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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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budget plan.
See installment plan. * * *
budget resolution
a resolution adopted by both houses of the U.S. Congress setting forth, reaffirming, or revising the budget for the U.S. government for a fiscal year. [1975-80] * * *
See budget. * * *
/buj'i tear"/ a person, esp. a government or business official, who prepares a budget. [1835-45; BUDGET + -EER] * * *
See budgetary. * * *
/buj"ee/, n. budgerigar. [1935-40; BUDG(ERIGAR) + -IE] * * *
Budi Utomo
▪ Indonesian political organization (Indonesian:“Noble Endeavour”),       the first Indonesian nationalist organization. It was founded on May 20, 1908, a day now ...
Budker, Gersh Itskovich
▪ Soviet physicist born May 1, 1918, Murafa, near Vinnitsa, Ukraine died July 4, 1977, Novosibirsk, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Soviet physicist who developed new methods of ...
/boot"vuys/, n. German name of Ceské Budejovice. * * *
(infml Bud) n [U, C] a US beer produced by the Anheuser-Busch Company. * * *
/bud"woohd'/, Hort. a shoot of a plant bearing buds suitable for bud grafting. [BUD1 + WOOD1] * * *
/bud"werrm'/, n. any of several lepidopterous larvae, esp. the spruce budworm, that attack the buds of plants. [1840-50, Amer.; BUD1 + WORM] * * *
▪ Cameroon also spelled  Bouea         town located in southwestern Cameroon. It is situated 3,000 feet (900 metres) above sea level and is located on the southeast ...
/byooh"euhl/, n. Don Carlos /kahr"lohs/, 1818-98, Union general in the U.S. Civil War. * * *
Buell, Don Carlos
born March 23, 1818, near Marietta, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 19, 1898, Rockport, Ky. U.S. general. A graduate of West Point, he was appointed general of volunteers at the start of ...
Buen Retiro ware
      porcelain manufactured at the royal residence of Buen Retiro, outside Madrid, from 1760 to about 1808, by Capodimonte potters. When Charles III of Naples, who had ...
Buena Park
/bway"neuh, byooh"-/ a city in SW California. 64,165. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Orange county, southern California, U.S. The site known as Buena ...
Buena Vista
/bwe"nah vees"tah/ a village in NE Mexico, near Saltillo: American victory in battle (1847) during the Mexican War. * * *
Buena Vista, Battle of
Battle fought in 1847 near Monterrey, Mexico, in the Mexican War. A U.S. force of 5,000 commanded by Gen. Zachary Taylor and assisted by Jefferson Davis invaded northern Mexico ...
Bue·na Park (bwāʹnə) A city of southern California west-northwest of Anaheim. Knott's Berry Farm, a re-created gold rush town, is here. Population: 68,784. * * *
buenas noches
/bwe"nahs naw"ches/, Spanish. good night. * * *
/bway'neuh ven toor"euh, -tyoor"euh/; Sp. /bwe'nah ven tooh"rddah/, n. a seaport in W Colombia. 115,770. * * * ▪ Colombia       port of Valle del Cauca departamento, ...
Bue·na Vis·ta (bwāʹnə vĭsʹtə, bwĕʹnä vēsʹtä) A locality in northern Mexico just south of Saltillo. In the Mexican War U.S. forces led by Zachary Taylor defeated a ...
/bwe"naw/, interj. Spanish. good; all right. * * *
Bueno, Maria Ester Audion
▪ Brazilian tennis player born c. 1939, , São Paulo, Braz.    amateur tennis player who won 17 Wimbledon and United States (Forest Hills, N.Y., and Brookline, Mass.) ...
Bueno, Rodrigo Alejandro
▪ 2001       Argentine singer (b. May 24, 1973, Rosario, Arg.—d. June 24, 2000, Berazategui, near Buenos Aires, Arg.), was known simply as “Rodrigo” or popularly ...
Buenos Aires
/bway"neuhs uyeur"iz, boh"neuhs/; Sp. /bwe"naws uy"rddes/ a seaport in and the capital of Argentina, in the E part, on the Río de la Plata. 9,927,404. * * * City (pop., 1999 ...
buenos días
/bwe"naws dhee"ahs/, Spanish. good morning; good day. * * *
Bue·nos Ai·res (bwāʹnəs ârʹēz, īʹrĭz, bwĕʹnōs īʹrĕs) The capital and largest city of Argentina, in the eastern part of the country on the Río de la Plata. ...
Buerger's disease
/berr"geuhrz/, Pathol. an inflammatory and obliterative disease of the blood vessels of the legs and feet causing numbness and tingling, often leading to phlebitis and gangrene: ...
Buerger, Martin Julian
▪ American crystallographer born April 8, 1903, Detroit, Mich., U.S. died Feb. 25, 1986       American crystallographer who devised or improved many of the standard ...
Buero Vallejo, Antonio
▪ 2000       Spanish playwright (b. Sept. 29, 1916, Guadalajara, Spain—d. April 28, 2000, Madrid, Spain), was the country's best-known and most important dramatist in ...
/byooh'feuh duy en"l uyd'/, n. Biochem. any of a family of steroid lactones, occurring in toad venom and squill, that possess cardiac-stimulating and antitumor ...
