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catechetical school
▪ education       in early Christianity, a type of educational institution with a curriculum directed toward inquirers (especially those trained in the Greek paideia, ...
/kat"i chin, -kin/, n. a water-soluble, astringent yellow compound, C15H14O6, found in gambier, used chiefly in tanning and dyeing. [1850-55; CATECH(U) + -IN2] * * *
—catechismal, adj. /kat"i kiz'euhm/, n. 1. Eccles. a. an elementary book containing a summary of the principles of the Christian religion, esp. as maintained by a particular ...
—catechistic, catechistical, adj. —catechistically, adv. /kat"i kist/, n. 1. a person who catechizes. 2. Eccles. a person appointed to instruct catechumens in the principles ...
See catechist. * * *
See catechistic. * * *
See catechize. * * *
—catechizable, adj. —catechization, n. —catechizer, n. /kat"i kuyz'/, v.t., catechized, catechizing. 1. to instruct orally by means of questions and answers, esp. in ...
See catechization. * * *
/kat"i kawl', -kol'/, n. a colorless, crystalline, dihydroxyl derivative of benzene, C6H6O2, the ortho isomer, used chiefly in photography, for dyeing, and as a reagent; ...
/kat'i kol"euh meen', -koh"leuh-/, n. Biochem. any of a group of chemically related neurotransmitters, as epinephrine and dopamine, that have similar effects on the sympathetic ...
/kat"i chooh', -kyooh'/, n. any of several astringent substances obtained from various tropical plants, esp. from the wood of two East Indian acacias, Acacia catechu and A. suma: ...
—catechumenal, catechumenical /kat'i kyooh men"i keuhl/, adj. —catechumenically, adv. —catechumenate /kat'i kyooh"meuh nayt', -nit/, n. —catechumenism, n. /kat'i ...
Catechumens, Liturgy of the
▪ Christianity       the instructional part of the Christian worship service, consisting of hymns, prayers, scriptural readings, and homilies, which precedes the ...
/kat'i gawr'euh mat"ik, -gor'-/, adj. 1. Traditional Logic. of or pertaining to a word having independent meaning so that it can be used as a term in a proposition. 2. ...
/kat'i gawr"ee euhl, -gohr"-/, adj. Ling. 1. of or pertaining to a categorial grammar. 2. (in generative grammar) of or pertaining to the part of the base component that contains ...
categorial grammar
a grammar in which linguistic elements are categorized in terms of their ability to combine with one another to form larger constituents. * * *
categoric contact
Sociol. behavior toward an individual on the basis of the type or group of people that person represents rather than on the basis of personal makeup. Cf. sympathetic contact. * * ...
—categorically, adv. —categoricalness, n. /kat'i gawr"i keuhl, -gor"-/, adj. 1. without exceptions or conditions; absolute; unqualified and unconditional: a categorical ...
categorical imperative
1. Ethics. the rule of Immanuel Kant that one must do only what one can will that all others should do under similar circumstances. 2. the unconditional command of ...
categorical proposition
In syllogistic, a proposition in which the predicate is affirmed or denied of all or part of the subject. Thus, categorical propositions are of four basic forms: "Every S is P," ...
categorical imperative n. In the ethical system of Immanuel Kant, an unconditional moral law that applies to all rational beings and is independent of any personal motive or ...
See categorical. * * *
See categorically. * * *
Categories of rock grain size
▪ Table Categories of rock grain size terms in common use general grain size igneous rocks in general pegmatites fine-grained 12 in. See as table: * * *
See categorize. * * *
See categorizable. * * *
—categorist /kat"i gawr'ist, -gohr'-/, n. —categorization, n. /kat"i geuh ruyz'/, v.t., categorized, categorizing. 1. to arrange in categories or classes; classify. 2. to ...
/kat"i gawr'ee, -gohr'ee/, n., pl. categories. 1. any general or comprehensive division; a class. 2. a classificatory division in any field of knowledge, as a phylum or any of ...
/keuh tee"neuh/, n., pl. catenae /-nee/ a chain or connected series, esp. of extracts from the writings of the fathers of the Christian church. [1635-45; < L catena a chain] * * *
/kat"n ayn'/, n. any of the class of chemical compounds containing two or more rings that are interlocked without being bonded chemically. [CATEN(A) + -ANE] * * *
/kat"n er'ee/; esp. Brit. /keuh tee"neuh ree/, n., pl. catenaries, adj. n. 1. Math. the curve assumed approximately by a heavy uniform cord or chain hanging freely from two ...
/kat"n ayt'/, v.t., catenated, catenating. to link together; form into a connected series: catenated cells. [1615-25; < L catenatus chained, equiv. to caten(a) a chain + -atus ...
/kat'n ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of catenating. 2. Chem. the linking of identical atoms to form chainlike molecules. [1635-45; < L catenation-, s. of catenatio; see ...
/kat"n oyd'/, n. Geom. the surface generated by rotating a catenary about its axis of symmetry. [1875-80; < L caten(a) a chain + -OID] * * *
/keuh ten"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. characterized by a chainlike form, as certain bacterial colonies. [1875-80; < LL catenul(a), dim. of L catena chain + -ATE1] * * *
—cateringly, adv. /kay"teuhr/, v.i. 1. to provide food, service, etc., as for a party or wedding: to cater for a banquet. 2. to provide or supply what amuses, is desired, or ...
