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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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centigram; centigrams. * * *
cyclic GMP. * * *
centimeter-gram-second. Also, CGS, c.g.s. * * *
Survey., Civ. Engin. chain; chains. * * *
/chahn/, n. Chinese. Zen (def. 1). * * *       form of Mahāyāna Buddhism that arose in China and reached its culmination in the Zen school of Japan. See Zen. (Zen) * * *
(as used in expressions) Ch'ang an Ch'ang ch'un Ch'ang sha Nan ch'ang Wu ch'ang I ch'ang Tung Ch'i ch'ang Mu hsi Fa ch'ang Ch'ang Chiang * * *
Ch'ang Ch'un
/chahng" choon"/ monastic name of Ch'iu Ch'u-chi. * * *
Ch'ang O
▪ Chinese deity Pinyin  Chang O,    the Chinese moon goddess whose loveliness is celebrated in poems and novels. She sought refuge in the moon when her consort, Hou I (the ...
▪ Chinese monk Pinyin  Changchun , monastic name  Chiu Chu-chi , Pinyin  Jiu Zhuji  born 1148, Chi-hsia, China died 1227, Peking       Taoist monk and alchemist ...
Chin. /chahng"joh"/, n. Wade-Giles. Changzhou. * * *
/chun/, n. a dynasty that ruled in China A.D. 557-89. Also, Chen. * * *
Ch'en Tu-hsiu
/chun" dooh"shyooh"/ Wade-Giles. See Chen Duxiu. * * *
(as used in expressions) Ch'eng tu Ch'eng tsung Ch'eng Hao and Ch'eng I Ch'eng Chu school Li Tzu ch'eng Wu Ch'eng en Cheng Ch'eng kung * * *
Ch'eng Huang
▪ Chinese deity Pinyin  Cheng Huang   (Chinese: “Wall and Moat”), in Chinese mythology, the spiritual magistrate and guardian deity of Chinese cities. Because dead ...
Ch'eng Tsu
Chin. /chung" dzooh"/. See Yung Lo. Also, Cheng Zu /chung" zooh"/. * * *
Ch'eng-Chu school
/cheng"jooh"/, Philos. See School of Law. Also, Cheng-Zhu school. * * *
/chyee/, n. one of two dynasties that ruled in China A.D. 479-502 and, as the Northern Ch'i, A.D. 550-77. * * * ▪ ancient kingdom [771-221 BC], China Pinyin  Qi, ...
(as used in expressions) K'ou Ch'ien chih Ch'ien lung emperor Chang Ta ch'ien * * *
Ch'ien Lung
/chyen" loong"/, (Kao Tsung) 1711-99, Chinese emperor of the Ch'ing dynasty 1736-96. Also, Kien Lung. * * *
Ch'ien-lung (chyĕnʹlo͝ongʹ) See Qianlong. * * * ▪ emperor of Ch’ing dynasty Introduction Pinyin  Qian-long , temple name (miao-hao)  Kao-tsung , posthumous name ...
/chin/; Chin. /cheen/, n. a Chinese zither consisting of an oblong, slightly curved wooden box over which are stretched strings that are stopped with one hand and plucked with ...
/chin/; Chin. /cheen/, n. a dynasty in ancient China, 221-206 B.C., marked by the emergence of a unified empire and the construction of much of the Great Wall of China. Also, ...
Ch'in Shih Huang Ti
Chin. /chin" shue" hwahng" dee"/. See Shih Huang Ti. * * *
/ching/, n. See under Manchu (def. 1). Also, Qing. Also called Ta Ch'ing. * * * (as used in expressions) Ch'ung ch'ing Ch'ing hai Kuan Han ch'ing Chiang Ch'ing Ch'ing hai ...
Ch'ing Hai
/ching" huy"/. See Qing Hai. * * *
/ching"huy"/, n. Wade-Giles. Qinghai. * * *
Ch'iu Ch'u-chi
/chyooh" chooh"jee"/, (Ch'ang Ch'un) 1148-1227, Chinese Taoist philosopher and author. * * *
Chin. /chyung"shahn"/, n. Wade-Giles. Qiongshan. * * *
Ch'oe Che-u
▪ Korean religious leader born 1824, North Kyŏngsang province, Korea [now in South Korea] died 1864, Seoul       founder of the Tonghak sect, a religion amalgamated ...
Ch'oe Kyŏng
▪ Korean painter also called Kunjae (Korean: “Prudent Study”) flourished 15th century, , Korea       one of the most famous Korean painters of the early Yi dynasty ...
Ch'oe Si-hyŏng
born 1827, Korea died 1898, Seoul Second leader of the Korean Tonghak (now Ch'ŏndogyo) religion. He organized the underground network that spread the apocalyptic, antiforeign ...
▪ South Korea       city, South Ch'ungch'ŏng do (province), western South Korea, south of Seoul. A transportation junction since ancient times, it is known by a famous ...
formerly Tonghak (Korean: "Eastern Learning") (Korean; "Religion of the Heavenly Way") Korean religion combining elements of Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism, shamanism, and Roman ...
Ch'ŏngch'ŏn River
▪ river, North Korea Korean  Ch'ŏngch'ŏn-gang        river, central North Korea. It rises in the Chŏgyu Mountains about 75 miles (120 km) northwest of the city of ...
