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Calamy, Edmund
▪ British theologian born February 1600, London died Oct. 29, 1666, probably London       English Presbyterian theologian who contributed significantly to the writings ...
/kah lahn"doh/, Music. adj. 1. becoming slower and softer; dying away. adv. 2. in a slower, softer manner. [‡1850-55; < It: slackening < L calandum, ger. of calare to let down ...
/keuh lan"thee/, n. any of various tropical and subtropical orchids of the genus Calanthe, having racemes of white, reddish, or yellow flowers. [ < NL] * * * ▪ orchid ...
/kah'lah pahn"/, n. a seaport on NE Mindoro, in the central Philippines. 67,370. * * *
▪ Romania       city, capital of Călăraşi judeţ (county), southeastern Romania. It is located at the border with Bulgaria on the Borcea arm of the Danube and along ...
▪ Colombia       city, northeastern Quindío department, Colombia, on the western slopes of the Andean Cordillera (mountains) Central, at 5,039 ft (1,536 m) above sea ...
Calas, Jean
▪ French historian born March 19, 1698, Lacabarède, Fr. died March 10, 1762, Toulouse       Huguenot cloth merchant whose execution caused the philosopher Voltaire to ...
Calasanz, Saint Joseph
▪ Christian saint Calasanz also spelled  Calasanctius,  Italian  San Giuseppe Calasanzio,  Spanish  San José de Calasanz   born Sept. 11, 1556, Peralta, Spain died ...
/keuh lash"/, n. 1. Also, calèche. a light vehicle pulled by one or two horses, seating two to four passengers, and having two or four wheels, a seat for a driver on a ...
Calasso, Roberto
▪ Italian author, editor, and publisher born 1941, Florence, Italy       Italian editor, publisher, and writer whose book Le nozze di Cadmo e Armonia (1988; The ...
/kal'euh thee"euh/, n. any of various tropical American plants of the genus Calathea, some of which have colorful, variegated leaves and are often cultivated as houseplants. [ < ...
/kal"euh theuh fawrm', keuh lath"euh-/, adj. cup-shaped; concave. [1875-80; calathi- (comb. form of CALATHUS) + -FORM] * * *
/kal"euh theuhs/, n., pl. calathi /-thuy'/. kalathos. [ < L < Gk kálathos] * * *
Calatrava, Order of
Oldest military and religious order in Spain. It was founded in 1158 by two Cistercian monks who proclaimed a holy Crusade to defend the city of Calatrava against the Moors. By ...
Calatrava, Santiago
▪ 2005       On Jan. 22, 2004, Spanish architect, engineer, and sculptor Santiago Calatrava revealed his spectacular plans for a new Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) ...
/kal'euh vair"uyt/, n. a silver-white mineral, gold telluride, AuTe2, containing a little silver: an ore of gold. [1865-70, Amer.; Calaver(as), county in California where first ...
/kahl bah"yawg/, n. a city in the Philippines, on NW Samar. 106,719. * * * ▪ Philippines       city, on the western coast of Samar Island, Philippines. The city lies ...
/kalk/, n. Informal. a calculator, esp. a small portable one. [by shortening] * * *
1. a combining form of calcareous: calc-tufa. 2. var. of calci- before a vowel: calcic. [ < G Kalk lime < L calc- (s. of calx) lime, limestone; see CALX, CHALK] * * *
/kalk"sin'teuhr/, n. Mineral. travertine. [1815-25; < G Kalksinter. See CALC-, SINTER] * * *
/kalk"spahr'/, n. calcite. Also, calcspar. [1815-25; < Sw kalkspat calc-spar; t > r by assoc. with SPAR3; see CALC-] * * *
/kalk"tooh'feuh, -tyooh'-/, n. tufa (def. 1). Also, calc-tuff /kalk"tuf'/. [1815-25; CALC- + TUFA] * * *
calculate. * * *
See calcaneus. * * *
cal·ca·ne·o·cu·boid ligament (kăl-kā'nē-ō-kyo͞oʹboid') n. The ligament that connects the calcaneus and the cuboid bones. * * *
/kal kay"nee euhm/, n., pl. calcanea /-nee euh/. calcaneus. [1745-55; short for L (os) calcaneum (bone) of the heel, equiv. to calc- (s. of calx) heel + -aneum, neut. of -aneus; ...
—calcaneal, calcanean, adj. /kal kay"nee euhs/, n., pl. calcanei /-nee uy'/. 1. Anat. the largest tarsal bone, forming the prominence of the heel. 2. Zool. the corresponding ...
calcar1 /kal"kahr/, n., pl. calcaria /kal kair"ee euh/. Biol. a spur or spurlike process. [ < L: spur, equiv. to calc-, s. of calx heel, CALX + -ar, shortening of -are, neut. of ...
