Highlands
▪ plateau, Czech Republic Czech  Českomoravská Vysočina , or  Vrchovina        plateau (125 miles [200 km] long and 35 to 50 miles wide) forming the southeastern ...
BohemianBrethren
Bohemian Brethren n. A religious society organized in the 15th century by the Hussites. * * *
BohemianForest
Bohemian Forest A mountain range along the border of southeast Germany and western Czech Republic. The region is known for its glassmaking and woodcarving. * * *
bohemianism
See bohemian. * * *
Bohemond I
orig. Marc born 1050–58 died March 5 or 7, 1109, probably Bari Prince of Otranto (1089–1109) and of Antioch (1098–1101, 1103–4). The son of a duke who held sway in ...
Bohemond II
▪ prince of Antioch born 1107 died February 1130       prince of Antioch from 1119 to 1130.       The son of Bohemond I and Constance of France, he went from ...
Bohemond III
▪ prince of Antioch byname  Bohemond the Child  or  the Stammerer , French dialect  Bohémond le Bambe  or  le Baube  born 1145 died 1201       prince of ...
Bohemond IV
▪ prince of Antioch byname  Bohemond the One-Eyed , French  Bohemond le Borgne  born c. 1175 died 1233       count of Tripoli (1187–1233) and prince of Antioch ...
Bohemond V
▪ prince of Antioch born c. 1198 died January 1252       prince of Antioch and count of Tripoli from 1233 to 1252.       The son of Bohemond IV by his wife ...
Bohemond VI
▪ prince of Antioch born 1237 died 1275       prince of Antioch (1252–68) and count of Tripoli (1252–75).       The son of Bohemond V by Luciana, he ...
Bohemond VII
▪ count of Tripoli died Oct. 19, 1287       count of Tripoli from 1275 to 1287.       The son of Bohemond VI by Sibyl, sister of Leo III of Armenia, he ...
Bohlen
/boh"lin/, n. Charles Eustis /yooh"stis/, ("Chip") 1904-74, U.S. diplomat. * * *
Bohlin, Nils
▪ 2003       Swedish aerospace engineer and inventor (b. July 17, 1920, Härnösand, Swed.—d. Sept. 21, 2002, Tranas, Swed.), developed the revolutionary three-point ...
Böhm
/buem/, n. 1. Dominikus /doh mee"nee koos'/, 1880-1955, German architect. 2. Jakob /yah"kawp/. See Böhme, Jakob. 3. Karl, 1894-1981, Austrian opera conductor. * * *
Bohm, David
▪ American physicist born Dec. 20, 1917, Wilkes-Barre, Penn., U.S. died Oct. 27, 1992, London, Eng.       American-born British theoretical physicist who developed a ...
Böhm, Georg
▪ German composer born Sept. 2, 1661, Hohenkirchen, Thuringia [Germany] died May 18, 1733, Lüneburg, Hanover       German composer known primarily for his keyboard ...
Böhm, Karl
born Aug. 28, 1894, Graz, Austria died Aug. 14, 1981, Salzburg Austrian conductor. Having risen from rehearsal pianist to chief conductor at the Graz Opera House, he was ...
Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von
▪ Austrian economist and statesman in full  Eugen, Knight (Ritter) von Böhm von Bawerk  born February 12, 1851, Brünn, Moravia, Austrian Empire [now Brno, Czech ...
Böhme
/bay"meuh, boh"-/; Ger. /bue"meuh/, n. Jakob /yah"kawp/, 1575-1624, German theosophist and mystic. Also, Behmen, Boehme, Böhm. * * *
Böhme, Jakob
born 1575, Altseidenberg, Saxony died Nov. 21, 1624, Görlitz German philosophical mystic. Originally a cobbler, Böhme had a religious experience in 1600 that he felt gave him ...
Böhme,Jakob
Böh·me also Boeh·me (bœʹmə) or Boehm (bœm), Jakob. 1575-1624. German theosophist and mystic whose works, including Mysterium Magnum (1623), describe evil as a necessary ...
Böhmer, Johann Friedrich
▪ German historian born April 22, 1795, Frankfurt am Main [Germany] died Oct. 22, 1863, Frankfurt am Main       historian known for his Regesta, an annotated collection ...
