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Brumaire
/brddyuu merdd"/, n. (in the French Revolutionary calendar) the second month of the year, extending from October 22 to November 20. [ < F, equiv. to brume BRUME + -aire -ARY] * * ...
Brumaire, Coup of 18–19
(1799) French coup d'état that overthrew the Directory and substituted the Consulate, making way for the despotism of Napoleon. Planned by Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes and Charles ...
brumal
/brooh"meuhl/, adj. wintry. [1505-15; < L brumalis of, pertaining to winter. See BRUME, -AL1] * * *
brumby
/brum"bee/, n., pl. brumbies. Australian. a wild horse. [1875-80; orig. obscure] * * *
brume
—brumous /brooh"meuhs/, adj. /broohm/, n. mist; fog. [1800-10; < F: fog < Pr bruma < L bruma winter, orig. winter solstice, contr. of *brevima (dies) shortest (day); see ...
Brumel, Valery
▪ Soviet athlete in full  Valery Nikolayevich Brumel   born May 14, 1942, Razvedki, Russia, U.S.S.R. died January 26, 2003, Moscow, Russia  Soviet athlete who held the ...
Brumel, Valery Nikolayevich
▪ 2004       Soviet high jumper (b. May 14, 1942, Razvedki, Russia, U.S.S.R.—d. Jan. 26, 2003, Moscow, Russia), dominated the sport of high jumping in the early 1960s, ...
brummagem
/brum"euh jeuhm/, adj. 1. showy but inferior and worthless. n. 2. a showy but inferior and worthless thing. [1630-40; local var. of BIRMINGHAM, England (Compare BROMWICHHAM, ...
Brummel
(real name George Bryan Brummel 1778–1840) the best-known dandy (= man who cares very much about the way he looks) in British history. He was a friend of the Prince of Wales ...
Brummell
/brum"euhl/, n. George Bryan II. See Beau Brummell. * * *
Brummell, Beau
orig. George Bryan born June 7, 1778, London, Eng. died March 30, 1840, Caen, France English dandy. The son of Lord North's private secretary, he attended Oxford and became ...
Brummell,George Bryan
Brum·mell (brŭmʹəl), George Bryan. Known as “Beau Brummell.” 1778-1840. British dandy who popularized new men's fashions, including simply cut clothing, trousers rather ...
BrummellGeorge Bryan
BrummellGeorge Bryan BEAU BRUMMELL2 * * *
Brummie
n (BrE infml) a person who lives in or comes from Birmingham, England. ► Brummie adj (BrE infml) of or from Birmingham: She had lost her Brummie accent. * * *
brumous
See brume. * * *
Brun, Johan Nordahl
▪ Norwegian author born March 21, 1745, Byneset, Norway died July 26, 1816, Bergen       poet, dramatist, bishop, and politician who aroused national consciousness in ...
Brun, Rudolf
▪ Swiss politician born c. 1300 died Sept. 17, 1360, Zürich       Swiss politician who became the first burgomaster, and virtual dictator, of Zürich, and whose ...
brunch
—bruncher, n. /brunch/, n. 1. a meal that serves as both breakfast and lunch. v.i. 2. to eat brunch: They brunch at 11:00 on Sunday. [1895-1900; BR(EAKFAST) + (L)UNCH] * * *
brunch coat
a knee-length housecoat. [1940-45] * * *
bruncher
See brunch. * * *
Brundage, Avery
born Sept. 28, 1887, Detroit, Mich., U.S. died May 8, 1975, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, W.Ger. U.S. sports administrator. He competed in the decathlon at the 1912 Olympic Games. He ...
Brundisium
/brun diz"ee euhm, -dizh"ee-/, n. ancient name of Brindisi. * * *
Brundtland, Gro Harlem
orig. Gro Harlem born April 20, 1939, Oslo, Nor. Norwegian politician, first woman prime minister of Norway (1981, 1986–89, 1990–96). Trained as a physician, she worked ...
Brune, Guillaume
▪ French commander born March 13, 1763, Brive-la-Gaillarde, Fr. died Aug. 2, 1815, Avignon       the only one of Napoleon's marshals associated with the French ...
Bruneau, Alfred
▪ French composer in full  Louis-charles-bonaventure-alfred Bruneau   born March 3, 1857, Paris, France died June 15, 1934, Paris       composer influential in the ...
Brunei
—Bruneian, adj., n. /broo nuy", -nay"/, n. a sultanate under British protection on the NW coast of Borneo: formerly a British protectorate; gained independence 1984. 307,616; ...
Brunei, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a yellow field (background) with two diagonal stripes, one black and one white, and a central red and yellow coat of ...
Bruneian
See Brunei. * * * ➡ Brunei * * *
Brunel
/brooh nel"/, n. 1. Isambard Kingdom /iz"euhm bahrd'/, 1806-59, English civil engineer and naval architect. 2. his father, Sir Marc Isambard, 1769-1849, English civil engineer, ...
Brunel, Isambard Kingdom
born April 9, 1806, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng. died Sept. 15, 1859, London British civil and mechanical engineer. He was the son of Marc Brunel. His introduction of the ...
Brunel, Olivier
▪ Flemish merchant born c. 1540, Louvain, Brabant [now Leuven, Belg.] died 1585, Pechora River, northeastern Russia       Flemish merchant and explorer who established ...
Brunel, Sir Marc (Isambard)
born April 25, 1769, Hacqueville, France died Dec. 12, 1849, London, Eng. French-born British engineer and inventor. He perfected a method for making ships' blocks (pulleys) by ...
