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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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casimere
/kas"euh mear'/, n. cassimere. Also, casimire. * * *
Casimir
(as used in expressions) Casimir III Casimir the Great Casimir IV Casimir Jagiellonian Périer Casimir Pierre Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart * * *
Casimir I
▪ duke of Poland byname  Casimir the Restorer  or  the Monk , Polish  Kazimierz Odnowiciel  or  Mnich  born July 25, 1016 died at latest Nov. 28, ...
Casimir II
▪ duke of Poland byname  Casimir the Just , Polish  Kazimierz Sprawiedliwy  born 1138 died May 5, 1194       duke of Kraków and of Sandomierz from 1177 to 1194. A ...
Casimir III
known as Casimir the Great Polish Kazimierz Weilki born April 30, 1310, Kujavia, Pol. died Nov. 5, 1370 King of Poland (1333–70). He was the son of Władysław I, who ...
Casimir IV
known as Casimir Jagiellonian Polish Kazimierz Jagiellończyk born Nov. 30, 1427 died June 7, 1492 Grand duke of Lithuania (1440–92) and king of Poland (1447–92). He ...
Casimir-Périer, Jean
▪ president of France in full  Jean-paul-pierre Casimir-périer   born Nov. 8, 1847, Paris, France died March 11, 1907, Paris       French politician and wealthy ...
casing
/kay"sing/, n. 1. a case or covering; housing. 2. material for a case or covering. 3. the framework around a door or window. 4. the outermost covering of an automobile tire. 5. ...
casing knife
a knife for trimming wallpaper after it has been attached. * * *
casing nail
a nail having a small, conical head, slenderer than a common nail of the same length, used for laying floors, fastening matchboarding, and other work in which the head may remain ...
casinghead gas
/kay"sing hed'/ natural gas obtained from an oil well. [1925-30, Amer.; CASING + HEAD] * * *
casino
/keuh see"noh/, n., pl. casinos for 1. 1. a building or large room used for meetings, entertainment, dancing, etc., esp. such a place equipped with gambling devices, gambling ...
Casiquiare
▪ river, Venezuela also spelled  Cassiquiare        navigable waterway in southern Venezuela. It branches off from the Orinoco River downstream from La Esmeralda and ...
casita
/keuh see"teuh/; Sp. /kah see"tah/, n., pl. casitas /-teuhz/; Sp. /-tahs/. 1. a small crude dwelling forming part of a shantytown inhabited by Mexican laborers in the ...
cask
—casklike, adj. /kask, kahsk/, n. 1. a container made and shaped like a barrel, esp. one larger and stronger, for holding liquids. 2. the quantity such a container holds: wine ...
Cask of Amontillado, The
a short story (1846) by Edgar Allan Poe. * * *
casket
—casketlike, adj. /kas"kit, kah"skit/, n. 1. a coffin. 2. a small chest or box, as for jewels. v.t. 3. to put or enclose in a casket. [1425-75; late ME < ?] * * *
Casket Letters
▪ English history       the eight letters and a series of irregular sonnets asserted by James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton (Morton, James Douglas, 4th Earl of), to have ...
Čáslavská, Věra
▪ Czech gymnast born May 3, 1942, Prague, Czechoslovakia [now in Czech Republic]     Czech gymnast, who won a total of 35 medals, including 22 gold medals, at the Olympic ...
Caslon
/kaz"leuhn/, n. 1. William, 1692-1766, English type founder and designer. 2. Print. an old-style type modeled after the types designed by William Caslon. * * *
Caslon, William
▪ English printer born 1692, Cradley, Worcestershire, Eng. died Jan. 23, 1766, Bethnal Green, London       English typefounder who, between 1720 and 1726, designed the ...
Caslon,William
Cas·lon (kăzʹlən), William. 1692-1766. English type designer whose typefaces, such as Caslon, were widely used in the 18th century. * * *
Caso y Andrade, Alfonso
▪ Mexican anthropologist born Feb. 1, 1896, Mexico City, Mex. died Nov. 30, 1970, Mexico City       Mexican archaeologist and government official who explored the early ...
Casoron
/kas"euh ron'/, Hort. Trademark. a brand of dichlobenil. * * *
Caspar
/kas"peuhr/, n. 1. one of the three Magi. 2. a male given name. * * *
Caspar Milquetoast
milquetoast. * * *
Casper
/kas"peuhr/, n. 1. a city in central Wyoming. 51,016. 2. a male given name. * * * City (pop., 2000: 49,644), east-central Wyoming, U.S., on the North Platte River. Founded in ...
Caspersson, Torbjörn Oskar
▪ Swedish cytologist and geneticist born Oct. 15, 1910, Motala, Swed. died Dec. 7, 1997       Swedish cytologist and geneticist who initiated the use of the ultraviolet ...
Caspersson, Torbörn Oskar
born Oct. 15, 1910, Motala, Swed. Swedish cell biologist and geneticist. After receiving his medical degree from the University of Stockholm in 1936, he initiated the use of ...
Caspian
/kas"pee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Caspian Sea. n. 2. See Caspian Sea. [1580-90] * * *
Caspian Depression
▪ lowland, Asia Russian  Prikaspiyskaya Nizmennost,         flat lowland, Kazakhstan and Russia, much of it below sea level at the north end of the Caspian Sea. It is ...
Caspian Sea
a salt lake between SE Europe and Asia: the largest inland body of water in the world. ab. 169,000 sq. mi. (438,000 sq. km); 85 ft. (26 m) below sea level. * * * Inland salt ...
