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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Bromo-Seltzer
Bromo-Seltzer [brō′mō selt΄sər] 〚
bromoacetone
/broh'moh as"i tohn'/, n. Chem. a colorless and highly toxic liquid, CH2BrCOCH3, used as a lachrymatory compound in tear gas and chemical warfare gas. [BROMO- + ACETONE] * * *
bromochloromethane
/broh'meuh klawr'euh meth"ayn, -klohr'-/, n. Chem. chlorobromomethane. [BROMO- + CHLOROMETHANE] * * *
bromocriptine
/broh'meuh krip"teen/, n. Pharm. an ergot derivative, C32H40BrN5O5, that inhibits prolactin and growth hormone secretions and stimulates dopamine production in the brain, used to ...
bromoform
/broh"meuh fawrm'/, n. Chem. a colorless, heavy liquid, CHBr3, used chiefly as an intermediate in organic synthesis. [1870-75; BROMO- + (CHLORO)FORM] * * *
bromoil
/broh"moyl/, n. Photog. an offset reproduction produced by the bromoil process. [1905-10; BROM- + OIL] * * *
bromoil process
Photog. a process for making an offset reproduction by first making a photographic print on paper with a silver bromide emulsion, wetting it, and then using it as a lithographic ...
bromomethane
/broh'meuh meth"ayn/, n. Chem. See methyl bromide. [BROMO- + METHANE] * * *
bromouracil
/broh'moh yoor"euh sil/, n. Biochem. a uracil derivative, C4H3N2O2Br, that pairs with adenine and sometimes with guanine during phage and bacterial DNA synthesis. [1955-60; ...
brompheniramine
/brohm'feuh near"euh meen', -min/, n. Pharm. a substance, C16H19BrN2, used as an antihistamine in the management of various allergies, as hay fever. [presumably coined from ...
Brompton mixture
/bromp"teuhn/, Pharm. an analgesic mixture, usually containing morphine and cocaine and sometimes other narcotic substances in an alcohol solution, administered primarily to ...
Brompton Oratory
a large Roman Catholic church in central London, England, built in the late 19th century in the highly decorated baroque style. It was London’s main Catholic church until ...
Bromsgrove
▪ England, United Kingdom       town and district, administrative and historic county of Worcestershire, west-central England. The town of Bromsgrove has surviving ...
Bromwich, John
▪ 2000 “Jack”         Australian tennis player who, despite having his career interrupted by World War II military service, won two Australian Open singles titles ...
bronc
/brongk/, n. bronco: to bust a bronc. [1890-95; by shortening] * * *
bronch-
var. of broncho- before a vowel. * * *
bronchi
/brong"kee, -kuy/, n. Anat. pl. of bronchus. * * *
bronchia
/brong"kee euh/, n. Anat. (used with a pl. v.) the ramifications or branches of the bronchi. [1665-75; < LL < Gk, pl. of BRÓNCHION, equiv. to brónch(os) windpipe + -ion dim. ...
bronchial
—bronchially, adv. /brong"kee euhl/, adj. Anat. pertaining to the bronchia or bronchi. [1725-35; BRONCHI(A) + -AL1] * * *
bronchial asthma
Pathol. asthma. [1880-85] * * *
bronchial pneumonia
Pathol. bronchopneumonia. * * *
bronchial tube
a bronchus or any of its ramifications or branches. [1840-50] * * *
bronchial tubes
bronchial tubes n. the bronchi and the tubes branching from them * * *
bronchialasthma
bronchial asthma n. Asthma that is caused by spasmodic contraction of the muscular walls of the bronchial tubes. * * *
bronchially
See bronchial. * * *
bronchialtube
bronchial tube n. A bronchus or any of its branches. * * *
bronchiectasis
—bronchiectatic /brong'kee ek tat"ik/, adj. /brong'kee ek"teuh sis/, n. Pathol. a diseased condition in which a bronchus or the bronchi are distended, characterized by ...
bronchiolar
See bronchiole. * * *
bronchiole
—bronchiolar /brong'kee oh"leuhr, brong kuy"euh-/, adj. /brong"kee ohl'/, n. Anat. a small branch of a bronchus. [1865-70; < NL bronchiolum, equiv. to bronchi(a) BRONCHIA + ...
bronchitic
See bronchitis. * * *
bronchitis
—bronchitic /brong kit"ik/, adj. /brong kuy"tis/, n. Pathol. acute or chronic inflammation of the membrane lining of the bronchial tubes, caused by respiratory infection or ...
bronchium
bron·chi·um (brŏngʹkē-əm) n. pl. bron·chi·a (-kē-ə) A bronchial tube that is smaller than a bronchus and larger than a bronchiole.   [New Latin, sing. of Late Latin ...
broncho
/brong"koh/, n., pl. bronchos. bronco. * * *
broncho-
a combining form representing bronchus or bronchia in compound words: bronchopneumonia. Also, esp. before a vowel, bronch-. * * *
bronchocandidiasis
/brong'koh kan'di duy"euh sis/, n., pl. bronchocandidiases /-seez'/. See under candidiasis. [BRONCHO- + CANDIDIASIS] * * *
bronchocele
/brong"keuh seel'/, n. Pathol. 1. dilatation of a bronchus. 2. a goiter, esp. a cystic goiter. [1650-60; < Gk bronchokéle. See BRONCHO-, -CELE1] * * *
bronchodilator
/brong'koh duy lay"teuhr, -di-/, n. a substance that acts to dilate constricted bronchial tubes to aid breathing, used esp. for relief of asthma. [1900-05; BRONCHO- + DILATOR] * ...
