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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Chapman, Alvah H., Jr.
▪ 2009       American publisher born March 21, 1921, Columbus, Ga. died Dec. 25, 2008, Miami, Fla. supervised the growth of the Knight Ridder newspaper chain and used ...
Chapman, Douglas George
▪ 1997       Canadian-born U.S. mathematical statistician who during the 1960s proposed to the International Whaling Commission annual fin whale catch quotas that would ...
Chapman, Frank M
▪ American ornithologist born , June 12, 1864, Englewood, N.J., U.S. died Nov. 15, 1945, New York, N.Y.  American ornithologist famous for his extensive and detailed studies ...
Chapman, Frank Michler
born , June 12, 1864, Englewood, N.J., U.S. died Nov. 15, 1945, New York, N.Y. self-taught U.S. ornithologist. He began his career at the American Museum of Natural History in ...
Chapman, George
▪ English writer born 1559?, Hitchin, Hertfordshire, Eng. died May 12, 1634, London  English poet and dramatist, whose translation of Homer long remained the standard English ...
Chapman, Graham
▪ British comedian and writer born Jan. 8, 1941, Leicester, Leicestershire, Eng. died Oct. 4, 1989, Maidstone, Kent       British comedian and writer, founding member ...
Chapman, John
▪ American nurseryman byname  Johnny Appleseed   born Sept. 26, 1774, Leominster, Mass. died March 18?, 1845, near Fort Wayne, Ind., U.S.       missionary nurseryman ...
Chapman, John Jay
▪ American writer born March 2, 1862, New York, New York, U.S. died November 4, 1933, Poughkeepsie, New York       American poet, dramatist, and critic who attacked the ...
Chapman, Maria Weston
orig. Maria Weston born July 25, 1806, Weymouth, Mass., U.S. died July 12, 1885, Weymouth U.S. abolitionist. She was principal of the Young Ladies' High School in Boston from ...
Chapman, Robert Lundquist
▪ 2003       American editor (b. Dec. 28, 1920, Huntington, W.Va.—d. Feb. 2, 2002, Morristown, N.J.), was responsible for updating English-language phraseology as the ...
Chapman, Sydney
▪ British mathematician and physicist born Jan. 29, 1888, Eccles, Lancashire, Eng. died June 16, 1970, Boulder, Colo., U.S.       English mathematician and physicist ...
Chap·man (chăpʹmən), George. 1559?-1634. English writer, dramatist, and translator noted for his translations of Homer's Iliad (1598-1611) and Odyssey (1616). * * *
Chapman, John. Known as Johnny Ap·ple·seed (ăpʹəl-sēd') 1775?-1845. American pioneer and subject of many legends. He traveled widely in the Ohio River valley, planting ...
/shap/, n. See schappe silk. [1815-25] * * *
Chappe, Claude
▪ French engineer and clergyman born Dec. 25, 1763, Brûlon, Fr. died Jan. 23, 1805, Paris       French engineer and cleric who converted an old idea into a reality by ...
/chap"ee/, n. Brit. Informal. chap2 (def. 1). Also, chappy. [1815-25; CHAP2 + -IE] * * *
▪ India       city, west-central Bihar state, northeastern India. It lies near the junction of the Ghaghara and Ganges (Ganga) rivers. Chapra grew in importance as a ...
/chaps, shaps/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a pair of joined leather leggings, often widely flared, worn over trousers, esp. by cowboys, as protection against burs, rope burns, etc., ...
Chap Stick (chăp) A trademark used for a medicinal preparation for the prevention or treatment of chapped lips. * * *
/shap'teuh leuh zay"sheuhn/, n. a method of increasing the alcohol in a wine by adding sugar to the must before or during fermentation. [1890-95; CHAPTALIZE + -ATION] * * *
/shap"teuh luyz'/, v.t., chaptalized, chaptalizing. to subject (wine) to chaptalization. Also, esp. Brit., chaptalise. [ < F chaptaliser, named after J. A. Chaptal (d. 1832), ...
—chapteral, adj. /chap"teuhr/, n. 1. a main division of a book, treatise, or the like, usually bearing a number or title. 2. a branch, usually restricted to a given locality, ...
Chapter 11
U.S. Law. a section of the Bankruptcy Code that provides for the reorganization of an insolvent corporation under court supervision and can establish a schedule for the payment ...
chapter and verse
1. any specific chapter and verse of the Bible, as used when citing the text. 2. full, cited authority, as for any quotation, opinion, action, etc.: Give me chapter and verse for ...
chapter book
chapter book n. a children's book, typically a work of fiction, of moderate length and complexity, divided into chapters and intended for readers approximately seven to ten years ...
chapter head
printed material appearing before and usually above the text of a chapter, as a title, number, quotation, etc. * * *
chapter house
1. Eccles. a building attached to or a hall forming part of a cathedral or monastery, used as a meeting place for the chapter. 2. a building used by a chapter of a society, ...
chapter ring
a ringlike band on the dial of a clock that bears the numerals or other symbols of the hours. * * *
chapterand verse
chapter and verse n. 1. Full, detailed information on a subject or issue: recited the client's complaints by chapter and verse. 2. Bible. A specific passage. * * *
chapter house n. 1. A building in which the chapter of a church or religious residence assembles. 2. A house in which a chapter of a fraternity or sorority lives and holds its ...
