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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Cao Pi
▪ emperor of Wei dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Ts'ao P'i , posthumous name (shi)  (Wei) Wendi , courtesy name (zi)  Zihuan  born AD 187, Bo Xian [now in modern Anhui ...
Cao Yu
/tsow" yooh"/, (Wan Jiabao) born 1910, Chinese playwright. * * * ▪ 1997       (WAN JIABAO), Chinese playwright who was the first in his country to incorporate Western ...
Cao Zhan
or Ts'ao Chan born 1715?, Jiangning, Jiangsu province, China died Feb. 12, 1763, Beijing Chinese novelist. He is the author of Dream of the Red Chamber (1791), generally ...
Cao Zhi
▪ Chinese poet Wade-Giles romanization  Ts'ao Chih , courtesy name (zi)  Zijian , also called  Cao Zijian  or  Chensiwang (Chinese: “Prince Si of Chen”)  born 192, ...
Cão, Diogo
▪ Portuguese navigator Cão also spelled  Cam  flourished 1480–86       Portuguese navigator and explorer.       Cão was the first European to discover the ...
Caodaism
/kow duy"iz euhm/, n. an eclectic religion, originated in Cochin-China in 1926, combining Buddhist, Taoist, and Confucianist elements and affected to some extent by ...
caoshu
▪ Chinese calligraphy Chinese“draft script,” or “grass script” Wade-Giles romanization  ts'ao-shu        in Chinese calligraphy, a cursive variant of the ...
caoutchouc
/kow"chook, kow choohk"/, n. 1. rubber1 (def. 1). 2. pure rubber. [1765-75; < F < Sp cauchuc (now obs.), prob. ult. < an Indian language of lowland tropical South America] * * *
cap
cap1 —capless, adj. /kap/, n., v., capped, capping. n. 1. a close-fitting covering for the head, usually of soft supple material and having no visor or brim. 2. a brimless head ...
CAP
1. See Civil Air Patrol. 2. Common Agricultural Policy: a coordinated system established in 1960 by the European Economic Community for stabilizing prices of farm products of its ...
cap and bells
a fool's cap hung with bells. [1880-85] * * *
cap and gown
a ceremonial mortarboard and gown worn by faculty, students, etc., as at commencement. Cf. academic costume. [1855-60] * * *
cap cloud
1. a stationary cloud directly above an isolated mountain peak. Cf. banner cloud, crest cloud. 2. pileus (def. 3). Also called cloud cap. * * *
cap gun.
See cap pistol. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
Cap Haitien
Cap Haitien [kȧ pȧ ē tyan′, kȧ pȧ ēsyan′kap΄ hāt΄ē en′, kap΄hā΄sēen΄; kap΄hā′shən] seaport on the N coast of Haiti: pop. 92,000: Fr. name Cap-Haïtien ...
cap jib
Naut. a jib set on a stay to a bowsprit cap. * * *
cap pistol
a toy gun using caps to imitate the sound of a real pistol. Also called cap gun. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
cap rock
Geol. 1. a mass of anhydrite, gypsum, or limestone immediately above the salt of a salt dome. 2. an impervious stratum overlying an oil- or gas-bearing structure. Also, ...
cap screw
a fastener for machine parts, threaded along the whole length of its shank and held by threads tapped in the hole in which it is screwed. Cf. machine bolt, machine ...
cap sleeve
a short sleeve designed to cover the shoulder and the top of the arm, with little or no extension under the arm. [1925-30] * * *
cap spinning
a spinning process in which woolen yarn is twisted and wound onto a revolving bobbin located within a stationary cap, much used in the Bradford spinning process. [1910-15] * * *
cap'n
/kap"m/, n. captain. * * *
cap-a-pie
/kap'euh pee"/, adv. from head to foot. Also, cap-à-pie. [1515-25; < MF de cap a pe from head to foot < OPr < L de capite ad pedem] * * *
Cap-de-la-Madeleine
Fr. /kannp deuh lann manndeu len"/, n. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada, near Three Rivers, on the St. Lawrence. 32,626. * * * ▪ Canada       city, southern Quebec ...
Cap-Haitien
Fr. /kannp ann ee syaonn", -tyaonn"/, n. a seaport in N Haiti. 50,000. * * * ▪ Haiti also called  Le Cap        city, northern Haiti. Founded in 1670 by the French, ...
cap.
1. capacity. 2. (in prescriptions) let the patient take. [ < L capiat] 3. capital. 4. capitalize. 5. capitalized. 6. capital letter. 7. chapter. [ < L capitulum, caput] 8. ...
cap. moll.
(in prescriptions) soft capsule. [ < L capsula mollis] * * *
capa
/kah"peuh/, n. the red cloak of a bullfighter, used chiefly in attracting the attention of the bull and guiding the course of its attack. [1780-90; < Sp < LL cappa; see CAPE1] * ...
Capa
/kap"euh/, n. Robert (Andrei Friedmann), 1913-54, U.S. photographer, born in Hungary. * * *
Capa, Cornell
▪ 2009 Kornel Friedmann        American photographer born April 10, 1918, Budapest, Hung. died May 23, 2008, New York, N.Y. as a Life magazine photojournalist ...
