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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Bussy-Rabutin, Roger de
▪ French author in full  Roger de Rabutin, comte (count) de Bussy  born April 13, 1618, Épiry, Fr. died April 9, 1693, Autun       French libertine who amused the ...
bust1 /bust/, n. 1. a sculptured, painted, drawn, or engraved representation of the upper part of the human figure, esp. a portrait sculpture showing only the head and shoulders ...
/bust"up'/, n. Informal. 1. a separation or dissolution, as of a marriage or a close friendship. 2. a large party, esp. a noisy one. 3. Chiefly Brit. a quarrel; disturbance; ...
/boos'teuh mahn"tay/; for 1 also Sp. /boohs'tah mahn"te/, n. 1. Anastasio /ah'nahs tah"syaw/, 1780-1853, Mexican military and political leader: president 1830-32, 1837-41. 2. Sir ...
Bustamante y Sirvén, Antonio Sánchez de
▪ Cuban politician born April 13, 1865, Havana died Aug. 24, 1951, Havana  lawyer, educator, Cuban politician, and international jurist who drew up the Bustamante Code ...
Bustamante, Sir (William)Alexander
Bus·ta·man·te (bo͝os'tə-mänʹtā), Sir (William) Alexander. 1884-1977. Jamaican labor leader and politician who opposed federation with other West Indian states and was ...
Bustānī, Buṭrus al-
▪ Lebanese scholar born , 1819, ad-Dubbīyah died May 1, 1883, Beirut       scholar whose works, notably an Arabic dictionary and the first six volumes of an Arabic ...
/bus"teuhrd/, n. any of several large, chiefly terrestrial and ground-running birds of the family Otididae, of the Old World and Australia, related to the cranes. [1425-75; late ...
bustard quail.
See button quail. * * *
bust·ed (bŭsʹtĭd) adj. 1. Slang. a. Smashed or broken: busted glass; a busted rib. b. Out of order; inoperable: a busted vending machine. 2. Bankrupt or out of funds: I'd ...
/bus"tee/, n. India. 1. a small settlement; village. 2. a slum. Also, busti. [1880-85; < Hindi basti, akin to basna to dwell] * * *
Bustelli, Franz Anton
▪ German artist born April 12, 1723, Locarno, Switz. died April 18, 1763, Munich  modeller of porcelain sculpture, recognized for the excellence of his work in the light, ...
/bus"teuhr/, n. Informal. 1. a person who breaks up something: crime busters. 2. something that is very big or unusual for its kind. 3. a loud, uproarious reveler. 4. a frolic; ...
/bus"teuhr/, n. a male given name. * * *
Buster Brown collar
a medium-sized, starched collar with rounded edges, lying flat on the shoulders, worn by women and girls. [after Buster Brown, a comic-strip boy drawn by Richard F. Outcault ...
Buster Keaton
➡ Keaton (I) * * *
☆ bustic [bus′tik ] n. 〚< ?〛 a tropical tree (Dipholis salicifolia) of the sapodilla family, native to S Fla. and the West Indies, with hard, dark wood used in making ...
bus·ti·cate (bŭsʹtĭ-kāt') tr.v. Northern U.S. bus·ti·cat·ed, bus·ti·cat·ing, bus·ti·cates To break into pieces. See Regional Note at absquatulate.   [bust2 + ...
/boohs tyay"/, n. a woman's close-fitting, sleeveless, strapless top, often elasticized, usually having boning or facing to give it shape, and worn as a blouse. [ < F, orig. an ...
Bustillos, Edwin
▪ 1997       In 1996 human rights activist and environmentalist Edwin Bustillos continued his campaign to save Mexico's Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range from ...
bustle1 —bustler, n. —bustlingly, adv. /bus"euhl/, v., bustled, bustling, n. v.i. 1. to move or act with a great show of energy (often fol. by about): He bustled about ...
bustle pipe
Metall. (in a blast furnace) an annular pipe distributing hot air to the tuyères. * * *
/bust"luyn'/, n. 1. the outline or shape of a woman's bust. 2. the part of a garment covering the breasts: a dress with a fitted bustline. [1935-40; BUST1 + LINE1] * * *
Busto Arsizio
▪ Italy       city, Lombardia ( Lombardy) regione, northern Italy. It lies along the Olona River just northwest of Milan. Its Renaissance-style Church of Santa Maria di ...
Bu·sto Ar·si·zio (bo͞oʹstō är-sēʹtsyō) A city of northern Italy northwest of Milan. It is a center of Italy's cotton industry. Population: 76,769. * * *
bus topology n. Computer Science One of the three principal topologies for a LAN, in which all nodes are connected to a central cable along which data is passed. * * *
—bustiness, n. /bus"tee/, adj., bustier, bustiest. Informal. (of a woman) having a large bust; bosomy. [1940-45; BUST1 + -Y1] * * *
/byooh sul"feuhn/, n. Pharm. a potent cytotoxic substance, C6H14O6S2, used in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia. [1955-60; bu(tanediol dimethane) sulf(onate) its chemical ...
▪ Germany       town, Schleswig-Holstein Land (state), northern Germany. It lies on the North Sea coast, southwest of Heide. The town was first occupied about 1140 ...
