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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Caeremoniale Episcoporum
/cher'e maw'nee ah"le e pees'kaw pawr"oom/, Rom. Cath. Ch. the liturgical book, used by bishops, containing regulations and prescriptions that are authoritative in matters not ...
Caerleon
/kahr lee"euhn/, n. a town in Gwent, in SE Wales: site of ancient Roman fortress, a supposed seat of King Arthur's court. 6235. * * * ▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh ...
Caernarfon
a town in Gwynedd, Wales. It is famous for its 13th–century castle where, at a special ceremony in 1969, Prince Charles became officially the Prince of Wales. * * * Town ...
Caernarvon
/kahr nahr"veuhn/, n. 1. a seaport in W Gwynedd, in NW Wales, on Menai Strait: 13th-century castle of Edward II. 9253. 2. Caernarvonshire. Also, Carnarvon. * * *
Caernarvonshire
/kahr nahr"veuhn shear', -sheuhr/, n. a historic county in Gwynedd, in NW Wales. Also, Carnarvonshire. Also called Caernarvon, Carnarvon. * * * ▪ former county, Wales, United ...
Caerphilly
/kahr fil"ee/, n. a mild, white, crumbly, medium-hard cheese, originally made in Wales. Also called Caerphilly cheese. [after Caerphilly (Welsh Caerffili), town in S Wales where ...
caesalpinia
caesalpinia [sez΄al pin′ē ə, sēs΄al pin′ē ə] adj. designating a family (Caesalpiniaceae) of leguminous trees and shrubs, including the Kentucky coffee tree * * *
Caesar
/see"zeuhr/, n. 1. Gaius /gay"euhs/ (or Caius) /kay"euhs/ Julius, c100-44 B.C., Roman general, statesman, and historian. 2. a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to ...
Caesar and Cleopatra
a comedy (1898) by G. B. Shaw. * * *
Caesar salad
a salad of romaine lettuce tossed with an olive oil dressing, a coddled or raw egg, garlic, and grated cheese and topped with croutons and sometimes anchovies. [1945-50; ...
Caesar, (Gaius) Julius
born July 12/13, 100, Rome died March 15, 44 BC, Rome Celebrated Roman general, statesman, and dictator. A patrician by birth, he held the prominent posts of quaestor and ...
Caesar, Gaius
▪ Roman proconsul born 20 BC died Feb. 21, AD 4, Lycia       grandson of the Roman emperor Augustus (reigned 27 BC–AD 14), who would probably, had he survived ...
Caesar, Irving
orig. Isidor Caesar born July 4, 1895, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 18, 1996, New York City U.S. lyricist. Caesar worked with Henry Ford during World War I before turning to ...
Caesar, Julius
▪ Roman ruler Introduction in full  Gaius Julius Caesar  born July 12/13, 100? BC, Rome [Italy] died March 15, 44 BC, Rome (ancient Rome)  celebrated Roman general and ...
Caesar, Sid
born Sept. 8, 1922, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S. U.S. comedian. He began his career as a band musician but switched to comedy. Noted for his pantomime skills and his ability to mimic ...
Caesar,Julius
Caesar, Julius. In full Gaius Julius Caesar. 100-44B.C. Roman general, statesman, and historian who invaded Britain (55), crushed the army of his political enemy Pompey (48), ...
Caesar,Sidney
Caesar, Sidney. Known as “Sid.” Born 1922. American comedian who, as star of his own weekly television program “Your Show of Shows” (1950-1954), pioneered the comedy ...
Caesarea
/see'zeuh ree"euh, ses'euh-, sez'euh-/, n. 1. an ancient seaport in NW Israel: Roman capital of Palestine. 2. ancient name of Kayseri. * * * modern Ḥorbat Qesari Ancient ...
Caesarean
/si zair"ee euhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to Caesar or the Caesars: a Caesarean conquest. n. 2. (sometimes l.c.) Cesarean. Also, Caesarian. [1520-30; < L Caesare(us) of CAESAR + ...
Caesarean section
Caesarean section or caesarean section n. [also c- s-] CESAREAN ( * * *
Caesarian
See Caesarean. * * *
caesarian
cae·sar·i·an (sĭ-zârʹē-ən) adj. & n. Variant of cesarean. * * *
Caesarism
—Caesarist, n., adj. /see"zeuh riz'euhm/, n. absolute government; imperialism. [1595-1605; CAESAR + -ISM] * * *
Caesarist
See Caesarism. * * *
Caesaristic
See Caesarist. * * *
Caesarius of Arles, Saint
▪ Roman Catholic saint born c. 470, in the region of Chalon-sur-Saône, Gaul [France] died 542, Arles; feast day August 27       leading prelate of Gaul and a ...
Caesarius Of Heisterbach
▪ German religious author born c. 1170, Cologne [Germany] died c. 1240, Heisterbach, Lower Lorraine [now in Germany]       preacher whose ecclesiastical histories and ...
caesaropapism
—caesaropapist, n., adj. /see'zeuh roh pay"piz euhm/, n. 1. the possession of supreme authority over church and state by one person, often by a secular ruler. 2. the supremacy ...
caesarsalad
caesar salad n. A tossed salad of greens, anchovies, croutons, and grated cheese with a dressing of olive oil, lemon juice, and a raw or coddled egg.   [Possibly after Caesar's, ...
caesium
/see"zee euhm/, n. Chem. cesium. * * *
caespitose
—caespitosely, adv. /ses"pi tohs'/, adj. cespitose. * * *
caestus
caes·tus (sĕsʹtəs) n. Variant of cestus2. * * *
caesura
—caesural, caesuric, adj. /si zhoor"euh, -zoor"euh, siz yoor"euh/, n., pl. caesuras, caesurae /si zhoor"ee, -zoor"ee, siz yoor"ee/. 1. Pros. a break, esp. a sense pause, ...
caesural
See caesura. * * *
caesuric
See caesural. * * *
Caetani Family
▪ Italian family also spelled  Gaetani,         noble family of medieval origin, the so-called Anagni branch of which won political power and financial success with ...
