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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Boulanger
/booh'lahn jay"/; Fr. /booh lahonn zhay"/, n. 1. Georges Ernest Jean Marie /zhawrddzh erdd nest" zhahonn mann rddee"/, 1837-91, French general and politician. 2. Nadia (Juliette) ...
Boulanger, Georges
▪ French general born April 29, 1837, Rennes, Fr. died Sept. 30, 1891, Brussels  French general, minister of war, and political figure who led a brief but influential ...
Boulanger, Georges (-Ernest-Jean-Marie)
born April 29, 1837, Rennes, France died Sept. 30, 1891, Brussels, Belg. French general and politician. He entered the army in 1856, helped suppress the Paris Commune (1871), ...
Boulanger, Nadia
▪ French composer and teacher born Sept. 16, 1887, Paris, France died Oct. 22, 1979, Paris  conductor, organist, and one of the most influential teachers of musical ...
Boulanger, Nadia (-Juliette)
Nadia Boulanger. born Sept. 16, 1887, Paris, France died Oct. 22, 1979, Paris French music teacher and conductor. Having studied composition with Charles-Marie Widor ...
Boulanger,Nadia Juliette
Bou·lan·ger (bo͞o-läɴ-zhāʹ), Nadia Juliette. 1887-1979. French music teacher of several modern American composers, including Virgil Thomson and Aaron Copland. * * *
boulangerie
/booh laonnzheu rddee"/, n., pl. boulangeries /-rddee"/. French. a bakery that specializes in baking and selling bread. * * *
boulangerite
/booh lan"jeuh ruyt'/, n. a bluish lead-gray mineral, lead antimony sulfide, Pb5Sb4S11, a minor ore of lead. [named after C. L. Boulanger (1810-49), French mining engineer; see ...
Boulangism
—Boulangist, n. /booh lan"jiz euhm/, n. the doctrines of militarism and reprisals against Germany, advocated, esp. in the 1880s, by the French general Boulanger. [1885-90; < F ...
boulder
—bouldered, adj. —bouldery, adj. /bohl"deuhr/, n. a detached and rounded or worn rock, esp. a large one. Also, bowlder. [1610-20; short for boulder stone; ME bulderston < ...
Boulder
/bohl"deuhr/, n. a city in N Colorado. 76,685. * * * City (pop., 2000: 94,673), north-central Colorado, U.S. Located in the Rocky Mountains northwest of Denver, it was settled ...
Boulder Canyon
a canyon of the Colorado River between Arizona and Nevada, above Boulder Dam. * * *
Boulder City
▪ Nevada, United States       city, Clark county, southeastern Nevada, U.S., overlooking Lake Mead, which is impounded by the Hoover Dam. Lying above the deep, narrow ...
boulder clay
Geol. a glacial deposit consisting chiefly of unstratified clay with embedded boulders. [1855-60] * * *
Boulder Dam
a dam on the Colorado River, on the boundary between SE Nevada and NW Arizona. 726 ft. (221 m) high; 1244 ft. (379 m) long. Official name, Hoover Dam. * * *
boulder raspberry.
See Rocky Mountain flowering raspberry. * * *
boulderer
See bouldering. * * *
bouldering
/bohl"deuhr ing/, n. pavement made with small boulders. Also, bowldering. [1875-80; boulder to pave with BOULDER(S) + -ING1] * * *
boule
boule1 /boohl/, n. 1. Also called birne. a cylindrical lump of material for synthetic gems, made by the Verneuil process. 2. a metal ball, usually made out of steel, used in ...
Boule
/booh"lee, booh lay"/, n. 1. the legislative assembly of modern Greece. 2. (sometimes l.c.) a state legislative, advisory, or administrative council in ancient Greece. [1840-50; ...
Boule, Marcellin
▪ French geologist in full  Pierre-marcellin Boule   born Jan. 1, 1861, Montsalvy, France died July 4, 1942, Montsalvy  French geologist, paleontologist, and physical ...
Boulemane
▪ Morocco also spelled  Boulman        town, north-central Morocco. The town, located at an elevation of about 5,500 feet (1,700 metres) above sea level in the ...
boules
French ball game, similar to bowls and boccie. Players take turns throwing or rolling a steel ball as close as possible to a small target ball; an opponent's ball may be knocked ...
bouleuterion
/booh'looh tear"ee on', boohl'yooh-/, n., pl. bouleuteria /-tear"ee euh/. a council chamber in ancient Greece. [ < Gk, equiv. to bouleú(ein) to deliberate + -terion n. suffix of ...
boulevard
/bool"euh vahrd', booh"leuh-/, n. 1. a broad avenue in a city, usually having areas at the sides or center for trees, grass, or flowers. 2. Upper Midwest. a strip of lawn between ...
boulevardier
/bool'euh vahr dear", booh'leuh-/; Fr. /boohleu vannrdd dyay"/, n., pl. boulevardiers /-dearz"/; Fr. /-dyay"/. 1. a person who frequents the most fashionable Parisian locales. 2. ...
boulevardstrip
boulevard strip n. Upper Midwest See parking. See Regional Note at parking. * * *
bouleversement
/boohleu verdds mahonn"/, n. French. an overturning; convulsion; turmoil. * * *
Boulez
/booh lez"/, n. Pierre /pee air"/; Fr. /pyerdd/, born 1925, French composer and conductor. * * *
Boulez, Pierre
born March 26, 1925, Montbrison, France French composer and conductor. Originally a student of mathematics, he later studied with the composer and organist Olivier Messiaen at ...
Boulez,Pierre
Bou·lez (bo͞o-lĕzʹ), Pierre. Born 1925. French conductor and composer of atonal, avant-garde works, notably Le Marteau sans Maître (1955). * * *
boulimia
/booh lim"ee euh, -lee"mee euh, beuh-/, n. Med. bulimia. * * *
boulle
/boohl/, n. (often cap.) Furniture. buhl. Also called boullework /boohl"werrk'/. * * *
Boulle, André-Charles
or André-Charles Boule born Nov. 11, 1642, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 29, 1732, Paris French cabinetmaker. After studying drawing, painting, and sculpture, he achieved fame as the ...