CaspianSea
Cas·pi·an Sea (kăsʹpē-ən) A saline lake between southeast Europe and western Asia. Its water level is decreasing because of dam construction on the Volga River, which ...
casque
—casqued /kaskt/, adj. /kask/, n. 1. an open, conical helmet with a nose guard, commonly used in the medieval period. 2. any helmet-shaped head covering. 3. Zool. a process or ...
casqued
See casque. * * *
Cass
/kas/, n. 1. Lewis, 1782-1866, U.S. statesman. 2. a male or female given name. * * *
Cass, Lewis
born Oct. 9, 1782, Exeter, N.H., U.S. died June 17, 1866, Detroit, Mich. U.S. politician. He fought in the War of 1812 and served as governor of Michigan Territory (1813–31). ...
Cass, Mary Margaret
▪ 2000 “Peggy”        American character actress whose most memorable role was that of the unwed pregnant secretary Agnes Gooch in both the Broadway version of ...
Cass,Lewis
Cass (kăs), Lewis. 1782-1866. American soldier, politician, and diplomat who held several governmental positions, including U.S. secretary of war (1831-1836) during the Black ...
cassaba
/keuh sah"beuh/, n. casaba. * * *
cassabanana
▪ Sicana odorifera also called  curuba,  curua , or  coroa        perennial vine of the gourd family ( Cucurbitaceae), native to the New World tropics and ...
Cassander
/keuh san"deuhr/, n. c354-297 B.C., king of Macedonia 301-297 (son of Antipater). * * * ▪ king of Macedonia born c. 358 BC died 297 BC       son of the Macedonian ...
Cassandra
/keuh san"dreuh/, n. 1. Also called Alexandra. Class. Myth. a daughter of Priam and Hecuba, a prophet cursed by Apollo so that her prophecies, though true, were fated never to be ...
Cassandre
▪ French graphic artist pseudonym of  Adolphe-jean-marie Mouron   born Jan. 24, 1901, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kharkiv, Ukraine] died June 19, 1968, Paris, ...
cassapanca
/kas'euh pang"keuh/, n. a carved bench of the Italian Renaissance, the seat of which is used as a chest. [ < It, equiv. to cassa box, chest (see CASE2) + panca, var. of banca ...
cassareep
/kas"euh reep'/, n. the juice of bitter cassava root, boiled down to a syrup and used as a flavoring for food, esp. in West Indian cookery. [1825-35; apocopated var. of earlier ...
cassata
cassata [kə sät′ə] n. an Italian ice cream combining at least three flavors, chopped nuts, and candied fruits * * *
cassation
—cassational, adj. /ka say"sheuhn, keuh-/, n. 1. annulment; cancellation; reversal. 2. Music. an 18th-century instrumental suite for outdoor performance, similar to the ...
Cassatt
/keuh sat"/, n. Mary, 1845-1926, U.S. painter. * * *
Cassatt, Mary
born May 22, 1844, Allegheny City, Pa., U.S. died June 14, 1926, Château de Beaufresne, near Paris, France U.S. painter and printmaker, active in Paris. She spent her early ...
Cassatt,Mary Stevenson
Cas·satt (kə-sătʹ), Mary Stevenson. 1844?-1926. American painter noted for her studies of mothers and their children, such as The Bath (1891-1892). She was associated with ...
cassava
/keuh sah"veuh/, n. 1. any of several tropical American plants belonging to the genus Manihot, of the spurge family, as M. esculenta (bitter cassava) and M. dulcis (sweet ...
Cassavetes, John
born Dec. 9, 1929, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 3, 1989, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. film director and actor. He acted in films and in television dramas before making his ...
Cassegrain
Cassegrain [kas′ə grān΄] adj. of an arrangement of mirrors, lenses, etc. used in reflecting telescopes and microwave antennas, having its focus or transmission point near or ...
Cassegrain reflector
▪ astronomical instrument  in astronomical telescopy, an arrangement of mirrors to focus incoming light at a point close to the main light-gathering mirror. The design was ...
Cassegrain telescope
/kas"euh grayn'/, Astron. a reflecting telescope in which the light, passing through a central opening in the primary mirror, is brought into focus a short distance behind it by ...
Cassel
/kas"euhl/; Ger. /kah"seuhl/, n. Kassel. * * *
Cassel brown
(sometimes l.c.) See Vandyke brown. Also called Cassel earth. [1855-60; named after CASSEL] * * *
Cassel porcelain
Cassel also spelled  Kassel,         porcelain produced by a factory at Kassel, Hesse, under the patronage of the Landgrave of Hesse. The factory fired hard-paste ...
Cassel yellow
a lemon-yellow color. [1880-85; see CASSEL BROWN] * * *
Cassel, Gustav
▪ Swedish economist in full  Karl Gustav Cassel  born October 20, 1866, Stockholm, Sweden died January 14, 1945, Djursholm?       Swedish economist who gained ...
Cassel, Jean-Pierre
▪ 2008 Jean-Pierre Crochon        French actor born Oct. 27, 1932 , Paris, France died April 19, 2007 , Paris delighted audiences for more than 50 years in nearly 200 ...
