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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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boric acid
1. Also called orthoboric acid. Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline acid, H3BO3, occurring in nature or prepared from borax: used chiefly in the manufacture of ceramics, cements, ...
boric oxide
Chem. a colorless crystalline compound, B2O3, used in metallurgy and chemical analysis. Also called boric anhydride, boron oxide. * * *
boricacid
boric acid n. A water-soluble white or colorless crystalline compound, H3BO3, used as an antiseptic and preservative and in fireproofing compounds, cosmetics, cements, and ...
boride
/bawr"uyd, bohr"-/, n. Chem. a compound consisting of two elements of which boron is the more electronegative one. [1860-65; BOR- + -IDE] * * *       any of a class of ...
Borinage
▪ region, Belgium       coal-mining and industrial region of southwestern Belgium, Hainaut province, southwest of Mons. Borinage's development was based on coal ...
boring
boring1 /bawr"ing, bohr"-/, n. 1. Mach. a. the act or process of making or enlarging a hole. b. the hole so made. 2. Geol. a cylindrical sample of earth strata obtained by boring ...
boring bar
Metalworking. a bar holding a tool for boring a cylinder or the like. [1835-45] * * *
boring clam
boring clam n. PIDDOCK * * *
boring machine
Metalworking. a machine for boring holes in which the cutter is rotated, usually about a horizontal axis. * * * Machine tool for producing smooth and accurate holes in a ...
boring mill
Metalworking. a machine for boring large holes in heavy work, having a table on which the work rotates while the hole is bored vertically. [1825-35] * * *
boring sponge
boring sponge n. any of a family (Clionidae) of sponges that settle on and dissolve the shells of clams * * *
Boring, Edwin G.
▪ American psychologist in full  Edwin Garrigues Boring   born October 23, 1886, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. died July 1, 1968, Cambridge, ...
boringly
See boring. * * *
boringness
See boringly. * * *
Boris
/bawr"is, bohr"-, bor"-/; Russ. /bu rddyees"/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Becker Boris Franz Boris I Chain Sir Ernst Boris Godunov Boris ...
Boris Godunov
/bawr"is god"n awf', -of', good"-, bohr"-; bor"-/; Russ. /bu rddyees" geuh dooh nawf"/ 1. a play (1825) by Pushkin. 2. an opera (1874) by Modest Moussorgsky, based on Pushkin's ...
Boris I
orig. Mikhail died May 2, 907, Preslave, Bulg. Khan of Bulgaria (852–89). He resolved to use Christianity to unite his ethnically divided country, and an unsuccessful war ...
Boris III
1894-1943, king of Bulgaria 1918-43. * * * ▪ king of Bulgaria born Jan. 30, 1894, Sofia, Bulg. died Aug. 28, 1943, Sofia  king of Bulgaria from 1918 to 1943, who during the ...
Boris Johnson
➡ Johnson (II) * * *
Boris Karloff
➡ Karloff * * *
Boris, Ruthanna
▪ 2008       American dancer and choreographer born March 17, 1918 , Brooklyn, N.Y. died Jan. 5, 2007, El Cerrito, Calif. was the first American ballerina to win a ...
Borisoglebsk
▪ Russia       city, Voronezh oblast (province), southwestern Russia, on the left bank of the Vorona River, near its confluence with the Khoper. Founded in 1646 as a ...
Borisov
/beuh ree"seuhf, -seuhv/; Russ. /bu rddyee"seuhf/, n. a city in N central Byelorussia, NE of Minsk. 112,000. * * * ▪ Belarus       city, Minsk oblast (province), ...
Borisovich
(as used in expressions) Fyodor Borisovich Godunov Kamenev Lev Borisovich Lev Borisovich Rosenfeld Natan Borisovich Pevzner Shcharansky Anatoly Borisovich Shklovsky Viktor ...
bork
/bawrk/, v.t. to attack (a candidate or public figure) systematically, esp. in the media. [1988, Amer.; after Judge Robert H. Bork, whose appointment to the Supreme Court was ...
Borkenstein, Robert
▪ 2003       American inventor (b. Aug. 31, 1912, Fort Wayne, Ind.—d. Aug. 10, 2002, Bloomington, Ind.), patented the Breathalyzer, the groundbreaking device used for ...
Borkou
▪ region, Chad also spelled  Borku,         region in northern Chad, centred around the town of Faya (formerly Largeau). It is mostly a sandy desert of the ...
Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti
▪ prefecture, Chad       northernmost and largest préfecture of Chad, with an area of 231,795 square miles (600,350 square km). Its capital is Faya (formerly ...
Borlänge
▪ Sweden       town, Dalarna län (county), central Sweden, on the Dal River. In the Middle Ages a stronghold known as Borghnäs was located near the present site; its ...
Borlaug
/bawr"lawg, -log/, n. Norman Ernest, born 1914, U.S. agronomist: Nobel peace prize 1970. * * *
Borlaug, Norman (Ernest)
born March 25, 1914, Cresco, Iowa, U.S. U.S. agricultural scientist and plant pathologist. He earned his Ph.D. at the University of Minnesota. As a researcher with the ...
Borlaug, Norman Ernest
▪ American scientist born March 25, 1914, Cresco, Iowa, U.S.       American agricultural scientist, plant pathologist, and winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1970. ...
Borlaug,Norman Ernest
Bor·laug (bôrʹlôg'), Norman Ernest. Born 1914. American agronomist. He won the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize for his attempts to overcome world hunger through advances in ...
Borman
/bawr"meuhn/, n. Frank, born 1928, U.S. astronaut. * * *
Borman, Frank
▪ American astronaut born March 14, 1928, Gary, Ind., U.S.    American astronaut who, with James A. Lovell and William A. Anders, made the first manned flight, in Apollo ...