▪ North Korea       city, capital of North Hamgyŏng province, northeastern North Korea (Korea, North). The city is situated along Kyŏngsŏng Bay, facing the East Sea ...
▪ South Korea       city, Ch'ungch'ŏng-puk do (province), central South Korea. An old inland rural city, it is now the political and economic centre of the province. ...
Ch'ü Yüan
/chyuu" yyuuahn"/ 343-289 B.C., Chinese poet: author of the Li-sao. * * *
▪ South Korea       city and provincial capital, Kangwŏn do (province), northern South Korea. It is in the basin formed by the confluence of the North Han and the ...
Ch'ungch'ŏng, North
▪ province, South Korea Korean in full  Ch'ungch'ŏng-pukto        do (province), central South Korea. The only province of South Korea with no seacoast, it is ...
Ch'ungch'ŏng, South
▪ province, South Korea Korean in full  Ch'ungch'ŏng-namdo        do (province), west-central South Korea. Facing the Yellow Sea to the west, it is bounded on the ...
▪ South Korea       city, North Ch'ungch'ŏng do (province), central South Korea. Connected with Seoul by water transport on the Han River, it was the administrative and ...
▪ Korean holiday also known as  Chungch'ujŏl , Kabae , or  Hangawi        Korean holiday celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month to commemorate the fall ...
1. Chaldean. 2. Chaldee. 3. Television. channel. 4. chapter. 5. Château. 6. Chess. check. 7. China. 8. Chinese. 9. church. * * *
1. chaplain. 2. chapter. 3. Chess. check. 4. chief. 5. child; children. 6. church. * * *
Ch. J.
Chief Justice. * * *
Bachelor of Surgery. [ < L Chirurgiae Baccalaureus] * * *
Chemical Engineer. * * *
/chah/, n. Chinese. tea. * * *
/chah"chah'/, n., pl. cha-chas, v., cha-chaed, cha-chaing. n. 1. a fast ballroom dance of Latin American origin, similar to the mambo, that follows a rhythmic pattern based upon ...
▪ Japanese architecture  small Japanese garden pavilion or room within a house, specifically designed for the tea ceremony. Ideally, the cha-shitsu, or tea house, is ...
Chaadayev, Pyotr (Yakovlevich)
born June 7, 1794, Moscow, Russia died April 26, 1856, Moscow Russian writer. In 1827–31 he wrote in French his Philosophical Letters, which explored among other issues ...
Chaadayev, Pyotr Yakovlevich
▪ Russian author Chaadayev also  Chaadaev  born June 7 [May 27, old style], 1794, Moscow died April 26 [April 14, O.S.], 1856, Moscow       intellectual and writer ...
Chaban-Delmas, Jacques
▪ 2001 Jacques Pierre Michel Delmas        French politician and Resistance fighter (b. March 7, 1915, Paris, France—d. Nov. 10, 2000, Paris), served as prime minister ...
/kab"euh zuyt'/, n. a zeolite mineral, essentially a hydrated sodium calcium aluminum silicate, occurring usually in red to colorless rhombohedral crystals. [1795-1805; earlier ...
/sha blee", sheuh-, shah-, shab"lee/; Fr. /shann blee"/, n., pl. Chablis /sha bleez", sheuh-, shah-, shab"leez/; Fr. /shann blee"/. 1. a dry white wine from the Burgundy region ...
Chabot, Philippe de, Seigneur De Brion
▪ French admiral also called  Admiral De Brion,  French  Amiral De Brion  born c. 1492 died June 1, 1543       grand admiral of France under Francis I, whose ...
/chah"book/, n. (in the Orient) a horsewhip, often used for inflicting corporal punishment. Also, chabuk. [1805-15; < Urdu chabuk < Pers] * * *
▪ Greek mercenary died 356 BC, Chios, Ionia       mercenary who fought with distinction for the Athenians against various enemies and for the kings of Cyprus and ...
/shah"bree ay'/; Fr. /shann brddee ay"/, n. Alexis Emmanuel /euh lek"sis i man"yooh euhl/; Fr. /ann lek see" e mann nyuu el"/, 1841-94, French composer. * * *
Chabrier, (Alexis-) Emmanuel
born Jan. 18, 1841, Ambert, Puy-de-Dôme, France died Sept. 13, 1894, Paris French composer. Though he was a piano prodigy, his parents obliged him to obtain a law degree and ...
Chabrier, Emmanuel
▪ French composer in full  Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier  born Jan. 18, 1841, Ambert, Puy-de-Dôme, France died Sept. 13, 1894, Paris       French composer whose best ...
Chabrol, Claude
born June 24, 1930, Paris, France French film director, screenwriter, and producer. After working in public relations in 20th Century-Fox's Paris office, he directed The ...
▪ Mayan deity  Mayan god of rain, especially important in the Yucatán region of Mexico where he was depicted in Classic times with protruding fangs, large round eyes, and a ...
Chacabuco, Battle of
▪ South American history       (Feb. 12, 1817), in the Latin American wars of independence, a victory won by South American patriots over Spanish royalists north of ...
▪ Venezuela       city, northwestern Miranda state, northern Venezuela. The city, in a valley in the central highlands, was formerly a commercial centre in an ...
Chacel, Rosa
▪ Spanish writer in full  Rosa Clotilde Cecilia María del Carmen Chacel Arimón  born June 3, 1898, Valladolid, Spain died July 27, 1994, Madrid       leading ...