Böhmerwald
/bue"meuhrdd vahlt'/, n. German name of Bohemian Forest. * * *
boho
boho [bō′hō΄] Slang n. a BOHEMIAN (n. 4) adj. BOHEMIAN (adj. 2) * * *
Bohol
/baw hawl"/, n. an island in the S central Philippines. 806,013; 1492 sq. mi. (3864 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 2000: 1,137,268), Philippines. Located in the Visayan group ...
Bohol Sea
▪ sea, Pacific Ocean also called  Mindanao Sea,        section of the western North Pacific Ocean. Measuring about 170 miles (270 km) east–west, it is bounded by ...
Bohomolec, Franciszek
▪ Polish dramatist and linguist born January 29, 1720, near Vitebsk, Poland [now in Belarus] died April 24, 1784, Warsaw, Poland       Polish dramatist, linguist, and ...
Bohr
/bawr, bohr/; Dan. /bohrdd/, n. 1. Aage Niels /aw"geuh neels/, born 1922, Danish physicist: Nobel prize 1975 (son of Niels Bohr). 2. Niels Henrik David /neels hen"rddeek dav"id/, ...
Bohr atom.
Physics. See under Bohr theory. [1920-25; after N. BOHR] * * *
Bohr atomic model
▪ physics  description of the structure of atoms, especially that of hydrogen, proposed (1913) by the Danish physicist Niels Bohr (Bohr, Niels). The Bohr model of the atom, a ...
Bohr magneton
Physics. a unit that is used to indicate the magnetic moment of the electron structure in an atom, equal to 9.27 × 10-21 erg/gauss. Also called electronic Bohr ...
Bohr radius
Physics. (in the Bohr atom) the radius of the electron orbit having the lowest energy. Also called atomic unit of length. [1955-60; after N. BOHR] * * *
Bohr theory
Physics. a theory of atomic structure in which the hydrogen atom (Bohr atom) is assumed to consist of a proton as nucleus, with a single electron moving in distinct circular ...
Bohr, Aage N.
▪ Danish physicist in full  Aage Niels Bohr   born June 19, 1922, Copenhagen, Den.       Danish physicist who shared the 1975 Nobel Prize for Physics with Ben R. ...
Bohr, Harald August
▪ Danish mathematician born April 22, 1887, Copenhagen, Den. died Jan. 22, 1951, Copenhagen       Danish mathematician who devised a theory that concerned ...
Bohr, Niels
▪ Danish physicist Introduction in full  Niels Henrik David Bohr  born Oct. 7, 1885, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 18, 1962, Copenhagen  Danish physicist who was the first to ...
Bohr, Niels (Henrik David)
born Oct. 7, 1885, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 18, 1962, Copenhagen Danish physicist. He studied the structure of the atom with J.J. Thomson and Ernest Rutherford at the ...
Bohr,Niels Henrik David
Bohr (bôr, bōr), Niels Henrik David. 1885-1962. Danish physicist. He won a 1922 Nobel Prize for investigating atomic structure and radiations. His son Aage Niels Bohr (born ...
Bohrā
▪ Muslim sect also spelled  Bohorā,         in general, any Shīʿī Ismaʿīlī Muslim of the Mustaʿlī sect, living in western India. The name is a corruption of ...
Bohreffect
Bohr effect n. An effect by which an increase of carbon dioxide in the blood and a decrease in pH results in a reduction of the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen.   [After ...
bohrium
bohrium [bôr′ē əm] n. 〚ModL, after Niels BOHR Niels (Henrik David) + -IUM〛 a radioactive chemical element with a very short half-life: a transactinide produced by ...
Bohrtheory
Bohr theory n. An early model of atomic structure in which electrons travel around the nucleus in a number of discrete stable orbits determined by quantum conditions.   [After ...
Böhtlingk, Otto von
▪ Russian linguist born June 11 [May 30, old style], 1815, St. Petersburg, Russian Empire died April 1, 1904, Leipzig       language scholar and lexicographer whose ...
bohunk
/boh"hungk'/, n. 1. Slang (disparaging and offensive). an unskilled or semiskilled foreign-born laborer, esp. from east central or southeastern Europe. Cf. hunky2. 2. a rough, ...