Bufalino, Gesualdo
▪ 1997       Italian novelist (b. Nov. 15, 1920, Comiso, Sicily, Italy—d. June 14, 1996, Vittoria, Sicily), saw his literary career blossom after his retirement from ...
buff1 —buffability, n. —buffable, adj. /buf/, n. 1. a soft, thick, light-yellow leather with a napped surface, originally made from buffalo skin but later also from other ...
buff stick
a small stick covered with leather or the like, used in polishing. [1880-85] * * *
buff top
Jewelry. a very low, almost flat, cabochon cut. * * *
buff wheel
a wheel for buffing, consisting of a number of leather or canvas disks. Also, buffing wheel. * * *
/booh"feuh/; It. /boohf"fah/, n., pl. buffe /-fay/; It. /-fe/. 1. a woman who sings comic roles in opera. 2. See opera buffa. [ < It; fem. of BUFFO] * * *
/buf"euh loh'/, n., pl. buffaloes, buffalos, (esp. collectively) buffalo, v., buffaloed, buffaloing. n. 1. any of several large wild oxen of the family Bovidae. Cf. bison, Cape ...
/buf"euh loh'/, n. a port in W New York, on Lake Erie. 357,870. * * * City (pop., 2000: 292,648), western New York, U.S. Located at the northeastern point of Lake Erie on the ...
buffalo beetle
☆ buffalo beetle n. the hairy larva of a carpet beetle (Anthrenus scrophulariae), harmful to furs and woolens * * *
buffalo berry
1. either of two North American shrubs, Shepherdia argentea or S. canadensis, having silvery, oblong leaves and bearing edible yellow or red berries. 2. the fruit ...
Buffalo Bill
Buffalo Bill name for CODY William Frederick * * * the popular name of William Cody (1846–1917), an American frontiersman and (later) entertainer. He killed many buffalo to ...
Buffalo Bill.
See Cody, William Frederick. * * *
buffalo bird
a cowbird, Molothrus ater, of North America. [1855-60] * * *
buffalo bug
☆ buffalo bug n. CARPET BEETLE * * *
buffalo bur
▪ plant also called  Beaked Nightshade, or Prickly Potato        (Solanum rostratum), plant of the nightshade family Solanaceae (order Solanales), native to high ...
buffalo carpet beetle.
See under carpet beetle. Also called buffalobug /buf"euh loh bug'/, buffalo bug, buffalo moth. * * *
buffalo chips
Informal. the dried dung of buffalo used as fuel, esp. by early settlers on the western plains. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
buffalo cloth
a heavyweight woolen fabric constructed in twill weave and having a shaggy pile. * * *
buffalo currant
an ornamental shrub, Ribes odoratum, of the central U.S., having showy, drooping clusters of fragrant yellow flowers and edible black fruit. [1860-65, Amer.; so called from its ...
buffalo fish
☆ buffalo fish n. any of a genus (Ictiobus) of large, humpbacked, freshwater sucker fishes found in North America * * *
buffalo gnat.
See black fly. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
buffalo grass
1. a short grass, Buchloë dactyloides, having gray-green blades, prevalent on the dry plains east of the Rocky Mountains. 2. See St. Augustine grass. 3. any of several short, ...
Buffalo Grove
a city in NE Illinois. 22,230. * * *
Buffalo Indian.
See Plains Indian. * * *
buffalo plaid
a plaid with large blocks formed by the intersection of two different-color yarns, typically red and black. [1945-50] * * *
buffalo robe
the prepared skin of an American bison, with the hair left on, used as a lap robe, rug, or blanket. [1675-85, Amer.] * * *
buffalo soldier
(formerly, esp. among American Indians) a black soldier. [1870-75; Amer.; from the kinky hair, thought by the Indians to resemble that of a buffalo] * * * Nickname given to ...
Buffalo Springfield
▪ Canadian-American rock group  Canadian-American band that combined inventive songwriting, skillful instrumental interplay, and harmony vocals into a stunning folk rock ...
buffalo weaver
▪ bird  either of the two African birds constituting the subfamily Bubalornithinae of the family Ploceidae. The more widespread species is the black buffalo weaver, or oxbird ...
buffalo wing
Usually, buffalo wings. a deep-fried chicken wing served in a spicy sauce and usually with celery and blue cheese. [1980-85; Amer.; after a restaurant in BUFFALO, which ...
Buffalo wings
☆ Buffalo wings pl.n. 〚after BUFFALO, New York, where the dish originated〛 [also b- w-] spicy fried segments of chicken wings, usually served with celery sticks and a sauce ...
buffalo berry n. 1. Any of three North American shrubs or small trees of the genus Shepherdia, having small yellowish flowers, drupelike fruits, and foliage that is covered with ...
Buffalo Bill See Cody, William Frederick. * * *
buffalo bug n. See carpet beetle. * * *
/buf"euh loh'fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) buffalofish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) buffalofishes. any of several large, carplike, North American, ...
buffalo gnat n. See black fly. * * *
buffalo grass n. A mat-forming perennial grass (Buchloe dactyloides) native to the plains of central North America, important as a forage grass and sometimes used for lawns. * * *
Buffalo Grove A village of northeast Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. Population: 36,427. * * *
See Buffalo. * * *
buffalo plaid n. A plaid with large squares of two different colors, especially red and black.   [Said to be named after the herd of buffalo owned by the plaid's designer in the ...
buffalo robe n. The dressed skin of the North American bison, used as a lap robe, cape, or blanket. * * *
buffalo soldier n. A member of one of the African-American regiments within the U.S. Army after the Civil War, serving primarily in the Indian wars of the late 1860s. ...
