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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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modern Buṣra al-Shām Ruined city, southwestern Syria. Lying south of Damascus, it was first a Nabataean city and was later conquered by the Romans (see Roman Republic and ...
Bosumtwi, Lake
▪ lake, Ghana       lake, south-central Ghana, 17 miles (27 km) southeast of Kumasi. The only true inland lake in the country, it has no surface outlet and was formed ...
/boh"seuhn/, n. boatswain. [1865-70] * * *
bosun bird
tropicbird. Also, bosunbird. * * *
/baws"wosh', -wawsh', bos"-/, n. Informal. the heavily populated area extending from Boston to Washington and including New York City, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. [BOS(TON) + ...
—Boswellian /boz wel"ee euhn/, adj. /boz"wel', -weuhl/, n. 1. James, 1740-95, Scottish author: biographer of Samuel Johnson. 2. any devoted biographer of a specific person. * * ...
Boswell Sisters, the
▪ American vocal trio  American jazz vocal trio noted for intricate harmonies and rhythmic experimentation; they were also a major influence on vocal artists such as Ella ...
Boswell, James
born Oct. 29, 1740, Edinburgh, Scot. died May 19, 1795, London, Eng. Scottish friend and biographer of Samuel Johnson. Boswell, a lawyer, met Johnson in 1763 and visited him ...
Boswell, James. 1740-1795. Scottish lawyer, diarist, and writer renowned as the biographer of Samuel Johnson.   Bos·wellʹi·an adj. & n. * * *
See Boswell, James. * * *
—boswellism, Boswellism, n. /boz"weuh luyz'/, v., boswellized, boswellizing. v.t. 1. to write an account of in the detailed manner of Boswell. v.i. 2. to write in the detailed ...
Bosworth Field
/boz"weuhrth/ a battlefield in central England, near Leicester, where Richard III was defeated and slain by the future Henry VII in 1485. * * *
Bosworth Field, Battle of
(Aug. 22, 1485) Final battle in the English Wars of the Roses. It was fought between the forces of King Richard III of York and the contender for the crown, Henry Tudor (later ...
Bos·worth Field (bŏzʹwərth) A locality in central England near Leicester. It was the site of the final battle (August 22, 1485) of the Wars of the Roses, in which Henry ...
bot1 /bot/, n. the larva of a botfly. Also, bott. [1425-75; late ME; akin to D bot, Fris dial. botten (pl.); further orig. obscure] bot2 /bot/, n. Australian Slang. a person who ...
bot fly
▪ insect  any member of a family of insects in the fly order, Diptera, in which the adults are beelike in appearance and hairy but without bristles. The larvae are parasitic ...
1. botanical. 2. botanist. 3. botany. 4. bottle. * * *
/boh"teuh/; Sp. /baw"tah/, n., pl. botas /-teuhz/; Sp. /-tahs/. 1. Also called bota bag. a wine bag of Spain made of untanned goatskin and usually holding 1-2 liters (1.1-2.2 ...
botanica [bə tan′i kə] n. a shop selling magic charms, herbs, etc. * * * bo·tan·i·ca (bə-tănʹĭ-kə) n. A shop that sells herbs, charms, and other religious or ...
—botanically, adv. /beuh tan"i keuhl/, adj. 1. Also, botanic. of, pertaining to, made from, or containing plants: botanical survey; botanical drugs. n. 2. Pharm. a drug made ...
botanical garden
a garden for the exhibition and scientific study of collected, growing plants, usually in association with greenhouses, herbariums, laboratories, etc. Also called botanic ...
Botanical Gardens and Zoos
▪ 1995 Introduction Botanical Gardens       Notable conservation initiatives marked 1994 as a year of further consolidation for botanical garden networks and the ...
botanical garden or botanic garden n. A place where a wide variety of plants are cultivated for scientific, educational, and ornamental purposes, often including a library, a ...
See botanical. * * *
/bot"n ist/, n. a specialist in botany. [1675-85; botan(ism) botany ( < Gk botanismós, equiv. to botán(e) plant + -ismos -ISM) + -IST] * * *
—botanizer, n. /bot"n uyz'/, v., botanized, botanizing. v.i. 1. to study plants or plant life. 2. to collect plants for scientific study. v.t. 3. to explore botanically; study ...
See botanize. * * *
/bot"n ee/, n., pl. botanies. 1. the science of plants; the branch of biology that deals with plant life. 2. the plant life of a region: the botany of Alaska. 3. the biology of a ...
Botany Bay
a bay on the SE coast of Australia, near Sydney: site of early British penal colony. * * * Inlet of the South Pacific Ocean, southeastern Australia. Lying south of Sydney off ...
Botany wool
a fine wool obtained from merino sheep. Also called botany. [1880-85] * * *
Bot·a·ny Bay (bŏtʹn-ē) An inlet of the Tasman Sea in southeast Australia south of Sydney. It was visited by Capt. James Cook in 1770 and named by Sir Joseph Banks, the ...
botch1 —botchedly /boch"id lee/, adv. —botcher, n. —botchery, n. /boch/, v.t. 1. to spoil by poor work; bungle (often fol. by up): He botched up the job thoroughly. 2. to ...
