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butt weld n. A welded butt joint. * * *
butty1 /but"ee/, n., pl. butties. Brit. Dial. 1. a slice of bread and butter. 2. a sandwich. Also, buttie. [1850-55; BUTT(ER) + -Y2] butty2 /but"ee/, n., pl. butties. Brit. ...
▪ historical kingdom, Africa also spelled  Butwa,         former African kingdom in what is now southwestern Zimbabwe. Though called Guruhuswa in Shona tradition, the ...
/beuh tooh"ahn/, n. a city in the Philippines, on NE Mindanao. 112,489. * * * ▪ Philippines       chartered city, northern Mindanao, Philippines, on the Agusan River ...
/booh"toong/, n. an island of Indonesia, SE of Celebes Island. 100 mi. (161 km) long. * * * ▪ island, Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia  Pulau Butung , also spelled  Buton, ...
/booh"tooht/, n., pl. butut, bututs. a bronze coin of The Gambia, the 100th part of a dalasi. * * *
/byooh"til, byooht"l/, adj. Chem. containing a butyl group. [1865-70; BUT(YRIC) + -YL] * * *
/byooh"til, byooht"l/, Trademark. a brand of synthetic rubber prepared by polymerization of butylene containing little butadiene, particularly useful for inner tubes of ...
butyl acetate
Chem. a colorless, fragrant, flammable liquid ester, C6H12O2, used as a solvent for varnishes and lacquers. * * *
butyl alcohol
Chem. any of four flammable, isomeric, liquid alcohols having the formula C4H9OH, used as solvents and in organic synthesis. Also called butanol. [1865-70] * * * ▪ chemical ...
butyl aldehyde
Chem. butyraldehyde. [1865-70] * * *
butyl group
Chem. any of four univalent isomeric groups having the formula C4H9-. Also called butyl radical. * * *
butyl nitrite
Chem. a volatile liquid, C4H9NO2, the vapor of which can cause headache and vasodilation, used as an active ingredient in some household deodorizers, and misused by inhalation to ...
butyl rubber
☆ butyl rubber or Butyl any of a group of synthetic rubbers that are basically copolymers of butylene and isoprene and that are especially impermeable to gases and resistant to ...
butyl alcohol n. Any of four isomeric alcohols, C4H9OH, widely used as solvents and in organic synthesis. * * *
—butylation, n. /byooht"l ayt'/, v.t., butylated, butylating. to introduce one or more butyl groups into (a compound). [BUTYL + -ATE1] * * *
butylated hydroxyanisole
/huy drok'see an"euh sohl'/ Chem., Pharm. See BHA. [1945-50; HYDROXY- + ANISOLE] * * *
butylated hydroxytoluene
/huy drok'see tol"yooh een'/, Chem., Pharm. See BHT. [1960-65; HYDROXY- + TOLUENE] * * *
bu·tyl·at·ed hy·drox·y·an·i·sole (byo͞otʹl-ā'tĭd hī-drŏk'sē-ănʹĭ-sōl') n. BHA. * * *
butylated hy·drox·y·tol·u·ene (hī-drŏk'sē-tŏlʹyo͞o-ēn') n. BHT. * * *
See butylate. * * *
/byooht"l een'/, Chem. n. 1. Also, butene. any of three isomeric, gaseous hydrocarbons having the formula C4H8, of the alkene series. adj. 2. containing the butylene ...
butylene group
Chem. any of four bivalent isomeric groups having the formula -C4H8-. Also called butylene radical. * * *
butyl nitrite n. A colorless, volatile liquid, C4H9NO2, that is marketed in some household room deodorizers and used illicitly to induce euphoria and enhance sexual ...
butyl rubber n. A synthetic rubber produced by copolymerization of a butylene with isoprene, nearly impermeable to air and used in tires, inner tubes, and insulation. * * *
/byooh'teuh ray"sheuhs/, adj. of the nature of, resembling, or containing butter. [1660-70; < L butyr(um) BUTTER + -ACEOUS] * * *
/byooh"teuh ral', -teuhr euhl/, n. Chem. any acetal of butyraldehyde. [1885-90; BUTYRAL(DEHYDE)] * * *
/byooh'teuh ral"deuh huyd'/, n. Chem. a clear, colorless, flammable liquid, C4H8O, used chiefly as an intermediate in the manufacture of resins and rubber cement. Also called ...
/byooh"teuh rayt'/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of butyric acid. [1870-75; BUTYR(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
—butyrically, adv. /byooh tir"ik/, adj. Chem. pertaining to or derived from butyric acid. [1820-30; < L butyr(um) BUTTER + -IC] * * *
butyric acid
Chem. either of two isomeric acids having the formula C4H8O2, esp. a rancid liquid occurring chiefly in spoiled butter, whose esters are used as flavorings. Also called butanoic ...
butyric acid n. Either of two colorless isomeric acids, C3H7COOH, occurring in animal milk fats and used in disinfectants, emulsifying agents, and pharmaceuticals. Also called ...
