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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Burger, Warren Earl
▪ 1996       U.S. Supreme Court chief justice (b. Sept. 17, 1907, St. Paul, Minn.—d. June 25, 1995, Washington, D.C.), presided (1969-86) as the 15th chief justice of ...
Burger,Warren Earl
Bur·ger (bûrʹgər), Warren Earl. 1907-1995. American jurist who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1969-1986). * * *
Burgers, Thomas François
▪ president of Transvaal born April 15, 1834, near Graaff-Reinet, Cape Colony [now in South Africa] died December 9, 1881, Richmond, Transvaal       theologian and ...
Burges, William
▪ British architect born Dec. 2, 1827, London, Eng. died April 20, 1881, London       one of England's most notable Gothic Revival architects, a critic, and an arbiter ...
burgess
/berr"jis/, n. 1. Amer. Hist. a representative in the popular branch of the colonial legislature of Virginia or Maryland. 2. (formerly) a representative of a borough in the ...
Burgess
/berr"jis/, n. 1. (Frank) Gelett /jeuh let"/, 1866-1951, U.S. illustrator and humorist. 2. Thornton Waldo, 1874-1965, U.S. author, esp. of children's books. 3. a male given ...
Burgess Shale
Fossil formation containing remarkably detailed traces of soft-bodied marine organisms of the middle of the Cambrian Epoch (520–512 million years ago). Collected from a fossil ...
Burgess, Anthony
orig. John Anthony Burgess Wilson born Feb. 25, 1917, Manchester, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1993, London English novelist, critic, and composer. His experiences in Southeast Asia ...
Burgess, Ernest Watson
▪ American sociologist born May 16, 1886, Tilbury, Ontario, Canada died December 27, 1966, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.       American sociologist known for his research ...
Burgess, Gelett
▪ American humorist in full  Frank Gelett Burgess   born Jan. 30, 1866, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Sept. 17, 1951, Carmel, Calif.       American humorist and ...
Burgess, Guy
▪ British diplomat and spy born 1911, Devonport, Devon, Eng. died Aug. 30, 1963, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       British diplomat who spied for the Soviet Union in ...
Burgess, Guy (Francis de Moncy)
born 1911, Devonport, Devon, Eng. died Aug. 30, 1963, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. British diplomat and Soviet spy. At the University of Cambridge in the 1930s, he became part of a ...
Burgess, Hugh
▪ American inventor born c. 1825, , Reading, Berkshire, Eng. died Feb. 23, 1892, Atlantic City, N.J., U.S.       British-born American inventor who, with Charles Watt, ...
Burgess, Thornton W(aldo)
born Jan. 14, 1874, Sandwich, Mass., U.S. died June 5, 1965, Hampden, Mass. U.S. children's author and naturalist. He loved nature as a child. His first book, Old Mother West ...
Burgess,Anthony
Bur·gess (bûrʹjĭs), Anthony. 1917-1993. British writer and critic noted for his comic novels, including the futuristic classic A Clockwork Orange (1962). * * *
Burgesses, House of
Representative assembly in colonial Virginia, the first elective governing body in a British colony. It was one division of the legislature established in 1619 by the colonial ...
BurgessShale
Burgess Shale A rock formation in the western Canadian Rockies containing a wealth of fossilized invertebrates of the early Cambrian Period that were buried by an underwater ...
burgh
—burghal /berr"geuhl/, adj. /berrg/; Scot. /burdd"oh, burdd"euh/, n. 1. (in Scotland) an incorporated town having its own charter and some degree of political independence from ...
Burgh Family
▪ Anglo-Irish family originally  Burgo,  also spelled  Bourke, Burke,         a historic Anglo-Irish family associated with Connaught. Its founder was William de ...
Burgh, Hubert de
▪ English justiciar died 1243, Banstead, Surrey, Eng.  justiciar for young King Henry III of England (ruled 1216–72) who restored royal authority after a major baronial ...
burgher
—burghership, n. /berr"geuhr/, n. an inhabitant of a town, esp. a member of the middle class; citizen. [1560-70; < MD < MHG burger, equiv. to burg BOROUGH + -er -ER1] * * *
Burghley
/berr"lee/, n. 1st Baron. See Cecil, William. * * *
Burghley Horse Trials
➡ Burghley House * * *
Burghley House
a large and grand house near Peterborough in eastern England, built in the Elizabethan style in the 16th century. The inside of the house was decorated in the baroque style 100 ...
Burghley,First Baron
Burgh·ley (bûrʹlē), First Baron. See Cecil, William. * * *
Bürgi, Joost
▪ Swiss mathematician Joost also spelled  Jobst   born Feb. 28, 1552, Lichtensteig, Switz. died Jan. 31, 1632, Kassel, Hesse-Kassel       mathematician who invented ...
Burgkmair, Hans, The Elder
▪ German artist born 1473, Augsburg [Germany] died c. 1531       painter and woodcut artist, one of the first German artists to show the influence of the Italian ...
burglar
/berr"gleuhr/, n. a person who commits burglary. [1225-75; ME < AF burgler (cf. AL burg(u)lator), perh. < OF *borgl(er) to plunder, pillage ( < Gallo-Rom *buriculare, equiv. to ...
burglar alarm
an automatic device for giving an alarm when a window, door, safe, etc., is opened or tampered with, as by a burglar. [1830-40] * * *
burglarious
—burglariously, adv. /beuhr glair"ee euhs/, adj. pertaining to or involving burglary. [1760-70; BURGLAR + -IOUS] * * *
burglariously
See burglarious. * * *
burglarize
/berr"gleuh ruyz'/, v., burglarized, burglarizing. v.t. 1. to break into and steal from: Thieves burglarized the warehouse. v.i. 2. to commit burglary. Also, esp. Brit., ...
