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Слова на букву arti-boom (15990)

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au fond
/oh fawonn"/, French. at bottom or to the bottom; thoroughly; in reality; fundamentally. * * *
au gratin
/oh graht"n, oh grat"n, aw graht"n, aw grat"n/; Fr. /oh grddann taonn"/, Cookery. cooked or baked with a topping of either browned bread crumbs and butter or grated cheese, or ...
au jus
/oh zhoohs", oh joohs"/; Fr. /oh zhyuu"/, (of meat) served in the natural juices that flow from the meat as it cooks. [1915-20; < F: lit., with the gravy. See JUICE] * * *
au lait
/oh lay"/; Fr. /oh le"/, French Cookery. prepared or served with milk. [ < F: lit., with the milk. See LACT-] * * *
au naturel
/oh' nach'euh rel"/; Fr. /oh nann tyuu rddel"/ 1. in the natural state. 2. naked; nude. 3. cooked plainly. 4. uncooked. [ < F] * * *
au pair
/oh pair"/ 1. a person, usually a young foreign visitor, employed to take care of children, do housework, etc., in exchange for room and board: We sent the children to the beach ...
au poivre
/oh pwann"vrddeu/, French Cookery. spiced with peppercorns or ground black pepper: steak au poivre. [ < F: with pepper] * * *
au revoir
/oh rddeuh vwannrdd"/; Eng. /oh' reuh vwahr"/, French. until we see each other again; good-bye for the present. * * *
au vol
/oh vol"/, Falconry. a cry used to encourage a hawk to fly. [ < F: to the flight. See VOLLEY] * * *
To perceive. Compound forms *au-dh-, *awis-dh-, “to place perception” (*dh-, to place; see dhē-). 1. Suffixed form *awisdh-yo- or *audh-yo-. audible, audience, audile, ...
/oh bad", oh bahd"/; Fr. /oh bannd"/, n., pl. aubades /oh badz", oh bahdz"/; Fr. /oh bannd"/. Music. a piece sung or played outdoors at dawn, usually as a compliment to ...
▪ France       town, Bouches-du-Rhône département, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région, southeastern France. Aubagne lies about 10 miles (16 km) east of Marseille. ...
/oh bann nel"/, n. Théodore /tay aw dawrdd"/, 1829-86, French poet. * * *
/ohb/, n. 1. a river in N France, flowing NW to the Seine. 125 mi. (200 km) long. 2. a department in NE France. 284,823; 2327 sq. mi. (6025 sq. km). Cap.: Troyes. * * *
Aube River
▪ river, France       river, north central France, navigable tributary of the Seine, which it joins above Romilly. The Aube and its tributary, the Aujon, rise on the ...
/oh berdd"/, n. Daniel François Esprit /dann nyel" frddahonn swann" es prddee"/, 1782-1871, French composer. * * *
Auber, Daniel-François-Esprit
▪ French composer born Jan. 29, 1782, Caen, France died May 12, 1871, Paris       composer who was prominent in the 19th-century cultivation of opera containing spoken ...
/oh bairzh"/; Fr. /oh berddzh"/, n., pl. auberges /oh bair"zhiz/; Fr. /oh berddzh"/. an inn; hostel. [1770-80; < F, MF < Pr, Franco-Provencal aubergo hostelry, OPr alberga, ...
/oh"beuhr zheen', -jeen', oh"ber-; oh'beuhr zheen", -jeen", oh'ber-/, n. 1. Chiefly Brit. eggplant. 2. a dark purplish color. [1785-95; < F < Catalan albargínia < Ar al the + ...
/oh berdd vee lyay"/, n. a town in N France, a suburb of Paris. 72,997. * * *
Aubignac, François Hédelin, abbé d'
▪ French dramatist and critic born Aug. 4, 1604, Paris died July 25, 1676, Nemours, Fr.  associate of the statesman Cardinal de Richelieu, playwright, and critic who ...
Aubigné, Théodore-Agrippa d'
▪ French soldier and author born Feb. 8, 1552, Pons, Fr. died April 29, 1630, Geneva  major late 16th-century poet, renowned Huguenot captain, polemicist, and historian of ...
Aubrac, Lucie
▪ 2008 Lucie Bernard        French Resistance heroine born June 29, 1912 , Mâcon, France died March 14, 2007 , Issy-les-Moulineaux, France was hailed for her ...
/aw"bree/, n. 1. John, 1626-97, English antiquary. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "elf" and "ruler." * * *
Aubrey Beardsley
➡ Beardsley * * *
Aubrey, John
▪ English writer born March 12, 1626, Easton Piercy, Wiltshire, Eng. died June 1697, Oxford       antiquarian and biographer, best known for his vivid, intimate, and ...
Au·brey (ôʹbrē), John. 1626-1697. English antiquarian and writer whose Brief Lives, published posthumously, contains character sketches of his notable friends, including ...
aubrieta [ô brē′shə, ô brē′shē əô brēt′ə] n. 〚ModL, after Claude Aubriet, 18th-c. Fr painter of floral and animal subjects〛 any of a genus (Aubrieta) of ...
/aw bree"sheuh, -shee euh, oh bree"-/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genus Aubrietia, of the mustard family, forming dense mats and having numerous small, purplish ...