Brunel, Sir Marc Isambard
▪ French-British engineer born April 25, 1769, Hacqueville, France died Dec. 12, 1849, London, Eng.  French-émigré engineer and inventor who solved the historic problem of ...
Brunelleschi
/broohn'l es"kee/; It. /brddooh'nel les"kee/, n. Filippo /fi lip"oh/; It. /fee leep"paw/, 1377?-1446, Italian architect. Also, Brunellesco /broohn'l es"koh/; It. /brddooh'nel ...
Brunelleschi, Filippo
born 1377, Florence [Italy] died April 15, 1446, Florence Florentine architect and engineer. Trained as a sculptor and goldsmith, he turned his attention to architecture after ...
Brunelleschi,Filippo
Bru·nel·le·schi (bro͞o'nə-lĕsʹkē), Filippo. 1377-1446. Italian architect celebrated for his work during the Florentine Renaissance. His greatest achievement is the ...
Bruner, Jerome S.
▪ American psychologist in full  Jerome Seymour Bruner  born Oct. 1, 1915, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American psychologist and educator whose work on perception, ...
brunet
—brunetness, n. /brooh net"/, adj. 1. (esp. of a male) brunette. n. 2. a person, usually a male, with dark hair and, often, dark eyes and darkish or olive skin. [1885-90; < F, ...
Brunet, Andrée; and Brunet, Pierre
▪ French figure skaters Andrée Brunet née  Andrée Joly  Respectively,   born September 16, 1901, Paris, France died March 30, 1993, Boyne City, Michigan, U.S. born June ...
Brunet, Jacques-Charles
▪ French bibliographer born Nov. 2, 1780, Paris, Fr. died Nov. 14, 1867, Paris       compiler of major French bibliographical works.       The son of a ...
Brunetière
/brddyuuneu tyerdd"/, n. Ferdinand /ferdd dee nahonn"/, 1849-1906, French literary critic. * * *
brunette
—brunetteness, n. /brooh net"/, adj. 1. (of hair, eyes, skin, etc.) of a dark color or tone. 2. (of a person) having dark hair and, often, dark eyes and darkish or olive ...
Brunfels, Otto
▪ German botanist born c. 1488, , Mainz [Germany] died Nov. 23, 1534, Bern, Switz.       botanist, considered by Carolus Linnaeus to be one of the founders of modern ...
brunfelsia
/broon fel"zee euh/, n. any of various shrubs or small trees belonging to the genus Brunfelsia, of the nightshade family, native to tropical America, having white or purple ...
brung
brung (brŭng) v. Usage Problem A past tense and a past participle of bring. See Usage Note at bring. * * *
Brunhild
/broon"hilt, -hild, broohn"-/, n. (in the Nibelungenlied) a queen of Isenland and the bride of Gunther, for whom she was won by Siegfried: corresponds to Brynhild in Scandinavian ...
Brunhoff, Cecile Sabouraud de
▪ 2004       French pianist and teacher (b. Oct. 16, 1903, Paris, France—d. April 7, 2003, Paris), invented the character of Babar the Elephant and his original ...
Bruni, Leonardo
▪ Italian scholar also called  Leonardo Aretino   born c. 1370, , Arezzo, Florence [Italy] died March 9, 1444, Florence       Italian humanist scholar of the ...
Bruniaceae
▪ plant family       family of shrubby evergreen plants, comprising 12 genera native to southern Africa, many resembling heather in habit. Members of the family, which ...
Brüning Museum
▪ museum, Lambayeque, Peru in full  Brüning National Archaeological Museum , Spanish  Museo Arqueológico Nacional Brüning        archaeological museum in ...
Brüning, Heinrich
born Nov. 26, 1885, Münster, Ger. died March 30, 1970, Norwich, Vt., U.S. German politician. Elected to the Reichstag in 1924, he became noted as a financial expert. Leader of ...
brunizem
/brooh"neuh zem'/, n. one of the great soil groups of a classification system no longer in general use; would be equivalent to a suborder of the mollisol group. [1950-55; < LL ...
Brünn
/brddyuun/, n. German name of Brno. * * *
Brunner
/broon"euhr/, n. Emil /ay"meel/, 1889-1966, Swiss Protestant theologian. * * *
Brunner's gland
any of the glands in the submucosal layer of the duodenum, secreting an alkaline fluid into the small intestine. [after Swiss anatomist Johann Conrad Brunner (1653-1727), who ...
Brunner, (Heinrich) Emil
born Dec. 23, 1889, Winterthur, Switz. died April 6, 1966, Zürich Swiss Reformed theologian. After serving as a pastor at Obstalden (1916–24), he taught for many years at ...
Brunner, Emil
▪ Swiss theologian in full  Heinrich Emil Brunner   born December 23, 1889, Winterthur, Switzerland died April 6, 1966, Zürich       Swiss theologian in the Reformed ...
Brunner, John Kilian Houston
▪ 1996       British science-fiction writer whose popular novels include The Sheep Look Up, The Shockwave Rider, and the Hugo Award-winning Stand on Zanzibar (b. Sept. ...
Brünnhilde
/broon hil"deuh/; Ger. /brddyuun'hil"deuh/, n. 1. the heroine of Wagner's Ring of the Nibelungs. Cf. Siegfried. 2. Brunhild. * * *
Bruno
/brooh"noh/; for 1, 3 also It. /brddooh"naw/, n. 1. Giordano /jawrdd dah"naw/, 1548?-1600, Italian philosopher. 2. Saint, c1030-1101, German ecclesiastical writer: founder of the ...