Chacel, Rosa Clotilde Cecilia Maria del Carmen
▪ 1995       Spanish novelist and poet (b. June 3, 1898, Valladolid, Spain—d. July 27, 1994, Madrid, Spain), as a member of the Generation of 1927, balanced her dense ...
/chah'cheuh lah"keuh/; Sp. /chah'chah lah"kah/, n., pl. chachalacas /-keuhz/; Sp. /-kahs/. any of several slender guans of the genus Ortalis, of Central America, Mexico, and ...
▪ Peru       town, northern Peru. It lies at 7,657 feet (2,334 m) above sea level in the cool Utcubamba River valley. A site of ancient settlement, it is the oldest ...
▪ people also called  Cayapa        Indians of the coastal lowlands of western Ecuador, one of the few aboriginal groups left in the region. The Chachi speak a ...
/choch"keuh/, n. tchotchke. * * *
▪ Thailand       town, south-central Thailand, about 25 miles (40 km) east of Bangkok. It is a port on the Bang Pakong River. On the railway between Bangkok and the ...
/chak"euhl/, v.i., chackled, chackling. Brit. Dial. to chatter; jabber. [expressive form; cf. CHATTER, CACKLE] * * *
/chak"meuh/, n. a large, brownish-gray baboon, Papio ursinus, of southern Africa. [1825-35; ( < D) < Khoikhoi, first recorded as chöachamma (1691)] * * *       species ...
/chah"kaw/, n. 1. a part of the Gran Chaco region in central South America, in Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentina. ab. 100,000 sq. mi. (259,000 sq. km). 2. See Gran Chaco. * * ...
Chaco Boreal
▪ region, South America       region of distinctive vegetation occupying about 100,000 square miles (259,000 square km) in northwestern Paraguay, southeastern Bolivia, ...
Chaco Culture National Historical Park
National preserve, northwestern New Mexico, U.S. Established as a national monument in 1907, it was redesignated and renamed in 1980. Occupying 53 sq mi (137 sq km), it contains ...
Chaco War
(1932–35) Conflict between Bolivia and Paraguay over possession of the Chaco, a wilderness region thought to contain oil reserves. Bolivia, landlocked since the War of the ...
/sha kawn", -kon", shah-/; Fr. /shann kawn"/, n., pl. chaconnes /-kawnz", -konz"/; Fr. /-kawn"/. 1. an ancient dance, probably of Spanish origin, in moderate triple meter. 2. a ...
chacun à son goût
/shann kue nann sawonn gooh"/, French. each to one's own taste. * * *
/chad/, n. Computers. a small paper disk or square formed when a hole is punched in a punch card or paper tape. [1945-50; orig. uncert.] * * * Chad Introduction Chad - ...
/chad/, n. 1. Lake, a lake in Africa at the junction of four countries: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria. 5000 to 10,000 sq. mi. (13,000 to 26,000 sq. km) (seasonal ...
Chad, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped blue-yellow-red national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is unspecified.       When French West Africa was under ...
Chad, Lake
Lake, western Africa. Located at the juncture of the boundaries of Nigeria, Niger, and Chad, its southern part forms the northern extent of Cameroon. Fed by the Chari River, its ...
Chad, Saint
▪ English clergyman also called  Ceadda  died March 2, 672, Lichfield, Mercia, England; feast day, March 2       monastic founder, abbot, and first bishop of ...
Chad, Lake A shallow lake of north-central Africa in Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria. It was first explored by Europeans in 1823. * * *
/kheuh dah"rddim/, n. Yiddish. pl. ofcheder. * * *
/chad"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Republic of Chad, its inhabitants, or their language. n. 2. an inhabitant or native of the Republic of Chad. [CHAD + -IAN] * * *
/chad"ik/, n. a branch of the Afroasiatic family of languages, of which Hausa is the most widely spoken representative. [CHAD + -IC] * * *
Chadic languages
Introduction       largest family of languages in the Afro-Asiatic (Afro-Asiatic languages) phylum. Some 140 or more Chadic languages are spoken, predominantly in Niger, ...
/chud"euhr/, n. the traditional garment of Muslim and Hindu women, consisting of a long, usually black or drab-colored cloth or veil that envelops the body from head to foot and ...
▪ Nebraska, United States       city, seat of Dawes county, northwestern Nebraska, U.S., near the White River, a few miles south of the South Dakota state line, in the ...
/chad"wik/, n. 1. Florence (May), born 1918, U.S. long-distance swimmer. 2. George Whitefield, 1854-1931, U.S. composer. 3. James, 1891-1974, English physicist: discoverer of the ...
Chadwick, Florence
▪ 1996       U.S. swimmer who in 1950 broke the women's record for swimming the English Channel from France to England and in 1955 broke the world record for swimming ...
Chadwick, George Whitefield
▪ American composer born Nov. 13, 1854, Lowell, Mass., U.S. died April 4, 1931, Boston  composer of the so-called New England group, whose music is rooted in the traditions ...
Chadwick, H. Munro
▪ British historian in full  Hector Munro Chadwick   born Oct. 22, 1870, Thornhill Lees, Yorkshire, Eng. died Jan. 2, 1947, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       English ...
Chadwick, Lynn Russell
▪ 2004       British sculptor (b. Nov. 24, 1914, London, Eng.—d. April 25, 2003, Stroud, Gloucestershire, Eng.), was renowned for his skeletal iron and bronze ...