/kal"keuh rayt'/, adj. Biol. having a calcar or calcaria; spurred. Also, calcarated. [1820-30; CALCAR1 + -ATE1] * * *
—calcareously, adv. —calcareousness, n. /kal kair"ee euhs/, adj. of, containing, or like calcium carbonate; chalky: calcareous earth. [1670-80; var. of calcarious < L ...
calcareous sponge
▪ sponge       any of a class (Calcarea) of sponges characterized by skeletons composed entirely of calcium carbonate spicules (needlelike structures). Calcareous ...
calcareous tufa
tufa (def. 1). [1810-20] * * *
See calcareous. * * *
cal·car·i·a (kăl-kârʹē-ə) n. Plural of calcar1. * * *
/kal'keuh rif"euhr euhs/, adj. Biol. bearing a spur or spurs. [1850-55; < L calcar CALCAR1 + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
cal·car·ine sulcus (kălʹkə-rīn') n. A sulcus on the occipital lobe of the brain. Also called calcarine fissure.   [calcar1 + -ine1.] * * *
Cal·ca·sieu (kălʹkə-sho͞o') A river rising in west-central Louisiana and flowing about 322 km (200 mi) east, southeast, then southwest to the Gulf of Mexico. Near its ...
/kalst/, adj. (chiefly of members of certain religious orders) wearing shoes; shod. Cf. discalced. [1880-85; < L calc(eus) shoe + -ED3] * * *
cal·ced·o·ny (kăl-sĕdʹn-ē) n. Variant of chalcedony. * * *
calceiform [kal′sē ə fôrm΄, kal sē′fôrm΄] adj. 〚< L calceus, a shoe (< calx: see CALCAR) + -FORM〛 CALCEOLATE * * *
/kal'see euh lair"ee euh/, n. any plant of the genus Calceolaria, of the figwort family, various species of which are cultivated for their slipperlike flowers. [1840-50; < NL, ...
/kal"see euh layt'/, adj. Bot. having the form of a shoe or slipper, as the labellum of certain orchids. [1860-65; < L calceol(us) a small shoe (calce(us) a shoe + -olus -OLE1) + ...
/kal"seez/, n. a pl. of calx. * * *
▪ Greek mythology  in Greek mythology, the son of Thestor (a priest of Apollo) and the most famous soothsayer among the Greeks at the time of the Trojan War. He played an ...
a combining form of calcium, used with the meaning "calcium salt" or "calcite" in the formation of compound words: calciferous. Also, esp. before a vowel, calc-. [ < L calc- (s. ...
/kal"sik/, adj. pertaining to or containing lime or calcium. [1870-75; CALC- + -IC] * * *
—calcicolous /kal sik"euh leuhs/, adj. /kal"si kohl'/, n. any plant capable of thriving in calcareous soil. Also called calciphile. [1880-85; back formation from calcicolous ...
See calcicole. * * *
/kal sif"euh rawl', -rol'/, n. Biochem. a fat-soluble, crystalline, unsaturated alcohol, C28H43OH, occurring in milk, fish-liver oils, etc., produced by ultraviolet irradiation ...
/kal sif"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. forming salts of calcium, esp. calcium carbonate. 2. containing calcium carbonate. [1790-1800; CALCI- + -FEROUS] * * *
/kal sif"ik/, adj. Zool., Anat. making or converting into salt of lime or chalk. [1860-65; CALCI- + -FIC] * * *
/kal'seuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a changing into lime. 2. Physiol. the deposition of lime or insoluble salts of calcium and magnesium, as in a tissue. 3. Anat., Geol. a calcified ...
See calcifuge. * * *
—calcifugous /kal sif"yeuh geuhs/, adj. /kal"seuh fyoohj'/, n. any plant incapable of thriving in calcareous soil. Also, calciphobe. [1880-85; CALCI- + -FUGE] * * *
See calcifugal. * * *
/kal"seuh fuy'/, v.t., v.i., calcified, calcifying. 1. Physiol. to make or become calcareous or bony; harden by the deposit of calcium salts. 2. Geol. to harden by deposition of ...
—calciminer, n. /kal"seuh muyn', -min/, n., v., calcimined, calcimining. n. 1. a white or tinted wash for walls, ceilings, etc. v.t. 2. to wash or cover with calcimine. Also, ...
See calcine. * * *
—calcinable /kal"seuh neuh beuhl/, adj. —calcination /kal'seuh nay"sheuhn/, n. —calcinator /kal"seuh nay'teuhr/, n. —calcinatory /kal sin"euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, kal"sin ...
calcined baryta
Chem. baryta (def. 1). * * *
/kal suy"neuhr, kal"suy-/, n. 1. a person or thing that calcines. 2. an industrial furnace that processes material by calcination. [1700-10; CALCINE + -ER1] * * *
/kal'seuh noh"sis/, n. Pathol. an abnormal condition characterized by the deposit of calcium salts in various tissues of the body. [1925-30; perh. CALCINE or calcin(ate) ...
—calciphilic /kal'seuh fil"ik/, calciphilous /kal sif"euh leuhs/, adj. /kal"seuh fuyl'/, n. calcicole. [1930-35; CALCI- + -PHILE] * * *
—calciphobic, calciphobous /kal sif"euh beuhs/, adj. /kal"seuh fohb'/, n. calcifuge. [CALCI- + -PHOBE] * * *
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Calcisols are characterized by a layer of ...