/byooh"teuhr in/, n. Chem. a colorless, liquid ester present in butter, formed from glycerin and butyric acid. [1820-30; BUTYR(IC) + (GLYCER)IN] * * *
/byooh tir'oh feuh nohn"/, n. Pharm. any of a class of antipsychotics, as haloperidol, used to relieve symptoms of schizophrenia, acute psychosis, or other severe psychiatric ...
/byooh"teuhr il/, adj. Chem. containing the butyryl group. [1865-70; BUTYR(IC) + -YL] * * *
butyryl group
Chem. the univalent group C4H7O-. Also called butyryl radical. * * *
Butz, Earl Lauer
▪ 2009       American economist and government official born July 3, 1909, Albion, Ind. died Feb. 2, 2008, Kensington, Md. served (1971–76) as the forceful secretary ...
▪ plant family       the box family, in the order Euphorbiales, best known for the ornamental and useful boxwoods and comprising seven genera of trees, shrubs, and ...
▪ plant order  the boxwood order of dicotyledonous flowering plants, comprising Buxaceae (90–120 species in 4–5 genera) and the small family Didymelaceae (Didymelales) ...
▪ India also spelled  Baksar        historic town, western Bihar state, northeastern India, just south of the Ganges (Ganga) River (Ganges River). The Battle of ...
—buxomly, adv. —buxomness, n. /buk"seuhm/, adj. 1. (of a woman) full-bosomed. 2. (of a woman) healthy, plump, cheerful, and lively. [1125-75; ME, earlier buhsum pliant, ...
See buxom. * * *
See buxomly. * * *
▪ oblast, Uzbekistan also spelled  Buchara ,  Bukhara , or  Bokhara        oblast (province), central Uzbekistan. The oblast was constituted in 1938, but in 1982 ...
/book'steuh hooh"deuh/, n. Dietrich /dee"trddikh/, 1637-1707, Danish organist and composer, in Germany after 1668. * * *
Buxtehude, Dietrich
born 1637, probably in Oldesloe, Holstein died May 9, 1707, Lübeck Danish organist and composer. He held two organist positions before being appointed organist at the ...
Bux·te·hu·de (bo͝okʹstə-ho͞o'də), Dietrich. 1637-1707. Swedish-born organist and composer in Germany. His concerts attracted a wide audience, including Handel and ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town, High Peak borough, administrative and historic county of Derbyshire, England, encircled by (but excluded from) the Peak District ...
Buxton, Sir Thomas Fowell, 1st Baronet
▪ British philanthropist and politician born April 1, 1786, Castle Hedingham, Essex, Eng. died Feb. 19, 1845, near Cromer, Norfolk       British philanthropist and ...
—buyable, adj. /buy/, v., bought, buying, n. v.t. 1. to acquire the possession of, or the right to, by paying or promising to pay an equivalent, esp. in money; purchase. 2. to ...
buy boat
a boat sent out by a dealer to purchase the catches of fishing vessels. * * *
/buy"down'/, n. a subsidy for a long-term mortgage offered by a third party, as a builder or developer, to lower interest rates for a buyer in the early years of the loan. * * *
/buy"in'/, n. 1. an act or instance of buying in. 2. the deliberate submission of a false bid, too low to be met, in order to win a contract. 3. Poker. the chips purchased by a ...
See buy. * * *
▪ emperor of Yuan dynasty also called  Ayurparibhadra , Chinese temple name (miaohao)  Renzong , Wade-Giles romanization  Jen-tsung        (reigned 1311–20), ...
/buy"bak'/, n. 1. the buying of something that one previously sold. 2. any arrangement to take back something as a condition of a sale, as by a supplier who agrees to purchase ...
▪ people also spelled  Bouyei , Wade-Giles romanization  Puyi , formerly  Zhongjia , also called  Jui  or  Yoi        an official minority group inhabiting ...
/buy"euhr/, n. 1. a person who buys; purchaser. 2. a purchasing agent, as for a department or chain store. [1150-1200; ME beger, bier. See BUY, -ER1] * * *
buyer's market
buyer's market n. a state of trade favorable to the buyer, with relatively large supply and low prices * * *
buy·er's market also buy·ers' market (bīʹərz) n. A market condition characterized by low prices and a supply of commodities exceeding demand. * * *
buyers' inflation.
See demand-pull inflation. * * *
buyers' market
a market in which goods and services are plentiful and prices relatively low. Cf. sellers' market. [1925-30] * * *
buyers' strike
an attempt on the part of consumers to lower price levels by boycotting retailers or certain types of goods. * * *
Būyid dynasty
or Buwayhid dynasty (945–1055) Muslim Shīʽite dynasty founded by three sons of Būyeh, a Daylamite (north Persian) fisherman. They captured Baghdad in 945, and each brother ...
buying power.