/kat"i kawr'neuhrd, kat"ee-, kat"euhr-/, adj. 1. diagonal. adv. 2. diagonally. Also, catercorner, cater-corner, catty-corner, catty-cornered, kitty-corner, ...
/kay"teuhr kuz'euhn/, n. 1. an intimate friend. 2. Obs. a cousin. [1540-50; perh. CATER + COUSIN, though original literal sense is unclear] * * *
/kat"euhr euhn/, n. (formerly) a freebooter or marauder of the Scottish Highlands. [1325-75; < ML cateranus, Latinized form of ME (Scots) catherein < ScotGael ceatharn; see ...
/kay"teuhr euhr/, n. 1. one whose business is to provide food, supplies, and sometimes service at social gatherings. 2. one who caters. [1585-95; CATER + -ER1] * * *
/kat'euh ree"neuh/, n. a female given name, form of Catherine. * * *
/kat"euh pil'euhr, kat"euhr-/, n. 1. the wormlike larva of a butterfly or a moth. 2. a person who preys on others; extortioner. [1400-50; late ME catyrpel, prob. alter. of an ONF ...
/kat"euh pil'euhr, kat"euhr-/, Trademark. a tractor intended for rough terrain, propelled by two endless belts or tracks that pass over a number of wheels. * * * Larva of a ...
Caterpillar Inc.
▪ American manufacturing company formerly  (1925–86) Caterpillar Tractor Company        major American manufacturer of earth-moving, construction, agricultural, and ...
—caterwauler, n. /kat"euhr wawl'/, v.i. 1. to utter long wailing cries, as cats in rutting time. 2. to utter a similar sound; howl or screech. 3. to quarrel like cats. n. Also, ...
Catesby, Robert
▪ English conspirator born 1573, Lapworth, Warwickshire, Eng. died Nov. 8, 1605, Holbeche House, Staffordshire       chief instigator of the Gunpowder Plot, a Roman ...
Cates·by (kātsʹbē), Robert. 1573-1605. English conspirator who along with Guy Fawkes was involved in the Gunpowder Plot (1604-1605) to assassinate James I. He was killed ...
/kat"fuyt'/, n. a dispute carried out with intense hostility and bitterness. [CAT1 + FIGHT] * * *
/kat"fish'/, n. pl. (esp. collectively) catfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) catfishes. 1. any of the numerous fishes of the order or suborder Nematognathi ...
/kat"foot'id/, adj. 1. having feet resembling those of a cat. 2. catlike in the manner of walking; characterized by noiseless, stealthy steps: a catfooted jewel ...
/kat"gut'/, n. 1. a strong cord made by twisting the dried intestines of animals, as sheep, used in stringing musical instruments and tennis rackets, for surgical sutures, ...
Cath abbrev. 1. Catholic 2. Cathedral * * *
cath abbrev. 1. cathedral 2. cathode * * *
var. of cata- before an aspirate: cathode. * * *
1. (often l.c.) cathedral. 2. Catholic. * * *
—Catharism, n. —Catharistic, adj. /kath"ahr/, n., pl. Cathari /-euh ruy'/, Cathars. (in medieval Europe) a member of any of several rigorously ascetic Christian sects ...
or Albigensians Heretical Christian sect that flourished in Western Europe in the 12th–13th century. The Cathari adhered to the dualist belief that the material world is evil ...
catharine wheel
/kath"rin, -euhr in/. See Catherine wheel. * * *
See Cathar. * * *
See Catharism. * * *
/keuh thahr"sis/, n., pl. catharses /-seez/. 1. the purging of the emotions or relieving of emotional tensions, esp. through certain kinds of art, as tragedy or music. 2. Med. ...
—cathartically, adv. —catharticalness, n. /keuh thahr"tik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to catharsis. 2. Also, cathartical. evacuating the bowels; purgative. n. 3. a ...
/ka thay"/, n. Literary or Archaic. China. [ < ML Cat(h)aya < Turkic; cf. Tatar Kïtai] * * * Former name for China, especially northern China. The word is derived from Khitay, ...
▪ plant genus       genus of evergreen coniferous trees of the family Pinaceae, containing two living species native to China and one fossil species found in Germany. ...
/kat"hed'/, n. Naut. a projecting timber or metal beam to which an anchor is hoisted and secured. [1620-30; CAT1 + HEAD] * * *
/keuh thekt", ka-/, v.t. Psychoanal. to invest emotion or feeling in (an idea, object, or another person). [1930-35; back-formation from cathectic relating to CATHEXIS] * * *
See cathect. * * *
/keuh thee"dreuh, kath"i-/, n., pl. cathedrae /-dree, -dree'/. 1. the seat or throne of a bishop in the principal church of a diocese. 2. an official chair, as of a professor in ...
