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See carbo-loading. * * *
/kahr"boh loh'ding/, n. Informal. carbohydrate loading. * * *
/kahr'boh koh"leen, -kol"een/, n. carbachol. [CARBO- + CHOLINE] * * *
carbocyclic [kär΄bō sīk′lik] adj. 〚 CARBO- + CYCLIC〛 designating an organic ring compound in which all the members of the ring are carbon atoms, as benzene or ...
carbocyclic compound
/kahr"beuh suy"klik, -sik"lik, kahr'-/ any of a group of organic chemical compounds in which all the atoms composing the ring are carbon atoms, as benzene or ...
/kahr'boh huy"drays, -drayz, -beuh-/, n. Biochem. any of numerous enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of disaccharides, polysaccharides, and glycosides. [CARBO- + HYDRASE] * * *
/kahr'boh huy"drayt, -beuh-/, n. any of a class of organic compounds that are polyhydroxy aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones, or change to such substances on simple chemical ...
carbohydrate loading
the practice of eating high amounts of carbohydrates, sometimes after a period of low carbohydrate intake, for several days immediately before competing in an athletic event, ...
carbohydrate loading n. A dietary practice that increases carbohydrate reserves in muscle tissue through the consumption of extra quantities of high-starch foods. Some ...
/kahr"beuh lay'tid/, adj. containing carbolic acid. [1880-85; CARBOL(IC) + -ATE1 + -ED2] * * *
/kahr bol"ik/, adj. of or derived from carbolic acid. [1860-65; carbol- (CARB- + -OL2) + -IC] * * *
carbolic acid
phenol (def. 1). * * * or phenol Organic compound, simplest member of the class of phenols. A colourless liquid with a bland, sweetish odour, it is toxic and caustic. It is a ...
car·bol·ic acid (kär-bŏlʹĭk) n. See phenol.   [carbo- + -ol1 + -ic.] * * *
/kahr"beuh luyz'/, v.t., carbolized, carbolizing. phenolate (def. 2). Also, esp. Brit., carbolise. [1865-70; CARBOL(IC) + -IZE] * * *
/kahr"beuh loy'/, Trademark. a brand of tungsten carbide compound used for dies, cutting tools, and wearing surfaces. * * *
car bomb n. A car wired with explosives that are then detonated, as by remote control, so as to kill persons or destroy property nearby. * * *
—carbonless, adj. /kahr"beuhn/, n. 1. Chem. a widely distributed element that forms organic compounds in combination with hydrogen, oxygen, etc., and that occurs in a pure ...
carbon 12
the isotopic carbon atom that comprises 99 percent of naturally occurring carbon, and that since 1961 has been used as the standard for atomic weight by representing a unit of ...
carbon 13
the stable isotope of carbon having an atomic mass number 13, used as a tracer. Also, carbon-13 /kahr"beuhn therr teen"/. [1940-45] * * *
carbon 14
radiocarbon (def. 1). Also, carbon-14 /kahr"beuhn fawr teen", -fohr-/. [1935-40] * * *
carbon arc
an electric arc between two carbon electrodes, used mainly for lighting, as in an arc light for a motion-picture projector, or for intense heating, as in the cutting and welding ...
carbon bisulfide
carbon bisulfide n. CARBON DISULFIDE * * *
carbon bisulfide.
See carbon disulfide. * * *
carbon black
any of various finely divided forms of amorphous carbon prepared by the partial combustion of hydrocarbons, as of natural gas, or by charring wood, bones, or other plant or ...
carbon copy
1. a duplicate of anything written or typed, made by using carbon paper. 2. a near or exact duplicate of a given person or thing; replica. [1890-95] * * *
carbon cycle
1. Ecol. the circulation of carbon atoms in the biosphere as a result of photosynthetic conversion of carbon dioxide into complex organic compounds by plants, which are consumed ...
carbon dating
carbon dating n. a method of establishing the approximate age of carbonaceous materials, such as fossil remains or archaeological specimens, by measuring the amount of ...
carbon dating.
See radiocarbon dating. [1950-55] * * *
carbon dioxide
a colorless, odorless, incombustible gas, CO2, present in the atmosphere and formed during respiration, usually obtained from coal, coke, or natural gas by combustion, from ...
carbon disulfide
a clear, colorless or faintly yellow, poisonous, flammable liquid, CS2, used chiefly in the manufacture of cellophane, viscose rayon, and pesticides and as a solvent for fats, ...
carbon fiber
a strong, stiff, thin fiber of nearly pure carbon, made by subjecting various organic raw materials to high temperatures, combined with synthetic resins to produce a strong, ...
carbon group element
▪ chemical elements Introduction  any of the five chemical elements that make up Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table—namely, carbon (C), silicon (Si), germanium (Ge), ...
carbon hexachloride
hexachloroethane. * * *
Carbon in Earth's crust
▪ Table Carbon in Earth's crust form total amount (Pg* C) atmospheric CO (as of 1978) 696 oceanic carbon dioxide, bicarbonate ion, and carbonate ion 34,800 limestones, ...