/bus"way'/, n. a highway, or lane of a highway, set aside for the exclusive use of buses, esp. during peak traffic hours. [1960-65, Amer.; BUS + WAY1] * * *
/biz"ee/, adj., busier, busiest, v., busied, busying. adj. 1. actively and attentively engaged in work or a pastime: busy with her work. 2. not at leisure; otherwise engaged: He ...
busy signal
Teleph. a regular succession of buzzing tones transmitted to a caller to indicate that the circuit serving the number is blocked or in use, rapid repetition indicating that the ...
/biz"ee bod'ee/, n., pl. busybodies. a person who pries into or meddles in the affairs of others. [1520-30; BUSY + BODY] Syn. snoop, pry, meddler, Nosy Parker; gossip, ...
/biz"ee nis/, n. 1. the quality or condition of being busy. 2. lively but meaningless activity. [1840-50; BUSY + -NESS] * * *
busy signal n. A series of sharp buzzing tones heard over a telephone when the line dialed is already in use. * * *
/biz"ee werrk'/, n. work assigned for the sake of looking or keeping busy. [1840-50; BUSY + WORK] * * *
but1 /but/; unstressed /beuht/, conj. 1. on the contrary; yet: My brother went, but I did not. 2. except; save: She was so overcome with grief she could do nothing but weep. 3. ...
but- pref. Containing a group of four carbon atoms: butyl.   [From butyric.] * * *
▪ Mughal art  (Hindi-Urdu: “flower”), one of the most important ornamental motifs of Mughal Indian art, consisting of a floral spray with stylized leaves and flowers. It ...
butabarbital sodium
/byooh'teuh bahr"bi tawl', -tal'/, Pharm. a barbiturate, C10H15N2NaO3, used as a sedative and hypnotic. Also called sodium butabarbital. [based on the names of the chemical ...
butacaine sulfate
butacaine sulfate [byo͞ot′ə kān΄] n. a colorless, crystalline substance, (C18H30N2O2) 2·H2SO4, used as a local anesthetic, esp. on mucous membranes * * *
Butades Of Sicyon
▪ ancient Greek sculptor also called  Dibutades   flourished c. 600 BC?       ancient Greek clayman (clay), who, according to the Roman writer Pliny the Elder, was ...
/byooh'teuh duy"een, -duy een"/, n. Chem. a colorless, flammable gas, C4H6, soluble in alcohol but not in water, usually derived from butane or butene: used chiefly in the ...
/byooh"tayn, byooh tayn"/, n. Chem. a colorless, flammable gas, C4H10, a saturated aliphatic existing in two isometric forms: used chiefly in the manufacture of rubber and as ...
butanoic acid
/byooht"n oh"ik, byooht'-/, Chem. See butyric acid. * * *
bu·ta·no·ic acid (byo͞o'tə-nōʹĭk) n. See butyric acid.   [butane + -oic.] * * *
/byooht"n awl', -ol'/, n. Chem. See butyl alcohol. [1890-95; BUTANE + -OL1] * * *
/byooht"n ohn'/, n. Chem. See methyl ethyl ketone. [1900-05; BUTANE + -ONE] * * *
▪ Rwanda       town and educational centre, southern Rwanda. Before Rwanda's independence in 1962, the town was called Astrida. It consists of the traditional housing ...
Butaritari Atoll
▪ atoll, Kiribati also called  Makin Atoll,  formerly  Pitt Island         coral atoll of the Gilbert Islands, part of Kiribati, in the west-central Pacific ...
/byooh'teuh zol"i din/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of phenylbutazone. * * *
/booch/, n. 1. See butch haircut. 2. Slang. a lesbian, esp. one notably masculine in manner or appearance. adj. 3. Slang. a. (of a girl or woman) having traits of personality, ...
/booch/, n. a male given name. * * *
Butch Cassidy
➡ Cassidy (I) * * *
butch haircut
1. a short haircut for men, similar to a crew cut. 2. a haircut for women in which the hair is cropped relatively short. Also called butch. * * *
—butcherer, n. /booch"euhr/, n. 1. a retail or wholesale dealer in meat. 2. a person who slaughters certain animals, or who dresses the flesh of animals, fish, or poultry, for ...
butcher block
—butcher-block, adj. 1. a slab of wood resembling that used for a butcher's chopping block, formed by bonding or gluing together thick laminated strips of unpainted wood, ...
butcher knife
a large, very sharp knife for cutting or trimming meat. [1705-15, Amer.] * * *
butcher linen
a strong, heavy fabric made of rayon or rayon and cotton with a linen finish, constructed in plain weave. Also called butcher rayon. * * *
butcher paper
heavy, moisture-resistant paper, as used for wrapping meat. * * *
butcher shop
a shop in which meat, poultry, and sometimes fish are sold. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
butcher's broom
▪ plant  any dark green shrub of the genus Ruscus of the family Ruscaceae, native to Eurasia. The plants lack leaves but have flattened, leaflike branchlets. The small flower ...
butcher's saw
a type of hacksaw used esp. by butchers for cutting through meat and bones. See illus. under saw. * * *
/booch"euhrz broohm', -broom'/, n. a shrubby European evergreen, Ruscus aculeatus, of the lily family: used for making brooms. [1555-65] * * *
butch·er's broom (bo͝ochʹərz) n. An evergreen shrub (Ruscus aculeatus) native to Europe and the Mediterranean region, having leaflike stems, greenish flowers, and usually red ...
