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cardiopulmonaryresuscitation
cardiopulmonary resuscitation n. Abbr. CPR An emergency procedure, often employed after cardiac arrest, in which cardiac massage, artificial respiration, and drugs are used to ...
cardiorespiratory
/kahr'dee oh res"peuhr euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, -ri spuyeur"euh-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or affecting the heart and respiratory system. [1890-95; CARDIO- + RESPIRATORY] * * *
cardiospasm
/kahr"dee euh spaz'euhm/, n. Pathol. failure of the muscle fibers at the lower end of the esophagus to relax, resulting in swallowing difficulty and regurgitation. [1895-1900; ...
cardiotachometer
/kahr'dee oh ta kom"i teuhr, -teuh-/, n. an instrument for measuring the heart rate. [1925-30; CARDIO- + TACHOMETER] * * *
cardiothoracic
car·di·o·tho·rac·ic (kär'dē-ō-thə-răsʹĭk) adj. Of or relating to the heart and the chest. * * *
cardiotonic
/kahr'dee oh ton"ik/, Med. adj. 1. having a tonic effect on the action of the heart. n. 2. a cardiotonic substance. [1935-40; CARDIO- + TONIC] * * *
cardiovascular
/kahr'dee oh vas"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or affecting the heart and blood vessels. [1875-80; CARDIO- + VASCULAR] * * *
cardiovascular conditioning
enhancement of heart and circulatory function produced by regular vigorous aerobic exercise, as jogging, swimming, or cycling. * * *
cardiovascular disease
Introduction       any of the diseases, whether congenital or acquired, of the heart and blood vessels (blood vessel). Among the most important are atherosclerosis, ...
cardiovascular drugs
▪ Table Cardiovascular drugs generic name common trade name(s) use(s) mechanism of action captopril Capoten hypertension relaxes blood ...
cardiovascular system
System of vessels that convey blood to and from tissues throughout the body, bringing nutrients and oxygen and removing wastes and carbon dioxide. It is essentially a long, ...
cardiovascularsystem
cardiovascular system n. See circulatory system. * * *
cardioversion
/kahr'dee oh verr"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, n. Med. restoring the rhythm of the heart to normal by applying direct-current electrical shock. [1970-75; CARDIO- + (RE)VERSION] * * *
Cardis, Treaty of
▪ Sweden-Russia [1661]       (1661), peace settlement between Russia and Sweden, ending the war begun in 1656 and maintaining the territorial accords of the earlier ...
carditis
—carditic /kahr dit"ik/, adj. /kahr duy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the pericardium, myocardium, or endocardium, separately or in combination. [1775-85; < NL; see CARDI-, ...
cardmember
/kahrd"mem'beuhr/, n. a person authorized to use a credit card. * * *
cardoon
/kahr doohn"/, n. a composite plant, Cynara cardunculus, of the Mediterranean area, having a root and leafstalks eaten as a vegetable. Also, cardon /kahr dohn"/. [1605-15; < MF ...
Cardoso
/kahr doh"zoh/, n. Fernando Henrique, born 1931, president of Brazil since 1995. * * *
Cardoso, Fernando Henrique
born June 18, 1931, Rio de Janeiro, Braz. President of Brazil (1994–2003). Born into a wealthy military family, he taught sociology at the University of São Paulo and was a ...
Cardoso, Ruth
▪ 2009 Ruth Vilaça Corrêa Leite Cardoso        Brazilian anthropologist, educator, and public figure born Sept. 19, 1930, Araraquara, Braz. died June 24, 2008, São ...
Cardozo
/kahr doh"zoh/, n. Benjamin Nathan, 1870-1938, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1932-38. * * *
Cardozo, Benjamin (Nathan)
born May 24, 1870, New York, N.Y., U.S. died July 9, 1938, Port Chester U.S. jurist. Born into a distinguished Jewish family, he was admitted to the New York bar in 1891 and ...
Cardozo, Benjamin Nathan
▪ United States jurist born May 24, 1870, New York City, New York, U.S. died July 9, 1938, Port Chester, New York  American jurist, a creative common-law (common law) judge ...
Cardozo,Benjamin Nathan
Car·do·zo (kär-dōʹzō), Benjamin Nathan. 1870-1938. American jurist and writer who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1932-1938). * * *
cardplayer
/kahrd"play'euhr/, n. a person who plays cards. [1580-90; CARD1 + PLAYER] * * *
cardroom
cardroom1 /kahrd"roohm', -room'/, n. 1. a room equipped for playing cards: The club has a big cardroom. 2. (in some U.S. states or cities) a commercial gambling establishment ...
cards
cards [kärds] pl.n. 1. a game or games played with a deck of cards, as bridge, rummy, poker, or pinochle 2. the playing of such games; card playing * * *
cards and spades
☆ cards and spades n. 〚from the scoring, as in casino, of both cards and spades〛 a generous handicap * * *
cardsharp
—cardsharping, n. /kahrd"shahrp'/, n. a person, esp. a professional gambler, who cheats at card games. Also, cardsharper. [1855-60, Amer.; CARD1 + SHARP] * * *
cardsharping
See cardsharp. * * *
cardstock
/kahrd"stok'/, n. paper stock stiff enough for the printing of business cards and similar uses. [CARD1 + STOCK] * * *
Carducci
/kahr dooh"chee/; It. /kahrdd dooht"chee/, n. Giosuè /jaw swe"/, ("Enotrio Romano"), 1835-1907, Italian poet and critic: Nobel prize 1906. * * *
Carducci, Bartolommeo
▪ Italian architect and sculptor Spanish  Bartolomé Carducho   born 1560, Florence [Italy] died c. 1610, , Madrid, Spain       Italian-born painter, architect, and ...