Casselberry
/kas"euhl ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n. a city in central Florida. 15,247. * * *
Cassella Farbewerke Mainkur Aktiengesellschaft
▪ German company       (German: Cassella Dyeworks Mainkur Limited-liability Company), German chemical corporation founded in 1789 by Leopold Cassella (1766–1847) in ...
cassena
cas·se·na (kə-sēʹnə) n. Variant of cassina. * * *
cassene
cas·se·ne (kə-sēʹnə) n. Variant of cassina. * * *
casserole
/kas"euh rohl'/, n., v., casseroled, casseroling. n. 1. a baking dish of glass, pottery, etc., usually with a cover. 2. any food, usually a mixture, cooked in such a dish. 3. a ...
cassette
/keuh set", ka-/, n. 1. Also called cassette tape. a compact case containing a length of magnetic tape that runs between two small reels: used for recording or playback in a tape ...
cassette deck
a tape deck for playing and recording cassette tapes. * * *
cassettedeck
cassette deck n. A tape deck designed for recording or playing audiocassettes. * * *
cassettememory
cassette memory n. Computer Science A removable cartridge containing magnetic tape that stores programs. * * *
cassia
/kash"euh, kas"ee euh/, n. 1. Also called cassia bark, Chinese cinnamon. a variety of cinnamon derived from the cassia-bark tree. 2. any of numerous plants, trees, and shrubs ...
cassia-bark tree
/kash"euh bahrk', kas"ee euh-/ a lauraceous tree, Cinnamomum cassia, of eastern Asia. * * *
Cassian, Saint John
▪ monk Latin  Johannes Cassianus,  also called  Johannes Eremita  or  Johannes Massiliensis  born 360, the Dobruja, Scythia died 435, Marseille; Eastern feast day ...
Cassidy
I. Butch Cassidy (1869–c. 1908) the leader of a group of criminals in the American Wild West called the ‘Wild Bunch’ or the ‘Hole-in-the-Wall Gang’. Another member of ...
Cassidy, Butch
orig. Robert Leroy Parker born April 13, 1866, Beaver, Utah, U.S. died 1909?, Concordia Tin Mines, near San Vicente, Bol.? U.S. outlaw. Taking his name from an older outlaw ...
Cassidy, Frederic Gomes
▪ 2001       Jamaican-born American lexicographer (b. Oct. 10, 1907, Kingston, Jam.—d. June 14, 2000, Madison, Wis.), was a leading authority on American folk ...
cassie
/kas"ee/, n. huisache. [ < F < Pr cacio, for acacia ACACIA] * * *
Cassie
/kas"ee/, n. a male or female given name, form of Cass. * * *
Cassilly, Richard
▪ 1999       American Wagnerian opera singer whose physical presence and mastery of heldentenor roles delighted audiences for some 30 years (b. Dec. 14, 1927, ...
cassimere
/kas"euh mear'/, n. a twill-weave, worsted suiting fabric, often with a striped pattern. Also, casimere, casimire. [1695-1705; var. of CASHMERE] * * *
Cassin
/kann saonn"/, n. René /rddeuh nay"/, 1887-1976, French diplomat and human-rights advocate: at the United Nations 1946-68; Nobel peace prize 1968. * * *
Cassin, René
▪ French jurist in full  René-Samuel Cassin  born October 5, 1887, Bayonne, France died February 20, 1976, Paris       French jurist and president of the European ...
cassina
cas·si·na also cas·se·na or cas·se·ne or cas·si·ne (kə-sēʹnə) n. Botany 1. See dahoon. 2. See yaupon.   [American Spanish, yaupon, from Timucua kasine.] * * *
Cassini
/keuh see"nee, kah-/, n. 1. Oleg /oh"leg/, (Oleg Cassini-Loiewski), born 1913, U.S. fashion designer and businessman, born in France. 2. a walled plain in the first quadrant of ...
Cassini de Thury, César-François
▪ French surveyor also called  Cassini Iii   born June 17, 1714, Thury, France died Sept. 4, 1784, Paris       French astronomer and geodesist, who continued ...
Cassini division
Astron. a 3000-mi. (4800-km) wide dark region that separates the middle and outermost rings of the planet Saturn. [named after Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini ...
Cassini's laws
▪ astronomy  three empirical rules that accurately describe the rotation of the Moon, formulated in 1693 by Gian Domenico Cassini. They are: (1) the Moon rotates uniformly ...
Cassini, Dominique, comte de
▪ French surveyor and astronomer (count of),also called  Cassini IV  born June 30, 1748, Paris died October 18, 1845, Thury, France       French geodesist and ...
Cassini, Gian Domenico
born June 8, 1625, Perinaldo, Republic of Genoa died Sept. 14, 1712, Paris, France Italian-born French astronomer. His early studies were mainly observations of the Sun, but, ...
Cassini, Jacques
▪ French astronomer born Feb. 18, 1677, Paris, France died April 15/16, 1756, Thury       French astronomer who compiled the first tables of the orbital motions of ...
Cassini, Oleg
▪ 2007 Oleg Cassini Loiewski  French-born American fashion designer (b. April 11, 1913, Paris, France—d. March 17, 2006, Long Island, N.Y.), achieved fame as a celebrity ...
Cassini,Oleg
Cas·si·ni (kə-sēʹnē), Oleg. Born 1913. French-born American fashion designer. He established his own ready-to-wear lines in the 1950s and became official designer to ...
Cassini-Huygens
▪ space mission  U.S.-European space mission to Saturn, launched on Oct. 15, 1997. The mission consisted of the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) ...
Cassinidivision
Cassini division n. The large gap between the two most prominent of Saturn's rings, caused by the gravitational pull of the moon Mimas.   [After Giovanni DomenicoCassini ...
cassino
/keuh see"noh/, n. casino (def. 3). * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Casinum,         town, Lazio (Latium) regione, central Italy. Cassino lies along the Rapido River at the ...