Bruno of Cologne,Saint
Bruno of Co·logne (kə-lōnʹ), Saint. 1030?-1101. German monk who established a monastery at Chartreuse in southern France (1084) and founded the Carthusian order. * * *
Bruno of Querfurt, Saint
or Saint Boniface of Querfurt born с 974, Querfurt, Saxony died March 14, 1009, near Braunsberg, Prussia; feast day June 19 Missionary and martyr. A member of a noble family, ...
Bruno the Carthusian, Saint
▪ German priest also called  Saint Bruno Of Cologne   born c. 1030, Cologne died Oct. 6, 1101, La Torre monastery, Calabria; canonized 1514; feast day October ...
Bruno the Great, Saint
▪ archbishop of Cologne born 925, Cologne died October 11, 965, Reims, Champagne; feast day October 11       archbishop of Cologne and coregent of the Holy Roman ...
Bruno, Giordano
orig. Filippo Bruno born 1548, Nola, near Naples died Feb. 17, 1600, Rome Italian philosopher, astronomer, mathematician, and occultist. He entered a Dominican convent in 1565 ...
Bruno,Giordano
Bru·no (bro͞oʹnō), Giordano. 1548?-1600. Italian philosopher who used Copernican principles in formulating his cosmic theory of an infinite universe. Condemned by the ...
Brunonia
▪ plant genus       a genus in the family Goodeniaceae, containing one species (B. australis), commonly known as blue pincushion. It is a perennial herb, 30 cm (1 foot) ...
Brunschvicg, Léon
▪ French philosopher born Nov. 10, 1869, Paris died Feb. 2, 1944, Aix-les-Bains, Fr.       French Idealist philosopher who regarded mathematical judgment as the highest ...
Brunswick
/brunz"wik/, n. 1. a former state of Germany: now part of Lower Saxony in Germany. 2. a city in Lower Saxony, in N central Germany. 247,800. 3. a town in NE Ohio. 27,689. 4. a ...
Brunswick black
▪ varnish       quick-drying black varnish used for metal, particularly iron, stoves, fenders, and surfaces of indoor equipment. Because of its bitumen content, the ...
Brunswick stew
1. (esp. in Virginia, Maryland, etc.) a stew of rabbit or squirrel meat cooked with onions and other vegetables. 2. a similar dish made with chicken. [1855-60; after Brunswick ...
Brunswick, Ruth Jane Mack
▪ American psychoanalyst née  Ruth Jane Mack  born Feb. 17, 1897, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 24, 1946, New York, N.Y.       American psychoanalyst, a student of ...
Brunswickstew
Brunswick stew n. A stew that usually contains chicken and rabbit or squirrel meat cooked with vegetables.   [After Brunswick, a county of southern Virginia.] * * *
brunt
/brunt/, n. the main force or impact, as of an attack or blow: His arm took the brunt of the blow. [1275-1325; ME; perh. orig. sexual assault; akin to ON brundr, G Brunft heat, ...
Brunton, Sir Thomas Lauder, 1st Baronet
▪ British physician born March 14, 1844, Hiltonshill, Roxburgh, Scot. died Sept. 16, 1916, London       British physician who played a major role in establishing ...
Bruny Island
▪ island, Tasmania, Australia       island in the Tasman Sea, lying off the southeastern coast of Tasmania, Australia, from which it is separated by the D'Entrecasteaux ...
Brus Laguna
▪ Honduras       town, northeastern Honduras. It lies in the coastal lowlands near the Sicre River, which empties into Brus Lagoon. Brus Laguna is the commercial centre ...
Brusa
Turk. /brddooh sah"/, n. Bursa. * * *
bruschetta
bruschetta [bro͞o sket′ə, bro͞oshet′ə] n. 〚It〛 toasted bread rubbed with garlic and drizzled with olive oil, often topped as with chopped tomatoes and herbs * * *
Brusewitz, Axel
▪ Swedish political scientist born June 9, 1881, Vichtis, Finland died September 30, 1950, Uppsala, Sweden       leading Swedish political scientist who was known for ...
brush
brush1 —brushable, adj. —brusher, n. —brushlike, adj. /brush/, n. 1. an implement consisting of bristles, hair, or the like, set in or attached to a handle, used for ...
Brush
/brush/, n. Katharine, 1902-52, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. * * * ▪ art       device composed of natural or synthetic fibres set into a handle that is used ...
brush border
Anat. a dense array of microvilli projecting from the surface of certain epithelial tissues, as the lining of the intestinal tract. [1900-05] * * *
brush broom
1. Northeastern U.S. a whisk broom. 2. South Midland and Southern U.S. a large broom made of bound twigs or husks and used for outdoor sweeping. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
brush cut
a short haircut in which the hairs stand up like a brush. * * *
brush discharge
Elect. a type of corona discharge that takes place between two electrodes at atmospheric pressure, characterized by long, branched, luminous streamers of ionized ...
brush drawing
      in the visual arts, technique in which a brush, usually round and pointed (in contrast to the flat and even-edged ones used for oil painting), is used to make ...
brush fire
1. a fire in an area of bushes, shrubs, or brush, as distinct from a forest fire. 2. any small but persistent problem, as within a large organization, a department of a ...
brush turkey
megapode. [1840-50] * * *
Brush, Charles Francis
▪ American inventor and industrialist born March 17, 1849, Euclid, Ohio, U.S. died June 15, 1929, Cleveland       U.S. inventor and industrialist who devised an ...
