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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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California bluebell
1. either of two plants, Phacelia campanularia or P. minor, of southern California, having ovate leaves and bell-shaped blue or purple flowers. 2. a plant, Campanula ...
California condor.
See under condor (def. 1). [1825-35] * * *
California Current
a cold current originating in the northern part of the Pacific Ocean, flowing SE along the coast of W North America. * * * ▪ ocean current       surface oceanic ...
California fan palm
a tall fan palm, Washingtonia filifera, of California, having a shaggy skirt of withered leaves near the top of the trunk. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
California fuchsia
fuchsia (def. 2). * * *
California gold fern
an evergreen fern, Pityrogramma triangularis, growing from British Columbia to California, having the underside of the leaves covered with a deep yellow, powderlike substance. * ...
California gull
a large gull, Larus californicus, of the western U.S. * * *
California Indian
▪ people Introduction  member of any of the Native American peoples who have traditionally resided in the area roughly corresponding to the present states of California ...
California Institute of Technology
known as Caltech U.S.-based, highly select, private university and research institute in Pasadena. Established in 1891, it offers graduate and undergraduate instruction and ...
California Institute of the Arts
known as CalArts U.S. private institution of higher learning in Valencia. Created in 1961 through the merger of two other art institutes, it was the first in the U.S. to ...
California job case
Print. a job case having sufficient spaces to contain both uppercase and lowercase letters and 37 additional characters of foundry type. Cf. case2 (def. 8). * * *
California laurel
1. Also called bay tree. a tree, Umbellularia californica, of the laurel family, native to the western coast of the U.S., having aromatic leaves and umbels of yellowish-green ...
California live oak
an evergreen oak, Quercus agrifolia, of the western coast of the U.S., having leathery leaves and a short, stout trunk. Also called coast live oak. * * *
California mink.
See civet cat. * * *
California nutmeg
a tall, pungently aromatic California evergreen tree, Torreya californica, of the yew family, having a fissured, gray-brown bark and small, purple-streaked, green ...
California oakworm.
See under oakworm. * * *
California poppy
a plant, Eschscholtzia californica, of the poppy family, having feathery bluish foliage and showy, orange-yellow flowers: the state flower of California. [1890-95, Amer.] * * ...
California privet
a privet, Ligustrum ovalifolium, of the olive family, native to Japan, having glossy, oval leaves and long clusters of white flowers, widely used for hedges in the U.S. * * *
California quail
a quail, Callipepla californica, of the western coast of the U.S., having grayish-brown plumage with black, white, and chestnut markings. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
California rose
a cultivated variety of a bindweed, Calystegia hederacea, having showy, double, rose-colored flowers. * * *
California rosebay
☆ California rosebay n. a Pacific coast shrub or tree (Rhododendron californicum) of the heath family, with rosy or purplish flowers * * *
California rosebay.
See coast rhododendron. [1910-15, Amer.] * * *
California sea lion.
See under sea lion (def. 1). * * *
California State University
▪ university system, California, United States       extensive system of public institutions of higher education in California, U.S., one of the largest such systems in ...
California University of Pennsylvania
▪ university, California, Pennsylvania, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in California, Pennsylvania, U.S. It is one of 14 ...
California, flag of
▪ Flag History also called  Bear Flag        U.S. state flag consisting of a white field (background) with a grizzly bear above the words “California Republic” ...
California, Gulf of
or Sea of Cortés Gulf separating Baja California from the rest of Mexico. Its area is about 59,000 sq mi (153,000 sq km). Its waters were coloured by red plankton when ...
California, University of
U.S. public university with campuses at Berkeley (main campus), Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Diego (La Jolla), San Francisco, Santa Barbara, and Santa ...
California,Gulf of
California, Gulf of An arm of the Pacific Ocean in northwest Mexico separating Baja California from the mainland. * * *
California bay n. See California laurel. * * *
California condor n. A very large vulture (Gymnogyps californianus), related to the condor of South America, found in the southern California mountains and nearly extinct. * * *
California Current A cold current originating in the northern Pacific Ocean and passing southward and then southwestward along the western coast of North America. * * *
California laurel n. An aromatic evergreen tree (Umbellularia californica) native to California and southern Oregon and having clusters of small yellowish-green flowers, ...
Californian [kal΄ə fôr′nyən, kal΄ə fôr′nē ən] adj. of California: usually used in the predicate n. a person born or living in California * * * See California. * * *
Californian Indian
Any member of the various North American Indian peoples living in and around present-day California, U.S. Of the many Californian groups, most were composed of independent ...
California nutmeg n. An evergreen tree (Torreya californica) native to California, having yewlike linear leaves and solitary drupelike seeds surrounded by a green, ...