See purchasing power (def. 1). * * *
/buy"awf', -of'/, n. Informal. an act or instance of buying off; payment or bribe: The increased retirement benefit was a buyoff for employees who wanted salary increases. [n. ...
/buy"owt'/, n. an act or instance of buying out, esp. of buying all or a controlling percentage of the shares in a company. [1970-75] * * *
Buys Ballot's law
▪ atmospheric science       the relation of wind direction with the horizontal pressure distribution named for the Dutch meteorologist C.H.D. Buys Ballot (Buys Ballot, ...
Buys Ballot, Christophorus
▪ Dutch meteorologist born October 10, 1817, Kloetinge, Neth. died February 3, 1890, Utrecht       Dutch meteorologist particularly remembered for his observation in ...
Buys, Paulus
▪ Dutch statesman born 1531, Amersfoort, Utrecht province, Neth. died May 4, 1594, IJsselstein       Dutch statesman who, as advocate (provincial executive) of Holland ...
Buys-Ballot's law
/buys"beuh lots"/, Meteorol. the law stating that if one stands with one's back to the wind, in the Northern Hemisphere the atmospheric pressure will be lower on one's left and ...
Buysse, Cyriel
▪ Belgian writer born Sept. 21, 1859, Nevele, near Ghent, Belg. died July 25, 1932, Afsnee       Belgian novelist and playwright, one of the outstanding exponents of ...
/buy"up'/, n. an act or instance of buying up: a spectacular buyup of the city's most valuable real estate. [n. use of v. phrase buy up] * * *
Buzǎu [bə zou′] city in Walachia, SE Romania: pop. 149,000 * * * Bu·zău (bə-zouʹ, bo͝o-zŭʹo͞o) A city of southeast Romania northeast of Bucharest. It is an ...
Buzǎu [bə zou′] city in Walachia, SE Romania: pop. 149,000 * * * Bu·zău (bə-zouʹ, bo͝o-zŭʹo͞o) A city of southeast Romania northeast of Bucharest. It is an ...
Buzău Pass
▪ pass, Romania Romanian  Pasul Buzău        pass connecting Brașov with Buzău, southeastern Romania, over the Buzău Mountains, in the Eastern Carpathians. It ...
▪ game Persian“goat dragging”also spelled  bozkashī        a rugged equestrian game, played predominantly by Turkic peoples in northern Afghanistan, in which ...
/boo zooh"kee/, n., pl. buzukis, buzukia /-kee euh/. bouzouki. * * *
▪ Russia       city, Orenburg oblast (province), in the southern Ural Mountains of west-central Russia. The oblast is situated along the Samara River (a tributary of ...
buzz1 —buzzingly, adv. /buz/, n. 1. a low, vibrating, humming sound, as of bees, machinery, or people talking. 2. a rumor or report. 3. Informal. a phone call: When I find out, ...
buzz bomb
Mil. a type of self-steering aerial bomb, launched from large land-based rocket platforms: used by the Germans in World War II, esp. over England. [1940-45] * * *
buzz cut
buzz cut n. Informal a man's haircut in which the hair is cropped very close to the head * * *
buzz saw
a power-operated circular saw, so named because of the noise it makes. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
buzzard1 —buzzardlike, adj. —buzzardly, adj., adv. /buz"euhrd/, n. 1. any of several broad-winged, soaring hawks of the genus Buteo and allied genera, esp. B. buteo, of ...
Buzzard's Bay
an inlet of the Atlantic, in SE Massachusetts. 30 mi. (48 km) long. * * *
Buzzards Bay
Buzzards Bay arm of the Atlantic, on the SE coast of Mass., at the base of Cape Cod peninsula * * * Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S. Connected to ...
Buz·zards Bay (bŭzʹərdz) An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean in southeast Massachusetts connected with Cape Cod Bay by the Cape Cod Canal. * * *
Buzzati, Dino
▪ Italian author born Oct. 16, 1906, Belluno, Italy died Jan. 28, 1972, Rome       Italian journalist, dramatist, short-story writer, and novelist, internationally ...
buzz bomb n. See robot bomb. * * *
buzz·cut or buzz cut (bŭzʹkŭt') n. A closely cropped haircut.   [From the use of electric clippers instead of scissors.] * * *
/buz"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that buzzes. 2. a signaling apparatus similar to an electric bell but without hammer or gong, producing a buzzing sound by the vibration of an ...
buzz phrase n. A phrase used as a buzzword. * * *
buzz saw n. See circular saw. * * *
buzz term n. A buzzword. * * *
/buz"wig'/, n. 1. a large, bushy wig. 2. a person wearing such a wig. 3. a person of consequence. Also, buzz wig. [1810-20; buzz bushy wig (prob. shortening of BUSBY) + WIG] * * *
/buz"werrd'/, n. a word or phrase, often sounding authoritative or technical, that is a vogue term in a particular profession, field of study, popular culture, etc. [1965-70; ...