See botch. * * *
—botchily, adv. —botchiness, n. /boch"ee/, adj., botchier, botchiest. poorly made or done; bungled. [1350-1400; ME; see BOTCH1, -Y1] * * *
/boht/, n. Law. compensation, such as for injury to person or honor. [learned use of ME bote BOOT2] * * *
/boh tel"/, n. boatel. * * *
Botero, Fernando
born April 19, 1932, Medellín, Colom. Colombian painter and sculptor. He began painting as a teenager. By the time he moved to New York City in 1960, he had developed his ...
Boteti River
▪ river, Africa formerly  Botletle River,         river of Botswana. It emerges near Maun and the Thamakalane River, developing from the outflow of the Okavango ...
Botev, Khristo
▪ Bulgarian poet born Jan. 6, 1849, Kalofer, Rumelia, Ottoman Empire [now in Bulgaria] died June 1, 1876, near Mount Veslez, Bulg.       patriot and renowned poet, one ...
/bot"fluy'/, n., pl. botflies. any of several flies of the families Oestridae, Gasterophilidae, and Cuterebridae, the larvae of which are parasitic in the skin or other parts of ...
/bohth/, adj. 1. one and the other; two together: He met both sisters. Both performances were canceled. pron. 2. the one as well as the other: Both of us were going to the ...
Both, Jan
▪ Dutch painter in full  Jan Dirckszoon Both,  Dirckszoon also abbreviated  Dircksz.  born c. 1615, Utrecht, Neth.—buried Aug. 9, 1652, Utrecht    Baroque painter and ...
Both, Pieter
▪ Dutch statesman born c. 1550, , Amersfoort, Neth. died February 1615, Mauritius       Dutch colonialist who was the first governor-general of the Netherlands East ...
/boh"teuh/, n. 1. Louis /looh ee"/, 1862-1919, South African general and statesman. 2. Pieter Willem /pee"teuhr/, born 1916, South African political leader: prime minister ...
Botha, Louis
born Sept. 27, 1862, near Greytown, Natal [South Africa] died Aug. 27, 1919, Pretoria, Transvaal First prime minister (1910–19) of the Union of South Africa. Botha was ...
Botha, P W
▪ 2007 “Die Groot Krokodil”; “The Great Crocodile”        South African politician (b. Jan. 12, 1916, Paul Roux, Orange Free State, S.Af.—d. Oct. 31, 2006, ...
Botha, P(ieter) W(illem)
born Jan. 12, 1916, Paul Roux, S.Af. Prime minister (1978–84) and first state president (1984–89) of South Africa. Elected to parliament as a National Party candidate in ...
Botha, P. W.
▪ state president of South Africa in full  Pieter Willem Botha  born Jan. 12, 1916, Paul Roux, S.Af. died Oct. 31, 2006, Wilderness, near George       prime minister ...
Bo·tha (bōʹtə, -tä'), Louis. 1862-1919. South African general in the Boer War (1899-1902) and first prime minister of the Union of South Africa (1910-1919). * * *
Botha,Pieter Willem
Botha, Pieter Willem. Born 1916. South African prime minister (1978-1989) who defended and upheld apartheid despite international protest. * * *
(1955– ) an English cricket player who played for England between 1977 and 1992, including a short period as captain. He was one of the most successful players of all time, ...
/boh"teuh/, n. Walther /vahl"teuhrdd/, 1891-1957, German physicist: Nobel prize 1954. * * *
Bothe, Walther
▪ German physicist in full  Walther Wilhelm Georg Bothe   born Jan. 8, 1891, Oranienburg, Ger. died Feb. 8, 1957, Heidelberg, W.Ger.       German physicist who ...
/bodh"euhr/, v.t. 1. to give trouble to; annoy; pester; worry: His baby sister bothered him for candy. 2. to bewilder; confuse: His inability to understand the joke bothered ...
/bodh'euh ray"sheuhn/, interj. 1. (used as an exclamation indicating vexation or annoyance.) n. 2. the act or state of bothering or the state of being bothered. [1790-1800; ...
/bodh"euhr seuhm/, adj. causing annoyance or worry; troublesome. [1825-35; BOTHER + -SOME1] Syn. annoying, irritating, irksome, vexing, vexatious, galling. * * *
—Bothnian, adj., n. —Bothnic, adj. /both"nee euh/, n. Gulf of, an arm of the Baltic Sea, extending N between Sweden and Finland. ab. 400 mi. (645 km) long. * * *
Bothnia, Gulf of
Northern arm of the Baltic Sea. Extending between Sweden and Finland, it covers about 45,200 sq mi (117,000 sq km). It is 450 mi (725 km) long and 50–150 mi (80–240 km) ...
Bothnia,Gulf of
Both·ni·a (bŏthʹnē-ə), Gulf of An arm of the Baltic Sea between Sweden and Finland. It is icebound for nearly half the year. * * *
▪ paleontology also spelled  Bothryolepis,         genus of extinct fishes of the order Antiarcha, class Placodermi, characteristic of the Middle and Late Devonian ...
/both"wel', -weuhl, bodh"-/, n. James Hepburn /hep"berrn/ or, esp. Brit., /heb"euhrn/, Earl of, 1536?-78, third husband of Mary, Queen of Scots. * * *
Bothwell, Francis Stewart Hepburn, 5th earl of
▪ Scottish noble died , before July 1614, Naples       nephew of the 4th earl; by his dissolute and proud behaviour he caused King James VI of Scotland (afterward James ...
