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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Bright,John
Bright (brīt), John. 1811-1889. British politician and noted orator who was a founder of the Anti-Corn Law League (1839). * * *
bright-cut
▪ metalwork  type of decorative engraving used on metal objects, especially those made of silver. The decorative designs are created by making a series of short cuts into the ...
bright-eyed
/bruyt"uyd'/, adj. 1. having bright eyes. 2. alertly eager. 3. bright-eyed and bushy-tailed, alertly eager; full of energy and enthusiasm: Get a good night's sleep so you'll be ...
bright-field
/bruyt"feeld'/, adj. Micros. of or pertaining to the illuminated region about the object of a microscope. * * *
brighten
/bruyt"n/, v.i., v.t. to become or make bright or brighter. [1250-1300; ME brightnen. See BRIGHT, -EN1] Syn. lighten; cheer, gladden, lift, hearten, perk up. Ant. darken; deject, ...
brightener
/bruyt"n euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that brightens. 2. a chemical or other agent used to increase brightness, as one added to toothpaste or detergent to intensify the ...
brightline spectrum
/bruyt"luyn'/, Physical Chem. the spectrum of an incandescent substance appearing on a spectrogram as one or more bright lines against a dark background. [1885-90; BRIGHT + ...
brightly
See bright. * * *
Brightman, Edgar Sheffield
▪ American philosopher and educator born Sept. 20, 1884, Holbrook, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 25, 1953, Newton Center, Mass.       U.S. philosopher, educator (Wesleyan ...
brightness
/bruyt"nis/, n. 1. the quality of being bright. 2. Optics. the luminance of a body, apart from its hue or saturation, that an observer uses to determine the comparative luminance ...
Brighton
/bruyt"n/, n. 1. a city in East Sussex, in SE England: seashore resort. 159,000. 2. a city near Melbourne in S Victoria, in SE Australia. 40,617. 3. a town in central Colorado. ...
Brighton and Hove
▪ unitary authority, England, United Kingdom       unitary authority, geographic county of East Sussex, historic county of Sussex, southeastern England. It is located ...
Brighton bombing
➡ Brighton * * *
Brighton car rally
(also the Brighton run, the London to Brighton Veteran Car Run) n an event in which many veteran cars (= ones made before 1905) drive from London to Brighton, England. It takes ...
Brighton Pavilion
➡ Royal Pavilion. * * *
Brighton run
➡ Brighton car rally * * *
brightwork
/bruyt"werrk'/, n. 1. polished metal parts, as on a ship or automobile. 2. Naut. all plain or varnished woodwork that is kept scoured on a vessel. [1835-45, Amer.; BRIGHT + ...
Brigid
/brij"id/; esp. for 1 also /bree"id/, n. 1. Saint. Also, Bride. A.D. 453-523, Irish abbess: a patron saint of Ireland. 2. a female given name. * * *
Brigit
/brij"it/; esp. for 1, 2 also /bree"it/, n. 1. Irish Myth. a goddess of fire, fertility, agriculture, household arts, and wisdom, later associated with St. Brigid. 2. Saint. See ...
Brigit of Ireland, Saint
▪ Irish saint Brigit also spelled  Bridget;  also called  Bride  born , [according to tradition] Fochart, near Dundalk, County Louth, Ire. died c. 524, –528, Kildare, ...
Brigitte
/brddee zheet"/; Eng. /bri zheet"/, n. a female given name, French form of Bridget. * * *
brigsail
/brig"sayl'/; Naut. /brig"seuhl/, n. Naut. a large gaffsail on the mainmast or trysail mast of a brig. [BRIG1 + SAIL] * * *
Brikama
▪ The Gambia       town, western Gambia, on the road from Banjul (formerly Bathurst) to Mansa Konko. An agricultural trade centre (peanuts [groundnuts], palm oil, and ...
brill
/bril/, n., pl. brills, (esp. collectively) brill. a European flatfish, Scophthalmus rhombus, closely related to the turbot. [1475-85; of uncert. orig.] * * *
Brill
/bril/, n. A(braham) A(rden), 1874-1948, U.S. psychoanalyst and author, born in Austria. * * *
Brill's disease
Pathol. a relatively mild form of typhus. [named after N. E. Brill (1859-1925), American physician] * * *
Brill, Paul
▪ Flemish artist also called  Paulus Bril  born 1554, Antwerp died October 7, 1626, Rome  Flemish artist who was perhaps the most popular painter of landscapes in Rome in ...
Brillat-Savarin
/brddee yann sann vann rddaonn"/, n. Anthelme /ahonn telm"/, 1755-1826, French jurist, writer, and gastronome. * * *
Brillat-Savarin, (Jean-) Anthelme
born April 1, 1755, Belley, Fra. died Feb. 2, 1826, Paris French lawyer and gastronome. Mayor of the town of Belley, he fled France during the Reign of Terror but returned to ...
Brillat-Savarin, Anthelme
▪ French author born April 1, 1755, Belley, Fr. died Feb. 2, 1826, Paris       French lawyer, politician, and author of a celebrated work on gastronomy, Physiologie du ...