Butcher, Susan
▪ American sled-dog racer and trainer in full  Susan Howlet Butcher  born Dec. 26, 1954, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 5, 2006, Seattle, Wash.  American sled-dog (sled dog) ...
Butcher, Susan Howlet
▪ 2007       American sled-dog racer and trainer (b. Dec. 26, 1954, Boston, Mass—d. Aug. 5, 2006, Seattle, Wash.), dominated her sport for more than a decade and won ...
butch·er-block (bo͝ochʹər-blŏk') adj. Made of or resembling a board of thick strips of hardwood like that on which butchers chop meat: a butcher-block counter. * * *
/booch"euhr berrd'/, n. 1. any of various shrikes of the genus Lanius, which impale their prey upon thorns. 2. any of several large, carnivorous birds of the genus Cracticus, of ...
See butcher. * * *
butcher knife n. A heavy-duty knife with a broad sharp blade used for cutting meat. * * *
—butcherliness, n. /booch"euhr lee/, adj. like, or characteristic of, a butcher. [1505-15; BUTCHER + -LY] * * *
/booch"euh ree/, n., pl. butcheries. 1. a slaughterhouse. 2. brutal or wanton slaughter of animals or humans; carnage. 3. the trade or business of a butcher. 4. the act of ...
/booch"ee/, adj., butchier, butchiest. Slang. butch. [BUTCH + -Y1] * * *
/byooht/, n. Slang. phenylbutazone. [1965-70; by shortening] * * * ▪ island, Scotland, United Kingdom       island, Argyll and Bute council area, historic county of ...
/byooht/, n. 1. Also, Buteshire /byooht"shear, -sheuhr/. a historic county in SW Scotland, composed of three islands in the Firth of Clyde. 2. an island in the Firth of Clyde, in ...
Bute, John Stuart, 3rd earl of
orig. John Stuart born May 25, 1713, Edinburgh, Scot. died March 10, 1792, London, Eng. Scottish-born British statesman. He was the tutor and constant companion of the future ...
Bute, John Stuart, 3rd Earl of, Viscount Kingarth, Lord Mount Stuart, Cumrae, And Inchmarnock
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom born May 25, 1713, Edinburgh, Scot. died March 10, 1792, London, Eng.  Scottish royal favourite who dominated King George III of Great ...
/booht"n ahnt'/, n. Adolf Friedrich Johann /ah"dawlf frddee"drddikh yoh"hahn/, born 1903, German chemist: declined 1939 Nobel prize on the demand of the Nazi government. * * *
Butenandt, Adolf
▪ German biochemist in full  Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt   born March 24, 1903, Bremerhaven-Lehe, Ger. died Jan. 18, 1995, Munich       German biochemist who, ...
Butenandt, Adolf Friedrich Johann
▪ 1996       German biochemist (b. March 24, 1903, Bremerhaven-Lehe, Germany—d. Jan. 18, 1995, Munich, Germany), was the co-winner (with Leopold Ruzicka) of the 1939 ...
Butenandt,Adolf Friedrich
Bu·te·nandt (bo͞otʹn-änt'), Adolf Friedrich. 1903-1995. German chemist. He shared a 1939 Nobel Prize for his work on sexual hormones but declined the honor following a Nazi ...
/byooh"teen/, n. Chem. butylene (def. 1). [BUT(YL) + -ENE] * * * ▪ chemical compound also called  Butylene,         any of four isomeric compounds belonging to the ...
—buteonine /byooh"tee oh nuyn', -nin, byooh tee"-/, adj., n. /byooh"tee oh'/, n., pl. buteos. any of several buzzards or hawks of the genus Buteo. [1905-10; < NL; L buteo a ...
▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Bute        historic county in western Scotland that includes Bute, Arran, the Cumbraes (Cumbraes, the), ...
Buthelezi, Mangosuthu G(atsha)
born Aug. 27, 1928, Mahlabatini, Natal, S.Af. Zulu chief and leader of the Inkatha Freedom Party. Descended from Cetshwayo, he assumed leadership of the Buthelezi clan in 1953. ...
Buthelezi, Mangosuthu G.
▪ South African official in full  Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi   born August 27, 1928, Mahlabatini, Natal, South Africa       Zulu chief, head (1972–94) of the ...
Buthelezi,Mangosuthu Gatsha
Bu·the·le·zi (bo͞o'tə-lāʹzē), Mangosuthu Gatsha. Born 1928. South African politician and leader of the Inkatha Freedom Party, originally a Zulu cultural movement ...
Butkus, Dick
in full Richard J. Butkus born Dec. 9, 1942, Chicago, Ill., U.S. U.S. football player. He played for the University of Illinois before joining the Chicago Bears (1965–73). ...
butle [but′'l] vi. butled, butling 〚
—butlerlike, adj. —butlership, n. /but"leuhr/, n. 1. the chief male servant of a household, usually in charge of serving food, the care of silverware, etc. 2. a male servant ...
/but"leuhr/, n. 1. Benjamin Franklin, 1818-93, U.S. politician and a Union general in the Civil War. 2. Joseph, 1692-1752, English bishop, theologian, and author. 3. Nicholas ...