Bothwell, James Hepburn, 4th earl of, Duke Of Orkney And Shetland
▪ Scottish noble born 1535? died April 4, 1578, Dragsholm, Sjaelland, Den.       third husband of Mary, Queen of Scots. He evidently engineered the murder of Mary's ...
Bothwell,Fourth Earl of
Both·well (bŏthʹwĕl', -wəl, bŏthʹ-), Fourth Earl of Title of James Hepburn. 1536?-1578. Scottish Protestant nobleman and third husband of Mary Queen of Scots, whose ...
/both"ee, baw"thee/, n., pl. bothies. Scot. a hut or small cottage. [1560-70; prob. < ScotGael bothan hut, with -Y2 r. -an] * * *
/bot"kin/, n. Benjamin Albert, 1901-75, U.S. folklorist, editor, and essayist. * * *
bo·to (bōʹtō') n. pl. bo·tos See Amazon dolphin.   [Portuguese bôto.] * * *
▪ people       South American Indian people who lived in what is now the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. They spoke a language of the Macro-Ge group. Their culture was ...
/bot"n ay', bot'n ay"/, adj. Heraldry. (of a cross) having arms terminating in the form of a trefoil: cross botonée. See illus. under cross. Also, botonnée, botony, botonny ...
▪ Romania       city, capital of Botoşani judeţ (county), northeastern Romania. It lies in a rich farming area of northern Moldavia, near the border with Moldova. As ...
☆ Botox [bō′täks΄ ] 〚bo( tulinum) tox( in) < ModL botulinum, species name < botulinus, former species name < L botulus, sausage: see BOTULISM〛 trademark for a type of ...
Botox: Quick Fix, Serious Medicine
▪ 2003       On April 15, 2002, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved injections of botulinum toxin type A (trademarked Botox) for the treatment of ...
bo tree (bō) n. See pipal.   [Partial translation of Sinhalese bo-gaha, tree of wisdom (because it was the tree under which the Buddha was enlightened) : bo, wisdom (from Pali ...
—botryoidally, adv. /bo'tree oyd"l/, adj. Mineral. having the form of a bunch of grapes: botryoidal hematite. Also, botryoid, botryose. [1810-20; < Gk botryoeid(és) shaped ...
See botryoidal. * * *
—botryomycotic /bo'tree oh muy kot"ik/, adj. /bo'tree oh muy koh"sis/, n. Vet. Pathol. a disease of horses and other domestic animals, often occurring after castration, usually ...
/bo"tree ohs'/, adj. 1. Mineral. botryoidal. 2. racemose. [ < Gk bótry(s) bunch of grapes + -OSE1] * * *
/boh truy"tis/, n. 1. any imperfect fungus of the genus Botrytis, having the conidia in grapelike bunches: a major cause of plant disease. 2. See noble rot. [ < NL (1832) < Gk ...
botrytis blight
▪ plant disease also called  botrytis rot , or  gray mold blight        disease of plants growing in humid areas that is usually caused by the fungus Botrytis ...
botrytis rot
Plant Pathol. a disease of many plants caused by fungi of the genus Botrytis, characterized by leaf blight, a tan-gray moldlike surface growth, and the rotting of stems and ...
/bots/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Vet. Pathol. a disease affecting various mammals, esp. horses, caused by the attachment of the parasitic larvae of botflies to the stomach of the ...
Gk. /baw"tsah rddees/, n. Markos Gk. /mahrdd"kaws/. See Bozzaris, Marco. * * *
Botsaris, Markos
▪ Greek politician Italian  Marco Bozzari   born c. 1788, , Soúli, Greece, Ottoman Empire died Aug. 21, 1823, Karpenisíon       an important leader early in the ...
/bot swah"neuh/, n. a republic in S Africa: formerly a British protectorate; gained independence 1966; member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 1,500,765; 275,000 sq. mi. (712,250 ...
Botswana, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a light blue field (background) with central white-black-white stripes. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to ...
See Botswana. * * *
bott1 /bot/, n. bot. bott2 /bot/, n. Metall. a conical knob, mounted on a rod, for stopping temporarily the flow of molten metal or slag from a blast furnace or cupola. [1875-80; ...
Bott, Raoul
▪ 2006       Hungarian American mathematician (b. Sept. 24, 1923, Budapest, Hung.—d. Dec. 20, 2005, Carlsbad, Calif.), was the winner of the 2000 Wolf Prize in ...
Botta, Carlo Giuseppe Guglielmo
▪ French historian born Nov. 6, 1766, San Giorgio del Canavese, Piedmont [Italy] died Aug. 10, 1837, Paris, France       Italian-born French historian and politician ...
Botta, Paul-Émile
▪ French archaeologist born Dec. 6, 1802, Turin, Piedmont [Italy] died March 29, 1870, Achères, France       French consul and archaeologist whose momentous discovery ...
/boh tay"geuh, beuh-/; It. /bawt te"gah/, n., pl. bottegas, botteghe /-tay"gee/; It. /-te"ge/. the studio of a master artist, in which lesser artists, apprentices, or students ...
Bottesini, Giovanni
▪ Italian musician born Dec. 22, 1821, Crema, Austrian Empire [now in Italy] died July 7, 1889, Parma       Italian double bassist, composer, and conductor, best known ...
/buet"geuhrdd/, n. Johann Friedrich /yoh"hahn frddee"drddikh/, 1682-1719, German chemist. * * *
—Botticellian, adj. /bot'i chel"ee/; It. /bawt'tee chel"lee/, n. Sandro /san"droh, sahn"-/; It. /sahn"drddaw/, (Alessandro di Mariano dei Filipepi), 1444?-1510, Italian ...
