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Britishthermal unit
British thermal unit n. Abbr. BTU or Btu 1. The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water from 60° to 61°F at a constant pressure of one ...
British Togoland A former British protectorate of western Africa. It became part of Ghana in 1957. * * *
BritishVirgin Islands
British Virgin Islands A British colony in the eastern Caribbean east of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Road Town, on Tortola Island, is the capital. Population: ...
BritishWest Africa
British West Africa The former British territories of western Africa, including Nigeria, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Gold Coast, Togoland, and Cameroons. * * *
BritishWest Indies
British West Indies The islands of the West Indies that were formerly under British control, including Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad, Grenada, Antigua, St. Lucia, and the ...
Britney Spears
➡ Spears * * *
▪ Cretan goddess  Cretan goddess sometimes identified with the Greek Artemis. According to Callimachus in Hymn 3 (3rd century BC), Britomartis was a daughter of Zeus (king ...
/brit"n/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Great Britain, esp. of England. 2. one of the Celtic people formerly occupying the southern part of the island of Britain. [1250-1300; < ...
➡ Great Britain (I) * * *
n [U] a type of pop music played in the 1990s by white British groups such as Blur, Oasis and Pulp. They were influenced by British groups from the 1960s like the Beatles and the ...
/brit/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) britt, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) britts. 1. a turbot of northeastern Atlantic seas. 2. brit. [see BRIT] * * *
/brit"n ee/, n. a region in NW France, on a peninsula between the English Channel and the Bay of Biscay: a former duchy and province. French, Bretagne. * * * French ...
brittany blue
—brittany-blue, adj. a medium greenish blue. Also, Brittany blue. * * *
Brittany spaniel
one of a French breed of large spaniels developed as a game pointer, having a reddish-brown and white or orange and white coat. [1930-35] * * *
Brittany spaniel n. A large pointing spaniel of a breed originating in France. * * *
/brit"n/, n. (Edward) Benjamin, 1913-76, English composer and pianist. * * *
Britten of Aldeburgh, (Edward) Benjamin Britten, Baron
born Nov. 22, 1913, Lowestoft, Suffolk, Eng. died Dec. 4, 1976, Aldeburgh, Suffolk British composer. He studied at the Royal College of Music, where he met the tenor Peter ...
Britten, (Edward)Benjamin
Brit·ten (brĭtʹn), (Edward) Benjamin. 1913-1976. British composer known for his song cycles, such as Les Illuminations (1939), and operas, including Peter Grimes (1945) and ...
Britten, Benjamin
▪ British composer in full  Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten Of Aldeburgh   born Nov. 22, 1913, Lowestoft, Suffolk, Eng. died Dec. 4, 1976, Aldeburgh, ...
—brittleness, n. /brit"l/, adj., brittler, brittlest, n., v., brittled, brittling. adj. 1. having hardness and rigidity but little tensile strength; breaking readily with a ...
brittle fern
a fern, Cystopteris fragilis, of rocky, wooded areas throughout North America, having grayish-green fronds and brittle stalks. Also called bottle fern. * * *
brittle mica
▪ mineral       any member of the mica group of silicate minerals that has calcium instead of potassium or sodium. The calcium substitution increases the ...
brittle star
any echinoderm of the class Ophiuroidea, having the body composed of a central, rounded disk from which radiate long, slender, fragile arms. Also, brittlestar. Also called ...
/brit"l boosh'/, n. any of several composite plants of the genus Encelia, of desert regions of the southwestern U.S. and Mexico, having alternate leaves and yellow ray flowers ...
See brittle. * * *
See brittlely. * * *
brittle star n. Any of various marine organisms of the class Ophiuroidea, related to and resembling the starfish but having long slender arms. Also called ophiuroid. * * *
/brit"n/, n. Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934, U.S. botanist. * * *
Britton, Elizabeth Gertrude Knight
▪ American botanist née  Elizabeth Gertrude Knight   born Jan. 9, 1858, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 25, 1934, New York City       American botanist known for her ...
/bri ton"ik/, adj. Brythonic. [ < LL Britton(es) (see BRITON) + -IC] * * *
britzka or britska [brits′kə, brich′kä] n. 〚Pol bryczka, dim. of bryka, freight wagon〛 a long, spacious carriage with a folding top * * *
▪ France       town, Corrèze département, Limousin région, south-central France. It lies along the Corrèze River west of the Massif Central, south of Limoges. Rock ...
Brix scale
Chem. a graduated scale, used on a hydrometer, that indicates the weight of sugar per volume of solution at a given temperature. [1895-1900; named after A. F. W. Brix, ...
Brix, Herman
▪ 2008 Bruce Bennett        American athlete and actor born May 19, 1906 , Tacoma, Wash. died Feb. 24, 2007, Santa Monica, Calif. after winning the silver medal in ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Torbay unitary authority, historic county of Devon, England. It lies on the south side of Tor Bay (of the English Channel). Much ...
Brix scale (brĭks) n. A hydrometer scale for measuring the sugar content of a solution at a given temperature.   [After Adolf F. Brix (1798-1870), German scientist.] * * *
a district of south London, England. It is well known as one of the most multicultural parts of London, with large communities of Afro-Caribbean people, and smaller communities ...
