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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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/boh zar"is, -zahr"-/, n. Marco /mahr"koh/, 1788?-1823, Greek patriot. Also, Botsares. * * *
1. beautiful people; beautiful person. 2. B.P.(def. 4). 3. blood pressure. * * *
formerly Anglo-Persian Oil Co., Ltd., British Petroleum Co. PLC, and BP Amoco British petrochemical corporation. Formed in 1909 as the Anglo-Persian Oil Co., Ltd., to finance ...
1. baptized. 2. birthplace. 3. bishop. * * *
B particle n. Either of two subatomic particles in the meson family, one neutral and one positively charged, both of which have masses 10,331 times that of an electron and ...
barrels per day. Also, B.P.D. * * *
BPE or B.P.E. abbrev. Bachelor of Physical Education * * * BPE abbr. Bachelor of Physical Education. * * *
BPh or B.Ph. abbrev. Bachelor of Philosophy * * * BPh abbr. Bachelor of Philosophy. * * *
BPharm or B.Pharm. abbrev. Bachelor of Pharmacy * * *
BPhil abbr. Bachelor of Philosophy. * * *
1. Also, bpi Computers. a. bits per inch. b. bytes per inch. 2. Bureau of Public Inquiries. * * *
B picture n. A movie produced on a low budget, originally made to accompany the main feature in a double billing. Also called B movie. * * *
bpl abbrev. birthplace * * * bpl abbr. birthplace. * * *
birthplace. * * *
bpm abbr. Music. beats per minute. * * *
BPOE abbrev. Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks * * * BPOE abbr. Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. * * *
Computers. bits per second. Also, BPS. * * *
Bq abbrev. becquerel * * * Bq abbr. becquerel. * * *
Real Estate. bedroom. * * *
Symbol, Chem. bromine. * * *
/brerr, brair/; Sou. dial. /berr/, n. Chiefly Southern U.S. brother. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
1. brick. 2. Britain. 3. British. * * *
1. bedroom. 2. branch. 3. brass. 4. brig. 5. bronze. 6. brother. 7. brown. * * *
Br. Som.
British Somaliland. * * *
/brah/, n. 1. brassiere. 2. Automotive Slang. a removable cover for the front end of an automobile to protect it from road debris. [by shortening] * * *
Braak, Menno ter
▪ Dutch critic born Jan. 26, 1902, Eibergen, Neth. died May 14, 1940, The Hague  Dutch critic whose cutting intellect and challenging of preciousness in art earned him the ...
Braaten, Oskar
▪ Norwegian author born Nov. 25, 1881, Kristiania [now Oslo], Nor. died July 17, 1939, Oslo       Norwegian novelist and dramatist who first brought the life of the ...
/brab"euhn son', breuh ban"seuhn/, n. one of a variety of the Brussels griffon having a short, smooth coat. [ < F: lit., a native of BRABANT] * * *
—Brabantine /breuh ban"tin, -tuyn/, adj. /breuh bant", brah"beuhnt/; Du. /brddah"bahnt/; Fr. /brddann bahonn"/, n. 1. a former duchy in W Europe, now divided between the ...
Brabant Revolution
▪ European history       (1789–90), a short-lived revolt of the Belgian provinces of the Austrian Netherlands against Habsburg rule. Centred in the province of ...
—brabblement, n. —brabbler, n. /brab"euhl/, v., brabbled, brabbling, n. Obs. v.i. 1. to argue stubbornly about trifles; wrangle. n. 2. noisy, quarrelsome chatter. [1490-1500; ...
Brabeck-Letmathe, Peter
▪ 2004       As head of Swiss-based Nestlé, the world's largest food company in 2003, Austrian Peter Brabeck-Letmathe likened his workday challenge to that of a ...
/brab"euhm/, n. Sir John Arthur ("Jack"), born 1926, Australian racing-car driver. * * *
Brabham, Sir Jack
▪ Australian automobile race–car driver byname of  Sir John Arthur Brabham  born April 2, 1926, Hurtsville, N.S.W., Australia       Australian automobile racer who ...
bra burner n. Slang A woman perceived as having militant feminist views. * * *
▪ island, Croatia Italian  Brazza,         rugged, mountainous island in the Adriatic Sea that is part of Croatia. With an area of 153 square miles (395 square km), ...
Bracciano, Lake
▪ lake, Italy Italian  Lago di Bracciano , ancient (Latin)  Lacus Sabatinus   circular lake in Roma provincia, Lazio (Latium) regione, central Italy. It lies in the ...
/brah"choh, -chee oh'/, n., pl. braccia /brah"cheuh, -chee euh/. an old Italian unit of length, usually about 26 or 27 in. (66 or 68 cm), but varying between 18 and 28 in. (46 ...
Braccio da Montone
▪ Italian condottiere born 1368, Perugia [Italy] died June 5, 1424, Aquila       one of the greatest of the condottieri (leaders of bands of mercenary soldiers) who ...
/brays/, n., v., braced, bracing. n. 1. something that holds parts together or in place, as a clasp or clamp. 2. anything that imparts rigidity or steadiness. 3. Also called ...
brace and bit
brace and bit n. a tool for boring, consisting of a removable drill (bit) in a rotating handle ( brace): see DRILL1 * * * ▪ hand tool   hand-operated tool for boring holes ...
brace jack
Theat. a triangular piece of wood used for propping up scenery from behind. * * *
brace molding
Archit. keel1 (def. 6). * * *
brace root.