Bormann
/bawr"meuhn/; Ger. /bawrdd"mahn/, n. Martin Ludwig /mahr"tn lud"wig, lood"-/; Ger. /mahrdd"teen looht"vikh, loohd"-/, 1900-45, German Nazi official. * * *
Bormann, Martin
born June 17, 1900, Halberstadt, German Empire died May 1945, Berlin, Ger. German Nazi leader. He joined the Nazi party in 1925 and served as Rudolf Hess's chief of staff ...
Bormann,Martin Ludwig
Bor·mann (bôrʹmän'), Martin Ludwig. 1900-1945?. German Nazi official who served as Hitler's private secretary (1941-1945). He is believed to have died in May 1945, but the ...
born
/bawrn/, adj. 1. brought forth by birth. 2. possessing from birth the quality, circumstances, or character stated: a born musician; a born fool. 3. native to the locale stated; ...
Born
/bawrn/, n. Max, 1882-1970, German physicist: Nobel prize 1954. * * *
born Antoine Domino
➡ Domino * * *
born Douglas Haig
➡ Haig * * *
born Elizabeth Barrett
➡ Barrett Browning * * *
born James Scott
➡ Monmouth * * *
born Robert Stewart
➡ Castlereagh * * *
Born, Max
born Dec. 11, 1882, Breslau, Ger. died Jan. 5, 1970, Göttingen, W.Ger. German physicist. He taught theoretical physics at the University of Göttingen from 1921 to 1933, when ...
Born,Max
Born (bôrn), Max. 1882-1970. German-born physicist. He shared a 1954 Nobel Prize for his pioneering work in quantum mechanics. * * *
born-again
/bawrn"euh gen'/ or, esp. Brit., /-euh gayn'/, adj. 1. committed or recommitted to religious faith through an intensely religious experience: a born-again Christian. 2. ...
born-againer
See born-again. * * *
Borna disease
▪ pathology       a viral disease of warm-blooded animals, notably horses (horse) and sheep, characterized by inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. Named for a ...
borne
borne1 /bawrn, bohrn/, v. a pp. of bear1. Usage. See bear1. borne2 /bohrn, bawrn/, n. a circular sofa having a conical or cylindrical back piece at the center. [ < F: pillar; see ...
Bornean
See Borneo. * * *
Borneo
—Bornean, adj., n. /bawr"nee oh'/, n. an island in the Malay Archipelago, politically divided among Indonesia, Malaysia, and the British-protected sultanate of Brunei. ...
borneol
/bawr"nee awl', -ol'/, n. Chem. a white, translucent, lumpy, very slightly water-soluble, solid terpene alcohol, C10H18O, occurring in various isomeric forms, having a burning, ...
Bornholm
/bawrddn"hawlm'/; Eng. /bawrn"hohm, -hohlm/, n. a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, S of Sweden. 47,126; 227 sq. mi. (588 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 2001: 44,126), ...
bornite
—bornitic /bawr nit"ik/, adj. /bawr"nuyt/, n. a common mineral and important ore of copper, copper iron sulfide, Cu5FeS4, occurring in masses, of brownish color when first ...
Borno
▪ state, Nigeria formerly  Bornu,         state, northeastern Nigeria. It is the central fragment of the old Bornu empire of the Kanuri people. Its name is said to ...
Bornu
/bawr"nooh/, n. a former sultanate in Africa, SW of Lake Chad: now largely a province in Nigeria. * * * Vast plain, northeastern Nigeria. Prominent physical features include ...
bornyl acetate
/bawr"nl, -nil/, Chem. a colorless liquid, C12H20O2, having a piny, camphorlike odor, used chiefly as a scent in the manufacture of perfume, and as a plasticizer. [BORN(EOL) + ...
bornyl alcohol
Chem. borneol. * * *
bornyl formate
Chem. a liquid, C11H18O2, having a piny odor, used chiefly as a scent in the manufacture of soaps and disinfectants. * * *
boro-
a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which boron is present: borofluoride. Also, esp. before a vowel, bor-. * * *
Borobudur
Bo·ro·bu·dur (bôr'ə-bə-do͝orʹ, bōr'-) A ruined Buddhist shrine in central Java, Indonesia. Dating probably from the ninth century, the ruins include intricately carved ...
Borodin
/bawr"euh deen', bor"-/; Russ. /beuh rddu dyeen"/, n. Aleksandr Porfirevich /al'ig zan"deuhr pawr fear"euh vich, -zahn"-/; Russ. /u lyi ksahndrdd" purdd fyee"rddyi vyich/, ...
Borodin, Aleksandr
▪ Russian composer and scientist in full  Aleksandr Porfiryevich Borodin  born Oct. 31 [Nov. 12, New Style], 1833, St. Petersburg, Russia died Feb. 15 [Feb. 27], 1887, St. ...
Borodin, Aleksandr (Porfiryevich)
born Nov. 12, 1833, St. Petersburg, Russia died Feb. 27, 1887, St. Petersburg Russian composer. From 1862 he took lessons from Mily Balakirev; fired by nationalist sentiment, ...
Borodin, Mikhail (Markovich)
orig. Mikhail Gruzenberg born July 9, 1884, Yanovichi, Russia died May 29, 1951, Siberia Russian diplomat. He joined the Bolshevik faction in 1903, was arrested (1906), and ...
Borodin, Mikhail Markovich
▪ Soviet Comintern agent original name Mikhail Gruzenberg born July 9, 1884, Yanovichi, Russia [now in Belarus] died May 29, 1951, Siberia       chief Comintern agent ...
