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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Bumpus, Dean
▪ 2003       American oceanographer (b. May 11, 1912, Newburyport, Mass.—d. March 14, 2002, Woods Hole, Mass.), conducted one of the most comprehensive studies of ...
—bumpily, adv. —bumpiness, n. /bum"pee/, adj., bumpier, bumpiest. 1. of uneven surface; full of bumps: a bumpy road. 2. full of jolts: a bumpy ride. 3. causing jolts: Bumpy ...
bun1 /bun/, n. 1. any of a wide variety of variously shaped bread rolls, usually leavened and slightly sweetened or plain, sometimes containing spices, dried currants, etc. 2. ...
blood urea nitrogen: the concentration of nitrogen in the blood in the form of urea, indicating kidney function. * * *
bun foot
Furniture. a foot having the form of a slightly flattened ball. Cf. ball foot. [1900-05] * * *
/booh"neuh, byooh"-/, Trademark. a brand of synthetic rubber made by polymerizing or copolymerizing butadiene with another material, as acrylonitrile, styrene, or sodium. * * *
Bunau-Varilla, Philippe (-Jean)
born July 26, 1859, Paris, France died May 18, 1940, Paris French engineer. He worked for the French Panama Canal Co. (1884–89) until the project failed. He helped to ...
Bunau-Varilla, Philippe-Jean
▪ French engineer born July 26, 1859, Paris, France died May 18, 1940, Paris       French engineer and a key figure in the decision to construct the Panama ...
▪ Western Australia, Australia       town and seaport, southwestern Western Australia, south of Perth and Fremantle. It lies on the southern shore of Koombana Bay ...
/bunch/, n. 1. a connected group; cluster: a bunch of grapes. 2. a group of things: a bunch of papers. 3. Informal. a group of people: They're a fine bunch of students. 4. a ...
bunch grass
any of various grasses in different regions of North America, growing in distinct clumps. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
bunch light
a light consisting of a group of small light bulbs mounted in a reflecting box. * * *
bunch pink.
See sweet william. [1855-60] * * *
/bunch"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. bunchberries. a dwarf dogwood, Cornus canadensis, bearing dense clusters of bright-red berries. Also called crackerberry. [1835-45; BUNCH + ...
/bunch/, n. Ralph (Johnson), 1904-71, U.S. diplomat: at the United Nations 1946-71; Nobel peace prize 1950. * * *
Bunche, Ralph
▪ American diplomat in full  Ralph Johnson Bunche  born Aug. 7, 1904, Detroit, Mich., U.S. died Dec. 9, 1971, New York, N.Y.  U.S. diplomat, a key member of the United ...
Bunche, Ralph (Johnson)
born Aug. 7, 1904, Detroit, Mich., U.S. died Dec. 9, 1971, New York, N.Y. U.S. diplomat. He earned graduate degrees at Harvard University and taught at Howard University from ...
Bunche,Ralph Johnson
Bunche (bŭnch), Ralph Johnson. 1904-1971. American diplomat. He won the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize for his work on the United Nations Palestine Commission. * * *
buncher resonator
/bun"cheuhr/, Electronics. See under Klystron. [BUNCH + -ER1] * * *
/bunch"flow'euhr/, n. 1. a stout North American plant, Melanthium virginicum, of the lily family, having grasslike leaves and an open cluster of small greenish flowers. 2. any ...
bunch grass or bunch·grass (bŭnchʹgrăs') n. Any of various grasses in many different genera that grow in clumplike fashion rather than forming a sod or mat. * * *
See bunch. * * *
bunch·ing onion (bŭnʹchĭng) n. Any of certain kinds of onion plants, such as the Welsh onion, that do not form a well-developed bulb and are grown for their multiple stems, ...
—bunchily, adv. —bunchiness, n. /bun"chee/, adj., bunchier, bunchiest. 1. having bunches. 2. bulging or protuberant. [1350-1400; ME; see BUNCH, -Y1] * * *
/bung"koh/, n., pl. buncos, v., buncoed, buncoing. Informal. bunko. * * *
/bung"keuhm/, n. bunkum. * * *
/bund/, n. (in Asian countries) an embankment or an embanked quay, often providing a promenade. [1805-15; < Hindi band < Pers: dam, levee; akin to BIND, BOND1] * * * ▪ ...
—Bundist, n. /boond, bund/; Ger. /boont/, n., pl. Bunds, Ger. Bünde /byuun"deuh/. 1. a short form of "German-American Volksbund," a pro-Nazi organization in the U.S. during ...
▪ Queensland, Australia       city and port, Queensland, Australia, on Burnett River. The centre for large sugar plantations established in the 1870s, it has sugar ...
▪ Zoroastrian text       (Pahlavi: Original Creation), Zoroastrian scripture giving an account of the creation, history, and duration of the world, the origin of man, ...
▪ Indian clan       Rajput (Rājput) clan that gave its name to Bundelkhand in north-central India. The Bundelas, whose origin is obscure, emerged in the 14th century. ...
/boon'dl kund", -khund"/, n. a former group of native states in central India, now part of Madhya Pradesh. * * * Historic region, central India. Long inhabited by various ...