burglarproof
/berr"gleuhr proohf'/, adj. 1. safeguarded or secure against burglary. v.t. 2. to make burglarproof: to burglarproof one's home. [1855-60; BURGLAR + -PROOF] * * *
burglary
/berr"gleuh ree/, n., pl. burglaries. Crim. Law. the felony of breaking into and entering the house of another at night with intent to steal, extended by statute to cover the ...
burgle
/berr"geuhl/, v.t., v.i., burgled, burgling. to burglarize. [1870-75; back formation from BURGLAR] * * *
burgomaster
—burgomastership, n. /berr"geuh mas'teuhr, -mah'steuhr/, n. the chief magistrate of a municipal town of Holland, Flanders, Germany, or Austria. [1585-95; < D burgemeester, ...
burgonet
/berr"geuh net', -nit, berr'geuh net"/, n. Armor. an open helmet, usually having a peak and hinged cheek pieces, and often accompanied by a buffe. [1590-1600; ME burgon of ...
burgoo
/berr"gooh, berr gooh"/, n., pl. burgoos for 2b. 1. a thick oatmeal gruel, esp. as eaten by sailors. 2. Chiefly Kentucky and Tennessee. a. a thick, highly seasoned soup or stew, ...
Burgos
/boohrdd"gaws/, n. a city in N Spain: Gothic cathedral. 119,915. * * * ▪ Spain  city, capital of Burgos provincia (province), in Castile-León comunidad autónoma ...
Burgos, José
▪ Filipino priest born Feb. 9, 1837, Vigan, Phil. died Feb. 17, 1872, Manila       Roman Catholic priest who advocated the reform of Spanish rule in the Philippines. ...
Burgoyne
/beuhr goyn"/, n. John, 1722-92, British general and dramatist: surrendered at Saratoga in American Revolutionary War. * * *
Burgoyne, John
born 1722, Sutton, Bedfordshire, Eng. died June 4, 1792, London British general. After serving in the Seven Years' War he was elected to the British House of Commons in 1761 ...
Burgoyne,John
Bur·goyne (bûr-goinʹ, bûrʹgoin'), John. Known as “Gentleman Johnny.” 1722-1792. British general and playwright. In the American Revolution he captured Fort Ticonderoga ...
burgrave
/berr"grayv/, n. German Hist. 1. the appointed head of a fortress. 2. the hereditary governor of a castle or town. [1540-50; < G Burggraf, equiv. to Burg castle, town + Graf ...
Burgred
▪ king of Mercia died c. 874, /875       king of Mercia (from 852/853) who was driven out by the Danes and went to Rome.       In 852 or 853 he called upon ...
Burgundian
/beuhr gun"dee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Burgundy or its people. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Burgundy. [1570-80; BURGUNDY + -AN] * * *
Burgundian Romanesque style
▪ art       architectural and sculptural style (c. 1075–c. 1125) that emerged in the duchy of Burgundy in eastern France and marked some of the highest achievements of ...
Burgundian school
Group of 15th-century French composers, most of whom were associated with courts of various dukes of Burgundy. They are best known for their three-part chansons in rondeau form ...
Burgundy
/berr"geuhn dee/, n., pl. Burgundies for 2, 3, 5, adj. n. 1. French, Bourgogne. a region in central France: a former kingdom, duchy, and province. 2. wine, of many varieties, red ...
Burgundy trefoil
alfalfa. [1825-35; so called from its rich color] * * *
Burgundy wine
Introduction       any of numerous wines of the region of Burgundy in east-central France. Beginning with the Chablis district, the region's vineyards include those of ...
Burhanpur
▪ India       city, southwestern Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It lies just north of the Tapti River. Founded in 1399 by Naṣīr Khan, the first independent ...
burhead
▪ plant  any of the annual or perennial herbs of the genus Echinodorus (family Alismataceae), named for their round, bristly fruit. The plants grow mostly in warm regions in ...
Burhoe, Ralph Wendell
▪ 1998       American educator and writer who was both a theologian and a scientist and spent his career attempting to merge those fields; he founded several ...
Buri
/boor"ee/, n. Scand. Myth. the first of the gods, revealed when the cow Audhumla licked away the salty ice that covered him. [ < ON, prob. deriv. of bera to BEAR1] * * *
burial
/ber"ee euhl/, n. 1. the act or ceremony of burying. 2. the place of burying; grave. [1200-50; BURY + -AL2; r. ME buriel, back formation from OE byrgels burial place, equiv. to ...
burial ground
a tract of land for burial of the dead; a cemetery, often a small or primitive one. [1795-1805] * * *
burial mound
a mound built over a grave or graves. Cf. barrow2 (def. 1). [1850-55] * * * ▪ archaeology  artificial hill of earth and stones built over the remains of the dead. In England ...
Burian, Emil František
▪ Czech author and composer born June 11, 1904, Plzeň, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic] died Aug. 9, 1959, Prague, Czech.       Czech author, composer, ...
Buriat
/boor yaht", boor'ee aht"/; Russ. /booh rddyuuaht"/, n. Buryat. * * *
Buriat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
See Buryat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. * * *
Buridan, Jean
born 1300, Béthune?, France died 1358 French philosopher, logician, and scientific theorist. He studied under William of Ockham at the University of Paris and later taught ...
burier
/ber"ee euhr/, n. a person, animal, or thing that buries. [BURY + -ER1] * * *
burin
/byoor"in, berr"-/, n. 1. a tempered steel rod, with a lozenge-shaped point and a rounded handle, used for engraving furrows in metal. 2. a similar tool used by marble ...
Buritanika Kokusai Daihyakka-jiten
▪ Japanese encyclopaedia English  Britannica International Encyclopædia        first major encyclopaedia of international scope written in the Japanese language. The ...