—calcitic /kal sit"ik/, adj. /kal"suyt/, n. one of the commonest minerals, calcium carbonate, CaCO3, found in a great variety of crystalline forms: a major constituent of ...
See calcite. * * *
/kal'si toh"nin/, n. Biochem. a polypeptide hormone that participates in the regulation of calcium levels in vertebrates by inhibiting loss of calcium from bone to the ...
/kal si"tree awl', -ol'/, n. 1. Biochem. a vitamin D compound, C27H44O3, occurring in humans as a hormone derived from cholesterol, that acts in the regulation and absorption of ...
/kal"see euhm/, n. Chem., Biol. a silver-white divalent metal, occurring combined in limestone, chalk, gypsum, etc., occurring also in vertebrates and other animals, as a ...
calcium arsenate
a white, slightly water-soluble, poisonous powder, Ca3(AsO4)2, used as an insecticide and as a germicide. * * *
calcium blocker
Pharm. any of a group of drugs that prevent the influx of calcium into excitable tissues such as smooth muscle of the heart or arterioles, used in the treatment of angina, ...
calcium carbide
a grayish-black, lumpy, crystalline powder, CaC2, usually derived from coke or anthracite by reaction with limestone or quicklime: used chiefly for the generation of acetylene, ...
calcium carbonate
a white, crystalline, water-insoluble, tasteless powder, CaCO3, occurring in nature in various forms, as calcite, chalk, and limestone: used chiefly in dentifrices and polishes ...
calcium channel blocker
calcium channel blocker n. any of a class of drugs, including nifedipine, diltiazem, and verapamil, that relax vascular and other smooth muscle tissue by preventing calcium ions ...
calcium chloride
a white, lumpy, deliquescent solid, CaCl2, usually derived from calcium carbonate by reaction with hydrochloric acid, or as a by-product of various commercial processes: used ...
calcium cyanamide
a gray-black, often lumpy powder, CaCN2, unstable in water, obtained by heating calcium carbide and nitrogen; cyanamide: used chiefly as a fertilizer, herbicide, and intermediate ...
calcium deficiency
Inadequate supply or metabolism of calcium, the main structural element of bones and teeth. Its metabolism is regulated by vitamin D, phosphorus, and hormones (see parathyroid ...
calcium fluoride
a white, crystalline compound, CaF2, insoluble in water, occurring in nature as the mineral fluorite: used as a flux in metallurgy and as a decay preventive in dentifrices. * * *
calcium gluconate
a white, tasteless, water-soluble powder, CaC12H22O14, used as a dietary supplement to provide calcium. [1880-85; GLUCON(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
calcium hydroxide
calcium hydroxide n. slaked lime, Ca(OH) 2, a white, crystalline compound prepared by the action of water on calcium oxide, used in making plaster, mortar, alkalies, bleaching ...
calcium hydroxide.
See slaked lime. Also called calcium hydrate. [1885-90] * * *
calcium hypochlorite
a white, crystalline compound, Ca(OCl)2, used as a disinfectant and bleaching agent. [1885-90] * * *
calcium light
a brilliant white light produced by heating lime to incandescence in an oxyhydrogen or other hot flame; limelight. Also called oxycalcium light. [1860-65] * * *
calcium metasilicate
/met'euh sil"i kit, -kayt'/ a white powder, CaSiO3, insoluble in water, used as an antacid and as a filler for paper. * * *
calcium nitrate
a white, deliquescent solid, Ca(NO3)2, used chiefly in the manufacture of fertilizers, fireworks, matches, and explosives. Also called Norwegian saltpeter. * * *
calcium oxalate
a white, crystalline powder, CaC2O4, insoluble in water, used in making oxalic acid. * * *
calcium oxide
lime1 (def. 1). * * *
calcium oxychloride.
See bleaching powder. * * *
calcium permanganate
a violet, crystalline, deliquescent solid, Ca(MnO4)2·4H2O, used chiefly as a disinfectant and deodorizer. * * *
calcium phosphate
any of several phosphates of calcium occurring naturally in some rocks and in animal bones, used as a fertilizer and food additive as well as in baking powder and ...
calcium propionate
a white, water-soluble powder, CaC6H10O4, used in bakery products to inhibit the growth of fungi. * * *
calcium silicate
any of the silicates of calcium: calcium metasilicate, dicalcium silicate, and tricalcium silicate. Cf. wollastonite. [1885-90] * * *
calcium sulfide
a yellow to light-gray, slightly water-soluble powder, CaS, having the odor of rotten eggs when moist: used chiefly in the preparation of luminous paint, hydrogen sulfide, and as ...
calcium carbide n. A grayish-black crystalline compound, CaC2, obtained by heating pulverized limestone or quicklime with carbon and used to generate acetylene gas, as a ...
calcium carbonate n. A colorless or white crystalline compound, CaCO3, occurring naturally as chalk, limestone, marble, and other forms and used in a wide variety of manufactured ...