Brillat-Savarin,Anthelme
Bril·lat-Sa·va·rin (brē-yäʹ sä-vä-răɴʹ), Anthelme. 1755-1826. French politician and gourmet, who is noted for his Physiologie de Goût (1825), a witty dissertation on ...
brilliance
/bril"yeuhns/, n. 1. great brightness; luster: the brilliance of a fine diamond. 2. excellence or distinction; conspicuous talent, mental ability, etc. 3. splendor, elegance, or ...
brilliancy
/bril"yeuhn see/, n., pl. brilliancies for 1. 1. an instance of brilliance: the brilliancies of Congreve's wit. 2. brilliance. [1740-50; BRILLI(ANT) + -ANCY] * * *
brilliant
—brilliantly, adv. —brilliantness, n. /bril"yeuhnt/, adj. 1. shining brightly; sparkling; glittering; lustrous: the brilliant lights of the city. 2. distinguished; ...
brilliant cut
—brilliant-cut, adj. Jewelry. a cut intended to enhance the brilliance of a gem with the least possible sacrifice of weight, characterized by a form resembling two pyramids set ...
brilliant green
▪ drug and dye also called  emerald green , or  malachite green G        a triphenylmethane dye of the malachite-green series (see malachite green) used in dilute ...
brilliantine
—brilliantined, adj. /bril"yeuhn teen'/, n. 1. an oily preparation used to make the hair lustrous. 2. a dress fabric resembling alpaca. [1870-75, Amer.; < F brillantine. See ...
brilliantly
See brilliant. * * *
brilliantness
See brilliantly. * * *
Brillo
/bril"oh/ 1. Trademark. a brand of scouring pad of fine, intermeshed steel wool impregnated with cleanser. adj. 2. (l.c.) resembling a Brillo pad, as in wiriness: a brillo mop of ...
Brillo pad{™}
n a British product for cleaning kitchen pans, etc, consisting of a pad of very fine wire with soap inside: His hair was thick and wiry like a Brillo pad. * * *
brim
brim1 —brimless, adj. —brimmingly, adv. /brim/, n., v., brimmed, brimming. n. 1. the upper edge of anything hollow; rim; brink: the brim of a cup. 2. a projecting edge: the ...
brimful
—brimfully, adv. —brimfulness, brimfullness, n. /brim"fool"/, adj. full to the brim. Also, brimfull. [1520-30; BRIM1 + -FUL] * * *
brimmer
/brim"euhr/, n. a cup, glass, or bowl full to the brim. [1645-55; BRIM1 + -ER1] * * *
Brimsek, Francis Charles
▪ 1999       American ice hockey goaltender for the Boston Bruins who gained renown during the first weeks of his 10-year career for a series of shutouts, which earned ...
brimstone
—brimstony, adj. /brim"stohn'/, n. 1. sulfur. 2. a virago; shrew. [bef. 1150; ME brinston, etc., late OE brynstan. See BURN1, STONE] * * *
Brin, Sergey
▪ American entrepreneur born Aug. 21, 1973, Moscow, U.S.S.R. [now Russia]    American computer scientist and entrepreneur who created, along with Larry Page (Page, Larry), ...
Brin, Sergey, and Page, Larry
▪ 2005       On Aug. 19, 2004, Sergey Brin and Larry Page went from being promising computer science graduate students to multibillionaire technology mavens when Google, ...
brinded
/brin"did/, adj. Archaic. brindled. [earlier brended, ME brend, brind lit., burnt, ptp. of brennen BURN1] * * *
Brindisi
/brin"deuh zee'/; It. /brddeen"dee zee/, n. an Adriatic seaport in SE Apulia, in SE Italy: important Roman city and naval station. 87,420. Ancient, Brundisium. * * * ▪ ...
brindle
/brin"dl/, n. 1. a brindled coloring. 2. a brindled animal. adj. 3. brindled. [1670-80; back formation from BRINDLED] * * *
brindled
/brin"dld/, adj. gray or tawny with darker streaks or spots. [1670-80; alter. of BRINDED, with -le perh. from GRIZZLED, SPECKLED, etc.] * * *
Brindley, James
▪ British engineer born 1716, Tunstead, near Buxton, Derbyshire, Eng. died Sept. 30, 1772, Turnhurst, Staffordshire  pioneer canal builder, who constructed the first English ...
brine
—brineless, adj. —briner, n. —brinish, adj. —brinishness, n. /bruyn/, n., v., brined, brining. n. 1. water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt. 2. a salt and ...
brine shrimp
a small crustacean, Artemia salina, of the order Anostraca, common to saline lakes, including Great Salt Lake in Utah. [1830-40] * * * Any of several small crustaceans (genus ...
Brinell hardness number
Metall. a rating obtained from a test (Brinell test) to determine the hardness of a metal by pressing a steel ball of a standard size into the metal using a standard force. Also ...
Brinell test
Brinell test [bri nel′] n. 〚after J. A. Brinell (1849-1925), Swed engineer〛 a test for determining the relative hardness (Brinell hardness) of a metal by measuring the ...
Brinell, Johan August
▪ Swedish engineer born Nov. 21, 1849, Bringetofta, Swed. died Nov. 17, 1925, Stockholm       Swedish metallurgist who devised the Brinell hardness test, a rapid, ...
Brinellhardness
Bri·nell hardness (brĭ-nĕlʹ) n. The relative hardness of metals and alloys, determined by forcing a steel ball into a test piece under standard conditions and measuring the ...
