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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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centi-
a combining form meaning "hundredth" or "hundred," used in the formation of compound words: centiliter; centimeter; centipede. Also, esp. before a vowel, cent-. [ < L, comb. form ...
centiare
/sen"tee air'/; Fr. /sahonn tyannrdd"/, n., pl. centiares /-tee airz'/; Fr. /-tyannrdd"/. a square meter. Abbr.: ca Also, centare. [ < F; see CENTI-, ARE2] * * *
centibar
/sen"teuh bahr'/, n. a centimeter-gram-second unit of pressure, equal to 1/100 bar or 10,000 dynes per square centimeter. [CENTI- + BAR3] * * *
centigrade
/sen"ti grayd'/, adj. 1. divided into 100 degrees, as a scale. 2. (cap.) Celsius (def. 1). Abbr.: cent. Symbol: C See illus. under thermometer. [1805-15; < F; see CENTI-, ...
centigram
/sen"ti gram'/, n. one 100th of a gram, equivalent to 0.1543 grain. Abbr.: cg Also, esp. Brit., centigramme. [1795-1805; < F centigramme. See CENTI-, -GRAM2] * * *
centile
/sen"tuyl, -til/, n. (not in technical use) a percentile. [ < L cent(um) HUNDRED + -ILE] * * *
centiliter
/sen"tl ee'teuhr/, n. one 100th of a liter, equivalent to 0.6102 cubic inch, or 0.338 U.S. fluid ounce. Abbr.: cl Also, esp. Brit., centilitre. [1795-1805; < F centilitre. See ...
centillion
—centillionth, adj., n. /sen til"yeuhn/, n., pl. centillions, (as after a numeral) centillion, adj. n. 1. a cardinal number represented in the U.S. by 1 followed by 303 zeros, ...
centillionth
See centillion. * * *
centime
/sahn"teem/; Fr. /sahonn teem"/, n., pl. centimes /-teemz"/; Fr. /-teem"/. 1. the 100th part of the franc of various nations and territories, as Belgium, France, Lichtenstein, ...
centimeter
/sen"teuh mee'teuhr/, n. one 100th of a meter, equivalent to 0.3937 inch. Abbr.: cm Also, esp. Brit., centimetre. [1795-1805; < F centimètre. See CENTI-, METER1] * * *
centimeter-gram-second
/sen"teuh mee'teuhr gram"sek"euhnd/, adj. of or pertaining to the system of units in which the centimeter, gram, and second are the principal units of length, mass, and time. ...
centimeter-gram-secondsystem
cen·ti·me·ter-gram-sec·ond system (sĕnʹtə-mē'tər-grămʹsĕkʹənd) n. Abbr. cgs An absolute metric system in which the basic units of length, mass, and time are the ...
centimetre
also spelled  centimeter        unit of length equal to 0.01 metre in the metric system and the equivalent of 0.3937 inch. * * *
centimilli-
centimilli- [sen′tə mil΄i] 〚 CENTI- + MILLI-〛 combining form one hundred-thousandth part of; the factor 10-5 * * *
centimo
/sen"teuh moh'/; Sp. /then"tee maw', sen"-/, n., pl. centimos /-mohz'/; Sp. /-maws'/. the 100th part of the monetary units of various countries, as Costa Rica, Equatorial Guinea, ...
centipede
—centipedal /sen tip"i dl, sen'teuh peed"l/, adj. /sen"teuh peed'/, n. any of numerous predaceous, chiefly nocturnal arthropods constituting the class Chilopoda, having an ...
centipede grass
a slow-growing grass, Eremochloa ophiuroides, introduced into the U.S. from China and used for lawns in warm areas. * * *
centipedegrass
centipede grass n. A low, mat-forming perennial grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) native to southeast Asia and cultivated for lawns in warm regions such as the southeast United ...
centipoise
/sen"teuh poyz'/, n. a centimeter-gram-second unit of viscosity, equal to 1/100 poise. Abbr.: cP, cp [1915-20; CENTI- + POISE2] * * *
centistere
/sen"teuh stear'/, n. one 100th of a stere. [ < F centistère. See CENTI-, STERE] * * *
centistoke
/sen"teuh stohk'/, n. a centimeter-gram-second unit of kinematic viscosity, equal to 1/100 stoke. Abbr.: cS, cs [1930-35; CENTI- + STOKE2] * * *
centner
/sent"neuhr/, n. 1. (in several European countries) a unit of weight of 50 kilograms, equivalent to 110.2 pounds avoirdupois. 2. a unit of 100 kilograms. [1675-85 for sense ...
cento
—centonical /sen ton"i keuhl/, adj. —centonism /sen"tn iz'euhm/, centonization /sen'tn euh zay"sheuhn/, n. /sen"toh/, n., pl. centos. 1. a piece of writing, esp. a poem, ...
CENTO
/sen"toh/, n. a former organization (1959-79) for economic and military cooperation, established as successor to the Baghdad Pact, and comprising Great Britain, Iran, Pakistan, ...
centr-
var. of centri- before a vowel: centroid. * * *
centra
/sen"treuh/, n. a pl. of centrum. * * *
central
central1 —centrally, adv. /sen"treuhl/, adj. 1. of or forming the center: the central hut in the village. 2. in, at, or near the center: a central position. 3. constituting ...