/chap"treuhl/, n. Archit. 1. a capital, as on a pilaster or vaulting shaft, engaged in masonry on one or more sides. 2. a small capital. [1670-80; CHAPTER + -el < L -ellum dim. ...
Chapu, Henri-Michel-Antoine
▪ French sculptor born Sept. 29, 1833, Le Mée, France died April 21, 1891, Paris       French sculptor and portrait medallist whose works were softened expressions of ...
/cheuh pul"teuh pek'/; Sp. /chah poohl'te pek"/, n. a fortress and military school at the outskirts of Mexico City: captured by U.S. forces (1847) in the Mexican War; now a ...
Chapultepec Zoological Park
▪ zoo, Mexico City, Mexico Spanish  Parque Zoológico De Chapultepec,         zoo located in Mexico City on the original site of Montezuma's game reserve. Opened in ...
/cheuh kay"teuh/, n. a heavy jacket, esp. a leather one worn by cowboys in the American Southwest. [1890-95; < AmerSp; Sp < F jacquette, MF jacquete; see JACKET, -ETTE] * * *
char1 /chahr/, v., charred, charring, n. v.t. 1. to burn or reduce to charcoal: The fire charred the paper. 2. to burn slightly; scorch: The flame charred the steak. v.i. 3. to ...
/shannrdd/, n. René /rddeuh nay"/, born 1907, French poet. * * * Any of several freshwater food and game fishes (genus Salvelinus) of the salmon family, distinguished from the ...
Char, René
▪ French author born June 14, 1907, L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue, Fr. died Feb. 19, 1988, Paris       French poet who began as a Surrealist but who, after his experiences as a ...
/shar"euh bang', -bangk'/; Fr. /shann rddann bahonn"/, n., pl. char-à-bancs /-bangz', -bangks'/; Fr. /-bahonn"/. Brit. a large bus used on sightseeing tours, esp. one with open ...
1. character. 2. charter. * * *
charabanc or char-à-banc [shar′ə baŋ΄] n. 〚Fr char-à-banc, lit., car with bench〛 Brit. a sightseeing bus * * * char·a·banc (shărʹə-băng') n. Chiefly British A ...
/kar"euh sin/, n. any freshwater fish of the family Characidae, of Africa and Central and South America. Also, characid. [1880-85; < NL Characinidae name of family, equiv. to ...
—characterless, adj. /kar"ik teuhr/, n. 1. the aggregate of features and traits that form the individual nature of some person or thing. 2. one such feature or trait; ...
character actor
character actor n. an actor who specializes in supporting roles with certain pronounced or eccentric characteristics * * *
character actress
character actress n. an actress who specializes in supporting roles with certain pronounced or eccentric characteristics * * *
Character and Future of Nation Building
▪ 2005 by Ray Salvatore Jennings       By 2004 the U.S. involvement in nation building in Afghanistan and Iraq had many people wondering whether an effort to rebuild ...
character assassination
a slandering attack, esp. one intended to damage the reputation of a public or political figure. [1945-50] * * *
character dancer
See characterdancing. * * *
character defense
a personality trait, as a habitual tendency to idealize or rationalize, that serves some unconscious defensive purpose. * * *
character disorder
Psychiatry. a disorder characterized by socially undesirable behavior, as poor control of impulses or inability to maintain close emotional relationships, and by absence of ...
character generator
Television. a device used in television studios to incorporate text or other symbols into the television screen image. * * *
character piece
Music. a short, simple piece, usually for piano, of a type developed chiefly during the 19th century, often of a descriptive or seemingly improvisatory character. * * * ▪ ...
character set
Computers. the numbers, letters, punctuation marks, and special symbols that can be used by a particular device, as a printer, or in a coding method, as ASCII. * * *
character sketch
Literature. a short essay describing a person; literary profile. Cf. character (def. 17). [1880-85] * * *
character study
a work of fiction in which the delineation of the central character's personality is more important than the plot. * * *
character witness
a person who testifies as to the moral character and reputation of a litigant in a court of law or other legal proceeding. [1950-55] * * *
character writer
▪ literature       any writer who produced a type of character sketch that was popular in 17th-century England and France. Their writings stemmed from a series of ...
See character assassination. * * *
character assassination n. A vicious personal verbal attack, especially one intended to destroy or damage a public figure's reputation.   character assassin n. * * *
character dance n. 1. A dance that represents a particular character, especially in ballet. 2. A characteristic national dance such as the habañera or polka.   character ...
