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Cauca
/kow"kah/, n. a river in W Colombia: tributary of the Magdalena. 600 mi. (965 km) long. * * *
Cauca River
River, western Colombia. It rises in the Andes Mountains and flows northward, between the Cordillera Occidental and the Cordillera Oriental, 838 mi (1,348 km) to join the ...
Caucasia
/kaw kay"zheuh, -sheuh/, n. Caucasus (def. 2). * * *
Caucasian
/kaw kay"zheuhn, -sheuhn, -kazh"euhn, -kash"-/, adj. Also, Caucasic /kaw kas"ik, -kaz"-/. 1. Anthropol. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of one of the traditional racial ...
Caucasian languages
Group of languages spoken in the Caucasus region that are not members of any language families spoken elsewhere in the world. Caucasian languages, spoken by some nine million ...
Caucasian lily
a tall lily plant, Lilium monadelphum, having large, fragrant, drooping golden-yellow flowers. * * *
Caucasian peoples
      various ethnic groups living in the Caucasus, a geographically complex area of mountain ranges, plateaus, foothills, plains, rivers, and lakes, with grasslands, ...
Caucasoid
/kaw"keuh soyd'/, adj., n. Caucasian (defs. 1, 4). [1900-05; CAUCAS(IAN) + -OID] * * *
Caucasus
/kaw"keuh seuhs/, n. the 1. Also called Caucasus Mountains. a mountain range in Caucasia, between the Black and Caspian seas, along the border between the Russian Federation, ...
Caucasus Mountains
Russian Kavkazskiy Khrebet Mountain range between the Black and Caspian seas, often considered the southeastern limit of Europe. It forms two distinct chains, the Greater ...
CaucasusMountains
Caucasus Mountains A range from the north to the southeast in the Caucasus. Mount Elbrus, 5,645.6 m (18,510 ft), is the highest elevation. * * *
caucho
/kow"choh, -shooh/, n. rubber obtained from the latex of any of several tropical American trees of the genus Castilla, esp. C. elastica, of Central America. Also called ...
Cauchon, Pierre
▪ French bishop born 1371, near Reims, Fr. died Dec. 18, 1442, Rouen  French bishop of Beauvais, an ecclesiastic memorable chiefly because he presided over the trial of Joan ...
Cauchy
/koh shee"/, n. Augustin Louis /oh gyuu staonn" lwee"/, 1789-1857, French mathematician. * * *
Cauchy integral formula
Math. a theorem that gives an expression in terms of an integral for the value of an analytic function at any point inside a simple closed curve of finite length in a ...
Cauchy integral theorem
Math. the theorem that the integral of an analytic function about a closed curve of finite length in a finite, simply connected domain is zero. [named after A. L. CAUCHY] * * *
Cauchy sequence
Math. See fundamental sequence. [named after A. L. CAUCHY] * * *
Cauchy's inequality
Math. See Schwarz inequality (def. 1). [named after A. L. CAUCHY] * * *
Cauchy, Augustin-Louis, Baron
born Aug. 21, 1789, Paris, France died May 23, 1857, Sceaux French mathematician, pioneer of analysis and group theory. After a career as a military engineer in Napoleon's ...
Cauchy,Baron Augustin Louis
Cau·chy (kō-shēʹ), Baron Augustin Louis. 1789-1857. French mathematician whose Cours d'Analyse (1821) introduced modern rigor into calculus. He founded the theory of ...
Cauchy-Riemann equations
/koh"shee ree"mahn, koh shee"-/, Math. equations relating the partial derivatives of the real and imaginary parts of an analytic function of a complex variable, as f(z) = u(x,y) ...
Cauchy-Schwarz inequality
/koh"shee shwawrts", koh shee"shvahrts"/, Math. See Schwarz inequality (def. 2). * * * Any of several related inequalities developed by Augustin-Louis Cauchy and, later, Herman ...
caucus
/kaw"keuhs/, n., pl. caucuses, v. n. 1. U.S. Politics. a. a meeting of party leaders to select candidates, elect convention delegates, etc. b. a meeting of party members within a ...
cauda
/kow"deuh, kaw"-/, n., pl. caudae /-dee/. Anat., Zool. a tail or taillike appendage. [1690-1700; < L: tail] * * *
caudad
caudad [kô′dad΄] adv. 〚< L cauda, tail + -AD2〛 Anat. Zool. toward the tail or the caudal part of the body; posteriorly: opposed to CEPHALAD * * * cau·dad ...
caudaite
/kaw"deuh uyt'/, n. a small meteorite, generally less than one half millimeter in diameter, containing crystals of more or less pure magnetite. [ < L caud(a) tail + -ITE1] * * *
caudal
—caudally, adv. /kawd"l/, adj. 1. Anat., Zool. of, at, or near the tail or the posterior end of the body. 2. Zool. taillike: caudal appendages. n. 3. Med. a caudal ...
caudal anesthesia
Med. anesthesia below the pelvis, induced by injecting an anesthetic into the sacral portion of the spinal canal. * * *
caudal fin
the terminal vertical fin of a fish. Also called tail fin. See diag. under fish. * * *
caudally
See caudal. * * *
Caudata
▪ amphibian order Introduction also called  Urodela,     one of the major extant orders of the class Amphibia. It includes salamanders (salamander) and newts (newt). The ...
caudate
—caudation, n. /kaw"dayt/, adj. Zool. having a tail or taillike appendage. Also, caudated. [1590-1600; < NL caudatus, equiv. to L caud(a) tail + -atus -ATE1] * * *
caudatenucleus
caudate nucleus n. A basal ganglion located in the lateral ventricle of the brain that has a curved, taillike extension and functions in motor control. * * *
caudation
See caudate. * * *
caudex
/kaw"deks/, n., pl. caudices /-deuh seez'/, caudexes. Bot. 1. the main stem of a tree, esp. a palm or tree fern. 2. the woody or thickened persistent base of an herbaceous ...
caudillismo
cau·dil·lis·mo (kô'dēl-yēzʹmō, -dē-yēzʹ-, kou'-) n. The practice or system of rule by a caudillo.   [Spanish, from caudillo, leader. See caudillo.] * * *
caudillo
/kaw deel"yoh, -dee"oh/; Sp. /kow dhee"lyaw, -dhee"yaw/, n., pl. caudillos /-deel"yohz, -dee"ohz/; Sp. /-dhee"lyaws, -dhee"yaws/. (in Spanish-speaking countries) a head of state, ...