carbon monoxide
a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas, CO, that burns with a pale-blue flame, produced when carbon burns with insufficient air: used chiefly in organic synthesis, metallurgy, and ...
carbon monoxide poisoning
▪ medicine       often fatal condition resulting from inhalation of carbon monoxide, frequently occurring in association with inhalation of smoke or automobile exhaust. ...
carbon oxychloride
phosgene. * * *
carbon paper
1. paper faced with a preparation of carbon or other material, used between two sheets of plain paper in order to reproduce on the lower sheet that which is written or typed on ...
carbon process
a method of making photographic prints by the use of a pigment, as carbon, contained in sensitized gelatin. [1875-80] * * *
carbon star
Astron. a relatively cool, red giant having a spectrum with strong bands of carbon compounds. Also called C star. Cf. spectral type. * * *
carbon steel
steel owing its properties principally to its carbon content; ordinary, unalloyed steel. [1900-05] * * * Alloy of iron and carbon in which the carbon content may range from less ...
carbon tetrachloride
a colorless, nonflammable, vaporous, toxic liquid, CCl4, usually produced by the reaction of chlorine with carbon disulfide, methane, or other carbon-containing compounds: used ...
carbon tissue.
See carbon paper (def. 2). * * *
carbon-14 [kär′bənfôr tēn′] n. see CARBON (n. 1) * * *
carbon-14 dating
or radiocarbon dating Method of determining the age of once-living material, developed by U.S. physicist Willard Libby in 1947. It depends on the decay of the radioactive ...
carbon-14 dating.
See radiocarbon dating. [1955-60] * * *
car·bon-14 dating (kär'bən-fôr-tēnʹ, -fōr-) n. See radiocarbon dating. * * *
/kahr"beuhn dayt'/, v.t., carbon-dated, carbon-dating. to estimate the age of (an object of plant or animal origin) by radiocarbon dating. [1965-70] * * *
car·bon-ni·tro·gen cycle (kär'bən-nīʹtrə-jən) n. A chain of thermonuclear reactions in which nitrogen isotopes are formed in intermediate stages and carbon acts ...
/kahr'beuh nay"sheuhs/, adj. of, like, or containing carbon. [1785-95; CARBON + -ACEOUS] * * *
carbonaceous chondrite
▪ meteorite  a diverse class of chondrites (one of the two divisions of stony meteorites), important because of the insights they provide into the early history of the ...
carbonado1 /kahr'beuh nay"doh/, n., pl. carbonados, carbonadoes. a massive, black variety of diamond, found chiefly near São Salvador, Brazil, and formerly used for drilling and ...
/kahr'beuh nahr"euh/; It. /kahrdd'baw nah"rddah/, n., Italian Cookery. a sauce or dressing for spaghetti, usually containing minced prosciutto or pancetta, egg yolks, and grated ...
—Carbonarism, n. —Carbonarist, n., adj. /kahr'beuh nahr"ee/; It. /kahrdd'baw nah"rddee/, n.pl., sing. Carbonaro /-nahr"oh/; It. /-nah"rddaw/. Europ. Hist. the members of a ...
▪ Italian secret society member plural  Carbonari        (Italian dialect: Charcoal Burner), in early 19th-century Italy, member of a secret society (the Carbonaria) ...
/kahr'beuh neuh tay"sheuhn/, n. saturation or reaction with carbon dioxide. [1885-90; CARBONATE + -ATION] * * *
—carbonator, n. n. /kahr"beuh nayt', -nit/; v. /kahr"beuh nayt'/, n., v., carbonated, carbonating. n. 1. a salt or ester of carbonic acid. v.t. 2. to form into a carbonate. 3. ...
carbonate mineral
Any member of a family of minerals that contains the carbonate ion, CO32-, as the basic structural unit. The carbonates are among the most widely distributed minerals in the ...
carbonate rock
▪ geology       any rock composed mainly of carbonate minerals. The principal members of the group are the sedimentary rocks dolomite and limestone (qq.v.). * * *
      rare phosphate mineral belonging to the apatite series. See apatite. * * *
car·bon·at·ed water (kärʹbə-nā'tĭd) n. Effervescent water, usually containing salts, charged under pressure with purified carbon dioxide gas, used as a beverage or ...
/kahr'beuh nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. saturation with carbon dioxide, as in making soda water. 2. reaction with carbon dioxide to remove lime, as in sugar refining. 3. ...
/kahr bon"euh tuyt'/, n. a calcitic or dolomitic carbonate rock emplaced as an igneous intrusion. [CARBONATE + -ITE1] * * *
See carbonation. * * *
carbon bisulfide n. Carbon disulfide. * * *
carbon black n. Any of various finely divided forms of carbon derived from the incomplete combustion of natural gas or petroleum oil and used to reinforce rubber and as an ...
carbon copy n. 1. A duplicate, as of a letter, made by using carbon paper. 2. A person or thing that closely resembles another. * * *
carbon cycle n. 1. Physics. See carbon-nitrogen cycle. 2. Ecology. The combined processes, including photosynthesis, decomposition, and respiration, by which carbon as a ...