bronchography
—bronchographic /brong'keuh graf"ik/, adj. /brong kog"reuh fee/, n., pl. bronchographies. x-ray examination of the tracheobronchial tree after intrabronchial administration of ...
bronchopleural
bron·cho·pleu·ral (brŏng'kō-plo͝orʹəl) adj. 1. Relating to a bronchus and the pleura. 2. Joining a bronchus and the pleural cavity. * * *
bronchopneumonia
—bronchopneumonic /brong'koh noo mon"ik, -nyoo-/, adj. /brong'koh noo mohn"yeuh, -moh"nee euh, -nyoo-/, n. Pathol. a form of pneumonia centering on bronchial passages. Also ...
bronchopulmonary
bron·cho·pul·mo·nar·y (brŏng'kō-po͝olʹmə-nĕr'ē, -pŭlʹ-) adj. Relating to the bronchial tubes and the lungs. * * *
bronchorrhagia
/brong'keuh ray"jee euh/, n. Pathol. Obs. hemorrhage from the bronchial tubes. [BRONCHO- + -RRHAGIA] * * *
bronchoscope
—bronchoscopic /brong'keuh skop"ik/, adj. —bronchoscopist /brong kos"keuh pist/, n. /brong"keuh skohp'/, n. Med. a lighted, flexible tubular instrument that is inserted into ...
bronchoscopic
See bronchoscope. * * *
bronchoscopist
See bronchoscopic. * * *
bronchoscopy
/brong kos"keuh pee/, n., pl. bronchoscopies. an examination by means of a bronchoscope. [1900-10; BRONCHO- + -SCOPY] * * *
bronchospasm
/brong"keuh spaz'euhm/, n. spasmodic contraction of the muscular lining of the bronchi, as in asthma, causing difficulty in breathing. [1900-05; BRONCHO- + SPASM] * * *
bronchus
/brong"keuhs/, n., pl. bronchi /-kee, -kuy/. Anat. either of the two main branches of the trachea. See diag. under lung. [1700-10; < NL < Gk brónchos windpipe] * * *
bronco
/brong"koh/, n., pl. broncos. a range pony or mustang of the western U.S., esp. one that is not broken or is imperfectly broken. Also, bronc, broncho. [1865-70, Amer.; < MexSp, ...
broncobuster
—broncobusting, n. /brong"koh bus'teuhr/, n. a person who breaks broncos to the saddle. [1885-90, Amer.; BRONCO + BUSTER] * * *
Bronfman
(1955– ) a Canadian businessman who is the head of Seagram, a large corporation. He started by working in the film and music industries and he joined Seagram, his father’s ...
Bronfman, Edward Maurice
▪ 2006       Canadian businessman (b. Nov. 1, 1927, Montreal, Que.—d. April 4, 2005, Toronto, Ont.), founded, with his brother Peter, Edper Investments Ltd. after ...
Bronfman, Peter Frederick
▪ 1997       Canadian business tycoon who, with his brother, Edward, built the country's largest corporate empire after the two were forced by their Montreal-based ...
Brongniart, Adolphe-Théodore
▪ French botanist born Jan. 14, 1801, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 18, 1876, Paris       French botanist whose classification of fossil plants, which drew surprisingly accurate ...
Brongniart, Alexandre
▪ French geologist born Feb. 5, 1770, Paris, Fr. died Oct. 7, 1847, Paris  French mineralogist, geologist, and naturalist, who first arranged the geologic formations of the ...
Bronhill, June
▪ 2006 June Gough  Australian soprano (b. June 26, 1929, Broken Hill, N.S.W., Australia—d. Jan. 25, 2005, Sydney, Australia), during the 1950s and '60s, was admired for her ...
Broniewski, Władysław
▪ Polish author born December 17, 1897, Płock, Poland, Russian Empire [now in Poland] died February 10, 1962, Warsaw, Poland       Polish poet of exceptional emotional ...
Bronowski, Jacob
▪ British mathematician born Jan. 18, 1908, Poland died Aug. 22, 1974, East Hampton, N.Y., U.S.       Polish-born British mathematician and man of letters who ...
Bronsart von Schellendorf, Paul
▪ German statesman born Jan. 25, 1832, Danzig, Prussia [now Gdańsk, Pol.] died June 23, 1891, near Braunsberg, Prussia [Germany]       soldier, military writer, and ...
Bronson, Charles
▪ 2004 Charles Dennis Buchinsky        American actor (b. Nov. 3, 1921, Ehrenfeld, Pa.—d. Aug. 30, 2003, Los Angeles, Calif.), spent the early part of his movie and ...
Brontë
/bron"tee/, n. 1. Anne ("Acton Bell"), 1820-49, English novelist. 2. her sister Charlotte ("Currer Bell"), 1816-55, English novelist. 3. her sister Emily Jane ("Ellis Bell"), ...
Brontë sisters
Charlotte Brontë (1816–55), Emily Brontë (1818–48) and Anne Brontë (1820–49), three British writers who lived most of their lives in Haworth, a small village in ...
Brontë, Anne
▪ British author pseudonym  Acton Bell   born Jan. 17, 1820, Thornton, Yorkshire, Eng. died May 28, 1849, Scarborough, Yorkshire  English poet and novelist, sister of ...
Brontë, Charlotte
▪ British author Introduction married name  Mrs. Arthur Bell Nicholls , pseudonym  Currer Bell  born April 21, 1816, Thornton, Yorkshire, England died March 31, 1855, ...