Brixton riots
➡ Brixton * * *
Brizola, Leonel de Moura
▪ 2005       Brazilian politician (b. Jan. 22, 1922, Carazinho, Braz.—d. June 21, 2004, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.), was a left-wing leader who sparked a fiercely loyal ...
West Semitic, to bless. Probably a metathesized variant of krb. 1. Baruch, from Hebrew bārûk, blessed, passive participle of *bārak, to bless (only attested in derived stem ...
/brdd"naw/; Eng. /berr"noh/, n. a city in S Moravia, in the SE Czech Republic: former capital of Moravia. 390,000. German, Brünn. * * * German Brünn City (pop., 2001 prelim.: ...
Brno chair
an armchair designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in 1930, having a cantilevered frame of chromium-plated or stainless steel composed of two interlocking parts, one forming the ...
/broh, bru/, n., pl. bros. Slang. 1. brother. 2. friend; pal; buddy. [1830-40; reduced form of BROTHER] * * *
pl. bros. brother. Also, Bro. * * *
—broacher, n. /brohch/, n. 1. Mach. an elongated, tapered, serrated cutting tool for shaping and enlarging holes. 2. a spit for roasting meat. 3. a gimlet for tapping casks. 4. ...
See broach1. * * *
broaching machine
Machine tool, usually hydraulically operated, for finishing surfaces by drawing or pushing a cutter called a broach entirely over and past the surface. A broach has a series of ...
—broadish, adj. —broadly, adv. /brawd/, adj., broader, broadest, adv., n. adj. 1. of great breadth: The river was too broad to swim across. 2. measured from side to side: The ...
/brawd/, n. C(harlie) D(unbar), 1887-1971, English philosopher. * * *
broad arrow
1. a mark in the shape of a broad arrowhead, placed upon British government property. 2. Archery. an arrow having an expanded head. 3. Heraldry. pheon. [1350-1400; ME brod ...
broad bean
broad bean n. a plant (Vicia faba) of the pea family, bearing large, broad pods with flat, edible seeds, used for fodder and as a vegetable * * *
broad bean.
See fava bean. [1775-85] * * *
Broad Church
—Broad Churchman. pertaining or belonging to a party in the Anglican Church emphasizing a liberal interpretation of ritual. Cf. High Church, Low Church. * * * ▪ Anglican ...
broad gauge
Railroads. See under gauge (def. 13). Also, esp. in technical use, broad gage. [1835-45] * * *
broad glass.
See cylinder glass. [1670-80] * * *
broad hatchet
a hatchet with a broad cutting edge. Also called hand ax. * * *
broad jump
Track. See long jump. [1870-1875] * * *
broad jumper
Track. See long jumper. * * *
broad reach
Naut. See under reach (def. 27). * * *
Broad River
▪ river, United States       river in North Carolina and South Carolina, U.S., rising on the eastern slope of the Blue Ridge Mountains and flowing southeast into South ...
broad seal
the official seal of a country or state. [1530-40] * * *
/brawd"bayst'/, adj. involving participation or support by a broad spectrum of things or people: The senator had a broad-based campaign. [broad base + -ED3] * * *
/brawd"brush'/, adj. characterized by sweeping comprehensiveness with little attention to details: a broad-brush approach to reform. [1965-70] * * *
Broad-Church (brôdʹchûrchʹ) adj. Of or relating to members of the Anglican Communion in the late 19th century who favored liberalization of ritual and doctrine. * * *
/brawd"gayj'/, adj. 1. Railroads. of or pertaining to equipment designed for a railroad having track of a broad gauge: broad-gauge rolling stock. 2. of wide scope, application, ...
/brawd"jump'/, v.i. Track. long-jump. * * *
/brawd"leevd"/, adj. Bot. of or pertaining to plants having broad or relatively broad leaves, rather than needles. Also, broadleaf, broadleafed, broad-leafed ...
broad-leaved bottle tree.
See under bottle tree. * * *
broad-leaved maple
a maple, Acer macrophyllum, of western North America, characterized by dark green, thickened leaves that may reach 12 in. (30 cm) or more in width. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
—broad-mindedly, adv. —broad-mindedness, n. /brawd"muyn"did/, adj. free from prejudice or bigotry; unbiased; liberal; tolerant. [1590-1600] Syn. open-minded, catholic, ...
See broad-minded. * * *
See broad-mindedly. * * *
/brawd"spek"treuhm/, adj. 1. Pharm. noting an antibiotic effective against a wide range of organisms. 2. having a wide range of uses. [1950-55] * * *
broad-winged hawk
/brawd"wingd'/ an American hawk, Buteo platypterus, dark brown above and white barred with rufous below. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
broad-winged hawk (brôdʹwĭngd') n. A crow-sized forest hawk (Buteo platypterous) of eastern North America. * * *
broad arrow n. 1. An arrow with a wide barbed head. 2. Chiefly British. A wide arrowhead mark identifying government property. * * *
/brawd"aks'/, n., pl. broadaxes /-ak'siz/. 1. an ax for hewing timber. 2. an ax with a broad head, used as a battle-ax. Also, broadaxe. [bef. 1000; ME brodax, OE bradaex. See ...
adj. 1. pertaining to or being a type of high-speed data transmission in which the bandwidth is shared by more than one simultaneous signal. n. 2. broadband transmission. * * ...
broadband technology
Telecommunications devices, lines, or technologies that allow communication over a wide band of frequencies, and especially over a range of frequencies divided into multiple ...
broad bean also broad·bean (brôdʹbēn') n. In both senses also called fava bean, horse bean. 1. An annual Old World plant (Vicia faba) in the pea family, having pinnately ...