/aw"beuhrn/, n. 1. a reddish-brown or golden-brown color. adj. 2. having auburn color: auburn hair. [1400-50; late ME abo(u)rne blond < MF, OF auborne, alborne < L alburnus ...
/aw"beuhrn/, n. 1. a city in central New York: state prison. 32,548. 2. a city in E Alabama. 28,471. 3. a city in W central Washington. 26,417. 4. a city in SW Maine, on the ...
Auburn system
▪ penology       penal method of the 19th century in which persons worked during the day and were kept in solitary confinement at night, with enforced silence at all ...
Auburn University
▪ university, Alabama, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher education located in Auburn, Alabama, U.S. The university offers a broad range of ...
/oh"beuh seuhn, -sawonn'/; Fr. /oh byuu sawonn"/, n. an ornate rug constructed in a flat tapestry weave, often in pastel colors. [1960-65; after Aubusson, town in central France ...
Aubusson carpet
Floor covering produced at the village of Aubusson in central France. A centre for the production of tapestries and furniture coverings since the 16th century, Aubusson was ...
Aubusson, Pierre d'
▪ French cardinal born 1423, Monteil-au-Vicomte, Fr. died July 3, 1503, Rhodes  grand master of the military-religious Order of St. John of Jerusalem, known for his defense ...
Aucassin et Nicolette
▪ French tale       early 13th-century French chantefable (a story told in alternating sections of verse and prose, the former sung, the latter recited). Aucassin, ...
▪ France       town, capital of Gers département, Midi-Pyrénées région, southwestern France. Auch is built on and around a hill on the west bank of the Gers River, ...
Auchincloss, Louis
▪ American author in full  Louis Stanton Auchincloss   born Sept. 27, 1917, Lawrence, N.Y., U.S.       American novelist, short-story writer, and critic, best known ...
/awk"leuhnd/, n. a seaport on N North Island, in New Zealand. 797,406. * * * City (pop., 2001: 377,382; metro. area pop.: 1,158,891), North Island, New Zealand. Located on ...
Auckland Islands
▪ islands, New Zealand       outlying island group of New Zealand, in the South Pacific Ocean, 290 miles (467 km) south of South Island. Volcanic in origin, they ...
Auckland, George Eden, earl of, 2nd Baron Auckland, 2nd Baron Auckland of Auckland, Baron Eden of Norwood
▪ governor general of India born Aug. 25, 1784, Eden Farm, near Beckenham, Kent, Eng. died Jan. 1, 1849, The Grange, near Alresford, Hampshire       governor-general of ...
au cou·rant (ō'ko͞o-räɴʹ) adj. 1. Informed on current affairs; up-to-date. 2. Fully familiar; knowledgeable.   [French : au, in the + courant, current.] * * *
—auctionable, adj. —auctionary, adj. /awk"sheuhn/, n. 1. Also called public sale. a publicly held sale at which property or goods are sold to the highest bidder. 2. Cards. a. ...
auction block
1. Also called block. a platform from which an auctioneer sells: the old courthouse where slaves were sold from the auction block. 2. put on the auction block, to offer for sale ...
auction bridge
a variety of bridge in which odd tricks won in excess of the number named in the contract are scored toward game. Cf. contract (def. 5). [1905-10] * * *       card game ...
Auction houses
➡ antiques * * *
auction pinochle
1. a variety of pinochle for three to five players in which, for every hand, there are three active players, each dealt 15 cards, with the highest bidder winning the contract and ...
auction pitch
Cards. a variety of all fours in which players bid to determine the trump or pitch. * * *
auction bridge n. A variety of bridge in which tricks made in excess of the contract are scored toward game. * * *
/awk'sheuh near"/, n. 1. a person who conducts sales by auction. v.t. 2. to auction (something). [1700-10; AUCTION + -EER] * * *
Auctions and Collections
▪ 1995 Introduction ART Auctions AND SALES       The 1993-94 auction season was dominated by the sales of celebrity collections and the exorbitant prices paid by ...
/awk tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-, owk"-/, adj. of, by, or pertaining to an author: auctorial changes made in the manuscript margin; auctorial rights. [1815-25; < L auctor AUTHOR + ...
/aw"kyeuh beuh/, n. any shrub of the genus Aucuba, native to Asia, having evergreen leaves, clusters of purple flowers, and brightly colored berries. [1783; < NL, appar. < Japn ...
aud abbrev. 1. audit 2. auditor * * *
1. audit. 2. auditor. * * *
—audaciously, adv. —audaciousness, n. /aw day"sheuhs/, adj. 1. extremely bold or daring; recklessly brave; fearless: an audacious explorer. 2. extremely original; without ...
See audacious. * * *
See audaciously. * * *
/aw das"i tee/, n., pl. audacities. 1. boldness or daring, esp. with confident or arrogant disregard for personal safety, conventional thought, or other restrictions. 2. ...
▪ ancient town, Africa also spelled  Awdaghost        (fl. 9th–11th century), former Berber town in the southwest Sahara, northwest of Timbuktu. Audaghost was an ...
/ohd/, n. a department in S France. 272,366; 2449 sq. mi. (6345 sq. km). Cap.: Carcassonne. * * *
/awd"n/, n. W(ystan) H(ugh) /wis"teuhn/, 1907-73, English poet in the U.S. * * *
Auden, W H
▪ British poet Introduction born Feb. 21, 1907, York, Yorkshire, Eng. died Sept. 29, 1973, Vienna, Austria  English-born poet and man of letters who achieved early fame in ...