Californiapepper tree
California pepper tree n. See pepper tree. * * *
California poppy n. An herb (Eschscholzia californica) native to western North America and having finely divided leaves and showy, often orange or yellow flowers. * * *
California quail n. A plump chunky bird (Lophortyx californicus) of western North America, having gray and brown plumage and a curving black plume on the crown of the head. * * *
/kal'euh fawr"nuyt/, n. See vesuvianite jade. [1900-05; CALIFORN(IA) (where it is found) + -ITE1] * * *       jadelike variety of the mineral vesuvianite (q.v.). * * *
/kal'euh fawr"nee euhm/, n. Chem. a transuranic element. Symbol: Cf; at. no.: 98. [1945-50; named after the University of CALIFORNIA where it was discovered; see -IUM] * * ...
—caliginosity /keuh lij'euh nos"i tee/, caliginousness, n. —caliginously, adv. /keuh lij"euh neuhs/, adj. Archaic. misty; dim; dark. [1540-50; < L caliginosus misty, equiv. ...
/keuh lig"yeuh leuh/, n. (Gaius Caesar) A.D. 12-41, emperor of Rome 37-41. * * * officially Gaius Caesar (Germanicus) born Aug. 31, AD 12, Antium, Latium died Jan. 24, 41, ...
/kal'euh mang"koh/, n., pl. calimancos. calamanco. * * *
Ca·li·na·go (kăl'ĭ-näʹgō, kä'lĭ-) n. pl. Calinago or Ca·li·na·gos 1. A member of a Caribbean Indian people inhabiting the Lesser Antilles. 2. The language of the ...
Călineşcu, Armand
▪ prime minister of Romania born June 4 [May 22, Old Style], 1893, Piteşti, Rom. died Sept. 21, 1939, Bucharest       statesman who, as prime minister of Romania ...
/kal"euh pash', kal'euh pash"/, n. the part of a turtle next to the upper shield, consisting of a greenish gelatinous substance, considered a delicacy. Also, callipash. Cf. ...
/kal"euh pee', kal'euh pee"/, n. the part of a turtle next to the lower shield, consisting of a yellowish gelatinous substance, considered a delicacy. Cf. calipash. [1650-60; of ...
/kal"euh peuhr/, n. 1. Usually, calipers. an instrument for measuring thicknesses and internal or external diameters inaccessible to a scale, consisting usually of a pair of ...
caliper rule
a caliper with one jaw fixed to or integral with a graduated straight bar on which the other jaw slides. * * *
—caliphal /kal"euh feuhl, kay"leuh-/, adj. /kay"lif, kal"if/, n. 1. a spiritual leader of Islam, claiming succession from Muhammad. 2. any of the former Muslim rulers of ...
See caliph. * * *
/kal"euh fayt', -fit, kay"leuh-/, n. the rank, jurisdiction, or government of a caliph. Also, califate, kalifate, khalifate. [1725-35; CALIPH + -ATE3] * * * ▪ Islamic ...
/keuh lip"euhs/, n. Callippus. * * *
/kal'euh say"yeuh/, n. the medicinal bark of the tree Cinchona calisaya. [1830-40; < NL, after Calisaya, name of the Bolivian Indian who told the whites about the medicinal ...
calisaya bark
calisaya bark [kal΄ə sā′ə] n. 〚AmSp < ? Quechua〛 the bark of the yellow cinchona tree (Cinchona calisaya), which yields quinine * * *
Calisher, Hortense
▪ American writer born Dec. 20, 1911, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 13, 2009, New York       American writer of novels, novellas, and short stories, known for the ...
See calisthenics. * * *
—calisthenic, calisthenical, adj. /kal'euhs then"iks/, n. 1. (used with a pl. v.) gymnastic exercises designed to develop physical health and vigor, usually performed with ...
▪ California, United States       city, Napa county, western California, U.S. Located just northeast of Santa Rosa, Calistoga lies near the head of Napa Valley, 80 ...
/kay"liks, kal"iks/, n., pl. calices /kal"i seez'/. cup. [ < L; see CHALICE] * * *
/keuh lik"stuyn, -steen/, n. a member of a body of Hussites in the 15th century holding that the chalice as well as the bread should be received by the laity in the ...
Calixtus (III)
▪ antipope also spelled  Callistus,  original name  Giovanni di Struma , English  John of Struma  flourished 12th century       antipope from 1168 to 1178, who ...
Calixtus I
/keuh lik"steuhs/, Saint A.D. c160-222, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 218-222. Also, Callistus I. * * *
Calixtus I, Saint
▪ pope also spelled  Callistus  died 222, Rome [Italy]; feast day October 14       pope from 217? to 222, during the schism of St. Hippolytus (Hippolytus of Rome, ...
Calixtus II
died 1124, French ecclesiastic: pope 1119-24. Also, Callistus II. * * * orig. Guido of Burgundy died Dec. 13/14, 1124, Rome Pope (1119–24). As archbishop of Vienne in Lower ...
Calixtus III
(Alfonso de Borja or Alfonso Borgia) 1378-1458, Spanish ecclesiastic: pope 1455-58. Also, Callistus III. * * * ▪ pope also spelled  Callistus original name  Alfonso De ...