Caudine Forks
/kaw"duyn/ two mountain passes in S Italy, in the Apennines near Benevento. * * * ▪ mountain pass, Italy Latin  Furculae Caudinae,         narrow mountain pass near ...
caudle
/kawd"l/, n. a warm drink for the sick, as of wine or ale mixed with eggs, bread, sugar, spices, etc. [1250-1300; ME caudel < ONF < ML caldellum, equiv. to L calid(um) warmed ...
caudle cup
a deep drinking cup having two handles and, usually, a cover. [1650-60] * * *  small, two-handled silver cup, usually with a cover, originally made in England during the ...
Caughley ware
▪ pottery  porcelain produced by the Caughley China Works, a factory in Caughley, Shropshire, England. A local earthenware pottery was extended in 1772 by Thomas Turner to ...
caught
/kawt/, v. pt. and pp. of catch. * * *
caul
caul1 /kawl/, n. 1. a part of the amnion sometimes covering the head of a child at birth. 2. See greater omentum. 3. a net lining in the back of a woman's cap or hat. 4. a cap or ...
Caulaincourt, Armand (-Augustin-Louis), marquis de
born Dec. 9, 1773, Caulaincourt, France died Feb. 19, 1827, Paris French general and diplomat. He became aide-de-camp to Napoleon (1802) and was the emperor's loyal master of ...
Caulaincourt, Armand, marquis de, Duc De Vicence
▪ French general born Dec. 9, 1773, Caulaincourt, Fr. died Feb. 19, 1827, Paris       French general, diplomat, and ultimately foreign minister under Napoleon (Napoleon ...
cauld
/kawld, kahld, kawd/, adj., n. Scot. cold. * * *
cauldron
/kawl"dreuhn/, n. a large kettle or boiler. Also, caldron. [1250-1300; ME, alter. (by assoc. with L caldus warm) of ME cauderon < AF, equiv. to caudere ( < LL caldaria; see ...
caulescent
/kaw les"euhnt/, adj. Bot. having an obvious stem rising above the ground. [1785-95; < L caul(is) a stalk, stem + -ESCENT] * * *
Caulfield
➡ Catcher in the Rye. * * *
Caulfield, Patrick Joseph
▪ 2006       British artist (b. Jan. 29, 1936, London, Eng.—d. Sept. 29, 2005, London), was a member of the “New Generation” of 1960s British Pop and abstract ...
caulicle
caulicle [kô′li kəl] n. 〚L cauliculus, dim. of caulis, a stem: see HOLE〛 Bot. a small or rudimentary stem, as in an embryo * * *
cauliflorous
See cauliflory. * * *
cauliflory
cau·li·flor·y (kôʹlə-flôr'ē, -flōr'ē) n. The production of flowers and fruits on the older branches or trunks of woody plants, such as the redbud, and many mostly ...
cauliflower
/kaw"leuh flow'euhr, -lee-, kol"euh-, kol"ee-/, n. 1. a form of cultivated plant, Brassica oleracea botrytis, of the mustard family, whose inflorescence forms a compact, usually ...
cauliflower ear
an ear that has been deformed by repeated injury, resulting in an irregular thickening of scar tissue. [1905-10, Amer.] * * * ▪ pathology       distortion of the ...
cauliflower fungus
a large edible white to yellowish cauliflowerlike mushroom, Sparassis radicata, widely distributed in North America. Also called sparassis. * * *
cauliflower ware
▪ pottery  in pottery, creamware modelled and glazed in green and yellow to simulate a cauliflower, the term also applying to other fruit or vegetable forms. About 1760, ...
cauliflowerear
cauliflower ear n. An ear swollen and deformed by repeated blows. * * *
cauliflowerette
/kaw'leuh flow euh ret", kaw'lee-, kol'euh-, kol'ee-/, n. a single floret from the head of a cauliflower. Also, caulifloweret. [1945-50; CAULIFLOWER + -ETTE] * * *
cauline
/kaw"lin, -luyn/, adj. Bot. of or pertaining to a stem, esp. pertaining to or arising from the upper part of a stem. [1750-60; < L caul(is) a stalk, stem + -INE1] * * *
caulis
caulis [kô′lis] n. pl. caules [kô′lēz] 〚L: see HOLE〛 the main stem or stalk of a plant * * *
caulk
/kawk/, v.t. 1. to fill or close seams or crevices of (a tank, window, etc.) in order to make watertight, airtight, etc. 2. to make (a vessel) watertight by filling the seams ...
caulker
/kaw"keuhr/, n. 1. a person who caulks the seams of boats or the like. 2. a caulking tool or device. Also, calker. [1485-95; CAULK + -ER1] * * *
caulking
caulk·ing (kôʹkĭng) n. A usually impermeable substance used for caulking. Also called caulking compound. * * *
Caulkins, Tracy
born Jan. 11, 1963, Winona, Minn., U.S. U.S. swimmer. In 1978 she became (at age 15) the first woman to swim the 200-yd medley in under two minutes. By 1982 she had surpassed ...
