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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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calve
/kav, kahv/, v., calved, calving. v.i. 1. to give birth to a calf: The cow is expected to calve tomorrow. 2. (of a glacier, an iceberg, etc.) to break up or splinter so as to ...
Calvé, Emma
▪ French singer original name  Rosa Emma Calvet   born Aug. 15, 1858, Decazeville, France died Jan. 6, 1942, Millau       operatic soprano famed for her performances ...
Calvert
/kal"veuhrt/, n. 1. Charles (3rd Baron Baltimore), 1637-1715, English colonial administrator in America: governor (1661-75) and proprietor (1675-89) of Maryland (grandson of ...
Calvert, Leonard
born с 1606, England died June 9, 1647, St. Mary's, Md. First governor of the Maryland colony. He was the younger brother of Cecil Calvert, the colony's proprietor. In 1633 he ...
Calvert, Phyllis
▪ 2003 Phyllis Bickle        British actress (b. Feb. 18, 1915, London, Eng.—d. Oct. 8, 2002, London), brought grace and elegance to British melodramas of the 1940s. ...
calves
/kavz, kahvz/, n. pl. of calf. * * *
Calvin
/kal"vin/, n. 1. John (Jean Chauvin or Caulvin), 1509-64, French theologian and reformer in Switzerland: leader in the Protestant Reformation. 2. Melvin, 1911-97, U.S. chemist: ...
Calvin and Hobbes
▪ comic strip by Watterson       American newspaper comic strip that ran from 1985 to 1995, chronicling the high jinks of Calvin, a six-year-old boy, and his pet tiger, ...
Calvin Coolidge
➡ Coolidge * * *
Calvin Coolidge: Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Wednesday, March 4, 1925       No one can contemplate current conditions without finding much that is satisfying and still more that is ...
Calvin Coolidge: The Destiny of America
▪ Primary Source              Calvin Coolidge was a Vermont Yankee, thrifty, conservative, almost puritanical in his zeal for the old-fashioned virtues. ...
Calvin Klein
➡ Klein * * *
Calvin, John
French Jean Cauvin born July 10, 1509, Noyon, Picardy, France died May 27, 1564, Geneva, Switz. French Protestant theologian and major figure of the Reformation. He studied ...
Calvin, Melvin
born April 8, 1911, St. Paul, Minn., U.S. died Jan. 8, 1997, Berkeley, Calif. U.S. biochemist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. He developed a system of ...
Calvin,John
Cal·vin (kălʹvĭn), John. 1509-1564. French-born Swiss Protestant theologian who broke with the Roman Catholic Church (1533) and set forth the tenets of his theology, known ...
Calvin,Melvin
Calvin, Melvin. 1911-1997. American chemist. He won a 1961 Nobel Prize for discovering the series of chemical reactions in photosynthesis. * * *
Calvinism
—Calvinist, n., adj. —Calvinistic, adj. —Calvinistically, adv. /kal"veuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. the doctrines and teachings of John Calvin or his followers, emphasizing ...
Calvinist
See Calvinism. * * *
Calvinistic
See Calvinist. * * *
Calvinistically
See Calvinist. * * *
Calvino, Italo
born Oct. 15, 1923, Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba died Sept. 19, 1985, Siena, Italy Cuban-born Italian writer. After early works inspired by his involvement with the Italian ...
Calvino,Italo
Cal·vi·no (kăl-vēʹnō, käl-), Italo. 1923-1985. Italian writer of allegorical tales, such as The Nonexistent Knight and the Cloven Viscount (1962), and science fiction, ...
calvities
/kal vish"ee eez'/, n. baldness. [1615-25; < L calvities baldness, equiv. to calv(us) bald + -ities abstract n. suffix] * * *
Calvo Doctrine
▪ international law       a body of international rules regulating the jurisdiction of governments over aliens and the scope of their protection by their home states, as ...
Calvo Sotelo y Bustelo, Leopoldo
▪ 2009       Spanish politician born April 14, 1926, Madrid, Spain died May 3, 2008, Pozuelo de Alarcón, near Madrid was Spain's second prime minister (February ...
calvous
/kal"veuhs/, adj. lacking all or most of the hair on the head; bald. [see CALVUS, -OUS] * * *
calvus
/kal"veuhs/, adj. Meteorol. (of a cumulonimbus cloud) having its upper portion changing from a rounded, cumuliform shape to a diffuse, whitish, cirriform mass with vertical ...
Calvus, Gaius Licinius
▪ Roman poet born 82 BC died c. 47 BC       Roman poet and orator who, as a poet, followed his friend Catullus (Catullus, Gaius Valerius) in style and choice of ...
calx
/kalks/, n., pl. calxes, calces /kal"seez/. 1. the oxide or ashy substance that remains after metals, minerals, etc., have been thoroughly roasted or burned. 2. lime1 (def. ...
Calyceraceae
▪ plant family       family of small and economically unimportant dicotyledonous flowering plants containing six genera (Boöpis, Calycera, Acicarpha, Acarpha, ...
calyces
/kal"euh seez', kay"leuh-/, n. a pl. of calyx. * * *
calyciform
/keuh lis"euh fawrm'/, adj. shaped like a calyx. [1825-35; < L calyci- (s. of calyx CALYX) + -FORM] * * *
calycine
/kal"euh sin, -suyn'/, adj. pertaining to or resembling a calyx. Also, calycinal /keuh lis"euh nl/. [1810-20; < L calyc- (s. of calyx CALYX) + -INE1] * * *
calycle
calycle [kā′li kəl] n. 〚see CALYCULUS〛 EPICALYX * * *
calycular
See calyculus. * * *
calyculate
/keuh lik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. Bot. 1. of or resembling a calyculus. 2. having a calyculus. [1680-90; CALYCUL(US) + -ATE1] * * *
calyculus
/keuh lik"yeuh leuhs/, n., pl. calyculi /-luy'/. 1. Zool. Also, caliculus. a structure shaped like a cup. 2. Bot. a set of bracts resembling an outer calyx. Also called calycle ...
