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Bonds, Barry
in full Barry Lamar Bonds born July 24, 1964, Riverside, Calif. U.S. baseball player. Bonds was a college All-American at Arizona State University. A left-handed power hitter ...
Bonds, Bobby Lee
▪ 2004       American baseball player (b. March 15, 1946, Riverside, Calif.—d. Aug. 23, 2003, San Carlos, Calif.), was one of the first players in Major League ...
bondservant [bänd′sʉr΄vənt] n. 1. a person bound to service without pay 2. a slave * * * bond·ser·vant (bŏndʹsûr'vənt) n. 1. A person obligated to service without ...
/bond"slayv'/, n. a person held in bondage. [1555-65; BOND2 + SLAVE] * * *
bondsman1 /bondz"meuhn/, n., pl. bondsmen. Law. a person who by bond becomes surety for another. [1725-35; bond's man man of the bond, i.e., its signer; see BOND1, 'S1, ...
/bond"stohn'/, n. a stone, as a perpend, for bonding facing masonry to a masonry backing. [1835-45; BOND1 + STONE] * * *
bondswoman1 /bondz"woom'euhn/, n., pl. bondswomen. Law. a woman who is bound or who by bond becomes surety for another. [1605-15; bond's woman woman of the bond, i.e., its ...
/bon"duk/, n. a semitropical tree, Caesalpinia bonducella, of the legume family, the decorative seeds of which are used for jewelry and rosaries. [‡1940-45; < F < Ar bunduq ...
/bond"woom'euhn/, n., pl. bondwomen. a female slave. [1350-1400; ME bonde womman. See BOND2, WOMAN] * * *
Bondy, Egon
▪ 2008 Zbynek Fiser        Czech writer born Jan. 20, 1930, Prague, Czech. [now in Czech Republic] died April 9, 2007 , Bratislava, Slovakia produced dozens of ...
/bohn/, n., v., boned, boning, adv. n. 1. Anat., Zool. a. one of the structures composing the skeleton of a vertebrate. b. the hard connective tissue forming the substance of the ...
/bohn/, n. former name of Annaba. * * * I Rigid connective tissue of vertebrates, consisting of cells embedded in a hard matrix. Bones serve as the body's supporting framework, ...
bone ash
a white ash obtained by calcining bones, used as a fertilizer and in the making of bone china. Also called bone earth. [1615-25] * * *
bone black
bone black [bōn′blak΄] a fine charcoal made by burning animal bones in closed containers: used as a pigment, in refining sugar, etc.: also boneblack [bōn′blak΄] n. * * ...
bone cancer
▪ disease Introduction       disease characterized by uncontrolled growth of cells of the bone. Primary bone cancer—that is, cancer that arises directly in the ...
bone cell
Biol. a cell found in bone in any of its functional states; an osteoblast, osteoclast, or osteocyte. [1830-40] * * *
bone china
a fine, naturally white china made with bone ash. Also called bone porcelain. [1900-05] * * * Hard-paste porcelain containing bone ash. It was developed by Josiah Spode ...
bone conduction
Med. the transmission of sound vibrations to the internal ear through the cranial bones (opposed to air conduction). * * * ▪ physiology       the conduction of sound ...
bone cyst
▪ pathology       benign bone tumour that is usually saclike and filled with fluid. Unicameral bone cysts affect the long bones, particularly the humerus and the ...
bone disease
Introduction  any of the diseases or injuries that affect human bones (bone). Diseases and injuries of bones are major causes of abnormalities of the human skeletal system ...
bone earth.
See bone ash. [1850-55] * * *
bone felon
Chiefly Southern U.S. felon2. * * *
bone formation
▪ physiology also called  ossification        process by which new bone is produced. Ossification begins about the third month of fetal life in humans and is ...
bone marrow
marrow1 (def. 1). * * * or myeloid tissue Soft, gelatinous tissue that fills bone cavities. Red bone marrow contains stem cells, progenitor cells, percursor cells, and ...
bone marrow aspiration
▪ medical test       direct removal of a small amount (about 1–5 millilitres) of bone marrow by suction through a hollow needle. The needle is usually inserted into ...
bone marrow transplant
▪ medicine Introduction  the transfer of bone marrow from a healthy donor to a recipient whose own bone marrow is affected by disease. Bone marrow transplant may be used to ...
bone meal
Agric. bones ground to a coarse powder, used as fertilizer or feed. Also, bonemeal. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
bone of contention
a subject, cause, or focal point of a dispute: The terms of the old man's will were a bone of contention to his survivors. [1705-15] * * *
bone oil
a fetid, tarry liquid obtained in the dry distillation of bone. * * *
bone porcelain.
See bone china. [1880-85] * * *
bone remodeling
▪ physiology       continuing process of synthesis and destruction that gives bone its mature structure and maintains normal calcium levels in the body. Destruction, ...
bone shaker
Slang. 1. an early-model bicycle, esp. one with hard rubber tires. 2. any uncomfortable vehicle. 3. a rough ride in a vehicle. * * *
bone spavin
Vet. Pathol. See under spavin (def. 1). * * *
bone turquoise
fossil bone or ivory that has been colored naturally or artificially so as to resemble turquoise. Also called fossil turquoise, odontolite. * * *
bone white
bone white n. any of various shades of grayish or yellowish white * * *
Bone, Henry
▪ British painter born Feb. 6, 1755, Truro, Cornwall, Eng. died Dec. 17, 1834, London       English painter whose miniature portraits (miniature painting) in enamel ...