Bohuslän
▪ province, Sweden       traditional landskap (province), southwestern Sweden, on the Norwegian border, with the provinces of Dalsland and Västergötland to the ...
Boian
▪ anthropology       Neolithic culture (c. 8th–4th century BC) centred in what is now southern Romania; it was characterized by terrace settlements, consisting at ...
Boiardo
/boy ahr"doh/; It. /baw yahrdd"daw/, n. Matteo Maria /mah tay"oh meuh ree"euh/; It. /maht te"aw mah rddee"ah/, 1434-94, Italian poet. Also, Bojardo. * * *
Boiardo, Matteo Maria, Conte Di Scandiano
▪ Italian poet born May 1440/41, Scandiano, Papal States died Dec. 19, 1494, Reggio nell'Emilia       poet whose Orlando innamorato, the first poem to combine elements ...
Boiardo,Matteo Maria
Bo·iar·do (boi-ärʹdō, bō-yärʹ-), Matteo Maria. 1440?-1494. Italian lyric poet known for his unfinished romantic epic Orlando Innamorato (1487). * * *
Boie, Heinrich Christian
▪ German poet and editor born July 19, 1744, Meldorf, Holstein died March 3, 1806, Meldorf       German poet and editor, chiefly noted as a founder of literary ...
Boieldieu
/bwann el dyue"/, n. François Adrien /frddahonn swann" ann drddee aonn"/, 1775-1834, French composer. * * *
Boieldieu, (François-) Adrien
born Dec. 16, 1775, Rouen, France died Oct. 8, 1834, Jarsy French composer. Well known as a concert pianist, he taught piano at the Paris Conservatoire from 1798. His early ...
Boieldieu, François-Adrien
▪ French composer born Dec. 16, 1775, Rouen, France died Oct. 8, 1834, Jarsy  composer who helped transform the French opéra comique (opéra-comique) into a more serious ...
Boii
▪ people       a Celtic tribe, one section of which settled in Cisalpine Gaul around Bononia (Bologna, Italy) and another in what was later Bohemia, to which it gave its ...
boil
boil1 /boyl/, v.i. 1. to change from a liquid to a gaseous state, producing bubbles of gas that rise to the surface of the liquid, agitating it as they rise. 2. to reach or be ...
boil-in-bag
/boyl"in bag'/, adj. of or being a prepared, often frozen, food sealed and sold in a plastic bag that is immersed in boiling water until the contents are cooked or heated for ...
boil-off
/boyl"awf', -of'/, n. 1. Rocketry. any vapor loss from the oxidizer or fuel in a rocket during countdown. 2. Also called boiling-off /boy"ling awf", -of"/. Textiles. a. the ...
boil-over
/boyl"oh'veuhr/, n. Australian and New Zealand Slang. an unexpected result. [n. use of v. phrase boil over] * * *
boilable
/boy"leuh beuhl/, adj. 1. suitable or recommended for boiling: a diet of vegetables, rice, and other boilable foods. 2. (of sealed plastic bags or pouches) leakproof and ...
Boileau
Boileau [bwȧ lō′] Nicolas [nē kō̂ lä′] 1636-1711; Fr. critic & poet: in full Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux [dā prā ō′] * * *
Boileau (-Despréaux), Nicolas
born Nov. 1, 1636, Paris, France died March 13, 1711, Paris French poet and literary critic. His L'Art poétique (1674), a didactic treatise in verse setting out rules of ...
Boileau, Nicolas
▪ French author born Nov. 1, 1636, Paris died March 13, 1711, Paris       poet and leading literary critic in his day, known for his influence in upholding classical ...
Boileau-Despréaux
/bwann loh"de prdday oh"/, n. Nicolas /nee kaw lah"/, 1636-1711, French critic and poet. * * *
Boileau-Despréaux,Nicolas
Boi·leau-Des·pré·aux (bwä-lōʹdĕ-prā-ōʹ), Nicolas. 1636-1711. French critic and poet whose Art of Poetry (1674), a treatise in verse, is a summation of the rules and ...
boiled
/boyld/, adj. Slang. drunk. [1795-1805; BOIL1 + -ED2] * * *
boiled dinner
Northern and North Midland U.S. a meal of meat and vegetables, as of corned beef, cabbage, and potatoes, prepared by boiling. Also called New England boiled dinner. [1795-1805, ...