See character dance. * * *
/kar"ik teuhr feuhl/, adj. 1. highly expressive of character: a characterful face. 2. having remarkable character: a characterful prose style. [1900-05; CHARACTER + -FUL] * * *
—characteristically, adv. /kar'ik teuh ris"tik/, adj. 1. Also, characteristical. pertaining to, constituting, or indicating the character or peculiar quality of a person or ...
characteristic curve
Photog. a graph used in sensitometry to show the relationship between exposure time and image density under constant developing conditions. Also called sensitometric ...
characteristic equation
1. Math. a. the characteristic polynomial of a given matrix, equated to zero. b. Also called auxiliary equation. an equation with one variable and equated to zero, which is ...
characteristic function
Math. 1. a function defined on a given set, having value 1 for every element of the set and value 0 for every element not contained in the set. 2. See characteristic ...
characteristic polynomial
Math. an expression obtained from a given matrix by taking the determinant of the difference between the matrix and an arbitrary variable times the identity matrix. [1955-60] * * ...
characteristic root
Math. 1. a scalar for which there exists a nonzero vector such that the scalar times the vector equals the value of the vector under a given linear transformation on a vector ...
characteristic vector
Math. a vector for which there exists a scalar such that the value of the vector under a given transformation is equal to the scalar times the vector. Also called ...
characteristic velocity
Aerospace. 1. a measure of the effectiveness with which the combustion in a rocket engine produces high temperature and pressure, equal to the exhaust velocity divided by the ...
characteristic x-ray
Physics. an x-ray that is emitted from an atom when an electron is displaced from an inner shell. * * *
See characteristic. * * *
Characteristics of oxide glasses
▪ Table Characteristics of oxide glasses fused silica soda-lime-silica borosilicate aluminosilicate lead Approximate composition1 ● silica 99.9% ● water 0.1% ● ...
Characteristics of three typical lubricants
▪ Table Characteristics of three typical lubricants lubricant relative viscosity (air = 1) typical minimum film thickness in bearing applications (in.) typical unit load in ...
/kar'ik teuhr euh zay"sheuhn, -treuh zay"-/, n. 1. portrayal; description: the actor's characterization of a politician. 2. the act of characterizing. 3. the creation and ...
—characterizable, adj. —characterizer, n. /kar"ik teuh ruyz'/, v.t., characterized, characterizing. 1. to mark or distinguish as a characteristic; be a characteristic of: ...
See characterize. * * *
See character. * * *
characterological [kar΄ək tər ə läj′i kəl, kar′iktər ə läj′i kəl] adj. of or relating to character or the study of character * * *
➡ soap operas * * *
/kar"ik teuh ree, -tree/, n. 1. the use of characters or symbols for the expression of meaning. 2. characters or symbols collectively. [1580-90; CHARACTER + -Y3] * * *
/kar"ik teuh nim/, n. a name given to a literary character that is descriptive of a quality or trait of the character. [CHARACT(ER) + -ONYM] * * * ▪ literature       a ...
/sheuh rayd"/; esp. Brit. /sheuh rahd"/, n. 1. charades, (used with a sing. v.) a game in which the players are typically divided into two teams, members of which take turns at ...
▪ bird order Introduction    any member of the large group of birds (bird) that includes the sandpipers (sandpiper), plovers (plover), gulls (gull), auks (auk), and their ...
      bird genus of the family Charadriidae, including certain species known as killdeer and plover (qq.v.). * * *
cha·ran·ga (chə-rängʹgə) n. A style of popular Cuban dance music characterized by the use of violins and flutes along with percussion instruments, piano, bass, and ...
/cheuh rang"goh/ n., pl. charangos. a small South American guitar made from the shell of an armadillo or similar animal and having two to five strings. [ < Sp, alter. of charanga ...
/chahr"euhs/, n. 1. hashish. 2. marijuana. [1870-75; < Hindi: resin of the hemp plant] * * *
Charbonnages de France
▪ French firm       state-owned French coal-mining and processing company. Headquarters are in Paris.       The company grew out of a general trend following ...
Charbonneau, Jean
▪ Canadian poet born 1875, Montreal died Oct. 25, 1960, Saint-Eustache, Que., Can.       French-Canadian poet who was the primary force behind the founding of the ...
Charbonneau, Robert
▪ Canadian writer born Feb. 3, 1911, Montreal, Que., Can. died June 26, 1967, Saint-Jovite, Que.       French Canadian novelist and literary critic, well known for ...
charbroil or char-broil [chär′broil΄] vt. 〚
/kahr"keuhs/, n. Douay Bible. Carcas. * * *
/kahr"keuh mish, kahr kee"-/, n. Carchemish. * * *
/chahr"koh/, n., pl. charcos. Southwestern U.S. a water hole, pool, or puddle. [1885-90, Amer.; < AmerSp, Sp; of obscure orig.] * * *
—charcoaly, adj. /chahr"kohl'/, n. 1. the carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic substances in the absence of air. 2. a drawing pencil of charcoal. 3. ...
charcoal burner
1. a device that burns charcoal, as a stove or brazier. 2. a person employed in the manufacture of charcoal. [1815-25] * * *
charcoal drawing
 use of charred sticks of wood to make finished drawings and preliminary studies. The main characteristic of charcoal as a medium is that, unless it is fixed by the ...
charcoal rot
a disease of plants, esp. sorghum, corn, etc., characterized by basal stem lesions and a black discoloration and dry rot of the internal tissues at the base of the stem and upper ...