Butler University
▪ university, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Indianapolis, Ind., U.S. It comprises the Jordan ...
butler's pantry
a service room between a kitchen and dining room, typically equipped with counters, a sink, and storage space for china and silver. [1810-20] * * *
butler's sideboard
a sideboard, often with a fall front, having on its top a china cabinet with glazed doors. * * *
butler's table
a small table, usually used as a coffee table, with a removable or fixed butler's tray for a top. * * *
butler's tray
a rectangular tray, usually of mahogany or similar wood, with hinged sides that may be folded down to form a flat oval. * * *
but·ler's pantry (bŭtʹlərz) n. A serving and storage room between a kitchen and dining room. * * *
Butler, Alban
▪ English priest and educator born October 24, 1710, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England died May 15, 1773, Saint-Omer, France  Roman Catholic priest and educator renowned ...
Butler, Benjamin F
▪ United States politician and military officer born , Nov. 5, 1818, Deerfield, N.H., U.S. died Jan. 11, 1893, Washington, D.C.  American politician and army officer during ...
Butler, Benjamin F(ranklin)
born , Nov. 5, 1818, Deerfield, N.H., U.S. died Jan. 11, 1893, Washington, D.C. U.S. army officer. A prominent attorney in Lowell, Mass., Butler served two terms in the state ...
Butler, Guy
▪ South African author in full  Frederick Guy Butler  born January 21, 1918, Cradock, Cape province [now in Eastern province], South Africa died April 26, 2001, ...
Butler, Henry Montagu
▪ British educator born July 2, 1833, Gayton, Northamptonshire, Eng. died Jan. 14, 1918, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire  headmaster of Harrow School in England from 1859 to 1885, ...
Butler, Joseph
born May 18, 1692, Wantage, Berkshire, Eng. died June 16, 1752, Bath, Somerset British bishop and moral philosopher. He became dean of St. Paul's Cathedral in 1740 and bishop ...
Butler, Mother Marie Joseph
▪ Irish Roman Catholic nun original name  Johanna Butler   born July 22, 1860, Ballynunnery, County Kilkenny, Ire. died April 23, 1940, Tarrytown, N.Y., ...
Butler, Nicholas M(urray)
born April 2, 1862, Elizabeth, N.J., U.S. died Dec. 7, 1947, New York, N.Y. U.S. educator. He received his Ph.D. from Columbia University. He was the founding president of what ...
Butler, Nicholas Murray
▪ American educator born April 2, 1862, Elizabeth, N.J., U.S. died Dec. 7, 1947, New York, N.Y.  American educator, publicist, and political figure who (with Jane Addams ...
Butler, Octavia E.
▪ American author in full  Octavia Estelle Butler   born June 22, 1947, Pasadena, California, U.S. died February 24, 2006, Seattle, Washington       African American ...
Butler, Octavia Estelle
▪ 2007       American author (b. June 22, 1947, Pasadena, Calif.—d. Feb. 24, 2006, Lake Forest Park, Wash.), was chiefly noted for her science-fiction novels about ...
Butler, Pierce
▪ United States jurist born March 17, 1866, near Northfield, Minn., U.S. died Nov. 16, 1939, Washington, D.C.       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court ...
Butler, R A, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden
▪ British statesman byname  Rab Butler   born Dec. 9, 1902, Attock Serai, India died March 8, 1982, Great Yeldham, Essex, Eng.       British statesman high in the ...
Butler, R(ichard) A(usten), baron of Saffron Walden
born Dec. 9, 1902, Attock Serai, India died March 8, 1982, Great Yeldham, Essex, Eng. British politician. Known as "Rab" Butler, he was elected to Parliament in 1929 and served ...
Butler, Reg
▪ English sculptor byname of  Reginald Cotterell Butler   born April 28, 1913, Buntingford, Hertfordshire, Eng. died Oct. 23, 1981, Berkhampstead, ...
Butler, Richard Girnt
▪ 2005       American white supremacist (b. Feb. 23, 1918, near Denver, Colo.—d. Sept. 8, 2004, Hayden, Idaho), founded (1973) the Aryan Nations group and served as ...
Butler, Samuel
I born Dec. 4, 1835, Langar Rectory, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died June 18, 1902, London British novelist, essayist, and critic. Descended from distinguished clergymen, he ...
Butler,Benjamin Franklin
But·ler (bŭtʹlər), Benjamin Franklin. 1818-1893. American army officer and politician. His harsh rule as military governor of New Orleans (May-December 1862) led to charges ...
Butler,Nicholas Murray
Butler, Nicholas Murray. 1862-1947. American educator who advocated peace through education. He shared the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. * * *
I. Butler1, Samuel. 1612-1680. English poet remembered primarily for his three-part work Hudibras (1663-1678), a venomous mock-heroic satire on the Puritans.   II. Butler2, ...
/but"leuhr ij/, n. Old Eng. Law. the privilege allowed the king's butler to take a certain quantity of every cask of wine imported by an alien. Cf. prisage. [1485-95; BUTLER + ...
Butlerov, Aleksandr
▪ Russian chemist in full  Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Butlerov   born Sept. 6, 1828, Chistopol, Russia died Aug. 17, 1886, Butlerovka  Russian chemist who helped advance the ...