Brinellhardness number
Brinell hardness number n. Abbr. Bhn or HB The numerical value assigned to the Brinell hardness of metals and alloys. Also called Brinell number. * * *
briner
See brine. * * *
brineshrimp
brine shrimp n. Any of various small crustaceans of the genus Artemia. * * *
bring
—bringer, n. /bring/, v.t., brought, bringing. 1. to carry, convey, conduct, or cause (someone or something) to come with, to, or toward the speaker: Bring the suitcase to my ...
bringdown
/bring"down'/, n. Informal. 1. a disappointment or disillusionment; letdown: It was quite a bringdown to find myself running last in the mayoral race. 2. anything, as a cutting ...
bringer
See bring. * * *
brings an action
➡ legal system * * *
brininess
See briny. * * *
brink
—brinkless, adj. /bringk/, n. 1. the edge or margin of a steep place or of land bordering water. 2. any extreme edge; verge. 3. a crucial or critical point, esp. of a situation ...
Brink, André Philippus
▪ South African author born May 29, 1935, Vrede, S.Af.       South African writer whose novels, which he wrote in Afrikaans and English versions, often criticized the ...
Brink, Bernhard ten
▪ German scholar born Jan. 12, 1841, Amsterdam, Neth. died Jan. 29, 1892, Strassburg, Ger. [now Strasbourg, Fr.]       scholar whose research stimulated a revival of ...
Brinkley, David McClure
▪ 2004       American television journalist (b. July 10, 1920, Wilmington, N.C.—d. June 11, 2003, Houston, Texas), had a dry wit, a wry, clipped delivery, and a ...
Brinkley,David
Brin·kley (brĭngʹklē), David. Born 1920. American radio and television news broadcaster. During his career with the National Broadcasting Company (1943-1981), he served as ...
brinkman
/bringk"meuhn/, n., pl. brinkmen. a person who is skilled in or practices brinkmanship. Also, brinksman. [1955-60; back formation from BRINKMANSHIP] * * *
Brinkman, Johannes Andreas
born March 22, 1902, Rotterdam, Neth. died May 6, 1949, Rotterdam Dutch architect. After graduating from the Delft Technical University, he helped design the van Nelle tobacco ...
brinkmanship
/bringk"meuhn ship'/, n. the technique or practice of maneuvering a dangerous situation to the limits of tolerance or safety in order to secure the greatest advantage, esp. by ...
Brink’s Mat
a British company, the owner of a building for storing valuable things at Heathrow Airport. In 1983 thieves stole gold worth £26 million from the building. At that time it was ...
Brinnin
/brin"in/, n. John Malcolm, born 1916, U.S. poet, editor, and educator, born in Canada. * * *
Brinnin, John Malcolm
▪ 1999       American biographer, critic, and poet (b. Sept. 13, 1916, Halifax, N.S.—d. June 26, 1998, Key West, Fla.), shepherded the boisterous Welsh poet Dylan ...
Brinon, Fernand de
▪ French journalist and politician born Aug. 26, 1885, Libourne, near Bordeaux, Fr. died April 15, 1947, Montrouge  French journalist and politician who became a leading ...
Brinton,Daniel Garrison
Brin·ton (brĭnʹtən), Daniel Garrison. 1837-1899. American anthropologist who was the first to attempt a systematic classification of Native American languages. * * *
Brinvilliers, Marie-Madeleine-Marguérite d'Aubray, marquise de
▪ French poisoner born c. 1630 died July 16, 1676, Paris, France       French noblewoman who was executed (1676) after poisoning numerous family ...
briny
briny1 —brininess, n. /bruy"nee/, adj., brinier, briniest. of or like brine; salty: a briny taste. [1600-10; BRINE + -Y1] briny2 /bruy"nee/, n. ocean. [1825-35; BRINE + -Y2] * ...
brio
/bree"oh/; It. /brddee"aw/, n. vigor; vivacity. [1725-35; < It < Sp brío energy, determination < Celtic *brigos; cf. OIr bríg (fem.) power, strength, force, Middle Welsh bri ...
brioche
/bree"ohsh, -osh/; Fr. /brddee awsh"/, n., pl. brioches /-oh shiz, -osh iz/; Fr. /-awsh"/. a light, sweet bun or roll made with eggs, yeast, and butter. [1820-30; < F, MF (Norman ...
briolette
/bree'euh let"/; Fr. /brddee aw let"/, n., pl. briolettes /-lets"/; Fr. /-let"/. any pear-shaped gem having its entire surface cut with triangular facets. [1860-65; < F, var. of ...
briony
/bruy"euh nee/, n., pl. brionies. bryony. * * *
briquet
/bri ket"/, n., v.t., briquetted, briquetting. briquette. * * *
Briquet's syndrome
/bri kayz"/. See somatization disorder. [named after Pierre Briquet (1796-1881), French physician, who described it in 1859] * * *
briquette
/bri ket"/, n., v., briquetted, briquetting. n. 1. a small block of compressed coal dust or charcoal used for fuel, esp. in barbecuing. 2. a molded block of any material. v.t. 3. ...
