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cereal farming
Introduction  growing (plant) of cereal crops for human food and livestock feed, as well as for other uses, including industrial starch.       Cereals, or grains, are ...
cereal leaf beetle
an Old World leaf beetle, Oulema melanopus, introduced into North America in 1962: a serious pest of small grains, esp. oats and cereal grasses. [1960-65] * * *
cereal processing
Introduction       treatment of cereals (cereal) and other plants to prepare their starch for human food, animal feed, or industrial use.        Nutrient ...
cerealleaf beetle
cereal leaf beetle n. An Old World beetle (Oulema melanopus) now found in the United States, where it is a serious pest of grain crops as a result of its consumption of cereal ...
cerebellar
See cerebellum. * * *
cerebellum
—cerebellar, adj. /ser'euh bel"euhm/, n., pl. cerebellums, cerebella /-bel"euh/. Anat., Zool. a large portion of the brain, serving to coordinate voluntary movements, posture, ...
cerebr-
var. of cerebro- before a vowel: cerebritis. * * *
cerebra
cerebra [ser′ə brə, sə rē′brə] n. pl. of CEREBRUM * * * cer·e·bra (sĕrʹə-brə, sə-rēʹbrə) n. A plural of cerebrum. * * *
cerebral
—cerebrally, adv. /seuh ree"breuhl, ser"euh-/, adj. 1. Anat., Zool. of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain. 2. betraying or characterized by the use of the intellect ...
cerebral accident
cerebral accident n. a disturbance of the blood supply to parts of the brain because of blockage or hemorrhage, causing unconsciousness, paralysis, etc.; stroke: see APOPLEXY * * ...
cerebral angiography
      X-ray examination of intracranial blood vessels after injection of radiopaque dye into the neck (carotid) artery. Whether arteries or veins are visualized depends on ...
cerebral cortex
the furrowed outer layer of gray matter in the cerebrum of the brain, associated with the higher brain functions, as voluntary movement, coordination of sensory information, ...
cerebral hemisphere
either of the rounded halves of the cerebrum of the brain, divided laterally by a deep fissure and connected at the bottom by the corpus callosum. Cf. left brain, right ...
cerebral hemorrhage
Pathol. hemorrhage from a blood vessel into the cerebrum, often followed by neurologic damage; a type of stroke. [1870-75] * * *
cerebral palsy
—cerebral palsied. Pathol. a form of paralysis believed to be caused by a prenatal brain defect or by brain injury during birth, most marked in certain motor areas and ...
cerebral thrombosis
Pathol. formation of a clot or other blockage in one of the blood vessels of the brain, often followed by neurologic damage; a type of stroke. * * *
cerebral-palsied
See cerebral palsy. * * *
cerebralaccident
cerebral accident n. See stroke1. * * *
cerebralcortex
cerebral cortex n. The extensive outer layer of gray matter of the cerebral hemispheres, largely responsible for higher brain functions, including sensation, voluntary muscle ...
cerebralhemisphere
cerebral hemisphere n. Either of the two symmetrical halves of the cerebrum, as divided by the longitudinal cerebral fissure. * * *
cerebrally
See cerebral. * * *
cerebralpalsy
cerebral palsy n. A disorder usually caused by brain damage occurring at or before birth and marked by muscular impairment. Often accompanied by poor coordination, it sometimes ...
cerebrate
—cerebration, n. —cerebrational, adj. /ser"euh brayt'/, v.i., v.t., cerebrated, cerebrating. to use the mind; think or think about. [1870-75; back formation from cerebration. ...
cerebration
See cerebrate. * * *
cerebric
/seuh ree"brik, -reb"rik, ser"euh brik/, adj. pertaining to or derived from the brain. [1830-40; CEREBR(UM) + -IC] * * *
cerebritis
/ser'euh bruy"tis/, n. inflammation of the brain, esp. of the cerebrum. [1865-70; CEREBR- + -ITIS] * * *
cerebro-
a combining form of cerebrum: cerebrospinal. Also, esp. before a vowel, cerebr-. * * *
cerebroid
/seuh ree"broyd, ser"euh broyd'/, adj. Anat. resembling the cerebrum or the brain. [1850-55; CEREBR- + -OID] * * *
cerebroside
/seuh ree"breuh suyd', ser"euh-/, n. Biochem. any of a class of glycolipids, found in brain tissue and the medullary sheaths of nerves, that, upon hydrolysis, yield sphingosine, ...
cerebrospinal
/seuh ree'broh spuyn"l, ser'euh-/, adj. Anat., Physiol. 1. pertaining to or affecting the brain and the spinal cord. 2. of or pertaining to the central nervous system. [1820-30; ...
cerebrospinal fluid
Physiol. the fluid in the ventricles of the brain, between the arachnoid and pia mater, and surrounding the spinal cord. [1895-1900] * * * ▪ anatomy       clear, ...
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
Clear, colourless liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord and fills the spaces in them. It helps support the brain, acts as a lubricant, maintains pressure in the skull, ...
cerebrospinal meningitis
Pathol. an acute inflammation of the meninges of the brain and spinal cord, caused by a specific organism, accompanied by fever and occasionally red spots on the skin. Also ...
cerebrospinal nervous system.