Cassino
/keuh see"noh/; It. /kahs see"naw/, n. a town in SE Latium, in central Italy, NNW of Naples: site of Monte Cassino. 24,695. * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Casinum, ...
Cassiodorus
/kas'ee euh dawr"euhs, -dohr"-/, n. Flavius Magnus Aurelius, died A.D. 575, Roman statesman and writer. * * * in full Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus born 490, Scylletium, ...
Cassiodorus,Flavius Magnus Aurelius
Cas·si·o·dor·us (kăs'ē-ə-dôrʹəs, -dōrʹ-), Flavius Magnus Aurelius.Sixth century A.D. Roman statesman and historian who wrote Chronicon, a universal history to A.D. ...
cassiope
/keuh suy"euh pee'/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) any evergreen shrub belonging to the genus Cassiope, of the heath family, having nodding white or pinkish solitary flowers and ...
Cassiopea
▪ jellyfish       genus of marine jellyfish constituting the order Rhizostomeae (class Scyphozoa, phylum Cnidaria) and found in tropical waters. Members of the genus ...
Cassiopeia
—Cassiopeian, adj. /kas'ee euh pee"euh/, n., gen. Cassiopeiae /-pee"ee/ for 1. 1. Astron. a northern constellation between Cepheus and Perseus. 2. Class. Myth. the wife of ...
Cassiopeia A
▪ astronomy  strongest source of radio emission in the sky beyond the solar system, located in the direction of the constellation Cassiopeia about 9,000 light-years from ...
Cassiopeia's Chair
Cassiopeia's Chair n. the five brightest stars in the constellation Cassiopeia that seem to form the shape of a W or M * * *
Cassirer
/kah sear"euhr, keuh-/, n. Ernst /errnst, ernst/, 1874-1945, German philosopher. * * *
Cassirer, Ernst
born July 28, 1874, Breslau, Silesia, Ger. died April 13, 1945, New York, N.Y., U.S. German philosopher and educator. He taught at the University of Berlin (1905–19) and the ...
cassis
/ka sees"/; Fr. /kann sees"/, n. 1. See crème de cassis. 2. (italics) French. a. a black currant. b. a brandy distilled from black currants. [ < F] * * *
Cassite
/kas"uyt/, n. Kassite. * * *
cassiterite
/keuh sit"euh ruyt'/, n. a brown or black mineral, tin dioxide, SnO2, that crystallizes in the tetragonal system; tinstone: the principal ore of tin. [1855-60; < Gk kassíter(os) ...
Cassius
/kash"euhs/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Cassius Marcellus Clay Cassius Longinus Gaius Clay Cassius Marcellus * * *
Cassius (Longinus)
Cassius (Longinus) [kash′əs, kas′ē əs] (Gaius) died 42 B.C.; Rom. general & conspirator against Caesar * * *
Cassius (Longinus), Gaius
died 42 BC, near Philippi, Macedonia Roman general and administrator. He fought alongside Pompey the Great against Julius Caesar but was reconciled with Caesar after Pompey's ...
Cassius Clay
➡ Clay * * *
Cassius Dionysius
▪ North African writer flourished 88 BC, Utica [now in Tunisia]       ancient North African writer on botany and medicinal substances, best known for his Greek ...
Cassius Longinus
/lon juy"neuhs/ Gaius /gay"euhs/, died 42 B.C., Roman general: leader of the conspiracy against Julius Caesar. * * *
Cassius Longinus, Gaius
▪ Roman jurist flourished 1st century AD       prominent Roman jurist, a pupil of the famous jurist Massurius Sabinus, with whom he founded a legal ...
Cassius Longinus, Quintus
▪ Roman official died 47 BC, at the mouth of the Ebro River, Tarraconensis       Roman official whose tyrannical government of Spain greatly injured Julius Caesar's ...
Cassius Longinus,Gaius
Cas·sius Lon·gi·nus (kăshʹəs lŏn-jīʹnəs), Gaius. Died 42B.C. Roman general and politician who was a leading member of the conspiracy to assassinate Julius Caesar. * * *
Cassius Vecellinus, Spurius
▪ Roman consul flourished late 6th and early 5th centuries BC       Roman consul who, by bringing peace to the area around Rome, contributed to the growth of the city ...
Cassius, Gaius
▪ Roman assassin byname  Parmensis (Latin: “of Parma”)   born , Parma [Italy] died after 31, BC       one of the assassins of Julius Caesar (Caesar, Julius). ...
Cassivellaunus
▪ British chieftain also spelled  Cassivelaunus   flourished 1st century BC       powerful British chieftain who was defeated by Julius Caesar (Caesar, Julius) ...
cassock
/kas"euhk/, n. 1. a long, close-fitting garment worn by members of the clergy or others participating in church services. 2. a lightweight, double-breasted ecclesiastical coat or ...
Cassola, Carlo
▪ Italian writer born March 17, 1917, Rome, Italy died Jan. 29, 1987, Monte Carlo, Monaco       Italian Neorealist novelist who portrayed the landscapes and the ...
cassolette
/kas'euh let"/, n. a container for cooking and serving an individual portion of food, usually made of pottery, silver, or paper, or sometimes of baked dough. [1650-60; < F, ...
Casson
(1910–1999) an English architect and artist. He was the director of architecture for the Festival of Britain and has designed several important buildings. He has also published ...