Brontë, Emily
▪ British author Introduction pseudonym  Ellis Bell   born July 30, 1818, Thornton, Yorkshire, Eng. died Dec. 19, 1848, Haworth, Yorkshire  English novelist and poet who ...
brontide
/bron"tuyd/, n. a rumbling noise heard occasionally in some parts of the world, probably caused by seismic activity. [appar. < Gk bront(é) thunder + -ide (perh. for -ID1)] * * *
brontosaur
/bron"teuh sawr'/, n. a huge sauropod dinosaur of the genus Apatosaurus (formerly Brontosaurus) and closely related genera, of the Jurassic Period, having a massive body, a small ...
brontosaurus
/bron'teuh sawr"euhs/, n., pl. brontosauruses, brontosauri /-sawr"uy/. brontosaur. [ < NL (1879), equiv. to Gk bronto- (comb. form of bronté thunder) + saûros -SAURUS] * * *
brontothere
▪ mammal fossil genus       member of an extinct genus (Brontotherium) of large, hoofed, herbivorous mammals found as fossils in North American deposits of the Oligocene ...
Bronx
—Bronxite, n. /brongks/, n. 1. the, a borough of New York City, N of Manhattan. 1,168,972; 43.4 sq. mi. (112 sq. km). 2. a cocktail of gin, sweet and dry vermouth, and orange ...
Bronx cheer
a loud, abrasive, spluttering noise made with the lips and tongue to express contempt. Also called raspberry. Cf. bird (def. 12). [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
Bronx Zoo
formally New York Zoological Park Zoo in New York City. It opened in 1899 on 265 acres (107 hectares) in the northwestern area of the Bronx. In 1941 it added the 4-acre ...
Bronxcheer
Bronx cheer n. Slang A loud sound expressing disapproval; a raspberry.   [After the Bronx.] * * *
bronze
—bronzy, bronzelike, adj. /bronz/, n., v., bronzed, bronzing, adj. n. 1. Metall. a. any of various alloys consisting essentially of copper and tin, the tin content not ...
Bronze Age
1. a period in the history of humankind, following the Stone Age and preceding the Iron Age, during which bronze weapons and implements were used. 2. (l.c.) Class. Myth. the ...
Bronze Age Britain
In Britain the Stone Age changed slowly into the Bronze Age from about 2100 BC. Metal started to be used for the first time instead of stone to make tools. The skill to make ...
bronze diabetes
Pathol. hemochromatosis. Also, bronzed diabetes. [1885-90] * * *
bronze doré
ormolu (def. 2). * * *
bronze medal
—bronze medalist. a medal, traditionally of bronze or bronze in color, awarded to a person or team finishing third in a competition, meet, or tournament. Cf. gold medal, silver ...
Bronze Star
a U.S. military decoration awarded for heroism or achievement in military operations other than those involving aerial flights. Also called Bronze Star Medal. * * *
Bronze Star Medal
Bronze Star Medal n. a U.S. military decoration awarded for heroic or meritorious achievement or service in combat not involving aerial flight * * *
bronze work
      implements and artwork made of bronze, which is an alloy of copper (copper work), tin, and, occasionally, small amounts of lead and other metals.  Bronze first ...
BronzeAge
Bronze Age (brŏnz) n. A period of human culture between the Stone Age and the Iron Age, characterized by the use of weapons and implements made of bronze. See Usage Note at ...
bronzed grackle
the western subspecies of the common grackle, Quiscalus quiscula versicolor, having bronzy, iridescent plumage. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
bronzegrackle
bronze grackle n. A geographic race of the common grackle ranging from New England and the western Appalachians to the Rocky Mountains, distinguished from the purple grackle by ...
bronzer
/bron"zeuhr/, n. a cosmetic ointment used to give the skin a tanned look. [BRONZE (v.) + -ER1] * * *
BronzeStar
Bronze Star n. A U.S. military decoration awarded either for heroism or for meritorious achievement in ground combat. * * *
bronzing
▪ art       coating an object of wood, plaster, clay, or other substance to give it the colour and lustre of bronze. Dutch metal, an alloy of 80 percent copper and 20 ...
Bronzino
/brddawn dzee"naw/, n. Agnolo (di Cosimo di Mariano) /ah"nyaw law dee kaw"zee maw dee mah rddyah"naw/, 1502-72, Italian painter. * * *
Bronzino, Il
orig. Agnolo di Cosimo born Nov. 17, 1503, Monticelli, duchy of Milan died Nov. 23, 1572, Florence Italian painter active in Florence. He was the student and adopted son of ...
bronzite
/bron"zuyt/, n. a greenish-brown or black mineral with a bronzelike luster, an orthorhombic pyroxene, (Mg,Fe)2(Si2O6), intermediate in composition between enstatite and ...
bronzy
See bronzer. * * *
brooch
/brohch, broohch/, n. a clasp or ornament having a pin at the back for passing through the clothing and a catch for securing the point of the pin. Also, broach. [1175-1225; ME ...
brood
—broodless, adj. /broohd/, n. 1. a number of young produced or hatched at one time; a family of offspring or young. 2. a breed, species, group, or kind: The museum exhibited a ...
brood bitch
a female dog used for breeding. * * *
brood bud
Bot. 1. bulbil. 2. soredium. 3. gemma. * * *
brood parasite
a young bird hatched and reared by birds of a different species as a result of brood parasitism. * * *
brood parasitism
a form of social parasitism practiced by certain birds, as cuckoos and cowbirds, in which eggs are laid in the nests of other birds, causing them to be hatched and the young ...
brood patch.
