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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Celibidache, Sergiu
▪ 1997       Romanian-born German conductor noted for both his perfectionism, which occasioned numerous rehearsals, and his opposition to recording music; from 1979 he ...
Céline
/say leen"/, n. Louis-Ferdinand /lwee ferdd dee nahonn"/, (Louis F. Destouches), 1894-1961, French novelist and physician. * * *
Céline, Louis-Ferdinand
orig. Louis-Ferdinand Destouches born May 27, 1894, Courbevoie, near Paris, France died July 1, 1961, Meudon French writer. Céline was born into poverty. In World War I he ...
celioscope
—celioscopy /see'lee os"keuh pee/, n. /see"lee euh skohp'/, n. Med. celoscope. * * *
celiotomy
/see'lee ot"euh mee/, n., pl. celiotomies. Surg. laparotomy (def. 2). [ < Gk koilí(a) bowels (see CELIAC + -O- + -TOMY] * * *
Celje
▪ Slovenia Italian and German  Cilli        city, central Slovenia, on the Savinja River about 35 miles (56 km) northeast of Ljubljana, Slovenia's capital. Founded ...
cell
cell1 —cell-like, adj. /sel/, n. 1. a small room, as in a convent or prison. 2. any of various small compartments or bounded areas forming part of a whole. 3. a small group ...
cell biology
the branch of biology dealing with the study of cells, esp. their formation, structure, components, and function. * * *
cell body
Biol. the compact area of a nerve cell that constitutes the nucleus and surrounding cytoplasm, excluding the axons and dendrites. Also called perikaryon. [1875-80] * * *
cell culture
▪ biology       the maintenance and growth of the cells of multicellular organisms outside the body in specially designed containers and under precise conditions of ...
cell cycle
the cycle of growth and asexual reproduction of a cell, consisting of interphase followed in actively dividing cells by prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. [1970-75] * ...
cell division
Biol. the division of a cell in reproduction or growth. [1880-85] * * *       the process by which cells reproduce. See meiosis; mitosis. * * *
cell fusion
Biol. the merging of two or more cells into a single cell. [1970-75] * * *
cell line
Cell Biol. a perpetuating strain of cells in laboratory culture. [1950-55] * * *
cell membrane
Biol. the semipermeable membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell. [1865-70] * * *
cell pack
a container made of cellular plastic, as one used for holding flowers or plants. * * *
cell phone.
See cellular phone. * * *
cell plate
(in plant cells) a plate that develops at the midpoint between the two groups of chromosomes in a dividing cell and that is involved in forming the wall between the two new ...
cell sap
the watery fluid within the central vacuole of a plant cell. [1885-90] * * *
cell theory
a basic tenet of modern biology, first stated by Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann in 1838-39, that cells are the basic units of structure and function in living ...
cell wall
Biol. the definite boundary or wall that is part of the outer structure of certain cells, as a plant cell. See diag. under cell. [1840-50] * * *
cell(ular) phone
Wireless telephone that permits telecommunication within a defined area that may include hundreds of square miles, using radio waves in the 800–900 megahertz (MHz) band. To ...
cell-mediated immunity
/sel"mee'dee ay'tid/, Immunol. immunity independent of antibody but dependent on the recognition of antigen by T cells and their subsequent destruction of cells bearing the ...
cell-mediatedimmune response
cell-med·i·at·ed immune response (sĕlʹmē'dē-ā'tĭd) n. The immune response produced when sensitized T cells directly attack foreign antigens and secrete lymphokines that ...
cell-mediatedimmunity
cell-mediated immunity n. See cellular immunity. * * *
cella
/sel"euh/, n., pl. cellae /sel"ee/. Archit. 1. the principal enclosed chamber of a classical temple. 2. the entire central structure of a classical temple. Also called ...
cellar
—cellarless, adj. /sel"euhr/, n. 1. a room, or set of rooms, for the storage of food, fuel, etc., wholly or partly underground and usually beneath a building. 2. an underground ...
cellar fungus
a fungus, Coniophora puteana, that causes dry rot in timber. * * *
cellar sash
a window sash of relatively small size, having two or three panes horizontally arranged. * * *
cellarage
/sel"euhr ij/, n. 1. cellar space. 2. charges for storage in a cellar. [1505-15; CELLAR + -AGE] * * *
cellarer
cellarer [sel′ərər] n. a person in charge of a cellar or provisions, as in a monastery * * * cel·lar·er (sĕlʹər-ər) n. A person, as in a monastic community, who is ...
cellaret
/sel'euh ret"/, n. a compartment, cabinet, or stand fitted for wine bottles. Also, cellarette. [1800-10; CELLAR + -ET] * * *
cellarette
cel·lar·ette also cel·lar·et (sĕl'ə-rĕtʹ) n. A cabinet for storing bottles of wine or liquor. * * * ▪ furniture       small, movable wine cooler and, later, ...