Ca·lix·tus III (kə-lĭkʹstəs) or Cal·lis·tus III (-lĭsʹtəs), Originally Alfonso Borgia. 1378-1458. Pope (1455-1458) who tried unsuccessfully to set in motion a crusade ...
calk1 /kawk/, v.t., n. caulk. calk2 /kawk/, n. 1. Also, calkin. a projection on a horseshoe to prevent slipping on ice, pavement, etc. See illus. under horseshoe. 2. Also, ...
calker1 /kaw"keuhr/, n. caulker. calker2 /kaw"keuhr/, n. calk2 (def. 2). [CALK2 + -ER1] * * *
/kaw"kin, kal"-/, n. calk2 (def. 1). [1400-50; late ME kakun < MD calcoen hoof < OF (Walloon) calcain < L calcaneum heel; see CALCANEUM] * * *
Calkins, Mary Whiton
▪ American philosopher and psychologist born March 30, 1863, Hartford, Conn., U.S. died Feb. 26, 1930, Newton, Mass.       philosopher, psychologist, and educator, the ...
/kawl/, v.t. 1. to cry out in a loud voice; shout: He called her name to see if she was home. 2. to command or request to come; summon: to call a dog; to call a cab; to call a ...
call box
1. an outdoor telephone or signal box for calling the police or fire department. 2. Brit. a public telephone booth. 3. a post-office box for mail that can be picked up only by a ...
call forwarding
a telephone service feature whereby, when a customer chooses, all calls coming in to one number are automatically rerouted to another, designated number. * * *
call girl
1. a female prostitute with whom an appointment can be made by telephone, usually to meet at the client's address. 2. (formerly) a prostitute available to be called on at a ...
call house
1. a house or apartment used by prostitutes for arranging or keeping assignations. 2. a place at which call girls await telephone calls from customers. [1915-20] * * *
call letters
letters of the alphabet or such letters in combination with numbers for identifying a radio or television station, an amateur radio transmitting device, or the like. Also called ...
call loan
a loan repayable on demand. Also called demand loan. Cf. time loan. [1850-55] * * *
call market
the market for lending call money. [1870-75] * * *
call money
money lent by banks, as to brokerage firms, on which repayment may be demanded at any time. * * *
call number
Library Science. a number, letter, symbol, or combination of these, indicating the specific location of a work in a library, esp. the combination of the classification symbol and ...
Call of Duty
▪ video game       video game that brought new advances to first-person shooter play, winning numerous game of the year awards in 2003 and 2004 following its 2003 debut. ...
call of nature
Informal. a need to urinate or defecate. [1850-55] * * *
Call of the Wild, The
a novel (1903) by Jack London. * * *
call option
Finance. call (def. 65). * * *
call rate
interest charge on call loans. * * *
call sign
call sign n. the letters or, often, numbers and letters assigned to a licensed broadcasting station, amateur radio operator, etc. as identification, as for sending messages * * *
call sign.
See call letters. [1915-20] * * *
call slip
a printed form filled in by a library patron to request the use of a particular book. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
call to arms
a command to report for active military duty. [1840-50] * * *
call to quarters
a bugle call summoning soldiers to their quarters. [1915-20] * * *
call waiting
a telephone service feature whereby a person engaged in a telephone call is notified by a tone that a second call is being made to the same number, and is able to talk to either ...
call-and-re·sponse (kôlʹənd-rĭ-spŏnsʹ) adj. Of or relating to a style of singing in which the melody sung by one singer is responded to or echoed by another or ...
/kawl"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. a bulletin board, as in a theater, on which notices are posted announcing rehearsals, changes in the cast, etc. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
/kawl"in'/, Radio and Television. n. 1. a program in which listeners or viewers phone in comments or questions to the host or a person being interviewed. 2. a live telephone ...
call-in pay
payment made to employees who report for work and find there is no work for them to do. Also called reporting pay. * * *
/kawl"owt'/, n. 1. an act or instance of calling out. 2. an order to report for emergency or special work, esp. at an unusual time or place. 3. a letter, number, or other device ...
/kawl"up'/, n. 1. an order to report for active military service. 2. the number of persons drafted during a specific period of time: The November call-up was set at 15,000. 3. a ...
/kal"euh/, n. 1. Also called calla lily, arum lily. any of several plants belonging to the genus Zantedeschia, of the arum family, esp. Z. aethiopica, having arrow-shaped leaves ...
/kaw"leuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being called. 2. subject to redemption prior to maturity, as a corporate bond. 3. subject to payment on demand, as money loaned. [1820-30; ...
Callado, Antonio
▪ 1998       Brazilian novelist and leading journalist whose masterpiece, Quarup (1967), tells the story of an idealistic priest who undergoes a religious and political ...
▪ bird family  songbird family, order Passeriformes, collectively called wattlebirds (a name also applied to certain honeyeaters).       Callaeids are found only in ...