See incubation patch. * * *
brooder
/brooh"deuhr/, n. 1. a device or structure for the rearing of young chickens or other birds. 2. a person or animal that broods. [1590-1600; BROOD + -ER1] * * *
broodiness
See broody. * * *
brooding
—broodingly, adv. /brooh"ding/, adj. 1. preoccupied with depressing, morbid, or painful memories or thoughts: a brooding frame of mind. 2. cast in subdued light so as to convey ...
broodingly
See brood. * * *
broodmare
/broohd"mair'/, n. a mare used for breeding. [1875-80; BROOD + MARE1] * * *
broody
—broodiness, n. /brooh"dee/, adj., broodier, broodiest. 1. moody; gloomy. 2. inclined to sit on eggs: a broody hen. [1505-15; BROOD + -Y1] * * *
brook
brook1 —brookless, adj. —brooklike, adj. /brook/, n. a small, natural stream of fresh water. [bef. 900; ME; OE broc stream; c. D broek, G Bruch marsh] brook2 —brookable, ...
Brook Farm
a farm in West Roxbury, Massachusetts, where an experimental cooperative community was established from 1841 to 1847. * * * ▪ communal experiment, West Roxbury, ...
Brook Farm (Institute of Agriculture and Education)
Short-lived utopian experiment in communal living (1841–47) in West Roxbury, Mass. (near Boston), founded by George Ripley. The best known of the many utopian communities ...
Brook Park
a city in NE Ohio. 26,195. * * *
brook trout
1. Also called speckled trout. a common trout, Salvelinus fontinalis, of eastern North America. See illus. under trout. 2. See brown trout. [1830-40, Amer.] * * * or speckled ...
Brook, Peter
▪ English producer-director in full  Peter Stephen Paul Brook  born March 21, 1925, London, England       English producer-director of Shakespeare's plays whose ...
Brook, Sir Peter (Stephen Paul)
born March 21, 1925, London, Eng. British director and producer. After directing plays in Stratford-upon-Avon, he became director of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden ...
Brooke
/brook/, n. 1. Sir James, 1803-68, British soldier and adventurer: rajah of Sarawak. 2. Rupert, 1887-1915, English poet. * * * (as used in expressions) Brooke Raj Brooke ...
Brooke Raj
(1841–1946) Dynasty of British rajas that ruled Sarawak (now a state in Malaysia) for a century. Sir James Brooke (1803–68) served with the British East India Company and ...
Brooke, Arthur
▪ English poet Brooke also spelled  Broke   died 1563       English poet and author of The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet (1562), the poem on which ...
Brooke, Edward
▪ American lawyer in full  Edward William Brooke  born Oct. 26, 1919, Washington, D.C.    American lawyer and politician who was the first African American popularly ...
Brooke, Henry
▪ Irish author born c. 1703, County Cavan, Ire. died Oct. 10, 1783, Dublin  Irish novelist and dramatist, best known for The Fool of Quality, one of the outstanding English ...
Brooke, Rupert
born Aug. 3, 1887, Rugby, Warwickshire, Eng. died April 23, 1915, Skyros, Greece English poet. His best-known work, the sonnet sequence 1914 (1915), which includes the popular ...
Brooke,Rupert
Brooke (bro͝ok), Rupert. 1887-1915. British poet known for his war poetry suffused with a romantic patriotic quality. * * *
Brookfield
/brook"feeld'/, n. 1. a city in SE Wisconsin, near Milwaukee. 34,035. 2. a city in NE Illinois, near Chicago. 19,395. 3. a town in SW Connecticut. 12,872. * * * ▪ Illinois, ...
Brookfield Zoo
▪ zoo, Brookfield, Illinois, United States formally  Chicago Zoological Park        zoo located in Brookfield, Illinois, U.S., a western suburb of Chicago. ...
Brookhaven
/brook hay"veuhn/, n. a town in SW Mississippi. 10,800. * * *
brookie
/brook"ee/, n. the brook trout of eastern North America. [BROOK1 + -IE] * * *
Brookings
/brook"ingz/, n. 1. Robert Somers /sum"euhrz/, 1850-1932, U.S. merchant and philanthropist. 2. a city in E South Dakota. 14,951. * * * ▪ Oregon, United ...
Brookings Institution
▪ American research institution       research institute, not for profit, founded in Washington, D.C., in 1927 by the merchant, manufacturer, and philanthropist Robert ...
Brookings, Robert S
▪ American philanthropist born Jan. 22, 1850, Cecil County, Md., U.S. died Nov. 15, 1932, Washington, D.C.       U.S. businessman and philanthropist who helped ...
brookite
/brook"uyt/, n. Mineral. a brown, red, or black mineral, titanium dioxide, TiO2, trimorphous with rutile and anatase. [1875-80; named after H. J. Brooke (1771-1857), English ...
brooklet
/brook"lit/, n. a small brook. [1805-15; BROOK1 + -LET] * * *
brooklime
/brook"luym'/, n. any of various speedwells found along brooks, in marshes, etc., as Veronica americana (American brooklime), a creeping plant having leafy stems and loose ...
Brookline
/brook"luyn'/, n. a town in E Massachusetts, near Boston. 55,062. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       town (township), an exclave of Norfolk county, eastern ...
Brooklyn
—Brooklynite /brook"leuh nuyt'/, n. /brook"lin/, n. 1. a borough of New York City, on W Long Island. 2,230,936; 76.4 sq. mi. (198 sq. km). 2. a city in NE Ohio. 12,342. * * ...
Brooklyn Botanic Garden and Arboretum
▪ garden, New York City, New York, United States       botanical garden founded in 1911 in Brooklyn, N.Y., municipally owned and privately operated (by the Brooklyn ...
Brooklyn Bridge
a suspension bridge over the East River, in New York City, connecting Manhattan and Brooklyn: built 1867-84. 5989 ft. (1825 m) long. * * * Suspension bridge built (1869–83) ...
