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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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chef's salad
a salad typically consisting of thin strips of chicken, ham, and Swiss cheese on a bed of lettuce, sometimes with slices or quarters of hard-boiled eggs and tomatoes; usually ...
chef'ssalad
chef's salad (shĕfs) n. A tossed green salad that usually includes raw vegetables, hard-boiled eggs, and julienne strips of cheese and meat. * * *
chef-d'oeuvre
Fr. /she due"vrddeu/, n., pl. chefs-d'oeuvre /she due"vrddeu/. a masterpiece, esp. in art, literature, or music. [1610-20; < F] * * *
Chefchaouene
▪ Morocco also called  Chechaouene  or  Chechaouen , French  Chaouen , Spanish  Xauen    town, northern Morocco, situated in the Rif mountain range. Founded as a ...
Chefoo
Chin. /ju"fooh"/, n. Older Spelling. Zhifu. * * *
chef’s salad
a US salad that contains meat, lettuce and sometimes eggs, cheese or potatoes. A chef’s salad is often large and eaten as a meal in itself. * * *
Chegutu
▪ Zimbabwe formerly  Hartley,         town, central Zimbabwe. Named originally for Henry Hartley, who discovered gold in the vicinity, it was founded in 1891 on the ...
Chehab, Fuad
▪ president of Lebanon born 1902, Lebanon died April 25, 1973, Beirut       Lebanese army officer and statesman who served as president of Lebanon in 1958–64. Noted ...
cheilitis
/kuy luy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the lips. [1835-45; CHEIL(O)- + -ITIS] * * *
cheilo-
var. of chilo-1. * * *
cheiloplasty
/kuy"leuh plas'tee/, n., pl. cheiloplasties. Surg. plastic surgery of the lip. Also, chiloplasty. [1835-45; CHEILO- + -PLASTY] * * *
Cheilostomata
▪ bryozoan order       major group of calcified bryozoans (small, colonial, aquatic invertebrate animals) that first appeared during the Jurassic period (200 to 146 ...
cheiro-
var. of chiro-: cheiromancy. * * *
Cheirolepis
▪ fossil fish  extinct genus of primitive fishes whose fossils are found in European and North American rocks of the Devonian period (408 to 360 million years ago). The genus ...
Cheiron
/kuy"ron/, n. Class. Myth. Chiron. * * *
Cheju
/che"jooh"/, n. 1. formerly, Quelpart. an island S of and belonging to South Korea. 365,522; 718 sq. mi. (1860 sq. km). 2. a city on and the capital of this island, on the N ...
Cheju Island
▪ island and province, South Korea also called  Quelpart Island , Korean  Cheju-do   island and (since 1946) do (province) of South Korea. It is in the East China Sea, 60 ...
Cheka
—Chekist, n. /che"kah/, n. (in the Soviet Union) the state secret-police organization (1917-22), succeeded by the GPU. Cf. KGB. [1920-25; < Russ Cheká, Vecheká, names of the ...
Cheke, Sir John
born June 16, 1514 died Sept. 13, 1557, London, Eng. English humanist. A supporter of the Reformation, he was named professor of Greek at Cambridge University by Henry VIII and ...
Chekhov
/chek"awf, -of/; Russ. /chye"kheuhf/, n. Anton Pavlovich /an"ton pav loh"vich/; Russ. /un tawn" pu vlaw"vyich/, 1860-1904, Russian short-story writer and dramatist. Also, ...
Chekhov, Anton
▪ Russian author Introduction in full  Anton Pavlovich Chekhov  born Jan. 29 [Jan. 17, Old Style], 1860, Taganrog, Russia died July 14/15 [July 1/2], 1904, Badenweiler, ...
Chekhov, Anton (Pavlovich)
born Jan. 29, 1860, Taganrog, Russia died July 14/15, 1904, Badenweiler, Ger. Russian playwright and short-story writer. The son of a former serf, he supported his family by ...
Chekhov,Anton Pavlovich
Che·khov also Che·kov (chĕkʹôf, -ŏf, -ŏv, chyĕʹKHəf), Anton Pavlovich. 1860-1904. Russian writer whose dramas, such as The Seagull (1896, revised 1898), and stories, ...
Chekhovian
/che koh"vee euhn, -kaw"fee-, -kof"ee-; chek"aw fee euhn, -of ee-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Anton Chekhov or his writings, esp. as they are evocative of a ...
Chekiang
/che"kyang"/; Chin. /ju"gyahng"/, n. Older Spelling. Zhejiang. * * * ▪ province, China Introduction Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Che-chiang,  (Pinyin)  Zhejiang, ...
Chekov,Anton Pavlovich
Che·kov (chĕkʹôf, -ŏf, -ŏv, chyĕʹKHəf), Anton Pavlovich. See Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich. * * *
chela
chela1 /kee"leuh/, n., pl. chelae /-lee/. the pincerlike organ or claw terminating certain limbs of crustaceans and arachnids. [1640-50; < NL < Gk chelé ...
Chelan, Lake
▪ lake, Washington, United States       lake, north-central Washington, U.S., extending 55 miles (88 km) through a glacier-carved valley on the eastern edge of the ...