Boulle, Pierre
▪ French author in full  Pierre-Franƈois-Marie-Louis Boulle  born Feb. 20, 1912, Avignon, France died Jan. 30, 1994, Paris       French novelist who successfully ...
Boulle, Pierre-Francois-Marie-Louis
▪ 1995       French novelist (b. Feb. 20, 1912, Avignon, France—d. Jan. 30, 1994, Paris, France), was best known for two vastly different novels, Le Pont de la ...
Boullée, Étienne-Louis
born Feb. 12, 1728, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 6, 1799, Paris French architect, theorist, and teacher. He studied architecture and opened his own studio by age 19. Through his ...
Boulogne
/boo lohn", -loyn", beuh-/; Fr. /booh lawn"yeu/, n. a seaport in N France, on the English Channel. 49,284. Also called Boulogne-sur-Mer /booh lawn"yeu syuurdd merdd"/. * * * (as ...
Boulogne Billancourt
/booh lawn"yeu bee yahonn koohrdd"/ a suburb of Paris, in N France. 103,948. Also called Boulogne-sur-Seine /booh lawn"yeu syuurdd sen"/. * * *
Boulogne-Billancourt
Boulogne-Billancourt [bo͞o lōnbē yän ko͞or′] city in France, on the Seine: SW suburb of Paris: pop. 102,000 * * * Bou·logne-Bil·lan·court ...
Boulogne-sur-Mer
Bou·logne-sur-Mer (bo͞o-lōnʹsûr-mĕrʹ, -lônʹyə-) See Boulogne. * * *
Boulsover, Thomas
born 1706, Elkington, Derbyshire, Eng. died September 1788, Sheffield British inventor of fused plating ("old Sheffield plate"). As a craftsman of the Cutlers Co. in 1743, ...
Boult
/bohlt/, n. Sir Adrian Cedric, 1889-1983, English conductor. * * *
Boult, Sir Adrian Cedric
▪ British musician born April 8, 1889, Chester, Cheshire, Eng. died Feb. 23, 1983, Kent       English conductor who led the BBC Symphony and other major orchestras ...
boulter
/bohl"teuhr/, n. a long, stout fishing line with several hooks attached. [1595-1605; orig. uncert.] * * *
Boulter, Hugh
▪ archbishop of Armagh born Jan. 4, 1672, London died Sept. 27, 1742, London  English archbishop of Armagh and virtual ruler of Ireland at the height of the 18th-century ...
Boulting brothers
John Boulting (1913–85) and Roy Boulting (1913–2001), twin brothers who produced films together. Their films, mostly about life in Britain in the years after World War II, ...
Boulting, Roy
▪ 2002       British filmmaker (b. Nov. 21, 1913, Bray, Berkshire, Eng.—d. Nov. 5, 2001, Eynsham, Oxfordshire, Eng.), created, in partnership with his twin brother, ...
Boulton, Matthew
born Sept. 3, 1728, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng. died Aug. 17, 1809, Birmingham British manufacturer and engineer. With James Watt and William Murdock (1754–1839), he ...
Boumedienne
/booh"meuh dyen', -dee en'/, n. Houari /ooh ahr"ee/, (Mohammed Boukharouba), 1925?-78, Algerian military and political leader: president 1965-78. * * *
Boumédienne, Houari
orig. Mohammed ben Brahim Boukharouba born Aug. 23, 1927, near Guelma, Alg. died Dec. 27, 1978, Algiers Algerian political leader and president (1965–78). During Algeria's ...
boun
/bown, boohn/, v.t., v.i. Archaic. to prepare; make ready. [ME; see BOUND4] * * *
bounce
—bounceable, adj. —bounceably, adv. /bowns/, v., bounced, bouncing, n., adv. v.i. 1. to spring back from a surface in a lively manner: The ball bounced off the wall. 2. to ...
bounce flash
Photog. a flash lamp designed to produce a bounced flash. [1950-55] * * *
bounce light
Photog. 1. Also, bounce lighting. light that is bounced off a reflective surface onto the subject in order to achieve a softer lighting effect. 2. any arrangement of a light ...
bounceback
/bowns"bak'/, n. the act or an instance of bouncing back, recovering, or recuperating: Fall sales have experienced a tremendous bounceback. Also, bounce-back. [n. use of v. ...
bounced flash
Photog. a flash bounced off a reflective surface, as a ceiling or wall, to illuminate a subject indirectly. * * *
bouncer
/bown"seuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that bounces. 2. a person who is employed at a bar, nightclub, etc., to eject disorderly persons. 3. something large of its kind. [1755-65; ...
bouncily
See bouncy. * * *
bouncing
—bouncingly, adv. /bown"sing/, adj. 1. stout, strong, or vigorous: a bouncing baby boy. 2. exaggerated; big; hearty; noisy. [1570-80; BOUNCE + -ING2] * * *
bouncing Bet
/bet/ soapwort. Also, bouncing Bess /bes/. [1880-85] * * *
bouncingBet
bouncing Bet (bĕt) n. A perennial Eurasian herb (Saponaria officinalis) having dense clusters of pink to whitish flowers. Also called soapwort.   [From Bet, nickname for ...
bouncingly
See bouncing. * * *
bouncy
—bouncily, adv. /bown"see/, adj., bouncier, bounciest. 1. tending characteristically to bounce or bounce well: An old tennis ball is not as bouncy as a new one. 2. resilient: a ...
bound
bound1 —boundness, n. /bownd/, v. 1. pt. and pp. of bind. adj. 2. tied; in bonds: a bound prisoner. 3. made fast as if by a band or bond: She is bound to her family. 4. secured ...