Brooklyn Center
a city in SE Minnesota, near Minneapolis. 31,230. * * *
Brooklyn Children's Museum
▪ museum, New York City, New York, United States       educational institution in Brooklyn, N.Y., established in 1899 as the world's first children's museum. The museum ...
Brooklyn Museum of Art
▪ museum, New York City, New York, United States       art institution in Brooklyn, New York, that pioneered in public education in art and community participation and ...
Brooklyn Park
a town in central Minnesota. 43,332. * * *
Brooklynese
/brook'leuh neez", -nees", brook"leuh neez', -nees'/, n. the speech, esp. the pronunciation, thought to be characteristic of a person coming from New York City, esp. ...
Brooklynite
See Brooklyn. * * *
BrooklynPark
Brooklyn Park A city of southeast Minnesota, a suburb of Minneapolis. Population: 56,381. * * *
Brookner
/brook"neuhr/, n. Anita, born 1928, English novelist and art historian. * * *
Brookner, Anita
▪ British author born July 16, 1928, London, Eng.       English art historian and author known for her novels of lonely people, especially middle-aged women who feel ...
Brooks
/brooks/, n. 1. Gwendolyn, born 1917, U.S. poet and novelist. 2. Phillips, 1835-93, U.S. Protestant Episcopal bishop and pulpit orator. 3. Van Wyck /van wuyk"/, 1886-1963, U.S. ...
Brooks & Dunn
▪ 2008 Leon Eric [“Kix”] Brooks and Ronnie Gene Dunn  born May 12, 1955, Shreveport, La., and born June 1, 1953, Coleman, Texas  In 2007 Brooks & Dunn were the ...
Brooks Range
a mountain range in N Alaska, forming a watershed between the Yukon River and the Arctic Ocean: highest peak, 9239 ft. (2815 m). * * * Mountain range, northern Alaska, U.S. It ...
Brooks, Cleanth
▪ 1995       U.S. educator, author, and critic (b. Oct. 16, 1906, Murray, Ky.—d. May 10, 1994, New Haven, Conn.), helped to establish New Criticism, a theory of ...
Brooks, Garth
▪ American country singer in full  Troyal Garth Brooks  born Feb. 7, 1962, Tulsa, Okla., U.S.       American country music singer-songwriter whose crossover appeal ...
Brooks, Gwendolyn
▪ American poet and educator in full  Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks  born June 7, 1917, Topeka, Kansas, U.S. died December 3, 2000, Chicago, Illinois       American poet ...
Brooks, Gwendolyn (Elizabeth)
born June 7, 1917, Topeka, Kan., U.S. died Dec. 3, 2000, Chicago, Ill. U.S. poet. Reared in the Chicago slums, Brooks published her first poem at age 13. With Annie Allen ...
Brooks, Gwendolyn Elizabeth
▪ 2001       American writer (b. June 7, 1917, Topeka, Kan.—d. Dec. 3, 2000, Chicago, Ill.), was a Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and author who spoke of and to the ...
Brooks, Herbert Paul
▪ 2004 “Herb”        American ice hockey player and coach (b. Aug. 5, 1937, St. Paul, Minn.—d. Aug. 11, 2003, near Forest Lake, Minn.), guided the U.S. men's ice ...
Brooks, James L.
born May 9, 1940, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. screenwriter, director, and producer. He worked in television from 1964. He cocreated and produced the hit Mary Tyler Moore Show ...
Brooks, Louise
born Nov. 14, 1906, Cherryvale, Kan., U.S. died Aug. 8, 1985, Rochester, N.Y. U.S. film actress. She danced in Florenz Ziegfeld's Follies (1925) and soon gained a Hollywood ...
Brooks, Maria Gowen
▪ American poet original name  Abigail Gowen,  married name (in full)  Mary Abigail Gowen Brooks,  byname  Maria del Occidente  born 1794?, Medford, Mass., U.S. died ...
Brooks, Mel
orig. Melvin Kaminsky born June 28, 1926, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. director, producer, and actor. He wrote comedy routines for Sid Caesar's television shows (1949–59) and ...
Brooks, Phillips
▪ American clergyman born , Dec. 13, 1835, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 23, 1893, Boston  American Episcopal clergyman renowned as a preacher.       A member of a ...
Brooks, Richard
▪ American writer and director born May 18, 1912, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died March 11, 1992, Beverly Hills, Calif.       American screenwriter and motion-picture ...
Brooks, Rodney Allen
born Dec. 30, 1954, Adelaide, S.Aus., Austl. Australian computer scientist. By the time he finished his doctorate (1981) at Stanford University, Calif., Brooks was ...
Brooks, Romaine Goddard
orig. Beatrice Romaine Goddard born May 1, 1874, Rome, Italy died Dec. 7, 1970, Nice, Fr. U.S. painter. Born to wealthy American parents, she studied painting in Italy. After ...
Brooks, Van Wyck
born Feb. 16, 1886, Plainfield, N.J., U.S. died May 2, 1963, Bridgewater, Conn. U.S. critic, biographer, and literary historian. Brooks attended Harvard University. His Finders ...
Brooks, William Keith
▪ American zoologist born , March 25, 1848, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 12, 1908, Lake Roland, Md.       American zoologist known for his research on the anatomy ...
Brooks,Gwendolyn Elizabeth
Brooks (bro͝oks), Gwendolyn Elizabeth. Born 1917. American poet known for her verse detailing the dreams and struggles of Black Americans. An early volume of poems, Annie Allen ...
Brooks,Van Wyck
Brooks, Van Wyck. 1886-1963. American literary historian, critic, and translator who wrote many books on the literary history of America, including The Flowering of New England ...