Bundesbank [boon′dəs bäŋk΄, boon′desbaŋk΄] n. the central bank of Germany * * *
/boon"deuhs raht'/; Ger. /boon"deuhs rddaht'/, n. 1. the upper house of the federal legislature of Germany. 2. the federal council of Switzerland and of Austria. [1870-75; < G, ...
/boon"deuhs tahg'/; Ger. /boon"deuhs tahk'/, n. the lower house of the federal legislature of Germany. [1875-80; < G: federal assembly, equiv. to Bundes, gen. of Bund federation ...
/boon"deuhs vair'/; Ger. /boon"deuhs vayrdd'/, n. the armed forces of Germany. [ < G, equiv. to Bundes, gen. of Bund federation + Wehr defense] * * *
▪ India  town, southeastern Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. It is situated in a gorge surrounded by forested hills on which stand several palaces and ...
Būndi painting
      important school of the Rājasthanī style of Indian miniature painting that lasted from the 17th to the end of the 19th century in the princely state of Būndi and ...
See bund2. * * *
—bundler, n. /bun"dl/, n., v., bundled, bundling. n. 1. several objects or a quantity of material gathered or bound together: a bundle of hay. 2. an item, group, or quantity ...
bundle buggy
a shopping cart, usually one owned by the shopper rather than one provided by the store. * * *
bundle of His
/his/, Anat. See atrioventricular bundle. [after Wilhelm His (1863-1934), Swiss physician] * * *
bundle of isoglosses
bundle (def. 6). * * *
bundle of nerves
a person who is extremely nervous. [1935-40] * * *
bundle theory
Theory advanced by David Hume to the effect that the mind is merely a bundle of perceptions without deeper unity or cohesion, related only by resemblance, succession, and ...
/bun"dld/, adj. Computers. (of hardware or software) sold together, as a package, rather than separately. [BUNDLE + -ED2] * * *
bundleof nerves
bundle of nerves n. Informal An extremely nervous person. * * *
See bundle. * * *
bundle scar n. A small mark on a leaf scar indicating a point where a vein from the leaf was once connected with the stem. * * *
bundle sheath n. A layer or region of cells surrounding a vascular bundle. * * *
Bundt [bunt, boont] 〚arbitrary coinage〛 trademark for a type of tube pan with fluted sides adj. [often b-] 1. designating such a pan or a similarly shaped mold 2. baked in ...
Bundt cake
/bunt, boont/ a ring-shaped cake baked in a tube pan with fluted sides. [after Bundt, trademark name of a brand of tube pans] * * *
bundt cake (bŭnt, bo͝ont) frosting a bundt cake PhotoDisc, Inc. n. A ring-shaped cake baked in a tube pan that has fluted sides.   [Originally a trademark.] * * *
Bundt{™} pan
n a US type of heavy metal pan in the shape of a ring, made by Nordic Ware. Bundt pans are used mostly to shape and bake cakes but also for bread and salads. * * *
/bun"dee/, n., pl. bundies. Australian. a time clock. [1930-35; said to be after W. H. Bundy, an Australian manufacturer of time clocks] * * *
Bundy, McGeorge
born March 30, 1919, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Sept. 16, 1996, Boston U.S. public official and educator. He served in World War II as an intelligence officer. He joined the ...
Bundy, Ted
▪ American serial killer in full  Theodore Robert Bundy  born Nov. 24, 1946, Burlington, Vt., U.S. died Jan. 24, 1989, Starke, Fla.       American serial killer and ...
Bundy, William P.
▪ 2001       U.S. presidential adviser (b. Sept. 24, 1917, Washington, D.C.—d. Oct. 6, 2000, Princeton, N.J.), was one of the foremost architects of the U.S. policy in ...
bung1 /bung/, n. 1. a stopper for the opening of a cask. 2. a bunghole. v.t. 3. to close with or as if with a bung; cork; plug (often fol. by up). [1400-50; late ME bunge < MD ...
/bung"geuh loyd'/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the style or appearance of a bungalow. 2. (of a town or neighborhood) characterized by having bungalows or ...
/bung"geuh loh'/, n. 1. a cottage of one story. 2. (in India) a one-storied thatched or tiled house, usually surrounded by a veranda. 3. (in the U.S.) a derivation of the Indian ...
Bunge, Nikolay Khristyanovich
▪ Russian economist born Nov. 11 [Nov. 23, New Style], 1823, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now in Ukraine] died June 3 [June 15], 1895, Tsarskoe Selo, near St. Petersburg, ...
/bun"jee/, n. 1. Aeron. any of certain springs or elastic tension devices, as the springs attached to movable controls of aircraft to facilitate their manipulation. 2. See bungee ...
bungee cord
an elasticized cord, typically with a hook at each end, used to bind items or packages together, to secure a suitcase to a wheeled carrier, etc. Also called bungee, shock cord. * ...
bungee jumping
the sport of jumping off a high structure to which one is attached by bungee cords, so that the body springs back just short of hitting the ground or water. [1975-1980] * * ...
bun·gee cord (bŭnʹjē') n. An elasticized rubber cord, often fitted with hooks at the ends, used to fasten, bear weight, or absorb shock.   [Alteration of bunjie, rubber.] * ...