Bone, Sir Muirhead
▪ British artist born March 23, 1876, Glasgow, Scotland died October 21, 1953, Ferry Hinksey, Oxford, England       Scottish artist who is best known as an etcher ...
/bohn"krush'ing/, adj. 1. powerful or constricting enough to crush one's bones: a bone-crushing handshake. 2. extremely painful, troublesome, costly, etc.: a bone-crushing ...
/bohn"druy"/, adj. 1. very dry. 2. very thirsty. 3. Slang. dry (def. 17). 4. Ceram. (of clay) thoroughly dried. [1815-25] * * *
bone-marrow transplant
/bohn"mar'oh/ Surg. a technique in which a small amount of bone marrow is withdrawn by a syringe from a donor's pelvic bone and injected into a patient whose ability to make new ...
bone ash n. The white, powdery calcium phosphate ash of burned bones, used as a fertilizer, in making ceramics, and in cleaning and polishing compounds. * * *
/bohn"blak'/, n. a black, carbonaceous substance obtained by calcining bones in closed vessels, used as a black pigment, a decolorizing agent, etc. Also, bone black. [1805-15; ...
bone china n. Porcelain made of clay mixed with bone ash. * * *
bone conduction n. The process by which sound waves are transmitted to the inner ear by the cranial bones without traveling through the air in the ear canal. * * *
/bohnd/, adj. 1. having a particular kind of bone or bony structure (used in combination): beautifully boned; raw-boned; small-boned. 2. having the bones taken out; cooked or ...
/bohn"fish'/, n., pl. bonefishes, (esp. collectively) bonefish. a marine game fish, Albula vulpes, found in shallow tropical waters, having a skeleton composed of numerous small, ...
—boneheaded, adj. —boneheadedness, n. /bohn"hed'/, Slang. n. 1. a foolish or stupid person; blockhead. adj. 2. being of, by, or for a stupid or unthinking person: a bonehead ...
See bonehead. * * *
See boneheaded. * * *
boneless [bōn′lis] adj. without bones; specif., with the bones removed [boneless sardines] * * *
bone marrow n. The soft, fatty, vascular tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of red blood cells and many white blood cells. * * *
bonemarrow transplant
bone marrow transplant n. A technique in which bone marrow is transplanted from one individual to another, or removed from and transplanted to the same individual, in order to ...
bone meal n. A substance made of crushed and coarsely ground bones that is used as a plant fertilizer and in animal feed. * * *
boner1 /boh"neuhr/, n. a person or thing that bones. [1895-1900; BONE1 + -ER1] boner2 /boh"neuhr/, n. a foolish and obvious blunder; stupid mistake. [1910-15, Amer.; BONE(HEAD) + ...
Boner, Ulrich
▪ Swiss writer Latin  Ulrich Bonerius   flourished 1324–49       Swiss writer and Dominican monk, whose collection of fables in verse was the first book to be ...
/bohn"set'/, n. any composite plant of the genus Eupatorium, esp. E. perfoliatum, of North America, having white flowers in a flat-topped cluster. Also called ...
/bohn"set'euhr/, n. a person who treats or sets fractures, broken or dislocated bones, or the like, esp. one who is not a regular physician or surgeon; healer. [1425-75; late ME; ...
bone spavin n. A condition in horses caused by the deposition of new bone in the hock joint and sometimes producing lameness. * * *
Bonestell, Chesley
▪ American illustrator born Jan. 1, 1888, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died June 11, 1986, Carmel, Calif.  American illustrator of spaceflight and astronomical subjects whose ...
Bonet, Juan Pablo
▪ Spanish educator born 1560, Torres de Berrellen, Spain died 1620, Torres de Berrellen       Spanish cleric and educator who pioneered in the education of the ...
bon·ey (bōʹnē) adj. Variant of bony. * * *
/bohn"yahrd'/, n. 1. Slang. a cemetery. 2. Slang. an area where old or discarded cars, ships, planes, etc., are collected prior to being broken up for scrap or otherwise disposed ...
Bonfa, Luiz Floriano
▪ 2002       Brazilian guitarist and songwriter (b. Oct. 17, 1922, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.—d. Jan. 12, 2001, Rio de Janeiro), was one of the originators of bossa nova, a ...
Bonfils, Frederick Gilmer
▪ American publisher born December 21, 1860, Troy, Missouri, U.S. died February 2, 1933, Denver, Colorado  publisher who made the Denver Post into a crusading newspaper of ...
Bonfini, Antonio
▪ Italian humanist born c. 1434, Ascoli Piceno, Italy died 1503, Buda [now Budapest], Hung.       Italian humanist (humanism) who was the court historian for Matthias ...
/bon"fuyeur'/, n. 1. a large fire built in the open air, for warmth, entertainment, or celebration, to burn leaves, garbage, etc., or as a signal. 2. any fire built in the ...
Bonfire Night
British people celebrate Bonfire Night every year on 5 November in memory of a famous event in British history, the Gunpowder Plot. On 5 November 1605 a group of Roman Catholics ...
bonfire parties
➡ Bonfire Night * * *
bong1 /bong, bawng/, n. 1. a dull, resonant sound, as of a large bell. v.i. 2. to produce this sound: The church bell bonged promptly at noon. [1855-60; imit.] bong2 /bong, ...