Bound Brook
▪ New Jersey, United States       borough, Somerset county, north-central New Jersey, U.S., on the Raritan River, 31 miles (50 km) southwest of New York City. The area ...
bound charge
Elect. See polarization charge. * * *
bound form
a linguistic form that never occurs by itself but always as part of some larger construction, as -ed in seated. Cf. free form (def. 2). * * *
bound variable
Logic. (in the functional calculus) a variable occurring in a quantifier and in a sentential function within the scope of the quantifier. Cf. free variable. * * *
boundary
/bown"deuh ree, -dree/, n., pl. boundaries. 1. something that indicates bounds or limits; a limiting or bounding line. 2. Also called frontier. Math. the collection of all points ...
Boundary Commissions
the four British government organizations (one each for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) which decide the boundaries of constituencies. They recommend changes to ...
boundary condition
Math. a stated restriction, usually in the form of an equation, that limits the possible solutions to a differential equation. * * *
boundary ecosystem
▪ biology Introduction       complex of living organisms in areas where one body of water meets another, e.g., estuaries and lagoons, or where a body of water meets the ...
boundary layer
Physics. the portion of a fluid flowing past a body that is in the immediate vicinity of the body and that has a reduced flow due to the forces of adhesion and ...
boundary line
1. boundary (def. 1). 2. See partition line. [1695-1705] * * *
Boundary Peak
▪ mountain, Nevada, United States       highest point (13,147 feet [4,007 metres]) in Nevada, U.S. The northernmost peak of the White Mountains, it lies in Esmeralda ...
boundary rider
n. Australian. a ranch hand who patrols the boundary of a sheep or cattle station in order to watch the stock, repair fences, etc. [1860-65] * * *
boundary value
▪ mathematics       condition accompanying a differential equation in the solution of physical problems. In mathematical problems arising from physical situations, ...
boundary value problem
Math. any of a series of problems occurring in the solution of a differential equation with boundary conditions. * * *
boundarycondition
boundary condition n. Mathematics The set of conditions specified for behavior of the solution to a set of differential equations at the boundary of its domain. * * *
boundarylayer
boundary layer n. The layer of reduced velocity in fluids, such as air and water, that is immediately adjacent to the surface of a solid past which the fluid is flowing. * * *
BoundaryPeak
Boun·da·ry Peak (bounʹdə-rē, -drē) A mountain, 4,008.6 m (13,143 ft) high, of southwest Nevada near the California border. It is the highest elevation in the state. * * *
bounded
—boundedly, adv. —boundedness, n. /bown"did/, adj. 1. having bounds or limits. 2. Math. a. (of a function) having a range with an upper bound and a lower bound. b. (of a ...
bounden
/bown"deuhn/, adj. 1. obligatory; compulsory: one's bounden duty. 2. Archaic. under obligation; obliged. [1250-1300; ME, var. of BOUND1] * * *
bounder
/bown"deuhr/, n. 1. an obtrusive, ill-bred man. 2. a person or thing that bounds. [1535-45; BOUND2 + -ER1] * * *
boundform
bound form n. A linguistic element that always occurs as part of another word, such as -ly in lovely. * * *
boundless
—boundlessly, adv. —boundlessness, n. /bownd"lis/, adj. having no bounds; infinite or vast; unlimited: His boundless energy amazed his friends. [1585-95; BOUND3 + -LESS] Syn. ...
boundlessly
See boundless. * * *
boundlessness
See boundlessly. * * *
bounteous
—bounteously, adv. —bounteousness, n. /bown"tee euhs/, adj. 1. giving or disposed to give freely; generous; liberal. 2. freely bestowed; plentiful; abundant. [1325-75; late ...
bounteously
See bounteous. * * *
bounteousness
See bounteously. * * *
bountied
/bown"teed/, adj. 1. offering a bounty. 2. rewarded with a bounty. [1780-90; BOUNTY + -ED3] * * *
bountiful
—bountifully, adv. —bountifulness, n. /bown"teuh feuhl/, adj. 1. liberal in bestowing gifts, favors, or bounties; munificent; generous. 2. abundant; ample: a bountiful ...
Bountiful
/bown"teuh feuhl/, n. a city in N Utah, near Salt Lake City. 32,877. * * * ▪ Utah, United States       city, Davis county, northern Utah, U.S., between the Wasatch ...
bountifully
See bountiful. * * *
bountifulness
See bountifully. * * *
bounty
—bountyless, adj. /bown"tee/, n., pl. bounties. 1. a premium or reward, esp. one offered by a government: There was a bounty on his head. Some states offer a bounty for dead ...
bounty hunter
1. a person who hunts outlaws or wild animals for the bounty offered for capturing or killing them. 2. a person who seeks a reward for recovering valuable property. 3. Slang. a ...
Bounty Islands
▪ islands, New Zealand       outlying island group of New Zealand, in the South Pacific Ocean, 415 mi (668 km) east of South Island. Comprising 13 granite islets with a ...
bounty jumper
☆ bounty jumper n. in the U.S. Civil War, a man who accepted the cash bounty offered for enlisting and then deserted * * *
Bounty System
▪ United States history       in U.S. history, program of cash bonuses paid to entice enlistees into the army; the system was much abused, particularly during the Civil ...
Bounty, HMS
British armed transport ship remembered for the mutiny of its crew on April 28, 1789. Commanded by Capt. William Bligh, it had sailed to Tahiti, taken on a cargo of breadfruit ...
bountyhunter
bounty hunter n. 1. One who hunts predatory animals in order to collect a bounty. 2. One who pursues a criminal or fugitive for whom a reward is offered. * * *
bouquet
/boh kay", booh-/ for 1, 2; /booh kay"/ or, occas., /boh-/ for 3, n. 1. a bunch of flowers; nosegay. 2. a compliment: The drama critics greeted her performance with bouquets. 3. ...
bouquet garni
/boh kay" gahr nee", booh-/; Fr. /booh ke gannrdd nee"/, pl. bouquets garnis /boh kayz" gahr nee", booh-/; Fr. /booh ke gannrdd nee"/. a small bundle of herbs, as thyme, parsley, ...
bouquet larkspur.