See bungee jumping. * * *
bungee jumping n. The sport of jumping usually head-first from a great height while attached to a bungee cord.   bungee jumper n. * * *
/bung"euhr/, n. Australian. a firecracker. [perh. BUNG3 + -ER1] * * *
/bung"hohl'/, n. a hole in a cask through which it is filled. [1565-75; BUNG1 + HOLE] * * *
—bungler, n. —bunglingly, adv. /bung"geuhl/, v., bungled, bungling, n. v.t. 1. to do clumsily and awkwardly; botch: He bungled the job. v.i. 2. to perform or work clumsily or ...
See bungle. * * *
/bung"geuhl seuhm/, adj. clumsy or awkward. [1885-90, Amer.; BUNGLE + -SOME1] * * *
See bungler. * * *
/bung"stahr'teuhr/, n. a mallet for loosening or removing the bung of a cask. [BUNG1 + STARTER] * * *
/booh"nyin/, n. Ivan Alekseevich /ee vahn" u lyi ksye"yi vyich/, 1870-1953, Russian poet and novelist: Nobel prize 1933. * * *
Bunin, Ivan (Alekseyevich)
born Oct. 10, 1870, Voronezh, Russia died Nov. 8, 1953, Paris, France Russian poet and novelist. He worked as a journalist and clerk while writing and translating poetry, but ...
Bunin, Ivan Alekseyevich
▪ Russian author born Oct. 10 [Oct. 22, New Style], 1870, Voronezh, Russia died Nov. 8, 1953, Paris, France  poet and novelist, the first Russian to receive the Nobel Prize ...
Bunin,Ivan Alekseevich
Bu·nin (bo͞oʹnĭn, -nyĭn), Ivan Alekseevich. 1870-1953. Russian writer best known for his short stories, such as “The Gentleman from San Francisco” (1916). He lived in ...
/bun"yeuhn/, n. Podiatry. inflammation of the synovial bursa of the great toe, usually resulting in enlargement of the joint and lateral displacement of the toe. [1710-20; perh. ...
/bun'yeuh net"/, n. Podiatry. a bunionlike enlargement of the joint of the little toe, usually caused by pressure from tight shoes. Also called tailor's bunion. [BUNION + ...
bunk1 /bungk/, n. 1. a built-in platform bed, as on a ship. 2. Informal. any bed. 3. a cabin used for sleeping quarters, as in a summer camp; bunkhouse. 4. a trough for feeding ...
bunk bed
1. a piece of furniture consisting of two single platformlike beds connected one above the other. 2. either of these two beds. [1950-55] * * *
Bunka-Bunsei period
▪ Japanese history also called  Ōgosho Period,         in Japanese history, the era from 1804 to 1829, which witnessed an urban cultural scene unmatched since the ...
bunk bed n. Either of a pair of narrow beds stacked one on top of the other. * * *
/bung"keuhr/, n. 1. a large bin or receptacle; a fixed chest or box: a coal bunker. 2. a fortification set mostly below the surface of the ground with overhead protection ...
Bunker Hill
/bung"keuhr/ a hill in Charlestown, Mass.: the first major battle of the American Revolution, known as the Battle of Bunker Hill, was fought on adjoining Breed's Hill on June 17, ...
Bunker Hill, Battle of
Important colonial victory early in the American Revolution. Two months after the battles of Lexington and Concord, more than 15,000 colonial troops assembled near Boston to ...
bunker mentality
bunker mentality n. an attitude or state of mind characterized by extreme suspiciousness and defensiveness and by a feeling of being under attack by a hostile opposition while ...
bunker oil
Naut. oil taken on board a tanker as fuel, as distinguished from the oil carried as cargo. * * *
/bung"keuhr ij, bungk"rij/, n. Naut. the act of bunkering a vessel. [BUNKER + -AGE] * * *
Bun·ker Hill (bŭngʹkər) A low elevation, 32.6 m (107 ft) high, in Charlestown, a section of Boston, Massachusetts. The first major Revolutionary War battle was named for ...
bun·ker·ing (bŭngʹkər-ĭng) n. The act or process of supplying a ship with fuel. * * *
bunker mentality n. An attitude of extreme defensiveness and self-justification based on an often exaggerated sense of being under persistent attack from others. * * *
/bungk"hows'/, n., pl. bunkhouses /-how'ziz/. a rough building, often with bunk beds, used for sleeping quarters, as for ranch hands, migratory workers, or campers. [1875-80, ...
/bung"kee/, n. Slang. bunkmate. [1855-60, Amer.; BUNK1 + -IE] * * *
/bungk"mayt'/, n. a person who shares sleeping quarters with another, esp. one who sleeps in a neighboring bed. [1875-80, Amer.; BUNK1 + MATE1] * * *
/bung"koh/, n., pl. bunkos, v., bunkoed, bunkoing. Informal. n. 1. a swindle in which a person is cheated at gambling, persuaded to buy a nonexistent, unsalable, or worthless ...
bunko steerer
Informal. a swindler, esp. a person who lures another to a gambling game to be cheated. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
bunk·room (bŭngkʹro͞om', -ro͝om') n. A room providing usually temporary sleeping quarters, as for workers or travelers. * * *
/bung"keuhm/, n. 1. insincere speechmaking by a politician intended merely to please local constituents. 2. insincere talk; claptrap; humbug. Also, buncombe. [Amer.; after speech ...