Calydon
—Calydonian /kal'i doh"nee euhn, -dohn"yeuhn/, adj. /kal"i don'/, n. an ancient city in W Greece, in Aetolia. * * * ▪ ancient city, Greece       ancient Aetolian town ...
Calydonian
See Calydon. * * *
Calydonian boar
Calydonian boar n. Gr. Myth. a boar sent by Artemis to scourge the fields of Calydon and killed by Meleager * * *
Calydonian hunt
Class. Myth. the pursuit by Meleager, Atalanta, and others of a savage boar (Calydonian boar) sent by Artemis to lay waste to Calydon. * * *
Calymene
▪ trilobite       genus of trilobites (extinct arthropods) dating from the Ordovician Period (505 to 438 million years ago). Well known in the fossil record, Calymene ...
Calypso
—calypsonian /keuh lip soh"nee euhn, kal'ip-/, n., adj. /keuh lip"soh/, n., pl. Calypsos, v. n. 1. Also, Kalypso. Class. Myth. a sea nymph who detained Odysseus on the island ...
Calypsonian
See Calypso2. * * *
calyptra
—calyptrate /keuh lip"trayt/, adj. /keuh lip"treuh/, n. Bot. 1. Also called cap. a hood or hoodlike part, as the lid of the capsule in mosses. 2. a root cap. [1745-55; < NL < ...
calyptrate
See calyptra. * * *
calyptrogen
/keuh lip"treuh jeuhn/, n. Bot. the histogen layer that develops into the root cap. [1880-85; calyptro- (comb. form of CALYPTRA) + -GEN] * * *
calyx
—calycate /kal"i kayt'/, adj. /kay"liks, kal"iks/, n., pl. calyxes, calyces /kal"euh seez', kay"leuh-/. 1. Bot. the outermost group of floral parts; the sepals. 2. Anat., Zool. ...
Calzabigi, Ranieri
▪ Italian poet born Dec. 23, 1714, Livorno, Tuscany [Italy] died July 1795, Naples       Italian poet, librettist, and music theorist who exerted an important influence ...
Calzaghe, Joe
▪ Welsh boxer born March 23, 1972, London, Eng.       Welsh professional boxer. At the start of the 21st century, he ranked as the longest-reigning champion in ...
calzone
/kal zoh"nay, -nee, -zohn"/; It. /kahl zaw"ne/, n. Italian Cookery. a turnover made of pizza dough, usually containing cheese, prosciutto, and herbs or garlic and either baked or ...
cam
/kam/, n., v., cammed, camming. n. 1. Mach. a disk or cylinder having an irregular form such that its motion, usually rotary, gives to a part or parts in contact with it a ...
Cam
/kam/, n. a river in E England flowing NE by Cambridge, into the Ouse River. 40 mi. (64 km) long. Also called Granta. * * * Machine component that either rotates or reciprocates ...
CAM
/kam/, n. computer-aided manufacturing. [1965-70] * * * Machine component that either rotates or reciprocates (moves back and forth) to create a prescribed motion in a ...
cam gear
cam gear n. a gear not centered on the shaft, used where discontinuous action is required * * *
Cam Ranh
▪ Vietnam       city, south-central Vietnam. It is situated on a peninsula enclosing Cam Ranh Bay, an inlet of the South China Sea. Cam Lam (Ba Ngoi), on the western ...
Cam Ranh Bay
Vietnamese Vinh Cam Ranh Inlet of the South China Sea, south-central Vietnam. Located between Phan Rang and Nha Trang, it was a French colonial naval base. It was used by the ...
cam wheel
a wheel, with an off-center axis or irregular shape, that functions as a cam. [1860-65] * * *
Cam.
Cambridge. * * *
camaca
/kam"euh keuh/, n. a heavy fabric of silk or mixed fibers, much used in the Middle Ages. Also, camaka, camoca. [1325-75; ME < ML camoca < Ar or Pers kamkha, kimkha] * * *
Camacho
/kah mah"chaw/, n. Manuel Ávila /mah nwel" ah"vee lah'/. See Ávila Camacho, Manuel. * * *
Camagüey
/kam"euh gway'/; Sp. /kah'mah gway"/, n. a city in central Cuba. 197,720. * * * City (pop., 1994 est.: 293,961), capital of Camagüey province, Cuba. Founded at the site of the ...
camaieu
▪ painting plural  camaieux    painting technique by which an image is executed either entirely in shades or tints of a single colour or in several hues unnatural to the ...
camail
—camailed, adj. /keuh mayl"/, n. aventail (def. 1). [1660-70; < F < OPr capmalh, equiv. to cap head (see CHIEF) + malh MAIL2] * * *
Camaldolese
▪ Roman Catholicism member of  Congregation of Monk Hermits of Camaldoli        an independent offshoot of the Benedictine order, founded about 1012 at Camaldoli near ...
Camar
▪ Hindu caste       widespread caste in northern India whose hereditary occupation is tanning leather; the name is derived from the Sanskrit word carmakara (“skin ...
Camara, Helder Pessoa
▪ 2000       Brazilian prelate (b. Feb. 7, 1909, Fortaleza, Braz.—d. Aug. 27, 1999, Recife, Braz.), was one of the earliest campaigners for liberation theology, using ...
camaraderie
/kah'meuh rah"deuh ree, -rad"euh-, kam'euh-/, n. comradeship; good-fellowship. [1830-40; < F, equiv. to camarade COMRADE + -erie -ERY] Syn. conviviality, bonhomie, brotherhood. * ...
camarasaur
/kam"euhr euh sawr'/, n. a plant-eating sauropod dinosaur of the genus Camarasaurus and closely related genera, having a small head, long neck, and short forelimbs, and reaching ...