Burk,Martha Jane
Burk or Burke (bûrk), Martha Jane. Known as Ca·lam·i·ty Jane (kə-lămʹĭ-tē jānʹ) 1852?-1903. American frontierswoman and legendary figure of the Wild West. Often ...
burka
/boor"keuh/, n. a loose garment covering the entire body and having a veiled opening for the eyes, worn by Muslim women. Also, bourkha, burkha, burga. [1830-40; < Urdu burga' < ...
Burkburnett
/berrk'beuhr net"/, n. a town in N Texas. 10,668. * * *
burke
—burker, burkite /berr"kuyt/, n. /berrk/, v.t., burked, burking. 1. to murder, as by suffocation, so as to leave no or few marks of violence. 2. to suppress or get rid of by ...
Burke
/berrk/, n. 1. Billie (Mary William Ethelbert Appleton Burke), 1886-1970, U.S. actress. 2. Edmund, 1729-97, Irish statesman, orator, and writer. 3. Kenneth Duva /dooh vay"/, born ...
Burke and Hare
two Irish criminals who lived in Edinburgh in the early 19th century. They stole bodies from graves and sold them to medical students for their experiments. They also killed ...
Burke's Peerage
▪ peerage       listing of the peerage (titled aristocracy) of Great Britain and Ireland, first published as Burke's General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and ...
Burke, Arleigh Albert
▪ 1997       admiral (ret.), U.S. Navy (b. Oct. 19, 1901, near Boulder, Colo.—d. Jan. 1, 1996, Bethesda, Md.), distinguished himself as one of the finest naval ...
Burke, Edmund
born January 12?, 1729, Dublin, Ire. died July 9, 1797, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, Eng. British parliamentarian, orator, and political philosopher. The son of a lawyer, he ...
Burke, James
▪ British boxer byname  James (“Deaf”) Burke  or  the Deaf Un  born December 8, 1809, St. Giles, London, England died January 8, 1845, London       British ...
Burke, Kenneth
▪ 1994       U.S. literary critic and philosopher (b. May 5, 1897, Pittsburgh, Pa.—d. Nov. 19, 1993, Andover, N.J.), studied the relationships between language, ...
Burke, Robert O'Hara
▪ Australian explorer born May 6?, 1820/21, St. Clerah's, County Galway, Ire. died June 28?, 1861, Australia  explorer who led the first expedition known to attempt the ...
Burke, Solomon
▪ American singer born 1936, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.    American singer whose success in the early 1960s in merging the gospel (gospel music) style of the ...
Burke, William; and Hare, William
▪ Irish criminals Respectively,   born 1792, Orrery, Ireland died January 28, 1829, Edinburgh, Scotland flourished 1820s, Londonderry, Ireland       pair of infamous ...
Burke,Edmund
Burke (bûrk), Edmund. 1729-1797. Irish-born British politician and writer. Famous for his oratory, he pleaded the cause of the American colonists in Parliament and was ...
Burke,Martha Jane
Burke, Martha Jane. See Burk, Martha Jane. * * *
Burke’s Landed Gentry
a book published regularly in Britain that gives details of many families with high social positions who own land in Britain but do not belong to the aristocracy. Compare ...
Burke’s Peerage
a book published regularly in Britain that gives details and short family histories of the members of the British aristocracy and other people with titles. Its full title is ...
Burkina
Burkina Burkina:Geography Location: Western Africa, north of Ghana Map references: Africa Area: total area: 274,200 sq km land area: 273,800 sq km comparative area: ...
Burkina Faso
/beuhr kee"neuh fah"soh/ a republic in W Africa: formerly part of French West Africa. 10,891,159; 106,111 sq. mi. (274,827 sq. km). Cap.: Ouagadougou. Formerly, Upper Volta. * * ...
Burkina Faso, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-green national flag with a central yellow star. Its width-to-length ratio is approximately 2 to 3.       Captain ...
BurkinaFaso
Bur·ki·na Fa·so (bər-kēʹnə fäʹsō) Formerly Up·per Vol·ta (ŭpʹər vŏlʹtə, vōlʹ-, vôlʹ-). A landlocked country of western Africa. It was a French ...
Burkitt lymphoma
▪ disease       a cancer of the lymphatic system that has an especially high incidence in equatorial Africa among children 3 to 16 years of age. The disease is ...
Burkitt's lymphoma
/berr"kits/, Pathol. a type of poorly differentiated malignant lymphoma, mainly afflicting children in central Africa, characterized by a large, bone-destroying lesion of the ...
Burkitt'slymphoma
Bur·kitt's lymphoma (bûrʹkĭts) n. An undifferentiated malignant lymphoma usually occurring among children in central Africa, characterized by a large osteolytic lesion in ...
Burkitt, Denis P(arsons)
born Feb. 28, 1911, Enniskillen, N.Ire. died March 23, 1993, England British surgeon and medical researcher. He discovered Burkitt lymphoma, a lethal cancer of the lymphatic ...
Burkitt, Denis Parsons
▪ 1994       Irish physician (b. Feb. 28, 1911, Enniskillen, Northern Ireland—d. March 23, 1993, England), recognized the significance of varying climatic conditions ...
Burks, Arthur Walter
▪ 2009       American computer pioneer born Oct. 13, 1915, Duluth, Minn. died May 14, 2008, Ann Arbor, Mich. was one of the builders of the Electronic Numerical ...
burl
—burler, n. /berrl/, n. 1. a small knot or lump in wool, thread, or cloth. 2. a dome-shaped growth on the trunk of a tree; a wartlike structure sometimes 2 ft. (0.6 m) across ...
burladero
/berr'leuh dair"oh, boor'-/; Sp. /boohrdd'lah dhe"rddaw/, n., pl. burladeros /-dair"ohz/; Sp. /-dhe"rddaws/. a wooden panel, located a short distance from and parallel to the ...
burlap
/berr"lap/, n., v., burlapped, burlapping. n. 1. a plain-woven, coarse fabric of jute, hemp, or the like; gunny. 2. a lightweight fabric made in imitation of this. v.t. 3. to ...