Bong Range
▪ mountains, Liberia       mountain chain, west central Liberia, West Africa, extending for about 25 miles (40 km) in a northeast–southwest direction at elevations ...
Bongars, Jacques, Seigneur De Bauldry Et De La Chesnaye
▪ French historian born 1554, Orléans, Fr. died July 29, 1612, Paris       French diplomat and classical scholar who compiled a history of the Crusades.       A ...
bongo1 /bong"goh, bawng"-/, n., pl. bongos, (esp. collectively) bongo. a reddish-brown antelope, Taurotragus eurycerus, of the forests of tropical Africa, having white stripes ...
bongo drums
▪ musical instrument also called  bongos         pair of small single-headed Afro-Cuban drums (drum). The two heads, which are respectively about 5 inches (13 cm) and ...
▪ Chad       town located in southwestern Chad, on the Logone River opposite Dana, Cameroon. It has health, educational, and other service centres for the surrounding ...
Bonham's Case
▪ British history       (1610), legal case decided by Sir Edward Coke (Coke, Sir Edward), chief justice of England's Court of Common Pleas (Common Pleas, Court of), in ...
/bo nerr"/; Fr. /baw nuerdd"/, n. Rosa /roh"zeuh/; Fr. /rddaw zann"/, (Maria Rosalie Bonheur), 1822-99, French painter. * * *
bonheur du jour
▪ table       small, dainty writing table, introduced in the 1760s, which became one of the most popular varieties of French 18th-century furniture. A block of storage ...
Bonheur, Rosa
born March 16, 1822, Bordeaux, France died May 25, 1899, Melun French animal painter. She was trained by her father, an art teacher, and began exhibiting regularly at the Paris ...
/beuh nerr"dooh zhoor", -dyooh-, -deuh-/; Fr. /baw nuerdd dyuu zhoohrdd"/, n., pl. bonheurs-du-jour /beuh nerr"dooh zhoor", -dyooh-, -deuh-/; Fr. /baw nuerdd dyuu zhoohrdd"/. ...
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich
born Feb. 4, 1906, Breslau, Ger. died April 9, 1945, Flossenbürg German Lutheran pastor and theologian. He attended the Universities of Berlin and Tübingen, and from 1931 he ...
Bon·hoef·fer (bônʹhœ-fər), Dietrich. 1906-1945. German Protestant theologian whose works concern Christianity in the modern world. He was executed for his role in a plot ...
—bonhomous /bon"euh meuhs/, adj. /bon'euh mee", bon"euh mee'/; Fr. /baw naw mee"/, n. frank and simple good-heartedness; a good-natured manner; friendliness; ...
Bonhomme Richard
/bon"euhm rich"euhrd/; Fr. /baw nawm rddee shannrdd"/ the flagship of John Paul Jones. * * *
Bonhomme Richard and Serapis, engagement between
▪ United States history  (Sept. 23, 1779), in the American Revolution, notable American naval victory, won off the east coast of England by Captain John Paul Jones (Jones, ...
See bonhomie. * * *
bo·ni·a·to (bō'nē-äʹtō) n. pl. bo·ni·a·tos See batata.   [American Spanish, variant of earlier boniata, perhaps of Antillean origin.] * * *
/bon"euh fays', -fis/; for 4 also Fr. /baw nee fanns"/, n. 1. Saint (Wynfrith), A.D. 680?-755?, English monk who became a missionary in Germany. 2. a jovial innkeeper in George ...
Boniface I
Saint, died A.D. 422, pope 418-422. * * *
Boniface I, Saint
▪ pope born , Rome died Sept. 4, 422, Rome; feast day September 4       pope from 418 to 422, whose reign was markedly disrupted by the faction of the antipope ...
Boniface II
pope A.D. 530-532. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died Oct. 17, 532, Rome       pope from 530 to 532. Of Gothic descent, he was the first Germanic pontiff.       He ...
Boniface III
pope A.D. 607. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died Nov. 12, 607, Rome       pope from Feb. 19 to Nov. 12, 607. He was a deacon of the Roman Church when Pope St. Gregory I ...
Boniface IV
Saint, pope A.D. 608-615. * * *
Boniface IV, Saint
▪ pope born , Valeria, Italy died May 8, 615, Rome; feast day May 8       pope from 608 to 615.       Possibly a student of Pope St. Gregory I the Great in Rome, ...
Boniface IX
(Pietro Tomacelli) died 1404, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1389-1404. * * * ▪ pope original name Pietro Tomacelli born c. 1355, Naples died Oct. 1, 1404, Rome  pope from 1389 ...
Boniface Of Savoy
▪ archbishop of Canterbury born c. 1207 died July 14, 1270, Sainte-Hélène, Savoy       archbishop of Canterbury who, because he was a foreigner and because he ...
Boniface V
died A.D. 625, pope 619-625. * * * ▪ pope born , Naples died Oct. 25, 625, Rome       pope from 619 to 625. He succeeded St. Deusdedit after the papacy had been ...
Boniface VI
pope A.D. 896. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died April 19, 896, Rome       pope in April 896. He was a subdeacon when he was elected to succeed Formosus. Boniface either ...