Broadbent, Jim
▪ British actor born May 24, 1949, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, Eng.       British actor known for his versatility and his often humorous roles. He received an Academy Award ...
/brawd"bil'/, n. 1. any of several small, often brightly colored passerine birds of the family Eurylaimidae, of the Old World tropics, having a broad, flattened bill. 2. any of ...
/brawd"brim'/, n. 1. a hat with a broad brim, as that worn by Quakers. 2. (cap.) Slang. a Quaker. [1680-90; BROAD + BRIM1] * * *
/brawd"kast', -kahst'/, v., broadcast or broadcasted, broadcasting, n., adj., adv. v.t. 1. to transmit (programs) from a radio or television station. 2. to speak, perform, ...
broadcast journalism
—broadcast journalist. journalism as practiced in radio and television. [1965-70] * * *
/brawd"kas'teuhr, -kah'steuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that broadcasts. 2. a person or organization, as a network or station, that broadcasts radio or television ...
/brawd"kas'ting, -kah'sting/, n. 1. the act of transmitting speech, music, visual images, etc., as by radio or television. 2. radio or television as a business or profession: ...
Broadcasting House
the main building of the BBC, in central London. It contains most of the BBC’s administrative offices, and many studios where radio programmes are made. * * *
/brawd"klawth', -kloth'/, n. Textiles. 1. a closely woven dress-goods fabric of cotton, rayon, silk, or a mixture of these fibers, having a soft, mercerized finish and resembling ...
/brawd"n/, v.i., v.t. to become or make broad. [1720-30; BROAD + -EN1] Syn. extend, expand, enlarge, widen; enlighten, inform, educate; sophisticate. * * *
See broaden. * * *
/brawd"fayst"/, adj. having a broad, wide face. [1600-10] * * *
broad gauge n. 1. A distance between the rails of a railroad track that is greater than the standard width of 56 1/2 inches (143.5 centimeters). 2. A locomotive, car, or railway ...
/brawd"hed'/, n. 1. a flat, triangular, steel arrowhead with sharp edges. 2. an arrow having such an arrowhead. [BROAD + HEAD] * * *
broad jump n. Sports The long jump. * * *
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Norfolk, England, north and east of Norwich. This rural district takes its ...
/brawd"leef'/, n., pl. broadleaves /-leevz'/, adj. n. 1. any of several cigar tobaccos having broad leaves. adj. 2. broad-leaved. [1750-60; back formation from broadleafed. See ...
/brawd"loohm'/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to rugs or carpets woven on a wide loom. n. 2. See broadloom carpet. [1920-25; BROAD + LOOM1] * * *
broadloom carpet
any carpet woven on a wide loom and not having seams, esp. one wider than 54 in. (137 cm). [1920-25] * * *
See broad. * * *
a hospital in Berkshire, southern England, for people who are mentally ill. It is well known to British people as a place to which criminals are sent if they cannot go to an ...
/brawd"nis/, n. the state or character of being broad: the broadness of the ship; the broadness of his jokes. [1350-1400; ME; see BROAD, -NESS] * * *
Broad River (brôd) A river rising on the eastern slope of the Blue Ridge in western North Carolina and flowing about 241 km (150 mi) southeast then south to Columbia, South ...
/brawdz/, n. The, (used with a pl. v.) a low-lying region in E England, in Norfolk and Suffolk: bogs and marshy lakes. * * *
Broads, the
▪ waterways, England, United Kingdom also called  Norfolk Broads        system of inland waterways in the administrative and historic county of Norfolk, England, ...
/brawd"sheet'/, n. 1. Chiefly Brit. a newspaper printed on large paper, usually a respectable newspaper rather than a tabloid. 2. broadside (def. 4). * * *
/brawd"suyd'/, n., adv., v., broadsided, broadsiding. n. 1. the whole side of a ship above the water line, from the bow to the quarter. 2. Navy. a. all the guns that can be fired ...
broadside ballad
▪ literature       a descriptive or narrative verse or song, commonly in a simple ballad form, on a popular theme, and sung or recited in public places or printed on ...
Broadstairs and Saint Peter's
▪ England, United Kingdom       parish (town), Thanet district, administrative and historic county of Kent, southeastern England. The parish lies east of Canterbury, ...
/brawd"sawrd', -sohrd'/, n. a sword having a straight, broad, flat blade. [bef. 1000; ME brood swerd, OE brad sweord. See BROAD, SWORD] * * *
/brawd"tayl'/, n. the wavy, moirélike fur or pelt of a young or stillborn Karakul lamb. Cf. Karakul (def. 1), Persian lamb (def. 2). [1890-95; BROAD + TAIL1] * * *
/broh"deuhs/, n., pl. broaduses. Coastal South Carolina and Georgia. something given as a bonus; lagniappe. Also, brotus. [1905-10; akin to Jamaican, Guyanan E braata (appar. < ...