/bun/, n. Obs. bun1 (def. 1). * * *
Bunner, Henry Cuyler
▪ American writer born Aug. 3, 1855, Oswego, N.Y., U.S. died May 11, 1896, Nutley, N.J.  poet, novelist, and editor whose verse and fiction primarily depict the scenes and ...
/bun"ee/, n., pl. bunnies, adj. n. 1. Informal. a rabbit, esp. a small or young one. 2. Slang (sometimes disparaging and offensive). a pretty, appealing, or alluring young woman, ...
bunny hug
a ballroom dance popular in the U.S. in the early 20th century and characterized by a syncopated rhythm. [1910-15] * * *
/byooh"neuh dont'/, adj. having molar teeth with crowns in the form of rounded or conical cusps. Cf. lophodont. [1870-75; < Gk boun(ós) hill + -ODONT] * * *
/boon rah"kooh/, n. (sometimes cap.) a form of Japanese puppet theater in which puppeteers, dressed in black and visible to the audience, manipulate large puppets to the ...
buns [bunz] pl.n. Slang the human buttocks * * *
▪ Japanese artist flourished 15th century, , Japan       Zen Buddhist artist whose seal appears on five remarkable paintings, strong evidence that he painted them. Two ...
/bun"seuhn/; Ger. /boon"zeuhn/, n. Robert Wilhelm /rob"euhrt wil"helm/; Ger. /rddoh"berddt vil"helm/, 1811-99, German chemist. * * *
Bunsen burner
a type of gas burner, commonly used in chemical laboratories, with which a very hot, practically nonluminous flame is obtained by allowing air to enter at the base and mix with ...
Bunsen, Christian Karl Josias, Freiherr von
▪ Prussian diplomat born August 25, 1791, Korbach, Waldeck [Germany] died November 28, 1860, Bonn, Prussia  liberal Prussian diplomat, scholar, and theologian who supported ...
Bunsen, Robert (Wilhelm)
born March 31, 1811, Göttingen, Westphalia died Aug. 16, 1899, Heidelberg, Baden German chemist. With Gustav Robert Kirchhoff, he observed (с 1859) that each element emits ...
Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm
▪ German chemist born March 31, 1811, Göttingen, Westphalia [Germany] died Aug. 16, 1899, Heidelberg, Baden  German chemist who, with Gustav Kirchhoff, about 1859 observed ...
Bunsen,Robert Wilhelm
Bun·sen (bŭnʹsən), Robert Wilhelm. 1811-1899. German chemist who pioneered in spectrum analysis and codiscovered the elements cesium and rubidium. He introduced the Bunsen ...
Bunsen burner n. A small laboratory burner consisting of a vertical metal tube connected to a gas source and producing a very hot flame from a mixture of gas and air let in ...
Bunshaft, Gordon
▪ American architect born May 9, 1909, Buffalo, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 6, 1990, New York, N.Y.  American architect and corecipient (with Oscar Niemeyer (Niemeyer, Oscar)) of ...
bunt1 —bunter, n. /bunt/, v.t. 1. (of a goat or calf) to push with the horns or head; butt. 2. Baseball. to bat (a pitched ball) very gently so that it rolls into the infield ...
bunt order
a dominance hierarchy seen in herds of cattle, established and maintained by bunting. * * *
See bunt1. * * * the main character in a series of children’s stories by Frank Richards. He is a greedy fat boy at a British public school called Greyfriars who often gets ...
bunting1 /bun"ting/, n. 1. a coarse, open fabric of worsted or cotton for flags, signals, etc. 2. patriotic and festive decorations made from such cloth, or from paper, usually ...
Bunting-Smith, Mary Ingraham
▪ 1999       American scientist, educator, and administrator (b. July 10, 1910, New York, N.Y.—d. Jan. 21, 1998, Hanover, N.H.), as president of Radcliffe College ...
/bunt"lin, -luyn'/, n. Naut. one of the ropes attached to the foot of a square sail to haul it up to the yard for furling. [1620-30; BUNT2 + LINE1] * * *
Bunt·line (bŭntʹlĭn, -līn'), Ned. See Judson, Edward Zane Carroll. * * *
/bun"tn/, n. Mining. one of a number of struts reinforcing the walls of a shaft and dividing it into vertical compartments. Also called divider. [1625-35; earlier bunting squared ...
/boohn wel"/; Sp. /booh nywel"/, n. Luis /lwees/, 1900-83, Spanish film director. * * *
Buñuel, Luis
born Feb. 22, 1900, Calanda, Spain died July 29, 1983, Mexico City, Mex. Spanish film director. As a student at the University of Madrid he met Salvador Dalí, with whom he ...
Bu·ñu·el (bo͞o-nyo͞o-ĕlʹ), Luis. 1900-1983. Spanish director known for his studies of modern social manners in films such as Belle de Jour (1966) and The Discreet Charm ...
/boohn'yooh ay"loh/; Sp. /booh nywe"law/, n., pl. buñuelos /-lohz/; Sp. /-laws/. Mexican Cookery. a thin, round, fried pastry, often dusted with cinnamon sugar. [ < MexSp; Sp: ...
bunya pine
▪ plant also called  Bunya Bunya Pine        (species Araucaria bidwillii), large evergreen conifer of the family Araucariaceae, native to Australia but used in the ...