Buffalo wing n. A fried chicken wing served with hot sauce and blue cheese dressing.   [After Buffalo, where such wings were first served.] * * *
/buf"koht'/, n. buff1 (def. 6). [1625-35] * * *
/buf/, n. Armor. plate armor for the lower part of the face and the throat, used with a burgonet. Also, buff. [1590-1600; < MF < It buffa, prob. special use of buffa puff of ...
buffer1 /buf"euhr/, n. 1. an apparatus at the end of a railroad car, railroad track, etc., for absorbing shock during coupling, collisions, etc. 2. any device, material, or ...
buffer state
a nation lying between potentially hostile larger nations. [1880-85] * * *
buffer zone
1. a neutral zone or area between two potentially hostile nations, designed to prevent any overt acts of aggression. 2. any area serving to mitigate or neutralize potential ...
buffer state n. A neutral state lying between two rival or potentially hostile states and serving to prevent conflict between them. * * *
buffer zone n. A neutral area between hostile or belligerent forces that serves to prevent conflict. * * *
buffet1 —buffeter, n. /buf"it/, n., v., buffeted, buffeting. n. 1. a blow, as with the hand or fist. 2. a violent shock or concussion. v.t. 3. to strike, as with the hand or ...
buffet car
Railroads. a car having facilities for preparing and serving light meals. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
See buffet2. * * *
Buffett, Warren
born Aug. 30, 1930, Omaha, Neb., U.S. U.S. businessman and investor. He attended the University of Nebraska (B.S., 1950) and Columbia University (M.S., 1951), where he was ...
Buffett, Warren Edward
▪ American businessman and philanthropist born Aug. 30, 1930, Omaha, Neb., U.S.       American businessman and philanthropist, widely considered the most successful ...
buf·fi (bo͞oʹfē) n. A plural of buffo. * * *
Buffier, Claude
▪ French philosopher born May 25, 1661, Warsaw, Pol. died May 17, 1737, Paris, France       original and prolific French philosopher, historian, philologist, and ...
buffing wheel
buffing wheel [buf′iŋ] n. a wheel covered with leather, cloth, etc., for buffing, or polishing, metal * * *
buffing wheel.
See buff wheel. * * *
buff·ing wheel (bŭfʹĭng) n. A wheel covered with a soft material, such as velvet or leather, for shining and polishing. * * *
—buffleheaded, adj. /buf"euhl hed'/, n. a small North American duck, Bucephala albeola, the male of which has bushy head plumage. [1855-60, Amer.; buffle (see BUFF1) + HEAD] * ...
/booh"foh/; It. /boohf"faw/, n., pl. buffi /-fee/, buffos. Music. 1. (in opera) a comedy part, usually bass. 2. a male opera singer who specializes in comic roles. [1755-65; < ...
/byuu fawonn"/, n. Georges Louis Leclerc /zhawrddzh lwee leuh klerdd"/, Comte de, 1707-88, French naturalist. * * *
Buffon, G(eorges)-L(ouis) Leclerc, comte de
born Sept. 7, 1707, Montbard, Fr. died April 16, 1788, Paris French naturalist. He studied mathematics, medicine, and botany until a duel forced him to cut short his studies. ...
Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc, count de
▪ French naturalist original name (until c. 1725)  Georges-Louis Leclerc , or  (c. 1725–73)  Georges-Louis Leclerc De Buffon  born September 7, 1707, Montbard, ...
Buffon,Comte Georges Louis Leclerc de
Buf·fon (bo͞o-fôɴʹ), Comte Georges Louis Leclerc de. 1707-1788. French naturalist whose monumental Histoire Naturelle (36 volumes, 1749-1788; 8 additional volumes completed ...
—buffoonery /beuh fooh"neuh ree/, n. —buffoonish, adj. /beuh foohn"/, n. 1. a person who amuses others by tricks, jokes, odd gestures and postures, etc. 2. a person given to ...
See buffoon. * * *
/buf"ee/, adj. buff-colored. [BUFF1 + -Y1] * * *
buffy coat
Biochem. a yellowish-white layer consisting of leukocytes that, upon centrifugation of blood, covers the red blood cells. [1790-1800] * * *
Buffy the Vampire Slayer
(also Buffy) a US television series (1997–2003) about a teenage girl, Buffy Summers played by Sarah Michelle Gellar (1977– ), who has special abilities that help her to fight ...
/byooh'feuh ten"een, -in/, n. Pharm. a hallucinogenic bufotoxin derivative, C12H16N2O, used experimentally for its digitalislike action on the heart. Also, bufotenin /byooh'feuh ...
/byooh'feuh tok"sin/, n. Pharm. a toxin obtained from the skin glands of the European toad, Bufa vulgaris. [ < NL, L bufo toad + TOXIN] * * * ▪ chemical ...
bug1 /bug/, n., v., bugged, bugging. n. 1. Also called true bug, hemipteran, hemipteron. a hemipterous insect. 2. (loosely) any insect or insectlike invertebrate. 3. Informal. ...
