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/an"tee, ahn"-/, n., pl. aunties. auntie. * * *
Aunuu Island
▪ island, American Samoa also spelled  Aunu‘u        volcanic island off the east coast of Tutuila, American Samoa, in the south-central Pacific Ocean. The island ...
au pair (ô pârʹ) n. A young foreigner who does domestic work for a family in exchange for room and board and a chance to learn the family's language.   [French : au, at the ...
aur-1 var. of auri-1, esp. before a vowel. aur-2 var. of auri-2,esp. before a vowel. * * *
/awr"euh/, n., pl. auras or, for 3, aurae /awr"ee/. 1. a distinctive and pervasive quality or character; air; atmosphere: an aura of respectability; an aura of friendliness. 2. a ...
/awr"euh/, n. Class. Myth. a companion of Artemis who bore twins to Dionysus. Zeus changed her into a spring because, in a fit of madness, she had killed one of her children. * * ...
aural1 /awr"euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to an aura. [1865-70; AUR(A) + -AL1] aural2 —aurally, adv. /awr"euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the ear or to the sense of ...
/awr'euhl awr"euhl, awr'euhl ohr"-/, adj. audio-lingual. * * *
See aural1. * * *
/awr"euh meen', -min/, n. Chem. a yellow, crystalline solid, C17H22ClN3, soluble in water, alcohol, and ether, used chiefly as a dye for paper and leather. [1880-85; < L aur(um) ...
Aurangabad [ou ruŋ′ə bäd΄] city in central Maharashtra, W India: pop. 573,000 * * * Au·rang·a·bad (ou-rŭngʹgə-bäd', -ə-bäd') A town of western India ...
/awr"euhng zeb'/, n. 1618-1707, Mogul emperor of Hindustan 1658-1707. Also, Aurungzeb. * * * orig. Muḥī al-Dīn Muḥammad born Nov. 3, 1618, Dhod, Malwa, India died March ...
/aw ran"euh fin'/, n. Pharm. a gold-containing compound, C20H34AuO9PS, used orally in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. [coinage appar. based on AURUM; following syllables ...
/oy"rahr/, n. pl. of eyrir. * * *
▪ France Breton  Alre        town, Morbihan département, Bretagne ( Brittany) région, northwestern France, on the Auray Estuary. It is situated 7.5 miles (12 km) ...
aurea mediocritas
/ow"rdday ah' me'dee ohk"rddi tahs'/; Eng. /awr"ee euh mee"dee ok"ri tas', -teuhs, -med'ee-/, Latin. the golden mean. * * *
—aureately, adv. —aureateness, n. /awr"ee it, -ayt'/, adj. 1. golden or gilded. 2. brilliant; splendid. 3. characterized by an ornate style of writing or speaking. [1400-50; ...
aureate language
a style of poetic diction, used originally in 15th-century English poetry, characterized by the use of ornate phrases and Latinized coinages. * * *
See aureate. * * *
See aureately. * * *
/aw ree"lee euh, aw reel"yeuh/, n. See moon jellyfish. [1590-1600; < NL] * * * ▪ jellyfish genus       genus of marine jellyfish of the order Semaeostomeae (class ...
/aw reel"yeuh/, n. a female given name: from Latin Aurelianus, a family name. * * * ▪ jellyfish genus       genus of marine jellyfish of the order Semaeostomeae (class ...
/aw ree"lee euhn, aw reel"yeuhn/, n. (Lucius Domitius Aurelianus) A.D. 212?-275, Roman emperor 270-275. * * * Latin Lucius Domitius Aurelianus born с 215 died 275, near ...
Aurelian Wall
▪ rampart, Rome, Italy Italian  Mura Aureliane,    rampart of imperial Rome, first constructed in the second half of the 3rd century AD. It was begun by the emperor ...
/aw ree"lee euhs, aw reel"yeuhs/, n. Marcus. See Marcus Aurelius. * * * (as used in expressions) Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Marcus ...
aurene glass
/awr"een/ an iridescent American art glass colored gold and blue. [formerly a trademark] * * *
/awr"ee ohl'/, n. 1. a radiance surrounding the head or the whole figure in the representation of a sacred personage. 2. any encircling ring of light or color; halo. 3. Astron. ...
—aureoline /aw ree"euh lin, -luyn', euh ree"-/, adj. /aw ree"euh lin, euh ree"-/, n. a pigment used in painting, consisting of potassium cobaltinitrite and characterized by its ...
/awr'ee oh muy"sin/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of chlortetracycline. * * *
▪ mountains, Algeria Latin  Aurasius Mons,    mountains, part of the Saharan Atlas in northeastern Algeria, northern Africa, fronted by rugged cliffs in the north and ...
/awr"ee euhs/, n., pl. aurei /awr"ee uy'/. a gold coin and monetary unit of ancient Rome, from Caesar to Constantine I. [1600-10; < L: lit., golden] * * * ▪ ancient Roman ...
au re·voir (ō'rə-vwärʹ) interj. Used to express farewell.   [French : au, till the + revoir, seeing again.] * * *
or Ymir In Norse mythology, the first being, a giant created from the drops of water that formed when the ice of Niflheim met the heat of Muspelheim. He was the father of all ...
auri-1 a combining form meaning "gold": auriferous. Also, esp. before a vowel, aur-. [ < L aur(um) + -i- -I-] auri-2 a combining form meaning "ear": auriform. Also, esp. before a ...