Chelan,Lake
Che·lan (shə-lănʹ), Lake A narrow lake of north-central Washington in the Cascade Range. It is the third-deepest freshwater lake in the United States. * * *
chelatable
See chelate. * * *
chelate
—chelatable, adj. /kee"layt/, adj., n., v., chelated, chelating. adj. 1. Chem. a. of or noting a heterocyclic compound having a central metallic ion attached by covalent bonds ...
chelating agent
Chem. a ligand that forms chelates. Also called chelator /kee"lay teuhr/. * * *
chelation
/kee lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. Chem. the process of chelating. 2. Med. a. a method of removing certain heavy metals from the bloodstream, used esp. in treating lead or mercury ...
chelator
See chelatable. * * *
Chelčický, Peter
▪ Czech author born c. 1390, , Chelčic, Bohemia [now in Czech Republic] died c. 1460, , Chelčic       Czech religious and political writer, the foremost thinker of ...
cheli-
a combining form meaning "claws," used in the formation of compound words: cheliferous. [comb. form repr. Gk chelé CHELA1] * * *
chelicera
—cheliceral, adj. —chelicerate /keuh lis"euh rayt', -euhr it/, adj. /keuh lis"euhr euh/, n., pl. chelicerae /-euh ree'/. one member of the first pair of usually pincerlike ...
Chelif River
River, Algeria. Rising in the Atlas Mountains, it flows north and west into the Mediterranean Sea east of the city of Oran. At 422 mi (679 km) in length, it is Algeria's longest ...
cheliferous
/keuh lif"euhr euhs/, adj. bearing chelae. [1750-60; CHELI- + -FEROUS] * * *
Cheliff, Ech-
▪ Algeria formerly  (until 1981) El-Asnam,  or  (until 1964) Orléansville,         town, northern Algeria. It lies along the Chelif River, south of the ...
cheliform
/kee"leuh fawrm', kel"euh-/, adj. shaped like a chela. [1790-1800; CHELI- + -FORM] * * *
Chelimo, Richard
▪ 2002       Kenyan athlete (b. Feb. 24, 1972?, Marakwet region, Kenya—d. Aug. 15, 2001, Eldoret, Kenya), was one of his country's top long-distance runners in the ...
cheliped
/kee"leuh ped', kel"euh-/, n. (in decapod crustaceans) either of the pair of appendages bearing a chela. [1865-70; CHELI- + -PED] * * *
Chellean
/shel"ee euhn/, adj. Abbevillian. [1890-95; < F chelléen, after Chelles, France, where Paleolithic tools were unearthed; see -AN] * * *
Chellean industry
▪ archaeology       an early Stone Age industry characterized by crudely worked hand axes. The implements from Chelles in France that gave the industry its name are now ...
Chelles
▪ France       town, eastern suburb of Paris, in Seine-et-Marne département, Paris région, north-central France, near the Marne River. It is the site of ancient ...
Chellian
Chel·li·an or Chel·le·an (shĕlʹē-ən) adj. Abbevillian.   [After Chelles, a city of north-central France.] * * *
Chelmno
/khewm"naw/, n. a Nazi concentration camp in central Poland. * * * ▪ concentration camp, Poland Polish  Chełmno , German  Kulmhof        Nazi (Nazi Party) German ...
Chelmsford
/chelms"feuhrd, chelmz"-/, n. a city in NE Massachusetts. 31,174. * * * Town and borough (pop., 2001: 157,053), county seat of Essex, southeastern England. It lies on the ...
Chelmsford (of Chelmsford), Frederic John Napier Thesiger, 1st Viscount
born Aug. 12, 1868, London, Eng. died April 1, 1933, London English colonial administrator. In 1905 he was appointed governor of Queensland, Austl., and in 1909 of New South ...
Chelmsford, Frederic John Napier Thesiger, 1st Viscount, Baron Chelmsford Of Chelmsford
▪ British statesman born August 12, 1868, London, England died April 1, 1933, London  English colonial administrator and statesman who served for several years as governor of ...
cheloid
/kee"loyd/, n. Pathol. keloid. * * *
Chelomey, Vladimir Nikolayevich
▪ Soviet scientist born June 30, 1914, Sedlets, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Dec. 8, 1984       Soviet aerospace designer who was the chief architect behind the Proton ...
chelonian
/ki loh"nee euhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the order Chelonia, comprising the turtles. n. 2. a turtle. [1820-30; < NL Cheloni(a) ( < Gk chelón(e) turtle + NL -ia, ...
Chelsea
/chel"see/, n. 1. a former borough in Greater London, England: now part of Kensington and Chelsea; many residences of artists and writers. 2. a city in E Massachusetts, near ...
Chelsea Arts Ball
➡ Chelsea Arts Club * * *
Chelsea Arts Club
a London club which was established in 1891 by a group of artists living in Chelsea. It was well known for the Chelsea Arts Ball, a party held every year from 1910 to 1958 at the ...
Chelsea FC
▪ English football team in full  Chelsea Football Club   English professional football ( team based in the Hammersmith and Fulham borough of London. Chelsea Football ...
Chelsea Flower Show
an exhibition of flowers, plants and garden design that takes place every year in the gardens of the Chelsea Hospital, London. It is the most important garden exhibition in ...
Chelsea Hospital
(also Chelsea Royal Hospital) a large building in Chelsea, London, built in the 1680s by Charles II as a home for 440 old or injured soldiers, who became known as the Chelsea ...
Chelsea Pensioner
n [often pl] any of the former soldiers who live at Chelsea Hospital, London. They can often be seen in the Chelsea area wearing their traditional uniform, long red coats in ...
Chelsea Physic Garden
one of Britain’s oldest botanical gardens, where plants and trees are grown for scientific study. It was established in 1673 in Chelsea, London. It is still used mainly for ...