Caetano, Marcello José das Neves Alves
▪ prime minister of Portugal born Aug. 17, 1906, Lisbon, Port. died Oct. 26, 1980, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil       premier of Portugal from September 1968, when he ...
CAF
CAF or caf abbrev. cost and freight * * * CAF abbr. cost and freight. * * *
Cafaggiolo majolica
▪ pottery also spelled  Cafaggiolo Maiolica,    Italian (Italy) tin-glazed earthenware produced during the early 16th century under Medici patronage in the castle of ...
cafard
cafard [kȧ fȧr′] n. 〚Fr, low spirits, cockroach, orig., hypocrite, altered (with pejorative -ard) < MFr caphars < Ar kāfir, hypocrite, lit., infidel: see ...
café
/ka fay", keuh-/ or, esp. for 4, Fr. /kann fay"/, n., pl. cafés /-fayz"/; Fr. /-fay"/. 1. a restaurant, often with an enclosed or outdoor section extending onto the sidewalk. 2. ...
CAFE
/ka fay", keuh-/, n. a U.S. federally mandated standard of average minimum miles-per-gallon fuel consumption for all the cars produced by an automobile manufacturer in a given ...
café au lait
/kaf"ay oh lay", ka fay", keuh-/; Fr. /kann fay oh le"/ 1. hot coffee served with an equal amount of hot or scalded milk. 2. a light brown color. [1755-65; < F: lit., coffee with ...
café brûlot
/kaf"ay brooh loh", ka fay", keuh-/; Fr. /kann fay brddyuu loh"/ black coffee flavored with sugar, lemon and orange rinds, cloves, cinnamon, and brandy, ignited and allowed to ...
café car
a railroad car, part of which is used as a diner and part as a lounge, smoker, etc. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
café chantant
/kaf"ay shahn tahonn", ka fay", keuh-/; Fr. /kann fay shahonn tahonn"/, pl. cafés chantants /kaf"ay shahn tahonnz", ka fay", keuh-/; Fr. /kann fay shahonn tahonn"/. an intimate ...
café con leche
/kaf"ay kon lech"ay, ka fay", keuh-/; Sp. /kah fe" kawn le"che/ 1. strong, black coffee mixed with hot milk. 2. a light brown color. [ < Sp: coffee with milk] * * *
café coronary
café coronary n. a fatal choking condition brought on when food, dentures, etc. lodge in a person's throat while he or she is eating: it is often misinterpreted as a heart ...
café crème
/kann fay krddem"/, French. coffee with cream. * * *
café curtain
a short curtain suspended directly downward from a series of rings sliding on a horizontal rod so as to cover the lower and sometimes upper portions of a window. * * *
cafe curtains
cafe curtains n. short, straight curtains, esp. for covering the lower part of a window, hung from a rod by means of sliding rings * * *
café filtre
/kann fay feel"trddeu/, French. coffee made by pouring hot water through ground coffee placed in a filtering device. * * *
café noir
/kann fay nwannrdd"/, French. black coffee. Also calledcafé nature /kann fay nann tyuurdd"/. * * *
Café Royal
a famous restaurant in Regent Street, London, England. In the 19th century it was a fashionable place for artists and writers to meet. * * *
café royale
/kaf"ay roy al", ka fay", keuh-/; Fr. /ka fay rddwann yannl"/ black coffee, to which cognac, lemon peel, sugar, and sometimes cinnamon have been added. Also called coffee ...
café society
socialites who regularly frequent fashionable nightclubs, resorts, etc. [1935-40] * * *
caféau lait
ca·fé au lait (kă-fā' ōlāʹ) n. 1. Coffee served with hot milk. 2. A light coffee hue. See Regional Note at beignet.   [French : café, coffee + à, with + lait, milk.] * ...
cafénoir
café noir n. Coffee served without cream or milk.   [French : café, coffee + noir, black.] * * *
cafésociety
café society n. The social group that frequents fashionable spots, such as nightclubs and cafés: “the glittering café society that revolves around the city's elite cultural ...
cafeteria
/kaf'i tear"ee euh/, n. 1. a restaurant in which patrons wait on themselves, carrying their food to tables from counters where it is displayed and served. 2. a lunchroom or ...
cafeteria plan
a fringe-benefit plan under which employees may choose from among various benefits those that best fit their needs up to a specified dollar value. [1985-90] * * *
cafeteria-style
caf·e·te·ri·a-style (kăf'ĭ-tîrʹē-ə-stīl') adj. 1. Arranged in the manner of a cafeteria. 2. Designed in such a way that one may select from a group or assortment only ...
cafeteriabenefit
cafeteria benefit n. A particular employee benefit selected from a company plan offering a variety of choices that can be balanced to suit individual needs. * * *
cafetorium
/kaf'i tawr"ee euhm, -tohr"-/, n. a large room, esp. in a school, that functions both as a cafeteria and an auditorium. [1950-55; b. CAFETERIA and AUDITORIUM] * * *
caff
caff [kaf] n. [Brit. Slang] a small, inexpensive restaurant or coffeehouse; cafe * * *
Caffaro Di Caschifellone
▪ Genoese historian and soldier born c. 1080 died 1166       Genoese soldier, statesman, diplomat, and crusader who wrote chronicles that are important sources for the ...
caffè latte
/kaf"ay lah"tay/; It. /kah fe" laht"te/, Italian. latte. * * *
caffeinated
/kaf"euh nay'tid/, adj. containing caffeine: a caffeinated soft drink. [CAFFEINE + -ATE1 + -ED2] * * *
caffeine
—caffeinic /ka fee"nik, kaf'ee in"ik/, adj. /ka feen", kaf"een, kaf"ee in/, n. Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline, bitter alkaloid, C8H10N4O2, usually derived from coffee or ...
caffeinism
/ka fee"niz euhm, kaf"ee niz'-, kaf"ee euh-/, n. chronic toxicity caused by excessive intake of caffeine, characterized by anxiety, irritability, palpitations, insomnia, and ...
caffelatte
caf·fe lat·te (kăfʹā läʹtā, käf-fĕʹ lätʹtĕ) n. A strong espresso coffee topped with steamed frothed milk.   [Italian caffé (e) latte, coffee (with) milk, from ...