BVD (bēʹvēʹdēʹ) A trademark used for undershirts and underpants worn by men and boys. This trademark sometimes occurs in print with a final 's: “He will be under ...
BVDs [bē΄vē΄dēz′] pl.n. 〚< B.V.D., trademark < B(radley), V(oorhees and)D(ay), manufacturers〛 Informal men's underwear; specif., esp. formerly, men's one-piece long ...
BVE abbr. Black Vernacular English. * * *
B vitamin n. A member of the vitamin B complex group of vitamins. * * *
BVM BVM 〚L Beata Virgo Maria〛 abbrev. Blessed Virgin Mary * * * BVM abbr. Blessed Virgin Mary. * * *
Bvt abbrev. brevet * * *
1. brevet. 2. brevetted. * * *
1. bacteriological warfare. 2. See biological warfare. 3. (in television, motion pictures, photography, etc.) black and white, as opposed to color. * * *
/bwah"neuh/, n. (in Africa) master; boss. [1875-80; < Swahili < Ar abuna our father] * * *
Board of War Communications. * * *
BWI abbrev. British West Indies * * * BWI abbr. British West Indies. * * *
See base exchange. Also, BX. * * *
BX cable
Elect. a cable consisting of wires contained in a flexible metal tubing, used chiefly in wiring buildings and in supplying electric power to equipment. * * *
pl. bxs. box. * * *
by1 /buy/, prep., adv., adj., n., pl. byes. prep. 1. near to or next to: a home by a lake. 2. over the surface of, through the medium of, along, or using as a route: He came by ...
by cracky
Informal (older use). (an exclamation used to express surprise or to emphasize a comment): A fine day, by cracky! * * *
By, John
▪ British engineer born , 1781, London died Feb. 1, 1836, Shernfold Park, Sussex, Eng.       English military engineer whose canal connecting the Ottawa River and Lake ...
a combining form of by1: by-product; bystander; byway. Also, bye-. * * *
/buy'euhn buy"/, n. the future: to meet in the sweet by-and-by. [1300-50; ME bi and bi one by one, at once. See BY1] * * *
—by-bidding, n. /buy"bid'euhr/, n. a person employed to bid at an auction in order to raise the prices for the auctioneer or seller. [1875-80; BY- + BIDDER] * * *
See by-bidder. * * *
/buy"bloh'/, n. 1. an incidental or accidental blow. 2. Also, bye-blow. an illegitimate child; bastard. [1585-95; BY- + BLOW1] * * *
by-catch (bīʹkăch', -kĕch') n. The portion of a fishing catch that is discarded as unwanted or commercially unusable. * * *
/buy"i lek'sheuhn/, n. a special election, not held at the time of a general election, to fill a vacancy in Parliament. Also, bye-election. [1875-80; BY- + ELECTION] * * *
/buy"fawrm'/, n. Ling. a closely related and sometimes less frequent form, as spelt for spelled; variant. [1885-90] * * *
(also bye-law) n 1. (in Britain) a law made by a local authority, such as a town council, which only applies in that area, rather than a law made by the central government. 2. ...
/buy"naym'/, n. 1. a secondary name; cognomen; surname. 2. a nickname. Also, byname. [1325-75; ME] * * *
/buy"path', -pahth'/, n., pl. by-paths /-padhz', -pahdhz', -paths', -pahths'/. a private path or an indirect or secondary course or means; byway. Also, bypath. [1325-75; ME bi ...
/buy"play'/, n. an action or speech carried on to the side while the main action proceeds, esp. on the stage. Also, byplay. [1805-15] * * *
/buy"plot'/, n. subplot. [1570-80] * * *
/buy"prod'euhkt/, n. 1. a secondary or incidental product, as in a process of manufacture. 2. the result of another action, often unforeseen or unintended. [1900-05] * * *
/buy"rohd'/, n. a side road. Also, byroad. [1665-75; BY- + ROAD] * * *
/buy"street'/, n. a side street or a private or obscure street; byway. Also, bystreet. [1665-75; BY- + STREET] * * *
/buy"tawk'/, n. incidental conversation; small talk; chitchat. [1555-65; BY- + TALK] * * *
/buy"werrk'/, n. work done in addition to one's regular work, as in intervals of leisure. [1580-90; BY- + WORK] * * *
/buy"yeuhr leev"/, n. an apology for not having sought permission. [1910-15] * * *
byand by
by and by adv. After a while; soon. * * *
byand large
by and large adv. For the most part; generally: By and large, the play was a success.   [Earlier, to (the wind) and off it, in one direction and another (said of the manner of ...
Byard, Jaki
▪ 2000 John A. Byard, Jr.        American jazz pianist whose improvising cleverly united many early and modern styles, from stride and swing to bebop; he was a mainstay ...
Byas, Don
▪ American musician byname of  Carlos Wesley Byas   born Oct. 21, 1912, Muskogee, Okla., U.S. died Aug. 24, 1972, Amsterdam, Neth.  black American jazz tenor saxophonist ...