Chelsea porcelain
Soft-paste porcelain made in the London borough of Chelsea. The factory, established с 1743, produced its greatest wares tableware and bird figures, with designs inspired by ...
Chelsea Royal Hospital
➡ Chelsea Hospital * * *
Cheltenham
/chelt"neuhm/ for 1, 3; /chel"tn ham'/ for 2, n. 1. a city in N Gloucestershire, in W England: resort. 86,500. 2. a town in SE Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia. 35,509. 3. Print. ...
Cheltenham Festivals
➡ Cheltenham * * *
Cheltenham Gold Cup
a horse race with jumps that takes place in March each year in Cheltenham, England. It is one of the most famous British races, and many people gamble on it. * * *
Cheltenham Ladies’ College
one of the best-known British public schools for girls, established in Cheltenham, England, in 1853. * * *
Chelyabinsk
/chel yah"binsk/; Russ. /chyi lyah"byinsk/, n. a city in the S Russian Federation in Asia, E of the the Ural Mountains. 1,143,000. * * * City (pop., 2001 est.: 1,081,800), ...
Chelyuskin
/chel yoos"kin/; Russ. /chyi lyoohs"kyin/, n. Cape, a cape in the Russian Federation in Asia: the northernmost point of the Asia mainland. * * *
Chelyuskin,Cape
Che·lyus·kin (chĕl-yo͞oʹskĭn, chĭ-lyo͞oʹ-), Cape A cape of north-central Russia on the Taymyr Peninsula. It is the northernmost point of Asia. * * *
chem
chem abbrev. 1. chemical(s) 2. chemist 3. chemistry * * *
chem-
var. of chemo- before a vowel: chemosmosis. * * *
chem.
1. chemical. 2. chemist. 3. chemistry. * * *
Chem.E.
Chemical Engineer. * * *
chemi-
var. of chemo-, esp. before elements of Latin origin: chemisorption. * * *
chemic
/kem"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to alchemy; alchemic. 2. of or pertaining to chemistry; chemical. [1570-80; < Gk chem(ía) alchemy + -IC; r. chimic < ML (al)chimicus] * * *
chemical
—chemically, adv. /kem"i keuhl/, n. 1. a substance produced by or used in a chemical process. 2. chemicals, Slang. narcotic or mind-altering drugs or substances. adj. 3. of, ...
chemical abuse
chemical abuse n. the habitual use of a mood-altering drug, alcoholic beverage, etc. chemical abuser n. * * *
chemical association
▪ chemical bonding       the aggregation of atoms (atom) or molecules (molecule) into larger units held together by forces weaker than chemical bonds that bind atoms in ...
Chemical Banking Corp.
Former U.S. bank holding company that merged with the Chase Manhattan Corp. in 1996. Its principal subsidiary was Chemical Bank, which was chartered in 1824 as a division of a ...
Chemical Banking Corporation
▪ American bank holding company       former American bank holding company that merged with The Chase Manhattan Corporation (Chase Manhattan Corporation, The) in ...
chemical bond
bond (def. 15). * * *
chemical bonding
▪ chemistry Introduction       any of the interactions that account for the association of atoms into molecules, ions, crystals, and other stable species that make up ...
Chemical Brothers
a British pop group, formed in 1992 and known for their electronic dance music. The group’s best-known albums include Exit Planet Dust (1995), Dig Your Own Hole (1997) and ...
Chemical Brothers, the
▪ British musicians       British deejay-producer duo who pioneered the big beat dance music genre in the 1990s.       Ed Simons (b. June 9, 1970, London, Eng.) ...
chemical compound
Introduction  any substance composed of identical molecules consisting of atoms (atom) of two or more chemical elements (chemical element).       All the matter in the ...
chemical dependency
addiction to drugs or alcohol. * * * ▪ drug use       the body's physical and/or psychological addiction to a psychoactive (mind-altering) substance, such as narcotics ...
chemical element
Introduction also called  element,         any substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by ordinary chemical processes. Elements are the fundamental ...
Chemical elements
▪ Table Chemical elements* element symbol atomic number atomic weight actinium Ac 89 (227) aluminum ...
chemical energy
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds. Chemical energy may be released during a chemical reaction, often in the form of heat; such reactions are called exothermic. ...
chemical engineering
—chemical engineer. the science or profession of applying chemistry to industrial processes. [1900-05] * * * Academic discipline and industrial activity concerned with ...
chemical equation
Method of writing the essential features of a chemical reaction using chemical symbols (or other agreed-upon abbreviations). By convention, reactants (present at the start) are ...
chemical equilibrium
      a condition in the course of a reversible chemical reaction in which no net change in the amounts of reactants and products occurs. A reversible chemical reaction is ...
chemical formula
Expression of the composition or structure of a chemical compound. Formulas for molecules use chemical symbols with subscript numbers to show the number of atoms of each ...
chemical hydrology
or hydrochemistry Subdivision of hydrology that deals with the chemical characteristics of the water on and beneath the surface of the Earth. Water in all forms is affected ...
chemical indicator
      any substance that gives a visible sign, usually by a colour change, of the presence or absence of a threshold concentration of a chemical species, such as an acid ...
chemical industry
Introduction       complex of processes, operations, and organizations engaged in the manufacture of chemicals and their derivatives.       Although the chemical ...
chemical intermediate
▪ chemistry       any chemical substance produced during the conversion of some reactant to a product. Most synthetic processes involve transformation of some readily ...
chemical kinetics
Introduction       the branch of physical chemistry (chemistry) that is concerned with understanding the rates of chemical reactions (chemical reaction). It is to be ...