/awr"ik/, adj. Chem. of or containing gold in the trivalent state. [1830-40; < L aur(um) gold + -IC] * * *
Auric, Georges
▪ French composer born Feb. 15, 1899, Lodève, France died July 24, 1983, Paris       French composer best known for his film scores and ballets. In these and other ...
▪ mineral  a mineral composed of the hydroxide carbonate of zinc and copper (Zn, Cu)5(OH)6(CO3)2. It is commonly found with malachite in the oxidized zone of zinc and copper ...
—auricled, adj. /awr"i keuhl/, n. 1. Anat. a. the projecting outer portion of the ear; pinna. b. Also called auricular appendage. an ear-shaped appendage projecting from each ...
See auricle. * * *
auricula [ô rik′yo͞o lə, ô rik′yələ] n. pl. auriculas or auriculae [ô rik′yoolē΄, ô rik′yəlē΄] 〚ModL: see AURICLE〛 1. a species of primrose (Primula ...
—auricularly, adv. /aw rik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the ear or to the sense of hearing; aural. 2. perceived by or addressed to the ear; made in private: an ...
auricular appendage
auricle (def. 1b). * * *
auricular style
▪ decorative art German  Knorpelwerk  or  Ohrmuschelstil,  Dutch  kwabornament   a 17th-century ornamental style based on parts of the human anatomy. It was invented in ...
/aw rik'yeuh lair"ee euh/, n., pl. auriculariae /-lair"ee ee'/, auricularias. the bilaterally symmetrical, ciliated larva of a holothurian. [ < NL; see AURICLE, -ARIA] * * *
See auricular. * * *
—auriculately, adv. /aw rik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. 1. having auricles or earlike parts. 2. shaped like an ear. [1705-15; < L auricul- AURICLE + -ATE1] * * *
See auriculate. * * *
/aw rik"yeuh lin/, n. Biochem. See atrial natriuretic factor. [1980-85; perh. AURICUL(AR APPENDAGE) + -IN2] * * *
/aw rik'yeuh loh ven trik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. Anat. atrioventricular. [auriculo- (comb. form of AURICLE) + VENTRICULAR] * * *
/aw rif"euhr euhs/, adj. yielding or containing gold. [1720-30; < L aurifer gold-bearing (see AURI-1, -FER) + -OUS] * * *
/awr"euh fawrm'/, adj. shaped like an ear, as the shell of certain mollusks. [1810-20; AURI-2 + -FORM] * * *
—aurific /aw rif"ik/, adj. —aurification, n. /awr"euh fuy'/, v.t., aurified, aurifying. 1. to cause to appear golden; gild: Dawn came, and sunlight aurified the lead-gray ...
/aw ruy"geuh/, n., gen. Aurigae /-jee/. Astron. the Charioteer, a northern constellation between Perseus and Gemini, containing the bright star Capella. [1400-50; late ME < L: ...
/aw rddee nyannk"/, n. a village in S France: many prehistoric artifacts found in area. 1149. * * *
/awr'in yay"sheuhn/, adj. of, belonging to, or typical of an Upper Paleolithic industry with characteristic stone and bone artifacts that is distributed from western France to ...
Aurignacian culture
Stone-tool industry and artistic tradition of Upper Paleolithic Europe, named after the village of Aurignac in southern France where the tradition was first identified. The ...
▪ France       town, capital of Cantal département, Auvergne région, south-central France. It lies along the Jourdanne River at an elevation of 2,040 feet (622 ...
/awr'ee ohl", -awl"/; Fr. /oh rddyawl"/, n. Vincent /vin"seuhnt/ Fr. /vaonn sahonn"/, 1884-1966, French statesman: president 1947-54. * * *
Auriol, Jacqueline-Marie-Therese-Suzanne
▪ 2001       French pilot (b. Nov. 5, 1917, Challans, France—d. Feb. 12, 2000, Paris, France), overcame a near-fatal 1949 crash, numerous operations to repair her ...
Auriol, Vincent
▪ president of France born Aug. 25, 1884, Revel, Fr. died Jan. 1, 1966, Paris  first president of the Fourth French Republic, who presided over crisis-ridden coalition ...
—auriscopic /awr'euh skop"ik/, adj. —auriscopically, adv. /awr"euh skohp'/, n. Med. otoscope. [1850-55; AURI-2 + -SCOPE] * * *
/awr"ist/, n. a physician specializing in the treatment of ear diseases; otologist. [1670-80; AUR-2 + -IST] * * *
/awr'euh bin"doh/, n. Sri (Sri Aurobindo Ghose), 1872-1950, Indian scholar and spiritual leader. * * *
Aurobindo, Śrī
▪ Indian philosopher and nationalist original name  Aurobindo Ghose, Aurobindo  also spelled  Aravinda  born Aug. 15, 1872, Calcutta, India died Dec. 5, 1950, ...
/awr"oks/, n., pl. aurochs. 1. a large, black European wild ox, Bos primigenius: extinct since 1627. 2. (not used scientifically) the European bison. [1760-70; < G, var. (now ...