Caullery, Maurice
▪ French biologist born September 5, 1868, Bergues, France died July 15, 1958, Paris  French biologist famous for his research on parasitic protozoans and marine ...
Caulonia
/kow law"nyah/, n. a town in S Calabria, in S Italy: ruins of ancient Achaean colony. 10,282. * * * ▪ ancient city, Italy       ancient Greek city in southern Italy, ...
Caunt, Benjamin
▪ English boxer born March 22, 1815, Hucknall-Torkard, Nottinghamshire, England died September 10, 1861, London       British bare-knuckle prizefighter, one of the ...
Caupolicán
▪ Araucanian chief also spelled  Quepolicán   born 16th century, Palmaiquén, Chile died 1558, Cañete       Mapuche chief and a leader of the Indian resistance to ...
Cauquenes
/kow ke"nes/, n. a city in central Chile. 20,300. * * *
cauri
/kow"ree/, n. a monetary unit of Guinea, the 100th part of a syli. * * *
caus
caus abbrev. causative * * *
caus.
causative. * * *
causa sine qua non
/kow"sah si"ne kwah nohn"/; Eng. /kaw"zeuh suy"nee kway non", kaw"zeuh sin"ay kwah nohn"/, Latin. an indispensable condition; requisite. [lit., a cause without which not] * * *
causable
causable [kôz′ə bəl] adj. that can be caused * * * See cause. * * *
causal
—causally, adv. /kaw"zeuhl/, adj. 1. of, constituting, or implying a cause. 2. Gram. expressing a cause, as the conjunctions because and since. [1520-30; < L causalis, equiv. ...
causalgia
—causalgic, adj. /kaw zal"jee euh, -jeuh/, n. a neuralgia distinguished by a burning pain along certain nerves, usually of the upper extremities. [1870-75; < NL, equiv. to Gk ...
causality
/kaw zal"i tee/, n., pl. causalities. 1. the relation of cause and effect: The result is the same, however differently the causality is interpreted. 2. causal quality or ...
causalityparadox
causality paradox n. A hypothetical effect that would result if an individual were to travel back in time and cause changes to the circumstances that led to his or her current ...
causally
See causal. * * *
causation
—causational, adj. /kaw zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the action of causing or producing. 2. the relation of cause to effect; causality. 3. anything that produces an effect; ...
causationism
—causationist, n. /kaw zay"sheuh niz'euhm/, n. the doctrine or theory that every event is the result of a prior and adequate cause. [1840-50; CAUSATION + -ISM] * * *
causative
—causatively, adv. —causativeness, causativity, n. /kaw"zeuh tiv/, adj. 1. acting as a cause; producing (often fol. by of): a causative agency; an event causative of war. 2. ...
causatively
See causative. * * *
cause
—causable, adj. —causability, n. —causeless, adj. —causelessly, adv. —causelessness, n. —causer, n. /kawz/, n., v., caused, causing. n. 1. a person or thing that ...
cause célèbre
/kawz" seuh leb"reuh, -leb"/; Fr. /kohz say leb"rddeu/, pl. causes célèbres /kawz" seuh leb"reuhz, seuh lebz", kaw"ziz seuh leb"reuh, -leb"/; Fr. /kohz say leb"rddeu/. any ...
cause of action
cause of action n. Law the facts alleged in a complaint, upon which is based the plaintiff's right to a legal remedy in a court of law * * *
cause-and-effect
/kawz"euhnd i fekt", -euhn-/, adj. noting a relationship between actions or events such that one or more are the result of the other or others. * * *
causeless
See causable. * * *
causer
See causable. * * *
causerie
/koh'zeuh ree"/; Fr. /kohzeu rddee"/, n., pl. causeries /-reez"/; Fr. /-rddee"/. 1. an informal talk or chat. 2. a short, informal essay, article, etc. [1820-30; < F, equiv. to ...
Causes of Death in the United States
▪ 1999 Causes of Death in the United States (July-June)   Rate per 100,000 population   Rank in 1997 1996 1997 1 Diseases of the heart 278.7 271.2 2 Malignant ...
Causes of death in the United States, Table
▪ Table (year ended February) Rate per 100,000 ...
causeuse
/koh zuez"/, n., pl. causeuses /-zuez"/. Fr. Furniture. an upholstered settee for two persons. [1835-45; < F, equiv. to caus(er) to chat (see CAUSERIE) + -euse -EUSE] * * *
causeway
/kawz"way'/, n. 1. a raised road or path, as across low or wet ground. 2. a highway or paved way. v.t. 3. to pave (a road or street) with cobblestones or pebbles. 4. to provide ...
causey
/kaw"zee/, n., pl. causeys. 1. Brit. Dial. a causeway. 2. Archaic. an ancient Roman highway. [1125-75; ME cauce < AF < ONF caucie, var. of cauciee < LL (via) calciata (road) ...
causist
/kaw"zist/, n. a person who supports or defends a cause, esp. a social cause. [CAUSE + -IST] * * *
Causses
▪ geological formation, France       gorge-gouged limestone plateaus of southwestern France. The name is from cau, local form of chaux, meaning “lime.” At elevations ...
caustic
—caustically, causticly, adv. —causticity /kaw stis"i tee/, causticness, n. /kaw"stik/, adj. 1. capable of burning, corroding, or destroying living tissue. 2. severely ...
caustic alcohol.
See sodium ethylate. [1785-95] * * *
caustic baryta
baryta (def. 2). * * *
caustic curve
Optics. a curve formed by a plane section of a caustic surface. Also called caustic. [1720-30] * * *
caustic lime
lime1 (def. 1). [1805-15] * * *
caustic potash
caustic potash n. POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE * * *       potassium hydroxide, a potassium salt that readily dissolves in water to form a strongly alkaline and corrosive solution ...
caustic potash.