/kahr"beuhn dayl'/, n. 1. a city in SW Illinois. 27,194. 2. a city in NE Pennsylvania, near Scranton: coal-mining center. 11,255. * * * ▪ Illinois, United ...
carbon dating n. See radiocarbon dating.   carʹbon-date' (kärʹbən-dāt') v. * * *
carbon dioxide n. A colorless, odorless, incombustible gas, CO2, formed during respiration, combustion, and organic decomposition and used in food refrigeration, carbonated ...
carbon disulfide n. A clear, flammable liquid, CS2, used to manufacture viscose rayon and cellophane, as a solvent for fats, rubber, resins, waxes, and sulfur, and in matches, ...
carbon fiber n. An extremely strong thin fiber made by pyrolyzing synthetic fibers, such as rayon, until charred. It is used to make high-strength composites. * * *
/kahr bon"ik/, adj. containing tetravalent carbon, as carbonic acid, H2CO3. [1785-95; CARBON + -IC] * * *
carbonic acid
the acid, H2CO3, formed when carbon dioxide dissolves in water, known in the form of its salts and esters, the carbonates. [1785-95] * * *
carbonic anhydrase
/an huy"drays, -drayz/, Biochem. an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible combination of carbon dioxide with water in red blood cells. [1835-45; ANHYDR- + -ASE] * * * ▪ ...
carbonic-acid gas
/kahr bon"ik as"id/. See carbon dioxide. Also called carbonic anhydride. [1875-80] * * *
car·bon·ic acid (kär-bŏnʹĭk) n. A weak, unstable acid, H2CO3, present in solutions of carbon dioxide in water. * * *
carbonicacid gas
carbonic acid gas n. See carbon dioxide. * * *
/kahr'beuh nif"euhr euhs/, Geol. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a period of the Paleozoic Era, including the Pennsylvanian and Mississippian periods as epochs, occurring from ...
Carboniferous Period
Interval of geologic time 354–290 million years ago, marked by great changes in world geography. All the landmasses drew closer together as a result of tectonic plate ...
carbonium [kär bō′nē əm] n. 〚
carbonium ion
/kahr boh"nee euhm/ an organic ion containing a positively charged carbon atom (opposed to carbanion). [CARBON + -IUM] * * * ▪ chemical ion Introduction       any ...
/kahr'beuh neuh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. formation of carbon from organic matter. 2. coal distillation, as in coke ovens. [1795-1805; CARBONIZE + -ATION] * * *
—carbonizable, adj. —carbonizer, n. /kahr"beuh nuyz'/, v., carbonized, carbonizing. v.t. 1. to char (organic matter) until it forms carbon. 2. to coat or enrich with ...
See carbonize. * * *
carbon monoxide n. A colorless, odorless, highly poisonous gas, CO, formed by the incomplete combustion of carbon or a carbonaceous material, such as gasoline. * * *
/kahr'beuh nahd"/; Fr. /kannrdd baw nannd"/, n., pl. carbonnades /-nahdz"/; Fr. /-nannd"/. Belgian Cookery. a thick stew of beef, onions, herbs, etc., cooked in beer. [1875-80; < ...
carbon nanotube n. A fullerene having a cylindrical or toroidal configuration. * * *
/kahr"beuh neuhs/, adj. of, containing, or derived from carbon. [1785-95; CARBON + -OUS] * * *
carbon paper n. A lightweight paper coated on one side with a dark waxy pigment, placed between two sheets of blank paper so that the bottom sheet will receive a copy of what is ...
carbon process n. A photographic printing process using permanent pigments, such as carbon, contained in a sensitized tissue or film of gelatin. * * *
carbon star n. Any of a class of stars with high carbon-to-hydrogen ratios and primarily low temperatures. * * *
carbon tetrachloride n. A poisonous, nonflammable, colorless liquid, CCl4, used in fire extinguishers and as a dry-cleaning fluid. * * *
/kahr"beuh nil/, adj. 1. containing the carbonyl group. n. 2. a compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide, as nickel carbonyl, Ni(CO)4. [1865-70; CARBON + -YL] * * *
carbonyl chloride
phosgene. [1865-70] * * *
carbonyl group
the bivalent radical CO, occurring in acids, ketones, aldehydes, and their derivatives. * * * ▪ chemistry       in organic chemistry, a divalent chemical unit ...
—carbonylation, n. /kahr bon"l ayt'/, v.t., carbonylated, carbonylating. to introduce the carbonyl group into (an organic compound). [CARBONYL + -ATE1] * * *
/kahr'beuh nil"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the carbonyl group. [CARBONYL + -IC] * * *
/kahr"beuh rayn'/, n. any of the crystalline compounds obtained by the substitution of carbon for boron in borane. [b. CARBON and BORANE] * * * ▪ chemical ...