/kal"euh han'/ or, esp. Brit., /-heuhn, -geuhn/, n. 1. (Leonard) James, born 1912, British political leader: prime minister 1976-79. 2. Morley Edward, 1903-90, Canadian ...
Callaghan (of Cardiff), (Leonard) James Callaghan, Baron
born March 27, 1912, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng. British politician. A trade union official, he entered the House of Commons as a Labour Party member in 1945. He served in ...
Callaghan of Cardiff, James Callaghan, Baron
▪ 2006       British politician (b. March 27, 1912, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng.—d. March 26, 2005, Ringmer, East Sussex, Eng.), was the only person to hold the four ...
Callaghan, (Leonard)James
Cal·la·ghan (kălʹə-hən, -hăn'), (Leonard) James. Born 1912. British prime minister (1976-1979) who as Chancellor of the Exchequer (1964-1967) introduced controversial tax ...
Callaghan, James Callaghan, Baron
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom original name in full  Leonard James Callaghan  born March 27, 1912, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England died March 26, 2005, Ringmer, East ...
Callaghan, Morley
▪ Canadian author in full  Morley Edward Callaghan   born Sept. 22, 1903, Toronto, Ont., Can. died Aug. 25, 1990, Toronto       Canadian novelist and short-story ...
Callaghan, Morley (Edward)
born Sept. 22, 1903, Toronto, Ont., Can. died Aug. 25, 1990, Toronto Canadian novelist and short-story writer. Callaghan received a law degree in 1928 but never practiced. He ...
Callahan, Harry
▪ American photographer in full  Harry Morey Callahan  born October 22, 1912, Detroit, Michigan, U.S. died March 15, 1999, Atlanta, Georgia       American ...
Callahan, Harry (Morey)
born Oct. 22, 1912, Detroit, Mich., U.S. died March 15, 1999, Atlanta, Ga. U.S. photographer. He had no formal training in photography and first developed an interest in it in ...
Callahan, Harry Morey
▪ 2000       American photographer (b. Oct. 22, 1912, Detroit, Mich.—d. March 15, 1999, Atlanta, Ga.), experimented with the use of light, line, and space to produce ...
calla lily n. Any of several chiefly southern African plants of the genus Zantedeschia, widely cultivated as ornamentals and cut flowers for their showy white, yellow, pink, or ...
/kal'euh looh", kal"euh looh'/, n. Southern Cookery. a thick soup of crabmeat, greens, and various seasonings. [1695-1700; cf. Jamaican E calalu any of a variety of greens used ...
calland response
See call-and-response. * * *
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       small burgh (town), Stirling council area, historic county of Perthshire, Scotland, on the River Teith. It is a tourist centre on an ...
/kah"leuhnt/, n. Chiefly Scot. a lad; boy. Also, callan /kah"leuhn/. [1710-20; < D kalant fellow, chap, customer < ONF caland customer] * * *
/kah yow"/, n. a seaport in W Peru, near Lima. 296,721. * * * City (pop., 1996 est.: 407,904), chief seaport, Peru. It was founded in 1537 by Francisco Pizarro on Callao Bay ...
/kal"euhs/, n. Maria Meneghini /men'i gee"nee/, 1923-77, U.S. soprano. * * *
Callas, Maria
orig. Cecilia Sophia Anna Maria Kalogeropoulos born Dec. 2, 1923, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 16, 1977, Paris, France U.S. soprano of Greek descent. In 1937 she moved to ...
Cal·las (kălʹəs, käʹləs), Maria. Originally Maria Anna Sophia Cecilia Kalogeropoulos. 1923-1977. American soprano known for her technical capacity and dramatic intensity. ...
—callathumpian, n., adj. /kal"euh thump'/, n. Chiefly Northeastern U.S. a shivaree; callithump. * * *
Callaway, Ely Reeves
▪ 2002       American golf-equipment manufacturer (b. June 3, 1919, La Grange, Ga.—d. July 5, 2001, Rancho Santa Fe, Calif.), founded the Callaway Golf Co. in 1982; ...
/kawl"bak'/, n. 1. an act of calling back. 2. a summoning of workers back to work after a layoff. 3. a summoning of an employee back to work after working hours, as for emergency ...
