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See castrater. * * *
Castrén, Matthias Alexander
▪ Finnish nationalist and linguist born Dec. 2, 1813, Tervola, Fin., Russian Empire died May 7, 1852, Helsinki       Finnish nationalist and pioneer in the study of ...
▪ France       town, Tarn département, Midi-Pyrénées région, southern France, on the Agout River, east of Toulouse. The site of a Gallo-Roman camp, the town ...
/kas"treez, -trees, kah stree"/, n. a port in and the capital of the state of St. Lucia, on the NW coast. 45,000. * * * Seaport (pop., 1997 est.: 16,187), capital of Saint ...
Castries, Christian de
▪ French military officer in full  Christian Marie Ferdinand De La Croix De Castries   born Aug. 11, 1902, Paris, France–d. July 29, 1991, Paris       French army ...
/kas"troh/; Sp. /kahs"trddaw/, n. 1. Cipriano /sip'ree ah"noh/; Sp. /see'prddee ah"naw/, 1858?-1924, Venezuelan military and political leader: president 1901-08; exiled 1908. 2. ...
Castro (Ruz), Fidel
born Aug. 13, 1926/27, near Birán, Cuba Political leader of Cuba (from 1959). Son of a prosperous sugar planter, he became a lawyer and worked on behalf of the poor in Havana. ...
Castro Alves, Antônio de
▪ Brazilian poet born March 14, 1847, Muritiba, Brazil died July 6, 1871, Salvador       Romantic poet whose sympathy for the Brazilian abolitionist cause won him the ...
Castro Valley
/kas"troh/ a town in W California, near San Francisco Bay. 44,011. * * *
Castro y Bellvís, Guillén de
born 1569, Valencia, Spain died 1631, Madrid Spanish playwright. Of his approximately 50 plays, the best-remembered is The Youth of the Cid (с 1599), on which Pierre Corneille ...
Castro, Américo
▪ Spanish linguist in full  Américo Castro Y Quesada   born May 4, 1885, Cantagallo, Brazil died July 25, 1972, Lloret de Mar, Spain       Spanish philologist and ...
Castro, Cipriano
▪ Venezuelan soldier and dictator born Oct. 12, 1858, Capacho, Táchira, Venez. died Dec. 4, 1924, San Juan, P.R.  Venezuelan soldier and dictator, called the Lion of the ...
Castro, Eugénio de
▪ Portuguese poet born March 4, 1869, Coimbra, Port. died Aug. 17, 1944, Coimbra       leading Portuguese Symbolist and Decadent poet.       Castro's best-known ...
Castro, Fidel
▪ 1995       On Aug. 11, 1994, Cuban Pres. Fidel Castro indicated in a speech that his government was lifting restrictions on those wishing to leave the country. In ...
Castro, Inês de
▪ mistress of Peter I of Portugal born 1323? died Jan. 7, 1355, Coimbra, Port.       mistress, before his accession, of Peter (Peter I) (Pedro) I of Portugal. She was ...
Castro, João de
▪ Portuguese naval officer born , Feb. 7, 1500, Lisbon, Port. died June 6, 1548, Goa, Portuguese India       naval officer who helped preserve the Portuguese commercial ...
Castro, Raul
▪ 2008 Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz  born June 3, 1931, Holguín province, Cuba Revolutionary Raúl Castro, better known as Cuban Pres. Fidel Castro's younger brother and as head ...
Castro, Rosalía de
▪ Spanish writer born February 1837, Santiago de Compostela, Spain died July 15, 1885, Padrón, near Santiago       the most outstanding modern writer in the Galician ...
Cas·tro (kăsʹtrō, käʹstrō), Cipriano. 1858?-1924. Venezuelan soldier and politician who was president from 1902 to 1908, when he was suspended by the congress for his ...
Castro, Fidel. Born 1927. Cuban revolutionary leader who overthrew the corrupt regime of the dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959 and soon after established a Communist state. He ...
—Castroist, Castroite, n., adj. /kas"troh iz'euhm, kah"stroh-/, n. the political, social, and revolutionary theories and policies advocated by Fidel Castro. [1955-60; Fidel ...
See Castroism. * * *
See Castroist. * * *
Ger. /kah"strddawp rddowk"seuhl/, n. a city in central North Rhine-Westphalia, in W Germany. 81,900. Also, Kastrop-Rauxel. * * * ▪ Germany       city, North ...
Cas·tro Valley (kăsʹtrō) An unincorporated community of western California southeast of Oakland. It is mainly residential. Population: 48,619. * * *
—casually, adv. —casualness, n. /kazh"ooh euhl/, adj. 1. happening by chance; fortuitous: a casual meeting. 2. without definite or serious intention; careless or offhand; ...
casual clothes
➡ formal and informal dress * * *
casual contact
the level of contact at which a person is not subject to contracting a communicable disease from another, esp. nonsexual contact with a person infected with a venereal disease. * ...
casual labour
▪ economics       irregular employment or part-time labour, including the labour of workers whose normal employment consists of a series of short-term jobs. Casual ...