Borodin,Aleksandr Porfirevich
Bo·ro·din (bôrʹə-dēn', bärʹ-, bə-rə-dēnʹ), Aleksandr Porfirevich. 1833-1887. Russian composer and chemist whose musical works were based on Russian folk themes and ...
Borodino
/bawr'euh dee"noh, bor'-/; Russ. /beuh rddeuh dyi naw"/, n. a village in the W Russian Federation, 70 mi. (113 km) W of Moscow: Napoleon's victory here made possible the capture ...
Borodino, Battle of
(Sept. 7, 1812) Bloody battle of the Napoleonic Wars, fought during Napoleon's invasion of Russia, near the town of Borodino, about 70 miles (110 km) west of Moscow. Napoleon's ...
boroglyceride
/bawr'euh glis"euh ruyd', -euhr id, bohr'-/, n. Chem. any compound containing boric acid and glycerol, used chiefly as an antiseptic. [1880-85; BORO- + GLYCERIDE] * * *
borohydride
/bawr'euh huy"druyd, -drid, bohr'-/, n. Chem. any of the class of compounds containing the group BH4-, as sodium borohydride, used chiefly as reducing agents. [1935-40; BORO- + ...
boron
—boronic /boh ron"ik, baw-, beuh-/, adj. /bawr"on, bohr"-/, n. Chem. a nonmetallic element occurring naturally only in combination, as in borax or boric acid, and obtained in ...
boron carbide
Chem. a black, crystalline, extremely hard, water-insoluble solid, B4C, used chiefly as a moderator in nuclear reactors, as an abrasive, and as a refractory. * * * ▪ chemical ...
boron group element
▪ chemical elements Introduction  any of the five chemical elements constituting Group 13 (IIIa) of the periodic (periodic law) table (see Figure—>). The elements are ...
boron hydride
Chem. borane. [1875-80] * * *
boron nitride
Chem. a white powder, BN, formed by heating boron in nitrogen. In its ordinary form, it has a structure of stacked layers of hexagonal rings, very similar to that of graphite, ...
boron oxide
Chem. See boric oxide. * * *
boroncarbide
boron carbide n. A compound of boron and carbon, especially B4C, an extremely hard, black crystalline compound or solid solution. It is used as an abrasive, in control rods for ...
boronic
See boron. * * *
Bororo
▪ South American people       South American Indian people found along the upper Paraguay River and its tributaries in the Mato Grosso (Mato Grosso Plateau) region of ...
Boros, Julius Nicholas
▪ 1995       U.S. golfer (b. March 3, 1920, Fairfield, Conn.—d. May 28, 1994, near Fort Lauderdale, Fla.), was a consistent player whose trademark rhythmic and relaxed ...
borosilicate
/bawr'euh sil"i kit, -kayt', bohr'-/, n. Chem. a salt of boric and silicic acids. [1810-20; BORO- + SILICATE] * * *
borosilicate glass
a glass containing 5 percent or more of B2O3, highly resistant to heat and shock, used esp. in making cookware and chemical glassware. [1930-35] * * *
borosilicateglass
borosilicate glass n. A strong heat-resistant glass that contains a minimum of 5 percent boric oxide. * * *
borosilicic acid
/bawr"oh si lis"ik, bohr"-, bawr'-, bohr'-/, Chem. any of several hypothetical acids that form borosilicates. [BORO- + SILICIC ACID] * * *
Borotra, Jean
▪ French athlete born Aug. 13, 1898, Arbonne, France died July 17, 1994, Arbonne       prominent French tennis player of the 1920s. In 1927, as one of the Four ...
Borotra, Jean-Robert
▪ 1995       French tennis player (b. Aug. 13, 1898, Arbonne, near Biarritz, France—d. July 17, 1994, Arbonne), was one of the renowned "Four Musketeers"—Borotra, ...
borough
/berr"oh, bur"oh/, n. 1. (in certain states of the U.S.) an incorporated municipality smaller than a city. 2. one of the five administrative divisions of New York City. 3. ...
borough English
borough English n. a former custom in some parts of England by which the youngest son succeeded to land holdings * * *
borough hall
a building housing the administrative offices of a borough. [1935-40] * * *
borough-English
/berr"oh ing"glish/ or, often, /-lish, bur"-/, n. (formerly, in some parts of England) a custom by which the youngest son inherited the entire estate upon the death of his ...
boroughs
➡ counties * * *
Borovichi
▪ Russia also spelled  Boroviči,         administrative centre, Borovichi rayon (sector), Novgorod oblast (province), northwestern Russia, on the Msta River. A ...
Borovik, Artyom Genrikhovich
▪ 2001       Russian investigative journalist (b. Sept. 13, 1960, Moscow, U.S.S.R.—d. March 9, 2000, Moscow, Russia), gained prominence in the 1980s through his ...
Borowski, Tadeusz
▪ Polish author born November 12, 1922, Zhitomir, Ukrainian S.S.R. [now Zhytomyr, Ukraine] died July 3, 1951, Warsaw, Poland       Polish poet and short-story writer ...
borrelia
/beuh rel"ee euh, -rel"yeuh, -ree"lee euh, -reel"yeuh/, n. Bacteriol. any of several spiral, parasitic bacteria of the genus Borrelia, certain species of which are pathogenic for ...
Borromean Islands
▪ island, Italy Italian  Isole Borromeo         four tiny (about 50 acres [20 hectares]) islands in Lake Maggiore (Maggiore, Lake), off Baveno and Stresa, ...