See central nervous system. [1865-70] * * *
cerebrospinalfluid
cerebrospinal fluid n. Abbr. CSF The serumlike fluid that circulates through the ventricles of the brain, the cavity of the spinal cord, and the subarachnoid space, functioning ...
cerebrospinalmeningitis
cerebrospinal meningitis n. Inflammation of the meninges of both the brain and the spinal cord. * * *
cerebrovascular
/se ree'broh vas"kyeuh leuhr, ser'euh-/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or affecting the cerebrum and its associated blood vessels. [1930-35; CEREBRO- + VASCULAR] * * *
cerebrovascular accident
Pathol. stroke (def. 6). Abbr.: CVA [1930-35] * * *
cerebrovascularaccident
cerebrovascular accident n. Abbr. CVA See stroke1. * * *
cerebrum
/seuh ree"breuhm, ser"euh-/, n., pl. cerebrums, cerebra /-breuh/. Anat., Zool. 1. the anterior and largest part of the brain, consisting of two halves or hemispheres and serving ...
cerecloth
/sear"klawth', -kloth'/, n., pl. cerecloths /-klawdhz', -klodhz', -klawths', -kloths'/. 1. cloth coated or impregnated with wax so as to be waterproof, formerly used for wrapping ...
cered
See cere2. * * *
Ceredigion
▪ county, Wales, United Kingdom historical name  Cardiganshire        county in Wales, extending from the western coast on Cardigan Bay to inland hills and valleys ...
cerement
/sear"meuhnt, ser"euh-/, n. Usually, cerements. 1. a cerecloth used for wrapping the dead. 2. any graveclothes. [1595-1605; CERE2 + -MENT] * * *
ceremonial
—ceremonialism, n. —ceremonialist, n. —ceremonially, adv. /ser'euh moh"nee euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characterized by ceremony; formal; ritual: a ceremonial ...
ceremonial object
▪ religion Introduction  any object used in a ritual or a religious ceremony.       Throughout the history of religions and cultures, objects used in cults, rituals, ...
ceremonial tea
a Japanese green tea made from choice shade-grown leaves that are cured by a steaming, drying, and powdering process: used in chanoyu. * * *
ceremonialism
See ceremonial. * * *
ceremonialist
See ceremonialism. * * *
ceremonially
See ceremonialism. * * *
ceremonious
—ceremoniously, adv. —ceremoniousness, n. /ser'euh moh"nee euhs/, adj. 1. carefully observant of ceremony; formally or elaborately polite: He greeted his rival with a ...
ceremoniously
See ceremonious. * * *
ceremoniousness
See ceremoniously. * * *
ceremony
/ser"euh moh'nee/, n., pl. ceremonies. 1. the formal activities conducted on some solemn or important public or state occasion: the coronation ceremony. 2. a formal religious or ...
Ceremony of the Keys
a ceremony that takes place at 10 p.m. every night at the Tower of London, when a beefeater closes the gates, exchanges secret passwords with a guard, and gives him the keys. * * ...
Cerenkov
/cheuh reng"kawf, -kof, -ren"-/; Russ. /chyi rddyin kawf"/, n. Pavel A. /pah"veuhl/; Russ. /pah"vyil/, born 1904, Russian physicist: Nobel prize 1958. Also, Cherenkov. * * *
Cerenkov radiation
Physics. radiation produced by a particle passing through a medium at a speed greater than that of light through the medium. [1935-40; named after P. A. CERENKOV] * * *
Cerenkov,Pavel Alekseevich
Ce·ren·kov (chə-rĕngʹkôf, -kəf, chĭ-ryĭn-kôfʹ), Pavel Alekseevich. See Cherenkov, Pavel Alekseevich. * * *
Cerenkoveffect
Ce·ren·kov effect also Che·ren·kov effect (chə-rĕngʹkôf, -kəf) n. The emission of light by a charged particle passing through a transparent nonconducting liquid or ...
Cerenkovradiation
Cerenkov radiation also Cherenkov radiation n. Light emitted in the Cerenkov effect. * * *
cereous
/sear"ee euhs/, adj. Obs. waxlike. [1595-1605; < L cereus waxen, equiv. to cer(a) wax + -eus -EOUS] * * *
Ceres
/sear"eez/, n. 1. a pre-Roman goddess of agriculture under whose name the Romans adopted the worship of the Greek goddess Demeter. 2. Astron. the first asteroid to be discovered, ...
cereus
/sear"ee euhs/, n., pl. cereuses. 1. any of various plants of the genus Cereus, of the cactus family, having large, usually white, funnel-shaped flowers. 2. any of several ...
Cerf
/serrf/, n. Bennett (Alfred), 1898-1971, U.S. book publisher, editor, and writer. * * *
Cerf, Bennett (Alfred)
born May 25, 1898, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 27, 1971, Mount Kisco, N.Y. U.S. publisher and editor. With Donald S. Klopfer, in 1925 Cerf acquired the Modern Library ...
Cerf, Vinton Gray
▪ American computer scientist born June 23, 1943, New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.       American computer scientist who is considered one of the founders of the ...