/shannrdd koh"/, n. 1. Jean Baptiste Étienne Auguste /zhahonn bann teest" ay tyen" oh gyuust"/, 1867-1936, French explorer. 2. his father, Jean Martin /zhahonn mannrdd ...
Charcot, Jean Baptiste ÉtienneAuguste
Char·cot (shär-kōʹ), Jean Baptiste Étienne Auguste. 1867-1936. French explorer who led two missions to the Antarctic (1903-1905 and 1908-1910). He died when the Pourquoi ...
Charcot, Jean-Baptiste-Étienne-Auguste
▪ French explorer and oceanographer born July 15, 1867, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Fr. died , c. Sept. 16, 1936, at sea off Iceland       French explorer and oceanographer who ...
Charcot, Jean-Martin
born Nov. 29, 1825, Paris, Fr. died Aug. 16, 1893, Morvan French medical teacher and clinician. With Guillaume Duchenne (b. 1806 d. 1875) he is considered the founder of modern ...
Charcot,Jean Martin
Charcot, Jean Martin. 1825-1893. French neurologist known for his research into diseases of the nervous system. Sigmund Freud was one of his pupils. * * *
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
▪ pathology also called  peroneal muscular atrophy        a group of inherited nerve diseases (nervous system disease) characterized by slowly progressive weakness ...
/shahr kooh'teuh ree", shahr kooh"teuh ree/; Fr. /shannrdd kyuuteu rddee"/, n., pl. charcuteries /-reez", -reez/; Fr. /-rddee"/. (in France) 1. a store where pork products, as ...
/shahr kooh'tee ay", shahr kooh"tee ay'/; Fr. /shannrdd kyuu tyay"/, n., pl. charcutiers /-tee ayz", -ayz'/; Fr. /-tyay"/. (in France) a pork butcher. [1890-95; < F; MF ...
/chahrd/, n. a variety of beet, Beta vulgaris cicla, having leaves and leafstalks that are used as a vegetable. Also called Swiss chard, leaf beet. [1650-60; appar. < F chardon ...
/shannrdd daonn"/, n. 1. Jean Baptiste Siméon /zhahonn bann teest" see may awonn"/, 1699-1779, French painter. 2. Pierre Teilhard de /pyerdd te yannrdd" deuh/. See Teilhard de ...
Chardin, Jean
▪ French explorer also called  (from 1681) Sir John Chardin   born Nov. 16, 1643, Paris, Fr. died Dec. 25, 1713, London, Eng.       French traveler to the Middle East ...
Chardin, Jean-Baptiste-Siméon
born Nov. 2, 1699, Paris, France died Dec. 6, 1779, Paris French painter. He first received acclaim in 1728, when he became a member of the Royal Academy of Painting in Paris. ...
/shahr'dn ay"/; Fr. /shannrdd daw ne"/ 1. a white grape used in winemaking. 2. a dry white wine made with this grape. Also called Pinot Chardonnay. [ < F chardon(n)ay] * * *
/shahr'dn ay"/; Fr. /shannrdd daw ne"/, n. Hilaire Bernigaud /ee lerdd" berdd nee goh"/, Comte de, 1839-1924, French chemist and inventor. * * *
Chardonnet, Hilaire Bernigaud, comte de
▪ French chemist born May 1, 1839, Besançon, France died March 12, 1924, Paris       French chemist and industrialist who first developed and manufactured ...
/chahr joh"/; Russ. /chyirdd joh"/, n. a city in E Turkmenistan, on the Amu Darya. 140,000. * * * ▪ Turkmenistan also spelled  Čardžou,  formerly  (1886–1937) Novy ...
/chair/, n., v., chared, charing. Chiefly Brit. char3. * * *
/shann rddahonnt"/, n. a department in W France. 337,064; 2306 sq. mi. (5975 sq. km). Cap.: Angoulême. * * *
Charente River
River, western France. Rising in the department of Haute-Vienne, it flows generally westward 226 mi (360 km) to the Bay of Biscay. It receives its chief tributary, the Boutonne, ...
/shann rddahonnt mann rddee teem"/, n. a department in W France. 497,859; 2792 sq. mi. (7230 sq. km). Cap.: La Rochelle. * * *
▪ France       town, a southeastern suburb of Paris, in Val-de-Marne département, Île-de-France région, north-central France, at the confluence of the Seine and ...
▪ Greek general flourished 4th century BC       Athenian general and mercenary commander.       In 357 BC Chares regained for Athens the Thracian Chersonese ...
Chares of Lindos
▪ ancient Greek sculptor flourished 3rd century BC, Lindos, Rhodes, Greece       ancient Greek sculptor who created the Colossus of Rhodes (Rhodes, Colossus of), ...
Charest, Jean
▪ 1999       In March 1998 charismatic Canadian politician Jean Charest abandoned the federal government and the Progressive Conservative Party (PCP) to assume the ...