Auden, W(ystan) H(ugh)
Au·den (ôdʹn), W(ystan) H(ugh). 1907-1973. British-born American writer and critic whose poems, published in collections such as The Dance of Death (1933) and The Double Man ...
/owd"hoom lah, -hum-/, n. Scand. Myth. a cow, owned by Ymir and born like him from drops of the melting primeval ice: its licking of a mass of salty ice exposed the first god, ...
/aw"dee euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the sense of hearing; aural. [AUDI(O)- + -AL1] * * *
Audiberti, Jacques
▪ French playwright born March 25, 1899, Antibes, Fr. died July 10, 1965, Paris       poet, novelist, and, most importantly, playwright whose extravagance of language ...
See audible. * * *
—audibility, audibleness, n. —audibly, adv. /aw"deuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being heard; loud enough to be heard; actually heard. n. 2. Also called automatic, checkoff. ...
See audibility. * * *
See audibility. * * *
/aw"dee/, n. a female or male given name. * * *
/aw"dee euhns/, n. 1. the group of spectators at a public event; listeners or viewers collectively, as in attendance at a theater or concert: The audience was respectful of the ...
audience room
a room for holding formal interviews or hearings. [1780-90] * * *
audience share
the percentage of households with television sets in use or tuned to a particular station during a specific period of time. [1970-75] * * *
▪ Spanish court       in the kingdoms of late medieval Spain, a court established to administer royal justice; also, one of the most important governmental institutions ...
/aw"dil, -duyl/, n. Psychol. a person in whose mind auditory images, rather than visual or motor images, are predominant or unusually distinct. [1885-90; AUD(ITORY) + -ILE] * * *
/aw"ding/, n. the process of listening to and comprehending spoken language. [1945-50; < L aud(ire) to hear + -ING1] * * *
/aw"dee oh'/, adj. 1. Electronics. designating an electronic apparatus using audio frequencies: audio amplifier. 2. of, pertaining to, or employed in the transmission, reception, ...
audio book
a recording of an oral reading of a book, often in abridged form. Also, audiobook. [1990-95] * * *
audio cassette
a cassette containing audiotape. [1970-75] * * *
audio frequency
Acoustics, Electronics. a frequency between 15 Hz and 20,000 Hz, within the range of normally audible sound. [1910-15] * * *
audio response unit
Computers. 1. a device that enables a computer to give a spoken response by generating sounds similar to human speech. 2. a similar device that selects from a vocabulary of ...
a combining form used in the formation of compound words, with the meanings: "sound within the range of human hearing" (audiometer); "hearing" (audiology); "sound reproduction" ...
audio-frequency [ô΄dē ō frē′kwən sē] adj. of the band of audible sound frequencies or corresponding electric current frequencies, about 20 to 20,000 hertz * * *
/aw'dee oh ling"gweuhl/, adj. pertaining to listening comprehension and speaking, esp. in learning a foreign language. [1955-60] * * *
audio-lingual method
a technique of foreign-language instruction that emphasizes audio-lingual skills over reading and writing and is characterized by extensive use of pattern practice. * * *
au·di·o-vis·u·al also au·di·o·vis·u·al (ô'dē-ō-vĭzhʹo͞o-əl) adj. 1. Both audible and visible. 2. Abbr. AV Of or relating to materials, such as films and tape ...
audiobook [ô′dē ō book΄] n. a recording, as on cassette tape, of a reading of a book by the author or by an actor * * * audio book n. A taped reading of a book or book ...
audiocassette [ô΄dē ō kə set′] n. a cassette containing audiotape: also written audio cassette * * * au·di·o·cas·sette (ô'dē-ō-kə-sĕtʹ, -kă-) n. 1. A cassette ...
/aw"dee oh disk'/, n. See under record (def. 17). Also, audio disk, audiodisc. [1980-85; AUDIO- + DISK] * * *
audio frequency n. Abbr. AF A range of frequencies, usually from 15 hertz to 20,000 hertz, characteristic of signals audible to the normal human ear. * * *
/aw'dee euh jen"ik/, adj. caused by sound. [1940-45; AUDIO- + -GENIC] * * *
/aw"dee euh gram'/, n. Med. the graphic record produced by an audiometer. [1925-30; AUDIO- + -GRAM1] * * *
See audiology. * * *
See audiological. * * *
—audiological /aw'dee euh loj"i keuhl/, audiologic, adj. —audiologist, n. /aw'dee ol"euh jee/, n. the study of hearing disorders, including evaluation of hearing function and ...
/aw'dee om"i teuhr/, n. Med. an instrument for gauging and recording acuity of hearing. Also called sonometer. [1875-80; AUDIO- + -METER] * * *
See audiometer. * * *
—audiometric /aw'dee euh me"trik/, adj. —audiometrically, adv. /aw'dee om"i tree/, n. Med. the testing of hearing by means of an audiometer. [1885-90; AUDIO- + -METRY] * * *
/aw"dee euhn, -on'/, n. Electronics. an early type of triode. [formerly a trademark] * * * Elementary radio tube developed by Lee De Forest (patented 1907). It was the first ...