See casual. * * *
See casually. * * *
casualties, statistics on mortality in London 1647-60, from John Graunt, Natural and Political Observations, Table
▪ Table "Table of casualties," statistics on mortality in London 1647-60, from John Graunt, Natural and Political Observations (1662) The years of our ...
/kazh"ooh euhl tee/, n., pl. casualties. 1. Mil. a. a member of the armed forces lost to service through death, wounds, sickness, capture, or because his or her whereabouts or ...
casualty insurance
insurance providing coverage against accident and property damages, as automobile, theft, liability, and explosion insurance, but not including life insurance, fire insurance, or ...
ca·su·al·wear (kăzhʹo͞o-əl-wâr') n. Attire for wear on casual occasions: wore casualwear to the outdoor reception. * * *
▪ order of birds Introduction   any member of a group of large, flightless birds (bird) that includes two families native to Australasia. The family Dromaiidae, made up of ...
casuarina [kazh΄o͞o ə rē′nə] n. 〚ModL < Malay kasuārī, CASSOWARY: so named because the twigs are similar to the bird's feathers〛 any of a genus (Casuarina) of trees ...
▪ plant family  the beefwood family of dicotyledonous flowering plants, with two genera (Casuarina, 30 species; Gymnostoma, 20 species) of trees and shrubs, many of which ...
/kazh"ooh ist/, n. 1. an oversubtle or disingenuous reasoner, esp. in questions of morality. 2. a person who studies and resolves moral problems of judgment or conduct arising in ...
—casuistically, adv. /kazh'ooh is"tik/, adj. 1. pertaining to casuists or casuistry. 2. oversubtle; intellectually dishonest; sophistical: casuistic distinctions. Also, ...
See casuistic. * * *
/kazh"ooh euh stree/, n., pl. casuistries. 1. specious, deceptive, or oversubtle reasoning, esp. in questions of morality; fallacious or dishonest application of general ...
casus belli
/kay"seuhs bel"uy, bel"ee/; Lat. /kah"soos bel"lee/, pl. casus belli /kay"seuhs bel"uy, bel"ee/; Lat. /kah"soohs bel"lee/. an event or political occurrence that brings about a ...
ca·sus bel·li (kā'səs bĕlʹī, kä'səs bĕlʹē) n. pl. casus belli An act or event that provokes or is used to justify war.   [New Latin cāsus bellī: Latin cāsus, ...
/kat/, n., v., catted, catting. n. 1. a small domesticated carnivore, Felis domestica or F. catus, bred in a number of varieties. 2. any of several carnivores of the family ...
/kat/ Trademark. a Caterpillar tractor. * * * I or feline Any member of the family Felidae, the most highly specialized group of mammalian carnivores. Modern-type cats ...
1. clear-air turbulence. 2. Med. computerized axial tomography. Cf. CAT scanner. * * * I or feline Any member of the family Felidae, the most highly specialized group of ...
cat and mouse
1. Also called cat and rat. a children's game in which players in a circle keep a player from moving into or out of the circle and permit a second player to move into or out of ...
Cat and Mouse Act
➡ suffragettes * * *
cat brier
☆ cat brier n. GREENBRIER, esp. the vine ( Smilax glauca) * * *
cat burglar
a burglar who breaks into buildings by climbing through upstairs windows, across roofs, etc., esp. with great stealth and agility. [1905-10] * * *
cat distemper
Vet. Pathol. distemper1 (def. 1c). * * *
cat flap
➡ pets * * *
cat flea.
See under flea. * * *
cat litter
pulverized absorbent clay used for lining a box in which a cat can eliminate waste. * * *
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
a play (1955) by Tennessee Williams. * * *
Cat people
➡ pets * * *
cat rig
Naut. the typical rig of a catboat, consisting of a single mast with a long boom, set well forward and carrying a single gaff or jib-headed sail. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
CAT scan
/kat/ 1. an examination performed with a CAT scanner. 2. an x-ray image obtained by examination with a CAT scanner. Also, CT scan. [1970-75; C(OMPUTERIZED) A(XIAL) ...