/kahr'beuh run"deuhm/, Trademark. any of various abrasives or refractories of silicon carbide, fused alumina, and other materials. * * * Trademark name of silicon carbide, an ...
carboxy- pref. Carboxyl: carboxyhemoglobin.   [From carboxyl.] * * *
carboxyhemoglobin [kär bäks΄ə hē′mō glō΄bin, kär bäks΄əhem′ōglō΄bin] n. a compound formed in the blood when carbon monoxide occupies the positions on the ...
—carboxylic, adj. /kahr bok"sil/, adj. containing the carboxyl group. [1865-70; CARB- + OX(YGEN) + -YL] * * *
carboxyl group
the univalent radical COOH, present in and characteristic of organic acids. [1875-80] * * *
/kahr bok"seuh lays', -layz'/, n. Biochem. decarboxylase. [ < G (1911); see CARBOXYL, -ASE] * * *
/kahr bok"seuh layt'/, v., carboxylated, carboxylating, n. v.t. 1. to introduce the carboxyl group into (an organic compound). n. 2. a salt or ester of a carboxylic ...
/kahr bok'seuh lay"sheuhn/, n. the process of carboxylating. [CARBOXYL + -ATION] * * *
See carboxyl. * * *
carboxylic acid
Chem. any organic acid containing one or more carboxyl groups. [1900-05; CARBOXYL + -IC] * * * Any organic compound with the general chemical formula ―COOH in which a carbon ...
car·box·yl·ic acid (kär'bŏk-sĭlʹĭk) n. An organic acid that contains one or more carboxyl groups. * * *
/kahr bok'see meth'euhl sel"yeuh lohs'/, n. a white, water-soluble polymer derived from cellulose, used as a coating and sizing for paper and textiles, a stabilizer for various ...
/kahr bok'see pep"ti days', -dayz'/, n. Biochem. any of several digestive enzymes that catalyze the removal of an amino acid from the end of a peptide chain having a free ...
—carboyed, adj. /kahr"boy/, n. a large glass bottle protected by basketwork or a wooden box, used esp. for holding corrosive liquids. [1705-15; < Pers qaraba(h) < Ar qarrabah ...
carbro process
/kahr"broh/, Photog. a process for making carbon or pigment prints on bromide paper without exposure to light. [CAR(BON) + BRO(MIDE)] * * *
/kahr"bung keuhl/, n. 1. Pathol. a painful circumscribed inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue, resulting in suppuration and sloughing, and having a tendency to spread somewhat ...
/kahr"bung keuhld/, adj. 1. infected with a carbuncle. 2. having a carbuncle as its stone: a carbuncled ring. [1570-80; CARBUNCLE + -ED3] * * *
/kahr bung"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a carbuncle, esp. having a carbuncle or a red and inflamed area. [1730-40; < L carbuncul(us) (see CARBUNCLE) + ...
/kahr"beuh rayt', -byeuh-/, v.t., carburated, carburating. carburet. [CARBUR(ET) + -ATE1] * * *
/kahr"beuh rayt', -byeuh-, -byeuh ret'/, v.t., carbureted, carbureting or (esp. Brit.) carburetted, carburetting. to combine or mix with carbon or hydrocarbons. [1865-70; CARB- + ...
/kahr"beuh rayt'nt, -ret'-, -byeuh-/, n. any substance for carbureting air or a gas. [CARBURET + -ANT] * * *
/kahr'beuh ray"sheuhn, -byeuh-, -byeuh resh"euhn/, n. (in an internal-combustion engine) the process of producing a mixture of air and fuel in the correct proportion for engine ...
/kahr"beuh ray'teuhr, -byeuh-/, n. a device for mixing vaporized fuel with air to produce a combustible or explosive mixture, as for an internal-combustion engine. Also, ...
See carburize. * * *
—carburization, n. —carburizer, n. /kahr"beuh ruyz', -byeuh-/, v.t., carburized, carburizing. 1. to cause to unite with carbon. 2. to carburet. Also, esp. Brit., ...
Oldest method for surface-hardening steel, by heat or mechanical means to increase the hardness of the outer surface while leaving the core relatively soft. The combination of ...
/kahr'bil euh meen", -am"in/, n. Chem. (formerly) isocyanide. [1875-80; CARB- + -YL + AMINE] * * *
/kahr"keuh jooh', -zhooh'/, n. wolverine (def. 1). [1695-1705; < CanF < Montagnais kwa·hkwa·ce·w, c. Cree kwi·hkwaha·ke·w; cf. QUICKHATCH] * * *
/kahr"keuh net', -nit/, n. a woman's ornamental circlet for the hair, often of gold decorated with jewels or pearls. [1520-30; carcan choker < MF, equiv. to carc- throat ( < Gmc) ...
Carcani, Adil
▪ 1998       Albanian politician who served (1981-91) as the last communist prime minister of Albania during a political career that spanned nearly five decades and ...