/aw rawr"euh, aw rohr"euh, euh rawr"euh, euh rohr"euh/, n. 1. the ancient Roman goddess of the dawn. Cf. Eos. 2. (l.c.) dawn. 3. (l.c.) Meteorol. a radiant emission from the ...
aurora australis
/aw stray"lis/, Meteorol. the aurora of the Southern Hemisphere. Also called southern lights. [1735-45; < NL: southern aurora; see AUSTRAL] * * *
aurora borealis
/bawr'ee al"is, -ay"lis, bohr'-/, Meteorol. the aurora of the Northern Hemisphere. Also called northern lights, aurora polaris. [1621; < NL: northern aurora; see BOREAL] * * *
aurora aus·tra·lis (ô-strāʹlĭs) n. pl. aurora aus·tra·lis·es (-lĭ-sĭz) or aurorae australis An aurora that occurs in southern regions of the earth. Also called ...
aurora bo·re·al·is (bôr'ē-ălʹĭs, bōr'-) n. pl. aurora bo·re·al·is·es (-ĭ-sĭz) or aurorae borealis An aurora that occurs in northern regions of the earth. Also ...
au·ro·rae (ə-rôrʹē, ə-rōrʹē) n. A plural of aurora. * * *
—aurorally, adv. /aw rawr"euhl, aw rohr"-, euh rawr"-, euh rohr"-/, adj. 1. of or like the dawn. 2. pertaining to the aurora borealis or aurora australis. [1545-55; AUROR(A) + ...
auroral zone
the region surrounding the north or south geomagnetic pole in which the auroral phenomena take place. * * *
See auroral. * * *
/aw rawr"ee euhn, aw rohr"-, euh rawr"-, euh rohr"-/, adj. belonging to the dawn; auroral. [1810-20; AUROR(A) + -EAN] * * *
/awr"euhs/, adj. 1. Chem. of or containing gold in the univalent state. 2. of or containing gold. [1860-65; AUR-1 + -OUS] * * *
▪ dance  Basque folk dance of courtship, in which the men perform spirited acrobatic displays for their partners; it is one of the most elaborate European folk dances of this ...
/awr"euhm/, n. Chem. gold. Symbol: Au [1490-1500; < L: gold] * * *
▪ ancient Italian tribe       ancient tribe of Campania, in Italy. They were exterminated by the Romans in 314 BC as the culmination of 50 years of Roman military ...
/awr"euhng zeb'/, n. Aurangzeb. * * *
Aury, Dominique
▪ 1999       French writer and translator who was a respected member of the literary establishment but gained her greatest fame in 1994 when it was confirmed that she ...
Army of the United States. Also, A.U.S. * * *
To shine. Derivatives include east, Easter, and aurora. 1. a. east, from Old English ēast, east (< “the direction of the sunrise”); b. ostmark, from Old High German ōstan, ...
1. Austria. 2. Austrian. * * *
/aw say"beuhl/, n. a river in NE New York, flowing NE through a gorge (Ausable Chasm) into Lake Champlain. 20 mi. (32 km) long. * * *
/owsh"vits/, n. a town in SW Poland: site of Nazi concentration camp during World War II. 39,600. Polish, Oswiecim. * * * or Auschwitz-Birkenau Nazi Germany's largest ...
—auscultative /aw"skeuhl tay'tiv, aw skul"teuh-/, auscultatory /aw skul"teuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. —auscultator, n. /aw"skeuhl tayt'/, v.t., v.i., auscultated, ...
/aw'skeuhl tay"sheuhn/, n. Med. the act of listening, either directly or through a stethoscope or other instrument, to sounds within the body as a method of diagnosis. [1625-35; ...
See auscultate. * * *
See auscultative. * * *
▪ Baltic deity (Latvian), Lithuanian  Aušrinė        in Baltic religion, the morning star and deity of the dawn. The Latvian Auseklis was a male god, the Lithuanian ...
aus·form (ôsʹfôrm') tr.v. aus·formed, aus·form·ing, aus·forms To subject (especially steel) to deformation, quenching, and tempering to improve its wear ...
      (German: “Compromise”), the compact, finally concluded on Feb. 8, 1867, that regulated the relations between Austria and Hungary and established the Dual ...
/ows"lan'deuhr, aw"slan'-/, n. foreigner; alien; outlander. [ < G Ausländer; see OUT-, LAND, -ER1] * * *
Auslander, Joseph
▪ American author born Oct. 11, 1897, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died June 22, 1965, Coral Gables, Fla.       American novelist and lyric poet who was noted for his war ...
/ows"lowt'/, n., pl. auslaute /-low'teuh/, auslauts. Ling. 1. final position in a word, esp. as a conditioning environment in sound change. 2. a sound in this position. Cf. ...
/ows"lay zeuh/, n. (often l.c.) a wine made in Germany from carefully selected ripe grapes. [ < G: lit., selection] * * *
Ausonius, Decimus Magnus
▪ Latin poet and rhetorician born c. 310, , Burdigala, Gaul [now Bordeaux, France] died c. 395, , Burdigala       Latin poet and rhetorician interesting chiefly for his ...