See Siberian larkspur. * * *
bouquetgarni
bouquet gar·ni (gär-nēʹ) n. pl. bou·quets gar·nis (bō-kāz' gär-nēʹ, bo͞o-) A bunch of herbs tied together, wrapped in cheesecloth or enclosed in a small cloth sack, ...
bouquetier
bou·quet·ier (bo͞o'kə-tyĕrʹ, -tîrʹ) n. A small container for holding flowers in a nosegay, shaped like a trumpet or a cup and having a deep handle to hold the stems of ...
Bouraoui, Hédi
▪ Tunisian-Canadian poet and scholar born July 16, 1932, Sfax, Tunisia       Tunisian poet and scholar whose creative and critical works seek to illuminate the human ...
Bourassa, Henri
▪ Canadian politician and journalist born Sept. 1, 1868, Montreal died Aug. 31, 1952, Outremont, Île de Montréal, Que., Can.  politician and journalist, spokesman for ...
Bourassa, Robert
▪ 1997       Canadian politician (b. July 14, 1933, Montreal, Que.—d. Oct. 2, 1996, Montreal), as premier of Quebec (1970-76, 1985-93) during a period of escalating ...
Bourbaki, Charles-Denis-Sauter
▪ French general born April 22, 1816, Pau, France died Sept. 23, 1897, Bayonne       French general who served with distinction in Algeria, the Crimean War, and the ...
Bourbaki, Nicolas
▪ French group of mathematicians       pseudonym chosen by eight or nine young mathematicians in France in the mid 1930s to represent the essence of a “contemporary ...
Bourbon
/boor"beuhn, bawr"-, bohr"-/ or, Fr., /boohrdd bawonn"/ for 1-3; /berr"beuhn/ for 4 or occas. for 3, n. 1. a member of a French royal family that ruled in France 1589-1792, Spain ...
Bourbon Restoration
(1814–30) In France, the period that began when Napoleon abdicated and the Bourbon monarchs were restored to the throne. The First Restoration occurred when Napoleon fell from ...
bourbon rose
a hybrid rose, Rosa borboniana, having dark, carmine-colored flowers, cultivated in many horticultural varieties. [1835-45] * * *
bourbon whiskey
      whiskey distilled from corn mash; specifically, a whiskey distilled from a mash containing at least 51 percent corn, the rest being malt and rye, and aged in new ...
Bourbon, Charles I, 5e duc de
▪ duke of Bourbon born 1401 died December 4, 1456       duke of Bourbon (from 1434) and count of Clermont. After having rendered notable services to Charles VII of ...
Bourbon, Charles III, 8e duc de
▪ French constable born February 17, 1490, Montpensier, France died May 6, 1527, Rome       constable of France (from 1515) under King Francis I and later a leading ...
Bourbon, House of
One of the most important ruling houses of Europe. Its members were descended from Louis I, duc de Bourbon from 1327 to 1342, grandson of the French king Louis IX. Bourbons ...
Bourbon, Jean I, 4e duc de
▪ duke of Bourbon born 1380/81 died 1434, London       count of Clermont (from 1404) and duke of Bourbon (from 1410), who was a champion of the House of Orléans in the ...
Bourbon, Jean II, 6e duc de
▪ duke of Bourbon born 1427 died 1488       duke of Bourbon (from 1456) whose military successes, as at Formigny (1450) and Châtillon (1453), contributed greatly to ...
Bourbon, Louis I, 1er duc de
▪ duke of Bourbon born c. 1270 died c. 1342       son of Robert, count of Clermont, and Beatrix of Bourbon, who was made duke of Bourbon by Charles IV of France in ...
Bourbon, Louis II, 3e duc de
▪ duke of Bourbon (3rd duke of),byname  Louis The Good,  French  Louis Le Bon  born 1337 died Aug. 19, 1410       duke of Bourbon (from 1356), count of Clermont ...
Bourbon, Pierre I, 2e duc de
▪ duke of Bourbon born c. 1311 died 1356, Poitiers, France       duke of Bourbon (from 1342), diplomat and governor during the reigns of Philip VI and John II of ...
Bourbon, Pierre II, 7e duc de
▪ French duke also called  Seigneur (lord) de Beaujeu  born 1438 died October 1503, Moulins, Fr.       duke of Bourbon (from 1488) and seigneur de Beaujeu (from ...
Bourbon,Duc Charles de
Bour·bon (bo͝orʹbən, bo͞or-bôɴʹ), Duc Charles de. 1490-1527. French general who served Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, led a failed invasion of France (1524), and was ...
Bourbonism
—Bourbonian /boor boh"nee euhn/ or, occas., /berr-/, Bourbonic /boor bon"ik/ or, occas., /berr-/, adj. —Bourbonist, n. /boor"beuh niz'euhm/ or, occas., /berr"-/, n. 1. ...
Bourbonnais
/boor'boh nay", beuhr boh"nis/, n. a town in NE Illinois. 13,280. * * * Historical region, central France. In Roman times it was part of Celtic Gaul under Julius Caesar and ...
Bourboune, Mourad
▪ African author born Jan. 23, 1938, Jijel, Alg.       Algerian novelist who, like many young Algerian writers in the decades following their country's independence, ...
Bourchier, Thomas
▪ English cardinal and archbishop born c. 1412 died March 30, 1486, Knole, Kent, Eng.       English cardinal and archbishop of Canterbury who maintained the stability ...
Bourdaloue, Louis
▪ French priest born Aug. 20, 1632, Bourges, France died May 13, 1704, Paris       French Jesuit, held by many to have been the greatest of the 17th-century court ...
Bourdelle, Antoine
▪ French sculptor in full  Émile-Antoine Bourdelle  born October 30, 1861, Montauban, France died October 1, 1929, Paris       French sculptor whose ...
Bourdet, Claude
▪ 1997       French human rights activist and journalist who led the French Resistance during World War II and was a prominent figure in the Parisian leftist ...