Brush, George de Forest
▪ American painter born Sept. 28, 1855, Shelbyville, Tenn., U.S. died April 24, 1941, Hanover, N.H.  American painter noted for his penetrating representations of family ...
brush-fire
/brush"fuyeur'/, adj. limited in scope, area, or importance, as some labor disputes or local skirmishes. Also, brushfire. [1945-50] * * *
brush-footed butterfly
/brush"foot'id/ any of several butterflies of the family Nymphalidae, including the fritillaries, mourning cloaks, anglewings, and commas, characterized by reduced, nonfunctional ...
brush-off
/brush"awf', -of'/, n. a refusal to talk or listen to someone; abrupt or final dismissal or rebuff. [1945-50, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase brush off] * * *
brush-on
/brush"on', -awn'/, adj. 1. fit to be applied with a brush: a brush-on paint remover. n. 2. a substance that can be applied with a brush: The varnish dries more quickly than most ...
brushback
/brush"bak'/, n. Baseball. a fastball thrown high and inside to force the batter away from the plate, often to intimidate. [1950-55; n. use of v. phrase brush back] * * *
brushback pitch
brushback pitch [brush′bak΄] n. Baseball a fast ball deliberately thrown at or too near a batter's head * * *
brushcut
brush cut n. A short haircut in which the hair stands up on top, resembling a brush. * * *
brushdischarge
brush discharge n. A faintly visible, relatively slow crackling discharge of electricity without sparking. * * *
brushed
/brusht/, adj. having a nap raised or a surface produced by a brushing process: brushed cotton. [1425-75; late ME; see BRUSH1, -ED2] * * *
brusher
See brush1. * * *
brushfire
brush·fire also brush fire (brŭshʹfīr') n. 1. A fire in low-growing, scrubby trees and brush. 2. A relatively minor crisis. adj. Minor enough to involve only small-scale ...
brushite
▪ mineral       rare mineral, a hydrated calcium phosphate (CaHPO4·2H2O), that forms colourless to pale-yellow, transparent to translucent efflorescences or tiny ...
brushland
/brush"land'/, n. brush2 (def. 4). [1850-55; BRUSH2 + -LAND] * * *
brushless
brushless1 —brushlessness, n. /brush"lis/, adj. requiring no brush to use or apply: brushless shaving cream. [1930-35; BRUSH1 + -LESS] brushless2 —brushlessness, ...
brushoff
☆ brushoff [brush′ôf΄ ] n. Slang an abrupt or rude dismissal, esp. in the phrase give (or get) the brushoff * * * brush·off also brush-off (brŭshʹôf', -ŏf') n. An ...
brushpopper
/brush"pop'euhr/, n. Western U.S. a cowboy, esp. one who works in the brush. [1925-30, Amer.; BRUSH2 + POPPER] * * *
brushup
/brush"up'/, n. 1. the act or process of reviewing a subject, technique, or the like, for the purpose of renewing the memory, skill, etc.: He gave his Spanish a brushup before ...
brushwood
/brush"wood'/, n. 1. the wood of branches that have been cut or broken off. 2. a pile or covering of such branches. 3. a growth or thicket of densely growing small trees and ...
brushwork
/brush"werrk'/, n. 1. the use of a brush as a tool, as in painting. 2. Fine Arts. the surface quality of a painting produced by the distribution of pigment with a brush. 3. work ...
brushy
brushy1 /brush"ee/, adj., brushier, brushiest. resembling a brush, esp. in roughness or shagginess. [1680-90; BRUSH1 + -Y1] brushy2 —brushiness, n. /brush"ee/, adj., brushier, ...
Brusilov, Aleksey (Alekseyevich)
born Aug. 31, 1853, Tiflis, Russia died March 17, 1926, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian general. He distinguished himself in the Russo-Turkish War (1877–78) and was promoted ...
Brusilov, Aleksey Alekseyevich
▪ Russian general born Aug. 31 [Aug. 19, Old Style], 1853, Tiflis, Russia died March 17, 1926, Moscow  Russian general distinguished for the “Brusilov breakthrough” on ...
brusque
—brusquely, adv. —brusqueness, n. /brusk/; esp. Brit. /broosk/, adj. abrupt in manner; blunt; rough: A brusque welcome greeted his unexpected return. Also, brusk. [1595-1605; ...
brusquely
See brusque. * * *
brusqueness
See brusquely. * * *
brusquerie
brusquerie [brüs kə rē′] n. 〚Fr < brusque: see BRUSQUE〛 brusqueness; curtness * * * brus·que·rie (brüs'kə-rēʹ) n. Curtness or bluntness of manner.   [French, ...
Brussels
/brus"euhlz/, n. a city in and the capital of Belgium, in the central part, with suburbs 1,050,787. Flemish, Brussel /brddyuus"euhl/; French, Bruxelles. * * * French Bruxelles ...
Brussels Airlines
▪ Belgian airline formerly  SABENA World Airlines        Belgian airline whose predecessor, SN Brussels Airlines, was formed in 2001 following the bankruptcy of ...
Brussels carpet
a carpet made with three-ply or four-ply worsted yarn drawn up in uncut loops to form a pattern over the entire surface (body Brussels), or made of worsted or woolen yarns on ...
Brussels griffon
one of a Belgian breed of toy dogs having a thick, wiry, reddish-brown coat. [1935-40] * * * ▪ breed of dog       breed of toy dog developed in late 19th-century ...
Brussels lace
1. a fine handmade lace in a floral pattern outlined with raised cordonnet, originally made in the area of Brussels. 2. a modern machine-made net lace on which floral designs are ...