Caffey syndrome
▪ pathology also called  infantile cortical hyperostosis        a hereditary disease of infants, characterized by swellings of the periosteum (the bone layer where ...
Caffiéri family
▪ French family       family of French sculptors and metalworkers known for their vigorous and original works in the Rococo style.       The first prominent ...
CAFOD
(in full Catholic Agency for Overseas Development) a charity organization run by the Roman Catholic Church in Britain. Its aims are to help development projects in poor ...
cafone
/kah faw"ne/, n., pl. cafoni /-nee/. Italian. an uncouth person; lowlife. * * *
caftan
—caftaned, adj. /kaf"tan, kaf tan"/, n. 1. a long garment having long sleeves and tied at the waist by a girdle, worn under a coat in the Middle East. 2. a long, full, usually ...
Cágaba
▪ people also called  Kogua         South American Indian group living on the northern and southern slopes of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta of Colombia. Speakers ...
Cagayan
(as used in expressions) Cagayan de Oro Cagayan River Río Grande de Cagayan * * *
Cagayan de Oro
Sp. /kah'gah yahn" de aw"rddaw/ a city in the Philippines, on NW Mindanao. 227,312. * * * City (pop., 2000: 461,877), northern Mindanao, Philippines. Located along the Cagayan ...
Cagayan River
or Río Grande de Cagayan River, northeastern Luzon, Philippines. Flowing north 220 mi (354 km) to the port of Aparri on the Babuyan Channel, it is the longest river in Luzon ...
Cagayan Sulu
▪ island, Philippines       island, southwestern Sulu Sea, Philippines. Low-lying and surrounded by 13 small islets and coral reefs, Cagayan Sulu was a centre of ...
cage
—cageless, adj. —cagelike, adj. /kayj/, n., v., caged, caging. n. 1. a boxlike enclosure having wires, bars, or the like, for confining and displaying birds or animals. 2. ...
Cage
/kayj/, n. John, born 1912, U.S. composer. * * *
cage bird
a bird that is commonly kept in a cage as a pet. [1620-30] * * *
cage zone melting
zone melting of a square bar of the material to be purified, done so that the impurities are concentrated at the corners. * * *
Cage, John
in full John Milton Cage, Jr. born Sept. 5, 1912, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. died Aug. 12, 1992, New York, N.Y. U.S. avant-garde composer and writer. The son of an inventor, ...
Cage, John Milton,Jr.
Cage (kāj), John Milton, Jr. 1912-1992. American musical theorist and composer of avant-garde works, such as Sonatas and Interludes for a piano with its strings damped by wood ...
Cage, Nicolas
▪ American actor original name  Nicholas Kim Coppola  born Jan. 7, 1964, Long Beach, Calif., U.S.       American actor, perhaps best known for his performances in ...
cageling
/kayj"ling/, n. a bird that is kept in a cage. [1855-60; CAGE + -LING1] * * *
cager
/kay"jeuhr/, n. 1. Informal. a basketball player. 2. Mining. a machine for putting cars on or off a cage. [1910-15; CAGE + -ER1] * * *
cagey
—cagily, adv. —caginess, cageyness, n. /kay"jee/, adj., cagier, cagiest. cautious, wary, or shrewd: a cagey reply to the probing question. Also, cagy. [1890-95, Amer.; CAGE + ...
cagily
See cagey. * * *
caginess
See cagily. * * *
Cagliari
/kahl"yeuh ree/; It. /kah"lyah rddee'/, n. 1. Paolo /pah"aw law/. See Veronese, Paolo. 2. a seaport in S Sardinia. 236,931. * * * ancient Caralis City (pop., 2001 prelim.: ...
Cagliostro
/kal yoh"stroh/; It. /kah lyaws"trddaw/, n. Count Alessandro di /ah'les sahn"drddaw dee/, (Giuseppe Balsamo), 1743-95, Italian adventurer and impostor. * * *
Cagliostro, Alessandro, Count di
▪ Italian charlatan original name  Giuseppe Balsamo   born June 2, 1743, Palermo, Sicily, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies [Italy] died Aug. 26, 1795, San Leo, Papal ...
Cagney
/kag"nee/, n. James, 1899-1986, U.S. film actor. * * *
Cagney and Lacey
a popular US television series in the 1980s about the work and private lives of two women police detectives, played by Tyne Daly and Sharon Gless, who both won Emmy awards for ...
Cagney, James
born July 17, 1899, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 30, 1986, Stanfordville, N.Y. U.S. actor. He toured in vaudeville as a song-and-dance man before starring in the successful ...
Cagney,James
Cag·ney (kăgʹnē), James. Known as “Jimmy.” 1899-1986. American actor noted for his portrayals of tough, often maleficent characters in films such as Public Enemy (1931). ...
Cagoulard
/kag"oo lahr', kag'oo lahr"/; Fr. /kann gooh lahrdd"/, n., pl. Cagoulards /-lahrz', -lahrz"/; Fr. /-lahrdd"/. a member of a secret French organization, active 1932-40, that ...