/but"leuh ree/, n., pl. butleries. a butler's room or pantry; buttery. [1250-1300; ME botelerie. See BUTLER, -Y3] * * *
any of a group of British holiday centres, formerly called ‘holiday camps’, where families can sleep, eat and be entertained without leaving the centre. The first one was ...
bu·to or bu·toh (bo͞oʹtō) n. A dance form developed in postwar Japan which rejects Eastern and Western dance conventions, expressing intense emotions through slow, ...
bu·to·con·a·zole nitrate (byo͞o'tə-kŏnʹə-zōl') n. An antifungal agent used primarily as a topical cream in the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis.   [butyl + con-, ...
or Butung Island, east-central Indonesia. Lying off the southeast coast of Celebes (Sulawesi), it is about 100 mi (160 km) long and has an area of about 2,000 sq mi (5,200 sq ...
Butor, Michel
▪ French author in full  Michel-Marie-François Butor   born Sept. 14, 1926, Mons-en-Baroeul, France       French novelist and essayist, one of the leading exponents ...
/byooh tawr"feuh nawl', -nol'/, n. Pharm. a narcotic analgesic, C21H29NO2, administered by injection to treat moderate to severe pain. [as contr. of the chemical name ...
/boot"sooh, booht"-/; Japn. /booh"tsoo/, n., pl. butsu for 1. 1. a representation of the Buddha. 2. (cap.) Buddha (def. 1). [ < Japn, ult. < MChin (equiv. to Chin fó Buddha) < ...
▪ Buddhist altar       in Japanese (Japan) households, the Buddhist family altar; historically, it was maintained in addition to the kamidana (“god-shelf”). The ...
butt1 /but/, n. 1. the end or extremity of anything, esp. the thicker, larger, or blunt end considered as a bottom, base, support, or handle, as of a log, fishing rod, or ...
butt chisel
any woodworking chisel having a blade less than 4 in. (10 cm) long. * * *
butt end
butt1 (defs. 1, 2). [1950-55] * * *
butt hinge
a hinge for a door or the like, secured to the butting surfaces rather than to the adjacent sides of the door and its frame. Cf. flap (def. 20a). See illus. under ...
butt joint
Building Trades. a joint formed by two pieces of wood or metal united end to end without overlapping. [1815-25] * * *
butt plate
a protective plate on the butt end of a gunstock, usually of metal. * * *
butt shaft
a blunt or barbless arrow. [1580-90] * * *
butt stroke
a blow struck with the butt of a rifle, as in close combat. * * *
butt weld
a weld between two pieces of metal butted together with the abutted ends shortened and thickened and fused together under heat. [1860-65] * * *
Butt, Dame Clara
▪ British singer original name in full  Clara Ellen Butt  born February 1, 1872, Southwick, Sussex, England died January 23, 1936, North Stoke, Oxfordshire  English ...
Butt, Isaac
▪ Irish leader born Sept. 6, 1813, Glenfin, County Donegal, Ire. died May 5, 1879, near Dundrum, County Dublin       lawyer and Irish nationalist leader who, if not the ...
butt-weld (bŭtʹwĕldʹ) tr.v. butt-·weld·ed, butt-·weld·ing, butt-·welds To join by a butt weld. * * *
/but"lz/, n.pl. Law. abuttal (def. 1b). * * *
/byooht/, n. Western U.S. and Canada. an isolated hill or mountain rising abruptly above the surrounding land. [1650-60, Amer.; < North American F; F: low hill, mound, OF: ...
/byooht/, n. a city in SW Montana: mining center. 37,205. * * * (French: "hillock" or "rising ground") Flat-topped hill surrounded by a steep cliff, from the bottom of which a ...
—butterless, adj. —butterlike, adj. /but"euhr/, n. 1. the fatty portion of milk, separating as a soft whitish or yellowish solid when milk or cream is agitated or churned. 2. ...
butter bean
1. a variety of small-seeded lima bean, Phaseolus lunatus, grown in the southern U.S. 2. Midland and Southern U.S. any type of lima bean. Also, butterbean. [1810-20] * * *
butter brickle
an ice-cream flavor, usually vanilla or butterscotch, containing crunchy bits of butterscotch candy. * * *
butter clam
a large edible clam, Saxidomus nuttalli, of the west coast of North America. Also called Washington clam, money shell. [1935-40] * * *
butter cookie
Cookery. a plain cookie whose chief ingredients are butter, flour, and sugar. * * *
butter knife
a small knife with a dull blade, for cutting, serving, or spreading butter. [1840-50] * * *
butter muslin
Chiefly Brit. cheesecloth. [1900-05] * * *
butter of arsenic.
See arsenic trichloride. * * *
butter sauce
a sauce made of melted butter, often diluted with water, sometimes thickened with flour or egg yolk, or both, and seasoned with lemon juice. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
butter spreader
a small knife with a wide, flat blade, as for spreading butter on bread or rolls. * * *
butter tree
any of several tropical trees of the sapodilla family, having seeds that yield a butterlike oil. [1820-30] * * *
butter-and-egg man
/but"euhr euhn eg"/, Older Slang. a prosperous businessman from a small town or a farmer who spends his money ostentatiously on visits to a big city. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
/but"euhr euhn egz"/, n., pl. butter-and-eggs. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) any of certain plants whose flowers are of two shades of yellow, as the toadflax, Linaria ...