/bun"yeuh bun"yeuh/, n. an evergreen tree, Araucaria bidwilli, of Australia, having stiff, sharp, glossy needles in distinct rows, grown as an ornamental in warm ...
/bun"yeuhn/, n. 1. John, 1628-88, English preacher: author of The Pilgrim's Progress. 2. Paul. See Paul Bunyan. * * *
Bunyan, John
born November 1628, Elstow, Bedfordshire, Eng. died Aug. 31, 1688, London English minister and author. Bunyan encountered the seething religious life of various left-wing sects ...
Bunyan, Paul
Legendary giant lumberjack of the U.S. frontier. A symbol of strength and vitality, he is accompanied by a giant blue ox, Babe. He was credited with creating Puget Sound, ...
Bun·yan (bŭnʹyən), John. 1628-1688. English preacher and writer celebrated for his Pilgrim's Progress (two parts, 1678 and 1684), the allegorical tale of Christian's journey ...
/bun'yeuh nesk"/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling the legends about Paul Bunyan. 2. of immense size or stature, as ascribed to Paul Bunyan or to the other characters, ...
bun·ya pine (bŭnʹyə) n. See bunya-bunya. * * *
/bun"yip/, Australian. n. 1. a mythical creature of Aboriginal legend said to inhabit water and watercourses. 2. an impostor. adj. 3. counterfeit; phony. [1840-50; < Wergaia ...
▪ historical kingdom, East Africa       East African kingdom that flourished from the 16th to the 19th century west of Lake Victoria (Victoria, Lake), in present-day ...
Buol-Schauenstein, Karl Ferdinand, Graf von
▪ foreign minister of Austria born May 17, 1797, Regensburg, Germany died October 28, 1865, Vienna, Austria       foreign minister (1852–59) of the Habsburg Austrian ...
buon fresco
/bwawn/ fresco (def. 1). [ < It: lit., good fresco] * * *
buon giorno
/bwawn' jawrdd"naw/, Italian. good morning; good day. * * *
Buon Me Thuot
▪ Vietnam also spelled  Ban Me Thuot,  formerly  Lac Giao        largest city in the central highlands, west-central Vietnam. At an elevation of 1,759 feet (536 ...
buona notte
/bwaw'nah nawt"te/, Italian. good night. * * *
buona sera
/bwaw'nah se"rddah/, Italian. good evening. * * *
It. /bwaw'nah pahrdd"te/, n. Bonaparte. * * *
Buonaparte, Carlo Maria
▪ father of Napoleon born March 29, 1746, Ajaccio, Corsica died Feb. 24, 1785, Montpellier, Fr.       father of Napoleon I.       Buonaparte took a law degree at ...
Buonaparte, Letizia
▪ mother of Napoleon née  Maria Letizia Ramolino , byname  Madame Mère  born Aug. 24, 1750, Ajaccio, Corsica died Feb. 2, 1836, Rome, Italy  mother of Napoleon I by ...
It. /bwaw'nahrdd rddaw"tee/, n. Michelangelo. * * *
Buono, Angelo, Jr.
▪ 2003       American crime figure (b. Oct. 5, 1934, Rochester, N.Y.—d. Sept. 22, 2002, Sacramento, Calif.), was convicted in 1983 of the murder of nine women in Los ...
It. /bwaw'nawn chee"nee/, n. Bononcini. * * *
Buontalenti, Bernardo
▪ Italian stage designer byname  Bernardo Delle Girandole (Fireworks)   born 1536?, Florence [Italy] died June 25/26, 1608, Florence       Florentine stage designer ...
/booh"ee, boy/, n. 1. Naut. a distinctively shaped and marked float, sometimes carrying a signal or signals, anchored to mark a channel, anchorage, navigational hazard, etc., or ...
buoy boat
a boat used in whaling for holding and towing the whales killed during a hunt. * * *
/booh"ee ij, boy"ij/, n. Naut. 1. a system of buoys. 2. the provision of buoys. 3. a fee for the use of a mooring buoy. [1850-55; BUOY + -AGE] * * *
buoy·ance (boiʹəns, bo͞oʹyəns) n. Buoyancy. * * *
/boy"euhn see, booh"yeuhn see/, n. 1. the power to float or rise in a fluid; relative lightness. 2. the power of supporting a body so that it floats; upward pressure exerted by ...
buoyancy compensator
Scuba Diving. an inflatable vest used to control one's buoyancy underwater or to rest at the surface, usually having a connecting hose for inflation or deflation by mouth and a ...
—buoyantly, adv. /boy"euhnt, booh"yeuhnt/, adj. 1. tending to float in a fluid. 2. capable of keeping a body afloat, as a liquid. 3. not easily depressed; cheerful. 4. cheering ...
buoyant force
Physics. See under Archimedes' principle. Also called buoyancy force. * * *
See buoyant. * * *
(in full British United Provident Association) a British company that sells insurance to people who want to have private medical treatment instead of using the National Health ...
/byooh piv"euh kayn'/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline powder, C18H28N2O, used as a local anesthetic. [perh. BU(TYL) + pi(pecoloxylidide) its chemical components + -vacaine, ...
☆ buppie [bup′ē ] n. 〚 B( (adj. 2b) + (Y)UPPIE〛 Informal an African-American yuppie * * * bup·pie (bŭpʹē) n. Informal A young Black city or suburban resident with ...