Casson, Alfred Joseph
▪ Canadian painter born May 17, 1898, Toronto, Ontario, Canada died February 19, 1992, Toronto       Canadian painter who was a member of the Group of Seven (Seven, ...
cassone
/keuh soh"nee/; It. /kahs saw"ne/, n., pl. cassoni /-nee/. a large Italian chest of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, usually highly ornamented. [1880-85; < It, equiv. to cass(a) ...
cassoulet
/kas'euh lay"/; Fr. /kann sooh le"/, n. a white-bean stew of French origin, often containing pork, mutton, garlic sausage, and preserved goose or duck. [1925-30; < F < Pr ...
cassowary
/kas"euh wer'ee/, n., pl. cassowaries. any of several large flightless, ratite birds of the genus Casuarius, of Australia, New Guinea, and adjacent islands, characterized by a ...
cast
—castable, adj. —castability, n. /kast, kahst/, v., cast, casting, n., adj. v.t. 1. to throw or hurl; fling: The gambler cast the dice. 2. to throw off or away: He cast the ...
cast a vote
➡ elections * * *
cast iron
an alloy of iron, carbon, and other elements, cast as a soft and strong, or as a hard and brittle, iron, depending on the mixture and methods of molding. [1655-65; cast (ptp. of ...
cast steel
—cast-steel, adj. any of various steels cast in molds to form objects. [1770-80] * * *
cast stone
a concrete with a fine aggregate, used to imitate natural stone. [1920-25] * * *
cast-iron
/kast"uy"euhrn, kahst"-/, adj. 1. made of cast iron. 2. not subject to change or exception: a cast-iron rule. 3. hardy: a cast-iron stomach. [1655-65] * * *
cast-iron plant
aspidistra. * * *
cast-ironplant
cast-iron plant n. See aspidistra. * * *
Castagno
/kah stah"nyaw/, n. Andrea del /ahn drdde"ah del/, (Andrea di Bartolo di Bargilla), c1423-57, Florentine painter. * * *
Castagno, Andrea del
orig. Andrea di Bartolo born с 1421, San Martino a Corella, Republic of Florence died Aug. 19, 1457, Florence Italian painter active in Florence. Little is known of his early ...
Castagno,Andrea del
Cas·ta·gno (kä-stäʹnyō), Andrea del. 1423-1457. Florentine painter noted for his Last Supper, part of the Passion of Christ Cycle that he painted for the Church of Sant' ...
Castalia
Castalia [kas tā′lē ə] 〚L < Gr Kastalia〛 spring on Mount Parnassus, Greece: in ancient times it was sacred to the Muses and was considered a source of poetic inspiration ...
Castaneda
/kas'teuh nay"deuh/, n. Carlos, born 1931, U.S. anthropologist and writer, born in Brazil. * * *
Castaneda, Carlos
▪ 1999       Peruvian-born anthropologist and writer (b. Dec. 25, 1925/31?, Cajamarca, Peru—d. April 27, 1998, Westwood, Calif.), was considered a father of the New ...
castanet
/kas'teuh net"/, n. either of a pair of concave pieces of wood held in the palm of the hand and clicked together, usually to accompany dancing. [1640-50; < Sp castañeta, equiv. ...
castanets
castanets [kas΄tə nets′] pl.n. 〚Fr castagnette (sing.) < Sp castañeta, dim. of castaña < L castanea, CHESTNUT: so named from the shape〛 a pair of small, hollowed pieces ...
castaway
/kast"euh way', kahst"-/, n. 1. a shipwrecked person. 2. anything cast adrift or thrown away. 3. an outcast. adj. 4. cast adrift. 5. thrown away. [1520-30; n., adj. use of v. ...
caste
—casteism, n. —casteless, adj. /kast, kahst/, n. 1. Sociol. a. an endogamous and hereditary social group limited to persons of the same rank, occupation, economic position, ...
caste mark
1. (in India) a mark, usually on the forehead, symbolizing and identifying caste membership. 2. a distinctive trait, associated with a group or class and marking a person as a ...
Castel Gandolfo
/kah stel" gahn dawl"faw/ a village in central Italy, 15 mi. (24 km) SE of Rome: papal palace serving as the summer residence of the pope. * * * ▪ Italy       village ...
Castel Sant'Angelo
▪ mausoleum, Rome, Italy also called  Hadrianeum  or  Sepulcrum Antoninorum   structure in Rome, Italy, that was originally the mausoleum of the Roman emperor Hadrian ...
Castelar y Ripoll, Emilio
▪ president of Spain born September 7, 1832, Cádiz, Spain died May 25, 1899, San Pedro del Pinatar       statesman and author, one of the most powerful champions of ...
Castelfranco Veneto
▪ Italy       town, Veneto regione, northern Italy. It lies west of Treviso. Founded in 1199 by Treviso city as a bulwark against the Paduans, it is surrounded by ...
CastelGandolfo
Cas·tel Gan·dol·fo (kä-stĕlʹ gän-dōlʹfō) A town of central Italy on Lake Albano southeast of Rome. It is the site of the papal summer residence. Population: 3,600. * ...
Castellammare di Stabia
▪ Italy       city and episcopal see, Campania regione, southern Italy. It lies in the southeast angle of the Bay of Naples southeast of Naples. Its name is derived ...
castellan
—castellanship, n. /kas"tl n, ka stel"euhn/, n. the governor of a castle. [1350-1400; < ML castellanus (n.) governor, occupant of a castle, (adj.) of a castle (L: of a ...