/but"euhr bawl'/, n. 1. Northeastern U.S. the bufflehead. 2. Informal. a chubby person. 3. an individual serving of butter shaped into a small sphere. [1930-35; BUTTER + BALL1] * ...
butter bean n. 1. Chiefly Southern & Midland U.S. See lima bean. 2. New England. See wax bean. * * *
/but"euhr bred'/, n. Chiefly Pennsylvania. bread spread with butter. [1905-10; a calque of the PaG equivalent of G Butterbrot; see BUTTER, BREAD] * * *
/but"euhr berr'/, n. any of several composite plants of the genus Petasites, having large, woolly leaves said to have been used to wrap butter. [1540-50; BUTTER + BUR1] * * *
butter clam n. A large, delicately flavored clam of the genus Saxidomus, found on the Pacific coast of North America and having a distinctive shell that was formerly used as ...
/but"euhr kreem'/, n. 1. a vanilla-flavored cake frosting or filling made principally of softened butter and powdered sugar. 2. a similar mixture used as a filling for bonbons or ...
/but"euhr kup'/, n. any of numerous plants of the genus Ranunculus, having glossy yellow flowers and deeply cut leaves. [1505-15; BUTTER + CUP, from color and shape of flower] * ...
buttercup family
the plant family Ranunculaceae, typified by mostly herbaceous plants having usually alternate leaves, multistaminate flowers sometimes lacking petals but with colorful sepals, ...
buttercup squash
a small, usually dark-green squash that is a variety of Cucurbita maxima, having sweet orange flesh. * * *
buttercup squash n. A type of winter squash (Cucurbita maxima) shaped somewhat like a drum and having a dark green rind marked with silver or gray and yellowish to orange ...
/but"euhr fat'/, n. butter; milk fat; a mixture of glycerides, mainly butyrin, olein, and palmitin. [1885-90; BUTTER + FAT] * * * ▪ food also called  Milk Fat, ...
Butterfield, William
▪ British architect born Sept. 7, 1814, London, Eng. died Feb. 23, 1900, London       British architect who was prominent in the Gothic Revival in England. Sometimes ...
See butterfingers. * * *
—butterfingered, adj. /but"euhr fing'gerz/, n., pl. butterfingers. (used with a sing. v.) a person who frequently drops things; clumsy person. [1830-40; BUTTER + FINGER + ...
/but"euhr fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) butterfishes, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) butterfish. 1. a small, flattened, marine food fish, Peprilus ...
—butterflylike, adj., adv. /but"euhr fluy'/, n., pl. butterflies, v., butterflied, butterflying, adj. n. 1. any of numerous diurnal insects of the order Lepidoptera, ...
butterfly bandage
butterfly bandage n. a butterfly-shaped strip of adhesive medical tape used, when stitches are not required, to keep a deep cut or incision tightly closed while it heals * * *
butterfly bomb
Mil. a small, aerial, antipersonnel bomb with two folding wings that revolve, slowing the rate of descent and arming the fuze. [1940-45] * * *
butterfly bush
any tropical shrub belonging to the genus Buddleia, of the logania family, having clusters of showy lilac, white, or yellow flowers. [1930-35] * * * ▪ plant  any of more ...
butterfly chair
a sling chair in which a canvas or leather sling is suspended from a metal frame by its corners, forming a wide back and seat in a shape resembling the outstretched wings of a ...
butterfly closure
an adhesive bandage resembling the shape of a butterfly's outstretched wings, used for closing minor cuts. * * *
butterfly damper
a damper, as in a flue, that rotates about a central axis across its face. * * *
butterfly effect
a cumulatively large effect that a very small natural force may produce over a period of time. [1980-85; so called from the notion that the fluttering of a butterfly's wings may ...
butterfly fish
▪ fish  any of the approximately 115 species of small, quick-moving marine fishes in the family Chaetodontidae (order Perciformes). Butterfly fishes are found among tropical ...
butterfly flower
1. Also called Jerusalem date. a shrub or small tree, Bauhinia monandra, of French Guiana, having clusters of pink, purple-streaked flowers. 2. schizanthus. [1880-85] * * *
butterfly net
a conical net of fine mesh held open by a round rim to which a long handle is attached, used for collecting butterflies and other insects. [1820-30] * * *
butterfly nut.
See wing nut. [1735-45, Amer.] * * *
butterfly orchid
1. an epiphytic South American orchid, Oncidium papilio, having large yellow and reddish-brown flowers. 2. either of two terrestrial Old World orchids, Habenaria chlorantha or H. ...
butterfly pea
any of several leguminous plants of the genus Clitoria, as C. mariana, of North America, having pale-blue flowers. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
butterfly ray
      any of several stingray (q.v.) species in the family Gymnuridae. * * *
butterfly roof
a roof having more than one slope, each descending inward from the eaves. * * *
butterfly stroke
butterfly stroke n. a swimming stroke performed face down, in which both arms are thrust out at the sides at the same time, brought forward out of the water and then down through ...
butterfly table
a small occasional table, usually having a round or oval top, with drop leaves supported by swinging brackets pivoted to the stretchers and to the underside of the top. * * *
butterfly valve
1. a clack valve having two flaps with a common hinge. 2. a valve, as the throttle valve in a carburetor, that swings about a central axis across its face. [1860-65] * * *
butterfly wedge
Carpentry. a wooden fastening in the form of a double dovetail for joining two boards at their edges. Also called butterfly. * * *
butterfly weed
1. Also called orange milkweed. a North American milkweed, Asclepias tuberosa, having clusters of bright orange flowers. 2. an erect North American plant, Gaura coccinea, of the ...