Carducci, Giosuè
Car·duc·ci (kär-do͞oʹchē), Giosuè. 1835-1907. Italian poet considered the national poet of modern Italy. He won the 1906 Nobel Prize for literature. * * * born July 27, ...
Carducci, Vincenzo
▪ Italian painter Spanish  Vicente Carducho   born 1578, Florence [Italy] died 1638, Madrid       Italian-born painter.       Carducci was the brother of ...
Carduelidae
▪ bird family       formerly accepted name of a family of songbirds (songbird), order Passeriformes (passeriform), consisting of about 112 species of gregarious, active ...
cardueline
/kahr'jooh ee"lin/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the passerine subfamily Carduelinae, including the goldfinches, siskins, canaries and crossbills. n. 2. any bird of the subfamily ...
Cardwell, Edward Cardwell, Viscount
▪ British statesman born July 24, 1813, Liverpool, Eng. died Feb. 15, 1886, Torquay, Devon       British statesman who, as secretary of state for war (1868–74), was ...
care
—carer, n. /kair/, n., v., cared, caring. n. 1. a state of mind in which one is troubled; worry, anxiety, or concern: He was never free from care. 2. a cause or object of ...
CARE
/kair/, n. a private organization for the collection of funds, goods, etc., for distribution to the needy in foreign countries. Also, Care. [C(ooperative for) A(merican) R(elief) ...
care in the community
n [U] (in Britain) the policy of taking people out of institutions such as special hospitals for the mentally ill, and letting them live in their own homes with some help from ...
care label
a label attached to a garment or fabric giving the manufacturer's instructions for its care and cleaning. [1965-70] * * *
care package
1. Also CARE package. a package containing food, clothing, or other items sent as necessities to the needy. 2. a gift of treats to relatives or friends, esp. of items not readily ...
CARE packages
➡ CARE * * *
careen
—careener, n. /keuh reen"/, v.i. 1. (of a vehicle) to lean, sway, or tip to one side while in motion: The car careened around the corner. 2. (of a ship) to heel over or ...
careener
See careen. * * *
career
/keuh rear"/, n. 1. an occupation or profession, esp. one requiring special training, followed as one's lifework: He sought a career as a lawyer. 2. a person's progress or ...
career woman
a woman who has a profession or a business career. Also, careerwoman. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
careerism
/keuh rear"iz euhm/, n. devotion to a successful career, often at the expense of one's personal life, ethics, etc. [1930-35; CAREER + -ISM] * * *
careerist
/keuh rear"ist/, n. 1. a person who follows a career. 2. a person who pursues a policy or attitude of careerism. [1905-10; CAREER + -IST] * * *
carefree
—carefreeness, n. /kair"free'/, adj. 1. without anxiety or worry. 2. requiring little care: carefree fabrics. [1785-95; CARE + FREE] Syn. 1. lighthearted, joyous, elated, ...
careful
—carefully, adv. —carefulness, n. /kair'feuhl/, adj. 1. cautious in one's actions: Be careful when you cross the street. 2. taking pains in one's work; exact; thorough: a ...
carefully
See careful. * * *
carefulness
See carefully. * * *
caregiver
/kair"giv'euhr/, n. 1. a person who cares for someone who is sick or disabled. 2. an adult who cares for an infant or child. [1980-85; CARE + GIVER] * * *
caregiverspeech
caregiver speech n. Child-directed speech. See Usage Note at child-directed speech. * * *
caregiving
See caregiver. * * *
careless
—carelessly, adv. —carelessness, n. /kair"lis/, adj. 1. not paying enough attention to what one does: a careless typist. 2. not exact, accurate, or thorough: careless ...
carelessly
See careless. * * *
carelessness
See carelessly. * * *
Carême, Marie-Antoine
born June 8, 1784, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 12, 1833, Paris French chef. Born into a poor family, he attained employment in a pastry shop frequented by Charles-Maurice de ...
Caren
/kar"euhn/, n. a female given name. * * *
caress
—caressable, adj. —caresser, n. —caressingly, adv. /keuh res"/, n. 1. an act or gesture expressing affection, as an embrace or kiss, esp. a light stroking or ...
caresser
See caress. * * *
caressingly
See caresser. * * *
caressive
—caressively, adv. /keuh res"iv/, adj. 1. of the nature of or resembling a caress: caressive words; a caressive breeze. 2. characterized by or given to caresses. [1795-1805; ...
caret
/kar"it/, n. a mark made in written or printed matter to show the place where something is to be inserted. [1700-10; < L caret (there) is lacking or wanting, 3rd pers. sing. ...
caretaker
—caretaking, n. /kair"tay'keuhr/, n. 1. a person who is in charge of the maintenance of a building, estate, etc.; superintendent. 2. a person or group that temporarily performs ...
Carew
/keuh rooh"/; sometimes /kair"ooh/, n. 1. Thomas, 1598?-1639?, English poet. 2. a male given name. * * *
Carew, Richard
▪ English scholar born July 17, 1555, East Antony, Cornwall, Eng. died Nov. 6, 1620       English scholar and antiquary known especially for a history of Cornwall that ...
Carew, Rod
in full Rodney Cline Carew born Oct. 1, 1945, Gatún, Pan. Panamanian-born U.S. baseball player. Carew moved from Panama to New York City in 1962, where he learned sandlot ...
Carew, Thomas
▪ English poet born 1594/95, West Wickham, Kent, Eng. died March 22, 1639/40, London       English poet and first of the Cavalier song writers.       Educated at ...
careworn
/kair"wawrn', -wohrn'/, adj. showing signs of care or worry; fatigued by trouble or anxiety; haggard: a careworn old woman. [1820-30; CARE + WORN] * * *
carex
/kair"eks, kar"-/, n. any sedge of the genus Carex. [ < NL (Linnaeus); L carex sedge] * * *
Carey
/kair"ee, kar"ee/, n. male given name, form of Carew. * * * (as used in expressions) Carey Peter Philip Joseph Carey Merrick Reginald Carey Harrison * * *
Carey, George
▪ archbishop of Canterbury in full  George Leonard Carey, Baron Carey of Clifton  born Nov. 13, 1935, London, Eng.       archbishop of Canterbury from 1991 to 2002, ...