Botticelli, Sandro
orig. Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi born 1445, Florence died May 7, 1510, Florence [Italy] Italian painter active in Florence. As a youth he may have been apprenticed to a ...
Bot·ti·cel·li (bŏt'ĭ-chĕlʹē), Sandro. Originally Alessandro di Mariano dei Filipepi. 1444?-1510. Italian painter of the Florentine school whose flowing draftsmanship is ...
bottle1 —bottlelike, adj. /bot"l/, n., v., bottled, bottling. n. 1. a portable container for holding liquids, characteristically having a neck and mouth and made of glass or ...
bottle baby
an infant fed by bottle from birth, as distinguished from one who is breast-fed. [1890-95] * * *
bottle bill
a legislative bill that requires the charging of a refundable deposit on certain beverage bottles and cans, to encourage the return of these containers for recycling while at the ...
bottle cap
a device for closing or sealing a bottle, esp. a metal cover with a cork gasket fitting tightly over the mouth of a glass or plastic bottle, held in place by crimping the edge of ...
bottle club
a club serving drinks to members who have reserved or purchased their own bottles of liquor. [1940-45] * * *
bottle fern.
See brittle fern. * * *
bottle gentian.
See closed gentian. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
bottle glass
—bottle-glass, adj. glass of a deep green or amber color. [1620-30] * * *
bottle gourd
also called  white-flowered gourd , or  calabash gourd (Lagenaria siceraria)        running or climbing vine, of the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae), native to the Old ...
bottle gourd.
See under gourd (def. 1). [1860-65] * * *
bottle green
—bottle-green, adj. a deep green. [1810-20] * * *
bottle imp.
See Cartesian diver. [1815-25] * * *
bottle party
a party at which guests contribute their own liquor. [1925-30] * * *
bottle shop
a store that sells wines, liquor, etc., by the bottle; liquor store. [1925-30] * * *
bottle shops
➡ beer * * *
bottle tree
any of several trees of the genus Brachychiton, native to Australia, characterized by a bottle-shaped swelling of the trunk, as B. rupestris (narrow-leaved bottle tree) or B. ...
bottle turning
Furniture. the turning of the legs of chairs, tables, etc., in manufacturing to give certain sections an ornamental, bottlelike form. * * *
/bot"l feed'/, v., bottle-fed, bottle-feeding. v.t. 1. to nurse or feed (an infant or young animal) with milk or other nourishment from a nursing bottle. 2. to nurture or teach ...
See bottle green. * * *
bottle-nosed dolphin
any of several dolphins of the genus Tursiops, common in North Atlantic and Mediterranean waters, having a rounded forehead and well-defined beak. See illus. under dolphin. Also, ...
bottle-nosed whale
any of various beaked whales of the family Hyperoodontidae, characterized by a bulbous forehead, esp. Hyperoodon ampullatus of the North Atlantic. Also, bottlenose whale, ...
bot·tle-nosed dolphin (bŏtʹl-nōzd') n. Any of several marine mammals of the genus Tursiops, especially T. truncatus, widely distributed in temperate and tropical waters and ...
/bot"l brush'/, n. Bot. any of various trees or shrubs of the myrtle family, esp. of the genera Callistemon and Melaleuca, native to Australia and adjacent areas, having spikes ...
bottlebrush grass
a North American grass, Hystrix patula, having loose flower spikes with long awns. [1835-45] * * *
➡ beer * * *
bottled gas
1. gas stored in portable cylinders under pressure. 2. See liquefied petroleum gas. [1925-30] * * *
bottled in bond
(of a straight whiskey or brandy) bottled at 100 proof after aging at least four years and being stored untaxed under U.S. government supervision until released for sale by the ...
bottled water
drinking water, often spring water, sometimes carbonated, sealed in bottles and usually certified as pure. * * *
bot·tled gas (bŏtʹld) n. Gas, such as butane or propane, stored under pressure in portable tanks. * * *
/bot"l fool'/, n., pl. bottlefuls. the amount that a bottle can hold: drinking soda by the bottleful. [1860-65; BOTTLE1 + -FUL] * * *
bottle gourd n. See calabash. * * *
bottle green n. A dark to moderate or grayish green.   botʹtle-greenʹ (bŏtʹl-grēnʹ) adj. * * *
/bot"l hed'/, n. bottlenose (def. 2). [1645-55; BOTTLE1 + HEAD] * * *
/bot"l nek'/, n. 1. a narrow entrance or passageway. 2. a place or stage in a process at which progress is impeded. 3. Also called slide guitar. a method of guitar playing that ...
—bottle-nosed, bottlenosed, adj. /bot"l nohz'/, n. 1. See bottle-nosed dolphin. 2. See bottle-nosed whale. [1540-50; BOTTLE1 + NOSE] * * *
bottlenose dolphin
or bottle-nosed dolphin Widely recognized species (Tursiops truncatus) of mammal belonging to the dolphin family, found worldwide in warm and temperate seas. Bottlenose ...
bottlenose whale
▪ mammal  any of four species of beaked whales (beaked whale) distinguished by a bulbous forehead that drops sharply to the base of the beak. All inhabit deep offshore waters ...
bottler1 /bot"l euhr/, n. a person, thing, or company that bottles. [BOTTLE1 + -ER1] bottler2 /bot"leuhr/, n. Australian and New Zealand Slang. a person or thing that is ...
bottletree [bät′'ltrē΄] n. any of a genus (Brachychiton) of trees of the sterculia family, native to Australia, some of which have a swollen, bottle-shaped trunk * * ...