butterfly-shell clam
/but"euhr fluy shel'/ coquina. * * *
butterfly bush n. Any of various shrubs of the genus Buddleja native chiefly to warm regions and cultivated for their showy clusters of small, variously colored flowers. Also ...
butterfly chair n. A lightweight chair consisting of a single piece of canvas suspended from a collapsible metal frame. * * *
/but"euhr fluy'fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) butterflyfishes, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) butterflyfish. 1. any tropical marine fish of the family ...
butterfly orchid n. Any of certain orchids, including Epidendrum tampense of Florida, Habenaria psycodes of eastern North America, and Oncidium krameranum and O. pupilio of ...
butterfly pea n. Any of several plants of the genera Centrosema and Clitoria in the pea family, having blue or lavender flowers and flat pods. * * *
butterfly valve top:open valve bottom: closed valve Precision Graphics n. 1. A disk turning on a diametrical axis inside a pipe, used as a throttle valve or damper. 2. A valve ...
butterfly weed n. A North American milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa) having showy clusters of usually bright orange flowers and a root that was formerly used in medicine. Also called ...
butterhead lettuce
butterhead lettuce [but′ərhed΄] n. a major group of lettuce varieties having soft, pliable leaves and small, loose heads, including bibb and Boston lettuce * * *
Butterick, Ebenezer
▪ American manufacturer born May 29, 1826, Sterling, Mass., U.S. died March 31, 1903, Brooklyn, N.Y.  American manufacturer who is regarded as the inventor of standardized ...
See buttery1. * * *
/but"euhr milk'/, n. 1. the more or less acidulous liquid remaining after butter has been separated from milk or cream. 2. a similar liquid made from whole or skim milk with the ...
buttermilk sky
a cloudy sky resembling the mottled or clabbered appearance of buttermilk. * * *
buttermilk sky n. Chiefly Inland Northern & Inland Southern U.S. See mackerel sky.   [From the resemblance of the clouds to the texture of cultured milk.] * * *
/but"euhr nut'/, n. 1. Also called white walnut. the edible oily nut of an American tree, Juglans cinerea, of the walnut family. 2. the tree itself. 3. the light-brown wood of ...
butternut squash
1. a yellowish winter squash having sweet, orange-colored flesh. 2. the plant bearing this fruit. * * *
butternut squash n. A type of winter squash (Cucurbita moschata) having a bell-like shape, a smooth tan rind, and edible yellow or orange flesh. * * *
/but"euhr payst'/, n. a mixture of flour and butter kneaded together, used as a thickening for sauces. Also called kneaded butter. [BUTTER + PASTE] * * *
/but"euhr skoch'/, n. 1. a flavor produced in puddings, frostings, ice cream, etc., by combining brown sugar, vanilla extract, and butter with other ingredients. 2. a hard, ...
/but"euhr weed'/, n. 1. any wild plant having conspicuously yellow flowers or leaves. 2. the horseweed. 3. a ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) or groundsel (S. vulgaris), both having ...
/but"euhr werrt', -wawrt'/, n. any small, carnivorous plant of the genus Pinguicula, having leaves that secrete a viscid substance in which small insects are caught. [1590-1600; ...
▪ Malaysia       town, on the northwest coast of West Malaysia (Malaya). It lies along the Perai River estuary and faces the port of George Town on Penang Island, which ...
buttery1 —butteriness, n. /but"euh ree/, adj. 1. like, containing, or spread with butter. 2. resembling butter, as in smoothness or softness of texture: a vest of buttery ...
butt·head (bŭtʹhĕd') n. Vulgar Slang A person regarded as stupid or inept. * * *
butt hinge n. A hinge composed of two plates attached to abutting surfaces of a door and door jamb and joined by a pin.   [From butt2.] * * *
butt·hole (bŭtʹhōl') n. Vulgar Slang The anus. * * *
/but"ee/, n. Brit. Dial. butty. * * *
/but"ing/, n. a boundary; limit. [1545-55; BUTT3 + -ING1] * * *
/but in"skee/, n., pl. buttinskies. Slang. a person who interferes in the affairs of others; meddler. Also, buttinski. [1900-05, Amer.; butt in intrude + -sky, extracted from ...
butt joint Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. A joint formed by two abutting surfaces placed squarely together.   [From butt2.] * * *
/but"l/, v.i., buttled, buttling. Slang. to work or serve as a butler. [1865-70; back formation from BUTLER] * * *
—buttocked, adj. /but"euhk/, n. 1. Usually, buttocks. a. (in humans) either of the two fleshy protuberances forming the lower and back part of the trunk. b. (in animals) the ...
—buttoner, n. —buttonlike, adj. /but"n/, n. 1. a small disk, knob, or the like for sewing or otherwise attaching to an article, as of clothing, serving as a fastening when ...