CAGS
CAGS abbr. Certificate of Advanced Graduate Study. * * *
Caguas
/kah"gwahs/, n. a city in E central Puerto Rico. 87,214. * * * ▪ Puerto Rico       town, east-central Puerto Rico. Caguas lies in the fertile Caguas valley, the ...
cagy
/kay"jee/, adj., cagier, cagiest. cagey. * * *
Cahaba
Ca·ha·ba (kə-hôʹbə, -häʹ-) A river rising in the Appalachian Mountains of north-central Alabama near Birmingham and flowing about 322 km (200 mi) generally south to the ...
Cahan
/kah"hahn/, n. Abraham, (Abe), 1860-1951, U.S. novelist and journalist, born in Russia. * * *
Cahan, Abraham
▪ American writer born July 7, 1860, Vilna, Russian Empire [now Vilnius, Lithuania] died Aug. 31, 1951, New York, N.Y., U.S.       journalist, reformer, and novelist ...
cahier
/ka yay", kah-/; Fr. /kann yay"/, n., pl. cahiers /-yayz"/; Fr. /-yay"/. 1. Bookbinding. a number of sheets of paper or leaves of a book placed together, as for binding. 2. a ...
cahill
/kah"hil, kay"-/, n. Angling. an artificial fly having a quill body, golden tag, tan-spotted wings and tail, and gray hackle. [perh. named after its inventor] * * *
Cahill, Joe
▪ 2005 Joseph Cahill        Irish paramilitary organization leader (b. May 19, 1920, Belfast, Ire.—d. July 23, 2004, Belfast, N.Ire.), dedicated his life to the cause ...
Cáhita
▪ people       group of North American Indian tribes that inhabited the northwest coast of Mexico along the lower courses of the Sinaloa, Fuerte, Mayo, and Yaqui rivers. ...
Cahn
(1913–93) a US writer of songs, especially for films. He won Oscars for Three Coins in the Fountain (1954), All the Way (1957) and High Hopes (1959). Many of his songs were ...
Cahn, Sammy
orig. Samuel Cohen born June 18, 1913, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 15, 1993, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. song lyricist. He became a professional songwriter while still a ...
Cahokia
/keuh hoh"kee euh/, n. a city in SW Illinois. 18,904. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       village, St. Clair county, southwestern Illinois, U.S. It lies along the ...
Cahokia Mounds
a group of very large prehistoric Indian earthworks in southwestern Illinois, consisting of mounds with flat tops that supported temples and other structures of mud and thatch. * ...
cahoot
/keuh hooht"/, n. Informal. 1. go cahoots, to share equally; become partners: They went cahoots in the establishment of the store. Also, go in cahoot with, go in cahoots. 2. in ...
cahoots
☆ cahoots [kə ho͞ots′ ] pl.n. 〚< ?〛 Slang partnership; league: chiefly in phrase in cahoots (with), in league (with): usually applied to questionable dealing or to ...
Cahora Bassa
▪ dam and hydroelectric facility, Mozambique also spelled  Cabora Bassa,         arch dam and hydroelectric facility on the Zambezi River in western Mozambique. The ...
Cahors
▪ France       town, capital of Lot département, Midi-Pyrénées région, formerly capital of Quercy province, southern France. It is situated on a rocky peninsula ...
cahow
/keuh how"/, n. a rare petrel, Pterodroma cahow, of islets off Bermuda, until recently thought to have become extinct. Also called Bermuda petrel. [1605-15; imit.] * * *
Cahuilla
/keuh wee"euh/, n., pl. Cahuillas, (esp. collectively) Cahuilla. 1. a member of a North American Indian people of southern California. 2. the Uto-Aztecan language of the ...
CAI
computer-assisted instruction. [1965-70] * * *
Cai Guo-Qiang
▪ 2009 born Dec. 8, 1957, Quanzhou City, Fujian province, China  Propelled into a premiere position with his 2008 one-man retrospective at New York City's Guggenheim Museum, ...
Cai Lun
▪ Chinese inventor Wade-Giles romanization  Ts'ai Lun , courtesy name (zi)  Jingzhong  born 62? CE, Guiyang [now Leiyang, in present-day Hunan province], China died 121, ...
cai luong
▪ Vietnamese theatre       Vietnamese theatre style, the term meaning reformed or renewed theatre. It evolved during the French colonial period of Vietnam's history ...
Cai Yuanpei
▪ Chinese educator Wade-Giles romanization  T'sai Yüan-p'ei , courtesy name (zi)  Heqing , literary name (hao)  Juemin  born Jan. 11, 1863, Shanyin [now Shaoxing], ...
Caiaphas
/kay"euh feuhs, kuy"-/, n. a high priest of the Jews who presided over the assembly that condemned Jesus to death. Matt. 26. * * *
Caiaphas,Joseph
Cai·a·phas (kāʹə-fəs, kīʹ-), Joseph.fl. first century A.D. In the New Testament, the Jewish high priest who presided over the counsel that condemned Jesus. * * *
Caibarién
▪ Cuba       port city, central Cuba. Caibarién is a major centre for the collection and distribution of goods from the agricultural hinterland, which produces mainly ...
Caicos Islands
/kuy"kohs/. See Turks and Caicos Islands. * * *
CaicosIslands
Cai·cos Islands (kāʹkəs, -kōs) One of the island groups constituting the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Atlantic Ocean southeast of the Bahamas. * * *
caid
/kah eedh", kuydh/, n. 1. (in North Africa) a Muslim tribal chief, judge, or senior official. 2. a Berber chieftain. 3. an alcaide. Also, qaid. [1855-60; ( < F) < Ar qa'id. See ...
Caillaux, Joseph
▪ French statesman in full  Joseph-marie-auguste Caillaux   born March 30, 1863, Le Mans, France died Nov. 22, 1944, Mamers  French statesman who was an early supporter of ...