☆ callboard [kôl′bôrd΄ ] n. Theater a bulletin board backstage for posting instructions, rehearsal times, etc. * * * call·board (kôlʹbôrd', -bōrd') n. A bulletin ...
call box n. 1. A roadside telephone used for reporting motorists' emergencies, such as collisions and automotive breakdowns. 2. Chiefly British. A public telephone booth. * * *
/kawl"boy'/, n. 1. a boy or man who summons actors, as from their dressing rooms, shortly before they are due to go on stage. 2. a bellhop. 3. Also, call boy. a male prostitute ...
called for jury service
➡ juries * * *
called strike
Baseball. a pitch not swung at by a batter but ruled a strike by the umpire. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
called up
➡ national service * * *
called strike (kôld) n. Baseball A pitch judged by the umpire to be a strike and not swung at by the batter. * * *
Callendar, H L
▪ British scientist born April 18, 1863, Hatherop, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Jan. 21, 1930, London       British physicist who made notable contributions to ...
caller1 /kaw"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that calls. 2. a person who makes a short visit. 3. Dancing. a person who directs the movements of dancers, as at a hoedown or square ...
caller ID
/kaw"leuhr/ a telephone service that allows a subscriber to identify a caller before answering by displaying the caller's telephone number on a small screen. [1985-90] * * *
call·er ID (kôʹlər) n. A telephone service that provides for subscribers the name and telephone number of a caller, which appear on a display as the call is being ...
/kah"yes/, n. Plutarco Elías /plooh tahrdd"kaw e lee"ahs/, 1877-1945, Mexican general and statesman: president of Mexico 1924-28. * * *
Calles, Plutarco Elías
▪ president of Mexico born Sept. 25, 1877, Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico died Oct. 19, 1945, Mexico City  military and political leader who modernized the revolutionary armies and ...
call forwarding n. A telephone service that enables a customer to have an incoming call automatically rerouted to another extension. * * *
call girl n. A woman prostitute hired by telephone. * * *
call house n. A house of prostitution. * * *
a combining form meaning "beautiful," occurring in loanwords from Greek (calligraphy); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (callisthenics). [ < Gk kalli- comb. ...
▪ Greek statesman [4th century BC] flourished 4th century BC       Athenian ridiculed by the comic poets for his youthful extravagance; later in life he was a ...
/keuh lik"reuh teez'/, n. fl. mid-5th century B.C., Greek architect who together with Ictinus designed the Parthenon. * * * ▪ Greek architect also spelled  Kallikrates ...
Callide Valley
▪ valley, Queensland, Australia       valley in eastern Queensland, Australia, a southeast-northwest corridor extending for 70 miles (110 km) west of the Calliope Range. ...
Callières, François de
▪ French diplomat and author born May 14, 1645, Torigni-sur-Vire, France died March 5, 1717, Paris       French diplomat and author whose book De la manière de ...
/kal"i graf', -grahf'/, v.t. to produce by means of calligraphy: The love letter was calligraphed in a delicate hand. [1880-85; back formation from CALLIGRAPHY; see CALLI-, ...
See calligraphy. * * *
See calligrapher. * * *
See calligrapher. * * *
—calligrapher, calligraphist, n. —calligraphic /kal'i graf"ik/, calligraphical, adj. —calligraphically, adv. /keuh lig"reuh fee/, n. 1. fancy penmanship, esp. highly ...
/keuh lim"euh keuhs/, n. c310-c240 B.C., Greek poet, grammarian, and critic. * * * I born с 305, Cyrene, North Africa died с 240 BC Greek poet and scholar. He migrated to ...
/kaw"ling/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that calls. 2. vocation, profession, or trade: What is your calling? 3. a call or summons: He had a calling to join the church. 4. ...
calling card
1. Also called card, visiting card. a small card with the name and often the address of a person or of a couple, for presenting when making a business or social call, for ...
calling card n. 1. An engraved card bearing one's full name. Also called visiting card. 2. A distinguishing characteristic or behavior. 3. See phone card. * * *
Callinicus Of Heliopolis
▪ Greek architect Callinicus also spelled  Kallinikos  born AD 673       architect who is credited with the invention of Greek fire, a highly incendiary liquid that ...
▪ Greek poet flourished 7th century BC, Ephesus, Ionia, Asia Minor [now in Turkey]       Greek elegiac poet, the few surviving fragments of whose work reflect the ...
/keuh luy"euh pee/; for 1 also /kal"ee ohp'/, n. 1. Also called steam organ. a musical instrument consisting of a set of harsh-sounding steam whistles that are activated by a ...
/keuh luy'euh pee"euhn/, adj. resembling a calliope in sound; piercingly loud: a calliopean voice. [1855-60, Amer.; CALLIOPE + -AN] * * *
/kal'ee op"sis/, n. any of several species of coreopsis, esp. Coreopsis tinctoria, a widely cultivated garden plant. [CALLI- + -OPSIS] * * *
/kal"euh pash', kal'euh pash"/, n. calipash. * * *
/kal"euh peuhr/, n., v.t. caliper. * * *
Callippic cycle
/keuh lip"ik/, Astron. a period equal to four Metonic cycles less one day, proposed by Callippus to correct the Metonic cycle. [1690-1700] * * *
/keuh lip"euhs/, n. fl. 4th century B.C., Greek astronomer. Also, Calippus, Callipus. * * *
/kal'euh pij"ee euhn/, adj. having well-shaped buttocks. Also, callipygous /kal'euh puy"geuhs/. [1640-50; < Gk kallipýg(os) with beautiful buttocks; referring to a statue of ...