Cerf,Bennett Alfred
Cerf (sûrf), Bennett Alfred. 1898-1971. American editor and publisher. Known for his love of puns, he was also a panelist on the television show What's My Line? (1952-1968). * ...
ceria
/sear"ee euh/, n. a white-to-yellow, heavy powder, cerium dioxide, CeO2, usually derived from cerium nitrate by decomposition with heat: used chiefly in ceramics, glass ...
cert
cert abbrev. 1. certificate 2. certified * * *
cert.
1. certificate. 2. certification. 3. certified. 4. certify. * * *
certain
/serr"tn/, adj. 1. free from doubt or reservation; confident; sure: I am certain he will come. 2. destined; sure to happen (usually fol. by an infinitive): He is certain to be ...
certainly
/serr"tn lee/, adv. 1. with certainty; without doubt; assuredly: I'll certainly be there. 2. yes, of course: Certainly, take the keys. 3. surely; to be sure: He certainly is ...
certainty
/serr"tn tee/, n., pl. certainties. 1. the state of being certain. 2. something certain; an assured fact. 3. for or of a certainty, certainly; without a doubt: I suspect it, but ...
certes
/serr"teez/, adv. Archaic. certainly; in truth. [1200-50; ME < OF phrase a certes < L *a certis, lit., from sure (things); see A-4, CERTAIN] * * *
Certhiidae
▪ bird family       songbird family, order Passeriformes, consisting of most of the tree creepers, small climbing birds found throughout woodlands of the Northern ...
certif.
1. certificate. 2. certificated. * * *
certifiable
—certifiableness, n. —certifiably, adv. /serr"teuh fuy'euh beuhl, serr'teuh fuy"-/, adj. 1. capable of being certified. 2. legally committable to a mental institution. 3. ...
certifiably
See certifiable. * * *
certificate
—certificatory /seuhr tif"euh ki tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. n. /seuhr tif"i kit/; v. /seuhr tif"i kayt'/, n., v., certificated, certificating. n. 1. a document serving as ...
certificate of admeasurement
Naut. a certificate issued by a government authority, showing the registered tonnages of a commercial vessel. * * *
certificate of deposit
a written acknowledgment of a bank that it has received from the person named a specified sum of money as a deposit, often for a fixed term at a specified interest rate. Abbr.: ...
certificate of deposit (CD)
Receipt from a bank acknowledging the deposit of a sum of money. The most common type, the time certificate of deposit, is for a fixed-term interest-bearing deposit in a large ...
certificate of enrollment
a document issued to a U.S. vessel of 20 tons gross or more, engaged in fishing or in trade along the U.S. coast, on the Great Lakes, or on U.S. inland waters. * * *
certificate of incorporation
a statement filed with a state official in forming a corporation, stating its name, purposes, the distribution of its stock, etc. * * *
certificate of indebtedness
a short-term, negotiable, interest-bearing note representing indebtedness. * * *
certificate of origin
a document certifying the country of manufacture of a commodity, often required by the customs office before importation. * * *
certificate of registry
Naut. a document issued to a U.S. vessel engaged in foreign trade, stating its name, nationality, ownership, etc., and claiming for it all privileges pertaining to U.S. ...
certificate of stock.
See stock certificate. * * *
certificateof deposit
certificate of deposit n. pl. certificates of deposit Abbr. CD or C/D A certificate from a bank stating that the named party has a specified sum on deposit, usually for a given ...
certification
/serr'teuh fi kay"sheuhn, seuhr tif'euh-/, n. 1. the act of certifying. 2. the state of being certified. 3. a certified statement. 4. the writing on the face of a check by which ...
certification mark
a mark that certifies the origin, material, quality, mode of manufacture, accuracy, or other characteristic of a product or service: "UL" is a certification mark for appliances ...
certificatory
See certificate. * * *
certified
/serr"teuh fuyd'/, adj. 1. having or proved by a certificate: a certified representative. 2. guaranteed; reliably endorsed: a certified check. 3. legally declared insane. 4. ...
certified check
a check bearing a guarantee of payment by the bank on which the check is drawn. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
certified mail
uninsured first-class mail requiring proof of delivery. [1950-55] * * *
certified milk
milk, either pasteurized or unpasteurized, that is processed in dairies conforming to official medical standards of sanitation. * * *
certified professional secretary
a person holding an official certificate, issued by the National Secretaries Association, attesting to the holder's having specific secretarial knowledge and skills. Abbr.: CPS * ...
certified public accountant
an accountant certified by a state examining board as having fulfilled the requirements of state law to be a public accountant. Abbr.: C.P.A. [1910-15, Amer.] * * *
certifiedcheck
cer·ti·fied check (sûrʹtə-fīd') n. A check guaranteed by a bank to be covered by sufficient funds on deposit. * * *
certifiedmail
certified mail n. Uninsured first-class mail for which proof of delivery is obtained. * * *
certifiedpublic accountant
certified public accountant n. Abbr. CPA A public accountant who has been certified by a state examining board as having met the state's legal requirements. * * *
certifier
See certify. * * *
certify
—certifier, n. /serr"teuh fuy'/, v., certified, certifying. v.t. 1. to attest as certain; give reliable information of; confirm: He certified the truth of his claim. 2. to ...