Caillaux, Joseph (-Marie-Auguste)
born March 30, 1863, Le Mans, France died Nov. 22, 1944, Mamers French politician. Serving several times as minister of finance, he was an early but unsuccessful advocate of a ...
Caillebotte, Gustave
born Aug. 19, 1848, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 21, 1894, Gennevilliers French painter and art collector. Born to a wealthy family, he was a naval architect by profession. He pursued ...
Cailletet, Louis-Paul
▪ French physicist born Sept. 21, 1832, Châtillon-sur-Seine, France died Jan. 5, 1913, Paris       French physicist and ironmaster, noted for his work on the ...
Caillié, René-Auguste
▪ French explorer born Nov. 19, 1799, Mauzé, near La Rochelle, France died c. 1838, , La Badère       the first European to survive a journey to the West African city ...
caiman
/kay"meuhn/, n., pl. caimans. any of several tropical American crocodilians of the genus Caiman and allied genera: some are endangered. Also, cayman. [1570-80; < Sp caimán < ...
caiman lizard
a crocodilelike lizard, Dracaena guianensis, of South America, having powerful jaws for crushing the snails and mussels upon which it feeds. * * * ▪ reptile       any ...
cain
/kayn/, n. Scot. and Irish Eng. rent paid in kind, esp. a percentage of a farm crop. [ME (Scots) cane < ScotGael; cf. OIr cáin statute, law, rent] * * * ▪ biblical ...
Cain
Cain1 —Cainism, n. —Cainitic /kay nit"ik/, adj. /kayn/, n. 1. the first son of Adam and Eve, who murdered his brother Abel. Gen. 4. 2. a murderer. 3. raise Cain, Slang. a. ...
Cain and Abel
In the Hebrew scriptures, the sons of Adam and Eve. According to Genesis, Cain, the firstborn, was a farmer, and his brother Abel was a shepherd. Cain was enraged when God ...
Cain, James M.
▪ American novelist in full  James Mallahan Cain   born July 1, 1892, Annapolis, Md., U.S. died Oct. 27, 1977, University Park, Md.       novelist whose violent, ...
Caine
/kayn/, n. (Sir Thomas Henry) Hall 1853-1931, English novelist. * * *
Caine, Sir Hall
▪ British novelist in full  Sir Thomas Henry Hall Caine   born May 14, 1853, Runcorn, Cheshire, Eng. died Aug. 31, 1931, Isle of Man  British writer known for his popular ...
Caine, Sir Michael
▪ British actor original name  Maurice Joseph Micklewhite, Jr.  born March 14, 1933, London, England       internationally successful British motion-picture actor ...
Caingang
/kuyn"gang'/, n., pl. Caingangs, (esp. collectively) Caingang. 1. a member of an Indian people of southern Brazil. 2. a group of languages spoken by the Caingang, constituting a ...
Cainite
/kay"nuyt/, n. a member of a Gnostic sect that exalted Cain and regarded the God of the Old Testament as responsible for evil. [ < ML Cainita (see CAIN, -ITE1; cf. LL Caianus ...
caino-
var. of ceno-1: Cainozoic. * * *
cainotophobia
cai·no·to·pho·bi·a (kā-nō'tə-fōʹbē-ə) n. An abnormal fear of newness.   [Greek kainotēs, newness (from kainos, new. See ken- + -phobia.] * * *
Cainozoic
/kuy'neuh zoh"ik, kay'-/, adj., n. Geol. Cenozoic. * * *
caïque
/kah eek"/, n. 1. a single-masted sailing vessel used on the eastern Mediterranean Sea, having a sprit mainsail, a square topsail, and two or more other sails. 2. a long, narrow ...
caird
/kaird/; Scot. /kayrddd/, n. Scot. 1. a traveling tinker, esp. a gypsy. 2. a wandering tramp or vagrant. [1655-65; < ScotGael ceard tinker; akin to L cerdo workman, Gk kerdó ...
Caird Coast
a coastal region in Antarctica, E of the Weddell Sea, 23° to 29° W longitude. * * *
Caird, Edward
▪ British philosopher born March 23, 1835, Greenock, Renfrew, Scot. died Nov. 1, 1908, Oxford, Eng.  philosopher and leader in Britain of the Neo-Hegelian ...
Caird, John
▪ British theologian born Dec. 15, 1820, Greenock, Renfrew, Scot. died July 30, 1898, Greenock       British theologian and preacher, and an exponent of theism in ...
Cairene
/kuy"reen, kuy reen"/, adj. 1. (sometimes l.c.) of or pertaining to Cairo, Egypt. n. 2. a native or resident of Cairo, Egypt. [1835-45; CAIR(O) + -ENE] * * *
Cairene rug
▪ Egyptian carpet  Egyptian floor covering believed to have been made in or near Cairo from at least as early as the 15th century to the 18th. The early production, under the ...
cairn
—cairned, adj. —cairny, adj. /kairn/, n. a heap of stones set up as a landmark, monument, tombstone, etc. Also, carn. [1525-35; earlier carn < ScotGael: pile of stones; perh. ...
cairn terrier
one of a Scottish breed of small, short-legged terriers having a rough coat of any of several solid colors except white. [1905-10; said to be so called because they are found in ...
Cairncross, John
▪ 1996       British government official who was identified in 1991 as the long-sought "fifth man" in the notorious Soviet spy ring that included Kim Philby, Guy ...
cairned
See cairn. * * *
Cairnes, John Elliott
▪ British economist born December 26, 1823, Castle Bellingham, County Louth, Ireland died July 8, 1875, London, England       Irish economist who restated the key ...
cairngorm
/kairn"gawrm'/, n. See smoky quartz. Also called Cairngorm stone. [1785-95; short for Cairngorm stone, i.e., stone from Scottish mountain so named] * * *
Cairngorm Mountains
Mountain range, northeastern Scotland. It is located in the Highlands between the Spey and Dee river valleys; its highest peak is Ben Macdui, at 4,296 ft (1,309 m) the ...