/aw"speks/, n., pl. auspices /aw"speuh seez'/. an augur of ancient Rome. [1590-1600; < L: one who observes birds, soothsayer, diviner, equiv. to au-, base of avis bird + -spex ...
/aw"spi kayt'/, v.t., auspicated, auspicating. to initiate with ceremonies calculated to ensure good luck; inaugurate. [1595-1605; < L auspicatus consecrated by auguries (ptp. of ...
/aw"spis/, n., pl. auspices /aw"speuh siz/. 1. Usually, auspices. patronage; support; sponsorship: under the auspices of the Department of Education. 2. Often, auspices. a ...
I. aus·pi·ces1 (ôʹspĭ-sēz') n. Plural of auspex.   II. aus·pi·ces2 (ôʹspĭ-sĭz, -sēz') n. Plural of auspice. * * *
/aw spish"euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to auspices: auspicial rites. 2. auspicious. [1605-15; < L auspici(um) AUSPICE + -AL1] * * *
—auspiciously, adv. —auspiciousness, n. /aw spish"euhs/, adj. 1. promising success; propitious; opportune; favorable: an auspicious occasion. 2. favored by fortune; ...
See auspicious. * * *
See auspiciously. * * *
/aw"see/, or, esp. Brit., /oz"ee, aw"zee/, n. Informal. an Australian. [1890-95; AUS(TRALIAN) + -IE] * * *
Aust abbrev. 1. Australia 2. Austria * * *
1. Austria. 2. Austria-Hungary. 3. Austrian. * * *
austausch coefficient
▪ physics also called  exchange coefficient,  eddy coefficient , or  eddy diffusivity        in fluid mechanics, particularly in its applications to meteorology ...
/aws"tem'peuhr/, v.t. to harden (steel) by heating and quenching to render it austenitic. [AUS(TENITE) + TEMPER] * * *
/aw"steuhn/, n. Jane, 1775-1817, English novelist. * * * (as used in expressions) Austen Jane Butler Richard Austen baron of Saffron Walden Chamberlain Sir Joseph Austen * * *
Austen Chamberlain
➡ Chamberlain (I) * * *
Austen, Jane
born Dec. 16, 1775, Steventon, Hampshire, Eng. died July 18, 1817, Winchester, Hampshire English novelist. The daughter of a rector, she lived in the circumscribed world of ...
Aus·ten (ôʹstən), Jane. 1775-1817. British writer who is noted for her penetrating observation of middle-class manners and morality and her irony, wit, and meticulous style. ...
/aw"steuh nuyt'/, n. Metall. 1. a solid solution of carbon or of carbon and other elements in gamma iron, having a face-centered cubic lattice at all temperatures. 2. an ...
/aw'steuh nit"ik/, adj. (of an iron alloy) consisting mainly of austenite. [1900-05; AUSTENITE + -IC] * * *
/aw"steuh ni tuyz'/, v.t., austenitized, austenitizing. Metall. to form austenite in (a ferrous alloy) by heating. Also, esp. Brit., austenitise. [AUSTENITE + -IZE] * * *
/aw"steuhr/, n. Literary. the south wind personified. [1325-75; ME < L] * * *
Auster, Paul
▪ American author in full  Paul Benjamin Auster  born Feb. 3, 1947, Newark, N.J., U.S.       American novelist, essayist, translator, and poet whose complex mystery ...
—austerely, adv. —austereness, n. /aw stear"/, adj. 1. severe in manner or appearance; uncompromising; strict; forbidding: an austere teacher. 2. rigorously self-disciplined ...
See austere. * * *
See austerely. * * *
/aw ster"i tee/, n., pl. austerities. 1. austere quality; severity of manner, life, etc.; sternness. 2. Usually, austerities. ascetic practices: austerities of monastery life. 3. ...
/aw"steuhr lits/; Ger. /ows"teuhrdd lits/, n. a town in S Moravia, in the SE Czech Republic: Russian and Austrian armies defeated by Napoleon I 1805. Czech, Slavkov. * * *
Austerlitz, Battle of
(Dec. 2, 1805) First engagement of the War of the Third Coalition and one of Napoleon's greatest victories. In the battle, fought near Austerlitz in Moravia (now Slavkov u Brna, ...
/aw"steuhn/, n. 1. Alfred, 1835-1913, English poet: poet laureate 1896-1913. 2. John, 1790-1859, English writer on law. 3. John Langshaw /lang"shaw/, 1911-60, British ...
Austin College
▪ college, Sherman, Texas, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher education in Sherman, Texas, U.S. Austin, a liberal arts college, is ...
Austin friar
one of the Hermits of St. Augustine. [1860-65] * * *
Austin, Alfred
▪ British poet born May 30, 1835, Leeds, Yorkshire, Eng. died June 2, 1913, Ashford, Kent       English poet and journalist who succeeded Alfred, Lord Tennyson ...
Austin, Frederic
▪ British singer and composer born March 30, 1872, London died April 10, 1952, London       baritone singer and composer, known especially for his arrangement of John ...
Austin, Henry Wilfred
▪ 2001 “Bunny”        British tennis player (b. Aug. 26, 1906, London, Eng.—d. Aug. 26, 2000, Coulsdon, Surrey, Eng.), was one of the world's highest-ranked ...