Central
/sen"treuhl/, n. a region in central Scotland. 269,281. 1016 sq. mi. (2631 sq. km). * * * (as used in expressions) central processing unit Central America Central Asian ...
Central Africa
Introduction       region of Africa that straddles the Equator and is drained largely by the Congo River system. It comprises, according to common definitions, the ...
Central African
1. of or pertaining to the Central African Republic, its inhabitants, or their language. 2. an inhabitant or native of the Central African Republic. * * *
Central African Empire
a former name (1976-79) of Central African Republic. * * *
Central African Federation.
See Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Federation of. * * *
Central African Republic
a republic in central Africa: a member of the French Community. 3,342,051; 238,000 sq. mi. (616,420 sq. km). Cap.: Bangui. Formerly, Central African Empire, Ubangi-Shari. * * ...
Central African Republic, flag of the
▪ Flag History       national flag with horizontal stripes of blue, white, green, and yellow, all overlapped by a central red vertical stripe; a yellow star is in the ...
Central African Workshop
▪ art organization, Zimbabwe       art workshop established in the late 1950s by Frank McEwen, the director of the Rhodesian Art Gallery in Salisbury, Rhodesia (now ...
Central America
—Central American. continental North America, S of Mexico, usually considered as comprising Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. ...
Central American and northern Andean Indian
▪ people Introduction  member of any of the aboriginal peoples inhabiting Central America (south from Guatemala) and the northern coast of South America, including the ...
Central American Common Market
Spanish  Mercado Común Centroamericano (MCCA)        association of five Central American nations that was formed to facilitate regional economic development through ...
Central American States, Organization of
Spanish  Organización de Estados Centroamericanos (ODECA)        international organization formed in 1951 to reestablish regional unity in Central America. Member ...
Central and Eastern Europe
▪ 1994       When measured by the criterion of whether democracy was enhanced, the year in Central and Eastern Europe was a rather gloomy one. Indeed, while the trends ...
central angle
Geom. an angle formed at the center of a circle by two radii. [1900-05] * * *
Central Asia
      central region of Asia, extending from the Caspian Sea in the west to the border of western China in the east. It is bounded on the north by Russia and on the south ...
Central Asia, history of
Introduction       history of the area from prehistoric and ancient times to the present.       In its historical application the term Central Asia designates an ...
Central Asian arts
Literary, performing, and visual arts of Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Tibet, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and parts of China and Russia. The ...
Central Asian literatures
Introduction       the poetry and prose writings produced in a variety of languages in Central Asia, roughly defined as the region bounded to the east by the Tarim Basin ...
Central Asian Oil Conflicts
▪ 1999 by Robert Corzine       At the end of the 19th century, the Caspian Sea region in Asia was one of the biggest suppliers of oil to the world. Seven decades of ...
central bank
a bank, as the Federal Reserve Bank, that holds basic banking reserves, issues currency, and acts as lender of last resort and controller of credit. [1920-25] * * * Institution, ...
Central Brāhui Range
▪ mountains, Pakistan       southern offshoot of the Himalayas, lying in the centre of the Balochistān plateau, Pakistan. It extends southward for about 225 miles (360 ...
central casting
Motion Pictures. an agency, studio department, etc., responsible for hiring actors, esp. bit players or extras. [1925-30] * * *
central city
a city at the center of a metropolitan area. Also called core city. Cf. inner city. [1945-50] * * * ▪ Colorado, United States       city, seat (1861) of Gilpin county, ...
Central Committee
▪ Soviet political body       in the history of the Soviet Union, the highest organ of the Communist Party between party congresses, though in practice this status was ...
Central Connecticut State University
▪ university, New Britain, Connecticut, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in New Britain, Conn., U.S. It is one of four ...
Central Criminal Court
➡ Old Bailey. * * *
central cylinder
Bot. stele (def. 4). * * *
Central Daylight Time
(abbr CDT) (in the US) the time used between early April and late October in the central states. It is an hour earlier than Central Standard Time. * * *
Central Falls
a city in NE Rhode Island. 16,995. * * * ▪ Rhode Island, United States       city, Providence county, northeastern Rhode Island, U.S. It forms part of the lower ...
Central Florida, University of
▪ university, Orlando, Florida, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Orlando, Florida, U.S. It is part of the State University ...
central heating
a system that supplies heat to an entire building from a single source through ducts or through pipes. [1905-10] * * *
Central India
a former political agency in central India uniting various native states and subordinate agencies: now incorporated into Madhya Pradesh. Also called Central Indian Agency. * * *
Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency n. the agency of the federal government concerned with intelligence gathering and other activities involving national security * * * ➡ CIA. * * ...
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Principal intelligence and counterintelligence agency of the U.S., established in 1947 as a successor to the World War II-era Office of Strategic Services. The law limits its ...
Central Islip
a town on S Long Island, in SE New York. 19,734. * * *
Central League
▪ Japanese baseball       one of the two associations of professional baseball teams in Japan. Both the Central League and the Pacific League were founded in 1950. The ...
central limit theorem
Statistics. any of several theorems stating that the sum of a number of random variables obeying certain conditions will assume a normal distribution as the number of variables ...