boiled dressing
a cooked salad dressing thickened with egg yolks and often containing mustard. * * *
boiled oil
Chem. any oil, as linseed oil, heated together with driers to improve its drying properties. [1855-60] * * *
boiled shirt
a formal or semiformal dress shirt with a starched front. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
boiled sweet
Brit. See hard candy. * * *
boiler
—boilerless, adj. /boy"leuhr/, n. 1. a closed vessel or arrangement of vessels and tubes, together with a furnace or other heat source, in which steam or other vapor is ...
boiler horsepower
a unit of measurement of the ability of a boiler to evaporate water, usually given as the ability to evaporate 341/2 lb. (15.6 kg) of water an hour, into dry saturated steam from ...
boiler room
—boiler-room, adj. 1. a room in a building, ship, etc., that houses one or more steam boilers. 2. Slang. a. a place where illicit brokers engage in high-pressure selling, over ...
boiler suit
Chiefly Brit. coveralls. Also, boilersuit. [1925-30] * * *
boilermaker
/boy"leuhr may'keuhr/, n. 1. a person employed to make and repair boilers or other heavy metal items. 2. whiskey with beer as a chaser. [1860-65; BOILER + MAKER] * * *
boilerplate
/boy"leuhr playt'/, n. 1. plating of iron or steel for making the shells of boilers, covering the hulls of ships, etc. 2. Journalism. a. syndicated or ready-to-print copy, used ...
boilerroom
boiler room n. 1. An area, as in a building or on a ship, that houses one or more steam boilers or hot-water tanks. 2. Informal. A room staffed with telemarketers who use illegal ...
boiling
—boilingly, adv. /boy"ling/, adj. 1. having reached the boiling point; steaming or bubbling up under the action of heat: boiling water. 2. fiercely churning or swirling: the ...
boiling point
1. Physics, Chem. the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the pressure of the atmosphere on the liquid, equal to 212°F (100°C) for water at sea ...
Boiling points (C) of saturated heterocycles and corresponding carbocycles
▪ Table Boiling points (°C) of saturated heterocycles and corresponding carbocycles type of heteroatom ring size number (and position) of heteroatoms N (as ...
Boiling points of alkenes and alkynes
▪ Table Boiling points of alkenes and alkynes name formula boiling point (°C) ethylene CH2 d;CH2 −103.7 acetylene HC≡CH −84.0 propene CH2 ...
boilingpoint
boiling point n. 1. Abbr. bp The temperature at which a liquid boils at a fixed pressure, especially under standard atmospheric conditions. 2. Informal. a. The point at which ...
Boilly, Louis-Léopold
▪ French painter born July 5, 1761, La Bassée, France died January 4, 1845, Paris  prolific painter known for his genre scenes of Parisian life and society during the ...
boiloff
boil·off (boilʹôf', -ŏf') n. The vaporization of liquid, such as rocket fuel. * * *
boilover
/boyl"oh'veuhr/, n. the act or fact of boiling over: an automatic burner control that eliminates boilovers. [n. use of v. phrase boil over] * * *
Boina
▪ historical kingdom, Madagascar       short-lived kingdom of the Sakalava people in western Madagascar. The Sakalava, who originated in southern Madagascar, migrated ...
boing
boing [boiŋ] n. 〚echoic〛 a sound suggesting a reverberation or vibration, as of a rebounding metal spring * * *
boink
boink (boingk) Vulgar Slang v. boinked, boink·ing, boinks v. tr. To have sexual intercourse with. v. intr. To engage in sexual intercourse.   [From boink, imitative of ...
Bois
(as used in expressions) Bois de Boulogne coureur de bois Du Bois William Edward Burghardt François du Bois * * *
bois brûlé
/bwah" brooh lay"/; Fr. /bwah brddyuu lay"/, pl. bois brûlés /bwah" brooh layz"/; Fr. /bwah brddyuu lay"/, Canadian. métis (def. 2). [ < F: lit., burnt wood] * * *
bois d'arc
/boh" dahrk'/, pl. bois d'arcs, bois d'arc. Louisiana French. See Osage orange (def. 1). [1795-1805, Amer.; < LaF: lit., bow wood] * * *
Bois de Boulogne
/bwah" deuh booh lohn"/; Fr. /bwahdeu booh lawn"yeu/ a park W of Paris, France. 2095 acres (850 hectares). * * * Park, west of Paris, France. In a loop of the Seine River, it ...
bois de rose oil
/bwah/. See rosewood oil. [1930-35; < F bois de rose rosewood] * * *
bois de vache
/bwah' deuh vash"/ dried buffalo dung, used as fuel by Canadian and U.S. fur trappers in the 18th and 19th centuries. [1835-45, Amer.; < Prairie CanF: lit., buffalo wood (vache ...