/aw"dee euh fuyl'/, n. a person who is especially interested in high-fidelity sound reproduction. [1950-55; AUDIO- + -PHILE] * * *
au·di·o·spec·trog·ra·phy (ô'dē-ō-spĕk-trŏgʹrə-fē) n. See acoustic spectrography. * * *
/aw"dee oh tayp'/, n. magnetic tape for recording sound (distinguished from videotape). [1960-65; AUDIO- + TAPE] * * *
—audiovisually, adv. /aw'dee oh vizh"ooh euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, involving, or directed at both hearing and sight: audiovisual facilities; audiovisual ...
audiovisual aids
training or educational materials directed at both the sense of hearing and the sense of sight; films, recordings, photographs, etc., used in classroom instruction, library ...
audiovisual education
      use of supplementary teaching aids, such as recordings, transcripts, and tapes; motion pictures and videotapes; radio and television; and computers, to improve ...
/aw"deuh fohn'/, n. Med. a kind of diaphragm held against the upper teeth to assist hearing by transmitting sound vibrations to the auditory nerve. [1875-80, Amer.; AUDI(O)- + ...
—auditable, adj. /aw"dit/, n. 1. an official examination and verification of accounts and records, esp. of financial accounts. 2. a report or statement reflecting an audit; a ...
audit trail
1. Accounting. the process or an instance of cross-referring each bookkeeping entry to its source in order to facilitate checking its accuracy. 2. Computers. a track of a ...
See audit. * * *
▪ accounting Introduction       examination of the records and reports of an enterprise by specialists other than those responsible for their preparation. Public ...
—auditioner, n. /aw dish"euhn/, n. 1. a trial hearing given to a singer, actor, or other performer to test suitability for employment, professional training or competition, ...
/aw dish'euh nee"/, n. a person who competes or takes part in an audition. [AUDITION (v.) + -EE] * * *
/aw"di tiv/, adj. auditory. [1400-50; late ME auditif ( < MF) < ML auditivus, equiv. to L audit(us) ptp. of audire to hear + -ivus -IVE] * * *
—auditorship, n. /aw"di teuhr/, n. 1. a person appointed and authorized to examine accounts and accounting records, compare the charges with the vouchers, verify balance sheet ...
/aw'di tawr"ee euhm, -tohr"-/, n., pl. auditoriums, auditoria /-tawr"ee euh, -tohr"-/. 1. the space set apart for the audience in a theater, school, or other public building. 2. ...
—auditorily, auditorially, adv. /aw"di tawr'ee, -tohr'ee-/, adj., n., pl. auditories. adj. 1. Anat., Physiol. pertaining to hearing, to the sense of hearing, or to the organs ...
auditory aphasia
Pathol. aphasia in which there is no comprehension of spoken words; word deafness. * * *
auditory canal
Anat. the narrow passageway from the outer ear to the eardrum. [1895-1900] * * *
auditory nerve
Anat. either one of the eighth pair of cranial nerves, consisting of sensory fibers that conduct impulses from the organs of hearing and from the semicircular canals to the ...
auditory phonetics
the branch of phonetics dealing with the physiological processes involved in the reception of speech. Cf. acoustic phonetics, articulatory phonetics, physiological phonetics. * * ...
auditory vesicle
Embryol. the pouch that is formed by the invagination of an ectodermal placode and that develops into the internal ear. Also called otic vesicle, otocyst. * * *
auditory nerve n. See acoustic nerve. * * *
Audley, Thomas Audley, Baron
▪ lord chancellor of England born 1488, Earls Colne, Essex, England died April 30, 1544, London  lord chancellor of England from 1533 to 1544, who helped King Henry VIII ...
/aw"dree/, n. a female given name: from Old English words meaning "noble" and "strength." * * *
Audrey Hepburn
➡ Hepburn (I) * * *
/aw"deuh bon', -beuhn/, n. John James, 1785-1851, U.S. naturalist who painted and wrote about the birds of North America. * * * (as used in expressions) Audubon Society ...
Audubon Society
a society founded in 1905 for the preservation of wildlife, esp. of birds. [named after J. J. AUDUBON] * * *
Audubon Society, National
U.S. organization dedicated to conserving and restoring natural ecosystems. Founded in 1905 and named for John James Audubon, the society has 600,000 members and maintains more ...
Audubon's warbler.
See under yellow-rumped warbler. [1830-40, Amer.; named after J. J. AUDUBON] * * *
Audubon, John James
orig. Fougère Rabin or Jean Rabin later Jean-Jacques Fougère Audubon born April 26, 1785, Les Cayes, Saint-Domingue, West Indies died Jan. 27, 1851, New York, N.Y., ...
Audubon,John James
Au·du·bon (ôʹdə-bŏn', -bən), John James. 1785-1851. Haitian-born American ornithologist and artist whose extensive observations of eastern North American avifauna led to ...
Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg, Leopold
▪ Austrian physician born Nov. 19, 1722, Graz, Austria died May 17, 1809, Vienna       physician who devised the diagnostic technique of percussion (the art of striking ...
/ow"euhr/, n. Leopold /lee"euh pohld'/; Hung. /lay"aw pawlt'/, 1845-1930, Hungarian violinist and teacher. * * *
Auer, Leopold
▪ Hungarian violinist born June 7, 1845, Veszprém, Hungary died July 15, 1930, Loschwitz, near Dresden, Germany  Hungarian-American violinist especially renowned as a ...