/kahr"keuhs/, n. one of the seven eunuchs who served in the court of King Ahasuerus. Esther 1:10. * * *
/kahr"keuhs/, n., v.t., carcased, carcasing. carcass. * * *
—carcassless, adj. /kahr"keuhs/, n. 1. the dead body of an animal. 2. Slang. the body of a human being, whether living or dead. 3. the body of a slaughtered animal after ...
/kannrdd kann sawn"/, n. a city in and the capital of Aude, in S France: medieval fortifications. 44,623. * * * ancient Carcaso City (pop., 1999: 43,950), southwestern ...
▪ shark also called  requiem shark,   any member of the shark family Carcharhinidae, which includes about 12 genera and 50 species found worldwide. Carcharhinids are found ...
/kahr"keuh mish, kahr kee"-/, n. an ancient city in S Turkey, on the upper Euphrates: important city in the Mitanni kingdom; later the capital of the Hittite empire. Also, ...
a combining form meaning "cancer," used in the formation of compound words: carcinogen. [ < Gk, comb. form repr. karkínos crab, ulcerous sore; cf. CANCER] * * *
carcinoembryonic antigen
carcinoembryonic antigen [kär΄sə nō em brē än′ik] n. a glycoprotein found in serum, urine, etc. that is associated with various types of tumors: monitoring its levels is ...
car·ci·no·em·bry·on·ic antigen (kär'sə-nō-ĕm'brē-ŏnʹĭk) n. Abbr. CEA A glycoprotein present in fetal gastrointestinal tissue and in the cells or serum of adults ...
—carcinogenic /kahr'seuh neuh jen"ik, -noh-/, adj. —carcinogenicity /kahr'seuh noh jeuh nis"i tee/, n. /kahr sin"euh jeuhn, -jen', kahr"seuh neuh jen', -noh-/, n. Pathol. any ...
/kahr'seuh neuh jen"euh sis, -noh-/, n. Pathol. the development of a cancer. [1925-30; CARCINO- + -GENESIS] * * *
See carcinogenesis. * * *
See carcinogenesis. * * *
/kahr"seuh noyd'/, n. Pathol. a small, yellowish amino-acid and peptide-secreting tumor usually found in the gastrointestinal tract and lung. [1925-30; CARCIN(O)- + -OID] * * *
carcinoid syndrome
Pathol. the systemic effects, including flushing, palpitations, diarrhea, and cramps, resulting from increased blood levels of serotonin secreted by a carcinoid. Also called ...
—carcinomatoid, adj. —carcinomatous, adj. /kahr'seuh noh"meuh/, n., pl. carcinomas, carcinomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a malignant and invasive epithelial tumor that spreads ...
See carcinoma. * * *
/kahr'seuh noh meuh toh"sis/, n. Pathol. a condition marked by the production of an overwhelming number of carcinomas throughout the body. [1900-05; < L carcinomat- (s. of ...
See carcinomatoid. * * *
/kahr'seuh noh sahr koh"meuh/, n., pl. carcinosarcomas, carcinosarcomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a malignant tumor composed of both carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements. Also ...
car coat n. An overcoat with a length extending to about the middle of the thighs. * * *
card1 /kahrd/, n. 1. a usually rectangular piece of stiff paper, thin pasteboard, or plastic for various uses, as to write information on or printed as a means of identifying the ...
card catalog
a file of cards of uniform size arranged in some definite order and listing the items in the collection of a library or group of libraries, each card typically identifying a ...
card clothing
a very sturdy fabric with a leather or rubber fillet imbedded with wire teeth for disentangling and cleaning textile fibers, used to cover the rollers or flats of a carding ...
card counter
Blackjack. a casino player who memorizes or records which cards have been played in previous hands in order to calculate the odds on receiving winning cards or combinations from ...
card file
☆ card file n. a collection of cards containing data or records, arranged systematically, as in alphabetical order, in boxes or drawers: also card catalog * * *
card game
Introduction       game played for pleasure or gambling (or both) with one or more decks of playing cards (playing card). Games using playing cards exploit the fact that ...
card games
➡ toys and games * * *
card index
a file or catalog consisting of cards on which information has been entered so that desired items or data can be readily found. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
Card Players, The
a painting (1892) by Paul Cézanne. * * *
card punch.
See key punch (def. 1). * * *
card shark
1. an expert cardplayer. 2. cardsharp. * * *
card table
a small, light table, usually with folding legs, used mainly for card games. [1705-15] * * *
/kahrd"kar'ee ing/, adj. 1. admittedly belonging to a group or party: a card-carrying Communist. 2. Often Facetious. dedicated to an ideal, profession, or interest: a ...
/kahrd"kut'/, adj. having a fretwork pattern in low relief: card-cut woodwork. * * *
/kahrd"kee'/, n., pl. card-keys. a small plastic card with magnetic coding that is read electronically when inserted into a scanner and used in place of a key to open locks, ...