CAT scanner
/kat/ a specialized x-ray instrument that displays computerized cross-sectional images of the body, providing a noninvasive means of visualizing the brain, lungs, liver, spleen, ...
cat scratch disease
      bacterial infection in human beings caused by Bartonella henselae, which is transmitted by a cat (cat, domestic) bite or scratch. Transmission of the bacterium from ...
cat shark
▪ fish       (family Scyliorhinidae), any of more than 80 species of small, mottled sharks (order Lamniformes). Although many bottom-dwelling species are rare and poorly ...
cat snake
▪ reptile       any of several groups of arboreal or semiarboreal rear-fanged snakes (snake) in the family Colubridae with eyes having vertically elliptical pupils ...
cat squirrel
Chiefly South Atlantic States. the gray squirrel, as distinguished from the fox squirrel. * * *
cat suit
Chiefly Brit. a jumpsuit. [1955-60] * * *
cat tackle
Naut. a tackle for hoisting an anchor. * * *
cat whisker
1. Radio. a stiff wire forming one contact in a crystal detector and used for probing the crystal. 2. Electronics. any wire for making contact with a semiconductor. Also, cat's ...
cat yawl
a yawl having the mainmast close to the stem and the after mast on the counter. * * *
cat's cradle
1. a children's game in which two players alternately stretch a looped string over their fingers in such a way as to produce different designs. 2. the intricate design formed by ...
Cat's Cradle
a novel (1963) by Kurt Vonnegut. * * *
cat's cry syndrome
Pathol. a complex of congenital malformations in human infants caused by a chromosomal aberration and in which the infant emits a mewing cry. Also called cri du chat. * * *
cat's meow
Slang. someone or something wonderful or remarkable. Also called cat's pajamas. [1920-25] * * *
cat's pajamas
Older Slang. someone or something wonderful or remarkable. Also called cat's meow. * * *
cat's whisker.
See cat whisker. [1910-15] * * *
/kats"klaw'/, n. a spiny shrub or small tree, Pithecellobium unguis-cati, of Central America, having greenish-yellow flowers and reddish, spirally twisted pods. Also, catclaw. ...
/kats"ear'/, n. 1. Also called gosmore. any of several Old World composite plants of the genus Hypochaeris, having leaves in a rosette at the base and dandelionlike yellow or ...
/kats"uy'/, n., pl. cat's-eyes. 1. any of certain gems having a chatoyant luster, esp. chrysoberyl. 2. a playing marble marked with eyelike concentric circles. [1545-55] * * ...
/kats"paw'/, n. 1. a person used to serve the purposes of another; tool. 2. Naut. a. a hitch made in the bight of a rope so that two eyes are formed to hold the hook of one block ...
cat's-tail speedwell
/kats"tayl'/ a widely cultivated Eurasian plant, Veronica spicata, of the figwort family, having blue flowers in long, spikelike clusters. * * *
cat's cradle (kăts) n. 1. A game in which a string is looped on the fingers to form an intricate pattern between a player's hands that can be successively varied or transferred ...
cat, domestic
▪ mammal Introduction also called  house cat,   (species Felis catus), domesticated member of the family Felidae, order Carnivora. Like all felids, domestic cats, the ...
/kat"n dawg", -dog"/, adj. 1. continuously or unceasingly vicious and destructive: cat-and-dog competition. 2. Slang. (of a security) highly speculative and of questionable ...
cat-and-mouse [kat΄'n mous′] adj. Informal of or designating behavior like that of a cat toying with a mouse; specif., of or designating a strategy by which one repeatedly ...
/kat"bilt'/, adj. (of a sailing vessel) having a bluff bow and straight stern without a figurehead. * * *
/kat"uyd'/, adj. 1. having eyes resembling those of a cat. 2. capable of seeing in dark places. [1605-15] * * *
/kat"foot'/, v.i. to move in the soft, stealthy manner of a cat; pussyfoot. [1590-1600; CAT1 + FOOT] * * *
/kat"hahr'pin/, n. Naut. any of a number of short ropes or rods for gathering in shrouds near their tops. [var. of CAT-HARPING; etym. uncert.] * * *
/kat'euh mown"tn/, n. catamountain. * * *
/kat'euh nuyn"taylz'/, n., pl. nine-tails. a whip, usually having nine knotted lines or cords fastened to a handle, used for flogging. [1685-95; so called in allusion to a cat's ...
cat-scratch disease
/kat"skrach'/, Pathol. a disorder characterized by fever and swelling of the lymph glands, caused by a viral infection resulting from the scratch or bite of a cat. Also called ...
/kat"trayn'/, n. Chiefly Canadian. a train of sleds and other vehicles mounted on runners, the whole procession drawn by a tractor with caterpillar treads. [1945-50] * * *
1. catalog; catalogue. 2. catechism. * * *
a prefix meaning "down," "against," "back," occurring originally in loanwords from Greek (cataclysm; catalog; catalepsy); on this model, used in the formation of other compound ...
/kat'euh bap"tist/, n. Eccles. a person who is opposed to baptism. [1555-65; < LGk katabaptistés. See CATA-, BAPTIST] * * *
/keuh tab"euh sis/, n., pl. catabases /-seez'/. katabasis. * * *
See catabolism. * * *
See catabolic. * * *
—catabolic /kat'euh bol"ik/, adj. —catabolically, adv. /keuh tab"euh liz'euhm/, n. Biol., Physiol. destructive metabolism; the breaking down in living organisms of more ...