/bot"l wosh'euhr, -waw'sheuhr/, n. 1. a person or machine that washes bottles. 2. chief cook and bottlewasher, a person who does a wide variety of routine, sometimes menial, ...
Bottling it up inside
➡ feelings * * *
/bot"euhm/, n. 1. the lowest or deepest part of anything, as distinguished from the top: the bottom of a hill; the bottom of a page. 2. the under or lower side; underside: the ...
bottom bolt
a bolt at the bottom of a door or the like, sliding into a socket in the floor or sill and equipped with a device for keeping it raised when the door is not fastened. * * *
bottom dog
underdog. [1880-85; by analogy with TOP DOG] * * *
bottom drawer
/drawr/, Brit. any drawer used for a hope chest. [1885-90] * * *
bottom feeder
1. See bottom fish. 2. a person who functions or seeks to gain at the lowest level of an activity: bottom feeders who buy undervalued stocks; social bottom feeders hanging out in ...
bottom fish
any of certain fishes that live at or near the bottom of a body of water, as certain of the cod and related species, the flatfishes, and catfishes. Also called ground fish. * * *
bottom gear
Brit. low1 (def. 47). * * *
bottom grass
any grass that grows on bottoms or lowlands. * * *
bottom heat
Hort. heat artificially applied to a container in which plants are grown in order to induce their germination, rooting, or growth. [1880-85] * * *
bottom ice.
See anchor ice. [1720-30, Amer.] * * *
bottom lady
Slang. 1. a pimp's most reliable prostitute. 2. a female pimp. 3. the madam of a brothel. Also called bottom woman. * * *
bottom land
Phys. Geog. bottom (def. 4). [1720-30, Amer.] * * *
bottom line
—bottom-line, adj. 1. the last line of a financial statement, used for showing net profit or loss. 2. net profit or loss. 3. the deciding or crucial factor. 4. the ultimate ...
bottom quark
Physics. the quark having electric charge -1/3 times the elementary charge and bottom quantum number -1. It is more massive than the up, down, strange, and charmed quarks. Also ...
bottom round
a cut of beef taken from outside the round, which is below the rump and above the upper leg. Cf. top round. [1920-25] * * *
bottom time
Scuba Diving. the total time, in minutes, from the beginning of a descent to the beginning of an ascent. * * *
bottom water
Lowermost layer of ocean water that can be distinguished by its characteristic low temperature, high density, and low oxygen content compared with surface waters. Most bottom ...
bottom woman
Slang. See bottom lady. * * *
bottom yeast
a yeast whose cells, in the manufacture of wine and lager beer, fall to the bottom as a sediment. Also called sediment yeast. [1905-10] * * *
/bot"euhm fee'ding/, n. the activities of a bottom feeder. Also called bottom-fishing /bot"euhm fish'ing/. * * *
/bot"euhm fish'/, v.i. to fish with a weighted line for fish that feed close to the bottom. Also, ground-fish. [1840-50] * * *
/bot"euhm fish'euhr/, n. See bottom feeder (defs. 2, 3). * * *
bot·tom-line (bŏtʹəm-līn') adj. 1. Concerned exclusively with costs and profits: bottom-line issues. 2. Ruthlessly realistic; pragmatic: a bottom-line political ...
/bot"euhm luy"neuhr/, n. a person, as an executive, accountant, or stockholder, who puts the net profits of a business ahead of all other considerations. [BOTTOM LINE + -ER1] * * ...
/bot"euhm euhv dheuh luyn'/, adj. being the cheapest item of its kind made by a manufacturer; produced as inexpensively as possible (opposed to top-of-the-line): ...
/bot"euhm up"/, adj. of, pertaining to, or originating with the common people, nonprofessionals, or the lower ranks of an organization: The five-day workweek was a bottom-up ...
bottom-up programming
Computers. a programming technique in which lower-level modules are developed before higher-level modules (opposed to top-down programming). * * *
bottom break n. A branch arising from the stem base of a plant.   [bottom + break, branch formed by pinching or disbudding.] * * *
Bottome, Margaret McDonald
▪ American religious leader and writer née  Margaret McDonald  born Dec. 29, 1827, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 14, 1906, New York City       American columnist ...
See bottom. * * *
bottom feeder n. 1. A fish or other animal that feeds on the bottom of a body of water. 2. One that feeds low on the food chain; a scavenger. 3. Slang. a. An opportunist who ...
See bottom feeder. * * *
bottom fish n. A fish, such as a catfish, carp, or flounder, that lives on or near the bottom of a body of water. * * *
bottom fishing n. 1. The activity of fishing for bottom feeders. 2. Researching or investing in securities at what is believed to be the low point of a market after a decline. * ...
☆ bottomland [bät′əmland΄ ] n. low land through which a river flows, rich in alluvial deposits; flood plain: sometimes written bottom land * * * bot·tom·land ...