Borromeo, Saint Charles
born Oct. 1538, Arona, duchy of Milan died Nov. 3, 1584, Milan; canonized 1610; feast day November 4 Archbishop of Milan and leading figure in the Counter-Reformation. He ...
Borromini
/bawr'euh mee"nee, bor'-/; It. /bawrdd'rddaw mee"nee/, n. Francesco /fran ches"koh/; It. /frddahn ches"kaw/, 1599-1667, Italian architect and sculptor. * * *
Borromini, Francesco
orig. Francesco Castelli born Sept. 25, 1599, Bissone, Duchy of Lombardy died Aug. 2, 1667, Rome Italian Baroque architect. Though he worked with Gian Lorenzo Bernini on the ...
borrow
—borrowable, adj. —borrower, n. /bor"oh, bawr"oh/, v.t. 1. to take or obtain with the promise to return the same or an equivalent: Our neighbor borrowed my lawn mower. 2. to ...
Borrow
—Borrovian /beuh roh"vee euhn/, adj., n. /bor"oh, bawr"oh/, n. George, 1803-81, English traveler, writer, and student of languages, esp. Romany. * * *
borrow pit
Civ. Engin. a pit from which construction material, as sand or gravel, is taken for use as fill at another location. [1890-95] * * *
Borrow, George
▪ British author born July 5, 1803, East Dereham, Norfolk, Eng. died July 26, 1881, Oulton Broad       English traveler, linguist, and one of the most imaginative prose ...
borrowed time
an uncertain, usually limited period of time extending beyond or postponing the occurrence of something inevitable. [1895-1900] * * *
borrowedtime
bor·rowed time (bŏrʹōd, bôrʹ-) n. A period of uncertainty during which the inevitable consequences of a current situation are postponed or avoided. Often used with ...
borrower
See borrow. * * *
borrower's card.
See library card. * * *
borrowing
/bor"oh ing, bawr"-/, n. 1. the act of one who borrows. 2. the process by which something, as a word or custom, is adopted or absorbed. 3. the result of such a process; something ...
Bors
/bawrz/, n. Sir, Arthurian Romance. 1. Also, Sir Bors de Ganis /deuh gan"is/. a knight of the Round Table, nephew of Lancelot. 2. a natural son of King Arthur. * * *
borsch
▪ food also spelled  Borscht, Borsht, or Bortsch,         beet soup of the Slavic countries. Although borsch is important in Russian and Polish cuisines, the Ukraine ...
borscht
/bawrsht/, n. any of various eastern European soups made with beets, cabbage, potatoes, or other vegetables and served hot or chilled, often with sour cream. Also, borsch ...
Borscht Belt
(also the Borscht circuit) (AmE humor) a holiday area in the Catskill Mountains in New York State. It was known especially in the 1950s and 1960s for attracting Jewish visitors ...
borscht circuit
(sometimes caps.) the hotels of the predominantly Jewish resort area in the Catskill Mountains, many of them offering nightclub or cabaret entertainment. Also called borscht ...
borschtbelt
borscht belt or Borscht Belt n. Informal The predominantly Jewish resort hotels of the Catskill Mountains. Also called borscht circuit.   [From the popularity of borscht in the ...
borsht
borsht (bôrsht) n. Variant of borscht. * * *
Borsippa
Ancient city, Babylonia. Located southwest of Babylon (near modern Al-Ḥillah, Iraq), its proximity to that capital helped it become an important religious centre. Hammurabi ...
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
▪ county, Hungary  megye (county), northern Hungary. It is bounded by Slovakia to the north and northwest and by the counties of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg to the east, ...
Borsos, Phillip
▪ 1996       Canadian film director (b. May 5, 1953, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia—d. Feb. 1, 1995, Vancouver, B.C.), was a visionary perfectionist who captured the ...
Borst, Lyle Benjamin
▪ 2003       American nuclear physicist (b. Nov. 24, 1912, Chicago, Ill. —d. July 30, 2002, Williamsville, N.Y.), supervised the construction of the nation's largest ...
borstal
/bawr"steuhl/, n. (in England) a school for delinquent boys that provides therapy and vocational training. Also, borstal institution. [1900-05; named after Borstal, village in ...
Borstal system
▪ penology       English reformatory system designed for youths between 16 and 21, named after an old convict prison at Borstal, Kent. The system was introduced in 1902 ...
bort
—borty, adj. /bawrt/, n. low-quality diamond, in granular aggregate or small fragments, valuable only in crushed or powdered form, esp. for industrial use as an abrasive. Also, ...
borty
See bort. * * *
Boruca
▪ people also called  Brunca,         Indians of western Panama and Costa Rica, one of a group known as Talamancan. Their languages are similar and belong to the ...
Borujerd
Borujerd [bôr΄ə jerd′] city in WC Iran: pop. 201,000 * * * ▪ Iran also spelled  Burūjird, or Barūjird,         chief town, Borūjerd shahrestān (county), ...
bōryokudan
▪ Japanese organized crime       (Japanese: “tough gang”), any of various Japanese criminal gangs of centuries-long tradition, which combined in the 20th century ...
Borzage, Frank
▪ American film director and producer born April 23, 1893, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S. died June 19, 1962, Los Angeles, Calif.       American motion-picture director and ...
borzoi
/bawr"zoy/, n., pl. borzois. any of a breed of tall, slender dogs having long, silky hair, raised originally in Russia for hunting wolves. Also called Russian ...
Borzov, Valery
▪ Soviet athlete born Oct. 20, 1949, Sambor, Ukraine, U.S.S.R.    Soviet athlete who won five Olympic medals, including two gold medals. A master of all aspects of running, ...