Chadwick, Sir Edwin
▪ British lawyer born Jan. 24, 1800, Longsight, Lancashire, Eng. died July 6, 1890, East Sheen, Surrey       lawyer and social reformer who devoted his life to sanitary ...
Chadwick, Sir James
▪ British physicist born Oct. 20, 1891, Manchester, Eng. died July 24, 1974, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       English physicist who received the Nobel Prize for Physics ...
Chad·wick (chădʹwĭk), Henry. 1824-1908. British-born American sportswriter who helped organize professional baseball. In 1869 he began an annual baseball handbook, which ...
Chadwick,Sir James
Chadwick, Sir James. 1891-1974. British physicist. He won a 1935 Nobel Prize for his discovery of the neutron. * * *
chae·bol (jĕʹbəl) n. pl. chaebol A conglomerate of businesses, usually owned by a single family, especially in Korea.   [Korean chaebŏl: chae, wealth (from Middle Chinese ...
/ker'euh nee"euh/, n. an ancient city in E Greece, in Boeotia: victory of Philip of Macedon over the Athenians, Thebans, and their allies, 338 B.C. * * * Ancient city, eastern ...
Chaeronea, Battle of
(338 BC) Battle in Boeotia, central Greece, in which Philip II of Macedonia defeated Thebes and Athens. The victory, partly credited to Philip's young son Alexander the Great, ...
/kee"teuh/, n., pl. chaetae /-tee/. Zool. a bristle or seta, esp. of a chaetopod. [ < NL < Gk chaíte long hair] * * *
a combining form meaning "hair," used in the formation of compound words: chaetophorous. [1865-70; comb. form repr. Gk chaíte; see CHAETA] * * *
/kee"tog nath', -teuhg-/, n. 1. any animal of the phylum Chaetognatha, comprising the arrowworms. adj. 2. Also, chaetognathan /kee tog"neuh theuhn/, chaetognathous. belonging or ...
See chaetognath. * * *
/ki tof"euhr euhs/, adj. Zool. bearing bristles; setigerous. [1875-80; CHAETO- + -PHOROUS] * * *
/kee"teuh pod'/, n. any annelid of the class or group Chaetopoda, having the body composed of more or less similar segments with muscular processes bearing setae. [1860-65; < NL ...
—chaetotactic /kee'teuh tak"tik/, adj. /kee"teuh tak'see/, n. Entomol. the arrangement of bristles on the exoskeleton of an insect. [1890-95; CHAETO- + -TAXY] * * *
Chafarinas Islands
▪ islands, Spain also spelled  Zafarin , or  Djaferin        three small rocky islets of the Spanish exclave of Melilla, located off northeastern Morocco, 7 miles ...
/chayf/, v., chafed, chafing, n. v.t. 1. to wear or abrade by rubbing: He chafed his shoes on the rocks. 2. to make sore by rubbing: Her collar chafed her neck. 3. to irritate; ...
Chafee, Zechariah, Jr.
born Dec. 7, 1885, Providence, R.I., U.S. died Feb. 8, 1957, Boston, Mass. U.S. legal scholar. He graduated from Harvard Law School and joined its faculty in 1916. Concerned ...
/chay"feuhr/, n. any scarabaeid beetle. [bef. 1000; ME cheaffer, chaver, OE ceofor; akin to G Käfer] * * * Any of several species of scarab beetle (most in the subfamily ...
/chayf"weed'/, n. See wood cudweed. [1540-50; CHAFE + WEED1] * * *
chaff1 —chaffless, adj. —chafflike, adj. /chaf, chahf/, n. 1. the husks of grains and grasses that are separated during threshing. 2. straw cut up for fodder. 3. worthless ...
Chaffee, Adna R
▪ United States army officer born Apr. 14, 1842, Orwell, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 1, 1914, Los Angeles  U.S. army officer who enlisted in the Union cavalry in 1861 and rose in ...
Chaffee, Emory Leon
▪ American physicist born April 15, 1885, Somerville, Mass., U.S. died March 8, 1975, Waltham, Mass.       U.S. physicist known for his work on thermionic vacuum ...
Chaffee, John Lester Hubbard
▪ 2000       American politician who served (1976–99) as a Republican U.S. senator from Rhode Island and was instrumental in fostering bipartisan solutions to ...
Chaffee, Roger B.
▪ American astronaut in full  Roger Bruce Chaffee  born Feb. 15, 1935, Grand Rapids, Mich., U.S. died Jan. 27, 1967, Cape Kennedy, Fla.  U.S. astronaut who was a member of ...
chaffer1 —chafferer, n. /chaf"euhr/, n. 1. bargaining; haggling. v.i. 2. to bargain; haggle: to chaffer over a price. 3. to bandy words; chatter: to chaffer about nothing in ...
See chaffer2. * * *
/chaf"inch/, n. a common finch, Fringilla coelebs, of the Old World, often kept as a pet. [1400-50; late ME chaffynche, OE ceaffinc. See CHAFF1, FINCH] * * * Songbird (Fringilla ...