▪ plant genus       genus of shrubs and trees, of the family Myrtaceae, native to Australia. They have spikes of showy flowers and are commonly called bottlebrushes. The ...
/keuh lis"theuh neez'/, n. c360-327 B.C., Greek philosopher: chronicled Alexander the Great's conquests. * * *
Callisthenes of Olynthus
▪ Greek historian born c. 360 BC died c. 327       ancient Greek historian best known for his influential history of Greece. Callisthenes was appointed to attend ...
—callisthenic, adj. /kal'euhs then"iks/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) calisthenics. * * *
/keuh lis"toh/, n. 1. Also, Kallisto. Class. Myth. a nymph attendant on Artemis, punished for a love affair with Zeus by being changed into a bear and then transformed into stars ...
▪ patriarch of Constantinople Greek  Callistos   died 1363, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Turkey]       patriarch of Constantinople, theologian, and hagiographer, an ...
Callistus I
/keuh lis"teuhs/. See Calixtus I. * * *
Callistus II.
See Calixtus II. * * *
Callistus III.
See Calixtus III. * * *
Cal·lis·tus III (kə-lĭsʹtəs) See Calixtus III. * * *
—callithumpian, adj., n. /kal"euh thump'/, n. Chiefly Northeastern U.S. 1. a shivaree. 2. Midwestern U.S. Also called callithump parade. a children's mummer's parade, as on the ...
call letters pl.n. The identifying code letters or numbers of a radio or television transmitting station, assigned by a regulatory body. Also called call sign. * * *
call loan n. A loan repayable on demand at any time. Also called demand loan. * * *
call number n. A number used in libraries to classify a book and indicate its location on the shelves. * * *
/kal"euhp/, n. See golden perch. [1920-25] * * *
/ka loh"seuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the corpus callosum. [1865-70; < NL callos(um) (n. use of L callosus CALLOSE) + -AL1] * * *
/kal"ohs/, adj. 1. having thickened or hardened spots, as a leaf. n. 2. callus (def. 2). [1860-65; < L callosus; see CALLOUS, -OSE1] * * *
/keuh los"i tee/, n., pl. callosities. 1. a callous condition. 2. Bot. a hardened or thickened part of a plant. 3. Pathol. callus (def. 1a). [1375-1425; late ME calosite < LL ...
/kann loh"/, n. Jacques /zhahk/, 1592?-1635, French engraver and etcher. * * *
Callot, Jacques
born 1592/93, Nancy, Fr. died March 24, 1635, Nancy French etcher, engraver, and draftsman. He learned the technique of engraving in Rome. In 1612, at the court of the Medici ...
—callously, adv. —callousness, n. /kal"euhs/, adj. 1. made hard; hardened. 2. insensitive; indifferent; unsympathetic: They have a callous attitude toward the sufferings of ...
See callous. * * *
See callously. * * *
Callovian Stage
▪ geochronology       uppermost of the four divisions of the Middle Jurassic Series, representing all rocks formed worldwide during the Callovian Age, which occurred ...
—callowness, n. /kal"oh/, adj. 1. immature or inexperienced: a callow youth. 2. (of a young bird) featherless; unfledged. n. 3. a recently hatched worker ant. [bef. 1000; ME, ...
/kal"euh way'/, n. Cab(ell), born 1907, U.S. jazz bandleader and singer. * * *
Calloway, Cab
orig. Cabell Calloway III born Dec. 25, 1907, Rochester, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 18, 1994, Hockessin, Del. U.S. singer and big-band leader. He fronted his first group in 1928; it ...
Cal·lo·way (kălʹə-wā'), Cabell. Known as “Cab.” 1907-1994. American jazz musician and bandleader noted for his scat singing. * * *
See callow. * * *
➡ folk dancing * * *
call sign n. See call letters. * * *
call slip n. A form filled out by a library patron to request a particular book. * * *
callto quarters
call to quarters n. A signal by a bugle that calls troops to their barracks just before taps. * * *
/kal"euhs/, n., pl. calluses, v., callused, callusing. n. 1. Pathol., Physiol. a. a hardened or thickened part of the skin; a callosity. b. a new growth of osseous matter at the ...
call waiting n. A telephone service that alerts someone using the phone to an incoming call and allows switching between calls. * * *
Callwood, June Rose
▪ 2008       Canadian journalist, author, television personality, and activist born June 2,1924, Chatham, Ont. died April 14, 2007 , Toronto, Ont. was a spirited ...
—calmingly, adv. —calmly, adv. —calmness, n. /kahm/; older /kam/; spelling pron. /kahlm/, adj., calmer, calmest, n., v. adj. 1. without rough motion; still or nearly still: ...