/bug/; Pol., Russ. /boohk/, n. 1. a river in E central Europe, rising in W Ukraine and forming part of the boundary between Poland and Ukraine, flowing NW to the Vistula River in ...
Bug River
or Western Bug River River, eastern central Poland. Rising in western Ukraine, it flows north along the Poland-Ukraine and Poland-Belarus borders to Brest, and turns west into ...
/bug"uyd'/, adj. with bulging eyes, as from surprise or wonderment; astonished. [1920-25, Amer.; BUG1 + EYED] * * *
/bug"joohs'/, n. Slang. 1. an alcoholic beverage, esp. of an inferior quality. 2. an unusual or concocted drink. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
▪ moss genus       any of the mosses of the genus Buxbaumia (subclass Buxbaumiidae), about 12 species that grow on soil or rotten wood in the Northern Hemisphere. The ...
▪ Colombia       city, Valle del Cauca departamento, western Colombia, in the Cauca Valley. Founded in 1650, it is an agricultural centre in a coffee and cotton region ...
Būga, Kazimieras
▪ Lithuanian linguist born Nov. 6 [Oct. 25, Old Style], 1879, Pažiege, Lithuania, Russian Empire died Jan. 1, 1924, Kaunas, Lithuania       linguist who began the most ...
/bug"euh booh'/, n., pl. bugaboos. something that causes fear or worry; bugbear; bogy. [1730-40; earlier buggybow. See BOGY, BOO] * * *
/boo gah"koo/, n. a classical Japanese dance of Chinese origin, originally designed as entertainment for the imperial palace: performed exclusively by men, who serve as both ...
/boog'euh looh", booh'geuh-/, n., pl. bugaloos. a fast dance of Afro-American origin, performed by couples and characterized by dancing apart and moving the body in short, quick ...
Bu·gan·da (bo͞o-gănʹdə, byo͞o-) A region and former kingdom of eastern Africa on the northern shore of Lake Victoria in present-day Uganda. It was a British protectorate ...
Bugatti, Ettore (Arco Isidoro)
born Sept. 15, 1881, Milan, Italy died Aug. 21, 1947, Paris, France Italian builder of racing and luxury automobiles. His factory at Mosheim, Alsace (founded 1909), produced a ...
Bugatti, Ettore Arco Isidoro
▪ Italian manufacturer born Sept. 15, 1881, Milan, Italy died Aug. 21, 1947, Paris, Fr.       builder of racing and luxury automobiles who founded a factory at ...
Russ. /booh gah"yif/, n. Boris Nikolayevich /bawr"is nik'euh luy"euh vich, bohr"-, bor'-/; Russ. /bu rddyees" nyi ku lah"yi vyich/. See Bely, Andrei. * * *
/bug"bayn'/, n. any of several tall, erect plants belonging to the genus Cimicifuga, of the buttercup family, as C. americana, of the eastern U.S., having loose, elongated ...
/bug"bair'/, n. 1. any source, real or imaginary, of needless fright or fear. 2. a persistent problem or source of annoyance. 3. Folklore. a goblin that eats up naughty ...
/bug"boy'/, n. Horse Racing Slang. an apprentice jockey. [BUG1 (weight allowance) + BOY] * * *
Bugeaud, Thomas-Robert, duke d'Isly, marquis de la Piconnerie
▪ marshal of France born Oct. 15, 1784, Limoges, Fr. died June 10, 1849, Paris       marshal of France who played an important part in the French conquest of ...
▪ Uganda       town located in southeastern Uganda, situated about 48 miles (77 km) northeast of Kampala and about 3 miles (5 km) north of Jinja. It is linked by road ...
/bug"uy'/, n., pl. bugeyes. Naut. a ketch-rigged sailing vessel used on Chesapeake Bay. [1880-85, Amer.; BUG1 + EYE, after the former practice of painting a large eye on each ...
Bugge, Sophus
▪ Norwegian philologist born Jan. 5, 1833, Lurvik, Nor. died July 8, 1907, Kristiania       philologist who pioneered in the collection and study of Norwegian folk ...
bugger1 /bug"euhr, boog"-/, n. 1. Informal. a fellow or lad (used affectionately or abusively): a cute little bugger. 2. Informal. any object or thing. 3. Often Vulgar. a ...
/bug"euhr awl", boog"-/, n. Chiefly Brit. Slang. absolutely nothing; nothing at all: Those reckless investments left him with bugger-all. [1935-40; n. use of the exclamation ...
/bug"euh ree, boog"-/, n. Often Vulgar. sodomy. [1300-50; ME bugerie heresy; see BUGGER1, -Y3] * * *
Buggin's turn
/bug"inz/, Brit. promotion by seniority or rotation rather than merit. [1900-05; identity of the original Buggin or Buggins is obscure] * * *
See buggy2. * * *
buggy1 /bug"ee/, n., pl. buggies. 1. a light, four-wheeled, horse-drawn carriage with a single seat and a transverse spring. 2. (in India) a light, two-wheeled carriage with a ...
/bug"hows'/, n., pl. bughouses /-how'ziz/, adj. Slang. n. 1. an insane asylum. adj. 2. insane; crazy. [1890-95, Amer.; BUG1 (cf. BUGGY2, BUGS) + HOUSE] * * *
Bughouse Square
Informal. any intersection or park mall in a big city where political zealots, agitators, folk evangelists, etc., congregate to argue and make soapbox speeches. [1920-25, ...