Austin, Herbert Austin, Baron
▪ British industrialist born Nov. 8, 1866, Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died May 23, 1941, near Bromsgrove, Worcestershire  founder and first chairman of the ...
Austin, J(ohn) L(angshaw)
born March 28, 1911, Lancaster, Lancashire, Eng. died Feb. 8, 1960, Oxford British philosopher. He taught at Oxford from 1945 until his death. He was a leading member of the ...
Austin, John
born March 3, 1790, Creeting Mill, Suffolk, Eng. died Dec. 1859, Weybridge, Surrey British jurist. Although initially unsuccessful in his law practice (1818–25), his ...
Austin, John Langshaw
▪ British philosopher born March 28, 1911, Lancaster, Lancashire, Eng. died Feb. 8, 1960, Oxford       British philosopher best known for his individualistic analysis ...
Austin, Louis Winslow
▪ American physicist born Oct. 30, 1867, Orwell, Vt., U.S. died June 27, 1932, Washington, D.C.       physicist known for research on long-range radio transmissions. He ...
Austin, Mary
▪ American writer née  Mary Hunter  born Sept. 9, 1868, Carlinville, Ill., U.S. died Aug. 13, 1934, Santa Fe, N.M.  novelist and essayist who wrote about Native American ...
Austin, Stephen
▪ American pioneer in full  Stephen Fuller Austin   born Nov. 3, 1793, Austinville, Va., U.S. died Dec. 27, 1836, Austin, Texas  founder in the 1820s of the principal ...
Austin, Stephen (Fuller)
born Nov. 3, 1793, Austinville, Va., U.S. died Dec. 27, 1836, Austin, Texas U.S. founder of the first legal colony of English-speaking people in Texas when it was still part of ...
Austin,Stephen Fuller
Austin, Stephen Fuller. 1793-1836. American colonizer and political leader who worked to make Texas a state of Mexico but later helped Texas settlers gain their independence ...
Aus·tin·town (ôʹstən-toun') A community of northeast Ohio, a suburb of Youngstown. Population: 32,371. * * *
Austl or Austral abbrev. Australia * * *
Austl. abbr. Australia. * * *
var. of austro- before a vowel. * * *
austral1 /aw"streuhl/, adj. 1. southern. 2. (cap.) Australian. [1350-1400; ME < L australis southern, equiv. to Aust(e)r AUSTER + -alis -AL1] austral2 /ows trddahl"/, n., pl. ...
Australian (def. 6). * * *
Austral Islands
Group of islands (pop., 1996: 6,563), southern French Polynesia. The southernmost part of French Polynesia (austral is Latin for "south"), the islands form a chain about 850 mi ...
1. Australasia. 2. Australia. 3. Australian. * * *
—Australasian, adj., n. /aw'streuh lay"zheuh, -sheuh/, n. Australia, New Zealand, and neighboring islands in the S Pacific Ocean. [AUSTRAL(IA) + ASIA] * * *
See Australasia. * * *
/aw strayl"yeuh/, n. 1. a continent SE of Asia, between the Indian and the Pacific oceans. 18,438,824; 2,948,366 sq. mi. (7,636,270 sq. km). 2. Commonwealth of, a member of the ...
Australia antigen
Australia antigen n. 〚because first identified in an Australian Aborigine〛 an antigen present in the blood of some persons with one form of hepatitis * * *
Australia Current
a branch of the South Equatorial Current flowing SW from around Fiji to the E coast of Australia and then S along the coast. * * *
Australia Day
a legal holiday in Australia, the first Monday after January 25, commemorating the landing of the British in 1788. Formerly, Foundation Day. * * * ▪ ...
Australia's 2007 Election: The End of an Era
▪ 2008       On Nov. 25, 2007, headlines around the world announced that the Australian Labor Party's (ALP's) victory in that country's parliamentary election the ...
Australia, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with the Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the) in the canton and six white stars. ...
/aw strayl"yeuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Australia, its inhabitants, or their languages. 2. Zoogeog. belonging to a geographical division comprising Australia, New Zealand, ...
Australian Aboriginal
Any of the indigenous peoples of Australia and Tasmania that arrived 40,000–60,000 years ago. At one time there were as many as 500 language-named, territorially anchored ...
Australian Aboriginal languages
Group of perhaps 250 languages spoken by the one to two million native inhabitants of Australia before the beginning of European conquest in 1788. More than half are now ...
Australian Aborigine
aborigine (def. 2). * * * ▪ people Introduction  any of the indigenous people of Australia.       Australia is the only continent where the entire indigenous ...
Australian Alps
a mountain range in SE Australia. Highest peak, Mt. Kosciusko, 7328 ft. (2234 m). * * * Mountain range, southeastern Australia. The mountains form the southern end of the Great ...
Australian Antarctic Territory
an outlying territory of Australia located S of latitude 60°S. 2,360,000 sq. mi. (6,112,000 sq. km). * * *       external territory claimed by Australia and located in ...
Australian Ballet
Leading ballet company of Australia. It was sponsored in 1962 by art patrons interested in promoting a national ballet. Peggy van Praagh was the first artistic director ...