Burle Marx, Roberto
▪ 1995       Brazilian landscape architect (b. Aug. 4, 1909, São Paulo, Brazil—d. June 4, 1994, near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), transformed his native land by replacing ...
burlecue
/berr"lee kyooh'/, n. Slang (now often facetious). burlesque (def. 3). [1945-50; by alter.] * * *
burled
/berrld/, adj. having burls that produce a distorted grain: burled lumber. [1920-25; BURL + -ED3] * * *
Burleigh
/berr"lee/, n. 1. 1st Baron. See Cecil, William. 2. Henry Thacker /thak"euhr/, 1866-1949, U.S. singer: early collector and arranger of spirituals. 3. a male given name: from Old ...
Burleigh, Harry Thacker
▪ American musician born Dec. 2, 1866, Erie, Pa., U.S. died Sept. 12, 1949, Stamford, Conn.       American baritone and composer, a noted arranger of African American ...
Burleigh,First Baron
Bur·leigh (bûrʹlē), First Baron. See Cecil, William. * * *
Burleigh,Harry Thacker
Burleigh, Harry Thacker. 1866-1949. American singer, composer, and arranger who devoted much of his lifework to preserving the musical heritage of African Americans. * * *
burler
See burl. * * *
burlesk
➡ burlesque * * *
Burleson
/berr"leuh seuhn/, n. a city in N Texas. 11,734. * * *
burlesque
—burlesquely, adv. —burlesquer, n. /beuhr lesk"/, n., adj., v., burlesqued, burlesquing. n. 1. an artistic composition, esp. literary or dramatic, that, for the sake of ...
burlesque show
Stage entertainment composed of slapstick sketches, bawdy humour, chorus numbers, and solo dances. Introduced in the U.S. in 1868 by a company of English chorus girls, it ...
burlesquely
See burlesque. * * *
burlesquer
See burlesquely. * * *
burletta
/beuhr let"euh/, n. Theat. (in the 18th and 19th centuries) a musical drama containing rhymed lyrics and resembling comic opera or a comic play containing songs. [1740-50; < It, ...
burley
burley1 /berr"lee/, n., pl. burleys. (often cap.) an American tobacco with thin leaves and light color, grown esp. in Kentucky and nearby regions, used mostly in ...
Burley
/berr"lee/, n. a male given name. * * *
burleycue
/berr"lee kyooh'/, n. Slang (now often facetious). burlesque (def. 3). [see BURLECUE] * * *
burlily
See burly. * * *
Burlin, Natalie Curtis
▪ American ethnomusicologist née  Natalie Curtis  born April 26, 1875, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 23, 1921, Paris, France       American ethnomusicologist whose ...
burliness
See burlily. * * *
Burlingame
/berr"lin gaym', -ling gaym'/, n. 1. Anson /an"seuhn/, 1820-70, U.S. diplomat. 2. a city in W California, S of San Francisco. 26,173. * * *
Burlingame, Anson
born Nov. 14, 1820, New Berlin, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 23, 1870, St. Petersburg, Russia U.S. diplomat. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1855–61) and helped found ...
Burlington
/berr"ling teuhn/, n. 1. a city in S Ontario, in S Canada, on Lake Ontario. 114,853. 2. a city in NW Vermont, on Lake Champlain. 37,712. 3. a city in N North Carolina. 37,266. 4. ...
Burlington House
a large building in Piccadilly, London, that is the home of the Royal Academy. It consists of four buildings combined to form a square. The main part was built in the 17th ...
Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation
▪ American railway       American railway company formed in 1995 when Burlington Northern, Inc., acquired the Santa Fe Pacific Corporation. The latter railroad had ...
Burlington Worldwide
▪ American company       major textile manufacturer, producer of finished and unfinished fabrics for garments, upholstery fabrics, and other home accessory fabrics. The ...
Burlington, Richard Boyle, 3rd earl of
▪ English architect born April 25, 1694, London, Eng. died Dec. 4, 1753, London  English architect who was one of the originators of the English Palladian (Palladianism) ...
burlwood
/berrl"wood'/, n. wood taken or cut from a burl. [BURL + WOOD1] * * *
burly
—burlily, adv. —burliness, n. /berr"lee/, adj., burlier, burliest. 1. large in bodily size; stout; sturdy. 2. bluff; brusque. [1250-1300; ME borli, burli, OE borlice (adv.) ...
Burma
/berr"meuh/, n. a republic in SE Asia, on the Bay of Bengal. 46,821,943; 261,789 sq. mi. (678,034 sq. km). Cap.: Yangon. Official name, Union of Myanmar. * * * Burma ...
Burma railway
a railway built by the Japanese in Burma during World War II. They used prisoners of war to build the railway, and many of them died. The film, Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), ...
Burma Road
a road extending from Lashio, Burma, to Chungking, China: used during World War II to supply Allied military forces in China. [1935-40] * * * Former highway, South Asia. It ran ...
Burma Shave{™}
a US make of cream used on the face when shaving. Between 1926 and 1963 the Burma-Vita Company advertised it on a series of small signs along roads. Each sign in a group had a ...
Burman
/berr"meuhn/, n., pl. Burmans, adj. 1. a member of the dominant ethnic group of Burma, living mainly in the lowlands of the Irrawaddy and Chindwin River drainages and the S ...
burmarigold
bur marigold n. Any of several weeds of the genus Bidens of the composite family, having yellow flowers and barbed achenes that stick to clothing or fur. Also called ...