Bois-le-Duc
/bwah leuh dyuuk"/, n. French name of 's Hertogenbosch. * * *
Boisbriand
Fr. /bwah brddee ahonn"/, n. a town in S Quebec, in E Canada, near Montreal. 13,471. * * *
Boisde Boulogne
Bois de Bou·logne (bwä' də bo͞o-lōnʹ, -lônʹyə) A park in Paris, France, bordering on the suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine. A popular recreation area since the 17th century, ...
boisde rose
bois de rose (bwä' də rōzʹ) n. A grayish red.   [French, rosewood : bois, wood + de, of + rose, rose.] * * *
Boise
/boy"zee/ or, esp. locally, /-see/, n. a city in and the capital of Idaho, in the SW part: built on the site of an army post on the Oregon Trail. 102,451. * * * City (pop., ...
Boise National Forest
▪ park, Idaho, United States       large area of evergreen coniferous forest in southwestern Idaho, U.S., located north and east of Boise. Established in 1908, it has ...
Boise River
▪ river, Idaho, United States       watercourse, southwestern Idaho, U.S., formed by the confluence of the Middle Fork and North Fork branches, southeast of Idaho City ...
Boise State University
▪ university, Boise, Idaho, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Boise, Idaho, U.S. The university comprises eight colleges, ...
boiserie
/bwah zeuh ree"/, n. sculptured paneling, esp. that of French architecture in the 18th century. [1825-35; < F: wainscot, equiv. to bois wood + -erie -ERY] * * *
Boisguillebert, Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de
▪ French economist born 1646, Rouen, France died 1714, Rouen       French economist who was a precursor of the Physiocrats and an advocate of economic and fiscal ...
Boismortier, Joseph Bodin de
▪ French composer born Dec. 23, 1689, Thionville, France died Oct. 28, 1755, Roissy-en-Brie       prolific French composer of instrumental and vocal music. He spent his ...
Boisrobert, François Le Métel, seigneur de
▪ French dramatist born 1589, Caen, France died March 30, 1662, Paris       prolific French dramatist, irreligious churchman, and founding member of the French ...
boisterous
—boisterously, adv. —boisterousness, n. /boy"steuhr euhs, -streuhs/, adj. 1. rough and noisy; noisily jolly or rowdy; clamorous; unrestrained: the sound of boisterous ...
boisterously
See boisterous. * * *
boisterousness
See boisterously. * * *
Boitano, Brian
▪ American figure skater born October 22, 1963, Sunnyvale, California, U.S.       American figure skater (figure skating) who won multiple U.S. national and world ...
boîte
/bwaht/; Fr. /bwannt/, n., pl. boîtes /bwahts/; Fr. /bwannt/. a nightclub; cabaret. [ < F: box; OF boiste < VL *buxita, for LL buxida, formation based on L pyxis box (see PYX), ...
boîte de nuit
/bwannt deuh nwee"/, pl. boîtes de nuit /bwannt deuh nwee"/. French. boîte. * * *
Boito
/boy"toh/; It. /baw"ee taw/, n. Arrigo /euh ree"goh/; It. /ahrdd rddee"gaw/, 1842-1918, Italian opera composer, poet, and novelist. * * *
Boito, Arrigo
orig. Enrico Giuseppe Giovanni Boito born Feb. 24, 1842, Padua, Lombardy-Venetia died June 10, 1918, Milan, Italy Italian composer and librettist. As a composer, he is ...
Boito,Arrigo
Bo·i·to (bōʹē-tō'), Arrigo. 1842-1918. Italian composer, librettist, and writer best known for his romantic opera Mefistofele (1868). * * *
Bojador, Cape
Cape, West Africa. It extends into the Atlantic Ocean off Western Sahara south of the Canary Islands. After 1434 the Portuguese began exploiting the region, particularly for ...