/keuh tab"euh luyt'/, n. Biol., Physiol. a product of catabolic action. [1905-10; CATABOL(ISM) + -ITE1] * * *
/keuh tab"euh luyz'/, v., catabolized, catabolizing. v.t. 1. to cause (a nutrient or other substance) to undergo catabolism. v.i. 2. to be subjected to catabolism. Also, esp. ...
/kat'euh kaw"stik/, Math., Optics. adj. 1. noting a caustic surface or curve formed by the reflection of light. n. 2. a catacaustic surface or curve. [1700-10; CATA- + CAUSTIC] * ...
—catachrestic /kat'euh kres"tik/, catachrestical, adj. —catachrestically, adv. /kat'euh kree"sis/, n. misuse or strained use of words, as in a mixed metaphor, occurring ...
See catachresis. * * *
See catachrestic. * * *
See catachrestic. * * *
—cataclastic /kat'euh klas"tik/, adj. /kat'euh klay"sis, keuh tak"leuh sis/, n. Petrol. a process of deformation or metamorphism in which the grains of a rock are fractured and ...
cataclastic [kat΄əklas′tik] adj. 〚< Gr kataklastos, broken down < kataklan, to snap off: see CATA- & CLASTIC〛 designating or of a rock, esp. a metamorphic rock, that was ...
      any rock produced by dynamic metamorphism during which faulting, granulation, and flowage may occur in previously crystalline parent rocks. When stress exceeds ...
/kat"euh kliz'euhm/, n. 1. any violent upheaval, esp. one of a social or political nature. 2. Physical Geog. a sudden and violent physical action producing changes in the earth's ...
Cataclysm in Kashmir
▪ 2006       On Oct. 8, 2005, a magnitude-7.6 earthquake on the border between Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province and Kashmir brought tragedy not only to Pakistan ...
See cataclysmic. * * *
—cataclysmically, adv. /kat'euh kliz"mik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resulting from a cataclysm. 2. of the nature of, or having the effect of, a cataclysm: cataclysmic ...
See cataclysmic. * * *
—catacumbal /kat'euh kum"beuhl/, adj. /kat"euh kohm'/, n. 1. Usually, catacombs. an underground cemetery, esp. one consisting of tunnels and rooms with recesses dug out for ...
/kat'euh duy op"trik/, adj. Optics. pertaining to or produced by both reflection and refraction. [1715-25; CATA- + DIOPTRIC] * * *
/keuh tad"reuh meuhs/, adj. (of fish) migrating from fresh water to spawn in the sea, as eels of the genus Anguilla (distinguished from anadromous). [1880-85; CATA- + -DROMOUS] * ...
/kat"euh fawk', -fawlk', -falk'/, n. 1. a raised structure on which the body of a deceased person lies or is carried in state. 2. a hearse. [1635-45; < F < It catafalco < LL ...
—catagenetic /kat'euh jeuh net"ik/, adj. /kat'euh jen"euh sis/, n. Biol. the retrogressive evolution of a species. Cf. anagenesis (def. 1). [1880-85; CATA- + GENESIS] * * *
/kat"l an', -euhn, kat'l an"/, adj. 1. pertaining to Catalonia, its inhabitants, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Catalonia. 3. a Romance language closely ...
Catalan language
Romance language spoken in eastern and northeastern Spain, chiefly Catalonia and Valencia, and in Andorra, the Balearic Isles, and the Roussillon region of France. Its literary ...
Catalan literature
Introduction       the body of literature written in the Catalan language, a Romance language spoken primarily in the Spanish autonomous regions of Catalonia, ...
—catalatic /kat'l at"ik/, adj. /kat"l ays', -ayz'/, n. Biochem. an enzyme that decomposes hydrogen peroxide into oxygen and water. [1900-05; CATAL(YSIS) + -ASE] * * * ▪ ...
See catalase. * * *
/kat'l ek"tik/, Pros. adj. 1. (of a line of verse) lacking part of the last foot; metrically incomplete, as the second line of One more unfortunate,/Weary of breath. n. 2. a ...
—cataleptic, adj., n. —cataleptically, adv. /kat"l ep'see/, n. Pathol., Psychiatry. a physical condition usually associated with catatonic schizophrenia, characterized by ...
See catalepsy. * * *
See cataleptic. * * *
/kat'l ek"sis/, n., pl. catalexes /kat'lek"seez/. Pros. the absence of a syllable at the beginning or end of a line of metrical verse resulting in an incomplete foot, most often ...
catalexis and acatalexis
▪ prosody       in prosody, an omission or incompleteness in the last foot of a line or other unit in metrical verse and, conversely, the metrical completeness of such ...
/chaht"l hooh yook"/ a 32-acre Neolithic site in south-central Turkey, dated c6500-5500 B.C., one of the first true cities, characterized by a fully developed agriculture and ...