Boniface VII
antipope A.D. 974, 984-985. * * * ▪ antipope original name Franco born , Rome died July 985, Rome       pope, or antipope, from June to July 974 and from August 984 ...
Boniface VIII
(Benedetto Caetani) c1235-1303, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1294-1303. * * * orig. Benedict Caetani born с 1235, Anagni, Papal States died Oct. 11, 1303, Rome Pope ...
Boniface, Saint
born 675, Wessex, Eng. died June 5, 754, Dokkum, Frisia; feast day June 5 English missionary and reformer. Originally named Wynfrith, he became a Benedictine monk and then a ...
Bon·i·face (bŏnʹə-fās'), Saint Originally Winfrid or Wynfrith. 675?-754. English Roman Catholic missionary active in Germany. * * *
Boniface IX, Originally Pietro Tomacelli. Died 1404. Pope (1389-1404) whose papacy was marked by struggle against the Avignon antipopes. * * *
Boniface VIII, Originally Benedetto Caetani. 1235?-1303. Pope (1294-1303) who struggled to assert authority over England, France, and Sicily. * * *
▪ France       town, Corse-du-Sud département, Corse ( Corsica) région, France, just west of Cap Pertusato, southernmost point of the island of Corsica, giving its ...
Bonifacio, Andres
▪ Filipino political leader born Nov. 30, 1863, Manila died May 10, 1897, Mt. Buntis, Phil.       Philippine patriot, founder and leader of the nationalist Katipunan ...
Bonin Islands
/boh"nin/ a group of islands in the N Pacific, SE of and belonging to Japan: under U.S. administration 1945-68. 40 sq. mi. (104 sq. km). Japanese, Ogasawara Jima. * * * Japanese ...
boniness [bōn′ē nis] n. the condition of being bony * * * See bony. * * *
boning knife
a small kitchen knife having a narrow blade for boning meat or fish. * * *
bon·ing knife (bōʹnĭng) n. A knife with a narrow blade and a sharp point, used for removing the bones from poultry, meat, and fish. * * *
/bon"ing teuhn/, n. Richard Parkes /pahrks/, 1801-28, English painter. * * *
Bonington, Richard Parkes
born Oct. 25, 1801, Arnold, Eng. died Sept. 23, 1828, London British painter active in France. In 1818 he went to Paris to study with Antoine-Jean Gros. His skill in ...
Bo·nin Islands (bōʹnĭn) An archipelago of volcanic islands in the western Pacific Ocean south of Japan. The islands formed a major Japanese military stronghold in World War ...
/beuh nee"teuh, boh-/, n. a female given name. * * *
/beuh nee"toh/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) bonito, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) bonitos. 1. any mackerellike fish of the genus Sarda, as S. sarda, of the ...
Bonivard, François
▪ Genevan patriot born 1493, Seyssel, Savoy [France] died 1570, Geneva [Switzerland]       Genevan patriot, the hero of Lord Byron's poem “The Prisoner of ...
/bawonn zhoohrdd"/, interj. French. good day; good morning; hello. * * *
/bongk/, v.t., v.i. Slang. to hit, strike, collide, etc.: to get bonked on the head; cars bonking into each other. [perh. var. of BONG1] * * *
/bong"keuhrz/, adj. Slang. mentally unbalanced; mad; crazy. [1945-50; of uncert. orig.; for final element, cf. -ERS] * * *
bon mot (bôɴ mōʹ) n. pl. bons mots (bôɴ mōʹ, mōzʹ) A clever saying; a witticism.   [French : bon, good + mot, word.] * * *
/bon/; Ger. /bawn/, n. a city in W Germany, on the Rhine: seat of the government; former capital of West Germany. 291,400 * * * City (pop., 2002 est: city, 306,000; metro. area, ...
/baw nannrdd"/, n. Pierre /pyerdd/, 1867-1947, French painter. * * *
Bonnard, Pierre
born Oct. 3, 1867, Fontenay-aux-Roses, Fr. died Jan. 23, 1947, Le Cannet French painter and printmaker. He studied at the Académie Julian and the École des Beaux-Arts ...
Bon·nard (bô-närʹ), Pierre. 1867-1947. French painter who adhered to an impressionistic style in works such as The Bath. * * *
Bonnat, Léon
▪ French painter in full  Léon-Joseph-Florentin Bonnat  born June 20, 1833, Bayonne, France died September 8, 1922, Monchy-St-Éloi       notable French portrait ...
/beuh naz"/, n. (sometimes l.c.) embroidery made by machine. [1880-85; named after J. Bonnaz, 19th-century French inventor] * * *
/bawn/, n., pl. bonnes /bawn/. French. 1. a maid-servant. 2. a child's nurse. [lit., good (fem.)] * * *
bonne amie
/baw nann mee"/, pl. bonnes amies /bawn zann mee"/. French. 1. a good female friend. 2. a female sweetheart or lover. * * *
bonne bouche
/bawn boohsh"/, pl. bonnes bouches /bawn boohsh"/. French. 1. a tidbit. 2. an elegant treat: The special wine was a bonne bouche. [lit., good mouth] * * *
bonne chance
bonne chance [bō̂n shäns′] interj. 〚Fr〛 good luck: an expression of good wishes * * *
bonne femme
/bawn fannm"/, French Cookery. prepared in simple style, as in a cream sauce containing mushrooms: fillet of sole bonne femme. [1815-25; < F à la bonne femme lit., in the manner ...
bonne foi
/bawn fwann"/, French. sincerity. [lit., good faith] * * *
bonne nuit
/bawn nwee"/, French. good night. * * *
Bonnefoy, Yves
born June 24, 1923, Tours, France French poet. A student of mathematics, Bonnefoy moved to Paris and came under the influence of the Surrealists. His poetry describes a thought ...