Castellanos
/kahs'te yah"naws/, n. Julio /hooh"lyaw/, 1905-47, Mexican painter. * * *
Castellanos, Rosario
▪ Mexican writer born May 25, 1925, Mexico City, Mexico died August 7, 1974, Tel Aviv, Israel       novelist, short-story writer, poet, essayist, and diplomat who was ...
castellanus
/kas'tl ay"neuhs/, adj. Meteorol. (of a cloud) having small turrets. [ < NL, L castellanus; see CASTELLAN] * * *
castellany
/kas"tl ay'nee/, n., pl. castellanies. 1. the rank, office, or jurisdiction of a castellan. 2. the land belonging to a castle. [1325-75; ME; see CASTELLAN, -Y3] * * *
castellated
—castellation, n. /kas"tl ay'tid/, adj. 1. Archit. built like a castle, esp. with turrets and battlements. 2. having many castles. [ < ML castellat(us) (see CASTLE, -ATE1) + ...
castellated beam
a rolled metal beam the web of which is first divided by a lengthwise zigzag cut, then welded together so as to join the peaks of both halves, thus increasing its depth and ...
castellated nut
a tall lock nut, having on its outer face radial slits allowing for insertion of a cotter pin or wire in both the nut and a hole in its bolt, so as to prevent the nut from coming ...
castellation
See castellated. * * *
castellatus
/kas'tl ay"teuhs/, adj. Meteorol. (formerly) castellanus. [ < NL, ML castellatus CASTELLATED] * * *
Castelli, Leo
▪ 2000 Leo Krauss        Italian-born American art dealer whose promotion of such important American painters as Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, and Frank Stella ...
Castellón
Castellón [kas΄təl yōndā΄ lä plä′nä΄käs΄təl yō̂n′] seaport in E Spain, on the Mediterranean: pop. 133,000: in full Castellón de la Plana [kas΄təl yōndā΄ ...
Castellón de la Plana
/kahs'te lyawn" de lah plah"nah, -yawn"/ a seaport in E Spain. 93,968. * * * ▪ Spain Valencian  Castelló de la Plana        city, capital of Castellón provincia ...
Castellónde la Plana
Cas·tel·lón de la Pla·na (kăs'təl-yōnʹ də lä pläʹnə, kä'stĕ-lyōnʹ dĕ lä pläʹnä) A city of eastern Spain on the Mediterranean Sea north-northeast of ...
castellum
/ka stel"euhm/, n., pl. castelli /ka stel"uy/. Archaeol. a small isolated fortress, or one of a series of such fortresses, of the ancient Romans. [ < L: fortified settlement, ...
Castelnau, Michel de, Sieur De La Mauvissière
▪ French diplomat born 1520?, La Mauvissière, Touraine, France died 1592, Joinville       French diplomat and soldier, noted for his Mémoires of the beginnings of the ...
Castelnuovo-Tedesco
/kah'stel nwaw"vaw te de"skaw/, n. Mario /mah"rddyaw/, 1895-1968, U.S. composer, born in Italy. * * *
Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Mario
▪ Italian composer born April 3, 1895, Florence, Italy died March 15, 1968, Hollywood, Calif., U.S.       Italian-born composer in the Neoromantic ...
Castelo Branco
/kahs te"loo brddahonn"koo/ Humberto de Alencar /oohonn berdd"too di ah leonn kahrdd"/, 1900-67, Brazilian general and statesman: president 1964-67. * * * ▪ ...
Castelo Branco, Camilo
▪ Portuguese novelist born March 16, 1825, Lisbon, Port. died June 1, 1890, Seide  Portuguese novelist whose 58 novels range from Romantic melodramas to works of realism. He ...
Castelo Branco, Camilo, viscount of Correia Botelho
born March 16, 1825, Lisbon, Port. died June 1, 1890, Seide Portuguese novelist. An orphan from a family with a tendency to insanity, he studied medicine and theology before ...
Castelo Melhor, Luiz de Vasconcelos e Sousa, 3o conde de, 6o Conde Da Calheta
▪ Portuguese statesman born 1636 died August 15, 1720       Portuguese royal favourite who, as effective governor of Portugal from 1662 to 1667 during the reign of ...
Castelvetrano
▪ Italy       town, western Sicily, Italy, southeast of Marsala. Historic monuments include the churches of S. Domenico (1470) and of the Madre (16th century). In the ...
Castelvetro
/kas"tl ve"troh/; It. /kah'stel ve"trddaw/, n. Lodovico /loh'deuh vee"koh/; It. /law'daw vee"kaw/, 1505-71, Italian philologist and literary critic. * * *
Castelvetro, Lodovico
▪ Italian critic born c. 1505, , Modena, Duchy of Modena died Feb. 21, 1571, Chiavenna, Swiss Confederation       a dominant literary critic of the Italian Renaissance, ...
caster
—casterless, adj. /kas"teuhr, kah"steuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that casts. 2. a small wheel on a swivel, set under a piece of furniture, a machine, etc., to facilitate ...
Casti, Giovanni Battista
▪ Italian poet born Aug. 29, 1724, Acquapendente, Papal States died Feb. 5, 1803, Paris       Italian poet, satirist, and author of comic opera librettos, chiefly ...
castigate
—castigation, n. —castigative, castigatory /kas"ti geuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. —castigator, n. /kas"ti gayt'/, v.t., castigated, castigating. 1. to criticize or reprimand ...
castigation
See castigate. * * *
castigator
See castigation. * * *
Castiglione
/kah'stee lyaw"ne/, n. Baldassare /bahl'dahs sah"rdde/, 1478-1529, Italian diplomat and author. * * *
Castiglione, Baldassare
born Dec. 6, 1478, Casatico, near Mantua died Feb. 2, 1529, Toledo Italian diplomat, courtier, and writer. Born into a noble family, he was attached to the courts of Mantua and ...