Capa, Robert
orig. Andrei Friedmann born 1913, Budapest, Hung. died May 25, 1954, Thai Binh, Viet. Hungarian-born U.S. photojournalist. In Paris he presented his photographs as the work of ...
capability
/kay'peuh bil"i tee/, n., pl. capabilities. 1. the quality of being capable; capacity; ability: His capability was unquestionable. 2. the ability to undergo or be affected by a ...
Capablanca
/kap'euh blang"keuh/; Sp. /kah'pah vlahng"kah/, n. José Raoul /haw se" rddah oohl"/, 1888-1942, Cuban chess master. * * *
Capablanca, José (Raúl)
born Nov. 19, 1888, Havana, Cuba died March 8, 1942, New York, N.Y., U.S. Cuban chess master. He learned chess from his father at age 4 and beat Cuba's best player at 12. He ...
Capablanca, José Raúl
Ca·pa·blan·ca (kä'pə-blängʹkə), José Raúl. 1888-1942. Cuban chess master who was world champion from 1921 to 1927. * * * ▪ Cuban chess player born November 19, ...
capable
—capableness, n. —capably, adv. /kay"peuh beuhl/, adj. 1. having power and ability; efficient; competent: a capable instructor. 2. capable of, a. having the ability or ...
capableness
See capable. * * *
capably
See capableness. * * *
capacious
—capaciously, adv. —capaciousness, n. /keuh pay"sheuhs/, adj. capable of holding much; spacious or roomy: a capacious storage bin. [1605-15; CAPACI(TY) + -OUS] Syn. ample, ...
capaciously
See capacious. * * *
capaciousness
See capaciously. * * *
capacitance
/keuh pas"i teuhns/, n. Elect. 1. the ratio of an impressed charge on a conductor to the corresponding change in potential. 2. the ratio of the charge on either conductor of a ...
capacitate
—capacitation, n. /keuh pas"i tayt'/, v.t., capacitated, capacitating. to make capable; enable. [1645-55; CAPACIT(Y) + -ATE1] * * *
capacitation
See capacitate. * * *
capacitive
—capacitively, adv. /keuh pas"i tiv/, adj. Elect. pertaining to capacitance. [1915-20; CAPACIT(Y) + -IVE] * * *
capacitive coupling
Elect. the connection of two or more circuits by means of a capacitor. [1940-45] * * *
capacitive reactance
Elect. the opposition of capacitance to alternating current, equal to the reciprocal of the product of the angular frequency of the current times the capacitance. Symbol: XC Cf. ...
capacitively
See capacitive. * * *
capacitor
/keuh pas"i teuhr/, n. Elect. a device for accumulating and holding a charge of electricity, consisting of two equally charged conducting surfaces having opposite signs and ...
capacitor dielectric and piezoelectric ceramics
▪ ceramics Introduction       advanced industrial materials that, by virtue of their poor electrical conductivity, are useful in the production of electrical storage or ...
capacity
/keuh pas"i tee/, n., pl. capacities, adj. n. 1. the ability to receive or contain: This hotel has a large capacity. 2. the maximum amount or number that can be received or ...
Capaldi, Jim
▪ 2006 Nicola James Capaldi        British rock musician (b. Aug. 2, 1944, Evesham, Worcestershire, Eng.—d. Jan. 28, 2005, London, Eng.), was a founding member of the ...
Capaneus
/keuh pay"nee euhs, kap"euh noohs', -nyoohs'/, n. Class. Myth. one of the Seven against Thebes, who was destroyed by Zeus for blasphemy. * * *
Capannori
▪ Italy       commune comprising 38 small localities in Toscana ( Tuscany) region, central Italy. Capannori village is a market centre, with paper mills and button and ...
caparison
/keuh par"euh seuhn/, n. 1. a decorative covering for a horse or for the tack or harness of a horse; trappings. 2. rich and sumptuous clothing or equipment. v.t. 3. to cover with ...
capataz
/kah'pah tahth", -tahs"/; Eng. /kap'euh tahz"/, n., pl. capataces /-tah"thes, -ses/; Eng. /-tah"siz/. Spanish. a foreman or supervisor. * * *
Capde la Madeleine
Cap de la Ma·de·leine or Cap-de-la-Ma·de·leine (kăp' də lä măd-lānʹ, -lĕnʹ) A city of southern Quebec, Canada, on the St. Lawrence River northeast of Montreal. It ...
cape
cape1 —caped, adj. /kayp/, n., v., caped, caping. n. 1. a sleeveless garment of various lengths, fastened around the neck and falling loosely from the shoulders, worn ...
cape
cape1 —caped, adj. /kayp/, n., v., caped, caping. n. 1. a sleeveless garment of various lengths, fastened around the neck and falling loosely from the shoulders, worn ...
Cape Breton
/brit"n, bret"n/ an island forming the NE part of Nova Scotia, in SE Canada. 42,969; 3970 sq. mi. (10,280 sq. km). Also called Cape Breton Island. * * *
Cape Breton Highlands
▪ upland, Nova Scotia, Canada       forested upland, northernmost Nova Scotia, Canada, on Cape Breton Island. The highlands, which occupy a large peninsula bounded by ...