See prop root. [1890-95] * * *
brace table
Carpentry. a table giving the lengths of the hypotenuses of right isosceles triangles of varying sizes: used esp. for calculating the lengths of diagonal braces. * * *
Brace, Charles Loring
▪ American social worker born June 19, 1826, Litchfield, Conn., U.S. died Aug. 11, 1890, Campfer, Switz.  American reformer and pioneer social-welfare worker, a founder and ...
braced arch
an arch of steel, timber, etc., having a trusslike framework maintaining rigidity under a variety of eccentric loads: a true arch because it is fixed or tied at both sides of the ...
braced frame
Carpentry. a building frame employing a heavy, braced framework of solid girts mortised into solid posts the full height of the frame, with studs one story high filling the ...
Bracegirdle, Anne
▪ English actress born c. 1671 died 1748, London, Eng.       actress, one of the earliest on the English stage.       Bracegirdle studied acting with Thomas ...
—braceleted, adj. /brays"lit/, n. 1. an ornamental band or circlet for the wrist or arm or, sometimes, for the ankle. 2. bracelets, Slang. a pair of handcuffs. 3. Furniture. ...
See bracelet. * * *
bracer1 /bray"seuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that braces, binds, or makes firm. 2. Informal. a stimulating drink, esp. one of liquor. [1570-80; BRACE + ...
/breuh sair"oh/; Sp. /brddah se"rddaw/, n., pl. braceros /-sair"ohz/; Sp. /-se"rddaws/. a Mexican laborer admitted legally into the U.S. for a short period to perform seasonal, ...
brace root n. See prop root. * * *
brach [brachit, brakitbrach, brak] n. 〚ME & OFr brache, back-form. < OFr brachez, pl. of brachet, hunting dog < Frank * brak; akin to OHG brakko < IE * bhrag-, to smell: see ...
var. of brachio- before a vowel. * * *
bra·chi·a (brāʹkē-ə, brăkʹē-ə) n. Plural of brachium. * * *
/bray"kee euhl, brak"ee-/, Anat., Zool. adj. 1. belonging to the arm, foreleg, wing, pectoral fin, or other forelimb of a vertebrate. 2. belonging to the upper part of such a ...
brachial plexus
Anat. a network of nerves in the armpits and neck, innervating the shoulders, arms, and hands. [1855-60] * * *
/bray"kee al"jee euh, -jeuh, brak'ee-/, n. Pathol. pain in the nerves of the upper arm. [BRACHI- + -ALGIA] * * *
brachial plexus n. A network of nerves located in the neck and axilla, composed of the anterior branches of the lower four cervical and first two thoracic spinal nerves and ...
adj. /bray"kee it, -ayt', brak"ee-/; v. /bray"kee ayt', brak"ee-/, adj., v., brachiated, brachiating. adj. 1. Bot. having widely spreading branches in alternate pairs. 2. Zool. ...
/bray'kee ay"sheuhn, brak'ee-/, n. Zool. locomotion accomplished by swinging by the arms from one hold to another. [BRACHIATE + -ION] * * * ▪ animal behaviour       in ...
/bray"kee ay'teuhr, brak"ee-/, n. an animal that can progress by means of brachiation, as a gibbon. [BRACHIATE + -OR2] * * *
a combining form meaning "arm," "upper arm," used in the formation of compound words: brachiopod. Also, esp. before a vowel, brachi-. [comb. form repr. L brachium and Gk ...
bra·chi·o·ce·phal·ic (brāʹkē-ō-sə-fălʹĭk, brăkʹē-) adj. Of or involving the arm and the head.   [brachium + cephalic.] * * *
brachiocephalic artery
/bray"kee oh seuh fal"ik, brak"ee-, bray'kee-, brak'ee-/, Anat. a major artery, arising from the arch of the aorta, that supplies blood to the right arm and the head. [1830-40; ...
brachiocephalic vein
Anat. either of two major veins, formed by the merger of the subclavian and internal jugular veins, that drain blood from the head and arms. [1850-55] * * *
brachiocephalic artery n. See innominate artery. * * *
brachiocephalic trunk n. See innominate artery. * * *
brachiocephalic vein n. See innominate vein. * * *
/bray"kee euh pod', brak"ee-/, n. 1. any mollusklike, marine animal of the phylum Brachiopoda, having a dorsal and ventral shell; a lamp shell. adj. 2. Also, brachiopodous ...
/bray"kee euh sawr', brak"ee-/, n. a huge sauropod dinosaur of the genus Brachiosaurus, having a small head with nostrils on a knob above the eyes, long forelegs, and a sloping, ...
—brachistochronic /breuh kis'teuh kron"ik/, brachistochronous /bray'keuh stok"reuh neuhs, brak'euh-/, adj. /breuh kis"teuh krohn'/, n. Mech. the curve between two points that ...
/bray"kee euhm, brak"ee-/, n., pl. brachia /bray"kee euh, brak"ee euh/. 1. Anat. the part of the arm from the shoulder to the elbow. 2. the corresponding part of any limb, as in ...
a learned borrowing from Greek meaning "short," used in the formation of compound words: brachycerous. [ < Gk, comb. form of brachýs] * * *
—brachycephaly /brak'ee sef"euh lee/, brachycephalism, n. /brak'ee seuh fal"ik/, adj. Cephalom. short-headed; having a cephalic index of 81.0-85.4. Also, brachycephalous ...