Bosanquet
/boh"zeuhn ket', -kit/, n. Bernard, 1848-1923, English philosopher and writer. * * *
Bosanquet, Bernard
born June 14, 1848, Alnwick, Northumberland, Eng. died Feb. 8, 1923, London British philosopher. He helped revive in Britain the absolute idealism of G.W.F. Hegel and sought to ...
Bosc
/bosk/, n. a large, greenish-yellow variety of pear. * * *
boscage
/bos"kij/, n. a mass of trees or shrubs; wood, grove, or thicket. Also, boskage. [1350-1400; ME boskage < MF boscage. See BOSK, -AGE] * * *
Boscán, Juan
▪ Spanish poet original name  Joan Boscà I Almogàver   born c. 1490, , Barcelona, Aragon [Spain] died Sept. 21, 1542, Barcelona       Catalan poet who wrote ...
Boscawen, Edward
▪ British admiral byname  Old Dreadnought   born Aug. 19, 1711 died Jan. 10, 1761, Hatchlands Park, Surrey, Eng.       British admiral who played a distinguished part ...
Bosch
/bosh/; Ger., Sp. /bawsh/; Du. /baws/, n. 1. Carl or Karl, 1874-1940, German chemist: Nobel prize 1931. 2. Hieronymus /huy'euh ron"euh meuhs/; Du. /hee'euh rddoh"nee mues/, ...
Bosch (Gaviño), Juan
born June 30, 1909, La Vega, Dom. Rep. died Nov. 1, 2001, Santo Domingo Scholar, poet, and president of the Dominican Republic (1963). Bosch was raised in a lower-middle-class ...
Bosch Gavino, Juan
▪ 2002       Dominican writer and politician (b. June 30, 1909, La Vega, Dom.Rep.—d. Nov. 1, 2001, Santo Domingo, Dom.Rep.), was the country's first democratically ...
Bosch GmbH
▪ German corporation in full  Robert Bosch GmbH,         German company that is Europe's largest auto-parts manufacturer and one of the world's leading makers of auto ...
Bosch, Carl
▪ German chemist born Aug. 27, 1874, Cologne, Germany died April 26, 1940, Heidelberg  German industrial chemist who developed the Haber-Bosch process for high-pressure ...
Bosch, Hië ronymus
orig. Jeroen van Aken or Jerome van Aken born с 1450s, 's Hertogenbosch, Brabant died Aug. 9, 1516, 's Hertogenbosch Netherlandish painter. He was the son and grandson of ...
Bosch, Hiëronymus
▪ Flemish painter also spelled  Jheronimus Bos,  pseudonym of  Jerome Van Aeken,  also spelled  Aquen, or Aken,  also called  Jeroen Anthoniszoon  born c. 1450, , 's ...
Bosch, Johannes, graaf van den
▪ Dutch statesman (count of) born Feb. 2, 1780, Herwijnen, Neth. died Jan. 28, 1844, The Hague       statesman who expanded the poor-relief system and instituted the ...
Bosch, Juan
▪ president of Dominican Republic in full  Juan Bosch Gaviño   born June 30, 1909, La Vega, Dominican Republic died November 1, 2001, Santo Domingo       Dominican ...
Bosch, Robert
▪ German engineer in full  Robert August Bosch   born Sept. 23, 1861, Albeck, near Ulm, Württemberg [Germany] died March 9, 1942, Stuttgart, Ger.       German ...
Bosch,Hieronymus
Bosch (bŏsh, bôsh, bôs), Hieronymus. 1450?-1516. Dutch painter whose largely religious works are characterized by grotesque, fantastic creatures mingling with human ...
boschvark
/bosh"vahrk'/, n. See bush pig. [1825-35; < Afrik bos, earlier bosch forest, BUSH1 + vark pig; cf. AARDVARK] * * *
Bosco, Saint John
▪ Italian educator Italian in full  San Giovanni Melchior Bosco , byname  Don Bosco  born Aug. 16, 1815, Becchi, near Turin, Piedmont, kingdom of Sardinia [Italy] died ...
Boscovich, Ruggero Giuseppe
▪ Italian astronomer and mathematician Serbo-Croatian  Rudjer Josip Bošković   born May 18, 1711, Ragusa, Dalmatia [now Dubrovnik, Croatia] died Feb. 13, 1787, Milan ...
Bose
/bohs/, n. Sir Jagadis Chandre /jeuh geuh dees" chun"dreuh/, 1858-1937, Indian physicist and plant physiologist. * * *
Bose, Satyendra Nath
▪ Indian physicist born Jan. 1, 1894, Calcutta, India died Feb. 4, 1974, Calcutta       Indian mathematician and physicist noted for his collaboration with Albert ...
Bose, Sir Jagadis Chandra
▪ Indian physiologist born Nov. 30, 1858, Mymensingh, Bengal, India died Nov. 23, 1937, Giridih, Bihār  Indian plant physiologist and physicist whose invention of highly ...
Bose, Subhas Chandra
born Jan. 23, 1897, Cuttack, Orissa, India died Aug. 18, 1945, Taipei, Taiwan? Indian revolutionary. Preparing in Britain for a career in the Indian civil service, he resigned ...
Bose,Satyendra Nath
Bose (bōs), Satyendra Nath. 1894-1974. Indian physicist whose work in quantum mechanics provided the base for a statistical description of the behavior of large numbers of ...
Bose-Einstein condensate
▪ physics       a state of matter in which separate atoms (atom) or subatomic particles (subatomic particle), cooled to near absolute zero (0 K, − 273.15 °C, or − ...
Bose-Einstein statistics
/bohs"uyn"stuyn/, Physics. quantum statistics for particles not obeying the exclusion principle, based on the assumption that in a given physical system consisting of ...