Australian ballot
a ballot containing the names of all the candidates for public office, handed to the voter at the polling station to be marked in secret: so called because it originated in ...
Australian bluebell creeper
an evergreen twining shrub, Sollya heterophylla, of western Australia, having nodding blue flowers in terminal clusters. [1895-1900] * * *
Australian Capital Territory
a federal territory on the continent of Australia in the SE part: includes Canberra, capital of the Commonwealth of Australia. 221,609; 939 sq. mi. (2430 sq. km). Formerly, ...
Australian Capital Territory, flag of
▪ Flag History       Australian federal territory flag consisting of a yellow field (background) with a vertical blue stripe at the hoist. A white Southern Cross ...
Australian cattle dog
one of an Australian breed of medium-sized herding dogs with a blue, blue-mottled, or red-speckled coat, developed by cross breeding the Australian kelpie, dingo, and ...
Australian Christmas tree
▪ plant  (species Nuytsia floribunda), parasitic tree of the mistletoe family (Loranthaceae), native to western Australia. The tree may grow to 10 m (33 feet) or more and ...
Australian Colonies Government Act
▪ Australia [1850] formally  Act for the Better Government of Her Majesty's Australian Colonies (August 1850)        legislation of the British House of Commons that ...
Australian Council of Trade Unions
▪ labour organization, Australia       the dominant association and governing body of the trade union movement in Australia, established in May 1927. Membership grew ...
Australian crawl
Swimming. a crawl in which the swimmer kicks twice with one leg for each stroke of the opposite arm. [1905-10] * * *
Australian Democratic Labor Party
▪ political party, Australia       (ADLP), right-wing political party in Australia founded in 1956–57 by Roman Catholic and other defectors from the Australian Labor ...
Australian Democrats
▪ political party, Australia       left-of-centre political party founded in 1977 and supported by those dissatisfied with the major Australian parties, the Liberals on ...
Australian doubles
Tennis. an unusual formation in doubles in which the server's partner is positioned on the same side of the court as the server. [1970-75] * * *
Australian Encyclopaedia, The
      national encyclopaedia published in New South Wales and emphasizing distinctive features of Australia, particularly geography, natural history, and the ...
Australian External Territories
▪ territory, Australia       group of non-self-governing dependencies of Australia; apart from claims in Antarctica, the external territories of the Commonwealth of ...
Australian fan palm
a fan palm, Livistona australis, of Australia, having a slender, reddish-brown trunk, spiny leafstalks, and round fruit. * * *
Australian Illawarra Shorthorn
/il"euh wawr'euh, -wor'euh/ a breed of dual-purpose cattle originally bred to withstand dry conditions in Australia. [Illawarra, district of E New South Wales] * * *
Australian kelpie
one of an Australian breed of medium-sized sheepherding dogs having a short, harsh, straight coat in a combination of colors that can include black, red, tan, fawn, chocolate, or ...
Australian Labor Party
▪ political party, Australia       one of the major Australian political parties. The first significant political representation of labour was achieved during the 1890s; ...
Australian literature
Introduction       the body of literatures, both oral and written, produced in Australia.       Perhaps more so than in other countries, the literature of ...
Australian national and state emblems
▪ Table Australian national and state emblems flower animal bird Australia ● golden wattle ●   (Acacia pycnantha) ● red kangaroo ●   (Megaleia rufa) ● ...
Australian National University
Public university in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory. Founded in 1946, it originally offered only graduate programs. Undergraduates were first admitted in 1960, and today ...
Australian Open
▪ tennis tournament  one of the world's major tennis championships (the first of the four annual Grand Slam events), held at the National Tennis Centre at Melbourne Park in ...
Australian Open Tennis Championships-singles
▪ Table Australian Open Tennis Championships—singles year men women 1905 R. Heath (Austl.) 1906 T. Wilding (N.Z.) 1907 H. Rice (Austl.) 1908 F. Alexander ...
Australian Open Tennis Championshipsdoubles
▪ Table Australian Open Tennis Championships—doubles year men women 1905 T. Tachell, R. Lycett 1906 T. Wilding, R. Heath 1907 H. Parker, W. Gregg 1908 F. Alexander, ...
Australian Patriotic Association
▪ political organization, Australia       (1835–42), group of influential Australians of New South Wales that sought a grant of representative government to the colony ...
Australian pine
Australian pine n. CASUARINA * * *
Australian pine.
See Norfolk Island pine. [1915-20] * * *
Australian region
▪ faunal region       one of the six major land areas of the world defined on the basis of its characteristic animal life. It encompasses Australia and the outlying ...
Australian religion
Religion of Australia's Aborigines, based in the Dreaming. Religion involved living in agreement with the way of life ordained in the Dreaming, through the performance of ...
Australian Republican Movement
➡ Hughes (III) * * *
Australian Rules football
a variation of rugby played almost exclusively in Australia, engaging two teams of eighteen players each on an oval-shaped field about 180 yards (165 m) long with four upright ...
Australian rye grass.
See Italian rye grass. * * *
Australian scale of cyclone intensity
▪ Table Australian scale of cyclone intensity category wind speed damage   km/hr mph   1 63-90 39-56 some damage to crops, trees, caravans (mobile homes); gusts to 125 ...