—bottomlessly, adv. —bottomlessness, n. /bot"euhm lis/, adj. 1. lacking a bottom. 2. immeasurably deep. 3. unfathomable; mysterious: a bottomless problem. 4. without bounds; ...
bottomless pit
1. hell (def. 1). 2. something that drains all one's energy or resources. [1525-35] * * *
See bottomless. * * *
bottom line n. 1. The line in a financial statement that shows net income or loss. 2. The final result or statement; upshot: “The bottom line, however, is that he has ...
/bot"euhm mohst'/ or, esp. Brit, /-meuhst/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or situated at the bottom. 2. (of one of a series) farthest down; lowest. 3. bottom. [1860-65; BOTTOM + ...
bottom quark n. Abbr. b A quark with a charge of - 1/3 and a mass about 10,000 times that of the electron. Also called beauty quark. * * *
bottom round n. A cut of meat, such as steak, taken from the outer section of a round of beef. * * *
/bot"euhm ree/, n., pl. bottomries. Marine Law. a contract, of the nature of a mortgage, by which the owner of a ship borrows money to make a voyage, pledging the ship as ...
/bawt"rddawp/, n. a city in W Germany, in the Ruhr region. 100,800. * * * ▪ Germany       city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), northwestern Germany. It lies ...
Botts dots
/bots/, Slang. small, protruding, reflecting ceramic tiles used on some roads instead of painted lines to mark lanes. [after Elbert D. Botts (born 1893), U.S. chemist, who ...
▪ Brazil       city, central São Paulo estado (state), Brazil. It lies near the Pardo River in the Serra de Botucatu at 2,549 feet (777 m) above sea level. It was ...
/boch"euh lin/, n. the toxin formed by botulinus and causing botulism. [1885-90; < L botul(us) (see BOTULISM) + -IN2] * * *
See botulinum. * * *
bot·u·li·num (bŏch'ə-līʹnəm) also bot·u·li·nus (-nəs) n. An anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium (Clostridium botulinum) that secretes botulin and inhabits soils.   [New ...
—botulinal, adj. /boch'euh luy"neuhs/, n., pl. botulinuses. a soil bacterium, Clostridium botulinum, that thrives and forms botulin under anaerobic conditions. Also, botulinum ...
/boch"euh liz'euhm/, n. Pathol. a sometimes fatal disease of the nervous system acquired from spoiled foods in which botulin is present, esp. improperly canned or marinated ...
/bot vee"nik, -vin"ik/; Russ. /but vyee"nyik/, n. Mikhail (Moiseevich) /mi kah eel" moy say"yeuh vich/; Russ. /myi khu yeel" muy sye"yi vyich/, born 1911, Russian chess master. * ...
Botvinnik, Mikhail Moiseyevich
▪ 1996       Soviet chess grandmaster (b. Aug. 17 [Aug. 4, Old Style], 1911, Kuokkala, near St. Petersburg, Russia—d. May 5, 1995, Moscow, Russia), was the first ...
Bou Saâda
▪ Algeria       town, north-central Algeria. It is located between el-Hodna Depression (a salt lake) and the mountains of the Saharan Atlas. Although north of the ...
/bwah kay", bwah"kay/, n. a city in central Ivory Coast. 200,000. * * * City (pop., 1995 est.: 330,000), central Côte d'Ivoire. It was established as a French military post in ...
/bwahr/, n. a city in the W Central African Republic. 51,000. * * *
Boubat, Edouard
▪ 2000       French photographer who captured scenes that emphasized the quiet poetics found in ordinary life (b. Sept. 13, 1923, Paris, France—d. June 30, 1999, ...
/booh"booh/, n. a long, loose-fitting, brightly colored garment worn by both sexes in parts of Africa. Also, bubu. [1960-65; < F < Malinke bubu] * * *
/booh shannrdd"/, n. (Louis) Henri /lwee ahonn rddee"/, 1875-1960, French sculptor. * * *
Bouchard, Lucien
▪ 1995       In 1990 the Bloc Québécois was formed in Canada to promote sovereignty for the province of Quebec on the federal level. In the federal election of 1993, ...
Bouchardon, Edmé
▪ French sculptor born May 29, 1698, Chaumont, France died July 27, 1762, Paris       French sculptor who was a precursor of Neoclassicism. His statues are ...
/boohsh/, n. Armor. a curved indentation in an upper corner of a jousting shield, serving as a lance rest: used from the 14th to the 17th century. [ < F phrase à bouche lit., ...
/booh shay"/, n. Louis, 1896-1969, U.S. painter. * * *
/booh shay"/, n. a small patty shell of puff pastry, used esp. for hot hors d'oeuvres. [1840-50; < F: lit., a mouthful, equiv. to bouche mouth ( < L bucca) + -ée < L -ata ...
/booh shay"/, n. François /frddahonn swann"/, 1703-70, French painter. * * *
Boucher de Crèvecoeur de Perthes
/booh shay" deuh krddev kuerdd" deuh perddt"/ Jacques /zhahk/, 1788-1868, French archaeologist and writer. * * *
Boucher de Perthes, Jacques
▪ French archaeologist in full  Jacques Boucher de Crèvecoeur de Perthes   born Sept. 10, 1788, Rethel, France died Aug. 5, 1868, Abbeville       French ...
Boucher, François
Bou·cher (bo͞o-shāʹ), François. 1703-1770. French artist whose paintings and tapestries are representative of the rococo style. * * * born Sept. 29, 1703, Paris, Fr. died ...
Boucher, Jonathan
born March 12, 1738, Cumberland, Eng. died April 27, 1804, Epsom, Surrey English-American clergyman. He went to Virginia in 1759 as a private tutor. As rector of Annapolis, ...