/buy"euht/, n. A(ntonia) S., born 1936, English novelist and short-story writer (sister of Margaret Drabble). * * *
Byatt, A(ntonia) S(usan)
orig. Antonia Susan Drabble born Aug. 24, 1936, Sheffield, Eng. British novelist and scholar. Sister of Margaret Drabble, she was educated at Cambridge and taught at ...
Byatt, A.S.
▪ 2005       The year 2004 showed British author A.S. Byatt at the apex of her career as an author, literary critic, and academic. She received critical praise for ...
/bib"leuhs/, n. an ancient Phoenician seaport near the modern city of Beirut, Lebanon: chief port for the export of papyrus: site now partially excavated. * * * modern Jbail or ...
/bid"gawshch/, n. a city in N Poland. 323,000. German, Bromberg. * * * City (pop., 2000 est.: 384,500), northern Poland. Originally a commercial city of the Teutonic Order, it ...
Bydgoszcz Canal
▪ canal, Poland Polish  Kanał Bydgoski,  German  Bromberger-Kanal        canal (canals and inland waterways) in north-central Poland that links the Vistula River ...
bye1 /buy/, n. Also, by. 1. Sports. in a tournament, the preferential status of a player or team not paired with a competitor in an early round and thus automatically advanced to ...
var. of by-: bye-election. * * *
/buy"bloh'/, n. by-blow (def. 2). * * *
interj. /buy"buy"/; n., adv. /buy"buy'/, interj. 1. Informal. good-bye. n. 2. Baby Talk. sleep. adv. 3. go bye-bye, Baby Talk. a. to leave; depart; go out. b. to go to sleep; go ...
➡ by-law * * *
/buy"law'/, n. bylaw. * * *
/byel'oh rush"euh, bel'oh-/, n. 1. Official name, Belarus. Formerly, White Russian Soviet Socialist Republic, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. a republic in E Europe, N of ...
/byel'oh rush"euhn, bel'oh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Byelorussia, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Byelorussia. 3. an East Slavic language, ...
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic [bye΄lō rush′ən] BELORUSSIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC: also Byelorussia Byelorussian adj., n. * * *
/byi lu stawk"/, n. Russian name of Bialystok. * * *
/buy"gawn', -gon'/, adj. 1. past; gone by; earlier; former: The faded photograph brought memories of bygone days. n. 2. Usually, bygones. that which is past: Let's not talk of ...
Bykau, Vasil Uladzamiravich
▪ 2004 Vasily Bykov        Belarusian novelist (b. June 19, 1924, Bychki, Belorussia, U.S.S.R.—d. June 22, 2003, Minsk, Belarus), eschewed the strict conventions of ...
Bykovsky, Valery
▪ Soviet cosmonaut in full  Valery Fyodorovich Bykovsky   born Aug. 2, 1934, Pavlovsky Posad, Russia, U.S.S.R.    Soviet cosmonaut who orbited the Earth 81 times in the ...
/buy"layn'/, n. a secondary road or lane. [1580-90; BY- + LANE1] * * *
/buy"law'/, n. 1. a standing rule governing the regulation of a corporation's or society's internal affairs. 2. a subsidiary law. 3. Brit. an ordinance of a municipality or ...
Traditional form of orally transmitted Old Russian and Russian heroic narrative poetry. Though byliny originated about the 10th century, or possibly earlier, they were first ...
/buy"luyn'/, n., v., bylined, bylining. Journalism. n. 1. a printed line accompanying a news story, article, or the like, giving the author's name. v.t. 2. to accompany with a ...
/buy"luy'neuhr/, n. a writer important enough to merit a byline. [1940-45, Amer.; BYLINE + -ER1] * * *
West Semitic, to be separate, clear, distinct; in derived stems, to discern, understand. maven, from Hebrew mēbîn, one with understanding, expert, active participle of hēbîn, ...
byname [bī′nām΄] n. 1. a surname 2. a nickname * * *
/bing/, n. Julian Hedworth George /hed"weuhrth/, (Viscount Byng of Vimy), 1862-1935, English general: governor general of Canada 1921-26. * * *
Byng of Vimy, Julian Hedworth George Byng, Viscount
▪ British field marshal also called  (1919–28) Baron Byng Of Vimy Of Thorpe-le-soken   born Sept. 11, 1862, Wrotham Park, Middlesex, Eng. died June 6, 1935, Thorpe Hall, ...
Byng, John
▪ British admiral born 1704, Southill, Bedfordshire, Eng. died March 14, 1757, harbour of Portsmouth, Hampshire  British admiral executed for failing to relieve the naval ...
Bynkershoek, Cornelis van
▪ Dutch jurist born May 29, 1673, Middelburg, Zeeland, Neth. died April 16, 1743, The Hague       Dutch jurist who helped develop international law along positivist ...