Brussels sprout
1. Usually, Brussels sprouts. 2. a plant, Brassica oleracea gemmifera, having small, cabbagelike heads or buds along the stalk, eaten as a vegetable. 3. Brussels sprouts. any of ...
Brussels sprouts
▪ plant       small cabbage belonging to the mustard family (Brassica oleracea variety gemmifera), widely grown in Europe and the United States. In its seedling stage ...
Brussels Treaty
(1948) Agreement signed by Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, creating a collective-defense alliance. It led to the formation of NATO and the Western ...
Brussels-Capital Region
▪ region, Belgium French  Région de Bruxelles-Capitale , Flemish  Brusselse Hoofdstedelijke Gewest        region, north-central Belgium. The region is coextensive ...
Brusselscarpet
Brussels carpet n. A machine-made carpet consisting of small, colored woolen loops that form a heavy, patterned pile. * * *
Brusselsgriffon
Brussels griffon n. See griffon. * * *
Brusselslace
Brussels lace n. Net lace with an appliqué design, formerly made by hand but now usually made by machine. * * *
Brusselssprouts
Brussels sprouts pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) 1. A vegetable (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera) in the mustard family, having long, stout cabbagelike buds. 2. The edible ...
Brustolon, Andrea
▪ Italian wood-carver born July 20, 1662, Belluno, Republic of Venice [now in Italy] died Oct. 25, 1732  Italian wood-carver, known for his furniture in the Venetian Baroque ...
brut
/brooht/; Fr. /brddyuut/, adj. (of wine, esp. champagne) very dry. [1890-95; < F: raw; see BRUTE2] * * * ▪ medieval chronicle       any of several medieval chronicles ...
Brut
/brooht/, n. any of a number of partly legendary, partly historical chronicles dealing with early English history, written during the Middle Ages and usually beginning with ...
brutal
—brutally, adv. /brooht"l/, adj. 1. savage; cruel; inhuman: a brutal attack on the village. 2. crude; coarse: brutal language. 3. harsh; ferocious: brutal criticism; brutal ...
brutalism
—brutalist, n., adj. /brooht"l iz'euhm/, n. (in modern architecture) the aesthetic use of basic building processes with no apparent concern for visual amenity. [1795-1805, for ...
Brutalist
See Brutalism. * * *
brutality
/brooh tal"i tee/, n., pl. brutalities. 1. the quality of being brutal; cruelty; savagery. 2. a brutal act or practice. [1540-50; BRUTAL + -ITY] * * *
brutalization
See brutalize. * * *
brutalize
—brutalization, n. /brooht"l uyz'/, v.t. brutalized, brutalizing. 1. to make brutal. 2. to treat (someone) with brutality. Also, esp. Brit., brutalise. [1695-1705; BRUTAL + ...
brutally
See brutal. * * *
brute
brute1 —brutelike, adj. —brutely, adv. —bruteness, n. /brooht/, n. 1. a nonhuman creature; beast. 2. a brutal, insensitive, or crude person. 3. the animal qualities, ...
brutish
—brutishly, adv. —brutishness, n. /brooh"tish/, adj. 1. brutal; cruel. 2. gross; coarse. 3. carnal; sensual. 4. uncivilized. 5. bestial; like an animal. [1485-95; BRUTE1 + ...
brutishly
See brutish. * * *
brutishness
See brutishly. * * *
brutism
See brute. * * *
Bruton, John
▪ prime minister of Ireland in full  John Gerard Bruton  born May 18, 1947, Dublin, Ire.       prime minister (taoiseach) of Ireland from December 1994 to May ...
Bruttium
Brut·ti·um (bro͝otʹē-əm, brŭtʹ-) An ancient region of southern Italy roughly occupying present-day Calabria in the toe of the Italian “boot.” * * *
Brutus
/brooh"teuhs/, n. Marcus Junius /joohn"yeuhs/, 85?-42 B.C., Roman provincial administrator: one of the assassins of Julius Caesar. * * *
Brutus Albinus, Decimus Junius
▪ Roman general born 85 BC died 43 BC       Roman general who participated in the assassination of the dictator Julius Caesar (Caesar, Julius), though he had been ...
Brutus, Dennis
▪ South African author in full  Dennis Vincent Brutus   born Nov. 28, 1924, Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia [now Harare, Zimbabwe]       poet whose works centre on his ...
Brutus, Lucius Junius
▪ legendary Roman flourished 6th century BC       a legendary figure, who is held to have ousted the despotic Etruscan king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus from Rome in 509 ...
Brutus, Marcus Junius
or Quintus Caepio Brutus born 85 died 42 BC, near Philippi, Macedonia Roman politician, leader of the conspirators who assassinated Julius Caesar in 44 BC. He joined Pompey's ...
Brutus,Marcus Junius
Bru·tus (bro͞oʹtəs), Marcus Junius. 85?-42B.C. Roman politician and general who conspired to assassinate Julius Caesar. In the subsequent power struggle with Mark Antony and ...
brux
/bruks/, v.i., bruxed, bruxing. to clench and grind the teeth; gnash. [1990-95; back formation from BRUXISM] * * *
Bruxelles
Fr. /brddyuu sel", brddyuuk-/, n. Brussels. * * *
bruxism
/bruk"siz euhm/, n. Pathol. See teeth grinding. [1935-40; < Gk *bryx(is) a gnashing of teeth (brýk(ein) to gnash, bite + -sis -SIS) + -ISM] * * *
BRV
Bravo (a cable television channel). * * *
bry
Common Semitic noun *biry-, interval, in-between area. a. B'nai B'rith>>, from Hebrew bərît, covenant, akin to Akkadian birītu, in-between area, link, from biri, between; b. ...