Camarasaurus
▪ dinosaur       a group of dinosaurs (dinosaur) that lived during the Late Jurassic Period (161 million to 146 million years ago), fossils of which are found in ...
Camargo Society
▪ British organization       group credited with keeping ballet alive in England during the early 1930s. Named after Marie Camargo, the noted 18th-century ballerina, the ...
Camargo, Ibere Bassanti
▪ 1995       Brazilian artist (b. Nov. 18, 1914, Restinga Sêca, Brazil—d. Aug. 9, 1994, Pôrto Alegre, Brazil), was a leading Abstract Expressionist painter who ...
Camargo, Marie
▪ French ballerina born April 15, 1710, Brussels, Spanish Netherlands [now in Belgium] died April 20, 1770, Paris, France  ballerina of the Paris Opéra remembered for her ...
Camargo, Marie (-Anne de Cupis de)
born April 15, 1710, Brussels, Spanish Netherlands died April 20, 1770, Paris, Fr. French ballerina. She made her Paris Opéra debut in 1726 and went on to dance in 78 ballets ...
Camargue
Marshy island in the delta of the Rhône River, southern France. Occupying an area of 300 sq mi (780 sq km), it is sparsely populated). The region was once entirely wild, with ...
camarilla
/kam'euh ril"euh/; Sp. /kah'mah rddee"lyah, -yah/, n., pl. camarillas /-ril"euhz/; Sp. /-rddee"lyahs, -yahs/. a group of unofficial or private advisers to a person of authority, ...
Camarillo
/kam'euh ril"oh/, n. a city in SW California. 37,732. * * *
camas
cam·as or cam·ass (kămʹəs) n. 1. Any of several plants of the genus Camassia in the lily family, especially C. quamash of western North America, having grasslike leaves, a ...
camass
/kam"euhs/, n. 1. any of several plants of the genus Camassia, of the lily family, esp. C. quamash, of western North America, having long clusters of blue to white flowers and ...
camauro
/keuh mow"roh/, n., pl. camauros. Rom. Cath. Ch. a crimson velvet cap trimmed with ermine, worn by the pope on nonliturgical occasions. [ < It; cf. ML camaurum; orig. uncert.] * ...
Camb
Camb abbrev. Cambodia * * *
Camb.
Cambridge. * * *
Cambacérès, Jean-Jacques-Régis de, duke de Parme
▪ French statesman born Oct. 18, 1753, Montpellier, France died March 8, 1824, Paris       French statesman and legal expert who was second consul with Napoleon ...
Cambay,Gulf of
Cam·bay (kăm-bāʹ), Gulf of See Khambhat, Gulf of. * * *
camber
/kam"beuhr/, v.t., v.i. 1. to arch slightly; bend or curve upward in the middle. n. 2. a slight arching, upward curve, or convexity, as of the deck of a ship. 3. a slightly ...
camber piece
a centering for a flat arch, slightly crowned to allow for settling of the arch. Also called camber slip. * * *
Cambert, Robert
▪ French composer born c. 1627 or 1628, Paris, France died 1677, London, Eng.       the first French composer of opera, though the dramatic sense of the word cannot be ...
Camberwell
/kam"beuhr wel', -weuhl/, n. a former residential borough of Greater London, England, now part of Southwark. * * *
Camberwell beauty.
See mourning cloak. [1840-50] * * *
cambial
See cambium. * * *
cambiata
/kam'bee ah"teuh/, n. Music. a melodic ornamental tone following a principal tone by a skip, usually of a third above or below, and progressing by a step. Also called changing ...
cambio
/kahm"byaw/; Eng. /kam"bee oh'/, n. Spanish. a currency exchange. * * *
Cambisol
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Cambisols are characterized by the absence of ...
cambist
—cambistry, n. /kam"bist/, n. 1. a dealer in bills of exchange. 2. an expert in foreign exchange. 3. a manual giving the moneys, weights, and measures of different countries, ...
cambium
—cambial, adj. /kam"bee euhm/, n., pl. cambiums, cambia /-bee euh/. Bot. a layer of delicate meristematic tissue between the inner bark or phloem and the wood or xylem, which ...
Cambodia
/kam boh"dee euh/, n. a republic in SE Asia: formerly part of French Indochina. 11,163,861; 69,866 sq. mi. (180,953 sq. km). Cap.: Phnom Penh. Formerly, People's Republic of ...
Cambodia, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped blue-red-blue national flag featuring, in white, the main building of Angkor Wat (Angkor), an ancient temple complex. The ...
Cambodian
/kam boh"dee euhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Cambodia, its people, or its culture. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Cambodia. 3. Khmer (def. 2). [1760-70; ...
cambogia
/kam boh"jee euh/, n. gamboge (def. 1). * * *
Cambon, (Pierre-) Paul
born Jan. 20, 1843, Paris, France died May 29, 1924, Paris French diplomat. He worked in the civil service (1870–82) before entering the diplomatic service, in which he ...
Cambon, Joseph
▪ French minister in full  Pierre-Joseph Cambon  born June 10, 1756, Montpellier, France died February 15, 1820, near Brussels, Netherlands [now in Belgium]  financial ...
Cambon, Jules
▪ French diplomat in full  Jules-martin Cambon   born April 5, 1845, Paris, France died Sept. 19, 1935, Vevey, Switz.       French diplomat who played an important ...