Australian shepherd
▪ breed of dog  breed of herding dog that, despite its name, was developed in the United States in the late 1800s from dogs brought there by Basque shepherds who had spent ...
Australian tea tree
a shrubby Australian tree, Leptospermum laevigatum, of the myrtle family, having lance-shaped leaves and white, bell-shaped flowers. * * *
Australian terrier
one of an Australian breed of small working terriers having a rough coat, either silver black or blue black with tan markings on the head and tail, a topknot, erect ears, and a ...
Australian Alps A chain of mountain ranges of southeast Australia in the southern part of the Great Dividing Range. Mount Kosciusko, rising to 2,231.4 m (7,316 ft), is the ...
AustralianAntarctic Territory
Australian Antarctic Territory A large section of Antarctica claimed by Australia since 1931. It extends from longitude 45° east to longitude 160° east not including Adélie ...
Australian ballot n. A printed ballot that bears the names of all candidates and the texts of propositions and is distributed to the voter at the polls and marked in secret. Also ...
Australian crawl n. A crawl stroke in swimming that is executed with a flutter kick to each arm stroke. * * *
/aw strayl"yeuh nuyz'/, v.t., v.i., Australianized, Australianizing. to make or become Australian in speech, manners, practices, etc. Also, esp. Brit., Australianise. [1880-85; ...
Australian pine n. See beefwood. * * *
Australian terrier n. A small dog of a breed originally bred in Australia, having a coarse blackish coat with tan markings. * * *
Aus·tral Islands (ôʹstrəl) also Tu·bu·a·i Islands (to͞o-bwäʹē, to͞o'bo͞o-īʹ) An island group of southern French Polynesia in the southern Pacific Ocean south of ...
/aw"streuh loyd'/, n. 1. Anthropol. a descriptive category including principally the Australian Aborigines and sometimes including Papuans, Melanesians, various small-statured ...
/aw stray'loh pith"euh seen', -suyn', -peuh thee"sin, -suyn', aw'streuh-/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a member of the extinct genus Australopithecus. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or ...
/aw stray'loh pith"i keuhs, -peuh thee"keuhs, aw'streuh-/, n. an extinct genus of small-brained,large-toothed bipedal hominids that lived in Africa between one and four million ...
Australopithecus afarensis
/euh fah ren"sis/ 1. an extinct species of early hominid whose fossil remains were discovered in Ethiopia and have been dated at between 3.5 and 4 million years of age. 2. a ...
Australopithecus africanus
/af'ri kah"neuhs, -kan"euhs/ 1. an extinct species of gracile hominid, formerly known as Plesianthropus transvaalensis, that lived in southern Africa about three million years ...
Australopithecus boisei
/boy say"/ 1. an extinct species of very rugged, large-toothed bipedal hominid, formerly known as Zinjanthropus boisei, that lived in eastern Africa one to two million years ...
Australopithecus robustus
/roh bus"teuhs/ 1. an extinct species of large-toothed bipedal hominid that lived in southern Africa c1.5-2 million years ago: formerly classified as the genus Paranthropus. 2. a ...
/aw"streuh lawrp'/, n. one of an Australian breed of chickens valued for egg production. [1920-25; AUSTRAL(IAN) + ORP(INGTON)] * * *
/aw stray"zheuh, -sheuh/, n. the E part of the former kingdom of the Franks, comprising parts of what is now NE France, W Germany, and Belgium. Cap.: Metz. * * * or ...
See Austrasia. * * *
—Austrian, adj., n. /aw"stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria ...
Austria, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-white-red national flag. When it is flown by the government, it incorporates a central black eagle. Its width-to-length ...
—Austro-Hungarian /aw'strohhung gair"ee euhn/, adj., n. /aw"stree euh hung"geuh ree/, n. a monarchy (1867-1918) in central Europe that included the empire of Austria, the ...
AUSTRIA: Austria Turns 1,000
▪ 1997       In 1996 Austrians marked the 1,000th anniversary of a name—the name Österreich (Austria) itself. On Nov. 1, 996, the Holy Roman Emperor Otto III granted ...
See Austria. * * * (as used in expressions) Austrian Netherlands Austrian school of economics Austrian Succession War of the * * *
Austrian Hunting Carpet
▪ rug       Persian floor covering of silk with the addition of threads wrapped in gilded silver. Thought by some to be the finest of all surviving Ṣafavid (Ṣafavid ...
Austrian Netherlands
(1713–95) Provinces located in the southern part of the Low Countries, roughly comprising modern Belgium and Luxembourg. In 1713, the Peace of Utrecht gave Emperor Charles VI ...
Austrian pine
a widely cultivated pine, Pinus nigra, native to Europe and Asia Minor, growing to a height of more than 100 ft. (30 m), often planted as a windbreak. [1930-35] * * *
Austrian school of economics
Body of economic theory developed by several late 19th-century Austrian economists. Carl Menger (1840–1921) published a paper on their new theory of value in 1871. The concept ...
Austrian shade
a window shade in which the fabric falls in a series of puffy festoons created by vertical rows of shirring. * * *
Austrian Succession, War of the
(1740–48) Group of related wars that took place after the death (1740) of Emperor Charles VI. At issue was the right of Charles's daughter Maria Theresa to inherit the ...