Cardinal. * * *
/kahr"deuh meuhm/, n. 1. the aromatic seed capsules of a tropical Asian plant, Elettaria cardamomum, of the ginger family, used as a spice or condiment and in medicine. 2. the ...
Cardamom Hills
▪ region, India       mountainous area in southeastern Kerala state, southern India, forming part of the Western Ghats range. Some of its eastern peaks are above ...
Cardamom Mountains
a mountain range in SE India, part of the Western Ghats. Highest peaks over 4500 ft. (1370 m). Also called Cardamom Hills. * * *
Cardan joint
/kahr"dan/ Mach. a universal joint consisting of a crosslike piece, opposite ends of which rotate within the forked end of each of the two shafts connected. [1900-05; named after ...
Cardano, Girolamo
▪ Italian physician and mathematician Girolamo also spelled  Gerolamo , English  Jerome Cardan  born September 24, 1501, Pavia, duchy of Milan [Italy] died September 21, ...
Cardarelli, Vincenzo
▪ Italian author original name  Nazareno Caldarelli  born May 1, 1887, Tarquinia, Italy died June 15, 1959, Rome       Italian poet, essayist, literary critic, and ...
/kahrd"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. a thin, stiff pasteboard, used for signs, boxes, etc. adj. 2. resembling cardboard, esp. in flimsiness: an apartment with cardboard walls. 3. not ...
cardboard city
n a place in a city where many people with nowhere to live sleep, often using pieces of cardboard as beds or shelters. * * *
card catalog n. An alphabetical listing, especially of books in a library, made with a separate card for each item. * * *
Cardenal, Ernesto
▪ Nicaraguan poet and priest born Jan. 20, 1925, Granada, Nicaragua       revolutionary Nicaraguan poet and Roman Catholic priest who is considered to be the second ...
/kahrdd"dhe nahs'/, n. 1. Lázaro /lah"sah rddaw'/, 1895-1970, Mexican general and political reformer: president 1934-40. 2. a seaport in NW Cuba. 55,209. * * * ▪ ...
Cárdenas (del Río), Lázaro
born May 21, 1895, Jiquilpan, Mex. died Oct. 19, 1970, Mexico City President of Mexico (1934–40). Of Indian descent, he joined the armed struggle against the dictatorial ...
Cardenas Solorzano, Cuauhtemoc
▪ 1998       In December 1997 Mexican leftist-opposition leader Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas of the Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD) was sworn in as mayor of Mexico City, ...
Cárdenas, Lázaro
Cárdenas, Lázaro. 1895-1970. Mexican soldier and politician who as president (1934-1940) distributed land to peasants, instituted social reforms, and expropriated foreign-held ...
See card2. * * *
/kahrd"hohl'deuhr/, n. 1. a registered member of an organization, esp. of a union or a political party, who has been issued a card in evidence of membership. 2. a person who has ...
See cardholder. * * *
var. of cardio- before a vowel: cardialgia. * * *
/kahr"dee euh/, n., pl. cardiae /-dee ee'/, cardias. Anat. an opening that connects the esophagus and the upper part of the stomach. [1775-85; < NL < Gk kardía a medical term ...
/kahr"dee ak'/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the heart: cardiac disease. 2. of or pertaining to the esophageal portion of the stomach. n. 3. Med. a cardiac remedy. 4. a person ...
cardiac arrest
Pathol. abrupt cessation of heartbeat. [1955-60] * * *
cardiac catheterization
▪ medical procedure  medical procedure by which a flexible plastic tube (catheter (catheterization)) is inserted into an artery or vein. It is used for injecting drugs for ...
cardiac cycle
one complete heartbeat, consisting of one contraction and relaxation of the heart. * * *
cardiac glycoside
Pharm. any of a group of drugs used to stimulate the heart in cases of heart failure, obtained from a number of plants, as the foxglove, squill, or yellow oleander. Also, cardiac ...
cardiac massage
cardiac massage n. a rhythmic compressing of the heart, using the hands to force blood through the blood vessels: an emergency medical procedure for treating heart failure * * *
cardiac muscle
Anat. 1. a specialized form of striated muscle occurring in the hearts of vertebrates. 2. the myocardium. [1900-05] * * *
cardiac neurosis
Pathol. an anxiety reaction characterized by quick fatigue, shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, dizziness, and other cardiac symptoms, but not caused by disease of the heart. ...
cardiac output
blood volume in liters pumped by the left ventricle of the heart per minute. * * * ▪ physiology       in human physiology, volume of blood expelled by either ventricle ...
cardiac tamponade
Pathol. tamponade (def. 2). * * *
cardiac arrest n. Sudden cessation of heartbeat and cardiac function, resulting in the loss of effective circulation. * * *
cardiac glycoside n. Any of several glycosides obtained chiefly from plant sources such as the foxglove, used medicinally to increase the force of contraction of heart muscle and ...
cardiac massage n. A resuscitative procedure that employs the rhythmic compression of the chest and heart in an effort to restore and maintain the circulation after cardiac ...