Carey, Henry
▪ British writer and musician born c. 1687, England died Oct. 4, 1743, London       English poet, playwright, and musician chiefly remembered for his ballads, ...
Carey, Henry C.
▪ American economist in full  Henry Charles Carey  born December 15, 1793, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. died October 13, 1879, Philadelphia       American ...
Carey, Mariah
▪ 2007  After enduring several years of professional and personal setbacks, American pop singer Mariah Carey continued her stunning comeback in 2006. Nominated for eight ...
Carey, Peter
▪ Australian author in full  Peter Philip Carey   born May 7, 1943, Bacchus Marsh, Victoria, Australia       Australian writer known for use of the surreal in his ...
Carey, Peter (Philip)
born May 7, 1943, Bacchus Marsh, Vic., Austl. Australian writer. He worked as an advertising copywriter and at other odd jobs until 1988, when he became a full-time writer. His ...
Carey, Ron
▪ 2009 Ronald Robert Carey        American labour leader born March 22, 1936, New York, N.Y. died Dec. 11, 2008, New York, N.Y. as president (1992–97) of the ...
Carey, William
▪ British missionary born Aug. 17, 1761, Paulerspury, Northamptonshire, Eng. died June 9, 1834, Frederiksnagar [now Shrirampur], India       founder of the English ...
Careysburg
▪ Liberia       city, western Liberia, western Africa. It was first settled in 1859 by freed North American slaves (mainly from Barbados and the United States); the ...
carfare
/kahr"fair'/, n. the amount charged for a ride on a subway, streetcar, bus, etc. [1865-70, Amer.; CAR1 + FARE] * * *
carful
/kahr"fool/, n., pl. carfuls. the largest number or amount that a car can hold. [1825-35; CAR1 + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
cargo
/kahr"goh/, n., pl. cargoes, cargos. 1. the lading or freight of a ship, airplane, etc. 2. load. 3. cargos, pants or shorts having several cargo pockets to hold bulky gear and ...
cargo bay
the large central area of the space shuttle orbiter's fuselage in which payloads and their support equipment are carried. Also called payload bay. Cf. bay2 (def. 2a). * * *
cargo cult
—cargo cultist. (sometimes caps.) any of various native religious cults of a millenarian and messianic character located in the southwestern Pacific islands, holding that ...
cargo liner
a cargo ship that sails regularly between designated ports according to a published schedule. Also, cargoliner. Cf. tramp (def. 19). * * *
cargo pants
cargo pants n. loosefitting, casual pants having a number of capacious pockets, some typically on the side of the upper leg * * *
cargo pocket
a large patch pocket, usually pleated at the sides and often having a flap. [1970-75] * * *
carhop
/kahr"hop'/, n., v., carhopped, carhopping. n. 1. a person who serves customers in their cars at a drive-in restaurant. v.i. 2. to work as a carhop. [1935-40; CAR1 + (BELL)HOP] * ...
Caria
/kair"ee euh/, n. an ancient district in SW Asia Minor. * * * Ancient district, southern Anatolia. It was one of the most thoroughly Hellenized districts in ancient Anatolia; ...
cariama
/kar'ee am"euh/, n. seriema. [ < NL < Pg] * * *
Carian
/kair"ee euhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Caria. 2. the extinct language of Caria, not known to be related to any other language, written in a script derived from the Greek ...
Carian language
      an extinct Anatolian language (Anatolian languages) once spoken in Caria, an ancient district of southwest Anatolia. Most evidence for the language comes from ...
Carías Andino
/kah rddee"ahs ahn dee"naw/, Tiburcio /tee voohrdd"syaw/ 1876-1968, Honduran lawyer, soldier, and statesman: president 1933-49. * * *
Carib
/kar"ib/, n., pl. Caribs, (esp. collectively) Carib. for 1. 1. a member of a group of Indian peoples formerly dominant through the Lesser Antilles, now found in small numbers in ...
Cariban
Car·i·ban (kărʹə-bən, kə-rēʹbən) n. pl. Cariban or Cari·bans 1. Variant of Carib. 2. A language family comprising the Carib languages.   Carʹi·ban adj. * * *
Cariban languages
Large family of South American Indian languages. It has an estimated 43 members; nearly half are now extinct, and most of the remainder have very few speakers. Most Cariban ...
Caribbean
/kar'euh bee"euhn, keuh rib"ee-/, adj. 1. pertaining to the Caribs, the Lesser Antilles, or the Caribbean Sea and its islands. n. 2. a Carib. 3. See Caribbean Sea. 4. the, ...
Caribbean Community and Common Market
▪ international organization       organization of Caribbean nations and dependencies that was established in 1973 by the Treaty of Chaguaramas. It replaced the former ...
Caribbean Current
an ocean current flowing westward through the Caribbean Sea. * * * ▪ current, Atlantic Ocean       powerful surface oceanic current passing west through the Caribbean ...
Caribbean literature
      literary works of the Caribbean area written in Spanish, French, or English. The literature of the Caribbean has no indigenous tradition. The pre-Columbian American ...
Caribbean Plate
Geol. a major tectonic division of the earth's crust, encompassing the Central American portion of North America, the Caribbean Sea, and the islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, ...