Bourdet, Édouard
▪ French dramatist born 1887, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Fr. died Jan. 17, 1945, Paris       French dramatist noted for his satirical and psychological analyses of ...
Bourdieu, Pierre
born Aug. 1, 1930, Denguin, France died Jan. 23, 2002, Paris French sociologist and public intellectual. Bourdieu introduced the concept of cultural capital, wealth based on ...
bourdon
/boor"dn, bawr"-, bohr"-/, n. Music. 1. - a. the drone pipe of a bagpipe. b. the drone string of a stringed instrument. 2. a low-pitched tone; bass. 3. a pipe organ stop of very ...
Bourdon, Sébastien
▪ French painter born Feb. 2, 1616, Montpellier, Fr. died May 8, 1671, Paris  French painter with a considerable reputation for landscapes who used nature largely as a ...
Bourdon-tube gauge
/boor"dn toohb', -tyoohb', bawr"-, bohr"-, boor dawonn"-/, Chem. an instrument for measuring the pressure of gases or liquids, consisting of a semicircular or coiled, flexible ...
bourg
/boorg/; Fr. /boohrdd/, n., pl. bourgs /boorgz/; Fr. /boohrdd/. 1. a town. 2. a French market town. [1400-50; late ME < AF
Bourg-en-Bresse
▪ France       town, capital of Ain département, Rhône-Alpes région, eastern France. It lies on the Reyssouze River, west of Geneva, Switzerland. It is the main ...
Bourgain, Jean
▪ Belgian mathematician born February 28, 1954, Ostend, Belgium       Belgian mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1994 for his work in ...
Bourgault, Pierre
▪ 2004       Canadian journalist and politician (b. Jan. 23, 1934, East Angus, Que.—d. June 16, 2003, Montreal, Que.), was a staunch supporter of Quebec's secession ...
Bourgault-Ducoudray, Louis
▪ French composer in full  Louis-Albert Bourgault-Ducoudray   born Feb. 2, 1840, Nantes, France died July 4, 1910, Vernouillet       French composer and musicologist ...
bourgeois
bourgeois1 /boor zhwah", boor"zhwah/; Fr. /boohrdd zhwann"/, n., pl. bourgeois, adj. n. 1. a member of the middle class. 2. a person whose political, economic, and social ...
Bourgeois
/boor zhwah", boor"zhwah/; Fr. /boohrdd zhwann"/, n. Léon Victor Auguste /lay awonn" veek tawrdd" oh gyst"/, 1851-1925, French statesman: Nobel peace prize 1920. * * *
Bourgeois, Léon
▪ French politician and statesman in full  Léon-Victor-Auguste Bourgeois   born May 21, 1851, Paris, France died Sept. 29, 1925, Château d'Oger, near Épernay  French ...
Bourgeois, Léon (-Victor-Auguste)
born May 21, 1851, Paris, France died Sept. 29, 1925, Château d'Oger, near Épernay French politician. He entered the civil service in 1876 and was elected to the National ...
Bourgeois, LéonVictor Auguste
Bour·geois (bo͝or-zhwäʹ), Léon Victor Auguste. 1851-1925. French statesman who was a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague (1903-1925) and helped draft ...
Bourgeois, Louise
born Dec. 25, 1911, Paris, Fr. French-born U.S. sculptor. She studied briefly with Fernand Léger and initially worked as a painter and engraver. In the late 1940s, after ...
Bourgeois, Loys
▪ French composer Loys also spelled  Louis   born c. 1510, Paris, France died after 1561       Huguenot composer who wrote, compiled, and edited many melodic ...
Bourgeois,Louise
Bourgeois, Louise. Born 1911. French-born American sculptor whose often erotic sculptures are characterized by elongated figures and abstract shapes. * * *
bourgeoise
/boor"zhwahz, boor zhwahz"/; Fr. /boohrdd zhwannz"/, n., pl. bourgeoises /-zhwah ziz, -zhwah"-/; Fr. /-zhwannz"/. 1. a female member of the bourgeoisie. 2. bourgeoisie (def. ...
bourgeoisie
/boor'zhwah zee"/; Fr. /boohrdd zhwann zee"/, n. 1. the bourgeois class. 2. (in Marxist theory) the class that, in contrast to the proletariat or wage-earning class, is primarily ...
bourgeoisification
bourg·eoi·si·fi·ca·tion (bo͝or-zhwä'zə-fĭ-kāʹshən) n. The act or process of adopting or the condition of having adopted the characteristics attributed to the ...
bourgeoisify
bourgeoisify [boor zhwä′zə fī΄] vt. bourgeoisified, bourgeoisifying to cause to become bourgeois in characteristics, attitudes, etc. bourgeoisification n. * * ...
bourgeon
/berr"jeuhn/, n., v.i., v.t. burgeon. * * *
Bourges
/boohrddzh/, n. a city in and the capital of Cher, in central France: cathedral. 80,379. * * * ▪ France       city, capital of Cher département, Centre région, ...
Bourget
/boor zhay"/; Fr. /boohrdd zhe"/, n. Paul /pawl/, 1852-1935, French novelist and critic. * * *
Bourget, Paul
▪ French author in full  Paul-Charles-Joseph Bourget   born Sept. 2, 1852, Amiens, France died Dec. 25, 1935, Paris  French novelist and critic who was a master of the ...
Bourgogne
/boohrdd gawn"yeu/, n. French name of Burgundy. * * *
Bourguiba
/boor gee"beuh/, n. Habib ben Ali /hah"beeb ben ah"lee/, born 1903, leader in Tunisian independence movements: president of Tunisia 1957-87. * * *
Bourguiba, Habib
▪ president of Tunisia Introduction in full  Habib ibn Ali Bourguiba  born Aug. 3, 1903, Monastir, Tun. died April 6, 2000, Monastir  architect of Tunisia's independence ...
Bourguiba, Habib (ibn Ali)
born Aug. 3, 1903, Al-Munastīr, Tun. died April 6, 2000, Al-Munastīr President of Tunisia (1957–87). He studied at the Sorbonne, where he met independence-minded Algerians ...