Austrian, Robert
▪ 2008       American physician and educator born April 12, 1916, Baltimore, Md. died March 25, 2007 , Philadelphia, Pa. devoted his life to identifying the various ...
Austric languages
      hypothetical language superfamily that includes the Austroasiatic (Austroasiatic languages) and Austronesian (Austronesian languages) (Malayo-Polynesian) language ...
/aw"strin jeuhr/, n. astringer. * * *
(as used in expressions) Austro Hungarian Empire Austro German Alliance Austro Prussian War * * *
a combining form of Austria: Austro-Hungarian. * * *
a combining form meaning "south," used in the formation of compound words: Austronesia. Also, esp. before a vowel, austr-. [ < L aust(e)r the south, the south wind + -O-] * * *
Austro-Asiatic [ôs΄trō ā΄zhē at′ik] n. 〚 AUSTRO-2 (sense 1) + ASIATIC〛 a family of languages scattered widely throughout S Asia, including Mon, Khmer, Vietnamese, and ...
Austro-German Alliance
or Dual Alliance (1879) Pact between Austria-Hungary and the German Reich in which the two powers promised each other support in case of attack by Russia, and neutrality in case ...
See Austria-Hungary. * * *
Austro-Prussian War
/aw"stroh prush"euhn/ the war (1866) in which Prussia, Italy, and some minor German states opposed Austria, Saxony, Hanover, and the states of southern Germany. Also called Seven ...
/aw'stroh ay'zhee at"ik, -shee-/, n. 1. a family of languages spoken in SE Asia and the landsaround the Bay of Bengal and consisting principally of Vietnamese, Khmer, Mon, Khasi, ...
Austroasiatic languages
Superfamily of about 150 languages spoken by close to 90 million physically and culturally very diverse people in South and Southeast Asia. Today most scholars believe that it ...
Austroasiatic languages Table
▪ Table Austroasiatic languages Austroasiatic stock areas where spoken* Mon-Khmer family Khasian branch Meghalaya (NE India) Khasi, Synteng, Lyng-ngam Amwi ...
/aw'stroh nee"zheuh, -sheuh/, n. the islands of the central and S Pacific. [AUSTRO- + Gk nês(os) island + -ia -IA] * * *
/aw'stroh nee"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, n. 1. Also called Malayo-Polynesian. a family of languages spoken in the Malay Peninsula, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Taiwan, Madagascar, ...
Austronesian languages
formerly Malayo-Polynesian languages Family of about 1,200 languages spoken by more than 200 million people in Indonesia, the Philippines, Madagascar, the central and southern ...
ausubo [ou so͞o′bō] n. BALATA * * *
aut Caesar, aut nihil
/owt kuy"sahrdd owt ni"hil/; Eng. /awt see"zeuhr awt nuy"hil/, Latin. either a Caesar or nothing; all or nothing. * * *
var. of auto-1 before a vowel: autacoid. * * *
—autacoidal, adj. /aw"teuh koyd'/, n. Physiol. any physiologically active internal secretion, esp. one of uncertain classification, as histamine or prostaglandin. [1910-15; ...
See autacoid. * * *
Autant-Lara, Claude
▪ 2001 Claude Autant        French motion picture director (b. Aug. 5, 1903, Luzarches, France—d. Feb. 5, 2000, Antibes, France), was one of the world's leading ...
/aw"tahrk/, n. an absolute ruler; autocrat; tyrant. [1860-65; < Gk aútarchos, n. use of aútarchos autocratic, equiv. to aut- AUT- + -archos -ARCH] * * *
See autarchy1. * * *
See autarchic. * * *
—autarchic, autarchical, adj. —autarchically, adv. —autarchist, n. /aw"tahr kee/, n., pl. autarchies. 1. absolute sovereignty. 2. an autocratic government. 3. ...
See autarky. * * *
See autarkic. * * *
—autarkic, autarkical, adj. —autarkically, adv. —autarkist, n. /aw"tahr kee/, n., pl. autarkies. 1. the condition of self-sufficiency, esp. economic, as applied to a ...
autecious [ô tē′shəs] adj. AUTOECIOUS * * *
—autecious /aw tee"sheuhs/, adj. —auteciously, adv. —auteciousness, n. /aw tee"siz euhm/, n. autoecism. * * *
See autecology. * * *
—autecologic /awt'ek euh loj"ik, -ee keuh-/, autecological, adj. —autecologically, adv. /aw'teuh kol"euh je/, n. a branch of ecology dealing with the individual organism or ...
/oh tue"yeu/, n. a former town, now part of Paris, France: noted for residences of Boileau, Talleyrand, Molière, La Fontaine, and other eminent people. * * *
—auteurism, n. —auteurist, adj., n. /oh terr"/; Fr. /oh tuerdd"/, n., pl. auteurs /oh terrz"/; Fr. /oh tuerdd"/. a filmmaker whose individual style and complete control over ...
auteur theory
(in film criticism) a theory that the director is the chief creator of a film and gives it an individual style that is evident in all aspects of the finished product. [1960-65] * ...

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