calcium chloride n. A white deliquescent compound, CaCl2, used chiefly as a drying agent, refrigerant, and preservative and for controlling dust and ice on roads. * * *
calcium cyanamide n. A gray-black compound, CaCN2, used as a fertilizer and weed killer. * * *
calcium cyanide n. A gray or black compound, Ca(CN)2, used to kill insects and rodents. * * *
calcium cyclamate n. An artificially prepared salt of cyclamic acid, C12H24O6N2S2Ca2H2O, formerly used as a nonnutritive low-calorie sweetener but now banned because of possible ...
calcium fluoride n. A colorless powder, CaF2, used in emery wheels, carbon electrodes, and cements. * * *
calcium hydroxide n. A soft white powder, Ca(OH)2, used in making mortar, cements, calcium salts, paints, hard rubber products, and petrochemicals. Also called slaked lime. * * *
calcium hypochlorite n. A white crystalline solid, Ca(OCl)2·4H2O, used as a bactericide, fungicide, and bleaching agent. * * *
calcium light n. See limelight. * * *
calcium nitrate n. Colorless crystals, Ca(NO3)2·4H2O, used in explosives. * * *
calcium oxide n. A white, caustic, lumpy powder, CaO, used as a refractory, as a flux, in manufacturing steel and paper, in glassmaking, in waste treatment, in insecticides, and ...
calcium phosphate n. 1. A colorless deliquescent powder, Ca(H2PO4)2, used in baking powders, as a plant food, as a plastic stabilizer, and in glass. 2. A white crystalline ...
▪ geology also called  Hardpan,         calcium-rich duricrust, a hardened layer in or on a soil. It is formed on calcareous materials as a result of climatic ...
calcspar [kalk′spär΄] n. 〚transl. of Ger kalkspar < kalk, lime + spar, SPAR1〛 CALCITE * * * calc·spar or calc-spar (kălkʹspär') n. See calcite.   [Partial ...
See calculable. * * *
—calculability, n. —calculably, adv. /kal"kyeuh leuh beuhl/, adj. 1. determinable by calculation; ascertainable: This map was designed so that distances by road are easily ...
/kal"kyeuh layt'/, v., calculated, calculating. v.t. 1. to determine or ascertain by mathematical methods; compute: to calculate the velocity of light. 2. to determine by ...
—calculatedly, adv. —calculatedness, n. /kal"kyeuh lay'tid/, adj. 1. arrived at or determined by mathematical calculation; ascertained mathematically. 2. carefully thought ...
calculated risk
a chance of failure, the probability of which is estimated before some action is undertaken. * * *
See calculated. * * *
—calculatingly, adv. /kal"kyeuh lay'ting/, adj. 1. capable of or made for performing calculations, esp. arithmetical calculations: a calculating machine. 2. shrewd; cautious: a ...
Calculating Clock
▪ calculator  the earliest known calculator, built in 1623 by the German astronomer and mathematician Wilhelm Schickard. He described it in a letter to his friend the ...
calculating machine
calculator (def. 2). [1700-10] * * *
See calculating. * * *
—calculative /kal"kyeuh lay'tiv, -leuh tiv/, calculational, calculatory /kal"kyeuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /kal'kyeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of ...
See calculation. * * *
/kal"kyeuh lay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person who calculates or computes. 2. Also called calculating machine. a small electronic or mechanical device that performs calculations, ...
cal·cu·li (kălʹkyə-lī') n. A plural of calculus. * * *
/kal"kyeuh leuhs/, adj. Pathol. characterized by the presence of calculus, or stone. [1400-50; late ME calculose, full of stones < L calculosus, equiv. to calcul(us) small stone ...
/kal"kyeuh leuhs/, n., pl. calculi /-luy'/, calculuses. 1. Math. a method of calculation, esp. one of several highly systematic methods of treating problems by a special system ...
calculus of finite differences
the branch of mathematics dealing with the application of techniques similar to those of differential and integral calculus to discrete rather than continuous quantities. * * *
calculus of pleasure.
See hedonic calculus. * * *
calculus of variations
the branch of mathematics that deals with the problem of finding a curve or surface that maximizes or minimizes a given expression, usually with several restrictions placed on ...
calculusof variations
calculus of variations n. Mathematical analysis of the maxima and minima of definite integrals, the integrands of which are functions of independent variables, dependent ...
/kal kut"euh/, n. 1. a seaport in and the capital of West Bengal state, in E India, on the Hooghly River: former capital of British India. 7,031,382. 2. (sometimes l.c.) Also ...
Calcutta Cup
the prize given to the winner of a Rugby Union match played once a year between the teams of England and Scotland. * * *
Calcutta, University of
▪ university, Calcutta, India       state-controlled institution of higher learning founded by the British in India in 1857. Modeled on the University of London, ...
/kal dair"ee euhm/, n., pl. caldaria /-dair"ee euh/. (in an ancient Roman bath) a room having a hot bath. [1745-55; < L: n. use of neut. of caldarius of warming, equiv. to ...