See potassium hydroxide. [1865-70] * * *
caustic soda
caustic soda n. SODIUM HYDROXIDE * * * Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), an inorganic compound. The alkalies called caustic soda and caustic potash (potassium hydroxide) are very ...
caustic soda.
See sodium hydroxide. [1875-80] * * *
caustic surface
Optics. the surface to which all light rays emanating from a single point and reflected by a curved surface, as a concave mirror, are tangent. Also called caustic. [1865-70] * * *
caustically
See caustic. * * *
causticity
See caustically. * * *
causticpotash
caustic potash n. See potassium hydroxide. * * *
causticsoda
caustic soda n. See sodium hydroxide. * * *
cauterant
/kaw"teuhr euhnt/, Med. n. 1. a caustic agent. adj. 2. caustic. [1535-45; CAUTER(IZE) + -ANT] * * *
cauterization
See cauterize. * * *
cauterize
—cauterization, n. /kaw"teuh ruyz'/, v.t., cauterized, cauterizing. to burn with a hot iron, electric current, fire, or a caustic, esp. for curative purposes; treat with a ...
cautery
/kaw"teuh ree/, n., pl. cauteries. 1. an escharotic substance, electric current, or hot iron used to destroy tissue. 2. the process of destroying tissue with a ...
Cauthen
(1960– ) a US jockey. He moved to Britain in 1979 and became the first person to win both the Kentucky Derby (1978) and the British Derby (1985 and 1987) He retired from racing ...
caution
—cautioner, n. /kaw"sheuhn/, n. 1. alertness and prudence in a hazardous situation; care; wariness: Landslides ahead - proceed with caution. 2. a warning against danger or ...
cautionary
/kaw"sheuh ner'ee/, adj. of the nature of or containing a warning: cautionary advice; a cautionary tale. [1590-1600; CAUTION + -ARY] * * *
cautious
—cautiously, adv. —cautiousness, n. /kaw"sheuhs/, adj. showing, using, or characterized by caution: a cautious man; To be cautious is often to show wisdom. [1630-40; ...
cautiously
See cautious. * * *
cautiousness
See cautiously. * * *
Cauto River
▪ river, Cuba       river in Granma and Santiago de Cuba provinces, eastern Cuba. The island's longest river, it flows for 230 mi (370 km) from its source in the Sierra ...
Cauvery
/kaw"veuh ree/, n. a river in S India, flowing SE from the Western Ghats in Mysore state through Madras state to the Bay of Bengal: sacred to the Hindus. 475 mi. (765 km) ...
cav
cav abbrev. cavalry * * *
cav.
1. cavalier. 2. cavalry. 3. cavity. * * *
Cava de' Tirreni
▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, Campania region, southern Italy, in a rich cultivated valley surrounded by hills, just northwest of Salerno city. Cylindrical ...
Cavaco Silva, Aníbal
▪ president of Portugal born July 15, 1939, Boliqueime, Port.       Portuguese politician who served as the country's president (2006– ) and prime minister ...
cavaedium
/keuh vee"dee euhm, kah-, kay-/, n., pl. cavaedia /-dee euh/. atrium (def. 1a). [ < L, contr. of cavum aedium, lit., hollow of rooms (i.e. house); see CAVE, EDIFICE] * * *
Cavafy
/kah vah"fee/, n. Constantine (Konstantinos Kavafis), 1863-1933, Greek poet in Egypt. * * *
Cavafy, Constantine
orig. Konstantínos Pétrou Kaváfis born April 17, 1863, Alexandria died April 29, 1933, Alexandria Poet of Turkish-Greek ancestry. Born to Greek parents, Cavafy worked as an ...
Cavagnoud, Regine
▪ 2002       French skier (b. June 27, 1970, La Clusaz, France—d. Oct. 31, 2001, Vienna, Austria), was one of France's finest young Alpine skiers and a top prospect ...
Cavaignac, Louis-Eugène
born Oct. 15, 1802, Paris, France died Oct. 28, 1857, Sarthe French general. He served with distinction in the French conquest of Algeria in the 1840s. In the Revolutions of ...
Cavaillé-Coll, Aristide
born Feb. 4, 1811, Montpellier, France died Oct. 13, 1899, Paris French organ builder. He settled in Paris in 1833 at Gioacchino Rossini's suggestion and with his brother and ...
cavalcade
/kav'euhl kayd", kav"euhl kayd'/, n. 1. a procession of persons riding on horses, in horsedrawn carriages, in cars, etc. 2. any procession. 3. any noteworthy series, as of events ...
Cavalcanti, Alberto
▪ Brazilian director original name  Alberto de Almeida-Cavalcanti  born Feb. 6, 1897, Rio de Janeiro died Aug. 23, 1982, Paris       Brazilian-born director-producer, ...
Cavalcanti, Guido
born с 1255, Florence died Aug. 27/28, 1300, Florence Italian poet. Born into an influential Florentine family, he studied with the philosopher and scholar Brunetto Latini, ...
Cavalcaselle, Giovanni Battista
▪ Italian writer born January 22, 1820, Legnano, kingdom of Lombardy and Venetia [Italy] died October 31, 1897, Legnano, Italy       writer on art and, with Giovanni ...
cavalier
—cavalierism, cavalierness, n. —cavalierly, adv. /kav'euh lear", kav"euh lear'/, n. 1. a horseman, esp. a mounted soldier; knight. 2. one having the spirit or bearing of a ...
cavalier King Charles spaniel
one of a breed of small dogs developed from the English toy spaniel, having a long silky coat, usually white with chestnut markings, with fringes of longer hair on the ears, ...