Central Michigan University
▪ university, Mount Pleasant, Michigan, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Mount Pleasant, Mich., U.S. The university is ...
central moment
Statistics. a moment about the center of a distribution, usually the mean. * * *
central nervous system
the part of the nervous system comprising the brain and spinal cord. Also called cerebrospinal nervous system. [1890-95] * * *
Central Oklahoma, University of
▪ university, Edmond, Oklahoma, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Edmond, Oklahoma, U.S. It consists of the colleges of Arts, ...
Central Pacific Basin
▪ basin, Pacific Ocean       major submarine basin of the central part of the north Pacific Ocean, between the Line Islands to the east and the Marshall Islands to the ...
Central Pacific Railroad
U.S. railroad company founded in 1861 by a group of California merchants including Mark Hopkins and Leland Stanford. It was built with land grants and subsidies from the Pacific ...
Central Park
a public park in central Manhattan, New York City. 840 acres (340 hectares). * * * Public park, New York, New York, U.S. Located in Manhattan, it occupies an area of 840 acres ...
Central Powers
(in World War I) Germany and Austria-Hungary, often with their allies Turkey and Bulgaria, as opposed to the Allies. * * * World War I coalition that was defeated by the Allied ...
central processing unit
Computers. See CPU. Also called central processor. [1965-70] * * * ▪ computer       principal part of any digital computer (computer memory) system, generally composed ...
central projection
Geom. a projection of one plane onto a second plane such that a point on the first plane and its image on the second plane lie on a straight line through a fixed point not on ...
Central Provinces
Canadian. the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. * * *
Central Provinces and Berar
/bay rahr"/ a former province in central India: became the state of Madhya Pradesh 1950. * * *
Central Region Plateau
▪ plateau, Malaŵi also called  Lilongwe Plain,        largest continuous tableland in Malaŵi. Its area of 9,000 square miles (23,310 square km) is bordered by the ...
Central Russian Upland
▪ region, Russia Russian  Sredne-russkaya Vozvyshennost,         large upland area of the Russian Plain, in the central part of European Russia. It stretches in a ...
Central School of Speech and Drama
a school for actors in central London. As well as being one of Britain’s most important drama schools, it also trains speech therapists (= people who help those with speaking ...
Central Siberian Plateau
▪ plateau, Russia Russian  Srednesibirskoye Ploskogorye         vast upland area, north-central Siberia, Russia. The plateau occupies an area of 600,000 square miles ...
Central Standard Time
☆ Central Standard Time n. a standard time used in the zone which includes the central states of the U.S., corresponding to the mean solar time of the 90th meridian west of ...
Central Sudanic
a group of languages belonging to the Nilo-Saharan family, spoken in the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, northern Uganda, southern Sudan, Chad, and the Central ...
Central Sudanic languages
      a group of more than 30 languages that form a subbranch of the Nilo-Saharan language family (Nilo-Saharan languages). The Central Sudanic languages are spoken in the ...
central sulcus
Anat. the sulcus separating the frontal and parietal lobes of the cerebrum. Also called fissure of Rolando. * * *
central tendency
Statistics. the tendency of samples of a given measurement to cluster around some central value. Cf. measure of central tendency. [1925-30] * * *
Central Time
Central Time n. [also c- t-] standard time or daylight saving time in the time zone which includes the central states of the U.S. * * * ➡ Central Standard Time. * * *
Central time.
See under standard time. Also called Central Standard Time. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
Central Treaty Organization
formerly  Middle East Treaty Organization , or  Baghdad Pact Organization        mutual security organization dating from 1955 to 1979 and composed of Turkey, Iran, ...
Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)
originally Middle East Treaty Organization or Baghdad Pact Organization Mutual-security organization, originally composed of Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, and Britain. It was ...
Central University Botanical Garden
▪ garden, Caracas, Venezuela Spanish  Jardín Botánico De La Universidad Central,         state-supported tropical garden occupying a 65-hectare (160-acre) site in ...
Central Valley
the chief wine-producing region of California, centered in San Joaquin County. * * * I Valley, California, U.S. Located between the Sierra Nevada and the Coast Ranges, it is ...
Central Washington University
▪ university, Ellensburg, Washington, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Ellensburg, Washington, U.S. It is one of six such ...
Central, Cordillera
▪ mountains, Dominican Republic       mountain range in western Dominican Republic. The core of its highlands rises just west of Santo Domingo, the national capital, and ...
central-fire
/sen"treuhl fuyeur'/, adj. center-fire. [1880-85] * * *
central-place theory
▪ economics and geography       in geography, an element of location theory (q.v.) concerning the size and distribution of central places (settlements) within a system. ...
CentralAfrican Republic
Cen·tral African Republic (sĕnʹtrəl) A country of central Africa. Part of French Equatorial Africa after the 1890s, it became independent in 1960. In 1966 Col. Jean-Bédel ...
CentralAmerica
Central America A region of southern North America extending from the southern border of Mexico to the northern border of Colombia. It separates the Caribbean Sea from the ...