▪ department, Colombia       departamento, west-central Colombia. It is situated in the Cordillera Central of the Andes Mountains and is bounded by the Magdalena River ...
Caldecott [kôl′də kät΄] Randolph 1846-86; Eng. artist & illustrator: illustrated many books for children * * *
Caldecott award
/kawl"di keuht/ an annual award in the U.S. for an outstanding illustrated juvenile book. [named after Randolph Caldecott (1846-86), English illustrator] * * *
Caldecott Medal
▪ literature       annual prize awarded “to the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children.” It was established in 1938 by Frederic G. ...
Caldecott, Randolph
born March 22, 1846, Chester, Cheshire, Eng. died Feb. 12, 1886, St. Augustine, Fla., U.S. British graphic artist and watercolourist. While working as a bank clerk, he began ...
/kawl"deuhr/, n. Alexander, 1898-1976, U.S. sculptor; originator of mobiles. * * *
Calder, Alexander
▪ American artist Introduction in full  Alexander Stirling Calder  born July 22, 1898, Lawnton, Pennsylvania, U.S. died November 11, 1976, New York, New York  American ...
Calder, Alexander (Stirling)
born July 22, 1898, Lawnton, Pa., U.S. died Nov. 11, 1976, New York, N.Y. U.S. sculptor. He was the son and grandson of sculptors, and his mother was a painter. He studied ...
Calder, Angus Lindsay
▪ 2009       Scottish critic, poet, and historian born Feb. 5, 1942, Sutton, Surrey, Eng. died June 5, 2008, Edinburgh, Scot. published numerous literary criticisms, ...
Cal·der (kôlʹdər, kŏlʹ-), Alexander. 1898-1976. American sculptor who created the mobile in Paris in the early 1930s and also produced immobile abstract sculptures known ...
/kal der"euh, kawl-/, n. a large, basinlike depression resulting from the explosion or collapse of the center of a volcano. [1860-65; < Sp Caldera, name of a crater on Canary ...
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       westernmost metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, England. The metropolitan borough is part of the ...
Calderón (de la Barca)
Calderón (de la Barca) [käl the rō̂n′ the lä bär′kä] Pedro [pe′thrō̂] 1600-81; Sp. playwright * * *
Calderón de la Barca
/kahl'deuh rohn" del'euh bahr"keuh/; Sp. /kahl'de rddawn" de lah bahrdd"kah/, Pedro /pay"droh, ped"roh/; Sp. /pe"dhrddaw/ 1600-81, Spanish dramatist and poet. * * *
Calderón de la Barca, Pedro
born Jan. 17, 1600, Madrid, Spain died May 25, 1681, Madrid Spanish playwright. He abandoned religious studies in 1623 to write plays for the court of Philip IV of Spain. His ...
Calderón de la Barca,Pedro
Cal·de·rón de la Bar·ca (käl'də-rônʹ dā lə bärʹkə, käl'thĕ-rōnʹ thĕ lä bärʹkä), Pedro. 1600-1681. Spanish playwright. One of the greatest dramatists of ...
Calderon, Felipe
▪ 2007  On July 2, 2006, Felipe Calderón of the centre-right National Action Party (PAN) won Mexico's bitterly contested presidential election, and, following a partial vote ...
Calderón, Rodrigo, conde de Oliva, marqués de Siete Iglesias
▪ Spanish statesman born 1576?, Antwerp [now in Belgium] died October 21, 1621, Madrid, Spain       Spanish royal favourite who enjoyed considerable authority during ...
Calderon, Sila Maria
▪ 2002       On Jan. 2, 2001, Sila María Calderón, who had served as mayor of San Juan from 1997 to 2000, became Puerto Rico's first female governor. Heading the ...
Calderone, Mary Steichen
▪ 1999       American physician who, as cofounder (1964) and head (1964-82) of the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States, crusaded for the ...
Calderwood, David
▪ Scottish clergyman born 1575 died October 29, 1650, Jedburgh, Roxburghshire [now Scottish Borders], Scotland       Scottish Presbyterian minister and historian of the ...
Caldey Island
▪ island, Wales, United Kingdom also spelled  Caldy Island , Welsh  Ynys Bŷr        island in Carmarthen Bay of the Bristol Channel, Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro) ...
Caldicott, Helen Broinowski
▪ American physician née  Helen Broinowski  born Aug. 7, 1938, Melbourne, Vic., Australia       Australian-born American physician and activist whose advocacy ...
/kawl"dreuhn/, n. cauldron. * * *
/kawld"wel, -weuhl/, n. 1. Erskine, born 1903, U.S. novelist. 2. Sarah, born 1924, U.S. conductor and opera producer. 3. a city in W Idaho. 17,699. * * * (as used in ...
Caldwell, Erskine
born Dec. 17, 1903, Coweta county, Ga., U.S. died April 11, 1987, Paradise Valley, Ariz. U.S. author. Caldwell became familiar with poor sharecroppers through his father's ...
Caldwell, Sarah
▪ 2007       American opera conductor, producer, and impresario (b. March 6, 1924, Maryville, Mo.—d. March 23, 2006, Portland, Maine), was noted for her innovative ...