Bose-Einsteincondensate
Bose-Ein·stein condensate (bōsʹīnʹstīn') n. A state of matter that forms below a critical temperature in which all bosons that comprise the matter fall into the same ...
Bose-Einsteincondensation
Bose-Einstein condensation n. The physical process in which a Bose-Einstein condensate is formed. * * *
Boselager, Count Philipp von
▪ 2009       German army officer born Sept. 6, 1917, Burg Heimerzheim, near Bonn, Ger. died May 1, 2008, Altenahr, Ger. provided the plastic explosives for the ...
Boselli, Paolo
▪ Italian statesman born June 8, 1838, Savona, Piedmont, kingdom of Sardinia [now in Italy] died March 10, 1932, Rome, Italy       statesman who headed the Italian ...
Bösendorfer, Ignaz
▪ Austrian piano craftsman born July 28, 1796, Vienna, Austria died April 14, 1859, Vienna       Austrian builder of pianos (piano) and founder of the firm that bears ...
bosh
bosh1 /bosh/, n. absurd or foolish talk; nonsense. [1830-35; < Turk bos empty; popularized from its use in the novel Ayesha (1834) by British author James J. Morier ...
boshan xianglu
▪ Chinese incense burner Wade-Giles romanization  po-shan hsiang-lu , also called  hill censer        Chinese bronze censer common in the Han dynasty (206 BC–AD ...
bosk
/bosk/, n. a small wood or thicket, esp. of bushes. [1250-1300; ME boske, var. of busk(e) < ON buskr BUSH1] * * *
boskage
/bos"kij/, n. boscage. * * *
bosker
/bos"keuhr/, adj. Australian Slang. very good; excellent. [1905-10; of obscure orig.] * * *
bosket
/bos"kit/, n. a grove; thicket. Also, bosquet. [1730-40; earlier bosquet < F < It boschetto, equiv. to bosc(o) wood (see BUSH1) + -etto -ET] * * *
boskiness
See bosky. * * *
Boskop man
/bos"kop/ the undated cranial remains of a possible Homo sapiens found in the Transvaal of South Africa. [after a locale in the Transvaal, where the remains were found in 1913] * ...
Boskop skull
Boskop skull [bäs′käp΄] n. 〚after Boskop, Transvaal, where fossil remains found (1913)〛 a portion of a human skull found in South Africa, of undetermined relationship ...
boskopoid
/bos"keuh poyd'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Boskop man or the culture or habitat of Boskop man. [BOSKOP (MAN) + -OID] * * *
bosky
—boskiness, n. /bos"kee/, adj., boskier, boskiest. 1. covered with bushes, shrubs, and small trees; woody. 2. shady. [1585-95; BOSK + -Y1] * * *
Bosman, Herman Charles
▪ South African author born Feb. 5, 1905, Kuils River, near Cape Town, Cape Colony [now in South Africa] died Oct. 14, 1951, Edendale, S.Af.       South African writer ...
Bosna River
River, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Rising at the foot of Mount Igman, it flows northward about 150 mi (241 km) before entering the Sava River. Major cities along the Bosna include ...
Bosnia
—Bosnian, adj. /boz"nee euh/, n. a historic region in SE Europe: a former Turkish province; a part of Austria-Hungary (1879-1918) now part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. * * *
Bosnia and Herzegovina
a republic in S Europe: formerly (1945-92) a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. 2,607,734; 19,909 sq. mi. (51,565 sq. km). Cap.: Sarajevo. * * * Bosnia and Herzegovina ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a blue field (background) divided by a large yellow triangle and a diagonal line of nine white stars; the stars at the ...
Bosniaand Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina or Bos·ni·a-Her·ze·go·vi·na or Bos·ni·a-Her·ce·go·vi·na (bŏz'nē-ə-hĕrtʹsə-gō'vē-nə, -gō-vē'-, hûrtʹ-) Commonly known as ...
Bosnian
See Bosnia. * * *
Bosnian conflict
(1992–98) Ethnically rooted war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a republic of Yugoslavia with a multiethnic population 44% Bosniac (formerly known as Muslim), 33% Serb, and 17% ...
Bosnian crisis
(1908) International crisis caused by Austria-Hungary's annexation of the Balkan provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Russia supported Serbia, which protested the annexation and ...
Bosnian crisis of 1908
▪ Balkan history       state of severe international tension caused by the annexation by Austria-Hungary of the Balkan provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Congress ...
Boso
▪ king of Provence French  Boson   died Jan. 11, 887, Vienne [France]       king of lower Burgundy, or Provence, from 877.       The son of Buvin (or Beuves), ...
Bōsō Peninsula
▪ peninsula, Japan Japanese  Bōsō-hantō,         peninsula, coextensive with Chiba ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It extends for 81 miles (130 km) into the ...
bosom
/booz"euhm, booh"zeuhm/, n. 1. the breast of a human being. 2. the breasts of a woman. 3. the part of a garment that covers the breast. 4. the breast, conceived of as the center ...
bosomed
/booz"euhmd, booh"zeuhmd/, adj. 1. having a specified type of bosom (usually used in combination): a full-bosomed garment; the green-bosomed earth. 2. concealed or secreted in ...
bosomy
/booz"euh mee, booh"zeuh-/, adj. (of a woman) having a large or prominent bosom. [1925-30; BOSOM + -Y1] * * *
boson
/boh"son/, n. Physics. any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics: bosons have integral spins: 0, 1, 2, ... Cf. fermion. [1945-50; named after S. N. Bose (1894-1974), ...