/sheuh ret"/, n. charrette. * * *
Charette de La Contrie, François-Athanase
▪ French officer born April 21, 1763, Couffé, Fr. died March 29, 1796, Nantes  leader of the French royalist counterrevolutionary forces during the Wars of the Vendée ...
—chargeless, adj. /chahrj/, v., charged, charging, n. v.t. 1. to impose or ask as a price or fee: That store charges $25 for leather gloves. 2. to impose on or ask of (someone) ...
/shahr zhay", shahr"zhay/; Fr. /shannrdd zhay"/, n., pl. chargés /-zhayz"; -zhayz/; Fr. /-zhay"/. a chargé d'affaires. [by shortening] * * * (as used in expressions) charge ...
charge account
an account, esp. in retailing, that permits a customer to buy merchandise and be billed for it at a later date. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
charge card
an identification card used to make purchases on a charge account; a charge plate. * * *
charge cards
➡ credit cards * * *
charge carrier
Physics. carrier (def. 13). * * *       see electric current. * * *
charge conjugation
Physics. the mathematical operation of replacing every elementary particle by its antiparticle. Symbol: C * * * ▪ physics       in particle physics, an operation that ...
charge conservation
▪ physics       in physics, constancy of the total electric charge in the universe or in any specific chemical or nuclear reaction. The total charge in any closed system ...
chargé d'affaires
/shahr zhay" deuh fair", shahr"zhay/; Fr. /shannrdd zhay dann ferdd"/, pl. chargés d'affaires /shahr zhayz" deuh fair", shahr"zhayz/; Fr. /shannrdd zhay dann ferdd"/. Govt. 1. ...
charge of quarters
1. an enlisted person, usually a noncommissioned officer, who remains on duty and handles administrative matters in a military or other unit during the night or on holidays. 2. ...
Charge of the Light Brigade
a famous attack by British cavalry (= soldiers on horses) during the Crimean War in 1854. An order was understood wrongly, and the soldiers, armed only with swords, were sent in ...
Charge of the Light Brigade, The
a poem (1854) by Tennyson, celebrating the British cavalry attack on the Russian position at Balaklava during the Crimean War. * * *
charge plate
an identification plate, esp. one from which an impression can be taken, issued to a customer and used to make purchases on a credit basis. Also, charge-a-plate. * * *
/chahrj"euh playt'/, n. See charge plate. [1955-60; alteration of former trademark Charga-plate] * * *
charge-coupled device
/chahrj"kup'euhld/, Electronics. a semiconductor chip with a grid of light-sensitive elements, used for converting light images, as in a television camera, into electrical ...
charge-coup·led device (chärjʹkŭp'əld) n. A device made up of semiconductors arranged in such a way that the electric charge output of one semiconductor charges an adjacent ...
/chahrj"awf', -of'/, n. a writeoff, esp. of a bad loan by a bank. Also, chargeoff. [CHARGE + (WRITE)OFF] * * *
—chargeableness, chargeability, n. —chargeably, adv. /chahr"jeuh beuhl/, adj. 1. that may or should be charged: chargeable duty. 2. liable to be accused or held responsible; ...
See chargeable. * * *
charge account n. A credit arrangement in which a customer receives purchased goods or services before paying for them. * * *
/chahrj"bak'/, n. Banking. a debit to a depositor's account for an item that has been previously credited, as for a returned bad check. [CHARGE + BACK2] * * *
charge card n. See credit card. * * *
charge conjugation n. Symbol C 1. A mathematical operator that changes the sign of the charge and of the magnetic moment of every particle in the system to which it is ...
/chahrjd/, adj. 1. intense; impassioned: an emotionally charged speech. 2. fraught with emotion: the charged atmosphere of the room. 3. capable of producing violent emotion, ...
charged particle
charged particle n. an atomic particle with a positive or negative charge, as an electron, proton, or helium ion * * *
char·gé d'af·faires (shär-zhā' də-fârʹ, dä-) n. pl. char·gés d'affaires (-zhā', -zhāz') 1. A diplomat who temporarily substitutes for an absent ambassador or ...
charge density n. The electric charge per unit area or per unit volume of a body or of a region of space. * * *
charged particle (chärjd) n. An elementary particle, such as a proton or electron, with a positive or negative electric charge. * * *
/chahrj"feuhl/, adj. Obs. costly; expensive. [1350-1400; ME. See CHARGE, -FUL] * * *
charger1 /chahr"jeuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that charges. 2. a horse of a kind suitable to be ridden in battle. 3. Elect. an apparatus that charges storage ...
➡ heraldry * * *
Chargoggagoggmanchauggauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg, Lake
or Lake Webster Lake, central Massachusetts, U.S. Located in southern Worcester county, near the town of Webster, the lake's Indian name is reportedly Nipmuc (Algonquian) for ...
chargrill [chär′gril΄] vt. to grill (meat), esp. over a fire of charcoal or wood * * *
Fr. /shann rddee"/, n. Shari. * * *
Chari River
or Shari River River, north-central Africa. It flows about 590 mi (949 km) from the Central African Republic northwest into Lake Chad; it has many tributaries in the Central ...