Broadview Heights
a town in N Ohio. 10,920. * * *
—Broadwayite, n. /brawd"way'/, n. 1. a street in New York City, famous for its theaters, restaurants, and bright lights. 2. the theater district located on or near this street, ...
/brawd"wuyf'/, n., pl. broadwives. U.S. Hist. a female slave whose husband was owned by another master. [BROAD (adv.: far) + WIFE] * * *
a British company that has produced pianos since 1728, and became famous by making one for Beethoven in 1817. Many people consider Broadwoods the best pianos in the world. * * *
Broadwood, John
▪ British piano maker born October 1732, Cockburnspath, Berwickshire, Scotland died 1812, London, England       British maker of harpsichords and pianos (piano) and ...
/brob/, n. a wedge-shaped spike for securing an end of a timber butting against the side of another. [1870-75; of uncert. orig.] * * *
/brob"ding nag'/, n. the region in Swift's Gulliver's Travels where everything was of enormous size. * * *
/brob'ding nag"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of huge size; gigantic; tremendous. n. 2. an inhabitant of Brobdingnag. 3. a being of tremendous size; giant. [BROBDINGNAG + -IAN] * * *
/broh"keuh/; Fr. /brddaw kann"/, n. Paul /pawl/, 1824-80, French surgeon and anthropologist. * * *
Broca's aphasia
Pathol. a type of aphasia caused by a lesion in Broca's area of the brain, characterized by misarticulated speech and lack of grammatical morphemes. Also called motor ...
Broca's area
Anat. a cerebral area, usually in the left inferior frontal gyrus, associated with the movements necessary for speech production. Also called Broca's gyrus, Broca's ...
Bro·ca's area (brōʹkəz) n. An area located in the frontal lobe usually of the left cerebral hemisphere and associated with the motor control of speech. Also called Broca's ...
Broca, Paul
born June 28, 1824, Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, Fr. died July 9, 1880, Paris French surgeon. His study of brain lesions contributed significantly to understanding of the origins of ...
Broca, Philippe de
▪ 2005 Philippe-Claude-Alex de Broca de Ferrussac        French film director (b. March 15, 1933, Paris, France—d. Nov. 26, 2004, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France), achieved ...
/broh kayd"/, n., v., brocaded, brocading. n. 1. fabric woven with an elaborate design, esp. one having a raised overall pattern. v.t. 2. to weave with a raised design or ...
/brok'euh tel", broh'keuh-/, n. 1. a brocade in which the design is woven in high relief. 2. an ornamental marble with variegated coloring, found esp. in Italy and Spain. Also, ...
brocatelle or brocatel [bräk΄ə tel′] n. 〚Fr brocatelle < It broccatello, dim. of broccato: see BROCADE〛 a heavy, figured cloth like brocade, usually of silk and linen * ...
/brok"euh lee, brok"lee/, n. a form of a cultivated cruciferous plant, Brassica oleracea botrytis, whose leafy stalks and clusters of usually green buds are eaten as a vegetable. ...
broccoli raab
broccoli raab or broccoli rabe [räb] n. a plant (Brassica rapa ruvo) of the crucifer family with close clusters of small flowers and dark green, somewhat bitter leaves cooked as ...
broccoli rabe
/rahb/ a plant, Brassica rapa ruvo, of which the slightly bitter, dark-green leaves and clustered flower buds are eaten as a vegetable. Also, broccoli raab /rahb/, broccoli rab ...
Broccoli, Albert Romolo
▪ 1997       ("CUBBY"), U.S. film producer (b. April 5, 1909, New York, N.Y.—d. June 27, 1996, Beverly Hills, Calif.), popularized the fictional character James Bond, ...
broccoli raab or broccoli rabe (räb) n. A vegetable plant (Brassica rapa) related to the turnip and grown for its pungent leafy shoots. Also called rapini.   [Italian broccoli ...
Scot. /brddokh, brddukh/, n. a circular stone tower built around the beginning of the Christian era, having an inner and an outer wall, found on the Orkney Islands, Shetland ...
Broch, Hermann
born Nov. 1, 1886, Vienna died May 30, 1951, New Haven, Conn., U.S. German writer. A student of physics, mathematics, and philosophy, Broch published his first major work, The ...
/broh shahn"tuyt/, n. a mineral, hydrous copper sulfate, Cu4(OH)6SO4, occurring in green fibrous masses and similar in physical properties to antlerite: formerly a major ore of ...
/brohsh/, n. (in weaving tapestries) a device on which the filling yarn is wound, used as a shuttle in passing through the shed of the loom to deposit the yarn. [1880-85; < F: ...
/broh shay"/; Fr. /brddaw shay"/, adj., n., pl. brochés /-shayz"/; Fr. /-shay"/. adj. 1. woven with a pattern; brocaded. n. 2. a pinstripe woven in the warp direction of fabric ...
/broh shet"/; Fr. /brddaw shet"/, n., pl. brochettes /-shets"/; Fr. /-shet"/. 1. a skewer, for use in cookery. 2. en brochette /en, on/; Fr. /ahonn/, on a small spit or skewer: ...