cellarman
/sel"euhr meuhn/, n., pl. cellarmen. a person who is in charge of the alcoholic-beverage supply of a hotel or restaurant. [1650-60; CELLAR + -MAN] * * *
cellarmaster
/sel"euhr mas'teuhr, -mah'steuhr/, n. a person in charge of a wine cellar. [CELLAR + MASTER] * * *
cellarway
☆ cellarway [sel′ər wā΄ ] n. an entrance to a cellar, esp. an outside stairwell leading down to a cellar * * *
cellblock
/sel"blok'/, n. a unit of a prison consisting of a number of cells. [CELL1 + BLOCK] * * *
cellbody
cell body n. The portion of a nerve cell that contains the nucleus but does not incorporate the dendrites or axon. Also called soma1. * * *
cellcycle
cell cycle n. The series of events involving the growth, replication, and division of a eukaryotic cell. * * *
celldivision
cell division n. The process by which a cell divides to form two daughter cells. Upon completion of the process, each daughter cell contains the same genetic material as the ...
Celle
▪ Germany       city, Lower Saxony Land (state), north-central Germany, on the Aller River, at the southern edge of the Lüneburger Heide (Heath), northeast of ...
celled
/seld/, adj. having a cell or cells (often used in combination): The ameba is a single-celled animal. [1640-50; CELL1 + -ED3] * * *
cellhouse
/sel"hows'/, n. a prison building containing separate cells, each usually intended for one or two prisoners. [1930-35; CELL1 + HOUSE] * * *
Cellini
/cheuh lee"nee/; It. /chel lee"nee/, n. Benvenuto /ben'veuh nooh"toh, -nyooh"-/; It. /ben've nooh"taw/, 1500-71, Italian, metalsmith, sculptor, and autobiographer. * * *
Cellini's halo
heiligenschein. [named after Benvenuto CELLINI, who described the effect] * * * ▪ physics also called  Heiligenschein,         bright white ring surrounding the ...
Cellini, Benvenuto
born , Nov. 1, 1500, Florence died Feb. 13, 1571, Florence Italian sculptor and goldsmith active principally in Florence. Early in his career he worked in Rome, producing ...
Cellini,Benvenuto
Cel·li·ni (chə-lēʹnē, chĕ-), Benvenuto. 1500-1571. Italian writer and sculptor who is known for his Autobiography and his sculpture of Perseus. * * *
cellist
/chel"ist/, n. a person who plays the cello. [1885-90; short for VIOLONCELLIST] * * *
cellmate
/sel"mayt'/, n. a fellow inmate in a prison cell. [CELL1 + MATE1] * * *
cellmembrane
cell membrane n. The semipermeable membrane that encloses the cytoplasm of a cell. Also called cytomembrane, plasmalemma, plasma membrane. * * *
cello
cello1 /chel"oh/, n., pl. cellos. the second largest member of the violin family, rested vertically on the floor between the performer's knees when being played. Also called ...
cellobiose
/sel'oh buy"ohs/, n. a white, crystalline, water-soluble disaccharide, C12H22O11, that is obtained by the breakdown of cellulose or lichenin and yields glucose upon hydrolysis: ...
celloidin
/seuh loy"din/, n. a concentrated form of pyroxylin used to embed tissues for cutting and microscopic examination. [1880-85; CELL(ULOSE) + -OID + -IN2] * * *
cellophane
/sel"euh fayn'/, n. 1. a transparent, paperlike product of viscose, impervious to moisture, germs, etc., used to wrap and package food, tobacco, etc. adj. 2. of, made of, or ...
cellophane noodle
cellophane noodle n. a stringlike, transparent noodle used esp. in East Asian cooking * * *
cellophanenoodle
cellophane noodle n. A thin transparent noodle. Also called glass noodle. * * *
Cellosolve
/sel"euh solv'/, Chem., Trademark. a brand name for any of a group of industrial solvents consisting of ethers of ethylene glycol and their derivatives. * * *
cellphone
cellphone [sel′fōn΄] n. short for CELLULAR PHONE * * * cell phone n. A cellular telephone. * * *
cellplate
cell plate n. A partition formed during cell division in plants and some algae that separates the two newly formed daughter cells. * * *
cellsap
cell sap n. The liquid contained within a vacuole of a plant cell. * * *
cellular
—cellularity, n. —cellularly, adv. /sel"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. pertaining to or characterized by cellules or cells, esp. minute compartments or cavities. 2. of or pertaining to ...
cellular automata (CA)
Simplest model of a spatially distributed process that can be used to simulate various real-world processes. Cellular automata were invented in the 1940s by John von Neumann and ...
cellular immunity.