Au·er (ouʹər), Leopold. 1845-1930. Hungarian-born violinist and teacher of several notable musicians, including Jascha Heifetz and Efrem Zimbalist. * * *
/ow"euhr bahk', owr"-/; for 2 also Ger. /ow"euhrdd bahkh'/, n. 1. Arnold ("Red"), born 1917, U.S. basketball coach and manager. 2. Berthold /berdd"tohlt/, 1812-82, German ...
Auerbach, Berthold
▪ German novelist pseudonym of  Moyses Baruch , Moyses also spelled  Moses  born Feb. 28, 1812, Nordstetten, near Horb, Württemberg [Germany] died Feb. 8, 1882, Cannes, ...
Auerbach, Ellen
▪ 2005 Ellen Rosenberg; “Pit”        German-born avant-garde photographer (b. May 20, 1906, Karlsruhe, Ger.—d. July 31, 2004, New York, N.Y.), created innovative ...
Auerbach, Erich
▪ American scholar born Nov. 9, 1892, Berlin, Ger. died Oct. 13, 1957, Wallingford, Conn., U.S.       educator and scholar of Romance literatures and ...
Auerbach, Oscar
▪ 1998       American pathologist whose research showing that cigarette smoking was causally related to lung cancer, based on his examination of thousands of lung tissue ...
Auerbach, Red
▪ 2007 Arnold Jacob Auerbach        American basketball coach (b. Sept. 20, 1917, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. Oct. 28, 2006, Washington, D.C.), led the National Basketball ...
Au·er·bach (ouʹər-băk'), Arnold. Known as “Red.” Born 1917. American basketball coach. One of the winningest coaches of all time, he helped lead the Boston Celtics to ...
Auersperg, Adolf, Prince von, Duke Von Gottschee
▪ prime minister of Austria born July 21, 1821, Prague, Austrian Empire [now in Czech Republic] died January 5, 1885, Schloss Goldegg, Austria       liberal and ...
Auersperg, Johann Weikhart, Prince von
▪ Austrian statesman born March 11, 1615 died Nov. 13, 1677, Laibach, Carniola, Austrian Empire [now Ljubljana, Slovenia]       Austrian diplomat and statesman, head of ...
auf Wiedersehen
/owf vee"deuhrdd zay'euhn/, German. until we meet again; good-bye for the present. * * *
Aufbau principle
▪ chemistry       (from German Aufbauprinzip, “building-up principle”), rationalization of the distribution of electrons among energy levels in the ground (most ...
/owf"kle'rddoong/, n. German. 1. enlightenment. 2. Europ. Hist. the Enlightenment. * * *       (German: “Enlightenment”), in Germany, the 17th- and 18th-century ...
auf Wie·der·seh·en (ouf vēʹdər-zā'ən) interj. Used to express farewell.   [German : auf, until + Wiedersehen, seeing again.] * * *
Aug abbrev. August * * *
aug abbrev. augmentative * * *
To increase. Oldest form *ə₂eug-, colored to *ə₂aug-. Variant *ə₂weg- becoming *(a)weg-. Derivatives include nickname, auction, and auxiliary. 1. eke1, from Old English ...
August. * * *
1. augmentative. 2. augmented. * * *
/aw"jee/, n. Class. Myth. a daughter of King Aleus who became a priestess of Athena. After being raped by Hercules she bore a son, Telephus. * * *
/aw jee"euhn/, adj. 1. resembling the Augean stables in filthiness or degradation. 2. difficult and unpleasant: an Augean chore. [1590-1600; < L Auge(us) of AUGEAS (Gk Augeí(as) ...
Augean stables
Class. Myth. the stables in which King Augeas kept 3000 oxen, and which had not been cleaned for 30 years. The cleaning of these stables was accomplished by Hercules, who ...
/aw"jee euhs, aw jee"euhs/, n. king of the Epeans in Elis and one of the Argonauts. Cf. Augean stables. * * * ▪ Greek mythology also spelled  Augeias  or ...
/aw"jend, aw jend"/, n. Math. a number to which another is added in forming a sum. Cf. addend (def. 2). [1905-10; < L augendum a thing to be increased, n. use of neut. of ...
/aw"geuhr/, n. 1. Carpentry. a. a bit, as for a brace. b. a boring tool, similar to but larger than a gimlet, consisting of a bit rotated by a transverse handle. 2. See earth ...
auger bit
an auger having a square tang at its upper end and rotated by a brace, used for boring through wood. See illus. under bit. * * *
Auger effect
/oh zhay"/, Physics. a nonradiative process in which an atom in an excited state undergoes a transition to a lower state by the emission of a bound electron (Auger electron) ...
auger mining
▪ coal mining       method for recovering coal (coal mining) by boring into a coal seam at the base of strata exposed by excavation. Normally one of the lowest-cost ...
Auger shower
Astron. a very large cosmic ray shower caused by a primary cosmic ray entering the earth's atmosphere. [see AUGER EFFECT] * * *
Auger, Arleen
▪ 1994       U.S. opera singer (b. Sept. 13, 1939, South Gate, Calif.—d. June 10, 1993, Leusden, Neth.), projected a commanding stage presence and was especially ...