/kat"l in/, Trademark. a synthetic resin used esp. for costume jewelry. * * *
Catalina (Island)
Catalina (Island) [kat΄ə lē′nə] 〚Sp, in honor of St. CATHERINE1〛 SANTA CATALINA (Island) * * *
Catalina Island
/kat"l ee"neuh, kat'-/. See Santa Catalina. Also called Catalina. * * *
Cat·a·li·na Island (kăt'l-ēʹnə) See Santa Catalina Island. * * *
☆ catalo [kat′ə lō΄ ] n. pl. cataloes or catalos 〚 CAT(
—catalogist, n. —catalogic /kat'l oj"ik/, catalogical, catalogistic /kat'l oh jis"tik/, adj. /kat"l awg', -og'/, n. 1. a list or record, as of items for sale or courses at a ...
catalog code
Library Science. the principles, rules, and regulations for entering and describing books or other library material in a catalog. * * *
catalog verse
verse made by compiling long lists of everyday objects, names, or events, united by a common theme and often didactic in tone. * * * ▪ literature       verse that ...
/kat"l aw'geuhr, -og'euhr/, n. 1. a person who catalogs. 2. a person or firm that offers merchandise in a catalog from which buyers may order by mail. Also, cataloguer. [1835-45; ...
—cataloguist, n. /kat"l awg', -og'/, n., v.t., v.i., adj. catalogued, cataloguing. catalog. * * *
catalogue raisonné
/kat"l awg' rez'euh nay", -og'/; Fr. /kann tann lawg rdde zaw nay"/, pl. catalogues raisonnés /kat"l awgz' rez'euh nay", -ogz'/; Fr. /kann tann lawg rdde zaw nay"/. a catalog, ...
See cataloger. * * *
/kat'l oh"nee euh, -ohn"yeuh/, n. a region in NE Spain, bordering on France and the Mediterranean: formerly a province. Spanish, Cataluña /kah'tah looh"nyah/. * * * Catalan ...
Catalonia Museum of Art
▪ museum, Barcelona, Spain Spanish  Museo De Arte De Cataluña , Catalan  Museu D'art De Catalunya        museum in the Palacio Nacional in Barcelona, housing one ...
/kat'l oh"nee euhn/, adj., n. Catalan. * * *
Catalonian jasmine.
See Spanish jasmine. * * *
/keuh tal"peuh/, n. any of several trees constituting the genus Catalpa, of the bignonia family, esp. C. speciosa, of the central U.S., or C. bignonioides, of the southern U.S., ...
/kat'l ooh"feuh/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) catalufa, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) catalufas. any of several bigeyes, as Pristigenys serrula (popeye ...
—catalytic /kat'l it"ik/, adj., n. —catalytical, adj. —catalytically, adv. /keuh tal"euh sis/, n., pl. catalyses /-seez'/. 1. Chem. the causing or accelerating of a ...
/kat"l ist/, n. 1. Chem. a substance that causes or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected. 2. something that causes activity between two or more persons ...
catalyst poison
▪ chemistry       substance that reduces the effectiveness of a catalyst in a chemical reaction. In theory, because catalysts are not consumed in chemical reactions, ...
cat·a·lyt·ic (kăt'l-ĭtʹĭk) adj. Of, involving, or acting as a catalyst: “Deregulation's catalytic power... is still reshaping the banking, communications, and ...
catalytic converter
an antipollution device in an automotive exhaust system that contains a catalyst for chemically converting some pollutants in the exhaust gases, as carbon monoxide, unburned ...
catalytic cracking
the reduction of the molecular weight of hydrocarbons by a catalyst, accomplished in a petroleum refinery by a type of chemical reactor (catalytic cracker). Cf. cracker (def. 8), ...
Catalytic processes and their catalysts
▪ Table Catalytic processes and their catalysts process catalyst ammonia synthesis iron sulfuric acid manufacture nitrogen(II) oxide, platinum cracking of ...
See catalytic. * * *
catalytic converter n. A reaction chamber typically containing a finely divided platinum-iridium catalyst into which exhaust gases from an automotive engine are passed together ...
catalytic cracker n. An oil refinery unit in which the cracking of petroleum takes place in the presence of a catalyst. * * *
—catalyzer, n. /kat"l uyz'/, v.t., catalyzed, catalyzing. to act upon by catalysis. Also, esp. Brit., catalyse. [1885-90; CATALY(SIS) + (-I)ZE] * * *
See catalyze. * * *
/kat'euh meuh ran"/, n. 1. a vessel, usually propelled by sail, formed of two hulls or floats held side by side by a frame above them. Cf. trimaran. 2. a float or sailing raft ...
/kat'euh mahr"keuh/; Sp. /kah'tah mahrdd"kah/, n. a city in N Argentina. 88,432. * * * ▪ Argentina also called  San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca        city, ...
—catamenial, adj. /kat'euh mee"nee euh/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) Physiol. menses. [1745-55; < NL < Gk kataménia, neut. pl. of Gk kataménios monthly, equiv. to kata- ...