—chaffiness, n. /chaf"ee, chah"fee/, adj., chaffier, chaffiest. consisting of, covered with, or resembling chaff. [1545-55; CHAFF1 + -Y1] * * *
chafing dish
/chay"fing/ 1. an apparatus consisting of a metal dish with a lamp or heating appliance beneath it, for cooking food or keeping it hot at the table. 2. a vessel that holds ...
chaf·ing dish (chāʹfĭng) n. A metal dish or pan mounted above a heating device and used to cook food or keep it warm at the table. * * *
/chah"geuh/, n., pl. Chagas, (esp. collectively) Chaga for 1. 1. a member of a Bantu people of northern Tanzania. 2. the Bantu language spoken by the Chaga. Also, chagga. * * ...
/chah"geuhl/, n. chagul. * * *
/sheuh gahl"/, n. Marc, 1887-1985, Russian painter in France. * * *
Chagall, Marc
born July 7, 1887, Vitebsk, Belorussia, Russian Empire died March 28, 1985, Saint-Paul, Alpes-Maritimes, France Belarusan French painter, printmaker, and designer. After ...
Cha·gall (shə-gälʹ, -gălʹ, shä-), Marc. 1887-1985. Russian-born artist noted for his dreamlike, fanciful imagery and brilliantly colored canvases. Among his works are two ...
Chagas' disease
/shah"geuhs/, Pathol. an infectious disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, occurring chiefly in tropical America and characterized by irregular fever, palpable lymph ...
Cha·gas' disease (shäʹgəs) n. A South American form of trypanosomiasis caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi that is characterized by fever and enlargement of the spleen ...
/chah'geuh tuy", chag'euh-, chah"geuh tuy', chag"euh-/, n. a Turkic literary language of medieval Central Asia. Also, Jagatai, Jaghatai. * * * ▪ Mongol ruler also spelled ...
Chagatai literature
      the body of written works produced in Chagatai, a classical Turkic literary language of Central Asia.       Chagatai literature took shape after the ...
Chagos Archipelago
/chah"gohs, -geuhs/ a group of islands in the British Indian Ocean Territory. ab. 75 sq. mi. (195 sq. km). * * * Island group, central Indian Ocean. Located about 1,000 mi ...
/chah"grddes/, n. a river in Panama, flowing through Gatun Lake into the Caribbean Sea. * * *
Chagres River
River, Panama. Rising in central Panama, it is part of the Panama Canal system and flows southwest where it is dammed to form Gatún Lake. It drains northwest out of the lake ...
/sheuh grin"/, n., v., chagrined or chagrinned, chagrining or chagrinning. n. 1. a feeling of vexation, marked by disappointment or humiliation. v.t. 2. to vex by disappointment ...
/chah"geuhl/, n. a bag made of goatskin: used in the Orient for carrying water. Also, chagal. [1905-10; < Hindi chagal < Skt chagala of a goat] * * *
/chah"hahrdd"/, n. Older Spelling. Qahar. * * * ▪ people also spelled  Chakhar,         eastern tribe of Mongols, prominent in the 15th and 16th centuries. The ...
Chahine, (Gabriel) Youssef
▪ 2009       Egyptian filmmaker born Jan. 25, 1926, Alexandria, Egypt died July 27, 2008, Cairo, Egypt crafted more than 40 films, including musicals, dramas, ...
/she/, n., pl. chais /she/. French. a shed or other aboveground building where a winemaker stores wine in casks. * * *
▪ India       town, southern Jharkhand state, northeastern India. It lies just west of the Raru River, which is a tributary of the Subarnarekha (Subarnarekha River). ...
Chaikin, Joseph
born Sept. 16, 1935, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. stage director, actor, and writer. He was a member of the Living Theatre before founding the Open Theatre (1963), which became an ...
/chuy kawf"skee, -kof"-/; Russ. /chyee kawf"skyee/, n. Pëtr Ilich Russ. /pyawtrdd ee lyeech"/. See Tchaikovsky, Pëtr Ilich. * * *
Chaillu Massif
▪ mountains, Central Africa       mountain range in south-central Gabon, which rises to more than 3,300 feet (1,000 m) between the Ngounié and the Ogooué (Ogooué ...
(as used in expressions) Chaim Jacob Lipchitz Potok Chaim Soutine Chaim Weizmann Chaim Azriel * * *
—chainless, adj. —chainlike, adj. /chayn/, n. 1. a series of objects connected one after the other, usually in the form of a series of metal rings passing through one ...
/chayn/, n. Sir Ernst Boris /errnst, ernst/, 1906-79, English biochemist, born in Germany: Nobel prize for medicine 1945. * * * (as used in expressions) chain silicate Pennine ...
chain coral
coral of the extinct genus Halysites, from the Ordovician and Silurian periods, consisting of oval, laterally compressed corallites united to form a chainlike ...
chain drive
—chain-driven /chayn"driv'euhn/, adj. a driving mechanism transmitting power by means of an endless chain. [1900-05] * * * Device widely used for the transmission of power ...
chain fern
any of several ferns of the genus Woodwardia, having a chainlike row of sori on either side of the midrib of each fertile leaflet. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
chain gang
a group of convicts chained together, esp. when working outside. [1825-35] * * *
chain gear
a gear assembly in which motion is transmitted by means of a chain. [1875-80] * * *
chain letter
a letter sent to a number of people, each of whom is asked to make and mail copies to other people who are to do likewise, often used as a means of spreading a message or raising ...
chain lightning
1. Chiefly Northeastern and Western U.S. lightning that seems to move very quickly in wavy or zigzag lines. 2. See bead lightning. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
chain locker
Naut. a compartment where the chain or cable of an anchor is stowed when the anchor is raised. * * *
chain mail
Armor. mail2 (def. 1). [1815-25] * * * or mail Form of body armour worn by European knights and other medieval warriors. An early form, made by sewing iron rings to fabric or ...
chain measure
measurement of distance using a chain 66 ft. (20 m) long, of which one link equals 7.9 in. (20.1 cm). * * *
chain of command
a series of administrative or military ranks, positions, etc., in which each has direct authority over the one immediately below. [1910-15] * * *
chain pickerel.