—cathedrallike, adj. /keuh thee"dreuhl/, n. 1. the principal church of a diocese, containing the bishop's throne. 2. (in nonepiscopal denominations) any of various important ...
cathedral ceiling
1. a high ceiling formed by or suggesting an open-timbered roof. 2. a ceiling, as in a living room, higher than that of other rooms in a house. * * *
cathedral glass
a semitransparent sheet of rolled glass having a decorative pattern. [1840-50] * * *
cathedral hull
a motorboat hull having a bottom characterized by two or more, usually three, V-shaped hull profiles meeting below the waterline. * * *
cathedral school
▪ medieval European school       medieval European school run by cathedral clergy. Originally the function of such schools was to train priests, but later they taught ...
cathedral ceiling n. A high, open, usually slanting or pointed ceiling. * * *
—catheptic /keuh thep"tik/, adj. /keuh thep"sin/, n. Biochem. any of a class of intracellular proteolytic enzymes, occurring in animal tissue, esp. the liver, spleen, kidneys, ...
/kadh"euhr/ or, often, /kath"-/, n. Willa (Sibert) /wil"euh see"beuhrt/, 1876-1947, U.S. novelist. * * *
Cather, Willa
orig. Wilella Sibert Cather born Dec. 7, 1873, near Winchester, Va., U.S. died April 24, 1947, New York, N.Y. U.S. novelist. Cather moved with her family to Nebraska at age 9; ...
Cather,Willa Sibert
Cath·er (kăthʹər), Willa Sibert. 1873-1947. American author who wrote about frontier life. Her novel One of Ours (1922) won a Pulitzer Prize. * * *
/kath"euhr in, kath"rin/, n. a female given name. Also, Catheryn. * * * (as used in expressions) Breshkovsky Catherine Catherine I Catherine de Médicis Catherine of Alexandria ...
Catherine Cookson
➡ Cookson * * *
Catherine de Médicis
/kannteu rddeen deuh may dee sees"/, (Caterina de' Medici) 1518-89, queen of Henry II of France (mother of Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III). Also, Catherine de' Medici ...
Catherine de' Medici
Catherine de' Medici see MEDICI2 Catherine de' * * *
Catherine Howard
1520?-42, fifth queen consort of Henry VIII of England. * * * born с 1520 died Feb. 13, 1542, London, Eng. Fifth wife of Henry VIII of England. The granddaughter of the 2nd ...
Catherine I
(Marfa Skavronskaya) 1684?-1727, Lithuanian wife of Peter the Great: empress of Russia 1725-27. * * * Russian Yekaterina Alekseyevna orig. Marta Skowronska born April 15, ...
Catherine II
(Sophia Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst) ("Catherine the Great") 1729-96, empress of Russia 1762-96. * * * Russian Yekaterina Alekseyevna orig. Sophie Friederike Auguste, princess von ...
Catherine of Alexandria
Saint, A.D. c310, Christian martyr. * * *
Catherine of Alexandria, Saint
died с early 4th century, Alexandria, Egypt; feast day November 25 Early Christian martyr. According to tradition, she was a learned girl of noble birth who protested the ...
Catherine of Aragon
/ar"euh geuhn, -gon'/ 1485-1536, first queen consort of Henry VIII of England (mother of Mary I of England). * * * born Dec. 16, 1485, Alcalá de Henares, Spain died Jan. 7, ...
Catherine of Bologna, Saint
▪ Italian mystic original name  Caterina Vigri   born Sept. 8, 1413, Bologna, Papal States [Italy] died March 9, 1463, Bologna; canonized 1712; feast day May ...
Catherine of Braganza
born Nov. 25, 1638, Vila Viçosa, Port. died Dec. 31, 1705, Lisbon Portuguese wife of Charles II of England. She was married to Charles in 1662 as part of an alliance between ...
Catherine of Genoa, Saint
▪ Italian mystic original name  Caterina Fieschi   born 1447, Genoa [Italy] died Sept. 15, 1510; canonized 1737; feast day September 15       Italian mystic admired ...
Catherine of Siena
1347-80, Italian ascetic and mystic. * * *
Catherine of Siena, Saint
orig. Caterina Benincasa born March 25, 1347, Siena, Tuscany died April 29, 1389, Rome; canonized 1461; feast day April 29 Dominican mystic and patron saint of Italy. She ...
Catherine of Siena,Saint
Catherine of Si·en·a (sē-ĕnʹə, syĕʹnä), Saint. 1347-1380. Italian religious leader who mediated a peace between the Florentines and Pope Urban VI in 1378. * * *
Catherine of Sweden, Saint
▪ Swedish saint Swedish  Sankta Katarina,  original name  Katarina Ulfsdotter  born 1331/32, Sweden died March 24, 1381, Vadstena; feast day March 24       daughter ...
Catherine Of Valois
▪ French princess born Oct. 27, 1401, Paris, France died Jan. 3, 1437, Bermondsey Abbey, London, Eng.       French princess, the wife of King Henry V of England, ...
Catherine Parr
/pahr/ 1512-48, sixth queen consort of Henry VIII of England. * * * born 1512 died Sept. 7, 1548 Sixth and last wife of King Henry VIII of England. The daughter of an official ...
Catherine the Great, Instruction of
▪ Russian political doctrine Russian  Nakaz Yekateriny Velikoy        (Aug. 10 [July 30, old style], 1767), in Russian history, document prepared by Empress ...
Catherine wheel
1. a firework that revolves on a pin, making a wheel of fire or sparks; pinwheel. 2. See wheel window. Also, catharine wheel. [1175-1225; ME; named after St. CATHERINE of ...