BurmaRoad
Burma Road A former highway extending about 1,126 km (700 mi) generally northeastward through mountainous country from northeast Burma (now Myanmar) to Kunming, China. It was a ...
Burmese
/beuhr meez", -mees"/, n., pl. Burmese, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Burma. 2. Burman (def. 1). 3. the Tibeto-Burman language of the Burman ethnic group: the official ...
Burmese cat
one of a breed of short-haired domestic cats closely resembling a Siamese, with a compact body and long tail, but having a rounder head, sable-brown coat, and yellow ...
Burmese glass
an American art glass of the late 19th century, ranging from greenish-yellow to pink. * * *
Burmese jade
Jewelry. jadeite of the finest quality: a true jade. Also, Burma jade. * * *
Burmese language
also called  Myanmar,        the official language of Myanmar (Burma), spoken as a native language by the majority of Burmans and as a second language by most native ...
Burmese literature
      the body of writings in the Burmese language produced in Myanmar (Burma).       The stone inscription is the oldest form of Burmese literature; the date of ...
burn
burn1 —burnable, adj. /berrn/, v., burned or burnt, burning, n. v.i. 1. to undergo rapid combustion or consume fuel in such a way as to give off heat, gases, and, usually, ...
burn bag
a special bag into which discarded secret or sensitive documents are placed for burning. * * *
burnable
burnable [bʉr′nə bəl] adj. that can be burned n. something, especially refuse, that can be burned * * *
Burnaby
Burnaby [bʉr′nə bē] city in SW British Columbia, Canada; suburb of Vancouver: pop. 179,000 * * * Bur·na·by (bûrʹnə-bē) A city of southwest British Columbia, Canada, ...
burnbag
burn bag n. A bag into which secret or highly sensitive documents are placed before they are burned. * * *
burncenter
burn center n. A multidisciplinary health care facility in which victims of burns are treated. * * *
Burne-Jones
/berrn"johnz"/, n. Sir Edward Coley /koh"lee/, 1833-98, English painter and designer. * * *
Burne-Jones, Sir Edward (Coley)
born Aug. 28, 1833, Birmingham, Eng. died June 17, 1898, London British painter, illustrator, and designer. At Oxford he met his future collaborator, William Morris. In 1856 he ...
Burne-Jones, Sir Edward Coley, 1st Baronet
▪ British painter original name  Edward Coley Burne Jones   born Aug. 28, 1833, Birmingham, Eng. died June 17, 1898, London       one of the leading painters and ...
Burne-Jones,Sir Edward Coley
Burne-Jones (bûrnʹjōnzʹ), Sir Edward Coley. 1833-1898. British painter and member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood who is known for the mystical, dreamlike settings of his ...
burned-out
/berrnd"owt"/, adj. 1. consumed; rendered unserviceable or ineffectual by maximum use: a burned-out tube. 2. exhausted or made listless through overwork, stress, or ...
burner
/berr"neuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that burns. 2. that part of a gas fixture, lamp, etc., from which flame issues or in which it is produced. 3. any apparatus or receptacle in ...
Burnes, Sir Alexander
▪ British explorer born May 16, 1805, Montrose, Forfarshire, Scot. died Nov. 2, 1841, Kābul, Afg.  British explorer and diplomat (of the same family as the poet Robert ...
burnet
/beuhr net", berr"nit/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genera Sanguisorba and Poterium, of the rose family, having pinnate leaves and dense heads of small ...
Burnet
/beuhr net", berr"nit/, n. Sir (Frank) Macfarlane /meuhk fahr"leuhn/, 1899-1985, Australian physician: Nobel prize for physiology 1960. * * * ▪ plant       any hardy, ...
burnet rose.
See Scotch rose. [1880-85] * * *
Burnet, Sir (Frank) Macfarlane
born Sept. 3, 1899, Traralgon, Vic., Austl. died Aug. 31, 1985, Melbourne, Vic. Australian physician and virologist. Burnet received his medical degree from the University of ...
Burnet, Sir (Frank)Macfarlane
Bur·net (bər-nĕtʹ, bûrʹnĭt), Sir (Frank) Macfarlane. 1899-1985. Australian virologist. He shared a 1960 Nobel Prize for work on acquired immunological tolerance. * * *
Burnet, Sir Macfarlane
▪ Australian physician in full  Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet  born Sept. 3, 1899, Traralgon, Australia died Aug. 31, 1985, Melbourne       Australian physician, ...
Burnett
/beuhr net"/, n. Frances Hodgson /hoj"seuhn/, 1849-1924, U.S. novelist, born in England. * * * (as used in expressions) Benton William Burnett Burnett Carol Burnett Frances ...
Burnett River
▪ river, Australia       river in southeastern Queensland, Australia, rising on the western slope of the Burnett Range, east of the Eastern Highlands. The river flows ...
Burnett, Carol
born April 26, 1933, San Antonio, Texas, U.S. U.S. comedian and actress. She made her Broadway debut in Once upon a Mattress (1959), then appeared regularly on television in ...
Burnett, Charles
▪ American filmmaker born April 13, 1944, Vicksburg, Mississippi, U.S.    American filmmaker who gained critical acclaim for his realistic and intimate portrayals of African ...
Burnett, Frances (Eliza) Hodgson
born Nov. 24, 1849, Manchester, Eng. died Oct. 29, 1924, Plandome, N.Y., U.S. British-U.S. playwright and author. She is best remembered for the popular children's novel Little ...
Burnett, Frances Hodgson
▪ American author née  Frances Eliza Hodgson   born Nov. 24, 1849, Manchester, Eng. died Oct. 29, 1924, Plandome, N.Y., U.S.       American playwright and author who ...