Cavalier Parliament
▪ English history       (May 8, 1661—Jan. 24, 1679), the first English Parliament after the Restoration of Charles II to the throne. It was originally enthusiastically ...
Cavalier poet
▪ English poetry group       any of a group of English gentlemen poets, called Cavaliers because of their loyalty to Charles I (1625–49) during the English Civil Wars, ...
Cavalier poets
a group of English poets, including Herrick, Carew, Lovelace, and Suckling, mainly at the court of Charles I. [1875-80] * * * Group of English gentlemen poets who were Cavaliers ...
cavalier servente
/kah'vah lyerdd" serdd ven"te/, pl. cavalieri serventi /kah'vah lye"rddee serdd ven"tee/. Italian. a lover; suitor. [lit., serving cavalier] * * *
Cavalier, Jean
▪ French religious leader born Nov. 28, 1681, near Ribaute, Fr. died May 17, 1740, London, Eng.       leader of the French Huguenot insurgents known as the Camisards ...
Cavaliere D'Arpino
▪ Italian artist original name  Giuseppe Cesari  born c. 1568, Arpino, Kingdom of Naples [Italy] died 1640, Rome       Italian painter of the post-Renaissance school ...
Cavaliere, Emilio del
▪ Italian composer also spelled  Emilio Dei Cavalieri  born c. 1550, Rome [Italy] died March 11, 1602, Rome       Italian composer and one of the earliest to compose ...
Cavalieri
/kav'euhl yair"ee/; It. /kah'vah lye"rddee/, n. Francesco Bonaventura /frddahn ches"kaw baw'nah ven tooh"rddah/ 1598-1697, Italian mathematician. * * *
Cavalieri, Bonaventura
▪ Italian mathematician born 1598, Milan [Italy] died Nov. 30, 1647, Bologna, Papal States       Italian mathematician who made developments in geometry that were ...
cavalierly
See cavalier. * * *
cavalla
/keuh val"euh, -vuy"euh/, n., pl. cavallas, (esp. collectively) cavalla. See king mackerel. [ < Sp caballa, fem. deriv. of caballo horse < L caballus (see CAPERCAILLIE); for a ...
Cavalla River
▪ river, Africa also called  Cavally, Youbou, or Diougou,         river in western Africa, rising north of the Nimba Range in Guinea and flowing south to form more ...
Cavalleria Rusticana
/kav'euh leuh ree"euh rus'ti kan"euh, roos'-/; It. /kah'vahl le rddee"ah rddoohs'tee kah"nah/ an opera (1890) by Pietro Mascagni. * * *
Cavalli, (Pier) Francesco
orig. Pietro Francesco Caletti-Bruni born Feb. 14, 1602, Crema, Republic of Venice died Jan. 14, 1676, Venice Italian opera composer. In his teens he was a singer under ...
Cavalli, Francesco
▪ Italian composer original name  Pier Francesco Caletti-Bruni   born Feb. 14, 1602, Crema, Republic of Venice [Italy] died Jan. 14, 1676, Venice       the most ...
Cavallini, Pietro
born с 1250, Rome died с 1330 Italian painter and mosaicist active mainly in Rome. His major surviving works are mosaics depicting scenes from the life of the Virgin for the ...
Cavallo, Domingo
▪ 2002       When Domingo Cavallo was appointed economy minister on March 20, 2001, Argentines hailed him as a reformer who could rescue the economy from its dire ...
Cavallotti, Felice
▪ Italian journalist and politician born December 6, 1842, Milan [Italy] died March 6, 1898, Rome       left-wing, antimonarchist journalist and political leader, ...
cavalry
/kav"euhl ree/, n., pl. cavalries. 1. Mil. a. the part of a military force composed of troops that serve on horseback. b. mounted soldiers collectively. c. the motorized, armored ...
cavalry twill
a strong cotton, wool, or worsted fabric constructed in double twill, used for apparel. Also called tricotine. [1940-45] * * *
cavalryman
/kav"euhl ree meuhn, -man'/, n., pl. cavalrymen /-meuhn, -men'/. a soldier in the cavalry. [1855-60; CAVALRY + MAN1] * * *
Cavan
/kav"euhn/, n. 1. a county in Ulster, in the N Republic of Ireland. 53,763; 730 sq. mi. (1890 sq. km). 2. the seat of this county. 3219. * * * ▪ county, Ireland Irish  An ...
cavate
/kay"vayt/, adj. hollowed out, as a space excavated from rock: cavate cliff dwellings. [1725-35; < L cavatus made hollow (ptp.), equiv. to cav(are) to hollow + -atus -ATE1] * * *
cavatelli
cav·a·tel·li (kăv'ə-tĕlʹē) n. Pasta shaped like small shells or bullets.   [Italian, from pl. diminutive of cavato past participle of cavare, to hollow out, from Latin ...
cavatina
/kav'euh tee"neuh/; It. /kah'vah tee"nah/, n., pl. cavatine /-nay/; It. /-ne/. Music. a simple song or melody, properly one without a second part or a repeat; an air. [1830-40; < ...
cave
—cavelike, adj. /kayv/, n., v., caved, caving. n. 1. a hollow in the earth, esp. one opening more or less horizontally into a hill, mountain, etc. 2. a storage cellar, esp. for ...
cave art
paintings and engravings on the walls of caves and rock-shelters, esp. naturalistic depictions of animals, produced by Upper Paleolithic peoples of western Europe between about ...
cave bear
an extinct bear, Ursus spelaeus, that lived in caves in Europe during the Pleistocene Epoch. * * * ▪ paleontology  extinct (extinction) species of bear, notable for its ...