See cell-mediated immunity. * * *
cellular phone
1. a mobile telephone system using low-powered radio transmitters, with each transmitter covering a distinct geographical area (cell), and computer equipment to switch a call ...
cellular respiration
Physiol. the oxidation of organic compounds that occurs within cells, producing energy for cellular processes. * * * ▪ biochemistry       the process by which organisms ...
cellularimmune response
cellular immune response n. See cell-mediated immune response. * * *
cellularimmunity
cellular immunity n. Immunity resulting from a cell-mediated immune response. Also called cell-mediated immunity. * * *
cellularity
See cellular. * * *
cellularly
See cellularity. * * *
cellularrespiration
cellular respiration n. The series of metabolic processes by which living cells produce energy through the oxidation of organic substances. * * *
cellularslime mold
cellular slime mold n. See slime mold. * * *
cellulartelephone
cellular telephone also cellular phone A call placed from a car is transmitted to a tower, forwarded via cable to a central computer, then to a telephone company, which directs ...
cellulase
/sel"yeuh lays', -layz'/, n. Biochem. any of several enzymes, produced primarily by fungi and bacteria, that catalyze the hydrolysis of cellulose. [1900-05; CELLUL(OSE) + -ASE] * ...
cellulate
—cellulation, n. adj. /sel"yeuh lit, -layt'/; v. /sel"yeuh layt'/, adj., v., cellulated, cellulating. adj. 1. cellular. v.t. 2. to form into cells. [1685-95; < NL cellul(a) ...
cellule
/sel"yoohl/, n. a minute cell. [1645-55; < L cellula small room. See CELL1, -ULE] * * *
cellulite
/sel"yeuh luyt', -leet'/, n. (not in technical use) lumpy fat deposits, esp. in the thighs and buttocks. [1970-75; < F: formation of fatty deposits under the skin, orig., ...
cellulitis
/sel'yeuh luy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of cellular tissue. [1860-65; < NL, equiv. to cellul(a) (see CELLULAR) + -itis -ITIS] * * *
celluloid
/sel"yeuh loyd'/, n. 1. a tough, highly flammable substance consisting essentially of cellulose nitrate and camphor, used in the manufacture of motion-picture and x-ray film and ...
cellulolytic
/sel'yeuh loh lit"ik/, adj. Biochem. (of bacteria or enzymes) capable of hydrolyzing cellulose. [1940-45; CELLUL(OSE) + -O- + -LYTIC] * * *
cellulose
—cellulosity /sel'yeuh los"i tee/, n. /sel"yeuh lohs'/, n. an inert carbohydrate, (C6H10O5)n, the chief constituent of the cell walls of plants and of wood, cotton, hemp, ...
cellulose acetate
any of a group of acetic esters of cellulose, used to make yarns, textiles, nonflammable photographic films, rubber and celluloid substitutes, etc. [1890-95] * * * ▪ ...
cellulose gum
carboxymethylcellulose. * * *
cellulose nitrate
any of a group of nitric esters of cellulose, used in the manufacture of lacquers and explosives. Also called nitrocellulose, nitrocotton. [1890-95] * * *
cellulose triacetate
a triacetic ester of cellulose characterized by its resistance to most solvents, used chiefly in the manufacture of textile fibers. * * *
celluloseacetate
cellulose acetate n. Any of several compounds obtained by treating cellulose with acetic anhydride, used in lacquers, photographic film, transparent sheeting, and cigarette ...
cellulosenitrate
cellulose nitrate n. See nitrocellulose. * * *
cellulosic
/sel'yeuh loh"sik/ adj. 1. of, containing, or derived from cellulose. n. 2. any cellulosic compound or substance. [1880-85; CELLULOSE + -IC] * * *
cellulous
cellulous [sel′yo͞o ləs] adj. Rare consisting or full of cells * * *
cellwall
cell wall n. The rigid outermost cell layer found in plants and certain algae, bacteria, and fungi but characteristically absent from animal cells. * * *
celo-navigation
/see'loh nav'i gay"sheuhn, sel'oh-/, n. See celestial navigation. [CEL(ESTIAL) + -O- + NAVIGATION] * * *
celom
/see"leuhm/, n., pl. celoms, celomata /si loh"meuh teuh/. coelom. * * *
celoscope
/see"leuh skohp'/, n. Med. an instrument for examining a body cavity. Also, celioscope, coeloscope. [ < Gk koîlo(s) hollow or koîlo(n) a hollow + -SCOPE] * * *
celosia
/si loh"zheuh, -zhee euh/, n. any plant of the genus Celosia, having small, usually red or yellowish flowers in dense, crested or plumelike spikes. Cf. cockscomb (def. 3). [ < NL ...
Celotex
/sel"euh teks'/, Trademark. a brand of board made of cane fiber, used for insulation or as a vapor barrier, siding, or layer under a roof. * * *
Cels.
Celsius. * * *
celsian
▪ mineral       an uncommon feldspar mineral, barium aluminosilicate (BaAl2Si2O8), that occurs as hard, light-coloured, glassy masses and crystals in association with ...
Celsius
/sel"see euhs, -shee-/, adj. 1. Also, Centigrade. pertaining to or noting a temperature scale (Celsius scale) in which 0° represents the ice point and 100° the steam point. ...