Caribbean Sea
a part of the Atlantic Ocean bounded by Central America, the West Indies, and South America. ab. 750,000 sq. mi. (1,943,000 sq. km); greatest known depth 22,788 ft. (6946 m). ...
Caribbean Series (modern)
▪ Table Caribbean Series (modern) year winning team country 1970 Magallanes Navigators Venezuela 1971 Licey Tigers Dominican Republic 1972 Ponce Lions Puerto ...
Caribbean Times
a British newspaper, published every week, which contains articles on politics, culture, sport and other subjects of interest to people in Britain’s African-Caribbean ...
CaribbeanSea
Caribbean Sea An arm of the western Atlantic Ocean bounded by the coasts of Central and South America and the West Indies. It has been an important shipping route since the ...
caribe
/keuh ree"bee/; Sp. /kah rddee"ve/, n., pl. caribes /-beez/; Sp. /-ves/. piranha. [1865-70; < Sp: cannibal, CARIB] * * *
Caribees
/kar"euh beez'/, n. See under Antilles. * * *
Cariboo Mountains
/kar"euh booh'/ a mountain range in SW Canada, in E central British Columbia, part of the Rocky Mountains: highest peak, ab. 11,750 ft. (3580 m). * * * ▪ mountain range, ...
Cariboo Road
▪ historical trail, Canada       wagon trail that was constructed (1862–65) in the Fraser River valley, in southern British Columbia, Canada, to serve the Cariboo gold ...
CaribooMountains
Car·i·boo Mountains (kărʹə-bo͞o') A range of eastern British Columbia, Canada, parallel to and west of the Rocky Mountains. It rises to 3,583.8 m (11,750 ft) at Mount Sir ...
caribou
/kar"euh booh'/, n., pl. caribous, (esp. collectively) caribou. any of several large, North American deer of the genus Rangifer, related to the reindeer of the Old ...
caricature
—caricaturable, adj. —caricatural, adj. —caricaturist, n. /kar"i keuh cheuhr, -choor'/, n., v., caricatured, caricaturing. n. 1. a picture, description, etc., ludicrously ...
caricature and cartoon
▪ graphic arts Introduction       in graphic art, comically distorted drawing or likeness, done with the purpose of satirizing or ridiculing its subject. Cartoons are ...
caricature plant
a tropical Old World shrub, Graptophyllum pictum, of the acanthus family, characterized by purple or red tubular flowers and leaf markings resembling the profile of a human ...
caricaturist
See caricature. * * *
Caricom
/kar"i kom', kair"-/, n. an economic association formed in 1974 by ten Caribbean nations. Also, CARICOM. [Cari(bbean) com(munity)] * * *
Carie
/kar"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Caroline. * * *
caries
/kair"eez, -ee eez'/, n., pl. caries. 1. decay, as of bone or of plant tissue. 2. See dental caries. [1625-35; < L caries decay] * * * or tooth decay Localized disease that ...
carillon
/kar"euh lon', -leuhn/ or, esp. Brit., /keuh ril"yeuhn/, n. 1. a set of stationary bells hung in a tower and sounded by manual or pedal action, or by machinery. 2. a set of ...
carillon bells
➡ bells and bell-ringing * * *
carillonneur
/kar'euh leuh nerr"/ or, esp. Brit., /keuh ril"yeuh neuhr/; Fr. /kann rddee yaw nuerdd"/, n., pl. carillonneurs /kar'euh leuh nerrz"/ or, esp. Brit., /keuh ril"yeuh neuhrz/; Fr. ...
Carin
/kar"in/, n. a female given name. * * *
carina
—carinal, adj. /keuh ruy"neuh, -ree"-/, n., pl. carinas, carinae /-nee/. 1. Zool. a keellike part or ridge, esp. a ridge of bone on the ventral side of the sternum of birds. 2. ...
Carina
/keuh ruy"neuh/ for 1; /keuh ree"neuh, -ruy"-/ for 2, n., gen. Carinae /-nee/ for 1. 1. Astron. the Keel, a southern constellation, containing the bright star, Canopus: one of ...
carinae
ca·ri·nae (kə-rīʹnē, -rēʹ-) n. Plural of carina. * * *
carinate
—carination, n. /kar"euh nayt', -nit/, adj. Zool., Bot. formed with a carina; keellike. Also, carinated. [1775-85; < L carinatus, equiv. to carin(a) keel + -atus -ATE1] * * *
caring
car·ing (kârʹĭng) adj. Feeling and exhibiting concern and empathy for others: “We formed Generations United to argue for a caring society” (Jack Ossofsky). * * *
Carinthia
—Carinthian, adj. /keuh rin"thee euh/, n. a province in S Austria. 536,727; 3681 sq. mi. (9535 sq. km). Cap.: Klagenfurt. * * * German Kärnten State (pop., 2001: 559,404), ...
Carinthian
See Carinthia. * * *
carinula
—carinulate /keuh rin"yeuh layt', -lit/, adj. /keuh rin"yeuh leuh/, n. Zool., Bot. a small carina. Also, carinule /kar"euh noohl', -nyoohl'/. [ < NL, equiv. to carin(a) CARINA ...
Carinus
▪ Roman emperor in full  Marcus Aurelius Carinus   died 285, on the Margus River, Moesia Superior [now Morava River, Serbia, Yugos.]  Roman emperor from AD 283 to ...
carioca
/kar'ee oh"keuh/, n. 1. a modification of the samba. 2. the music for this dance. [1930-35; after CARIOCA] * * *
Carioca
/kar'ee oh"keuh/; Port. /kah'rddee aw"keuh/, n. a native of Rio de Janeiro. [1820-30; < Brazilian Pg < Tupi, equiv. to cari white + oca house or boca descendant of] * * *
Carioca, Tahia
▪ 2000 Badawiyya Muhammad Karim        Egyptian dancer and motion picture actress whose subtle sexuality and superb technique in the art of raqs sharqi, or belly ...