cave canem
/kah"we kah"nem/; Eng. /kay"vee kay"neuhm, kah"vay/, Latin. beware of the dog. * * *
cave cricket
any of several nocturnal, wingless, cricketlike long-horned grasshoppers of the family Gryllacrididae, characterized by a humpbacked appearance and inhabiting dark moist ...
cave deposit
▪ speleology also called  speleothem   any of the crystalline deposits that form in a solution cave after the creation of the cave itself. These deposits are generally ...
cave dweller
1. a person whose home is a cave. 2. a prehistoric person who lived in caves. 3. Facetious. a person who lives in an apartment building or the like in a large city. [1860-65] * * ...
cave fish
▪ fish       any of the pale, blind, cave-dwelling fishes of the genera Amblyopsis and Typhlichthys, family Amblyopsidae. Cave fishes are small, growing to about 10 cm ...
cave man
1. a cave dweller, esp. of the Stone Age. 2. a man who behaves in a rough, primitive manner, esp. toward women. [1860-65] * * *
cave pearl
▪ geological feature       small, almost spherical concretion of calcite that is formed in a pool of water in a cave and is not attached to the surface on which it ...
Cave, Hugh Barnett
▪ 2005       American pulp-fiction author (b. July 11, 1910, Chester, Eng.—d. June 27, 2004, Vero Beach, Fla.), entertained and astonished readers with engaging ...
Cave, Nick
▪ Australian singer-songwriter, actor, and screenwriter original name in full  Nicholas Edward Cave  born Sept. 22, 1957, Wangaratta, Austl.       Australian ...
cave-dwelling
See cave dweller. * * *
cave-in
/kayv"in'/, n. 1. a collapse, as of anything hollow: the worst cave-in in the history of mining. 2. a place or site of such a collapse. 3. submission to something or someone ...
cave-man
See caveman. * * *
caveat
/kav"ee aht', -at', kah"vee-, kay-/, n. 1. a warning or caution; admonition. 2. Law. a legal notice to a court or public officer to suspend a certain proceeding until the ...
caveat emptor
/kav"ee aht' emp"tawr, -at', kah"vee-, kay-/; Lat. /kah"we aht' emp"tohrdd/. let the buyer beware: the principle that the seller of a product cannot be held responsible for its ...
caveatemptor
caveat emp·tor (ĕmpʹtôr') n. The axiom or principle in commerce that the buyer alone is responsible for assessing the quality of a purchase before buying.   [From Latin ...
caveator
/kav"ee ah'teuhr, -at'euhr, kah"vee-, kay"vee ay'teuhr/, n. Law. a person who files or enters a caveat. [1880-85; CAVEAT + -OR2] * * *
cavedweller
cave dweller n. One that dwells in a cave, especially a prehistoric human.   caveʹ-dwell'ing (kāvʹdwĕl'ĭng) adj. * * *
cavefish
/kayv"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) cavefish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) cavefishes. any of several fishes that live in cave waters, as species of the ...
Cavell
/kav"euhl/, n. Edith Louisa, 1865-1915, English nurse: executed by the Germans in World War I. * * *
Cavell, Edith
▪ English nurse born Dec. 4, 1865, Swardeston, Norfolk, Eng. died Oct. 12, 1915, Brussels, Belg.       English nurse who became a popular heroine of World War I and was ...
Cavell, Edith (Louisa)
born Dec. 4, 1865, Swardeston, Norfolk, Eng. died Oct. 12, 1915, Brussels, Belg. English nurse and heroine of World War I. She began her nursing career in 1895 and in 1907 ...
Cavell,Edith Louisa
Cav·ell (kăvʹəl, kə-vĕlʹ), Edith Louisa. 1865-1915. British nurse who remained in Brussels after the German occupation (1915) to help smuggle Allied troops to the Dutch ...
caveman
cave·man also cave man (kāvʹmăn') n. 1. A prehistoric or primitive human living in caves. 2. Informal. A man who is crude or brutal, especially toward women.   caveʹman' ...
cavendish
/kav"euhn dish/, n. tobacco that has been softened, sweetened, and pressed into cakes. [1830-40; presumably named after maker or handler] * * * (as used in expressions) Bentinck ...
Cavendish
/kav"euhn dish/, n. 1. Henry, 1731-1810, English chemist and physicist. 2. William, 4th Duke of Devonshire, 1720-64, British statesman: prime minister 1756-57. * * * (as used in ...
Cavendish experiment
Physics. the experiment, conducted by Henry Cavendish, that determined the constant of gravitation by using a torsion balance and measuring the torsion produced by two masses ...
Cavendish Laboratory
a centre for scientific experiments in Cambridge, England. Since it was set up in 1871 many famous discoveries have been made there, including parts of the atom and the structure ...
Cavendish, George
▪ English courtier and writer born 1500 died 1561/62       English courtier and writer who won a minor but lasting reputation through a single work, his Life of ...
Cavendish, Henry
born Oct. 10, 1731, Nice, France died Feb. 24, 1810, London, Eng. English physicist and chemist. A millionaire by inheritance, he lived as a recluse most of his life. He ...
Cavendish, Lord Frederick Charles
▪ British statesman born Nov. 30, 1836, Eastbourne, Sussex, Eng. died May 6, 1882, Dublin, Ire.       British statesman, protégé of William Ewart Gladstone ...
Cavendish, Thomas
▪ English navigator and explorer Cavendish also spelled  Candish  baptized September 19, 1560, Trimley St. Martin, Suffolk, England died c. May 1592, in the North ...
Cavendish,Henry
Cav·en·dish (kăvʹən-dĭsh), Henry. 1731-1810. British chemist and physicist who discovered the properties of hydrogen and established that water is a compound of hydrogen ...
caver
/kay"veuhr/, n. a person who studies or explores caves. [1645-55; CAVE + -ER1] * * *
cavern
/kav"euhrn/, n. 1. a cave, esp. one that is large and mostly underground. 2. Pathol. a cavity that is produced by disease, esp. one produced in the lungs by tuberculosis. v.t. 3. ...