/kah"meuh tiv, kal"meuh-/, Med. adj. 1. having a sedative effect. n. 2. a calmative agent. [1865-70; CALM + -ATIVE] * * *
Calmette, Albert
▪ French bacteriologist in full  Albert Léon Charles Calmette   born July 12, 1863, Nice, France died Oct. 29, 1933, Paris       French bacteriologist, pupil of ...
Calmette, Albert (Léon Charles)
born July 12, 1863, Nice, Fr. died Oct. 29, 1933, Paris French bacteriologist. In the 1890s he founded the Pasteur bacteriological institutes in Saigon and later Lille. He ...
See calm. * * *
See calmly. * * *
/kal moj"euh lin/, n. Biochem. a calcium-binding protein occurring in many tissues and participating in the regulation of many biochemical and physiological processes. [1975-80; ...
/kah"mee/, adj., calmier, calmiest. Archaic. calm. [1570-80; CALM + -Y1] * * *
/keuh loh"/; Sp. /kah law"/, n. 1. a variety of Spanish influenced by Mexican underworld argot with a large admixture of English words, spoken esp. by young Mexican-Americans in ...
/kal'euh kawr"teuhs/, n., pl. calochortuses. any plant of the genus Calochortus, of the lily family, as the mariposa lily and the sego lily. [1813; < NL < Gk kal(ós) beautiful + ...
/kal"euh mel', -meuhl/, n. Pharm. a white, tasteless powder, Hg2Cl2, used chiefly as a purgative and fungicide. Also called mercurous chloride. [1670-80; < NL calomelas coined ...
calomel electrode
Physical Chem. a reference electrode consisting of calomel, mercury, and a solution of potassium chloride. * * *
Calonne, Charles-Alexandre de
born Jan. 20, 1734, Douai, France died Oct. 29, 1802, Paris French politician. He served as intendant of Metz (1768) and Lille (1774), and his financial genius led to his ...
/kal'euh oh"kahn/; Sp. /kah'law aw"kahn/, n. a city in the Philippines, on SW Luzon. 467,816. * * * ▪ Philippines also called  Kalookan        city on Dagatdagatan ...
Ca·loo·sa·hatch·ee (kə-lo͞o'sə-hăchʹē) A river of southern Florida, about 120 km (75 mi) long, flowing west from south-central Florida to the Gulf of Mexico. It is ...
▪ genus of orchids  genus of about four species of terrestrial orchids, family Orchidaceae, found in bogs and swamps of North America and the West Indies. The lip of the ...
/kal"oh ri sep'teuhr/, n. Physiol. a receptor stimulated by heat. [b. L calor heat and RECEPTOR] * * *
—calorescent, adj. /kal'euh res"euhns/, n. Physics. incandescence caused by absorption of radiation having a frequency below that of visible light. [1855-65; < L calor heat + ...
a combining form meaning "heat," used in the formation of compound words: calorimeter. [ < L, comb. form repr. calor; see -I-] * * *
—calorically, adv. —caloricity /kal'euh ris"i tee/, n. /keuh lawr"ik, -lor"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to calories: the caloric content of food. 2. of or pertaining to ...
caloric theory
▪ physics       explanation, widely accepted in the 18th century, of the phenomena of heat and combustion in terms of the flow of a hypothetical weightless fluid known ...
See caloric. * * *
/kal"euh ree/, n. 1. Thermodynam. a. Also called gram calorie, small calorie. an amount of heat exactly equal to 4.1840 joules. Abbr.: cal b. (usually cap.) kilocalorie. Abbr.: ...
/keuh lawr'euh fay"sheuhnt, -lor'-, kal'euhr euh-/, adj. (of foods) producing heat. [1850-55; CALORI- + -FACIENT] * * *
—calorifically, adv. /kal'euh rif"ik/, adj. pertaining to conversion into heat. [1675-85; < LL calorificus causing warmth, warming, equiv. to calori- (s. of calor heat) + ...
calorific value
the amount of heat released by a unit weight or unit volume of a substance during complete combustion. Also called calorific power. * * *
calorific value n. The calories or thermal units contained in one unit of a substance and released when the substance is burned. * * *
/kal'euh rim"i teuhr/, n. an apparatus for measuring quantities of heat. [1785-95; CALORI- + -METER] * * * Device for measuring heat produced during a mechanical, electrical, or ...
See calorimeter. * * *
See calorimetric. * * *
—calorimetric /kal'euhr euh me"trik, keuh lawr'-, -lor'-/, calorimetrical, adj. —calorimetrically, adv. /kal'euh rim"i tree/, n. the measurement of heat. [1855-60; CALORI- + ...
—calorizer, n. /kal"euh ruyz'/, v.t., calorized, calorizing. to alloy (carbon steel or alloy steel) by impregnation with aluminum. Also, esp. Brit., calorise. [ < L calor heat ...
/kal"euh ree/, n., pl. calories. calorie. * * *
▪ reptile genus       genus of arboreal (tree-dwelling) lizards (lizard) of the family Agamidae, remarkable for their extreme colour changes when excited. It is found ...