Celsius temperature scale
also called  centigrade temperature scale        scale based on 0° for the freezing point of water and 100° for the boiling point of water. Invented in 1742 by the ...
Celsius, Anders
born Nov. 27, 1701, Uppsala, Swed. died April 25, 1744, Uppsala Swedish astronomer. He taught at the University of Uppsala from 1730 to his death. In 1733 he published a ...
Celsius,Anders
Celsius, Anders. 1701-1744. Swedish astronomer who devised (1742) the centigrade thermometer. * * *
Celsus, Aulus Cornelius
flourished 1st century AD Roman medical writer. His famous treatise De medicina, a major source of knowledge of early medicine, shows that it was remarkably advanced, urging ...
celt
/selt/, n. Archaeol. an ax of stone or metal without perforations or grooves, for hafting. [1705-15; < LL *celtis chisel, found only in the abl. case celte (Vulgate, Job XIX, ...
Celt
/kelt, selt/, n. a member of an Indo-European people now represented chiefly by the Irish, Gaels, Welsh, and Bretons. Also, Kelt. [1695-1705; < L Celtae (pl.); in Gk Keltoí ...
Celt.
Celtic. * * *
Celtiberia
Mountainous district, ancient Spain. Located in northeastern Spain between the Ebro and Tagus rivers, it had long been inhabited before it was occupied in the 3d century BC by ...
Celtiberian
Celt·i·ber·i·an (kĕl'tĭ-bĕrʹē-ən, sĕl'-) n. 1. One of an ancient Celtic people of northern Spain. 2. The language of this people, known from place and personal names ...
Celtic
—Celtically, adv. /kel"tik, sel"-/, n. 1. a branch of the Indo-European family of languages, including esp. Irish, Scots Gaelic, Welsh, and Breton, which survive now in ...
Celtic Church
▪ Christianity       the early Christian church in the British Isles, founded probably in the 3rd century. Highly ascetic in character, it contributed to the conversion ...
Celtic cross
a cross shaped like a Latin cross and having a ring that intersects each segment of the shaft and crossbar at a point equidistant from their junction. See illus. under ...
Celtic culture
➡ Celts * * *
Celtic fringe
n [sing] (sometimes disapprov) a name for the parts of Britain where the people are descended from Celts, such as Scotland, Ireland, Wales and Cornwall. The phrase is used mainly ...
Celtic languages
Branch of the Indo-European language family spoken across a broad area of western and central Europe by the Celts in pre-Roman and Roman times, now confined to small coastal ...
Celtic literature
Introduction       the body of writings composed in Gaelic and the languages derived from it, Scottish Gaelic and Manx, and in Welsh and its sister languages, Breton and ...
Celtic religion
Beliefs and practices of the ancient Celts of Gaul and the British Isles. Celtic worship centred on the interplay of the divine element with the natural world. Springs, rivers, ...
Celtic Sea
Celtic Sea part of the Atlantic south of Ireland, separated from the Irish Sea by St. George's Channel * * *
Celtic twilight
n [U] (sometimes ironic) the romantic and mysterious atmosphere that many people associate with the Irish people and their literature, including their belief in fairies, ghosts, ...
Celticcross
Celtic cross n. A Latin cross with a circle superimposed on its center. * * *
Celticism
/kel"teuh siz'euhm, sel"-/, n. a Celtic custom or usage. [1850-55; CELTIC + -ISM] * * *
Celticist
Celt·i·cist (kĕlʹtĭ-sĭst, sĕlʹ-) n. A specialist in Celtic culture or Celtic languages. * * *
Celtis, Conradus
▪ German scholar (Latin), Celtis also spelled  Celtes,  German  Conrad Pickel  born Feb. 1, 1459, Wipfeld, near Würzburg [Germany] died Feb. 4, 1508, Vienna, ...
Celto-
a combining form of Celt or Celtic: Celto-Iberian. * * *
Celto-Germanic
/kel"toh jeuhr man"ik, sel"-/, adj. 1. having the characteristics of both the Celtic and Germanic peoples. 2. pertaining to or designating a style of art developed in northern ...
Celto-Iberian language
also spelled  Celtiberian,         extinct Indo-European language of the western part of the Iberian Peninsula. Celto-Iberian was written in the Iberic script (borrowed ...