Cape Breton Island
Cape Breton Island 〚prob. after Canbreton, coastal town in France〛 island constituting the NE part of Nova Scotia, Canada: 3,981 sq mi (10,311 sq km) * * * Island, (pop., ...
Cape buffalo
a large black buffalo, Syncerus caffer, of southern Africa, having horns that meet at the base forming a helmetlike structure over the forehead. [1885-90] * * * Massive, black, ...
Cape Canaveral
the US base in Florida on the Atlantic coast where spacecraft and rockets are launched by NASA. It has been used for this since 1947 and was named Cape Kennedy between 1963 and ...
Cape Canaveral.
See Canaveral, Cape. * * *
Cape Coast
a seaport in S Ghana, on the Gulf of Guinea, 75 mi. (121 km) SW of Accra. 51,764. Formerly, Cape Coast Castle. * * * ▪ Ghana       town in the centre of the seaboard of ...
Cape Cod
1. a sandy peninsula in SE Massachusetts between Cape Cod Bay and the Atlantic Ocean: many resort towns. 2. a style of cottage developed mainly on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in the ...
Cape Cod Bay
a part of Massachusetts Bay, enclosed by the Cape Cod peninsula. * * *
Cape Cod Canal
a canal in SE Massachusetts, connecting Buzzards Bay and Cape Cod Bay. 8 mi. (13 km) long. * * * ▪ waterway, Massachusetts, United States       artificial waterway in ...
Cape Cod cottage
☆ Cape Cod cottage n. 〚after COD Cape〛 a rectangular house one or one-and-one-half stories high, with a gable roof * * *
Cape Cod lighter
a device for lighting a fire, as in a fireplace, consisting of a lump of nonflammable material on a metal rod, that is soaked in kerosene or the like and lighted with a match. * ...
cape collar
a soft, wide, circular collar that covers the shoulders and the upper arms like a cape. * * *
Cape Colony
former name of Cape of Good Hope. * * * ▪ British colony, South Africa       British colony established in 1806 in what is now South Africa. With the formation of the ...
Cape Colored
a South African of mixed European and African or Malayan ancestry. [1895-1900] * * *
Cape Coral
a city in SE Florida. 32,103. * * * ▪ Florida, United States       city, Lee county, southwestern Florida, U.S. It is situated on a broad peninsula pointing southward, ...
Cape crawfish
an edible South African spiny lobster, Jasus lalandii. Also, Cape crayfish. * * *
Cape Dutch
Afrikaans. [1820-30] * * *
Cape emerald
      gem-quality prehnite (not emerald). See prehnite. * * *
Cape Fear River
River, central and southeastern North Carolina, U.S. Formed by the confluence of the Deep and Haw rivers, it flows southeast about 200 mi (320 km) to enter the Atlantic Ocean ...
Cape Flats
▪ geographical region, South Africa       low, sandy area extending inland from the peninsular Cape of Good Hope, Western Cape province, South Africa, and occupying most ...
Cape flora
      a scrubland vegetation found along a narrow strip of the extreme southern coast of South Africa, composed of many species of broad-leaved evergreen shrubs, ...
Cape fox
a fox, Vulpes chama, inhabiting dry areas of southern Africa and having large pointed ears, silvery gray coat, and a bushy tail with a black tip. Also called bat-eared fox, ...
Cape Frontier Wars
▪ South African history       (1779–1879), 100 years of intermittent warfare between the Cape colonists and the Xhosa agricultural and pastoral peoples of the Eastern ...
Cape Girardeau
/jeuh rahr"doh/ a city in SE Missouri, on the Mississippi River. 34,361. * * * ▪ Missouri, United States       city, Cape Girardeau county, southeastern Missouri, U.S. ...
cape gooseberry
a tropical American plant, Physalis peruviana, of the nightshade family, having heart-shaped, hairy leaves, purple-throated pale yellow flowers, and edible, yellow berries ...
Cape Hatteras National Seashore
▪ coastal area, North Carolina, United States  scenic coastal area situated on Bodie, Hatteras, and Ocracoke islands along the Outer Banks, eastern North Carolina, U.S. The ...
Cape Horn
a headland on a small island at the S extremity of South America: belongs to Chile. * * *
Cape Horn Current
the part of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current flowing E at Cape Horn. * * *
Cape Horn fever
Naut. Slang. illness feigned by malingerers. [1840-50] * * *
Cape jasmine
the common gardenia, Gardenia jasminoides. * * *
Cape Kennedy
➡ Cape Canaveral * * *
Cape Krusenstern National Monument
National preserve, northwestern Alaska, U.S., on the coast of the Chukchi Sea. Established in 1978, it was enlarged in 1980 to 1,031 sq mi (2,670 sq km). Its remarkable ...
Cape Lookout National Seashore
▪ coastal area, North Carolina, United States       scenic coastal area on the barrier islands of the southern Outer Banks, eastern North Carolina, U.S. The national ...
Cape marigold
any composite plant of the genus Dimorphotheca, having variously colored, daisylike flowers. Also called African daisy. * * *
Cape May
▪ New Jersey, United States       city, Cape May county, at the southern tip of New Jersey, U.S. Originally called Cape Island, it was renamed in 1869 for the Dutch ...