Cavern Club
a nightclub in Liverpool, England. It is famous as the place where the Beatles first performed in the early 1960s. * * *
cavernicolous
/kav'euhr nik"euh leuhs/, adj. living in caverns or caves, as certain animals. [1885-90; CAVERN + -I- + -COLOUS] * * *
cavernous
—cavernously, adv. /kav"euhr neuhs/, adj. 1. being, resembling, or suggestive of a cavern: a vast, cavernous room. 2. deep-set: cavernous eyes. 3. hollow and deep-sounding: a ...
cavernously
See cavernous. * * *
cavesson
/kav"euh seuhn/, n. the noseband of a bridle or a halter. [1590-1600; < It cavezzone noseband halter, equiv. to cavezz(a) halter ( < Gmc; cf. OE caelf halter, muzzle) + -one aug. ...
cavetto
/keuh vet"oh/; It. /kah vet"taw/, n., pl. cavetti /-tee/, cavettos. Archit. a concave molding the outline of which is a quarter circle. See illus. under molding. [1670-80; < It, ...
caviar
/kav"ee ahr', kav'ee ahr"/, n. the roe of sturgeon, esp. the beluga, or other fish, usually served as an hors d'oeuvre or appetizer. Also, caviare. [1585-95; appar. back ...
cavicorn
/kav"i kawrn'/, adj. Zool. hollow-horned, as the ruminants with true horns, as distinguished from bony antlers. [ < NL cavicornis hollow-horned, equiv. to cavi- (comb. form of L ...
cavil
—caviler; esp. Brit., caviller, n. —cavilingly; esp. Brit., cavillingly, adv. /kav"euhl/, v., caviled, caviling or (esp. Brit.) cavilled, cavilling, n. v.i. 1. to raise ...
caviler
See cavil. * * *
Cavill
/kav"euhl/, n. 1. Frederick, 1839-1927, Australian swimmer and coach, born in England: developed the Australian crawl. 2. his son Sydney St. Leonards /len"euhrdz/, died 1945, ...
caving
/kay"ving/, n. spelunking. [1865-70; CAVE1 + -ING1] * * *
cavitary
/kav"i ter'ee/, adj. Anat., Pathol. of, pertaining to, or characterized by a cavity or cavities. [1825-35; CAVIT(Y) + -ARY] * * *
cavitate
See cavitation. * * *
cavitation
/kav'i tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the rapid formation and collapse of vapor pockets in a flowing liquid in regions of very low pressure, a frequent cause of structural damage to ...
Cavite
/kah vee"te, keuh-/, n. a seaport on W central Luzon, in the N Philippines, on Manila Bay: naval base. 87,666. * * * ▪ Philippines       city, southern Luzon, ...
Cavite Mutiny
▪ Filipino history       (Jan. 20, 1872), brief uprising of 200 Filipino troops and workers at the Cavite arsenal, which became the excuse for Spanish repression of the ...
cavity
—cavitied, adj. /kav"i tee/, n., pl. cavities. 1. any hollow place; hollow. 2. Anat. a hollow space within the body, an organ, a bone, etc. 3. a hollow space or a pit in a ...
cavity resonator
Electronics. See under resonator (def. 4a). * * *
cavity wall
Masonry. a wall built with an enclosed inner space to prevent penetration by water. [1905-10] * * * In architecture, a double wall consisting of two wythes (vertical layers) of ...
cavo-relievo
/kah"voh ri lee"voh, kay"-/, n., pl. cavo-relievos. Fine Arts. 1. a form of relief sculpture in which the volumes are carved or incised so that the highest points are below or ...
cavort
—cavorter, n. /keuh vawrt"/, v.i. 1. to prance or caper about. 2. to behave in a high-spirited, festive manner; make merry. [1785-95, Amer.; earlier cavault, perh. CUR(VET) + ...
Cavour
/kah voohrdd"/, n. Camillo Benso di /kah meel"law ben"saw dee/, 1810-61, Italian statesman: leader in the unification of Italy. * * *
Cavour, Camillo Benso, conte di (count of)
▪ Piedmontese statesman Introduction born August 10, 1810, Turin, Piedmont, French Empire died June 6, 1861, Turin, Italy  Piedmontese statesman, a conservative whose ...
Cavour, Camillo Benso, count di
born Aug. 10, 1810, Turin, Piedmont, French Empire died June 6, 1861, Turin, Italy Italian statesman, leading figure of the Risorgimento. Influenced by revolutionary ideas from ...
Cavour,Conte Camillo Benso di
Ca·vour (kə-vo͝orʹ, kä-vo͞orʹ), Conte Camillo Benso di. 1810-1861. Italian political leader who was premier of Sardinia (1852-1859 and 1860-1861) and assisted in the ...
CAVU
CAVU abbrev. Aeron. ceiling and visibility unlimited * * *
cavy
/kay"vee/, n., pl. cavies. any of several short-tailed or tailless South American rodents of the family Caviidae, as the guinea pig, capybara, or agouti. [1790-1800; < NL Cavia ...
caw
/kaw/, n. 1. the harsh, grating cry of the crow, raven, etc. v.i. 2. to utter this cry or a similar sound. [1580-90; imit.] * * *
Cawdor
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       village and castle in the Highland council area, historic county of Nairnshire, Scotland, south of Nairn, near Inverness. The local ...
Cawnpore
/kawn"pawr", -pohr"/, n. former name of Kanpur. Also, Cawnpur /kawn"poor"/. * * *
Caxias
/kah shee"euhs/, n. a city in NE Brazil. 124,403. * * * ▪ Maranhão, Brazil       city, east central Maranhão estado (state), northeastern Brazil, on the Rio ...