Catherine Zeta-Jones
➡ Zeta-Jones * * *
Catherine, Saint
▪ Italian Dominican mystic also called  Saint Catherine Dei Ricci,  original name  Alessandra Dei Ricci  born April 23, 1522, Florence died Feb. 2, 1590, Prato, Rep. of ...
Cath·e·rine I (kăthʹər-ĭn, kăthʹrĭn), 1684?-1727. Empress of Russia (1725-1727) as successor to her husband, Peter the Great. She founded the Russian Academy of ...
Catherine II, Known as “Catherine the Great.” 1729-1796. Empress of Russia (1762-1796) after her husband, Peter III (1728-1762), was deposed by a group led by her lover. She ...
Catherineof Aragon
Cath·e·rine of Ar·a·gon (kăthʹər-ĭn, kăthʹrĭn; ărʹə-gŏn'), 1485-1536. The first wife of Henry VIII of England. Henry's insistence on a divorce from her (1533) ...
Catherineof Braganza
Catherine of Bra·gan·za (brə-gänʹzə), 1638-1705. Portuguese princess and queen of England as the wife of Charles II. * * *
cath·er·ine wheel (kăthʹər-ĭn, kăthʹrĭn) n. See pinwheel.   [After Saint Catherine of Alexandria (died A.D. 307), who was condemned to be tortured on a wheel.] * * *
/kath"i teuhr/, n. Med. a flexible or rigid hollow tube employed to drain fluids from body cavities or to distend body passages, esp. one for passing into the bladder through the ...
See catheterize. * * * Threading of a flexible tube (catheter) through a channel in the body to inject drugs or a contrast medium, measure and record flow and pressures, inspect ...
—catheterization, n. /kath"i teuh ruyz'/, v.t., catheterized, catheterizing. to introduce a catheter into. Also, esp. Brit., catheterise. [1880-85; CATHETER + -IZE] * * *
/kath"i teuhs, keuh thee"teuhs/, n., pl. catheti /-tuy', -tuy/. (in an Ionic capital) the vertical guideline through the eye of a volute, from which the form of the volute is ...
—cathectic /keuh thek"tik/, adj. /keuh thek"sis/, n., pl. cathexes /-thek"seez/. Psychoanal. 1. the investment of emotional significance in an activity, object, or idea. 2. the ...
/kath"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Catherine. * * *
Gk. /kah"theez mah/; Eng. /ka thiz"meuh/, n., pl. cathismata Gk. /kah theez"mah tah/; Eng. /ka thiz"meuh teuh/. kathisma. * * *
/kath leen"/, n. a female given name, Irish form of Catherine. * * *
/kath"ohd/, n. 1. the electrode or terminal by which current leaves an electrolytic cell, voltaic cell, battery, etc. 2. the positive terminal of a voltaic cell or battery. 3. ...
cathode dark space.
See Crookes dark space. [1910-15] * * *
cathode glow
a luminous region between the Aston dark space and the Crookes dark space in a vacuum tube, occurring when the pressure is low. * * *
cathode ray
a flow of electrons emanating from a cathode in a vacuum tube and focused into a narrow beam. [1875-80] * * * Stream of electrons leaving the negative electrode, or cathode, in ...
cathode rays
cathode rays n. streams of electrons projected from the surface of a cathode: cathode rays produce X-rays when they strike solids * * *
cathode-ray oscilloscope
▪ instrument       electronic-display device containing a cathode-ray tube (CRT) that generates an electron beam that is used to produce visible patterns, or graphs, ...
cathode-ray tube
/kath"ohd ray'/ a vacuum tube generating a focused beam of electrons that can be deflected by electric fields, magnetic fields, or both. The terminus of the beam is visible as a ...
cathode-ray tube (CRT)
Vacuum tube that produces images when its phosphorescent surface is struck by electron beams. CRTs can be monochrome (using one electron gun) or colour (typically using three ...
cath·ode-ray tube (kăthʹōd-rā') Precision Graphics n. Abbr. CRT A vacuum tube in which a hot cathode emits electrons that are accelerated as a beam through a relatively ...
cathode ray n. 1. A stream of electrons emitted by the cathode in electrical discharge tubes. 2. One of the electrons that is emitted in a stream from a cathode-ray tube. * * *
—cathodically, cathodally, adv. /ka thod"ik, -thoh"dik, keuh-/, adj. pertaining to a cathode or phenomena in its vicinity. Also, cathodal /kath"euh dl/. [1830-40; CATHODE + ...
cathodic protection
protection of ferrous metals against electrolysis by the attachment of sacrificial anodes. Also called electrolytic protection. [1930-35] * * *
See cathodic. * * *
—cathodoluminescent, adj. /kath'euh doh looh'meuh nes"euhns/, n. light emitted by a substance undergoing bombardment by cathode rays. [1905-10; CATHODE + -o- + LUMINESCENCE] * ...
—catholically, catholicly /keuh thol"ik lee/, adv. —catholicalness, catholicness, n. /kath"euh lik, kath"lik/, adj. 1. broad or wide-ranging in tastes, interests, or the ...
/kath"euh lik, kath"lik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a Catholic church, esp. the Roman Catholic Church. 2. Theol. a. (among Roman Catholics) claiming to possess exclusively the ...
Catholic Action
▪ Roman Catholicism       the organized work of the laity that is performed under the direction or mandate of a bishop in the fields of dogma, morals, liturgy, ...