CairngormMountains
Cairn·gorm Mountains (kârnʹgôrm') A range of the Grampian Mountains in central Scotland rising to 1,310.3 m (4,296 ft) at Ben Macdhui. It is a popular winter sports area. * ...
Cairngorms
a mountain range in central Scotland which is popular for climbing, walking and skiing. A valuable stone, called cairngorm, is found in the mountains. * * *
Cairns
/kairnz/, n. a seaport in NE Australia. 48,557. * * * ▪ Queensland, Australia       city and port, northeastern Queensland, Australia, on Trinity Inlet of Trinity Bay. ...
Cairns, James Ford
▪ 2004 “Jim”        Australian left-wing politician (b. Oct. 4, 1914, Melbourne, Australia—d. Oct. 12, 2003, Melbourne), was best known for his passionate antiwar ...
Cairnterrier
Cairn terrier (kârn) n. A small dog of a breed developed in Scotland, having a broad head and a rough shaggy coat.   [So called because it hunts among cairns.] * * *
Cairo
/kuy"roh/, n. a city in and the capital of Egypt, in the N part on the E bank of the Nile. 5,517,000. * * * Arabic Al-Qāhirah City (pop., 1996: city, 6,789,479; 1999 est.: ...
Cairo Conference
▪ World War II, 1943       (November–December 1943), either of two meetings of Allied leaders held in Cairo during World War II. At the first Cairo Conference ...
Cairo conferences
(November–December 1943) Two meetings held in Cairo during World War II. At the first, Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt discussed plans for the Normandy Invasion (see ...
Cairoli, Benedetto
▪ Italian politician born Jan. 28, 1825, Pavia, Lombardy died Aug. 8, 1889, Naples  politician, leader of the left during the Risorgimento, and three times premier of united ...
Caishen
or Ts'ai–shen Chinese god of wealth, believed to bestow on his devotees the riches carried about by his attendants. A Ming-dynasty novel relates that a hermit, Zhao Gongming, ...
caisson
—caissoned, adj. /kay"seuhn, -son/, n. 1. a structure used in underwater work, consisting of an airtight chamber, open at the bottom and containing air under sufficient ...
caisson disease
aeroembolism (def. 2). [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
caissondisease
caisson disease n. Decompression sickness. * * *
Caitanya
▪ Hindu mystic also spelled  Chaitanya,  in full  Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya,  or  Śrī Krishna Chaitanya,  also called  Gaurāṅga,  original name  Viśvambhara ...
Caitanya movement
Emotional form of Hinduism that developed in the 16th century, inspired by the mode of worship originated by Caitanya. Centred in Bengal, the movement was organized by ...
Caitanya sect
▪ Hinduism also spelled  Chaitanya        intensely emotional form of Hinduism that has flourished from the 16th century, mainly in Bengal and eastern Orissa, India. ...
Caitanya, Sri Krishna
orig. Vishvambhara Mishra born 1485, Navadvipa, Bengal, India died 1533, Puri, Orissa Indian Hindu mystic. Born into a Brahman family, he became a teacher. While on a ...
Caithness
/kayth"nes, kayth nes"/, n. a historic county in NE Scotland. * * * ▪ historical county, Scotland, United Kingdom       historic county in extreme northern Scotland, ...
caitiff
/kay"tif/, Archaic. n. 1. a base, despicable person. adj. 2. base; despicable. [1250-1300; ME caitif < AF < L captivus CAPTIVE] * * *
Caitlin
/kayt"lin/, n. a female given name, Irish form of Cathleen, Kathleen. * * *
caitya
▪ Buddhism       (Sanskrit: “that which is worthy to be gazed upon,” thus “worshipful”), in Buddhism, a sacred place or object. Originally, caityas were said to ...
Caius
/kay"euhs/, n. Saint, died A.D. 296, pope 283-296. Also, Gaius. * * *
Caius, John
▪ British physician Caius also spelled  Kees, Keys, Kay, or Kaye   born Oct. 6, 1510, Norwich, Norfolk, Eng. died July 29, 1573, London       prominent Humanist and ...
Cajamarca
▪ Peru  city, northern Peru, lying at 9,022 feet (2,750 metres) above sea level on the Cajamarca River. An ancient Inca city, it was the site of the capture, ransom, and ...
Cajan
/kay"jeuhn/, n., pl. Cajans, (esp. collectively) Cajan for 2. 1. a member of a group of people living in parts of the South, esp. Alabama, whose ancestry is a mixture of white, ...
cajanpea
ca·jan pea (kāʹjən) n. See pigeon pea.   [Malay kachang, bean, pea.] * * *
cajeput
/kaj"euh peuht, -poot'/, n. a tree, Melaleuca leucadendron, of the myrtle family, native to Australia and New Guinea, having papery bark and yielding a greenish, aromatic oil ...
cajeputol
/kaj"euh peuh tawl', -tol'/, n. Chem. cineole. Also, cajuputol. [CAJEPUT + -OL2] * * *
Cajetan
▪ Catholic theologian Latin  Cajetanus,  Italian  Gaetano,  Dominican name  Tommaso De Vio   born Feb. 20, 1468/69?, Gaeta, Naples died Aug. 10, 1534?, ...