Bosporus
—Bosporan, Bosporanic /bos'peuh ran"ik/, Bosporian /bo spawr"ee euhn, -spohr"-/, adj. /bos"peuhr euhs/, n. a strait connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. 18 mi. (29 ...
Bosporus, Kingdom of the
▪ ancient state, Ukraine also called  Cimmerian Bosporus,         ancient Greek state situated on Kerch Strait in present-day southern Ukraine. It reached its peak ...
bosque
☆ bosque [bôs′kā΄ ] n. 〚Sp < Prov bosc < Frank busk, forest: see BUSH1〛 Chiefly Southwest a clump or grove of trees * * *
bosquet
/bos"kit/, n. bosket. * * *
boss
boss1 /baws, bos/, n. 1. a person who employs or superintends workers; manager. 2. a politician who controls the party organization, as in a particular district. 3. a person who ...
boss cocky
Australian Slang. 1. (formerly) a farmer employing laborers. 2. a boss, esp. an officious one. [1895-1900; COCKY2 in derivative sense "small farmer"] * * *
Boss, Lewis
▪ American astronomer born October 26, 1846, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S. died October 5, 1912, Albany, New York       American astronomer best known for his ...
bossa nova
/bos"euh noh"veuh, baw"seuh/ 1. jazz-influenced music of Brazilian origin, rhythmically related to the samba. 2. a dance performed to this music. [1960-65; < Pg: lit., new ...
bossage
/baw"sij, bos"ij/, n. Masonry. 1. stonework blocked out for later carving. 2. stonework, as rusticated ashlar, having faces projecting beyond the mortar joints. [1695-1705; < F, ...
bossanova
bos·sa no·va (bŏs'ə nōʹvə, bô'sə) n. 1. A style of popular Brazilian music derived from the samba but with more melodic and harmonic complexity and less emphasis on ...
bossdom
/baws"deuhm, bos"-/, n. 1. the status, influence, or power of a boss, esp. a political boss. 2. bossism. [1885-90; BOSS1 + -DOM] * * *
Bosse, Abraham
▪ French artist born 1604, Tours, France died Feb. 14, 1676, Paris  notable engraver, painter, and architect who was active during the Baroque period in ...
Bossert, Helmuth Theodor
▪ German archaeologist born Sept. 11, 1889, Landau, Ger. died Feb. 5, 1961, Istanbul, Turkey  German philologist and archaeologist who excavated the 8th-century-bc Hittite ...
bosseyed
/baws"uyd', bos"-/, adj. Brit. Informal. cross-eyed. [1855-60; perh. BOSS2 + EYED] * * *
Bossi, Umberto
▪ 1997       In the already fractious world of Italian politics, secessionist Umberto Bossi raised eyebrows in 1996 by calling for a complete break—dividing Italy into ...
Bossier City
/boh"zheuhr/ a city in NW Louisiana. 49,969. * * * ▪ Louisiana, United States       city, Bossier parish, northwestern Louisiana, U.S., on the east bank of the Red ...
BossierCity
Bos·sier City (bōʹzhər) A city of northwest Louisiana, an industrial suburb of Shreveport on the opposite bank of the Red River. Population: 52,721. * * *
bossily
See bossy1. * * *
bossiness
See bossily. * * *
bossism
/baw"siz euhm, bos"iz-/, n. control by bosses, esp. political bosses. [1880-85, Amer.; BOSS1 + -ISM] * * *
bossman
/baws"man', bos"-/, n., pl. bossmen. Informal. a leader or boss. [1930-35; BOSS1 + MAN1] * * *
Bossuet
/baw swe"/, n. Jacques Bénigne /zhahk bay neen"yeu/, 1627-1704, French bishop, writer, and orator. * * *
Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne
Bos·suet (bôs-wāʹ), Jacques Bénigne. 1627-1704. French prelate and historian noted for his funereal orations and a philosophical treatise on history. * * *
Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne
born Sept. 25, 1627, Dijon, France died April 12, 1704, Paris French bishop. Ordained a priest in 1652, he gained a reputation as a great orator and popular preacher. In 1681 ...
bossy
bossy1 —bossily, adv. —bossiness, n. /baw"see, bos"ee/, adj., bossier, bossiest. given to ordering people about; overly authoritative; domineering. [1880-85, Amer.; BOSS1 + ...
Boston
/baw"steuhn, bos"teuhn/, n. 1. a seaport in and the capital of Massachusetts, in the E part. 562,994. 2. (l.c.) a variety of whist, popular in the early 19th century, played by ...
Boston and Maine Corporation
▪ American railway formerly  Boston and Maine Railroad Company,  abbreviation  B&M,        largest of the New England railroads, operating in central and northern ...
Boston Athenæum
▪ library, Boston, Massachusetts, United States       in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S., independent research library containing about 750,000 volumes and housing an art ...
Boston bag
a two-handled bag for carrying books, papers, etc. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
Boston baked beans
☆ Boston baked beans pl.n. navy or other similar beans baked slowly with salt pork, seasonings, and molasses or brown sugar * * * (also baked beans) n [pl] (in the US) white ...
Boston baked beans.
See baked beans. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
Boston Brahmin
n (AmE) a member of one of the old families with high social and cultural status in Boston, US. The Brahmins have traditionally lived in the city’s best area, Beacon Hill, and ...
Boston brown bread
a dark-brown steamed bread made of cornmeal and rye meal or graham or wheat flour sweetened with molasses. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
Boston Bruins
▪ American hockey team  American professional ice hockey team based in Boston that plays in the Eastern Conference in the National Hockey League (NHL). The Bruins have won ...
Boston bull
☆ Boston bull n. BOSTON TERRIER * * *
Boston bull.