Bonner Durchmusterung
▪ star catalog English  Bonn Survey        star catalog showing the positions and apparent magnitudes of 324,188 northern stars. Compiled at Bonn under the direction ...
Bonner, Edmund
▪ English bishop Bonner also spelled  Boner   born c. 1500 died Sept. 5, 1569, London, Eng.       bishop of London who supported Henry VIII's (Henry VIII) antipapal ...
Bonner, Neville Thomas
▪ 2000       Australian politician who was the first Aboriginal to win election to the country's parliament, where he served in the Senate from 1971 until 1983, ...
Bonners Ferry
▪ Idaho, United States       city, seat (1915) of Boundary county, northern Idaho, U.S. Located 27 miles (43 km) south of the Canadian border on the Kootenai River, the ...
—bonnetless, adj. —bonnetlike, adj. /bon"it/, n. 1. a hat, usually tying under the chin and often framing the face, formerly much worn by women but now worn mostly by ...
/baw ne"/, n. Georges /zhawrddzh/, 1889-1973, French statesman. * * *
Bonnet Carre Spillway
▪ floodway, Louisiana, United States also called  Bonnet Carre Floodway   emergency floodway in St. Charles parish, southeastern Louisiana, U.S. Located about 30 miles (50 ...
bonnet glass
monteith (def. 2). * * *
bonnet monkey
a long-tailed South Indian macaque, Macaca radiata, having a gray-brown coat and a caplike thatch of hair at the top of its head. Also called bonnet macaque. * * * Agile Indian ...
bonnet rouge
/baw ne rddoohzh"/, pl. bonnets rouges /baw ne rddoohzh"/. French. 1. a red liberty cap, worn by extremists during the French Revolution. 2. an extremist or radical. * * *
bonnet shark
bonnethead. * * *
bonnet shell
      any of certain small marine mollusks of the helmet shell (q.v.) group. * * *
bonnet top
U.S. Furniture. a top to a secretary, highboy, etc., following in outline a broken pediment on the front. Cf. dome top, hooded top. * * *
Bonnet, Charles
▪ Swiss philosopher and scientist born March 13, 1720, Geneva, Switz. died May 20, 1793, near Geneva       Swiss naturalist and philosophical writer who discovered ...
Bonnet, Georges-Étienne
born July 23, 1889, Bassillac, France died June 18, 1973, Paris French politician. Elected to the Chamber of Deputies (1924–40), he became a leader of the Radical-Socialist ...
/bon"it hed'/, n. a hammerhead shark, Sphyrna tiburo, found in shallow waters from Brazil to Massachusetts, having a spade-shaped head. Also called bonnet shark, ...
/bun tyair"/; Fr. /bawn tyerdd"/, n., pl. bonnetières /-tyairz"/; Fr. /-tyerdd"/. French Furniture. a tall, narrow wardrobe of the 18th century, found esp. in Normandy and ...
/bon"euh vil'/, n. Lake, a prehistoric lake in Utah, E Nevada, and S Idaho: Great Salt Lake is its remnant. 350 mi. (564 km) long. * * *
Bonneville Flats
an area of salt flats in the W part of Great Salt Lake Desert, in NW Utah: site of automobile speed tests. Also called Bonneville Salt Flats. * * *
Bonneville Salt Flats
▪ region, Utah, United States       stretch of barren salt flats covering about 100 square miles (260 square km) in Tooele county, northwestern Utah, U.S. The flats, ...
Bonneville, Benjamin-Louis-Eulalie de
▪ American explorer born April 14, 1796, Paris or nearby, Fr. died June 12, 1878, Fort Smith, Ark., U.S.       U.S. army engineer and frontiersman who gained ...
Bonneville, Lake
▪ ancient lake, North America       prehistoric lake, formed about 30,000 years ago (late in the Pleistocene Epoch), that at high water covered an estimated 20,000 ...
BonnevilleSalt Flats
Bon·ne·ville Salt Flats (bŏnʹə-vĭl') A plain of northwest Utah west of Great Salt Lake in the bed of prehistoric Lake Bonneville. The flats are often used for speed-test ...
Bonney, Mary Lucinda
▪ American educator and reformer born June 8, 1816, Hamilton, N.Y., U.S. died July 24, 1900, Hamilton       American educator and reformer, active in both the early ...
Bonney, Thérèse
▪ American photographer in full  Mabel Thérèse Bonney  born 1894?, Syracuse, New York, U.S. died January 15, 1978, Paris, France       American photographer and ...
Bonney,William H.
Bon·ney (bŏnʹē), William H. Known as Bil·ly the Kid (bĭlʹē) 1859-1881. American outlaw who murdered 21 men and was shot dead by Sheriff Pat Garrett (1850-1908). * * *
/bon"ee/, n. a female given name: from the Latin word meaning "good." Also, Bonny. * * * (as used in expressions) Bonnie and Clyde Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow Bonnie Prince ...