Bris
Ashk. /brddis/; Eng. /bris/, n. Hebrew. Brith. * * *
brisance
—brisant /bri zahnt"/; Fr. /brddee zahonn"/, adj. /bri zahns"/; Fr. /brddee zahonns"/, n. the shattering effect of a high explosive. [1910-15; < F, equiv. to bris(er) to break ...
brisant
See brisance. * * *
Brisbane
/briz"bayn, -beuhn/, n. 1. Arthur, 1864-1936, U.S. journalist. 2. a seaport in and the capital of Queensland, in E Australia. 942,836. * * * City (pop., 1996: urban ...
Brisbane box
a broad-leaved evergreen tree, Tristania conferta, native to Australia, having a deciduous outer bark. [after BRISBANE, Australia] * * * ▪ tree  (Tristania conferta), ...
Brisbane River
▪ river, Queensland, Australia       river in southeastern Queensland, Australia, rising in the Brisbane–Cooyar ranges and flowing 214 mi (344 km) southeasterly and ...
Brisbane Water
▪ inlet, New South Wales, Australia       northern arm of Broken Bay, an inlet on the coast of New South Wales, Australia. It was explored by Capt. Arthur Phillip, first ...
Brisbane, Albert
born Aug. 22, 1809, Batavia, N.Y., U.S. died May 1, 1890, Richmond, Va. U.S. social reformer. The son of wealthy landowners, he went to Europe in 1828 to study social reform ...
Brisbane, Arthur
▪ American editor born Dec. 12, 1864, Buffalo, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 25, 1936, New York City  U.S. newspaper editor and writer, known as the master of the big, blaring ...
Brisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall, Baronet
▪ British astronomer original name  Thomas Brisbane   born July 23, 1773, Brisbane House, near Largs, Ayrshire, Scot. died Jan. 27, 1860, Brisbane House  British soldier ...
brisé
/bree zay"/; Fr. /brddee zay"/, n., pl. brisés /-zayz"/; Fr. /-zay"/. a ballet movement in which the dancer jumps off one foot, beats the legs together, and lands on both ...
brise-bise
/breez"beez'/, n. a short curtain, often of lace, hung on the lower section of a window. [1910-15; < F: lit., (it) breaks (the) wind (brise 3d sing. pres. of briser to break; ...
brise-soleil
/breez"soh lay"/, n. a screen, usually louvered, placed on the outside of a building to shield the windows from direct sunlight. [1940-45; < F: lit., (it) breaks (the) sun (brise ...
Brisingamen
/bree"sing ah men', bree'seen gah"men/, n. Scand. Myth. the magic necklace worn by Freya. [ < ON: necklace of the Brisings, akin to OE Brosinga mene; see MANE] * * *
brisk
—briskly, adv. —briskness, n. /brisk/, adj., brisker, briskest, v. adj. 1. quick and active; lively: brisk trading; a brisk walk. 2. sharp and stimulating: brisk weather; ...
brisket
/bris"kit/, n. 1. the breast of an animal, or the part of the breast lying next to the ribs. 2. a cut of meat, esp. beef, from this part. See diag. under beef. [1300-50; ME ...
briskly
See brisk. * * *
briskness
See briskly. * * *
brisling
/briz"ling, bris"-/, n. sprat (def. 1). [1900-05; < Norw; akin to obs. Dan bretling, G Brätling, Breitling] * * *
Brisson, Henri
▪ French statesman in full  Eugène-henri Brisson   born July 31, 1835, Bourges, Fr. died April 11, 1912, Paris  French statesman who twice served as premier of France ...
Brissot (de Warville), Jacques-Pierre
born Jan. 15, 1754, Chartres, France died Oct. 31, 1793, Paris French revolutionary politician. He founded the popular newspaper Le Patriote Français and became a leader of ...
Brissot, Jacques-Pierre
▪ French revolutionary leader in full  Jacques-Pierre Brissot de Warville  born January 15, 1754, Chartres, France died October 31, 1793, Paris       a leader of the ...
bristle
—bristleless, adj. —bristlelike, adj. /bris"euhl/, n., v., bristled, bristling. n. 1. one of the short, stiff, coarse hairs of certain animals, esp. hogs, used extensively in ...
bristle-thighed curlew
/bris"euhl thuyd'/ an Alaskan curlew, Numenius tahitiensis, that winters in Polynesia, having bristlelike feathers on its thighs. * * *
bristlebird
/bris"euhl berrd'/, n. any of various Australian warblers of the genus Dasyornis. [1820-30; BRISTLE + BIRD] * * *
bristlecone pine
a pine, Pinus aristata, of the southwestern U.S., bearing short needles crowded into long, thick bundles and cones having scales tipped with a slender, curved spine. Also called ...
bristleconepine
bris·tle·cone pine (brĭsʹəl-kōn') n. Either of two small slow-growing pines (Pinus aristata or P. longaeva) found at higher elevations of the western United States, having ...
bristlehead
▪ bird also called  Vulturine Parrot        (species Psittrichas fulgidus), parrot of the forested slopes of northern New Guinea, the sole species constituting the ...
bristlemouth
/bris"euhl mowth'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) bristlemouth, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) bristlemouths /-mowdhz', -mowths'/. any of several small, deep-sea ...