Cambon, Paul
▪ French diplomat in full  Pierre-paul Cambon   born Jan. 20, 1843, Paris, France died May 29, 1924, Paris  French diplomat who as ambassador to Great Britain (1898–1920) ...
Cambrai
/kahonn brdde"/, n. a city in N France: battles 1917, 1918. 41,109. * * * ▪ France       town, Nord département, Nord-Pas-de-Calais région, northern France. It lies ...
Cambrai, Battle of
▪ European history       British offensive (November–December 1917) on the Western Front during World War I that marked the first large-scale, effective use of tanks ...
Cambrai, League of
(1508–10) Alliance of Pope Julius II, Emperor Maximilian I, King Louis XII, and King Ferdinand V, formed in 1508. Ostensibly directed against the Turks, its actual aim was to ...
Cambrai, Treaty of
or Paix des Dames (French: "Peace of the Ladies") (August 3, 1529) Agreement ending one phase of the wars between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V, temporarily ...
cambrel
/kam"breuhl/, n. Brit. Dial. gambrel. * * *
Cambria
/kam"bree euh/, n. medieval name of Wales. * * * ▪ county, Pennsylvania, United States       county, central Pennsylvania, U.S. It consists of a mountainous region on ...
Cambrian
/kam"bree euhn/, adj. 1. Geol. noting or pertaining to a period of the Paleozoic Era, occurring from 570 million to 500 million years ago, when algae and marine invertebrates ...
Cambrian Mountains
a range of low mountains running north to south in central Wales. * * *
Cambrian Period
Oldest time division of the Paleozoic Era. During the Cambrian, 543–490 million years ago, there were widespread seas and several scattered landmasses. The largest continent ...
CambrianMountains
Cambrian Mountains A rugged upland plateau extending north to south through central Wales. * * *
cambric
/kaym"brik/, n. a thin, plain cotton or linen fabric of fine close weave, usually white. [1520-30; earlier cameryk, after Kameryk, D name of CAMBRAI] * * * ▪ ...
cambric tea
a mixture of hot water and milk, with sugar and, often, weak tea. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
cambrictea
cambric tea n. A drink for children, made of hot water, milk, sugar, and usually a small amount of tea.   [So called because it is thin and white like cambric.] * * *
Cambridge
/kaym"brij/, n. 1. a city in Cambridgeshire, in E England: famous university founded in 12th century. 103,900. 2. a city in E Massachusetts, near Boston. 95,322. 3. ...
Cambridge Agreement
Pledge made in Cambridge, England, in 1629 by Puritan stockholders of the Massachusetts Bay Co. to emigrate to New England if the colony's government could be transferred ...
Cambridge Certificate
one of three qualifications in English for speakers of other languages who are successful in examinations set by Cambridge University. The full names are the First Certificate in ...
Cambridge critics
▪ English literature       group of critics who were a major influence in English literary studies from the mid-1920s and who established an intellectually rigorous ...
Cambridge Footlights
a club for students at Cambridge University which performs regular comedy shows. Many famous British comedians, including several members of Monty Python’s Flying Circus, were ...
Cambridge Platform
▪ religious document       basic document of New England Congregationalism, prepared in Cambridge, Mass. (U.S.), in 1648. It provided for all the details of church ...
Cambridge Platonists
Group of 17th-century British philosophic and religious thinkers. Led by Benjamin Whichcote (1609–1683), it included Ralph Cudworth and Henry More (1614–1687) at Cambridge ...
Cambridge spies
n [pl] a group of British spies who gave British secrets to the Soviet Union. They were at Cambridge University together in the 1930s, and believed that Communism was the only ...
Cambridge University
Britain’s second oldest university, in the town of Cambridge in eastern England. It has a high reputation for academic achievement. The university consists of a number of ...
Cambridge University Press
a publishing company belonging to Cambridge University. Its offices are in Cambridge, England, and it produces mainly educational books. It started printing in 1534, and is the ...
Cambridge, Adolphus Frederick, 1st Duke of
▪ British field marshal born Feb. 24, 1774, London, Eng. died July 8, 1850, London       British field marshal, seventh son of King George III.       Having ...
Cambridge, George William Frederick Charles, 2nd Duke of
▪ British field marshal born March 26, 1819, Hannover, Hanover [Germany] died March 17, 1904, London, Eng.       conservative field marshal and commander in chief of ...
Cambridge, Richard Owen
▪ English author born Feb. 14, 1717, London, Eng. died Sept. 17, 1802, Twickenham, Middlesex [now Greater London]       English poet and essayist and author of the ...
Cambridge, University of
Autonomous institution of higher learning in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England. Its beginnings lie in an exodus of scholars from the University of Oxford in 1209. Its first ...
Cambridgeshire
/kaym"brij shear', -sheuhr/, n. a county in E England. 536,000; 1316 sq. mi. (3410 sq. km). Also called Cambridge. * * * Administrative (pop., 2001: 552,655), geographic, and ...
Cambyses
/kam buy"seez/, n. died 522 B.C., king of Persia 529-522 (son of Cyrus the Great). * * *
Cambyses (II)
Cambyses (II) [kam bī′sēz΄] died 522 B.C.; king of Persia (529-522): son of Cyrus the Great * * *
Cambyses I
▪ ruler of Anshan flourished 6th century BC       ruler of Anshan c. 600–559 BC. Cambyses was the son of Cyrus I and succeeded his father in Anshan (northwest of ...
Cambyses II
▪ king of Persia flourished 6th century BC       Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned 529–522 BC), who conquered Egypt in 525; he was the eldest son of King Cyrus II ...
camcorder
/kam"kawr'deuhr/, n. Television. a lightweight hand-held television camera with an incorporated VCR, forming a compact self-contained unit. [CAM(ERA) + (RE)CORDER] * * *
Camden
/kam"deuhn/, n. 1. a borough of Greater London, England. 192,800. 2. a port in SW New Jersey, on the Delaware River opposite Philadelphia. 84,910. 3. a city in SW Arkansas. ...