Celts
a group of people whose influence spread to Britain and Ireland from Austria and Switzerland in the late Bronze Age and Iron Age. Celtic culture became established in Britain and ...
celtuce
/sel"tis/, n. a variety of lettuce, Lactuca sativa asparagina, having characteristics of both celery and lettuce, and eaten raw or cooked. [b. CELERY and LETTUCE] * * *
celure
/sel"yeuhr/, n. an ornamented canopy, as for a bed or dais. [1300-50; ME, equiv. to cel(en) to drape (see CEIL) + -URE] * * *
CEMA
Council for Economic Mutual Assistance. * * *
Cemal Paşa
▪ Turkish political leader in full  Ahmed Cemal Paşa   born May 6, 1872, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Tur.] died July 21, 1922, Tiflis, Georgia, ...
cembalist
See cembalo. * * *
cembalo
/chem"beuh loh'/, n., pl. cembali /-lee'/, cembalos. Music. harpsichord. [1795-1805; < It (clavi)cembalo < L cymbalum CYMBAL] * * *
cement
—cementable, adj. —cementer, n. —cementless, adj. /si ment"/, n. 1. any of various calcined mixtures of clay and limestone, usually mixed with water and sand, gravel, etc., ...
cement mixer
a machine having a revolving drum, often motor-driven, for mixing cement, sand, gravel, and water to produce concrete. Also called concrete mixer. * * *
cement steel
steel produced by the cementation of wrought iron or mild steel. Also called converted steel. [1880-85] * * *
cementation
/see'meuhn tay"sheuhn, -men-, sem'euhn-/, n. 1. the act, process, or result of cementing. 2. Metall. the heating of two substances in contact in order to effect some change in ...
cementer
See cement. * * *
cementite
/si men"tuyt/, n. Metall. an iron carbide, Fe3C, a constituent of steel and cast iron, sometimes with part of its iron replaced by another metal, as manganese. [1885-90; CEMENT + ...
cementitious
/see'meuhn tish"euhs, -men-, sem'euhn-/, adj. having the properties of a cement. [1820-30; CEMENT + -ITIOUS] * * *
cementmixer
cement mixer n. A machine, often mounted on a truck, having a revolving drum in which cement, sand, gravel, and water are combined into concrete. * * *
cementum
/si men"teuhm/, n. Dentistry. the bonelike tissue that forms the outer surface of the root of the tooth. [1605-15; < L, var. of caementum rough stone; see CEMENT] * * * ▪ ...
cemeterial
/sem'i tear"ee euhl, -tair"-/, adj. of or pertaining to a cemetery or to burial. [1600-10; CEMETERY + -IAL] * * *
cemetery
/sem"i ter'ee/, n., pl. cemeteries. an area set apart for or containing graves, tombs, or funeral urns, esp. one that is not a churchyard; burial ground; graveyard. [1375-1425; ...
CEMF
CEMF abbr. counter-electromotive force. * * *
cen
cen abbrev. central * * *
Cen Shen
▪ Chinese poet also called  Cen Jiazhou , Wade-Giles romanization  Ts'en Shen  or  Ts'en Chia-chou  born 715, Jiangling [now in Hubei province], China died 770, Chengdu, ...
cen.
1. central. 2. century. * * *
cenacle
/sen"euh keuhl/, n. the room where the Last Supper took place. [1375-1425; late ME < F cénacle < L cenaculum top story, attic (orig., presumably, dining room), equiv. to ...
Cenaeum
/si nee"euhm/, n. (in ancient geography) a NW promontory of Euboea. * * *
Cenci
/chen"chee/, n. Beatrice /be'ah trddee"che/, 1577-1599, Italian parricide whose life is the subject of various novels and poems. * * *
Cenci, Beatrice
▪ Italian noble born Feb. 6, 1577, Rome [Italy] died Sept. 11, 1599, Rome  young Roman noblewoman whose condemnation to death by Pope Clement VIII aroused public sympathy ...
Cenci, The
/chen"chee/ a verse tragedy (1819) by Shelley. * * *
Cenci,Beatrice
Cen·ci (chĕnʹchē), Beatrice. 1577-1599. Italian noblewoman who was beheaded for patricide. She was the subject of a number of poems and other works of art, including ...
cendal
/sen"dl/, n. sendal. * * *
Cendrars, Blaise
▪ Swiss writer pseudonym of  Frédéric Sauser   born Sept. 1, 1887, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switz. died Jan. 21, 1961, Paris, Fr.  French-speaking poet and essayist who created ...
cenesthesia
/see'neuhs thee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh, sen'euhs-/, n. Psychol. coenesthesia. Also, cenesthesis /see'nis thee"sis, sen'is-/. * * *
Cenis
/seuh nee"/, n. Mont, a mountain pass between SE France and Italy, in the Alps. 6834 ft. (2083 m) high. * * *
Cenis, Mont
Italian Monte Cenisio Massif and pass, Alps. Located in southeastern France west of Turin, Italy, the pass was an invasion route from earliest times and is traversed by a road ...
Cenis, Mount
▪ mountain, Europe French  Mont Cenis,  Italian  Monte Censio, or Moncensio,         massif and pass over the French Alps to Italy, Savoie département, ...
Cenis,Mont
Ce·nis (sə-nēʹ), Mont A mountain pass, 2,083.5 m (6,831 ft) high, in the Alps on the French-Italian border. It was long important as an invasion route. * * *
cenizo
/seuh nee'zoh, -soh/, n., pl. cenizos. chamiso. * * *
Cennini, Cennino
▪ Italian painter in full  Cennino d'Andrea Cennini  born c. 1370, near Florence [Italy] died c. 1440, Florence       late Gothic Florentine painter who perpetuated ...