bristletail
/bris"euhl tayl'/, n. any of various wingless insects of the order Thysanura, having long, bristlelike, caudal appendages, comprising the firebrats, silverfish, and ...
bristling
▪ fish also spelled  Brisling,  also called  Sprat        (Sprattus sprattus), edible fish of the herring family Clupeidae (order Clupeiformes). Bristlings are ...
bristly
—bristliness, n. /bris"lee/, adj., bristlier, bristliest. 1. covered or rough with bristles. 2. like or resembling bristles. 3. easily antagonized; irascible: a bristly person ...
bristly sarsaparilla
a coarse plant, Aralia hispida, of the ginseng family, of eastern North America, having a loose cluster of small, greenish flowers and black fruit. [1860-65] * * *
Bristol
/bris"tl/, n. 1. a seaport in Avon, in SW England, on the Avon River near its confluence with the Severn estuary. 420,100. 2. a city in central Connecticut. 57,370. 3. a city in ...
Bristol Bay
Bristol Bay 〚after Admiral A. J. Hervey (1724-79), 3d Earl of Bristol〛 arm of the Bering Sea between the SW Alas. mainland & the Alaska Peninsula * * * ▪ bay, Alaska, ...
Bristol board
a fine, smooth pasteboard that is sometimes glazed. [1800-10] * * *
Bristol Channel
an inlet of the Atlantic, between S Wales and SW England, extending to the mouth of the Severn estuary. 85 mi. (137 km) long. * * * Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, southwestern ...
Bristol Cream{™}
n [U, C] a type of rich, sweet sherry sold by Harvey’s. It is one of the best-known sherries in Britain, where bottles of it are often given as presents, e.g. at Christmas. * * ...
Bristol fashion
in good order; trim: shipshape and Bristol fashion. [1830-40; after BRISTOL, England] * * *
Bristol Old Vic
a British theatre company. It was formed in 1946 as a branch of the London Old Vic and has been based since then at the Theatre Royal, Bristol, Britain’s oldest theatre in ...
Bristol ware
▪ porcelain  hard-paste porcelain products of the Coxside porcelain manufactory that were produced between 1768 and 1781.       The Coxside porcelain concern, the ...
Bristol Zoo
▪ zoo, Clifton, England, United Kingdom formally  Zoological Garden of the Bristol, Clifton and West of England Zoological Society        zoological park opened in ...
Bristol, George Digby, 2nd earl of
▪ English statesman born , before Feb. 22, 1611, Madrid died May 20, 1676?, London       English Royalist, an impetuous and erratic statesman who had a checkered career ...
Bristol, Horace
▪ 1998       American photojournalist whose idea for a collaboration with John Steinbeck on a chronicle of the life of migrant workers led to Steinbeck's novel The ...
Bristol, John Digby, 1st earl of
▪ English diplomat born February 1580 died Jan. 16, 1653, Paris       English diplomat and moderate Royalist, a leading advocate of conciliation and reform during the ...
Bristol, John Hervey, 1st earl of
▪ English politician also called (1703–14)  Baron Hervey of Ickworth  born August 27, 1665 died January 20, 1751       the first earl of Bristol in the Hervey line, ...
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
▪ American company       American company resulting from a merger in 1989 and dating to companies founded in 1858 and 1887. It produces pharmaceuticals, vitamins, ...
BristolBay
Bristol Bay An arm of the Bering Sea in southwest Alaska between the mainland and the Alaska Peninsula. It is a rich salmon-fishing area. * * *
Bristolboard
Bristol board n. A smooth, heavy pasteboard of fine quality.   [After Bristol, England.] * * *
BristolChannel
Bristol Channel An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean stretching west from the Severn River and separating Wales from southwest England. It is a major shipping route. * * *
Bristow, Benjamin Helm
▪ United States official born June 20, 1832, Elkton, Ky., U.S. died June 22, 1896, New York, N.Y.  lawyer and statesman who, as U.S. secretary of the treasury (1874–76), ...
brit
/brit/, n. 1. the group of small marine animals forming the food of whalebone whales. 2. the young of herring and sprat. Also, britt. [1595-1605; perh. < Cornish brythel ...
Brit
/brit/, n. Informal. Briton (def. 1). [1900-05; by shortening] * * *
Brit Awards
a ceremony at which British pop groups and singers are given prizes such as ‘best record’ or ‘best new group’ of the year. It takes place in London every year and many ...
Brit.
1. Britain. 2. British. * * *
Britain
/brit"n/, n. 1. See Great Britain. 2. Britannia (def. 1). * * * I Name historically applied to the island of Great Britain. Britain is used especially when referring to its ...
Britain and the US
The relationship between Britain and the US has always been a close one. Like all close relationships it has had difficult times. The US was first a British colony, but between ...
Britain, Battle of
(June 1940–April 1941) Series of intense raids directed against Britain by the German air force in World War II. The air attacks, intended to prepare the way for a German ...
Britain: The Radical Stronghold of European Muslims
▪ 2007 by Tom Gallagher Though Great Britain's 1.6 million Muslims make up a smaller part of the national population than their counterparts in France, Germany, and the ...
Britannia
/bri tan"ee euh, -tan"yeuh/, n. 1. the ancient Roman name of the island of Great Britain, esp. the S part where the early Roman provinces were. 2. the British Empire. 3. Chiefly ...