Camden Town
➡ Camden * * *
Camden Town Group
a group of British artists based in London in the early 20th century, including Walter Sickert and Augustus John. They organized exhibitions together of their paintings of the ...
Camden, Battle of
▪ United States history       (August 16, 1780), in the American Revolution, British victory in South Carolina, one of the most crushing defeats ever inflicted upon an ...
Camden, Charles Pratt, 1st Earl, Viscount Bayham Of Bayham Abbey, Baron Camden Of Camden Place
▪ British jurist baptized March 21, 1714, London, England died April 18, 1794, London       English jurist who, as chief justice of the Court of Common Pleas ...
Camden, John Jeffreys Pratt, 1st Marquess, 2nd Earl Camden, Earl Of The County Of Brecknock, Viscount Bayham Of Bayham Abbey, Baron Camden Of Camden Place
▪ British politician born Feb. 11, 1759, near Chislehurst, Kent, Eng. died Oct. 8, 1840, near Sevenoaks, Kent       lord lieutenant (viceroy) of Ireland from 1795 to ...
Camden, William
▪ British historian born May 2, 1551, London, Eng. died Nov. 9, 1623, Chislehurst, Kent  English antiquary, a pioneer of historical method, and author of Britannia, the first ...
came
came1 /kaym/, v. pt. of come. came2 /kaym/, n. a slender, grooved bar of lead for holding together the pieces of glass in windows of latticework or stained glass. See illus. ...
camel
—camellike, adj. /kam"euhl/, n. 1. either of two large, humped, ruminant quadrupeds of the genus Camelus, of the Old World. Cf. Bactrian camel, dromedary. 2. a color ranging ...
camel cricket.
See cave cricket. [1855-60, Amer.; so called from its humpbacked appearance] * * *
camel grass
a grass, Cymbopogon schoenanthus, of southern Asia and northern Africa, having fragrant foliage. Also called camel hay. [1875-80] * * *
camel hair
▪ animal fibre       animal fibre obtained from the camel and belonging to the group called specialty hair fibres. The most satisfactory textile fibre is gathered from ...
camel racing
▪ sport       sport of running camels (camel) at speed, with a rider astride, over a predetermined course. The sport is generally limited to running the ...
camel spin
camel (def. 3). * * *
camel's hair
1. the hair of the camel, used esp. for cloth, painters' brushes, and Oriental rugs. 2. a soft cloth made of this hair, or of a substitute, usually yellowish tan to yellowish ...
camel's-hair
/kam"euhlz hair'/, adj. made of camel's hair. * * *
camel's-hair brush
camel's-hair brush n. an artist's small brush, made of hair from a squirrel's tail * * *
camel'shair
cam·el's hair (kămʹəlz) n. Variant of camelhair. * * *
camelback
/kam"euhl bak'/, n. 1. the back of a camel: They traveled through the desert on camelback. 2. a curved back of a sofa or chair, having a central rising section between two lower ...
camelback truss.
See crescent truss. * * *
cameleer
/kam'euh lear"/, n. 1. a camel driver. 2. a soldier mounted on a camel. [1800-10; CAMEL + -EER] * * *
camelhair
/kam"euhl hair'/, n. 1. See camel's hair. adj. 2. camel's-hair. [1350-1400; ME camel har; see CAMEL, HAIR] * * *
camellia
/keuh meel"yeuh, -mee"lee euh/, n. any of several shrubs of the genus Camellia, esp. C. japonica, native to Asia, having glossy evergreen leaves and white, pink, red, or ...
camelopard
/keuh mel"euh pahrd'/, n. Archaic. a giraffe. [1350-1400; ME < ML camelopardus, for L camelopardalis < Gk kamelopárdalis giraffe, equiv. to kámelo(s) CAMEL + pardalis PARD] * * ...
Camelopardalis
/keuh mel'euh pahr"dl is, kam'euh loh-/, n., gen. Camelopardalis. Astron. the Giraffe, a northern constellation between Ursa Major and Perseus. * * *
Camelops
▪ paleontology       extinct genus of large camels that existed from the Late Pliocene epoch to the end of the Pleistocene epoch (between 3,400,000 and 10,000 years ago) ...
Camelot
—Camelotian, adj. /kam"euh lot'/, n. 1. the legendary site of King Arthur's palace and court, possibly near Exeter, England. 2. any idyllic place or period, esp. one of great ...
Camel{™}
n a US make of cigarette produced by the R J Reynolds Tobacco Company. It was one of the first popular cigarettes in the US and a well-known advertisement included the line, ...
Camembert
/kam"euhm bair'/; Fr. /kann mahonn berdd"/, n. a mellow, soft cheese, the center of which is creamy and of a golden cream color, made from cow's milk. Also called Camembert ...
Camembert (cheese)
Camembert (cheese) or Camembert [kam′əm ber΄, kam′əmbərt] n. 〚after Camembert, village in Normandy, where first made〛 a soft, rich, creamy partly ripened cheese * * *
Camembert cheese
 classic cow's-milk cheese of Normandy, named for a village in that region; its characteristic creamy, ivory-coloured interior and downy white surface, resembling that of Brie, ...