Chemical Mace
Trademark. Mace. * * *
chemical potential
Thermodynam. a quantity that determines the transport of matter from one phase to another: a component will flow from one phase to another when the chemical potential of the ...
chemical precipitation
      formation of a separable solid substance from a solution, either by converting the substance into an insoluble form or by changing the composition of the solvent to ...
chemical pulp
wood pulp made from chemically treated and cooked wood fibers and used in the manufacture of better grades of paper. Cf. groundwood pulp. * * *
chemical reaction
Any chemical process in which substances are changed into different ones, with different properties, as distinct from changing position or form (phase). Chemical reactions ...
chemical symbol
Notation of one or two letters derived from the scientific names of the chemical elements (e.g., S for sulfur, Cl for chlorine, Zn for zinc). Some hark back to Latin names: Au ...
chemical sympathectomy
Med. sympathectomy (def. 2). * * *
chemical synthesis
      the construction of complex chemical compounds (chemical compound) from simpler ones. It is the process by which many substances important to daily life are ...
chemical toilet
a toilet that is not connected to sewage pipes but has a holding compartment where waste is chemically treated until disposal. * * *
chemical toner
Photog. toner (def. 4). * * *
chemical warfare
warfare with asphyxiating, poisonous, or corrosive gases, oil flames, etc. [1915-20] * * * Use of lethal or incapacitating chemical weapons in war, and the methods of combating ...
chemical weapon
Introduction       any of several chemical compounds, usually toxic agents, that are intended to kill, injure, or incapacitate enemy personnel. In modern warfare, ...
Chemical Weapons Convention
▪ 1993, UN Introduction formally  Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their ...
chemicalabuse
chemical abuse n. See substance abuse. * * *
chemicalbond
chemical bond n. Any of several forces or mechanisms, especially the ionic bond, covalent bond, and metallic bond, by which atoms or ions are bound in a molecule or crystal. * * *
chemicaldependency
chemical dependency n. A physical and psychological habituation to a mood- or mind-altering drug, such as alcohol or cocaine. * * *
chemicalengineer
See chemical engineering. * * *
chemicalengineering
chemical engineering n. The branch of engineering that deals with the technology of large-scale chemical production and the manufacture of products through chemical ...
chemicalfingerprint
chemical fingerprint n. A unique pattern indicating the presence of a particular molecule, based on specialized analytic techniques such as mass- or x-ray-spectroscopy, used to ...
chemically
See chemical. * * *
chemicalpeel
chemical peel n. 1. The removal of skin blemishes or wrinkles by applying a caustic chemical, such as an acid, that produces a mild, superficial burn. 2. Any of various ...
chemicalpregnancy
chemical pregnancy n. Pregnancy resulting from in vitro fertilization or other reproductive technology, characterized by low levels of HCG and usually miscarriage prior to ...
chemicalsensitivity
chemical sensitivity n. An allergic condition attributed to extreme sensitivity to various environmental chemicals, as in air, food, water, building materials, or fabrics. Also ...
chemicalwarfare
chemical warfare n. Warfare and associated military operations involving the employment of lethal and incapacitating munitions and agents, typically poisons, contaminants, and ...
chemigraphy
—chemigrapher, n. —chemigraphic /kem'i graf"ik/, adj. —chemigraphically, adv. /keuh mig"reuh fee/, n. any technique for making engravings or etchings using chemicals and ...
chemiluminescence
—chemiluminescent, adj. /kem'euh looh'meuh nes"euhns/, n. (in chemical reactions) the emission of light by an atom or molecule that is in an excited state. [1900-05; CHEMI- + ...
chemiluminescent
See chemiluminescence. * * *
chemin de fer
/sheuh man" deuh fair"/; Fr. /sheuh maonndeu ferdd"/, Cards. a variation of baccarat. [1890-95; < F: lit., railroad; so called from the speed of the game] * * * or shimmy Card ...
cheminde fer
che·min de fer (shə-măɴ' də fârʹ) n. A variation of baccarat.   [French, railroad : chemin, way + de, of + fer, iron.] * * *
chemise
/sheuh meez"/, n. 1. a woman's loose-fitting, shirtlike undergarment. 2. (in women's fashions) a dress designed to hang straight from the shoulders and fit loosely at the waist, ...
chemisette
/shem'euh zet"/, n. a woman's garment of linen, lace, or the like, worn, toward the end of the Victorian era, over a low-cut or open bodice to cover the neck and ...
chemism
/kem"iz euhm/, n. chemical action. [1850-55; CHEM- + -ISM, modeled on F chimisme, equiv. to chim(ie) chemistry + -isme -ISM] * * *
chemisorb
/kem"euh sawrb', -zawrb'/, v.t. Chem. to take up by chemisorption. [1930-35; CHEMI- + (AD)SORB] * * *
chemisorption
/kem'euh sawrp"sheuhn, -zawrp"-/, n. Chem. adsorption involving a chemical linkage between the adsorbent and the adsorbate. [1930-35; CHEMI- + (AD)SORPTION] * * *
chemist
/kem"ist/, n. 1. a specialist in chemistry. 2. Brit. a druggist. 3. Obs. alchemist. [1555-65; < Gk chem(ía) alchemy + -IST; r. chymist < ML alchimista] * * *
chemistry
/kem"euh stree/, n., pl. chemistries. 1. the science that deals with the composition and properties of substances and various elementary forms of matter. Cf. element (def. 2). 2. ...