See brachycephaly. * * *
See brachycephalic. * * *
/breuh kis"euhr euhs/, adj. Entomol. having short antennae. [1870-75; BRACHY- + Gk kér(as) a horn + -OUS] * * *
brachycranial [brak΄ikrā′nē əl] adj. 〚 BRACHY- + CRANIAL〛 BRACHYCEPHALIC: also brachycranic [brak΄ikrā′nik] brachycrany [brak΄ikrā΄nē] n. * * *
/brak'ee kray"nik/, adj. Craniom. having a cranial index of 81.0-85.4. [BRACHY- + CRAN(IO)- + -IC] * * *
—brachydactylic, brachydactylous, adj. /brak'ee dak til"ee euh/, n. Med. abnormal shortness of the fingers and toes. Also, brachydactyly /brak'ee dak"tl ee/. [1880-85; < NL; ...
brachydactylic [brak΄idak′tə ləsbrak΄idak til′ik] adj. 〚 BRACHY- + DACTYL + -IC〛 having abnormally short fingers or toes: also brachydactylous [brak΄idak′tə ...
See brachydactylia. * * *
/brak"i dohm'/, n. Crystall. a dome the faces of which are parallel to the shorter lateral axis. Cf. macrodome. [1865-70; BRACHY- + DOME] * * *
/breuh kil"euh jee/, n., pl. brachylogies. brevity of diction; concise or abridged form of expression. [1615-25; < Gk brachylogía brevity in speech. See BRACHY-, -LOGY] * * *
See brachypterous. * * *
/breuh kip"teuhr euhs/, adj. Zool., Ornith. having short wings. [1835-45; BRACHY- + -PTEROUS] * * *
/brak'ee stom"euh teuhs, -stoh"meuh-/, adj. having a short proboscis, as certain insects. [BRACHY- + STOMATOUS] * * *
/brak'ee yoor"euhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the suborder Brachyura, comprising the true crabs. n. 2. a brachyuran crustacean. [1875-80; BRACHYUR(OUS) + -AN] * * *
/brak'ee yoor"euhs/, adj. Zool. shorttailed, as a crab (opposed to macrurous). [1820-30; < NL Brachyura name of the group. See BRACHY-, -UROUS] * * *
—bracingly, adv. —bracingness, n. /bray"sing/, adj. 1. strengthening; invigorating: This mountain air is bracing. 2. of, pertaining to, or serving as a brace. n. 3. a ...
See bracing. * * *
/brah'chee oh"leuh, brah choh"-/; It. /brddah chaw"lah/, n., pl. braciolas, braciole /-lay/; It. /-le/. Italian Cookery. a flat piece of veal or beef rolled around a filling and ...
—brackened, adj. /brak"euhn/, n. 1. a large fern or brake, esp. Pteridium aquilinum. 2. a cluster or thicket of such ferns; an area overgrown with ferns and shrubs. [1275-1325; ...
Bracken, Edward Vincent
▪ 2003 “Eddie”        American stage and film comedian and character actor (b. Feb. 7, 1915/20, Astoria, N.Y.—d. Nov. 14, 2002, Montclair, N.J.), had a 70-year ...
Brackenridge, Hugh Henry
▪ American writer born 1748, Kintyre, near Campbeltown, Argyll, Scot. died June 25, 1816, Carlisle, Pa., U.S.       American author of the first novel portraying ...
/brak"it/, n. 1. a support, as of metal or wood, projecting from a wall or the like to hold or bear the weight of a shelf, part of a cornice, etc. 2. a shelf or shelves so ...
bracket clock
a small clock designed to be placed on a bracket or shelf. [1890-95] * * *  English spring-driven pendulum clock, more properly known as a table clock or spring clock. The ...
bracket creep
the gradual movement of a wage earner into a higher federal income-tax bracket as a result of wage increases intended to help offset inflation. * * *
bracket foot
Furniture. a corner foot of a chest or the like joining the sides in a concave line. * * *
bracket fungus
the leathery, corky, or woody, shelflike basidiocarp of certain wood-rotting fungi that form on tree trunks, lumber, etc.; conk. [1895-1900] * * * or shelf fungus Basidiomycete ...
bracket saw
Carpentry. a handsaw for cutting curved forms. * * *
bracket creep n. Informal A shift of personal income into a higher tax bracket when the taxable income increases over time. * * *
bracketed blenny
gunnel1. * * *
bracket fungus n. Any of various fungi that form shelflike growths on tree trunks and wood structures. Also called shelf fungus. * * *
/brak"i ting/, n. 1. a series of brackets. 2. framework for supporting a cove, cornice, plaster ceiling ornament, etc. [1815-25; BRACKET + -ING1] * * *
Brackett series
/brak"it/, Physics. a series of lines in the infrared spectrum of hydrogen. [after Frederick S. Brackett (born 1896), U.S. physicist] * * *
—brackishness, n. /brak"ish/, adj. 1. slightly salt; having a salty or briny flavor. 2. distasteful; unpleasant. [1530-40; < D brak salty + -ISH1] * * *
See brackish. * * *
Brackley, Thomas Egerton, Viscount, Baron Ellesmere
▪ English lawyer and diplomat born c. 1540 died March 15, 1617, London, Eng.       English lawyer and diplomat, who secured the independence of the Court of Chancery ...