Caxias do Sul
/doo soohl"/ a city in S Brazil. 107,487. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, northeastern Rio Grande do Sul estado (state), southern Brazil, lying at 2,490 feet (760 metres) ...
Caxias, Luiz Alves de Lima e Silva, duque de
▪ Brazilian statesman born August 25, 1803, Rio de Janeiro died May 7, 1880, Rio de Janeiro  military hero and statesman who gave the military a prominent position in the ...
Caxias,Duke of
Caxias, Duke of Title of Luiz Alves de Lima y Silva. 1803-1880. Brazilian general and statesman who commanded the Brazilian army that drove the Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de ...
Caxiasdo Sul
Caxias do Sul (də so͞olʹ) A city of southern Brazil north of Pôrto Alegre. It is an industrial center in a wine-producing region. Population: 290,969. * * *
Caxton
—Caxtonian /kak stoh"nee euhn/, adj. /kak"steuhn/, n. 1. William, 1422?-91, English printer, translator, and author: established first printing press in England 1476. 2. ...
Caxton, William
born с 1422, Kent, Eng. died 1491, London First British printer. He was a prosperous mercer when he began to translate French literature and learn printing. He set up a press ...
Caxton,William
Cax·ton (kăkʹstən), William. 1422?-1491. English printer who published the first book in English, Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye (c. 1475). * * *
cay
/kay, kee/, n. a small low island; key. [1700-10; < Sp cayo; see KEY2] * * * ▪ geography also spelled  Key,         small, low island, usually sandy, situated on a ...
Cayatte, André
▪ French director in full  André-Jean Cayatte  born Feb. 3, 1909, Carcassonne, France died Feb. 6, 1989, Paris       motion-picture director best known for films on ...
Cayce
/kay"see/, n. a town in central South Carolina. 11,701. * * *
Cayce, Edgar
born March 18, 1877, near Hopkinsville, Ky., U.S. died Jan. 3, 1945, Virginia Beach, Va. U.S. faith healer. He received little formal education. He began his cures in the ...
cayenne
—cayenned, adj. /kuy en", kay-/, n. 1. a hot, biting condiment composed of the ground pods and seeds of the pepper Capsicum annuum longum. 2. the long, wrinkled, twisted fruit ...
Cayenne
/kuy en", kay-/, n. 1. a seaport in and the capital of French Guiana. 19,668. 2. (l.c.) Also called cayenne whist. a variety of whist played with two full packs of 52 cards ...
cayenne (pepper)
cayenne (pepper) [kī en′, kāen′] n. 〚< Tupí kynnha; pop. assoc. with CAYENNE〛 1. a very hot, reddish condiment made from various capsicums 2. a long, conical hot ...
cayenne pepper
      very pungent spice produced by drying and grinding the orange to deep-red fruits of small-fruited species of Capsicum. See pepper. * * *
cayennepepper
cay·enne pepper (kī-ĕnʹ, kā-) n. An orange-red to dark red condiment consisting of the ground ripe fruits of any of several pungent varieties of capsicum. Also called red ...
Cayes
/kay/, n. Les. See Les Cayes. * * *
Cayey
/kah ye"ee/, n. a city in central Puerto Rico. 23,305. * * * ▪ Puerto Rico       town, central Cayey Mountains, Puerto Rico. The town, at an altitude of 1,300 feet ...
Cayley
/kay"lee/, n. Arthur, 1821-95, English mathematician. * * *
Cayley, Arthur
▪ British mathematician born August 16, 1821, Richmond, Surrey, England died January 26, 1895, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire  English mathematician and leader of the British ...
Cayley, Sir George
born Dec. 27, 1773, Scarborough, Yorkshire, Eng. died Dec. 15, 1857, Brompton, Yorkshire British pioneer of aerial navigation and founder of the science of aerodynamics. By ...
Cayley, Sir George, 6th Baronet
▪ British inventor and scientist born Dec. 27, 1773, Scarborough, Yorkshire, Eng. died Dec. 8, 1854, Brompton, Yorkshire  English pioneer of aerial navigation and ...
Caylus, Anne-Claude-Philippe de Tubières, comte de
▪ French archaeologist born October 31, 1692, Paris died September 5, 1765, Paris       French archaeologist, engraver, and man of letters.       The only son of ...
cayman
/kay"meuhn/, n., pl. caymans. caiman. * * *
Cayman Islands
/kay"man', -meuhn/ three islands in the West Indies, NW of Jamaica: a British crown colony. 10,249; 104 sq. mi. (269 sq. km). * * * Cayman Islands Introduction Cayman ...
Cayman Islands, flag of
▪ Flag History       British overseas territory flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with a Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the) in the upper hoist ...
Cayman Trench
▪ trench, Caribbean Sea also called  Bartlett Deep, or Bartlett Trough,         submarine trench on the floor of the western Caribbean Sea between Jamaica and the ...
Caymanian
See Cayman Islands. * * *
CaymanIslands
Cay·man Islands (kāʹmən) A British-administered island group in the Caribbean Sea northwest of Jamaica, including Grand Cayman, Little Cayman, and Cayman Brac. The islands ...
Caymmi, Dorival
▪ 2009       Brazilian singer and songwriter born April 30, 1914, Salvador, Bahia state, Braz. died Aug. 16, 2008, Rio de Janeiro, Braz. became a national icon with ...
Cayrol, Jean
▪ French author in full  Jean-Raphaël-Marie-Noël Cayrol  born June 6, 1911, Bordeaux, France died February 10, 2005, Bordeaux       French poet, novelist, and ...


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