See under pickerel (def. 1). [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
chain plate
Naut. any of the metal plates secured to the hull of a sailing vessel or elsewhere to hold shrouds and backstays at their lower ends. [1685-95] * * *
chain pump
a pump consisting of buckets, plates, or the like, rising upon a chain within a cylinder for raising liquids entering the cylinder at the bottom. [1610-20] * * *
chain reaction
1. Physics. a self-sustaining reaction in which the fission of nuclei of one generation of nuclei produces particles that cause the fission of at least an equal number of nuclei ...
chain reactor
Physics. reactor (def. 4). [1940-45] * * *
chain rule
Math. the theorem that defines the method for taking the derivative of a composite function. [1860-65] * * *
chain saw
a power saw, usually portable, having teeth set on an endless chain. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
chain shot
cannon shot consisting of two balls or half balls connected by a short chain, formerly used in naval artillery to destroy the masts and sails of enemy ships. [1575-85] * * *
chain stitch
1. a kind of ornamental hand stitching in which each stitch forms a loop through the forward end of the next. 2. a basic crochet stitch in which yarn is pulled with the crochet ...
chain store
one of a group of retail stores under the same ownership and selling similar merchandise. [1905-10, Amer.] * * * ▪ retailing operation       any of two or more retail ...
chain wale
Naut. channel2. Also, chain-wale /chayn"wayl', chan"l/. [1605-15] * * *
Chain, Sir Ernst Boris
born June 19, 1906, Berlin, Ger. died Aug. 12, 1979, Ire. German-born British biochemist. With Howard Walter Florey he isolated and purified penicillin and performed the first ...
Chain,Sir Ernst Boris
Chain (chān), Sir Ernst Boris. 1906-1979. German-born British biochemist. He isolated and purified penicillin; for this achievement he shared a 1945 Nobel Prize with Sir ...
/chayn"lingk'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a chain-link fence, as in its diamond shapes or linked couplings: a chain-link fabric. [1895-1900] * * *
chain-link fence
a mesh fence made of thick steel wire and having a diamond-shaped pattern. * * *
/chayn"ree akt'/, v.i. to undergo or produce a chain reaction: Riots chain-reacted from one area to another in the city. * * *
chain-reacting pile
Physics. reactor (def. 4). [1945-50] * * *
/chayn"saw'/, v.t. 1. to cut or cut down (lumber, a tree, etc.) with a chain saw. v.i. 2. to use a chain saw. Also, chainsaw. * * *
—chain smoker. —chain-smoker, n. /chayn"smohk'/, v.i., v.t., chain-smoked, chain-smoking. to smoke continually, as by lighting one cigarette, cigar, etc., from the preceding ...
/chay"nij/, n. a length as measured by a surveyor's chain or tape. [1605-15; CHAIN + -AGE] * * *
/chayn"belt'/, n. a belt made up of metal links, used as a conveyor or with a chain gear. Also, chain belt. [1965-70; CHAIN + BELT] * * *
/she nay"/, n., pl. chaînés /-nayz"/; Fr. /-nay"/. Ballet. a series of short, usually rapid, turns performed in a straight line across the stage. [1945-50; < F, n. use of ptp. ...
Chained Lady
Astron. the constellation Andromeda. * * *
chain·fall (chānʹfôl') n. A hoisting device consisting of a chain suspended from or laid over a fixed, raised structure such as a beam, used to lift heavy objects, ...
chain fern n. Any of various terrestrial ferns of the genus Woodwardia, native chiefly to the Northern Hemisphere, having pinnately compound or divided leaves that when fertile ...
chain gang n. A group of convicts chained together, especially for outdoor labor. * * *
chaininitiation codon
chain initiation codon n. See start codon. * * *
chain letter n. A letter sent to a number of people asking each recipient to send copies with the same request to a specified number of others. The circulation of a chain letter ...
chain·link fence (chānʹlĭngk') n. A fence made of thick steel wire interwoven in a diamond pattern. * * *
chain mail n. Flexible armor made of joined metal links or scales. * * *
/chayn"meuhn/, n., pl. chainmen. Survey. a person who holds and positions a chain in taking measurements. [1705-15, Amer.; CHAIN + -MAN] * * *
chainof command
chain of command n. pl. chains of command A system whereby authority passes down from the top through a series of executive positions or military ranks in which each is ...
chain pickerel n. A freshwater game and food fish (Esox niger) of eastern North America. * * *
chain reaction n. 1. A series of events in which each induces or influences the next. 2. Physics. A multistage nuclear reaction, especially a self-sustaining series of fissions ...