Cennini, Cennino (d'Andrea)
born с 1370, near Florence died с 1440, Florence Italian painter and writer active in Florence. A few surviving paintings are attributed to him, but he is best known as the ...
ceno-
ceno-1 a combining form meaning "new," "recent," used in the formation of compound words: cenogenesis. Also, caeno-, caino-. [comb. form repr. Gk kainós] ceno-2 a combining form ...
cenobite
—cenobitic /see'neuh bit"ik, sen'euh-/, cenobitical, cenobian /si noh"bee euhn/, adj. —cenobitically, adv. —cenobitism /see"neuh buy'tiz euhm, sen"euh-/, n. /see"neuh ...
cenobitic
See cenobite. * * *
cenobitic monasticism
▪ ecclesiastical institution       form of monasticism based on “life in common” (Greek koinobion), characterized by strict discipline, regular worship, and manual ...
cenobitical
See cenobitic. * * *
cenogenesis
cenogenesis [sē΄nō jen′ə sis, sen΄ōjen′ə sis] n. 〚ceno- (< Gr kainos: see -CENE) + -GENESIS〛 the development of structures in the embryonic or larval stage of an ...
Cenomani
▪ people       a Celtic people of Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy) who, during the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC, allied with the Romans against other Gallic tribes. After ...
Cenomanian Stage
▪ geology       first of six main divisions (in ascending order) in the Upper Cretaceous Series, representing rocks deposited worldwide during the Cenomanian Age, which ...
cenospecies
/see"neuh spee'sheez, -seez, sen"euh-/, n., pl. cenospecies. Genetics. a group of different species the individuals of which produce partially fertile hybrids when ...
cenotaph
—cenotaphic /sen'euh taf"ik/, adj. /sen"euh taf', -tahf'/, n. a sepulchral monument erected in memory of a deceased person whose body is buried elsewhere. [1595-1605; < L ...
cenotaphic
See cenotaph. * * *
cenote
/seuh noh"tee/, n. a deep natural well or sinkhole, esp. in Central America, formed by the collapse of surface limestone that exposes ground water underneath, and sometimes used ...
Cenozoic
/see'neuh zoh"ik, sen'euh-/, Geol. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to the present era, beginning 65 million years ago and characterized by the ascendancy of mammals. See table under ...
Cenozoic Era
Third of the major eras of Earth history, and the interval of time during which the continents assumed their modern configurations and geographic positions. It was also the time ...
cense
/sens/, v.t., censed, censing. to burn incense near or in front of; perfume with incense. [1300-50; ME, aph. var. of INCENSE1] * * *
censer
/sen"seuhr/, n. a container, usually covered, in which incense is burned, esp. during religious services; thurible. [1200-50; ME < AF, aph. var. of ensenser < ML incensarium. See ...
censor
—censorable, adj. —censorial /sen sawr"ee euhl, -sohr"-/, censorian, adj. /sen"seuhr/, n. 1. an official who examines books, plays, news reports, motion pictures, radio and ...
censorable
See censor. * * *
censorial
See censorable. * * *
censorious
—censoriously, adv. —censoriousness, n. /sen sawr"ee euhs, -sohr"-/, adj. severely critical; faultfinding; carping. [1530-40; < L censorius of a censor, hence, austere, ...
censoriously
See censorious. * * *
censoriousness
See censoriously. * * *
censorship
/sen"seuhr ship'/, n. 1. the act or practice of censoring. 2. the office or power of a censor. 3. the time during which a censor holds office. 4. the inhibiting and distorting ...
censurability
See censurableness. * * *
censurable
—censurableness, censurability, n. —censurably, adv. /sen"sheuhr euh beuhl/, adj. deserving censure or blame. [1625-35; CENSURE + -ABLE] * * *
censurableness
See censurable. * * *
censurably
See censurableness. * * *
censure
—censurer, n. —censureless, adj. /sen"sheuhr/, n., v., censured, censuring. n. 1. strong or vehement expression of disapproval: The newspapers were unanimous in their censure ...
censurer
See censure. * * *
census
—censual /sen"shooh euhl/, adj. /sen"seuhs/, n., pl. censuses, v. n. 1. an official enumeration of the population, with details as to age, sex, occupation, etc. 2. (in ancient ...
Census of Marine Life
▪ 2007     Marine scientists reported in 2006 that the diversity of microscopic marine organisms in the oceans was 10 to 100 times greater than previously estimated and ...
census taker
a person who gathers information for a census. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
census tract
a standard area in certain large American cities used by the U.S. Bureau of the Census for purposes of population enumeration. * * *
cent
/sent/, n. 1. a bronze coin of the U.S., the 100th part of a U.S. dollar: made of steel during part of 1943. Symbol: ¢ 2. the 100th part of the monetary units of various other ...
cent sign
the symbol ¢ placed after a number to indicate that the number represents cents. * * *
cent-
var. of centi- before a vowel: centare. * * *
cent.