Camenae
/keuh mee"nee/, n.pl., sing. Camena /-neuh/. Rom. Relig. four wise and prophetic deities or fountain nymphs: Carmenta, Egeria, Antevorta, and Postvorta; later identified with the ...
cameo
/kam"ee oh'/, n., pl. cameos. 1. a technique of engraving upon a gem or other stone, as onyx, in such a way that an underlying stone of one color is exposed as a background for a ...
cameo glass
an ornamental glass in which two layers, often blue and opaque white, have been cased, and on which the design has been treated in the manner of a cameo. [1875-80] * * ...
cameo ware
jasper1 (def. 2). * * *
camera
/kam"euhr euh, kam"reuh/, n., pl. cameras for 1,2, camerae /-euh ree/ for 3, adj. n. 1. a boxlike device for holding a film or plate sensitive to light, having an aperture ...
camera lucida
/looh"si deuh/ an optical instrument, often attached to the eyepiece of a microscope, by which the image of an external object is projected on a sheet of paper or the like for ...
camera obscura
/ob skyoor"euh/ a darkened boxlike device in which images of external objects, received through an aperture, as with a convex lens, are exhibited in their natural colors on a ...
camera tube
Television. a cathode-ray tube that converts an optical image projected on its light-sensitive receptor surface into an electrical signal by a scanning process: used in ...
camera-ready
/kam"euhr euh red"ee, kam"reuh-/, adj. Print. (of text or illustrations) ready to be photographed. Also, camera. * * *
camera-shy
/kam"euhr euh shuy', kam"reuh-/, adj. unwilling or afraid to be photographed or filmed. [1920-25] * * *
cameral
/kam"euhr euhl, kam"reuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a judicial or legislative chamber or the privacy of such a chamber. 2. cameralistic. [1755-65; < ML cameralis, equiv. to ...
cameralist
—cameralism, n. /kam"euhr euh list, kam"reuh-/, n. any of the mercantilist economists or public servants in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries who held that the economic ...
cameralistic
/kam'euhr euh lis"tik, kam'reuh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to public finance. 2. of or pertaining to cameralism. n. 3. cameralistics, (usually used with a sing. v.) the science ...
cameralucida
camera lu·ci·da (lo͞oʹsĭ-də) n. pl. camera lu·ci·das An optical device that projects an image of an object onto a plane surface, especially for tracing.   [New Latin ...
cameraman
/kam"euhr euh man', -meuhn, kam"reuh-/, n., pl. cameramen /-men', -meuhn/. a person who operates a camera, esp. a movie or television camera. [1900-05; CAMERA + MAN1] Usage. See ...
cameraobscura
camera ob·scu·ra (əb-skyo͝orʹə) n. pl. camera ob·scu·ras A darkened chamber in which the real image of an object is received through a small opening or lens and focused ...
cameraperson
/kam"euhr euh perr'seuhn, kam"reuh-/, n. a person who operates a camera, esp. a movie or TV camera. [CAMERA(MAN) + -PERSON] Usage. See -person. * * *
Camerarius, Joachim
▪ German scholar and theologian born April 12, 1500, Bamberg, Bavaria died April 17, 1574, Leipzig       German classical scholar and Lutheran theologian who mediated ...
Camerarius, Rudolph (Jacob)
German Rudolph Camerer born Feb. 17, 1665, Tübingen, Ger. died Sept. 11, 1721, Tübingen German botanist. One of the first to perform experiments in heredity, he demonstrated ...
Camerarius, Rudolph Jacob
▪ German botanist born Feb. 17, 1665, Tübingen, Ger. died Sept. 11, 1721, Tübingen       botanist who demonstrated the existence of sexes in ...
Camerata
▪ Italian society of poets and musicians       Florentine society of intellectuals, poets, and musicians, the first of several such groups that formed in the decades ...
camerawoman
/kam"euhr euh woom'euhn, kam"reuh-/, n., pl. camerawomen. a woman who operates a camera, esp. a movie or TV camera. [CAMERA(MAN) + -WOMAN] Usage. See -woman. * * *
camerawork
camerawork [kam′ər əwʉrk΄] n. 1. the work of a cameraman 2. CINEMATOGRAPHY * * *
camerlengo
/kam'euhr leng"goh/, n., pl. camerlengos. Rom. Cath. Ch. the cardinal appointed treasurer of the Holy See, who, upon the death of the pope, presides over the conclave that elects ...
Cameron
—Cameronian /kam'euh roh"nee euhn, -rohn"yeuhn/, adj., n. /kam"euhr euhn, kam"reuhn/, n. 1. Julia Margaret, 1815-79, English photographer, born in India. 2. Richard, 1648?-80, ...
Cameron Highlands
▪ resort area, Malaysia       resort area of west-central West Malaysia (Malaya), in the Main Range, about 80 miles (130 km) south of southernmost Thailand. It comprises ...
Cameron, David
▪ 2006       On Dec. 6, 2005, David Cameron was elected leader of Britain's Conservative Party at the age of 39 and after only four years in Parliament. He faced the ...
Cameron, Duncan
▪ Canadian fur trader born 1764, Glen Moriston, Inverness, Scot. died May 18, 1848, Williamstown, Canada West       fur trader who became involved in a rivalry with the ...
Cameron, James
▪ 1999       It was full speed ahead for James Cameron in 1998 as the Canadian filmmaker defied critics and logistics by building a Titanic that refused to sink. His ...
Cameron, Julia Margaret
born June 11, 1815, Calcutta, India died Jan. 26, 1879, Kalutara, Ceylon British portrait photographer. In 1864, after receiving a camera as a gift, she set up a studio and ...
Cameron, Richard
▪ Scottish religious leader born c. 1648, , Falkland, Fife, Scot. died July 22, 1680, Airds Moss, Ayrshire       Scottish Covenanter, founder of a religious sect ...
Cameron, Simon
born March 8, 1799, Maytown, Pa., U.S. died June 26, 1889, Donegal Springs, Pa. U.S. politician. He was successful in several businesses before entering the U.S. Senate ...