Bonnie and Clyde
a pair of young US criminals, Bonnie Parker (1911–34) and Clyde Barrow (1909–34). They met in 1932 and robbed banks and murdered 12 people in the south-western US before ...
Bonnie Parker
➡ Bonnie and Clyde * * *
See bonny. * * *
Bonnin, Gertrude
▪ American writer née  Gertrude Simmons , pseudonym  Zitkala-Sa  born Feb. 22, 1876, Yankton Sioux Agency, S.D., U.S. died Jan. 26, 1938, Washington, ...
See bonnily. * * *
—bonnily, adv. —bonniness, n. /bon"ee/, adj., bonnier, bonniest, adv., n. adj. 1. Chiefly Scot. pleasing to the eye; handsome; pretty. 2. Brit. Dial. a. (of people) healthy, ...
Bonny Prince Charlie
(1720–88) the popular name of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, also sometimes called the Young Pretender. His father was the son of James II, the king of England, Scotland and ...
/bon"ee klab'euhr/, n. Northern and Midland U.S. clabber (def. 1). Also, bonnyclapper /bon"ee klap'euhr/. [1625-35; < Ir bainne clabair lit., milk of the clapper (i.e., of the ...
(Paul David Hewson 1960– ) an Irish rock singer, the lead singer with the rock band U2. He has been involved in political issues such as third-world debt (= money owed by poor ...
Bono, Salvatore
▪ 1999       American entertainer, restaurateur, and politician (b. Feb. 16, 1935, Detroit, Mich.—d. Jan. 5, 1998, South Lake Tahoe, Calif.), enjoyed a political ...
/beuh noh"boh/, n., pl. bonobos. See pygmy chimpanzee. * * * Species (Pan paniscus) of great ape. It was once considered a subspecies of the chimpanzee, which it closely ...
Bonomi, Ivanoe
▪ prime minister of Italy born October 18, 1873, Mantua, Italy died April 20, 1951, Rome  statesman who served terms as Italian prime minister before and after the fascist ...
/baw'nawn chee"nee/, n. Giovanni Maria /jaw vahn"nee mah rddee"ah/, 1640-78, and his sons Giovanni Battista /baht tee"stah/, 1670-1747, and Marc Antonio /mahrddk ahn taw"nyaw/, ...
Bononcini, Giovanni
born July 18, 1670, Modena, Duchy of Modena died July 9, 1747, Vienna Italian composer. His father was Giovanni Maria Bononcini (1642–78), maestro di cappella of Modena ...
/bohn pah"/, n. a member of the Bön sect. * * *
Bonporti, Francesco Antonio
▪ Italian composer baptized June 11, 1672, Trento [Italy] died Dec. 19, 1749, Padua       Italian composer notable for his highly original Invenzioni, short ...
/bon suy", -zuy", bohn-, bon"suy, -zuy, bohn"-/, n., pl. bonsai. 1. a tree or shrub that has been dwarfed, as by pruning the roots and pinching, and is grown in a pot or other ...
bons mots (bôɴ mōʹ, mōzʹ) n. Plural of bon mot. * * *
/bawonn swannrdd"/, interj. French. good evening; good night. * * *
/bon"speel'/, n. a competition or meet in curling at which teams from several clubs or districts compete with one another. [1555-65; Scots dial., perh. < D or LG; cf. D spel ...
Bonstetten, Karl Viktor von
▪ Swiss writer also called  Charles Victor Von Bonstetten   born Sept. 3, 1745, Bern died Feb. 3, 1832, Geneva       Swiss writer (in both French and German) of wide ...
bons vi·vants (bôɴ' vē-väɴʹ) n. Plural of bon vivant. * * *
/bon"tee bok'/, n., pl. bonteboks, (esp. collectively) bontebok. a purplish-red antelope, Damaliscus dorcas, of southern Africa, having a white face and rump: now nearly ...
Bontebok National Park
▪ park, South Africa       national park in Western Cape province, South Africa. It occupies 12 square miles (32 square km) in the Breë (Breede) River valley south of ...
/bon"tee buk'/, n., pl. bontebucks, (esp. collectively) bontebuck. bontebok. * * *
Bontecou, Lee
▪ American artist born Jan. 15, 1931, Providence, R.I., U.S.       American artist whose work ranged from dark, dramatic abstract constructions to softer, transparent ...
/bawn'tem pel"lee/, n. Massimo /mahs"see maw/, 1878-1960, Italian novelist. * * *
Bontempelli, Massimo
▪ Italian poet born May 12, 1878, Como, Italy died July 21, 1960, Rome       Italian poet, novelist, dramatist, and critic whose “magic realism” developed from ...
Bontemps, Arna
▪ American writer in full  Arna Wendell Bontemps   born Oct. 13, 1902, Alexandria, La., U.S. died June 4, 1973, Nashville, Tenn.  American writer who depicted the lives and ...
Bontemps, Arna(ud) (Wendell)
born Oct. 13, 1902, Alexandria, La., U.S. died June 4, 1973, Nashville, Tenn. U.S. writer of the Harlem Renaissance. At age three Bontemps moved with his family to California. ...
Bontemps,Arna Wendell
Bon·temps (bôɴ-täɴʹ), Arna Wendell. 1902-1973. American writer whose works of poetry, history, and fiction, such as God Sends Sunday and Black Thunder, established him as ...