Bry, Theodor de
▪ Flemish-German engraver Germanalso called  Dietrich de Bry , Flemish  Theodoor de Bry , or  Dirk de Bry  born 1528, Liège [now in Belgium] died March 27, 1598, ...
Bryan
/bruy"euhn/, n. 1. William Jennings /jen"ingz/, 1860-1925, U.S. political leader. 2. a city in E Texas. 44,337. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) George ...
Bryan, William Jennings
born March 19, 1860, Salem, Ill., U.S. died July 26, 1925, Dayton, Tenn. U.S. politician and orator. He practiced law at Jacksonville, Ill. (1883–87), before moving to ...
Bryan,William Jennings
Bryan, William Jennings. Called “the Great Commoner” or “the Boy Orator of the Platte.” 1860-1925. American lawyer and politician who campaigned unsuccessfully for the ...
Bryan-Chamorro Treaty
/bruy"euhn chah mawr"oh/ a treaty (1914) between the U.S. and Nicaragua by which the U.S. secured exclusive rights to build a canal across Nicaragua, to connect the Atlantic and ...
Bryanka
▪ Ukraine also spelled  Brianka,         city, eastern Ukraine. Bryanka is located on the Lozova River, a tributary of the Luhan (Lugan) River, in the Donets Basin. ...
Bryansk
/bree ahnsk"/; Russ. /brddyahnsk/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation, on the Desna River, SW of Moscow. 445,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled  Br'ansk, or Briansk, ...
Bryant
/bruy"euhnt/, n. 1. Gridley /grid"lee/, 1789-1867, U.S. engineer and inventor. 2. William Cullen, 1794-1878, U.S. poet and journalist. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in ...
Bryant, Bear
orig. Paul William Bryant born Sept. 11, 1913, Kingsland, Ark., U.S. died Jan. 26, 1983, Tuscaloosa, Ala. U.S. collegiate football coach. He was an all-state tackle in high ...
Bryant, Felice
▪ 2004 Matilda Genevieve Scaduto        American songwriter (b. Aug. 7, 1925, Milwaukee, Wis.—d. April 22, 2003, Gatlinburg, Tenn.), with her husband, Boudleaux ...
Bryant, Kobe
▪ 2003       In 2002, for the third year in a row, Los Angeles Lakers guard Kobe Bryant helped to lead his team to the National Basketball Association (NBA) ...
Bryant, Sir Arthur
▪ British historian born February 18, 1899, Dersingham, Norfolk, England died January 2, 1985, Salisbury, Wiltshire       British historian and biographer particularly ...
Bryant, William Cullen
born Nov. 3, 1794, Cummington, Mass., U.S. died June 12, 1878, New York, N.Y. U.S. poet. At age 17 Bryant wrote "Thanatopsis," a meditation on nature and death that remains his ...
Bryant,William Cullen
Bry·ant (brīʹənt), William Cullen. 1794-1878. American poet, critic, and editor known especially for his early nature poems, such as “Thanatopsis” (1817) and “To a ...
Bryan–Chamorro Treaty
▪ Nicaraguan-United States history       (Aug. 5, 1914), treaty between the United States and Nicaragua, by which the United States gained the right to construct a canal ...
Bryce
/bruys/, n. James, 1st Viscount, 1838-1922, British diplomat, historian, and jurist: born in Ireland. * * *
Bryce Canyon National Park
a national park in SW Utah: rock formations. * * * Park, southern Utah, U.S. It is not a true canyon but rather a series of natural amphitheatres below which stands an array of ...
Bryce, James Bryce, Viscount
▪ British statesman born May 10, 1838, Belfast, Ire. died Jan. 22, 1922, Sidmouth, Devon, Eng.  British politician, diplomat, and historian best known for his highly ...
Bryce, Robert Broughton
▪ 1998       Canadian public servant who served three prime ministers as secretary to the Cabinet and was influential in the formation of economic policy for some three ...
Bryceland, Yvonne
▪ South African actress original name  Yvonne Heilbuth   born Nov. 18, 1925, Cape Town, S.Af. died Jan. 13, 1992, London, Eng.       South African actress who was ...
Bryden, Beryl Audrey
▪ 1999       British jazz singer whom Ella Fitzgerald dubbed "Britain's queen of the blues"; of the more than 100 songs she recorded during her half-century-long career, ...
Brydges, Sir Samuel Egerton, 1st Baronet
▪ British general born Nov. 30, 1762, Wootton, Kent, Eng. died Sept. 8, 1837, Geneva       English writer and genealogist chiefly important as the editor of rare ...
Bryennios, Philotheos
▪ Turkish theologian born 1833, Istanbul died 1914, Istanbul       Eastern Church theologian and metropolitan who discovered the Didachē manuscript, an important ...
Bryennius, Nicephorus
▪ Byzantine statesman and historian also spelled  Nikephoros Bryennios  born c. 1064 or c. 1080, Adrianople, Byzantine Empire died c. 1137, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire ...
Bryggman, Erik
▪ Finnish architect born July 2, 1891, Turku, Fin. died Dec. 21, 1955, Turku  architect notable for his role in bringing modern functionalist architecture to ...
Brygos Painter
▪ Greek artist Brygos also spelled  Brygus   flourished c. 490–470 BC    signature appearing on several cups and vases of Greek (Greek pottery) red-figure pottery ...