/broh shoor", -sherr"/, n. a pamphlet or leaflet. [1755-65; < F, deriv. of brocher to stitch (a book). See BROACH, -URE] * * *
/brok/, n. a European badger. [bef. 1000; ME brok, OE broc badger < Celt; cf. Ir, ScotGael broc, Welsh broch] * * *
Brock, Lou
▪ American athlete byname of  Louis Clark Brock   born June 18, 1939, El Dorado, Arkansas, U.S.       professional National League baseball player whose career 938 ...
Brock, Peter
▪ 2007 “Brocky”  Australian race-car driver (b. Feb. 26, 1945, Australia—d. Sept. 8, 2006, near Perth, W.Aus., Australia), dominated the Australian Touring Car circuit ...
Brock, Sir Isaac
▪ British soldier and administrator born Oct. 6, 1769, St. Peter Port, Guernsey, Channel Islands died Oct. 13, 1812, Queenston, Upper Canada [now Ontario]       British ...
Brock, Sir Thomas
▪ British sculptor born March 1, 1847, Worcester, Worcestershire, Eng. died Aug. 22, 1922, London       English sculptor best known for the imperial memorial to Queen ...
/brok"ij/, n. Numis. a defect or fault imposed on a coin during its minting. [1875-80; brock fragment (ME brok, OE broc; akin to BREAK) + -AGE] * * *
Brockdorff-Rantzau, Ulrich, Count von
▪ German foreign minister born May 29, 1869, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia [Germany] died September 8, 1928, Berlin, Germany       German foreign minister at the time of ...
/brok"euhn/; Ger. /brddawk"euhn/, n. a mountain in N central Germany: the highest peak in the Harz Mountains. 3745 ft. (1140 m). * * * Highest point in the Harz Mountains, ...
Brocken bow
/boh/ anticorona. [so called from frequent observation of the phenomenon by individuals standing on the BROCKEN at sunset] * * * ▪ natural phenomenon also called ...
Brocken specter
an optical phenomenon sometimes occurring at high altitudes when the image of an observer placed between the sun and a cloud is projected on the cloud as a greatly magnified ...
Brockes, Barthold Heinrich
▪ German poet born Sept. 22, 1680, Hamburg [Germany] died Jan. 16, 1747, Ritzebüttel, Cuxhaven       poet whose works were among the most influential expressions of ...
/brok"it/, n. 1. any of several small, red, South American deer of the genus Mazama, having short, unbranched antlers. 2. the male red deer in the second year, with the first ...
Brockhaus Enzyklopädie
▪ German encyclopaedia       German encyclopaedia published in Wiesbaden, Ger., and generally regarded as the model for the development of many encyclopaedias in other ...
Brockhaus, Friedrich Arnold
▪ German publisher born May 4, 1772, Dortmund, Ger. died Aug. 20, 1823, Leipzig       German publisher and editor of a respected German-language ...
Brockhouse, Bertram N.
▪ Canadian physicist in full  Bertram Neville Brockhouse   born July 15, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada died October 13, 2003, Hamilton, Ontario       Canadian ...
Brockhouse, Bertram Neville
▪ 2004       Canadian physicist (b. July 15, 1918, Lethbridge, Alta.—d. Oct. 13, 2003, Hamilton, Ont.), won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1994 for developing the ...
Brockhouse,Bertram Neville
Brock·house (brŏkʹhous'), Bertram Neville. Born 1918. Canadian physicist who shared a 1994 Nobel Prize for his contribution to the development of neutron scattering, a ...
/brok"teuhn/, n. a city in E Massachusetts. 95,172. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       city, Plymouth county, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S., lying 20 miles ...
/brok"vil/, n. a city in SE Ontario, in S Canada. 19,896. * * * ▪ Ontario, Canada       city, seat (1792) of the united counties of Leeds and Grenville, southeastern ...
Brocot escapement
/breuh koh", broh"koh/, Horol. a type of anchor escapement. [named after Achille Brocot (d. 1878), French horologist] * * *
Brod, Max
▪ German-language novelist and essayist born May 27, 1884, Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic] died Dec. 20, 1968, Tel Aviv, ...
/brod"euhr ik, brod"rik/, n. a male given name. * * *
▪ garden also called  parterre de broderie (French: “parterre of embroidery”)   type of parterre garden evolved in France in the late 16th century by Étienne Dupérac ...
broderie anglaise
/broh'deuh ree" ahng glayz", -glez"/; Fr. /brddawdeu rddee ahonn glez"/ fine white needlework done on fine cloth, typically on eyelet. Also, broderie Anglaise. Also called ...
Brodeur, Martin
▪ Canadian ice hockey player born May 6, 1972, Montreal, Quebec, Can.       French Canadian ice hockey goaltender known for his National Hockey League (NHL) shutout and ...
/broh'dee ee"euh/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genus Brodiaea, of the amaryllis family, native to western North America, having grasslike basal leaves and clusters ...
/broh"dee/, n. (sometimes cap.) Slang. 1. a suicidal or daredevil leap; wild dive: to do a brodie from a high ledge. 2. a complete failure; flop. 3. a severe vehicular skid. 4. a ...
Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins, 1st Baronet
▪ British physiologist born June 8, 1783, Winterslow, Wiltshire, Eng. died Oct. 21, 1862, Broome Park, Surrey       British physiologist and surgeon whose name is ...
Brodkey, Harold
▪ 1997       (AARON ROY WEINTRAUB), U.S. short-story writer and novelist (b. Oct. 25, 1930, Staunton, Ill.—d. Jan. 26, 1996, New York, N.Y.), was a staff writer for ...
Brodovitch, Alexey
▪ American graphic designer born 1898, Ogolitchi, Russia died April 15, 1971, Le Thor, France       American magazine art director, graphic designer, and ...
/brod"skee/, n. Joseph, 1940-96, U.S. poet, born in Russia: Nobel prize 1987; U.S. poet laureate 1991. * * *
Brodsky, Joseph
orig. Iosip Aleksandrovich Brodsky born May 24, 1940, Leningrad, Russia, U.S.S.R. died Jan. 28, 1996, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian-born U.S. poet. In the Soviet Union his ...
Brod·sky (brôdʹskē), Joseph. 1940-1996. Russian poet and essayist who was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1972. He won the 1987 Nobel Prize for literature. * * *
▪ city, Ukraine       city, western Ukraine, near the Styr River, east of Lviv. The settlement has existed since at least the 12th century; in the 17th century it ...
Bródy, Imre
▪ Hungarian scientist born Dec. 23, 1891, Gyula, Hung. died Dec. 20/22, 1944, Mühldorf, Ger.       Hungarian physicist who was one of the inventors of the ...
Broek, J.H. van den
▪ Dutch architect in full  Johannes Hendrik Van Den Broek   born Oct. 4, 1898, Rotterdam, Neth. died Sept. 6, 1978, The Hague       Dutch architect who, with Jacob B. ...
/broh"geuhn/, n. a heavy, sturdy shoe, esp. an ankle-high work shoe. [ < Ir brógán, dim. of bróg shoe; see BROGUE2] * * *
/broh glee", broh"glee, broy/; Fr. /brddaw glee"/, n. Louis Victor de /lwee veek tawrdd" deuh/. See de Broglie, Louis Victor. * * *
Broglie family
French noble family, descended from a Piedmontese family of the 17th century, that produced many high-ranking soldiers, politicians, and diplomats. Prominent members included ...
Broglie, Albert, 4e duc de
▪ French statesman born June 13, 1821, Paris died Jan. 19, 1901, Paris       French statesman and man of letters who served twice as head of the government during the ...
Broglie, François-Marie, 1st Duke de
▪ French general born Jan. 11, 1671 died May 22, 1745       general and marshal of France during the reigns of Louis XIV and Louis XV.       He served ...
Broglie, Louis-Victor (-Pierre–Raymond), duke de
born Aug. 15, 1892, Dieppe, France died March 19, 1987, Paris French physicist. A descendant of the de Broglie family of diplomats and politicians, he was inspired to study ...
Broglie, Louis-Victor, 7e duc de
▪ French physicist Introduction in full  Louis-Victor-Pierre-Raymond, 7e duc de Broglie   born Aug. 15, 1892, Dieppe, France died March 19, 1987, Paris  French physicist ...
Broglie, Maurice, 6e duc de
▪ French physicist born April 27, 1875, Paris died July 14, 1960, Neuilly, France       French physicist who made many contributions to the study of X rays. ...
Broglie, Victor, 3e duc de
▪ French politician born Nov. 28, 1785, Paris died Jan. 25, 1870, Paris       French politician, diplomat, and, from 1835 to 1836, prime minister, who throughout his ...
Broglie, Victor-François, 2nd Duke de
▪ marshal of France born Oct. 19, 1718 died March 30, 1814, Münster, Westphalia [Germany]       marshal of France under Louis XV and Louis XVI, who became one of the ...
Broglie,Louis Victor de
Bro·glie (brô-glēʹ), Louis Victor de. 1892-1987. French physicist who demonstrated (1927) that particles exhibit wavelike properties, thus establishing the field of wave ...
brogue1 —broguery, n. /brohg/, n. 1. an Irish accent in the pronunciation of English. 2. any strong regional accent. [1680-90; perh. special use of BROGUE2] brogue2 /brohg/, ...
—broiderer, n. —broidery, n. /broy"deuhr/, v.t. to embroider. [1400-50; late ME, var. of browder, ME broide(n), browde(n) (ptp., taken as inf. of BRAID1) + -ER6] * * *
See broider. * * *
broil1 —broilingly, adv. /broyl/, v.t. 1. to cook by direct heat, as on a gridiron over the heat or in an oven under the heat; grill: to broil a steak. 2. to scorch; make very ...
/broy"leuhr/, n. 1. any device for broiling meat or fish; a grate, pan, or compartment in a stove for broiling. 2. a young chicken suitable for broiling. [1350-1400; ME; see ...
▪ cooking       cooking by exposing food to direct radiant heat, either on a grill over live coals or below a gas burner or electric coil. Broiling differs from roasting ...