Cape May warbler
a North American wood warbler, Dendroica tigrina, olive-green striped with black on the wings and back and yellow striped with black on the breast. [1805-15; after CAPE MAY, New ...
Cape of Good Hope
1. a cape in S Africa, in the SW Republic of South Africa. 2. Also called Cape Province. Formerly, Cape Colony. a province in the Republic of South Africa. 6,731,820; 277,169 sq. ...
Cape Photographic Durchmusterung
▪ star catalog       star catalog listing more than 454,000 stars of the 11th magnitude or brighter, between 18° south declination and the south celestial pole. The ...
Cape pondweed
an aquatic plant, Aponogeton distachyus, of the Cape of Good Hope, having floating leaves and tiny, fragrant white flowers. Also called water hawthorn. * * *
Cape primrose
streptocarpus. * * *
Cape Province
Cape Province former province of South Africa: in full Cape of Good Hope Province * * * or Cape of Good Hope formerly (1826–1910) Cape Colony Former province, South ...
Cape ruby
      deep-red pyrope garnet. See pyrope. * * *
Cape Sable seaside sparrow.
See under seaside sparrow. [after Cape Sable, the SW tip of Florida, where the race was discovered in 1918] * * *
Cape Sounion.
See Sounion, Cape. * * *
Cape Town
—Capetonian /kayp toh"nee euhn/, n. a seaport in and the legislative capital of the Republic of South Africa, in the SW part: also capital of Cape of Good Hope province. ...
Cape tulip
▪ plant also called  Bloodlily,         any plant of the genus Haemanthus of the family Amaryllidaceae, consisting of about 50 species of ornamental South African ...
Cape Verde
—Cape Verdean /verr"dee euhn/. /verrd/ a republic consisting of a group of islands (Cape Verde Islands) in the Atlantic, W of Senegal in W Africa: formerly an overseas ...
Cape Verde Basin
▪ basin, Atlantic Ocean Portuguese  Bacia Do Cabo Verde,         submarine depression in the Atlantic Ocean that rises to meet the submerged Mid-Atlantic Ocean Ridge ...
Cape Verde Peninsula
▪ peninsula, Senegal French  Presqu'île du Cap Vert        peninsula in west-central Senegal that is the westernmost point of the African continent. Formed by a ...
Cape Verde, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped national flag with two wide, unequal stripes of blue framing narrower stripes of white-red-white; a ring of 10 yellow stars ...
cape work
the skillful practice of a bullfighter in using a cape to maneuver a bull. [1925-30] * * *
Cape York Peninsula
a peninsula in NE Australia, in N Queensland, between the Gulf of Carpentaria and the Coral Sea. * * * ▪ peninsula, Queensland, Australia  northernmost extremity of ...
Cape, Jonathan
▪ British publisher born Nov. 15, 1879, London died Feb. 10, 1960, London       British publisher who in 1921 cofounded (with George Wren Howard) the firm that bears ...
capeador
/kah'pee euh dawr"/; Sp. /kah pe ah dhawrdd"/, n., pl. capeadors, Sp. capeadores /-dhaw"rddes/. a person who assists a matador by harassing or distracting the bull with a red ...
CapeBreton Island
Cape Bret·on Island (brĕtʹn, brĭtʹn) An island forming the northeast part of Nova Scotia, Canada. It was under French sovereignty from 1632 to 1763. * * *
Capebuffalo
Cape buffalo n. See African buffalo. * * *
Capecchi, Mario R.
▪ American scientist born Oct. 6, 1937, Verona, Italy       Italian-born American scientist who shared, with Sir Martin J. Evans (Evans, Sir Martin J.) and Oliver ...
CapeCod Canal
Cape Cod Canal A waterway, about 28 km (17.5 mi) long, of southeast Massachusetts connecting Buzzards Bay with Cape Cod Bay, the southern part of Massachusetts Bay. The canal ...
CapeCod cottage
Cape Cod cottage n. A compact house of one or one-and-a-half stories with a gabled roof and a central chimney. * * *
CapeCoral
Cape Coral A city of southwest Florida on the estuary of the Caloosahatchee River southwest of Fort Myers. It is a popular resort and retirement community. Population: 74,991. * ...
caped crusader
➡ Batman. * * *
CapeFear River
Cape Fear River A river rising in central North Carolina and flowing about 325 km (202 mi) southeast to the Atlantic Ocean north of Cape Fear. * * *
CapeGirardeau
Cape Gi·rar·deau (jə-rärʹdō, -räʹ-) A city of southeast Missouri on the Mississippi River south-southeast of St. Louis. It was founded in 1793. Population: 34,438. * * *
Capegooseberry
Cape gooseberry n. A tropical South American plant (Physalis peruviana) having yellow flowers with purple centers and an inflated calyx enclosing an edible yellow berry used to ...
Capejasmine
Cape jasmine n. See gardenia. * * *
Capek
/chah"pek/, n. Karel /kair"euhl, kar"-, kahr"-/; Czech. /kah"rddel/ 1890-1938, Czech playwright, novelist, and producer. * * *
Capek, Karel
Ča·pek (chäʹpĕk'), Karel. 1890-1938. Czech writer noted for his science fiction, such as the play R.U.R. (1921), and his psychologically penetrating novels, including An ...