/aw"geuhr uyd'/, Chiefly South Midland U.S. having sharp or piercing vision. * * *
Augereau, Pierre-François-Charles, duc de Castiglione
▪ French army officer born October 21, 1757, Paris, France died June 12, 1816, La Houssaye  army officer whose military ability won for France a series of brilliant victories ...
aught1 /awt/, n. 1. anything whatever; any part: for aught I know. adv. 2. Archaic. in any degree; at all; in any respect. Also, ought. [bef. 1000; ME aught, ought, OE aht, ...
/awkht"linz/, adv. Scot. oughtlins. [AUGHT2 + -lin (var. of -LING2) + -S1] * * *
/oh zhyay"/, n. Guillaume Victor Émile /gee yohm" veek tawrdd" ay meel"/, 1820-89, French dramatist. * * *
Augier, Émile
▪ French dramatist in full  Guillaume-victor-émile Augier   born Sept. 17, 1820, Valence, France died Oct. 25, 1889, Croissy-sur-Seine       popular dramatist who ...
—augitic /aw jit"ik/, adj. /aw"juyt/, n. a silicate mineral, chiefly of calcium, magnesium, iron, and aluminum: a dark-green to black variety of monoclinic pyroxene, ...
—augmentable, adj. v. /awg ment"/; n. /awg"ment/, v.t. 1. to make larger; enlarge in size, number, strength, or extent; increase: His salary is augmented by a small ...
See augment. * * *
/awg'men tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of augmenting; state of being augmented. 2. that by which anything is augmented. 3. Music. modification of a theme by increasing the time ...
Augmentations, Court of
▪ United Kingdom       in Reformation England, the most important of a group of financial courts organized during the reign of Henry VIII; the others were the courts of ...
—augmentatively, adv. /awg men"teuh tiv/, adj. 1. serving to augment. 2. Gram. pertaining to or productive of a form denoting increased size or intensity. In Spanish the ...
aug·ment·ed (ôg-mĕnʹtĭd) adj. Music Larger by a semitone than the corresponding major or perfect interval. * * *
augmented interval
augmented interval [ôg ment′id] n. Music an interval that is a half step greater than the corresponding major or perfect interval * * *
augmented roman.
See Initial Teaching Alphabet. * * *
augmented sixth
Music. 1. an interval greater than a major sixth by a chromatic half step. 2. any of various chords having this as the characteristic interval. * * *
/awg men"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that augments. 2. Aviation, Rocketry. any auxiliary device, as an afterburner, for additional thrust from the exhaust of a jet or rocket ...
Augrabies Falls
▪ waterfall, South Africa also spelled  Aughrabies Falls,         series of separately channeled cataracts and rapids on the Orange River in arid Northern Cape ...
au gra·tin (ōgrätʹn, grătʹn, gră-tăɴʹ) adj. Covered with bread crumbs and sometimes butter and grated cheese, and then browned in an oven: potatoes au ...
/awgz"berrg/; Ger. /owks"boorddk/, n. a city in Bavaria, in S Germany. 247,700. * * * I City (pop., 2002 est.: 257,800), Bavaria, southern Germany. Founded as a Roman colony by ...
Augsburg Confession
the statement of beliefs and doctrines of the Lutherans, formulated by Melanchthon and endorsed by the Lutheran princes, which was presented at the Diet of Augsburg in 1530 and ...
Augsburg Interim
▪ German history       temporary doctrinal agreement between German Catholics and Protestants, proclaimed in May 1548 at the Diet of Augsburg (1547–48), which became ...
Augsburg, League of
Coalition formed in 1686 by Emperor Leopold I, the kings of Sweden and Spain, and the electors of Bavaria, Saxony, and the Palatinate. The league was formed to oppose the ...
Augsburg, Peace of
Convention promulgated in 1555 by the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire, which provided the first permanent legal basis for the existence of Lutheranism in addition to Catholicism in ...
Augstein, Rudolf Karl
▪ 2003       German magazine publisher (b. Nov. 5, 1923, Hanover, Ger.—d. Nov. 7, 2002, Hamburg, Ger.), was the publisher, editor (until 1995), and chief editorial ...
augur1 /aw"geuhr/, n. 1. one of a group of ancient Roman officials charged with observing and interpreting omens for guidance in public affairs. 2. soothsayer; prophet. v.t. 3. ...
See augur. * * *
—augural, adj. /aw"gyeuh ree/, n., pl. auguries. 1. the art or practice of an augur; divination. 2. the rite or ceremony of an augur. 3. an omen, token, or ...
—augustly, adv. —augustness, n. /aw gust"/, adj. 1. inspiring reverence or admiration; of supreme dignity or grandeur; majestic: an august performance of a religious ...
/aw"geuhst/, n. 1. the eighth month of the year, containing 31 days. Abbr.: Aug. 2. a male given name, form of Augustus. [bef. 1100; ME < L Augustus (named after AUGUSTUS); r. OE ...
August Bank Holiday
(also Summer Bank Holiday) n [usu sing] (in England, Wales and Northern Ireland) a bank holiday on the last Monday in August, when many people go to the coast, or to events such ...
/aw gus"teuh, euh gus"-/, n. 1. a city in E Georgia, on the Savannah River. 47,532. 2. a city in and the capital of Maine, in the SW part, on the Kennebec River. 21,819. 3. a ...
/aw'geuh stay"leez/, n.pl. (in ancient Rome) local officials, usually freedmen, appointed in various towns for the worship of deified emperors. [ < L, pl. of AUGUSTALIS. See ...