CentralAmerican
See Central America. * * *
centralangle
central angle n. An angle having its vertex at the center of a circle. * * *
centralbank
central bank n. A nation's principal monetary authority, such as the Federal Reserve Bank, which regulates the money supply and credit, issues currency, and manages the rate of ...
centralcasting
central casting n. A movie studio department responsible for hiring actors, especially for nonstarring roles. * * *
centralcity
central city n. A heavily populated city at the core of a large metropolitan area. * * *
Centralia
/sen trayl"yeuh, -tray"lee euh/, n. 1. a city in central Illinois. 15,126. 2. a town in SW Washington. 10,809. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, Marion and ...
centralism
—centralist, n., adj. —centralistic /sen'treuh lis"tik/, adj. /sen"treuh liz'euhm/, n. a centralizing system; centralization. [1825-35, Amer.; CENTRAL1 + -ISM] * * *
centralist
See centralism. * * *
centralistic
See centralist. * * *
centrality
/sen tral"i tee/, n., pl. centralities. 1. a central position or state: the centrality of the sun. 2. a vital, critical, or important position: the centrality of education to ...
centralization
/sen'treuh leuh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or fact of centralizing; fact of being centralized. 2. the concentration of administrative power in a central government, authority, ...
centralize
—centralizer, n. /sen"treuh luyz'/, v., centralized, centralizing. v.t. 1. to draw to or gather about a center. 2. to bring under one control, esp. in government: to centralize ...
centralized school.
See consolidated school. * * *
centralizer
See centralization. * * *
CentralKarroo
Central Karroo See Karroo. * * *
centrally
See central. * * *
centralnervous system
central nervous system n. Abbr. CNS The portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord. * * *
CentralPark
Central Park An extensive recreational area of New York City extending north to south in central Manhattan. The land, acquired in 1856, was developed according to plans drawn up ...
centralprocessing unit
central processing unit n. Abbr. CPU The part of a computer that interprets and executes instructions. * * *
CentralProvinces
Central Provinces The Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. * * *
CentralStandard Time
Central Standard Time n. Abbr. CST Standard time in the sixth time zone west of Greenwich, England, reckoned at 90° W and used in the central United States. Also called Central ...
CentralValley
Central Valley A rich agricultural valley of central California between the Sierra Nevada and the Coast Ranges. * * *
centre
/sen"teuhr/, n., v., centred, centring. Chiefly Brit. center. * * * (as used in expressions) gravity centre of Pompidou Centre Beaubourg Centre community centre shopping ...
Centre Party
▪ political party, Germany German  Zentrumspartei        in Germany, political party active in the Second Reich from the time of Otto von Bismarck (Bismarck, Otto ...
Centre Point
a tall office building at the end of Oxford Street in central London, England. It was built in the 1960s but remained empty for several years. In the 1970s some people occupied ...
Centrex
Centrex [sen′treks΄] n. 〚 CENTR(
centri-
a combining form of center: centrifuge. Also, centr-, centro-. [ < NL, comb. form of centrum CENTER] * * *
centric
—centrically, adv. —centricity /sen tris"i tee/, n. /sen"trik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or situated at the center; central. 2. Anat., Physiol. pertaining to or originating at a ...
centrical
cen·tri·cal (sĕnʹtrĭ-kəl) adj. Variant of centric. * * *
centrically
See centric. * * *
centricity
See centrically. * * *
centrifugal
—centrifugally, adv. /sen trif"yeuh geuhl, -euh geuhl/, adj. 1. moving or directed outward from the center (opposed to centripetal). 2. pertaining to or operated by centrifugal ...
centrifugal box
Textiles. a revolving chamber, used in the spinning of manufactured filaments, in which the plastic fibers, subjected to centrifugal force, are slightly twisted and emerge in the ...
centrifugal casting
Metall. casting that utilizes centrifugal force within a spinning mold to force the metal against the walls. [1920-25] * * *
centrifugal force
an outward force on a body rotating about an axis, assumed equal and opposite to the centripetal force and postulated to account for the phenomena seen by an observer in the ...
centrifugal pump
Machine for moving liquids and gases. Its two major parts are the impeller (a wheel with vanes) and the circular pump casing around it. In the most common type, called the ...
centrifugal spinning.
See pot spinning. * * *
centrifugalforce
centrifugal force n. The apparent force, equal and opposite to the centripetal force, drawing a rotating body away from the center of rotation, caused by the inertia of the ...
centrifugalism
See centrifugal. * * *
centrifugalize
—centrifugalization, n. /sen trif"yeuh geuh luyz', -euh geuh-/, v.t., centrifugalized, centrifugalizing. centrifuge (def. 2). Also, esp. Brit., centrifugalise. [1875-80; ...
centrifugally
See centrifugalism. * * *
centrifugate
/sen trif"yeuh git, -gayt', -trif"euh-/, n. the denser of the centrifuged materials. [1875-80; CENTRIFUG(AL) + -ATE1] * * *
centrifugation
centrifugation [sen trif΄yo͞o gā′shən] n. a being subjected to centrifugal action, esp. in a centrifuge * * * See centrifuge. * * *
centrifuge
—centrifugation /sen trif'yeuh gay"sheuhn, -trif'euh-/, n. /sen"treuh fyoohj'/, n., v., centrifuged, centrifuging. n. 1. an apparatus that rotates at high speed and by ...