Čapek,Karel
Ča·pek (chäʹpĕk'), Karel. 1890-1938. Czech writer noted for his science fiction, such as the play R.U.R. (1921), and his psychologically penetrating novels, including An ...
capelet
/kayp"lit/, n. a short cape usually covering just the shoulders. [1910-15; CAPE1 + -LET] * * *
capelin
/kap"euh lin/, n. either of two small fishes of the smelt family, Mallotus villosus, of coastal North American waters, or M. catervarius, of the North Pacific. Also, ...
capeline
/kap"euh leen', -lin/, n. 1. Armor. an iron skullcap worn by medieval archers. 2. Heraldry. a representation of a hood, sometimes used as a mantling. Also, capelline. [1425-75; ...
Capella
/keuh pel"euh/, n. Astron. a first-magnitude star in the constellation Auriga. [1675-85; < L: lit., she-goat, equiv. to cap(ra) she-goat + -ella dim. suffix] * * * ▪ ...
Capella, Martianus Minneus Felix
▪ African author flourished 5th century AD       a native of North Africa and an advocate at Carthage whose prose and poetry introduction to the liberal arts was of ...
Capellen, Godert Alexander Gerard Philip, baron van der
▪ Dutch statesman born Dec. 15, 1778, Utrecht, Neth. died April 10, 1848, De Bilt       governor-general of the Dutch East Indies (1816–26) who helped draw up a new ...
capelli d'angelo
/keuh pel"ee dan"jeuh loh'/; It. /kah pel"lee dahn"je law'/, Italian Cookery. See angel hair. [ < It: angel hair] * * *
capellini
/kap'euh lee"nee/, n. pasta in long, very fine strands. [ < It, dim. of capello hair] * * *
Capello, Bianca
▪ Venetian noble Capello also spelled  Cappello   born 1548, Venice [Italy] died Oct. 20, 1587, Poggio, near Florence  Venetian noblewoman, renowned for her beauty and ...
Capena
▪ ancient city, Italy       ancient city of southern Etruria, Italy, frequently mentioned with the ancient Etruscan cities of Veii and Falerii. It was probably a colony ...
Capeprimrose
Cape primrose n. Any of various chiefly African plants of the genus Streptocarpus, widely cultivated as houseplants for their attractive foliage and clusters of showy colorful ...
CapeProvince
Cape Province Officially Cape of Good Hope Province;. formerly (before 1910) Cape Colony. A former province of southern South Africa on the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Originally ...
caper
caper1 —caperer, n. —caperingly, adv. /kay"peuhr/, v.i. 1. to leap or skip about in a sprightly manner; prance; frisk; gambol. n. 2. a playful leap or skip. 3. a prank or ...
caper family
the plant family Capparidaceae (or Capparaceae), characterized by herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees having alternate, simple, or palmate leaves, irregular flowers with four ...
caper spurge.
See gopher plant. * * *
capercaillie
/kap'euhr kayl"yee/, n. a large grouse, Tetrao urogallus, of Eurasian forests. Also, capercailzie /kap'euhr kayl"yee, -kayl"zee/. [1530-40; < ScotGael capull coille (by ...
Capernaum
/keuh perr"nay euhm, -nee-/, n. an ancient site in N Israel, on the Sea of Galilee: center of Jesus' ministry in Galilee. * * * Ancient city, Palestine. Located on the ...
caperspurge
caper spurge n. An ornamental European spurge (Euphorbia lathyris) having a latex considered to be a potential source of hydrocarbons that can be converted into fuel. * * *
capeskin
/kayp"skin'/, n. a firm, washable leather used esp. for gloves, originally made from the skin of goats from the Cape of Good Hope, but now from hairy lambskin or ...
Capet
/kay"pit, kap"it/; Fr. /kann pe"/, n. Hugh or Fr. Hugues /yuug/, A.D. 938?-996, king of France 987-996. * * *
Capetian
/keuh pee"sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the French dynasty that ruled France A.D. 987-1328 in the direct line, and in collateral branches, as the Valois and Bourbons, ...
Capetian dynasty
▪ French history       ruling house of France from 987 to 1328, during the feudal period of the Middle Ages. By extending and consolidating their power, the Capetian ...
Capetians
or Capets Ruling house of France (987–1328), who laid the foundation of the French state. Descended from Robert the Strong died 866 , they included Hugh Capet (r. 987–96), ...
CapeTown
Cape Town or Cape·town (kāpʹtoun') The legislative capital of South Africa, in the extreme southwest part of the country on the Atlantic Ocean. It was founded in 1652 as a ...
capette
/kay pet"/, n. caponette. [CAP(ON) + -ETTE] * * *
CapeVerde
Cape Verde (vûrd) An island country of the Atlantic Ocean west of Senegal. The islands were settled by the Portuguese in the mid-15th century, became a colony in 1495 and an ...
CapeVerdean
See Cape Verde. * * *
capeweed
/kayp"weed'/, n. a low-growing, creeping plant, Arctotheca calendulacea, used as a ground cover in warm climates. [1875-80; CAPE2 (after the CAPE OF GOOD HOPE, where the plant is ...