Catholic Apostolic Church
a nearly extinct English Protestant church established between 1832 and 1835, stressing the imminent coming of the millennium and the reestablishment of the primitive church's ...
Catholic Church
Rom. Cath. Ch. a visible society of baptized Christians professing the same faith under the authority of the invisible head (Christ) and the authority of the visible head (the ...
Catholic Emancipation
Freedom from discrimination and civil disabilities granted to the Roman Catholics of Britain and Ireland in the late 18th and early 19th century. After the Reformation, Roman ...
Catholic Emancipation Act
Eng. Hist. an act of Parliament (1829) permitting Roman Catholics to hold parliamentary office and repealing other laws that imposed civil disabilities on Catholics. * * *
Catholic Epistles
the New Testament Epistles of James, I and II Peter, I John, and sometimes II and III John and Jude, addressed to the entire church. * * *
Catholic Herald
a British religious newspaper, published once a week. Most of the writing is about Roman Catholic matters, but the newspaper is independent, and often disagrees with the ideas of ...
Catholic League
(1609–35) Military alliance of the Catholic powers of Germany, led by Maximilian I, duke of Bavaria, and designed to stem the growth of Protestantism in Germany. Plans for a ...
Catholic Monarchs
▪ Spanish history also called  Catholic Kings, or Catholic Majesties,  Spanish  Reyes Católicos,          Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile, whose ...
Catholic University of America, The
▪ university, Washington, District of Columbia, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Washington, D.C., U.S. The university is ...
See catholic. * * *
/keuh thol"i kayt', -kit/, n. the see of a catholicos. [1875-80; < ML catholicatus, equiv. to catholic(us) CATHOLICOS + -atus -ATE3] * * *
Catholic Church n. The Roman Catholic Church. * * *
Catholic Epistles pl.n. Bible The five New Testament epistles (James, I and II Peter, I John, and Jude) that were addressed to the universal church rather than to particular ...
/keuh thol"euh siz'euhm/, n. 1. the faith, system, and practice of the Catholic Church, esp. the Roman Catholic Church. 2. (l.c.) catholicity. [1600-10; CATHOLIC + -ISM] * * *
/kath'euh lis"i tee/, n. 1. broad-mindedness or liberality, as of tastes, interests, or views. 2. universality; general inclusiveness. 3. (cap.) the Roman Catholic Church, or its ...
catholicize [kə thäl′ə sīz΄] vt., vi. catholicized, catholicizing 1. to make or become catholic 2. [C-] to convert or be converted to Catholicism * * * ca·thol·i·cize ...
/keuh thol"i keuhn/, n. a universal remedy; panacea. [1375-1425; late ME < ML < Gk katholikón neut. of katholikós CATHOLIC] * * *
/keuh thol"i keuhs, -kos'/, n., pl. catholicoses, catholicoi /-koy'/. 1. (often cap.) Eastern Ch. a. any of the heads of certain autocephalous churches. b. (in some autocephalous ...
/keuh thol"i keuhs/, n., pl. catholici /-euh suy', -i kee'/. catholicos. [ < ML] * * *
/kat"hows'/, n., pl. cathouses /-how'ziz/. Slang. brothel; whorehouse. [1595-1605, for earlier sense of siege tower; 1930-35 for current sense; CAT1 (in obs. sense of harlot) + ...
/kath"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Catherine. * * *
Cathy Come Home
a British television play about a young mother who has nowhere to live. It was directed by Ken Loach and first broadcast by the BBC in 1966. It had a strong effect on the British ...
/kat'l euh nair"ee euhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to or resembling Catiline. n. 2. a person who participated in Catiline's conspiracy. 3. a person who resembles or imitates Catiline; ...
/kat"l uyn'/, n. (Lucius Sergius Catilina) 108?-62 B.C., Roman politician and conspirator. * * * orig. Lucius Sergius Catilina born с 108 died 62 BC, Pistoria, Etruria ...
▪ town, Guinea-Bissau       town located on the southern coast of Guinea-Bissau. The surrounding area is covered with mangrove forests and swamps and has a monsoonal ...
—cationic /kat'uy on"ik/, adj. —cationically, adv. /kat"uy'euhn, -on/, n. Physical Chem. 1. a positively charged ion that is attracted to the cathode in electrolysis. 2. any ...
Cation-exchange capacities and specific surface areas of clay minerals
▪ Table Cation-exchange capacities and specific surface areas of clay minerals mineral cation-exchange capacity at pH 7 (milliequivalents per 100 grams) specific surface area ...
cation exchange n. A chemical process in which cations of like charge are exchanged equally between a solid, such as zeolite, and a solution, such as water. The process is often ...
See cation. * * *
cationic detergent
any of a class of synthetic compounds, as benzalkonium chloride, whose cations are colloidal in solution: used as antiseptics, wetting agents, and emulsifiers. Also called invert ...
cat·jang (kä-chăngʹ) n. 1. See pigeon pea. 2. See cowpea.   [Dutch katjang, from Malay kachang, pea, bean.] * * *
—catkinate /kat"keuh nayt'/, adj. /kat"kin/, n. Bot. a spike of unisexual, apetalous flowers having scaly, usually deciduous bracts, as of a willow or birch. Also called ...