Castiglione, Giovanni Benedetto
▪ Italian painter byname  Il Grechetto,  French  Le Benédette  baptized March 23, 1609, Genoa [Italy] died May 5, 1664, Mantua, Papal States  Italian painter and one of ...
Castiglione, Virginia Oldoini Verasis, Countess di
▪ Tuscan noblewoman born March 22, 1835, Florence, duchy of Tuscany [Italy] died Nov. 28, 1899, Paris, France       Tuscan noblewoman who occupied a predominant ...
Castiglione,Count Baldassare
Cas·ti·glio·ne (kä'stĭl-yōʹnā, -stē-lyōʹnĕ), Count Baldassare. 1478-1529. Italian diplomat and writer best known for Il Cortegiano (1528), which describes the ...
Castiglioni, Achille
▪ 2003       Italian architect and interior designer (b. Feb. 16, 1918, Milan, Italy—d. Dec. 2, 2002, Milan), produced modern furnishings and accessories that were ...
Castile
/ka steel"/, n. 1. Spanish, Castilla /kahs tee"lyah, -yah/. a former kingdom comprising most of Spain. 2. Also called Castile soap. a variety of mild soap, made from olive oil ...
Castile soap
Castile soap n. 〚ME Castell sope, after CASTILE, where first made〛 [also c- s-] a fine, mild, hard soap prepared from olive oil and sodium hydroxide * * *
Castile-León
Spanish Castilla y León Autonomous community (pop., 2001: 2,456,474) and historic region, northern Spain. Established in 1983, it encompasses the provinces of Valladolid, ...
Castilesoap
Castile soap also cas·tile soap (kăs-tēlʹ) n. A fine, hard, white, odorless soap made with olive oil and sodium hydroxide.   [After Castile.] * * *
Castile–La Mancha
Spanish Castilla la Mancha Autonomous community (pop., 2001: 1,760,516) and historic region, central Spain. Established in 1982, it encompasses the provinces of Toledo, Ciudad ...
Castilho, António Feliciano de
born Jan. 28, 1800, Lisbon died June 18, 1875, Lisbon Portuguese poet. Though blind from childhood, he became a classical scholar and by age 16 was publishing poems, ...
Castilho,Antonio Feliciano de
Cas·ti·lho (kəsh-tēʹlyo͞o), Antonio Feliciano de. 1800-1875. Portuguese author and translator who became a leader of the romantic movement in Portugal. He is known for his ...
Castilian
/ka stil"yeuhn/, n. 1. the dialect of Spanish spoken in Castile. 2. the official standard form of the Spanish language as spoken in Spain, based on this dialect. 3. a native or ...
Castilian dialect
▪ Spanish language Spanish  Castellano,         a dialect of the Spanish language (q.v.), the basis of modern standard Spanish. Originally the local dialect of ...
Castilla
/kahs tee"yah/, n. Ramón /rddah mawn"/, 1797-1867, Peruvian general and statesman: president of Peru 1845-51 and 1855-62. * * *
Castilla la Nueva
/kahs tee"lyah lah nwe"vah, -yah/ Spanish name of New Castile. * * *
Castilla la Vieja
/kahs tee"lyah lah vye"hah, -yah/ Spanish name of Old Castile. * * *
Castilla, Ramón
▪ president of Peru born Aug. 27, 1797, Tarapacá, Peru died May 25, 1867, Arica, Chile       soldier and statesman who, as president or as the power behind the scene, ...
Castillejo, Cristóbal de
▪ Spanish poet born 1490?, Ciudad Rodrigo, Spain died , probably June 12, 1550, Vienna       poet who was the foremost critic of the Italianate innovations of the ...
Castillo
/kahs tee"lyaw, -yaw/, n. Antonio /ahn taw"nyaw/, (Antonio Cánovas del Castillo del Rey), born 1908, Spanish fashion designer. * * *
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument
Preserve, northeastern Florida, U.S. Established in 1924, it is the 20-acre (8-hectare) site of the oldest masonry fort in the U.S., built by the Spanish (1672–96) to protect ...
Castillo Martinez, Heberto
▪ 1998       Mexican political leader of the leftist opposition to the long-entrenched Institutional Revolutionary Party; he was imprisoned for more than two years for ...
Castillo Solorzano, Alonso de
▪ Spanish writer born 1584, Tordesillas, Spain died 1648       Spanish novelist and playwright whose ingenuity expressed itself best in his short ...
Castillo, Ana
▪ American author in full  Ana Hernandez del Castillo  born June 15, 1953, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.       American poet and author whose work explores themes of race, ...
Castillo, Michel del
▪ Spanish author in full  Michel-Xavier Janicot del Castillo   born August 2, 1933, Madrid, Spain       Spanish-born novelist writing in French, who became famous at ...
Castillon, Battle of
▪ European history       (July 17, 1453), the concluding battle of the Hundred Years' War between France and England.       The French had won Guyenne and ...