/keuh lot"/, n. 1. zucchetto. 2. skullcap (def. 1). [1625-35; < F, MF: skullcap, perh. equiv. to OF cale ribbon for the hair, kind of hat (perh. from escale shell (see SCALE1) ...
/kal"euh tuyp'/, n. 1. an early negative-positive photographic process, patented by William Henry Talbot in 1841, in which a paper negative is produced and then used to make a ...
/kal"euh yeuhr, keuh loy"euhr/, n. a monk of the Eastern Church. [1605-15; < MF caloyer < ModGk kalógeros venerable, equiv. to kaló(s) beautiful + -geros old (gêr(as) old age ...
/kal"pak/, n. a large black cap of sheepskin or other heavy material, worn by Armenians, Turks, etc. Also, calpack. [1805-15; < Turk kalpak] * * *
cal·pain (kălʹpān') n. A proteolytic enzyme that is regulated by the concentration of calcium ions.   [Probably calcium + protease + -in.] * * *
/kal"pee/, n. ancient name of the Rock of Gibraltar. * * *
/kal perr"nee euh/, n. fl. 1st century B.C., third wife of Julius Caesar 59-44. Cf. Cornelia (def. 2), Pompeia. * * *
Calpurnius Siculus
▪ Roman poet flourished 1st century AD       Roman poet, author of seven pastoral eclogues (eclogue), probably written when Nero was emperor (AD ...
/kalk/, n., v., calqued, calquing. Ling. n. 1. a loan translation, esp. one resulting from bilingual interference in which the internal structure of a borrowed word or phrase is ...
/kal'teuh neuh set"euh/; It. /kahl'tah nees set"tah/, n. a city in central Sicily: cathedral; Norman monastery. 60,617. * * * ▪ Italy       city, central Sicily, ...
/kal"treuhp/, n. 1. any of several plants having spiny heads or fruit, as those of the genera Tribulus and Kallstroemia, or the star thistle, Centaurea calcitrapa. 2. an iron ...
caltrop family
the plant family Zygophyllaceae, typified by tropical herbaceous plants and shrubs having pinnate leaves, solitary or paired regular flowers, and fruit in the form of a capsule, ...
Calukya dynasty
or Chalukya dynasty Either of two ancient Indian dynasties. The Western Calukyas ruled as emperors in the Deccan (peninsular India) from AD 543 to 757 and again from с 975 to ...
/kal"yeuh met', kal'yeuh met"/, n. a long-stemmed, ornamented tobacco pipe used by North American Indians on ceremonial occasions, esp. in token of peace. Also called peace ...
Calumet City
/kal"yeuh mit/ a city in NE Illinois, near Chicago. 39,673. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, Cook county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. A southern suburb of ...
Calumet District
▪ area, Indiana, United States       heavily industrialized area, mostly in Lake county, northwestern Indiana, U.S. It lies along the southern shore of Lake Michigan, ...
Calumet City A city of northeast Illinois, an industrial suburb of Chicago. Population: 37,840. * * *
—calumniation, n. —calumniator, n. /keuh lum"nee ayt'/, v.t., calumniated, calumniating. to make false and malicious statements about; slander. [1545-55; < L calumniatus ...
See calumniate. * * *
See calumniation. * * *
—calumniously, adv. /keuh lum"nee euhs/, adj. of, involving, or using calumny; slanderous; defamatory. Also, calumniatory /keuh lum"nee euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/. [1480-90; < L ...
See calumnious. * * *
/kal"euhm nee/, n., pl. calumnies. 1. a false and malicious statement designed to injure the reputation of someone or something: The speech was considered a calumny of the ...
Ca·lu·sa (kə-lo͞oʹsə) n. pl. Calusa or Ca·lu·sas 1. a. A Native American people formerly inhabiting the southwest coast of Florida from Tampa Bay to the Florida Keys. ...
/kal"yeuh tron'/, n. Physics. a device for separating isotopes by atomic mass, operating in a manner similar to a mass spectrograph. [1940-45, Amer.; Cal(ifornia) U(niversity) + ...
/kal'veuh dohs", -dos", kal"veuh dohs', -dos'/; for 1 also Fr. /kannl vann daws"/, n. 1. a department in NW France. 560,967; 2198 sq. mi. (5693 sq. km). Cap.: Caen. 2. (sometimes ...
/kal vair"ee euhm/, n., pl. calvaria /-vair"ee euh/. the dome of the skull. [1880-85; < NL, neut. var. of L calvaria skull, equiv. to calv(us) bald + -aria -ARY; cf. late ME ...
/kal"veuh ree/, n., pl. Calvaries for 2, 3. 1. Golgotha, the place where Jesus was crucified. Luke 23:33. 2. (often l.c.) a sculptured representation of the Crucifixion, usually ...
Calvary cross.
See cross of Calvary. [1670-80] * * *
Calvary cross n. Heraldry A Latin cross set on three steps. * * *

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