Cajetan of Thiene, Saint
▪ Catholic priest Italian  San Gaetano Da Thiene, Thiene  also spelled  Tiene  born October 1480, Vicenza, Republic of Venice died Aug. 7, 1547, Naples; canonized 1671; ...
cajole
—cajolement, n. —cajoler, n. —cajolingly, adv. /keuh johl"/, v.t., v.i., cajoled, cajoling. to persuade by flattery or promises; wheedle; coax. [1635-45; < F cajoler to ...
cajoler
See cajole. * * *
cajolery
/keuh joh"leuh ree/, n., pl. cajoleries. persuasion by flattery or promises; wheedling; coaxing. [1640-50; < F cajolerie. See CAJOLE, -ERY] * * *
cajolingly
See cajoler. * * *
Cajori, Florian
▪ American mathematician born Feb. 28, 1859, St. Aignan, Switz. died Aug. 14, 1930, Berkeley, Calif., U.S.  Swiss-born U.S. educator and mathematician whose works on the ...
Cajun
/kay"jeuhn/, n. 1. a member of a group of people with an enduring cultural tradition whose French Catholic ancestors established permanent communities in Louisiana and Maine ...
cajuput
cajuput [kaj′ə pət] n. 〚Malay kāyūputīh < kāyū, tree + putīh, white〛 an Australian tree (Melaleuca leucadendra) of the myrtle family, with whitish flowers and thick ...
Cakchiquel
▪ people       Mayan Indian people of the midwestern highlands of Guatemala, closely related linguistically and culturally to the neighbouring Quiché and Tzutujil ...
Cakchiquel language
      member of the Quiché (Quiché language) group of Mayan languages (Maya languages), spoken in central Guatemala. Closely related to and sometimes considered simply a ...
cake
—caky, cakey, adj. /kayk/, n., v., caked, caking. n. 1. a sweet, baked, breadlike food, made with or without shortening, and usually containing flour, sugar, baking powder or ...
cake eater
Older Slang. 1. a ladies' man. 2. an effeminate lover of ease and pleasure. [1920-25] * * *
cake flour
finely ground wheat flour. * * *
cake makeup
face makeup in the form of a cake, usually applied with a damp sponge. * * *
cake urchin
▪ species of echinoderm       any of the echinoid marine invertebrates of the order Clypeastroida (phylum Echinodermata), in which the body is flattened. The surface is ...
caked breast
Pathol. a painful hardening of one or more lobules of a lactating breast, caused by stagnation of milk in the secreting ducts and accumulation of blood in the expanded veins; ...
cakes and ale
the good things of life; material pleasures: Their thoughts were only of cakes and ale. * * *
cakewalk
—cakewalker, n. /kayk"wawk'/, n. 1. (formerly) a promenade or march, of black American origin, in which the couples with the most intricate or eccentric steps received cakes as ...
cakewalker
See cakewalk. * * *
Çakmak, Fevzi
▪ Turkish statesman born Jan. 12, 1876, Constantinople died April 10, 1950, Istanbul       Turkish marshal and statesman who played a leading role in the establishment ...
cakra
/chuk"reuh/, n. Yoga. any of the points of spiritual power located along the body, usually given as six in number. The points are personified by gods and can be released through ...
cakravartin
/chuk'reuh vahr"tin/, n. (in Indian philosophy, politics, etc.) an ideal, universal, enlightened ruler, under whom the world exists in justice and peace. Also, chakravartin. [ < ...
Čakste, Janis
▪ president of Latvia born Sept. 14, 1859, Lielsesava, Courland, Russian Empire [now in Latvia] died March 14, 1927, Riga, Latvia       patriot and president ...
Cal
/kal/, n. a male given name, form of Calvin. kilocalorie. * * *
cal
calorie (def. 1a). * * *
cal'late
cal'late (kălʹāt', -lāt') v. Chiefly New England Variant of calculate. * * *
Cal.
California. * * *
cal.
1. calendar. 2. caliber. 3. calorie (def. 1a). * * *
calaba
/keuh lah"beuh/, n. 1. a tree, Calophyllum brasiliense, of the West Indies and Central and South America, having leathery leaves and fragrant white flowers. 2. the reddish wood ...
Calabar
/kal'euh bahr", kal"euh bahr'/, n. 1. a river in SE Nigeria. ab. 70 mi. (113 km) long. 2. a seaport near the mouth of this river. 187,000. * * * City (pop., 1991.: 310,839), ...
Calabar bean
the violently poisonous seed of an African climbing plant, Physostigma venenosum, of the legume family, the active principle of which is physostigmine. Also called ordeal ...
Calabarbean
Cal·a·bar bean (kălʹə-bär) n. The poisonous seed of a tropical western African woody vine (Physostigma venenosum) in the pea family, which has been used as an ordeal ...
calabash
/kal"euh bash'/, n. 1. any of various gourds, esp. the bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria. 2. a tropical American tree, Crescentia cujete, of the bignonia family, bearing large, ...
calabash tree
▪ tree       (Crescentia cujete), tree of the family Bignoniaceae, 6 to 12 metres (20 to 40 feet) tall, that grows in Central and South America, the West Indies, and ...
calabaza
/kal'euh bah"zeuh, kah'leuh-/; Sp. /kah'lah vah"sah/, n., pl. calabazas /-zeuhz/; Sp. /-sahs/. a calabash. * * *
calabazilla
/kal'euh beuh zee"euh/, n. a prostrate vine, Cucurbita foetidissima, of the gourd family, native to southwestern North America, having yellow flowers, round, inedible green and ...
calaboose
/kal"euh boohs', kal'euh boohs"/, n. Slang. jail; prison; lockup. [1785-95, Amer.; ( < North American F) < Sp calabozo dungeon, of obscure orig.] * * *
Calabozo
▪ Venezuela       city, Guárico estado (state), central Venezuela. It lies along the Guárico River, 110 miles (180 km) south-southwest of Caracas, on a piedmont plain ...
calabrasella
/kal'euh breuh zel"euh/, n. a card game for three persons that is played with a 40-card pack made by removing the eights, nines, and tens from a regular 52-card pack. [ < It ...