Chari-Nile [shä′rē nīl′] adj. designating or of a subfamily of the Nilo-Saharan family of languages, including Sudanic * * *
Charibert I
▪ king of the Franks died 567, Paris       Merovingian king of the Franks, the eldest son of Chlotar I and Ingund. He shared in the partition of the Frankish kingdom ...
Charibert II
▪ king of Aquitaine died 632, Blaye, Fr.       king of Aquitaine from 630. On the death of his father, Chlotar II, in 629, the entire Frankish realm went to his ...
▪ Greek mercenary died 333 BC       Greek mercenary leader from Euboea who fought sometimes on the side of the Athenians, at other times on the side of their enemies. ...
/chah"rddee kahrdd'/, n. a city in E Afghanistan, in the Hindu Kush range. 100,443. * * * ▪ Afghanistan       city, east-central Afghanistan, at an altitude of 5,250 ...
/chair"euh lee/, adv. 1. carefully; warily. 2. sparingly; frugally. [1570-80; CHARY + -LY] Syn. 1. guardedly, cautiously. Ant. 1. boldly. 2. liberally. * * *
/chair"ee nis/, n. 1. the state or quality of being chary. 2. Obs. scrupulous integrity. [1565-75; CHARY + -NESS] * * *
Charing Cross
/char"ing/ a square and district in central London, England: major railroad terminals. * * * ▪ locality, Westminster, London, United Kingdom       locality in the City ...
Charing Cross Road
a street in central London, England, which is famous for its second-hand bookshops. Many of London’s most important shops selling new books are also on Charing Cross Road. * * *
Char·ing Cross (chărʹĭng) A district of London, England, where Edward I erected (c. 1290) the last of a series of crosses in memory of his wife, Eleanor of Castile. * * *
—chariotlike, adj. /char"ee euht/, n. 1. a light, two-wheeled vehicle for one person, usually drawn by two horses and driven from a standing position, used in ancient Egypt, ...
chariot racing
▪ ancient sport       in the ancient world, a popular form of contest between small, two-wheeled vehicles drawn by two-, four-, or six-horse teams. The earliest account ...
/char'ee euh tear"/, n. 1. a chariot driver. 2. (cap.) Astron. the constellation Auriga. [1300-50; CHARIOT + -EER; r. ME charietere < MF charetier, equiv. to OF charete cart ...
Chariots of Fire
a film (1981) about the 1924 Olympic Games, in which Harold Abrahams, a British runner, won the gold medal for the 100 metres race. The film won several Oscars and was very ...
/kay"ris/ n. Class. Myth. 1. one of the Graces, married to Hephaestus. 2. sing. of Charites. * * *
char·ism (kărʹĭz'əm) n. Christianity Charisma. * * *
/keuh riz"meuh/, n., pl. charismata /-meuh teuh/. 1. Theol. a divinely conferred gift or power. 2. a spiritual power or personal quality that gives an individual influence or ...
/kar'iz mat"ik/, adj. 1. of, having, or characteristic of charisma. 2. characterizing Christians of various denominations who seek an ecstatic religious experience, sometimes ...
/keuh riz"meuh tuyz'/, v., charismatized, charismatizing. v.t. 1. to impress or influence by charisma. v.i. 2. to impress or influence people by charisma. Also, esp. Brit., ...
Charisse, Cyd
▪ 2009 Tula Ellice Finklea        American dancer and actress born March 8, 1921/22, Amarillo, Texas died June 17, 2008, Los Angeles, Calif. won acclaim for her ...
—charitableness, n. —charitably, adv. /char"i teuh beuhl/, adj. 1. generous in donations or gifts to relieve the needs of indigent, ill, or helpless persons, or of animals: a ...
charitable trust
a trust designed for the benefit of the general public, as for educational or other charitable purposes (opposed to private trust). Also called public trust. [1855-60] * * *
See charitable. * * *
See charitableness. * * *
/kar"i teez'/, n.pl., sing. Charis /kay"ris/. the ancient Greek name for the Graces. * * *
➡ pressure groups * * *
Char·i·ton (shărʹĭ-tn) A river rising in southern Iowa and flowing about 451 km (280 mi) east then south to the Missouri River in northern Missouri. * * * ▪ Greek ...
—charityless, adj. /char"i tee/, n., pl. charities. 1. generous actions or donations to aid the poor, ill, or helpless: to devote one's life to charity. 2. something given to a ...
/char"i tee/, n. a female given name. * * * ▪ Christian concept       in Christian thought, the highest form of love, signifying the reciprocal love between God and man ...
charity cards
➡ greetings cards * * *
Charity Commission
the British organization responsible for controlling all the charities in Britain. It is made up of five Charity Commissioners, who keep a list of all the charities, check that ...