/booh"sheuhr vil'/; Fr. /booh sherdd veel"/, n. a town in S Quebec, in E Canada, near Montreal, on the St. Lawrence. 29,704. * * *
/boohsh dyuu rddohn"/, n. a department in SE France. 1,632,974; 2026 sq. mi. (5245 sq. km). Cap.: Marseilles. * * *
/booh shon"/; Fr. /booh shawonn"/, n., pl. bouchons /-shonz"/; Fr. /-shawonn"/. Furniture. a supplementary, baize-covered top set in the center of a bouillotte table. [1880-85; < ...
/booh"see kawlt', -koh'/, n. Dion /duy"on, -euhn/, 1822-90, Irish playwright and actor, in the U.S. after 1853. * * *
Boucicault, Dion
orig. Dionysius Lardner Boursiquot born Dec. 26, 1820/22, Dublin, Ire. died Sept. 18, 1890, New York, N.Y., U.S. Irish-born U.S. playwright. He began acting in 1837 and wrote ...
Boucicaut, Jean II le Meingre
▪ French marshal and soldier born c. 1366 died 1421, Yorkshire, Eng.  marshal of France, French soldier, and champion of the ideals of chivalry.       He was the son ...
/booh klay"/, n. 1. yarn with loops producing a rough, nubby appearance on woven or knitted fabrics. 2. a fabric made of this yarn. Also, boucle. [1890-95; < F: lit., curled; see ...
Bou·dain (bo͞o-dănʹ, -dăɴʹ) n. Variant of boudin. * * *
/booh duez"/, n. a sofa or settee, usually upholstered, having two seats with a common backrest between them. [ < F, n. use of boudeuse sulky, sullen (boud(er) to sulk, be sullen ...
Boudiaf, Mohamed
born June 23, 1919, MʾSila, Alg. died June 29, 1992, Annaba Algerian political leader. With Ahmed Ben Bella, he cofounded the Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN), which ...
Boudiaf, Muhammad
▪ Algerian politician born June 23, 1919, M'Sila, Alg. died June 29, 1992, Annaba       Algerian political leader who was a founder of the revolutionary National ...
/booh dik"euh/, n. Boadicea. * * * or Boadicea died AD 60 Ancient British queen. When her husband, a Roman client king of the Iceni, died in AD 60, he left his estate to his ...
/booh daonn"/, n., pl. boudins /-daonn"/; Eng. /-daonnz"/. French Cookery. a blood sausage (boudin noir) or sometimes a white sausage (boudin blanc), made of chicken, pork, or ...
boudin blanc
Fr. /booh daonn blahonn"/. See under boudin. [ < F: white sausage] * * *
boudin noir
Fr. /booh daonn nwannrdd"/. See under boudin. [ < F: black sausage] * * *
Boudin, Eugène
born July 12, 1824, Honfleur, Fr. died Aug. 8, 1898, Deauville French landscape painter. Encouraged at an early age by Jean-François Millet, Boudin became a strong advocate of ...
Cylinder-like structures making up a layer of deformed rock. They commonly lie adjacent to each other and are joined by short necks, giving the appearance of a string of ...
boudin blanc (bläɴ) n. pl. boudins blancs (bläɴ) A French white sausage made of pork, chicken, or veal.   [French : boudin, boudin + blanc, white.] * * *
boudin noir n. pl. boudins noirs (nwär) See black pudding.   [French : boudin, boudin + noir, black.] * * *
Boudinot, Elias
born May 2, 1740, Philadelphia, Pa. died Oct. 24, 1821, Burlington, N.J., U.S. U.S. public official. He became a lawyer in 1760. Though a conservative Whig, he supported the ...
Boudjedra, Rachid
▪ Algerian writer born Sept. 5, 1941, Aïn Beïda, Alg.       prolific and revolutionary Algerian writer whose first novel, La Répudiation (1969; “The ...
/booh"dwahr, -dwawr/, n. a woman's bedroom or private sitting room. [1775-85; < F: lit., a sulking place (boud(er) to sulk + -oir -ORY2)] * * *
Boudreau, Lou
▪ American baseball player and manager byname of  Louis Boudreau  born July 7, 1917, Harvey, Ill., U.S. died Aug. 10, 2001, Frankfort, Ill.  American professional baseball ...
Boudreau, Louis
▪ 2002 “Lou”        American baseball player and manager (b. July 17, 1917, Harvey, Ill.—d. Aug. 10, 2001, Olympia Fields, Ill.), began his professional career as ...
Boué, Ami
▪ Austrian geologist born March 16, 1794, Hamburg [Germany] died Nov. 21, 1881, Vienna, Austria       Austrian geological pioneer who fostered international cooperation ...
▪ Algeria       town, northern Algeria, in the centre of the irrigated Mitidja plain. Founded by Governor Bertrand Clauzel (Clauzel, Bertrand, Comte) in 1836 on ...
—bouffancy /booh"feuhn see/, n. /booh fahnt", booh"fahnt/; Fr. /booh fahonn"/, adj. 1. puffed out; full: a bouffant skirt. n. 2. a woman's hair style in which the hair is ...
/boohf/, n. Music. See opéra bouffe. [ < F < It buffa, fem. of buffo comic; see BUFFOON] * * *
Boufflers, Louis-François, duc de
▪ French general born January 10, 1644, Cagny, France died August 22, 1711, Fontainebleau  a leading French general in the wars of King Louis XIV.       Born into an ...