certiorari
/serr'shee euh rair"uy, -rair"ee/, n. Law. a writ issuing from a superior court calling up the record of a proceeding in an inferior court for review. Also called writ of ...
certitude
/serr"ti toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. freedom from doubt, esp. in matters of faith or opinion; certainty. [1375-1425; late ME < LL certitudo, equiv. to L certi- (comb. form of certus ...
certosina
/cherr'teuh see"neuh/; It. /cherdd'taw see"nah/, n. a technique of inlaying light-colored material, as bone, ivory, metal, or pale wood, in elaborate designs on a dark ground. [ ...
cerulean
/seuh rooh"lee euhn/, adj., n. 1. deep blue; sky blue; azure. 2. Heraldry. a sky-blue tincture, used esp. on the Continent. [1660-70; < L caerule(us) dark blue, azure (akin to ...
cerulean blue
1. a light-blue to strong greenish-blue color. 2. a pigment used in painting consisting mainly of oxides of tin and cobalt, chiefly characterized by its greenish-blue color and ...
cerulean warbler
a North American wood warbler, Dendroica cerulea, the male of which is blue above and white below. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
ceruloplasmin
/seuh rooh'leuh plaz"min/, n. Biochem. a serum glycoprotein involved in the storage and transport of copper and iron. [1950-55; < NL cerulo-, comb. form repr. L caeruleus (see ...
cerumen
—ceruminous, adj. /si rooh"meuhn/, n. earwax. [1735-45; < NL, equiv. to L cer(a) wax + (alb)umen ALBUMEN] * * *
ceruminous
See cerumen. * * *
ceruse
/sear"oohs, si roohs"/, n. a pigment composed of white lead. [1350-1400; ME < L cerussa] * * *
cerussite
/sear"euh suyt', si rus"uyt/, n. a mineral, lead carbonate, PbCO3, found in masses or in colorless, transparent crystals: an important ore of lead. [1840-50; < L ceruss(a) CERUSE ...
Cervantes
/seuhr van"teez/; Sp. /therdd vahn"tes, serdd-/, n. Miguel de /mi gel" day/; Sp. /mee gel" de/, (Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra), 1547-1616, Spanish novelist and short-story ...
Cervantes (Saavedra), Miguel de
born Sept. 29?, 1547, Alcalá de Henares, Spain died April 22, 1616, Madrid Spanish novelist, playwright, and poet, the most celebrated figure in Spanish literature. After ...
Cervantes Prize
▪ award Spanish in full  Premio de Literatura en Lengua Castellana Miguel de Cervantes        literary award established in 1976 by the Spanish Ministry of Culture. ...
Cervantes Saavedra,Miguel de
Cer·van·tes Sa·a·ve·dra (sər-vănʹtēz sä'ə-vāʹdrə, thĕr-bänʹtĕs sä'ä-bĕthʹrä), Miguel de. 1547-1616. Spanish writer who is best known for his classic ...
Cervantes, Miguel de
▪ Spanish writer Introduction in full  Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra  born September 29?, 1547, Alcalá de Henares, Spain died April 22, 1616, Madrid  Spanish novelist, ...
cervelat
/serr"veuh lat', -lah', ser"-/, n. a type of smoked sausage made of beef or pork, fat, and seasonings: originally made of brains. Also, cervelas /sur"veuh lah', ser"-/. [1605-15; ...
cervellière
/serr'veuhl yair"/, n. Armor. a close-fitting cap of mail or plate; coif. Also, cervelière. [ < F, deriv. of cervelle brain. See CEREBELLUM; for formation, see BRASSIERE] * * *
Cervera y Topete
/therdd ve"rddah ee taw pe"te, serdd-/ Pascual /pahs kwahl"/, 1839-1909, Spanish admiral. * * *
Cervera y Topete, Pascual
▪ Spanish admiral born Feb. 18, 1839, Medina Sidonia, Spain died April 3, 1909, Puerto Real       Spanish admiral whose fleet was destroyed in battle off Cuba in the ...
cerveza
/serdd ve"sah, therdd ve"thah/; Eng. /seuhr vay"seuh/, n., pl. cervezas /-sahs, -thahs/; Eng. /-seuhz/. Spanish. beer. * * *
Cervi, Gino
▪ Italian actor born May 3, 1901, Bologna, Italy died Jan. 3, 1974, Punta Ala       Italian character actor and manager best-known outside of Italy for his film ...
cervical
/serr"vi keuhl/, adj. Anat. of or pertaining to the cervix or neck. [1675-85; < L cervic- (s. of cervix) neck + -AL1] * * *
cervical cancer
▪ pathology Introduction       disease characterized by the abnormal growth of cells in the cervix, the region of the uterus that joins the vagina. Cervical cancer was ...
cervical cap
a contraceptive device made of rubberlike plastic and fitted over the cervix, where it may be kept for long periods without removal. [1920-25] * * *
cervical erosion
▪ pathology       ulceration of the lining of the uterine (uterine cervix) cervix made evident by bright red or pink spots around its opening. The cervix is the part of ...