Charity Commissioners
➡ Charity Commission * * *
Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Daughters of
▪ religious congregation       a Roman Catholic religious congregation founded at Paris in 1633 by St. Vincent de Paul (Vincent De Paul, Saint) and St. Louise de ...
charity school
U.S. Hist. an elementary school, usually funded by charitable persons or organizations, for those unable to pay: a forerunner of the public-school system. [1675-85] * * * ▪ ...
Charity, Sisters of
▪ religious congregation       any of numerous Roman Catholic congregations of noncloistered women who are engaged in a wide variety of active works, especially teaching ...
/shiv'euh ree", shiv"euh ree', sheuh riv'euh ree"/ or, esp. Brit., /shahr'euh vahr"ee/, n., pl. charivaris, v.t., charivaried, charivariing. shivaree. Also, chivaree, chivari. [ ...
Chär·jew (chär-jo͞oʹ) or Char·dzhou (-jōʹ) A city of eastern Turkmenistan on the Amu Darya southwest of Tashkent, Uzbekistan. It is an inland port and a manufacturing ...
/chahrk/, n. Brit. Dial. 1. charcoal (def. 1). 2. coke1. v.t. 3. to char; convert into coke. [1485-95; earlier charke cole, back formation from CHARCOAL] * * *
/chahr"keuh/, n. (in India and the East Indies) a cotton gin or spinning wheel. Also, charka. [1875-80; < Urdu < Pers] * * *
/chahr"lay'dee/, n., pl. charladies. Brit. a charwoman. [1905-10; CHAR(WOMAN) + LADY] * * *
—charlatanic /shahr'leuh tan"ik/, charlatanical, charlatanish, charlatanistic, adj. —charlatanically, adv. /shahr"leuh tn/, n. a person who pretends to more knowledge or ...
See charlatan. * * *
See charlatanic. * * *
/shahr"leuh tn iz'euhm/, n. 1. the practice or method of a charlatan. 2. an instance of this. [1795-1805; CHARLATAN + -ISM] * * *
/shahr"leuh tn ree/, n., pl. charlatanries. charlatanism. [1630-40; CHARLATAN + -RY] * * *
/shahr"leuh mayn'/; Fr. /shannrdd leuh mannn"yeu/, n. ("Charles the Great") A.D. 742-814, king of the Franks 768-814; as Charles I, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 800-814. * * ...
Charlemagne legend
▪ French literature       fusion of folktale motifs, pious exempla, and hero tales that became attached to Charlemagne, king of the Franks and emperor of the West, who ...
/shahr leen"/, n. a female given name, form of Caroline. Also, Charleen. * * *
/shannrdd leuh rddwann"/, n. a city in S Belgium. 21,700. Also Charleroy. * * * City (pop., 2000 est.: 200,800), southwestern Belgium. Following the Treaty of the Pyrenees ...
/chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. ...
Charles (I)
▪ emperor of Austria born Aug. 17, 1887, Persenbeug Castle, Austria died April 1, 1922, Quinta do Monte, Madeira       emperor (Kaiser) of Austria and, as Charles IV, ...
Charles (Philip Arthur George), prince of Wales
born Nov. 14, 1948, Buckingham Palace, London, Eng. Heir apparent to the British throne, son of Elizabeth II and Philip, duke of Edinburgh. In 1971 he studied at the University ...
Charles Albert
Italian Carlo Alberto born Oct. 2, 1798, Turin, Piedmont, French Republic died July 28, 1849, Oporto, Port. King of Sardinia-Piedmont (1831–49). A member of the house of ...
Charles Arthur Floyd
➡ Floyd * * *
Charles Atlas
➡ Atlas * * *
Charles Augustus
▪ duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach German  Karl August   born September 3, 1757, Weimar, Eisenach died June 14, 1828, Schloss Graditz, near Torgau, ...
Charles Barry
➡ Barry * * *
Charles Burgess Fry
➡ Fry (I) * * *
Charles C. Coffin: Four Years of Fighting
▪ Primary Source       Autobiographies written by Union soldiers and journalists often included accounts of conversations with newly-freed slaves; the section of ...
Charles City
▪ Iowa, United States       city, seat (1854) of Floyd county, northern Iowa, U.S., on the Cedar River, about 30 miles (50 km) east-southeast of Mason City. The site ...
Charles Darwin
➡ Darwin * * *
Charles Dickens
➡ Dickens * * *
Charles Edward Stuart
Charles Edward Stuart see STUART2 Charles Edward * * * ➡ Stuart (I) * * *
Charles Edward Stuart.
See Stuart, Charles Edward. * * *
Charles Edward, the Young Pretender
orig. Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart known as Bonnie Prince Charlie born Dec. 31, 1720, Rome died Jan. 31, 1788, Rome Claimant to the British throne. He was the ...
Charles Emmanuel I
▪ duke of Savoy byname  Charles Emmanuel The Great,  Italian  Carlo Emanuele Il Grande  born Jan. 12, 1562, Rivoli, Savoy died July 26, 1630, Savigliano  duke of Savoy ...
Charles Emmanuel II
▪ duke of Savoy born June 20, 1634, Turin, Savoy died June 12, 1675, Turin       duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675, during a period of restoration and consolidation in ...