/bug'euh neez", -nees"/, n., pl. Buginese for 1. 1. a member of a Muslim people inhabiting the southern part of Sulawesi. 2. the Austronesian language spoken by these people. [ < ...
bug juice n. Slang 1. A sweet flavored drink, such as punch, that is usually not carbonated. 2. A usually liquid insect repellent. 3. Cheap or inferior liquor.   [Sense 1, from ...
bugle1 —bugler, n. /byooh"geuhl/, n., v., bugled, bugling. n. 1. a brass wind instrument resembling a cornet and sometimes having keys or valves, used typically for sounding ...
See bugle1. * * *
/byooh"geuhl weed'/, n. 1. a plant belonging to the genus Lycopus, of the mint family, esp. L. virginicus, reputed to have medicinal properties. 2. ajuga. [1855-60; BUGLE2 + ...
bug light n. An outdoor electric light that gives off a usually yellow illumination designed not to attract insects. * * *
/byooh"glos, -glaws/, n. any of various Old World, boraginaceous herbs, as Anchusa officinalis, having rough leaves, used in medicine, and Lycopsis arvensis, a bristly, ...
/booh"gawng, -gong/, n. bogong. * * *
/bug"owt'/, n. 1. Mil. Slang. a hasty retreat from combat, esp. in defiance of orders. 2. Slang. a person who absents himself or herself from duties or obligations. [1950-55; n. ...
/bugz/, adj. Slang. crazy; insane. [1920-25; see BUG1, -S3] * * *
Bugs Bunny
▪ cartoon character       a cartoon rabbit, perhaps the most celebrated and enduring lagomorph in worldwide popular culture.       Bugs Bunny was conceived at ...
Bugs Bunny{™}
an American rabbit cartoon character. He was created in 1940 by Tex Avery for Warner Brothers. Bugs likes carrots (= long orange vegetables), often asks ‘What’s up, Doc?’ ...
bugseed [bug′sēd΄] n. 〚from appearance of the seeds〛 a branching, annual weed (Corispermum hyssopifolium) of the goosefoot family, with sprays of oval, flat seeds * * *
/boog"shah, bug"-/, n. buqsha. Also, bugshah. * * *
Bugti Hills
▪ hill range, Pakistan       hill range in Pakistan, comprising the tribal tract known as Bugti country. A westward continuation of the Sulaimān Range, pointing toward ...
▪ Russia       city, Tatarstan republic, western Russia. It is situated on the Bugulma-Belebey Upland at the confluence of the Bugulminka and Stepnoy Zay rivers. ...
▪ Russia       city, Orenburg oblast (province), in the southern Ural Mountains of west-central Russia. Buguruslan lies along the Great Kinel River. Founded in 1748, ...
Buhari, Muhammad
▪ head of state of Nigeria Muhammad also spelled  Muhammadu  born December 17, 1942, Daura, Nigeria       Nigerian military leader, who served as head of state ...
Buḥayrah, Al-
▪ governorate, Egypt also spelled  Beheira,         muḥāfaẓah (governorate) of the Nile River delta, Lower Egypt. It embraces the whole of the delta west of the ...
/boohl/, n. (often cap.) elaborate inlaid work of woods, metals, tortoiseshell, ivory, etc. Also, boule, boulle. Also called buhlwork /boohl"werrk'/, boulework, ...
Buhl, Vilhelm
▪ prime minister of Denmark born Oct. 16, 1881, Fredericia, Den. died Dec. 18, 1954, Copenhagen       twice prime minister of Denmark (1942, 1945), whose opposition to ...
Bühler, Karl
▪ German psychiatrist born May 27, 1879, Meckesheim, Baden, Germany died October 24, 1963, Los Angeles, California, U.S.       German psychiatrist and psychologist who ...
/berr/, n. 1. burr1 (def. 1). 2. burr4. 3. burstone. * * *
/berr"stohn'/, n. burstone. * * *
Buḥturī, al-
▪ Arab author in full  Abū ʿUbādah al-Walīd ibn ʿUbayd Allāh al-Buḥturī   born 821, Manbij, Syria died 897, Manbij       one of the most outstanding poets of ...
Buick, David Dunbar
▪ American businessman born Sept. 17, 1854, Arbroath, Scot. died March 6, 1929, Detroit, Mich., U.S.       pioneer American automobile manufacturer, after whom the ...
n a US make of car produced by General Motors. * * *
—buildable, adj. /bild/, v., built or (Archaic) builded; building; n. v.t. 1. to construct (esp. something complex) by assembling and joining parts or materials: to build a ...
/bild"down'/, n. a process for reducing armaments, esp. the number of nuclear weapons held by the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., by eliminating several older weapons for each new one ...
build·a·ble (bĭlʹdə-bəl) adj. Suitable or available for building: “The problem was finding a site that was well located, appropriately zoned... and buildable” (Sam ...
build·down also build-down (bĭldʹdoun') n. A systematic numerical reduction, especially of nuclear weapons, in which more than one weapon or warhead is destroyed for every ...