/bup"ee/, n., pl. Buppies. a young, upwardly mobile black professional. Also, Buppie. [1980-85, Amer.; b(lack) u(rban) p(rofessional), on the model of YUPPIE] * * *
/book"shah, buk"-/, n. (formerly) an aluminum-copper coin and monetary unit of the Yemen Arab Republic, the 40th part of a riyal. Also, bugsha, bugshah. [ < Ar buqshah, Bedouin ...
bur1 /berr/, n., v., burred, burring. n. 1. a rough, prickly case around the seeds of certain plants, as the chestnut or burdock. 2. any bur-bearing plant. 3. something that ...
bur clover
any of several Eurasian legumes of the genus Medicago, as M. hispida, having yellow flowers and prickly, coiled, black pods, naturalized in North America. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
bur cucumber
1. a climbing vine, Sicyos angulatus, of the gourd family, of eastern and midwestern North America, having leaves with pointed lobes, small white or greenish flowers, and ...
bur gherkin
gherkin (def. 2). * * *
bur marigold
any of various composite plants of the genus Bidens, esp. those having conspicuous yellow flowers. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
bur oak
an oak tree, Quercus macrocarpa, of eastern North America, having shiny, dark-green leaves, light-gray deeply ridged bark, and very large acorns with a fringed cup, yielding a ...
bur reed
any plant of the genus Sparganium, having ribbony leaves and bearing burlike fruit. [1590-1600] * * *
bur-reed [bʉrrēd΄] adj. designating a family (Sparganiaceae, order Typhales) of monocotyledonous marsh or water plants * * *
Burma. * * *
bureau. * * *
/boor"euh kooh'min/, n.pl. (in Japan) the members of a large social minority who have traditionally been considered outcasts. [1965-70; < Japn, equiv. to buraku settlement, ...
buran [bo͞o rän′] n. 〚Russ < Turk〛 a strong NE windstorm of the steppes of Russia and Siberia, bringing blizzards in the winter and hot dust in the summer * * * bu·ran ...
▪ Italy       northeastern suburb of Venice, northeastern Italy, comprising four islets in the Laguna Veneta (Venice Lagoon). The settlement is thought to have been ...
Burano lace
▪ lace       lace made on the island of Burano, near Venice. Until the early 19th century, there had been a Burano lace industry producing copies of 18th-century French ...
/boo rahk"/, n. Islam. the legendary beast, a winged horse with the face of a woman and the tail of a peacock, on which Muhammad ascended to heaven. * * * ▪ Islamic ...
▪ Saudi Arabia       town, Najd (Central) region, north-central Saudi Arabia. It has long been a commercial rival of ʿUnayzah to the south, at one time controlling the ...
/berrb/, n. Slang. suburb. [by shortening] * * *
/berr"bij/, n. Richard, 1567?-1619, English actor and associate of Shakespeare. * * *
Burbage, Richard
born с 1567, London, Eng. died March 9/13, 1619, London British actor. A popular actor by age 20, he was a member of the Earl of Leicester's company and the Chamberlain's ...
Bur·bage (bûrʹbĭj), Richard. 1567?-1619. English actor and theater manager. The foremost tragedian of his day, he was the first to play the title roles in Shakespeare's ...
/berr"bangk'/, n. 1. Luther, 1849-1926, U.S. horticulturist and plant breeder. 2. a city in SW California. 84,625. 3. a town in central Illinois. 28,462. * * * ▪ California, ...
Burbank, Luther
born March 7, 1849, Lancaster, Mass., U.S. died April 11, 1926, Santa Rosa, Cal. U.S. plant breeder. He was reared on a farm and never obtained a college education. Influenced ...
Burbank, Luther. 1849-1926. American horticulturist who developed countless new varieties of fruits, vegetables, and flowers, including the Burbank potato and the Shasta daisy. * ...
/berr"beuh ree, -ber'ee/, Trademark. 1. a brand of raincoat made of a waterproof, mercerized cotton fabric. 2. any of various fabrics used in clothing, esp. in coats. * * *
n a British make of raincoat that is well known for being expensive and of very good quality: He was wearing a grey Burberry and carried an umbrella. * * *
/berr"bij/, n. (Eleanor) Margaret (Peachey) /pee"chee/, born 1919, U.S. astronomer, born in England. * * *
Burbidge, (Eleanor) Margaret
orig. Eleanor Margaret Peachey born Aug. 12, 1919, Davenport, Cheshire, Eng. English astronomer. She served as acting director (1950–51) of the Observatory of the University ...
Burbidge, (Eleanor)Margaret
Bur·bidge (bûrʹbĭj), (Eleanor) Margaret. Born 1919. British-born American astronomer known for her work on quasars and the composition of the interior of the stars. She was ...
Burbidge, Margaret
▪ British astronomer née  Eleanor Margaret Peachey  born August 12, 1919, Davenport, Cheshire, England       English-born American astronomer and first woman to be ...
—burbler, n. —burbly, adv. /berr"beuhl/, v., burbled, burbling, n. v.i. 1. to make a bubbling sound; bubble. 2. to speak in an excited manner; babble. n. 3. a bubbling or ...