Catlett, Elizabeth
born April 15, 1919, Washington, D.C., U.S. Expatriate U.S. sculptor and printmaker. Catlett was born into a middle-class family. After studying sculpture, she went to Mexico ...
/kat"luyk'/, adj. 1. resembling or typical of a cat: catlike eyes. 2. swift and graceful. 3. stealthy and noiseless: The scouts crept up on their quarry with catlike ...
/kat"lin/, n. George, 1796-1872, U.S. painter. * * *
Catlin, George
born July 26, 1796, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., U.S. died Dec. 23, 1872, Jersey City, N.J. U.S. painter and author. He practiced law briefly before becoming a self-taught portrait ...
Cat·lin (kătʹlĭn), George. 1796-1872. American artist who painted portraits and tribal scenes in the American West and in South and Central America. * * *
/kat"mint'/, n. Chiefly Brit. catnip. [1225-75; ME cattesminte equiv. to cattes, gen. of CAT1 + minte MINT1] * * *
/kat"nap'/, n., v., catnapped, catnapping. n. 1. a short, light nap or doze. v.i. 2. to doze or sleep lightly. [1815-25, Amer.; CAT + NAP] * * *
catnapper1 /kat"nap'euhr/, n. a person who takes catnaps, esp. regularly or habitually. [CATNAP + -ER1] catnapper2 /kat"nap'euhr/, n. a person who steals cats. Also, ...
/kat"nip/, n. a plant, Nepeta cataria, of the mint family, having egg-shaped leaves containing aromatic oils that are a cat attractant. Also, esp. Brit., catmint. [1705-15, ...
/kay"toh/, n. 1. Marcus Porcius /pawr"shee euhs, -sheuhs/, ("the Elder" or "the Censor"), 234-149 B.C., Roman statesman, soldier, and writer. 2. his great-grandson, Marcus ...
Cato, Marcus Porcius
known as Cato the Censor or Cato the Elder born 234, Tusculum, Latium died 149 BC Roman statesman and orator, the first important Latin prose writer. Born of plebeian stock, ...
Cato, Milton
▪ 1998       Caribbean politician who served, 1979-84, as the first prime minister of St. Vincent and the Grenadines after the country achieved independence (b. June 3, ...
Cato, Publius Valerius
▪ Roman poet       teacher, scholar, and poet associated, like Catullus (Catullus, Gaius Valerius), with the Neoteric (neōteros), or New Poets, ...
Cato,Marcus Porcius
I. Ca·to1 (kāʹtō), Marcus Porcius. Known as “the Elder” or “the Censor.” 234-149B.C. Roman politician and general who wrote the first history of Rome. As censor he ...
Catoche, Cape
▪ cape, Mexico Spanish  Cabo Catoche,         cape on the Caribbean Sea, on a bar off the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, in the northeastern part of the Yucatán ...
Catoctin Mountain Park
/keuh tok"tin/ a federal park in N central Maryland: site of Camp David. 9 sq. mi. (23 sq. km). * * *
Catoctin Mountains
a mountain range extending NE from NE Virginia through central Maryland: part of the Appalachian Mountains. * * *
Ca·toc·tin Mountains (kə-tŏkʹtĭn) A section of the Blue Ridge in northern Maryland extending from the Pennsylvania border south to Virginia. Camp David is located in the ...
Caton-Thompson, Gertrude
▪ British archaeologist born , Feb. 1, 1889, London, Eng. died April 18, 1985, Broadway, Hereford and Worcester       English archaeologist who distinguished two ...
/kayt"nz vil'/, n. a town in central Maryland, near Baltimore. 33,208. * * * ▪ Maryland, United States       village, Baltimore county, north-central Maryland, U.S., ...
ca·top·tric (kə-tŏpʹtrĭk) also ca·top·tri·cal (-trĭ-kəl) adj. Of or relating to mirrors and reflected images.   [Greek katoptrikos, from katoptron, mirror. See ...
—catoptric, catoptrical, adj. —catoptrically, adv. /keuh top"triks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of optics dealing with the formation of images by mirrors. [1560-70; ...
/keuh tows"/, n. New Eng. a noisy disturbance; commotion. [1855-60; prob. CA- + TOUSE] * * *
cat rig n. Nautical The rig of a catboat.   [From obsolete cat, catboat.] * * *
Catron, John
▪ United States jurist born 1786?, Wythe County, Va.?, U.S. died May 30, 1865, Nashville, Tenn.       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court ...
Catroux, Georges
▪ French general and diplomat born Jan. 29, 1877, Limoges, Fr. died Dec. 21, 1969, Paris       French general and diplomat, one of the highest-ranking officers in the ...
a musical show (1981) by Andrew Lloyd Webber, based on Old Possum’s Book of Practical Cats, a book of poems by T S Eliot. It has been very successful in many cities around the ...
Cats, Jacob
▪ Dutch author Jacob also spelled  Jacobus   born Nov. 10, 1577, Brouwershaven, Zeeland, Spanish Netherlands [now in The Netherlands] died Sept. 12, 1660, Zorgh-vliet, near ...
Cats, Jacob(us)
known as Father Cats born Nov. 10, 1577, Brouwershaven, Zeeland, Spanish Netherlands died Sept. 12, 1660, Zorgvliet, near The Hague Dutch poet. A magistrate and high official, ...