Bryher
▪ British author byname of  Annie Winifred Ellerman   born Sept. 2, 1894, Margate, Kent, Eng. died Jan. 28, 1983, Vevey, Switz.       British novelist, poet, and ...
Brylcreem{™}
n [U] a make of hair cream used mainly by men to fix their hair in a particular style. It was fashionable in the 1950s, and is now used mainly by older men, or by people who want ...
Bryn Mawr College
Private women's liberal arts college in Bryn Mawr, Pa. , near Philadelphia. Though founded in 1885 by a group of Quakers, it has long operated on a nondenominational basis. It ...
Bryn Terfel
➡ Terfel * * *
Brynhild
/brin"hild/, n. Scand. Legend. a Valkyrie and the wife of Gunnar, for whom she was won by Sigurd: corresponds to Brunhild in the Nibelungenlied. * * *
Brynner, Yul
▪ American actor original name  Taidje Khan   born July 11, 1920?, Sakhalin Island, Russian S.F.S.R. died Oct. 10, 1985, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American stage and ...
brynza
/brin"zeuh/, n. (in Eastern Europe and Asia Minor) a crumbly, sharp cheese made from sheep's milk and cured. Also, bryndza /brind"zeuh/. [ < Rumanian brînza cheese < an ...
bryo-
a combining form meaning "moss, liverwort," used in the formation of compound words: bryology. [comb. form repr. Gk brýon moss] * * *
bryological
See bryology. * * *
bryologist
See bryological. * * *
bryology
—bryological /bruy'euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —bryologist, n. /bruy ol"euh jee/, n. the branch of botany dealing with bryophytes. [1860-65; BRYO- + -LOGY] * * *
bryony
/bruy"euh nee/, n., pl. bryonies. any Old World vine or climbing plant belonging to the genus Bryonia, of the gourd family, yielding acrid juice having emetic and purgative ...
bryophyllum
/bruy'euh fil"euhm/, n. any of various kalanchoes, as Kalanchoe pinnata, that characteristically bear plantlets along the leaf margins. [ < NL (1805), orig. a genus name, equiv. ...
bryophyte
—bryophytic /bruy'euh fit"ik/, adj. /bruy"euh fuyt'/, n. Bot. any of the Bryophyta, a phylum of nonvascular plants comprising the true mosses and liverworts. [1875-80; < NL ...
bryophytic
See bryophyte. * * *
Bryozoa
/bruy'euh zoh"euh/, n. a phylum of invertebrates comprising about 4000 marine and freshwater species of bryozoans. Cf. Ectoprocta, Entoprocta. [1840-50; < NL; see BRYO-, -ZOA] * ...
bryozoan
/bruy'euh zoh"euhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Bryozoa. n. 2. Also called moss animal. any sessile marine or freshwater animal of the phylum Bryozoa, forming ...
Bryson
(1951– ) a US writer, best known for his humorous travel books. He lived in England from 1977 to 1997 and then moved to New England. His books include The Lost Continent ...
Brython
/brith"euhn, -on/, n. 1. a member of the Brythonic-speaking Celts. 2. a Briton. [1880-85; < Welsh; see BRITON] * * *
Brythonic
/bri thon"ik/, adj. 1. of or belonging to P-Celtic. n. 2. P-Celtic, esp. that part either spoken in Britain, as Welsh and Cornish, or descended from the P-Celtic speech of ...
Brythonic languages
      one of two groups of the modern Celtic languages, the other being Goidelic. The Brythonic languages (from Welsh (Welsh language) brython, “Briton”) are or were ...
Bryullov, Karl Pavlovich
▪ Russian artist original name  Charles Bruleau , Bryullov also spelled  Briullov,  Bryulov,  Brülov,  Brüllov , or  Brülow  born Dec. 12 [Dec. 23, Old Style], ...
Bryusov, Valery Yakovlevich
▪ Russian author Bryusov also spelled  Briusov  and  Brjusov  born Dec. 13 [Dec. 1, Old Style], 1873, Moscow, Russia died Oct. 9, 1924, Moscow, Russian S.F.S.R., ...
Brzeg
▪ Poland German  Brieg        city, Opolskie województwo (province), southwestern Poland, situated on high bluffs on the western side of the Oder ...
Brzesc nad Bugiem
/bzheshch" nahd boo"gyem/. Polish name of Brest Litovsk. * * *
Brzozowski, Stanisław
▪ Polish author in full  Stanisław Leopold Brzozowski,  pseudonym  Adam Czepiel  born June 28, 1878, Maziarnia, Russian Empire [now in Poland] died April 30, 1911, ...
Brzozowski, Tadeusz
▪ Polish religious leader born Oct. 21, 1749, Malbork, Pol. died Feb. 5, 1820, Płock, Pol., Russian Empire       first general of the restored Society of ...
Brøgger, Waldemar Christofer
▪ Norwegian geologist born November 10, 1851, Christiania (now Oslo), Norway died February 17, 1940, Oslo       Norwegian geologist and mineralogist whose research on ...
Brønsted, Johannes Nicolaus
▪ Danish chemist born Feb. 22, 1879, Varde, Den. died Dec. 17, 1947, Copenhagen  Danish physical chemist known for a widely applicable acid-base concept identical to that of ...
Brønsted–Lowry theory
▪ chemistry also called  proton theory of acids and bases        a theory, introduced independently in 1923 by the Danish chemist Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted and the ...
BS
Slang (sometimes vulgar). bullshit. * * *
Bs/L
bills of lading. * * *
BSA
BSA abbrev. 1. Bachelor of Science in Agriculture: also B.S.A. 2. Boy Scouts of America * * * BSA abbr. 1. Bachelor of Science in Agriculture. 2. Boy Scouts of America. * * ...