See burble. * * *
See burbler. * * *
/berr"beuht/, n., pl. burbots, (esp. collectively) burbot. a freshwater cod, Lota lota, of Europe, Asia, and North America, having an elongated body and a barbel on the ...
burbs [bʉrbz] pl.n. Informal short for suburbs: see SUBURB (n. 2) * * *
Burchenal, Joseph H.
▪ 2007       American oncologist, (b. Dec. 21, 1912, Milford, Del.—d. March 8, 2006, Hanover, N.H.), pioneered the use of drugs, or chemotherapy, for the treatment of ...
/berrch"feeld'/, n. Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967, U.S. painter. * * *
Burchfield, Charles
▪ American painter in full  Charles Ephraim Burchfield  born April 9, 1893, Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, U.S. died January 10, 1967, Gardenville, New York       American ...
Burchfield, Charles (Ephraim)
born April 9, 1893, Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 10, 1967, Gardenville, N.Y. U.S. painter. He attended the Cleveland School of Art and, after service in World War I, ...
Burchfield, R W
▪ 2005       New Zealand-born British scholar and lexicographer (b. Jan. 27, 1923, Wanganui, N.Z.—d. July 5, 2004, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, Eng.), ushered into print the ...
Burchfield,Charles Ephraim
Burch·field (bûrchʹfēld'), Charles Ephraim. 1893-1967. American painter whose works, usually in watercolor, include landscapes and somber urban scenes. * * *
(1959– ) an English journalist who began writing about punk(1) music for the New Musical Express in the 1970s. She has written articles about a wide range of subjects for ...
/berrk"hahrt/; Ger. /boorddk"hahrddt'/, n. Jakob /yah"kawp/, 1818-97, Swiss historian. * * *
Burckhardt, Jacob
▪ Swiss art historian Introduction Jacob Christopher also spelled  Jakob Christoph   born May 25, 1818, Basel, Switz. died Aug. 8, 1897, Basel  one of the first great ...
Burckhardt, Jacob (Christopher)
born May 25, 1818, Basel, Switz. died Aug. 8, 1897, Basel Swiss historian of art and culture. After abandoning his study of theology, Burckhardt studied art history, then a new ...
Burckhardt, Johann Ludwig
▪ Swiss author also called  Ibrāhīm Ibn ʿabd Allāh   born Nov. 24, 1784, Lausanne, Switz. died Oct. 15, 1817, Cairo       the first European in modern times to ...
bur cucumber n. 1. A weedy, annual, tendril-bearing vine (Sicyos angulatus) native to North America and having small whitish flowers and clusters of small fruits covered with ...
/berrd/, n. Chiefly Scot. a young lady; maiden. [1175-1225; ME burde lady, perh. repr. OE byrde well born] * * *
Burdekin River
▪ river, Queensland, Australia       coastal river of eastern Queensland, Australia. It rises on the western slopes of the Seaview Range, 45 miles (72 km) from the ...
burden1 —burdener, n. —burdenless, adj. /berr"dn/, n. 1. that which is carried; load: a horse's burden of rider and pack. 2. that which is borne with difficulty; obligation; ...
burden of proof
1. Chiefly Law. the obligation to offer evidence that the court or jury could reasonably believe, in support of a contention, failing which the case will be lost. 2. the ...
/berr"dnd/, adj. Navig. (of a vessel) required to yield to a vessel having the right of way. Cf. privileged (def. 5). [BURDEN1 + -ED2] * * *
burdenof proof
burden of proof n. Law The responsibility of proving a disputed charge or allegation. * * *
—burdensomely, adv. —burdensomeness, n. /berr"dn seuhm/, adj. 1. oppressively heavy; onerous. 2. distressing; troublesome. 3. Naut. having a full hull form, as a merchant ...
See burdensome. * * *
See burdensomely. * * *
Burdett, Sir Francis, 5th Baronet
▪ British politician born Jan. 25, 1770, Wiltshire, Eng. died Jan. 23, 1844, London       English politician and a zealous and courageous advocate of reform who more ...
Burdett-Coutts, Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts, Baroness
▪ British philanthropist original name  Angela Georgina Burdett   born April 21, 1814, London, Eng. died Dec. 30, 1906, London       English philanthropist who, ...
Burdigalian Stage
▪ geology       the second of six stages (in ascending order) subdividing Miocene (Miocene Epoch) rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the ...
/berr"dok/, n. a composite plant of the genus Arctium, esp. A. lappa, a coarse, broad-leaved weed bearing prickly heads of burs that stick to the clothing. [1590-1600; BUR1 + ...
▪ Turkey also called  Buldur,         city, southwestern Turkey, near the eastern shore of Lake Burdur. Called Polydorion in the European Middle Ages, it fell to the ...
▪ India also called  Bardhaman  or  Barddhaman        city, central West Bengal state, northeastern India. The city is a major communications centre lying astride ...
/byoor"oh/, n., pl. bureaus, bureaux /byoor"ohz/. 1. a chest of drawers, often with a mirror at the top. 2. a division of a government department or an independent administrative ...
bureau de change
/byuu rddohdeu shahonnzh"/, pl. bureaux de change /byuu rddohdeu shahonnzh"/. French. an office where money can be exchanged. * * *
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
(abbr ATF) the division of the US Department of Justice that is responsible for laws relating to alcohol, tobacco, guns and explosives. The Bureau was established in 1972 as part ...