chain saw n. A portable power saw with teeth linked in an endless chain.   chainʹ-saw' (chānʹsô') v. * * *
/chaynz"meuhn/, n., pl. chainsmen. Naut. a person who stands in the chains to take soundings; leadsman. [CHAIN + 's1 + -MAN] * * *
See chain-smoke. * * *
/chayn"stich'/, v.t., v.i. to sew or crochet using a chain stitch. [1860-65; v. use of CHAIN STITCH] * * *
chain store n. One of a number of retail stores under the same ownership and dealing in the same merchandise. * * *
chaintermination codon
chain termination codon n. See stop codon. * * *
/chayn"hweel', -weel'/, n. Mach. sprocket (def. 1). [1835-45; CHAIN + WHEEL] * * *
/chayn"werrk'/, n. any decorative product, handiwork, etc., in which parts are looped or woven together, like the links of a chain. [1545-55; CHAIN + WORK] * * *
—chairless, adj. /chair/, n. 1. a seat, esp. for one person, usually having four legs for support and a rest for the back and often having rests for the arms. 2. something that ...
chair bed
1. a chair that can be opened out to form a bed. 2. See bed chair. [1795-1805] * * *
chair car
Railroads. 1. a day coach having two adjustable seats on each side of a central aisle. 2. (not in technical use) See parlor car. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
chair rail
a molding on an interior wall for preventing the backs of chairs from rubbing against plaster. [1835-45] * * *
chair table
an article of furniture, produced esp. in colonial America, that can serve as either a table or a chair, having, as a chair, a large, usually circular, hinged back that can be ...
chair warmer
Informal. 1. an officeholder, employee, or the like, who accomplishes little, esp. a person who holds an interim position. 2. a person who lounges for long periods sitting in a ...
/chair"bawrn', -bohrn'/, adj. (of military, esp. Air Force, personnel) having a desk job rather than a field or combat assignment. [1940-45; b. CHAIR and AIRBORNE] * * *
chair car n. See parlor car. * * *
/chair"lay'dee/, n., pl. chairladies. chairwoman. [1920-25; CHAIR + LADY] * * *
/chair"lift'/, n. a series of chairs suspended from an endless cable driven by motors, for conveying skiers up the side of a slope. Also, chair lift. [1935-40, Amer.; CHAIR + ...
/chair"meuhn/, n., pl. chairmen, v. chairmaned or chairmanned, chairmaning or chairmanning. n. 1. the presiding officer of a meeting, committee, board, etc. 2. the administrative ...
chairman of the board
the chief officer of a business corporation, elected by its board of directors and charged with the supervision and management of high-level affairs of the company, as making ...
/chair"meuhn ship'/, n. the office or rank of chairman. [1840-50; CHAIRMAN + -SHIP] * * *
—chairpersonship, n. /chair"perr'seuhn/, n. 1. a person who presides over a meeting, committee, board, etc. 2. the administrative head of a department in a high school, ...
/chair"woom'euhn/, n., pl. chairwomen. a woman who presides over a meeting, committee, department, etc. Also called chairlady. [1690-1700; CHAIR + WOMAN] Usage. See ...
/shayz/, n. 1. a light, open carriage, usually with a hood, esp. a one-horse, two-wheeled carriage for two persons; shay. 2. See post chaise. 3. a chaise longue, esp. a light one ...
chaise longue
/shayz' lawng", chayz'/; Fr. /shez lawonn-g"/, pl. chaise longues, Fr. chaises longues /shez lawonn-g"/. a chair, with or without arms, for reclining, having a seat lengthened to ...
chaise lounge
chaise lounge [lounj] n. pl. chaise lounges 〚by folk etym.
chaise longue (shāz lôngʹ) n. pl. chaise longues or chaises longues (shāz lôngʹ) A reclining chair with a long seat that supports the outstretched legs.   [French : ...
/chuyt"yeuh/, n. a Buddhist shrine in India; stupa. [1870-75; < Skt caitya, deriv. of cita funeral pyre, akin to cinoti (he) piles up] * * *
Chajang Yulsa
flourished 7th century, Korea Korean Buddhist monk who attempted to make Buddhism the state religion. He went to Tang-dynasty China in 636 for seven years of study and practice ...
Chakkri Dynasty
▪ Thai dynasty Chakkri also spelled  Chakri,         Thailand's ruling house, founded by Rama I, who, under the title of Chao Phraya Chakkri (military commander of ...
▪ people       largest of the tribal populations in the Chittagong area in southeastern Bangladesh, numbering 350,000 in the late 20th century. The Chakma dwell in ...
/chuk"reuh/, n. Yoga. cakra. * * * In Hinduism and Tantra, any of 88,000 focal points in the human body where psychic forces and bodily functions can merge and interact. In ...
/chuk'reuh vahr"tin/, n. cakravartin. * * * or cakravartin Ancient Indian conception of the world ruler. Buddhist and Jain sources distinguish three types of secular ...
Chakri dynasty
Thailand's ruling family. Phraphutthayotfa Chulalok (1737–1809) founded the dynasty and ruled as Rama I (r. 1782–1809). He reorganized Siam's defenses to successfully repel ...
1. Chaldaic. 2. Chaldean. 3. Chaldee. * * *
cha·lah (KHäʹlə) n. Variant of challah. * * *
▪ El Salvador       city, northern El Salvador. It lies along the Tamulasco and Cholco rivers at an elevation of 1,660 feet (506 metres). Originally an Indian ...
Chalayan, Hussein
▪ 2001       The 2000 autumn-winter ready-to-wear show staged by Hussein Chalayan at Sadler's Wells, an east London dance theatre, was such a critical hit that it ...