See catamenia. * * *
/kat"euh muyt'/, n. a boy or youth who is in a sexual relationship with a man. [1585-95; < L Catamitus < Etruscan Catmite < Gk Ganymédes GANYMEDE] * * *
—catamnestic /kat'am nes"tik/, adj. /kat'am nee"sis/, n., pl. catamneses /-seez/. a medical history following the onset of an illness. [CATA- + (ANA)MNESIS] * * *
/kat"euh mownt'/, n. 1. a wild animal of the cat family, esp. the cougar or the lynx. 2. catamountain. [1655-65; short for CATAMOUNTAIN] * * *
/kat'euh mown"tn/, n. a wild animal of the cat family, as the European wildcat, the leopard, or panther. Also, cat-o'-mountain. [1400-50; var. of CAT O' MOUNTAIN, late ME cat of ...
▪ island, Philippines       island, east-central Philippines, in the Philippine Sea, separated from southeastern Luzon (Rungus Point) by the shallow Maqueda Channel. ...
▪ Brazil       city, in the highlands of north-central São Paulo estado (state) Brazil, on the São Domingos River at 1,630 feet (497 metres) above sea level. ...
/kah tah"nyah/, n. a seaport in E Sicily. 400,242. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 306,464), Sicily, Italy. It was founded by Greeks in 729 BC at the foot of Mount Etna on the ...
Catania, Gulf of
▪ gulf, Italy Italian  Golfo Di Catania,         inlet of the Ionian Sea on the eastern coast of Sicily. About 20 miles (32 km) long and 5 miles (8 km) wide, it lies ...
/keuh tahn"yoh/; Sp. /kah tah"nyaw/, n. a city in NE Puerto Rico, SW of San Juan. 26,243. * * *
/kah'tahn dzah"rddaw/, n. a city in S Italy. 92,277. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 93,540), capital of Calabria, southern Italy. Catanzaro lies near the Gulf of Squillace. It ...
/kat'euh fay"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. Pathol. a speech disorder in which a person constantly repeats a word or phrase. [CATA- + -PHASIA] * * *
—cataphoric /kat'euh fawr"ik, -for"-/, adj. —cataphorically, adv. /keuh taf"euhr euh/, n. Gram. the use of a word or phrase to refer to a following word or group of words, as ...
—cataphoretic /kat'euh feuh ret"ik/, adj. —cataphoretically, adv. /kat'euh feuh ree"sis/, n. 1. Med. the causing of medicinal substances to pass through or into living ...
See cataphoresis. * * *
See cataphoretic. * * *
See cataphora. * * *
—cataphractic, adj. /kat"euh frakt'/, n. 1. a heavily armed war galley of ancient Greece. 2. a suit of ancient Roman scale armor for a man or horse. 3. Zool. the bony plates or ...
/kat"euh frak'tid/, adj. Zool. covered with an armor of horny or bony plates or scales. [1880-85; CATAPHRACT + -ED3] * * *
—cataphyllary, adj. /kat"euh fil/, n. Bot. a simplified leaf form, as a bud scale or a scale on a cotyledon or rhizome. [CATA- + -PHYLL] * * *
/kat"euh playn'/, n. an aircraft designed to be launched by a catapult. [CATA(PULT) + (AIR)PLANE] * * *
—cataplastic /kat'euh plas"tik/, adj. /kat'euh play"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. Biol. degeneration of a cell or tissue. [CATA- + -PLASIA] * * *
/kat"euh plaz'euhm/, n. Med. poultice. [1555-65; < L cataplasma < Gk katáplasma. See CATA-, -PLASM] * * *
See cataplasia. * * *
See cataplexy. * * *
—cataplectic, /kat'euh plek"tik/, adj. /kat"euh plek'see/, n. Pathol. a condition characterized by sudden, brief attacks of muscle weakness sometimes causing the body to fall ...
Ca·ta·pres (käʹtə-prĕs') A trademark used for the drug clonidine. * * *
—catapultic, adj. /kat"euh pult', -poolt'/, n. 1. an ancient military engine for hurling stones, arrows, etc. 2. a device for launching an airplane from the deck of a ship. 3. ...
—cataractal, cataractous, adj. —cataracted, adj. /kat"euh rakt'/, n. 1. a descent of water over a steep surface; a waterfall, esp. one of considerable size. 2. any furious ...
See cataract. * * *
Catargiu, Lascăr
▪ prime minister of Romania born Nov. 13, 1823, Iași, Moldavia [now in Romania] died April 11, 1899, Bucharest, Rom.       Romanian statesman, four times prime ...
—catarrhal, catarrhous, adj. —catarrhally, adv. /keuh tahr"/, n. Pathol. inflammation of a mucous membrane, esp. of the respiratory tract, accompanied by excessive ...