/aw gus"teuhn, euh gus"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Augustus Caesar, the first Roman emperor, or to the age (Augustan Age) in which he flourished, which marked the golden age ...
Augustan Age
the period of English literature in the early 18th century, when writers such as Swift and Pope were active. The name comes from that of the Roman emperor Augustus, who ruled ...
Augustan Confession.
See Augsburg Confession. * * *
Augustan History
▪ ancient Roman literature Latin  Historia Augusta         a collection of biographies of the Roman emperors (Augusti) from Hadrian to Numerian (117–284), an ...
Augustana College
▪ college, Rock Island, Illinois, United States       private, coeducational liberal arts college located along the Mississippi River in Rock Island, northwestern ...
Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church
▪ Protestant church, United States       church organized in the United States by Norwegian and Swedish immigrants in 1860 in Jefferson Prairie, Wisconsin, as the ...
(as used in expressions) Atget Jean Eugène Auguste Barrès Auguste Maurice Bartholdi Frédéric Auguste Blanqui Louis– Auguste Bourgeois Léon Victor Auguste Caillaux Joseph ...
(as used in expressions) Beaumarchais Pierre Augustin Caron de Bidault Georges Augustin Candolle Augustin Pyrame de Cauchy Augustin Louis Baron Caulaincourt Armand Augustin Louis ...
/aw"geuh steen', aw gus"tin, euh gus"-/, n. 1. Saint, A.D. 354-430, one of the Latin fathers in the early Christian Church; author; bishop of Hippo in N Africa. 2. Saint, ...
Augustine (of Hippo), Saint
born Nov. 13, 354, Tagaste, Numidia died Aug. 28, 430, Hippo Regius; feast day August 28 Christian theologian and one of the Latin Fathers of the Church. Born in Roman North ...
Augustine of Canterbury, Saint
born , Rome? died May 26, 604/605, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.; feast day May 26 in England and Wales, May 28 elsewhere First archbishop of Canterbury. A Benedictine prior in Rome, ...
Augustine, Saint
▪ Christian bishop and theologian Introduction also called  Saint Augustine of Hippo,  original Latin name  Aurelius Augustinus   born Nov. 13, 354, Tagaste, Numidia [now ...
I. Au·gus·tine1 (ôʹgə-stēn', ô-gŭsʹtĭn), Saint. A.D. 354-430. Early Christian church father and philosopher who served (396-430) as the bishop of Hippo (in present-day ...
—Augustinianism, Augustinism /aw gus"teuh niz'euhm/, n. /aw'geuh stin"ee euhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to St. Augustine of Hippo, to his doctrines, or to any religious order ...
Augustinian of the Assumption
a member of a Roman Catholic congregation founded in 1847 in France, engaged in missionary and educational work. Also called Assumptionist. * * *
See Augustinian. * * *
See Augustinianism. * * *
See august. * * *
See augustly. * * *
/aw gus"teuhs, euh gus"-/, n. 1. Also called Octavian (before 27 B.C.) (Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, Augustus Caesar), 63 B.C.-A.D. 14, first Roman emperor 27 B.C.-A.D. 14: ...
Augustus II
Polish August Fryderyk born May 12, 1670, Dresden, Saxony died Feb. 1, 1733, Warsaw King of Poland and elector of Saxony (as Frederick Augustus I). He ascended to the Polish ...
Augustus III
Polish August Fryderyk born Oct. 17, 1696, Dresden, Saxony died Oct. 5, 1763, Dresden King of Poland and elector of Saxony (as Frederick Augustus II), whose reign (1733–63) ...
Augustus John
➡ John (II) * * *
Augustus, Caesar
or Octavian orig. Gaius Octavius later Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus born Sept. 23, 63 BC died Aug. 19, AD 14, Nola, near Naples First Roman emperor. Born to a wealthy ...
au jus (ōzho͞osʹ, zhüʹ) adj. Served with the natural juices or gravy: roast beef au jus.   [French : au, with the + jus, juice.] * * *
/awk/, n. any of several usually black-and-white diving birds of the family Alcidae, of northern seas, having webbed feet and small wings. Cf. great auk, razor-billed ...
/awk"lit/, n. any of several small auks of the coasts of the North Pacific, as Aethia cristatella (crested auklet), having a crest of recurved plumes. [1885-90; AUK + -LET] * * ...
Aukrust, Olav
▪ Norwegian poet born January 21, 1883, Gudbrandsdalen, Norway died November 3, 1929, Gudbrandsdalen       regional poet whose verse contributed to the development of ...
/oh lannrdd"/, n. François Victor Alphonse /frddahonn swann" veek tawrdd" annl fawonns"/, 1849-1928, French historian. * * *
Aulard, François-Alphonse
▪ French historian born July 19, 1849, Montbron, France died Oct. 23, 1928, Paris       one of the leading historians of the French Revolution, noted for the ...
Aulby, Mike
▪ American bowler in full  Michael Aulby  born March 25, 1960, Indianapolis, Ind., U.S.       American professional bowler. Aulby was one of the best bowlers during ...