/broh"kij/, n. Archaic. brokerage. [1350-1400; ME < AF brocage; see BROKER, -AGE] * * *
(1940– ) a US television journalist who presents the NBC news programme NBC Nightly News, one of the most watched television news programmes in the US. He also writes for ...
Brokaw, Tom
▪ American television journalist and author in full  Thomas John Brokaw  born Feb. 6, 1940, Webster, S.D., U.S.       American television journalist and author, best ...
/brohk/, v. 1. a pt. of break. 2. Nonstandard. a pp. of break. 3. Archaic. a pp. of break. adj. 4. without money; penniless. 5. bankrupt. 6. go broke, a. to become destitute of ...
—brokenly, adv. —brokenness, n. /broh"keuhn/, v. 1. pp. of break. adj. 2. reduced to fragments; fragmented. 3. ruptured; torn; fractured. 4. not functioning properly; out of ...
Broken Arrow
a town in NE Oklahoma. 35,761. * * *
Broken Bay
▪ bay, New South Wales, Australia       inlet of the Tasman Sea (Pacific Ocean), indenting east-central New South Wales, Australia. It receives the Hawkesbury and ...
broken chord
Music. arpeggio. * * *
broken coal
anthracite in pieces ranging from 4 to 21/2 in. (11 to 6.5 cm) in extreme dimension; the largest commercial size, larger than egg coal. * * *
broken field.
See open field. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
broken heart
despair; disillusionment; devastating sorrow, esp. from disappointment in love. [1825-35] * * *
Broken Hill
1. a city in W New South Wales, in SE Australia: mining center. 26,913. 2. former name of Kabwe. * * * ▪ New South Wales, Australia       mining city, west-central New ...
broken ice
Oceanog. sea ice that covers from 50 to 80 percent of the surface of water in any particular area. * * *
broken line
1. a discontinuous line or series of line segments, as a series of dashes, or a figure made up of line segments meeting at oblique angles. 2. a highway marking consisting of a ...
broken lot.
See odd lot. * * *
broken pediment
Archit. a pediment, as over a doorway or window, having its raking cornice interrupted at the crown or apex. See illus. under pediment. * * *
broken play
Football. an improvised offensive play that results when the originally planned play has failed to be executed properly. * * *
broken rhyme
▪ literature       a rhyme in which one of the rhyming elements is actually two words (i.e., “gutteral” with “sputter all”). A broken rhyme may also involve a ...
broken twill weave
a twill weave in which the direction of the diagonal produced by the weft threads is reversed after no more than two passages of the weft. * * *
broken water
Oceanog. a patch of water whose surface is rippled or choppy, usually surrounded by relatively calm water. * * *
broken wind
—broken-winded, adj. /wind/, Vet. Pathol. heave (def. 26). [1745-55] * * *
broken-backed line
▪ literature       in poetry, a line truncated in the middle. The term is used especially of John Lydgate (Lydgate, John)'s poetry, many lines of which have nine ...
/broh"keuhn chek"/, n. Textiles. a check pattern in which the rectangular shapes are slightly irregular. * * *
/broh"keuhn down"/, adj. 1. shattered or collapsed, as with age; infirm. 2. having given way with use or age; out of working order: a broken-down chair. [1810-20] * * *
/broh"keuhn feeld"/, adj. Football. performed, as by a ball-carrier, in a wide-open area covered by few defensive players, as opposed to the heavily trafficked area near the line ...
broken-winded [brō′kənwin΄did] adj. gasping with or as with the heaves * * * See broken wind. * * *
Bro·ken Arrow (brō'kən) A city of northeast Oklahoma, a suburb of Tulsa. Population: 58,043. * * *
broken consort n. Music An ensemble whose instruments are not all from the same family. * * *
—brokenheartedly, adv. —brokenheartedness, n. /broh"keuhn hahr"tid/, adj. burdened with great sorrow, grief, or disappointment. [1520-30] Syn. heartsick, heartbroken, ...
See broken. * * *
See brokenly. * * *
broken wind n. A pulmonary disease of horses; the heaves.   bro'ken-windʹed (brō'kən-wĭnʹdĭd) adj. * * *
—brokership, n. /broh"keuhr/, n. 1. an agent who buys or sells for a principal on a commission basis without having title to the property. 2. a person who functions as an ...
/broh"keuhr ij/, n. 1. Also, brokering. the business of a broker. 2. the commission of a broker. [1425-75; late ME; see BROKER, -AGE] * * *
brokered convention
U.S. Politics. a party convention in which many delegates are pledged to favorite sons who use their blocs of votes to bargain with leading candidates who lack a majority of ...
brokering [brō′kiŋbrō′kər iŋ] n. the work of a broker or brokerage: also Brit. broking [brō′kiŋ] * * *
▪ Suriname       town, central Suriname. The town is located along the Suriname River between the hydroelectric Pheda Dam to the north and the Afobaka Dam to the south. ...
/brol"geuh/, n. a large Australian crane, Grus rubicunda, with silvery-gray plumage and a red patch on the head, noted for its elaborate courtship dance. Also called native ...