Brooks-Randolph, Angie Elisabeth
▪ 2008       Liberian jurist and diplomat born Aug. 4, 1928, Virginia, Montserrado county, Liberia died Sept. 9, 2007, Houston, Texas became (1969) the second woman ...
Brookside
a British television soap opera about the lives of a group of families living on the same street in Liverpool. It was broadcast 1982–2003 by Channel Four and was one of the ...
BrooksRange
Brooks Range A mountain chain of northern Alaska within the Arctic Circle. The northernmost section of the Rocky Mountains, it rises to about 2,763 m (9,060 ft) in the eastern ...
brooktrout
brook trout n. A freshwater game fish (Salvelinus fontinalis) of eastern North America. Also called speckled trout, squaretail. * * *
brooky
/brook"ee/, adj., brookier, brookiest. abounding in brooks. [1750-60; BROOK1 + -Y1] * * *
broom
/broohm, broom/, n. 1. an implement for sweeping, consisting of a brush of straw or stiff strands of synthetic material bound tightly to the end of a long handle. 2. any shrubby ...
broom board
Canadian (chiefly the Maritime Provinces). baseboard (def. 1). * * *
broom moss
▪ plant       the most common species of the wind-blown moss genus Dicranum. This species occurs from Alaska to California and also in the southeastern United States, ...
broomball
/broohm"bawl', broom"-/, n. a game similar to ice hockey, usually played on a rink, in which the players, often not wearing skates, use brooms instead of hockey sticks to shoot a ...
broomballer
See broomball. * * *
broomcorn
/broohm"kawrn', broom"-/, n. any of several varieties of sorghum having a long, stiff-branched panicle used in the manufacture of brooms. [1775-85, Amer.; BROOM + CORN1] * * ...
Broome
(1940– ) the most successful British showjumper (= a person who rides horses over difficult barriers as a sport) of all time. His many successes included gold medals in the ...
Broome, William
▪ British scholar and poet born May 3, 1689, Haslington, Cheshire, Eng. died Nov. 16, 1745, Bath, Somerset  British scholar and poet, best known as a collaborator with ...
Broomfield
/broohm"feeld'/, n. a city in N central Colorado. 20,730. * * *
broomrape
/broohm"rayp', broom"-/, n. any of various parasitic plants, esp. of the genus Orobanche, living on the roots of broom and other plants. Cf. broomrape family. [1570-80; partial ...
broomrape family
adj. the plant family Orobanchaceae, characterized by scaly, leafless herbaceous plants that are parasitic on the roots of other plants and have irregular flowers and many-seeded ...
broomstick
/broohm"stik', broom"-/, n. the long slender handle of a broom. [1675-85; BROOM + STICK1] * * *
broomstick skirt
a full, gathered or pleated skirt that has characteristic tiny creases obtained by wetting the skirt and winding it around a broomstick to dry. * * *
broomy
/brooh"mee/, adj., broomier, broomiest. covered with or abounding in broom: a golden broomy expanse along the trail. [1640-50; BROOM + -Y1] * * *
Broonzy, Big Bill
▪ American musician byname of  William Lee Conley Broonzy   born June 26, 1893, Scott, Miss., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1958, Chicago, Ill.  American blues singer and guitarist ...
Brophy, Brigid
▪ British writer in full  Brigid Antonia Brophy   born June 12, 1929, London, Eng. died Aug. 7, 1995, London       English writer whose satiric, witty novels explore ...
Brophy, Brigid Antonia
▪ 1996       British novelist (b. June 12, 1929, London, England—d. Aug. 7, 1995, Louth, Lincolnshire, England), enjoyed a dual career as a writer and as a crusader ...
Brorson, Hans Adolf
▪ Danish clergyman and author born June 20, 1694, Randerup, Den. died June 3, 1764, Ribe       Danish Pietist clergyman, the outstanding writer of hymns of his day, and ...
Bros
Bros or bros abbrev. brothers * * *
bros.
brothers. Also, Bros. * * *
brose
—brosy, adj. /brohz/, n. Scot. a porridge made by stirring boiling liquid into oatmeal or other meal. [1400-50; late ME broys < OF broez; see BREWIS] * * *
Brosnan, Pierce
▪ 2001       Although the James Bond film franchise was approaching 40 years of age, the adventures of the suave Agent 007 were more popular than ever in 2000, thanks to ...
Brossard
/braw sahrd"/; Fr. /brddaw sannrdd"/, n. a town in S Quebec, in E Canada: suburb of Montreal. 52,232. * * *
Brosse, Salomon de
▪ French architect born 1571, Verneuil-sur-Oise, Fr. died Dec. 9, 1626, Paris       most influential French architect of the early 17th century, whose works facilitated ...
Brossolette, Pierre
▪ French journalist born Jan. 12, 1903, Paris, France died March 22, 1944, Paris       a leading member of the French resistance during the German occupation in World ...
Brostrom, Axel Ludvig
▪ Swedish ship owner born May 21, 1838, Kristinehamn, Swed. died Sept. 21, 1905, Göteborg       founder of what was, in its time, the largest shipping group in Sweden. ...
broth
—brothy, adj. /brawth, broth/, n. 1. thin soup of concentrated meat or fish stock. 2. water that has been boiled with meat, fish, vegetables, or barley. 3. Bacteriol. a liquid ...
brothel
—brothellike, adj. /broth"euhl, brodh"-, braw"theuhl, -dheuhl/, n. a house of prostitution. [1350-1400 for earlier sense; short for brothel-house whore-house; ME brothel ...
brother
—brotherless, adj. —brotherlike, adj. /brudh"euhr/ or, for 9, /brudh"err"/, n., pl. brothers, (Archaic) brethren; interj. n. 1. a male offspring having both parents in common ...