1. centigrade. 2. central. 3. centum. 4. century. * * *
cental
/sen"tl/, n. 1. hundredweight (def. 1). 2. Chiefly Brit. a hundredweight of 112 lb. (50.8 kg). [1865-70; < L cent(um) 100 + (QUINT)AL] * * *
centare
/sen"tair/; Fr. /sahonn tannrdd"/, n., pl. centares /-tairz/; Fr. /-tannrdd"/. centiare. * * *
centas
/sen"tahs/, n., pl. centai /-tuy/. a former bronze coin of Lithuania, the 100th part of a litas. [ < Lith ceñtas, ult. < E CENT] * * *
centaur
—centaurial, centaurian, centauric, adj. /sen"tawr/, n. 1. Class. Myth. one of a race of monsters having the head, trunk, and arms of a man, and the body and legs of a ...
Centaur object
Icy body, similar to an asteroid in size but to a comet in composition, that orbits the Sun mainly between the orbits of Jupiter and Neptune. The first known Centaur object, ...
centaurea
/sen tawr'ee euh/, n. any of numerous composite plants of the genus Centaurea, having tubular flowers in a variety of colors. Cf. cornflower (def. 1), knapweed. [ < NL (Linnaeus) ...
Centaurus
/sen tawr"euhs/, n., gen. Centauri /-tawr"uy/. Astron. the Centaur, a southern constellation between Lupus and Vela, containing the triple-star system Alpha Centauri. [ < L; see ...
centaury
/sen"taw ree/, n., pl. centauries. 1. any of various plants belonging to the genus Centaurium, of the gentian family, having clusters of small pink or red flowers. 2. any of ...
centavo
/sen tah"voh/; Sp. /sen tah"vaw/, n., pl. centavos /-vohz/; Sp. /-vaws/. the 100th part of the monetary units of various nations, including Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Cape ...
CENTCOM
➡ United States Central Command. * * *
centenarian
/sen'tn air"ee euhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to or having lived 100 years. n. 2. a person who has reached the age of 100. [1840-50; < L centenari(us) (see CENTENARY) + -AN] * * *
centenary
/sen ten"euh ree, sen"tn er'ee/; esp. Brit. /sen tee"neuh ree/, adj., n., pl. centenaries. adj. 1. of or pertaining to a period of 100 years. 2. recurring once in every 100 ...
centenionalis
/sen ten'ee oh nay"lis/, n., pl. centenionales /-leez/. a silver coin of ancient Rome, first issued by Diocletian as the 100th part of a solidus, later greatly debased. [ < L ...
centennial
—centennially, adv. /sen ten"ee euhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to, or marking the completion of, a period of 100 years. 2. pertaining to a 100th anniversary. 3. lasting 100 ...
Centennial Olympic Games
▪ 1997 by Melinda C. Shepherd       From July 19 to Aug. 4, 1996, the city of Atlanta, Ga., welcomed the world to join it in celebrating the XXVI Olympiad, 100 years ...
Centennial State
Colorado (used as a nickname). * * *
centennially
See centennial. * * *
center
—centerable, adj. —centerless, adj. /sen"teuhr/, n. 1. Geom. the middle point, as the point within a circle or sphere equally distant from all points of the circumference or ...
center back
Volleyball, Water Polo. the player in the middle of the back line. * * *
center bit
Carpentry. a bit having a sharp, projecting point for fixing it at the center of the hole to be drilled. [1785-95] * * *
center field
Baseball. 1. the area of the outfield beyond second base and between right field and left field. 2. the position of the player covering this area. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
center fielder
Baseball. the player whose position is center field. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
Center for SETI
➡ SETI Institute * * *
center forward
Soccer. an offensive player who covers the center of the field and who usually starts the kickoff. [1890-95] * * *
center halfback
1. Field Hockey. the player in the middle among the halfbacks. 2. Soccer. the player in the middle of his or her own half of the field who carries out both offensive and ...
center jump
Basketball. a jump ball between the centers of the opposing teams, held in the circle at the center of the court, as at the beginning of each period. * * *
center of curvature
Math. the center of the circle of curvature. [1865-70] * * *
center of gravity
1. Mech. the point through which the resultant of gravitational forces on a body passes and from which the resultant force of attraction of the body on other bodies emanates: ...
center of mass
Mech. the point at which the entire mass of a body may be considered concentrated for some purposes; formally, the point such that the first moment of a physical or geometric ...
center of percussion
Mech. the point on a rigid body, suspended so as to be able to move freely about a fixed axis, at which the body may be struck without changing the position of the ...
center of symmetry
Crystall. a point within a crystal through which any straight line extends to points on opposite surfaces of the crystal at equal distances. Also called inversion center. Cf. ...
Center Parcs
a number of holiday villages in the UK and Europe operated by a Dutch company which opened its first centre in the UK in 1987. The accommodation is in small houses in the ...