centriole
/sen"tree ohl'/, n. Cell Biol. a small, cylindrical cell organelle, seen near the nucleus in the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, that divides in perpendicular fashion during ...
centripetal
—centripetalism, n. —centripetally, adv. /sen trip"i tl/, adj. 1. directed toward the center (opposed to centrifugal). 2. operating by centripetal force. 3. Physiol. ...
centripetal acceleration
Property of the motion of an object traveling in a circular path. Centripetal describes the force on the object, directed toward the centre of the circle, which causes a ...
centripetal force
the force, acting upon a body moving along a curved path, that is directed toward the center of curvature of the path and constrains the body to the path. [1700-10] * * *
centripetalforce
centripetal force Precision Graphics n. The component of force acting on a body in curvilinear motion that is directed toward the center of curvature or axis of rotation. ...
centripetally
See centripetal. * * *
centrism
cen·trism (sĕnʹtrĭz'əm) n. The political philosophy of avoiding the extremes of right and left by taking a moderate position. * * *
centrist
—centrism, n. /sen"trist/, n. 1. (esp. in continental Europe) a member of a political party of the Center; moderate. adj. 2. of or pertaining to centrists or to their political ...
centro-
var. of centri-: centrosphere. * * *
centrobaric
/sen'treuh bar"ik/, adj. pertaining to the center of gravity. [1695-1705; CENTRO- + BARIC2] * * *
centroid
—centroidal, adj. /sen"troyd/, n. 1. Mech. the point that may be considered as the center of a one- or two-dimensional figure, the sum of the displacements of all points in the ...
centrolecithal
/sen'troh les"euh theuhl/, adj. Embryol. having a centrally located yolk, as certain insect eggs or ova. [1875-80; CENTRO- + LECITHAL] * * *
centrolinead
/sen'troh lin"ee ad', -euhd/, n. a drafting instrument for drawing lines converging on a vanishing point outside the drawing. [1805-15; CENTRO- + L line(a) LINE1 + ad to] * * *
centromere
—centromeric /sen'treuh mer"ik, -mear"-/, adj. /sen"treuh mear'/, n. Cell Biol. a specialized structure on the chromosome, appearing during cell division as the constricted ...
centromeric
See centromere. * * *
centrosome
—centrosomic /sen'treuh som"ik/, adj. /sen"treuh sohm'/, n. Cell Biol. a small region near the nucleus in the cell cytoplasm, containing the centrioles. [1895-1900; CENTRO- + ...
centrosomic
See centrosome. * * *
centrosphere
/sen"treuh sfear'/, n. 1. Cell Biol. the protoplasm around a centrosome; the central portion of an aster, containing the centrosome. 2. Geol. the central or interior portion of ...
centrosymmetric
—centrosymmetry /sen'troh sim"i tree/, n. /sen'troh si me"trik/, adj. symmetric in relation to a center. Also, centrosymmetrical. [1875-80; CENTRO- + SYMMETRIC] * * *
centrum
/sen"treuhm/, n., pl. centrums, centra /-treuh/. 1. a center. 2. Anat., Zool. the body of a vertebra. 3. Mycol. collectively, all the structures enclosed within the ascocarp of a ...
cents-off
/sents"awf", -of"/, adj. of or pertaining to a marketing device, as a coupon, that entitles a buyer to a specified amount off the regular price. [1960-65] * * *
centum
centum1 /sen"teuhm/, n. one hundred. [ < L; see HUNDRED] centum2 /ken"teuhm, -toom/, adj. belonging to or consisting of those branches of the Indo-European family of languages ...
centumviri
▪ ancient Rome       in ancient Rome, court of civil jurisdiction that gained distinction for its hearing of inheritance claims, through which it influenced succession. ...
centuple
/sen"teuh peuhl, -tyeuh-/, adj., v., centupled, centupling. adj. 1. a hundred times as great; hundredfold. v.t. 2. to increase 100 times. [1600-10; < MF < LL centuplus, equiv. to ...
centuplicate
—centuplication, n. v. /sen tooh"pli kayt', -tyooh"-/; adj., n. /sen tooh"pli kit, -kayt', -tyooh"-/, v., centuplicated, centuplicating, adj., n. v.t. 1. to increase 100 times; ...
centurial
/sen toor"ee euhl, -tyoor"-/, adj. pertaining to a century. [1600-10; < L centurialis, equiv. to centuri(a) CENTURY + -alis -AL1] * * *
centuried
/sen"cheuh reed/, adj. 1. existing for an indefinite number of centuries. 2. very old; ancient. [1810-20; CENTURY + -ED3] * * *
centurion
/sen toor"ee euhn, -tyoor"-/, n. 1. (in the ancient Roman army) the commander of a century. 2. (cap.) Mil. any one of various British battle tanks in service from 1945 to ...
Centuripe
▪ Italy       town, east-central Sicily, Italy. The town lies at an elevation of 2,402 feet (732 m) on a ridge between the Simeto and Dittaino rivers, northwest of ...
century
/sen"cheuh ree/, n., pl. centuries. 1. a period of 100 years. 2. one of the successive periods of 100 years reckoned forward or backward from a recognized chronological epoch, ...