Brother Adam
▪ 1997       (KARL KEHRLE), German-born Benedictine monk and bee breeder (b. Aug. 3, 1898, Mittlebiberach, Ger.—d. Sept. 1, 1996, Buckfast, South Devon, Eng.), was ...
Brother Jonathan
Brit. Archaic. a male native or resident of the United States. * * *
Brother of the Christian Schools
Rom. Cath. Ch. 1. a member of a congregation of brothers, founded in France in 1684 for the education of the poor. 2. Also, Irish Christian Brother. a member of a congregation of ...
brother-in-law
/brudh"euhr in law'/, n., pl. brothers-in-law. 1. the brother of one's husband or wife. 2. the husband of one's sister. 3. the husband of one's wife's or husband's ...
brotherhood
/brudh"euhr hood'/, n. 1. the condition or quality of being a brother or brothers. 2. the quality of being brotherly; fellowship. 3. a fraternal or trade organization. 4. all ...
brotherliness
See brotherly. * * *
brotherly
—brotherliness, n. /brudh"euhr lee/, adj. 1. of, like, or befitting a brother; affectionate and loyal; fraternal: brotherly love. adv. 2. as a brother; fraternally. [bef. 1000; ...
brothers
(as used in expressions) Dalton brothers the Brothers Grimm Harper brothers Le Nain brothers Limbourg brothers Limburg brothers Marx Brothers Nicholas Brothers Ringling ...
Brothers Karamazov, The
/kar'euh mah"zawf, -zof, -maz"awf, -of/ a novel (1880) by Dostoevsky. * * *
Brothers of the Sword, Order of the
▪ German organization of knights Latin  Fratres Militiae Christi,  German  Schwertbrüderorden,  byname  Knights Of The Sword, Livonian Order, or Livonian Knights, ...
Brott, Alexander
▪ 2006       Canadian conductor, composer, and violinist (b. March 14, 1915, Montreal, Que.—d. April 1, 2005, Montreal), championed symphonic music in Canada ...
brotula
/broch"euh leuh/, n. any of several chiefly deep-sea fishes of the family Brotulidae. [ < NL Brotula genus name < AmerSp brótula kind of fish, lit., little bud, equiv. to ...
brotus
/broh"teuhs/, n., pl. brotuses. Coastal South Carolina and Georgia. broadus. * * *
Broudy, Harry S.
▪ American educator in full  Harry Samuel Broudy  born July 27, 1905, Filipowa, Poland died June 24, 1998, Urbana, Illinois, U.S.       Polish-born American ...
brough
Scot. /brddokh, brddukh/, n. Obs. broch. * * *
Brough, Peter Royce
▪ 2000       British ventriloquist who, with his cheeky schoolboy dummy, Archie Andrews, delighted millions of radio listeners on Navy Mixture and other programs in the ...
brougham
/brooh"euhm, broohm, broh"euhm/, n. 1. a four-wheeled, boxlike, closed carriage for two or four persons, having the driver's perch outside. 2. Auto. a. (formerly) a limousine ...
Brougham and Vaux, Henry Peter Brougham, 1st Baron
▪ British politician born Sept. 19, 1778, Edinburgh died May 7, 1868, Cannes, Fr.       lawyer, British Whig Party politician, reformer, and lord chancellor of England ...
Brougham, John
▪ American dramatist and actor born May 9, 1814, Dublin, Ire. died June 7, 1880, New York, N.Y., U.S.  Irish-born American author of more than 75 popular 19th-century plays, ...
brought
/brawt/, v. pt. and pp. of bring. * * *
brought-on
/brawt"on", -awn"/, adj. Chiefly South Midland U.S. 1. made or bought outside the community, as a commercially manufactured product. 2. (of a person) not belonging to the ...
Broughton, Jack
▪ British athlete byname of  John Broughton   born c. 1704 died Jan. 8, 1789, London       third heavyweight boxing champion of England, formulator of the first set ...
Broughton, John Cam Hobhouse, Baron
▪ British politician also called (1831–51)  Sir John Cam Hobhouse, 2nd Baronet  born June 27, 1786, Redland, Gloucestershire, Eng. died June 3, 1869, ...
brouhaha
/brooh"hah hah', brooh'hah hah", brooh hah"hah/, n. 1. excited public interest, discussion, or the like, as the clamor attending some sensational event; hullabaloo: The brouhaha ...
Broun
/broohn/, n. (Matthew) Heywood (Campbell), 1888-1939, U.S. journalist, essayist, and novelist. * * *
Broun, Heywood
▪ American journalist born Dec. 7, 1888, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 18, 1939, Stamford, Conn.       U.S. journalist noted for liberal social and political opinions. ...
Broussais, François-Joseph-Victor
▪ French physician born Dec. 17, 1772, Saint-Malo, Fr. died Nov. 17, 1838, Paris       French physician whose advocacy of bleeding, leech treatments, and fasting ...
Brouwer
/brow"euhr/; Flemish, Du. /brddow"weuhrdd/, n. 1. Adriaen /ah"drddee ahn'/, 1606?-38, Flemish painter. 2. Luitzen Egbertus Jan /loyt"seuhn ekh berdd"teuhs yahn/, 1881-1966, Dutch ...
Brouwer fixed-point theorem
/brow"euhr fikst"poynt"/, Math. the theorem that for any continuous transformation of a circle into itself, including its boundary, there is at least one point that is mapped to ...
Brouwer's fixed point theorem
▪ topology       in mathematics, a theorem of algebraic topology (topology) that was stated and proved in 1912 by the Dutch mathematician L.E.J. Brouwer (Brouwer, ...