Cameron, Sir Ewen
▪ Scottish Highland chieftain born February 1629 died February 1719       Scottish Highland chieftain, a strong supporter of the Stuart monarchs Charles II and James II ...
Cameron, Verney Lovett
▪ British explorer born July 1, 1844, Radipole, near Weymouth, Dorset, Eng. died March 27, 1894, near Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire  British explorer, the first to cross ...
Cameron,Mount
Cam·er·on (kămʹər-ən, kămʹrən), Mount A peak, 4,342.6 m (14,238 ft) high, in the Rocky Mountains of central Colorado. * * *
Cameronian
▪ Scottish religious group       any of the Scottish Covenanters who followed Richard Cameron (Cameron, Richard) in adhering to the perpetual obligation of the two ...
Cameroon
—Cameroonian, adj., n. /kam'euh roohn"/, n. 1. Also, Cameroun. Official name, United Republic of Cameroon. an independent republic in W Africa: formed 1960 by the French ...
Cameroon, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped green-red-yellow national flag with a central yellow star. It has a width-to-length ratio of approximately 2 to ...
Cameroon, history of
Introduction       history of the area from prehistoric and ancient times to the present. Early history       From archaeological evidence it is known that humans ...
Cameroon, Mount
Volcanic massif, Cameroon. Rising to 13,353 ft (4,070 m), it is the highest peak in West Africa. Extending 14 mi (23 km) inland from the Gulf of Guinea, it is the westernmost ...
Cameroonian
See Cameroon. * * *
Cameroons
—Cameroonian, adj., n. /kam'euh roohnz"/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. German, Kamerun. a region in W Africa: a German protectorate 1884-1919; divided in 1919 into British and ...
Cameroun
/kam roohn"/; Fr. /kannm rddoohn"/, n. 1. Cameroon (def. 1). 2. Also called French Cameroons. a former French mandate (1919-46) and trusteeship (1946-60) in W Africa: ...
cami
cam·i (kămʹē) n. pl. cam·is A camisole worn as an undergarment. * * *
Camiguin
▪ island, Philippines       mountainous island in the Bohol (Mindanao) Sea, 6 miles (10 km) off the northern coast of Mindanao, Philippines. Located near Macajalar ...
camiknickers
/kam"euh nik'euhrz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Brit. a woman's one-piece fitted undergarment combining a camisole and knickers. [1910-15; CAMI(SOLE) + KNICKERS] * * *
Camilla
/keuh mil"euh/, n. 1. Rom. Legend. a woman warrior who fought on the side of Turnus against Aeneas. 2. Also, Camila, Camile, Camille /keuh meel"/. a female given name. * * * In ...
Camilla Parker-Bowles
➡ Parker-Bowles * * *
Camilla, duchess of Cornwall
▪ 2006       On April 9, 2005, Camilla Parker Bowles married Charles, prince of Wales and heir to the British throne, in a civil ceremony followed by a church service of ...
Camille
Camille [kə mil′əkə mēl′; ] Fr [ kȧ mē′y'] n. 〚Fr < L camilla, virgin of unblemished character〛 a feminine name: also Camilla [kə mil′ə] * * * (as used in ...
Camille, Hurricane
▪ tropical cyclone       hurricane ( tropical cyclone), one of the strongest of the 20th century, that hit the United States in August 1969. After entering the Gulf of ...
Camillus of Lellis, Saint
▪ Roman Catholic saint Italian  San Camillo De Lellis   born May 25, 1550, Bucchianico, Kingdom of Naples [now in Italy] died July 14, 1614, Rome; canonized 1746; feast day ...
Camillus, Marcus Furius
died 365 BC Roman soldier and statesman. He allegedly defeated the Gauls after their sack of Rome (с 390), for which he was honoured as the city's second founder. Awarded four ...
Caminer, David
▪ 2009 David Treisman        British computer software engineer born June 26, 1915, London, Eng. died June 19, 2008, London developed (with hardware designer John ...
Caminiti, Kenneth Gene
▪ 2005       American baseball player (b. April 21, 1963, Hanford, Calif.—d. Oct. 10, 2004, New York, N.Y.), won the National League's Most Valuable Player (MVP) award ...
camino real
/kah mee"naw rdde ahl"/, pl. caminos reales /kah mee"naws rdde ah"les/. Spanish. a main road; highway. [lit., royal road] * * * ▪ highway, Spain       (Spanish: Royal ...
camion
/kam"ee euhn/; Fr. /kann myawonn"/, n., pl. camions /kam"ee euhnz/; Fr. /kann myawonn"/. 1. a strongly built cart or wagon for transporting heavy loads; dray. 2. a truck, as for ...
camisado
/kam'euh say"doh, -sah"-/, n., pl. camisados. Archaic. a military attack made at night. Also, camisade /kam'i sayd", -sahd"/. [1540-50; < Sp camisada (now obs.), equiv. to ...
Camisard
/kam"euh zahrd', kam'euh zahrd"/; Fr. /kann mee zannrdd"/, n. any French Protestant, living in the region of the Cévennes Mountains, who carried on a revolt against Louis XIV in ...
Camisards
Protestant militants in southern France who opposed Louis XIV's persecution of Protestantism. The armed insurrection, which began in 1702, came in response to Louis's revocation ...
camise
/keuh meez", -mees"/, n. a lightweight, loose-fitting shirt or smock with long sleeves. [1805-15; < Ar qamis < LL camisa, var. of CAMISIA shirt; see CHEMISE] * * *
camisole
/kam"euh sohl'/, n. 1. a short garment worn underneath a sheer bodice to conceal the underwear. 2. a woman's negligee jacket. 3. a sleeved jacket or jersey once worn by men. 4. a ...