/bil"deuhr/, n. 1. a person who builds. 2. a person who constructs buildings under contract or as a speculation. 3. a substance, as an abrasive or filler, added to soaps or other ...
builder's knot
Naut. See clove hitch. * * *
See buildering. * * *
build·er·ing (bĭlʹdər-ĭng) n. Sports The art or practice of climbing tall buildings, especially skyscrapers.   [On the model of bouldering.]   buildʹer·er n. * * *
—buildingless, adj. /bil"ding/, n. 1. a relatively permanent enclosed construction over a plot of land, having a roof and usually windows and often more than one level, used ...
building and loan association.
See savings and loan association. * * *
building block
1. block (def. 2). 2. one of a set of cube-shaped blocks used by children to make simple constructions. 3. a basic element or component: the building blocks of ...
building code
Systematic statement of a body of rules that govern and constrain the design, construction, alteration, and repair of buildings. Such codes are based on requirements for the ...
building code.
See under code (def. 3). * * *
building construction
Techniques and industry involved in the assembly and erection of structures. Early humans built primarily for shelter, using simple methods. Building materials came from the ...
building line
(on a building lot) a line within, or coinciding with, the property line, beyond which it is illegal to build. * * *
building paper
heavy paper used esp. in the construction of frame buildings to block drafts, for insulation, etc. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
building permit
an official certificate of permission issued by local authorities to a builder to construct, enlarge, or alter a building. * * *
building societies and savings and loan associations
Building societies are British financial institutions that give mortgages (= a type of loan) to people to help them buy a house. They also offer a range of savings accounts for ...
building society
Brit. See savings and loan association. [1840-50] * * *
building trades
those trades, as carpentry, masonry, and plastering, that are primarily concerned with the construction and finishing of buildings. [1885-90] * * *
building block n. 1. A block used as a building material, especially a cinder block. 2. A small wooden or plastic cube used as a building toy. 3. A basic element or part of ...
building sickness n. See sick building syndrome. * * *
building society n. Chiefly British A savings and loan association. * * *
/bild"up'/, n. 1. a building up, as of military forces; increase in amount or number. 2. a process of growth; strengthening; development: the buildup of heavy industry. 3. an ...
/bilt/, v. 1. pt. and pp. of build. adj. 2. Informal. a. of sound or sturdy construction: These cars are really built. b. having a good physique or figure: That lifeguard is ...
/bilt"in'/, adj. 1. built so as to be an integral and permanent part of a larger construction: The wall has a built-in bookcase. 2. existing as a natural or characteristic part ...
built-in obsolescence.
See planned obsolescence. * * *
/bilt"up'/, adj. 1. built by the fastening together of several parts or enlarged by the addition of layers: This shoe has a built-up heel. 2. (of an area) filled in with houses, ...
built-up mast
Naut. See made mast. * * *
built-up roof
a usually flat or slightly sloped roof that is covered with a special material applied in sealed, waterproof layers. * * *
Builth Wells
▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Llanfair ym Muallt        market town, Powys county, historic county of Brecknockshire (Sir Frycheiniog), Wales, in the upper Wye ...
Buir Lake
▪ lake, Asia Wade–Giles romanization  Pei-erh Hu, Mongol  Pinyin  Buir Nur,         lake on the border of the Mongolian People's Republic and China. It has an ...
▪ musical instrument       long, straight trumpet of the Middle Ages, used for military and ceremonial purposes and, later, for music. It was a six-foot- (almost ...
Buisson, Ferdinand Édouard
Buis·son (bwē-sôɴʹ), Ferdinand Édouard. 1841-1932. French educator. An ardent pacifist, he shared the 1927 Nobel Peace Prize. * * *
Buisson, Ferdinand-Édouard
▪ French educator born Dec. 20, 1841, Paris, France died Feb. 16, 1932, Thieuloy-Saint-Antoine  French educator who reorganized the French primary school system and who was ...
/boyt"n zawrddkh', bueit"-/, n. former Dutch name of Bogor. * * *
▪ Spain       city, Córdoba provincia (province), in the Andalusia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), southern Spain, located 24 miles (39 km) east of ...
Bujones, Fernando
▪ 2006       American ballet dancer (b. March 9, 1955, Miami, Fla.—d. Nov. 10, 2005, Miami), had power, elegance, and a pure technique that combined to gain him ...
/booh'joom boor"euh/, n. a port in and the capital of Burundi, in the W part, on Lake Tanganyika. 160,000. Formerly, Usumbura. * * * formerly Usumbura City (pop., 2001: ...
Buka Island
▪ island, Papua New Guinea       island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific. Geographically, Buka is one of the northern Solomon Islands and ...
/booh kah"vooh/, n. a city in the E Democratic Republic of the Congo. 180,633. Formerly, Costermansville. * * * ▪ Democratic Republic of the Congo formerly (until 1966) ...
/book/, Anglo-Indian. v.i. 1. to prate or brag. n. 2. small talk; prattle; bragging. Also, buck. [ < Hindi bak talk] * * *
/boo kahr"euh, booh-/; Russ. /booh khah"rddeuh/, n. 1. a former state in SW Asia: now incorporated into Uzbekistan. 2. a city in SW Uzbekistan, W of Samarkand. 185,000. Also, ...
Bukhara rug
Bukhara also spelled  Bokhara , Uzbek  Bukharo   name erroneously given to floor coverings made by various Turkmen tribes. The city of Bukhara, Uzbekistan, became prominent ...