Bojardo
/boy ahr"doh/; It. /baw yahrdd"daw/, n. Matteo Maria /mah tay"oh meuh ree"euh/; It. /maht te"aw mah rddee"ah/. See Boiardo, Matteo Maria. * * *
Bojer
/boy"euhr/, n. Johan /yoh"hahn/; Nor. /yoh hahn", yoo-/, 1872-1959, Norwegian novelist and playwright. * * *
Bojer, Johan
▪ Norwegian novelist born March 6, 1872, Orkesdalsøren, near Trondheim, Norway died July 3, 1959, Oslo  Norwegian novelist, internationally popular in the 1920s because his ...
Bojo Guksa
▪ Korean priest secular name Chi-nui born 1158, Korea died 1210, Korea       Buddhist priest who founded the Chogye-jong (Chogye Sect), now one of the largest Buddhist ...
Bok
/bok/, n. Edward William, 1863-1930, U.S. editor and writer, born in the Netherlands. * * *
bok choy
/bok" choy"/ 1. an Asian plant, Brassica rapa chinensis, of the mustard family, having a loose cluster of edible, dark-green leaves on white stalks. 2. the leaves and stalks of ...
Bok globule
/bok/, Astron. a dense spherical cloud of gas and dust in interstellar space that absorbs light from stars. Also called globule. [1975-80; after Bart J. Bok (b. 1906), American ...
Bok, Bart J
▪ American astronomer born , April 28, 1906, Hoorn, Neth. died Aug. 7, 1983, Tucson, Ariz., U.S.       Dutch-born American astronomer known for his work on the ...
Bok, Edward
▪ American editor in full  Edward William Bok  born , October 9, 1863, Den Helder, Netherlands died January 9, 1930, Lake Wales, Florida, U.S.  innovative American editor ...
Bok, Edward (William)
born Oct. 9, 1863, Den Helder, Neth. died Jan. 9, 1930, Lake Wales, Fla., U.S. Dutch-born U.S. editor. Raised in a poor immigrant family in Brooklyn, N.Y., Bok pursued a career ...
Bokaro
▪ India in full  Bokaro Steel City        city and metropolitan area, north-central Jharkhand state, northeastern India. It lies along the Damodar River, just west ...
Bokassa, Jean-Bédel
or Bokassa I born Feb. 22, 1921, Bobangui [Central African Republic] died Nov. 3, 1996, Bangui, Central African Republic President of the Central African Republic (1966–77) ...
bokchoy
bok choy also pak choi (bŏkʹ choiʹ) Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. A Chinese vegetable (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis) in ...
Boké
▪ Guinea       town and port located in western Guinea. It lies along the Nuñez River, near the Atlantic coast. The country's most important bauxite-producing area ...
Bokenam, Osbern
▪ English author Bokenam also spelled  Bokenham   born Oct. 6, 1393?, Old Buckenham?, Norfolk, Eng. died c. 1447       English poet and friar best known as the ...
Bokhara
—Bokharan, adj. /boh kahr"euh/; Russ. /booh khah"rddeuh/, n. Bukhara. * * *
Bokhara clover.
See white melilot. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
Bokhara rug
a Turkoman rug having a tan or red background and decorated with varied octagon patterns. Also, Bukhara rug. * * *
Bokmål
/book"mawl/, n. a literary form of Norwegian, derived from the Danish writing of urban Norwegians: one of the two official forms of written Norwegian. Also called Dano-Norwegian, ...
Bokn Fjord
Inlet of the North Sea, Norway. Located north of Stavanger, a commercial center for offshore oil drilling, it is about 35 mi (56 km) long and 10–15 mi (16–24 km) wide. Its ...
Bokna Fjord
▪ fjord, Norway Norwegian  Boknafjorden,        inlet of the North Sea in southwestern Norway. At its mouth, between the southern tip of Karm Island and the northern ...
Boksburg
/boks"berrg/, n. a city in Transvaal, NE South Africa. 104,745. * * * ▪ South Africa       town and diversified industrial and mining centre, Gauteng province, South ...
bokuseki
▪ calligraphy (Japanese: “ink trace”),Chinese  (Wade-Giles romanization) Mo-chi,  or (Pinyin)  Moji,         calligraphic style of the Buddhist sects known as ...