See Boston terrier. * * *
Boston Celtics
▪ American basketball team       American professional basketball team based in Boston, Mass. One of the most successful franchises in sports history, the Celtics won ...
Boston College
▪ college, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Chestnut Hill, Newton (a suburb of Boston), ...
Boston cream pie
a two-layer cake with a thick filling of cream or custard between the layers, often having a chocolate icing on top. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
Boston fern
a variety of sword fern, Nephrolepsis exaltata bostoniensis, having long, narrow, drooping fronds. [1895-1900] * * *
Boston fire of 1872
▪ United States history       devastating fire that destroyed a large area in Boston's commercial district on Nov. 9–10, 1872. It ranks among the most destructive ...
Boston Globe, The
Daily newspaper published in Boston, one of the more influential newspapers in the U.S. Founded in 1872, it was purchased in 1877 by Charles H. Taylor. Under his leadership, it ...
Boston ivy
a climbing woody vine, Parthenocissus tricuspidata, of the grape family, native to eastern Asia and grown in North America as a wall covering. Also called Japanese ...
Boston Latin School
▪ American secondary school       public secondary school in Massachusetts, the oldest existing school in the United States. Its establishment in 1635 as the Latin ...
Boston lettuce
a cultivated variety of lettuce having a rounded head of soft, crumpled leaves, used for salads. * * *
Boston Marathon
➡ Boston * * * ▪ sports  footrace from Hopkinton, Massachusetts, U.S., to the Back Bay section of Boston, a distance of 42,195 metres (26 miles 385 yards). The world's ...
Boston marriage
(esp. in 19th-century New England) an intimate friendship between two women often maintaining a household together. * * *
Boston Massacre
Amer. Hist. a riot in Boston (March 5, 1770) arising from the resentment of Boston colonists toward British troops quartered in the city, in which the troops fired on the mob and ...
Boston Mountains
▪ mountains, United States       range extending east-west for 200 miles (320 km) in northwestern Arkansas and northeastern Oklahoma, U.S. The highest section of the ...
Boston Police Strike
Strike in 1919 by most of Boston's police force to protest the police commissioner's decision to deny them the right to unionize. The mayor called in the city militia to restore ...
Boston Pops
a US orchestra that plays popular classical and other music. Its musicians are members of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. * * *
Boston Red Sox
▪ American baseball team  American professional baseball team based in Boston. One of the most storied franchises in American sports, the Red Sox won seven World Series ...
Boston rocker
an American wooden rocking chair having a solid, curved seat, often painted or grained, a spindle back, narrow rockers, and usually gilt designs stenciled on the crest ...
Boston states
Canadian (chiefly the Maritime Provinces). the New England states, esp. Maine and Massachusetts. * * *
Boston Strangler
the name given by newspapers, etc. to Albert DeSalvo, a US man who attacked and killed 13 women in Boston, Massachusetts, between 1962 and 1964. He killed the women by strangling ...
Boston Stump
the popular name for the very tall 15th–century church tower in the English town of Boston, Lincolnshire. The tower can be seen easily from the sea and this was helpful to ...
Boston Symphony Orchestra
▪ American orchestra       American symphony orchestra based in Boston, Mass., founded in 1881 by Henry Lee Higginson. The orchestra achieved renown for its ...
Boston Tea Party
Amer. Hist. a raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor (December 16, 1773) in which Boston colonists, disguised as Indians, threw the contents of several hundred chests of ...
Boston terrier
one of an American breed of small, pug-faced, short-haired dogs having erect ears, a short tail, and a brindled or black coat with white markings. Also called Boston ...
Boston University
▪ university, Boston, Massachusetts, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. The university is ...
Boston, Lucy
▪ English author née  Lucy Maria Wood  born Dec. 10, 1892, Southport, Lancashire, Eng. died May 25, 1990, Hemingford Grey, Cambridgeshire       English writer whose ...
Boston, Ralph
▪ American athlete born May 9, 1939, Laurel, Mississippi, U.S.    American athlete who set a world record in the long jump and was the first man to jump more than 27 feet ...
Boston, Siege of
▪ United States history       (April 1775–March 1776), successful siege by American troops of the British-held city of Boston during the American Revolution. After ...
Bostonbull
Boston bull n. See Boston terrier. * * *
Bostoncream pie
Boston cream pie n. A round cake with a custard or cream filling, often topped with a chocolate glaze. * * *
Bostonfern
Boston fern Nephrolepis exaltata cv.bostoniensis © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. 1. A cultivar of sword fern (Nephrolepis exaltata cv. Bostoniensis) having ...
Bostonian
/baw stoh"nee euhn, bo stoh"-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or typical of Boston, Mass., or its residents: a Bostonian childhood; Bostonian reserve. n. 2. a native or inhabitant ...
Bostonians, The
a novel (1886) by Henry James. * * *
Bostonivy
Boston ivy n. A high-climbing woody vine (Parthenocissus tricuspidata) native to eastern Asia and having three-lobed deciduous leaves. It frequently covers the outer walls of ...
Bostonlettuce
Boston lettuce n. A type of cultivated lettuce forming a rounded head and having soft-textured, yellow-green inner leaves. * * *
Bostonmarriage
Boston marriage n. A long-term, intimate, sometimes discreetly sexual relationship between two women.   [Perhaps after the devoted women pairs from Boston depicted in The ...
Bostonrocker
Boston rocker n. A rocking chair having a high back with spindles, a decorative panel at the top, and a seat and arms that curve downward in front. * * *
Bostonterrier
Boston terrier n. Any of a breed of small dogs originating in New England as a cross between a bull terrier and a bulldog and having a smooth, brindled or black coat with white ...

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