cervical plexus
a network of nerves branching from the spinal nerves of the neck region and innervating the neck, chest, diaphragm, and part of the face. * * *
cervical spondylosis
Degenerative disease of the neck vertebrae. Compression of the spinal cord and cervical nerves by narrowing of spaces between vertebrae causes radiating neck or arm pain and ...
cervicalcap
cervical cap n. A small, rubber, cup-shaped contraceptive device that fits over the uterine cervix to prevent the entry of sperm. * * *
cervices
/seuhr vuy"seez, serr"veuh seez'/, n. a pl. of cervix. * * *
cervicitis
/serr'veuh suy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the cervix. [1885-90; < L cervic- (see CERVICAL) + -ITIS] * * * Inflammation of the cervix of the uterus, caused by infection or ...
cervico-
cervico- [sʉr′vi kō΄, sʉr′vikə] 〚< L cervix, neck〛 combining form cervical [cervicitis]: also, before a vowel, cervic- * * *
cervid
/serr"vid/, n. Zool. any member of the deer family, Cervidae, comprising deer, caribou, elk, and moose, characterized by the bearing of antlers in the male or in both ...
Cervin
/serdd vaonn"/, n. Mont /mawonn/. French name of the Matterhorn. * * *
cervine
/serr"vuyn, -vin/, adj. 1. deerlike. 2. of deer or the deer family. 3. of a deep tawny color. [1825-35; < L cervinus of, pertaining to a deer, equiv. to cerv(us) deer + -inus ...
cervix
—cervical /serr"vi keuhl/, adj. /serr"viks/, n., pl. cervixes, cervices /seuhr vuy"seez, serr"veuh seez'/. Anat. 1. the neck, esp. the back part. 2. any necklike part, esp. the ...
Cerynean stag
/ser"euh nee"euhn, ser'-/, Class. Myth. a stag living in Arcadia, captured by Hercules as one of his labors. Also called Cerynean hind. * * *
Césaire
/say zerdd"/, n. Aimé Fernand /e may" ferdd nahonn"/, born 1913, West Indian poet. * * *
Césaire, Aimé
▪ Martinican author and politician in full  Aimé-Fernand-David Césaire  born June 26, 1913, Basse-Pointe, Mart. died April 17, 2008, Fort-de-France  Martinican poet, ...
Césaire, Aimé (-Fernand)
born June 25, 1913, Basse-Pointe, Mart. Martinican poet and playwright. Educated in Paris, Césaire returned to Martinique to be elected to the National Assembly as a ...
Cesaire, Aime-Fernand-David
▪ 2009       Martinican poet, playwright, and politician born June 26, 1913, Basse-Pointe, Martinique died April 17, 2008, Fort-de-France, Martinique was cofounder of ...
Césaire, AiméFernand
Cé·saire (sā-zârʹ), Aimé Fernand. Born 1913. Martinique-born poet, playwright, and politician who contributed to the development of the concept of negritude. His primarily ...
Cesalpino, Andrea
▪ Italian physician, philosopher, and botanist Latin  Andreas Caesalpinus   born June 6, 1519, Arezzo, Tuscany [Italy] died Feb. 23, 1603, Rome       Italian ...
César
(as used in expressions) Alexandre César Léopold Bizet Dumont d'Urville Jules Sébastien César Faidherbe Louis Léon César Franck César Auguste La Harpe Frédéric César ...
César Chávez
➡ Chávez * * *
Cesare
(as used in expressions) Beccaria Cesare Borgia Cesare Pavese Cesare * * *
Cesarean
/si zair"ee euhn/, n. (sometimes l.c.) 1. Also called Cesarean section, C-section. an operation by which a fetus is taken from the uterus by cutting through the walls of the ...
cesarean (section)
cesarean (section) [sə zer′ē ən] n. 〚from the ancient story (by assoc. of the name Caesar with L caedere: see CAESAR2 (Gaius) Julius(Gaius) Julius) that Caesar or an ...
cesarean section
or C-section Surgical removal of a fetus from the uterus through an abdominal incision at or before full term. It is usually performed when vaginal delivery would endanger the ...
cesareansection
cesarean section also caesarean section n. A surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus, performed to deliver a fetus.   [From the traditional belief that Caesar, ...
cesarevitch
/si zair"euh vich, -zahr"-/, n. the eldest son of a czar. Cf. czarevitch. [1830-40; see CZAREVITCH] * * *
cesarian
ce·sar·i·an (sĭ-zârʹē-ən) adj. & n. Variant of cesarean. * * *
Cesarotti, Melchiorre
▪ Italian author born May 15, 1730, Padua, Republic of Venice [Italy] died Nov. 4, 1808, Selvazzano, near Padua       Italian poet, essayist, translator, and literary ...
Cesca chair
/ches"keuh/ a chair, with or without arms, designed by Marcel Breuer in 1928, having a cantilevered frame of chromium-plated or stainless tubular steel and a seat and back of ...
Cesena
/che ze"nah/, n. a city in E central Italy. 86,070. * * * ▪ Italy       town, Emilia-Romagna regione, northern Italy, on the Savio River at the northern foot of the ...