Burnett, Leo
▪ American advertising executive born Oct. 21, 1891, St. Johns, Mich., U.S. died June 7, 1971, Lake Zurich, Ill.       pioneer American advertising executive who ...
Burnett, Mark
▪ 2005       Proving once again his mastery of reality-television programming, American TV producer Mark Burnett, the creative force behind the blockbuster hit Survivor, ...
Burnett,Frances Eliza Hodgson
Bur·nett (bûr-nĕtʹ, bûrʹnĭt), Frances Eliza Hodgson. 1849-1924. British-born American writer famous for her popular children's books, especially Little Lord Fauntleroy ...
Burney
/berr"nee/, n. 1. Charles, 1726-1814, English organist, composer, and music historian. 2. his daughter, Frances or Fanny (Madame D'Arblay), 1752-1840, English novelist and ...
Burney (d'Arblay), Fanny
orig. Frances Burney born June 13, 1752, King's Lynn, Norfolk, Eng. died Jan. 6, 1840, London English novelist. The self-educated daughter of Charles Burney, she wrote lively ...
Burney, Charles
born April 7, 1726, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng. died April 12, 1814, Chelsea, Middlesex British music historian. After being apprenticed to Thomas Arne, he taught music and ...
Burney, Fanny
▪ British author byname of  Frances d'Arblay , née  Burney  born June 13, 1752, King's Lynn, Norfolk, England died January 6, 1840, London  English novelist and letter ...
Burney, Leroy Edgar
▪ 1999       American physician who, as surgeon general of the U.S. Public Health Service from 1956 to 1961, became the first federal official to name smoking as a cause ...
Burney,Frances
Bur·ney (bûrʹnē), Frances. Known as “Fanny.” 1752-1840. British writer best known for her witty and sophisticated letters and diaries covering the years from 1768 until ...
Burnham, Daniel H(udson)
born Sept. 4, 1846, Henderson, N.Y., U.S. died June 1, 1912, Heidelberg, Ger. U.S. architect and city planner. He pioneered the development of Chicago commercial architecture ...
Burnham, Daniel H.
▪ American architect Introduction in full  Daniel Hudson Burnham  born Sept. 4, 1846, Henderson, N.Y., U.S. died June 1, 1912, Heidelberg, Ger.  American architect and ...
Burnham, Edward Levy-Lawson, 1st Baron
▪ British newspaper editor and proprietor original name  Edward Levy , also called (1892–1903)  Sir Edward Levy-Lawson, 1st Baronet  born December 28, 1833, London, ...
Burnham, Forbes
▪ president of Guyana born Feb. 20, 1923, Kitty, British Guiana died Aug. 6, 1985, Georgetown, Guyana       prime minister of Guyana (until 1966, British Guiana) from ...
Burnham,Daniel Hudson
Burn·ham (bûrʹnəm), Daniel Hudson. 1846-1912. American architect and city planner. He did his major work in Chicago, including the general design for the Columbian ...
Burnham-on-Crouch
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Maldon district, administrative and historic county of Essex, England. The town lies on the left bank of the Crouch, 5 ...
Burnie
▪ Tasmania, Australia       city and port, northern Tasmania, Australia. Burnie is situated on Emu Bay at the mouth of the Emu River. Established in the late 1820s by ...
burning
—burningly, adv. /berr"ning/, adj. 1. aflame; on fire. 2. very hot; simmering: The water was burning. 3. very bright; glowing: She wore a burning red bathing suit. 4. caused by ...
burning at the stake
▪ punishment       a method of execution practiced in Babylonia and ancient Israel and later adopted in Europe and North America.       Spanish heretics suffered ...
burning bush
1. Bible. a bush that "burned with fire and ... was not consumed," from which an angel spoke to Moses. (Ex. 3:2). 2. Also called firebush, summer cypress. a shrubby plant, Kochia ...
burning ghat
a platform at the top of a riverside ghat where Hindus cremate their dead. [1875-80] * * *
burning glass
a converging lens used to produce heat or ignite substances by focusing the sun's rays. Also called sunglass. [1560-70] * * *
burningbush
burning bush also burn·ing-bush (bûrʹnĭng-bo͝oshʹ) n. 1. Any of several shrubs or shrubby plants, such as the summer cypress and certain species of euonymous, having ...
burningly
See burning. * * *
burnish
—burnishable, adj. —burnishment, n. /berr"nish/, v.t. 1. to polish (a surface) by friction. 2. to make smooth and bright. 3. Engraving. to flatten and enlarge the dots of (a ...
burnisher
/berr"ni sheuhr/, n. 1. a person who burnishes. 2. a tool, usually with a smooth, slightly convex head, used for polishing, as in dentistry. [1400-50; late ME burnessher. See ...
Burnley
/berrn"lee/, n. a city in E Lancashire, in NW England. 92,700. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of ...
burnoose
—burnoosed, burnoused, adj. /beuhr noohs", berr"noohs/, n. 1. a hooded mantle or cloak, as that worn by Arabs. 2. a similar garment worn by women at various periods in Europe ...
Burnouf, Eugène
▪ French Orientalist born Aug. 12, 1801, Paris, France died May 28, 1852, Paris       French Orientalist who acquainted Europe with the religious tenets and Old Iranian ...
burnout
/berrn"owt'/, n. 1. a fire that is totally destructive of something. 2. Also, burn-out. fatigue, frustration, or apathy resulting from prolonged stress, overwork, or intense ...
Burns
/berrnz/, n. 1. Arthur F(rank), born 1904, U.S. economist, born in Austria: chairman of the Federal Reserve Board 1970-78. 2. George (Nathan Birnbaum), born 1896, U.S. comedian ...