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
▪ American English dictionary       dictionary of American English that is generally regarded as one of the greatest ever produced. The first edition (1889–91) ...
century plant
any New World plant of the genus Agave, requiring many years to mature and blooming once before dying, esp. the widely cultivated species A. americana, having leaves in a basal ...
centurylong
See centurial. * * *
centuryplant
century plant n. See agave. * * *
Centwine
▪ king of Wessex died 685       according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a chronological account of events in Anglo-Saxon England, king of the West Saxons, or Wessex ...
Cenú
▪ people       Indians of the northern lowlands of Colombia who became extinct under Spanish rule. The Cenú were a tropical-forest people who spoke a Cariban language. ...
Cenwalh
▪ king of Wessex died 672       king of the West Saxons, or Wessex (from 643), son of Cynegils. Though his father became a Christian, Cenwalh himself long remained a ...
Cenwulf
▪ Anglo-Saxon king also spelled  Coenwulf   died 821, Basingwerk, Wales       Anglo-Saxon king of the Mercians from 796 who preserved the Mercian supremacy ...
CEO
chief executive officer. Also, C.E.O. * * *
Ceol
▪ king of Wessex died 597       king of the West Saxons, or Wessex. Ceol may have been related to Cutha, who was brother of King Ceawlin. After his victory over Ceawlin ...
Ceolnoth
▪ English archbishop died 870, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.       17th archbishop of Canterbury, who played a conciliatory role during the invasions of England by the Danish ...
ceorl
—ceorlish, adj. /chay"awrl/, n. Obs. churl (def. 4). [bef. 1000; this form borrowed (17th century) < OE] * * * ▪ English peasant also spelled  Churl,         the ...
cep
/sep/, n. an edible mushroom, Boletus edulis, that grows wild under pine or other evergreen trees: prized for its flavor. [1860-65; < F cèpe < Gascon cep mushroom, tree trunk < ...
cèpe
/sep/, n. French Cookery. cep. * * *
Cepeda, battles of
▪ Argentine history       (1820, 1859), two engagements fought at Cepeda, in the Buenos Aires provincia of Argentina, during the decades of disunity following the ...
Cepeda, Orlando
▪ Puerto Rican baseball player in full  Orlando Manuel Cepeda Pennes , bynames  Baby Bull  and  Cha-Cha  born Sept. 17, 1937, Ponce, P.R.    Puerto Rican professional ...
cephal-
var. of cephalo- before a vowel: cephalate. * * *
cephalad
cephalad [sef′ə lad΄] adv. 〚 CEPHAL(O)- + -AD2〛 Anat. Zool. toward the head, or anterior part of the body: opposed to CAUDAD * * * ceph·a·lad (sĕfʹə-lăd') adv. ...
cephalalgia
—cephalalgic, adj. /sef'euh lal"jeuh, -jee euh/, n. Med. headache (def. 1). [1540-50; CEPHAL- + -ALGIA] * * *
Cephalaspis
▪ paleontology  extinct genus of very primitive jawless, fishlike vertebrates found in Early Devonian rocks (the Devonian Period lasted from 408 to 360 million years ago) in ...
cephalate
/sef"euh lit, -layt'/, adj. Zool. having a head or headlike part. [1860-65; CEPHAL- + -ATE1] * * *
cephalexin
/sef'euh lek"sin/, n. Pharm. an oral, antimicrobial drug, C16H7N3O4S, used in treating minor respiratory and urinary tract infections and as a backup or alternative to penicillin ...
cephalic
—cephalically, adv. /seuh fal"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the head. 2. situated or directed toward the head. [1590-1600; < L cephalicus < Gk kephalikós of the head. See ...
cephalic index
Cephalom., Craniom. the ratio of the greatest breadth of the head to its greatest length from front to back, multiplied by 100. [1865-70] * * *
cephalically
See cephalic. * * *
cephalicindex
cephalic index n. The ratio of the maximum width of the head to its maximum length, multiplied by 100. * * *
cephalin
/sef"euh lin/, n. Biochem. any of several phosphatides occurring in animal tissue, esp. of the brain, and having marked blood-clotting properties. [1895-1900; CEPHAL- + -IN2] * * ...
cephalin-cholesterol flocculation
▪ medicine       laboratory test for the nonspecific measurement of blood globulins, a group of proteins that appear in abnormally high concentrations ...
cephalitis
/sef'euh luy"tis/, n. Pathol. encephalitis. [1805-15; CEPHAL- + -ITIS] * * *
cephalization
/sef'euh leuh zay"sheuhn/, n. Zool. a tendency in the development of animals to localization of important organs or parts in or near the head. [1860-65; CEPHAL- + -IZATION] * * ...