/awld/, adj. Scot. and North Eng. old. * * *
auld lang syne
/awld" lang zuyn", suyn"/, Scot. and North Eng. 1. old times, esp. times fondly remembered. 2. old or long friendship. [lit., old long since, i.e., old long-ago (days)] * * *
Auld Reekie
a popular name for Edinburgh. It means ‘old smoky’ and refers to the smoke from the city’s many chimneys. * * *
auldlang syne
auld lang syne (ôld' lăng zīnʹ, sīnʹ) n. The times gone past; the good old days.   [Scots : auld, old + lang, long + syne, since.] * * *
/aw"lik/, adj. of or pertaining to a royal court. [1695-1705; < L aulicus < Gk aulikós courtly, equiv. to aul(é) hall, court + -ikos -IC] * * *
aulic council
a personal council of the Holy Roman Emperor, exercising chiefly judicial powers. * * *
Aulie Ata
/ow"lee ay' euh tah"/; Russ. /ow lyi ye" u tah"/ former name of Dzhambul. * * *
Au·lis (ôʹlĭs) An ancient port of east-central Greece in Boeotia. According to tradition, it was the embarkation point for the Greek fleet during the Trojan War. * * ...
▪ Kazakstan Kazak Zhambyl, also spelled  Dzhambul , or  Džambul        city, southern Kazakhstan. It lies at the junction of the Talas River and the Turk-Sib ...
Aul·nay-sous-Bois (ō-nā'so͞o-bwäʹ) A town of north-central France, a suburb of Paris. Population: 75,996. * * *
Aulnoy, Marie-Catherine Le Jumel de Barneville, Countess d'
▪ French author Aulnoy also spelled  Aunoy   born 1650/51, near Honfleur, Fr. died Jan. 14, 1705, Paris  writer of fairy tales and of novels of court intrigue, whose ...
/aw"leuh fuyt'/, n. a free-living plant growing on or in another plant. [ < Gk aulo-, comb. form of aulós (see AULOS) + -PHYTE] * * *
/aw"los/, n., pl. auloi /-loy/. an ancient Greek wind instrument, a double pipe played with a double reed. [ < Gk aulós tube, pipe, flute] * * * Single-or double-reed pipe ...
air-to-underwater missile. * * *
/ohm/, n. Hinduism. Om. * * *
AUM Shinrikyo
(Japanese; "AUM Supreme Truth") Japanese new religious movement founded by Asahara Shoko (b. 1955 as Matsumoto Chizuo) in 1987. It contained elements of Hinduism and Buddhism ...
Aumale, Henri-Eugène-Philippe-Louis d'Orléans, Duke d'
▪ French noble born Jan. 16, 1822, Paris, France died May 7, 1897, Zucco, Sicily, Italy       fourth son of King Louis-Philippe of France, colonialist, and a leader of ...
Aumann, Robert J.
▪ Israeli mathematician born June 8, 1930, Frankfurt am Main, Ger.       Israeli mathematician, who shared the 2005 Nobel Prize for Economics with Thomas C. Schelling ...
/am"bree/, n., pl. aumbries. ambry. * * *
/aw'mil dahr", aw"mil dahr'/, n. (in India) 1. a manager or agent. 2. a collector of revenue. [1770-80; < Hindi amaldar < Pers, equiv. to Ar 'amal work + Pers -dar agent suffix, ...
Aumont, Jean-Pierre
▪ 2002 Jean-Pierre Philippe Salomons        French actor (b. Jan. 5, 1911, Paris, France—d. Jan. 30, 2001, St. Tropez, France), employed his suave good looks and ...
au na·tu·rel (ō'năch'ə-rĕlʹ, ô' nä-tü-rĕlʹ) adj. 1. a. Nude. b. In a natural state: an au naturel hairstyle. 2. Cooked simply.   [French : au, in the + naturel, ...
/ohn/, n. an old French unit of measure for fabrics, equivalent to about 47 in. (119 cm). [1700-10; < F; OF aulne < Frankish *alina (c. OHG elina, OE eln). See ELL2] * * *
Aung San
born 1914?, Natmauk, Burma died July 19, 1947, Rangoon Nationalist leader of Burma (Myanmar). He led a student strike in 1936 and became secretary-general of a nationalist ...
Aung San Suu Kyi
/owng" sahn" sooh" kee"/, n. born 1945, Burmese opposition leader: Nobel peace prize 1991. * * * born June 19, 1945, Rangoon, Burma Opposition leader in Burma ...
AungSan Suu Kyi
Aung San Suu Kyi (ôngʹ sänʹ so͞oʹ chēʹ), Born 1945. Burmese political leader who won the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize for her work promoting democracy in her country. * * *
Au·nis (ō-nēsʹ) A historical region and former province of western France on the Atlantic Ocean. A part of Aquitaine, it was recovered from England in 1373 and incorporated ...
—auntlike, adj. /ant, ahnt/, n. 1. the sister of one's father or mother. 2. the wife of one's uncle. 3. Chiefly New England and South Midland U.S. (used as a term of respectful ...
Aunt Jemima
Slang (disparaging and offensive). a black woman considered by other blacks to be subservient to or to curry favor with whites. Cf. Uncle Tom. [1885-90; after the trademarked ...
Aunt Jemima{™}
the name of a US food product that is mixed with milk and eggs to make pancakes (= flat round cakes). The box originally had a picture of an African-American woman wearing a ...
Aunt Sally
Chiefly Brit. a person who is a ready target for criticism or focus for disputation. [1860-65; so called from the figure used as a target at fairs] * * *
See aunt. * * *
/an"tee, ahn"-/, n. Informal. aunt. Also, aunty. [1785-95; AUNT + -IE] * * *

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