Calabrese
Cal·a·bre·se (kăl'ə-brāʹzē) n. A type of broccoli bearing clusters of blue-green to dark green flower buds.   [Italian, Calabrian, from Calabria Calabria.] * * *
Calabria
—Calabrian, n., adj. /keuh lay"bree euh/; It. /kah lah"brddyah/, n. 1. a region in S Italy. 2,048,901. 5828 sq. mi. (15,100 sq. km). Cap.: Reggio Calabria. 2. an ancient ...
Calabrian Stage
▪ paleontology       a name given by many geologists to the rock layer whose base defines the beginning of the Pleistocene Epoch, approximately 1.8 million years ago. ...
caladium
/keuh lay"dee euhm/, n. any of several tropical American plants of the genus Caladium, of the arum family, cultivated for their variegated, colorful leaves. [1835-45; < NL: orig. ...
Calah
/kay"leuh/, n. Biblical name of Kalakh. * * * modern Nimrūd Ancient city, Assyria. Lying south of modern Mosul, Iraq, it was founded in the 13th century BC by Shalmaneser I. ...
Calahorra
▪ Spain       town, in the provincia (province) and comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of La Rioja, northern Spain, on the south bank of the Cidacos River near ...
Calais
/kal"ay, ka lay", kal"is/; Fr. /kann le"/, n. a seaport in N France, on the Strait of Dover: the French port nearest England. 79,369. /keuh lay"is/, n. Class. Myth. the winged ...
Calais and Zetes
▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, the winged twin sons of Boreas and Oreithyia. On their arrival with the Argonauts at Salmydessus in Thrace, they liberated ...
Calakmul
/kah'lahk moohl"/, n. a ruined Mayan city in SE Mexico. * * *
Calama
/kah lah"mah/, n. a city in N Chile. 26,166. * * * ▪ Chile       city, northern Chile, on the Río Loa in an extremely arid region. It lies on the western slope of the ...
calamanco
/kal'euh mang"koh/, n., pl. calamancos for 2. 1. a glossy woolen fabric checkered or brocaded in the warp so that the pattern shows on one side only, much used in the 18th ...
calamander
/kal"euh man'deuhr/, n. the hard, mottled brown and black wood of any of several trees of the genus Diospyros, used for cabinetwork. [1795-1805; perh. metathetic var. of ...
calamari
/kal'euh mahr"ee, kah'leuh-/; It. /kah'lah mah"rddee/, n. Italian Cookery. squid. [ < It, pl. of CALAMARO, CALAMAIO, (for pesce calamaio) < LL calamarium inkhorn, pen case ...
calamary
/kal"euh mer'ee, -meuh ree/, n., pl. calamaries. a squid, esp. of the genus Loligo. Also, calamar /kal"euh mahr'/. [1560-70; appar. < L calamarius (see CALAMARI), though the ...
calamataolive
ca·la·ma·ta olive (kä'lə-mäʹtə, kăl'ə-) n. Variant of kalamata olive. * * *
calami
cal·a·mi (kălʹə-mī') n. Plural of calamus. * * *
Calamian Group
▪ island, Philippines       islands lying between Mindoro and Palawan, west-central Philippines. The group comprises Busuanga, Culion (Culion Island), and Coron ...
Calamian Islands
/kah'lah myahn"/ a group of about 100 islands in the SW Philippines. 600 sq. mi. (1554 sq. km). Largest island, Busuanga. * * *
CalamianIslands
Ca·la·mi·an Islands (kä'lə-mē-änʹ, -myänʹ) An island group of the west-central Philippines between Mindoro and Palawan. * * *
calamine
/kal"euh muyn', -min/, n. 1. a pink, water-insoluble powder consisting of zinc oxide and about 0.5 percent ferric oxide, used in ointments, lotions, or the like, for the ...
calamine brass
an alloy of zinc carbonate and copper, formerly used to imitate gold. * * * ▪ alloy       alloy of copper with zinc, produced by heating fragments of copper with ...
calamint
/kal"euh mint/, n. any of several aromatic plants belonging to the genus Calamintha (or Satureja) of the mint family, having simple, opposite leaves and drooping clusters of ...
calamite
—calamitean /kal'euh muy"tee euhn/, adj. —calamitoid /keuh lam"i toyd'/, adj. /kal"euh muyt'/, n. any fossil plant of the genus Calamites and related genera of the ...
Calamites
▪ fossil plant genus  genus of tree-sized, spore-bearing plants (plant) that lived during the Carboniferous (Carboniferous Period) and Permian periods (Permian Period) ...
calamitous
—calamitously, adv. —calamitousness, n. /keuh lam"i teuhs/, adj. causing or involving calamity; disastrous: a calamitous defeat. [1535-45; CALAMIT(Y) + -OUS] Syn. ...
calamitously
See calamitous. * * *
calamitousness
See calamitously. * * *
calamity
/keuh lam"i tee/, n., pl. calamities. 1. a great misfortune or disaster, as a flood or serious injury. 2. grievous affliction; adversity; misery: the calamity of war. [1375-1425; ...
Calamity Jane
(Martha Jane Canary Burke) 1852?-1903, U.S. frontier markswoman. * * * orig. Martha Jane Cannary born May 1, 1852?, near Princeton, Mo.?, U.S. died Aug. 1, 1903, Terry, near ...
CalamityJane
Ca·lam·i·ty Jane (kə-lămʹĭ-tē jānʹ) See Burk, Martha Jane. * * *
calamondin
/kal"euh mun'deuhn/, n. 1. a small citrus tree, Citrofortunella mitis, of the Philippines. 2. the small, tart, tangerinelike fruit of this tree. [1925-35; < Tagalog ...
calamus
/kal"euh meuhs/, n., pl. calami /-muy'/. 1. the sweet flag, Acorus calamus. 2. its aromatic root. 3. any of various tropical Asian palms of the genus Calamus, some of which are a ...


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