Charles Emmanuel III
▪ king of Sardinia-Piedmont born April 27, 1701, Turin, Savoy died Feb. 20, 1773, Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia       king of Sardinia–Piedmont and an extremely skilled ...
Charles Emmanuel IV
▪ king of Sardinia-Piedmont born May 24, 1751, Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia died Oct. 6, 1819, Rome       weak but religious king of Sardinia–Piedmont who was forced ...
Charles Evers
➡ Evers brothers * * *
Charles Felix
▪ king of Sardinia-Piedmont Italian  Carlo Felice   born April 6, 1765, Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia died April 27, 1831, Turin       duke of Savoy and king of ...
Charles Frederick
▪ grand duke of Baden German  Karl Friedrich   born Nov. 22, 1728, Karlsruhe, Baden died June 11, 1811, Karlsruhe       grand duke of Baden, a conscientious and ...
Charles George Gordon
➡ Gordon * * *
Charles I
/chahrlz/; Fr. /shannrddl/ 1. Charlemagne. 2. ("the Bald") A.D. 823-877, king of France 840-877; as Charles II, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 875-877. 3. 1500-58, king of ...
Charles I (or II)
▪ duke of Lorraine [1365–1431] byname  Charles The Bold,  French  Charles Le Hardi  born 1365 died Jan. 25, 1431, Nancy, Lorraine [Germany; now in ...
Charles II
1. See Charles I (def. 2). 2. ("Charles the Fat") A.D. 809-888, king of France 884-887; as Charles III, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 881-887. 3. 1630-85, king of Great ...
Charles II (or III)
▪ duke of Lorraine [1543–1608] byname  Charles The Great , French  Charles Le Grand  born February 18, 1543, Nancy, Lorraine [Germany; now in France] died May 14, 1608, ...
Charles III
1. See Charles II (def. 2). 2. ("Charles the Simple") A.D. 879-929, king of France 898-923. 3. See Charles VI (def. 2). 4. 1716-1788, king of Spain 1759-88; as Charles IV, king ...
Charles III (or IV)
▪ duke of Lorraine [1604–1675] born April 5, 1604, Nancy, Lorraine [Germany; now in France] died Septemebr 18, 1675, Allenbach, near Trier [Germany]       duke of ...
Charles IV
1. ("Charles the Fair") 1294-1328, king of France 1322-28. 2. (Charles of Luxembourg) 1316-78, king of Germany 1347-78 and Bohemia 1346-78; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire ...
Charles IV (or V) Leopold
▪ duke of Lorraine and Bar born April 5, 1643, Vienna, Austria died April 18, 1690, Wels  duke of Lorraine and Bar, Austrian field marshal who commanded the forces defeating ...
Charles Ives
➡ Ives * * *
Charles IX
1. 1550-74, king of France 1560-74. 2. 1550-1611, king of Sweden 1604-11 (son of Gustavus I). * * * I born June 27, 1550, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, France died May 30, ...
Charles James Fox
➡ Fox (I) * * *
Charles Kingsley
➡ Kingsley * * *
Charles Lamb
➡ Lamb (I) * * *
Charles Laughton
➡ Laughton * * *
Charles Lindbergh
➡ Lindbergh * * *
Charles Louis
(Karl Ludwig Johann) 1771-1847, archduke of Austria. * * *
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson
➡ Dodgson * * *
Charles Macintosh
➡ Macintosh * * *
Charles Mackerras
➡ Mackerras * * *
Charles Manson
➡ Manson * * *
Charles Martel
/mahr tel"/; Fr. /mannrdd tel"/ A.D. 690?-741, ruler of the Franks 714-741 (grandfather of Charlemagne). * * * Latin Carolus Martellus ("Charles the Hammer") born с 688 died ...
Charles Mingus
➡ Mingus * * *
Charles Of France
▪ duke of Berry, Normandy, and Guyenne born Dec. 28, 1446 died May 28, 1472       duke of Berry, of Normandy, and of Guyenne, who fought in the coalitions against his ...
Charles Percy Snow
➡ Snow * * *
Charles Rennie Mackintosh
➡ Mackintosh * * *
Charles River
River, eastern Massachusetts, U.S. The longest river wholly in the state, it flows into Boston Bay after a course of about 80 mi (130 km). Navigable for about 7 mi (11 km), its ...
Charles Saatchi
➡ Saatchi & Saatchi * * *
Charles Schulz
➡ Schulz * * *
Charles Stewart Parnell
➡ Parnell * * *
Charles the Bold
born Nov. 10, 1433, Dijon, Burgundy [France] died Jan. 5, 1477, near Nancy, Lorraine Last of the great dukes of Burgundy (1467–77). An opponent of Louis XI of France, Charles ...
Charles the Great
Charlemagne. * * *
Charles Theodore
▪ elector of the Palatinate German  Karl Theodor   born Dec. 1, 1724, Droogenbosch, near Brussels died Feb. 16, 1799, Munich       elector (1742–77) of the ...

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