/brol"ee/, n., pl. brollies. Brit. Informal. an umbrella. [1870-75; alter. of (UM)BRELL(A) + -Y2] * * *
Chem. var. of bromo- before a vowel. * * *
/broh"mal/, n. Pharm. an oily, colorless liquid, CBr3CHO, used in medicine chiefly as an anodyne and hypnotic. Also called tribromoacetaldehyde. [1870-75; BROM- + -AL3] * * *
/broh"mayt/, n., v., bromated, bromating. Chem. n. 1. a salt of bromic acid. v.t. 2. to treat with bromine; brominate. [1830-40; BROM(IC) + -ATE2] * * *
/broh may"shee euhm, -sheuhm/, n., pl. bromatia /-shee euh, -sheuh/. any of the swollen hyphal tips of certain fungi, on which ants can feed. [( < NL) < Gk bromátion, equiv. to ...
/brom"berrg/; Ger. /brddawm"berddk/, n. German name of Bydgoszcz. * * *
brome [brōm] n. 〚< ModL < L bromos < Gr, oats, rustling < bremein, to rustle < IE base * bherem-, to rustle, buzz〛 any of a large genus (Bromus) of grasses of the temperate ...
Brome, Alexander
▪ English poet born 1620 died June 30, 1666, London, Eng.       Royalist poet who wrote drinking songs and satirical verses against the Rump Parliament in ...
Brome, Richard
▪ English dramatist born c. 1590 died Sept. 24, 1652, London, Eng.  English dramatist generally deemed the most considerable of the minor Jacobean ...
/brohm"gras', -grahs'/, n. any of numerous grasses of the genus Bromus, having flat blades and open clusters of flower spikelets. Also called brome /brohm/, chess. [1750-60; < NL ...
/broh"meuh leuhn, -layn'/, n. Biochem. an enzyme, found in pineapple, that breaks down protein and is used as a meat tenderizer. Cf. papain. [1890-95; appar. bromel(in) an ...
—bromeliaceous /broh mee'lee ay"sheuhs/, adj. /broh mee"lee ad'/, n. any of numerous, usually epiphytic tropical American plants, having long, stiff leaves and showy flowers, ...
/broh mee"euh sin/, n. Chem. eosin (def. 1). [BROM- + EOSIN] * * *
/brom"feeld'/, n. Louis, 1896-1956, U.S. novelist. * * *
Bromfield, Louis
▪ American author born Dec. 27, 1896, Mansfield, Ohio, U.S. died March 18, 1956, Columbus, Ohio       American novelist and essayist.       The son of a farmer, ...
/broh'mi droh"sis, brohm'hi-/, n. Med. the secretion of foul-smelling sweat. Also, bromidrosis. Also called osmidrosis. [1865-70; BROM- + HIDROSIS] * * *
/broh"mik/, adj. Chem. containing pentavalent bromine. [1820-30; BROM- + -IC] * * *
bromic acid
Chem. an acid, HBrO3, stable only in very dilute solutions, usually produced by the reaction of barium bromate with sulfuric acid: used chiefly as an oxidizing agent in the ...
bro·mic acid (brōʹmĭk) n. A corrosive, colorless liquid, HBrO3, used in making dyes and pharmaceuticals. * * *
/broh"muyd/ or, for 1, /broh"mid/, n. 1. Chem. a. a salt of hydrobromic acid consisting of two elements, one of which is bromine, as sodium bromide, NaBr. b. a compound ...
bromide paper
Photog. a fast printing paper coated with an emulsion of silver bromide: used mostly for enlargements. [1880-85] * * *
—bromidically, adv. /broh mid"ik/, adj. pertaining or proper to a platitude; being a bromide; trite. [1905-10, Amer.; BROMIDE + -IC] * * *
/broh'mi droh"sis/, n. Med. bromhidrosis. * * *
—bromination, n. /broh"meuh nayt'/, v.t., brominated, brominating. Chem. to treat or combine with bromine; bromate. [1870-75; BROMINE + -ATE1] * * *
See brominate. * * *
/broh"meen, -min/, n. Chem. an element that is a dark-reddish, fuming, toxic liquid and a member of the halogen family: obtained from natural brines and ocean water, and used ...
bromine pentafluoride
Chem. a colorless, corrosive liquid, BrF5, used as an oxidizer in liquid rocket propellants. * * *
/broh"miz euhm/, n. Pathol. a condition due to excessive use of bromides and characterized by skin eruptions. Also, brominism /broh"meuh niz'euhm/. [1865-70; BROM(IDE) + -ISM] * ...
—bromization, n. —bromizer, n. /broh"muyz/, v.t., bromized, bromizing. Chem. to treat or combine with bromine or a bromide. Also, esp. Brit., bromise. [1850-55; BROM- + ...
/brom"lee, brum"-/, n. a borough of Greater London, England. 294,900. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       outer borough of London, on the southeastern ...
Bromley, D Allan
▪ 2006       Canadian-born American physicist and government official (b. May 4, 1926, Westmeath, Ont.—d. Feb. 10, 2005, New Haven, Conn.), was the founder and ...
Bromo [brō′mō] n. [also b-] [Informal] short for BROMO-SELTZER (n. ) * * *
a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which bromine is present: bromobenzene. Also, esp. before a vowel, brom-. * * *

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