—chalazal, chalazian /keuh lay"zee euhn/, adj. /keuh lay"zeuh/, n., pl. chalazas, chalazae /-zee/. 1. Zool. one of the two albuminous twisted cords which fasten an egg yolk to ...
See chalaza. * * *
/keuh lay"zee euhn/, n., pl. chalazia /-zee euh/. Ophthalm. sty. [1700-10; < Gk, dim. of chálaza; see CHALAZA] * * *
/kal kan"thuyt/, n. Mineral. See blue vitriol. [1855-60; < L chalcanth(um) ( < Gk chálkanthon blue vitriol, lit., flower of copper, equiv. to chalk(ós) copper + ánth(os) ...
—Chalcedonian /kal'si doh"nee euhn/, adj., n. /kal"si don', kal seed"n/, n. 1. an ancient city in NW Asia Minor, on the Bosporus, opposite Byzantium. 2. Council of, the ...
Chalcedon, Council of
(451) Fourth ecumenical council of the Christian Church, held in Chalcedon (modern Kadiköy, Turkey). Called by the emperor Marcian, it approved the creeds of Nicaea (325) and ...
See chalcedony. * * *
—chalcedonic /kal'si don"ik/, chalcedonous, adj. /kal sed"n ee, kal"seuh doh'nee/, n., pl. chalcedonies. a microcrystalline, translucent variety of quartz, often milky or ...
▪ Aztec goddess also spelled  Chalchihuitlicue (Nahuatl: She Who Wears a Jade Skirt) , also called  Matlalcueye (She Who Wears a Green Skirt)        Aztec goddess ...
chalcid [kal′sid] n. 〚< ModL Chalcis (gen. Chalcidis), name of the type genus < Gr chalkos, copper: so named because of their metallic color〛 any of a large family ...
/kal"sid fluy'/, n., pl. chalcidflies. any of numerous small flies of the family Chalcididae, often having bright metallic coloration, the larvae of which are chiefly parasitic ...
See Chalcidice. * * *
Chalcidian alphabet
▪ writing system also called  Chalcidic,         one of several variants of the Greek alphabet, used in western Greece (Évvoia) and in some of the Greek colonies in ...
Chalcidian League
▪ Greek political organization       (432–348 BC), confederacy of the Greek cities of Chalcidice in northeastern Greece directed at first against Athens and later, ...
/kal sid"euh see/, n. a peninsula in NE Greece. Greek, Khalkidike. * * * ▪ peninsula, Greece Modern Greek  Khalkidhikí         peninsula, northern Greece, and a ...
/kal sid"i keuhm/, n., pl. chalcidica /-keuh/. 1. an annex of an ancient Roman basilica. 2. an annex or appendage, esp. a narthex, of an early Christian basilica. [1720-30; < L, ...
/kal"sis/; Gr. /khahl kees"/, n. a city on Euboea, in SE Greece. 36,300. * * * ▪ ancient town, Greece Modern Greek  Khalkís        capital, nomós (department) of ...
a learned borrowing from Greek meaning "copper," used in the formation of compound words: chalcolithic. [ < Gk chalko-, comb. form of chalkós copper] * * *
/kal"keuh suyt'/, n. a common mineral, cuprous sulfide, Cu2S: an important ore of copper. [1865-70; irreg. CHALCO- + (ANTHRA)CITE] * * * Sulfide mineral, Cu2S, that may be an ...
Chalcocondyles, Laonicus
▪ Byzantine historian also spelled  Laonicus Chalcondyles  or  Laonikos Chalkokondyles  born c. 1423, Athens, Greece, Byzantine Empire [now in Greece] died ...
/kal"keuh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. Chem. any of the elements oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium, and polonium, which form the VIa group in the periodic table. [1960-65; CHALCHO- + ...
/kal"keuh jeuh nuyd', kal koj"euh-/, n. Chem. a binary compound consisting of a chalcogen and a more electropositive element or radical. [CHALCOGEN + -IDE] * * *
—chalcographer, chalcographist, n. —chalcographic /kal'keuh graf"ik/, chalcographical, adj. /kal kog"reuh fee/, n. the art of engraving on copper or brass. [1655-65; CHALCO- ...
/kal"keuh luyt'/, n. Mineral. torbernite. [1795-1805; CHALCO- + -LITE] * * *
/kal'keuh lith"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Copper Age; Aeneolithic. [1900-05; CHALCO- + -LITHIC] * * *
Chalcolithic Age
      beginning of the Bronze Age (q.v.). * * *
/kal"keuh fuyl'/, adj. 1. (of a chemical element in the earth) having an affinity for sulfur. n. 2. a chalcophile element. [CHALCO- + -PHILE] * * *
/kal'keuh puy"ruyt/, n. a very common mineral, copper iron sulfide, CuFeS2, occurring in brass-yellow crystals or masses: the most important ore of copper; copper ...
/kal'keuh stib"uyt/, n. a mineral, antimony copper sulfide, CuSbS2, occurring in lead-gray crystals. [1865-70; CHALCO- + STIB(IUM) + -ITE1] * * *
/kal'keuh trik"uyt/, n. Mineral. a fibrous variety of cuprite. [1865-70; < G Chalkotrichit; see CHALCO-, TRICH-, -ITE1] * * *
1. Chaldaic. 2. Chaldean. 3. Chaldee. * * *

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