Brackman, Barbara
▪ American decorative artist born July 6, 1945, New York, New York, U.S.       American quilt historian noted for her extensive compilations of American quilt ...
/brak"nl/, n. a town in E Berkshire, in S England. 71,400. * * *
Bracknell Forest
▪ unitary authority, England, United Kingdom       unitary authority, geographic and historic county of Berkshire, England. It is partly forested, has easy access to ...
/brak"euh nid/, n. 1. any of numerous wasps of the family Braconidae, the larvae of which are parasitic on aphids and on the larvae of moths, butterflies, beetles, etc. adj. 2. ...
—bracteal /brak"tee euhl/, adj. —bracted, adj. —bractless, adj. /brakt/, n. Bot. a specialized leaf or leaflike part, usually situated at the base of a flower or ...
See bract. * * *
/brak"tee it, -ayt'/, adj. 1. Also, bracteose /brak"tee ohs'/. Bot. having bracts. n. 2. a thin coin, struck only on one face, the pattern of which shows through on the reverse ...
/brak"tee euh lit, -layt', brak tee"-/, adj. Bot. having bracteoles. [1820-30; < NL bracteolatus, equiv. to bracteol(a) BRACTEOLE + -atus -ATE1] * * *
/brak"tee ohl'/, n. Bot. a small or secondary bract, as on a pedicel. Also, bractlet /brakt"lit/. [1820-30; < NL bracteola, equiv. to L bracte(a) a thin plate of metal, gold leaf ...
bractlet [brak′tē ōl΄brakt′lit] n. a small or secondary bract at the base of a flower: also bracteole [brak′tē ōl΄] * * *
Bracton, Henry de
▪ British jurist Bracton also spelled  Bratton or Bretton  born , Devon?, England died 1268, Exeter, Devon?       leading medieval English jurist and author of De ...
/brad/, n., v., bradded, bradding. n. 1. a slender wire nail having either a small, deep head or a projection to one side of the head end. See illus. under nail. v.t. 2. to ...
/brad/, n. a male given name. * * *
Brad Pitt
➡ Pitt (I) * * *
/brad"awl'/, n. Carpentry. an awl for making small holes in wood for brads. See illus. under awl. [1815-25; BRAD + AWL] * * *
/brad"beuh ree/, n. Ray (Douglas), born 1920, U.S. science-fiction writer. * * *
Bradbury, Ray
▪ American writer in full  Ray Douglas Bradbury   born Aug. 22, 1920, Waukegan, Ill., U.S.       American author best known for highly imaginative science-fiction ...
Bradbury, Ray (Douglas)
born Aug. 22, 1920, Waukegan, Ill., U.S. U.S. author. Bradbury is best known for highly imaginative science-fiction stories and novels that blend social criticism with an ...
Bradbury, Sir Malcolm
▪ British writer in full  Malcolm Stanley Bradbury  born September 7, 1932, Sheffield, England died November 27, 2000, Norwich, Norfolk       British novelist and ...
Bradbury, Sir Malcolm Stanley
▪ 2001       British author, critic, and university professor (b. Sept. 7, 1932, Sheffield, Eng.—d. Nov. 27, 2000, Norwich, Eng.), wrote novels, literary criticism, ...
Bradbury,Ray Douglas
Brad·bur·y (brădʹbĕr'ē, -bə-rē), Ray Douglas. Born 1920. American writer of science fiction mingled with social commentary. His works include The Martian Chronicles ...
/brad"id/, adj. having brads. [1785-95; BRAD + -ED3] * * *
/brad"euhk/, n. 1. Edward, 1695-1755, British general in America. 2. a city in SW Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh: the site of General Braddock's defeat by the French and Indians ...
Braddock Hills
a town in SE Pennsylvania. 12,189. * * *
Braddock, Edward
born 1695, Perthshire, Scot. died July 13, 1755, Great Meadows, Pa. British army commander in the French and Indian War. After service in Europe, he arrived in Virginia in 1755 ...
Braddock, James J.
▪ American boxer original name  James Walter Braddock  born December 6, 1905, New York, New York, U.S. died November 29, 1974, North Bergen, New Jersey       American ...
Brad·dock (brădʹək), Edward. 1695-1755. British general in America during the French and Indian War. He was mortally wounded during his unsuccessful expedition against Fort ...
Braddon, Mary Elizabeth
▪ British writer married name  Mary Elizabeth Maxwell  born October 4, 1837, London, England died February 4, 1915, Richmond, Surrey       English novelist whose Lady ...
/brayd"n teuhn/, n. a city in W Florida. 30,170. * * * ▪ Florida, United States       city, seat (1903) of Manatee county, west-central Florida, U.S. It lies on the ...
/brad"feuhrd/, n. 1. Gamaliel, 1863-1932, U.S. biographer and novelist. 2. Roark /rawrk, rohrk/, 1896-1948, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. 3. William, 1590-1657, Pilgrim ...
Bradford spinning
a wool-spinning method in which the fibers are oiled prior to combing and subsequently spun into worsted yarn. Also called Bradford system. [after BRADFORD, England] * * *
Bradford, Gamaliel
▪ American biographer born Oct. 9, 1863, Boston died April 11, 1932, Wellesley Hills, Mass.       biographer who cultivated “psychography,” a new type of ...