▪ Sierra Leone       Atlantic seaport, southwestern Sierra Leone. It lies on the eastern shore of Sherbro Island, on the Sherbro River estuary. A 19th-century British ...
/bon tok"/, n., pl. Bontocs, (esp. collectively) Bontoc. Bontok. * * *
/bon tok"/, n., pl. Bontoks, (esp. collectively) Bontok. a member of a people who inhabit northern Luzon in the Philippines. * * *
bon ton (bŏn tŏnʹ) n. 1. a. A sophisticated manner or style. b. The proper thing to do. 2. High society.   [French : bon, good + ton, tone.] * * *
/boh"neuhs/, n., pl. bonuses. 1. something given or paid over and above what is due. 2. a sum of money granted or given to an employee, a returned soldier, etc., in addition to ...
Bonus Army
U.S. Hist. a group of 12,000 World War I veterans who massed in Washington, D.C., the summer of 1932 to induce Congress to appropriate moneys for the payment of bonus ...
bonus baby
an athlete who is paid a substantial bonus to sign his or her first professional contract. * * *
bonus ball
➡ lotteries * * *
Bonus Eventus
the ancient Roman god of agricultural prosperity. Also called Eventus. * * *
bonus stock
bonus stock n. shares of stock, usually common, given by a corporation as a bonus with the purchase of another class of security * * *
bonus issue n. See scrip issue. * * *
Bonvesin Da La Riva
▪ Italian poet born c. 1240, , Milan [Italy] died c. 1315, , Milan       Italian teacher, moralist, and poet, whose most important work, the vernacular poetry of Libro ...
bon vi·vant (bôɴ' vē-väɴʹ) n. pl. bons vi·vants (bôɴ' vē-väɴʹ) A person with refined taste, especially one who enjoys superb food and drink.   [French : bon, good ...
bon voy·age (bôɴ' vwä-yäzhʹ) interj. Used to express farewell and good wishes to a departing traveler.   [French : bon, good + voyage, journey.] * * *
/bongk"see/, n. skua (def. 1). [1765-75; of uncert. orig.; final element is appar. -SY] * * *
—boniness, n. /boh"nee/, adj., bonier, boniest. 1. of or like bone. 2. full of bones. 3. having prominent bones; big-boned. 4. skinny; emaciated. [1350-1400; ME boni. See ...
bony fish
any fish of the class Osteichthyes, characterized by gill covers, an air bladder, and a skeleton composed of bone in addition to cartilage. [1805-15, Amer.] * * * Any member of ...
bony labyrinth
Anat. See under labyrinth (def. 6a). * * *
bony tongue
▪ fish  any of several heavy-bodied tropical river fishes, family Osteoglossidae, covered with large, hard, mosaic-like scales except on the head. The largest member of the ...
bony fish n. A fish having a bony rather than cartilaginous skeleton; a teleost. * * *
/boh"nee tayl'/, n. a fish, Gila elegans, found in the Colorado River, having flaring fins and a thin caudal peduncle. [BONY + TAIL1] * * *
/bonz/, n. a Buddhist monk, esp. of Japan or China. [1580-90; < MF < Pg bonzo or NL bonzius < Japn bonso, bonzo ordinary priest (bon- ordinary + so priest < MChin, equiv. to Chin ...
/bon"zeuhr/, adj. Australian. remarkable; wonderful. [1900-05; orig. uncert.] * * *
boo1 /booh/, interj., n., pl. boos, v., booed, booing. interj. 1. (used to express contempt or disapprobation or to startle or frighten). n. 2. an exclamation of contempt or ...
boo grass
boo2. * * *
/booh"booh'/, n., pl. boo-boos. Slang. 1. a stupid or silly mistake; blunder. 2. a minor injury. [1950-55, Amer.; baby talk] * * *
boob1 /boohb/, Slang. n. 1. a stupid person; fool; dunce. 2. Brit. a blunder; mistake. v.i. 3. Brit. to blunder. [1905-10, Amer.; back formation from BOOBY1] boob2 /boohb/, n. ...
boob tube
Informal. 1. television. 2. a television set. [1965-70; rhyming coinage, from the notion that television programming is foolish, induces foolishness, or is watched by foolish ...
/booh'bwah zee"/, n. a segment of the general public composed of uneducated, uncultured persons. [b. BOOB1 and BOURGEOISIE; coined by H.L. Mencken in 1922] * * *
/booh"book, -boohk/, n. a small, reddish-brown spotted owl, Ninox boobook, native to Australia and New Zealand. [1795-1805; < Dharuk bokbok (imit.)] * * *
boob tube n. Slang Television: “Parents complain about the quality of the shows but don't prevent their children from gluing themselves to the boob tube” (David Owen). ...
booby1 —boobyish, adj. /booh"bee/, n., pl. boobies. 1. a stupid person; dunce. 2. a gannet of the genus Sula, having a bright bill, bright feet, or both: some are ...
booby hatch
1. Naut. a. a small hatch giving access to a ladder from the weather deck of a vessel to the interior of the hull. b. a small companion secured over a deck opening. c. a hoodlike ...
booby prize
a prize given in good-natured ridicule to the worst player or team in a game or contest. [1885-90] * * *
booby trap
1. a hidden bomb or mine so placed that it will be set off by an unsuspecting person through such means as moving an apparently harmless object. 2. any hidden trap set for an ...