BYO abbrev. bring your own (alcoholic beverages) * * *
bring your own bottle, as of liquor or wine: often included in an invitation to indicate that the host will not provide liquor. Also, BYO. [1970-75] * * *
Byoir, Carl
▪ American public relations consultant in full  Carl Robert Byoir   born , June 24, 1888, Des Moines, Iowa, U.S. died Feb. 3, 1957, New York, N.Y.       American ...
—bypasser, by-passer, n. /buy"pas', -pahs'/, n., v., bypassed or (Rare) bypast; bypassed or bypast; bypassing. n. 1. a road enabling motorists to avoid a city or other heavy ...
bypass capacitor
Elect. a capacitor that provides a path for alternating current around a specified element in a circuit. Also called bypass condenser. * * *
/buy"past', -pahst'/, adj. 1. bygone; earlier; former; past. v. 2. a pp. of bypass. 3. Rare. a pt. of bypass. [1375-1425; late ME (adj.); see BY1 (adv.), PAST] * * *
bypath or by-path [bī′path΄] n. a secluded path not used very much; byway * * *
byplay [bī′plā΄] n. action, gestures, etc. going on aside from the main action or conversation, as in a play * * *
byproduct or by-product [bī′präd′əkt] n. anything produced in the course of making another thing; secondary or incidental product or result * * * by·prod·uct or ...
/berrd/, n. 1. Richard Evelyn, 1888-1957, rear admiral in U.S. Navy: polar explorer. 2. Robert C(arlyle), born 1917, U.S. politician: senator since 1959. 3. William, c1540-1623, ...
Byrd Land
a part of Antarctica, SE of the Ross Sea: discovered and explored by Adm. Richard E. Byrd. Formerly, Marie Byrd Land. * * *
Byrd, Charlie
▪ 2000 Charles Lee        American jazz musician who was schooled in both jazz and classical music; he played modern jazz on the (unamplified) Spanish guitar before the ...
Byrd, Richard E(velyn)
born Oct. 25, 1888, Winchester, Va., U.S. died March 11, 1957, Boston, Mass. U.S. naval officer, aviator, and polar explorer. After serving in World War I, he worked developing ...
Byrd, Richard E.
▪ American explorer Introduction in full  Richard Evelyn Byrd   born Oct. 25, 1888, Winchester, Va., U.S. died March 11, 1957, Boston       U.S. naval officer, ...
Byrd, William
born 1543, Lincoln, Lincolnshire?, Eng. died July 4, 1623, Stondon Massey, Essex British composer. He studied under Thomas Tallis and was appointed organist of Lincoln ...
Byrd, William, of Westover
▪ American colonial diarist born March 28, 1674, Virginia Colony died Aug. 26, 1744, Westover, Va.  Virginia planter, satirist, and diarist who portrayed colonial life on the ...
Byrd,Richard Evelyn
Byrd (bûrd), Richard Evelyn. 1888-1957. American naval officer and explorer. He became famous in 1926 for being the first, with his pilot Floyd Bennett, to fly over the North ...
Byrd, William. 1674-1744. American planter and colonial official whose diaries (written in shorthand) provide a rare and humorous account of daily life in pre-Revolutionary ...
Byrds, the
▪ American music group Introduction       American band of the 1960s who popularized folk rock, particularly the songs of Bob Dylan (Dylan, Bob), and whose changes in ...
/buyeur/, n. Brit. a cow shed. [bef. 800; ME, OE: barn, shed, var. of bur hut. See BOWER1] * * *
/buyeur"meuhn/, n., pl. byre-men. Brit. a man who raises or tends cows. [1805-15] * * *
/bear"gee euhs/, n. a crater in the third quadrant of the face of the moon: about 40 miles (64 km) in diameter. * * *
Byrhtferth of Ramsey
▪ English monk born c. 970 died c. 1020       English monk, among the most learned and well-read scholars of the 10th and 11th centuries, who is best known for his ...
/berrn/, n. Donn /don/. See Donn-Byrne, Brian Oswald. * * *
Byrne, Barry
▪ American architect born Dec. 19, 1883, Chicago died Dec. 17, 1967, Evanston, Ill., U.S.       U.S. architect who emerged from the Prairie school of architecture ...
Byrne, David
born May 14, 1952, Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire, Scot. Scottish-born U.S. singer and songwriter. At the Rhode Island School of Design in the mid-1970s, he cofounded the rock group ...
/berrnz/, n. 1. James Francis, 1879-1972, U.S. statesman and jurist: Secretary of State 1945-47. 2. Joseph Wellington, 1869-1936, U.S. lawyer: Speaker of the House 1935-36. * * *
Byrnes, James F.
▪ American jurist in full  James Francis Byrnes   born May 2, 1879, Charleston, S.C., U.S. died April 9, 1972, Columbia, S.C.  Democratic Party politician and administrator ...
Byrnes,James Francis
Byrnes (bûrnz), James Francis. 1879-1972. American politician who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1941-1942). As secretary of state (1945-1947) he ...