Bol
Bol abbrev. Bolivia * * *
Bol.
Bolivia. * * *
bol.
(in prescriptions) bolus. * * *
bola
/boh"leuh/, n., pl. bolas /-leuhz/. 1. Also, bolas. a weapon consisting of two or more heavy balls secured to the ends of one or more strong cords, hurled by the Indians and ...
bola tie.
See bolo tie. Also called bola. * * *
Bolama
▪ Guinea-Bissau       port town located on the northeast side of Bolama Island, Guinea-Bissau. Bolama Island and town lie between mainland Guinea and the Bijagós ...
Bolan Pass
/boh lahn"/ a mountain pass in W Pakistan. ab. 60 mi. (97 km) long. * * * ▪ valley, Pakistan       important natural gateway through the Central Brāhui Range in ...
Boland, Eavan
▪ Irish poet and literary critic in full  Eavan Aisling Boland   born Sept. 24, 1944, Dublin, Ire.       Irish poet and literary critic whose expressive verse ...
BolanPass
Bo·lan Pass also Bho·lan Pass (bō-länʹ) A mountain pass of western Pakistan at an altitude of 1,793.4 m (5,880 ft). The strategic pass has long been a gateway to India. * ...
bolar
/boh"leuhr/, adj. of or pertaining to bole or clay. [1670-80; BOLE2 + -AR1] * * *
bolas
/boh"leuhs/, n., pl. bolas /boh"leuhz/, bolases /boh"leuh siz/. (used with a sing. v.) bola (def. 1). * * *
bolatie
bola tie n. Variant of bolo tie. * * *
Bolcom, William
▪ American composer in full  William Elden Bolcom   born May 26, 1938, Seattle, Wash., U.S.    American composer, pianist, and teacher whose compositions encompass many ...
bold
—boldly, adv. —boldness, n. /bohld/, adj., bolder, boldest. 1. not hesitating or fearful in the face of actual or possible danger or rebuff; courageous and daring: a bold ...
Bold and the Beautiful
a soap opera shown on CBS in the US and also shown in many other countries. It started in 1997 and is about the lives of several rich and powerful families in Los Angeles, ...
bold-faced
—bold-facedly /bohld"fay'sid lee, -fayst'-/, adv. —bold-facedness, n. /bohld"fayst'/, adj. 1. impudent; brazen: He had the bold-faced effrontery to ask for a raise. 2. Print. ...
Bolden
/bohl"deuhn/, n. Charles ("Buddy"), 1868?-1931, U.S. cornet player: early pioneer in jazz. * * *
Bolden, Buddy
▪ American musician byname of  Charles Joseph Bolden   born Sept. 6, 1877, New Orleans, La., U.S. died Nov. 4, 1931, Jackson, La.       cornetist and founding father ...
boldface
/bohld"fays'/, n., adj., v., boldfaced, boldfacing. Print. n. 1. type or print that has thick, heavy lines, used for emphasis, headings, etc. adj. 2. typeset or printed in ...
boldfaced
boldfaced [bōld′fāst΄] adj. 1. impudent or forward in manner 2. BOLDFACE * * *
boldhearted
—boldheartedly, adv. —boldheartedness, n. /bohld"hahr"tid/, adj. courageous or daring; intrepid. [BOLD + HEARTED] * * *
boldly
See bold. * * *
boldness
See boldly. * * *
boldo
/bol"doh/, n., pl. boldos. a Chilean evergreen tree, Peumus boldus, cultivated in California for its aromatic foliage. [1710-20; < AmerSp < Araucanian voldo] * * *
Boldogasszony
▪ patron saint of Hungary also called  Nagyboldogasszony        the Hungarian equivalent of the Beata Virgo (Latin: “Blessed Virgin”), referring to the Virgin ...