cardiac muscle n. The specialized striated muscle tissue of the heart; the myocardium. * * *
cardiac sphincter n. See lower esophageal sphincter. * * *
car·di·ae (kärʹdē-ē') n. A plural of cardia. * * *
/kahr'dee al"jee euh, -jeuh/, n. Pathol. 1. heartburn (def. 1). 2. cardiodynia. [1645-55; CARDI- + -ALGIA] * * *
/kahr'dee ek"teuh mee/, n. Surg. 1. excision of the heart. 2. excision of the cardiac section of the stomach. [CARDI- + -ECTOMY] * * *
/kahr"dif/, n. a seaport in South Glamorgan, in SE Wales. 284,000. * * * City and county (pop., 2001: 305,340), capital of Wales. It is located on the Bristol Channel in ...
Cardiff Giant
▪ hoax, United States       famous hoax perpetrated by George Hall (or Hull) of Binghamton, New York, U.S. A block of gypsum was quarried near Fort Dodge, Iowa, and ...
/kahr"di geuhn/, n. a usually collarless knitted sweater or jacket that opens down the front. Also called cardigan sweater, cardigan jacket. [1865-70; named after J. T. Brudnell, ...
/kahr"di geuhn/, n. 1. Cardiganshire. 2. one of a variety of Welsh corgi having a long tail. Cf. Pembroke (def. 3). See illus. under Welsh corgi. * * * ▪ Wales, United ...
Cardigan Bay
an inlet of St. George's Channel, on the W coast of Wales. * * * Bay, western Wales. A widemouthed inlet of St. George's Channel, it is about 65 mi (105 km) long. Two national ...
Cardigan, James Thomas Brudenell, 7th earl of
born Oct. 16, 1797, Hambleden, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died March 27/28, 1868, Deene Park, Northamptonshire British general. After entering the army (1824), he purchased ...
Cardigan, James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of, Baron Brudenell Of Stonton
▪ British general born , Oct. 16, 1797, Hambleden, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died March 27/28, 1868, Deene Park, Northamptonshire       British general who led the charge ...
Car·di·gan Bay (kärʹdĭ-gən) A wide-mouthed inlet of St. George's Channel on the western coast of Wales. * * *
/kahr"di geuhn shear', -sheuhr/, n. a historic county in Dyfed, in W Wales. Also called Cardigan. * * *
Cardin, Pierre
born July 7, 1922, Venice, Italy French fashion designer. At age 17 he went to Vichy to become a tailor at a men's shop. After World War II he joined the Parisian fashion house ...
Car·din (kär-dănʹ, -dăɴʹ), Pierre. Born 1922. French fashion designer noted for his bold, futuristic designs. * * *
—cardinally, adv. —cardinalship, n. /kahr"dn l/, adj. 1. of prime importance; chief; principal: of cardinal significance. 2. of the color cardinal. n. 3. Rom. Cath. Ch. a ...
Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O’Connor
➡ Murphy-O’Connor * * *
cardinal fish
▪ fish       any fish of the family Apogonidae (order Perciformes), a group including about 200 species of small, typically nocturnal fishes found in tropical and ...
cardinal flower
a North American plant, Lobelia cardinalis, with showy red tubular flowers in an elongated cluster. Also called scarlet lobelia. [1620-30, Amer.; so called from its color] * * ...
cardinal grosbeak
cardinal (def. 4). [1795-1805] * * *
Cardinal Newman
➡ Newman (I) * * *
cardinal number
1. Also called cardinal numeral. any of the numbers that express amount, as one, two, three, etc. (distinguished from ordinal number). 2. Also called potency, power. Math. a ...
cardinal points
the four chief directions of the compass; the north, south, east, and west points. [1540-50] * * *
cardinal sign
Astrol. any of the four astrological signs, Aries, Cancer, Libra, or Capricorn, that begin at the equinoxes and solstices, thus marking the beginning of the seasons: ...
cardinal system
a system of coding navigational aids by shape, color, and number, according to their positions relative to navigational hazards. Cf. lateral system. * * *
cardinal tetra
a small, brilliantly colored red and blue characin fish, Paracheirodon axelrodi, native to tropical forest streams in Brazil and Colombia: a popular aquarium fish. * * *
cardinal trait
Psychol. a basic and dominant characteristic, as greed or ambition, that, according to a theory developed by psychologist Gordon Allport (1936), controls the behavior of many ...
cardinal virtue
1. anything considered to be an important or characteristic virtue: Tenacity is his cardinal virtue. 2. cardinal virtues, Ancient Philos. justice, prudence, temperance, and ...
cardinal virtues
cardinal virtues n. the basic virtues of ancient Greek philosophy; justice, prudence, fortitude, and temperance: see also THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES * * *
cardinal vowel
Phonet. 1. any one of eight primary, purportedly invariant, sustained vowel sounds that constitute a reference set for describing the vowel inventory of a language. 2. any one of ...