Cēsis
▪ Latvia German  Wenden,  Russian  Tsesis,         city and district centre, Latvia, situated on the Gauja River at the foot of the Vidzeme (Livonia) highlands, 55 ...
cesium
/see"zee euhm/, n. a rare, highly reactive, soft, metallic element of the alkali metal group, used chiefly in photoelectric cells. Symbol: Cs; at. wt.: 132.905; at. no.: 55; sp. ...
cesium 137
Chem. the radioactive cesium isotope with mass number 137 and a half-life of 33 years: used for gamma irradiation of certain foods and for radiation therapy. Also called ...
Ceské Budejovice
/ches"ke boo"dye yaw vi tse/ a city in the S Czech Republic, on the Vltava River. 99,000. German, Budweis. * * * ▪ Czech Republic German  Budweis        city, ...
Československo
Československo [ches′kō̂ slō̂ ven′skō̂] Czech name for CZECHOSLOVAKIA * * *
Çeşme, Battle of
▪ Turkish history Çeşme also spelled  Cheshme        (July 6–7, 1770), naval clash in which a Russian fleet defeated and destroyed the Ottoman fleet at the ...
Cesnola, Luigi Palma di
▪ United States military officer and archaeologist born June 29, 1832, Rivarolo, Piedmont, kingdom of Sardinia [Italy] died Nov. 21, 1904, New York, N.Y., ...
Céspedes (y Borja del Castillo), Carlos Manuel de
born April 18, 1819, Bayamo, Cuba died March 22?, 1874, San Lorenzo Cuban revolutionary hero. Born to a prominent plantation family, he studied law in Spain. On returning to ...
Céspedes y Meneses, Gonzalo de
▪ Spanish writer born 1585?, Madrid, Spain died 1638, Madrid       Spanish writer of histories and short stories.       Céspedes is best known for his early ...
Céspedes, Carlos Manuel de
▪ Cuban revolutionary in full  Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Borja del Castillo  born April 18, 1819, Bayamo, Cuba died Feb. 27, 1874, San Lorenzo       Cuban ...
Céspedes, Pablo de
▪ Spanish author, artist, and architect born 1538, Córdoba, Spain died July 26, 1608, Córdoba       Spanish poet, painter, sculptor, and ...
cespitose
—cespitosely, adv. /ses"pi tohs'/, adj. Bot. forming mats; growing in dense tufts. Also, caespitose. [1785-95; < NL cespitosus, equiv. to L cespit- (s. of cespes, var. of ...
cespitosely
See cespitose. * * *
cess
cess1 /ses/, n. 1. Brit. a tax, assessment, or lien. 2. (in Scotland) a land tax. 3. (in Ireland) a military assessment. 4. (in India) an import or sales tax on a ...
cessation
/se say"sheuhn/, n. a temporary or complete stopping; discontinuance: a cessation of hostilities. [1350-1400; ME cessacio(u)n < L cessation- (s. of cessatio) delay, inactivity, ...
cessative
/ses"euh tiv, se say"-/, adj. (of a verbal form or aspect) expressing cessation. [ < L cessat(us) (ptp. of cessare to delay) + -IVE] * * *
cessio bonorum
▪ Roman law       (Latin: “a cession of goods”), in Roman law, a voluntary surrender of goods by a debtor to his creditors. It did not amount to a discharge of the ...
cession
/sesh"euhn/, n. 1. act of ceding, as by treaty. 2. something that is ceded, as territory. [1350-1400; ME < L cession- (s. of cessio) a giving up, equiv. to cess(us) ptp. of ...
cessionary
/sesh"euh ner'ee/, n., pl. cessionaries. Law. an assignee or grantee. [1605-15; < ML cessionarius, equiv. to cession- CESSION + -arius -ARY] * * *
Cessna, Clyde Vernon
▪ American aviator and manufacturer born Dec. 5, 1879, Hawthorne, Iowa, U.S. died Nov. 20, 1954, near Rago, Kan.       American aviator and aircraft manufacturer who ...
cesspipe
/ses"puyp'/, n. a waste pipe, esp. one discharging from a cesspool. [CESS(POOL) + PIPE1] * * *
cesspit
/ses"pit'/, n. a pit for receiving wastes, as sewage, or other refuse. [1860-65; CESS(POOL) + PIT1] * * *
cesspool
/ses"poohl'/, n. 1. a cistern, well, or pit for retaining the sediment of a drain or for receiving the sewage from a house. 2. any filthy receptacle or place. 3. any place of ...
cesta
/ses"teuh/, n. Jai Alai. a narrow, curved basket fitted on one end to a wooden handle with a glovelike compartment at the base, for catching and throwing the ball. [1900-05; < ...