See catarrh. * * *
catarrhal fever
Vet. Pathol. bluetongue. [1780-90] * * *
See catarrhal. * * *
/kat"euh ruyn'/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the group Catarrhini, comprising humans, anthropoid apes, and Old World monkeys, having the nostrils close together and ...
See catarrhal. * * *
/keuh tas"teuh sis/, n., pl. catastases /-seez'/. the part of a drama, preceding the catastrophe, in which the action is at its height; the climax of a play. Cf. catastrophe ...
—catastrophic /kat'euh strof"ik/, catastrophical, catastrophal, adj. —catastrophically, adv. /keuh tas"treuh fee/, n. 1. a sudden and widespread disaster: the catastrophe of ...
catastrophe theory
Math. a theory, based on topology, for studying discontinuous processes and the mathematical models that describe them. [1970-75] * * * Branch of mathematics (considered a ...
cat·a·stroph·ic (kăt'ə-strŏfʹĭk) adj. 1. Of, relating to, or involving a catastrophe. 2. Involving or resulting in substantial, often ruinous medical expense: a ...
See catastrophic. * * *
—catastrophist, n. /keuh tas"treuh fiz'euhm/, n. Geol. the doctrine that certain vast geological changes in the earth's history were caused by catastrophes rather than gradual ...
See catastrophism. * * *
—catatoniac, n. —catatonic /kat'euh ton"ik/, adj., n. /kat'euh toh"nee euh, -tohn"yeuh/, n. Psychiatry. a syndrome seen most frequently in schizophrenia, characterized by ...
See catatonia. * * *
See catatonic. * * *
Catatumbo River
River, northern South America. Rising in northern Colombia, it flows northeast across the Venezuelan border and the oil-rich Maracaibo lowland to empty into Lake Maracaibo after ...
/kat'euh wom"peuhs/, Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. adj. 1. askew; awry. 2. positioned diagonally; cater-cornered. adv. 3. diagonally; obliquely: We took a shortcut and walked ...
/keuh taw"beuh/, n. 1. a Siouan language of North and South Carolina. 2. a river flowing from W North Carolina into South Carolina, where it becomes the Wateree River. Cf. ...
Catawba River
River, southeastern U.S. Rising in North Carolina's Blue Ridge, it flows south into South Carolina, where it becomes the Wateree River. It is 220 mi (350 km) long. With the ...
Catawba River A river rising in the Blue Ridge of western North Carolina and flowing about 402 km (250 mi) generally southward into South Carolina, where it is called the ...
/kat"berrd'/, n. any of several American or Australian birds having catlike cries, esp. Dumetella carolinensis (gray catbird), of North America. [1700-10, Amer.; CAT1 + BIRD] * * ...
catbird seat
Informal. an advantageous situation or condition: His appointment as acting dean put him in the catbird seat. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
catbird seat n. A position of power or prominence. * * *
/kat"boht'/, n. a boat having one mast set well forward with a single large sail. [1875-80; CAT1 + BOAT] * * *
/kat"bruy'euhr/, n. any prickly vine of the genus Smilax, esp. S. rotundifolia, of eastern North America, growing in tangled masses. Also called greenbrier, bullbrier, ...
cat burglar n. A burglar who is especially skilled at stealthy or undetected entry of a premises. * * *
—catcaller, n. /kat"kawl'/, n. 1. a shrill, whistlelike sound or loud raucous shout made to express disapproval at a theater, meeting, etc. 2. an instrument for producing such ...
—catchable, adj. /kach/, v., caught, catching, n., adj. v.t. 1. to seize or capture, esp. after pursuit: to catch a criminal; to catch a runaway horse. 2. to trap or ensnare: ...
catch basin
a receptacle, located where a street gutter opens into a sewer, designed to retain matter that would not readily pass through the sewer. [1870-75] * * *
catch crop
—catch cropping. a crop that reaches maturity in a relatively short time, often planted as a substitute for a crop that has failed or at a time when the ground would ordinarily ...
catch dog
Florida, Georgia. a dog used to help round up livestock. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
catch phrase
1. a phrase that attracts or is meant to attract attention. 2. a phrase, as a slogan, that comes to be widely and repeatedly used, often with little of the original meaning ...
catch stitch
Sewing. a large cross-stitch used in finishing seams and in hemming. Also called catstitch. [1840-50] * * *
Catch Trends for the Top 10 Caught Species in 2000
▪ Table (in metric tons)     Percent   change   1998 1999 2000 from 1999 Anchoveta (Peruvian anchovy) 1,729,064 8,723,265 11,276,357 29.27    Alaska pollock ...
/kach"twen'tee tooh"/, n., pl. Catch-22's, Catch-22s. 1. a frustrating situation in which one is trapped by contradictory regulations or conditions. 2. any illogical or ...
/kach"euhz kach"kan"/, adj. 1. Also, catch-can. taking advantage of any opportunity; using any method that can be applied: a catch-as-catch-can life, as an itinerant ...
catch-as-catch-can wrestling
▪ sport       basic wrestling style in which nearly all holds and tactics are permitted in both upright and ground wrestling. Rules usually forbid only actions that may ...