Bradford, Roark
▪ American author born Aug. 21, 1896, Lauderdale county, Tenn., U.S. died Nov. 13, 1948, New Orleans, La.       American novelist and short-story writer whose works of ...
Bradford, William
born March 1590, Austerfield, Yorkshire, Eng. died May 9, 1657, Plymouth, Mass. Governor of the Plymouth Colony in America for 30 years. A member of the Separatist movement ...
Bradford, Roark. 1896-1948. American writer whose works, such as John Henry (1931), reflect African-American folklore. * * *
I. Bradford1, William. 1590-1657. English Puritan colonist in America. A signer of the Mayflower Compact and a settler of Plymouth Plantation, he was elected governor for 30 ...
▪ England, United Kingdom  town (“parish”), West Wiltshire district, administrative and historic county of Wiltshire, England, on the River Avon (Bristol Avon). Its ...
Bradlaugh, Charles
▪ British radical born September 26, 1833, London, England died January 30, 1891, London  British radical and atheist, a freethinker in the tradition of Voltaire and Thomas ...
/brad"lee/, n. 1. Bill (William Warren), born 1943, U.S. politician: senator from New Jersey since 1979. 2. Francis Herbert, 1846-1924, English philosopher. 3. Henry, 1845-1923, ...
Bradley Fighting Vehicle
a 25-ton, tracked U.S. armored personnel carrier of the 1980s, designed to carry nine soldiers into battle and armed with a 25mm rapid-fire cannon, a machine gun, and an antitank ...
Bradley, A C
▪ British critic and scholar born March 26, 1851, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Sept. 2, 1935, London       literary critic and pre-eminent Shakespearean ...
Bradley, Bill
in full William Warren Bradley born July 28, 1943, Crystal City, Mo., U.S. U.S. basketball player and politician. Bradley attended Princeton University (1961–65), where, as ...
Bradley, Ed
▪ 2007 Edward Rudolph Bradley, Jr.        American broadcast journalist (b. June 22, 1941, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Nov. 9, 2006, New York, N.Y.), was affiliated with CBS ...
Bradley, Edward Riley
▪ American racehorse owner born 1859, Pennsylvania, U.S. died Aug. 15, 1946, Lexington, Ky.       U.S. sportsman, gambler, philanthropist, owner and racer of ...
Bradley, F H
▪ British philosopher born Jan. 30, 1846, Clapham, Surrey, Eng. died Sept. 18, 1924, Oxford       influential English philosopher of the absolute Idealist school, which ...
Bradley, F(rancis) H(erbert)
born Jan. 30, 1846, Clapham, Surrey, Eng. died Sept. 18, 1924, Oxford British idealist philosopher. Influenced by G.W.F. Hegel, he considered mind to be more fundamental than ...
Bradley, James
▪ English astronomer born March 1693, Sherborne, Gloucestershire, Eng. died July 13, 1762, Chalford, Gloucestershire  English astronomer who in 1728 announced his discovery ...
Bradley, Joseph P.
▪ United States jurist born March 14, 1813, Berne, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 22, 1892, Washington, D.C.  associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1870. Bradley was ...
Bradley, Lydia Moss
▪ American philanthropist born July 31, 1816, Vevay, Ind., U.S. died Jan. 16, 1908, Peoria, Ill.       American philanthropist who founded and endowed Bradley ...
Bradley, Marion Zimmer
▪ American writer original name  Marion Zimmer  born June 3, 1930, Albany, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 25, 1999, Berkeley, Calif.       American writer, known especially ...
Bradley, Omar N(elson)
born Feb. 12, 1893, Clark, Mo., U.S. died April 8, 1981, New York, N.Y. U.S. army commander. After graduating from West Point, he directed the army's infantry school at the ...
Bradley, Omar Nelson
▪ United States general born February 12, 1893, Clark, Missouri, U.S. died April 8, 1981, New York, New York  U.S. Army officer who commanded the Twelfth Army Group, which ...
Bradley, Owen
▪ 1999       American musician and business executive who was credited with having been a major force in the establishment of Nashville, Tenn., as the centre of the ...
Bradley, Thomas
born Dec. 29, 1917, Calvert, Texas, U.S. died Sept. 29, 1998, Los Angeles, Calif. Mayor of Los Angeles (1973–93). The son of a sharecropper, he moved with his family to Los ...
Bradley, Tom
▪ American politician in full  Thomas Bradley  born December 29, 1917, Calvert, Texas, U.S. died September 29, 1998, Los Angeles, California       American ...
Bradley,Francis Herbert
Brad·ley (brădʹlē), Francis Herbert. 1846-1924. British philosopher who was influenced by Hegel and who defended the idealist view that reality is experience in its ...
Bradley, Henry. 1845-1923. English lexicographer who was senior editor (1915-1923) of the Oxford English Dictionary. * * *
Bradley,Omar Nelson
Bradley, Omar Nelson. 1893-1981. American general who played a major part in the Allied victory in World War II. * * *
Bradley, Thomas. 1917-1998. American policeman and politician who became the first African-American mayor of Los Angeles in 1973. He was narrowly defeated when he ran for ...
Bradman, Don
born Aug. 27, 1908, Cootamundra, N.S.W., Austl. died Feb. 25, 2001, Adelaide, S.Aus. Australian cricketer. One of the greatest run scorers in the history of the game, in test ...