BSAA
BSAA abbr. Bachelor of Science in Applied Arts. * * *
BSArch
BSArch abbr. Bachelor of Science in Architecture. * * *
BSc
BSc or B.Sc. abbrev. 〚L Baccalaureus Scientiae〛 Bachelor of Science * * * BSc abbr. Bachelor of Science. * * * ➡ higher education * * *
BScEd
BScEd or B.Sc.Ed. abbrev. Bachelor of Science in Education * * *
BSCh
BSCh abbr. Bachelor of Science in Chemistry. * * *
Bschool
B school n. Informal A business school. * * *
BSE
BSE [bē΄es΄ē′] n. 〚b( ovine) s( pongiform) e( ncephalopathy), technical term for the disease〛 MAD COW DISEASE * * * BSE abbr. bovine spongiform encephalopathy. * * ...
BSEc
BSEc abbr. Bachelor of Science in Economics. * * *
BSEd
BSEd abbr. Bachelor of Science in Education. * * *
BSEE
BSEE abbr. Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering. * * *
BSFor
BSFor abbr. Bachelor of Science in Forestry. * * *
BSFS
BSFS abbr. Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service. * * *
bsh.
bushel; bushels. * * *
BSI
BSI abbr. British Standards Institution. * * * (in full the British Standards Institution) the organization responsible for establishing the standard sizes for goods produced ...
bskt
bskt abbrev. basket * * *
bskt.
basket. * * *
BSkyB
(in full British Sky Broadcasting) (also Sky) a company formed in 1990 that uses satellites to broadcast television programmes. It is partly owned by Rupert Murdoch’s News ...
bśm
Central Semitic noun *baśam-, balsam. 1. balsam, from Greek balsamon. 2. desman, from Medieval Latin bisamum. Both 1 and 2 from a Semitic source akin to Hebrew bōśem, ...
Bsmt
basement. * * *
BSN
BSN abbr. Bachelor of Science in Nursing. * * *
BSO
Astron. See blue stellar object. * * *
BST
Biochem., Agric. bovine somatotropin. See bovine growth hormone. * * *
Bstan-'gyur
▪ Buddhist literature (Tibetan: “Translation of Teachings”),also spelled  Bstan-ḥgyur, Tanjur, Tangyur, Ten-gyur, or Tenjur,         the second great collection ...
Bt
Bt abbrev. Baronet * * * Bt (bēʹtēʹ) n. An insecticide composed of a genetically altered bacterium (Bacillus thuringiensis) that is used to control many kinds of ...
BT
Bt abbrev. Baronet * * * BT abbr. Bachelor of Theology. * * * ➡ Bart * * *
BT Tower
▪ communications tower, London, United Kingdom also called  British Telecom Tower , formerly  Post Office Tower  and  London Telecom Tower,         communications ...
Bt.
Baronet. * * *
bt.
1. boat. 2. bought. * * *
BTEC
(in full the Business and Technology Education Council) a British organization, part of Edexcel, that runs courses and awards qualifications at various levels in a wide range of ...
bth
bathroom. * * *
btl.
bottle. * * *
btry
btry abbrev. battery (of artillery) * * *
btry.
battery. * * *
Btss.
Btss. abbr. baronetess. * * *
BTU
Btu abbrev. British thermal unit(s): also BTU or btu * * * BTU or Btu abbr. British thermal unit. * * *
BTW
BTW abbr. by the way. * * *
bu
bu abbrev. 1. bureau 2. bushel(s) * * *
bu.
1. bureau. 2. bushel; bushels. * * *
Buache, Philippe
▪ French geographer and cartographer born Feb. 7, 1700, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 27, 1773, Paris       French geographer and cartographer who contributed to the theory of ...
bub
/bub/, n. Slang. (used as an often insolent term of address) brother; buddy. [1830-40, Amer.; perh. < G Bub, short for Bube boy] * * *
bubal
/byooh"beuhl/, n. a hartebeest, Alcelaphus boselaphus, of northern Africa. Also, bubalis /byooh"beuh lis/. [1350-1400; ME: aurochs, antelope < L bubalus < Gk boúbalos a kind of ...
bubaline
/byooh"beuh luyn', -lin/, adj. 1. (of antelopes) resembling or like the bubal, as the hartebeests or blesbok. 2. pertaining to or resembling the true buffaloes. [1820-30; < L ...
Bubastis
Bu·bas·tis (byo͞o-băsʹtĭs) An ancient city of northeast Egypt in the Nile delta. It was a religious center for the worship of the cat-headed god Bast. * * * ▪ ancient ...
bubba
/bub"euh/, n., pl. bubbas. 1. Chiefly Southern U.S. brother. 2. Slang. an uneducated Southern white male; good old boy; redneck. [1860-65] * * *
bubble
—bubbleless, adj. —bubblelike, adj. —bubblingly, adv. /bub"euhl/, n., v., bubbled, bubbling. n. 1. a nearly spherical body of gas contained in a liquid. 2. a small globule ...
bubble and squeak
Brit. a dish of meat, usually beef, and cabbage fried or boiled together. [1765-75] * * *
bubble bath
1. a crystal, powder, or liquid preparation that foams in, scents, and softens bathwater. 2. a bath with such a preparation added to the water. [1945-50] * * *
bubble bowl
a spherical, usually clear glass vessel with a wide circular top opening, used as a vase, esp. for displaying a single floating blossom. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *

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