Bourguiba, Habib Ben Ali
▪ 2001       Tunisian politician (b. Aug. 3, 1903?, al-Munastir, Tun.—d. April 6, 2000, al-Munastir), led Tunisia in its effort to win independence from France and ...
bourguignon
/boor'geen yun"/; Fr. /boohrdd gee nyawonn"/, n. French Cookery. Burgundy (def. 7). [1915-20; < F, masc. adj.: of Burgundy] * * *
Bourguignonne
/boor'geen yawn", -yohn", -yun"/; Fr. /boohrdd gee nyawn"/, n. Burgundy (def. 5). Also called Bourguignonne sauce. [1915-20; < F, fem. of BOURGUIGNON] * * *
Bouri
▪ anthropological and archaeological site, Ethiopia       site of paleoanthropological excavations in the Awash River valley in the Afar region of Ethiopia, best known ...
Bourignon, Antoinette
▪ French mystic born Jan. 13, 1616, Lille, France died Oct. 30, 1680, Friesland, Neth.       mystic and religious enthusiast who believed herself to be the “woman ...
Bourke
▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, north-central New South Wales, Australia, on the Darling River. It originated from a stockade built in 1835 by Sir Thomas ...
Bourke-White
/berrk"hwuyt", -wuyt"/, n. Margaret, 1906-71, U.S. photographer and author. * * *
Bourke-White, Margaret
born June 14, 1906, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 27, 1971, Stamford, Conn. U.S. photographer. She began her professional career as an industrial and architectural ...
Bourke-White,Margaret
Bourke-White (bûrkʹhwītʹ, -wītʹ), Margaret. 1906-1971. American photographer and writer. An editor of Life magazine (1936-1969), she photographed such diverse subjects as ...
bourkha
/boor"keuh/, n. burka. * * *
Bourmont, Louis-Auguste-Victor, Count de Ghaisnes de
▪ French soldier and politician born Sept. 2, 1773, château de Bourmont, France died Oct. 27, 1846, château de Bourmont       French soldier and politician, conqueror ...
bourn
bourn1 /bawrn, bohrn/, n. Scot. and North Eng. burn2. Also, bourne. bourn2 —bournless, adj. /bawrn, bohrn, boorn/, n. Archaic. 1. a bound; limit. 2. destination; goal. 3. ...
Bourne
/bawrn, bohrn/, n. a city in SE Massachusetts. 13,874. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       town (township), Barnstable county, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S. ...
Bourne, Francis
▪ archbishop of Westminster born March 23, 1861, Clapham, London, Eng. died Jan. 1, 1935, Westminster       cardinal, archbishop of Westminster who was a strong leader ...
Bourne, Geoffrey
▪ American anatomist in full  Geoffrey Howard Bourne   born Nov. 17, 1909, Perth, Western Australia, Australia died July 19, 1988, New York, N.Y., ...
Bourne, Matthew
▪ 1999       In October 1998 Broadway audiences finally got the chance to see British choreographer Matthew Bourne's controversial restaging of Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake ...
Bourne, Randolph Silliman
▪ American writer and critic born May 30, 1886, Bloomfield, N.J., U.S. died Dec. 22, 1918, New York, N.Y.       American literary critic and essayist whose polemical ...
Bournemouth
/boorn"meuhth, bawrn"-, bohrn"-/, n. a city in Dorset in S England: seashore resort. 146,400. * * * Seaside resort and unitary authority (pop., 2001: 163,441), Dorset, southern ...
Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
➡ Bournemouth * * *
bournonite
/bawr"neuh nuyt', bohr"-, boor"-/, n. Mineral. a sulfide of lead, antimony, and copper, PbCuSbS3, occurring in gray to black crystals or granular masses. Also called cogwheel ...
Bournonville
/boor"neuhn vil'/; Fr. /boohrdd nawonn veel"/, n. Auguste Fr. /oh gyuust"/, 1805-79, Danish ballet dancer and choreographer. * * *
Bournonville, August
born Aug. 21, 1805, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 30, 1879, Copenhagen Danish dancer, choreographer, and director of the Royal Danish Ballet for almost 50 years. After studying ...
Bournville
a suburb of Birmingham, England. It was built by the brothers George and Richard Cadbury to provide houses for the workers at the chocolate factory which they opened there in ...
bourrée
/boo ray"/; Fr. /booh rdday"/, n., pl. bourrées /-rayz"/; Fr. /-rdday"/. 1. an old French and Spanish dance, somewhat like a gavotte. 2. the music for it. [1700-10; < F: lit., ...
bourride
bourride [bo͞o rēd′] n. 〚Fr〛 a Provençal stew containing fish, vegetables, and white wine, thickened with aioli and served over bread * * *
Bourrienne, Louis-Antoine Fauvelet de
▪ French diplomat born July 9, 1769, Sens, Fr. died Feb. 7, 1834, Caen       French diplomat and one-time secretary to Napoleon Bonaparte. His Mémoires provide a ...
Boursault, Edme
▪ French author born October 1638, Mussy-l'Évêque [now Mussy-sur-Seine], Fr. died Sept. 15, 1701, Paris       French man of letters, active in the literary world of ...
bourse
/boors/, n. a stock exchange, esp. the stock exchange of certain European cities. [1835-45; < F: lit., purse; see BURSA] * * *
boursin
boursin [boor′sin] trademark for a spread of creamy, unripened white French cheese flavored with garlic and herbs, black pepper, etc. n. [usually B-] such a spread, esp. one ...
bourtree
/boor"tree'/, n. See European elder. [1400-50; late ME burtre, equiv. to bur (of uncert. orig.) + tre TREE] * * *
bouse
bouse1 /bows, bowz/, v.t., boused, bousing. Naut. to haul with tackle. Also, bowse. [1585-95; of uncert. orig.] bouse2 /boohz, bowz/, n., v., boused, bousing. n. 1. liquor or ...