Cariocan
See Carioca. * * *
cariogenic
—cariogenicity /kair'ee oh jeuh nis"i tee/, n. /kair'ee euh jen"ik/, adj. conducive to the production or promotion of dental caries: the cariogenic factors in sweets. [CARI(ES) ...
cariole
/kar"ee ohl'/, n. 1. a small, open, two-wheeled vehicle. 2. a covered cart. 3. a light, open sleigh pulled by horses or dogs, esp. one used in French Canada. Also, ...
cariosity
See carious. * * *
carious
—cariosity /kair'ee os"i tee/, cariousness, n. /kair"ee euhs/, adj. having caries, as teeth; decayed. [1520-30; < L cariosus decayed, rotten, equiv. to cari(es) CARIES + -osus ...
cariousness
See cariosity. * * *
Carisbrooke
▪ Isle of Wight, England, United Kingdom       locality on the Isle of Wight (Wight, Isle of), historic county of Hampshire, England. It lies just southwest of Newport. ...
carisoprodol
/kar'euh sop"reuh dawl', -dol'/, n. Pharm. a crystalline, water-soluble powder, C12H24N2O4, used as a muscle relaxant. Also called isopropyl meprobamate. [CAR(BAMATE) + ...
Carissimi, Giacomo
(baptized April 18, 1605, Marino, near Rome died Jan. 12, 1674, Rome) Italian composer. He worked as maestro di cappella at the Collegio Germanico in Rome, a musically important ...
caritas
—caritative /kar"i tay'tiv, -teuh tiv/, adj. /kah"rddi tahs'/; Eng. /kar"i tas'/, n. Latin. charity. * * *
caritive
/kar"i tiv/, adj. (in certain inflected languages, esp. of the Caucasian group) abessive. [1855-60; < L carit(us) devoid of, without (ptp. of carere not to have, to want) + ...
carjack
car·jack or car-jack (kârʹjăk') tr.v. car·jacked, car·jack·ing, car·jacks To commit forcible theft of (a vehicle) from its users.   [car + hijack.]   carʹjack'er ...
carjacker
See carjack. * * *
carjacking
—carjacker, n. /kahr"jak'ing/, n. the forcible stealing of a vehicle from a motorist. * * *
cark
/kahrk/, Archaic. n. 1. care or worry. v.t., v.i. 2. to worry. [1250-1300; ME carken to be anxious, OE becarcian, appar. deriv. of car- (base of caru CARE) + -k suffix] * * *
carking
/kahr"king/, adj. Archaic. distressful. [1300-50 (for ger.); 1555-65 (for current sense); ME; see CARK, -ING2] * * *
carl
—carlish, adj. —carlishness, n. /kahrl/, n. 1. Scot. a. a strong, robust fellow, esp. a strong manual laborer. b. a miser; an extremely thrifty person. 2. Archaic. a ...
Carl
/kahrl/, n. a male given name, form of Charles. * * * (as used in expressions) Andre Carl Bach Carl Philipp Emanuel Carl XVI Gustaf Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus Clausewitz Carl ...
Carl Bridgewater
➡ Bridgewater * * *
Carl Lewis
➡ Lewis (I) * * *
Carl Perkins
➡ Perkins * * *
Carl Ronald Giles
➡ Giles * * *
Carl Sandburg
➡ Sandburg * * *
Carl XVI Gustaf
(Charles XVI Gustavus) born 1946, king of Sweden since 1973 (grandson of Gustavus VI). * * * Swedish Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus born April 30, 1946, Stockholm, Swed. King of ...
Carla
/kahr"leuh/, n. a female given name, form of Caroline. * * *
Carleen
/kahr leen"/, n. a female given name, form of Caroline. * * *
Carleson, Lennart
▪ 2007       In 2006 one of mathematics' most coveted awards, the Abel Prize—awarded by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters in memory of the Norwegian ...
Carleton
(as used in expressions) Carleton College Dorchester of Dorchester Guy Carleton 1st Baron Gajdusek Daniel Carleton * * *
Carleton College
Private liberal arts college in Northfield, Minn., founded in 1866. It offers a variety of undergraduate majors. Small classes and opportunities to participate in faculty ...
Carleton, Mount
▪ mountain, New Brunswick, Canada       highest point (2,680 feet [817 m]) in the Maritime Provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island) of Canada, 70 ...
Carleton, William
▪ Irish author born Feb. 20, 1794, Prillisk, County Tyrone, Ire. died Jan. 30, 1869, Dublin       prolific writer who realistically portrayed the life of the rural ...
Carleton,Sir Guy
Carle·ton (kärlʹtən), Sir Guy. First Baron Dorchester. 1724-1808. British general and colonial administrator who repelled an American attack on Quebec (1775-1776) and ...
Carletonville
▪ South Africa       town, principal mining centre of the Far West Witwatersrand goldfields, North-West province, north-central South Africa, west of Johannesburg. ...
Carlile, Richard
▪ English journalist born December 8, 1790, Ashburton, Devonshire, England died February 10, 1843, London  Radical English journalist who was a notable champion of the ...
Carlin, George
▪ 2009 George Denis Patrick Carlin        American comedian born May 12, 1937, New York, N.Y died June 22, 2008, Santa Monica, Calif. began working in the late 1950s ...
carline
/kahr"lin, ker"-/, n. Chiefly Scot. 1. an old woman. 2. a hag; witch. Also, carlin. [1350-1400; ME (north) kerling < ON: old woman, equiv. to kerl (mutated var. of karl man) + ...
carling
/kahr"ling/, n. Naut. a short fore-and-aft beam running beside a hatchway, mast hole, or other deck opening. [1350-1400; ME < F carlingue < Scand; cf. Icel kerling keelson, lit., ...