Cesti
/ches"tee/, n. Marcantonio /mahrdd'kahn taw"nyaw/, 1623-69, Italian composer. * * *
Cesti, Pietro Antonio
▪ Italian composer byname  Marc' Antonio  baptized Aug. 5, 1623, Arezzo, Tuscany [Italy] died Oct. 14, 1669, Florence       composer who, with Francesco Cavalli, was ...
cestode
/ses"tohd/, n. 1. a parasitic platyhelminth or flatworm of the class Cestoda, which comprises the tapeworms. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the Cestoda. [1830-40; < NL ...
cestodiasis
▪ pathology also called  Tapeworm Infestation,         infestation with cestodes, a group of flattened and tapelike hermaphroditic worms that are intestinal parasites ...
cestoid
/ses"toyd/, adj. 1. Zool. (of worms) ribbonlike. n. 2. cestode. [1830-40; < NL cestoides. See CESTUS1, -OID] * * *
cestus
cestus1 /ses"teuhs/, n., pl. cesti /-tuy/. 1. a girdle or belt, esp. as worn by women of ancient Greece. 2. Class. Myth. the girdle of Venus, decorated with every object that ...
cesura
—cesural, adj. /seuh zhoor"euh, -zoor"euh, siz yoor"euh/, n., pl. cesuras, cesurae /seuh zhoor"ee, -zoor"ee, siz yoor"ee/. caesura. * * *
CET
CET abbr. Central European Time. * * *
cet-
a combining form meaning "whale," used in the formation of compound words: cetane. [comb. form repr. Gk kêtos whale] * * *
cet. par.
See ceteris paribus. * * *
cet.par.
cet. par. abbr. ceteris paribus. * * *
CETA
/see"teuh/, n. Comprehensive Employment and Training Act. * * *
cetacean
—cetaceous, adj. /si tay"sheuhn/, adj. 1. belonging to the Cetacea, an order of aquatic, chiefly marine mammals, including the whales and dolphins. n. 2. a cetacean ...
cetaceum
/see tay"shee euhm, -see euhm/, n. spermaceti. [ < NL, neut. of cetaceus; see CETACEAN] * * *
cetane
/see"tayn/, n. a colorless, liquid hydrocarbon of the alkane series, C16H34, used as a solvent and in cetane number determinations. [1930-35; CET(YL) + -ANE] * * *
cetane number
a measure of the ignition quality of a diesel engine fuel by comparison with various mixtures in which the alpha form of methylnaphthalene is given a standard value of 0 and ...
cetanenumber
cetane number n. The performance rating of a diesel fuel, corresponding to the percentage of cetane in a cetane-methylnaphthalene mixture with the same ignition performance. A ...
Cetatea Alba
/che tah"tyah ahl"beuh/ Rumanian name of Belgorod-Dnestrovsky. * * *
cete
/seet/, n. a number of badgers together. [1400-50; late ME, of obscure orig.; perh. var. of ME cite CITY, a usage suggested by similarity of ME forms for BOROUGH and BURROW] * * *
ceteris paribus
/kay"te rddees' pah"rddi boos'/; Eng. /set"euhr is par"euh beuhs/, Latin. other things being equal. * * *
ceterisparibus
ce·ter·is par·i·bus (kā'tər-ĭs părʹə-bəs) adv. Abbr. cet. par. With all other factors or things remaining the same.   [New Latin cēterīs pāribus, with other ...
cetin
/seet"n/, n. Biochem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble fat, C32H64O2, obtained from spermaceti by extraction with ether: used chiefly as an emulsive agent in the manufacture ...
Cetina, Gutierre de
▪ Spanish poet born 1520?, Sevilla, Spain died 1557?       Spanish poet, author of “Ojos claros serenos” (“Clear, Serene Eyes”), one of the most frequently ...
Cetinje
/tse"ti nye/, n. a city in S Yugoslavia: former capital of Montenegro. 22,032. * * * ▪ Montenegro  city, Montenegro, historic capital of Montenegro. It lies 2,198 feet (670 ...
ceto-
var. of cet- before a consonant: cetology. * * *
cetological
See cetology. * * *
cetologist
See cetological. * * *
cetology
—cetological /seet'l oj"i keuhl/, adj. —cetologist, n. /see tol"euh jee/, n. the branch of zoology dealing with whales and dolphins. [1850-55; CET- + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
Cetshwayo
born с 1826, near Eshowe, Zululand [S.Af.] died Feb. 8, 1884, Eshowe Last great king of the Zulus (r. 1872–79). Nephew of the great Shaka, Cetshwayo commanded a disciplined ...
Ceṭṭi
▪ Indian castes       group of castes widespread in southern India, roughly corresponding to the Banias, a similar group of merchant castes in the north. They specialize ...
Cetura
/si toor"euh/, n. Douay Bible. Keturah. * * *
Cetus
/see"teuhs, say"-/, n., gen. Ceti /see"tuy, say"tee/. Astron. the Whale, a constellation lying above the equator, containing the variable star Mira. [ < L; see CET-] * * *
cetyl alcohol
/seet"l/ a white, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, C16H34O, used chiefly as an emollient in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. Also, cetylic alcohol /si til"ik/. Also called ...
cetylalcohol
ce·tyl alcohol (sētʹl) n. A waxy alcohol, C15H33OH, used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.   [Latin cētus, whale; see Cetus + -yl.] * * *
cetylic acid.
See palmitic acid. [CETYL + -IC] * * *
Ceuta
/syooh"teuh/; Sp. /the"oo tah, se"-/, n. a seaport and enclave of Spain in N Morocco, on the Strait of Gibraltar. 67,187. * * * Arabic Sebta Spanish enclave (pop., 2001: ...