Burns metre
▪ literature       in poetry, a stanza often used by Robert Burns (Burns, Robert) and other Scottish poets. The stanza consists of six lines rhyming aaabab of which the ...
Burns Night
25 January, the birthday of Robert Burns. It is celebrated every year in Scotland, and by Scottish people all around the world, in an evening of music, poetry, food and drink. ...
Burns, Eveline M.
▪ American economist and educator in full  Eveline Mabel Burns,  née  Eveline Mabel Richardson  born March 16, 1900, London, Eng. died Sept. 2, 1985, Newton, Pa., ...
Burns, George
orig. Nathan Birnbaum born Jan. 20, 1896, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 9, 1996, Beverly Hills, Calif. U.S. comedian best known for his collaboration with Gracie Allen ...
Burns, John Elliot
▪ British labour leader born Oct. 20, 1858, London, Eng. died Jan. 24, 1943, London  British labour leader and Socialist, the first person of working-class origin to enter a ...
Burns, Ken
▪ 2008 Kenneth Lauren Burns  born July 29, 1953, Brooklyn, N.Y.       The seven-part documentary series The War, which premiered on PBS television in 2007, represented ...
Burns, Ken(neth Lauren)
born July 27, 1953, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. documentary filmmaker. He founded his own production company in 1975 and made such documentary films as Brooklyn Bridge (1981), ...
Burns, Lucy
▪ American suffragist born July 28, 1879, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 22, 1966, Brooklyn  American suffragist whose zealous political organizing and militant tactics ...
Burns, Richard
▪ 2006       British race car driver (b. Jan. 17, 1971, Reading, Eng.—d. Nov. 25, 2005, London, Eng.), was at the time of his death the only English driver to have won ...
Burns, Robert
born Jan. 25, 1759, Alloway, Ayrshire, Scot. died July 21, 1796, Dumfries, Dumfriesshire National poet of Scotland. The son of a poor farmer, he early became familiar with ...
Burns, Sir George, Baronet
▪ British entrepreneur born December 10, 1795, Glasgow, Scotland died June 2, 1890, Castle Wemyss, Renfrewshire [now in Fife]       Scottish shipping magnate and one of ...
Burns, Tommy
▪ 2009 Thomas Burns        Scottish association football (soccer) player and manager born Dec. 16, 1956, Glasgow, Scot. died May 15, 2008, Glasgow spent most of his ...
Burns,Arthur Frank
Burns (bûrnz), Arthur Frank. 1904-1987. Austrian-born American economist and diplomat who served as chairman of the Federal Reserve Board (1970-1978) and U.S. ambassador to ...
Burns,George
Burns, George. 1896-1996. American comedian and actor. From 1922 to 1964 he and Gracie Allen were a popular husband-and-wife comedy team. After her death he appeared in both ...
Burns,Robert
Burns, Robert. 1759-1796. Scottish poet considered the major poetic voice of his nation. His lyrics, written in dialect and infused with humor, celebrate love, patriotism, and ...
Burnsian
See Burns, Robert. * * *
Burnside
/berrn"suyd'/, n. Ambrose Everett, 1824-81, Union general in the American Civil War. * * *
Burnside, Ambrose (Everett)
born May 23, 1824, Liberty, Ind., U.S. died Sept. 13, 1881, Bristol, R.I. Union general in the American Civil War. A graduate of West Point, he was promoted to major general in ...
Burnside, Ambrose Everett
▪ United States general born May 23, 1824, Liberty, Ind., U.S. died Sept. 13, 1881, Bristol, R.I.  Union general in the American Civil War and originator in the United ...
Burnside, R L
▪ 2006       American blues musician (b. Nov. 21/23, 1926, Harmontown, Miss.—d. Sept. 1, 2005, Memphis, Tenn.), became widely known in the 1990s for his spare, raw ...
Burnside,Ambrose Everett
Burn·side (bûrnʹsīd'), Ambrose Everett. 1824-1881. American general and politician known more for his side-whiskers (or sideburns) than for his career in the Union Army, ...
burnsides
/berrn"suydz'/, n.pl. full whiskers and a mustache worn with the chin clean-shaven. [1870-75, Amer.; named after Gen. A. E. BURNSIDE] * * *
Burnsville
/berrnz"vil/, n. a city in SE Minnesota. 35,674. * * *
burnt
/berrnt/, v. 1. a pt. and pp. of burn. adj. 2. Fine Arts. a. of or showing earth pigments that have been calcined and changed to a deeper and warmer color: burnt ocher. b. of or ...
burnt almond.
Often, burnt almonds. roasted sweet almond. [1840-50] * * *
burnt lime
lime1 (def. 1). * * *
burnt offering
an offering burnt upon an altar in sacrifice to a deity. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
burnt orange
burnt orange n. a reddish orange * * *
burnt sienna
1. See under sienna (def. 1). 2. an intense dark reddish-brown color. [1835-45] * * *
burnt umber
burnt umber n. 1. a reddish-brown pigment made by calcining raw umber 2. a reddish brown * * *
burnt umber.