Britannia Bridge
▪ bridge, Wales, United Kingdom       railroad bridge in northern Wales spanning Menai Strait, between Bangor and the Isle of Anglesey. It was designed and built by ...
Britannia metal
a white alloy of tin, antimony, and copper in varying proportions, sometimes with small amounts of zinc, lead, and bismuth, used for tableware and as an antifriction ...
Britannia Royal Naval College
(also the Royal Naval College) a military college in Dartmouth, south-west England, where people train to be officers in the Royal Navy. * * *
britanniametal
britannia metal n. A white alloy of tin with copper, antimony, and sometimes bismuth and zinc that resembles pewter and is used in utensils and tableware. * * *
Britannic
/bri tan"ik/, adj. 1. of Britain; British: Her Britannic Majesty. 2. Brythonic. n. 3. Brythonic. [1635-45; < L Britannicus. See BRITANNIA, -IC] * * *
britches
/brich"iz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) breeches. [1880-85] * * *
Brith
Seph. /brddeet/; Ashk. /brddis/; Eng. /bris, brit/, n. Hebrew. the Jewish rite of circumcising a male child eight days after his birth. Also, Berith, Brit, Bris. Cf. BRITH ...
Brith Milah
Seph. /brddeet" mee lah"/; Ashk. /brddis mee"leuh, brddis" mee law"/, Hebrew. the covenant between God and Abraham with respect to circumcision. Cf. Brith. [barith milah lit., ...
Briticism
/brit"euh siz'euhm/, n. a word, idiom, or phrase characteristic of or restricted to British English, esp. as compared with American English, as lift compared with elevator or in ...
British
—Britishly, adv. —Britishness, n. /brit"ish/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Great Britain or its inhabitants. 2. used esp. by natives or inhabitants of Great Britain: In this ...
British Academy
a society of leading academic people in Britain that was established in 1901 to encourage the study of history, philosophy and language. It is responsible for deciding which ...
British Airways
(abbr BA) Britain’s largest airline. The company was owned by the state until 1987. In recent years it has lost business while low-cost airlines such as Ryanair and Easyjet ...
British Airways PLC
▪ British airline       British air-transport company formed in April 1974 in the fusion of British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC, formed in 1939), British European ...
British Amateur Championship
▪ golf Introduction        golf tournament held annually in Great Britain for male amateurs with handicaps of 2 or less. A field of 256 players selected by qualifying ...
British Amateur Golf Championshipmen
▪ Table British Amateur Golf Championship—men year winner 1885 A.F. Macfie (U.K.) 1886 H.G. Hutchinson (U.K.) 1887 H.G. Hutchinson (U.K.) 1888 J. Ball ...
British America.
See British North America. * * *
British American Tobacco PLC
formerly British-American Tobacco Company Ltd. (1902–76) and B.A.T Industries PLC (1976–98) British conglomerate that is one of the world's largest manufacturers of tobacco ...
British and Foreign Bible Society
▪ religious organization       first Bible society in the fullest sense, founded in 1804 at the urging of Thomas Charles and members of the Clapham sect, who proposed ...
British and German naval strength, August 1914
▪ Table British and German naval strength, August 1914 type British German dreadnought battleships 20 14 battle cruisers 9 4 pre-dreadnought battleships 39 22 armoured ...
British Antarctic Territory
a British colony in the S Atlantic, comprising the South Shetland Islands, the South Orkney Islands, and Graham Land: formerly dependencies of the Falkland Islands. * * * ▪ ...
British Anti-Lewisite
Chem. dimercaprol. * * *
British army
      in the United Kingdom, the military force charged with national defense and the fulfillment of international mutual defense commitments. The army of England before ...
British Association
(the British Association for the Advancement of Science) a British organization established in 1831 to encourage people to be interested in science. It organizes talks and ...
British blues
▪ music       early to mid-1960s musical movement based in that was an important influence on the subsequent rock explosion. Its founding fathers included the guitarist ...
British Board of Film Classification
the organization that decides which films and videos are suitable to be seen by people of different ages in Britain. See also film certificate. * * *
British Broadcasting Corporation
the noncommercial British radio and television broadcasting company. Abbr.: BBC, B.B.C. * * * ▪ British corporation  publicly financed broadcasting system in Great Britain ...
British Cameroons
Cameroons (def. 2). * * *
British Columbia
—British Columbian. a province in W Canada on the Pacific coast. 2,406,212; 366,255 sq. mi. (948,600 sq. km). Cap.: Victoria. * * * Province (pop., 2001: 3,907,738), western ...
British Columbia, flag of
▪ Flag History       Canadian provincial flag that is horizontally divided, bearing an elongated Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the) emblem in its upper half and ...
British Columbia, University of
Canadian public university in Vancouver. It is one of the largest universities in Canada and the oldest in the province (founded 1908). It comprises faculties of agricultural ...
British Commonwealth (of Nations)
British Commonwealth (of Nations) former name for THE COMMONWEALTH * * *
British Commonwealth of Nations
former name of the Commonwealth of Nations. Also called British Commonwealth. * * *
British Constitution
Britain is a constitutional monarchy: it is ruled by a king or queen who accepts the advice of Parliament. It is also a parliamentary democracy, a country whose government is ...