CAT scan (kăt) n. An image produced by a CAT scanner. Also called CT scan. * * *
CAT scanner n. A device that produces cross-sectional views of an internal body structure using computerized axial tomography. Also called CT scanner.   [c(omputerized) a(xial) ...
catscratch disease
cat scratch disease n. A disease thought to be transmitted to humans by the scratch or bite of a cat and characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes. Also called cat scratch ...
➡ roads and road signs * * *
Catskill Delta
▪ geological region, United States       structure that was deposited in the northeastern United States during the Middle and Late Devonian Period (the Devonian Period ...
Catskill Game Farm, Inc.
▪ zoo, Catskill, New York, United States       privately owned zoo opened in 1933 in Catskill, New York, U.S. It occupied more than 914 acres (370 hectares), of which ...
Catskill Mountains
/kats"kil/ a range of low mountains in E New York: resort area. Highest peak, Slide Mountain, 4204 ft. (1281 m). Also called Catskills. * * * Mountain group of the Appalachian ...
Cats·kill Mountains (kătʹskĭl') A range of the Appalachian Mountains in southeast New York just west of the Hudson River. The mountains, rising to 1,282.2 m (4,204 ft), ...
➡ Catskill Mountains * * *
/kat"skin'euhr/, n. Informal. an operator of a vehicle or machine with caterpillar treads. [CAT2 + (MULE) SKINNER] * * *
/kat"sluyd'/, n. (in early American architecture) a steep roof ending close to the ground, as on a saltbox. [CAT1 + SLIDE] * * *
/kat"stik'/, n. a broomstick or other stick used as a bat, esp. in playing tipcat. [1620-30; CAT1 + STICK1] * * *
/kat"stich'/, n. See catch stitch. [by reanalysis of 1st syll. as CAT1] * * *
cat·suit (kătʹso͞ot') n. A tight-fitting one-piece garment for women usually made of leather or a synthetic fabric such as spandex and covering the torso, legs, and ...
/kat"seuhp, kech"euhp, kach"-/, n. ketchup. * * * ▪ condiment also spelled  Ketchup,         spicy liquid condiment widely used in the United States and Great Britain. ...
/kat/, n. Carrie Chapman Lane, 1859-1947, U.S. leader in women's suffrage movements. * * *
Catt, Carrie (Lane)Chapman
Catt (kăt), Carrie (Lane) Chapman. 1859-1947. American suffragist who was an organizer and president (1900-1904 and 1915-1947) of the National American Woman Suffrage ...
Catt, Carrie Chapman
orig. Carrie Lane born Jan. 9, 1859, Ripon, Wis., U.S. died March 9, 1947, New Rochelle, N.Y. U.S. advocate of woman suffrage. A graduate of Iowa State College (1880), she ...
/kat"tayl'/, n. any tall, reedlike marsh plant of the genus Typha, esp. T. latifolia, having long, sword-shaped leaves and dense, cylindrical clusters of minute brown flowers. ...
/kat"l oh'/, n., pl. cattaloes, cattalos. beefalo. [1885-90; b. CATTLE and BUFFALO] * * *
Cattaneo, Carlo
▪ Italian politician born June 15, 1801, Milan died Feb. 6, 1869, near Lugano, Switz.       Italian publicist and intellectual whose writings significantly shaped the ...
▪ county, New York, United States       county, southwestern New York state, U.S., consisting of a ruggedly hilly region bounded by Cattaraugus Creek to the north and ...
/kat"i gat', kah"ti gaht'/, n. Kattegat. * * *
Cattelan, Maurizio
▪ 2007  With Italian conceptual artist Maurizio Cattelan serving as one of its curators, the fourth Berlin biennial, “Of Mice and Men,” which opened in March 2006, aroused ...
/keuh tel"/, n. James McKeen /meuh keen"/, 1860-1944, U.S. psychologist, educator, and editor. * * *
Cattell, James McKeen
born May 25, 1860, Easton, Pa., U.S. died Jan. 20, 1944, Lancaster, Pa. U.S. psychologist. He studied with Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig and later assisted Francis Galton in London. ...
Cattell, Raymond B.
▪ American psychologist in full  Raymond Bernard Cattell  born March 20, 1905, Staffordshire, England died February 2, 1998, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.       British-born ...
/kat"euh ree/, n., pl. catteries. a place where cats are kept and bred. [1785-95; CAT1 + -ERY] * * *
cat·tie (kătʹē) n. Variant of catty2. * * *
See catty1. * * *
See cattily. * * *
—cattishly, adv. —cattishness, n. /kat"ish/, adj. 1. catlike; feline. 2. spiteful; malicious. [1590-1600; CAT1 + -ISH1] * * *
—cattleless, adj. /kat"l/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. bovine animals, esp. domesticated members of the genus Bos. 2. Bib. such animals together with other domesticated ...