Ceva, Giovanni
▪ Italian mathematician and engineer born 1647/1648, Milan [Italy] died 1734, Mantua [Italy]       Italian mathematician, physicist, and hydraulic engineer best known ...
Ceva, Tommaso
▪ Italian mathematician and poet born December 20, 1648, Milan [Italy] died February 3, 1737, Milan       Jesuit mathematician and poet, who was the younger brother of ...
Cevdet Paşa, Ahmed
▪ Turkish statesman, historian, and author born March 22, 1822, Lovča, Ottoman Empire [now Lovech, Bulg.] died May 25, 1895, Istanbul [now in Turkey]       statesman ...
Cévennes
/say ven"/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a mountain range in S France. Highest peak, Mt. Mézenc, 5753 ft. (1754 m). * * * ▪ mountain range, France       mountain range of ...
Cévennes National Park
▪ park, Lozère/Gard, France       nature reserve located in the départements of Lozère and Gard, southern France. The park, created in 1970, occupies 353 square miles ...
ceviche
/seuh vee"chay, -chee/, n. an appetizer of small pieces of raw fish marinated in lime or lemon juice, often with onions, peppers, and spices. Also, seviche. [1950-55; < AmerSp ...
cevitamic acid
cevitamic acid [sē΄vī tam′ik, sē΄vitam′ik] n. 〚< C + VITAM( + -IC〛 ASCORBIC ACID * * *
Cewa
/chay"wah/, n., pl. Cewas, (esp. collectively) Cewa. Chewa. * * *
Ceyhan River
▪ river, Turkey Turkish  Ceyhan Nehri , historically  Pyramus        river, southern Turkey, rising in the Nurhak Mountains of the Eastern Taurus range, northeast ...
Ceylon
/si lon", say-/, n. former name of Sri Lanka. * * *
Ceylon cinnamon.
See under cinnamon (def. 1). * * *
Ceylon gooseberry
kitembilla. * * *
Ceylon ironwood
▪ tree       (species Mesua ferrea), tropical tree of the garcinia family (Clusiaceae), cultivated in tropical climates for its form, foliage, and fragrant flowers. The ...
Ceylon moss
a seaweed, Gracilaria lichenoides, of Ceylon and the East Indies: one of the algae from which agar is obtained. [1860-65] * * *
Ceylon tea
➡ Sri Lanka * * *
Ceylonese
/see'leuh neez", -nees", say'-/, adj., n., pl. Ceylonese. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of ...
Ceyx
Ce·yx (sēʹĭks) n. Greek Mythology The husband of Alcyone. * * *
Cézanne
/si zan"/; Fr. /say zannn"/, n. Paul /pawl/, 1839-1906, French painter. * * *
Cézanne, Paul
born Jan. 19, 1839, Aix-en-Provence, France died Oct. 22, 1906, Aix-en-Provence French painter, one of the founders of modern painting. In 1859 he entered law school; in 1861 ...
Cézanne,Paul
Cé·zanne (sā-zănʹ, -zänʹ), Paul. 1839-1906. French artist and leading postimpressionist figure. His most famous paintings include Mont Sainte-Victoire (1885-1887) and The ...
Cézannesque
See Cézanne, Paul. * * *
CF
1. Christian female. 2. Also, cf cubic foot; cubic feet. 3. cystic fibrosis. * * *
Cf
Symbol, Chem. californium. * * *
cf.
1. Bookbinding. calf. 2. Music. cantus firmus. 3. Baseball. center fielder. 4. compare. [ < L confer] * * *
CFA
Trademark. Chartered Financial Analyst. * * *
CFA franc
a monetary unit used by several countries in West Africa, including Benin, Ivory Coast, Niger, Senegal, Togo, and Burkina Faso. Also, C.F.A. franc. [abbrev. of Communauté ...
CFC
CFC abbrev. chlorofluorocarbon * * * CFC abbr. chlorofluorocarbon. * * *
cfd
cubic feet per day. * * *
CFE
➡ college of further education * * *
CFG
Camp Fire Girls. See under Camp Fire. * * *
cfh
cubic feet per hour. * * *
CFI
CFI or cfi abbrev. cost, freight, and insurance * * * CFI abbr. cost, freight, and insurance. * * *
CFIDS
CFIDS (sēʹfĭdz') abbr. chronic fatigue immune dysfunction syndrome. * * *
CFL
Canadian Football League. * * *
cfm
cubic feet per minute. * * *
CFNP
Community Food and Nutrition Programs. * * *
CFO
chief financial officer. Also, C.F.O. * * *
CFP
certified financial planner. * * *
CFR
Code of Federal Regulations. * * *
cfs
cubic feet per second. * * *
CFS
chronic fatigue syndrome. * * *
CFT
Med. See complement fixation test. * * *
CFTC
See Commodity Futures Trading Commission. * * *
CG
Commanding General. * * *
cg
centigram; centigrams. * * *
CG-4
▪ aircraft in full  CG-4A,  also called  Waco   the principal U.S.-built glider of World War II. It was used in airborne operations to deliver assault troops to their ...
CGI
in full Common Gateway Interface. Specification by which a Web server passes data between itself and an application program. Typically, a Web user will make a request of the ...


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