Cardinal Wolsey
➡ Wolsey * * *
/kahr"dn l ayt'/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. 1. the body of cardinals. 2. the office, rank, or dignity of a cardinal. [1635-45; CARDINAL + -ATE3] * * *
/kahr"dn l fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) cardinalfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) cardinalfishes. any of the perchlike fishes of the family ...
cardinal flower n. A perennial lobelia (Lobelia cardinalis) native to central and eastern North America, having an elongate cluster of showy, brilliant red flowers. * * *
/kahr'dn al"i tee/, n., pl. cardinalities. Math. (of a set) the cardinal number indicating the number of elements in the set. [1930-35; CARDINAL + -ITY] * * *
cardinal number n. A number, such as 3 or 11 or 412, used in counting to indicate quantity but not order. * * *
cardinal point n. One of the four principal directions on a compass: north, south, east, or west. * * *
See cardinal. * * *
cardinal virtue n. One of the four paramount virtues in classical philosophy: justice, prudence, fortitude, or temperance. * * *
/kahr"ding/, n. the process in which fibers, as cotton, worsted, or wool, are manipulated into sliver form prior to spinning. [1425-75; late ME. See CARD2, -ING1] * * * In yarn ...
carding machine
card2 (defs. 1, 2). [1780-90] * * * Machine for carding textile fibres. In the 18th century, hand carding was laborious and constituted a bottleneck in the newly mechanized ...
cardio kick-boxing
➡ sport and fitness * * *
a combining form meaning "heart," used in the formation of compound words: cardiogram. Also, esp. before a vowel, cardi-. [ < Gk kardio-, comb. form of kardía] * * *
See cardioaccelerator. * * *
/kahr'dee oh ak sel"euh ray'teuhr/, n. Pharm. a substance that increases the heart rate. [CARDIO- + ACCELERATOR] * * *
/kahr'dee oh ak"tiv/, adj. Pharm. of or pertaining to a drug or other substance affecting the function of the heart. [CARDIO- + ACTIVE] * * *
/kahr'dee oh din"ee euh/, n. Pathol. pain in the heart region. Also called cardialgia. [CARDI- + Gk odýn(e) pain + -ia -IA] * * *
/kahr'dee euh jen"ik/, adj. 1. originating in the heart. 2. Pathol. caused by a disorder of the heart. [1920-25; CARDIO- + -GENIC] * * *
cardiogenic shock
a type of shock caused by decreased cardiac output despite adequate blood volume, owing to a disease of the heart itself, as myocardial infarction, or any other factor that ...
/kahr"dee euh gram'/, n. electrocardiogram. [1875-80; CARDIO- + -GRAM1] * * *
—cardiographic /kahr'dee euh graf"ik/, adj. —cardiography /kahr'dee og"reuh fee/, n. /kahr"dee euh graf', -grahf'/, n. electrocardiograph. [1865-70; CARDIO- + -GRAPH] * * *
See cardiograph. * * *
/kahr"dee oyd'/, n. Math. a somewhat heart-shaped curve, being the path of a point on a circle that rolls externally, without slipping, on another equal circle. Equation: r = a ...
/kahr'dee oh lip"in/, n. Biochem. a lipid purified from bovine heart and used as an antigen for reacting with reagin, the Wassermann antibody, in the Wassermann diagnostic test ...
See cardiology. * * *
See cardiological. * * *
—cardiologic /kahr'dee euh loj"ik/, cardiological, adj. —cardiologist, n. /kahr'dee ol"euh jee/, n. the study of the heart and its functions in health and disease. [1840-50; ...
/kahr'dee oh meg"euh lee/, n. Pathol. abnormal enlargement of the heart. Also, cardiomegalia /kahr'dee oh meuh gay"lee euh, -gayl"yeuh/. [CARDIO- + -megaly < NL megalia; see ...
/kahr'dee oh muy op"euh thee/, n. Pathol. any disease of the heart muscle, leading to decreased function: usually of unknown cause. [1960-65; CARDIO- + MYOPATHY] * * * ▪ ...
/kahr'dee op"euh thee/, n. Pathol. any disease or disorder of the heart. [1880-85; CARDIO- + -PATHY] * * *
/kahr'dee oh plee"jee euh, -jeuh/, n. the temporary arresting of the heartbeat during cardiac surgery by any of various methods, esp. by injection of chemical ...
/kahr'dee oh pul"meuh ner'ee, -pool"-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or affecting the heart and lungs: cardiopulmonary laboratory. [1880-85; CARDIO- + PULMONARY] * * *
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
emergency procedure for reviving heart and lung function, involving special physical techniques and often the use of electrical and mechanical equipment. Abbr.: CPR [1970-75] * * ...
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
Emergency procedure to restore breathing and circulation in an unconscious person. A trained rescuer opens the airway and confirms the absence of breathing and pulse. ...
cardiopulmonary bypass n. A procedure to circulate and oxygenate the blood while surgery is performed on the heart. It involves the diversion of blood from the heart and lungs ...

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