Bradman, Sir Donald George
▪ 2002 “the Don”        Australian cricketer (b. Aug. 27, 1908, Cootamundra, N.S.W., Australia—d. Feb. 25, 2001, Adelaide, Australia), was the most effective ...
an informal name for Bradshaw’s Railway Guide, a book published each year from 1839 to 1961 giving details of all the railway services in Britain. * * *
Bradshaw, John
▪ English jurist born 1602, Stockport, Cheshire, Eng. died Oct. 31, 1659, London  president of the court that condemned King Charles I of England to ...
Bradshaw, Richard James
▪ 2008       British-born Canadian conductor born April 26, 1944, Rugby, Warwickshire, Eng. died Aug. 15, 2007, Toronto, Ont. raised the Canadian Opera Company (COC) ...
/brad"seuht/, n. Vet. Pathol. braxy (def. 1). [ < Dan; cf. ON bratha-sott sudden illness, plague (brath haste + sott illness; c. OE suht)] * * *
/brad"street'/, n. 1. Anne (Dudley), 1612?-72, American poet. 2. her husband, Simon, 1603-97, governor of the Massachusetts colony 1679-86, 1689-92. * * *
Bradstreet, Anne
orig. Anne Dudley born с 1612, Northampton, Northhamptonshire?, Eng. died Sept. 16, 1672, Andover, Massachusetts Bay Colony English-born American poet, one of the first poets ...
Bradstreet,Anne Dudley
Brad·street (brădʹstrēt'), Anne Dudley. 1612-1672. English-born colonial poet who wrote several collections of verse, including The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America ...
Bradwardine, Thomas
▪ archbishop of Canterbury born c. 1290 died Aug. 26, 1349, London       archbishop of Canterbury, theologian, and mathematician.       Bradwardine studied at ...
Bradwell v. State of Illinois
▪ law case       (1872), U.S. legal case that tested the constitutionality of the Illinois Supreme Court's denial of a license to practice law to reform activist Myra ...
Bradwell, Myra Colby
▪ American lawyer and editor née  Myra Colby   born Feb. 12, 1831, Manchester, Vt., U.S. died Feb. 14, 1894, Chicago  American lawyer and editor who was involved in ...
/bray"dee/, n. 1. James Buchanan ("Diamond Jim"), 1856-1917, U.S. financier, noted for conspicuously extravagant living. 2. Mathew B., 1823?-96, U.S. photographer, esp. of the ...
Brady Bunch, The
▪ American television show       American television situation comedy that aired for five seasons (1969–74) on the American Broadcasting Co. (ABC) network and became ...
Brady, Alice
▪ American actress born Nov. 2, 1892, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 28, 1939, New York City       American actress whose talents on the stage aided her successful ...
Brady, James Buchanan
▪ American financier byname  Diamond Jim Brady   born Aug. 12, 1856, New York City died April 13, 1917, Atlantic City, N.J., U.S.       American financier and ...
Brady, Mathew B.
born с 1823, near Lake George, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 15, 1896, New York, N.Y. U.S. photographer. He learned to make daguerreotypes from Samuel F.B. Morse. In 1844 he opened the ...
Brady, Nicholas
▪ British clergyman born Oct. 28, 1659, Bandon, County Cork, Ire. died May 20, 1726, Richmond, Surrey, Eng.       Anglican clergyman and poet, author, with Nahum Tate ...
Brady, Tom
▪ 2005       Tom Brady, the quarterback of the New England Patriots, would probably not be rated the best passer in the National Football League (NFL). He certainly was ...
Brady, William A
▪ American actor and producer born June 19, 1863, San Francisco died Jan. 6, 1950, New York City       American actor, manager, stage and motion-picture producer, and ...
Brady,James Buchanan
Bra·dy (brāʹdē), James Buchanan. Known as “Diamond Jim.” 1856-1917. American financier and philanthropist who gained his nickname because of his attraction to diamonds ...
Brady,Mathew B.
Brady, Mathew B. 1823-1896. Library of Congress American pioneer photographer who was famous for his portraits and was appointed official Union photographer of the Civil War in ...
a combining form meaning "slow," used in the formation of compound words: bradytelic. [ < Gk, comb. form of bradýs slow, heavy] * * *
—bradycardic, adj. /brad'i kahr"dee euh/, n. Med. a slow heartbeat rate, usually less than 60 beats per minute. [1885-90; BRADY- + -CARDIA] * * * ▪ ...
See bradycardia. * * *
/brad'i kin"in, -kuy"nin/, n. Biochem. a peptide hormone that dilates peripheral blood vessels and increases capillary permeability. [1945-50; BRADY- + -KININ] * * *
brad·y·lo·gia (brăd'ə-lōʹjə, -jē-ə) n. Abnormally slow speech.   [brady- + Greek -logiā, speech; see -logy + -ia1.] * * *
▪ paleontology       a group of extinct early reptiles (reptile) found in South Africa as fossils in deposits from the Permian Period (299 million to 251 million years ...
—bradytely /brad"i tel'ee/, n. /brad'i tel"ik/, adj. Biol. of or pertaining to evolution at a rate slower than the standard for a given group of plants or animals. Cf. ...
/bray, bree/; Scot. /brdday, brddee/, n. Scot. and North Eng. a slope; declivity; hillside. [1300-50; ME bra < ON bra brow, c. OE breaw eyebrow, eyelid, OHG brawa (G Braue); for ...