Cephallenia
▪ island, Greece also called  Cephalonia , Modern Greek  Kefallinía        island, largest of the Ionian Islands, west of the Gulf of Patraïkós. With the island ...
cephalo-
a combining form meaning "head," used in the formation of compound words: cephalometry. Also, cephal-, -cephalic, -cephalous, -cephaly. [ < Gk kephalo-, comb. form of kephalé ...
cephalochordate
/sef'euh loh kawr"dayt/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Cephalochordata. n. 2. any chordate animal of the subphylum Cephalochordata, having fishlike characters but ...
cephalom.
cephalometry. * * *
cephalometer
—cephalometric /sef'euh loh me"trik/, adj. /sef'euh lom"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring the human head. Cf. craniometer. [1875-80; CEPHALO- + -METER] * * *
cephalometric
See cephalometry. * * *
cephalometry
/sef'euh lom"i tree/, n. the science of measuring the human head, used esp. in plastic surgery and orthodontics. [1895-1900; CEPHALO- + -METRY] * * *
cephalon
/sef"euh lon', -leuhn/, n., pl. cephala /-leuh/. Zool. the head, esp. of an arthropod. [1870-75; < NL, for Gk kephalé head] * * *
Cephalonia
/sef'euh loh"nee euh, -lohn"yeuh/, n. the largest of the Ionian Islands, off the W coast of Greece. 36,742; 287 sq. mi. (743 sq. km). Greek, Kephallenia. * * * or ...
cephalopod
/sef"euh leuh pod'/, n. 1. any mollusk of the class Cephalopoda, having tentacles attached to the head, including the cuttlefish, squid, and octopus. adj. 2. Also, cephalopodic, ...
cephalopodan
See cephalopod. * * *
cephalosporin
/sef'euh loh spawr"in, -spohr"-/, n. Pharm. any of a group of widely used broad-spectrum antibiotics, originally isolated as a product of fermentation from the fungus ...
cephalothin
ceph·a·lo·thin (sĕfʹə-lə-thĭn) n. A semisynthetic analogue of cephalosporin having a broad spectrum of antibiotic activity that is administered parenterally and used ...
cephalothorax
—cephalothoracic /sef'euh loh theuh ras"ik/, adj. /sef'euh loh thawr"aks, -thohr"-/, n., pl. cephalothoraxes, cephalothoraces /-thawr"euh seez', -thohr"-/. Zool. the anterior ...
cephalous
/sef"euh leuhs/, adj. having a head. [1870-75; CEPHAL- + -OUS] * * *
Cephalus
/sef"euh leuhs/, n. Class. Myth. the husband of Procris. Also, Kephalos. * * * ▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, son of Hermes and Herse, daughter of Cecrops, ...
Cepheid
Ce·phe·id (sēʹfē-ĭd, sĕfʹē-) n. Any of a class of intrinsically variable stars with exceptionally regular periods of light pulsation.   [From Cepheus.] * * *
Cepheid (variable)
Cepheid (variable) [sef′ē id, sē′fēid] n. 〚after CEPHEUS + -ID〛 any of a class of pulsating, yellow, supergiant stars whose brightness varies in regular periods: from ...
Cepheid variable
Astron. a variable star in which changes in brightness are due to alternate contractions and expansions in volume. Also, cepheid variable. [1900-05; CEPHE(US) + -ID1] * * * One ...
Cepheus
—Cepheid /see"fee id/, adj. /see"fee euhs, -fyoohs/, n., gen. Cephei /-fee uy'/ for 1. 1. Astron. a northern circumpolar constellation between Cassiopeia and Draco. 2. Also, ...
Cephisodotus The Elder
▪ Greek sculptor flourished c. 400 BC       Greek sculptor, assumed to be the father of Praxiteles. He made certain statues for the city of Megalopolis, founded in 370 ...
cer-
var. of cero- before a vowel: ceraceous. * * *
Cer.E.
Ceramic Engineer. * * *
cera
/sear"euh/, n. (in prescriptions) wax. [ < L cera] * * *
ceraceous
/seuh ray"sheuhs/, adj. waxlike; waxy: a ceraceous surface. [1760-70; < L cer(a) wax (cf. Gk kerós wax) + -ACEOUS] * * *
Ceram
/see ram"/; Port. /se rddahonn"/; Du. /say"rddahm/, n. an island of the Moluccas in Indonesia, W of New Guinea. 100,000; 7191 sq. mi. (18,625 sq. km). Also called Serang. * * ...
ceramal
/seuh ram"euhl/, n. cermet. [CERAM(IC) + AL(LOY)] * * *
ceramic
/seuh ram"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to products made from clay and similar materials, as pottery and brick, or to their manufacture: ceramic art. n. 2. ceramic ...
ceramic composition and properties
Introduction       atomic and molecular nature of ceramic (industrial ceramics) materials (materials processing) and their resulting characteristics and performance in ...
ceramic engineering
the branch of engineering concerned with the development and production of ceramics. * * *
ceramics
/seuh ram"iks/, n. 1. (used with a sing. v.) the art or technology of making objects of clay and similar materials treated by firing. 2. (used with a pl. v.) articles of ...
ceramist
/seuh ram"ist, ser"euh mist/, n. 1. a person who makes ceramics. 2. a technician in a dental laboratory who makes dentures from porcelain. Also, ceramicist /seuh ram"euh ...
cerargyrite
/seuh rahr"jeuh ruyt'/, n. a very soft mineral, silver chloride, AgCl, used as an ore of silver; horn silver. [1865-70; < Gk kér(as) horn (see CERAT-) + árgyr(os) silver + ...