CapeYork Peninsula
Cape York Peninsula A peninsula of northeast Australia between the Gulf of Carpentaria and the Coral Sea. * * *
capful
/kap"fool/, n., pl. capfuls. the amount that a cap will hold. [1710-20; CAP1 + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
Capgrave, John
▪ English scholar born April 21, 1393, Lynn, Norfolk, Eng. died Aug. 12, 1464, Lynn       historian, theologian, and hagiographer who wrote an English Life of St. ...
capgun
cap gun n. A toy pistol with a hammer action that detonates a mildly explosive cap. * * *
caph
/kahf, kawf/, n. kaph. * * *
CapHaitien
Cap Hai·tien (kăp' hāʹshən) or Cap-Ha·ï·tien (kä-pä-ē-syăɴʹ) A city of northern Haiti on the Atlantic Ocean. Founded c. 1670, it is a tourist center. Population: ...
capias
/kay"pee euhs, kap"ee-/, n. Law. a writ commanding an officer to take a specified person into custody. [1400-50; late ME < L: lit., you are to take, subj. 2nd person sing. of ...
capibara
/kap'euh bahr"euh/, n. capybara. * * *
capillaceous
/kap'euh lay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. hairlike. 2. capillary. [1725-35; < L capillaceus hairy, equiv. to capill(us) hair + -aceus -ACEOUS] * * *
capillarity
/kap'euh lar"i tee/, n. Also called capillary action, capillary attraction. Physics. a manifestation of surface tension by which the portion of the surface of a liquid coming in ...
capillary
/kap"euh ler'ee/, adj., n., pl. capillaries. adj. 1. pertaining to or occurring in or as if in a tube of fine bore. 2. resembling a strand of hair; hairlike. 3. Physics. a. ...
capillary attraction
capillary attraction n. a force that is the resultant of adhesion, cohesion, and surface tension in liquids which are in contact with solids, as in a capillary tube: when the ...
capillary wave
▪ oceanography       small, free, surface-water wave with such a short wavelength that its restoring force is the water's surface tension, which causes the wave to have ...
capillaryaction
capillary action n. See capillarity. * * *
capillaryattraction
capillary attraction n. The force that results from greater adhesion of a liquid to a solid surface than internal cohesion of the liquid itself and that causes the liquid to be ...
capillarybed
capillary bed n. The network of capillaries in a particular area or organ of the body. * * *
capillatus
/kap'euh lay"teuhs/, adj. (of a cumulonimbus cloud) having a cirriform upper portion that resembles an anvil or a disorderly mass of hair. [ < L capillatus having hair; see ...
capita
/kap"i teuh/, n. pl. of caput. * * *
capital
capital1 —capitalness, n. /kap"i tl/, n. 1. the city or town that is the official seat of government in a country, state, etc.: Tokyo is the capital of Japan. 2. a city ...
capital account
1. a business account stating the owner's or shareholder's interest in the assets. 2. capital accounts, Accounting. accounts showing the net worth in a business ...
capital and interest
▪ economics Introduction       in economics, a stock of resources that may be employed in the production of goods and services and the price paid for the use of credit ...
capital asset.
See fixed asset. [1920-25] * * *
capital assets
capital assets n. any assets, tangible or intangible, that are held for long-term investment * * *
capital budget
a statement of proposed financial expenditures, esp. for schools, parks, and other municipal facilities, and often including a plan for financing. * * *
capital expenditure
Accounting, Finance. an addition to the value of fixed assets, as by the purchase of a new building. [1895-1900] * * *
capital gain
profit from the sale of assets, as bonds or real estate. [1920-25] * * *
capital gains tax
n [C, U] (in Britain) a tax on the profits people make from selling investments (= things in which they have invested money), such as shares or property. * * * Tax levied on ...
Capital Gold
➡ Capital Radio * * *
capital goods
Econ. machines and tools used in the production of other goods (contrasted with consumer goods). [1895-1900] * * *
capital investment
(in a business) the total funds invested in an enterprise. * * *
capital letter
a letter of the alphabet that usually differs from its corresponding lowercase letter in form and height, as A, B, Q, and R as distinguished from a, b, q, and r: used as the ...
capital levy
a tax based on capital, as distinguished from a tax on income. [1915-20] * * * Direct tax assessed simultaneously on the capital resources of all persons possessing taxable ...
capital loss
loss from the sale of assets, as of bonds or real estate. [1920-25] * * *
capital offences
➡ capital punishment * * *
capital outlay
a capital expenditure. * * *
capital punishment
punishment by death for a crime; death penalty. [1575-85] * * * or death penalty Execution of an offender sentenced to death after conviction by a court of law of a criminal ...
Capital Radio
a commercial radio station in London, England, which plays pop music and has advertisements. The company that owns it also owns several other local radio stations in southern ...
capital ship
one of a class of the largest warships; a battleship, battle cruiser, or aircraft carrier. [1680-90] * * *
capital sins.