/but"n/, n. Richard Totten /tot"n/, (Dick), born 1929, U.S. figure skater. * * * Small disk or knob used as a fastener or ornament. It usually has holes or a shank through ...
button ear
—button-eared, adj. a dog's ear that folds forward completely. [1880-85] * * *
button man
Slang. soldier (def. 5). [1970-75] * * *
button mangrove
a tropical tree, Conocarpus erectus, having small, reddish, conelike fruits and bark used in tanning. * * *
button quail
1. any of several birds of the family Turnicidae, of warmer parts of the Old World, resembling but not related to the true quail. Also called bustard quail, hemipode. 2. the ...
button snakeroot
1. any composite plant of the genus Liatris, having narrow, alternate leaves and spikelike heads of rose-purple flowers. 2. an eryngo, Eryngium yuccifolium, of the southeastern ...
button spider
      name in South Africa for the black widow (q.v.). * * *
button tree
☆ button tree n. 1. any of a genus (Conocarpus) of dicotyledonous West Indian trees with buttonlike fruit 2. PLANE1 * * *
Button, Dick
▪ American figure skater byname of  Richard Totten Button  born July 18, 1929, Englewood, New Jersey, U.S.       figure skater (figure skating) who dominated American ...
Button, Sir Thomas
▪ British navigator and naval officer died April 1634       English navigator and naval officer and an early explorer of Canada.       The son of Miles Button ...
Button, Stephen Decatur
▪ American architect born 1803, Preston, Conn., U.S. died Jan. 17, 1897, Philadelphia, Pa.       American architect whose works influenced modern tall-building design, ...
Button,Richard Totten
But·ton (bŭtʹn), Richard Totten. Known as “Dick.” Born 1929. American figure skater who was U.S. men's champion from 1946 to 1952 and won Olympic gold medals in 1948 and ...
/but"n down'/, adj. 1. (of a shirt collar) having buttonholes so it can be buttoned to the body of the shirt. 2. (of a shirt) having a button-down collar. 3. (esp. of attitudes, ...
but·ton-quail (bŭtʹn-kwāl') n. Any of various small, quail-like Old World birds of the family Turnicidae that lack a hind toe and are related to the crane and the bustard. * ...
☆ buttonball [but′'nbôl΄ ] n. 1. PLANE1 2. BUTTONBUSH * * * but·ton·ball (bŭtʹn-bôl') n. See sycamore.   [From its button-shaped fruit.] * * *
/but"n boosh'/, n. a North American shrub, Cephalanthus occidentalis, of the madder family, having globular flower heads. [1625-35; BUTTON + BUSH1] * * * ▪ plant also called ...
/but"nd up"/, adj. 1. carefully planned, operated, supervised, etc.: one of the most buttoned-up companies in the business. 2. conservative, as in professional style or manner: ...
See button. * * *
button fern n. A New Zealand fern (Pellaea rotundifolia) cultivated as a houseplant for its arching or trailing leaves with round, dark green, buttonlike leaflets. * * *
—buttonholer, n. /but"n hohl'/, n., v., buttonholed, buttonholing. n. 1. the hole, slit, or loop through which a button is passed and by which it is secured. 2. Chiefly Brit. a ...
buttonhole stitch
Sewing. a looped stitch used to strengthen the edge of material and keep it from raveling, as around a buttonhole. Also called close stitch. [1885-90] * * *
See buttonhole. * * *
buttonhole stitch n. A loop stitch that forms a reinforced edge, as around a buttonhole. * * *
/but"n hook'/, n. a small, usually metal hook for pulling buttons through buttonholes, as on gloves, dresses, breeches, etc. [1865-70; BUTTON + HOOK] * * *
/but"n lis/, adj. having no button or buttons. [1645-55; BUTTON + -LESS] * * *
button man n. A low-ranking member of an organized crime syndicate.   [From a comparison between such a man and a soldier (wearing a uniform with buttons).] * * *
button mangrove n. See buttonwood. * * *
/but"n mohld'/, n. a small disk or knob of wood, metal, plastic, etc., to be covered with fabric to form an ornamental button. [BUTTON + MOLD1] * * *
/but"nz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Chiefly Brit. a bellboy or page in a hotel. [1840-50; so called from the many buttons of his uniform] * * *
Buttons, Red
▪ 2007 Aaron Chwatt        American actor (b. Feb. 5, 1919, New York, N.Y.—d. July 13, 2006, Los Angeles, Calif.), was a sprightly red-haired comedian who performed in ...
button snakeroot n. 1. See rattlesnake master. 2. See blazing star. * * *
/but"n wood'/, n. Chiefly Eastern New Eng. sycamore (def. 1). [1665-75, Amer.; BUTTON + WOOD1] * * *
/but"n ee/, adj. 1. like a button. 2. having many buttons. [1590-1600; BUTTON + -Y1] * * *
butt pack n. Informal A fanny pack. * * *
—buttressless, adj. —buttresslike, adj. /bu"tris/, n. 1. any external prop or support built to steady a structure by opposing its outward thrusts, esp. a projecting support ...
butts and bounds
Law. the boundary lines of a piece of land, as used in deeds, titles, etc. [1550-60; butts ends (see BUTT2); bounds sides (see BOUND3)] * * *
butt shaft n. A blunt arrow used for target practice.   [Probably from butt4.] * * *
/but"stok'/, n. the part of the stock located behind the breech mechanism of a firearm. Also, butt-stock. [1905-10; BUTT1 + STOCK] * * *
/but"strap'/, n., v., buttstrapped, buttstrapping. n. 1. (in metal construction) a plate which overlaps and fastens two pieces butted together. v.t. 2. to unite with a buttstrap ...

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