Bukhara rug.
See Bokhara rug. * * *
Bukhārī, (Abū {ʽ}Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Ismā{ʽ}īl) al-
born July 19, 810, Bukhara, Central Asia died Aug. 31, 870, Khartank, near Samarkand Muslim compiler and scholar of Hadīth. He began his study as a child in Central Asia and ...
Bukhārī, al-
▪ Muslim scholar in full  Abū ʿabd Allāh Muḥammad Ibn Ismāʿīl Al-bukhārī  born July 19, 810, Bukhara, Central Asia [now in Uzbekistan] died August 31, 870, ...
/booh khah"rddin/, n. Nikolai Ivanovich /nyi ku luy" ee vah"neuh vyich/, 1888-1938, Russian editor, writer, and Communist leader. * * *
Bukharin, Nikolay (Ivanovich)
born Oct. 9, 1888, Moscow, Russia died March 14, 1938, Moscow Russian communist leader and economist. After the Bolsheviks seized power, he became the editor of the party ...
Bukharin, Nikolay Ivanovich
▪ Soviet political leader born Oct. 9 [Sept. 27, Old Style], 1888, Moscow died March 14, 1938, Moscow   Bolshevik and Marxist theoretician and economist, who was a prominent ...
Bukharin,Nikolai Ivanovich
Bu·kha·rin (bo͞o-kärʹĭn, -KHärʹ-), Nikolai Ivanovich. 1888-1938. Bolshevik revolutionary and Soviet politician who advocated gradual agricultural collectivization. He ...
Bu·kho·ro (bo͞o-kôrʹō, -KHôʹrō) or Bu·kha·ra (-kärʹə, -KHäʹrə) also Bo·kha·ra (bō-) A city of southern Uzbekistan west of Samarqand. It is one of the oldest ...
Bukit Fraser
▪ Malaysia formerly  Frasers Hill        mountain resort in the Main Range, West Malaysia (Malaya). It lies 40 miles (65 km) north of Kuala Lumpur, at an elevation ...
▪ Indonesia formerly  Fort de Kock         city, Sumatera Barat provinsi (province), Sumatra, Indonesia. It lies at an elevation of 3,000 feet (900 metres) on the ...
Bükk Mountains
▪ mountains, Hungary       a southward-projecting spur of the Carpathian Mountains, in northeastern Hungary. It comprises a forested highland area extending some 30 ...
/booh'keuh vee"neuh/; Rum. /boo kaw vee"nah/, n. Bucovina. * * * Region, eastern central Europe. It consists of part of the northeastern Carpathian Mtns. and the adjoining ...
Bukowski, Charles
born Aug. 16, 1920, Andernach, Ger. died March 9, 1994, San Pedro, Calif., U.S. German-born U.S. poet, short-story writer, and novelist. His family immigrated to Los Angeles in ...
▪ Nigeria       town, Plateau state, central Nigeria, located on the Jos Plateau. It lies along a branch railway from Jos town (8 miles [13 km] north-northeast), and it ...
/boohl/, n. Chiefly Biblical. a month equivalent to Heshvan of the modern Jewish calendar. I Kings 6:38. * * *
bulletin. * * *
▪ India       city, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies about 40 miles (65 km) southeast of Delhi, on the Kali River. Its name, which means ...
/booh'leuh way"yoh, -wah"-/, n. a city in SW Zimbabwe: mining center. 318,000. * * * City (pop., 1998 est.: 790,000), southwestern Zimbabwe. One of the country's largest ...
—bulbed, adj. —bulbless, adj. /bulb/, n. 1. Bot. a. a usually subterranean and often globular bud having fleshy leaves emergent at the top and a stem reduced to a flat disk, ...
bulb keel
Naut. a narrow keel having a swelling weight of lead or iron at the bottom. [1890-95] * * *
bulb rot
▪ plant disease       widespread disease that can infect all flower and crop bulbs and is caused by a variety of fungi and a few bacteria. Shoots fail to emerge or ...
bulbaceous [bəl bā′shəs] adj. 〚L bulbaceus〛 Bot. BULBOUS * * *
/bul"beuhr, -bahr/, adj. of or pertaining to a bulb, esp. to the medulla oblongata. [1875-80; BULB + -AR1] * * *
bulbed [bulbd] adj. having a bulb or bulbs * * *
bul·bel (bŭlʹbəl, -bĕl') n. 1. A smaller bulb produced from a larger bulb. 2. A bulblet.   [French bulbille. See bulbil.] * * *
/bul bif"euhr euhs/, adj. producing bulbs. [1800-10; < NL bulbifer (see BULB, -I-, -FER) + -OUS] * * *
/bul"bil/, n. 1. Bot. Also, bulbel /bul"beuhl, -bel/. bulblet. 2. Mycol. a rounded mass of fungus cells resembling a sclerotium but of simpler organization, most commonly ...
/bulb"lit/, n. Bot. a small bulb or bulblike structure, esp. one growing in the axils of leaves, as in the tiger lily, or replacing flowers, as in the onion. Also called ...
bulbocavernosus muscle
also called  Bulbospongiosus,         a muscle of the perineum, the area between the anus and the genitals. In the male, it surrounds the bulb (the enlarged inner end of ...