cattle call
Slang. a theatrical audition that is open to everyone, esp. to those who do not belong to a theatrical union. [1950-55] * * *
cattle car
1. Railroads. See stock car (def. 2). 2. Slang. a railroad passenger car providing little comfort and few amenities. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
cattle egret
an egret, Bubulcus ibis, cosmopolitan in warmer regions, often associating with grazing animals for the insects that hover around them. [1900-05] * * *
cattle grub
the larva or adult of a warble fly, esp. Hypoderma lineatum, a common pest of cattle in North America. Also called heel fly. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
cattle guard
a structure consisting typically of parallel bars over a shallow ditch, used to prevent cattle from straying. [1835-45] * * *
cattle plague
Vet. Pathol. rinderpest. [1865-70] * * *
cattle prod
a rod-shaped, usually electrified device designed for prodding or driving livestock, esp. cattle. * * *
Cattle Raid of Cooley, The
Irish Táin Bó Cúailgne Irish narrative, the longest of the Ulster cycle. It was composed in prose with verse passages in the 7th–8th century, probably by an author ...
cattle run
1. a barnyard or fenced area adjacent to a barn used as a limited grazing area or exercise lot for cattle. 2. a passageway used for cattle. [1850-55] * * *
cattle show
1. an exhibition of prize cattle by cattle breeders, as at a livestock exposition. 2. Informal. a public appearance by the contenders for a political office, a job, or the like, ...
cattle tick
a dark brown tick, Boophilus annulatus, that infests cattle and is a vector for parasitic diseases of cattle, as babesiosis. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
cattle tick fever
cattle tick fever n. TEXAS FEVER * * *
cattle call n. Informal An audition in which a large number of often inexperienced actors or performers try out. * * *
/kat"l duf'euhr/, n. Australian. a cattle thief. [1885-90; CATTLE + DUFFER] * * *
cattle egret n. A small egret (Bubulus ibis) native to Africa and southern Eurasia that feeds among grazing cattle. * * *
cattle grub n. The larva of a warble fly, especially of the genus Hypoderma, that parasitizes cattle and causes a boillike swelling under the hide. * * *
cattle guard n. A grid, usually of parallel metal bars, set at ground level in a road or gateway as a barrier to cattle while allowing the passage of vehicles and pedestrians. * ...
/kat"l meuhn, -man'/, n., pl. cattlemen /-meuhn, -men'/. 1. a person who tends or breeds cattle. 2. a rancher who raises cattle on a large scale; the owner of a cattle ...
cattle prod n. A usually electrified prod designed for driving cattle. * * *
/kat"l ship'/, n. a large vessel for the transportation of livestock. [1620-30; CATTLE + SHIP] * * *
cattle tick n. A brown tick (Boophilus annulatus) whose bite transmits the causative agent of Texas fever in cattle. * * *
/kat"lee euh, kat lee"euh, -lay"euh/, n. any of several tropical American orchids of the genus Cattleya, having showy flowers ranging from white to purple. [1820-30; after ...
/kat"n/, n. (Charles) Bruce, 1899-1978, U.S. journalist and historian. * * *
Catton, (Charles)Bruce
Cat·ton (kătʹn), (Charles) Bruce. 1899-1978. American historian and editor who wrote extensively on the Civil War and edited (1954-1959) American Heritage magazine. * * *
Catton, Bruce
▪ American historian and journalist in full  Charles Bruce Catton   born Oct. 9, 1899, Petoskey, Mich., U.S. died Aug. 28, 1978, Frankfort, Mich.       American ...
catty1 —cattily, adv. —cattiness, n. /kat"ee/, adj., cattier, cattiest. 1. catlike; feline. 2. slyly malicious; spiteful: a catty gossip. [1885-90; CAT1 + -Y1] Syn. 2. mean, ...
/kat"ee kawr'neuhrd/, adj., adv. Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. cater-cornered. Also, catty-corner. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
/kat'ee wom"peuhs, kat'euh-/, adj., adv. Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. catawampus. * * *
—Catullian /keuh tul"ee euhn/, adj. /keuh tul"euhs/, n. Gaius Valerius /gay"euhs veuh lear"ee euhs/, 84?-54? B.C., Roman poet. * * *
Catullus, Gaius Valerius
born с 84, Verona, Cisalpine Gaul died с 54 BC, Rome Roman poet. Few facts about his life are certain. Of 116 extant poems, 25 portray an intense and unhappy affair with a ...
Catullus,Gaius Valerius
Ca·tul·lus (kə-tŭlʹəs), Gaius Valerius. 84?-54?B.C. Roman lyric poet known for his love poems to “Lesbia,” an aristocratic Roman woman whose real name was Clodia. * * *
Catulus, Gaius Lutatius
▪ Roman commander flourished 3rd century BC       Roman commander, victor in the final battle of the First Punic War (Punic War, First) between Rome and Carthage ...
Catulus, Quintus Lutatius
▪ Roman general [died 86 BC] died 86 BC       Roman general, at first a colleague and later a bitter enemy of the politically powerful commander Gaius ...
▪ ancient tribe of Britain       probably the most powerful Belgic tribe in ancient Britain; it occupied the area directly north of the River Thames. The first capital ...
community antenna television: a cable television system that receives television broadcasts by antenna and relays them by cable to paying subscribers in areas where direct ...
/kat"wawk'/, n. a narrow walkway, esp. one high above the surrounding area, used to provide access or allow workers to stand or move, as over the stage in a theater, outside the ...
catwhisker [kat′hwis΄kər] n. Electronics a sharply pointed, flexible wire used to make contact with a specific point on a semiconductor or a crystal detector * * *
▪ fictional character       cartoon character, a wily and agile professional thief and sometime love interest of superhero Batman. Clad in a skintight body suit and ...

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