Bureau of Customs
former name of the United States Customs Service. * * *
Bureau of Indian Affairs
U.S. Govt. a division of the Department of the Interior that administers federal programs benefiting Native American peoples. Abbr.: BIA * * *
Bureau of Internal Revenue
former name of the Internal Revenue Service. * * *
Bureau of Land Management
U.S. Govt. a division of the Department of the Interior that manages public lands and resources. Abbr.: BLM, B.L.M. * * *
Bureau of Mines
U.S. Govt. a division of the Department of the Interior, created in 1910, that studies the nation's mineral resources and inspects mines. * * *
Bureau of Standards
since 1988 U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce responsible for the standardization of weights and measures, ...
Bureau of the Budget
former name of the Office of Management and Budget. See OMB. * * *
Bureau of the Census
U.S. Govt. the division of the Department of Commerce that gathers, tabulates, and correlates census statistics. * * *
/byoo rok"reuh see/, n., pl. bureaucracies. 1. government by many bureaus, administrators, and petty officials. 2. the body of officials and administrators, esp. of a government ...
—bureaucratism /byoor"euh krat iz'euhm, byoo rok"reuh tiz'-/, n. /byoor"euh krat'/, n. 1. an official of a bureaucracy. 2. an official who works by fixed routine without ...
/byoor'euh kra teez", -tees", byoo rok'reuh-/, n. a style of language, used esp. by bureaucrats, that is full of circumlocutions, euphemisms, buzzwords, abstractions, ...
—bureaucratically, adv. /byoor'euh krat"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a bureaucrat or a bureaucracy; arbitrary and routine. [1830-40; < F bureaucratique. ...
See bureaucratic. * * *
See bureaucratize. * * *
—bureaucratization, n. /byoo rok"reuh tuyz'/, v.t., bureaucratized, bureaucratizing. 1. to divide an administrative agency or office into bureaus. 2. to increase the number of ...
bu·reaux (byo͝orʹōz) n. A plural of bureau. * * *
/boor'euh lay"/, n. Philately. the netlike pattern of colored lines or dots forming the background design of certain postage stamps. Also, burelage /boor'euh lahzh"/. [ < F, OF, ...
/byoo ret"/, n. Chem. a graduated glass tube, commonly having a stopcock at the bottom, used for accurately measuring or measuring out small quantities of liquid. Also, ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), West Oxfordshire district, administrative and historic county of Oxfordshire, southern England, on the River Windrush, ...
/berrg/, n. 1. Informal. a city or town. 2. Hist. a fortified town. [1745-55; var. of BURGH] * * *
Burg, Yosef
▪ Israeli politician also spelled  Josef Burg  born January 31, 1909, Dresden, Germany died October 15, 1999, Jerusalem       German-born Jewish rabbi and Israeli ...
Burg, Yosef Salomon
▪ 2000       German-born Jewish rabbi and Israeli politician who emigrated from Germany to Palestine in 1939 and became the longest serving member of the Israeli Knesset ...
/boor"geuh/, n. burka. * * *
/berr"gij/, n. Law. 1. (in England) a tenure whereby burgesses or townspeople held lands or tenements of the king or other lord, usually for a fixed money rent. 2. (in Scotland) ...
/boordd gahs"/, n. a seaport in E Bulgaria, on the Black Sea. 144,000. * * * City (pop., 2001: 802,932), eastern Bulgaria. Located on an inlet of the Black Sea, it is one of ...
/berr"jee, berr jee"/, n. a triangular flag or one having a shallow, angular indentation in the fly, forming two tails, used as an identification flag, esp. by yachts. [1840-50; ...
Ger. /boordd"geuhn lahnt'/, n. a province in E Austria, bordering Hungary. 272,274; 1530 sq. mi. (3960 sq. km). Cap.: Eisenstadt. * * * ▪ state, ...
/berr"jeuhn/, v.i. 1. to grow or develop quickly; flourish: The town burgeoned into a city. He burgeoned into a fine actor. 2. to begin to grow, as a bud; put forth buds, shoots, ...
/berr"geuhr/, n. a hamburger. [1935-40, Amer.; extracted from HAMBURGER by false analysis as HAM1 + burger] * * *
/berr"geuhr/, n. Warren Earl, born 1907, U.S. jurist: Chief Justice of the U.S. 1969-86. * * *
Burger King
a well-known group of restaurants selling hamburgers and other types of fast food. The group began in the US in 1954 and now has more than 11 000 restaurants around the world. ...
Burger, Die
▪ newspaper, South Africa       (Afrikaans: “The Citizen”), daily newspaper published in Cape Town, S.Af., the largest of the country's newspapers written in ...
Bürger, Gottfried August
born Dec. 31, 1747, Molmerswende bei Halberstadt, Brandenburg died June 8, 1794, Göttingen, Hanover German poet. He was associated with the Göttinger Hain, a circle of Sturm ...
Burger, Warren E(arl)
born Sept. 17, 1907, St. Paul, Minn., U.S. died June 25, 1995, Washington, D.C. U.S. jurist. He graduated with honours from St. Paul (now William Mitchell) College of Law in ...
Burger, Warren E.
▪ chief justice of United States in full  Warren Earl Burger   born Sept. 17, 1907, St. Paul, Minn., U.S. died June 25, 1995, Washington, D.C.  15th chief justice of the ...

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