See under umber (def. 1). * * *
burnt-out
/berrnt"owt"/, adj. burned-out. * * *
burntoffering
burnt offering n. A slaughtered animal or other offering burned on an altar as a religious sacrifice. * * *
burntsienna
burnt sienna n. 1. A reddish-brown pigment prepared by calcining raw sienna. 2. A dark reddish orange. * * *
Burnum, Burnum
▪ 1998       Australian Aboriginal political activist who often conducted his battle for Aboriginal rights by performing flamboyant stunts; his best-known one involved ...
burnup
/berrn"up'/, n. the nuclear fuel consumed in a reactor, often measured as a percentage of the atoms of fuel that have undergone fission. [n. use of the v. phrase burn up] * * *
buroak
bur oak Quercus macrocarpa Wendy Smith n. An oak tree (Quercus macrocarpa) of eastern North America, having pinnately lobed leaves, acorns enclosed within a deep fringed cup, ...
burp gun
Mil. See machine pistol. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
Burpee, W. Atlee
▪ American seedsman in full  Washington Atlee Burpee   born April 5, 1858, Sheffield, N.B., Can. died Nov. 26, 1915, Doylestown, Pa., U.S.       American seedsman who ...
burpgun
burp gun n. A lightweight portable submachine gun. * * *
burpy
—burpiness, n. /berr"pee/, adj., burpier, burpiest. Informal. 1. belching, tending to belch, or feeling like belching: Carbonated beverages make me burpy. 2. causing one to ...
burqa
burqa [bʉr′kə] n. 〚< Urdu burḳaʿ < Ar burḳuʿ〛 a long, loose outer garment that covers the entire body with only a small opening for the eyes, worn outside the home ...
burr
burr1 /berr/, n. 1. Also, buhr. a protruding, ragged edge raised on the surface of metal during drilling, shearing, punching, or engraving. 2. a rough or irregular protuberance ...
Burr
/berr/, n. Aaron, 1756-1836, vice president of the U.S. 1801-05. * * *
burr cut
Slang. See crew cut. Also called burr haircut. * * *
Burr, Aaron
born Feb. 6, 1756, Newark, N.J. died Sept. 14, 1836, Port Richmond, N.Y., U.S. U.S. politician, third vice president of the U.S. (1801–05). He served in the American ...
Burr, Raymond William Stacey
▪ 1994       U.S. actor (b. May 21, 1917, New Westminster, B.C.—d. Sept. 12, 1993, near Healdsburg, Calif.), created formidable and enduring television characters, ...
Burr,Aaron
Burr (bûr), Aaron. 1756-1836. American politician who became Vice President of the United States (1801-1805) under Thomas Jefferson after a deadlock in the electoral college ...
Burragorang, Lake
▪ lake, New South Wales, Australia       major reservoir for Sydney, east-central New South Wales, Australia. The lake fills the Burragorang Valley, a gorge carved by ...
Burrard Inlet
▪ inlet, Canada       eastern arm of the Strait of Georgia, extending 23 miles (37 km) in an easterly direction into southeastern British Columbia, Canada. It varies ...
burred
/berrd/, adj. 1. prickly or rough in texture. 2. having a bur or burs. [1905-10; BUR1 + -ED2] * * *
burreed
bur reed or bur-reed (bûrʹrēd') n. Any of various aquatic or wetland plants of the genus Sparganium, having elongated leaves and ball-like clusters of tiny beaked fruits. * * *
Burrell Collection
a very large collection of paintings, sculptures and works of decorative art that was given to the city of Glasgow by Sir William Burrell, a local businessman, in 1944. In 1983 ...
Burrell Gallery
➡ Burrell Collection * * *
Burrell,Kenneth Earl
Bur·rell (bə-rĕlʹ), Kenneth Earl. Known as “Kenny.” Born 1931. American jazz guitarist. Noted for his conservative, melodic style of bop, his best-known recording is ...
burrfish
/berr"fish'/, n., pl. burrfishes, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) burrfish. any of several porcupinefishes of the genus Chilomycterus, covered with short, ...
burrhel
/berr"euhl/, n. bharal. * * *
Burrhus Frederic Skinner
➡ Skinner * * *
Burri, Alberto
▪ 1996       Italian artist (b. March 12, 1915, Città di Castello, Italy—d. Feb. 13, 1995, Nice, France), devised collages and abstractions by using such unorthodox ...
Burrillville
/berr"euhl vil'/, n. a town in N Rhode Island. 13,164. * * *
burrito
/beuh ree"toh/; Sp. /boohrdd rddee"taw/, n., pl. burritos /-tohz/; Sp. /-taws/. Mexican Cookery. a tortilla folded over a filling, as of ground beef, grated cheese, or refried ...
burro
/berr"oh, boor"oh, bur"oh/, n., pl. burros. 1. a small donkey, esp. one used as a pack animal in the southwestern U.S. 2. any donkey. [1790-1800; < Sp < Pg, back formation from ...
burro's tail
a succulent Mexican plant, Sedum morganianum, of the stonecrop family, bearing small, rose-colored flowers and long, hanging, nearly cylindrical stems with closely packed ...
burro'stail
bur·ro's tail (bûrʹōz, bo͝orʹ-, bŭrʹ-) n. A Mexican plant (Sedum morganianum) grown chiefly as a houseplant for its hanging, taillike stems covered with succulent, ...
burro-fat
▪ plant also called  bladderbush        (species Cleome isomeris), shrub or small tree of the Cleome genus (of the family Cleomaceae, which is closely related to the ...
Burroughs
/berr"ohz, bur"-/, n. 1. Edgar Rice, 1875-1950, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. 2. John, 1837-1921, U.S. naturalist and essayist. 3. William Seward, 1855-98, U.S. inventor ...
Burroughs, Edgar Rice
born Sept. 1, 1875, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died March 19, 1950, Encino, Calif. U.S. novelist. Burroughs worked as an advertising copywriter before trying fiction. His jungle ...
Burroughs, John
born April 3, 1837, near Roxbury, N.Y., U.S. died March 29, 1921, en route from California to New York U.S. essayist and naturalist. In his early years he worked as a teacher, ...
Burroughs, William S(eward)
I born Feb. 5, 1914, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died Aug. 2, 1997, Lawrence, Kan. U.S. novelist. The grandson of the inventor William S. Burroughs, he attended Harvard University and ...
Burroughs, William S.
▪ American writer in full  William Seward Burroughs  born February 5, 1914, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S. died August 2, 1997, Lawrence, Kansas       American writer of ...


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