/berr"nee/, n. Armor. a coat of mail; hauberk. [1325-75; ME byrny, Scot var. of BRYNIE, BRINIE < ON brynja, c. OE byrne coat of mail, OHG brunnia] * * *
byroad [bī′rōd΄] n. a road that is not a main road * * * by·road (bīʹrōd') n. See byway. * * *
Byrom, John
▪ English poet born Feb. 29, 1692, Kersal Cell, near Manchester, Eng. died Sept. 26, 1763, London       English poet, hymnist, and inventor of a system of ...
/buy"reuhn/, n. 1. George Gordon, Lord (6th Baron Byron), 1788-1824, English poet. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Babbitt Milton Byron Byron George Gordon ...
Byron Bay
▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, northeastern New South Wales, Australia. The town is situated on Cape Byron, easternmost point of the Australian mainland, ...
Byron, George (Gordon) Byron, 6th Baron
known as Lord Byron born Jan. 22, 1788, London, Eng. died April 19, 1824, Missolonghi, Greece British Romantic poet and satirist. Born with a clubfoot and extremely sensitive ...
Byron, George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron
born Dec. 26, 1751, London, Eng. died Nov. 1, 1793, London English instigator of the anti-Catholic Gordon riots. The third son of the duke of Gordon, he entered Parliament in ...
Byron, John
▪ British admiral born Nov. 8, 1723 died April 10, 1786, England  British admiral, whose account (1768) of a shipwreck in South America was to some extent used by his ...
Byron, John Byron, 1st Baron
▪ English Cavalier born c. 1600 died Aug. 23, 1652, Paris, France       English Cavalier and Royalist during the Civil Wars.       He was the eldest son of Sir ...
Byron,George Gordon
By·ron (bīʹrən), George Gordon. Sixth Baron Byron of Rochdale. 1788-1824. British poet acclaimed as one of the leading figures of the romantic movement. The “Byronic ...
—Byronically, adv. —Byronism /buy"reuh niz'euhm/, n. /buy ron"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Lord Byron. 2. possessing the characteristics of Byron or his poetry, esp. ...
See Byronic. * * *
/bir"euhs/, n., pl. byrri /bir"uy/. birrus. * * *
See byssus. * * *
bys·si (bĭsʹī') n. A plural of byssus. * * *
/bis'euh noh"sis/, n. Pathol. See brown lung. [1885-90; < Gk býssin(os) fine flax, linen (equiv. to býss(os) BYSSUS + -inos -INE1) + -OSIS] * * * or brown lung ...
—byssaceous /bi say"sheuhs/, byssoid, adj. —byssal, adj. /bis"euhs/, n., pl. byssuses, byssi /bis"uy/. 1. Zool. a collection of silky filaments by which certain mollusks ...
/buy"stan'deuhr/, n. a person present but not involved; chance spectator; onlooker. [1610-20; BY- + STANDER] Syn. observer, viewer, passerby, witness; rubberneck, sidewalk ...
bystreet [bī′strēt΄] n. a side street off a main street * * * by·street (bīʹstrēt') n. A side street. * * *
Common Semitic noun *bayt-, house. 1. a. beta; alphabet, from Greek bēta, second letter of the Greek alphabet; b. beth, from Hebrew bêt, house, beth. Both a and b from ...
/buyt/, n. Computers. 1. adjacent bits, usually eight, processed by a computer as a unit. 2. the combination of bits used to represent a particular letter, number, or special ...
/bi"tawm/, n. a city in S Poland. 234,000. German, Beuthen. * * * ▪ Poland German  Beuthen        city, Śląskie województwo (province), southern Poland. It is one ...
/buy tow"nuyt/, n. a blue to dark-gray mineral near the anorthite end of the plagioclase feldspar group. [1865-70; named after Bytown (old name of Ottawa, Canada), where first ...
/buy"way'/, n. 1. a secluded, private, or obscure road. 2. a subsidiary or obscure field of research, endeavor, etc. [1300-50; ME bywey. See BY1 (adj.), WAY] * * *
/buy"werrd'/, n. 1. a word or phrase associated with some person or thing; a characteristic expression, typical greeting, or the like. 2. a word or phrase used proverbially; ...
Byzantine. * * *
/biz"euhnt, bi zant"/, n. bezant (def. 2). * * *
/biz"euhn teen', -tuyn', buy"zeuhn-, bi zan"tin/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Byzantium. 2. of or pertaining to the Byzantine Empire. 3. noting or pertaining to the architecture ...
Byzantine architecture
Building style of Constantinople (now Istanbul, formerly ancient Byzantium) after AD 330. Byzantine architects were eclectic, at first drawing heavily on Roman temple features. ...
Byzantine art
Art associated with the Byzantine Empire. Its characteristic styles were first codified in the 6th century and persisted with remarkable homogeneity until the capture of ...