Carling Black Label{™}
n [U] a British make of lager, a type of pale light beer. A series of amusing advertisements for it appeared in the 1980s and 1990s. They showed a man doing something very ...
Carling, Will
▪ British athlete byname of  William David Charles Carling  born Dec. 12, 1965, near Bath, Somerset, Eng.       English rugby union football player who was England's ...
Carlini, Armando
▪ Italian philosopher born Aug. 9, 1878, Naples died Sept. 30, 1959, Pisa       Italian philosopher whose Christian spiritualism synthesized contemporary theories ...
Carlinville
▪ Illinois, United States       city, seat (1829) of Macoupin county, west-central Illinois, U.S. It lies about 40 miles (65 km) southwest of Springfield. The first ...
Carlisle
/kahr luyl", kahr"luyl/, n. 1. John Griffin /grif"in/, 1835-1910, U.S. politician: Speaker of the House 1883-89. 2. a city in Cumbria, in NW England. 99,700. 3. a city in S ...
Carlisle Commission
also called  Peace Commission Of        1778, during U.S. War of Independence, group of British negotiators sent in 1778, to effect a reconciliation with the 13 ...
Carlisle, Charles Howard, 3rd earl of
▪ British chief minister born 1674 died May 1, 1738, Bath, Somerset, Eng.       chief minister of Great Britain from Dec. 30, 1701, to May 6, 1702, and from May 23 to ...
Carlisle, John G(riffin)
▪ American politician born Sept. 5, 1835, Campbell Co., Ky., U.S. died July 31, 1910, New York City  lawyer, legislator, and government official. He served as speaker of the ...
Carlisle, Kitty
▪ 2008 Catherine Conn; Kitty Carlisle Hart        American actress born Sept. 3, 1910 , New Orleans, La. died April 17, 2007, New York, N.Y. was an effervescent ...
Carlisle, Lucy Hay, countess of
▪ English conspirator née  Percy  born 1599 died November 5, 1660       intriguer and conspirator during the English Civil Wars, celebrated by many poets of the ...
Carlism
Spanish political movement of traditionalist character that originated in the 1820s. Carlists supported the claims of Ferdinand VII's brother Don Carlos (1788–1855) and his ...
Carlist
—Carlism, n. /kahr"list/, n. 1. a supporter of the claims of Don Carlos of Spain or of his successors to the Spanish throne. 2. a partisan of Charles X of France, and of the ...
Carlita
/kahr lee"teuh/, n. a female given name. Also, Carleta. * * *
Carlo
(as used in expressions) Carlo Broschi Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo Blasis Carlo Carlo Alberto Cherubini Luigi Carlo Zanobi Salvadore Maria Crivelli Carlo Gesualdo Carlo prince of ...
carload
/kahr"lohd'/, n. 1. the amount carried by a car, esp. a freight car. 2. the legal minimum weight entitling a railroad shipper to a rate (carload rate) lower than that charged for ...
carload rate
☆ carload rate n. a special low rate for shipment by carloads * * *
carloadings
☆ carloadings [kär′lōd΄iŋz ] pl.n. the number of railroad carloads shipped in or out within a given period * * *
Carloforte
▪ Italy       only town on the small Isola di San Pietro (area 20 sq mi [52 sq km]), just off the southwest coast of Sardinia, Italy. The town was named after Charles ...
Carloman
▪ king of Bavaria born c. 830 died , March or September 880, probably in Altötting, Ger.       eldest son of Louis II the German (Louis II) and Emma and father of the ...
Carlos
/kahr"lohs, -leuhs/; Sp. /kahrdd"laws/, n. 1. Don /don/; Sp. /dawn/, (Carlos Maria Isidro de Borbón), 1788-1855, pretender to the Spanish throne. 2. a male given name. * * ...
Carlos de Austria
/kahrdd"laws dhe ows"trddee ah'/ Don /dawn/, 1545-68, eldest son of Philip II of Spain: died during imprisonment for conspiracy against his father. * * * ▪ Spanish ...
Carlos Luis De Borbón, Count De Montemolín
▪ Spanish noble byname  Don Carlos   born Jan. 31, 1818, Madrid, Spain died Jan. 13, 1861, Trieste, Austrian Empire [now in Italy]       the second Carlist, or ...
Carlos María de los Dolores de Borbón y Austria-este, duke de Madrid
▪ Spanish noble byname  Don Carlos   born March 30, 1848, Laibach, Austrian Empire [now Ljubljana, Slovenia] died July 18, 1909, Varese, Italy       the fourth ...
Carlos María Isidro de Borbón, conde de Molina
▪ Spanish prince byname  Don Carlos  born March 29, 1788, Madrid, Spain died March 10, 1855, Trieste, Austrian Empire [now in Italy]       the first Carlist (Carlism) ...
Carlos,Don
Car·los (kärʹləs, -lōs), Don Count of Molina. 1788-1855. Spanish pretender to the throne who claimed the title (1833) when his brother Ferdinand VII's daughter Isabella II ...
Carlota
/kahrdd law"tah/, n. 1840-1927, wife of Maximillian: empress of Mexico 1864-67 (daughter of Leopold I of Belgium). English, Charlotte. * * * ▪ archduchess of Austria French ...
Carlotta
/kahr lot"euh/; It. /kahrdd lawt"tah/, n. a female given name, Italian form of Charlotte. * * *
Carlovingian
/kahr'leuh vin"jee euhn/, adj., n. Carolingian. * * *
Carlow
/kahr"loh/, n. a county in Leinster, in the SE Republic of Ireland. 39,814; 346 sq. mi. (896 sq. km). Co. seat: Carlow. * * * ▪ Ireland Irish ...