Camlan
Cam·lan (kămʹlən) n. In Arthurian legend, the battlefield where King Arthur was mortally wounded. * * *
camlet
/kam"lit/, n., v., camletted, camletting. n. 1. a durable, waterproof cloth, esp. for outerwear. 2. apparel made of this material. 3. a rich fabric of medieval Asia believed to ...
Cammaerts
/kah"mahrts/, n. Émile /ay meel"/, Belgian poet. * * *
Cammaerts, Émile
▪ Belgian poet and writer born March 16, 1878, Brussels, Belg. died Nov. 2, 1953, Radlett, Hertfordshire, Eng.       Belgian poet and writer who, as a vigorous ...
cammie
/kam"ee/, n. 1. camouflage. 2. cammies, a camouflage uniform; a camouflage garment or garments. [1990-95] * * *
camo
☆ camo [kam′ō ] n. [Slang] 1. short for CAMOUFLAGE 2. a garment, hat, etc. made of fabric having patterns of or like the mottled brown or green and brown colors of military ...
Camõ es, Luís (Vaz) de
born с 1524/25, Lisbon died June 10, 1580, Lisbon Portuguese poet. A member of the impoverished aristocracy, he may have spent about 17 years in India. His masterpiece, the ...
camoca
/kam"euh keuh/, n. camaca. * * *
Camoëns
/kam"oh ens'/, n. Luis Vaz de /looh eesh" vahzh deuh/, 1524?-80 Portuguese poet. Also, Camões /keuh moyonnsh"/. * * *
Camões
Camões [kə moinsh′] Luiz Vaz de [lo͞o ēsh′ vȧzh də] 1524?-80; Port. epic poet: Eng. name Camoëns [kam′ō enz΄] * * *
Camões, Luís de
▪ Portuguese poet Introduction in full  Luís Vaz de Camões , English  Luís Vaz de Camoëns , or  Camoens  born c. 1524/25, Lisbon died June 10, 1580, ...
Camões,Luiz Vaz de
Ca·mões (kə-moiɴshʹ) also Ca·mo·ëns (kămʹō-ənz, kə-mōʹ-), Luiz Vaz de. 1524?-1580. Portuguese writer whose epic poem Os Lusíadas (1572) is among Portugal's ...
camomile
/kam"euh muyl', -meel'/, n. chamomile. * * *
Camorra
—Camorrism, n. /keuh mawr"euh, -mor"euh/; It. /kah mawrdd"rddah/, n. 1. a secret society of Naples, Italy, first publicly known about 1820, that developed into a powerful ...
Camorrista
It. /kah'mawrdd rddees"tah/, n., pl. Camorristi It. /-tee/. 1. a member of the Camorra of Italy. 2. (l.c.) a member of a society or group resembling the Camorra. Also, Camorrist ...
camote
ca·mo·te (kə-mōʹtā) n. See batata.   [American Spanish, from Nahuatl camotli.] * * *
camouflage
—camouflageable, adj. —camouflager, n. —camouflagic, adj. /kam"euh flahzh'/, n., adj., v., camouflaged, camouflaging. n. 1. the act, means, or result of obscuring things to ...
camouflager
See camouflage. * * *
camouflet
/kam'euh flay", kam"euh flay'/, n. 1. an underground explosion of a bomb or mine that does not break the surface, but leaves an enclosed cavity of gas and smoke. 2. the pocket ...
camp
camp1 /kamp/, n. 1. a place where an army or other group of persons or an individual is lodged in a tent or tents or other temporary means of shelter. 2. such tents or shelters ...
Camp
/kamp/, n. Walter Chauncey /chawn"see, chahn"-/, 1859-1925, U.S. football coach and author. * * * (as used in expressions) aide de camp Camp David Camp David ...
cAMP
/kamp/, n. Biochem. See cyclic AMP. * * * (as used in expressions) aide de camp Camp David Camp David Accords concentration camp Madeleine L'Engle Camp * * * ▪ ...
camp bed
a light folding cot or bed. [1680-90] * * *
camp car
Railroads. See outfit car. * * *
camp chair
a light folding chair, usually with a canvas seat and back. [1880-85] * * *
Camp David
/day"vid/ an area, closed to the public, in Catoctin Mountain Park in N central Maryland: presidential retreat with guests' quarters and conference facilities. * * * Rural ...
Camp David Accords
a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt issuing from talks at Camp David between Egyptian President Sadat, Israeli Prime Minister Begin, and the host, U.S. President Carter: ...
Camp David Agreement
➡ Camp David * * *
Camp Fire
a U.S. organization for girls and boys that emphasizes the building of character and good citizenship through work, health, and love; originally founded for girls (Camp Fire ...
Camp Fire Girl
☆ Camp Fire Girl n. a girl who is a member of Camp Fire, Inc., an organization for girls founded in 1910, and since 1975 also including boys, to promote character-building ...
camp follower
1. a civilian not officially connected with a military unit, esp. a prostitute, who follows or settles near an army camp. 2. a person who sympathizes with or espouses the aims of ...
Camp Lejeune
a U.S. Marine Corps base in SE North Carolina SE of Jacksonville on Onslow Bay. * * *
camp meeting
a religious gathering held in a tent or in the open air. [1790-1800] * * * ▪ religion       type of outdoor revival meeting that was held on the American frontier ...
Camp Pendleton
a U.S. Marine Corps base in SW California on the Gulf of Santa Catalina. * * *
camp robber
Chiefly Northern U.S. and Western Canada. See gray jay. [1885-90; so called from its habit of pilfering food from campsites] * * *
camp shirt
a short-sleeved shirt or blouse with a notched collar and usually two breast pockets. * * *


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