Brouwer, Adriaen
born 1605/06, Oudenaarde, Flanders died January 1638, Antwerp Flemish painter. After studying with Frans Hals in Haarlem с 1623, he returned to Flanders and by 1631 had ...
Brouwer, Dirk
▪ American astronomer born Sept. 1, 1902, Rotterdam died Jan. 31, 1966, New Haven, Conn., U.S.       Dutch-born U.S. astronomer and geophysicist known for his ...
Brouwer, Luitzen Egbertus Jan
▪ Dutch mathematician born February 27, 1881, Overschie, Netherlands died December 2, 1966, Blaricum       Dutch mathematician who founded mathematical intuitionism (a ...
brow
/brow/, n. 1. Anat. the ridge over the eye. 2. the hair growing on that ridge; eyebrow. 3. the forehead: He wore his hat low over his brow. 4. a person's countenance or mien. 5. ...
brow antler
the first prong from the base of a stag's antler. See diag. under antler. [1590-1600] * * *
browallia
browallia [brō wal′ē ə, brōwal′yə] n. any of a genus (Browallia) of plants of the nightshade family with ornamental blue or white flowers * * * bro·wal·li·a ...
browband
browband [brou′band΄] n. the part of a bridle across the animal's forehead, in front of the ears, that holds the bridle in place: see BRIDLE * * *
browbeat
—browbeater, n. /brow"beet'/, v.t., browbeat, browbeaten, browbeating. to intimidate by overbearing looks or words; bully: They browbeat him into agreeing. [1575-85; BROW + ...
browbeater
See browbeat. * * *
Browder
/brow"deuhr/, n. Earl Russell, 1891-1973, U.S. Communist party leader 1930-45. * * *
Browder, Earl
▪ American politician born May 20, 1891, Wichita, Kan., U.S. died June 27, 1973, Princeton, N.J.       U.S. Communist Party leader for almost 25 years, until his split ...
Browder, Earl (Russell)
born May 20, 1891, Wichita, Kan., U.S. died June 27, 1973, Princeton, N.J. U.S. Communist Party leader (1930–44). He was imprisoned in 1919–20 for his opposition to U.S. ...
browed
/browd/, adj. having a brow of a specified kind (usually used in combination): a shaggy-browed brute. [1425-75; late ME; see BROW, -ED3] * * *
Brower, David Ross
▪ 2001       American environmentalist (b. July 1, 1912, Berkeley, Calif.—d. Nov. 5, 2000, Berkeley), spent nearly 70 years in his effort to protect wilderness areas ...
brown
—brownish, browny, adj. —brownness, n. /brown/, n., adj., browner, brownest, v. n. 1. a dark tertiary color with a yellowish or reddish hue. 2. a person whose skin has a ...
Brown
/brown/, n. 1. Charles Brockden /brok"deuhn/, 1771-1810, U.S. novelist. 2. Edmund Gerald, Jr. (Jerry), born 1938, U.S. politician: governor of California 1975-83. 3. James ...
brown alga
an alga of the class Phaeophyceae, usually brown owing to the presence of brown pigments in addition to the chlorophyll. [1900-05] * * *
brown algae
brown algae pl.n. any of a class (Phaeophyceae, division Chromophycota) of large, photosynthetic, marine thallophytic algae, including kelp and fucus, having a brown pigment that ...
brown bat
any of several small to medium-sized common bats of the genera Myotis and Eptesicus, found worldwide in caves, trees, and buildings, including M. lucifugus (little brown bat) and ...
brown bear
any of several medium-sized to large bears of the species Ursus arctos, inhabiting North America and Eurasia in dwindling populations, characterized by an upturned muzzle and a ...
brown belt
Martial Arts. 1. a brown cloth waistband conferred upon a participant in one of the martial arts, as judo or karate, to indicate an intermediate rank. 2. a person who has ...
brown bent
a common grass, Agrostis canina, of North America, used for lawns and putting greens because its blades can be clipped very short without injury to the plant. Also called velvet ...
brown betty
a baked dessert made of apples or other fruit, bread crumbs, sugar, butter, spice, etc. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
Brown Bomber
the popular US name for the boxer Joe Louis (1914–81). * * *
brown bread
1. any bread made of flour darker in color than bolted wheat flour, esp. graham or whole wheat bread. 2. See Boston brown bread. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
brown bullhead
a freshwater catfish, Ictalurus nebulosus, of eastern North America, having an olive to brown body with dark markings on the sides. * * *
brown butter.
See beurre noir. * * *
brown canker
Plant Pathol. a fungous disease of roses, characterized by leaf and flower lesions, stem cankers surrounded by a reddish-purple border, and dieback. [1825-35] * * *
brown coal
brown coal n. LIGNITE * * * ▪ coal classification       broad and variable group of low-rank coals (coal) characterized by their brownish coloration and high (greater ...
brown coat
arriccio. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
brown creeper.
See under creeper (def. 6). * * *
Brown Deer
a town in SE Wisconsin. 12,921. * * *
brown dwarf
Astron. a cold, dark star that is too small to initiate the nuclear reactions that generate heat and light. * * * Astronomical object intermediate in mass between a planet and a ...
brown fat
brownish-yellow adipose tissue in the upper back, or interscapular, region of many mammals, most conspicuously in hibernating species, composed of numerous innervated fat cells ...
brown goods
1. electronic machines, as television sets, stereos, and audio or video recorders, that are often finished in brown. 2. brown-color liquors, as whiskey, bourbon, and brandy. * * *
brown hackle
Angling. an artificial fly having a peacock herl body, golden tag and tail, and brown hackle. * * *
brown heart
Plant Pathol. a brown discoloration of the flesh of stored apples, resulting from high concentrations of carbon dioxide. [1920-25] * * *

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