Chemistry of representative closed-basin, saline lake waters
▪ Table Chemistry of representative closed-basin, saline lake waters* 1 2 3 4 5 6 Carson Sink, Nevada Bristol Lake, California Salton Sea, California Great Salt Lake, ...
chemmy
/shem"ee/, n. Informal. chemin de fer. [1920-25; by shortening and alter.] * * *
Chemnitz
/kem"nits/, n. a city in E Germany. 314,437. Formerly (1953-90), Karl-Marx-Stadt. * * * formerly (1953–90) Karl-Marx-Stadt City (pop., 2002 est.: 255,800), eastern ...
Chemnitz, Martin
▪ German theologian Chemnitz also spelled  Kemnitz   born November 9, 1522, Treuenbrietzen, Brandenburg [Germany] died April 8, 1586, Braunschweig       leading ...
chemo
/kee"moh, kem"oh/, n., pl. chemos. Informal. chemotherapy or a chemotherapy treatment. [by shortening; see -O] * * *
chemo-
a combining form with the meanings "chemical," "chemically induced," "chemistry," used in the formation of compound words: chemotherapy. Also, esp. before elements of Latin ...
chemoautotroph
che·mo·au·to·troph (kē'mō-ôʹtə-trōf', -trŏf', kĕm'ō-) n. An organism, such as a bacterium or protozoan, that obtains its nourishment through the oxidation of ...
chemoautotrophic
chemoautotrophic [kē΄mō ôt΄ō träf′ik, kem΄ōôt΄ō träf′ik] adj. 〚 CHEMO- + AUTOTROPHIC〛 producing organic matter by the use of energy obtained by oxidation of ...
chemoautotrophy
See chemoautotrophic. * * *
chemokine
che·mo·kine (kēʹmō-kīn', kĕmʹō-) n. Any of various cytokines produced in acute and chronic inflammation that mobilize and activate white blood cells.   [chemo- + ...
chemokinesis
—chemokinetic /kee'moh ki net"ik, -kuy-, kem'oh-/, adj. /kee'moh ki nee"sis, -kuy-, kem'oh-/, n. increased activity of an organism due to a chemical substance. [1895-1900; ...
chemonite
/kee"meuh nuyt', kem"euh-/, n. Chem. a solution consisting of copper hydroxide, arsenic trioxide, ammonia, acetic acid, and water: used as a wood preservative. [CHEMO- + -n- + ...
chemonucleolysis
/kee'moh nooh'klee ol"euh sis, -nyooh'-, kem'oh-/, n. treatment for a herniated spinal disk in which chymopapain is injected into the disk to dissolve tissue. [CHEMO- + NUCLEO- + ...
chemopallidectomy
/kee'moh pal'i dek"teuh mee, kem'oh-/, n., pl. chemopallidectomies. Surg. an operation for treating Parkinson's disease and certain other diseases characterized by muscular ...
chemoprevention
che·mo·pre·ven·tion (kē'mō-prĭ-vĕnʹshən, kĕm'ō-) n. The use of chemical agents, drugs, or food supplements to prevent disease. Also called ...
chemopreventive
See chemoprevention. * * *
chemoprophylactic
See chemoprophylaxis. * * *
chemoprophylaxis
—chemoprophylactic /kee'moh proh'feuh lak"tik, kem'oh-/, adj. /kee'moh proh'feuh lak"sis, -prof'euh-, kem'oh-/, n. prevention of disease by means of chemical agents or drugs or ...
chemoreception
—chemoreceptive /kee'moh ri sep"tiv, kem'oh-/, adj. /kee'moh ri sep"sheuhn, kem'oh-/, n. the physiological response to chemical stimuli. [1915-20; CHEMO- + RECEPTION] * * ...
chemoreceptive
See chemoreception. * * *
chemoreceptivity
See chemoreceptive. * * *
chemoreceptor
/kee'moh ri sep"teuhr, kem'oh-/, n. Physiol. a receptor stimulated by chemical means. [1905-10; CHEMO- + RECEPTOR] * * *
chemoreflex
/kee'moh ree"fleks, kem'oh-/, n. Physiol. a reflex caused by a chemical stimulus. [1900-05; CHEMO- + REFLEX] * * *
chemosensory
/kee'moh sen"seuh ree, kem'oh-/, adj. Physiol. sensitive to chemical stimuli, as the sensory nerve endings that mediate taste and smell. [1970-75; CHEMO- + SENSORY] * * *
Chemosh
/kee"mosh/, n. a Moabite god. Jer. 48. * * * ▪ Semitic deity  ancient West Semitic deity, revered by the Moabites as their supreme god. Little is known about Chemosh; ...
chemosmosis
—chemosmotic /kee'moz mot"ik, -mos-, kem'oz-, -os-/, adj. /kee'moz moh"sis, -mos-, kem'oz-, -os-/, n. chemical action between substances that occurs through an intervening, ...
chemosorb
chem·o·sorb (kĕmʹə-sôrb') v. Variant of chemisorb. * * *
chemosphere
/kee"meuh sfear', kem"euh-/, n. the region of the atmosphere most characterized by chemical, esp. photochemical, activity, starting in the stratosphere and including the ...
chemostat
chemostat [kem′ō stat΄] n. 〚 CHEMO- + -STAT〛 an apparatus designed to grow bacteria indefinitely while keeping the conditions and colony size constant by having a ...
chemosterilant
/kee'moh ster"euh leuhnt, kem'oh-/, n. a chemical that causes an animal to become irreversibly sterile without changing its mating behavior or longevity. [1960-65; CHEMO- + ...