cerastes
/seuh ras"teez/, n., pl. cerastes. any of several small vipers of the genus Cerastes, including the horned viper, that have a sideways looping motion like that of a sidewinder ...
cerastium
/seuh ras"tee euhm/, n., pl. cerastiums. any of various low-growing plants of the genus Cerastium, having leaves covered with whitish or grayish down and small white flowers, and ...
cerat-
a combining form meaning "horn," "cornea," used in the formation of compound words: ceratodus. Also, kerat-. Also, esp. before a consonant, cerato-, kerato-. [ < Gk kerat-, comb. ...
cerate
/sear"ayt/, n. 1. Pharm. an unctuous, often medicated, preparation for external application, consisting of lard or oil mixed with wax, rosin, or the like, esp. one that has a ...
cerated
/sear"ay tid/, adj. 1. covered with wax. 2. Ornith. cerate (def. 2). [1720-30; < L cerat(us) waxed (see CERATE) + -ED2] * * *
Ceratium
Genus of one-celled aquatic protists. Members are dinoflagellates with both plant and animal characteristics. The cell is flattened horizontally and contains yellow, brown, or ...
cerato-
var. of cerat- before a consonant: ceratosaur. * * *
ceratodus
/seuh rat"euh deuhs, ser'euh toh"deuhs/, n., pl. ceratoduses. a lungfish of either of two genera, Ceratodus or Neoceratodus, having hornlike ridges on the teeth. Cf. ...
ceratoid
/ser"euh toyd'/, adj. hornlike; horny. [ < Gk keratoeidés hornlike. See CERAT-, -OID] * * *
Ceratophyllales
▪ plant order       hornwort order of flowering plants, consisting of just one family (Ceratophyllaceae) with one cosmopolitan genus (Ceratophyllum) that contains about ...
ceratopsian
/ser'euh top"see euhn/, n. any of several four-footed, herbivorous dinosaurs of the suborder Ceratopsia, of the late Cretaceous Period, having an enlarged skull with a beak, a ...
ceratosaur
/ser"euh teuh sawr'/, n. a carnivorous, swift-running North American theropod dinosaur of the genus Ceratosaurus and closely related genera, of the Jurassic Period, having a ...
Ceratosaurus
▪ dinosaur  large carnivorous dinosaurs (dinosaur) whose fossils date from the Late Jurassic Period (161 million to 146 million years ago) in North America and ...
Ceratozamia
▪ plant genus       genus of about 18 species of cycads (cycad) in the family Zamiaceae. The species are native to Mexico and Central America and are characterized by ...
Ceraurus
▪ trilobite       genus of trilobites (extinct arthropods) found as fossils in rocks of Ordovician period (505 to 438 million years ago) in Europe and North America. ...
Cerberean
See Cerberus. * * *
Cerberus
—Cerberean /seuhr bear"ee euhn/, Cerberic, adj. /serr"beuhr euhs/, n., pl. Cerberuses, Cerberi /-beuh ruy'/ for 2. 1. Also, Kerberos. Class. Myth. a dog, usually represented as ...
cercaria
—cercarial, adj. —cercarian, adj., n. /seuhr kair"ee euh/, n., pl. cercariae /-kair"ee ee'/. Zool. the disk-shaped larva of flukes of the class Trematoda, having a taillike ...
cercarial
See cercaria. * * *
Cerceau, du, family
▪ French family also called  Androuet du Cerceau,         renowned French family of architects and decorators who constituted a virtual dynasty in architecture and ...
Cerchi, Vieri dei
▪ Italian noble and banker flourished 1300, Florence [Italy]       Florentine noble and banker who became the leader of the faction known as the Whites in the civil ...
cercis
/serr"sis/, n. any shrub or small tree of the genus Cercis, as the redbud or Judas tree. [ < NL (Linnaeus) < Gk kerkís redbud, lit., weaver's shuttle (perh. after the shape of ...
cercus
—cercal, adj. /serr"keuhs, ker"-/, n., pl. cerci /serr"suy, ker"kee/. one of a pair of appendages at the rear of the abdomen of certain insects and other arthropods, serving as ...
Cerdan, Marcel
▪ Algerian boxer byname  the Casablanca Clouter  born July 22, 1916, Sidi Bel Abbès, Algeria died October 27, 1949, São Miguel Island, the Azores  French-Algerian ...
Cerdanya
▪ valley, Pyrenees Mountains, Europe Spanish  Cerdaña , French  Cerdagne        high valley in the Pyrenees east of Andorra, partly in Spain (Girona provincia ...
Cerdic
▪ king of Wessex died 534       founder of the West Saxon kingdom, or Wessex. All the sovereigns of England except Canute, Hardecanute, the two Harolds, and William ...
cere
cere1 —cered, adj. —cereless, adj. /sear/, n. Ornith. a fleshy, membranous covering of the base of the upper mandible of a bird, esp. a bird of prey or a parrot, through ...
cereal
/sear"ee euhl/, n. 1. any plant of the grass family yielding an edible grain, as wheat, rye, oats, rice, or corn. 2. the grain itself. 3. some edible preparation of it, esp. a ...


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