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom in full  Castleton of Braemar        village, on the Clunie Water (stream) at its confluence with the River Dee, that is the centre of the ...
/bray"feuhrd, brah"-/, n. one of a breed of beef cattle, developed in the southwestern U.S. from Brahman and Hereford stock, especially well adapted to sparse grazing and a hot, ...
—braggingly, adv. —bragless, adj. /brag/, v., bragged, bragging, n., adj. v.i. 1. to use boastful language; boast: He bragged endlessly about his high score. v.t. 2. to boast ...
/brddah"geuh/, n. a city in N Portugal: an ecclesiastical center. 48,735. * * * ▪ Portugal  city, northern Portugal. It lies at the head of the railway from Porto. Probably ...
Braga, Rubem
▪ Brazilian journalist born January 12, 1913, Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Brazil died December 19, 1990, Rio de Janeiro       Brazilian journalist and author, best known ...
Braga, Teófilo
▪ president of Portugal born February 24, 1843, Ponta Delgada, Azores died January 28, 1924, Lisbon       poet, critic, and statesman who was the first to attempt a ...
▪ Brazil       city, northeastern Pará estado (state), northern Brazil. Situated near the Atlantic coast and the border with Maranhão state, it is a regional ...
Bragança, House of
▪ Portuguese family English  Braganza        ruling dynasty of Portugal from 1640 to 1910 and of the empire of Brazil from 1822 to 1889.       The first duke ...
Bra·gan·za (brə-gănʹzə) also Bra·gan·ça (-gäɴʹsä) A dynasty of Portuguese rulers (1640-1910) who also controlled Brazil from 1822 to 1889. * * *
/brag"deuhn/, n. Claude, 1866-1946, U.S. architect, stage designer, and author. * * *
/brag/, n. 1. Braxton /brak"steuhn/, 1817-76, Confederate general in the U.S. Civil War. 2. Sir William Henry, 1862-1942, and his son, Sir William Lawrence, 1890-1971, English ...
Bragg law
Relation between the spacing of atomic planes in crystals and the angles of incidence at which the planes produce the most intense reflections of electromagnetic radiation and ...
Bragg scattering
Physics. the diffraction phenomenon exhibited by a crystal bombarded with x-rays in such a way that each plane of the crystal lattice acts as a reflector (Bragg reflector). Also ...
Bragg's law
Physics. the law that the intensity of a crystal reflection of an x-ray is a function of the angle (Bragg angle) that is the complement of the angle of incidence of the ...
Bragg's law (brăgz) n. The fundamental law of x-ray crystallography, nλ = 2dsinθ, where n is an integer, λis the wavelength of a beam of x-rays incident on a crystal with ...
Bragg, Billy
▪ British singer, songwriter, and musician in full  Steven William Bragg  born December 20, 1957, Barking, Essex, England       British singer, songwriter, and ...
Bragg, Braxton
born March 22, 1817, Warrenton, N.C., U.S. died Sept. 27, 1876, Galveston, Texas U.S. and Confederate army officer. He graduated from West Point and served in the Seminole Wars ...
Bragg, Don
▪ American athlete in full  Donald Bragg   born May 15, 1935, Penns Grove, N.J., U.S.       American athlete who won a gold medal in the pole vault at the 1960 ...
Bragg, Sir Lawrence
▪ British physicist in full  Sir William Lawrence Bragg  born March 31, 1890, Adelaide, S. Aus., Australia died July 1, 1971, Ipswich, Suffolk, Eng.  Australian-born ...
Bragg, Sir William
▪ British physicist in full  Sir William Henry Bragg   born July 2, 1862, Wigton, Cumberland, Eng. died March 12, 1942, London  pioneer British scientist in solid-state ...
Bragg, Sir William (Henry)
(b. July 2, 1862, Wigton, Cumberland, Eng. d. March 12, 1942, London) British scientist, a pioneer in solid-state physics. With his son (William) Lawrence Bragg (1890–1971), ...
Bragg (brăg), Braxton. 1817-1876. American Confederate general in the Civil War who was defeated in the Chattanooga Campaign (1863). * * *
Bragg,Sir William Henry
Bragg, Sir William Henry. 1862-1942. British physicist. He shared a 1915 Nobel Prize with his son Sir William Lawrence Bragg (1890-1971) for an analysis of x-ray spectra and the ...
Bragg,Sir William Lawrence
See Bragg, Sir William Henry. * * *
—braggadocian, adj. /brag'euh doh"shee oh'/, n., pl. braggadocios. 1. empty boasting; bragging. 2. a boasting person; braggart. [after Braggadocchio, boastful character in ...
Bragg angle n. The angle between an incident x-ray beam and a set of crystal planes for which the secondary radiation displays maximum intensity as a result of constructive ...
—braggartism, n. —braggartly, adv. /brag"euhrt/, n. 1. a person who does a lot of bragging. adj. 2. bragging; boastful. [1570-80; BRAG + -ART] Syn. bragger, boaster; ...
/brag"euhr/, n. 1. a person who brags. 2. Cards. a. (in some forms of brag) the jack of clubs or nine of diamonds. b. (in other forms of brag) any jack or nine. c. the first ...
/brah"gee/, n. Scand. Myth. the god of poetry and eloquence, son of Odin, husband of Idun: may be an apotheosis of the 9th-century poet Bragi Boddason. [ < ON; cf. OE brego ...