Bousoño, Carlos
▪ Spanish poet and critic born May 9, 1923, Boal, Spain       Spanish poet and critic, a leading theorist of Hispanic literature.       Bousoño studied ...
bousouki
/boo zooh"kee/, n., pl. bousoukis, bousoukia /-kee euh/. bouzouki. * * *
Boussac, Marcel
▪ French industrialist born April 17, 1889, Châteauroux, Fr. died March 21, 1980, near Paris       French industrialist and textile manufacturer whose introduction of ...
Bousset, Wilhelm
▪ German scholar born Sept. 3, 1865, Lübeck died March 8, 1920, Giessen, Ger.       New Testament scholar and theologian, professor successively at the universities of ...
Boussingault, Jean-Baptiste
▪ French chemist born Feb. 2, 1802, Paris, Fr. died May 12, 1887, Paris       French agricultural chemist who helped identify the basic scheme of the biological ...
boustrophedon
/booh'streuh feed"n, -fee"don, bow'-/, n. an ancient method of writing in which the lines run alternately from right to left and from left to right. [1775-85; < Gk boustrophedón ...
boustrophedonic
See boustrophedon. * * *
bousy
/booh"zee, bow"-/, adj. intoxicated; drunk; boozy. [1520-30; BOUSE2 + -Y1] * * *
bout
/bowt/, n. 1. a contest or trial of strength, as of boxing. 2. period; session; spell: a bout of illness. 3. a turn at work or any action. 4. a going and returning across a ...
boutel
/boht"l/, n. boltel (def. 1). Also, boutell. * * *
Boutens, Pieter Cornelis
▪ Dutch poet and scholar born Feb. 20, 1870, Middelburg, Neth. died March 14, 1943, The Hague  Dutch poet, mystic, and classical scholar who evolved a very personal and ...
Bouterwek, Friedrich
▪ German philosopher born April 15, 1766, Oker, near Hannover, Hanover [Germany] died Aug. 9, 1828, Göttingen       German philosopher and critic of aesthetics and ...
Boutin, Francois
▪ 1996       French racehorse trainer (b. Jan. 21, 1937, Beaunay, France—d. Feb. 1, 1995, Paris, France), in a 31-year career as one of France's leading Thoroughbred ...
boutique
/booh teek"/, n. 1. a small shop or a small specialty department within a larger store, esp. one that sells fashionable clothes and accessories or a special selection of other ...
boutiquebrewery
boutique brewery n. See microbrewery. * * *
bouton
bou·ton (bo͞o-tônʹ) n. A knoblike enlargement at the end of an axon, where it forms a synapse with other neurons.   [French, button, from Old French. See button.] * * *
boutonneuse fever
▪ pathology French  Fièvre Boutonneuse, or Fièvre Exanthématique,    a mild, typhuslike fever caused by the bacterium Rickettsia conorii and transmitted by ticks (tick), ...
boutonniere
/booht'n ear", booh'teuhn yair"/, n. a flower or small bouquet worn, usually by a man, in the buttonhole of a lapel. [1875-80; < F boutonnière buttonhole (bouton BUTTON + -ière ...
Boutros-Ghali
/booh"traws gah"lee/, n. Boutros, born 1922, Egyptian diplomat: secretary-general of the United Nations 1992-96. * * *
Boutros-Ghali, Boutros
born Nov. 14, 1922, Cairo, Egypt Sixth secretary-general of the United Nations (1992–96), the first Arab and first African to hold the office. A descendant of a distinguished ...
Boutros-Ghali,Boutros
Bou·tros-Gha·li (bo͞oʹtrōs-gäʹlē), Boutros. Born 1922. Egyptian diplomat who served as secretary-general of the United Nations (1992-1996). * * *
Bouts, Dirck
born с 1415, Haarlem, Holland died May 6, 1475, Louvain, Brabant Netherlandish painter. He was active in Louvain, where he was influenced by Rogier van der Weyden. His ...
bouts-rimés
/booh'ree mayz"/, Fr. /booh rddee may"/, n.pl. Pros. 1. words or word endings forming a set of rhymes to be used in a given order in the writing of verses. 2. verses using such a ...
Boutwell, George Sewall
▪ American politician born Jan. 28, 1818, Brookline, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 27, 1905, Groton, Mass.  leading Radical Republican during the American Civil War and ...
Bouvard, Alexis
▪ French astronomer born June 27, 1767, Contamines, Fr. died June 7, 1843, Paris       astronomer and director of the Paris Observatory, who is noted for discovering ...
bouvardia
/booh vahr"dee euh/, n. any tropical shrub belonging to the genus Bouvardia, of the madder family, having cymes of red, yellow, or white tubular flowers. [1805; < NL; named after ...
Bouvet Island
Bouvet Island Introduction Bouvet Island Background: This uninhabited volcanic island is almost entirely covered by glaciers and is ...
BouvetIsland
Bou·vet Island (bo͞oʹvā) A Norwegian dependency in the southern Atlantic Ocean near the Antarctic Circle south-southwest of the Cape of Good Hope. * * *
Bouvier des Flandres
/booh vyay" deuh flan"deuhrz/; Fr. /booh vyay day flahonn"drddeu/, pl. Bouviers des Flandres /booh vyayz" deuh flan"deuhrz/; Fr. /booh vyay day flahonn"drddeu/. one of a Belgian ...
Bouvierdes Flandres
Bou·vier des Flan·dres (bo͞o-vyā' də flănʹdərz, dā fläɴʹdrə) n. Any of a breed of large, strong dogs developed in Belgium, having a rough, fawn to black coat and ...