Boldrewood, Rolf
▪ Australian writer pseudonym of  Thomas (Alexander) Browne  born Aug. 6, 1826, London, Eng. died March 11, 1915, Melbourne, Vic., Australia       romantic novelist ...
bole
bole1 /bohl/, n. Bot. the stem or trunk of a tree. [1275-1325; ME < ON bolr trunk (of a tree), torso; see BULWARK] bole2 /bohl/, n. 1. any of a variety of soft, unctuous clays of ...
bolection
—bolectioned, adj. /boh lek"sheuhn/, n. Archit., Furniture. a raised molding, esp. one having flat edges and a raised center, for framing a panel, doorway, fireplace, ...
bolero
/beuh lair"oh, boh-/, n., pl. boleros. 1. a lively Spanish dance in triple meter. 2. the music for this dance. 3. a jacket ending above or at the waistline, with or without ...
Boleslav I
▪ prince of Bohemia byname  Boleslav the Cruel , Czech  Boleslav Krutý  died July 15, 967       Přemyslid prince of Bohemia from 929, who established the basis of ...
Boleslav II
▪ prince of Bohemia byname  Boleslav the Pious , Czech  Boleslav Pobožný  died Feb. 7, 999       prince of Bohemia (967 [or 973]–999), the son and successor of ...
Boleslav III
▪ prince of Bohemia byname  Boleslav the Red  or  Boleslav the Blind , Czech  Boleslav Ryšavý , or  Boleslav Slepý  died 1037       prince of Bohemia 999 to ...
Bolesław I
▪ king of Poland byname  Bolesław the Brave,  Polish  Bolesław Chrobry  born 966/967 died June 17, 1025       duke (from 992) and then (from 1024) first king of ...
Bolesław II
▪ king of Poland byname  Bolesław the Bold  or  Bolesław the Generous , Polish  Bolesław Śmiały  or  Bolesław Szczodry   born 1039 died 1081       duke ...
Bolesław III
▪ prince of Poland byname  Bolesław the Wry-Mouthed , Polish  Bolesław Krzywousty  born Aug. 20, 1085 died Oct. 28, 1138       prince of Poland who introduced ...
Bolesławski, Richard
▪ American director Bolesławski also spelled  Boleslavski , original name  Rysard Śrzednicki  born Feb. 4, 1889, Warsaw, Pol. died Jan. 17, 1937, Los Angeles, Calif., ...
Boletaceae
▪ family of fungi       a family of fungi of the order Boletales (phylum Basidiomycota, kingdom Fungi), in which the fruiting structures bear pores rather than gills (as ...
Boletales
▪ fungus order       a diverse order of fungi in the class Agaricomycetes (phylum Basidiomycota, kingdom Fungi) that includes some boletes, earthballs, puffballs, and ...
bolete
bolete [bō lēt′] n. 〚see BOLETUS〛 any of a family (Boletaceae) of pore-fungus, agaric mushrooms, often edible * * *
boletic acid
/boh lee"tik/, Chem. See fumaric acid. [1810-20; BOLET(US) + -IC] * * *
boletus
/boh lee"teuhs/, n., pl. boletuses, boleti /-tuy/. any mushroomlike fungus of the genus Boletus, having an easily separable layer of tubes on the underside of the cap or ...
Boleyn
/bool"in, boo lin"/, n. Anne, 1507-36, second wife of Henry VIII of England: mother of Queen Elizabeth I. * * *
Boleyn,Anne
Bol·eyn (bo͝olʹĭn, bo͝o-lĭnʹ), Anne. 1507-1536. Queen of England (1533-1536) as the second wife of Henry VIII. The mother of Elizabeth I, she produced no male heir and ...
Bolgary
▪ Russia formerly  Bolgar, Bulgar, or Bolgary Velikie,         ancient city and capital of the medieval state of Bolgariya Volga-Kama. The ruins of medieval Bolgary ...
Bolgatanga
▪ Ghana  town, northern Ghana, on the Great North Road. Much of the town is a dispersed settlement of mud-walled compounds, each surrounded by fields and spread over an area ...
Bolger
/bohl"jeuhr/, n. James Brendan, born 1935, prime minister of New Zealand since 1990. * * *
Bolger, James Brendan
▪ prime minister of New Zealand born May 31, 1935, Opunake, North Island, New Zealand       New Zealand farmer and politician who served as prime minister of New ...
Bolger,Ray
Bol·ger (bōlʹjər), Ray. 1904-1987. American dancer and actor best known for his performance as the scarecrow in The Wizard of Oz (1939). * * *


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