/kach"kohlt'/, n. Chiefly Inland North and Western U.S. 1. the offspring of a mare bred accidentally. 2. a child born out of wedlock. * * *
/kach"kawrd'/, n. Textiles. a cord or wire located near a selvage, used to form a loop or deflect the filling yarn not intended to be woven permanently in with the regular ...
/kach"up'/, n. 1. an effort to reach or pass a norm, esp. after a period of delay: After the slowdown there was a catch-up in production. 2. an effort to catch up with or surpass ...
See catch. * * *
/kach"awl'/, n. 1. a bag, basket, or other receptacle for odds and ends. 2. something that covers a wide variety of items or situations: The list is just a catchall of things I ...
catch basin n. 1. A receptacle at the entrance to a sewer designed to keep out large or obstructive matter. 2. A reservoir for collecting surface drainage or runoff. * * *
catch colt n. Western U.S. See old-field colt. See Regional Note at old-field colt. * * *
/kach"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that catches. 2. Baseball. the player stationed behind home plate, whose chief duty is to catch pitches not hit by the batter. 3. a member of ...
Catcher in the Rye
a US novel (1951) by J D Salinger. The story is about Holden Caulfield, a young man who runs away from school and finds the adult world to be false and unfair. The book was very ...
Catcher in the Rye, The
a novel (1951) by J. D. Salinger. * * *
catcher resonator
Electronics. See under Klystron. * * *
catcher's box
Baseball. box (def. 15d). * * *
/kach"fluy'/, n., pl. catchflies. any of various plants, esp. of the genera Silene and Lychnis, having a viscid secretion on the stem and calyx in which small insects are ...
See catchy. * * *
—catchingly, adv. —catchingness, n. /kach"ing/, adj. 1. tending to be transmitted from one person to another; contagious or infectious: a disease that is catching; His ...
/kach"luyn'/, n. 1. a word, phrase, or sentence used, esp. in advertising or journalism, to arouse or call attention. 2. a line in which a catchword appears. 3. a line of lesser ...
/kach"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of catching water. 2. something for catching water, as a reservoir or basin. 3. the water that is caught in such a catchment. [1840-50; CATCH + ...
catchment area
1. an area served by a hospital, social service agency, etc. 2. See drainage basin. * * *
catchment area n. 1. The area drained by a river or body of water. Also called catchment basin. 2. The surrounding area served by an institution, such as a hospital or school. * ...
/kach"pen'ee/, adj., n., pl. catchpennies. adj. 1. made to sell readily at a low price, regardless of value or use. n. 2. something that is catchpenny. [1750-60; from phrase ...
catchphrase [kach′frāz΄] n. a phrase that catches or is meant to catch the popular attention: also written catch phrase * * * catch phrase n. A phrase in wide or popular ...
—catchpolery, catchpollery, n. /kach"pohl'/, n. (formerly) a petty officer of justice, esp. one arresting persons for debt. Also, catchpoll. [bef. 1050; ME cacchepol, late OE ...
/kach"euhp, kech"-/, n. ketchup. * * *
/kach"weed'/, n. cleavers. [1770-80] * * *
/kach"wayt'/, n. Sports. the chance or optional weight of a contestant, as contrasted with a weight fixed by agreement or rule. [1810-20; CATCH + WEIGHT] * * *
/kach"werrd'/, n. 1. a memorable or effective word or phrase that is repeated so often that it becomes a slogan, as in a political campaign or in advertising a product. 2. Also ...
—catchiness, n. /kach"ee/, adj., catchier, catchiest. 1. pleasing and easily remembered: a catchy tune. 2. likely to attract interest or attention: a catchy title for a ...
/kat"klaw'/, n. 1. a prickly plant, Schrankia nutallii, of the legume family, native to the midwestern U.S. having pinnate leaves and tiny pink flowers forming a spherical ...
/kayt/, n. Usually, cates. Archaic. a choice food;delicacy; dainty. [1425-75; back formation from late ME cates, aph. var. of ME acates things bought, pl. of acat buying < ONF, ...
Cateau-Cambrésis, Peace of
▪ European history       (April 3, 1559), agreement marking the end of the 65-year (1494–1559) struggle between France and Spain for the control of Italy, leaving ...
Cateau-Cambrésis, Treaty of
(April 3, 1559) Agreement marking the end of the 65-year struggle (1494–1559) between France and Spain for the control of Italy. France gave up its claims to Italian ...
/kat'i kee"sis/, n., pl. catecheses /-seez/. oral religious instruction, formerly esp. before baptism or confirmation. [1745-55; < LL < Gk katéchesis oral teaching, equiv. to ...
—catechetically, adv. /kat'i ket"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to catechesis. 2. pertaining to teaching by question and answer. Also, catechetic. [1610-20; < late ML ...

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