Caldwell, Taylor
▪ American author in full  Janet Taylor Caldwell  born Sept. 7, 1900, Manchester, Eng. died Aug. 30, 1985, Greenwich, Conn., U.S.       highly popular American ...
Caldwell,Erskine Preston
Cald·well (kôldʹwĕl', -wəl, kŏldʹ-), Erskine Preston. 1903-1987. American writer best known for his graphic novels about poverty and degeneration, such as Tobacco Road ...
Caldwell, Sarah. Born 1928. American conductor and opera producer noted for her ingenious stagings of classical and modern works. * * *
/kay"leuhb/, n. 1. a Hebrew leader, sent as a spy into the land of Canaan. Num. 13:6. 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "dog." * * * (as used in ...
/kay"leuh buyt'/, n. 1. a member of a tribe descended from Caleb. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the Calebites. [CALEB + -ITE1] * * *
Fr. /kann lesh"/; Eng. /keuh lesh"/, n., pl. calèches Fr. /-lesh"/; Eng. /-lesh"euhz/. 1. Also, calash. (esp. in Quebec, Canada) a type of calash pulled by a single horse, ...
/kal"i deuhn/, n. a town in SE Ontario, in S Canada, near Toronto. 26,645. * * *
Caledon River
▪ river, South Africa       tributary of the Orange River in southeastern Africa. It rises in the Drakensberg, on the Lesotho–South Africa border, and flows generally ...
/kal'i doh"nee euh/, n. 1. Chiefly Literary. Scotland. 2. a female given name. * * * ▪ ancient region, Britain       historical area of north Britain beyond Roman ...
/kal'i doh"nee euhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Caledonia. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Caledonia. [1900-05; CALEDONI(A) + -AN] * * *
Caledonian Canal
a canal in N Scotland, extending NE from the Atlantic to the North Sea. 601/2 mi. (97 km) long. * * * ▪ waterway, Scotland, United Kingdom       waterway running ...
Caledonian orogenic belt
Range of mountains in northwestern Europe, extending in a southwest-northeast direction from Ireland, Wales, and northern England through Norway. The mountains developed in the ...
Caledonian Canal A waterway, about 97 km (60 mi) long, cutting diagonally across northern Scotland from Loch Linnhe on the southwest to Moray Firth on the northeast. Opened in ...
(in prescriptions) warmed. [ < L calefactus] * * *
/kal'euh fay"sheuhnt/, n. 1. Med. a substance, as mustard, that produces a sensation of heat when applied to the body. adj. 2. heating; warming. [1655-65; < L calefacient- (s. of ...
—calefactive, adj. /kal'euh fak"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of heating. 2. a heated state. [1540-50; < L calefaction- (s. of calefactio) a making warm, equiv. to cale- warm (s. of ...
/kal'euh fak"teuh ree, -fak"tree/, adj., n., pl. calefactories. adj. 1. serving to heat. n. 2. a heated parlor or sitting room in a monastery. [1530-40; < LL calefactorius having ...
See calends. * * *
—calendrical /keuh len"dri keuhl/, calendric, calendarial /kal'euhn dair"ee euhl/, calendarian, calendaric, adj. /kal"euhn deuhr/, n. 1. a table or register with the days of ...
calendar art
a type of sentimental, picturesque, or sexually titillating picture used on some calendars. * * *
calendar clock
a clock that indicates date of the month, day of the week, etc., as well as the time, and sometimes indicates the phases of the moon and other periodical data. [1880-85] * * *
calendar day
the period from one midnight to the following midnight. [1840-50] * * *
calendar month
month (def. 1). [1780-90] * * *
Calendar of 1993
▪ 1994 January January 1       Czechoslovakia now two nations. What had been the single nation of Czechoslovakia officially became two independent states, the Czech ...
Calendar of 1994
▪ 1995 JANUARY JANUARY 1       Mexican peasants revolt in Chiapas. A group of uniformed Mexican peasants, calling themselves the Zapatista National Liberation Army ...
Calendar of 1995
▪ 1996 January January 1       Cardoso assumes office       Having won some 54% of the ballots cast in the October 1994 election, Fernando Cardoso took the oath ...
Calendar of 1996
▪ 1997 JANUARY JANUARY 1       King Fahd cedes power       Still experiencing the effects of a stroke suffered in November 1995, Saudi Arabia's King Fahd, who ...
Calendar of 1997
▪ 1998 JANUARY JANUARY 1       Ghanaian Kofi Annan replaces Egyptian Boutros Boutros-Ghali in the position of United Nations secretary-general.       Among those ...
Calendar of 1998
▪ 1999 January "" — January 1       At the stroke of the new year, the Russian ruble is worth a thousand times less than before as three zeros are removed from its ...
Calendar of 2000
▪ 2001 January "We are fortunate to be alive at this moment in history. Never before has our nation enjoyed, at once, so much prosperity and social progress with so little ...
Calendar of 2001
▪ 2002 January "America has never been united by blood or birth or soil. We are bound by ideals that move us beyond our backgrounds, lift us above our interests and teach us ...