Boufflers, Stanislas-Jean, chevalier de
▪ French author born May 31, 1738, Nancy, France died January 18, 1815, Paris  French writer, soldier, and academician remembered chiefly for his picaresque romance, Aline, ...
bou·gain·vil·lae·a (bo͞o'gən-vĭlʹē-ə, -vĭlʹyə, -vēʹə, bō'-) n. Variant of bougainvillea. * * *
/booh gaonn veel"/ for 1; /booh"geuhn vil', boh"-/, Fr. /booh gaonn veel"/ for 2, n. 1. Louis Antoine de /lwee ahonn twannn" deuh/, 1729-1811, French navigator. 2. the largest of ...
Bougainville Island
▪ island, Papua New Guinea       easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific. With Buka Island and several island groups, it forms ...
Bougainville, Louis-Antoine de
born Nov. 11, 1729, Paris, France died Aug. 3, 1811, Paris French navigator. In 1764 he established a colony for France in the Falkland Islands. Commissioned by the government ...
Bougainville,Louis Antoine de
Bougainville, Louis Antoine de. 1729-1811. French explorer who circumnavigated the globe (1766-1769) with a crew that included astronomers and naturalists. * * *
/booh'geuhn vil"ee euh, -vil"yeuh, boh'-/, n. any of several shrubs or vines of the genus Bougainvillea, native to South America, having small flowers with showy, variously ...
—boughless, adj. /bow/, n. a branch of a tree, esp. one of the larger or main branches. [bef. 1000; ME bogh, OE bog, boh shoulder, bough; c. ON bogr, D boeg, G Bug, Gk pêchys, ...
/bowd/, adj. 1. having a bough or boughs (usually used in combination): golden-boughed elms. 2. covered or shaded with boughs: a boughed retreat in the woods. [1350-1400; ME; see ...
/bow"pot'/, n. a large vase or pot for cut flowers or small branches. Also, bowpot. [1575-85; BOUGH + POT1] * * *
/bawt/, v. 1. pt. and pp. of buy. adj. 2. South Midland and Southern U.S. store-bought. * * *
/bawt"n/, adj. Northern and North Midland U.S. Nonstandard. store-bought. [1785-95; BOUGHT + -EN3] * * *
Boughton, Rutland
▪ British composer born Jan. 23, 1878, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died Jan. 25, 1960, London       composer of operas, the principal English advocate of the ...
/booh"jee, -zhee, booh zhee"/, n. 1. Med. a. a slender, flexible instrument introduced into passages of the body, esp. the urethra, for dilating, examining, medicating, etc. b. a ...
Bouguer, Pierre
▪ French scientist born Feb. 16, 1698, Le Croisic, Fr. died Aug. 15, 1758, Paris       versatile French scientist best remembered as one of the founders of photometry, ...
/boohgeu rddoh"/, n. Adolphe William /ann dawlf" veel yannm"/, 1825-1905, French painter. * * *
Bouguereau, William (-Adolphe)
born Nov. 30, 1825, La Rochelle, Fr. died Aug. 19, 1905, La Rochelle French painter. He entered the École des Beaux-Arts in 1846 and was awarded the Prix de Rome in 1850. On ...
Bouguereau, William-Adolphe
▪ French painter born Nov. 30, 1825, La Rochelle, Fr. died Aug. 19, 1905, La Rochelle       French painter, a dominant figure in his nation's academic painting during ...
/boohl'yeuh bays", boohl"yeuh bays'/; Fr. /booh yann bes"/, n. a soup or stew containing several kinds of fish and often shellfish, usually combined with olive oil, tomatoes, and ...
Bouillaud, Jean-Baptiste
born Sept. 16, 1796, Garat, Fr. died Oct. 29, 1881, Paris French physician and researcher. He established the speech centre's location in the brain and differentiated between ...
/bool"yon, -yeuhn/; Fr. /booh yawonn"/, n. a clear, usually seasoned broth made by straining water in which beef, chicken, etc., has been cooked, or by dissolving a commercially ...
bouillon cube
a small compressed cube of dehydrated beef, chicken, or vegetable stock. [1930-35] * * *
bouillon cup
a small, bowl-shaped vessel, with two handles, in which bouillon is served. * * *
bouillon spoon
a spoon with a round bowl, smaller than a soup spoon. * * *
bouillon cube n. A small cube of evaporated seasoned meat, poultry, or vegetable stock, used in making broth or to flavor soups or stews. * * *
bouillotte lamp
/booh yot"/, Fr. Furniture. a table lamp of the 18th century, having two or three adjustable candle brackets and a common shade sliding on a central shaft. [from its use on a ...
bouillotte table
Fr. Furniture. a small round table of the 18th century, having around its top a gallery within which a bouchon could be set for the playing of card games. [ < F bouillotte card ...
▪ Algeria       town, north-central Algeria. Bouira is situated southwest of the Grand Kabylie (mountains), near the watershed of the Isser and Soummam wadis and 58 ...
Boul. abbr. boulevard. * * *
Boulainvilliers, Henri de, comte de Saint-Saire
▪ French historian born Oct. 21, 1658, Saint-Saire, Fr. died Jan. 23, 1722, Paris       French historian and political writer who set forth a broad cultural conception ...

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