chemosterilize
—chemosterilization, n. /kee'moh ster"euh luyz', kem'oh-/, v.t., chemosterilized, chemosterilizing. to sterilize (insects or other animals) with a chemosterilant. Also, esp. ...
chemosurgery
—chemosurgical, adj. /kee'moh serr"jeuh ree, kem'oh-/, n. Surg. the use of chemical substances to destroy diseased or unwanted tissue. [1940-45; CHEMO- + SURGERY] * * *
chemosurgical
See chemosurgery. * * *
chemosynthesis
—chemosynthetic /kee'moh sin thet"ik, kem'oh-/, adj. —chemosynthetically, adv. /kee'moh sin"theuh sis, kem'oh-/, n. Biol., Biochem. the synthesis of organic compounds within ...
chemosynthetic
See chemosynthesis. * * *
chemosynthetic bacteria
bacteria that synthesize organic compounds, using energy derived from the oxidation of organic or inorganic materials without the aid of light. [1955-60; CHEMO- + SYNTHETIC] * * *
chemosynthetically
See chemosynthetic. * * *
chemosystematics
che·mo·sys·tem·at·ics (kē'mō-sĭs'tə-mătʹĭks, kĕm'ō-) n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) See chemotaxonomy. * * *
chemotactic
See chemotaxis. * * *
chemotactically
See chemotactic. * * *
chemotaxis
—chemotactic /kee'moh tak"tik, kem'oh-/, adj. —chemotactically, adv. /kee'moh tak"sis, kem'oh-/, n. Biol. oriented movement toward or away from a chemical stimulus. [1890-95; ...
chemotaxonomic
See chemotaxonomy. * * *
chemotaxonomically
See chemotaxonomic. * * *
chemotaxonomist
See chemotaxonomic. * * *
chemotaxonomy
—chemotaxonomic /kee'moh tak'seuh nom"ik, kem'oh-/, chemotaxonomical, adj. —chemotaxonomically, adv. —chemotaxonomist, n. /kee'moh tak son"euh mee, kem'oh-/, n. Biochem., ...
chemotaxy
▪ biology also called  Biochemical Taxonomy,         method of biological classification based on similarities in the structures of certain compounds among the ...
chemotherapeutic
See chemotherapy. * * *
chemotherapeutically
See chemotherapeutic. * * *
chemotherapeutics
—chemotherapeutic, chemotherapeutical, adj. —chemotherapeutically, adv. /kee'moh ther'euh pyooh"tiks, kem'oh-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) chemotherapy. [1910-15; CHEMO- + ...
chemotherapist
See chemotherapeutic. * * *
chemotherapy
—chemotherapist, n. /kee'moh ther"euh pee, kem'oh-/, n. Med. the treatment of disease by means of chemicals that have a specific toxic effect upon the disease-producing ...
chemotroph
—chemotrophic /kee'meuh trof"ik, -troh"fik, kem'euh-/, adj. /kee"meuh trof', -trawf', -trohf', kem'euh-/, n. Bacteriol., Biol. any organism that oxidizes inorganic or organic ...
chemotropic
See chemotropism. * * *
chemotropism
—chemotropic /kee'meuh trop"ik, -troh"pik, kem'euh-/, adj. —chemotropically, adv. /ki mo"treuh piz'euhm/, n. Biol. oriented growth or movement in response to a chemical ...
Chemulpo
Korean. /che"moohl paw"/, n. Inchon. * * *
Chemung
▪ county, New York, United States       county, south-central New York state, U.S., bordered by Pennsylvania to the south. It consists of a hilly region drained by the ...
chemurgic
See chemurgy. * * *
chemurgical
See chemurgic. * * *
chemurgy
—chemurgic, chemurgical, adj. —chemurgically, adv. /kem"err jee, keuh merr"-/, n. a division of applied chemistry concerned with the industrial use of organic substances, ...
Chen
Chen also Ch'ên (chŭn) A Chinese dynasty that ruled from 557 to 589. * * * (as used in expressions) Chen Duxiu Chen Shui bian Yang Chen Ning * * *
Chen Boda
▪ Chinese revolutionist and propagandist Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'en Po-ta  born 1904, Hui'an, Fujian province, China died September 22, 1989, ...
Chen Duxiu
/jun" dooh"shyooh"/ 1879-1942, Chinese intellectual, journalist, and cofounder of the Chinese Communist party. Also, Ch'en Tu-hsiu. * * * or Ch'en Tu-hsiu born Oct. 8, 1879, ...
Chen Hongshou
▪ Chinese artist Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'en Hung-shou  born 1599, Zhuji, Zhejiang province, China died 1652  Chinese artist noted for his curious, masterfully executed ...
Chen Jiongming
▪ Chinese military leader Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'en Chiung-ming   born Jan. 13, 1875, Haifeng, Guangdong province, China died Sept. 22, 1933, Hong ...
Chen Kaige
▪ 1994       Chinese movie director Chen Kaige would not likely ever forget the evening of May 24, 1993. On that date judges at the Cannes International Film Festival ...
Chen Shizeng
▪ Chinese painter and critic Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'en Shih-tseng,  original name  Chen Hengke,  courtesy name  (zi) Shizeng,  literary name  (hao) Xiudaoren ...
Chen Shui-bian
born Feb. 18, 1951, Tainan county, Taiwan President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 2000. Chen studied law at National Taiwan University and later became one of the ...