Calendar of 2002
▪ 2003 January "I will not wait on events while dangers gather. I will not stand by as peril draws closer and closer. The United States of America will not permit the world's ...
Calendar of 2003
▪ 2004 January "So long as there is a single Brazilian brother or sister going hungry, we have ample reason to be ashamed of ourselves." — Lula, in his inaugural address as ...
calendar watch
a watch that indicates date of the month, day of the week, etc., as well as the time. * * *
calendar year
calendar year n. the period of time from Jan. 1 through Dec. 31: distinguished from FISCAL YEAR * * * ➡ calendar * * *
calendar year.
See under year (def. 1). * * *
calendar, Jewish
or Hebrew calendar Religious and civil dating system based on both lunar and solar cycles. In the calendar used today, a day is counted from sunset to sunset, a week comprises ...
calendar, Muslim
or Islamic calendar Dating system used in the Muslim world and based on a year of 12 months, each month beginning approximately at the time of the new moon. The months are ...
calendar month n. See month. * * *
calendar year n. Abbr. CY See year. * * *
—calenderer, n. /kal"euhn deuhr/, n. 1. a machine in which cloth, paper, or the like, is smoothed, glazed, etc., by pressing between rotating cylinders. 2. a machine for ...
/kal"euhn deuhr/, n. qalandar. * * *
See calender. * * *
Process of smoothing and compressing a material (notably paper) during production by passing a continuous sheet through a number of pairs of heated rolls. The rolls in ...
ca·len·dri·cal (kə-lĕnʹdrĭ-kəl) also ca·len·dric (-drĭk) adj. Of, relating to, or used in a calendar. * * *
/kal"euhndz/, n. (usually used with a pl. v.) the first day of the month in the ancient Roman calendar, from which the days of the preceding month were counted backward to the ...
/keuh len"jeuh leuh/, n. 1. Also called pot marigold. a composite plant, Calendula officinalis, widely cultivated for its showy, many-rayed orange or yellow flower heads. 2. the ...
—calentural, calenturish, adj. /kal"euhn cheuhr, -choor'/, n. Pathol. a violent fever with delirium, affecting persons in the tropics. [1585-95; earlier calentura < Sp: fever, ...
Calepino, Ambrogio
▪ Italian lexicographer born c. 1440, , Bergamo, Lombardy [Italy] died 1510, Bergamo       one of the earliest Italian lexicographers, from whose name came the ...
Sp. /kah le"sah/, n. (in the Philippines) a small, two-wheeled calash. [ < Sp < F calèche CALÈCHE] * * *
—calescence, n. /keuh les"euhnt/, adj. growing warm; increasing in heat. [1795-1805; < L calescent- (s. of calescens becoming warm, prp. of calescere), equiv. to cal- (s. of ...
/keuh lek"si koh'/, n. a town in S California. 14,412. * * * ▪ California, United States       city and port of entry, Imperial county, southern California, U.S. It is ...
calf1 —calfless, adj. —calflike, adj. /kaf, kahf/, n., pl. calves /kavz, kahvz/. 1. the young of the domestic cow or other bovine animal. 2. the young of certain other ...
calf love
calf love n. Informal immature love between a boy and girl; puppy love * * *
calf love.
See puppy love. [1815-25] * * *
calf roping
a timed rodeo event in which a mounted rider chases and lassos a calf, dismounts, and throws the calf to the ground, tying three of the animal's legs with a short length of ...
calf's tongue
Archit. a molding having pendent, tonguelike members in relief against a flat or molded surface. * * *
calf's-foot jelly
/kavz"foot', kahvz"-, kafs"-, kahfs"-/ jelly made from the stock of boiled calves' feet. [1765-75] * * *
/kaf"skin', kahf"-/, n. 1. the skin or hide of a calf. 2. leather made from this skin. [1580-90; CALF1 + SKIN] * * *
See Calgary. * * *
/kal"geuh ree/, n. a city in S Alberta, in SW Canada. 469,917. * * * City (pop., 2001: city, 878,866; metro. area, 951,395), southern Alberta, Canada. It was founded in 1875 as ...
Calgary redeye
Canadian (chiefly Alberta). a drink consisting of a mixture of beer and tomato juice. * * *
Calgary, University of
Public university in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. It was founded in 1945 as part of the University of Alberta and gained full autonomy in 1966. It has faculties of education, ...
/kal"gon/, Trademark. a brand of sodium phosphate glass (sodium hexametaphosphate), soluble in water: used as a water-softening agent. * * *
/kal hoohn", keuhl-/, n. John Caldwell, 1782-1850, vice president of the U.S. 1825-32. * * * ▪ Georgia, United States       city, seat of Gordon county, northwestern ...
Calhoun, John C
▪ vice president of United States Introduction born March 18, 1782, Abbeville district, S.C., U.S. died March 31, 1850, Washington, D.C.  American political leader who was a ...