Byzantine chant
Music. liturgical plainsong identified with the Eastern Orthodox Church and dating from the Byzantine Empire. * * * Unison liturgical chant of the Greek Orthodox church from the ...
Byzantine Church.
See Orthodox Church (def. 1). * * *
Byzantine emperors*
▪ Table Byzantine emperors* Zeno 474–491 Anastasius I 491–518 Justin I 518–527 Justinian I 527–565 Justin II 565–578 Tiberius II Constantine (Tiberius II ...
Byzantine Empire
the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the Western Empire in A.D. 476. Cap.: Constantinople. * * * Empire, southeastern and southern Europe and western Asia. It began as ...
Byzantine Greek language
      an archaic style of Greek that served as the language of administration and of most writing during the period of the Byzantine, or Eastern Roman, Empire until the ...
Byzantine rite
▪ Eastern Orthodoxy       the system of liturgical practices and discipline observed by the Eastern Orthodox church and by the majority of Eastern-rite churches, which ...
Byzantine rite.
See Greek rite. * * *
Byzantine Empire also Eastern Empire The eastern part of the later Roman Empire, dating from A.D. 330 when Constantine I rebuilt Byzantium and made it his capital. Its extent ...
/biz"euhn tee niz'euhm, -tuy-, buy"zeuhn-, bi zan"teuh-/, n. Eastern Ch. caesaropapism, esp. before the Great Schism of 1054. [1850-55; BYZANTINE + -ISM] * * *
/biz"euhn tee nist, -tuy-, buy"zeuhn-, bi zan"teuh-/, n. an authority on or student of Byzantine history and culture. [1890-95; BYZANTINE + -IST] * * *
/bi zan"shee euhm, -tee euhm/, n. an ancient Greek city on the Bosporus and the Sea of Marmara: Constantine I rebuilt it and renamed it Constantinople A.D. 330. Cf. Istanbul. * * ...
/buy"zeuhs/, n. a son of Poseidon and the eponymous founder of Byzantium. * * *
benzene. * * *
▪ Norway       municipality, southeastern Norway. It is situated at the head of Oslo Fjord and adjoins the national capital of Oslo on the west. It has a broad frontage ...
Børge Mountains National Park
▪ national park, Norway Norwegian  Børgefjell Nasjonalpark        national park occupying an area of 420 square miles (1,087 square km) in northern ...
Common Semitic noun *biʾr-, well, cistern. 1. Beersheba, from Hebrew bəʾēr šebaʿ, well of oath, from bəʾēr, well (šebaʿ, oath; see šbʿ). 2. Beirut, from Arabic ...
Common Semitic noun *baʿl-, lord. 1. a. Baal, from Hebrew baʿal, lord, Baal; b. Beelzebub, from Hebrew baʿal zəbûb, lord (of the) fly, pejorative alteration of baʿal ...
B’nai B’rith
n the oldest and largest Jewish organization in the world with associations in many countries. It began in 1843 in New York and has its main office in Washington, DC. It is a ...
1. cocaine. 2. Gram. complement. 3. consonant. 4. coulomb. 5. county (used with a number to designate a county road): C55. Symbol. 1. the third in order or in a series. 2. ...
1. calorie. 2. Optics. candle; candles. 3. (with a year) about: c1775. [ < L circa, circiter, circum] 4. Physics, Chem. curie; curies. 5. cycle; cycles. Symbol. 1. Optics, ...
C & W
C & W abbrev. country and western (music) * * *
C &W
C & W abbr. country and western. * * *
C and W
country-and-western. [1955-60] * * *
C B Fry
➡ Fry (I) * * *
C battery
Electronics. an electric battery for supplying a constant voltage bias to a control electrode of a vacuum tube. Cf. A battery, B battery. * * *
C clef
Music. a clef that, according to its position, locates middle C on the first, third, or fourth line of the staff. * * *
C horizon
the layer in a soil profile below the B horizon and immediately above the bedrock, consisting chiefly of weathered, partially decomposed rock. [1930-35] * * *
C in C
C in C abbrev. Commander in Chief * * *
C of C
Chamber of Commerce. * * *
C of E
C of E abbrev. Church of England * * *
C P Snow
➡ Snow * * *
C power supply
Electronics. See C supply. * * *
c quark
Physics. See charmed quark. * * *
C ration
any of various canned or prepackaged foods used as field rations in the U.S. armed forces. * * *
C S Forester
➡ Forester * * *
C S Lewis
➡ Lewis (II) * * *
C star
Astron. See carbon star. * * *
C supply
Electronics. a battery or other source of power for supplying a constant voltage bias to a control electrode of a vacuum tube. Also called C power supply. Cf. A supply, B ...
C terminus
—C-terminal /see"terr'meuh nl/, adj. Biochem. the carboxyl end of a protein molecule. Also, C terminal. [C, abbr. for carboxyl] * * *
1. commerce and industry. 2. commercial and industrial. * * *

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