Chen Yi
▪ Chinese military leader Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'en I  born August 26, 1901, Lezhi, Sichuan province, China died January 6, 1972, Beijing       one of the ...
Chen Yifei
▪ 2006       Chinese painter, film director, and entrepreneur (b. 1946, Ningbo, Zhejiang province, China—d. April 10, 2005, Shanghai, China), transitioned from a ...
Chen Yun
▪ 1996       LIAO Ch'EN-YÜN), Chinese revolutionary (b. 1905?, Shanghai, China—d. April 10, 1995, Beijing, China), was one of the last surviving members of the ...
chen-jen
▪ Taoism       (Chinese: “realized man”), in Taoism, a god or deified mortal; the term has been the official title of the head of the Cheng-i Taoist sect since the ...
Chenab
/chi nahb"/, n. a river in S Asia, flowing SW from N India to the Sutlej River in E Pakistan. ab. 675 mi. (1085 km) long. * * *
Chenab River
ancient Acesines River, India and Pakistan. Rising in Himachal Pradesh state in the Indian Himalayas, it flows west through southern Jammu and Kashmir state and central Punjab ...
Chenango
▪ county, New York, United States       county, south-central New York state, U.S., bounded by the Unadilla River to the east. It consists of a hilly region drained ...
Chenault, Kenneth
▪ American businessman in full  Kenneth Irvine Chenault  born June 2, 1951, Mineola, N.Y., U.S.       American businessman and one of the first African Americans to ...
Chenchiang
Chin. /jun"jyahng"/, n. Wade-Giles. Zhenjiang. * * *
Chenchu
▪ people       people of southern India, numbering about 59,000 at the turn of the 21st century. Most Chenchu live in the state of Andhra Pradesh. They speak variants ...
cheneau
/shay noh"/, n., pl. cheneaus, cheneaux /-nohz"/. Archit. 1. an ornamented cresting on a cornice or coping. 2. a gutter, esp. an ornamented one, at the eaves of a building. [ < F ...
Cheney
/chay"nee, chee"-/, n. Richard, born 1941, U.S. politician: secretary of defense 1989-93; vice president of the U.S. under George W. Bush since 2001. * * * (as used in ...
Cheney, Charles Edward
▪ American clergyman born Feb. 12, 1836, Canandaigua, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 15, 1916, Chicago       controversial American clergyman who helped found the Reformed ...
Cheney, Dick
in full Richard Bruce Cheney born Jan. 30, 1941, Lincoln, Neb., U.S. U.S. politician, vice president of the U.S. from 2001. Cheney grew up in Casper, Wyo., and received ...
Cheney, Richard B.
▪ 2001       When Texas oil executive Richard B. Cheney took the job of heading a search committee to find a running mate for George W. Bush (Bush, George W. ) (q.v.), ...
Cheng
(as used in expressions) Cheng hsien Cheng chou Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi Cheng Zhu school Tan Cheng Lock Wen Cheng ming Chang Chü cheng Cheng Ch'eng kung Cheng Ho * * *
Cheng Hao
▪ Chinese philosopher Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'eng Hao  born 1032, Henan province, China died 1085, Henan       Chinese philosopher who, with his brother, Cheng ...
Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi
or Ch'eng Hao and Ch'eng I born 1032, Henan, China died 1085, Henan born 1033, Henan died 1107, Henan Brothers who developed Neo-Confucianism into an organized philosophical ...
Cheng Yi
▪ Chinese philosopher Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'eng I  born 1033, Henan province, China died 1107, Henan       Chinese philosopher who influenced the development of ...
Cheng-Zhu school
or Ch'eng-Chu school Chinese school of Neo-Confucianism. Its leading philosophers were Cheng Yi (see Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi) and Zhu Xi, for whom the school is named. Cheng Yi ...
Chengalpattu
▪ India also called  Chingleput   town, northeastern Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) state, southeastern India. It is located about 35 miles (56 km) south-southwest of the city ...
Chengchow
Chin. /jung"joh"/, n. Older Spelling. Zhengzhou. * * *
Chengde
/chueng"due"/, n. Pinyin. a city in NE Hebei province, in NE China: former summer residence of the Manchu emperors. 200,000. Also, Older Spelling, Chengteh /chung"du"/. Formerly, ...
Chengdu
/chueng"dyuu"/, n. Pinyin. a city in and the capital of Sichuan province, in central China. 1,250,000. Also, Older Spelling, Chengtu. * * * or Ch'eng-tu City (pop., 1999 est.: ...
Chengteh
Chengteh [chuŋ′du′] a former transliteration of CHENGDE * * *
Chengtu
Chengtu [chuŋ′do͞o′] a former transliteration of CHENGDU * * *
chenier
/shin"euh ree/, n. a hummock in a marshy region, with stands of evergreen oaks. Also, chênière. [ < LaF, equiv. to F chêne oak + -ier -IER2] * * * ▪ geological ...
Chénier
/shay nyay"/, n. André Marie de /ahonn drdday" mann rddee" deuh/, 1762-94, French poet. * * * ▪ geological formation       beach ridge, usually composed of sand-sized ...
Chénier, André de
▪ French author born Oct. 30, 1762, Istanbul died July 25, 1794, Paris  poet and political journalist, generally considered the greatest French poet of the 18th century. His ...