Calhoun, John C(aldwell)
born March 18, 1782, Abbeville district, S.C., U.S. died March 31, 1850, Washington, D.C. U.S. politician. A graduate of Yale University, he became an ardent Jeffersonian ...
Calhoun, Lee
▪ American athlete born Feb. 23, 1933, Laurel, Miss., U.S. died June 21, 1989, Erie, Pa.       American athlete, the first to win successive gold medals in the Olympics ...
Calhoun, Rory
▪ 2000 Francis Timothy McCown [Durgin]        American actor whose chance meeting with actor Alan Ladd led him to a career as the rugged hero of a number of B westerns ...
Calhoun,John Caldwell
Cal·houn (kăl-ho͞onʹ), John Caldwell. 1782-1850. Vice President of the United States (1825-1832) under John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. In his political philosophy he ...
/kah"lee/, n. a city in SW Colombia. 898,253. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: 2,077,386), western Colombia. Lying on both sides of the Cali River, it was founded in 1536. Located ...
/kal"euh ban'/, n. the ugly, beastlike slave of Prospero in Shakespeare's The Tempest. * * *
—calibered; esp. Brit., calibred, adj. /kal"euh beuhr/, n. 1. the diameter of something of circular section, esp. that of the inside of a tube: a pipe of three-inch caliber. 2. ...
—calibration, n. —calibrator, calibrater, n. /kal"euh brayt'/, v.t., calibrated, calibrating. 1. to determine, check, or rectify the graduation of (any instrument giving ...
cal·i·bra·tion (kăl'ə-brāʹshən) n. 1. The act or process of calibrating or the state of being calibrated. 2. A set of gradations that show positions or values. Often ...
See calibrate. * * *
cal·i·bre (kălʹə-bər) n. Chiefly British Variant of caliber. * * * ▪ firearms measurement also spelled  Caliber,         in firearms, unit of measure ...
/kal"euh seez'/, n. pl. of calix. * * *
/keuh lee"chee/, n. Geol. 1. a surface deposit consisting of sand or clay impregnated with crystalline salts such as sodium nitrate or sodium chloride. 2. a zone of calcium ...
/kal"i keuhl/, n. 1. a cuplike depression or formation, as in corals. 2. Bot., Zool. calyculus. [1840-50; < L caliculus small cup, equiv. to calic- (s. of calix; see CALIX) cup + ...
/kal"i koh'/, n., pl. calicoes, calicos, adj. n. 1. a plain-woven cotton cloth printed with a figured pattern, usually on one side. 2. Brit. plain white cotton cloth. 3. an ...
calico bass
/bas/ the black crappie. See under crappie. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *       popular North American game and food fish. See crappie. * * *
calico bug.
See harlequin bug. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
calico bush
☆ calico bush n. MOUNTAIN LAUREL * * *
calico bush.
See mountain laurel. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
calico cat
a domestic cat, esp. a female one, of variegated black, yellow, and white coloring. Also called tortoise-shell cat. [1950-55] * * * In North America, a blotched or spotted ...
calico clam
any marine bivalve mollusk of the genus Macrocallista, esp. M. nimbosa, having a smooth, thick, rounded shell marked with violet-brown or lilac spots or streaks. * * *
calico crab.
See lady crab. * * *
calico flower
a Brazilian woody vine, Aristolochia elegans, of the birthwort family, having large, solitary, white-spotted, purple flowers. [1795-1805, Amer.] * * *
/kal"i koh bak'/, n. See harlequin bug. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
calico bass n. See black crappie.   [From the colored spots on its body.] * * *
calico bush n. See mountain laurel. * * *
/kal"i kohd'/, adj. dressed in calico. [CALICO + -ED3] * * *
/keuh lik"yeuh leuhs/, n., pl. caliculi /-luy'/. calyculus (def. 1). * * *
/kal"i kut'/, n. former name of Kozhikode. * * *
▪ bird genus       bird genus in the family Scolopacidae (order Charadriiformes), which includes the shorebirds known as dunlin, knot, and sanderling (qq.v.). Some ...
/kal"i dukt'/, n. a pipe or duct for conveying a heating medium, as hot air or steam. [1645-55; < L cali(dus) warm + DUCT, modeled on AQUEDUCT] * * *
/kay"lif, kal"if/, n. caliph. * * *
California. * * *
/kal"euh fayt', -fit, kay"leuh-/, n. caliphate. * * *
—Californian, adj., n. /kal'euh fawrn"yeuh, -fawr"nee euh/, n. 1. a state in the W United States, on the Pacific coast. 23,668,562; 158,693 sq. mi. (411,015 sq. km). Cap.: ...
California Academy of Sciences
▪ institution, San Francisco, California, United States       in San Francisco, oldest scientific institution in the western United States (incorporated 1853). The ...
California and Mexico
▪ Primary Source       On December 7, 1847, in his third annual message to Congress, which is reprinted here in part, President James K. Polk reiterated the minimal ...
California Aqueduct
▪ water works, California, United States in full  Governor Edmund G. Brown California Aqueduct        principal water-conveyance structure of the California State ...
California barracuda.
See Pacific barracuda. * * *

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