▪ 2007 Carlos Alberto Ferreira Braga; João de Barro        Brazilian composer (b. March 29, 1907, Gávea, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.—d. Dec. 24, 2006, Rio de Janeiro), was ...
/brah, brah"hee/; Dan. /brddah"e/, n. Tycho /tee"koh/; Dan. /tyuu"koh/, 1546-1601, Danish astronomer. * * *
Brahe, Per, Greve, The Younger
▪ Swedish statesman Swedish  Per Brahe Den Yngre   born Feb. 18, 1602, Rydboholm Castle, near Stockholm died Sept. 12, 1680, Bogesund Castle, near Stockholm  nobleman, ...
Brahe, Tycho
born Dec. 14, 1546, Knudstrup, Scania, Den. died Oct. 24, 1601, Prague Danish astronomer. Kidnapped by his wealthy but childless uncle, he was raised at his uncle's castle and ...
Brahe (brä, bräʹhē, bräʹə), Tycho. 1546-1601. Danish astronomer whose accurate astronomical observations formed the basis for Johannes Kepler's laws of planetary ...
Brahimi, Lakhdar
▪ 2005       On Jan. 1, 2004, diplomat Lakhdar Brahimi celebrated his 70th birthday and was named special adviser to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. Brahimi's primary ...
Brahm, Otto
▪ German critic born Feb. 5, 1856, Hamburg [Germany] died Nov. 28, 1912, Berlin, Ger.       German literary critic and man of the theatre whose realistic staging ...
/brah"meuh/, n. Hinduism. 1. Brahman (def. 2). 2. (in later Hinduism) "the Creator," the first member of the Trimurti, with Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the ...
Brahma Samaj.
See Brahmo Samaj. * * *
Brahma Vihara
Buddhism. vihara (def. 3). * * *
In Hinduism and Buddhism, the realm of pious celestial spirits. In Theravada, it includes the 20 uppermost planes of existence. The lower 16 of these are the rupa-brahma-loka, ...
/brah'meuh chahr"ee/, n. Hinduism. 1. a student of the Vedas, esp. one committed to brahmacharya. 2. a celibate. Also, brahmacarin /brah'meuh chahr"in/. [ < Skt brahmacarin] * * *
/brah'meuh chahr"yeuh/, n. Hinduism. the stage of life of the student, entailing study of the Vedas and complete celibacy, usually lasting for twelve years. Also, brahmacarya. [ ...
born 598 died с 665, possibly Bhillamala, Rajasthan, India Indian mathematician and astronomer. His principal work, the Brahma-sphuta-siddhanta ("The Opening of the ...
/brah"meuh jeuh nah"neuh/, n. Hinduism. jnana. [ < Skt; see BRAHMA, JNANA] * * *
/brah"meuh loh"keuh/, n. Hinduism. the highest part of Kamaloka, where refined souls exist in blissful contemplation of Brahma. [ < Skt brahma BRAHMA + loka world, c. L lucus ...
—Brahmanic /brah man"ik/, Brahmanical, adj. /brah"meuhn/, n., pl. Brahmans. Hinduism. 1. Also, Brahmin. a member of the highest, or priestly, class among the Hindus. Cf. ...
/brah"meuh neuh/, n. Hinduism. one of a class of prose pieces dealing with Vedic rituals and sacrifices. Cf. Veda. [ < Skt brahmana] * * * Any of a number of discourses on the ...
/brah"meuh nee/, n., pl. Brahmanis. a woman of the Brahman class. Also, Brahmanee. [1785-95; < Skt, fem. of brahmana BRAHMAN] * * *
Brahmani River
▪ river, India       river in northeastern Orissa state, eastern India. Formed by the confluence of the Sankh and South Koel rivers in southern Bihar state, the ...
See Brahman. * * *
See Brahmanic. * * *
—Brahmanist, n. /brah"meuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. the religious and social system of the Brahmans and orthodox Hindus, characterized by the caste system and diversified pantheism. 2. ...
See Brahmanism. * * *
▪ India formerly  Berhampur        city, southeastern Orissa state, eastern India, 9 miles (14 km) from the Bay of Bengal. It lies on the national highway between ...
/brah'meuh pooh"treuh/, n. a river in S Asia, flowing from S Tibet through NE India and joining the Ganges River in Bangladesh. ab. 1700 mi. (2700 km) long. * * *
Brahmaputra River
River, Central and South Asia. From its headsprings in Tibet (as the Zangbo River), it flows across southern Tibet to break through the Himalayas in great gorges (where it is ...
▪ historical region, India       land of the rsi, or sages. Historically, the Sanskrit term was used to describe the second region of Indo-European occupation in ...
▪ Buddhist philosophy       (Sanskrit: “living in the Brahman-heaven”), in Buddhist philosophy, the four noble practices of mental development through which men can ...
/brah"mee/, n. a script of India that was probably adapted from the Aramaic alphabet about the 7th century B.C., and from which most of the later Indian scripts ...
—Brahminic /brah min"ik/, Brahminical, adj. /brah"min/, n., pl. Brahmin, Brahmins, adj. n. 1. Hinduism. Brahman (def. 1). 2. (esp. in New England) a person usually from an old, ...
See Brahmin. * * *
See Brahminic. * * *
—Brahminist, n. /brah"meuh niz'euhm/, n. Brahmanism. * * *

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