▪ plant genus       one of the largest genera of orchids, family Orchidaceae, composed of more than 2,000 species of plants native to Africa, Asia, and the Americas, ...
/bul'boh yoo ree"threuhl/, adj. Anat., Zool. of or pertaining to the rounded mass of tissue surrounding the urethra at the root of the penis. [BULB + -o- + URETHRAL] * * *
bulbourethral gland
Anat., Zool. See Cowper's gland. * * * ▪ anatomy also called  Cowper's Gland,         either of two pea-shaped glands in the male, located beneath the prostate gland ...
bul·bo·u·re·thral gland (bŭl'bō-yo͝o-rēʹthrəl) n. Either of two small racemose glands that are located below the prostate and discharge a component of the seminal ...
—bulbously, adv. /bul"beuhs/, adj. 1. bulb-shaped; bulging. 2. having or growing from bulbs. Also, bulbaceous /bul bay"sheuhs/. [1570-80; < L bulbosus. See BULB, -OUS] * * *
bulbous buttercup
a European buttercup, Ranunculus bulbosus, having yellow flowers in irregular branching clusters: a common weed in North America. Also called bulbous crowfoot. * * *
See bulbous. * * *
/bool"bool/, n. 1. a songbird often mentioned in Persian poetry, regarded as being a nightingale. 2. any of several oscine birds of the family Pycnonotidae, of the Old World ...
▪ India also spelled  Buldhana        town, northern Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India, on the Penganga River. Buldana is situated in the ...
/bool"finch'/, n. 1. Charles, 1763-1844, U.S. architect. 2. his son, Thomas, 1796-1867, U.S. author and mythologist. * * *
Bulfinch, Charles
born Aug. 8, 1763, Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony died April 4, 1844, Boston, Mass., U.S. First professional U.S. architect. He studied at Harvard University and then toured ...
Bul·finch (bo͝olʹfĭnch'), Charles. 1763-1844. American architect whose major works include the Massachusetts State House in Boston (1798) and the completion of the U.S. ...
Bulfinch, Thomas. 1796-1867. American writer best known for his books popularizing Greek, Roman, Scandinavian, and Celtic mythology. * * *
Bulg abbrev. 1. Bulgaria 2. Bulgarian * * *
1. Bulgaria. 2. Bulgarian. Also, Bulg. * * *
Bulgakov [bool gä′kôf] Mikhail (Afanasyevich) [mē΄khä ēl′] 1891-1940; Russ. novelist & playwright * * *
Bulgakov, Macarius
▪ Russian Orthodox metropolitan original name  Mikhail Petrovich Bulgakov   born 1816, Kursk, Russia died 1882, Moscow       Russian Orthodox metropolitan ...
Bulgakov, Mikhail (Afanasyevich)
born May 15, 1891, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died March 10, 1940, Moscow, Russian S.F.S.R., U.S.S.R. Russian playwright, novelist, and short-story writer. He wrote and ...
Bulgakov, Mikhail Afanasyevich
▪ Russian author born May 15 [May 3, Old Style], 1891, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died March 10, 1940, Moscow  Soviet playwright, novelist, and short-story writer best ...
Bulgakov, Sergey Nikolayevich
▪ Russian economist and theologian born June 16, 1871, Livny, Russia died July 12, 1944, Paris, France       economist and Russian Orthodox theologian who brought to ...
/bool gah"nin, -gan"in/; Russ. /boohl gah"nyin/, n. Nikolai Aleksandrovich /nik'euh luy" al'ik san"dreuh vich, -sahn"-/; Russ. /nyi ku luy" u lyi ksahn"drddeuh vyich/, 1895-1975, ...
Bulganin, Nikolay (Aleksandrovich)
born June 11, 1895, Nizhy Novgorod, Russia died Feb. 24, 1975, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet statesman and industrial and economic administrator. After supporting Nikita ...
Bulganin, Nikolay Aleksandrovich
▪ premier of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics born May 30 [June 11, New Style], 1895, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia died Feb. 24, 1975, Moscow       statesman and ...
Bulganin,Nikolai Aleksandrovich
Bul·ga·nin (bo͝ol-gănʹĭn, -gäʹnyĭn), Nikolai Aleksandrovich. 1895-1975. Soviet military and political leader who was premier from 1955 to 1958, when he was ousted by ...
/bul"geuhr, bool"gahr/, n. Bulgarian (def. 1). * * * ▪ people also called  Bulgarian,         member of a people known in eastern European history during the Middle ...
/bul gair"ee euh, bool-/, n. a republic in SE Europe. 8,652,745; 42,800 sq. mi. (110,850 sq. km). Cap.: Sofia. * * * Bulgaria Introduction Bulgaria - ...
Bulgaria, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped white-green-red national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is unspecified.       In the 14th century the coat of arms ...
/bul gair"ee euhn, bool-/, n. 1. Also, Bulgar. a native or inhabitant of Bulgaria. 2. a Slavic language, the language of Bulgaria. Abbr.: Bulg., Bulg adj. 3. of or pertaining to ...
Bulgarian Agrarian National Union
▪ political party, Bulgaria also called  Peasant Party , Bulgarian  Bŭlgarski Zemedelski Naroden Sŭyuz (BZNS)        Bulgarian political party founded under the ...

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