See deadly sins. * * *
capital stock
1. the total stock authorized or issued by a corporation. 2. the book value of the outstanding shares of a corporation, including retained earnings and amounts paid in by ...
capital structure
the apportionment of all the financial resources of a business, in equity, bonds, etc. * * *
capital sum
Insurance. the maximum amount collectable for accidental death or for some major disabling injury, as one resulting in the loss of an eye, leg, or arm. Also called principal ...
capital surplus
the surplus of a business, exclusive of its earned surplus. * * *
capital-intensive
/kap"i tl in ten"siv/, adj. requiring or using a very large amount of capital relative to the need for or use of labor. Cf. labor-intensive. [1955-60] * * *
capitalaccount
capital account n. 1. An account stating the amount of funds and assets invested in a business by the owners or stockholders, including retained earnings. 2. A statement of the ...
capitalasset
capital asset n. A long-term asset, such as land or a building. * * *
capitalexpenditure
capital expenditure n. Funds spent for the acquisition of a long-term asset. * * *
capitalflight
capital flight n. Large-scale removal of individual and corporate investment capital and income from a country. * * *
capitalgain
capital gain n. The amount by which proceeds from the sale of a capital asset exceed the original cost. * * *
capitalgoods
capital goods pl.n. Goods, such as machinery, used in the production of commodities; producer goods. * * *
capitalism
/kap"i tl iz'euhm/, n. an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by ...
capitalist
/kap"i tl ist/, n. 1. a person who has capital, esp. extensive capital, invested in business enterprises. 2. an advocate of capitalism. 3. a very wealthy person. [1785-95; ...
capitalistic
—capitalistically, adv. /kap'i tl is"tik/, adj. pertaining to capital or capitalists; founded on or believing in capitalism: a capitalistic system. [1870-75, Amer.; CAPITALIST ...
capitalistically
See capitalistic. * * *
capitalizable
See capitalize. * * *
capitalization
/kap'i tl euh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of capitalizing. 2. the authorized or outstanding stocks and bonds of a corporation. 3. Accounting. a. the total investment of ...
capitalize
—capitalizable, adj. —capitalizer, n. /kap"i tl uyz'/, v., capitalized, capitalizing. v.t. 1. to write or print in capital letters or with an initial capital. 2. to authorize ...
capitalletter
capital letter n. A letter written or printed in a size larger than and often in a form differing from its corresponding lowercase letter; an uppercase letter. * * *
capitally
/kap"i tl ee/, adv. 1. excellently; very well. 2. in a manner involving capital punishment. [1600-10; CAPITAL1 + -LY] * * *
capitalpunishment
capital punishment n. The penalty of death for the commission of a crime. * * *
capitalship
capital ship n. A warship of the largest class, such as a battleship or an aircraft carrier. * * *
capitalstock
capital stock n. 1. The total amount of stock authorized for issue by a corporation, including common and preferred stock. 2. The total stated or par value of the permanently ...
Capitano
▪ Italian stock character  stock character of the Italian commedia dell'arte. He was the prototype of a pretentious but cowardly military man. One of the earliest of the ...
capitasti
/kah'pee tahs"tee, -peuh-/, n. a pl. of capotasto. * * *
capitate
/kap"i tayt'/, adj. 1. Bot. forming or shaped like a head or dense cluster. 2. Biol. having an enlarged or swollen, headlike termination. [1655-65; < L capitatus headed, equiv. ...
capitate bone
Anat. the largest and central bone of the carpus, articulating with the second, third, and fourth metacarpal bones. * * *
capitative
See capitation. * * *
capitellum
cap·i·tel·lum (kăp'ĭ-tĕlʹəm) n. Anatomy pl. cap·i·tel·la (-tĕlʹə) The rounded protuberance at the lower end of the humerus that articulates with the ...
Capito, Wolfgang Fabricius
▪ German religious reformer original name  Wolfgang Köpfel  born 1478, Hagenau, Alsace [now in France] died November 4, 1541, Strasbourg]       Christian humanist ...
Capitol
/kap"i tl/, n. 1. the building in Washington, D.C., used by the Congress of the U.S. for its sessions. 2. (often l.c.) a building occupied by a state legislature. 3. the ancient ...
Capitol Hill
1. the small hill in Washington, D.C., on which the Capitol stands. 2. Informal. the U.S. Congress. Also called the Hill. * * *
Capitol Reef National Park
a national park in S central Utah: cliff dwellings and fossils. 397 sq. mi. (1028 sq. km). * * * Park, south-central Utah, U.S. Occupying 378 sq mi (979 sq km), it comprises ...
Capitol, United States
Meeting place of the U.S. Congress. In 1792 a competition for its design was won by William Thornton (1759–1828); his revised Federal-style design of 1795 was executed as the ...
CapitolHill
Capitol Hill n. Informal The U.S. Congress. * * *
Capitoline
/kap"i tl uyn'/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Capitoline or to the ancient temple of Jupiter that stood on this hill. n. 2. one of the seven hills on which ancient Rome was ...
Capitoline Museums
▪ museums, Rome, Italy Italian  Musei Capitolini,         complex of art galleries on the Capitoline Hill in Rome. The collection was initially founded in 1471 by ...