Castine
▪ Maine, United States  historic resort town, Hancock county, southern Maine, U.S., on a promontory in Penobscot Bay, across the water from Belfast (west). For 200 years the ...
casting
/kas"ting, kah"sting/, n. 1. the act or process of a person or thing that casts. 2. something cast; any article that has been cast in a mold. 3. the act or process of choosing ...
casting couch
Facetious. a couch in the office of a casting director, supposedly used with actors or actresses willing to trade sexual favors for roles. [1940-45] * * *
casting director
the person responsible for selecting the cast of a theatrical production, motion picture, etc. [1920-25] * * *
casting rod
a fishing rod, generally 4-8 ft. (1.2-2.4 m) long, for casting bait or lures with a reel mounted near the handle that enables the thumb or finger to control the line during a ...
casting vote
the deciding vote of the presiding officer of a deliberative body, made when the other votes are equally divided. Also called casting voice. [1685-95] * * *
casting wheel
Metall. a wheel having on its circumference molds for receiving molten metal. * * *
castingvote
casting vote n. The vote of a presiding officer in an assembly or council, given to break a tie. * * *
castiron
cast iron n. A hard, brittle, nonmalleable iron-carbon alloy, cast into shape, containing 2 to 4.5 percent carbon, 0.5 to 3 percent silicon, and lesser amounts of sulfur, ...
castle
—castlelike, adj. /kas"euhl, kah"seuhl/, n., v., castled, castling. n. 1. a fortified, usually walled residence, as of a prince or noble in feudal times. 2. the chief and ...
Castle
/kas"euhl, kah"seuhl/, n. Irene (Foote), 1893-1969, born in the U.S., and her husband and partner Vernon (Vernon Castle Blythe), 1887-1918, born in England, U.S. ballroom ...
castle guard
▪ feudal law       in the European feudal tenure, an arrangement by which some tenants of the king or of a lesser lord were bound to provide garrisons for royal or other ...
castles
Thick walls and strong towers are characteristic features of Britain’s castles. When built, they were solid buildings with few comforts, designed for the defence of a town or ...
Castleton State College
▪ college, Castleton, Vermont, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning located in Castleton, Vt., U.S. The curriculum is based on the ...
Castletown
▪ Isle of Man, British Isles       town and ancient capital of the Isle of Man (Man, Isle of), one of the British Isles, on Castletown Bay, which is formed by the River ...
castoff
/kast"awf', -of', kahst"-/, adj. 1. thrown away; rejected; discarded: castoff clothing. n. 2. a person or thing that has been cast off. 3. Print. the estimate by a compositor of ...
castor
castor1 /kas"teuhr, kah"steuhr/, n. 1. Also, castoreum. a brownish, unctuous substance with a strong, penetrating odor, secreted by certain glands in the groin of the beaver, ...
Castor
/kas"teuhr, kah"steuhr/, n. Astron. a star of the second magnitude in the constellation Gemini, the more northerly of the two bright stars in this constellation. [named after ...
Castor and Pollux
Class. Myth. twin sons of Leda and brothers of Helen, famous for their fraternal affection and regarded as the protectors of persons at sea. Also, Kastor and Pollux. * * *
castor bean
—castor-bean, adj. 1. the seed of the castor-oil plant. 2. See castor-oil plant. [1810-20, Amer.; short for castor-oil bean] * * *
castor oil
a colorless to pale yellow, viscid liquid, usually obtained from the castor bean by a pressing process: used as a lubricant, in the manufacture of certain soaps and creams, and ...
castor sugar
Chiefly Brit. finely ground or powdered sugar. [1850-55] * * *
castor-oil plant
/kas"teuhr oyl", kah"steuhr-/ a tall plant, Ricinus communis, of the spurge family, cultivated for its ornamental foliage and having poisonous seeds that are the source of castor ...
castor-oilplant
cas·tor-oil plant (kăsʹtər-oilʹ) n. A poisonous, ornamental, tropical African herb or tree (Ricinus communis) having palmately lobed leaves and unisexual flowers and ...
castorbean
castor bean n. 1. The castor-oil plant. 2. The poisonous seed of the castor-oil plant, from which castor oil is obtained.   [castor oil + bean.] * * *
castoreum
/ka stawr"ee euhm, -stohr"-/, n. castor1 (def. 1). [ < L < Gk kastórion, equiv. to kastor- (s. of kástor) beaver + -ion, neut. of -ios adj. suffix] * * *
Castoroides
▪ fossil mammal       extinct genus of giant beavers found as fossils in Pleistocene deposits in North America (the Pleistocene Epoch began 1,600,000 years ago and ended ...
castoroil
castor oil n. A colorless or pale yellowish oil extracted from the seeds of the castor-oil plant, used pharmaceutically as a laxative and skin softener and industrially as a ...
Castracani, Castruccio
▪ Italian condottiere born 1281, Castruccio, Tuscany [Italy] died September 3, 1328, Lucca       condottiere, or captain of mercenaries, who ruled Lucca from 1316 to ...
castrate
—castration, n. —castrator, n. /kas"trayt/, v., castrated, castrating, n. v.t. 1. to remove the testes of; emasculate; geld. 2. to remove the ovaries of. 3. Psychol. to ...
castrater
See castrate. * * *
castration
See castrater. * * * or neutering Removal of the testes. The procedure stops most production of the hormone testosterone. If done before puberty, it prevents the development ...
castration complex
Psychoanal. an unconscious fear of losing the genital organs, esp. as punishment for oedipal feelings. [1910-15] * * *
castrato
/ka strah"toh, keuh-/; It. /kah strddah"taw/, n., pl. castrati /-tee/. a male singer, esp. in the 18th century, castrated before puberty to prevent his soprano or contralto voice ...


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