Bouvines, Battle of
(July 27, 1214) Decisive victory won by the French king Philip II over an international coalition that included Emperor Otto IV, King John of England, and several powerful French ...
bouzouki
/boo zooh"kee/, n., pl. bouzoukis, bouzoukia /-kee euh/. n. a long-necked, fretted lute of modern Greece. Also, bousouki, buzuki. [1950-55; < ModGk mpouzoúki; Turk bozuk ...
bovarism
—bovarist, n. —bovaristic, adj. /boh"veuh riz'euhm/, n. an exaggerated, esp. glamorized, estimate of oneself; conceit. [1900-05; < F bovaryisme, after Emma Bovary, a ...
bovate
/boh"vayt/, n. an old English unit of land area measurement equivalent to one-eighth of a carucate. [1680-90; < ML bovata, equiv. to L bov- (s. of bos) cow + -ata -ATE1] * * *
Boveri, Theodor Heinrich
born Oct. 12, 1862, Bamberg, Bavaria died Oct. 15, 1915, Würzburg German cell biologist. Working with roundworm eggs, Boveri proved that chromosomes are separate units within ...
Bovet
/boh vay", -vet"/, n. Daniel, 1907-92, Italian pharmacologist, born in Switzerland: Nobel prize for medicine 1957. * * *
Bovet, Daniel
▪ Italian pharmacologist born March 23, 1907, Neuchâtel, Switz. died April 8, 1992, Rome, Italy       Swiss-born Italian pharmacologist who received the 1957 Nobel ...
Bovet,Daniel
Bo·vet (bō-vāʹ, -vĕtʹ), Daniel. 1907-1992. Swiss-born Italian physiologist. He won a 1957 Nobel Prize for the development of muscle relaxants and the first synthetic ...
bovid
/boh"vid/, Zool. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Bovidae, comprising the hollow-horned ruminants, as oxen, antelopes, sheep, and goats. n. 2. any bovid animal. [ < NL Bovidae, ...
bovine
—bovinely, adv. —bovinity /boh vin"i tee/, n. /boh"vuyn, -vin, -veen/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the subfamily Bovinae, which includes cattle, buffalo, and kudus. 2. ...
bovine growth hormone
1. a growth hormone of cattle that regulates growth and milk production in cows. 2. the same hormone, harvested in large quantities from genetically engineered bacteria for daily ...
bovine spongiform encephalopathy
/spun"jeuh fawrm'/ a fatal dementia of cattle, thought to be caused by the prion proteins implicated in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Also called mad cow disease. * * * ▪ ...
bovine trichomoniasis
Vet. Pathol. trichomoniasis (def. 3a). * * *
bovinegrowth hormone
bovine growth hormone n. Abbr. BGH A naturally occurring hormone of cattle that regulates growth and milk production. It may also be produced by genetic engineering and ...
bovinespongiform encephalopathy
bovine spongiform encephalopathy n. Abbr. BSE An infectious degenerative brain disease occurring in cattle. Also called mad cow disease. * * *
Bovril{™}
n [U] a dark brown substance made from beef. It is sold in jars, especially in Britain, and can be mixed with hot water to make a drink, added to food to give it a stronger ...
bovver
/bov"euhr/, n. Brit. Slang. troublemaking or rowdiness by street gang youths. [1965-70; repr. Cockney pron. of BOTHER (n.), prob. orig. as a euphemism] * * *
bow
bow1 —bowedness, n. —bowingly, adv. /bow/, v.i. 1. to bend the knee or body or incline the head, as in reverence, submission, salutation, recognition, or acknowledgment. 2. ...
Bow
/boh/, n. Clara, 1905-65, U.S. film actress: known as the "It Girl." * * * (as used in expressions) bow and arrow Bow porcelain Bow River Bow Clara Medicine Bow Mountains * * ...
bow and arrow
Weapon consisting of a strip of wood or other flexible material, bent and held in tension by a string. The arrow, a long wooden shaft with a pointed tip, is stabilized in flight ...
bow back
/boh/ a chair back formed of a single length of wood bent into a horseshoe form and fitted to a seat or arm rail, with spindles or slats as a filling. Also called hoop back, loop ...
Bow bells
/boh/ the bells of Bow church, in the East End district of London: traditionally, a true Cockney is born and raised within the sound of Bow bells. [1590-1600] * * *
bow compass
/boh/ any of several types of compasses having the legs joined by a bow-shaped piece. [1790-1800] * * *
bow divider
/boh/ a bow compass, each leg of which terminates in a needle, used to transfer measurements from one area of a drawing to another. * * *
bow front
/boh/, Furniture. See swell front. [1920-25] * * *
Bow Group
a political group within the Conservative Party. It was started in 1951 by young Conservatives who wanted to encourage new ideas in the party, including a freer economy and ...
bow hand
/boh/ 1. Archery. the hand that holds the bow, the left hand for right-handed people. 2. Music. the hand that draws the bow. [1580-90] * * *
bow net
/boh/ a clam-shaped net for trapping hawks, set open and baited with a pigeon, and closed upon the hawk by means of a trigger sprung from a blind. * * *
bow oar
/bow/ bow3 (def. 4). [1850-55] * * *
Bow porcelain
English soft-paste porcelain made at a factory in Stratford-le-Bow, Essex, с 1744–76. From 1750 bone ash was used in its production by Thomas Frye, an Irish engraver, who ...
Bow River
River, Alberta, Canada. Rising in Banff National Park on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains, it flows 315 mi (507 km) southeast through the park and east past Calgary to ...
bow rudder
/bow/ (in canoeing) a technique in which a paddler in the bow holds the paddle at an angle from the side of the bow, using it as a rudder to steer. * * *
bow saw
/boh/ a saw having a narrow blade held at both ends by a bowed handle. [1670-80] * * *
bow shock
/bow/, Astron. the shock front along which the solar wind encounters a planet's magnetic field. [1945-50] * * *
Bow Street
/boh/ a street in London, England: location of a metropolitan police court. * * *
Bow Street Runners
➡ Bow Street * * *
bow thruster
/bow/ a propeller located in a ship's bow to provide added maneuverability, as when docking. [1965-70] * * *
bow tie
/boh/ 1. a small necktie tied in a bow at the collar. 2. a sweet roll or Danish pastry having a shape similar to that of a bow tie or butterfly. [1910-15] * * *
bow trolley
/boh/, Railroads. See under trolley (def. 4). [1900-05] * * *

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