Chénier, Marie-Joseph de
▪ French author in full  Marie-Joseph-Blaise de Chénier  born April 28, 1764, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey] died January 10, 1811, Paris, ...
chenille
/sheuh neel"/, n. 1. a velvety cord or yarn of silk or worsted, for embroidery, fringes, etc. 2. fabric made with a fringed silken thread used as the weft in combination with ...
chenille plant
an East Indian plant, Acalypha hispida, of the spurge family, having long, drooping, reddish-purple spikes of flowers. * * *
Chenin Blanc
/shen"in blahngk"/; Fr. /sheuh naonn blahonn"/ a grape used in the making of white wine, esp. in the lower Loire valley of France and in California. * * *
CheninBlanc
Che·nin Blanc (shĕnʹĭn blängkʹ) n. 1. A variety of grape originating in the Loire Valley. 2. A white wine made from this grape. * * *
Chennai
Chennai [chen′ī΄, chə nī′] seaport on the Coromandel Coast, India: capital of Tamil Nadu state: pop. 3,841,000 * * * Chen·nai (chə-nīʹ) Formerly Ma·dras ...
Chennault
/sheuh nawlt"/, n. Claire Lee /klair/, 1890-1958, U.S. Air Force general. * * *
Chennault, Claire L(ee)
born Sept. 6, 1890, Commerce, Texas, U.S. died July 27, 1958, New Orleans, La. U.S. brigadier general. He served in the army air corps for 20 years before retiring in 1937 ...
Chennault, Claire L.
▪ United States general in full  Claire Lee Chennault  born September 6, 1890, Commerce, Texas, U.S. died July 27, 1958, New Orleans, Louisiana       U.S. major ...
Chenonceaux
▪ France  village, Indre-et-Loire département, Centre région, west-central France, on the right bank of the Cher River. Chenonceaux is famous for its château, which ...
chenopod
/kee"neuh pod', ken"euh-/, n. any plant of the goosefoot family Chenopodiaceae. [1545-55; < Gk cheno- (comb. form of chén GOOSE) + -POD; cf. NL Chenopodium genus name] * * *
chenopodiaceous
/kee'neuh poh'dee ay"sheuhs, ken'euh-/, adj. belonging to the Chenopodiaceae, the goosefoot family of plants. Cf. goosefoot family. [1865-70; < NL Chenopodiace(ae) family name ...
chenopodium oil
/kee'neuh poh"dee euhm, ken'euh-/ a colorless or yellowish oil obtained from the seeds and leaves of Mexican tea, used chiefly in medicine as an agent for killing or expelling ...
cheongsam
/chawng"sahm"/, n. a form-fitting, knee-length dress with a mandarin collar and slit skirt, worn chiefly by Oriental women. [1955-60; < Chin dial. (Guangdong) chèuhngsaam, ...
Cheops
/kee"ops/, n. fl. early 26th century B.C., king of Egypt: builder of the great pyramid at Giza (father of Khafre). Also called Khufu. * * *
Chephren
/kef"reuhn/, n. Khafre. * * *
Chepstow
▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Cas Gwent        market town and historic fortress, historic and present county of Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy), Wales, on the west bank ...
cheque
/chek/, n. Brit. check (def. 29). * * *
chequer
/chek"euhr/, n. Brit. checker1. * * *
Chequers
a large house in the country in Buckinghamshire, England, built in the 16th century. It is the official country home of the British prime minister. Compare Downing Street. * * ...
chequy
/chek"ee/, adj. Heraldry. checky. * * *
cher
/sherdd/; Eng. /shair/, adj. French. dear; beloved: used in referring to or addressing a man or boy. * * * ▪ 2001       During a career that spanned well over three ...
Cher
/shair/; Fr. /sherdd/, n. 1. a river in central France, flowing NW to the Loire River. 220 mi. (355 km) long. 2. a department in central France. 316,350; 2820 sq. mi. (7305 sq. ...
Cher River
River, central France. Rising in the northwest of the Massif Central, it flows northwest, passing through Chenonceaux, where it is bridged by a historic chateau, then passes ...
Cherbourg
/shair"boorg/; Fr. /sherdd boohrdd"/, n. a seaport in NW France. 34,637. * * * Seaport (pop., 1999: 25,370) and naval station, northwestern France. Located on the English ...
cherchez la femme
/sherdd shay" lann fannm"/, French. look for the woman: advice offered facetiously in any situation, esp. one of doubt or mystery. * * *
chère
/sherdd/, adj. French. dear; beloved: used in referring to or addressing a woman or girl. * * *
cherem
Seph. /khe"rddem/; Ashk. /khay"rddeuhm/, n. Hebrew. herem. * * *
chereme
—cheremic /keuh ree"mik, ke-/, adj. /ker"eem/, n. Ling. any of a small set of elements, analogous to the phoneme in speech, proposed as the basic structural units by which the ...
Cheremis
/cher'euh mis", -mees", cher"euh mis', -mees'/, n., pl. Cheremises, (esp. collectively) Cheremis. Mari. Also, Cheremiss. [ < Russ cheremís, earlier cheremísin, ORuss (pl.) ...
Cheremkhovo
/cheuh rem"keuh voh'/; Russ. /chyi rddyim khaw"veuh/, n. a city in the SE Russian Federation in Asia, on the Trans-Siberian Railroad, near Lake Baikal. 110,000. * * * ▪ ...
Cherenkov
/cheuh reng"kawf, -kof, -ren"-/; Russ. /chyi rddyin kawf"/, n. Pavel A. /pah"veuhl/; Russ. /pah"vyil/. See Cerenkov, Pavel A. * * *
Cherenkov radiation
Light produced by charged particles when they pass through an optically transparent medium at speeds greater than the speed of light in that medium. For example, when electrons ...


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