Carlowitz, Treaty of
(1699) Peace settlement that ended hostilities (1683–99) between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League (Austria, Poland, Venice, and Russia). Signed at Carlowitz (now Sremski ...
Carlsbad
/kahrlz"bad/, n. 1. a town in S California. 35,490. 2. a city in SE New Mexico. 25,496. 3. former name of Karlovy Vary. * * * ▪ California, United States  city, San Diego ...
Carlsbad Caverns
a series of limestone caverns, near Carlsbad, New Mexico. 68 sq. mi. (177 sq. km). * * *
Carlsbad Caverns National Park
a national park in SE New Mexico: site of Carlsbad Caverns. 71 sq. mi. (184 sq. km). * * * Preserve, southeastern New Mexico, U.S. Established as a national monument in 1923 and ...
Carlsbad Decrees
resolutions adopted by the ministers of nine German states at a meeting called at Carlsbad in 1819 by Prince Metternich: aim was the suppression of revolutionary activities esp. ...
CarlsbadCaverns
Carlsbad Caverns A group of limestone caverns in the Guadalupe Mountains of southeast New Mexico including spectacular stalactite and stalagmite formations. * * *
Carlsberg Ridge
▪ submarine ridge, Arabian Sea       submarine ridge of the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. The ridge is a portion of the Mid-Indian Ridge and extends from near ...
Carlson
/kahrl"seuhn/, n. 1. Anton Julius /an"tohn, -ton/, 1875-1956, U.S. physiologist, born in Sweden. 2. Chester Floyd, 1906-68, U.S. inventor of xerographic copying process. 3. Evans ...
Carlson, Chester F.
▪ American physicist and inventor born Feb. 8, 1906, Seattle, Wash., U.S. died Sept. 19, 1968, New York, N.Y.       American physicist who was the inventor of ...
Carlson, Evans
▪ United States military officer in full  Evans Fordyce Carlson   born Feb. 26, 1896, Sidney, N.Y., U.S. died May 27, 1947, Plymouth, Conn.  U.S. Marine officer during ...
Carlson,Chester Floyd
Carl·son (kärlʹsən), Chester Floyd. 1906-1968. American inventor of the xerographic process for copying documents (first patented in 1940). * * *
Carlsruhe
Carls·ru·he (kärlzʹro͞o'ə, kärlsʹ-) See Karlsruhe. * * *
Carlsson
/kahrl"seuhn/, n. Ingvar /ing"vahr/, born 1934, Swedish political leader: prime minister 1986-91. * * *
Carlsson, Arvid
born Jan. 25, 1923, Uppsala, Swed. Swedish pharmacologist. He received his M.D. from the University of Lund. Carlsson established that dopamine is an important ...
Carlstadt, Andreas Rudolf Bodenstein von
▪ German bishop Carlstadt also spelled  Karlstadt  born c. 1480, Carlstadt, bishopric of Würzburg [Germany] died December 24, 1541, Basel, Switzerland       German ...
Carlton
/kahrl"teuhn/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Carlton Steve Steven Norman Carlton Lewis Frederick Carlton Morse Carlton E. * * *
Carlton Club
a club in London, England, which is closely connected with the Conservative Party. It was established by the Tories in 1832. In 1922 the 1922 Committee was formed there. * * *
Carlton House Terrace
a fashionable street of large houses in central London, England, near St James’s Park. It contains the official home of the Foreign Secretary. * * *
Carlton table
an English writing table of c1800, having curved rear corners and a top with drawers surmounted by a U-shaped section of drawers and cabinets, topped by a brass or ormolu gallery ...
Carlton, Steve
in full Steven Norman Carlton born Dec. 22, 1944, Miami, Fla., U.S. U.S. baseball pitcher. Carlton pitched in junior college before signing with the St. Louis Cardinals in ...
Carlton,Steven Norman
Carl·ton (kärlʹtən), Steven Norman. Known as “Steve.” Born 1944. American baseball player. As a left-handed pitcher with the Philadelphia Phillies (1972-1985), he became ...
CarlXVI Gustav
Carl XVI Gus·tav (kärl gŭsʹtäv, -täf, go͝osʹ-), Born 1946. King of Sweden (since 1973). He succeeded his grandfather Gustavus VI. * * *
Carlyle
/kahr luyl"/, n. 1. Thomas, 1795-1881, Scottish essayist and historian. 2. a male given name. * * *
Carlyle, Thomas
born Dec. 4, 1795, Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire, Scot. died Feb. 5, 1881, London, Eng. Scottish historian and essayist. The son of a mason, Carlyle was reared in a strict ...
Carlyle,Thomas
Car·lyle (kär-līlʹ, kärʹlīl), Thomas. 1795-1881. British historian and essayist whose works, such as The French Revolution (1837), are characterized by his trenchant ...
carmagnole
/kahr'meuhn yohl"/; Fr. /kannrdd mann nyawl"/, n., pl. carmagnoles /-meuhn yohlz"/; Fr. /-mann nyawl"/. 1. a dance and song popular during the French Revolution. 2. a man's loose ...
carmaker
/kahr"may'keuhr/, n. a manufacturer of automobiles. [1950-55; CAR1 + MAKER] * * *
carman
/kahr"meuhn/, n., pl. carmen. one of the crew of a streetcar or the like, as the motorman. [1570-80, in sense "person driving a cart"; CAR1 + -MAN] * * *
Carman
/kahr"meuhn/, n. (William) Bliss, 1861-1929, Canadian poet and journalist in the U.S. * * *
Carman, Bliss
▪ Canadian poet born April 15, 1861, Fredericton, N.B. [now in Canada] died June 8, 1929, New Canaan, Conn., U.S.       Canadian regional poet of the Maritime Provinces ...