CapitolPeak
Capitol Peak A mountain, 4,309.7 m (14,130 ft) high, in the Rocky Mountains of west-central Colorado. * * *
capitula
ca·pit·u·la (kə-pĭchʹə-lə) n. Plural of capitulum. * * *
capitulant
See capitulate. * * *
capitular
—capitularly, adv. /keuh pich"euh leuhr/, n. 1. a member of an ecclesiastical chapter. 2. capitulars, the laws or statutes of a chapter or of an ecclesiastical council. adj. 3. ...
capitularly
See capitular. * * *
capitulary
/keuh pich"euh ler'ee/, adj., n., pl. capitularies. adj. 1. pertaining to a chapter, esp. to an ecclesiastical one. n. 2. a member of a chapter, esp. of an ecclesiastical one. 3. ...
capitulate
—capitulant, n. —capitulator, n. /keuh pich"euh layt'/, v.i., capitulated, capitulating. 1. to surrender unconditionally or on stipulated terms. 2. to give up resistance: He ...
capitulation
—capitulatory /keuh pich"euh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /keuh pich'euh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of capitulating. 2. the document containing the terms of a surrender. 3. a ...
capitulationism
—capitulationist, n. /keuh pich'euh lay"sheuh niz'euhm/, n. advocacy or approval of capitulation. [1955-60; CAPITULATION + -ISM] * * *
capitulator
See capitulant. * * *
capitulatory
See capitulant. * * *
capitulum
/keuh pich"euh leuhm/, n., pl. capitula /-leuh/. Biol. any globose or knoblike part, as a flower head or the head of a bone. [1715-25; < L, equiv. to capit- (s. of caput) head + ...
capiz
/keuh peez", ka-/, n. 1. a small marine bivalve of the genus Placuna, esp. P. placenta, common in Philippine coastal waters and some other parts of the Pacific Ocean. 2. Also ...
Capiz shell
Capiz shell [kə pēz′] n. whitish, translucent shell of the Philippines, used in making lamp shades, decorative articles, etc. * * *
Caplet
/kap"lit/, Pharm., Trademark. an oval-shaped tablet that is coated to facilitate swallowing. * * *
caplin
/kap"lin/, n. capelin. * * *
capo
capo1 /kay"poh/, n., pl. capos. 1. any of various devices for a guitar, lute, banjo, etc., that when clamped or screwed down across the strings at a given fret will raise each ...
Capodimonte porcelain
 soft-paste porcelain produced by a factory established in 1743 at the Palazzo of Capodimonte by Charles III of Naples. Ware was produced there in large quantity and wide ...
Capodimonte, National Museum and Galleries of
▪ museum, Naples, Italy Italian  Museo e Gallerie Nazionali di Capodimonte        art museum in Naples housed in the Palazzo of Capodimonte (begun ...
capoeira
cap·o·ei·ra (kăp'ō-āʹrə, kä'po͝o-āʹrä) n. An Afro-Brazilian dance form that incorporates self-defense maneuvers.   [Portuguese, from earlier *capon, capon, from ...
capon
/kay"pon, -peuhn/, n. a cockerel castrated to improve the flesh for use as food. [bef. 1000; ME; OE capun < L capon- (s. of capo) castrated cock; akin to Gk kóptein to cut, OCS ...
caponata
caponata [kä΄pə nät′ə] n. 〚It〛 a relish made of chopped eggplant, olives, onions, celery, and herbs in olive oil, usually served as an antipasto * * * ca·po·na·ta ...
Capone
/keuh pohn"/, n. Al(phonse) ("Scarface"), 1899-1947, U.S. gangster and Prohibition-era bootlegger, probably born in Italy. * * *
Capone, Al
▪ American gangster byname of  Alphonse Capone,  also called  Scarface  born Jan. 17, 1899, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 25, 1947, Palm Island, Fla.  the most famous ...
Capone, Al(phonse)
born Jan. 17, 1899, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 25, 1947, Palm Island, Fla. U.S. gangster. Quitting school after the sixth grade, he joined the James Street Boys gang, led ...
Capone,Alphonse
Ca·pone (kə-pōnʹ), Alphonse. Known as “Al.” Also called “Scarface.” 1899-1947. Italian-born American gangster who ruthlessly ruled the Chicago underworld and was ...
caponette
/kay'peuh net"/, n. a capon produced by the administration of a synthetic sex hormone. Also called capette. [CAPON + -ETTE] * * *
caponize
—caponization, n. —caponizer, n. /kay"peuh nuyz'/, v.t., caponized, caponizing. to castrate (a fowl). Also, esp. Brit., caponise. [1645-55; CAPON + -IZE] * * *
caporal
caporal1 /kap"euhr euhl, kap'euh ral"/, n. a variety of tobacco. [1840-50; short for F tabac du caporal tobacco of the CORPORAL2] caporal2 /kap"euh ral'/, n. Southwestern U.S. an ...
caporegime
/kah'poh reuh zheem", kap'o-/, n. the second in command to a capo; Mafia lieutenant. [1970-75; < It, lit. head of the regime; see CAPO2, REGIME] * * *
Caporetto
/kap'euh ret"oh/; It. /kah'paw rddet"taw/, n. Italian name of Kobarid. * * *
Caporetto, Battle of
(Oct. 24, 1917) Italian military disaster in World War I in which Italian troops retreated before an Austro-German offensive near Trieste on the Isonzo front (see Battles of the ...


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