British Council
a British government organization that was set up in 1934 to develop a better understanding of Britain, British culture and the English language in other countries. It has ...
British dollar
any of several coins formerly issued by the British Empire for use in certain territories, as the Straits dollar or the Hong Kong dollar. * * *
British East Africa
a comprehensive term for the former British territories of Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania. * * * Territory under former British control, Africa. British penetration of the area ...
British Election of 2001
▪ 2002       On June 7, 2001, the U.K.'s Labour Party won a second consecutive landslide victory over the Conservatives. Although Labour's majority in Parliament was ...
British Election of 2005
▪ 2006       On May 5, 2005, Prime Minister Tony Blair (Blair, Tony ) (see Biographies) led the U.K.'s Labour Party to its third consecutive election victory—the ...
British Empire
a former collective term for the territories under the leadership or control of the British crown, including those in the Commonwealth of Nations and their colonies, ...
British Empire, The Most Excellent Order of the
▪ British order of knighthood       British order of knighthood instituted in 1917 by King George V to reward both civilian and military wartime service, although ...
British English
the English language as spoken and written in Great Britain, esp. in southern England. Also called British. [1865-70] * * *
British Expeditionary Force
(abbr the BEF) the name used for the first groups of British soldiers sent to fight on the continent of Europe in both World War I and World War II. * * *       the ...
British Expeditionary Force (BEF)
Home-based regular British army forces sent to northern France at the start of World Wars I and II to support the French armies. Britain wished to help France in case of a ...
British gallon
Chiefly Brit. See Imperial gallon. * * *
British Gas
the largest company supplying gas to homes and businesses in Britain. It used to be a nationalized industry but was sold to private owners in 1986. * * *
British Grand Prix
1. an international motor race for very fast cars that takes place every year at Silverstone. It is one of a series of races around the world at this level. The driver who wins ...
British Guiana
former name of Guyana. * * *
British gum
Chem. dextrin. [1855-60] * * *
British Home Stores
➡ Bhs. * * *
British Honduras
—British Honduran. former name of Belize (def. 1). * * *
British Imperial and U.S. Customary systems of weights and measures
▪ Table British Imperial and U.S. Customary systems of weights and measures unit abbreviation or symbol equivalents in other units of same system metric ...
British Imperial System
▪ measurement system        British Imperial and U.S. Customary systems of weights and measures British Imperial and U.S. Customary systems of weights and ...
British India
a part of India, comprising 17 provinces, that prior to 1947 was subject to British law: now divided among India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. * * *
British Indian Ocean Territory
a British colony in the Indian Ocean, consisting of the Chagos Archipelago. 76 sq. mi. (177 sq. km). Cap.: Diego Garcia. * * * British Indian Ocean Territory Introduction ...
British Invasion
Musical movement. In the mid 1960s the popularity of a number of British rock-and-roll ("beat") groups spread rapidly to the U.S., beginning with the triumphant arrival of ...
British Isles
a group of islands in W Europe: Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man, and adjacent small islands. 53,978,538; 120,592 sq. mi. (312,300 sq. km). * * *       group of ...
British Joint Outline Plan Neptune
▪ Primary Source       Having received the “Neptune” Initial Joint Plan from the joint commanders of the Allied expeditionary forces, the British Second Army ...
British Ladies Amateur Golf Championship
▪ Table British Ladies Amateur Golf Championship year winner* 1893 M. Scott 1894 M. Scott 1895 M. Scott 1896 A.B. Pascoe 1897 E.C. Orr 1898 L. Thomson 1899 M. ...
British Legion
(in Britain) a national social club for veterans of the armed forces. Cf. American Legion. * * *
British Legion Club
➡ British Legion * * *
British Leyland
a large British company that made cars, buses and lorries/trucks in the 1970s and 80s. It was formed in 1968 when several large companies including Austin, Morris, Rover and ...
British Leyland Motor Corporation, Ltd.
▪ British company       historic British automotive corporation. It was formed through the 1968 merger of British Motor Holdings Ltd. and Leyland Motor Corp. Ltd. to ...
British Library
the national library of Great Britain: part of the British Museum until 1973. * * * National library of Great Britain, formed by the British Library Act (1972) and organized ...
British Lions
(also the Lions) n [pl] a Rugby Union team consisting of the best players from England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. The team is chosen to play on tours abroad. * * *
British Malaya
a comprehensive term for the former British possessions on the Malay Peninsula and the Malay Archipelago: now part of Malaysia. * * *
British Medical Journal
(abbr The BMJ) a British magazine, the official magazine of the British Medical Association, which contains news and information about medicine and matters of interest to ...
British Museum
a national depository and museum in London, England, housing important collections in archaeology, art, and natural history. * * * Britain's national museum of archaeology and ...
British National Party
(abbr the BNP) a small, extreme right-wing British political party. Its members are mostly white people who have a strong fear or dislike of other races. It has no Members of ...
British North America
1. Canada. 2. all parts of the Commonwealth of Nations in or near North America. * * *
British North America Act
(1867) Act of the British Parliament by which three British colonies Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Canada were united as "one Dominion under the name of Canada. " The act also ...