/booh"bee trap'/, v.t., booby-trapped, booby-trapping. to set with or as if with a booby trap; attach a booby trap to or in. [1940-45] * * *
booby hatch n. 1. Nautical. A raised covering over a small hatchway. 2. Offensive Slang. An institution for the mentally ill. * * *
booby prize n. 1. An award given to the one who performs worst in a game or contest. 2. Informal. Acknowledgment of great inferiority, as in ability. * * *
booby trap n. 1. An explosive device designed to be triggered when an unsuspecting victim touches or disturbs a seemingly harmless object. 2. A situation that catches one off ...
boo·coo (bo͞oʹko͞o') adj. & n. & adv. Chiefly Southern U.S. Variant of beaucoup. * * *
—boodler, n. /boohd"l/, n., v., boodled, boodling. Slang. n. 1. the lot, pack, or crowd: Send the whole boodle back to the factory. 2. a large quantity of something, esp. ...
boo·dy (bo͞oʹdē) n. Vulgar Slang pl. boo·dies Variant of booty2.   [Alteration of booty2.] * * *
/boog"euhr/, n. 1. Informal. any person or thing: That shark was a mean-looking booger. Paddle the little booger and send him home. 2. Slang. a piece of dried mucus in or from ...
/boog"euhr man', booh"geuhr-/, n., pl. boogermen. South Midland and Southern U.S. bogeyman. [b. BOOGER and BOGEYMAN] * * *
/boog"ee man', booh"gee-/, n., pl. boogeymen. bogeyman. [1840-50; var. of BOGYMAN] * * *
/boog"ee, booh"gee/, n., v., boogied, boogieing. n. 1. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a black. 2. boogie-woogie. 3. a lively form of rock 'n' roll, based on the ...
Boogie Board
Trademark. a small, flexible plastic surfboard. * * *
/boog"ee woog"ee, booh"gee wooh"gee/, n. Jazz. a form of instrumental blues, esp. for piano, using melodic variations over a constantly repeated bass figure. Also called ...
/boog"ee man', booh"gee-/, n., pl. boogiemen. bogeyman. * * *
boog·y·man (bo͝ogʹē-măn', bōʹgē-, bo͞oʹgē-) n. Variant of bogeyman. * * *
/booh'hooh"/, v., boohooed, boohooing, n., pl. boohoos. Informal. v.i. 1. to weep noisily; blubber. n. 2. the sound of noisy weeping. [1515-25; rhyming compound based on BOO] * * ...
/booh"jee/, adj. Slang. haughty; elitist; snobbish. [1965-70, Amer.; shortening and alter. of BOURGEOIS] * * *
boojum tree
/booh"jeuhm/ a tree, Idria columnaris, native to Baja California, having spreading spiny branches, deciduous leaves, and yellow flowers. Also called cirio. [1960-65; after the ...
boo·jum tree (bo͞oʹjəm) n. A deciduous tree (Idria columnaris) native to Baja California and having a thick tapering columnar trunk, slender spiny branches, and yellow ...
—bookless, adj. —booklike, adj. /book/, n. 1. a written or printed work of fiction or nonfiction, usually on sheets of paper fastened or bound together within covers. 2. a ...
book bag
a bag or satchel used esp. by a student for carrying books. Also, bookbag. * * *
book burning
the destruction of writings of which the subject, the view of the author, or the like is considered politically or socially objectionable: used as a means of censorship or ...
Book Cliffs
▪ geological feature, Utah, United States       geological feature of east-central Utah and western Colorado, U.S. Beginning near Helper, Utah, and joined at Green ...
book club
1. a company or other organization that sells books to its subscribers, often at a discount and usually through the mail. 2. a club organized for the discussion and reviewing of ...
book collecting
Introduction       acquisition of books, not only as texts but also as objects desirable for such qualities as their age, scarcity, historical significance, value, ...
book gill
the gill of a horseshoe crab, composed of numerous membranous structures arranged like the leaves of a closed book. [1895-1900] * * *
book jacket
a removable paper cover, usually illustrated, for protecting the binding of a book and usually giving information about the book and the author. [1925-30] * * *
book learning
—book-learned /book"lerr'nid, -lerrnd'/, adj. 1. knowledge acquired by reading books, as distinguished from that obtained through observation and experience. 2. formal ...
book list
a list of books, esp. a list of recommended or required readings. [1935-40] * * *
book lore.
See book learning. [bef. 1000; ME, OE] * * *
book louse
book louse n. any of various small, usually wingless, insects (order Psocoptera) that infest and destroy old books * * *
book lung
the respiratory organ of a spider, scorpion, or other arachnid, composed of thin, membranous structures arranged like the leaves of a book. [1895-1900] * * * ▪ ...
book lungs
book lungs n. primitive lungs of many arachnids, consisting of pagelike layers of tissue over which air circulates for respiration * * *
book match
a match in or from a matchbook. [1935-40] * * *
book matches
☆ book matches n. safety matches made of paper and fastened into a small cardboard folder * * *
book of account
1. any journal, ledger, and supporting vouchers included in a system of accounts. 2. books of account, the original records and books used in recording business transactions. * * ...
Book of Books
the Bible. * * *
Book of Changes.
See I Ching. * * *
Book of Common Order
▪ religious work also called  Order of Geneva , or  Knox's Liturgy        first Reformed manual of worship in English, introduced to the English congregation in ...

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