Carman, George Alfred
▪ 2002       British barrister (b. Oct. 6, 1929, Blackpool, Lancashire, Eng.—d. Jan. 2, 2001, London, Eng.), was renowned for his devastating cross-examinations, ...
Carmania
/kahr may"nee euh/, n. a province of the ancient Persian empire, on the Gulf of Oman. * * *
Carmarthen
/kahr mahr"dheuhn/, n. 1. a seaport in Dyfed, in S Wales. 49,900. 2. Carmarthenshire. * * * Town (pop., 1991: 13,524), administrative centre of the county of Carmarthenshire, ...
Carmarthenshire
/kahr mahr"dheuhn shear', -sheuhr/, n. a historic county in Dyfed, in S Wales. * * * ▪ county, Wales, United Kingdom also called  Carmarthen , Welsh  Sir ...
Carme
/kahr"mee/, n. Astron. a small natural satellite of the planet Jupiter. * * *
Carmel
/kahr"meuhl, kahr mel"/ for 1, 4; /kahr"meuhl/ for 2; /kahr mel"/ for 3, n. 1. Mount, a mountain range in NW Israel, near the Mediterranean coast. Highest point, 1818 ft. (554 ...
Carmel, Mount
▪ mountain ridge, Israel Hebrew  Har Ha-karmel   mountain range, northwestern Israel; the city of Haifa is on its northeastern slope. It divides the Plain of Esdraelon ...
Carmel,Mount
Car·mel (kärʹməl), Mount A limestone ridge of northwest Israel extending about 24 km (15 mi) from the Plain of Esdraelon northwest to the Mediterranean Sea. It rises to ...
Carmel-by-the-Sea
➡ Carmel * * *
Carmela
/kahr mel"euh/, n. a female given name, form of Carmel. Also, Carmella. * * *
Carmelite
/kahr"meuh luyt'/, n. 1. a mendicant friar belonging to a religious order founded at Mt. Carmel, Palestine, in the 12th century; White Friar. 2. a nun belonging to this ...
Carmen
/kahr"meuhn/; Sp. /kahrdd"men/, n. 1. See Ciudad del Carmen. 2. a male or female given name: from a Latin word meaning "song." /kahr"meuhn/; Fr. /kannrdd men"/, n. an opera ...
Carmet, Jean-Gabriel-Edmond
▪ 1995       French actor (b. April 25, 1920, Tours, France—d. April 20, 1994, Sèvres, near Paris, France), appeared in some 200 motion pictures in a career that ...
Carmichael
/kahr"muy keuhl/, n. 1. Hoagland Howard /hohg"leuhnd/, ("Hoagy"), 1899-1981, U.S. songwriter and musician. 2. Stokely /stohk"lee/, born 1941, U.S. civil-rights leader, born in ...
Carmichael, Hoagy
orig. Hoagland Howard Carmichael born Nov. 22, 1899, Bloomington, Ind., U.S. died Dec. 27, 1981, Rancho Mirage, Calif. U.S. songwriter. While studying law in Indiana, he met ...
Carmichael, Leonard
▪ American psychologist born Nov. 9, 1898, Philadelphia died Sept. 16, 1973, Washington, D.C.       U.S. psychologist and educator who, as secretary of the Smithsonian ...
Carmichael, Stokely
▪ 1999       Trinidadian-born civil rights leader and black nationalist (b. June 29, 1941, Port of Spain, Trinidad—d. Nov. 15, 1998, Conakry, Guinea), originated the ...
Carmichael,Hoagland Howard
Carmichael, Hoagland Howard. Known as “Hoagy.” 1899-1981. American songwriter whose many popular works include “Stardust” (1929) and “Georgia on My Mind” (1930). * * *
Carmina Burana
▪ medieval manuscript German  Lieder Aus Beuern        13th-century manuscript that contains songs (the Carmina Burana proper) and six religious plays. The contents ...
carminative
/kahr min"euh tiv, kahr"meuh nay'tiv/, n. 1. a drug causing expulsion of gas from the stomach or bowel. adj. 2. expelling gas from the body; relieving flatulence. [1645-55; < LL ...
carmine
/kahr"min, -muyn/, n. 1. a crimson or purplish-red color. 2. a crimson pigment obtained from cochineal. [1705-15; < F carmin (color), carmine (pigment), OF; cf. ML carminium, ...
Carmona
▪ Spain       town, Sevilla provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southern Spain; it overlooks the Andalusian Plain ...
Carmona, António Oscar de Fragoso
born Nov. 24, 1869, Lisbon, Port. died April 18, 1951, Lisbon Portuguese general and politician. A career officer, he rose to the rank of general by 1922. He took part in the ...
carmustine
/kahr"meuh steen'/, n. Pharm. a toxic nitrosurea, C5H9Cl2N3O2, used in the treatment of a wide range of tumors. Also called BCNU. * * *
carn
/kahrn/, n. cairn. * * *
Carnaby Street
a small street in central London, England, which was famous in the 1960s for its shops selling fashionable clothes: In the 60s all the pop stars came to Carnaby Street. Now ...
Carnac
—Carnacian /kahr nay"sheuhn/, adj. /kahr"nak/; Fr. /kannrdd nannk"/, n. a commune in SW Morbihan, in NW France, SE of Lorient: megalithic monuments. 3681. * * * ▪ ...
Carnacian
See Carnac. * * *
carnage
/kahr"nij/, n. 1. the slaughter of a great number of people, as in battle; butchery; massacre. 2. Archaic. dead bodies, as of those slain in battle. [1590-1600; < MF < It ...
carnal
—carnality, carnalness, carnalism, n. —carnally, adv. /kahr"nl/, adj. 1. pertaining to or characterized by the flesh or the body, its passions and appetites; sensual: carnal ...


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