Center Party
German political party formed to support Roman Catholic interests. It was active in the Second Reich from the 1870s, when it came into conflict with Otto von Bismarck in the ...
center pin
Railroads. a cylindrical device passing through the center plates of both the body bolster and the truck bolster, permitting the truck to swivel beneath the car body while the ...
center plate
Railroads. one of a pair of plates that fit together and support the body of a car on a truck, while allowing the truck to rotate with respect to the body. One plate (body center ...
center punch
a punch for making shallow indentations in metal work, as to center drill bits. [1875-80] * * *
center spread
Journalism. 1. the pair of pages facing each other at the center of a magazine or newspaper, printed and made up as a single unit. 2. matter occupying this space. Cf. double ...
center wheel
Horol. the wheel driving the minute and hour hands of a timepiece. [1880-85] * * *
center-fire
/sen"teuhr fuyeur'/, adj. 1. (of a cartridge) having the primer in the center of the base. Cf. rimfire (def. 1). 2. (of firearms) designed for the use of such cartridges. Also, ...
center-pivot irrigation
/sen"teuhr piv'euht/ a method of irrigation, used mainly in the western U.S., in which water is dispersed through a long, segmented arm that revolves about a deep well and covers ...
center-weighted light meter
/sen"teuhr way'tid/, Photog. an exposure meter that gives priority to light measured near the center of the picture area, with sensitivity gradually decreasing toward the edges. ...
centerback
center back n. The player in the back line during a volleyball or water polo game. * * *
centerbit
center bit n. A drill bit having a sharp center point, used in carpentry for boring holes. * * *
centerboard
/sen"teuhr bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. Naut. a pivoted fin keel that can be swung upward and aft within a watertight trunk when not in use. Also called drop keel. Cf. ...
centered
/sen"teuhrd/, adj. 1. having a central axis: a centered arc. 2. equidistant from all bordering or adjacent areas; situated in the center: The illustration was centered on the ...
centeredness
See centered. * * *
centerfield
center field n. Baseball 1. The middle third of the outfield, behind second base. 2. The position played by the center fielder. * * *
centerfielder
center fielder n. Baseball The player who defends center field. * * *
centerfire
centerfire [sent′ərfīr΄] adj. designating a cartridge with the primer set in the center of the base: cf. RIMFIRE * * *
centerfold
/sen"teuhr fohld'/, n. 1. See center spread. 2. a gatefold bound into the center of a magazine or book signature. 3. a photograph of a woman or man in a nude or seminude pose ...
centering
/sen"teuhr ing/, n. a temporary framework for supporting a masonry arch during construction until it is able to stand by itself. [1760-70; CENTER + -ING1] * * *
centerline
/sen"teuhr luyn'/, n. 1. any line that bisects a plane figure: the centerline of a building plan. 2. a line along the center of a road or highway dividing it into separate ...
centerof gravity
center of gravity n. pl. centers of gravity 1. Abbr. CG The point in or near a body at which the gravitational potential energy of the body is equal to that of a single particle ...
centerof mass
center of mass n. pl. centers of mass Abbr. CM The point in a system of bodies or an extended body at which the mass of the system may be considered to be concentrated and at ...
centerpiece
/sen"teuhr pees'/, n. 1. an ornamental object used in a central position, esp. on the center of a dining-room table. 2. the central or outstanding point or feature: The ...
centerpunch
/sen"teuhr punch'/, v.t. to mark with a center punch. [v. use of CENTER PUNCH] * * *
Centers for Disease Control
the branch of the U.S. Public Health Service under the Department of Health and Human Services charged with the investigation and control of contagious disease in the nation. ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(abbr CDC) the US government office in Atlanta, Georgia, that works to protect Americans from infectious and other diseases. It counts the numbers of cases, does medical research ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, headquartered in Atlanta, whose mission is "to promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling ...
centerspread
center spread n. 1. The two facing pages in the center of a magazine or newspaper. 2. A feature that occupies the center of a magazine or newspaper: a four-page center spread ...
centerstage
center stage n. 1. The center of a theater stage. 2. A position of great prominence or importance. * * *
Centerville
/sen"teuhr vil'/, n. a town in W Ohio. 18,886. * * *
centesimal
—centesimally, adv. /sen tes"euh meuhl/, adj. hundredth; pertaining to division into hundredths. [1675-85; < L centesim(us) hundredth (cent(um) 100 + -esimus ordinal suffix) + ...
centesimally
See centesimal. * * *
centesimo
/sen tes"euh moh'/; It. /chen te"zee maw/; Sp. /sen te"see maw'/, n., pl. It. centesimi /-mee/, centesimos /-mohz'/; Sp. /-maws'/. 1. a money of account of Italy, the 100th part ...
centesis
/sen tee"sis/, n., pl. centeses /-seez/. Surg. 1. a puncture or perforation. 2. a puncture into a body cavity, usually to remove fluid. [ < NL < Gk, equiv. to kente- (var. s. of ...


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