British North Borneo
former name of Sabah. * * *
British Nuclear Fuels
➡ BNFL. * * *
British Open
(also the Open) the British Open Golf Championship, the most important golf contest in Britain, which takes place once a year at one of several British golf courses. It is the ...
British Open Golf Tournament-men
▪ Table British Open Golf Tournament—men year winner 1860 W. Park (U.K.) 1861 T. Morris, Sr. (U.K.) 1862 T. Morris, Sr. (U.K.) 1863 W. Park (U.K.) 1864 T. Morris, Sr. ...
British Petroleum
➡ BP * * *
British Rail
the company, owned by the state, which ran the rail transport system in Britain until the 1990s, when it was separated into several smaller companies and sold to private ...
British Railways
▪ British railway byname  British Rail, or Britrail        former national railway system of Great Britain, created by the Transport Act of 1947, which inaugurated ...
British Raj
➡ Raj. * * *
British reserve
➡ feelings * * *
British Sky Broadcasting
➡ BSkyB. * * *
British soldiers
▪ lichen       (Cladonia cristatella), species of lichen with erect, hollow branches that end in distinctive red fruiting bodies from which the popular name is derived. ...
British Somaliland
a former British protectorate in E Africa, on the Gulf of Aden: now the N part of Somalia. Former official name, Somaliland Protectorate. Cf. Somalia. * * * Former British ...
British South Africa Company
▪ British company       mercantile company, based in London, that was incorporated in 1889 under a royal charter at the instigation of Cecil Rhodes (Rhodes, Cecil), with ...
British Steel Corporation PLC
▪ British company       former British corporation that merged with Dutch steel firm Koninklijke Hoogovens in 1999 to create Corus Group, PLC (Corus Group). Corus, one ...
British Summer Time
(abbr BST) n [U] the time shown on clocks, etc. in Britain from March to October each year. It is one hour ahead of GMT, giving an hour more light each evening. * * *
British thermal unit
Physics. the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 lb. (0.4 kg) of water 1°F. Abbr.: Btu, BTU, B.t.u., B.T.U., B.th.u. [1875-80] * * * ▪ unit of ...
British Virgin Islands
a British colony comprising several small islands (largest, Tortola) in the West Indies, E of Puerto Rico. 10,500; 67 sq. mi. (174 sq. km). Cap.: Road Town. * * * British Virgin ...
British Virgin Islands, flag of
▪ Flag History       British overseas territorial flag consisting of a blue field (background) with a Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the) in the upper hoist ...
British warm
a double-breasted overcoat of military cut. * * *
British West Africa
a former comprehensive term for The Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, and Cameroon. * * * ▪ historical states, Africa       assortment of widely separated ...
British West Indies
a term formerly used for the possessions of Great Britain in the West Indies. Cf. West Indies (def. 2). * * *
BritishAmerica
British America See British North America. * * *
BritishAntarctic Territory
British Antarctic Territory A British territory of the extreme Southern Hemisphere, including the South Orkney and South Shetland island groups in the southern Atlantic Ocean ...
Britishanti-lewisite
British an·ti-lew·is·ite (ăn'tē-lo͞oʹĭ-sīt', ăn'tī-) n. Abbr. BAL See dimercaprol. * * *
BritishCameroons
British Cameroons A former British mandate (1922-1946) and trust territory (1946-1961) of western Africa, divided in 1961 between Nigeria and Cameroon. * * *
BritishColumbia
British Columbia Abbr. BC or B.C. A province of western Canada bordering on the Pacific Ocean. It joined the confederation in 1871. The coastal area was first explored by Capt. ...
BritishCommonwealth
British Commonwealth See Commonwealth of Nations. * * *
BritishEast Africa
British East Africa The former British territories of eastern Africa, including Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika, and Zanzibar. * * *
BritishEmpire
British Empire The geographic and political units formerly under British control, including dominions, colonies, dependencies, trust territories, and protectorates. At the ...
BritishEnglish
British English n. The English language used in England as distinguished from that used elsewhere. * * *
Britisher
/brit"i sheuhr/, n. a native or inhabitant of Britain. [1820-30, Amer.; BRITISH + -ER1] * * *
BritishGuiana
British Guiana See Guyana. * * *
BritishHonduras
British Honduras See Belize. * * *
BritishIndia
British India The part of the Indian subcontinent under direct British administration until India's independence in 1947. * * *
BritishIndian Ocean Territory
British Indian Ocean Territory A British dependency comprising small islands in the western Indian Ocean. It was formed in 1965 by agreement with Mauritius and Seychelles. * * *
BritishIsles
British Isles A group of islands off the northwest coast of Europe comprising Great Britain, Ireland, and adjacent smaller islands. * * *
Britishism
/brit"i shiz'euhm/, n. 1. Briticism. 2. any custom, manner, characteristic, or quality peculiar to or associated with the British people. 3. the aggregate of such qualities ...
BritishNorth America
British North America also British America The former British possessions in North America north of the United States. The term was once used to designate Canada. * * *
BritishSolomon Islands
British Solomon Islands A former British protectorate in the Solomon and Santa Cruz islands of the southwest Pacific Ocean. * * *
BritishSomaliland
British Somaliland A former British protectorate of eastern Africa in present-day northwest Somalia on the Gulf of Aden. It was combined with Italian Somaliland in 1960 to form ...

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